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Southernprickly ash
Southern prickly ash n. See Hercules' club. * * *
Southern Rhodesia See Zimbabwe2. * * *
Southern Sporades See Sporades. * * *
/sudh"euhrn wood'/, n. a woody-stemmed wormwood, Artemisia abrotanum, of southern Europe, having aromatic, finely dissected leaves. Also called old man. [bef. 1000; ME ...
Southern Yemen A former country of southwest Asia on the Arabian Peninsula. A British protectorate from 1882 to 1914, it became fully independent in 1967 and united with North ...
/sow"dhee, sudh"ee/, n. Robert, 1774-1843, English poet and prose writer: poet laureate 1813-43. * * *
Southey, Robert
born Aug. 12, 1774, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died March 21, 1843, Keswick, Cumberland English poet and prose writer. In youth Southey ardently embraced the ideals of the ...
Sou·they (souʹthē, sŭthʹē), Robert. 1774-1843. British writer noted for his romantic poetry, criticism, and biographical works. * * *
/sowth"feeld'/, n. a city in SE Michigan, W of Detroit. 75,568. * * *
SouthFrigid Zone
South Frigid Zone See Frigid Zone. * * *
/sowth"gayt'/, n. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 32,058. * * *
South Georgia A British-administered island in the southern Atlantic Ocean east of Cape Horn. A dependency of the Falkland Islands, it was claimed by Capt. James Cook in 1775. * ...
/sow"dhing/, n. 1. Astron. a. the transit of a heavenly body across the celestial meridian. b. south declination. 2. movement or deviation toward the south. 3. distance due south ...
/sudh"ing teuhn/, n. a town in central Connecticut. 36,879. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       town (township), Hartford county, central Connecticut, U.S., on ...
South Island An island of New Zealand southwest of North Island, from which it is separated by Cook Strait. It is the larger but less populous of the country's two principal ...
South Korea A country of eastern Asia at the southern end of the Korean peninsula. A united kingdom since the seventh century A.D., Korea was occupied by Japan (1910-1945) and ...
See South Korea. * * *
—southlander, n. /sowth"leuhnd, -land'/, n. 1. a southern area. 2. the southern part of a country. 3. the Southland, the U.S. South. [bef. 1000; ME south lond, OE suthland; see ...
See southland. * * *
South Loup (lo͞op) A river, about 245 km (152 mi) long, of central Nebraska flowing east and southeast to unite with the North Loup and Middle Loup rivers and form the Loup ...
/sowth"mohst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-meuhst/, adj. southernmost. [bef. 900; ME southmest, OE suthmest; see SOUTH, -MOST] * * *
South Na·han·ni (nə-hănʹē) A river, about 563 km (350 mi) long, of southwest Northwest Territories, Canada, flowing to the Liard River. * * *
SouthOrkney Islands
South Orkney Islands A group of British-administered islands in the southern Atlantic Ocean southeast of Cape Horn. First visited by sealers in 1821, the island group was ...
South Ossetia A region of northern Georgia in the central Caucasus bordering on Russia. Annexed by Russia in the early 19th century, South Ossetia became a part of Georgia in ...
SouthPacific Ocean
South Pacific Ocean The southern part of the Pacific Ocean, extending southward from the equator to Antarctica. * * *
South Pass A broad valley in southwest Wyoming at the southern end of the Wind River Range. It was a gateway for immigration to the Far West along the Oregon Trail. * * *
/sowth"paw'/, Informal. n. 1. a person who is left-handed. 2. Sports. a. a player who throws with the left hand, esp. a pitcher. b. Boxing. a boxer who leads with the right hand ...
South Pi·cene (pīʹsēn') n. An extinct Sabellic language known from inscriptions in east central Italy from the seventh to the third centuries B.C. that are among the ...
SouthPlatte River
South Platte River A river of central and northeast Colorado and west-central Nebraska flowing about 724 km (450 mi) eastward to the North Platte River to form the Platte ...
SouthPolar Region
South Polar Region See Polar Regions. * * *
South Pole Thom Gillis n. 1. a. The southern end of the earth's axis of rotation, a point in Antarctica. b. The celestial zenith of this terrestrial point. c. south pole The ...
/sowth"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. a seaport in Merseyside, in W England: resort. 84,348. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Sefton metropolitan borough, ...
South River The Delaware River. It was so named by Dutch explorers to distinguish it from the North River, an estuary of the Hudson River. * * *
/sudh"reuhn/, n. 1. Southern U.S. southerner (def. 2). 2. (usually cap.) Scot. a native or inhabitant of England. [1425-75; late ME; earlier southren (var. of SOUTHERN), modeled ...
