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South American Indian
▪ people Introduction       member of any of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting the continent of South America.       The customs and social systems of South ...
South American Indian Language Groups, Table
▪ Table Only languages attested linguistically are included. Extinct languages are shown in italics. A number in parentheses after the name of a group indicates a possible ...
South American Indian languages
Introduction       group of languages that once covered and today still partially cover all of South America, the Antilles, and Central America to the south of a line ...
South American nomad
▪ South American people Introduction  indigenous inhabitants of South America living as nomadic (nomadism) hunters (hunting and gathering culture), gatherers, and ...
South American Plate
Geol. a major tectonic division of the earth's crust, comprising the continent of South America and several ocean basins and bounded on the north by the Caribbean Plate, on the ...
South Arabia
1. Protectorate of, a former protectorate of Great Britain in S Arabia, now part of the Republic of Yemen. 2. Federation of, a short-lived federation in S Arabia, overlapping the ...
South Arabic language
      Semitic language of southern Arabia and the island of Socotra. South Arabic belongs to the Southern Peripheral group of Semitic languages, along with Geʿez (Geʿez ...
South Asia
—South Asian. the countries and land area of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, India, the Maldives, Nepal, and Pakistan. * * *
South Asian arts
Literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Myths of the popular gods, Vishnu and Shiva, in the Puranas (ancient tales) and the ...
South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation
▪ Asian organization       organization of South Asian nations, founded in 1985 and dedicated to economic, technological, social, and cultural development emphasizing ...
South Atlantic Current
an eastward-flowing ocean current formed by the merging of the Brazil Current and the southward-flowing current near the Falkland Islands and forming the southern part of the ...
South Australia
—South Australian. a state in S Australia. 1,285,033; 380,070 sq. mi. (984,380 sq. km). Cap.: Adelaide. * * * State (pop., 2001: 1,514,854), south-central Australia. It ...
South Australia, flag of
▪ Flag History       Australian flag consisting of a blue field (background) with the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the canton and a magpie emblem at the ...
South Ayrshire
▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area, southwestern Scotland. It stretches along the shores of the Firth of Clyde and includes the steep rock of ...
South Bank
an area of the south bank of the River Thames around Waterloo Bridge which is London’s main cultural centre. Most of the centre was built in the 1950s and 1960s. It includes ...
South Bank Show
a popular British television programme about the arts. It has been presented by Melvyn Bragg and broadcast on Sunday evenings by ITV since 1978. The programmes usually include ...
South Beach Diet
a weight loss programme developed by Arthur Agatsan, a doctor from Miami, Florida to help patients with heart problems. People on the diet restrict the amount of carbohydrates, ...
South Bedfordshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Bedfordshire, south-central England. The district lies within the historic county of ...
South Bend
a city in N Indiana. 109,727. * * * City (pop., 2000: 107,789), northern Indiana, U.S. It is situated on the St. Joseph River. The French established a fur-trading post at the ...
South Bihar Plains
▪ plains, India       southern part of the Middle Ganges Plain, Bihar state, eastern India. Bounded by the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River) and the North Bihar ...
South Bucks
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Buckinghamshire, England. The River Misbourne drains the district's ...
South Burlington
a town in NW Vermont. 10,679. * * *
south by east
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15' east of south. Abbr.: SbE * * *
south by west
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15' west of south. Abbr.: SbW * * *
South Cambridgeshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Cambridgeshire, east-central England. The district lies almost entirely within the historic ...
South Carolina
—South Carolinian. a state in the SE United States, on the Atlantic coast. 3,119,208; 31,055 sq. mi. (80,430 sq. km). Cap.: Columbia. Abbr.: SC (for use with zip code), S.C. * ...
South Carolina State University
▪ university, Orangeburg, South Carolina, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Orangeburg, South Carolina, U.S. A historically ...
South Carolina, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with a white Sabal palmetto in the centre and a white crescent in the upper hoist ...
South Carolina, University of
▪ university system, South Carolina, United States       coeducational U.S. state university system based in South Carolina's capital city of Columbia. In addition to ...
South Carolinian
South Carolinian adj. of South Carolina n. a person born or living in South Carolina * * *
South Caucasian
1. a family of languages including Georgian, Mingrelian, and others that are spoken on the south slopes of the Caucasus and adjacent areas. 2. of or pertaining to South ...
South Charleston
a city in W West Virginia. 15,968. * * * ▪ West Virginia, United States       city, Kanawha county, western West Virginia, U.S. It lies across the Kanawha River from ...
