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spermaticcord
spermatic cord n. A cordlike structure, consisting of the vas deferens and its accompanying arteries, veins, nerves, and lymphatic vessels, that passes from the abdominal cavity ...
spermaticide
—spermaticidal, adj. /sperr mat"euh suyd', sperr"meuh teuh-/, n. spermicide. * * *
spermatid
/sperr"meuh tid/, n. Cell Biol. one of the cells that result from the meiotic divisions of a spermatocyte and mature into spermatozoa. [1885-90; SPERMAT- + -ID3] * * *
spermatium
/sperr may"shee euhm/, n., pl. spermatia /-shee euh/. 1. Bot. the nonmotile male gamete of a red alga. 2. Mycol. a minute, colorless cell, of certain fungi and lichens, believed ...
spermato-
a combining form meaning "seed"; used with this meaning and as a combining form of sperm1 in the formation of compound words: spermatogonium. Also, esp. before a vowel, spermat-. ...
spermatocidal
See spermatocide. * * *
spermatocide
—spermatocidal, adj. /sperr mat"euh suyd', sperr"meuh teuh-/, n. spermicide. * * *
spermatocyte
—spermatocytal, adj. /sperr mat"euh suyt', sperr"meuh teuh-/, n. Cell Biol. a male germ cell (primary spermatocyte) that gives rise by meiosis to a pair of haploid cells ...
spermatogenesis
—spermatogenetic /sperr'meuh toh jeuh net"ik, speuhr mat'oh-/, adj. /sperr mat'euh jen"euh sis, sperr'meuh teuh-/, n. Biol. the origin and development of spermatozoa. [1880-85; ...
spermatogenetic
See spermatogenesis. * * *
spermatogenic
See spermatogenetic. * * *
spermatogenous
/sperr'meuh toj"euh neuhs/, adj. producing spermatozoa. [SPERMATO- + -GENOUS] * * *
spermatogonial
See spermatogonium. * * *
spermatogonium
—spermatogonial, adj. /sperr mat'euh goh"nee euhm, sperr'meuh teuh-/, n., pl. spermatogonia /-nee euh/. Cell Biol. one of the undifferentiated germ cells giving rise to ...
spermatoid
/sperr"meuh toyd'/, adj. resembling sperm. [SPERMAT- + -OID] * * *
spermatophoral
See spermatophore. * * *
spermatophore
—spermatophoral /sperr'meuh tof"euhr euhl/, spermatophorous /sperr'meuh tof"euhr euhs/, adj. /sperr mat"euh fawr', -fohr', sperr"meuh teuh-/, n. Zool. a capsule surrounding a ...
spermatophyte
—spermatophytic /sperr'meuh teuh fit"ik, sperr mat'euh-/, adj. /sperr mat"euh fuyt', sperr"meuh teuh-/, n. any of the Spermatophyta, a primary division or group of plants ...
spermatophytic
See spermatophyte. * * *
spermatorrhea
/sperr'meuh teuh ree"euh, sperr mat'euh-/, n. Pathol. abnormally frequent and involuntary nonorgasmic emission of semen. Also, spermatorrhoea. [1855-60; < NL; see SPERMATO-, ...
spermatotoxic
/sperr mat'euh tok"sik, sperr"meuh teuh-/, adj. spermotoxic. Also, spermatoxic /sperr'meuh tok"sik/. * * *
spermatotoxin
/sperr mat'euh tok"sin, sperr"meuh teuh-/, n. spermotoxin. Also, spermatoxin /sperr'meuh tok"sin/. * * *
spermatozoal
See spermatozoon. * * *
spermatozoan
See spermatozoal. * * *
spermatozoic
See spermatozoal. * * *
spermatozoid
/sperr'meuh teuh zoh"id, sperr mat'euh-/, n. Bot., Mycol. a motile male gamete produced in an antheridium. [1855-60; SPERMATOZO(ON) + -ID1] * * *
spermatozoon
—spermatozoal, spermatozoan, spermatozoic, adj. /sperr'meuh teuh zoh"euhn, -on, sperr mat'euh-/, n., pl. spermatozoa /-zoh"euh/. Cell Biol. one of the minute, usually actively ...
spermi-
spermi- or sperma- or spermo- or sperm- pref. 1. Seed: spermophile. 2. Sperm: spermine.   [Greek spermo-, sperm-, from sperma, seed. See sperm1.] * * *
spermic
/sperr"mik/, adj. spermatic. [1855-60; SPERM- + -IC] * * *
spermicidal
See spermicide. * * *
spermicide
/sperr"meuh suyd'/, n. a sperm-killing agent, esp. a commercial birth-control preparation, usually a cream or jelly. [1925-30; SPERM1 + -I- + -CIDE] * * *
spermidine
/sperr"mi deen', -din/, n. Biochem. a biogenic polyamine, H2N(CH2)4NH(CH2)3NH2, formed from putrescine, occurring widely in nature and first identified in semen. [1925-30; SPERM- ...
spermine
/sperr"meen, -min/, n. Biochem. a polyamine, H2N(CH2)3NH(CH2)4NH(CH2)3NH2, formed from spermidine and occurring in all cells, esp. prevalent in semen, sputum, pancreatic tissue, ...