SouthSan Francisco
South San Francisco A city of western California, an industrial suburb of San Francisco on San Francisco Bay. Population: 54,312. * * *
SouthSandwich Islands
South Sandwich Islands A group of British-administered volcanic islands in the southern Atlantic Ocean east-southeast of Cape Horn. Part of the Falkland Islands Dependency, the ...
South Saskatchewan A river of Canada flowing about 885 km (550 mi) from southern Alberta to central Saskatchewan to join the North Saskatchewan River and form the Saskatchewan ...
SouthSea Islander
See South Sea Islands. * * *
SouthSea Islands
South Sea Islands The islands of the southern Pacific Ocean, roughly coextensive with Oceania.   South Sea Islander n. * * *
South Seas The oceans south of the equator, especially the southern Pacific Ocean. The name South Sea, or El Mar del Sur, was originally used by Balboa for the entire Pacific ...
SouthShetland Islands
South Shetland Islands An archipelago in the southern Atlantic Ocean off Antarctica. Formerly used as land bases by sealers and whalers, the islands are part of the British ...
South Shields A borough of northeast England at the mouth of the Tyne River east of Newcastle. Founded in the 13th century, it is a major port and shipbuilding center. ...
South Slavic n. A subdivision of the Slavic languages that includes Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, and the extinct Old Church Slavonic. * * *
SouthTemperate Zone
South Temperate Zone See Temperate Zone. * * *
South Vietnam A former country of southeast Asia. It existed from 1954, after the fall of the French at Dien Bien Phu, to 1975, when the South Vietnamese government collapsed at ...
See South Vietnam. * * *
/sowth"weuhrd/; Naut. /sudh"euhrd/, adj. 1. moving, bearing, facing, or situated toward the south. 2. coming from the south, as a wind. adv. 3. Also, southwards. toward the ...
/sowth"weuhrd lee/; Naut. /sudh"euhrd lee/, adj., adv. toward or from the south. [1590-1600; SOUTHWARD + -LY] * * *
southwards [southwərdz, ] naut [.suth′wərdz] adv. SOUTHWARD * * * See southwardly. * * *
/sudh"euhrk/, n. a borough of Greater London, England, S of the Thames. 235,500. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       inner borough of Greater London. ...
Southwark and Lambeth delftware
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware made at a number of factories at Southwark, London, and nearby Lambeth, Vauxhall, Bermondsey, and Aldgate during the 17th and 18th ...
Southwell, Robert
▪ English poet and martyr born 1561, Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk, Eng. died March 4, 1595, London       English poet and martyr remembered for his saintly life as a ...
—southwestern, adj. /sowth'west"/; Naut. /sow'west"/, n. 1. the point or direction midway between south and west. Abbr.: SW 2. a region in this direction. 3. the Southwest, the ...
Southwest Airlines
a US airline started in 1971 which operates mainly short flights between US cities at low prices. The flights are often between smaller airports rather than between the cities’ ...
Southwest Airlines Co.
▪ American corporation       American airline incorporated in 1967 as Air Southwest Company. The current name was adopted in 1971. The company features low-fare, ...
southwest by south
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15' south of southwest. Abbr.: SWbS * * *
southwest by west
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15' west of southwest. Abbr.: SWbW * * *
Southwest Conference
▪ American sports organization       former American collegiate athletic organization founded in 1914 with eight members: the University of Arkansas, Baylor University, ...
Southwest Indian
▪ people Introduction  member of any of the Native American peoples inhabiting the southwestern United States; some scholars also include the peoples of northwestern Mexico ...
Southwest Indians
Any of the American Indians who inhabit what is now the southwestern U.S. Though highly diversified culturally and linguistically, the Southwest Indians divide roughly into four ...
Southwest National Park
▪ national park, Tasmania, Australia also spelled  South-West National Park,  national park in southwestern Tasmania, Australia, covering more than 2,350 square miles ...
Southwest Texas State University
▪ university, San Marcos, Texas, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher education in San Marcos, Texas, U.S. It is part of the Texas State ...
southwestby south
southwest by south n. Abbr. SWbS The direction or point on the mariner's compass halfway between southwest and south-southwest, or 146°15' west of due north. adv. & adj. Toward ...
southwestby west
southwest by west n. Abbr. SWbW The direction or point on the mariner's compass halfway between southwest and west-southwest, or 123°45' west of due north. adv. & adj. Toward or ...
