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sonography
so·nog·ra·phy (sə-nŏgʹrə-fē) n. Ultrasonography. * * *
sonoluminescence
son·o·lu·mi·nes·cence (sŏn'ə-lo͞o'mə-nĕsʹəns) n. The production of light as a result of the passing of sound waves through a liquid medium. The sound waves cause the ...
Sonoma
/seuh noh"meuh/, n. a town in W California: center of wine-producing region. 6054. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Sonoma county, western California, ...
sonometer
/seuh nom"i teuhr/, n. Med. audiometer. [1800-10; SONO- + -METER] * * *
Sonora
—Sonoran /seuh nawr"euhn, -nohr"euhn/, adj. /seuh nawr"euh, -nohr"euh/; Sp. /saw naw"rddah/, n. a state in NW Mexico. 1,414,000; 70,484 sq. mi. (182,555 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Sonora River
▪ river, Mexico Spanish  Río Sonora        river in Sonora state, northwestern Mexico. It rises south of Cananea, near the U.S. border, and flows southward and ...
Sonoran Desert
Arid region, western North America. Covering 120,000 sq mi (310,000 sq km), the Sonoran Desert is located in southwestern Arizona and southeastern California, U.S., and northern ...
sonorant
/seuh nawr"euhnt, -nohr"-, soh-/, Phonet. n. 1. a voiced sound that is less sonorous than a vowel but more sonorous than a stop or fricative and that may occur as either a sonant ...
sonority
/seuh nawr"i tee, -nor"-/, n., pl. sonorities. the condition or quality of being resonant or sonorous. [1515-25; < ML sonoritas < LL: melodiousness, equiv. to L sonor(us) (see ...
sonorous
—sonorously, adv. —sonorousness, n. /seuh nawr"euhs, -nohr"-, son"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. giving out or capable of giving out a sound, esp. a deep, resonant sound, as a thing or ...
sonorously
See sonorous. * * *
sonorousness
See sonorously. * * *
Sons and Lovers
a novel (1913) by D. H. Lawrence. * * *
Sons of Liberty
Amer. Hist. 1. any of several patriotic societies, originally secret, that opposed the Stamp Act and thereafter supported moves for American independence. 2. (during the Civil ...
sonship
/sun"ship'/, n. the state, fact, or relation of being a son. [1580-90; SON + -SHIP] * * *
Sonsonate
/sawn'saw nah"te/, n. a city in SW El Salvador. 33,562. * * * ▪ El Salvador       city, western El Salvador, on the Río Grande de Sonsonate. Founded in 1524, it ...
sonsy
/son"see/, adj., sonsier, sonsiest. Scot. and North Eng., Irish Eng. 1. strong and healthy; robust. 2. agreeable; good-natured. Also, sauncy, sonsie. [1525-35; sonse prosperity, ...
Sontag
/son"tag/, n. Susan, born 1933, U.S. critic, novelist, and essayist. * * *
Sontag, Henriette
▪ German singer original name  Gertrud Walpurgis Sonntag   born Jan. 3, 1806, Koblenz, Fr. [now in Germany] died June 17, 1854, Mexico City, Mex.       German ...
Sontag, Susan
orig. Susan Rosenblatt born Jan. 16, 1933, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 28, 2004, New York U.S. writer. She studied at the University of Chicago and Harvard University and ...
Sontag,Susan
Son·tag (sŏnʹtăg'), Susan. Born 1933. American writer noted for her essays on contemporary culture, especially those contained in Against Interpretation (1966). * * *
Sony Corp.
Major Japanese manufacturer of consumer electronics. Founded by Ibuka Masaru and Akio Morita in 1946 as Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corp., it adopted its present name ...
Sony Corporation
▪ Japanese corporation Japanese  Sony Kk        major Japanese manufacturer of consumer electronics products.       The company was incorporated by Ibuka ...
Sonya
/soh"nyeuh/; Russ. /saw"nyah/, n. a female given name, Russian form of Sophia. * * *
Soo
/sooh/, n. the, Canadian. Sault Ste. Marie. * * *
Soo Canals.
See Sault Ste. Marie Canals. * * *
Soo Locks
Soo Locks n. locks of St. Marys Falls Canals * * *
SooCanals
Soo Canals (so͞o) See Sault Sainte Marie Canals. * * *
soochong
soo·chong (so͞oʹchŏng', -shŏng') n. Variant of souchong. * * *
Soochow
/sooh"chow"/; Chin. /sooh"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Suzhou. * * *
sooey
/sooh"ee/, interj. (a shout used in calling pigs.) [perh. alter. of SOW2] * * *
sook
/sook/, n. 1. Australia and New Zealand. a timid, cowardly person, esp. a young person; crybaby. interj. 2. Midland U.S. (used to summon cows from the pasture). [1890-95; prob. ...
soon
/soohn/, adv., sooner, soonest. 1. within a short period after this or that time, event, etc.: We shall know soon after he calls. 2. before long; in the near future; at an early ...
sooner
/sooh"neuhr/, n. 1. a person who settles on government land before it is legally opened to settlers in order to gain the choice of location. 2. a person who gains an unfair ...
Sooner
/sooh"neuhr/, n. a native or inhabitant of Oklahoma (the Sooner State) (used as a nickname). * * *
Sooner State
Oklahoma (used as a nickname). * * *
Soong
/soong/, n. 1. Charles Jones, 1866-1918, Chinese merchant (father of Ai-ling, Ch'ing-ling, Mei-ling, and Tse-ven Soong). 2. Ai-ling /uy"ling"/, 1888-1973, wife of H. H. Kung. 3. ...