spermiogenesis
—spermiogenetic /sperr'mee oh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /sperr'mee oh jen"euh sis/, n. Cell Biol. the development of a spermatozoon from a spermatid. [1915-20; < NL spermi-, comb. ...
spermiogenetic
See spermiogenesis. * * *
spermo-
a combining form of sperm1, used also with the meaning "seed," "germ," "semen," in the formation of compound words: spermophyte. Also, esp. before a vowel, sperm-. * * *
spermogonium
/sperr'meuh goh"nee euhm/, n., pl. spermogonia /-nee euh/. Bot., Mycol. one of the cup-shaped or flask-shaped receptacles in which the spermatia of certain fungi and red algae ...
spermoil
sperm oil n. A yellow, waxy oil obtained from the head of the sperm whale and used as an industrial lubricant. * * *
spermophile
/sperr"meuh fuyl', -fil/, n. any of various burrowing rodents of the squirrel family, esp. of the genus Spermophilus (or Citellus), sometimes sufficiently numerous to do much ...
spermophyte
—spermophytic /sperr'meuh fit"ik/, adj. /sperr"meuh fuyt'/, n. Bot. spermatophyte. [1890-95; < NL Spermophyta; see SPERMO-, -PHYTE] * * *
spermotoxic
/sperr'meuh tok"sik/, adj. (of a substance) toxic to spermatozoa. Also, spermatoxic, spermatotoxic. [SPERMO- + TOXIC] * * *
spermotoxin
/sperr'meuh tok"sin/, n. a substance toxic to spermatozoa. Also, spermatoxin, spermatotoxin. [SPERMO- + TOXIN] * * *
spermous
/sperr"meuhs/, adj. of the nature of or pertaining to sperm. [1815-25; SPERM1 + -OUS] * * *
spermwashing
sperm washing n. A procedure for separating sperm cells from the seminal fluid, used especially in the treatment of male infertility. * * *
spermwhale
sperm whale n. Any of several large, toothed whales of the family Physeteridae, especially Physeter catodon or P. macrocephalus, of tropical and temperate oceans, whose massive ...
Sperrgebiet
▪ region, Namibia German“Prohibited Area”also called  Diamond Area 1        diamond-rich area in the southern Namib (desert), southwestern Namibia, to which ...
Sperrin Mountains
▪ mountains, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Irish  Sliabh Speirín        mountain range disposed along an arc about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Londonderry city, ...
Sperrle, Hugo
▪ German military officer born February 7, 1885, Ludwigsburg, Germany died April 2, 1953, near Landsberg am Lech, West Germany       field marshal of the Luftwaffe ...
Sperry
/sper"ee/, n. Elmer Ambrose, 1860-1930, U.S. inventor and manufacturer. * * *
Sperry Corporation
formerly  (1955–79) Sperry Rand Corporation,         American corporation that merged with the Burroughs Corporation in 1986 to form Unisys Corporation (q.v.), a ...
Sperry, Elmer (Ambrose)
born Oct. 12, 1860, Cortland, N.Y., U.S. died June 16, 1930, Brooklyn, N.Y. U.S. inventor and industrialist. He opened his own factory in Chicago at the age of 20 to make ...
Sperry, Elmer Ambrose
▪ American inventor baptized Oct. 12, 1860, Cortland, N.Y., U.S. died June 16, 1930, Brooklyn, N.Y.       versatile American inventor and industrialist, best known for ...
Sperry, Roger
born Aug. 20, 1913, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died April 17, 1994, Pasadena, Calif. U.S. neurobiologist. He earned a doctorate in zoology from the University of Chicago. He studied ...
Sperry, Roger Wolcott
▪ 1995       U.S. neurobiologist (b. Aug. 20, 1913, Hartford, Conn.—d. April 17, 1994, Pasadena, Calif.), conducted fundamental studies on the left and right cerebral ...
Sperry,Elmer Ambrose
Sper·ry (spĕrʹē), Elmer Ambrose. 1860-1930. American engineer and inventor of numerous electrical devices, including the gyrocompass, a nonmagnetic navigational aid ...
Sperry,Roger Wolcott
Sperry, Roger Wolcott. 1913-1994. American neurobiologist. He shared a 1981 Nobel Prize for studies of the organization and functioning of the brain. * * *
sperrylite
/sper"euh luyt'/, n. a mineral, platinum arsenide, PtAs2, occurring in minute tin-white crystals, usually cubes: a minor ore of platinum. [1905-10; named after F. L. Sperry, ...
sperə-
Ankle. Oldest form *sperə₂-. Zero-grade form *spr̥(ə)-. 1. spur, from Old English spura, spora, spur, from Germanic suffixed form *spur-ōn-. 2. Nasalized zero-grade form ...
spessartine
▪ gem       manganese aluminum garnet that is a semiprecious gem when clear. Found combined with almandine, it ranges in colour from pale orange yellow, when nearly ...
spessartite
/spes"euhr tuyt'/, n. Mineral. a yellow or red manganese-aluminum garnet, used as a semiprecious gem. Also called spessartine /spes"euhr teen', -tin/. [1885-90; named after ...
