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Sothern, Edward Hugh
▪ American actor born Dec. 6, 1859, New Orleans, La., U.S. died Oct. 28, 1933, New York, N.Y.  American actor who was widely popular for his roles in romantic comedy and was ...
Sothic [sō′thik, säth′ik] adj. 〚Gr Sōthiakos < Sōthis, the Dog Star < Egypt Spdt〛 1. of or having to do with Sirius, the Dog Star 2. designating or of an ancient ...
Sothic cycle
(in the ancient Egyptian calendar) a period of 1460 Sothic years. Also called Sothic period. [1855-60; SOTH(IS) + -IC] * * *
Sothic year
the fixed year of the ancient Egyptians, determined by the heliacal rising of Sirius, and equivalent to 365 days. [1820-30; SOTH(IS) + -IC] * * *
—Sothic /soh"thik, soth"ik/, adj. /soh"this/, n. the name for the star Sirius, the Dog Star, given by the ancient Egyptians. [ < Gk Sóthis < Egyptian spdt] * * *
/sooh"tooh, soh"toh/, n., pl. Sothos, (esp. collectively) Sotho for 3. 1. a group of closely related Bantu languages spoken in Lesotho and South Africa. 2. any of the Sotho ...
/soh tee"/, n. a satirical and topical comedy employing actors dressed in traditional fool's costume, popular in France during the late Middle Ages, and often used as a curtain ...
▪ Buddhist sect       largest of the Zen Buddhist sects in Japan. It follows the method of quiet sitting and meditation (zazen) as a means of obtaining ...
Soto, Hernando de
born с 1496/97, Jerez de los Caballeros, Badajoz, Spain died May 21, 1542, along the Mississippi River Spanish explorer and conquistador. He joined the 1514 expedition of ...
Soto, Jesus-Rafael
▪ 2006       Venezuelan-born French artist (b. July 5, 1923, Ciudad Bolívar, Venez.—d. Jan. 17, 2005, Paris, France), attached himself to avant-garde modernism ...
/soh"tohl, soh tohl"/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Dasylirion, of the agave family, native to the southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico, resembling the ...
/sot"id/, adj. drunken; besotted. [1350-1400; ME, equiv. to sotten to be a sot (deriv. of SOT) + -ED2] * * *
See sotted. * * *
See sottedly. * * *
—sottishly, adv. —sottishness, n. /sot"ish/, adj. 1. stupefied with or as if with drink; drunken. 2. given to excessive drinking. 3. pertaining to or befitting a ...
See sottish. * * *
See sottishly. * * *
sotto in su
▪ art Italian“from below to above”  in drawing and painting, extreme foreshortening of figures painted on a ceiling or other high surface so as to give the illusion that ...
sotto voce
/sot"oh voh"chee/; It. /sawt"taw vaw"che/ in a low, soft voice so as not to be overheard. [1730-40; < It: lit., under (the) voice] * * *
sot·to vo·ce (sŏtʹō vōʹchē, sōtʹtō vōʹchĕ) adv. & adj. 1. In soft tones, so as not to be overheard; in an undertone: “There were aspersions cast, sotto voce, but ...
Sottsass, Ettore
▪ 2008       Italian industrial designer born Sept. 14, 1917, Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary died Dec. 31, 2007, Milan, Italy brought bold colours, contemporary style, and ...
/sooh/, n. 1. (formerly) either of two bronze coins of France, equal to 5 centimes and 10 centimes. 2. sol2. [1810-20; < F; OF sol SOL2] * * *
sou marqué
/sooh" mahr kay"/ or, for 2, /-kee"/; Fr. /sooh mannrdd kay"/, n., pl. sous marqués /sooh" mahr kay"/ or, for 2, /-kee"/; Fr. /sooh mannrdd kay"/. 1. a billon coin of France, ...
/sow'wes"teuhr/, n. 1. a waterproof hat, often of oilskin, having the brim very broad behind and slanted, worn esp. by seamen. 2. an oilskin slicker, fastening with buckles, worn ...
1. south. 2. southern. * * *
souari [so͞o är′ē] n. 〚Fr saouari < Carib sawarra〛 any of a genus (Caryocar) of trees of N South America having durable timber (souari wood) and large, edible nuts ...
souari nut
/sooh ahr"ee/ the large, edible, oily nut of a tall tree, Caryocar nuciferum, of tropical South America. Also called butternut. [1840-50; < F saouari < Galibi sawarra] * * ...
sou·a·ri nut (so͞o-ärʹē) n. In both senses also called butternut. 1. A South American evergreen tree (Caryocar nuciferum) having opposite, trifoliate leaves and drupes ...
/sooh beez"/, n. a brown or white sauce containing strained or puréed onions and served with meat. Also called soubise sauce. [1770-80; < F, named after Prince Charles Soubise ...