Soong family
Influential 20th-century Chinese family. Charlie Soong (1866–1918) trained in the U.S. to become a missionary. In China he made his fortune as a publisher, initially of ...
Soong Mei-ling
▪ 2004 Madame Chiang Kai-shek        Chinese politician (b. March 5, 1897, Shanghai, China—d. Oct. 23, 2003, New York, N.Y.), as a member of the prominent Soong family ...
Soong, T.V.
▪ Chinese financier and official in full  Soong Tzu-wen , Chinese (Pinyin)  Song Ziwen  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Sung Tzu-wen  born Dec. 4, 1894, Shanghai, ...
soony
/sooh"nee/, adj. Australian. sentimental; emotional. [soon, dial. var. of SWOUND + -Y1] * * *
soot
—sootless, adj. —sootlike, adj. /soot, sooht/, n. 1. a black, carbonaceous substance produced during incomplete combustion of coal, wood, oil, etc., rising in fine particles ...
sooth
—soothly, adv. /soohth/, Archaic. n. 1. truth, reality, or fact. adj. 2. soothing, soft, or sweet. 3. true or real. [bef. 900; ME; OE soth; c. OS soth, ON sannr, Goth sunjis ...
soothe
—soother, n. /soohdh/, v., soothed, soothing. v.t. 1. to tranquilize or calm, as a person or the feelings; relieve, comfort, or refresh: soothing someone's anger; to soothe ...
soother
See soothe. * * *
soothfast
—soothfastly, adv. —soothfastness, n. /soohth"fast', -fahst'/, adj. Archaic. 1. based on the truth; true. 2. truthful; veracious. [bef. 900; ME sothfast, OE sothfaest. See ...
soothing
—soothingly, adv. —soothingness, n. /sooh"dhing/, adj. 1. that soothes: a soothing voice. 2. tending to assuage pain: a soothing cough syrup. [1590-1600; SOOTHE + -ING2] * * *
soothingly
See soothing. * * *
soothingness
See soothingly. * * *
soothly
See sooth. * * *
soothsay
/soohth"say'/, v.i., soothsaid, soothsaying. to foretell events; predict. [1600-10; back formation from SOOTHSAYER] * * *
soothsayer
/soohth"say'euhr/, n. a person who professes to foretell events. [1300-50; ME sothseyere, sothseyer. See SOOTH, SAY1, -ER1] * * *
soothsaying
/soohth"say'ing/, n. 1. the practice or art of foretelling events. 2. a prediction or prophecy. [1525-35; SOOTH + SAYING] * * *
sootiness
See sooty. * * *
sooty
—sootily, adv. —sootiness, n. /soot"ee, sooh"tee/, adj., sootier, sootiest. 1. covered, blackened, or smirched with soot. 2. consisting of or resembling soot. 3. of a black, ...
sooty blotch
Plant Pathol. 1. a disease, esp. of apples and pears, characterized by sootlike spots or blotches on the fruit, caused by a fungus, Gloeodes pomigena. 2. a disease of clover, ...
sooty grouse.
See blue grouse. [1880-85] * * *
sooty mold
1. Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by a black, sooty growth covering the affected parts, caused by any of several fungi. 2. any fungus causing this disease, as ...
sooty shearwater.
See under mutton bird. * * *
sooty tern
a black and white tern, Sterna fuscata, of small tropical islands. Also called wide-awake. [1775-85] * * *
sootygrouse
sooty grouse n. See blue grouse. * * *
sootymold
sooty mold n. 1. A blackish growth produced by fungi of the genus Capnodium, which grows in the droppings of aphids on plants. 2. Any of the fungi that produce such growth. * * *
sootyshearwater
sooty shearwater n. A shearwater (Puffinus griseus) of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, having sooty gray or brown plumage and dark bill and feet. Also called mutton-bird. * * *
sootytern
sooty tern n. A tern (Sterna fuscata) found along most tropical coasts, having black plumage above and white below. Also called wide-awake. * * *
sop
/sop/, n., v., sopped, sopping. n. 1. a piece of solid food, as bread, for dipping in liquid food. 2. anything thoroughly soaked. 3. something given to pacify or quiet, or as a ...
SOP
Standard Operating Procedure; Standing Operating Procedure. Also, S.O.P. * * *
sop.
soprano. * * *
sopa
/saw"pah/, n. Spanish. soup. * * *
sopaipilla
/soh'puy pee"euh/; Sp. /saw'puy pee"yah/, n., pl. sopaipillas /-pee"euhz/; Sp. /-pee"yahs/. Mexican Cookery. a small pastry made of deep-fried yeast dough and usually dipped in ...
Soper, The Rev. Donald Oliver Soper, Baron
▪ 1999       British Methodist minister who preached in the open air every week for decades at Speaker's Corner in London's Hyde Park and at Tower Hill. An articulate, ...
soph
/sof/, n. a sophomore. [by shortening] * * *
soph.
soph. abbr. sophomore. * * *
Sophar
/soh"feuhr/, n. Douay Bible. Zophar. * * *
sopher
/soh"feuhr/; Seph. Heb. /saw ferdd"/; Ashk. Heb. /soh"ferdd/, n., pl. sopherim /-feuhr im/; Seph. Heb. /-fe rddeem"/; Ashk. Heb. /-fe rddim/, (often cap.) Judaism. scribe1 (def. ...
