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spades
▪ card game       trick-taking card game of the whist family that became very popular in the United States in the 1990s, though reportedly some 40 years old by that ...
spadework
/spayd"werrk'/, n. preliminary or initial work, such as the gathering of data, on which further activity is to be based. [1770-80; SPADE1 + WORK] * * *
spadiceous
/spay dish"euhs/, adj. 1. Bot. a. of the nature of a spadix. b. bearing a spadix. 2. of a bright brown color. [1640-50; < NL spadiceus, equiv. to L spadic- (s. of spadix; see ...
spadille
/speuh dil"/, n. the highest trump in certain card games, as the queen of clubs in omber. [1720-30; < F < Sp espadilla, equiv. to espad(a) broadsword, spade in cards ( < L ...
spadix
/spay"diks/, n., pl. spadices /spay duy"seez, spay"deuh seez'/. Bot. an inflorescence consisting of a spike with a fleshy or thickened axis, usually enclosed in a spathe. See ...
spado
/spay"doh/, n., pl. spadones /spay doh"nayz, speuh-/. 1. Civil Law. an impotent person; someone unable to procreate. 2. a castrated man or animal. [1400-50; late ME < L spado < ...
Spadolini, Giovanni
▪ 1995       Italian politician (b. June 21, 1925, Florence, Italy—d. Aug. 4, 1994, Rome, Italy), was a prominent and respected elected official, editor, and author. ...
spae
—spaer, n. /spay/, v.t., spaed, spaeing. Chiefly Scot. to prophesy; foretell; predict. [1250-1300; ME span < ON spa] * * *
spaetzle
/shpet"sleuh, -seuhl, -slee/, n. a dish consisting of lumps or threads made from a batter of flour, milk, eggs, and salt, usually poured through a coarse colander into boiling ...
spaghetti
/speuh get"ee/, n. 1. a white, starchy pasta of Italian origin that is made in the form of long strings, boiled, and served with any of a variety of meat, tomato, or other ...
spaghetti junction
n a place where many roads join or pass over or under each other, so that from the air they look a little like spaghetti (= Italian food consisting of many long thin pieces that ...
spaghetti squash
a variety of a widely cultivated squash, Cucurbita pepo, having edible flesh in the form of spaghettilike strands. * * *
spaghetti strap
a thin, often rounded strip of fabric used in women's clothing, as to form a shoulder strap on a bare-shouldered garment. [1970-75] * * *
spaghetti western
Informal. a low-budget western movie shot in Italy or Spain, usually with Italian actors and an American star. [1965-70] * * *
spaghettini
spaghettini [spə ge΄tē′nē] n. 〚It, dim. of spaghetti〛 pasta thicker than vermicelli but thinner than spaghetti * * * spa·ghet·ti·ni (spăg'ĭ-tēʹnē) n. Pasta in ...
spaghettisquash
spaghetti squash Curcurbita pepo baked half and uncooked whole gourd © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A variety of winter squash having a pale yellow rind and ...
spaghettiWestern
spaghetti Western n. A low-budget Western film made by a European, especially an Italian, film company. * * *
spagyric
spa·gyr·ic (spə-gîrʹĭk) also spa·gyr·i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj. Relating to or resembling alchemy; alchemical.   [New Latin spagiricus, probably coined by Paracelsus.] * * *
spahi
/spah"hee/, n., pl. spahis. 1. one of a body of native Algerian cavalry in the French service. 2. (formerly) a cavalryman in the Turkish army. Also, spahee. [1555-65; < MF < Turk ...
Spahn, Warren
▪ American athlete in full  Warren Edward Spahn   born April 23, 1921, Buffalo, New York, U.S. died November 24, 2003, Broken Arrow, Oklahoma  American professional ...
Spahn, Warren (Edward)
born April 23, 1921, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 24, 2003, Broken Arrow, Okla. U.S. baseball pitcher. Spahn spent most of his career with the Boston (later Milwaukee) Braves ...
Spahn, Warren Edward
▪ 2004       American baseball player (b. April 23, 1921, Buffalo, N.Y.— d. Nov. 24, 2003, Broken Arrow, Okla.), won 363 major league games—more than any other ...
Spahn,Warren
Spahn (spän), Warren. Born 1921. American baseball player. A left-handed pitcher mainly for the Boston and Milwaukee Braves (1928-1963), he won 20 or more games during 13 ...
Spain
/spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain ...
Spain, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-yellow-red national flag with an off-centre coat of arms (arms, coat of). Within Spain private citizens may display the ...
spake
/spayk/, v. Archaic. a pt. of speak. * * *
Spalacotherium
▪ paleontology  extinct genus of primitive, probably predaceous, mammals (mammal) known from fossils (fossil) found in European deposits dating from the late Jurassic ...
Spalatin, Georg
orig. Georg Burkhardt born Jan. 17, 1484, Spalt, Bavaria died Jan. 16, 1545, Altenburg, Saxony German humanist. He studied at the University of Erfurt and then joined a band ...