Soubise, Benjamin de Rohan, seigneur de
▪ French Huguenot leader (lord of) born 1583, La Rochelle, France died Oct. 9, 1642, London, Eng.       French Huguenot leader, younger brother of Henri, duc de ...
Soubise, Charles de Rohan, prince de
▪ French marshal born 1715, Paris, France died July 4, 1787, Paris       peer and marshal of France, favourite of Louis XV and Mme de Pompadour.       Soubise ...
/sooh'breuh soh"/; Fr. /sooh brddeuh soh"/, n., pl. soubresauts /-sohz"/; Fr. /-soh"/. Ballet. a jump performed with the legs held together and the body erect but slightly curved ...
—soubrettish, adj. /sooh bret"/, n. 1. a maidservant or lady's maid in a play, opera, or the like, esp. one displaying coquetry, pertness, and a tendency to engage in ...
/sooh"breuh kay', -ket', sooh'breuh kay", -ket"/, n. sobriquet. * * *
/sow kahr"/, n. a Hindu banker. Also, sowcar. [1775-85; < Hindi sahukar great merchant] * * *
/sooh"shong", -chong"/, n. a variety of black tea grown in India and Sri Lanka. [1750-60; < Chin dial. (Guangdong) síu-júng, akin to Chin xiaozhong lit., small sort] * * *
sou·dan (so͞odʹn) n. Variant of soldan. * * *
Souei language
also called  Soui, Kuay, or Kuy,         language of northeastern Thailand, northern Cambodia, and parts of southern Laos. It belongs to the Katuic branch of the ...
/sooh"feuhl/, n. Pathol. a murmuring or blowing sound heard on auscultation. [1875-80; < F; see SOUFFLÉ] * * *
/sooh flay", sooh"flay/, n., adj., v., souffléed, souffléing. n. 1. a light baked dish made fluffy with beaten egg whites combined with egg yolks, white sauce, and fish, ...
See soufflé. * * *
/sooh flaw"/, n. Jacques Germain /zhahk zherdd maonn"/, 1713-80, French architect. * * *
Soufflot, Jacques-Germain
▪ French architect born July 22, 1713, Irancy, France died Aug. 29, 1780, Paris       French architect, a leader in the development of Neoclassical architecture and the ...
/sooh frddyerdd"/, n. 1. Also, La Soufrière, a volcano in the West Indies, on St. Vincent island. 4048 ft. (1234 m). 2. Also, Grande Soufrière, a volcano in the West Indies, on ...
Soufrière Hills A volcano, 915 m (3,002 ft) high, on southern Montserrat in the Leeward Islands of the West Indies. It began erupting in 1995 for the first time in recorded ...
sough1 —soughfully, adv. —soughless, adj. /sow, suf/, v.i. 1. to make a rushing, rustling, or murmuring sound: the wind soughing in the meadow. 2. Scot. and North Eng. to ...
/sawt/, v. pt. and pp. of seek. * * *
/sawt"af'teuhr, -ahf'-/, adj. that is in demand; desirable: a sought-after speaker. [1880-85] * * *
/soohk, shoohk/, n. suk. * * *
Soukop, Wilhelm Josef
▪ 1996       ("WILLI"), Austrian-born British sculptor (b. Jan. 5, 1907—d. Feb. 8, 1995). * * *
/sooh"koohs"/, n. a style of central African popular dance music with electric guitars, Caribbean rhythms, and often several vocalists. [1980-85; said to be < Lingala < F secouer ...
—soullike, adj. /sohl/, n. 1. the principle of life, feeling, thought, and action in humans, regarded as a distinct entity separate from the body, and commonly held to be ...
soul brother
Informal. a black male, esp. a fellow black male. [1955-60] * * *
soul cake
Brit. a round, sweet bun or small, oval cake, traditionally made to celebrate All Souls' Day. [1680-90] * * *
soul food
—soul-food, adj. traditional black American cookery, which originated in the rural South, consisting of such foods as chitterlings, pig knuckles, turnip greens, and ...
soul kiss
an open-mouthed kiss in which the tongue of one partner is manipulated in the mouth of the other. Also called deep kiss, French kiss. [1945-50] * * *
soul loss
▪ primitive religion       departure of the soul from the body and its failure to return. In many preliterate cultures soul loss is believed to be a primary cause of ...
soul mate
a person with whom one has a strong affinity. [1815-25] * * *
soul music
a fervent type of popular music developed in the late 1950s by black Americans as a secularized form of gospel music, with rhythm-and-blues influences, and distinctive for its ...
soul sister
Informal. a black female, esp. a fellow black female. [1965-70] * * *
Soul Stirrers, the
▪ American music group       American gospel (gospel music) singers who were one of the first male quintets and one of the most enduring male groups. Several singers ...
