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spatial summation.
See under summation (def. 5). [1965-70] * * *
See spatial. * * *
See spatiality. * * *
/spay'shee og"reuh fee/, n. the study of the characteristics of space beyond the atmosphere, including the mapping of the movements of celestial bodies and the recording of ...
—spatiotemporally, adv. /spay'shee oh tem"peuhr euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to space-time. 2. of or pertaining to both space and time. [1915-20; < L spati(um) SPACE + -O- + ...
See spatiotemporal. * * *
—spatteringly, adv. /spat"euhr/, v.t. 1. to scatter or dash in small particles or drops: The dog spattered mud on everyone when he shook himself. 2. to splash with something in ...
spatter cone
Geol. a low, steep-sided volcanic cone built up of droplets or blobs of lava erupted from a fissure or vent. [1900-05] * * *
spatter dash
roughcast (def. 1). * * *
—spatterdashed, adj. /spat"euhr dash'/, n. a long gaiter to protect the trousers or stockings, as from mud while riding. [1680-90; SPATTER + DASH] * * *
/spat"euhr dok'/, n. any of various water lilies of the genus Nuphar, having globular yellow flowers and growing in lakes or sluggish streams, esp. N. advena, of the eastern U.S. ...
▪ pottery       in the United States, American and English pottery of about 1800–50 with patterns either spattered or sponged on. The technique has a wider incidence ...
—spatular, adj. /spach"euh leuh/, n. an implement with a broad, flat, usually flexible blade, used for blending foods or removing them from cooking utensils, mixing drugs, ...
See spatula. * * *
/spach"euh lit, -layt'/, adj. 1. shaped like a spatula; rounded more or less like a spoon. 2. Bot. having a broad, rounded end and a narrow, attenuate base, as a leaf. [1750-60; ...
/shpet"sleuh/, n. German. spaetzle. * * *
/spawl"deuhr/, n. Armor. a pauldron, esp. one for protecting only a shoulder. Also called monnion. [earlier spauld shoulder (ME spald, spalde < OF espalde, espalle < L spatula ...
Spaulding, Charles Clinton
▪ American business leader born Aug. 1, 1874, Columbus county, N.C., U.S. died Aug. 1, 1952, Durham, N.C.       American business leader who built the North Carolina ...
Spaulding, Gilbert R.
▪ American circus impresario born 1811, New York State, U.S. died 1880       circus impresario, creator of the “Floating Palace,” an elaborate two-story steamboat ...
/spav"in/, n. Vet. Pathol. 1. a disease of the hock joint of horses in which enlargement occurs because of collected fluids (bog spavin), bony growth (bone spavin), or distention ...
/spav"ind/, adj. 1. suffering from or affected with spavin. 2. being of or marked by a decrepit or broken-down condition: a spavined old school bus abandoned in a ...
—spawner, n. /spawn/, n. 1. Zool. the mass of eggs deposited by fishes, amphibians, mollusks, crustaceans, etc. 2. Mycol. the mycelium of mushrooms, esp. of the species grown ...
See spawn. * * *
spay1 /spay/, v.t. Vet. Med. to remove the ovaries of (an animal). [1375-1425; late ME spayen < AF espeïer to cut with a sword (OF espeer), deriv. of espee sword; see ...
/spaz/, n. Slang. 1. a grotesquely awkward person. 2. an eccentric person. Also, spazz. [1960-65; shortening and alter. of SPASTIC] * * *
SPCA abbrev. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals * * * SPCA abbr. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. * * *
SPCC abbrev. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children * * * SPCC abbr. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. * * *
(in full the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge) a British organization that was established in 1698 to provide religious education for children in Britain and for people ...
single-premium deferred annuity. * * *
To thrive, prosper. Contracted from *speə₁-. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *spō-ti-. speed; Godspeed, from Old English spēd, success, from Germanic *spōdiz. 2. Suffixed form ...
—speakable, adj. —speakableness, n. —speakably, adv. /speek/, v., spoke or (Archaic) spake; spoken or (Archaic) spoke; speaking. v.i. 1. to utter words or articulate sounds ...