South China Sea
a part of the W Pacific, bounded by SE China, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and the Philippines. Also called Nan Hai. * * * ▪ sea, Pacific Ocean Introduction Chinese ...
South Circular
a series of roads that join together and pass through many areas of South London. They join the North Circular at the Thames, east and west of London, to form a full circle ...
South Dakota
—South Dakotan. a state in the N central United States: a part of the Midwest. 690,178; 77,047 sq. mi. (199,550 sq. km). Cap.: Pierre. Abbr.: SD (for use with zip code), S. ...
South Dakota State University
▪ university, Brookings, South Dakota, United States       public coeducational institution of higher learning in Brookings, eastern South Dakota, U.S. It was ...
South Dakota, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a blue field (background) with the state seal in the centre encircled with the name of the state and the inscription ...
South Dakota, University of
▪ university, Vermillion, South Dakota, United States       public coeducational institution of higher learning in Vermillion, southeastern South Dakota, U.S. It was ...
South Dakotan
South Dakotan adj. of South Dakota n. a person born or living in South Dakota * * *
South Derbyshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Derbyshire, England. Undulating arable land is interspersed with meadowland in ...
South Downs
a range of low hills, from Hampshire to East Sussex, in S England. * * *
South Dublin
▪ county, Ireland Irish  Baile Átha Cliath Theas        county in the province of Leinster, Ireland. The county of South Dublin was created in 1994 when Dublin ...
South El Monte
a town in SW California. 16,623. * * *
South Equatorial Current
an ocean current, flowing westward, found near the equator in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. * * *
South Euclid
a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 25,713. * * *
South Farmingdale
a town on central Long Island, in SE New York. 16,439. * * *
South Frigid Zone
the part of the earth's surface between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole. See diag. under zone. * * *
South Gate
a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 66,784. * * *
South Georgia
—South Georgian. a British island in the S Atlantic, about 800 mi. (1290 km) SE of the Falkland Islands. 22; ab. 1000 sq. mi. (2590 sq. km). * * * Mountainous, barren island, ...
South Georgia And The South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Introduction South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Background: The islands lie ...
South Glamorgan
a county in SE Wales. 391,600; 161 sq. mi. (416 sq. km). * * *
South Gloucestershire
▪ unitary authority, England, United Kingdom       unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Gloucestershire, southwestern England, directly north and east ...
South Hadley
a city in W Massachusetts. 16,399. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), Hampshire county, south-central Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along the ...
South Hams
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       southernmost district in the administrative and historic county of Devon, southwest England. It extends from Dartmoor in the ...
South Holland
1. a province in the SW Netherlands. 3,106,697; 1086 sq. mi. (2810 sq. km). Cap.: The Hague. 2. a city in NE Illinois. 24,977. * * * ▪ Illinois, United ...
South Houston
a town in S Texas. 13,293. * * *
South Huntington
a town in central Long Island, in SE New York. 14,854. * * *
South India, Church of
▪ church, Asia       Christian denomination formed in 1947 by merger of part of the Anglican Church of India, Burma (Myanmar), and Ceylon (Sri Lanka); the South India ...
South Indian bronze
Any of the cult images that rank among the finest achievements of Indian visual art. Most of the figures represent Hindu divinities, especially various iconographic forms of the ...
South Indian temple architecture
also called  Drāviḍa Style,    architecture invariably employed for Hindu temples in modern Tamil Nadu from the 7th to the 18th century, characterized by its pyramidal, or ...
South Island
the largest island of New Zealand. 860,990; 58,093 sq. mi. (150,460 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2001 prelim.: 942,213), larger and southernmost of the two principal islands of ...
South Jersey glass
▪ decorative art       glass made at American (United States) factories in southern New Jersey, New England, and New York state from about 1781 to about 1870, following ...
South Ken
➡ South Kensington * * *
South Kensington
(also infml South Ken) a district in west London that contains several museums and foreign embassies (= buildings where people who represent foreign governments work). It is well ...
South Kesteven
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Lincolnshire, east-central England, lying in the southwestern part of the ...
South Kingstown
a town in S central Rhode Island. 20,414. * * * ▪ Rhode Island, United States       town (township), Washington county, southern Rhode Island, U.S. It lies west of ...
South Korea
—South Korean. a country in E Asia: formed 1948 after the division of the former country of Korea at 38° N. 45,948,811; 36,600 sq. mi. (94,795 sq. km). Cap.: Seoul. Cf. Korea. ...