/sowth'wes"teuhr/; Naut. /sow'wes"teuhr/, n. 1. a wind, gale, or storm from the southwest. 2. sou'wester (defs. 1, 2). [1825-35; SOUTHWEST + -ER1] * * *
/sowth'wes"teuhr lee/; Naut. /sow'wes"teuhr lee/, adj., adv. toward or from the southwest. [1700-10; SOUTHWEST + -erly (see EASTERLY)] * * *
southwestern [south΄wes′tərn, ] naut [.sou wes′tərn] adj. 1. in, of, to, toward, or facing southwest 2. from the southwest [a southwestern wind ] ☆ 3. [S-] of or ...
/sowth'wes"teuhr neuhr/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of the southwest. 2. (cap.) a native or inhabitant of the southwestern U.S. [1855-60, Amer.; SOUTHWESTERN + -ER1] * * *
/sowth'west"weuhrd/; Naut. /sow'west"weuhrd/, adv. 1. Also, southwestwards. toward the southwest. adj. 2. facing or tending toward the southwest. 3. coming from the southwest, as ...
/sowth'west"weuhrd lee/; Naut. /sow'west"weuhrd lee/, adj., adv. toward or from the southwest. [1790-1800; SOUTHWESTWARD + -LY] * * *
southwestwards [south΄west′wərdz, ] naut [.sou west′wərdz] adv. SOUTHWESTWARD * * * See southwestwardly. * * *
South Whittier A community of southern California, a suburb of Los Angeles. Population: 43,815. * * *
Southworth & Hawes
▪ American firm  firm established by two American photographers who collaborated to produce some of the finest daguerreotypes (daguerreotype) of the first half of the 19th ...
Southworth, Emma
▪ American author née Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte, also called Mrs. E.d.e.n. Southworth born Dec. 26, 1819, Washington, D.C., U.S. died June 30, 1899, Georgetown, Washington, ...
/sooh teen"/, n. Chaim /khuy im", khuy"im/, 1894-1943, Lithuanian painter in France. * * *
Soutine, Chaim
born 1893/94?, Smilovichi, near Minsk, Russian Empire died Aug. 9, 1943, Paris, Fr. Russian-born French painter. After studying art in Vilnius, he went to Paris in 1913 to ...
Sou·tine (so͞o-tēnʹ), Chaim. 1893-1943. Lithuanian-born French expressionist painter whose works are often disturbing presentations of distorted figures and gruesome ...
Soútsos, Aléxandros
▪ Greek poet born 1803, Constantinople died 1863       Greek poet who founded the Greek Romantic school of poetry.       Soútsos studied in Chios (Khíos) and ...
/sooh"teuhr/, n. Scot. and North Eng. souter. * * *
Souvanna Phouma
/sooh vahn"nah pooh"mah/ Prince, 1901-84, Laotian statesman: premier 1951-54, 1956-58, 1960, and 1962-75. * * * born Oct. 7, 1901, Luang Prabang, Laos died Jan. 10, 1984, ...
/sooh'veuh near", sooh"veuh near'/, n. 1. a usually small and relatively inexpensive article given, kept, or purchased as a reminder of a place visited, an occasion, etc.; ...
souvenir sheet
Philately. a single stamp or a pair, block, or set of stamps having the same or different designs commemorating a stamp exhibition or other event and having inscriptions in one ...
/soohv lah"kee/, n. Greek Cookery. a dish similar to shish kebab made with lamb. Also, souvlakia /soohv lah"kyah/. [1945-50; < ModGk soubláki small spit, deriv. of soúbla spit, ...
souvlakia [so͞o vläkēso͞o vlä′kē ə] n. 〚< ModGr soubla, skewer < Gr, awl; akin to L subula < IE * siūdhla < base * siw-, SEW〛 a Greek version of shish kebab, for ...
Souza, Herbert Jose de
▪ 1998       Brazilian social activist (b. Nov. 13, 1935, Bocaiúva, Braz.—d. Aug. 9, 1997, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.), was an outspoken champion of the poor and was ...
Souzay, Gerard
▪ 2005 Gérard Marcel Tisserand        French concert and opera singer (b. Dec. 8, 1918, Angers, France—d. Aug. 17, 2004, Antibes, France), performed in concerts and ...
SOV language
Ling. a type of language that has basic subject-object-verb order, as Turkish, Japanese, or Tamil. Cf. OV language, SVO language, VSO language. * * *
Sov. Un.
Soviet Union. * * *
—sovereignly, adv. /sov"rin, sov"euhr in, suv"-/, n. 1. a monarch; a king, queen, or other supreme ruler. 2. a person who has sovereign power or authority. 3. a group or body ...
Sovereign Council
Administrative body that governed the colony of New France in Canada (1663–1702). The council consisted of the governor and the bishop (who together appointed the other ...