/sohl"kis'/, v.t. 1. to give (someone) a soul kiss. v.i. 2. to be engaged or involved in a soul kiss. * * *
/sohl"serr'ching/, n. the act or process of close and penetrating analysis of oneself, to determine one's true motives and sentiments. [1605-15] * * *
soul brother n. An African-American man or boy. * * *
Soulbury Commission
      commission sent by the British government to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1944 to examine a constitutional draft prepared by the Ceylonese ministers of government and, ...
soul food n. Food, such as ham hocks and collard greens, traditionally eaten by southern African Americans. * * *
—soulfully, adv. —soulfulness, n. /sohl"feuhl/, adj. of or expressive of deep feeling or emotion: soulful eyes. [1860-65; SOUL + -FUL] * * *
See soulful. * * *
See soulfully. * * *
soul kiss n. A kiss in which the tongue enters the partner's mouth; a French kiss. * * *
—soullessly, adv. —soullessness, n. /sohl"lis/, adj. 1. without a soul. 2. lacking in nobility of soul, as persons; without spirit or courage. [1545-55; SOUL + -LESS] * * *
See soulless. * * *
See soullessly. * * *
soul mate n. One of two persons compatible with each other in disposition, point of view, or sensitivity. * * *
soul music n. A style of popular music developed by African Americans, combining elements of gospel music and rhythm and blues. * * *
Soulouque, Faustin-Élie
▪ emperor of Haiti Soulouque also spelled  Solouque , also known as  Faustin I  born 1782?, Petit-Goâve, Haiti died Aug. 6, 1867  Haitian slave, president, and later ...
soul sister n. An African-American woman or girl. * * *
/soohlt/, n. Nicolas Jean de Dieu /nee kaw lah" zhahonn deuh dyue/, (Duke of Dalmatia), 1769-1851, French marshal. * * *
Soult, Nicolas-Jean de Dieu, Duc De Dalmatie
▪ French military leader born March 29, 1769, Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, later Saint-Amans-Soult, Fr. died Nov. 26, 1851, Saint-Amans-Soult       French military leader ...
▪ craft  method of brocading (brocade) handmade flat-woven rugs and similar fabrics. It is one of the oldest known techniques, identified among charred 7th-century-BC ...
sound1 —soundable, adj. /sownd/, n. 1. the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium. 2. mechanical ...
/sownd/, n. The, a strait between SW Sweden and Zealand, connecting the Kattegat and the Baltic. 87 mi. (140 km) long; 3-30 mi. (5-48 km) wide. Swedish and Danish, Oresund. * * ...
Sound and the Fury, The
a novel (1929) by William Faulkner. * * *
sound barrier
1. Also called sonic barrier, transonic barrier. (not in technical use) a hypothetical barrier to flight beyond the speed of sound, so postulated because aircraft undergo an ...
sound bite
a brief, striking remark or statement excerpted from an audiotape or videotape for insertion in a broadcast news story. [1985-90] * * *
sound block
a small block of wood for rapping with a gavel. Also, sounding block. * * *
sound bow
/boh/ that part of a bell against which the tongue strikes. [1680-90] * * *
sound camera
a motion-picture camera that is capable of photographing silently at the normal speed of 24 fps and operating in synchronization with separate audio recording ...
sound card
or audio card Integrated circuit that generates an audio signal and sends it to a computer's speakers. The sound card can accept an analog sound (as from a microphone or audio ...
sound effect
any sound, other than music or speech, artificially reproduced to create an effect in a dramatic presentation, as the sound of a storm or a creaking door. [1925-30] * * ...
sound effects
sound effects n. sounds, as of thunder, blows, animals, traffic, etc., produced artificially or by recording to supply sounds called for in the script of a radio, stage, film, or ...
sound film
1. a film on which sound has been or is to be recorded, as for the soundtrack of a motion picture. 2. See sound motion picture. [1920-25] * * *
sound head
Motion Pictures. a mechanism through which film passes in a projector for conversion of the soundtrack into audio-frequency signals that can be amplified and reproduced. Also ...
sound hole
an opening in the soundboard of a musical stringed instrument, as a violin or lute, for increasing the soundboard's capacity for vibration. [1605-15] * * *
sound intensity
▪ physics       amount of energy flowing per unit time through a unit area that is perpendicular to the direction in which the sound waves are travelling. Sound ...
sound law.