South Lake Tahoe
a city in E California. 20,681. * * *
South Lakeland
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Cumbria, northwestern England, in the southern part of the county, bordering the shallow ...
South Lanarkshire
▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area, south-central Scotland, encompassing Clydesdale—the valley of the River Clyde—and the surrounding ...
South Manchurian Railway
▪ railway, China       railway line built to connect what were then the South Manchurian sea towns of Lüshun (Port Arthur) and Dalian (Dairen) on the Liaodong ...
South Miami
a town in S Florida. 10,884. * * *
South Milwaukee
a city in SE Wisconsin. 21,069. * * *
South Modesto
a town in central California. 12,492. * * *
South Mountain
▪ mountain ridge, Pennsylvania-Maryland-Virginia, United States       northernmost section of the Blue Ridge in the Appalachian Mountains, extending southwestward for 65 ...
south node
Astrol. (often caps.) the descending node of the moon. * * *
South Norfolk
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Norfolk, eastern England, occupying an area directly south of the city of ...
South Northamptonshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Northamptonshire, south-central England, occupying an area characterized by ...
South Ogden
a town in N Utah. 11,366. * * *
South Orange
a city in NE New Jersey. 15,864. * * *
South Orange Village
▪ New Jersey, United States also called  South Orange         township (town), Essex county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., immediately west of Newark. Following ...
South Orkney Islands
a group of islands in the British Antarctic Territory, N of the Antarctic Peninsula: formerly a dependency of the Falkland Islands; claimed by Argentina. * * * Island group, ...
South Ossetia
▪ region, Georgia Russian  Yuzhnaya Osetiya   region, north-central Georgia. South Ossetia occupies the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains. The region is ...
South Ossetian Autonomous Region
an autonomous region of the Georgian Republic, in the N part. 99,000; 1428 sq. mi. (3900 sq. km). Cap.: Tskhinvali. * * *
South Oxfordshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Oxfordshire, south-central England, occupying an area in the southeastern part of the ...
South Pacific
a Broadway musical play (1949) and film (1958) by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein. It was based on Tales of the South Pacific by James Michener and is a love story about ...
South Pacific Current
an ocean current that flows E in the South Pacific Ocean parallel to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. * * *
South Pasadena
a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 22,681. * * *
South Picene language
▪ language       an ancient Italic language (formerly referred to as Old Sabellic [Old Sabellian], or Central Adriatic) known from some two dozen short inscriptions (5th ...
South Plainfield
a city in N New Jersey. 20,521. * * *
South Platte
a river flowing NE from central Colorado to the Platte River in W Nebraska. 424 mi. (683 km) long. * * *
South Platte River
River, Colorado and western Nebraska, U.S. The river rises in central Colorado and flows southeast and then northeast across the Nebraska boundary to join the North Platte River ...
South Pole
1. Geog. the southern end of the earth's axis, the southernmost point on earth. 2. Astron. the point at which the axis of the earth extended cuts the southern half of the ...
South Portland
a city in SW Maine. 22,712. * * *
South Ribble
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Lancashire, northwestern England, occupying an area south of the ...
South River
a borough in central New Jersey. 14,361. * * *
South Saint Paul
▪ Minnesota, United States       city, Dakota county, southeastern Minnesota, U.S. It lies on the Mississippi River, adjacent to the city of St. Paul (Saint Paul). It ...
South Salt Lake
a town in N Utah. 10,561. * * *
South San Francisco
a city in central California. 49,393. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Mateo county, western California, U.S. Situated at the southern base of San ...
South Sandwich Islands
▪ islands, Atlantic Ocean       group of actively volcanic islets in the South Atlantic Ocean, north of the Weddell Sea and 470 miles (760 km) southeast of the island ...
South Saskatchewan
South Saskatchewan river flowing from SW Alberta, Canada, east & northeast through Saskatchewan, joining the North Saskatchewan to form the Saskatchewan: 865 mi (1,392 km) * * *
South Sea Bubble
(1720) Speculation mania that caused financial ruin for many British investors. Parliament's acceptance of a proposal by the South Sea Co. to take over the British national debt ...
South Sea Islands
—South Sea Islander. the islands in the S Pacific Ocean. Cf. Oceania. * * *
South Seas
the seas south of the equator. * * *
South Semitic alphabet
      any of a group of minor scripts originating in the Arabian (Arabia, history of) Peninsula in about 1000 BC, possibly related to the writing system used in the ...
South Shetland Islands
a group of islands in the British Antarctic Territory, N of the Antarctic Peninsula: formerly a dependency of the Falkland Islands; claimed by Argentina and Chile. * * * ▪ ...