Spalato
/spah"lah taw/, n. Italian name of Split. * * *
spaldeen
/spawl deen"/, n. Chiefly New York City. a smooth, pink rubber ball used in playing catch, stickball, etc. [said to be after Spalding a trademark] * * *
Spalding
/spawl"ding/, n. 1. Albert, 1888-1953, U.S. violinist. 2. a male given name. * * *
Spalding, A(lbert) G(oodwill)
born Sept. 2, 1850, Byron, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 9, 1915, Point Loma, Calif. U.S. baseball player, executive, and sporting-goods manufacturer. Spalding played with the Boston ...
Spalding, A.G.
▪ American athlete and manufacturer byname  Al Spalding,  in full  Albert Goodwill Spalding   born Sept. 2, 1850, Byron, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 9, 1915, Point Loma, ...
Spalding, Albert
▪ American musician born Aug. 15, 1888, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died May 26, 1953, New York, N.Y.       American composer and one of the leading violinists of his ...
Spalding, Henry Harmon
▪ American minister born c. 1803 died c. 1843       U.S. Presbyterian missionary who, with his wife, Eliza (née Hart), in 1836 established the Lapwai Mission (near ...
Spalding, Mother Catherine
▪ American Roman Catholic leader born Dec. 23, 1793, Charles county, Md., U.S. died March 20, 1858, Nazareth, Ky.       American Roman Catholic leader under whose ...
spall
—spaller, n. /spawl/, n. 1. a chip or splinter, as of stone or ore. v.t. 2. to break into smaller pieces, as ore; split or chip. v.i. 3. to break or split off in chips or ...
Spallanzani
/spah'leuhn zah"nee/; It. /spahl'lahn tsah"nee/, n. Lazzaro /lahd"dzah rddaw/, 1729-99, Italian biologist. * * *
Spallanzani, Lazzaro
▪ Italian physiologist born Jan. 12, 1729, Modena, Duchy of Modena died 1799, Pavia, Cisalpine Republic  Italian physiologist who made important contributions to the ...
spallation
/spaw lay"sheuhn/, n. Physics. a nuclear reaction in which several nucleons are released from the nucleus of an atom. [1945-50; SPALL + -ATION] * * * ▪ ...
spalpeen
/spal peen", spal"peen/, n. Irish Eng. 1. a lad or boy. 2. a rascal; scamp. [1770-80; < Ir spailpín seasonal hired laborer, rude person, scamp, equiv. to spailp spell, bout, ...
Spam
/spam/, n., v., spammed, spamming. 1. Trademark. a canned food product consisting esp. of pork formed into a solid block. n. 2. (l.c.) a disruptive message posted on a computer ...
Spamtown
➡ Spam * * *
Spam{™}
n [U] a US make of processed meat, sold in tins and usually eaten cold. It is made mainly from ham and was widely used to feed US soldiers during World War II, when it also ...
span
span1 /span/, n., v., spanned, spanning. n. 1. the distance between the tip of the thumb and the tip of the little finger when the hand is fully extended. 2. a unit of length ...
span
span1 /span/, n., v., spanned, spanning. n. 1. the distance between the tip of the thumb and the tip of the little finger when the hand is fully extended. 2. a unit of length ...
span loading
Aeron. See under loading (def. 4). * * *
span of attention
Psychol. See attention span. * * *
span roof
a roof having two slopes of equal breadth and pitch meeting at a common ridge. [1815-25] * * *
span-new
/span"nooh", -nyooh"/, adj. brand-new. [1250-1300; ME spannewe < ON spannyr brand-new, fresh, equiv. to spann chip shavings, shingle + nyr new] * * *
Span.
1. Spaniard. 2. Spanish. * * *
spanakopita
spanakopita [spä΄nə kō′pē tə, span΄əkō′pē tə; spä΄nə kō′pə tə, span΄ə kō′pə tə] n. 〚ModGr〛 a Greek dish consisting of a small, triangular shell ...
spancel
/span"seuhl/, n., v., spanceled, spanceling or (esp. Brit.) spancelled, spancelling. n. 1. a noosed rope with which to hobble an animal, esp. a horse or cow. v.t. 2. to fetter ...
Spandau
/shpahn"dow/, n. a district of Berlin, in E Germany: site of prison for Nazi war criminals. * * * ▪ area, Berlin, Germany       area of Berlin, Germany. It lies on ...
spandex
/span"deks/, n. Chem. a synthetic fiber composed of a long-chain polymer, used chiefly in the manufacture of garments to add elasticity. [1955-60; anagram of expands] * * *
spandrel
/span"dreuhl/, n. 1. Archit. an area between the extradoses of two adjoining arches, or between the extrados of an arch and a perpendicular through the extrados at the springing ...
spang
/spang/, adv. Informal. directly, exactly: The bullet landed spang on target. [1835-45, Amer.; orig. uncert.] * * *
Spangenberg, August Gottlieb
▪ German bishop born July 15, 1704, Klettenberg-Hohenstein, Saxony died Sept. 18, 1792, Berthelsdorf       German bishop of the Unitas Fratrum, successor to its ...
spangle
—spangly, adj. /spang"geuhl/, n., v., spangled, spangling. n. 1. a small, thin, often circular piece of glittering metal or other material, used esp. for decorating ...
spangled glass
an American art glass having flakes of mica in a layer of clear glass flashed with colored glass. * * *
Spanglish
/spang"glish/ or, often, /-lish/, n. Spanish spoken with a large admixture of English, esp. American, words and expressions. [1965-70; b. SPANISH and ENGLISH] * * *
spangly
See spangle. * * *
Spaniard
/span"yeuhrd/, n. a native or inhabitant of Spain. [1350-1400; ME Spaignarde < OF (e)spaignart, equiv. to Espaigne SPAIN + -art -ARD] * * *
spaniel
—spaniellike, adj. /span"yeuhl/, n. 1. one of any of several breeds of small or medium-sized dogs, usually having a long, silky coat and long, drooping ears. 2. a submissive, ...