Sophi
/soh"fee/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Sophy. * * *
Sophia
Sophia [sō fē′ə, sōfī′ə] n. 〚< Gr sophia, skill, wisdom < sophos, wise〛 a feminine name: dim. Sophie, Sophy * * * I Russian Sofya Alekseyevna born Sept. 27, 1657, ...
Sophia Dorothea
▪ German princess German  Sophie Dorothea   born Sept. 13, 1666 died Nov. 23, 1726, Schloss Ahlden, Lower Saxony       wife of George Louis, elector of Hanover ...
Sophie
/soh"fee/, n. a female given name. Also, Sophia /soh fee"euh, -fuy"euh, soh"fee euh/. * * *
Sophie Rhys-Jones
➡ Rhys-Jones * * *
Sophie, Countess of Wessex
➡ Rhys-Jones * * *
sophism
/sof"iz euhm/, n. 1. a specious argument for displaying ingenuity in reasoning or for deceiving someone. 2. any false argument; fallacy. [1300-50; < L sophisma sophistry < Gk ...
sophist
/sof"ist/, n. 1. (often cap.) Gk. Hist. a. any of a class of professional teachers in ancient Greece who gave instruction in various fields, as in general culture, rhetoric, ...
sophister
/sof"euh steuhr/, n. 1. a specious, unsound, or fallacious reasoner. 2. Chiefly Brit. (esp. formerly) a second or third year student at a university. 3. Obs. an ancient Greek ...
sophistic
—sophistically, adv. —sophisticalness, n. /seuh fis"tik/, adj. 1. of the nature of sophistry; fallacious. 2. characteristic or suggestive of sophistry. 3. given to the use of ...
sophistical
sophistical [sə fis′ti kəl] adj. 〚ML sophisticalis < L sophisticus < Gr sophistikos < sophistēs, wise man, sophist〛 1. of or characteristic of sophists or sophistry 2. ...
sophistically
See sophistic. * * *
sophisticate
n., adj. /seuh fis"ti kit, -kayt'/; v. /seuh fis"ti kayt'/, n., adj., v., sophisticated, sophisticating. n. 1. a sophisticated person. adj. 2. sophisticated. v.t. 3. to make less ...
sophisticated
—sophisticatedly, adv. /seuh fis"ti kay'tid/, adj. 1. (of a person, ideas, tastes, manners, etc.) altered by education, experience, etc., so as to be worldly-wise; not naive: a ...
sophisticatedly
See sophisticated. * * *
sophistication
/seuh fis'ti kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. sophisticated character, ideas, tastes, or ways as the result of education, worldly experience, etc.: the sophistication of the wealthy. 2. change ...
sophisticator
See sophistication. * * *
sophistry
/sof"euh stree/, n., pl. sophistries. 1. a subtle, tricky, superficially plausible, but generally fallacious method of reasoning. 2. a false argument; sophism. [1300-50; ME ...
sophists
Group of itinerant professional teachers, lecturers, and writers prominent in Greece in the later 5th century BC. The sophistic movement arose at a time when there was much ...
Sophoclean
See Sophocles. * * *
Sophocles
—Sophoclean /sof'euh klee"euhn/, adj. /sof"euh kleez'/, n. 495?-406? B.C., Greek dramatist. * * * born с 496, Colonus, near Athens died 406 BC, Athens Greek ...
sophomore
/sof"euh mawr', -mohr'; sof"mawr, -mohr/, n. 1. a student in the second year of high school or college. 2. a person or group in the second year of any endeavor: He's a sophomore ...
sophomoric
—sophomorically, adv. /sof'euh mawr"ik, -mor"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a sophomore or sophomores. 2. suggestive of or resembling the traditional sophomore; intellectually ...
sophomorically
See sophomoric. * * *
Sophonias
/sof'euh nuy"euhs/, n. Douay Bible. Zephaniah. * * *
Sophron Of Syracuse
▪ Greek author flourished c. 430 BC       author of rhythmical prose mimes in the Doric dialect. Although the mimes survive mostly in fragments of only a few words, it ...
Sophronius
▪ patriarch of Jerusalem born c. 560, , Damascus [Syria] died March 11, 638, Jerusalem       patriarch of Jerusalem, monk, and theologian who was the chief protagonist ...
sophrosyne
/seuh fros"euh nee/, n. moderation; discretion; prudence. Cf. hubris. [ < Gk sophrosýne, deriv. of sóphron prudent] * * *
Sophy
/soh"fee, sof"ee/, n., pl. Sophies. (sometimes l.c.) any of the Safavid rulers of Persia: used as a title. Also, Sophi. [1530-40; prob. < Turk sofi < Pers sufi SUFI, by assoc. ...
sopor
/soh"peuhr/, n. 1. Pathol. a deep, unnatural sleep; lethargy. 2. Often, sopors. Slang. methaqualone. [1650-60; 1970-75 for def. 2; < L] * * *
soporiferous
—soporiferously, adv. —soporiferousness, n. /sop'euh rif"euhr euhs, soh'peuh-/, adj. bringing sleep; soporific. [1580-90; < L soporifer (sopor-, comb. form of sopor SOPOR + ...
soporiferously
See soporiferous. * * *
soporiferousness
See soporiferously. * * *
soporific
—soporifically, adv. /sop'euh rif"ik, soh'peuh-/, adj. 1. causing or tending to cause sleep. 2. pertaining to or characterized by sleep or sleepiness; sleepy; drowsy. n. 3. ...