See phonetic law. [1870-75] * * *
Sound levels for nonlinear (decibel) and linear (intensity) scales
▪ Table    Sound levels for nonlinear (decibel) and linear (intensity) scales decibels intensity* type of sound 130 10 artillery fire at close proximity (threshold of ...
sound man
1. a technician who produces sound effects. 2. a technician responsible for the quality of sound that is broadcast or recorded. 3. Theat. a technician responsible for the proper ...
sound motion picture
a motion picture with a soundtrack. Also called sound film. * * *
Sound of Music
a Broadway musical play (1959) by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein. It is based on the true story of the Austrian Trapp family who sang together and escaped to Switzerland ...
sound pressure
Physics. 1. Also called excess sound pressure, instantaneous sound pressure. the difference between the pressure at a point in a medium through which a sound wave is passing and ...
sound production
▪ animal       in animals, the initiation of sound as a means of information transmission. Sounds are termed vocal when produced in the respiratory system and mechanical ...
sound ranging
a method for determining the distance between a point and the position of a sound source by measuring the time lapse between the origin of the sound and its arrival at the ...
sound reception
Introduction       response of an organism's aural mechanism, the ear, to a specific form of energy change, or sound waves. Sound waves can be transmitted through gases, ...
sound recording
Introduction       transcription of vibrations in air that are perceptible as sound onto a storage medium, such as a phonograph disc. In sound reproduction the process is ...
sound recordist
recordist. * * *
sound spectrogram
a graphic representation, produced by a sound spectrograph, of the frequency, intensity, duration, and variation with time of the resonance of a sound or series of sounds. * * *
sound spectrograph
an electronic device for recording a sound spectogram. * * *
sound stage
a large, soundproof studio used for filming motion pictures. [1930-35] * * *
sound symbolism
Ling. a nonarbitrary connection between phonetic features of linguistic items and their meanings, as in the frequent occurrence of close vowels in words denoting smallness, as ...
sound title
Law. See marketable title. * * *
sound track
▪ recording       in motion-picture technology, narrow band, usually along the margin of the film, that carries the photographic or magnetic sound record. In optical ...
sound truck
a truck carrying a loudspeaker from which speeches, music, etc., are broadcast, as for advertising, campaigning, or the like. [1935-40] * * *
sound wave
Physics. a longitudinal wave in an elastic medium, esp. a wave producing an audible sensation. [1865-70] * * *
Sound, the
Danish Øresund Almost tideless strait between Sjælland island, Denmark, and Skåne, Sweden, connecting the Kattegat Strait with the Baltic Sea. It is one of the busiest sea ...
sound-alike [sound′ə līk΄] n. a person or thing that resembles another in sound [he is a Bogart sound-alike] adj. sounding like another or each other [sound-alike names]: ...
/sownd"euhn luyt"/, adj. combining sound effects or music with unusual lighting displays: to promote a product with a spectacular sound-and-light presentation. [1960-65] * * *
sound-and-light show
a nighttime spectacle or performance, at which a building, historic site, etc., is illuminated and the historic significance is imparted to spectators by means of narration, ...
sound-and-light show (sound'ənd-lītʹ) n. A theatrical entertainment presented at night in a historic, usually outdoor setting, using recorded sound, lighting, and other ...
sound-level meter
▪ instrument       device for measuring the intensity of noise, music, and other sounds. A typical meter consists of a microphone for picking up the sound and ...
See sound4. * * *
/sownd"euh luyk'/, n. a person or thing that sounds like another, esp. a better known or more famous prototype: a whole spate of Elvis Presley soundalikes. [1965-70; n. use of v. ...
sound barrier n. 1. See sonic barrier. 2. A set of tall wooden, plastic, or concrete barriers placed along a road or highway to muffle the sound of traffic. * * *
sound bite n. A brief statement, as by a politician, taken from an audiotape or videotape and broadcast especially during a news report: “The box has been spitting forth ...
/sownd"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. See sounding board. [1495-1505; SOUND1 + BOARD] * * * ▪ musical instrument also called  Belly,         a thin plate of wood or a ...
/sownd"boks'/, n. a chamber in a musical instrument, as the body of a violin, for increasing the sonority of its tone. [1870-75; SOUND1 + BOX1] * * *
sound camera n. A movie camera equipped to record sound and visual image synchronously. * * *
sound effect n. An imitative sound, as of thunder or an explosion, produced artificially for theatrical purposes, as for a film, play, or radio program. Often used in the ...
sounder1 /sown"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that makes a sound or noise, or sounds something. 2. Telegraphy. an instrument for receiving telegraphic impulses that emits the ...
sounding1 —soundingly, adv. —soundingness, n. /sown"ding/, adj. 1. emitting or producing a sound or sounds. 2. resounding or sonorous. 3. having an imposing sound; ...
sounding balloon
Meteorol. a balloon carrying instruments aloft to make atmospheric measurements, esp. a radiosonde balloon. Also called weather balloon. [1900-05] * * *
sounding board
1. a thin, resonant plate of wood forming part of a musical instrument, and so placed as to enhance the power and quality of the tone. 2. a structure over or behind and above a ...
sounding lead
/leed/. See under sounding line. * * *
sounding line
a line weighted with a lead or plummet (sounding lead) and bearing marks to show the length paid out, used for sounding, as at sea. [1300-50; ME] * * *
sounding machine
Navig. any of various machines for taking and recording soundings. [1840-50] * * *
sounding rocket
a rocket equipped with instruments for making meteorological observations in the upper atmosphere. [1940-45] * * * also called  Probe Rocket,         any unmanned ...