☆ speak-easy [spēk′ē΄zē ] n. pl. speak-easies 〚 SPEAK + EASY: so named from the secretive atmosphere〛 Slang a place where alcoholic drinks are sold illegally, esp. ...
speak-out (spēkʹout') n. A gathering at which people relate their experiences or opinions about a specified topic or concern. * * *
See speak. * * *
/speek"ee'zee/, n., pl. speakeasies. a saloon or nightclub selling alcoholic beverages illegally, esp. during Prohibition. [1885-90, Amer.; SPEAK + EASY] * * *
—speakership, n. /spee"keuhr/, n. 1. a person who speaks. 2. a person who speaks formally before an audience; lecturer; orator. 3. (usually cap.) the presiding officer of the ...
/spee"keuhr/, n. Tris(tram E.), 1888-1958, U.S. baseball player. * * *
Speaker of the House
n the person who is in charge of most of the activities of the House of Representatives. He or she is responsible for keeping order in debates, for naming the members of ...
Speaker, Tris
▪ American baseball player and manager in full  Tristram E. Speaker , also called  the Gray Eagle  or  Spoke  born April 4, 1888, Hubbard, Texas, U.S. died Dec. 8, 1958 ...
Speaker, Tristram. Known as “Tris.” 1888-1958. American baseball player who earned a career batting average of.344 playing with the Boston Red Sox (1907-1915) and the ...
/spee"keuhr fohn'/, n. a telephone or telephone attachment equipped with both loudspeaker and microphone, thus permitting the instrument to be used without being held. [1955-60, ...
See speaker. * * *
Speakers’ Corner
the north-east corner of Hyde Park(1) in London, England. Since the 19th century people have been allowed to make speeches to the public there about any subject they choose. At ...
—speakingly, adv. —speakingness, n. /spee"king/, n. 1. the act, utterance, or discourse of a person who speaks. 2. speakings, literary works composed for recitation, as ...
speaking clock
n [sing] a telephone service in Britain in which a recorded voice gives the correct time to anyone who rings a special number. * * *
speaking in tongues
a form of glossolalia in which a person experiencing religious ecstasy utters incomprehensible sounds that the speaker believes are a language spoken through him or her by a ...
speaking tube
a tube for conveying the voice over a somewhat limited distance, as from one part of a building or ship to another. [1825-35] * * *
speaking type
Numis. a device on a medal or coin that has a punning reference to a person or thing. * * *
speakingin tongues
speaking in tongues n. See gift of tongues. * * *
speaking tube n. A tube used to convey the voice over a short distance, as from one part of a ship to another. * * *
/speen/, v.t. Chiefly Scot. to wean. [1565-75; var. of dial. spane, ME spanen; c. LG, D spenen, G (dial.) Spänen] * * *
spear1 —spearer, n. /spear/, n. 1. a long, stabbing weapon for thrusting or throwing, consisting of a wooden shaft to which a sharp-pointed head, as of iron or steel, is ...
spear carrier
1. a supernumerary in a theatrical or operatic production, as one of a group of soldiers or a member of a crowd; extra. 2. any minor member of a group, profession, political ...
spear grass
any of various grasses, as a meadow grass or a bent grass, having lance-shaped leaves or floral spikes. [1540-50] * * *
spear gun
a device for shooting a barbed missile under water, usually by means of gas under pressure, a strong rubber band, or a powerful spring. * * *
spear side
the male side, or line of descent, of a family (opposed to distaff side or spindle side). [1860-65] * * *
spear-car·ri·er (spîrʹkăr'ē-ər) n. 1. A minor member of an operatic or dramatic cast, usually having no speaking part. 2. One whose presence or performance has little ...
spear-head spoon
/spear"hed'/. See diamond-point spoon. * * *
/spear"throh'euhr/, n. Anthropol. 1. a flexible device for launching a spear, usually a short cord wound around the spear so that when thrown the weapon will rotate in the ...
See spear1. * * *
/spear"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) spearfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) spearfishes, v. n. 1. any of several fishes of the genus Tetrapturus, ...