South Shields
a seaport in Tyne and Wear, in NE England, at the mouth of the Tyne River. 100,513. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and North Sea port, South Tyneside ...
South Shropshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Shropshire, western England. Nearly all of the district lies in the historic county of ...
South Somerset
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Somerset, southwestern England, encompassing the southeastern part of the county. It lies ...
South Spitsbergen National Park
▪ park, Norway Norwegian  Sør-Spitsbergen Nasjonalpark,        national park and bird sanctuary established by Norway in 1973 in the southern corner of the island of ...
South St. Paul
a city in SE Minnesota. 21,235. * * *
South Staffordshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Staffordshire, central England, immediately west of the West Midlands ...
South Suburban
a city in SE West Bengal, in E India: a suburb of Calcutta. 227,600. Also called South Suburbs City. * * *
South Temperate Zone
the part of the earth's surface between the tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle. See diag. under zone. * * *
South Tyneside
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, northeastern England. It lies just southeast of the city of ...
South Uist
▪ island, Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom       island of the Outer Hebrides, Western Isles council area, historic county of Inverness-shire, Scotland. It ...
South Vietnam
a former country in SE Asia that comprised Vietnam S of about 17° N latitude; a separate state 1954-75; now part of reunified Vietnam. Cap.: Saigon. Cf. North Vietnam, ...
South West Africa
South West Africa former name for NAMIBIA * * *
South West Africa People's Organization
▪ political party, Namibia       political party in Namibia (formerly South West Africa) that advocated immediate Namibian independence from South Africa and became the ...
South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO)
Party in South West Africa (now Namibia) that advocated immediate independence from South Africa. Founded in 1960, it used diplomacy to attain its goals until 1966, when it ...
South Whittier
a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 43,815. * * *
South Windsor
a town in N Connecticut. 17,198. * * *
South Yemen
Yemen (def. 3). * * *
South Yorkshire
a metropolitan county in N England. 1,317,500; 603 sq. mi. (1561 sq. km). * * * Metropolitan county (pop., 2001: 1,266,337), north-central England. It lost its administrative ...
South, the
▪ region, United States  region, southeastern United States, generally though not exclusively considered to be south of the Mason and Dixon Line, the Ohio River, and the ...
South-East
the south-eastern region of England that includes London and the Home Counties. More people live there than in any other part of Britain. Many rich people live there, and most ...
south-southeast
/sowth"sowth'eest"/; Naut. /sow"sow'eest"/, Navig., Survey. n. 1. the point on the compass midway between south and southeast. adj. 2. coming from this point: a south-southeast ...
south-southeastward
/sowth"sowth'eest"weuhrd/; Naut. /sow"sow'eest"weuhrd/, adv., adj. toward the south-southeast. Also, south-southeastwardly. [1775-85; SOUTH-SOUTHEAST + -WARD] * * *
south-southwest
/sowth"sowth'west"/; Naut. /sow"sow'west"/, Navig., Survey. n. 1. the point on the compass midway between south and southwest. adj. 2. coming from this point: a south-southwest ...
south-southwestward
/sowth"sowth'west"weuhrd/; Naut. /sow"sow'west"weuhrd/, adv., adj. toward the south-southwest. Also, south-southwestwardly. [SOUTH-SOUTHWEST + -WARD] * * *
South-West Africa
/sowth"west'/ a former name of Namibia. * * *
South-WestAfrica
South-West Africa (south'wĕst) See Namibia. * * *
SouthAfrica
South Africa A country of southern Africa on the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Originally inhabited by the San and Khoikhoin, the region was settled by various Bantu peoples c. ...
SouthAfrican
See South Africa. * * *
SouthAmerica
South America A continent of the southern Western Hemisphere southeast of North America between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It extends from the Caribbean Sea southward to ...
SouthAmerican
See South America. * * *
Southampton
/sowth amp"teuhn, -hamp"-/, n. 1. Henry Wriothesley /ruy"euhths lee/, 3rd Earl of, 1573-1624, English nobleman, soldier, and patron of writers, including William Shakespeare. 2. ...
Southampton Island
an island in N Canada, in the Northwest Territories at the entrance to Hudson Bay. 19,100 sq. mi. (49,470 sq. km). * * * Island, Keewatin region, Nunavut, Canada. Lying at the ...