Spanish
/span"ish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Spain, its people, or their language. n. 2. the Spanish people collectively. 3. a Romance language, the language of Spain, standard also ...
Spanish America
the Spanish-speaking countries south of the U.S.: Mexico, Central America (with the exception of Belize), South America (with the exceptions of Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, and ...
Spanish American
1. a person of Latin-American descent living in the U.S. 2. a person of Spanish descent living in the U.S. 3. a native or inhabitant of a Spanish-American country. * * *
Spanish Arabic
the Arabic language as used in Spain during the period of Moorish domination and influence, c900-1500. Abbr.: SpAr * * *
Spanish Armada
Armada (def. 1). * * *
Spanish bayonet
any of certain plants belonging to the genus Yucca, of the agave family, having narrow, spine-tipped leaves and a cluster of white flowers. [1835-45, Amer.; in allusion to its ...
Spanish bluebell
a bulbous plant, Endymion hispanicus, of the lily family, native to Spain and Portugal, having blue, white, or pink, bell-shaped flowers. Also called Spanish jacinth. * * *
Spanish broom
a spiny, often leafless shrub, Genista hispanica, of the legume family, native to southern Europe, having clustered, golden-yellow flowers and hairy pods. [1555-65] * * *
Spanish burton
Naut. any of several tackles employing a runner in addition to the fall. Cf. single Spanish burton, double Spanish burton. [1820-30] * * *
Spanish button
knapweed. * * *
Spanish cedar
1. a tropical American tree, Cedrela odorata, of the mahogany family. 2. the hard, fragrant, mahoganylike brown wood of this tree, used for making furniture and esp. cigar boxes. ...
Spanish Civil War
the civil war in Spain 1936-39. * * * (1936–39) Military revolt against the government of Spain. After the 1936 elections produced a Popular Front government supported mainly ...
Spanish dagger
a stemless or short-trunked plant, Yucca gloriosa, of the agave family, native to the southeastern U.S., having leaves nearly 21/2 ft. (75 cm) long, with a stiff, sharp point, ...
Spanish fly
1. Also called cantharides. a preparation of powdered blister beetles, esp. the Spanish fly, used medicinally as a counterirritant, diuretic, and aphrodisiac. 2. Also, ...
Spanish foot
Furniture. a carved pyramidal foot having fluted, concave sides usually ending in a scroll at the bottom. * * *
Spanish Fork
▪ Utah, United States       city, Utah county, northern Utah, U.S. The city takes its name from the Spanish Fork River, along which the Spanish missionary-explorers ...
Spanish Guinea
former name of Equatorial Guinea. * * *
Spanish guitar.
See acoustic guitar. [1860-65] * * *
Spanish heel
a high, curved heel with a straight heel breast, used on women's shoes. Cf. French heel. * * *
Spanish influenza
Pathol. the pandemic respiratory infection that spread throughout the world during 1917-18. * * *
Spanish Inquisition
the Inquisition in Spain, under state control from 1480 to 1834, marked by the extreme severity and cruelty of its proceedings in the 16th century. * * *
Spanish iris
an iris, Iris xyphium, of the Mediterranean region, having blue, white, or yellow flowers with a yellow or orange patch. * * *
Spanish jacinth.
See Spanish bluebell. * * *
Spanish jasmine
a shrub, Jasminum grandiflorum, of India, having crimson-tinged, fragrant white flowers, grown as an ornamental and for perfume. Also called Catalonian jasmine. * * *
Spanish lace
▪ needlework       lace made in Spain; the name is also erroneously given to much lace that was in fact imported into Spain from the 17th century onward. The Spaniards ...
Spanish language
Romance language spoken in Spain and in large parts of the New World. It has more than 332 million speakers, including more than 23 million in the U.S. Its earliest written ...
Spanish lime
genip (def. 2). * * * ▪ tree       (Melicoccus bijugus), tree, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to the West Indies. It grows to about 15 metres (50 feet). ...
Spanish literature
Introduction       the body of literary works produced in Spain. Such works fall into three major language divisions: Castilian, Catalan, and Galician. This article ...
Spanish mackerel
1. an American game fish, Scomberomorus maculatus, inhabiting the Atlantic Ocean. 2. any of various similar scombroid fishes. 3. (in California) the jack mackerel. [1660-70, ...
Spanish Main
1. (formerly) the mainland of America adjacent to the Caribbean Sea, esp. the area between the mouth of the Orinoco River and the Isthmus of Panama. 2. the Caribbean Sea: the ...