See spearfish2. * * *
/spear"fish'euhr meuhn/, n., pl. spearfishermen. a person who engages in spearfishing. [1950-55; SPEAR1 + FISHERMAN] * * *
See spearfisher. * * * ▪ hunting       sport of underwater hunting that became popular in the early 1930s and after World War II spread rapidly throughout the world. ...
spear grass n. See feather grass. * * *
spear gun n. A device for mechanically shooting a spearlike missile under water, as in spearfishing. * * *
/spear"hed'/, n. 1. the sharp-pointed head that forms the piercing end of a spear. 2. any person, contingent, or force that leads an attack, undertaking, etc. v.t. 3. to act as a ...
/spear"ing/, n. Ice Hockey. an illegal check in which a player jabs an opponent with the end of the stick blade or the top end of the stick, resulting in a penalty. [1770-80, for ...
See spearer. * * *
/spear"meuhn/, n., pl. spearmen. a person who is armed with or uses a spear. [1250-1300; ME; see SPEAR1, MAN1] * * *
Spearman, Charles E(dward)
born Sept. 10, 1863, London, Eng. died Sept. 17, 1945, London British psychologist. He is known for his studies on human mental abilities, particularly intelligence, and ...
Spearman, Charles E.
▪ British psychologist in full  Charles Edward Spearman  born September 10, 1863, London, England died September 17, 1945, London       British psychologist who ...
/spear"mint'/, n. an aromatic herb, Mentha spicata, having lance-shaped leaves used for flavoring. [1530-40; SPEAR1 + MINT1] * * * Aromatic herb (Mentha spicata) of the mint ...
/spear"poynt'/, n. 1. the point at the end of a spearhead. 2. a spearhead. [1400-50; late ME; see SPEAR1, POINT] * * *
(1981– ) a US pop singer whose first four albums, including ...Baby One More Time (1999) and Oops!... I Did It Again (2000), went to number one in the Billboard charts. * * *
Spears, Britney
▪ 2003       In 2002 American pop phenomenon Britney Spears made her big-screen debut in Crossroads; though many speculated that the singer's foray into movies would be ...
/spear"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any of several buttercups having lance-shaped leaves and small flowers, as Ranunculus ambigens, of the eastern U.S., growing in mud. [bef. 1000; ME ...
—spec'er, specker, n. /spek/, n, adj., v., spec'd or specked or specced, spec'ing or specking or speccing. n. 1. Usually, specs. specification (def. 2). 2. speculation. 3. on ...
1. special. 2. specially. 3. specifically. 4. specification. * * *
See spec. * * *
—specially, adv. /spesh"euhl/, adj. 1. of a distinct or particular kind or character: a special kind of key. 2. being a particular one; particular, individual, or certain: ...
special act
a legislative act that applies only to specific persons or to a specific area. * * *
special agent
1. an investigator in a law enforcement agency. 2. an insurance sales representative. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
special agents
➡ law enforcement * * *
Special Air Service
➡ SAS. * * *
special area
Brit. See distressed area. * * *
special assessment
a tax levied by a local government on private property to pay the cost of local public improvements, as sidewalk construction or sewage disposal, that are of general benefit to ...
Special Astrophysical Observatory
an astronomical observatory located on Mount Pastukhov near Cherkessk in the Caucasus, in the SW Russian Federation, having a 236-in. (6-m) reflecting telescope, the largest in ...
Special Branch
the department of the British police force that deals with political crimes. It used to be responsible for fighting terrorist groups such as the IRA, but MI5 took over this work ...
special checking account
a checking account that requires no minimum balance but in which a small charge is made for each check issued or drawn and for monthly maintenance. Cf. regular checking ...
special collection
Library Science. a collection of materials segregated from a general library collection according to form, subject, age, condition, rarity, source, or value. * * *
special committee.