Speusippus
▪ Greek philosopher died 339/338 BC       Greek philosopher who became head, or scholarch, of the Greek Academy after the death in 347 BC of Plato, who had founded it ...
spew
—spewer, n. /spyooh/, v.i. 1. to discharge the contents of the stomach through the mouth; vomit. v.t. 2. to eject from the stomach through the mouth; vomit. 3. to cast forth, ...
spewer
See spew. * * *
Spey
a river in the Highlands of Scotland. It flows north-east through the Grampians(a range of mountains) to the Moray Firth (a narrow area of water stretching from the North Sea ...
Spey, River
River, northeastern Scotland. It rises in the Corrieyairack Forest and flows 107 mi (172 km) northeast across the Highlands into the North Sea. It is noted for salmon fishing, ...
Speyer
/shpuy"euhrdd/, n. a city in SW Germany, on the Rhine. 44,100. Also called Spires. * * * ▪ Germany also spelled  Speier , English  Spires   city, Rhineland-Palatinate ...
Spezia
It. /spe"tsyah/, n. See La Spezia. * * *
SPF
sun protection factor: the effectiveness of suntanning preparations in protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's ultraviolet radiation, as rated on a scale of ...
spgr
sp gr abbr. specific gravity. * * *
sphacelate
sphacelate [sfas′ə lāt΄] vt., vi. sphacelated, sphacelating 〚< ModL sphacelatus, pp. of sphacelare, to mortify < sphacelus, gangrene < Gr sphakelos〛 to make or become ...
sphaeristerium
/sfear'euh stear"ee euhm/, n., pl. sphaeristeria /sfear'euh stear"ee euh/. an ancient Roman handball court. [ < L sphaeristerium < Gk sphairistérion, deriv. of sphaîra ball; ...
sphaero-
var. of sphero-: sphaerometer. * * *
sphagia
▪ Greek religion       in ancient Greek religion, a propitiatory sacrifice made to the chthonic (underworld) deities and forces (including the winds and the spirits of ...
sphagnous
/sfag"neuhs/, adj. pertaining to, abounding in, or consisting of sphagnum. [1820-30; SPHAGN(UM) + -OUS] * * *
sphagnum
/sfag"neuhm/, n. any soft moss of the genus Sphagnum, occurring chiefly in bogs, used for potting and packing plants, for dressing wounds, etc. [1745-55; < NL, alter. of Gk ...
sphalerite
/sfal"euh ruyt', sfay"leuh-/, n. a very common mineral, zinc sulfide, ZnS, usually containing some iron and a little cadmium, occurring in yellow, brown, or black crystals or ...
sphecid
/sfee"sid/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Sphecidae, a family of solitary wasps, including the mud daubers, sand wasps, etc. n. 2. a sphecid wasp. [ < NL Sphecidae, ...
sphen-
var. of spheno- before a vowel: sphenic. * * *
sphene
/sfeen/, n. a mineral, calcium titanium silicate, CaTiSiO5, occurring as an accessory mineral in a variety of crystalline rocks, usually in small wedge-shaped crystals. Also ...
sphenic
/sfee"nik/, adj. wedge-shaped. [SPHEN- + -IC] * * *
sphenisciform
      any member of the avian order Sphenisciformes, the taxonomic group in which all penguins are classified. The 17 sphenisciform species are flightless marine birds of ...
spheno-
a combining form meaning "wedge," used in the formation of compound words: sphenography. Also, esp. before a vowel, sphen-. [ < NL < Gk sphén wedge + -o- -O-] * * *
Sphenoclea
▪ plant genus       the only genus in the plant family Sphenocleaceae (order Solanales). It contains two species. Sphenoclea zeylanica is an herb 1.5 metres (4 feet) ...
sphenodon
/sfee"neuh don', sfen"euh-/, n. tuatara. [1875-80; < NL: genus name (orig. Sphaenodon), equiv. to Gk sphen- SPHEN- + -odon -toothed (see -ODONT)] * * *
sphenogram
/sfee"neuh gram'/, n. a cuneiform character. [1860-65; SPHENO- + -GRAM1] * * *
sphenography
—sphenographer, sphenographist, n. —sphenographic /sfee'neuh graf"ik/, adj. /sfee nog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the art of writing in cuneiform characters. 2. the study of cuneiform ...
sphenoid
/sfee"noyd/, adj. Also, sphenoidal. 1. wedge-shaped. 2. Anat. of or pertaining to the compound bone of the base of the skull, at the roof of the pharynx. See diag. under ...
sphenoidal
See sphenoid. * * *
sphenoidbone
sphenoid bone n. A compound bone with winglike processes, situated at the base of the skull. * * *
Sphenophyllum
▪ fossil plant genus       genus of extinct plants (plant) that lived from the end of the Devonian Period to the beginning of the Triassic Period (about 360 to 251 ...
sphenopsid
/sfi nop"sid/, n. equisetoid. [1955-60; < NL Sphenopsida the order which includes horsetails; see SPHEN-, -OPSIS, -ID2] * * *
spher-
spher- pref. Variant of sphero-. * * *
spheral
—spherality /sfi ral"i tee/, n. /sfear"euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a sphere. 2. spherical. 3. symmetrical; perfect in form. [1565-75; < LL sphaeralis. See SPHERE, ...
