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See spill1. * * *
/spil"i kin/, n. 1. a jackstraw. 2. spillikins, (used with a sing. v.) the game of jackstraws. Also, spilikin. [1725-35; var. of spellican < obs. D spelleken, equiv. to spelle ...
/spil"oh'veuhr/, n. 1. the act of spilling over. 2. a quantity of something spilled over; overflow. [1940-45; n. use of v. phrase spill over] * * *
/spil"proohf'/, adj. (of a container) designed to prevent spilling. [SPILL1 + -PROOF] * * *
/spil"way'/, n. a passageway through which surplus water escapes from a reservoir, lake, or the like. [1885-90; SPILL1 + WAY1] * * * ▪ engineering  passage for surplus water ...
/spilt/, v. a pt. and pp. of spill1. * * *
/spilth/, n. 1. spillage (def. 1). 2. something that is spilled. 3. refuse; trash. [1600-10; SPILL1 + -TH1] * * *
—spinnability, n. —spinnable, adj. /spin/, v., spun or (Archaic) span, spun, spinning, n. v.t. 1. to make (yarn) by drawing out, twisting, and winding fibers: Pioneer women ...
spin casting
—spin caster. spinning (def. 3). * * *
spin control
Slang. an attempt to give a bias to news coverage, esp. of a political candidate or event. [1985-90] * * *
spin doctor
Slang. a press agent skilled at spin control. [1985-1990] * * *
spin fishing
—spin fisherman. spinning (def. 3). [1945-50] * * *
spin quantum number
Physics. the quantum number that designates the total angular momentum associated with electron spin and has a value of 1/2 in units of h/ 2 pi. * * *
spin resonance
Physics. See electron spin resonance. * * *
spin the bottle
a game in which someone spins a bottle and receives a kiss from the person at whom the bottle points on coming to rest. [1945-50, Amer.] * * *
spin the platter
a game in which one member of a group spins a platter on its edge and a designated member must catch it before it falls or pay a forfeit. Also called spin the plate. * * *
—spin-drier, spindryer, n. /spin"druy"/, v.t., spin-dried, spin-drying. to remove moisture from (laundry) by centrifugal force, as in an automatic washing machine. * * *
/spin"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Com. a process of reorganizing a corporate structure whereby the capital stock of a division or subsidiary of a corporation or of a newly affiliated ...
/spin"owt'/, n. the spinning out of control into a rotating skid of a car or other vehicle. Also, spinout. [1950-55; n. use of v. phrase spin out] * * *
spin-statistics theorem
▪ quantum mechanics       in quantum mechanics, fundamental mathematical proof that subatomic particles having integral values of spin (such as photons and helium-4 ...
spin-the-bot·tle (spĭn'thə-bŏtʹl) n. A game in which players take turns spinning a bottle and kissing the person it points toward when it comes to rest. * * *
/spuy"neuh/, n., pl. spinae /-nee/. Anat., Zool. a spine or spinelike projection. [1350-1400; ME < L spina thorn, backbone; see SPINE] * * * ▪ ancient port, Italy  ancient ...
spina bifida
/bif"i deuh/, Pathol. a congenital neural tube defect in which part of the meninges or spinal cord protrudes through the spinal column, often resulting in neurological ...
spi·na bif·i·da (spī'nə bĭfʹĭ-də) n. A congenital defect in which the spinal column is imperfectly closed so that part of the meninges or spinal cord protrudes, often ...
/spi nay"sheuhs/, adj. pertaining to or of the nature of spinach; belonging to the goosefoot family of plants. [1815-25; < NL Spin(acia) spinach + -ACEOUS] * * *
—spinachlike, adj. /spin"ich/, n. 1. a plant, Spinacia oleracea, cultivated for its edible, crinkly or flat leaves. 2. the leaves. [1520-30; < MF espinache, espinage < OSp ...
spinach aphid.
See green peach aphid. * * *
spinach dock.
See herb patience. * * *
/spin"ich rooh'bahrb/, n. an Ethiopian plant, Rumex abyssinicus, of the buckwheat family, having leaves that are sometimes used as spinach and leafstalks sometimes used as ...
—spinally, adv. /spuyn"l/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or belonging to a spine or thornlike structure, esp. to the backbone. n. 2. Med. a spinal anesthetic. [1570-80; < LL ...
spinal accessory nerve.
See accessory nerve. [1880-85] * * *
spinal anesthesia
Med. interruption of conduction of nerve impulses by the injection of an anesthetic into the spinal canal that reduces sensitivity to pain without loss of consciousness. * * *
spinal block
1. See spinal anesthesia. 2. obstruction of the flow of spinal fluid by blockage of the spinal canal. Also called subarachnoid block. * * *
spinal canal
the tube formed by the vertebrae in which the spinal cord and its membranes are located. See diag. under vertebra. Also called vertebral canal. [1835-45] * * *
spinal column
the series of vertebrae in a vertebrate animal forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord; spine; backbone. Also called vertebral column. [1830-40] * * *
spinal cord
the cord of nerve tissue extending through the spinal canal of the spinal column. [1830-40] * * * In vertebrates, the body's major nerve tract. In humans it is about 18 in. (45 ...
spinal ganglion
a ganglion on the dorsal root of each spinal nerve, containing the cell bodies of sensory nerves. [1855-60] * * *
spinal nerve
Anat. any of a series of paired nerves that originate in the nerve roots of the spinal cord and emerge from the vertebrae on both sides of the spinal column, each branching out ...
spinal tap.