Southampton, Charles Fitzroy, lst Duke of, Duke Of Cleveland, Earl Of Southampton, Earl Of Chichester, Baron Nonsuch Of Nonsuch Park, Baron Newbury
▪ English noble original name  Charles Palmer, Lord Limerick  baptized June 18, 1662 died September 9, 1730       the natural son of Charles II by Barbara Villiers, ...
Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of, Baron Wriothesley Of Titchfield
▪ English noble baptized April 24, 1545 died October 4, 1581, Itchel Manor, near Farnham, Hampshire, England       one of the Roman Catholic English nobles who ...
Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd earl of
born Oct. 6, 1573, Cowdray, Sussex, Eng. died Nov. 10, 1624, Bergen op Zoom, Neth. English nobleman, patron of William Shakespeare. Grandson of the 1st earl of Southampton, he ...
Southampton, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd earl of, Baron Wriothesley of Titchfield
▪ English noble born October 6, 1573, Cowdray, Sussex, England died November 10, 1624, Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands       English nobleman and William Shakespeare's ...
Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 1st earl of
born Dec. 21, 1505, London, Eng. died July 30, 1550, London English politician. He followed his father, a herald, into royal service and became personal secretary to Thomas ...
Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of, Baron Wriothesley Of Titchfield
▪ English statesman born Dec. 21, 1505, London, Eng. died July 30, 1550, London       influential minister of state during the last years of the reign of King Henry ...
Southampton, Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of, Baron Wriothesley Of Titchfield
▪ English noble born 1607 died May 16, 1667, London, Eng.       major supporter of both Charles I and Charles II of England.       The only surviving son of the ...
Southampton, William Fitzwilliam, Earl of
▪ English admiral born c. 1490 died October 1542, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Eng.       English admiral during the reign of Henry VIII.       A son of ...
Southampton,Third Earl of
Southampton, Third Earl of Title of Henry Wriothesley. 1573-1624. English politician, soldier, and patron of Shakespeare as well as a number of other Elizabethan poets. ...
SouthamptonIsland
Southampton Island An island of central Nunavut, Canada, at the entrance to Hudson Bay. * * *
SouthAtlantic Ocean
South Atlantic Ocean The southern part of the Atlantic Ocean, extending southward from the equator to Antarctica. * * *
SouthBend
South Bend A city of northern Indiana near the Michigan border northwest of Fort Wayne. A fur-trading post was established here in 1820. Population: 105,511. * * *
southbound
/sowth"bownd'/, adj. 1. traveling southward. 2. pertaining to southward travel. [1880-85; SOUTH + -BOUND2] * * *
Southbridge
/sowth"brij'/, n. a town in S Massachusetts. 16,665. * * *
Southbury
/sowth"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. a town in S Connecticut. 14,146. * * *
southby east
south by east n. Abbr. SbE The direction or point on the mariner's compass halfway between due south and south-southeast, or 168°45' east of due north. adv. & adj. Toward or ...
southby west
south by west n. Abbr. SbW The direction or point on the mariner's compass halfway between due south and south-southwest, or 168°45' west of due north. adv. & adj. Toward or ...
SouthCarolina
South Car·o·li·na (kăr'ə-līʹnə) Abbr. SC or S.C. A state of the southeast United States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean. It was admitted as one of the original Thirteen ...
SouthCarolinian
See South Carolina. * * *
SouthCaucasian
South Caucasian n. See Kartvelian. * * *
SouthCentral Niger-Congo
South Central Niger-Congo n. A branch of the Niger-Congo language family. * * *
SouthChina Sea
South China Sea An arm of the western Pacific Ocean bounded by southeast China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Borneo, and Vietnam. * * *
SouthDakota
South Dakota Abbr. SD or S.D. or S.Dak. A state of the north-central United States. It was admitted as the 40th state in 1889. Acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, the region ...
SouthDakotan
See South Dakota. * * *
Southdown
/sowth"down'/, n. one of an English breed of sheep, yielding mutton of high quality. [1780-90; named after SOUTH DOWNS, where the breed was developed] * * * ▪ breed of ...
SouthDowns
South Downs See Downs. * * *
SouthDum Dum
South Dum Dum (dŭmʹ dŭm') A city of eastern India, a suburb of Calcutta. Population: 232,811. * * *
southeast
—southeastern, adj. —southeasternmost /sowth'ee"steuhrn mohst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-meuhst/, adj. /sowth'eest"/; Naut. /sow'eest"/, n. 1. the point or direction midway between ...
Southeast Asia
—Southeast Asian. the countries and land area of Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. * * * Vast region of ...
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
      regional-defense organization from 1955 to 1977, created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defence Treaty, signed at Manila on Sept. 8, 1954, by the representatives ...