See select committee. * * *
special constables
➡ law enforcement * * *
special court-martial
U.S. Mil. a court-martial established to try violations of military law less serious than those tried by a general court-martial but more serious than those tried by a summary ...
special delivery
—special-delivery, adj. (in the U.S. Postal Service) delivery of mail outside the regularly scheduled hours, by a special messenger, upon the payment of an extra fee. [1880-85, ...
special delivery stamp
a stamp of special design, having a value indicating an extra fee in addition to the regular postage, and affixed to an item of mail to ensure its special delivery. [1920-25, ...
special dividend
a dividend paid to stockholders in addition to the regular dividend. Also called extra dividend. * * *
special drawing rights
the reserve asset created through the International Monetary Fund as a supplement to gold and U.S. dollars, for use among the member governments in settling international ...
special economic zone
▪ Chinese economics Chinese (Pinyin)  jingji tequ  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  ching-chi t'e-chü        any of several localities in which foreign and ...
special education
education that is modified or particularized for those having singular needs or disabilities, as handicapped or maladjusted people, slow learners, or gifted children. * * ...
special educational needs
➡ National Curriculum * * *
special effects
Motion Pictures, Television. unusual visual and sound effects beyond the range of normal photography or recording, as simulated fires or earthquakes, explosions, thunder and ...
Special Forces
U.S. Army personnel trained to organize, instruct, supply, and supervise indigenous forces engaged in guerrilla warfare and counterinsurgency operations, and to themselves ...
special function
▪ mathematics       any of a class of mathematical functions (function) that arise in the solution of various classical problems of physics. These problems generally ...
special handling
(in the U.S. Postal Service) the handling of third- and fourth-class mail as first-class upon the payment of a fee. [1925-30] * * *
special interest
—special-interest, adj. a body of persons, corporation, or industry that seeks or receives benefits or privileged treatment, esp. through legislation. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
special jury
Law. 1. See struck jury. 2. See blue-ribbon jury. [1720-30] * * *
special library
a library maintained by an organization, as a business, association, or government agency, to collect materials and provide information of special relevance to the work of the ...
special marine warning
Meteorol. a National Weather Service warning of high-wind conditions at sea that are expected to last for up to two hours, and generally result from convective storm systems, as ...
special offers
➡ advertising * * *
Special Olympics
—Special Olympian. an international program of fitness and athletic competition for children and adults who are mentally and often physically handicapped, founded in 1968 and ...
Special Operations Executive Plan
▪ Primary Source       Annex 25 of First U.S. Army: Operations Plan “Neptune”       1. EMPLOYMENT OF RESISTANCE GROUPS       a. General ...
special orders
Mil. a set of instructions from a headquarters affecting the activity or status of an individual or group of individuals. Cf. general order. * * *
special partner
a partner whose liability for the firm's debts is limited to the amount that partner has invested in the firm. Also called limited partner. Cf. general partner. [1820-30, ...
special partnership.
See limited partnership. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
special plea
Law. a plea that alleges special or new matter as an answer to the allegations made by the opposite side and not as a denial of them. [1710-20] * * *
special pleading
1. Law. pleading that alleges special or new matter in avoidance of the allegations made by the opposite side. 2. pleading or arguing that ignores unfavorable features of a ...
special prosecutor
(formerly) an independent counsel. * * *
special relationship
n [sing] ➡ note at Britain and the US. * * *
Special Report
▪ 1996       The "Contract" with America       BY NINA MASSEN       Fortified with a significant electoral victory on Election Day 1994, Republican leader ...
Special Report: Bosnia and Herzegovina
▪ 1994        Bosnia and Herzegovina in Historical Perspective BY IAN D. ARMOUR  The roots of the "Bosnian question" as a Balkan and European problem go back at least ...
Special Report: Middle Eastern Affairs
▪ 1994 Introduction        Islamic Fundamentalism       BY JOHN L. ESPOSITO       From the Iranian revolution of 1978-79 to the bombing of the New York ...
SPECIAL REPORT: The U.S. Presidential Election
▪ 1997       by George Russell  Election campaigns, like wars, are won through a combination of strategy, logistics, and the application of power. In 1996 Bill Clinton ...
special rule
Law. See under rule (def. 10). * * *
special session
a session, as of a legislature or council, called to meet in addition to those held regularly. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
special staff
Mil. all staff officers assigned to headquarters of a division or higher unit who are not members of the general staff or personal staff. Cf. general staff, personal ...
special team
—special-team, special-teams, adj. Football. a group of players fielded for kicking plays, as punts, kickoffs, and field-goal attempts. * * *
special term
Law. 1. the sitting of a court for the trial of a special case. 2. the sitting of a court at an extraordinary time. * * *
special theory of relativity
Physics. See under relativity (def. 2). Also called special relativity. [1915-20] * * *
See special interest. * * *
spe·cial-needs or special needs (spĕshʹəl-nēdzʹ) adj. Of or relating to people who have specific needs, as those associated with a disability: special-needs housing; a ...