sounding board n. 1. Music. a. A thin board forming the upper portion of the resonant chamber in an instrument, such as a violin or piano, and serving to increase resonance. b. ...
sounding lead (lĕd) n. The metal weight at the end of a sounding line. * * *
sounding line n. A line marked at intervals of fathoms and weighted at one end, used to determine the depth of water. Also called lead line. * * *
sounding rocket n. A rocket used to make observations anywhere within the earth's atmosphere. * * *
soundless1 —soundlessly, adv. —soundlessness, n. /sownd"lis/, adj. without sound; silent; quiet. [1595-1605; SOUND1 + -LESS] soundless2 —soundlessly, adv. —soundlessness, ...
See soundless. * * *
See soundlessly. * * *
See sound2. * * *
sound·man (soundʹmăn') n. One in charge of recording, transmitting, or amplifying sound or of producing sound effects, as for a television or radio broadcast. * * *
See soundly. * * *
sound pollution n. See noise pollution. * * *
sound pressure n. The varying difference, at a fixed point in a given medium, between the pressure caused by a sound wave and either atmospheric pressure or the average pressure ...
—soundproofing, n. /sownd"proohf'/, adj. 1. impervious to sound. v.t. 2. to cause to be soundproof. [1875-80; SOUND1 + -PROOF] * * *
sound ranging n. A method for locating a source of sound, such as an enemy gun, by measuring the travel time of the sound wave to microphones at known positions. * * *
sound·scape (soundʹskāp') n. An atmosphere or environment created by or with sound: the raucous soundscape of a city street; a play with a haunting soundscape.   [sound1 + ...
soundstage [sound′stāj΄] n. an enclosed soundproof area, esp. one in a STUDIO (n. 3b), equipped for producing films or TV shows * * * sound stage also sound·stage ...
/sownd"trak'/, n. 1. the narrow band on one or both sides of a motion-picture film on which sound is recorded. 2. the sound recorded on a motion-picture film; audio portion of a ...
sound truck n. A truck or other vehicle having one or more loudspeakers, usually situated on top, typically used for broadcasting political or commercial messages. * * *
sound wave n. A longitudinal pressure wave of audible or inaudible sound. * * *
/sooh"nee euhn/, n. Cape, a cape in E central Greece, SE of Athens, at the tip of the Attica peninsula, in W Aegean Sea. Also called Colonna. * * *
Sounion Head
the tip of the Attica peninsula, E central Greece: site of ancient temple ruins. * * *
—soupless, adj. —souplike, adj. /soohp/, n. 1. a liquid food made by boiling or simmering meat, fish, or vegetables with various added ingredients. 2. Slang. a thick fog. 3. ...
soup du jour
/soohp' deuh zhoor"/ the soup featured by a restaurant on a particular day. Also, soup de jour. [1940-45; < Fr soupe du jour soup of the day] * * *
soup kitchen
1. a place where food, usually soup, is served at little or no charge to the needy. 2. Mil. Slang. (in World War I) a mobile kitchen. [1850-55] * * *
soup kitchens
➡ homelessness * * *
soup plate
a deep, concave plate used esp. for serving soup. [1820-30] * * *
/soohp"euhn fish"/, n. Informal. a man's formal evening clothes. [alluding to the early courses of a formal dinner] * * *
/soohp"teuh nuts"/, adj. 1. (of a meal) complete or impressive in number of courses. 2. Informal. complete; all-inclusive. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
Soupault, Philippe
▪ French writer born Aug. 2, 1897, Chaville, France died March 11, 1990, Paris       French poet and novelist who was instrumental in founding the Surrealist ...
/soohp"bohn'/, n. 1. a bone used for making soup or broth. 2. Baseball Slang. a pitcher's throwing arm. [1910-15; SOUP + BONE] * * *
/soohp sawonn", soohp"sawonn/, n. a slight trace, as of a particular taste or flavor. [1760-70; < F: a suspicion, MF sospeçon < LL suspection- (s. of suspectio), for L suspicio ...
soupdu jour
soup du jour (so͞op' də zho͝orʹ) n. pl. soups du jour A soup featured by a restaurant on a given day.   [French soupe du jour: soupe, soup + du, of the + jour, day.] * * *
soupe du jour
soupe du jour [so͞op dü zho͞or′; ] E [ so͞op΄do͞o zhoor′] 〚Fr, soup of the day〛 the special, sometimes the only, soup served in a restaurant on any particular day: ...
soupfin shark
/soohp"fin'/ a requiem shark, Galeorhinus zyopterus, inhabiting the Pacific Ocean, valued for its fins, which are used by the Chinese in the preparation of a soup, and for its ...