sphere
—sphereless, adj. —spherelike, adj. /sfear/, n., v., sphered, sphering. n. 1. Geom. a. a solid geometric figure generated by the revolution of a semicircle about its ...
sphere of influence
any area in which one nation wields dominant power over another or others. [1880-85] * * * In international politics, a state's claim to exclusive or predominant control over a ...
sphereof influence
sphere of influence n. pl. spheres of influence A territorial area over which political or economic influence is wielded by one nation. * * *
spherical
—sphericality, n. —spherically, adv. /sfer"i keuhl, sfear"-/, adj. 1. having the form of a sphere; globular. 2. formed in or on a sphere, as a figure. 3. of or pertaining to ...
spherical aberration
variation in focal length of a lens or mirror from center to edge, due to its spherical shape. [1865-70] * * *
spherical angle
Geom. an angle formed by arcs of great circles of a sphere. [1670-80] * * *
spherical astronomy
the branch of astronomy dealing with the determination of the positions of celestial bodies on the celestial sphere. Cf. astrometry. * * *
spherical coordinate
spherical coordinate n. Math. any of three coordinates for locating a point in three-dimensional space by reference to the length of its radius vector and the two polar angles ...
spherical coordinate system
In geometry, a coordinate system in which any point in three-dimensional space is specified by its angle with respect to a polar axis and angle of rotation with respect to a ...
spherical coordinates
Math. a system of coordinates for locating a point in space by the length of its radius vector and the angles this vector makes with two perpendicular polar planes. [1860-65] * * ...
spherical geometry
the branch of geometry that deals with figures on spherical surfaces. [1720-30] * * *
spherical polygon
Geom. a closed figure formed by arcs of great circles on a spherical surface. [1715-25] * * *
spherical sailing
a method of navigation in which the curvature of the earth is taken into consideration. Also called circular sailing. Cf. plane sailing. * * *
spherical triangle
Geom. a triangle formed by arcs of great circles of a sphere. [1575-85] * * *
spherical trigonometry
the branch of trigonometry that deals with spherical triangles. [1720-30] * * *
sphericalaberration
spherical aberration n. The blurring of an image that occurs when light from the margin of a lens or mirror with a spherical surface comes to a shorter focus than light from the ...
sphericalangle
spherical angle Thespherical angle ABCis equal to the plane angle AOC. Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. The angle formed at the intersection of the arcs of two great circles. * * *
sphericalcoordinate
spherical coordinate n. Any of a set of coordinates in a three-dimensional system for locating points in space by means of a radius vector and two angles measured from the center ...
sphericalexcess
spherical excess n. The difference between the sum of the angles of a spherical triangle and the sum of the angles of a plane triangle. * * *
sphericalgeometry
spherical geometry n. The geometry of circles, angles, and figures on the surface of a sphere. * * *
spherically
See spherical. * * *
sphericalness
See spherically. * * *
sphericalpolygon
spherical polygon n. A part of a spherical surface that is bounded by arcs of three or more great circles. * * *
sphericaltriangle
spherical triangle n. A triangle the three sides of which are arcs of great circles. * * *
sphericaltrigonometry
spherical trigonometry n. The modified form of trigonometry applied to spherical triangles. * * *
sphericity
/sfi ris"i tee/, n., pl. sphericities. a spherical state or form. [1615-25; < NL sphericitas, equiv. to LL spheric(us) (see SPHERICS1) + -itas- -ITY] * * *
spherics
spherics1 /sfer"iks, sfear"-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the geometry and trigonometry of figures formed on the surface of a sphere. [1650-60; earlier spheric, n. use of the adj. ...
sphero-
a combining form representing sphere in compound words: spherometer. Also, sphaero-, -sphere. * * *
spheroid
/sfear"oyd/, Geom. n. 1. a solid geometrical figure similar in shape to a sphere, as an ellipsoid. See diag. under prolate. adj. 2. spheroidal. [1655-65; < L sphaeroides < Gk ...
spheroidal
—spheroidally, spheroidically, adv. /sfi royd"l/, adj. 1. pertaining to a spheroid or spheroids. 2. shaped like a spheroid; approximately spherical. Also, spheroidic. [1775-85; ...
spheroidally
See spheroidal. * * *
spheroidic
See spheroidal. * * *
spheroidicity
/sfear'oy dis"i tee/, n. a spheroidal state or form. Also, spheroidity /sfi roy"di tee/. [1850-55; SPHEROID + -IC + -ITY] * * *
spherometer
/sfi rom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring the curvature of spheres and curved surfaces. [1820-30; < F sphéromètre; see SPHERO-, -METER] * * *
spheroplast
/sfear"euh plast', sfer"-/, n. Bacteriol. a Gram-negative bacterial cell with a cell wall that has been altered or is partly missing, resulting in a spherical shape. [1915-20; ...
spherular
See spherule. * * *
spherule
—spherular /sfer"yoo leuhr, sfear"-/, adj. —spherulate /sfer"yoo layt', -lit, sfear"-/, adj. /sfer"oohl, -yoohl, sfear"-/, n. a small sphere or spherical body. [1655-65; < LL ...