Spanish Marriages, Affair of the
▪ European history       the political maneuvering surrounding the dual marriages (October 10, 1846) of Queen Isabella II of Spain to her cousin Francisco de Asís de ...
Spanish Morocco
Spanish Morocco the former Spanish zone of Morocco, constituting a coastal strip along the Mediterranean * * *
Spanish Morocco.
See under Morocco (def. 1). * * *
Spanish moss
an epiphytic plant, Tillandsia usneoides, of the southern U.S., having narrow, grayish leaves and growing in long festoons that drape the branches of trees. [1815-25, Amer.] * * ...
Spanish needles
1. a composite plant, Bidens bipinnata, having achenes with downwardly barbed awns. 2. the achenes themselves. [1735-45, Amer.; in allusion to its tropical American origin] * * *
Spanish Netherlands
Spanish-held provinces in the southern Low Countries (roughly corresponding to modern Belgium and Luxembourg). In 1578 the diplomat Alessandro Farnese was sent to represent ...
Spanish North Africa
▪ region, North Africa       five small areas, in special relationship with the Spanish government, on and off the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. They are Alhucemas, ...
Spanish omelet
an omelet served with a sauce of tomatoes, onions, and green peppers. [1905-10] * * *
Spanish onion
a large-sized, mild, succulent onion, often eaten raw. * * *
Spanish oyster plant
a composite plant, Scolymus hispanicus, of southern Europe, having spiny, thistlelike leaf margins, small yellow flowers, and an edible root. Also called golden thistle. * * *
Spanish paprika
1. a cultivated pepper, Capsicum annuum, grown originally in Spain. 2. a spice or condiment made from the ground-up pod of this plant. * * *
Spanish plum.
See purple mombin. * * *
Spanish rice
rice prepared with chopped onions, tomatoes, green peppers, and sometimes diced ham, seasoned with cayenne pepper and mixed with butter. [1925-30] * * *
Spanish Riding School of Vienna
▪ school, Vienna, Austria also called  Imperial Spanish Riding School,  German  Spanische Reitschule Wien, or Spanische Hofreitschule,         school of classical ...
Spanish Sahara
former name of Western Sahara. * * *
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
▪ political party, Spain Introduction Spanish  Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)        Spanish socialist political party. History       Spain's oldest ...
Spanish Succession
a war (1701–14) between Britain, Austria, the Netherlands, Portugal and Denmark on one side, and France and Spain on the other side. It started when the king of Spain died ...
Spanish Succession, War of the
(1701–14) Conflict arising from the disputed succession to the throne of Spain after the death of the childless Charles II. The Habsburg Charles had named the Bourbon Philip, ...
Spanish SuccessionWar of the
Spanish SuccessionWar of the a war (1701-14) between European powers disputing the succession to the Spanish throne * * *
Spanish topaz
citrine (def. 2). * * *
Spanish Town
▪ Jamaica       city, southeastern central Jamaica. It is situated along the Rio Cobre, 10 miles (16 km) west of Kingston. Probably laid out by Diego Columbus (c. ...
Spanish treasure fleet
▪ Spanish history       from the 16th to the 18th century, Spanish convoy of ships transporting European goods to the Spanish colonies in the Americas and transporting ...
Spanish trefoil
alfalfa. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
Spanish-American
/span"ish euh mer"i keuhn/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to the parts of America where Spanish is the prevailing language. 2. pertaining to Spain and America, sometimes to Spain ...
Spanish-American War
the war between the U.S. and Spain in 1898. * * * (1898) Conflict between the U.S. and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the New World. The war originated in Cuba's ...
Spanish-AmericanWar
Spanish-American War n. A war between Spain and the United States in 1898, as a result of which Spain ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippine Islands, and Guam to the United States and ...
SpanishAmerica
Spanish America The former Spanish possessions in the New World, including most of South and Central America, Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and other small ...
SpanishAmerican
Spanish American also Span·ish-A·mer·i·can (spăn'ĭsh-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kən) n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Spanish America. 2. A U.S. citizen or resident of Hispanic descent. ...
Spanishbayonet
Spanish bayonet n. Any of several New World plants of the genus Yucca, especially Y. aloifolia or Y. baccata, having a tall woody stem, stiff swordlike pointed leaves, and a ...
Spanishcedar
Spanish cedar n. In both senses also called cigar-box cedar. 1. Any of several tropical American trees of the genus Cedrela, especially C. odorata, having reddish aromatic wood ...
Spanishchestnut
Spanish chestnut n. In both senses also called marron. 1. A deciduous Mediterranean tree (Castanea sativa) bearing edible nuts enclosed in a spiny bur. 2. The nut of this tree. * ...
Spanishfly
Spanish fly n. See cantharis. * * *
Spanishlime
Spanish lime n. See genip. * * *
Spanishmackerel
Spanish mackerel n. Any of various marine food fishes of the genus Scomberomorus, especially a commercially important species, S. maculatus, of American Atlantic coastal ...