/sooh pah'nooh vawng"/, n. Prince, born 1902, Laotian political leader: president since 1975 (half brother of Prince Souvanna Phouma). * * * born July 13, 1909, Luang Prabang, ...
Souphanouvong, Prince
▪ 1996       Laotian revolutionary and political leader (b. July 13, 1909, Luang Prabang, Laos—d. Jan. 9, 1995, Laos), fought against French colonial rule in ...
soup kitchen n. A place where food is offered free or at very low cost to the needy. * * *
/sup"euhl/, n. silk from which only a portion of the sericin has been removed. Also called souple silk. [1885-90; short for F soie souple supple silk] * * *
/soohp"meet'/, n. beef used for making soup stock. [1835-45; SOUP + MEAT] * * *
/soohp"spoohn'/, n. a large spoon, commonly having a rounded bowl, with which to eat soup. [1695-1705; SOUP + SPOON] * * *
/sooh"pee/, adj., soupier, soupiest. 1. resembling soup in consistency: soupy oatmeal. 2. very thick; dense: a soupy fog. 3. Informal. overly sentimental; mawkish: soupy love ...
—sourish, adj. —sourly, adv. —sourness, n. /soweur, sow"euhr/, adj., sourer, sourest, n., v. adj. 1. having an acid taste, resembling that of vinegar, lemon juice, etc.; ...
sour cherry
1. a cherry, Prunus cerasus, characterized by gray bark and the spreading habit of its branches. 2. the red, tart fruit of this tree, used in making pies and ...
sour cream
cream soured by the lactic acid produced by a ferment. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
sour dock.
See under dock4 (def. 1). [1275-1325; ME] * * *
sour gourd
the acid fruit of any of several African or Australian trees belonging to the genus Adansonia, of the bombax family, as the baobab, A. digitata. [1630-40] * * *
sour grapes
pretended disdain for something one does not or cannot have: She said that she and her husband didn't want to join the club anyway, but it was clearly sour grapes. [1750-60; in ...
sour gum
a tree, Nyssa sylvatica, of eastern North America, having elliptic leaves, dark-blue, berrylike fruit, and wood with a variety of commercial uses. Also called black gum, ...
sour mash
a blended grain mash used in the distilling of some whiskeys, consisting of new mash and a portion of mash from a preceding run and yielding a high rate of lactic acid. [1880-85, ...
sour orange
sour orange n. 1. an orange tree (Citrus aurantium) widely grown as a rootstock for grafting other citrus trees 2. its fruit, used in making marmalade * * *
sour orange.
See under orange (def. 2). [1740-50] * * *
sour salt
crystals of citric acid used as a flavoring in foods, carbonated beverages, and pharmaceuticals. * * *
☆ sour-gum [sour′gum΄ ] adj. designating a family (Nyssaceae, order Cornales) of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs, including the tupelos * * *
sour-milk cheese
/soweur"milk', sow"euhr-/, Eastern New Eng. cottage cheese made from sour milk. Regional Variation. See cottage cheese. * * *
/soweur"bawl', sow"euhr-/, n. 1. a round piece of hard candy with a tart or acid fruit flavoring. 2. Informal. a chronic grouch. [1895-1900; SOUR + BALL1] * * *
/soweur"ber'ee, sow"euhr-/, n., pl. sourberries. See lemonade berry. [1905-10, Amer.; SOUR + BERRY] * * *
—sourceful, adj. —sourcefulness, n. —sourceless, adj. /sawrs, sohrs/, n., v., sourced, sourcing. n. 1. any thing or place from which something comes, arises, or is ...
source book
1. an original writing, as a document, record, or diary, that supplies an authoritative basis for future writing, study, evaluation, etc. 2. a volume containing a small ...
source code
Computers. program instructions that must be translated by a compiler, interpreter, or assembler into object code before execution. * * *
source language
1. the language in which a text appears that is to be translated into another language. Cf. target language (def. 1). 2. a language, usually the learner's native language, that ...
source material
original, authoritative, or basic materials utilized in research, as diaries or manuscripts. * * *
☆ sourcebook [sôrs′book΄ ] n. a collection of documents or a diary, journal, etc. used as basic information in studying, evaluating, and writing about a person, period, ...
source code n. Code written by a programmer in a high-level language and readable by people but not computers. Source code must be converted to object code or machine language ...
source language n. The language from which a translation is to be made or from which a word is borrowed. * * *
sour cherry n. 1. A deciduous shrub or small tree (Prunus cerasus) having white flowers and tart red fruit. 2. The edible fruit of this plant. * * *
/sawr"sing, sohr"-/, n. Econ. the buying of components of a product from an outside supplier, often one located abroad: Foreign sourcing in the auto industry has eliminated jobs. ...
sour cream n. 1. Cream that has soured naturally by the action of lactic-acid bacteria, used in baking certain breads and cakes. 2. A smooth, thick, artificially soured cream, ...