See sovereign. * * *
Sovereigns of Britain
▪ Table Sovereigns of Britain name dynasty or house reign Kings of Wessex (West Saxons) Egbert Saxon 802–839 Aethelwulf (Ethelwulf) Saxon 839–856/858 ...
Sovereigns of Scotland
▪ Table Sovereigns of Scotland1 name reign Kenneth I MacAlpin (Kenneth I) 843–858 Donald I 858–862 Constantine I 862–877 Aed (Aodh) 877–878 Eochaid ...
sovereigntist [säv′rəntist, säv′ər intist; ] occas [.suv′rəntist, suv′ər intist] Chiefly Cdn. adj. of or expressing support for making the province of Quebec ...
/sov"rin tee, suv"-/, n., pl. sovereignties. 1. the quality or state of being sovereign. 2. the status, dominion, power, or authority of a sovereign; royalty. 3. supreme and ...
/sohv yetsk"/; Russ. /su vyetsk"/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, NE of Kaliningrad on the Nemen River: formerly in East Prussia; peace treaty (1807) between ...
Sovetskaya Gavan
▪ Russia       seaport, Khabarovsk kray (region), eastern Russia. Situated on the southeastern shore of a deep, narrow gulf of the Tatar Strait, the port has one of the ...
—sovietdom /soh"vee et'deuhm, -it-, soh'vee et"-/, n. /soh"vee et', -it, soh'vee et"/, n. 1. (in the Soviet Union). a. (before the revolution) any governmental council. b. ...
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
▪ 1979       invasion of Afghanistan in late December 1979 by troops from the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). The Soviet Union intervened in support ...
Soviet law
Law that developed in the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution of 1917 and that, after World War II, was assimilated by other communist states. Legislative enactments, ...
Soviet of Nationalities.
See under Supreme Soviet. * * *
Soviet of the Union.
See under Supreme Soviet. * * *
Soviet Russia
1. a conventional name of the Soviet Union. 2. See Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic. * * *
Soviet Union
Soviet Union UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS: also Soviet Russia * * *
Soviet Union.
See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. * * *
—Sovietist, n., adj. /soh"vee i tiz'euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes l.c.) a soviet system of government. 2. (often l.c.) the practices and principles of a soviet government, esp. as it ...
See sovietize. * * *
—Sovietization, n. /soh"vee i tuyz'/, v.t., Sovietized, Sovietizing. 1. (sometimes l.c.) to bring under the influence or domination of the Soviet Union. 2. (often l.c.) to ...
See Sovietology. * * *
—Sovietologist, n. /soh'vee i tol"euh jee/, n. Kremlinology. [1960-65; SOVIET + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
Soviet Union See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. * * *
sovkhoz [säv′kôz] n. pl. sovkhozy [säv′kôz ē] a state-owned farm in the Soviet Union * * * sov·khoz (sŏf-kôzʹ, sôv-KHôzʹ) n. A state-owned farm that paid wages ...
/sov"reuhn, suv"-/, n., adj. Literary. sovereign. [1625-35; alter. of SOVEREIGN, modeled on It sovrano] * * *
▪ Russian periodical       (1836–66; “The Contemporary”), Russian literary and political journal founded in 1836 by the poet Aleksandr Pushkin (Pushkin, Aleksandr ...
sow1 —sowable, adj. —sower, n. /soh/, v., sowed, sown or sowed, sowing. v.t. 1. to scatter (seed) over land, earth, etc., for growth; plant. 2. to plant seed for: to sow a ...
sow bug
/sow/ any of several small, terrestrial isopods, esp. of the genus Oniscus; wood louse. [1740-50] * * * or wood louse Any of certain terrestrial crustaceans of the order ...
sow thistle
/sow/ any composite plant belonging to the genus Sonchus, esp. S. oleraceus, a weed having thistlelike leaves, yellow flowers, and a milky juice. [1200-50; ME sowethistel, ...
/sow"bel'ee/, n. fat salt pork taken from the belly of a hog. [1865-70, Amer.; SOW2 + BELLY] * * *
/sow"bred'/, n. any of several species of cyclamen, esp. Cyclamen hederifolium, a low-growing Old World plant having mottled leaves and pink or white flowers. [1540-50; SOW2 + ...
sow bug (sou) n. In both senses also called slater, wood louse, also called regionally doodlebug. 1. Any of various small terrestrial isopod crustaceans, chiefly of the genera ...
/sow kahr"/, n. soucar. * * *
/soh"euhnz, sooh"-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Scot., Irish Eng. porridge made from oat bran or husks that have been soaked in water, slightly fermented, and then ...
See sow1. * * *
Sower, Christopher
▪ American printer Sower also spelled  Saur, or Sauer   born 1693, Ladenburg Palatinate of the Rhine [Germany] died Sept. 25, 1758, Germantown, Pa. ...