soporose
/sop"euh rohs', soh"peuh-/, adj. 1. sleepy. 2. Pathol. characterized by abnormal slumber. Also, soporous /sop"euhr euhs, soh"peuhr-/. [1700-10; SOPOR + -OSE1] * * *
Sopot
▪ Poland German  Zoppot        city and port, Pomorskie województwo (province), northern Poland. It lies on the Gulf of Gdańsk (Gdańsk, Gulf of) between Gdańsk ...
sopping
/sop"ing/, adj. soaked; drenched: Her clothes were sopping from the rain. [1525-35; SOP + -ING2] * * *
soppy
—soppiness, n. /sop"ee/, adj., soppier, soppiest. 1. soaked, drenched, or very wet, as ground. 2. rainy, as weather. 3. Brit. Slang. excessively sentimental; mawkish. [1605-15; ...
sopranino
/soh'preuh nee"noh/, n., pl. sopraninos. a musical instrument, as a saxophone or recorder, that is a pitch higher than the soprano instrument of its class. [1900-05; < It, equiv. ...
soprano
/seuh pran"oh, -prah"noh/, n., pl. sopranos, adj. Music. n. 1. the uppermost part or voice. 2. the highest singing voice in women and boys. 3. a part for such a voice. 4. a ...
soprano clef
Music. a sign locating middle C on the bottom line of the staff. See illus. under C clef. [1795-1805] * * *
sopranoclef
soprano clef n. The C clef positioned to indicate that the bottom line of a staff represents the pitch of middle C. * * *
Sopranos
a popular US television drama series on HBO about a mafia family (= involved in organized crime) in New Jersey. It was first shown in 1999 and has since been broadcast in several ...
Sopranos, The
▪ American television program  U.S. television drama considered a masterpiece by critics and audiences alike. Created and written by David Chase, The Sopranos aired for six ...
Sopwith, Sir Thomas (Octave Murdoch)
born Jan. 18, 1888, London, Eng. died Jan. 27, 1989, Compton Manor, near Winchester, Hampshire British aircraft designer. He taught himself to fly in 1910 and won a prize for ...
Sopwith, Sir Thomas Octave Murdoch
▪ British aircraft designer born Jan. 18, 1888, London, Eng. died Jan. 27, 1989, Compton Manor, Kings Somborne, near Winchester, Hampshire  British aircraft designer whose ...
sora
/sawr"euh, sohr"euh/, n. a small, short-billed rail, Porzana carolina, of marshy areas of North America. Also called sora rail, Carolina rail. [1695-1705, Amer.; orig. uncert.] * ...
Sorabji, Kaikhosru Shapurji
▪ British composer original name  Leon Dudley   born Aug. 14, 1892, Chingford, near London, Eng. died Oct. 15, 1988, Dorchester, Dorset       eccentric English ...
soralium
/seuh ray"lee euhm/, n., pl. soralia /-lee euh/. (in a lichen) a group of soredia. [SOR(US) + -AL1 + -IUM] * * *
Soranus
▪ Roman god       in Roman religion, the underworld deity worshiped on Mount Soracte in southern Etruria. As priests, the hirpi Sorani celebrated a rite in which they ...
Soranus of Ephesus
flourished 2nd century AD, Alexandria and Rome Greek gynecologist, obstetrician, and pediatrician. A keen observer and unusually competent practitioner, he wrote works that ...
Sorata
/saw rah"teuh/, n. Mount, a mountain in W Bolivia, in the Andes, near Lake Titicaca: two peaks, Ancohuma, 21,490 ft. (6550 m), and Illampu, 21,276 ft. (6485 m). * * *
sorb
sorb1 —sorbic, adj. /sawrb/, n. 1. a European tree, Sorbus domestica. 2. Also called sorb apple. the fruit of this tree. [1520-30; < L sorbum serviceberry and sorbus service ...
Sorb
/sawrb/, n. a Wend. [1835-45; < G Sorbe
sorbability
See sorb1. * * *
sorbable
See sorbability. * * *
sorbate
/sawr"bayt, -bit/, n. Chem. a sorbed substance. [1925-30; SORB2 + -ATE1] * * *
sorbefacient
sor·be·fa·cient (sôr'bə-fāʹshənt) adj. Promoting absorption. Used of a medicine or an agent.   sor'be·faʹcient n. * * *
sorbent
/sawr"beuhnt/, n. Chem. a surface that sorbs. [1905-10; SORB2 + -ENT] * * *
sorbet
/sawr"bit, sawr bay"/; Fr. /sawrdd be"/, n. sherbet (defs. 1, 3). [1575-85; < F < It sorbetto < Turk serbet cool drink
Sorbian
/sawr"bee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Wends or their language. n. 2. Also called Lusatian, Wendish. a Slavic language spoken by an isolated group in E Germany. 3. a ...
Sorbian languages
also called  Lusatian, or Wendish,         closely related West Slavic languages or dialects; their small number of speakers in eastern Germany are the survivors of a ...
sorbic acid
/sawr"bik/, Chem. a white, crystalline compound, C6H8O2, slightly soluble in water, soluble in many organic solvents: used as a preservative in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and ...
sorbicacid
sor·bic acid (sôrʹbĭk) n. A white crystalline solid, C6H8O2, found in the berries of the mountain ash or prepared synthetically and used as a food preservative and ...
sorbitol
/sawr"bi tawl', -tol'/, n. Biochem. a white, crystalline, sweet, water-soluble powder, C6H8(OH)6, occurring in cherries, plums, pears, seaweed, and many berries, obtained by the ...
sorbol
/sawr"bawl, -bol/, n. Biochem. sorbitol. [by shortening] * * *
Sorbon, Robert de
▪ French theologian born October 9, 1201, Sorbon, near Rethel, France died August 15, 1274, Paris       French theologian, confessor to King Louis IX, and founder of ...