spherulite
—spherulitic /sfer'oo lit"ik, -yoo-, sfear'-/, adj. /sfer"oo luyt', -yoo-, sfear"-/, n. Petrol. a rounded aggregate of radiating crystals found in obsidian and other glassy ...
spherulitic
See spherulite. * * *
sphery
/sfear"ee/, adj. 1. having the form of a sphere; spherelike. 2. pertaining to or resembling a heavenly body; starlike. [1580-90; SPHERE + -Y1] * * *
sphincter
—sphincteral, sphincterial /sfingk tear"ee euhl/, sphincteric /sfingk ter"ik/, sphincterate /sfingk"teuhr it, -teuh rayt'/, adj. /sfingk"teuhr/, n. Anat. a circular band of ...
sphincter muscle
▪ anatomy  any of the ringlike muscles surrounding and able to contract or close a bodily passage or opening. One of the most important human sphincter muscles is the ...
sphincteral
See sphincter. * * *
sphinges
sphin·ges (sfĭnʹjēz') n. A plural of sphinx. * * *
sphingid
/sfin"jid/, n. See hawk moth. [1905-10; < NL Sphingidae family name, equiv. to sphing- (s. of Sphinx type genus) + -idae -IDAE; see -ID2] * * *
sphingolipid
▪ biochemistry       any member of a class of lipids (fat-soluble constituents of living cells) containing the organic aliphatic amino alcohol sphingosine or a substance ...
sphingomyelin
/sfing'goh muy"euh lin/, n. Biochem. any of the class of phospholipids occurring chiefly in the brain and spinal cord, composed of phosphoric acid, choline, sphingosine, and a ...
sphingosine
/sfing"geuh seen', -sin/, n. Biochem. a basic unsaturated amino alcohol, C18H33(OH)2NH2, produced by the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin or gangliosides. [1881; earlier sphingosin, ...
sphinx
/sfingks/, n., pl. sphinxes, sphinges /sfin"jeez/. 1. (in ancient Egypt) a. a figure of an imaginary creature having the head of a man or an animal and the body of a lion. b. ...
sphinx moth.
See hawk moth. [1830-40] * * *
sphinxmoth
sphinx moth n. See hawkmoth. * * *
sphragistic
/sfreuh jis"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to seals or signet rings. [1830-40; < LGk sphragistikós, equiv. to Gk sphragist(ós) stamped, marked (deriv. of sphragís a seal) + -ikos ...
sphragistics
/sfreuh jis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the scientific study of seals or signet rings. [1830-40; see SPHRAGISTIC, -ICS] * * *
Sphrantzes, George
▪ Byzantine historian Sphrantzes also spelled  Sphrantes  or  Phrantzes  born 1401 died c. 1477, Corfu [Greece]       Byzantine historian and diplomat who wrote a ...
spht
sp ht abbr. specific heat. * * *
sphygmic
/sfig"mik/, adj. Physiol., Med. of or pertaining to the pulse. [1700-10; < Gk sphygmikós, equiv. to sphygm(ós) SPHYGMUS + -ikos -IC] * * *
sphygmo-
a combining form representing sphygmus in compound words: sphygmometer. * * *
sphygmogram
/sfig"meuh gram'/, n. a tracing or diagram produced by a sphygmograph. [1885-90; SPHYGMO- + -GRAM1] * * *
sphygmograph
—sphygmographic /sfig'meuh graf"ik/, adj. —sphygmography /sfig mog"reuh fee/, n. /sfig"meuh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument for recording the rapidity, strength, and ...
sphygmographic
See sphygmograph. * * *
sphygmography
See sphygmographic. * * *
sphygmoid
/sfig"moyd/, adj. Physiol., Med. resembling the pulse; pulselike. [SPHYGM(O)- + -OID] * * *
sphygmomanometer
—sphygmomanometric /sfig'moh man'euh me"trik/, adj. —sphygmomanometry, n. /sfig'moh meuh nom"i teuhr/, n. Physiol. an instrument, often attached to an inflatable air-bladder ...
sphygmomanometric
See sphygmomanometer. * * *
sphygmomanometrically
See sphygmomanometric. * * *
sphygmomanometry
See sphygmomanometric. * * *
sphygmometer
sphygmometer [sfig mäm′ət ər] n. 〚 SPHYGMO- + -METER〛 an instrument for measuring the force and rate of the pulse * * *
sphygmus
/sfig"meuhs/, n. Physiol. the pulse. [1910-15; < NL < Gk sphygmós a throbbing, pulsation; cf. ASPHYXIA] * * *
sphynx cat
Breed of hairless domestic cat, founded on two spontaneous mutations in shorthaired cats. The first occurred in 1975 when Jezabelle, a stray, produced a hairless female kitten, ...
spic
/spik/, n. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a Spanish-American person. Also, spik, spick. [1910-15; earlier also spig, short for spiggoty; claimed, perh. correctly, to derive ...
spic-and-span
spic-and-span (spĭk'ən-spănʹ) adj. Variant of spick-and-span. * * *
spica
/spuy"keuh/, n., pl. spicae /-see/, spicas for 1, 2. 1. spike2. 2. a type of bandage in the shape of a figure eight, extending from an extremity to the trunk. 3. (cap.) Astron. a ...