Sowerby, Leo
▪ American composer born May 1, 1895, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died July 7, 1968, Port Clinton, Ohio  composer, organist, and teacher, whose organ and choral works provide ...
/seuh wee"toh, -way"-/, n. a group of townships in NE South Africa, SW of and administered by Johannesburg: constructed in the 1950s and early 1960s to provide housing and ...
/sohn/, v. a pp. of sow1. * * *
▪ Korean academies       private Confucian academies of the Korean (Korea) Yi dynasty (Chosŏn dynasty) (1392–1910), founded by the members of the ruling class who did ...
sow thistle (sou) n. Any of various plants of the genus Sonchus, especially S. oleraceus of Eurasia, having prickly leaves and rayed, yellow flower heads. * * *
/soks/, n. a pl. of sock1. * * *
/soy/, n. 1. See soy sauce. 2. the soybean. [1690-1700; perh. via D or NL < Japn shoyu, earlier shauyu < MChin, equiv. to Chin jìngyóu soybean oil] * * *
soy flour
finely ground soybeans, most commonly used as an additive to other flours, processed meats, cereals, etc. [1895-1900] * * *
soy sauce
a salty, fermented sauce much used on fish and other dishes in the Orient, prepared from soybeans. Also, soya sauce. [1785-95] * * *
soy·a (soiʹə) n. The soybean.   [Dutch. See soy.] * * *
soya bean
/soy"euh/, n. soybean. [soya < D soja
/soy"been'/, n. 1. a bushy Old World plant, Glycine max, of the legume family, grown in the U.S., chiefly for forage and soil improvement. 2. the seed of this plant, used for ...
soybean milk
a milk substitute made of soy flour and water, used esp. in the making of tofu. Also called soya milk. * * *
soybean oil
a pale-yellow oil derived from soybeans by expression or solvent extraction: used as a food and in the manufacture of soap, candles, inks, paints, varnishes, etc. Also called ...
Soyer [soi′ər] 1. Moses 1899-1974; U.S. painter, born in Russia 2. Raphael 1899-1987; U.S. painter, born in Russia: twin brother of Moses * * *
/shaw ying"keuh/, n. Wole /woh"lay/, born 1934, Nigerian playwright, novelist, and poet: Nobel prize 1986. * * *
Soyinka, Wole
in full Akinwande Oluwole Soyinka born July 13, 1934, Abeokuta, Nigeria Nigerian playwright. After studying in Leeds, Eng., he returned to Nigeria to edit literary journals, ...
So·yin·ka (shô-yĭngʹkə), Wole. Born 1934. Nigerian writer known for his important contributions to the development of Nigerian theater and literature. His plays include A ...
soy·milk (soiʹmĭlk') n. A milk substitute made from soybeans, often supplemented with vitamins. * * *
soy sauce n. A salty brown liquid condiment made by fermenting soybeans and roasted wheat or barley in brine. * * *
/saw"yoohz/; Russ. /su yoohz"/, n. one of a series of Soviet spacecraft, carrying one, two, or three cosmonauts, who carried out scientific research and developed rendezvous and ...
▪ Christian lawyer Greek  Salamanes Hermeios Sozomenos   born c. 380, Bethelea, near Gaza, Palestine died c. 450, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, ...
/sawt tsee"nee/, n. Italian name of Socinus. * * *
/soz"euhld/, adj. Slang. drunk; inebriated. [1875-80; dial. sozzle confused state, sloppy person (earlier sossle; akin to SOUSE) + -ED3] * * *
1. Shore Patrol. 2. Specialist. 3. Submarine Patrol. * * *
Sp Am
Sp Am abbrev. 1. Spanish America 2. Spanish-American * * *
sp gr
sp gr abbrev. specific gravity * * *
sp ht
sp ht abbrev. specific heat * * *
1. Spain. 2. Spaniard. 3. Also, Sp Spanish (def. 3). * * *
1. special. 2. species. 3. specific. 4. specimen. 5. spelling. 6. spirit. * * *
sp. gr.
specific gravity. * * *
sp. ht.
specific heat. * * *
Specialist in Education. * * *
/spah/, n. 1. a mineral spring, or a locality in which such springs exist. 2. a luxurious resort or resort hotel. 3. See health spa. 4. a hot tub or similar warm-water ...
/spah/, n. a resort town in E Belgium, SE of Liège: famous mineral springs. 9391. * * * Spring or resort with thermal or mineral water for drinking and bathing. The word ...