/spesh"euhl awr"deuhr/, v.t. 1. to obtain by specific individual order: to special-order a dining-room chandelier. v.i. 2. to order goods by a special order. * * *
special act n. A legislative act that applies only to a particular person or area. * * *
special court-martial n. In the U.S. armed forces, a court-martial consisting of at least three officers for trying intermediate offenses. * * *
special delivery n. The delivery of a piece of mail, for an additional charge, by a special messenger rather than by scheduled delivery. * * *
special education n. Classroom or private instruction involving techniques, exercises, and subject matter designed for students whose learning needs cannot be met by a standard ...
special effect n. A visual effect added to a movie or a taped television show during processing. Often used in the plural. * * *
Spe·cial Forces (spĕshʹəl) pl.n. A branch of the U.S. Army composed of soldiers specially trained in guerrilla fighting. * * *
special handling n. The handling of fourth-class or parcel-post mail as first-class mail for an extra charge. * * *
special interest n. A person, group, or organization attempting to influence legislators in favor of one particular interest or issue.   speʹcial-inʹter·est ...
/spesh"euh liz'euhm/, n. devotion or restriction to a particular pursuit, branch of study, etc. [1855-60; SPECIAL + -ISM] * * *
/spesh"euh list/, n. 1. a person who devotes himself or herself to one subject or to one particular branch of a subject or pursuit. 2. a medical practitioner who devotes ...
specialist units
➡ CID * * *
/spesh'euh lis"tik/, adj. pertaining to or characteristic of specialists or specialism. [1880-85; SPECIALIST + -IC] * * *
spécialité de la maison
/spe syah lee tay deuh lann may zawonn"/, French. the specialty of the house (used in referring to the most important dish served by a restaurant). * * *
/spesh'ee al"i tee/, n., pl. specialities. Chiefly Brit. specialty. [1400-50; late ME specialite < LL specialitas; see SPECIALTY] * * *
spe·cial·i·za·tion (spĕsh'ə-lĭ-zāʹshən) n. 1. The act of specializing or the process of becoming specialized. 2. Biology. a. Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, ...
—specialization, n. /spesh"euh luyz'/, v., specialized, specializing. v.i. 1. to pursue some special line of study, work, etc.; have a specialty: The doctor specializes in ...
special jury n. See blue-ribbon jury. * * *
specially [spesh′əl ē] adv. 1. in a special manner; particularly 2. for a special purpose * * * See special. * * *
See specially. * * *
Special Olympics pl.n. A program of competitive sports events fashioned after the Olympic Games and intended for physically or mentally challenged athletes. * * *
special pleading n. 1. Law. Assertion of new or special matter to offset the opposing party's allegations, as an alternative to direct denial. 2. A presentation of an argument ...
special relativity n. The physical theory of space and time developed by Albert Einstein, based on the postulates that all the laws of physics are equally valid in all frames of ...
special sense n. Any of the five senses; sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch. * * *
special session n. A session of a court or legislative body held in addition to the regular sessions. * * *
specialtheory of relativity
special theory of relativity n. See special relativity. * * *
/spesh"euhl tee/, n., pl. specialties, adj. n. 1. a special or distinctive quality, mark, state, or condition. 2. a special subject of study, line of work, area of interest, or ...
specialty hair fibre
▪ textiles       any of the textile fibres obtained from certain animals of the goat and camel families, rarer than the more commonly used fibres and valued for such ...
See speciation. * * *
/spee'shee ay"sheuhn, -see ay"-/, n. Biol. the formation of new species as a result of geographic, physiological, anatomical, or behavioral factors that prevent previously ...
See speciate. * * *
specie1 /spee"shee, -see/, n. 1. coined money; coin. 2. in specie, a. in the same kind. b. (of money) in coin. c. in a similar manner; in kind: Such treachery should be repaid in ...