SpanishMain
Spanish Main 1. The coastal region of mainland Spanish America in the 16th and 17th centuries, extending from the Isthmus of Panama to the mouth of the Orinoco River. 2. The ...
Spanishmoss
Spanish moss n. An epiphytic bromeliad plant (Tillandsia usneoides) of the southeast United States and tropical America, having gray threadlike stems drooping in long, densely ...
Spanishneedles
Spanish needles pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) See beggar ticks. * * *
Spanishomelet
Spanish omelet n. An omelet served with an often spicy sauce of tomatoes, onions, and peppers. * * *
Spanishonion
Spanish onion n. A mild-flavored, yellow-skinned onion (Allium fistulosum) having yellowish-white flowers. * * *
Spanishpaprika
Spanish paprika n. A mild seasoning made from pimientos. * * *
SpanishPeaks
Spanish Peaks Adjacent mountains, 3,868 m (12,683 ft) and 4,155 m (13,623 ft) high, in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of southern Colorado. They were landmarks for early ...
Spanishrice
Spanish rice n. A dish consisting of rice cooked with tomatoes, spices, chopped onions, and green peppers. * * *
SpanishRiver
Spanish River A river, about 241 km (150 mi) long, of southern Ontario, Canada, flowing generally south to Lake Huron. * * *
SpanishSahara
Spanish Sahara See Western Sahara. * * *
spank
spank1 /spangk/, v.t. 1. to strike (a person, usually a child) with the open hand, a slipper, etc., esp. on the buttocks, as in punishment. n. 2. a blow given in spanking; a ...
spanker
/spang"keuhr/, n. 1. Naut. a. a fore-and-aft sail on the aftermost lower mast of a sailing vessel having three or more masts. See diag. under ship. b. a designation given to the ...
spanking
—spankingly, adv. /spang"king/, adj. 1. moving rapidly and smartly. 2. quick and vigorous: a spanking pace. 3. blowing briskly: a spanking breeze. 4. Informal. unusually fine, ...
spankingly
See spanking. * * *
spanner
/span"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that spans. 2. Also called spanner wrench. a wrench having a curved head with a hook or pin at one end for engaging notches or holes in ...
spanrail
/span"rayl'/, n. a rail connecting two legs of furniture; stretcher. [SPAN1 + RAIL1] * * *
Spansule
☆ Spansule [span′sool, span′syool ] 〚 SPAN1 + (〛 trademark for a medicinal capsule containing many tiny beads of medicine that dissolve at spaced intervals for ...
spanworm
/span"werrm'/, n. measuringworm. [1810-20, Amer.; SPAN1 + WORM] * * *
spar
spar1 —sparlike, adj. /spahr/, n., v., sparred, sparring. n. 1. Naut. a stout pole such as those used for masts, etc.; a mast, yard, boom, gaff, or the like. 2. Aeron. a ...
SPAR
/spahr/, n. (during World War II) a woman enlisted in the women's reserve of the U.S. Coast Guard (disbanded in 1946). Also, Spar. [1942; < L S(emper) par(atus) "Always ready" ...
SpAr
Spanish Arabic. * * *
spar buoy
spar buoy n. a sparlike buoy anchored at one end so as to float perpendicularly or obliquely * * *
spar deck
Naut. the upper deck of a vessel, extending from stem to stern. Cf. main deck. [1560-70] * * *
spar varnish
1. a durable, weather-resistant varnish applied to unpainted wooden areas, esp. on ships. 2. a varnish made from sulfur, rosin, and linseed oil. [1905-10] * * *
sparable
sparable [spar′ə bəl] n. 〚altered < sparrow bill: from its shape〛 a small, headless nail used by shoemakers * * *
sparagmos
/speuh rag"meuhs/, n. the tearing to pieces of a live victim, as a bull or a calf, by a band of bacchantes in a Dionysian orgy. [ < Gk sparagmós lit., tearing] * * *
sparassis
/speuh ras"is/, n. See cauliflower fungus. [ < NL < Gk sparáss(ein) to tear + -(s)is -SIS] * * *
spare
—spareable, adj. —sparely, adv. —spareness, n. —sparer, n. /spair/, v., spared, sparing, adj., sparer, sparest, n. v.t. 1. to refrain from harming or destroying; leave ...
spare tire
1. a tire used or kept available as an emergency replacement on a vehicle. 2. Informal. excess fat around the waistline. [1920-25] * * *
sparely
See spare. * * *
spareness
See sparely. * * *
sparer
See sparely. * * *
spareribs
/spair"ribz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. a cut of meat from the rib section, esp. of pork or beef, with some meat adhering to the bones. 2. a dish of this meat, usually baked, ...
sparetire
spare tire n. 1. An additional tire carried in a vehicle as a replacement for one that goes flat. 2. Slang. A paunch; a potbelly. * * *
sparge
—sparger, n. /spahrj/, v., sparged, sparging, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to scatter or sprinkle. n. 2. a sprinkling. [1550-60; < L spargere to sprinkle, scatter] * * *
sparger
See sparge. * * *
sparid
/spar"id/, n. 1. any of numerous fishes of the family Sparidae, chiefly inhabiting tropical and subtropical seas, comprising the porgies, the scups, etc. adj. 2. belonging or ...