spicate
/spuy"kayt/, adj. Bot. 1. having spikes, as a plant. 2. arranged in spikes, as flowers. 3. in the form of a spike, as in inflorescence. [1660-70; < L spicatus, equiv. to spic(a) ...
spiccato
/spi kah"toh/; It. /speek kah"taw/, adj. (of violin music) performed with short, abrupt, rebounding motions of the bow. [1840-50; < It, equiv. to spicc- (s. of spiccare to ...
spice
—spiceable, adj. —spiceless, adj. —spicelike, adj. /spuys/, n., v., spiced, spicing. n. 1. any of a class of pungent or aromatic substances of vegetable origin, as pepper, ...
spice and herb
Dried parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, savory, medicinal, or otherwise desirable properties. Spices are the fragrant or pungent products of such tropical ...
Spice Girls
an English pop group consisting of young women who sing and dance. The media often distinguish between them by using a different adjective for each, e.g. ‘Sporty Spice’ and ...
Spice Islands
Moluccas. * * *
spice trade
 the cultivation, preparation, transport, and merchandising of spices and herbs, an enterprise of ancient origins and great cultural and economic ...
spiceberry
☆ spiceberry [spīs′ber΄ē ] n. pl. spiceberries 1. a) a Caribbean tree (Eugenia rhombea) of the myrtle family, having orange or black fruit b) this fruit 2. any of several ...
spicebush
/spuys"boosh'/, n. 1. Also called spice-wood. a yellow-flowered, North American shrub, Lindera benzoin, of the laurel family, whose bark and leaves have a spicy odor. 2. a North ...
spicebush silk moth.
See promethea moth. * * *
spicebush swallowtail
a swallowtail butterfly, Papilio troilus, having a dark body with yellow spots on the forewings and greenish hind wings. Also called troilus butterfly. [1900-05] * * *
spicebushswallowtail
spicebush swallowtail n. A large swallowtail (Papilio troilus) of eastern North America that feeds on spicebushes, having dark forewings with yellow marginal spots and ...
SpiceIslands
Spice Islands (spīs) See Moluccas. * * *
spicery
/spuy"seuh ree/, n., pl. spiceries for 3. 1. spices. 2. spicy flavor or fragrance. 3. Archaic. a storeroom or place for spices. [1250-1300; ME spicerie < OF espicerie. See SPICE, ...
spicewood
/spuys"wood'/, n. spicebush (def. 1). [1750-60, Amer.; SPICE + WOOD1] * * *
spicey
/spuy"see/, adj., spicier, spiciest. spicy. * * *
spicily
See spicy. * * *
spiciness
See spicily. * * *
spick
/spik/, n. spic. * * *
spick-and-span
/spik"euhn span"/, adj. 1. spotlessly clean and neat: a spick-and-span kitchen. 2. perfectly new; fresh. adv. 3. in a spick-and-span manner. [1570-80; short for ...
spicula
/spik"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. spiculae /-lee'/. a spicule. [1740-50; < NL spicula, ML, equiv. to L spic(a) ear of grain + -ula -ULE] * * *
spicular
See spicule. * * *
spiculate
/spik"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. 1. having the form of a spicule. 2. covered with or having spicules; consisting of spicules. Also, spicular /spik"yeuh leuhr/. [1825-35; < L ...
spiculation
spic·u·la·tion (spĭk'yə-lāʹshən) n. Formation into a spicule or spicules. * * *
spicule
/spik"yoohl/, n. 1. a small or minute, slender, sharp-pointed body or part; a small, needlelike crystal, process, or the like. 2. Zool. one of the small, hard, calcareous or ...
spiculum
/spik"yeuh leuhm/, n., pl. spicula /-leuh/. Zool. a small, needlelike body, part, process, or the like. [1740-50; < L spiculum; see SPICULE] * * *
spicy
—spicily, adv. —spiciness, n. /spuy"see/, adj., spicier, spiciest. 1. seasoned with or containing spice: a spicy salad dressing. 2. characteristic or suggestive of spice. 3. ...
spider
—spiderless, adj. —spiderlike, adj. /spuy"deuhr/, n. 1. any of numerous predaceous arachnids of the order Araneae, most of which spin webs that serve as nests and as traps ...
spider band
Naut. See futtock band. * * *
spider beetle
▪ insect       any member of about 500 species of insects sometimes considered a part of the family Anobiidae (order Coleoptera) and sometimes placed in their own ...
spider bug.