Specie Circular
(July 11, 1836) Executive order issued by Pres. Andrew Jackson. It required payment for purchases of public lands in gold or silver (specie means "money in coin"). The circular ...
specie payment
▪ American finance       the redemption of U.S. paper money by banks or the Treasury in metallic (usually gold) coin.       Except for a few periods of suspension ...
/spee"sheez, -seez/, n., pl. species, adj. n. 1. a class of individuals having some common characteristics or qualities; distinct sort or kind. 2. Biol. the major subdivision of ...
/spee"sheez spi sif"ik, spee"seez-/, adj. Ecol. associated with or limited to one species only. * * *
See species-specific. * * *
—speciesist, adj., n. /spee"shee ziz'euhm, -see ziz'-/, n. discrimination in favor of one species, usually the human species, over another, esp. in the exploitation or ...
See speciesism. * * *
specif abbrev. 1. specific 2. specifically * * *
1. specific. 2. specifically. * * *
/spes"euh fuy'euh beuhl/, adj. that can be specified. [1655-65; SPECIFY + -ABLE] * * *
—specifically, adv. /spi sif"ik/, adj. 1. having a special application, bearing, or reference; specifying, explicit, or definite: to state one's specific purpose. 2. specified, ...
specific characters
specific characters n. the persistent features that distinguish one species from all others * * *
specific charge
Physics. the ratio of the charge on a particle to the mass of the particle. * * *
specific conductance
Elect. conductivity (def. 2). * * *
specific gravity
—specific-gravity, adj. Physics. the ratio of the density of any substance to the density of some other substance taken as standard, water being the standard for liquids and ...
specific heat
Physics. 1. the number of calories required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance 1°C, or the number of BTU's per pound per degree F. 2. (originally) the ratio of ...
specific humidity
the ratio of the mass of water vapor in air to the total mass of the mixture of air and water vapor. Cf. mixing ratio, absolute humidity, dew point, relative humidity. * * ...
specific impulse
Rocketry. 1. a measure, usually in seconds, of the efficiency with which a rocket engine utilizes its propellants, equal to the number of pounds of thrust produced per pound of ...
specific inductive capacity
Elect. permittivity. * * *
specific performance
Law. (esp. in the sale of land) literal compliance with one's contractual promises pursuant to a judicial mandate. [1870-75] * * *
specific resistance
Elect. resistivity (def. 2). * * *
specific volume
Physics. volume per unit mass; the reciprocal of density. * * *
See specific. * * *
/spes'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of specifying. 2. Usually, specifications. a detailed description or assessment of requirements, dimensions, materials, etc., as of a ...
Specifications of the 1902 Wright glider
▪ Table Specifications of the 1902 Wright glider standard metric wingspan 32 ft 1 in 9.8 m wing area 305 sq ft 28.3 sq m length 16 ft 1 in 4.9 m weight (empty) 112 ...
Specifications of the 1903 Wright Flyer
▪ Table Specifications of the 1903 Wright Flyer   standard metric Wingspan 40 ft 4 in 12.3 m Wing area 510 sq ft 47.4 sq m Length 21 ft 1 in 6.4 m Weight (empty) 605 ...
Specifications of the 1905 Wright Flyer
▪ Table Specifications of the 1905 Wright Flyer   standard metric Wingspan 40 ft 6 in 12.3 m Wing area 503 sq ft 46.7 sq m Length 28 ft 8.5 m Weight (empty) 710 lb 322 ...
Specifications of the 1909 Wright Military Flyer
▪ Table Specifications of the 1909 Wright Military Flyer   standard metric Wingspan 36 ft 6 in 11 m Wing area 415 sq ft 38.5 sq m Length 28 ft 11 in 8.8 m Weight ...
specific epithet n. The uncapitalized Latin adjective or noun that follows a capitalized genus name in binomial nomenclature and serves to distinguish a species from others in ...
specific gravity n. The ratio of the mass of a solid or liquid to the mass of an equal volume of distilled water at 4°C (39°F) or of a gas to an equal volume of air or hydrogen ...
specific heat n. 1. The ratio of the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass of a substance by one unit of temperature to the amount of heat required to ...
specific impulse n. A performance measure for rocket propellants that is equal to units of thrust per unit weight of propellant consumed per unit time. Also called specific ...