Sparine
/spair"een/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of promazine. * * *
sparing
—sparingly, adv. —sparingness, n. /spair"ing/, adj. 1. economical (often fol. by in or of). 2. lenient or merciful. 3. scanty; limited. [1325-75; ME; see SPARE, -ING2] Syn. ...
sparingly
See sparing. * * *
sparingness
See sparingly. * * *
spark
spark1 —sparkless, adj. —sparklessly, adv. —sparklike, adj. /spahrk/, n. 1. an ignited or fiery particle such as is thrown off by burning wood or produced by one hard body ...
Spark
/spahrk/, n. Muriel (Sarah) (Camberg), born 1918, British novelist and writer, born in Scotland. * * *
spark arrester
1. a device, consisting of wire netting or other material, used to stop or deflect sparks thrown from an open fireplace, a smokestack, or the like. 2. Elect. a device to reduce ...
spark chamber
Physics. a device for detecting elementary particles, consisting of a series of charged plates separated by a gas so that the passage of a charged particle causes sparking ...
spark coil
Elect. a coil of many turns of insulated wire on an iron core, used for producing sparks. [1895-1900] * * *
spark gap
Elect. 1. a space between two electrodes, across which a discharge of electricity may take place. 2. the electrodes and the space between, considered as a unit: used in ignition ...
spark generator
an alternating-current power source with a condenser discharging across a spark gap. * * *
spark photography
1. photography of fast-moving objects, as bullets, by the light of an electric spark. 2. photography of sparks by their own light. * * *
spark plug
1. a device designed to fit in each cylinder of a gasoline-powered internal-combustion engine and to produce the electric spark for igniting the mixture of gasoline and air. 2. ...
spark spectrum
Physics. a spectrum formed from the light produced by an electric spark, characteristic of the gas or vapor through which the spark passes. * * *
spark transmitter
Radio. a transmitting set that generates electromagnetic waves by the oscillatory discharge from a capacitor through an inductor and a spark gap. [1915-20] * * *
Spark, Dame Muriel
▪ 2007 Muriel Sarah Camberg  British writer (b. Feb. 1, 1918, Edinburgh, Scot.—d. April 13, 2006, Florence, Italy), was admired for the satire and wit with which she ...
Spark, Muriel (Sarah)
orig. Muriel Sarah Camberg born Feb. 1, 1918, Edinburgh, Scot. British writer. She spent several years in Central Africa, returning to Britain during World War II. Until 1957 ...
Spark,Dame Muriel Sarah
Spark (spärk), Dame Muriel Sarah. Born 1918. Scottish writer known for her satirical novels, including Memento Mori (1958) and The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961). * * *
spark-killer
/spahrk"kil'euhr/, n. Elect. a device for diminishing sparking, consisting of a capacitor and a resistor connected in series across two points where sparking may occur in a ...
sparkarrester
spark arrester n. 1. A device designed to keep sparks from escaping, as at a chimney opening. 2. A device used to control electric sparking at a point where a circuit is made or ...
sparkchamber
spark chamber n. A device consisting of electrically charged parallel metal plates in a chamber filled with inert gas, used to detect and measure a charged subatomic particle as ...
sparkcoil
spark coil n. An induction coil used to produce a spark, as in an internal-combustion engine. * * *
sparker
sparker1 /spahr"keuhr/, n. 1. something that produces sparks. 2. an apparatus used to test insulation on wires. [1860-65; SPARK1 + -ER1] sparker2 /spahr"keuhr/, n. a lover, ...
sparkgap
spark gap n. A gap in an otherwise complete electric circuit across which a discharge occurs at a prescribed voltage. * * *
sparkgenerator
spark generator n. See spark transmitter. * * *
sparkily
See sparky. * * *
sparking plug
Brit. See spark plug (def. 1). [1900-05] * * *
sparking voltage
Elect. the minimum voltage required to produce a spark across a given spark gap. * * *
sparkingplug
spark·ing plug (spärʹkĭng) n. Chiefly British A spark plug. * * *
sparkle
/spahr"keuhl/, v., sparkled, sparkling, n. v.i. 1. to issue in or as if in little sparks, as fire or light: The candlelight sparkled in the crystal. 2. to emit little sparks, as ...
sparkleberry
spar·kle·ber·ry (spärʹkəl-bĕr'ē) n. See farkleberry. * * *
sparkler
/spahr"kleuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that sparkles. 2. a firework that emits little sparks. 3. a sparkling gem, esp. a diamond. 4. Informal. a bright eye. [1705-15; SPARKLE + ...
sparklers
➡ Bonfire Night * * *
sparklet
/spahrk"lit/, n. 1. a small spark. 2. something small that glitters like a spark. [1680-90; SPARK1 + -LET] * * *
sparkling water.