Sorbonist
/sawr bon"ist, -bun"-, sawr"beuh nist/, n. a student or graduate of the Sorbonne. [1550-60; < NL Sorbonista. See SORBONNE, -IST] * * *
Sorbonne
/sawr bon", -bun"/; Fr. /sawrdd bawn"/, n. 1. the seat of the faculties of arts and letters of the University of Paris. 2. a theological college founded in Paris in 1253 by ...
sorbose
/sawr"bohs/, n. Biochem. a ketohexose, C6H12O6, occurring in mountain ash and obtained industrially from sorbitol by bacterial oxidation: used in the synthesis of vitamin ...
Sorby, Henry Clifton
born May 10, 1826, Woodbourne, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, Eng. died March 9, 1908, Sheffield British amateur scientist. Convinced of the value of the microscope to geology, ...
sorcerer
/sawr"seuhr euhr/, n. a person who practices sorcery; black magician; wizard. [1520-30; earlier sorcer, ME < MF sorcier, perh. < VL *sortiarius one who casts lots, equiv. to L ...
sorceress
/sawr"seuhr is/, n. a woman who practices sorcery; witch. [1350-1400; ME < AF sorceresse, equiv. to sorcer (see SORCERER) + -esse -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
sorcerous
—sorcerously, adv. /sawr"seuhr euhs/, adj. 1. of the nature of or involving sorcery. 2. using sorcery. [1540-50; SORCER(Y) + -OUS] * * *
sorcerously
See sorcerous. * * *
sorcery
/sawr"seuh ree/, n., pl. sorceries. the art, practices, or spells of a person who is supposed to exercise supernatural powers through the aid of evil spirits; black magic; ...
sord
sord (sôrd) n. A flight of mallards. See Synonyms at flock1.   [Middle English sorde, from sorden, to rise up in flight, from Old French sordre, from Latin surgere, to rise. ...
Sordariomycetes
▪ class of fungi       class of more than 6,000 species of sac fungi in the phylum Ascomycota (kingdom Fungi) characterized by a flask-shaped fruiting body (perithecium) ...
Sordello
▪ Provençal troubadour born c. 1200, Goito, near Mantua [Italy] died before 1269       most renowned Provençal troubadour of Italian birth, whose planh, or lament, on ...
Sordi, Alberto
▪ 2004       Italian film actor (b. June 15, 1919, Rome, Italy—d. Feb. 24/25, 2003, Rome), depicted the vices, virtues, and foibles of post-World War II Italy in a ...
sordid
—sordidly, adv. —sordidness, n. /sawr"did/, adj. 1. morally ignoble or base; vile: sordid methods. 2. meanly selfish, self-seeking, or mercenary. 3. dirty or filthy. 4. ...
sordidly
See sordid. * * *
sordidness
See sordidly. * * *
sordino
/sawr dee"noh/; It. /sawrdd dee"naw/, n., pl. sordini /-nee/. Music. mute (def. 10). [1795-1805; < It: a mute, equiv. to sordo ( < L surdus deaf) + -ino -INE1] * * *
sordone
▪ musical instrument       rare double-reed wind instrument of the 16th and 17th centuries, an early precursor of the bassoon. It differs from the curtal, the bassoon's ...
sordor
sordor [sôr′dər] n. 〚ModL < L sordes, filth: see SORDID〛 wretchedness or squalor; sordidness * * *
sore
—soreness, n. /sawr, sohr/, adj., sorer, sorest, n., adv. adj. 1. physically painful or sensitive, as a wound, hurt, or diseased part: a sore arm. 2. suffering bodily pain from ...
sore mouth
Vet. Pathol. ecthyma. * * * ▪ animal disease also called  doby mouth,  pustular dermatitis , or  contagious ecthyma (CE)        viral disease of sheep and goats. ...
sore shin
Plant Pathol. a disease of plant seedlings, characterized by stem cankers that girdle the stem near the soil line, caused by any of several fungi, esp. Rhizoctonia ...
sore throat
Pathol. a painful or sensitive condition of the throat exaggerated by swallowing or talking, usually caused by bacteria or viruses; laryngitis; pharyngitis; ...
soredial
/seuh ree"dee euhl/, adj. pertaining to or resembling a soredium. [1880-85; SOREDI(UM) + -AL1] * * *
soredium
—sorediate /seuh ree"dee it, -ayt'/, adj. /seuh ree"dee euhm/, n., pl. soredia /-dee euh/. (in a lichen) a group of algal cells surrounded by hyphal tissue, occurring on the ...
sorehead
—soreheadedly, adv. —soreheadedness, n. /sawr"hed', sohr"-/, n. Informal. a disgruntled or vindictive person, esp. an unsportsmanlike loser: Don't be such a sorehead, they ...
Sorel
/seuh rel"/; Fr. /saw rddel"/, n. 1. Georges /zhawrddzh/, 1847-1922, French engineer and social philosopher. 2. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, on the St. Lawrence. 20,347. * * ...