See thread-legged bug. * * *
spider crab
any of various crabs of the family Majidae, having long, slender legs and a comparatively small, triangular body. [1700-10] * * * Any species of sluggish marine crab in the ...
spider flower
spider flower n. CLEOME * * *
spider fly
Angling. an artificial fly having a hackle body, little or no tail, no wings, and unusually long legs, dressed to resemble a spider. [1780-90] * * *
spider hunter
      any of several sunbird species. See sunbird. * * *
spider lily
any of several plants having lilylike flowers with narrow petals, as those belonging to the genera Crinum, Hymenocallis, and Lycoris, of the amaryllis family. [1885-90, Amer.] * ...
spider mite
any of numerous, variously colored web-spinning mites of the family Tetranychidae, many of which are pests of garden plants and fruit trees. [1865-70] * * * or red spider Any ...
spider monkey
any of several tropical American monkeys of the genus Ateles, having a slender body, long, slender limbs, and a long, prehensile tail: some are endangered. [1755-65] * * * Any ...
spider orchid
▪ plant       any plant of the genus Brassia, family Orchidaceae; the genus embraces about 35 species of epiphytic (supported by other plants and having aerial roots ...
spider plant
1. Also called ribbon plant. a plant, Chlorophytum comosum, of the lily family, native to southern Africa, that has long, narrow leaves and clusters of white flowers and is ...
spider vein
one of a radiating network of dilated capillaries on the skin. * * *
spider wasp
any of certain wasps, esp. of the family Pompilidae, that provision their nests with paralyzed spiders. [1810-20] * * * ▪ insect  any insect of the family Pompilidae, also ...
spider web
the web that is spun by a spider, made of interlaced threads of viscous fluid that harden on exposure to air. Also, spider's web. [1525-35] * * *
Spider-Man
a US cartoon character in Marvel Comics, created in 1962 by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko. He is Peter Parker, a newspaper photographer who changes into Spider-Man to fight criminals. ...
spidercrab
spider crab n. Any of various crabs, such as those of the genera Libinia and Macrocheira, having long legs and a relatively small triangular body. * * *
spiderflower
spider flower n. See cleome. * * * ▪ plant       any of about 275 species of plants constituting the genus Cleome of the family Cleomaceae, mostly tropical annual herbs ...
spiderhunter
/spuy"deuhr hun'teuhr/, n. any of several sunbirds of the genus Arachnothera, of southern Asia and the East Indies, having dull-colored plumage and a long bill. [1855-60; SPIDER ...
spiderlily
spider lily n. 1. Any of various bulbous, lilylike tropical American plants of the genus Hymenocallis, having narrow leaves and umbels of white flowers. 2. See crinum. * * *
spiderling
/spuy"deuhr ling/, n. the young of a spider. Also, spiderlet /spuy"deuhr lit/. [1880-85; SPIDER + -LING1] * * *
spidermite
spider mite n. See red spider. * * *
spidermonkey
spider monkey n. Any of several tropical American monkeys of the genus Ateles, having long legs and a long prehensile tail and lacking a thumb. * * *
spiderplant
spider plant Chlorophytum comosum © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A perennial (Chlorophytum comosum) having sprawling stems and flat, narrow leaves that are ...
spiderweb
/spuy"deuhr web'/, v.t., spiderwebbed, spiderwebbing. to cover with a spider web or fine lines resembling a spider web. [1890-95; v. use of SPIDER WEB] * * *
spiderwort
/spuy"deuhr werrt', -wawrt'/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Tradescantia, having blue, purple, or rose-colored flowers. 2. any of several related plants. [1590-1600; SPIDER + ...
spidery
/spuy"deuh ree/, adj. 1. like a spider or a spider's web. 2. full of spiders. [1830-40; SPIDER + -Y1] * * *
spied
spied (spīd) v. Past tense and past participle of spy. * * *
Spiegel, Der
(German; "The Mirror") Weekly newsmagazine, preeminent in Germany and one of the best and most widely circulated in Europe. Founded in 1946 as Diese Woche ("This Week") and ...
Spiegel, Sam
▪ American filmmaker in full  Samuel Spiegel   born Nov. 11, 1903, Jaroslau, Austria [now Jaroslaw, Pol.] died Dec. 31, 1985, Saint-Martin, Lesser ...
spiegeleisen
/spee"geuhl uy'zeuhn/, n. a lustrous, crystalline pig iron containing a large amount of manganese, sometimes 15 percent or more, used in making steel. Also called spiegel, ...
Spieghel, Henric Laurenszoon
▪ Dutch poet also spelled Hendrik Laurenszoon Spiegel born March 11, 1549, Amsterdam, Neth. died Jan. 4, 1612, Alkmaar       poet of the northern Dutch Renaissance ...
spiel
/speel, shpeel/, Informal. n. 1. a usually high-flown talk or speech, esp. for the purpose of luring people to a movie, a sale, etc.; pitch. v.i. 2. to speak ...
Spielberg
/speel"berrg/, n. Steven, born 1947, U.S. film director. * * *
Spielberg, Steven
born Dec. 18, 1947, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. U.S. film director and producer. He attracted the attention of Universal Pictures with a short film he made about the time of his ...
Spielberg,Steven
Spiel·berg (spēlʹbûrg'), Steven. Born 1946. American film director whose works include Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) and Schindler's List (1993), for which he won an ...
spieler
/spee"leuhr/, n. 1. a barker, as at a circus sideshow. 2. a person with an extravagant line of talk. 3. Austral. a swindler. 4. Slang. an announcer for radio or television, esp. ...
Spielhagen, Friedrich von
▪ German writer born Feb. 24, 1829, Magdeburg, Prussian Saxony [Germany] died Feb. 25, 1911, Berlin, Ger.       popular writer whose works are considered representative ...