/spes'euh fis"i tee/, n. 1. the quality or state of being specific. 2. Biochem., Pharm. the selective attachment or influence of one substance on another, as an antibiotic and ...
specific performance n. Law The performance of a contract as specified in its terms. * * *
specific resistance n. Electrical resistivity. * * *
specific thrust n. See specific impulse. * * *
See specify. * * *
—specificative /spes"euh fi kay'tiv/, adj. —specificatively, adv. —specifier, n. /spes"euh fuy'/, v., specified, specifying. v.t. 1. to mention or name specifically or ...
/spes"euh meuhn/, n. 1. a part or an individual taken as exemplifying a whole mass or number; a typical animal, plant, mineral, part, etc. 2. (in medicine, microbiology, etc.) a ...
specimen plant
Hort. a plant grown by itself for ornamental effect, rather than being massed with others in a bed or border. * * *
/spee'shee os"i tee/, n., pl. speciosities. the quality or state of being specious. [1425-75; late ME < LL speciositas good looks, beauty. See SPECIOUS, -ITY] * * *
—speciously, adv. —speciousness, n. /spee"sheuhs/, adj. 1. apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficially pleasing or plausible: specious arguments. 2. ...
specious present
Philos. a short time span in which change and duration are alleged to be directly experienced. * * *
See specious. * * *
See speciously. * * *
—speckedness /spek"id nis/, n. —speckless, adj. —specklessly, adv. —specklessness, n. /spek/, n. 1. a small spot differing in color or substance from that of the surface ...
Speck, Frank Gouldsmith
▪ American anthropologist born Nov. 8, 1881, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1950, Philadelphia, Pa.       American cultural anthropologist known for his work on the ...
—speckledness, n. /spek"euhl/, n., v., speckled, speckling. n. 1. a small speck, spot, or mark, as on skin. 2. speckled coloring or marking. v.t. 3. to mark with or as with ...
speckle interferometry
Astron. a photographic technique for clarifying the telescopic images of a star by taking short exposures of the electronic images of the star's speckle pattern and extrapolating ...
speckle pattern
Astron. the visual appearance of a star as viewed through a large telescope, with irregularities caused by the distorting effect of local turbulence in the earth's ...
speck·led (spĕkʹəld) adj. 1. Dotted or covered with speckles, especially flecked with small spots of contrasting color. 2. Of a mixed character; motley. * * *
speckled trout
☆ speckled trout n. any of various fishes, as the sea trout or brook trout * * *
speckled trout.
See brook trout (def. 1). [1795-1805, Amer.] * * *
speckled trout n. See brook trout. * * *
/speks/, n.pl. Informal. 1. spectacles; eyeglasses. 2. specifications. [1800-10; by shortening] * * *
/spekt/, n. single photon emission computed tomography: a technique for measuring brain function similar to PET. [1985-90] * * *
—spectacleless, adj. —spectaclelike, adj. /spek"teuh keuhl/, n. 1. anything presented to the sight or view, esp. something of a striking or impressive kind: The stars make a ...
/spek"teuh keuhld/, adj. 1. wearing spectacles. 2. (of an animal) having a marking resembling a pair of spectacles. [1600-10; SPECTACLE + -ED3] * * *
spectacled bear
or Andean bear Only South American species of bear (Tremarctos ornatus, family Ursidae), found in mountain forests, especially in the Andes. It feeds mainly on shoots and fruit ...
spectacled cobra.
See Indian cobra. [1850-55] * * *
spectacled owl
▪ bird       nocturnal bird of prey found in tropical American forests and named for the white feathers around its eyes. This owl, measuring up to 48 cm (19 inches) in ...
—spectacularity /spek tak'yeuh lar"i tee/, spectacularism, n. —spectacularly, adv. /spek tak"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of or like a spectacle; marked by or given to an impressive, ...
Spectacular Bid
▪ racehorse       (foaled 1976), American racehorse (Thoroughbred) who in 1979 won two of the Triple Crown events: the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes. ...