Sorel, Agnès
▪ French courtesan born c. 1422, , Fromenteau, France died Feb. 9, 1450, Anneville  mistress (1444–50) of King Charles VII of France, sometimes known as “Dame de ...
Sorel, Georges
▪ French revolutionary born Nov. 2, 1847, Cherbourg, France died Aug. 30, 1922, Boulogne-sur-Seine       French Socialist and revolutionary syndicalist who developed an ...
Sorel, Georges (-Eugène)
born Nov. 2, 1847, Cherbourg, France died Aug. 30, 1922, Boulogne-sur-Seine French author and revolutionary. Trained as a civil engineer, he was 40 before he became interested ...
Sorel-Tracy
▪ Quebec, Canada formerly  Sorel        city, Montérégie region, southern Quebec province, Canada. It lies at the mouth of the Richelieu River, on the south bank ...
Sorell, Walter
▪ 1998       Austrian-born American writer who was the author of more than 25 books, including The Dance Through the Ages (1967) and Dance in Its Time (1981); ...
sorely
/sawr"lee, sohr"-/, adv. 1. in a painful manner. 2. extremely; very: I was sorely tempted to report him. [bef. 900; ME sarely, soreli, OE sarlice; see SORE, -LY] * * *
soreness
See sore. * * *
Sorensen, Villy
▪ 2002       Danish writer and philosopher (b. Jan. 13, 1929, Copenhagen, Den.—d. Dec. 16, 2001, Copenhagen), became one of the most influential Danish intellectuals ...
Sorensen,Soren Peter Lauritz
Sor·en·sen (sûrʹən-sən), Soren Peter Lauritz. 1868-1939. Danish chemist who devised the pH scale for measuring the acidity or alkalinity of solutions. * * *
Sorensen,Theodore Chaikin
Sor·en·sen (sôrʹĭn-sən), Theodore Chaikin. Born 1928. American writer and public official who served as a special counsel to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. ...
Sorenstam, Annika
▪ 2002       Swedish golfer Annika Sörenstam reestablished herself in 2001 as the top player on the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) tour. Although she had ...
sorethroat
sore throat n. Any of various inflammations of the tonsils, pharynx, or larynx characterized by pain in swallowing. * * *
Sorge, Richard
▪ German journalist born Oct. 4, 1895, Baku, Russia [now in Azerbaijan] died Nov. 7, 1944, Tokyo       German press correspondent who headed a successful Soviet ...
sorgho
/sawr"goh/, n., pl. sorghos. sorgo. * * *
sorghum
/sawr"geuhm/, n. 1. a cereal grass, Sorghum bicolor (or S. vulgare), having broad, cornlike leaves and a tall, pithy stem bearing the grain in a dense terminal cluster. 2. the ...
sorgo
/sawr"goh/, n., pl. sorgos. any of several varieties of sorghum grown chiefly for the sweet juice yielded by the stems, used in making sugar and syrup and also for fodder. Also, ...
sori
/sawr"uy, sohr"uy/, n. pl. of sorus. * * *
Soria
▪ Spain       town, capital of Soria provincia (province), in Castile-León comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), north-central Spain. It lies on the western ...
Soriano, Juan
▪ 2007 Juan Francisco Rodríguez Montoya        Mexican painter and sculptor (b. Aug. 18, 1920, Guadalajara, Mex.—d. Feb. 10, 2006, Mexico City, Mex.), was an exponent ...
Soriano, Osvaldo
▪ 1998       Argentine journalist and author of best-selling novels characterized by action and humour, notably No habrá más penas ni olvido, about internecine ...
soricine
/sawr"euh suyn', -sin, sor"euh-/, adj. Zool. of or resembling the shrews. [1775-85; < L soricinus, equiv. to soric- (s. of sorex) shrew + -inus -INE1] * * *
Sorin, Edward Frederick
▪ American educator born Feb. 6, 1814, Ahuillé, Fr. died Oct. 31, 1893, South Bend, Ind., U.S.       Roman Catholic priest and educator, founder and first president of ...
soring
☆ soring [sôr′iŋ] n. the practice of making the front feet of a show horse sore, as by bruising or blistering, so as to force it to take high, exaggerated steps in ...
sorites
—soritical /saw rit"i keuhl, soh-/, soritic, adj. /saw ruy"teez, soh-/, n. Logic. a form of argument having several premises and one conclusion, capable of being resolved into ...
sorites problem
Paradox presented by the following reasoning: One grain of sand does not constitute a heap; if n grains of sand do not constitute a heap, then neither do n + 1 grains of sand; ...
soroban
/sawr"euh bahn'/, n. a Japanese abacus of Chinese derivation. [ < Japn < Chin suànpan, equiv. to suàn count + pán board] * * *
Sorocaba
/saw'rddoo kah"bah/, n. a city in SE Brazil, W of São Paulo. 165,990. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, east-central São Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies ...
Sorokin
/seuh roh"kin, saw-/; Russ. /su rddaw"kyin/, n. Pitirim Alexandrovitch /pi ti reem" al'ig zan"dreuh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /pyi tyi rddyeem" u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/, 1889-1968, ...
Sorokin, P(itirim) A(lexandrovitch)
born Jan. 21, 1889, Turya, Russia died Feb. 10, 1968, Winchester, Mass., U.S. Russian-born U.S. sociologist. Appointed the first professor of sociology at the University of ...
Sorokin, Pitirim Alexandrovitch
▪ American sociologist born Jan. 21, 1889, Turya, Russia died Feb. 10, 1968, Winchester, Mass., U.S.       Russian-American sociologist who founded the department of ...