Spielmann
▪ medieval entertainer German“player” or “entertainer”plural  Spielleute        wandering entertainer of the European Middle Ages who performed at fairs, ...
spier
spier1 /spuy"euhr/, n. a person who spies, watches, or discovers. [1225-75; ME; see SPY, -ER1] spier2 /spear/, v.i., v.t. speer. * * *
spies
spies (spīz) n. Plural of spy. v. Third person singular present tense of spy. * * *
spiff
spiff1 /spif/, v.t. Informal. to make spiffy (usually fol. by up): Let's spiff up this office with new furniture. [1875-80; perh. v. use of dial. spiff well-dressed; see ...
spiffily
See spiffy. * * *
spiffiness
See spiffily. * * *
spiffy
—spiffily, adv. —spiffiness, n. /spif"ee/, adj., spiffier, spiffiest. Informal. spruce; smart; fine. Also, spiffing /spif"ing/; esp. Brit., spivvy, spivving. [1855-60; dial. ...
spigot
/spig"euht/, n. 1. a small peg or plug for stopping the vent of a cask. 2. a peg or plug for stopping the passage of liquid in a faucet or cock. 3. a faucet or cock for ...
spik
/spik/, n. spic. * * *
spike
spike1 —spikelike, adj. /spuyk/, n., v., spiked, spiking. n. 1. a naillike fastener, 3 to 12 in. (7.6 to 30.5 cm) long and proportionately thicker than a common nail, for ...
spike heath
a Eurasian evergreen shrub, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, of the heath family, having narrow leaves and bell-shaped, pink flowers, growing in gritty soil. * * * ▪ ...
spike heel
a very high heel that tapers to a narrow base, used on women's shoes. [1925-30] * * *
spike lavender
a lavender, Lavandula latifolia, having spikes of pale-purple flowers, and yielding an oil used in painting. [1890-95] * * *
Spike Milligan
➡ Milligan * * *
spike moss
any of numerous plants of the genus Selaginella, allied to and resembling the club mosses. * * * ▪ plant  any member of the plant genus Selaginella of the order ...
spike-tooth harrow
/spuyk"toohth'/ a harrow equipped with straight teeth on horizontal bars, usually employed to smooth and level plowed soil or seedbeds for planting or sowing. [1925-30] * * *
spikedace
/spuyk"days'/, n., pl. spikedaces, (esp. collectively) spikedace. a scaleless, mottled, olive-brown fish, Meda fulgida, of the Gila River system in New Mexico and Arizona, having ...
spikeheel
spike heel n. 1. A very thin high heel used on a woman's shoe. 2. A woman's shoe with a very thin high heel. * * *
spikelavender
spike lavender n. An aromatic Mediterranean plant (Lavandula latifolia) of the mint family, yielding an oil similar to that of true lavender. * * *
spikelet
/spuyk"lit/, n. Bot. a small or secondary spike in grasses; one of the flower clusters, the unit of inflorescence, consisting of two or more flowers and subtended by one or more ...
spikenard
/spuyk"neuhrd, -nahrd/, n. 1. an aromatic, Indian plant, Nardostachys jatamansi, of the valerian family, believed to be the nard of the ancients. 2. an aromatic substance used by ...
spiker
/spuy"keuhr/, n. 1. a pointed, perforated tube connected to a garden hose, pushed into the soil for deep watering. 2. Volleyball. a player who spikes the ball. [SPIKE1 + -ER1] * ...
spikily
See spiky. * * *
spikiness
See spikily. * * *
spiky
—spikily, adv. —spikiness, n. /spuy"kee/, adj., spikier, spikiest. 1. having a spike or spikes. 2. having the form of a spike; spikelike. 3. acid or peevish in temper or ...
spile
spile1 /spuyl/, n., v., spiled, spiling. n. 1. a peg or plug of wood, esp. one used as a spigot. 2. a spout for conducting sap from the sugar maple. 3. a heavy wooden stake or ...
Spilhaus, Athelstan Frederick
▪ 1999       South African-born geophysicist who counted among his designs a device to measure deep-sea temperatures, a plan for covered walkways and tunnels for ...
spiling
/spuy"ling/, n. a group or mass of piles; spiles. [1835-45; SPILE1 + -ING1] * * *
spilite
▪ rock       fine-grained or dense, extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock that is usually free of visible crystals and is commonly greenish or grayish green in colour. ...
spill
spill1 —spillable, adj., n. /spil/, v., spilled or spilt, spilling, n. v.t. 1. to cause or allow to run or fall from a container, esp. accidentally or wastefully: to spill a ...
spillage
/spil"ij/, n. 1. the act or process of spilling. 2. an amount that spills or is spilled. [1920-25; SPILL1 + -AGE] * * *
Spillane
/spi layn"/, n. Mickey (Frank Morrison), born 1918, U.S. detective novelist. * * *
Spillane, Mickey
orig. Frank Morrison Spillane born March 9, 1918, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. writer of pulp detective fiction. He initially wrote for pulp magazines and comic books in order to ...
Spillane,Mickey
Spil·lane (spə-lānʹ), Mickey. Born 1918. American writer known for his violent detective novels that feature the hard-boiled detective Mike Hammer. * * *


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