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
Regional defense organization (1955–77) comprising Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, Britain, and the U.S. It was founded as part of the ...
Southeast Asia, history of
Introduction       history of the area from prehistoric times to the contemporary period. Early society and accomplishments Origins       Knowledge of the early ...
SOUTHEAST ASIAN AFFAIRS
▪ 1994       Regional cooperation in the post-Cold War era continued to preoccupy Southeast Asian nations, although trade had drawn equal to or surpassed security as the ...
Southeast Asian arts
Literary, performing, and visual arts of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The "classical" literatures of Southeast ...
southeast by east
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15' east of southeast. Abbr.: SEbE * * *
southeast by south
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15' south of southeast. Abbr.: SEbS * * *
Southeast Indian
Any member of the aboriginal North American Indians who inhabited what is now the southeastern U.S. The Southeast was one of the more densely populated areas of native North ...
Southeast Missouri State University
▪ university, Cape Girardeau, Missouri, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Cape Girardeau, Mo., U.S. About 12 undergraduate ...
Southeast Svalbard Nature Reservation
▪ reserve, Norway Norwegian  Søraust-Svalbard Naturreservat        nature reserve established in 1973 by Norway. One of several protected areas in the Svalbard ...
SoutheastAsia
Southeast Asia A region of Asia bounded roughly by the Indian subcontinent on the west, China on the north, and the Pacific Ocean on the east. It includes Indochina, the Malay ...
SoutheastAsian
See Southeast Asia. * * *
southeastby east
southeast by east n. Abbr. SEbE The direction or point on the mariner's compass halfway between southeast and east-southeast, or 123°45' east of due north. adv. & adj. Toward or ...
southeastby south
southeast by south n. Abbr. SEbS The direction or point on the mariner's compass halfway between southeast and south-southeast, or 146°15' east of due north. adv. & adj. Toward ...
southeaster
/sowth'ee"steuhr/; Naut. /sow'ee"steuhr/, n. a wind or storm from the southeast. [1830-40; SOUTHEAST + -ER1] * * *
southeasterly
/sowth'ee"steuhr lee/; Naut. /sow'ee"steuhr lee/, adj., adv. toward or from the southeast. [1700-10; SOUTH + EASTERLY] * * *
southeastern
southeastern [south΄ēs′tərn, ] naut [.sou′ēst′tərn] adj. 1. in, of, to, toward, or facing the southeast 2. from the southeast [a southeastern wind ] ☆ 3. [S-] of or ...
Southeastern Conference
▪ American sports organization       American collegiate athletic association that grew out of the Southern Conference. Members are the University of Alabama (Alabama, ...
southeasterner
/sowth'ee"steuhr neuhr/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of the southeast. 2. (cap.) a native or inhabitant of the southeastern U.S. [1915-20; SOUTHEASTERN + -ER1] * * *
southeastward
/sowth'eest"weuhrd/; Naut. /sow'eest"weuhrd/, adv. 1. Also, southeastwards. toward the southeast. adj. 2. facing or tending toward the southeast. 3. coming from the southeast, as ...
southeastwardly
/sowth'eest"weuhrd lee/; Naut. /sow'eest"weuhrd lee/, adj., adv. toward or from the southeast. [1785-95; SOUTHEASTWARD + -LY] * * *
southeastwards
southeastwards [south΄ēst′wərdz ] naut [.south′ēst′wərdz] adv. SOUTHEASTWARD * * * See southeastwardly. * * *
Southend
(also Southend-on-Sea) a town on the south-east coast of England, east of London. It has the world’s longest pier and was traditionally the place where Londoners, particularly ...
Southend-on-Sea
/sowth"end'on see", -awn-/, n. a seaport in SE Essex, in SE England, on Thames estuary. 159,400. * * * Town and unitary authority (pop., 2001: 160,256), geographic and historic ...
souther
/sow"dheuhr/, n. a wind or storm from the south. [1860-65; SOUTH + -ER1] * * *
southerly
—southerliness, n. /sudh"euhr lee/, adj., adv., n., pl. southerlies. adj., adv. 1. toward the south: a southerly course. 2. (esp. of a wind) coming from the south: a gentle ...
southern
/sudh"euhrn/, adj. 1. lying toward, situated in, or directed toward the south. 2. coming from the south, as a wind. 3. of or pertaining to the south. 4. (cap.) of or pertaining ...
Southern
/sudh"euhrn/, n. Terry, 1924-95, U.S. novelist and screenwriter. * * * (as used in expressions) southern ape Southern Sea Southern Alps Southern Christian Leadership ...