Sorolla y Bastida
/saw rddaw"lyah ee bahs tee"dhah/ Joaquín /hwah keen"/, 1863-1923, Spanish painter. * * *
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín
▪ Spanish painter born February 27, 1863, Valencia, Spain died August 10, 1923, Cercedilla       Spanish painter whose style was a variant of Impressionism and whose ...
Soromenho, Fernando Monteiro de Castro
▪ Angolan novelist born Jan. 31, 1910, Chinde, Mozambique died June 18, 1968, São Paulo, Brazil       white Angolan novelist writing in Portuguese who depicted African ...
soroptimist
/seuh rop"teuh mist/, n. a member of an international association of professional or executive businesswomen (Soroptimist Club), devoted primarily to welfare work. [1920-25; < L ...
sororal
—sororally, adv. /seuh rawr"euhl, -rohr"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a sister or sisters; sisterly. [1645-55; < L soror SISTER + -AL1] * * *
sororate
/sawr"euh rayt', sohr"-/, n. subsequent or concurrent marriage with a wife's sister. [1905-10; < L soror- (s. of soror) SISTER + -ATE3] * * * ▪ ...
sororicidal
See sororicide. * * *
sororicide
—sororicidal, adj. /seuh rawr"euh suyd', -ror"-/, n. 1. a person who kills his or her sister. 2. the act of killing one's own sister. [1650-60; < L sororicida one who kills his ...
sorority
/seuh rawr"i tee, -ror"-/, n., pl. sororities. a society or club of women or girls, esp. in a college. [1525-35; < ML sororitas, equiv. to L soror- (s. of soror) SISTER + -itas ...
sorority house
a house occupied by a college or university sorority. [1910-15] * * *
Soros, George
born Aug. 12, 1930, Budapest, Hung. Hungarian-U.S. financier. He left his native Hungary in 1944 and settled in London in 1947, where he studied and joined a merchant bank. He ...
sorosilicate
/sawr'oh sil"i kit, -kayt', sohr'-/, n. Mineral. any of the silicates in which each silicate tetrahedron shares one of its four oxygen atoms with a neighboring tetrahedron, the ...
sorosis
sorosis1 /seuh roh"sis/, n., pl. soroses /-seez/. Bot. a fleshy multiple fruit composed of many flowers, seed vessels, and receptacles consolidated, as in the pineapple and ...
sorption
—sorptive, adj. /sawrp"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the state or process of being sorbed. [1905-10; extracted from ABSORPTION, ADSORPTION, etc.] * * *
sorptive
See sorption. * * *
sorrel
sorrel1 /sawr"euhl, sor"-/, n. 1. light reddish-brown. 2. a horse of this color, often with a light-colored mane and tail. adj. 3. of the color sorrel. [1400-50; late ME < OF ...
sorrel salt.
See potassium binoxalate. [1790-1800] * * *
sorrel tree
a North American tree, Oxydendrum arboreum, of the heath family, having leaves with an acid flavor and drooping clusters of white flowers. Also called sourwood. [1680-90, ...
sorreltree
sorrel tree n. See sourwood. * * *
Sorrentino
/sawr'euhn tee"noh, sor'-/, n. Gilbert, born 1929, U.S. poet and novelist. * * *
Sorrentino, Gilbert
▪ 2007       American poet and experimental novelist (b. April 27, 1929, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. May 18, 2006, Brooklyn), made use of devices such as nonchronological ...
Sorrento
—Sorrentine /sawr"euhn teen', seuh ren"teen/, adj. /seuh ren"toh/; It. /sawrdd rdden"taw/, n. a seaport in SW Italy, on the Bay of Naples: resort; cathedral; ancient ruins. ...
sorrily
See sorry. * * *
sorriness
See sorrily. * * *
sorrow
—sorrower, n. —sorrowless, adj. /sor"oh, sawr"oh/, n. 1. distress caused by loss, affliction, disappointment, etc.; grief, sadness, or regret. 2. a cause or occasion of grief ...
sorrower
See sorrow. * * *
sorrowful
—sorrowfully, adv. —sorrowfulness, n. /sor"euh feuhl, sawr"-/, adj. 1. full of or feeling sorrow; grieved; sad. 2. showing or expressing sorrow; mournful; plaintive: a ...
sorrowfully
See sorrowful. * * *
sorrowfulness
See sorrowfully. * * *
Sorrows of Young Werther, The
(German, Die Leiden des Jungen Werther), a romantic novel (1774) in epistolary form by Goethe. * * *
sorry
—sorrily, adv. —sorriness, n. /sor"ee, sawr"ee/, adj., sorrier, sorriest. 1. feeling regret, compunction, sympathy, pity, etc.: to be sorry to leave one's friends; to be ...
Sorsa, Kalevi
▪ 2005       Finnish politician (b. Dec. 21, 1930, Keuruu, Fin.—d. Jan. 16, 2004, Helsinki, Fin.), served as Finland's prime minister four times (1972–75, 1977–79, ...