/spahk/; Fr. /spannk/, n. Paul Henri /pawl hen"ree/; Fr. /pawl ahonn rddee"/, 1889-1972, Belgian statesman: prime minister of Belgium, 1938-39, 1946-49; first president of the ...
Spaak, Paul-Henri
born Jan. 25, 1899, Schaerbeek, near Brussels, Belg. died July 31, 1972, Brussels Belgian statesman. After practicing law (1921–31), he became a socialist member of the ...
Spaak,Paul Henri Charles
Spaak (späk), Paul Henri Charles. 1889-1972. Belgian politician who was the first president of the United Nations General Assembly (1946) and later served as the ...
/spahts/, n. Carl, 1891-1974, U.S. general. * * *
Spaatz, Carl
▪ United States military officer byname  Tooey Spaatz   born June 28, 1891, Boyertown, Pennsylvania, U.S. died July 14, 1974, Washington, D.C.  the leading U.S. combat air ...
Spaatz, Carl (Andrews)
known as Tooey Spaatz born June 28, 1891, Boyertown, Pa., U.S. died July 14, 1974, Washington, D.C. U.S. air-force officer. He flew as a combat pilot during World War I. ...
—spacer, n. /spays/, n., v., spaced, spacing, adj. n. 1. the unlimited or incalculably great three-dimensional realm or expanse in which all material objects are located and ...
Space Age
the period in modern history characterized by space exploration, usually considered as beginning October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite, ...
space bar
1. a horizontal bar on a typewriter keyboard that is depressed in order to resume typing one space to the right. 2. a horizontal bar on a computer keyboard that is depressed in ...
space biology
exobiology. [1955-60] * * *
space cadet
Slang. 1. a person who appears to be in his or her own world or out of touch with reality. 2. a person who behaves oddly or seems stupefied or remote because of the influence of ...
space capsule
Aerospace. capsule (def. 5). * * *
space carrier
Rocketry. a vehicle designed to put payloads in orbit about the earth or to boost payloads for extraterrestrial exploration. * * *
space charge
Elect. a distribution of an excess of electrons or ions over a three-dimensional region, in contrast to the distribution of an electric charge over the surface of a ...
Space densities of stars
▪ Table Space densities of stars object density (solar mass per cubic light-year) O, B stars 0.00003 A, F stars 0.0001 dG, dK stars 0.0004 dM stars 0.0008 gG, gK ...
space elevator
      a concept for lifting mass out of Earth's (Earth) gravity well without using rockets (rocket) in which an extremely strong cable extends from Earth's surface to the ...
space exploration
Investigation of the universe beyond Earth's atmosphere by means of manned and unmanned spacecraft. Study of the use of rockets for spaceflight began early in the 20th century. ...
space frame
Three-dimensional truss based on the rigidity of the triangle and composed of linear elements subject only to compression or tension. Its simplest spatial unit is a tetrahedron ...
space group
Crystall. a set of symmetry elements that brings a periodic arrangement of points on a Bravais space lattice to its original position. * * * ▪ crystallography       in ...
space heater
space heater n. a small heating unit for warming the air of a single confined area, as a room * * *
space heating
—space-heating, adj. the heating of a limited area, as a room, by means of a heater (space heater) within the area. [1930-35] * * *
Space Invaders
▪ electronic game       arcade game created by Japanese engineer and game designer Nishikado Tomohiro in 1978 and produced by Japanese electronic game manufacturer ...
space inversion
Physics. the mathematical operation of reversing the directions of all three space coordinates. Symbol: P Also called parity operation, space reflection. * * *
space lattice
lattice (def. 4). [1905-10] * * *
space law
the projected law that would govern the use of outer space by various nations based on certain treaties. [1950-55] * * *       the body of regulations in international ...
space man.
See space writer. [1890-95] * * *
space mark
Print. a proofreader's symbol used to indicate the need to insert space, as between two typed or printed words that have been run together. Symbol: # Cf. hash mark, number sign, ...
space medicine
the branch of aviation medicine dealing with the effects on humans of flying outside the earth's atmosphere. [1950-55] * * *
space opera
/op"euhr euh, op"reuh/ a television or radio drama or motion picture that is a science-fiction adventure story. [1945-50] * * *
space perception
Introduction       process through which humans and other organisms become aware of the relative positions of their own bodies and objects around them. Space perception ...
space platform.
See space station. [1955-60] * * *
space probe
Aerospace. an unmanned spacecraft designed to explore the solar system and transmit data back to earth. Also called probe. [1955-60] * * *
space race
n [sing] the competition between the US and the former USSR to develop spacecraft and send them successfully into space. The USSR was the early leader in 1957 with the Sputnik ...
space rate
a unit of compensation for written work, based on the amount of space that the submitted material occupies in print, and usually computed in column inches. Cf. piece ...
space reflection.