Southern Africa
Introduction       southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, ...
Southern Africa, Anglican Church of
▪ South African Anglican denomination       independent church that is part of the Anglican Communion. It developed from the work of British clergy among the British ...
Southern African Development Community
▪ African organization originally (1979–92)  Southern African Development Coordination Conference        regional organization of southern African countries that ...
Southern Alps
a mountain range in New Zealand, on South Island. Highest peak, Mt. Cook, 12,349 ft. (3765 m). * * * Mountain range, South Island, New Zealand. It extends almost the entire ...
Southern Baptist
a member of the Southern Baptist Convention, founded in Augusta, Georgia, in 1845, that is strictly Calvinistic and active in religious publishing and education. * * *
Southern Baptist Convention
▪ American religious organization       largest Baptist group in the United States, organized at Augusta, Georgia, in 1845 by Southern Baptists who disagreed with the ...
southern belle
n (AmE) a woman from the southern US who is young and attractive. The term was used especially in the 19th century when it also meant a young woman who belonged to one of the ...
southern blight
Plant Pathol. a disease of peanuts, tomatoes, and other plants, caused by a fungus, Sclerotium rolfsii, affecting the roots and resulting in rapid wilting. * * *
Southern blot
Biol., Med. a procedure for identifying and measuring the amount of a specific DNA sequence or gene in a mixed extract, as in testing for a mutation or a virus: DNA strands from ...
Southern Buh
▪ river, Ukraine Ukrainian  Pivdennyy Buh , Russian  Yuzhny Bug, Yuzhny  also spelled  Iuzhnyi , also called  Boh        river, southwestern and south-central ...
Southern California, University of
▪ university, Los Angeles, California, United States       private coeducational institution of higher education in Los Angeles, California, U.S. It comprises the ...
Southern Cameroons.
See under Cameroons (def. 2). * * *
southern cane.
See under cane (def. 5). * * *
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
a civil-rights organization founded in 1957 by the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. Abbr.: SCLC, S.C.L.C. * * * ▪ American organization  nonsectarian American agency with ...
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
U.S. nonsectarian agency founded by Martin Luther King, Jr. , and others in 1957 to assist local organizations working for equal rights for African Americans. Operating ...
Southern Coalsack
Astron. Coalsack. * * *
Southern Comfort{™}
n [U, C] a sweet alcoholic drink which is especially popular in the southern US. It is produced by the Brown-Forman Corporation in Louisville, Kentucky. * * *
Southern Connecticut State University
▪ university, New Haven, Connecticut, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher education in New Haven, Conn., U.S. It is one of four institutions ...
southern cornstalk borer
the larva of a grass moth, Diatraea crambidoides, occurring in the southeastern U.S. from Maryland to Georgia, that is sometimes a serious pest, esp. of corn. * * *
southern crab apple
a tree, Malus angustifolia, of the eastern U.S., having oblong leaves, fragrant, pink or rose-colored flowers, and small, round, yellow-green fruit. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
Southern Cross
1. Also called Cross. Astron. a southern constellation between Centaurus and Musca. Cf. Northern Cross. 2. U.S. Hist. the battle flag of the Confederate States of America. Cf. ...
Southern Crown
Astron. the constellation Corona Australis. [1585-95] * * *
southern cypress.
See bald cypress. * * *
Southern Dynasties
▪ Chinese history Chinese (Pinyin)  Nanchao , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Nan-ch'ao        (AD 420–589), four succeeding short-lived dynasties based at ...
Southern Fish
Astron. the constellation Piscis Austrinus. [1585-95] * * *
Southern gothic
▪ American literature  a style of writing practiced by many writers of the American South whose stories set in that region are characterized by grotesque, macabre, or ...
Southern Hemisphere
the half of the earth between the South Pole and the equator. [1885-90] * * *
Southern Illinois University
▪ university, Illinois, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher education in Carbondale and Edwardsville, Illinois, U.S. It was chartered in ...
southern lights
Astron. See aurora australis. [1765-75] * * * also called  Aurora Australis,         luminous atmospheric display visible in the Southern Hemisphere. See aurora. * * *
southern magnolia.
See evergreen magnolia. * * *
Southern Methodist University
▪ university, University Park, Texas, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher education located in University Park, a suburb of Dallas, Texas, ...
Southern Min
Fukienese. * * *
Southern Mississippi, University of
▪ university, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, U.S. It offers some 170 ...