/soor deen"/, n. Music. 1. mute (def. 10). 2. kit2. 3. an obsolete member of the oboe family. [1670-80; < F: damper, mute < It sordina (fem.); see SORDINO] * * *
/soweur"doh', sow"euhr-/, n. 1. leaven, esp. fermented dough retained from one baking and used, rather than fresh yeast, to start the next. 2. a prospector or pioneer, esp. in ...
sour grapes pl.n. Denial of the desirability of something after one has found out that it cannot be reached or acquired: The losers' scorn for the award is pure sour grapes. * * *
sour gum n. A deciduous tree (Nyssa sylvatica) of the eastern United States and Mexico, having glossy, somewhat leathery leaves and soft wood. Also called black gum, ...
Sou·ris (so͝orʹĭs) A river, about 724 km (450 mi) long, rising in southern Saskatchewan, Canada, and flowing southeast in a great loop into northern North Dakota then north ...
Souris River
River in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada, and North Dakota, U.S. The Souris rises in southeastern Saskatchewan, then flows southeast into North Dakota, where it turns north to ...
See sour. * * *
See sourish. * * *
sour mash n. 1. A mixture of new mash and mash from a preceding run used to distill certain malt whiskeys. 2. Whiskey so distilled. * * *
See sourish. * * *
sour orange n. In both senses also called bigarade, bitter orange, Seville orange. 1. A spiny evergreen tree (Citrus aurantium) native to southern Vietnam and widely cultivated ...
/soweur"poos', sow"euhr-/, n. Informal. a person having a grouchy disposition that is often accompanied by a scowling facial expression. [1935-40; SOUR + PUSS2] * * *
sour salt n. Crystals of citric acid used in cooking. * * *
/soweur"sop', sow"euhr-/, n. 1. the large, dark-green, slightly acid, pulpy fruit of a small West Indian tree, Annona muricata, of the annona family. 2. the tree itself. Also ...
/soweur"wood', sow"euhr-/, n. See sorrel tree. [1700-10; SOUR + WOOD1] * * * ▪ tree also called  sorrel   (species Oxydendrum arboreum), deciduous ornamental tree, of the ...
Sous le Vent, Îles
▪ islands, French Polynesia English  Leeward Islands   archipelago of five inhabited volcanic islands and four uninhabited, low-lying coral atolls constituting the western ...
Sous River
▪ river, Morocco also  Wadi Sous  or  Oued Sous        river of southern Morocco, rising from several headstreams in the High Atlas (Haut Atlas) mountains and ...
/sooh"shef'/; Fr. /sooh shef"/, n., pl. chefs /-shefs'/; Fr. /shef"/. the second in command in a kitchen; the person ranking next after the head chef. [ < F, equiv. to sous under ...
/sooh"sooh'/, n. Ballet. a small jump beginning and ending in the fifth position, usually performed in series moving forward, backward, or to the side. [ < F sous-sus, equiv. to ...
See sous vide. * * *
/sooh"zeuh, -seuh/, n. John Philip, 1854-1932, U.S. band conductor and composer. * * *
Sousa, John Philip
born Nov. 6, 1854, Washington, D.C., U.S. died March 6, 1932, Reading, Pa. U.S. bandmaster and composer known as "The March King. " As a youth he learned to play the violin and ...
Sousa, Luís de
▪ Portuguese historian original name Manoel De Sousa Coutinho born 1555, Santarém, Port. died May 5, 1632, Bemfica, near Lisbon       monastic historian whose prose ...
Sousa, Martim Afonso de
▪ Portuguese admiral born c. 1500, , Vila Viçosa, Port. died July 21, 1564, Lisbon       Portuguese admiral who commanded the first colonizing expedition to Brazil ...
Sousa, Tomé de
▪ governor general of Brazil also spelled  Thomé De Souza   born c. 1515 died 1573       Portuguese nobleman and soldier who became the first governor-general ...
Sousa,John Philip
Sou·sa (so͞oʹzə, -sə), John Philip. Known as “the March King.” 1854-1932. American bandmaster and composer who wrote comic operas and marches such as Stars and Stripes ...
—sousaphonist, n. /sooh"zeuh fohn', -seuh-/, n. a form of bass tuba, similar to the helicon, used in brass bands. [1920-25; named after J. P. SOUSA; see -PHONE] * * * or ...
souse1 /sows/, v., soused, sousing, n. v.t. 1. to plunge into water or other liquid; immerse. 2. to drench, as with water. 3. to dash or pour, as water. 4. to steep in pickling ...
/sowst/, adj. Slang. drunk; intoxicated. [1540-50, in sense "pickled"; 1605-15 for current sense; SOUSE1 + -ED2] * * *
/soohs"lik/, n. suslik. * * *
Sousse (so͞os) also Su·sah or Su·sa (so͞oʹsə, -zə) A city of northeast Tunisia on an inlet of the Mediterranean Sea. Founded in ancient times by the Phoenicians, it was ...