See lumbar puncture. * * *
spinal anesthesia n. Partial or complete anesthesia produced by injecting an anesthetic into the spinal canal. * * *
spinal canal n. The passage formed by successive openings in the articulated vertebrae through which the spinal cord and its membranes pass. Also called vertebral canal. * * *
spinal column right lateral view of an adult human spinal column A. atlas B. axis C. cervical vertebrae D. thoracic vertebrae E. lumbar vertebrae F. sacrum G. coccyx Carlyn ...
spinal cord n. The thick, whitish cord of nerve tissue that extends from the medulla oblongata down through the spinal column and from which the spinal nerves branch off to ...
spinal ganglion n. Any of the sensory ganglia situated on the dorsal root of each spinal nerve. * * *
spinalis muscle
▪ anatomy       any of the deep muscles of the back near the vertebral column that, as part of the erector spinae (sacrospinalis) muscle group, assist in extension ...
See spinal. * * *
spinal meningitis n. Inflammation of the membranes enclosing the spinal cord, especially a usually fatal form that affects infants and young children and is caused by a strain of ...
spinal nerve n. Any of the nerves that arise in pairs from the spinal cord. There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves in the human body. * * *
spinangular momentum
spin angular momentum n. See spin. * * *
See spin casting. * * *
spin casting n. See spinning.   spin caster n. * * *
—spindlelike, adj. /spin"dl/, n., adj., v., spindled, spindling. n. 1. a rounded rod, usually of wood, tapering toward each end, used in hand-spinning to twist into thread the ...
spindle and whorl
or drop spindle Earliest device for spinning fibres into thread or yarn. The spinster lets the spindle fall to draw out the fibres while the whorl keeps it rotating to apply ...
spindle file
a device for holding bills, memos, etc., having a projecting metal spike or hooked object on which to stick papers. Also called spindle. * * *
spindle side
the female side or line of descent of a family; distaff side (opposed to spear side). [1850-55] * * *
spindle tree
spindle tree n. EUONYMUS * * *
spindle-legged [spin′dəlshaŋkt΄spin′dəlleg΄id, spin′dəllegd΄] adj. having thin legs: also spindle-shanked [spin′dəlshaŋkt΄] * * *
/spin"dl ij/, n. total number or capacity of spindles in a mill, area, etc. Also, spindlage. [SPINDLE + -AGE] * * *
spindle cell n. A spindle-shaped cell characteristic of certain tumors. * * *
spindle fiber n. One of a network of achromatic filaments that extend inward from the poles of a dividing cell, forming a spindle-shaped figure. * * *
—spindle-legged /spin"dl leg'id, -legd'/, adj. /spin"dl legz'/, n., pl. spindlelegs for 2. 1. (used with a pl. v.) long, thin legs. 2. (used with a sing. v.) Informal. a tall, ...
—spindle-shanked /spin"dl shangkt'/, adj. /spin"dl shangks'/, n., pl. spindleshanks. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) spindlelegs. [1560-70; SPINDLE + SHANK + -S3] * * *
spindle tree n. See euonymus.   [So called because the wood is often used to make spindles.] * * *
/spind"ling/, adj. 1. long or tall and slender, often disproportionately so. 2. growing into a long, slender stalk or stem, often too slender or weak to remain upright. n. 3. a ...
/spind"lee/, adj., spindlier, spindliest. long or tall, thin, and usually frail: The colt wobbled on its spindly legs. [1645-55; SPINDLE + -Y1] * * *
spin doctor n. Slang A person who publicizes favorable interpretations of the words and actions of a public figure, especially a politican. * * *
/spin"drift'/, n. spray swept by a violent wind along the surface of the sea. Also, spoondrift. [1590-1600; var. of Scots speendrift SPOONDRIFT] * * *
—spined, adj. —spinelike, adj. /spuyn/, n. 1. the spinal or vertebral column; backbone. 2. any backbonelike part. 3. a stiff, pointed process or appendage on an animal, as a ...
spine, curvature of the
▪ pathology       any of a group of deviations of the normal spinal curvature, including scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis.       Scoliosis is a lateral, or ...
spine-chill·ing (spīnʹchĭl'ĭng) adj. Extremely frightening, especially in an eerie way: a spine-chilling novel. * * *
spine-tingling [spīn′tiŋ΄gliŋ] adj. very moving, thrilling, or terrifying * * *
—spinebasher, n. /spuyn"bash'/, v.i. Australian Slang. to rest; loaf. [SPINE + BASH] * * *
/spi nel", spin"l/, n. 1. any of a group of minerals composed principally of oxides of magnesium, aluminum, iron, manganese, chromium, etc., characterized by their hardness and ...
spinel ruby.