See soda water (def. 1). * * *
sparkling wine
a wine that is naturally carbonated by a second fermentation. [1690-1700] * * *
sparklingwater
spar·kling water (spärʹklĭng) n. Water charged with carbon dioxide. * * *
sparklingwine
sparkling wine n. Any of various effervescent wines, such as champagne, produced by a process involving fermentation in the bottle. * * *
sparkly
/spahr"klee/, adj., sparklier, sparkliest. 1. tending to sparkle; animated; lively: a row of sparkly cheerleaders. 2. (of a wine) naturally carbonated; effervescent. [1920-25; ...
sparkover
/spahrk"oh'veuhr/, n. Elect. spark1 (def. 2). [SPARK1 + OVER] * * *
sparkplug
/spahrk"plug'/, v.t., sparkplugged, sparkplugging. Informal. to lead, inspire, or animate something or someone. [v. use of SPARK PLUG] * * *
Sparks
/spahrks/, n. 1. Jared /jair"id/, 1789-1866, U.S. historian and editor. 2. a city in W Nevada, E of Reno. 40,780. * * * ▪ Nevada, United States       city, Washoe ...
Sparks, Jared
▪ American publisher born May 10, 1789, Willington, Conn., U.S. died March 14, 1866, Cambridge, Mass.       American publisher and editor of the North American Review, ...
sparktransmitter
spark transmitter n. A source of alternating current, especially a now obsolete radio transmitter, that derives its output from the oscillating discharge of a capacitor to an ...
sparky
—sparkily, adv. /spahr"kee/, adj., sparkier, sparkiest. 1. emitting or producing sparks. 2. animated; lively: a sparky personality. [1610-20; SPARK1 + -Y1] * * *
sparling
/spahr"ling/, n., pl. sparlings, (esp. collectively) sparling. the European smelt, Osmerus eperlanus. [1275-1325; ME sperlynge < OF esperlinge < Gmc; cf. G Spierling] * * *
sparoid
/spair"oyd, spar"-/, adj. 1. resembling or pertaining to the porgy family, Sparidae. n. 2. a sparoid fish. [1830-40; < NL Sparoides, equiv. to Spar(us) (see SPARID) + -oides ...
sparring partner
a boxer who spars with and otherwise serves to train a boxer who is preparing for a bout. Also called sparring mate. [1905-10] * * *
sparrow
—sparrowless, adj. —sparrowlike, adj. /spar"oh/, n. 1. any of numerous American finches of the family Emberizinae. Cf. chipping sparrow, song sparrow. 2. any member of the ...
sparrow hawk
1. a small, short-winged European hawk, Accipiter nisus, that preys on smaller birds. 2. See American kestrel. [1400-50; late ME] * * * Small hawk (usually genus Accipiter, ...
sparrowgrass
/spar"oh gras', -grahs'/, n. Informal. asparagus. [1650-60; by folk etymology] * * *
sparrowhawk
sparrow hawk n. 1. A small hawk (Accipter nisus) of Europe, Africa, and central Asia that has short, broad wings and preys on sparrows and other small birds. 2. A small North ...
sparry
/spahr"ee/, adj. of or pertaining to mineral spar. [1685-95; SPAR3 + -Y1] * * *
sparse
—sparsely, adv. —sparseness, sparsity /spahr"si tee/, n. /spahrs/, adj., sparser, sparsest. 1. thinly scattered or distributed: a sparse population. 2. not thick or dense; ...
sparsely
See sparse. * * *
sparseness
See sparsely. * * *
sparsity
See sparsely. * * *
Sparta
/spahr"teuh/, n. an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline ...
Spartacists
or Spartacus League Revolutionary socialist group active in Germany (1914–18). It developed as an offshoot of the Social Democratic Party and was officially founded in 1916 ...
Spartacus
/spahr"teuh keuhs/, n. died 71 B.C., Thracian slave, gladiator, and insurrectionist. * * * died 71 BC Leader in the Gladiatorial War against Rome (73–71). A Thracian, he ...
Spartacus League
▪ German political organization German  Spartakusbund,         revolutionary socialist group active in Germany from autumn 1914 to the end of 1918. It was officially ...
Spartan
—Spartanism, n. —Spartanly, Spartanically, adv. /spahr"tn/, adj. 1. Also, Spartanic /spahr tan"ik/. 2. of or pertaining to Sparta or its people. 3. suggestive of the ancient ...
Spartanburg
/spahr"tn berrg'/, n. a city in NW South Carolina. 43,968. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States       city, seat (1785) of Spartanburg county, in the Piedmont section ...
Spartanism
See Spartan. * * *
Spartanly
See Spartanism. * * *
sparteine
/spahr"tee een', -in/, n. a bitter, poisonous, liquid alkaloid obtained from certain species of broom, esp. Cytisus scoparius, used in medicine to stimulate the heart and also ...