/sooh stel"/, n. Jacques /zhahk/, 1912-90, French anthropologist and government official. * * *
Soustelle, Jacques
▪ French anthropologist and politician born Feb. 3, 1912, Montpellier, Fr. died Aug. 7, 1990, Neuilly-sur-Seine       French anthropologist and politician who was ...
sous vide (so͞o vēdʹ) n. The cooking of various ingredients in a plastic pouch.   [French, in a vacuum, vacuum-packed : sous, under + vide, vacuum.]   sous-videʹ ...
/sooh tash"/; Fr. /sooh tannsh"/, n. a narrow braid, commonly of mohair, silk, or rayon, used for trimming. [1855-60; < F: braid of a hussar's shako < Hungarian sujtás flat ...
/sooh tahn"/, n. Eccles. a cassock. [1830-40; < F < It sottana, fem. of sottano placed below, equiv. to sott(o) below ( < L subtus) + -ano -AN; form of the F word influenced by ...
Soutar, William
▪ British poet born April 28, 1898, Perth, Perthshire, Scot. died Oct. 15, 1943, Perth       Scottish poet, second in importance to Hugh MacDiarmid among the writers of ...
/sooht'n ooh"/; Fr. /soohteu nyuu"/, adj. Ballet. performed in a carefully sustained manner. [ < F: lit., SUSTAINED] * * *
/sooh"teuhrdd/, n. Scot. and North Eng. a person who makes or repairs shoes; cobbler; shoemaker. Also, soutter. [bef. 1000; ME sutor, OE sutere < L sutor, equiv. to su-, var. s. ...
/sooh"teuhr/, n. David H., born 1939, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court since 1990. * * *
Souter, David H(ackett)
born Sept. 17, 1939, Melrose, Mass., U.S. U.S. jurist. He graduated from Harvard Law School and soon joined the New Hampshire attorney general's office. He was promoted to ...
Souter, David Hackett
▪ United States jurist born September 17, 1939, Melrose, Massachusetts, U.S.       associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (Supreme Court of the United States) from ...
Souter,David Hackett
Sou·ter (so͞oʹtər), David Hackett. Born 1939. American jurist who was appointed an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1990. * * *
/sooh'teuh rayn", sooh"teuh rayn'/, n. Chiefly Archaeol. a subterranean passage or structure; grotto. [1725-35; < F: lit., underground, calque of L subterraneus; see SOUS-SOUS, ...
n., adj., adv. /sowth/; v. /sowth, sowdh/, n. 1. a cardinal point of the compass lying directly opposite north. Abbr.: S 2. the direction in which this point lies. 3. (usually ...
South Africa
Republic of, a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 42,327,458; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Formerly, ...
South Africa Act
▪ South Africa [1909]       (1909), act that unified the British colonies of Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange River and thereby established the nation of South ...
South Africa, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a horizontally oriented Y-shape (known in heraldry as a pall) in green, with yellow (gold) and white borders, ...
South Africa, Republic of
a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 25,000,000; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Formerly, Union of ...
South Africa: White Settlement in South Africa
▪ 1995       White settlement of South Africa began in 1652, when the Dutch East India Company established a station at Cape Town and soon introduced European settlers ...
South African
1. of southern Africa. 2. of the Republic of South Africa. 3. a native or inhabitant of the Republic of South Africa, esp. one of European descent. * * *
South African Dutch
the Boers. * * *
South African jade.
See Transvaal jade. * * *
South African literature
Introduction       the body of writings in either Afrikaans or English produced in what is now the Republic of South Africa. The rest of African literature is treated in ...
South African Party
▪ political party, South Africa       former political party in South Africa, founded by Louis Botha (Botha, Louis) in conjunction with the creation of the Union of ...
South African Republic
former name of Transvaal. * * * ▪ South African history       either of two 19th-century Boer states in what is now South Africa. The first was established in the ...
South African War
➡ Boer War * * * or Boer War War fought between Great Britain and the two Boer (see Afrikaner) republics the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State from ...
South America
—South American. a continent in the S part of the Western Hemisphere. 271,000,000; ab. 6,900,000 sq. mi. (17,871,000 sq. km). * * * Continent, Western Hemisphere. The ...
South America's Indigenous Peoples
▪ 2000 by Alcida Rita Ramos More than 350 indigenous groups with a population totaling over 18 million people inhabit South America. Some of these groups still struggle for ...
South American forest Indian
Introduction  indigenous inhabitants of the tropical forests of South America.       The tribal cultures of South America are so various that they cannot be adequately ...
South American fox
▪ genus of mammals also called  South American dog  or  South American jackal        any of five South American carnivores of the dog family (Canidae (canine)). ...

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