Sorsogon
▪ Philippines       city and port, southeastern Luzon, northern Philippines. It is located near the southernmost tip of the Bicol Peninsula on the northeastern shore of ...
sort
—sortable, adj. —sortably, adv. —sorter, n. /sawrt/, n. 1. a particular kind, species, variety, class, or group, distinguished by a common character or nature: to develop a ...
sorta
/sawr"teuh/, adv. Pron. Spelling. sort of; somewhat: I'm sorta nervous about asking for a date. * * *
sortable
See sort. * * *
sortation
sor·ta·tion (sôr-tāʹshən) n. Sorting, especially when mechanized or automated: the sortation of baggage; sortation of parcels. * * *
sorted
/sawr"tid/, adj. Geol. 1. (of sedimentary particles) uniform in size. 2. (of sedimentary rock) consisting of particles of uniform size. [1945-50; SORT + -ED2] * * *
sorter
See sortable. * * *
sortie
/sawr"tee/, n., v., sortied, sortieing. n. 1. a rapid movement of troops from a besieged place to attack the besiegers. 2. a body of troops involved in such a movement. 3. the ...
sortilege
—sortilegic /sawr'tl ej"ik/, sortilegious /sawr'tl ee"jeuhs/, adj. /sawr"tl ij/, n. 1. the drawing of lots for divination; divination by lot. 2. sorcery; magic. [1350-1400; ME ...
sorting
/sawr"ting/, n. Geol. the process by which sedimentary particles become separated according to some particular characteristic, as size or shape. [SORT + -ING1] * * *
sorting tracks
the part of a railroad yard used for the final sorting of cars from a classification yard. Also called sorting yard. * * *
sortition
/sawr tish"euhn/, n. the casting or drawing of lots. [1590-1600; < L sortition- (s. of sortitio), equiv. to sortit(us) (ptp. of sortiri to draw lots, deriv. of sors lot, portion; ...
sorus
/sawr"euhs, sohr"-/, n., pl. sori /sawr"uy, sohr"uy/. 1. Bot. one of the clusters of sporangia on the back of the fronds of ferns. See diag. under fern. 2. Mycol. a soruslike ...
Sorø
▪ Denmark       city, western Zealand, Denmark. It is the home of Sorø Academy, a well-known Danish boarding school, resembling an English public (i.e., “private”) ...
SOS
1. the letters represented by the radio telegraphic signal (· · · - - - · · ·) used, esp. by ships in distress, as an internationally recognized call for help. n. 2. any ...
SOS pad{™}
n a US product like a rough metal ball for cleaning surfaces and kitchen pans, etc. * * *
Sosa, Sammy
orig. Samuel Sosa Peralta born Nov. 12, 1968, San Pedro de Macoris, Dom.Rep. Dominican-born U.S. baseball player. Sosa came to the U.S. as a child and began playing organized ...
Sosa,Samuel
So·sa (sōʹsə), Samuel. Known as “Sammy.” Born 1968. Dominican baseball player. A player for the Chicago Cubs (since 1992), in 1998 he broke Roger Maris's single-season ...
Soseki
/saw"se kee'/, n. See Natsume, Soseki. * * *
Sosigenes Of Alexandria
▪ Egyptian mathematician and astronomer flourished 1st century BC       astronomer and mathematician employed by Julius Caesar to devise the Julian calendar. He is ...
Sosnowiec
/saws naw"vyets/, n. a city in S Poland. 196,000. * * * ▪ Poland       city, Śląskie województwo (province), southern Poland. It lies along the Czarna Przemsza ...
sostenuto
/sos'teuh nooh"toh, soh'steuh-/; It. /saws'te nooh"taw/, adj., n., pl. sostenutos, It. sostenuti /-tee/. Music. adj. 1. sustained or prolonged in the time value of the ...
sostenuto pedal
Music. a pedal on a grand piano that raises the dampers, allowing the tone to be sustained for those strings struck at the time the pedal is depressed. * * *
sot
/sot/, n. a drunkard. [bef. 1000; ME: fool, OE sott < ML sottus < ?] * * *
Sōtatsu
▪ Japanese artist in full  Tawaraya Sōtatsu  flourished 1600–30s    Japanese artist of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867) who combined the traditional themes of the ...
Soter
/soh"teuhr/, n. Saint, pope A.D. 166?-175?. * * * (as used in expressions) Antiochus I Soter Attalus I Soter Ptolemy I Soter * * *
Soter, Saint
▪ pope born , Fondi, Latium [Italy] died c. 175, , Rome; feast day April 22       pope from about 166 to about 175.       Succeeding St. Anicetus as pope, Soter ...
Soteria
▪ Greek religion       (from Greek: “deliverance”), in Hellenistic religions, any sacrifice or series of sacrifices performed either in commemoration or in ...
soteriologic
See soteriology. * * *
soteriological
See soteriologic. * * *
soteriology
—sotereologic /seuh tear'ee euh loj"ik/, sotereological, adj. /seuh tear'ee ol"euh jee/, n. Theol. the doctrine of salvation through Jesus Christ. [1760-70; < Gk soterí(a) ...
Sotheby's
Art auction firm. Founded in London by the bookseller Samuel Baker in 1744, it was later managed after his death by his nephew, John Sotheby, and by his successors until 1861. ...
Sotheby’s
a leading London firm of auctioneers. Sotheby’s is famous for dealing in works of art and antiques, and has a particularly strong reputation for selling old books. The company ...
Sothern
/sudh"euhrn/, n. E(dward) H(ugh), 1859-1933, U.S. actor, born in England: husband of Julia Marlowe. * * *
Sothern, Ann
▪ 2002 Harriette Lake        American actress (b. Jan. 22, 1909, Valley City, N.D.—d. March 15, 2001, Ketchum, Idaho), achieved fame with her roles in films that ...


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