Sparti
/spahr"tuy, -tee/, n. (used with a plural v.) Class. Myth. a group of fully armed warriors who sprang from the dragon's teeth that Cadmus planted. * * *
Spartiate
/spahr"tee ayt', -shee-/, n. a member of the ruling class of ancient Laconia; a Spartan citizen. Cf. Helot (def. 1), Perioeci. [1350-1400; ME < L Spartiates < Doric Gk ...
sparvarnish
spar varnish n. A waterproof varnish. * * *
sparver
/spahr"veuhr/, n. 1. a tentlike bed curtain or canopy. 2. a bed curtain suspended from a flat, circular covering on the ceiling. 3. a bed having a tentlike curtain or ...
spasm
/spaz"euhm/, n. 1. Pathol. a sudden, abnormal, involuntary muscular contraction, consisting of a continued muscular contraction (tonic spasm) or of a series of alternating ...
spasm band
an old-time jazz band, flourishing esp. in the late 19th century, the members of which used improvised instruments, as cigar boxes, barrels, kazoos, whistles, and jugs, and often ...
spasmodic
—spasmodically, adv. /spaz mod"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of a spasm; characterized by spasms. 2. resembling a spasm or spasms; sudden but brief; sporadic: ...
spasmodically
See spasmodic. * * *
spasmodist
—spasmodism, n. /spaz"meuh dist/, n. a person who is spasmodic, esp. in style, as a writer, painter, etc. [1840-50; SPASMOD(IC) + -IST] * * *
spasmolysis
/spaz mol"euh sis/, n. Med. the relaxation or relief of muscle spasm. [SPASM + -O- + -LYSIS] * * *
spasmolytic
/spaz'meuh lit"ik/, Med. adj. 1. of or noting spasmolysis. n. 2. a spasmolytic substance; antispasmodic. Also, spasmolysant /spaz mol"euh zeuhnt/. [1930-35; SPASM + -O- + ...
spasmophilia
/spaz'meuh fil"ee euh/, n. Pathol. a condition in which only moderate mechanical or electrical stimulation produces spasms, convulsions, or tetany. [ < NL; see SPASM, -O-, ...
spasmophilic
/spaz'meuh fil"ik/, adj. of or noting spasmophilia. Also, spasmophile /spaz"meuh fuyl'/. [SPASM + -O- + -PHILIC] * * *
Spassky
/spas"kee/; Russ. /spah"skee/, n. Boris (Vasilyevich) /bawr"is veuh seel"yeuh vich, bohr"-, bor"-/; Russ. /bu rddyees" vu syee"lyi vyich/, born 1937, Russian chess player. * * *
Spassky, Boris (Vasilyevich)
born Jan. 30, 1937, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian chess master. Spassky attained the rank of international grand master in chess in 1955. After a period of intermittent ...
Spassky, Boris Vasilyevich
▪ Soviet chess player born January 30, 1937, Leningrad [now St. Petersburg], Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet chess master and world champion from 1969 to ...
spastic
—spastically, adv. —spasticity /spa stis"i tee/, n. /spas"tik/, Pathol. adj. 1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or characterized by spasm, esp. tonic spasm. n. 2. a person ...
spastic colon
Pathol. See irritable bowel syndrome. * * *
spastic paralysis
Pathol. a condition in which the muscles affected are marked by tonic spasm and increased tendon reflexes. [1890-95] * * *
spastically
See spastic. * * *
spasticcolon
spastic colon n. See irritable bowel syndrome. * * *
spasticity
See spastically. * * *
spasticparalysis
spastic paralysis n. A chronic pathological condition in which the muscles are affected by persistent spasms and exaggerated tendon reflexes because of damage to motor nerves of ...
spat
spat1 /spat/, n., v., spatted, spatting. n. 1. a petty quarrel. 2. a light blow; slap; smack. v.i. 3. to engage in a petty quarrel or dispute. 4. to splash or spatter; rain ...
spatchcock
/spach"kok'/, n. 1. a fowl that has been dressed and split open for grilling. v.t. 2. to prepare and roast (a fowl) in this manner. 3. to insert or interpolate, esp. in a forced ...
spate
/spayt/, n. 1. a sudden, almost overwhelming, outpouring: a spate of angry words. 2. Brit. a. a flood or inundation. b. a river flooding its banks. c. a sudden or heavy ...
spathaceous
/speuh thay"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. of the nature of or resembling a spathe. 2. having a spathe. [1750-60; < NL spathaceus, equiv. to L spath(a) (see SPATHE) + -aceus -ACEOUS] * * *
spathe
—spathed, adj. /spaydh/, n. Bot. a bract or pair of bracts, often large and colored, subtending or enclosing a spadix or flower cluster. [1775-85; < L spatha < Gk spáthe ...
spathic
/spath"ik/, adj. Mineral. like spar. [1780-90; < G Spat (earlier sp. Spath) spar + -IC] * * *
spathiphyllum
/spay'dheuh fil"euhm, -theuh-, spath'euh-/, n. any of various tropical plants of the genus Spathiphyllum, having a white or green spathe and a spike of fragrant flowers and often ...
spathose
spathose1 /spay"thohs, spath"ohs/, adj. spathic. [1770-80; spath-, as in SPATHIC + -OSE1] spathose2 /spay"dhohs, -thohs/, adj. spathaceous. Also, spathous /spay"dheuhs, ...
spathulate
/spath"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Chiefly Bot. spatulate. * * *
spatial
—spatiality /spay'shee al"i tee/, n. —spatially, adv. /spay"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to space. 2. existing or occurring in space; having extension in space. Also, ...
spatial disorientation
Inability to determine one's true body position, motion, and altitude (or, in water, depth) relative to the Earth or one's surroundings. It may result from a brain or nerve ...


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