Southern Ocean
Southern Ocean that part of the Indian Ocean south of Australia: name used by Australians * * * Southern Ocean Introduction Southern Ocean - ...
Southern Overland Mail Company
▪ American company       organization awarded (1858) the U.S. government contract to deliver mail to the Pacific coast. The company operated a 25-day, semiweekly ...
Southern Pacific Railroad
▪ American company       one of the great American railroad systems, established in 1861 by the “big four” of western railroad building—Collis P. Huntington ...
Southern Paiute.
See under Paiute (def. 2). * * *
Southern Railway Company
▪ American company       railroad system in the southern United States incorporating almost 150 prior railroads. It was organized in 1894 by the financier J.P. Morgan ...
southern redbelly dace.
See under redbelly dace. * * *
Southern Rhodesia
—Southern Rhodesian. a former name (until 1964) of Zimbabwe (def. 1). * * *
Southern rock
▪ music       popular music style combining blues jams and boogie (boogie-woogie) licks with lyrics declaring fierce regional pride. Its aggressive, unpretentious sound ...
Southern Slavs.
See under Slav. * * *
Southern Sporades
Southern Sporades SPORADES (islands along Turkish coast) * * *
Southern Sporades.
See under Sporades. * * *
southern states
➡ South * * *
southern studfish.
See under studfish. * * *
southern toad
a common toad, Bufo terrestris, of the southeastern U.S., having prominent knoblike crests on its head. * * *
Southern Triangle
Astron. the constellation Triangulum Australe. [1870-75] * * *
Southern University
▪ university system, Lousiana, United States       state-supported university system of Louisiana, U.S., comprising three coeducational units in Baton Rouge, New ...
Southern Uplands
Southern Uplands [up′ləndz] hilly moorland region in S Scotland, between the English border & the Lowlands * * *
Southern Yemen
a former name of Yemen (def. 1). * * *
Southern, Sir Richard William
▪ 2002       British historian (b. Feb. 8, 1912, Newcastle upon Tyne, Eng.—d. Feb. 6, 2001, Oxford, Eng.), brought his love of medieval European history to an ...
Southern, Terry
▪ 1996       U.S. screenwriter and satirical novelist who collaborated on Dr. Strangelove and Easy Rider, 1960s films that reflected society's anger and unease during ...
Southern-fried
/sudh"euhrn fruyd"/, adj. 1. coated with flour, egg, and bread crumbs and fried in deep fat: Southern-fried chicken. 2. (often l.c.) Slang. characteristic of or originating in ...
SouthernAlps
Southern Alps A mountain range of South Island, New Zealand, paralleling the western coast and rising to 3,766.4 m (12,349 ft). * * *
Southernblot analysis
Southern blot analysis n. A technique for identifying specific sequences of DNA in which DNA fragments are separated by electrophoresis, transferred to nitrocellulose, and ...
SouthernBug
Southern Bug (bo͞og, bo͞ok) See Bug. * * *
SouthernCross
Southern Cross n. A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere near Centaurus and Musca. Also called Crux. * * *
SouthernCrown
Southern Crown n. See Corona Australis. * * *
Southerne, Thomas
▪ Irish writer born 1660, Oxmantown, Dublin, Ire. died May 26, 1746, London, Eng.  Irish dramatist, long famous for two sentimental tragedies that were acted until well into ...
southerner
/sudh"euhr neuhr/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of the south. 2. (cap.) a native or inhabitant of the southern U.S. [1820-30; SOUTHERN + -ER1] * * *
SouthernHemisphere
Southern Hemisphere n. 1. The half of the earth south of the equator. 2. Astronomy. The half of the celestial sphere south of the celestial equator. * * *
southernism
/sudh"euhr niz'euhm/, n. a pronunciation, expression, or behavioral trait characteristic of the U.S. South. [1860-65, Amer.; SOUTHERN + -ISM] * * *
southernlights
southern lights pl.n. See aurora australis. * * *
southernly
—southernliness, n. /sudh"euhrn lee/, adj. southerly. [1585-95; SOUTHERN + -LY] * * *
southernmost
/sudh"euhrn mohst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-meuhst/, adj. farthest south. [1715-25; SOUTHERN + -MOST] * * *
southernness
See southern. * * *
southernoscillation
southern oscillation n. The atmospheric pressure conditions corresponding to the periodic warming of El Niño and cooling of La Niña. * * *
SouthernPaiute
Southern Paiute n. 1. See Paiute. 2. The Uto-Aztecan language of the Southern Paiute. * * *


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