See space inversion. * * *
space science
—space scientist. any of the sciences involved in space travel or the exploration of space, as space medicine. [1975-80] * * *
space shoe
space shoe n. 〚< Space shoe, a trademark for such a shoe〛 a custom shoe molded to the contours of the wearer's foot * * *
space shuttle
(often caps.) any of several U.S. space vehicles consisting of a reusable manned orbiter that touches down on a landing strip after an orbital mission, two reusable solid rocket ...
space shuttle orbiter
(sometimes caps.) orbiter (def. 1). * * *
space sickness
Pathol. a complex of symptoms including nausea, lethargy, headache, and sweating, occurring among astronauts under conditions of weightlessness. [1950-55] * * *
space stage
a stage set, often limited to an arrangement of ramps and platforms, in which actors and set pieces are spotlighted against the bare background of a dark or black cyclorama. * * *
space station
—space-station, adj. an orbiting manned structure that can be used for a variety of purposes, as to assemble or service satellites, refuel spacecraft, etc. Also called space ...
Space stations, from 1971
▪ Table Space stations, from 1971 station, or major module for modular station country of origin, or country of launch for ISS* modules date launched date ...
Space Telescope
U.S. Aerospace. a 7.9-ft. (2.4-m) optical telescope designed for use in orbit around the earth. Also called Hubble Space Telescope. * * *
space travel
spaceflight of manned vehicles. * * *
space writer
a journalist or copywriter paid according to a space rate. Also called space man. Cf. stringer (def. 6). [1890-95] * * *
/spays"ayj'/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characteristic of the Space Age. 2. using the latest or most advanced technology or design. 3. modern; up-to-date; ...
/spays"say'ving/, adj. 1. that saves space. n. 2. the act or process of saving space. * * *
/spays"tuym"/, n. 1. Also called space-time continuum. the four-dimensional continuum, having three spatial coordinates and one temporal coordinate, in which all physical ...
space age also Space Age n. The period from 1957 through the present, in which spacecraft have been placed in orbit around Earth and sent to explore celestial ...
/spays"band'/, Print. a wedge-shaped piece of metal used in typecasting machines to adjust the space between words and to justify lines of type. [1900-05; SPACE + BAND2] * * *
space bar n. A bar at the bottom of the keyboard of a typewriter or computer that when pressed down introduces a horizontal space into text, as between words. * * *
space biology n. See exobiology. * * *
/spays"bawrn', -bohrn'/, adj. 1. moving in orbit around the earth: a spaceborne surveillance system. 2. traveling through or operating in space. [1965-70; SPACE + (AIR)BORNE] * * ...
space cadet n. Slang One who shows difficulty in grasping reality or in responding appropriately to it; a spacy person: “the screwups and the space cadets—in other words, the ...
space capsule n. A vehicle or compartment of a vehicle designed to transport, protect, and support humans or animals in outer space or at very high altitudes in Earth's ...
space charge n. The excess of electrons or ions in a given volume. * * *
/spays"kraft', -krahft'/, n. a vehicle designed for travel or operation in space beyond the earth's atmosphere or in orbit around the earth. [1955-60; SPACE + CRAFT] * * ...
spaced (spāst) adj. Slang Spaced-out. * * *
/spayst"owt"/, adj. Slang. 1. dazed or stupefied because of the influence of narcotic drugs. 2. dreamily or eerily out of touch with reality or seemingly so; spacey. Also, ...
See spacefaring. * * *
space·far·ing (spāsʹfâr'ĭng) n. The launching of vehicles into outer space. adj. Engaged in the launching of vehicles into outer space: “efforts in planetary ...
/spays"fluyt'/, n. the flying of manned or unmanned spacecraft into or in outer space. Also, space flight. [1945-50; SPACE + FLIGHT1] * * * Introduction  flight beyond Earth's ...
space heater n. An appliance that warms a small area, such as one room, typically by radiant electric heat. * * *
/spays"lab'/, n. a manned laboratory in space, developed by the European Space Agency, carried aboard an orbiting space shuttle. * * *  European-built system of pressurized ...
space lattice n. See crystal lattice. * * *
/spays"lis/, adj. 1. having no limits or dimensions in space; limitless; unbounded. 2. occupying no space. [1600-10; SPACE + -LESS] * * *
/spays"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. spacemen /-men', -meuhn/. 1. an astronaut. 2. a visitor to earth from outer space; extraterrestrial. [1935-40; SPACE + MAN1] Usage. See -man. * * *
space medicine n. The medical science that is concerned with the biological, physiological, and psychological effects of space flight on humans. * * *
/spays"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. a site at which spacecraft are tested, launched, sheltered, maintained, etc. [1950-55; SPACE + PORT1] * * *
space probe n. A spacecraft carrying instruments intended for use in exploration of the physical properties of outer space or celestial bodies other than Earth. * * *
See space. * * *
space science n. 1. Any of several scientific disciplines, such as exobiology, that study phenomena occurring in the upper atmosphere, in space, or on celestial bodies other than ...