See spectacular. * * *
See spectacularity. * * *
/spek"tayt/, v.i., spectated, spectating. to participate as a spectator, as at a horse race. [1700-10; back formation from SPECTATOR] * * *
—spectatorial /spek'teuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. /spek"tay teuhr, spek tay"-/, n. 1. a person who looks on or watches; onlooker; observer. 2. a person who is present at ...
spectator pump
a woman's spectator shoe, closed at the front and back, usually having a medium or medium-high heel. * * *
spectator sport
any sport that can be watched by spectators, as football or basketball, usually for a fee. [1940-45] * * *
Spectator, The
a weekly periodical (1711-12, 1714) issued by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele. * * * Daily periodical published in London by Richard Steele and Joseph Addison from March 1, ...
spectatorial [spek΄tə tôr′ē əl] adj. of, or being that of, a spectator or onlooker [their purely spectatorial role in the conflict] * * * See spectator. * * *
See spectatorial. * * *
/spek"teuhr/, n. 1. a visible incorporeal spirit, esp. one of a terrifying nature; ghost; phantom; apparition. 2. some object or source of terror or dread: the specter of disease ...
/spek'teuh noh muy"sin/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic drug, C14H24N2O7, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces spectabilis, used in the treatment of susceptible ...
(1940– ) a US pop record producer best known for creating the ‘wall of sound’ in the 1960s, in which songs were recorded with music played by many instruments. This idea ...
Spector, Phil
▪ American record producer Introduction in full  Harvey Phillip Spector   born Dec. 26, 1940, New York City, N.Y., U.S.       American record producer of the 1960s, ...
/spek"treuh/, n. a pl. of spectrum. * * *
spectra yellow
a vivid yellow color. Also called Hansa yellow. * * *
—spectrality, spectralness, n. —spectrally, adv. /spek"treuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a specter; ghostly; phantom. 2. resembling or suggesting a specter. 3. of, ...
spectral line
Optics. a line in a spectrum due to the absorption or emission of light at a discrete frequency. [1865-70] * * *
spectral line series
▪ physics       any of the related sequences of wavelengths characterizing the light and other electromagnetic radiation emitted by energized atoms. The simplest of ...
spectral series
Physics. a series of lines in the spectrum of light emitted by excited atoms of an element, each line being related to the others in the series by a simple numerical equation and ...
spectral type
Astron. a category for classifying a star, as A star or G star, according to features of its spectrum, as its shape as a function of temperature and wavelength and its absorption ...
See spectral. * * *
spectral line n. An isolated bright or dark line in a spectrum produced by emission or absorption of light of a single wavelength. * * *
See spectrality. * * *
See spectrality. * * *
/spek"teuhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. specter. * * *
/spek"trin/, n. Biochem. a rodlike structural protein of the red blood cell membrane. [1968; SPECT(E)R (cf. GHOST def. 12) + -IN2] * * *
a combining form representing spectrum in compound words: spectrometer. * * *
—spectrobolometric /spek'troh boh'leuh me"trik/, adj. /spek'troh boh lom"i teuhr/, n. Physics. an instrument consisting of a spectroscope and a bolometer, for determining the ...
/spek'troh kem"i keuhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or utilizing the techniques of spectrochemistry. [SPECTRO- + CHEMICAL] * * *
spectrochemical analysis
Any of a group of chemical analysis methods that depend on measurement of the wavelength and intensity of electromagnetic radiation. It is used chiefly to determine the ...
/spek'troh kem"euh stree/, n. the branch of chemistry that deals with the chemical analysis of substances by means of the spectra of light they absorb or emit. [SPECTRO- + ...
/spek'troh kul'euh rim"i tree/, n. the quantitative measure of colors by spectrophotometry. [SPECTRO- + COLORIMETRY] * * *
/spek"troh floo rim"i teuhr, -flaw-, -floh-/, n. Spectroscopy. an instrument in which the spectrum of secondarily emitted fluorescent light is used to identify chemical ...
/spek"treuh gram'/, n. 1. a representation or photograph of a spectrum. 2. See sound spectrogram. [1890-95; SPECTRO- + -GRAM1] * * *
—spectrographer /spek trog"reuh feuhr/, n. —spectrographic /spek'treuh graf"ik/, adj. —spectrographically, adv. —spectrography, n. /spek"treuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. a ...
See spectrograph. * * *
See spectrographic. * * *
See spectrographic. * * *

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