See space science. * * *
/spays"ship'/, n. spacecraft. [1940-45; SPACE + SHIP] * * *
▪ spacecraft  the first private manned space vehicle, which flew past the boundary of space (100,000 metres, or 328,000 feet) over the United States in 2004 in competition ...
/spays"shot'/, n. a launch of a space vehicle beyond the earth's atmosphere. [1960-65; SPACE + SHOT1] * * *
space shuttle n. A reusable spacecraft with wings for controlled descent in the atmosphere, designed to transport astronauts between Earth and an orbiting space station and also ...
See space sickness. * * *
space sickness n. Motion sickness caused by sustained weightlessness during space flight, usually accompanied by disturbance of the inner ear.   spaceʹsick' (spāsʹsĭk') ...
space station n. A large satellite equipped to support a human crew and designed to remain in orbit around Earth for an extended period and serve as a base for launching ...
/spays"sooht'/, n. a sealed and pressurized suit designed to allow the wearer to leave a pressurized cabin in outer space or at extremely high altitudes within the ...
—spacewalker, n. /spays"wawk'/, n. 1. a task or mission performed by an astronaut outside a spacecraft in space. v.i. 2. to execute such a task or mission. [1960-65, Amer.; ...
See space walk. * * *
space·ward (spāsʹwərd) adv. & adj. Toward, to, or in outer space. * * *
/spays"woom'euhn/, n., pl. spacewomen. a woman astronaut. [1960-65; SPACE(MAN) + -WOMAN] Usage. See - woman. * * *
space writer n. A writer, such as a journalist, who is paid according to the amount of space his or her material occupies in print. * * *
/spay"see/, adj., spacier, spaciest. spaced-out (def. 2). Also, spacy. [1965-70, Amer.; SPACE + -EY1] * * *
Spacey, Kevin
▪ 2001       For his masterful performance as a frustrated husband and father in the dark comedy American Beauty, American actor Kevin Spacey was presented with the 2000 ...
—spaciality /spay'shee al"i tee/, n. —spacially, adv. /spay"sheuhl/, adj. spatial. * * *
/spay"sing/, n. 1. an act of someone or something that spaces. 2. the fixing or arranging of spaces. [1675-85; SPACE + -ING1] * * *
—spaciously, adv. —spaciousness, n. /spay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. containing much space, as a house, room, or vehicle; amply large. 2. occupying much space; vast. 3. of a great ...
See spacious. * * *
See spaciously. * * *
/spak"euhl/, v., spackled, spackling. 1. (cap.) Trademark. a brand of quick-drying, plasterlike material for patching plasterwork. v.t., v.i. 2. to patch with Spackle. * * *
spackling compound
☆ spackling compound [spak′liŋ ] n. spackle: see SPACKLE, n. * * *
spac·y or spac·ey (spāʹsē) adj. Slang spac·i·er, spac·i·est 1. Stupefied or disoriented from or as if from drug use. 2. Eccentric; offbeat. * * *
spade1 —spadelike, adj. —spader, n. /spayd/, n., v., spaded, spading. n. 1. a tool for digging, having an iron blade adapted for pressing into the ground with the foot and a ...
spade foot
Furniture. a square foot, tapering toward its bottom. [1890-95] * * *
▪ bird  any of six species of New World flycatchers (family Tyrannidae, order Passeriformes) whose triangular bill is very broad and flat. The white-throated, or stub-tailed, ...
/spayd"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) spadefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) spadefishes. a deep-bodied marine fish of the genus Chaetodipterus, esp. C. ...
/spayd"foot'/, n., pl. spadefoots. See spadefoot toad. [1835-45; SPADE1 + FOOT] * * *
spadefoot toad
any of several nocturnal toads of the family Pelobatidae, common in the Northern Hemisphere, characterized by a horny, spadelike projection on each hind foot for burrowing under ...
spade·foot toad (spādʹfo͝ot') n. Any of several toads of the family Pelobatidae, widely distributed over Europe, southern Asia, northern Africa, and North America, some of ...
/spayd"fool/, n., pl. spadefuls. the amount that can be dug out with or carried on a spade. [1635-45; SPADE1 + -FUL] * * *
See spade1. * * *

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