See ruby spinel. [1660-70] * * *
—spinelessly, adv. —spinelessness, n. /spuyn"lis/, adj. 1. having no spines or quills. 2. having no spine or backbone. 3. having a weak spine; limp. 4. without moral force, ...
See spineless. * * *
See spinelessly. * * *
spi·nelle (spĭ-nĕlʹ) n. Variant of spinel. * * *
Spinello Aretino
▪ Italian painter byname of  Spinello Di Luca Spinelli   born c. 1346, , Commune of Arezzo [Italy] died March 14, 1410, Arezzo       late Gothic Italian painter ...
See spinescent. * * *
—spinescence, n. /spuy nes"euhnt/, adj. 1. Bot. a. becoming spinelike. b. ending in a spine. c. bearing spines. 2. Zool. somewhat spinelike; coarse, as hair. [1785-95; < LL ...
/spin"it/, n. 1. a small upright piano. 2. a small, square piano. 3. any of various small harpsichords. 4. Also called spinet organ. a small electric organ. [1655-65; aph. var. ...
spin fishing n. See spinning. * * *
/spin"gahrn/, n. Joel Elias, 1875-1939, U.S. literary critic, publisher, and editor. * * *
Spingarn,Joel Elias
Spin·garn (spĭnʹgärn'), Joel Elias. 1875-1939. American poet and critic. He was a founder (1909) and president (1930-1939) of the National Association for the Advancement of ...
spiniferous [spī nif′ər əs] adj. 〚L spinifer < spina,SPINE + -FEROUS〛 bearing spines * * *
spinifex [spin′i feks΄] n. 〚ModL < L spina,SPINE + facere, to make, DO1〛 any of a genus (Spinifex) of Australian grasses with pointed leaves and bristly seed heads * * ...
spininess [spī′nē nis] n. a spiny quality or condition * * * See spiny. * * *
Spinks, Leon
▪ American boxer born July 11, 1953, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.       American boxer who won an Olympic gold medal in 1976 and was the world heavyweight champion in 1978. He ...
Spinks, Michael
▪ American boxer born July 13, 1956, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.       American boxer who was both the light heavyweight (1981–85) and heavyweight (1985–88) world champion ...
spin·meis·ter (spĭnʹmī'stər) n. Slang A spin doctor. * * *
/spin"euh keuhr/, n. Naut. a large, usually triangular sail carried by a yacht as a headsail when running before the wind or when the wind is abaft the beam. [1865-70; said to be ...
/spin"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that spins. 2. Angling. a lure, as a spoon bait, that revolves in the water in trolling and casting. 3. Also called spinner play. Football. a ...
/spin"euh ret', spin'euh ret"/, n. 1. an organ or part by means of which a spider, insect larva, or the like spins a silky thread for its web or cocoon. 2. a metal plate or cup ...
/spin"euh ree/, n., pl. spinneries. a spinning mill. [1830-40; SPIN + -ERY] * * *
/spin"ee/, n., pl. spinneys. Brit. a small wood or thicket. [1300-50; ME < MF espinei (masc.), espinaie (fem.) a place full of thorns, deriv. of espine SPINE; cf. LL spinetum ...
—spinningly, adv. /spin"ing/, n. 1. Textiles. a. the act or process of converting staple or short lengths of fiber, as cotton or rayon, into continuous yarn or thread. b. the ...
spinning box.
See centrifugal box. Also called spinning pot. * * *
spinning frame
a machine for drawing, twisting, and winding yarn. [1815-25] * * *
spinning jenny
an early spinning machine having more than one spindle, enabling a person to spin a number of yarns simultaneously. [1775-85] * * * Early multiple-spindle machine for spinning ...
spinning mule
mule (def. 7). [1835-45] * * * Multiple-spindle spinning machine invented by Samuel Crompton (1779), which permitted large-scale manufacture of high-quality thread for the ...
spinning reel
a fishing reel mounted on a spinning rod, having a stationary spool on the side of which is a revolving metal arm that catches the line and winds it onto the spool as a handle is ...
spinning ring
ring1 (def. 20). * * *
spinning rod
a flexible fishing rod, often made of fiberglass, used with a spinning reel. [1865-70] * * *
spinning wheel
a device formerly used for spinning wool, flax, etc., into yarn or thread, consisting essentially of a single spindle driven by a large wheel operated by hand or ...
spinning frame n. A machine that draws and twists fibers into yarn and winds it on spindles. * * *
spinning jenny n. An early form of spinning machine having several spindles. * * *
spinning mule n. See mule1. * * *
spinning wheel n. An apparatus for making yarn or thread, consisting of a foot-driven or hand-driven wheel and a single spindle. * * *
spi·no·cer·e·bel·lar (spī'nō-sĕr'ə-bĕlʹər) adj. Of, relating to, or involving both the spinal cord and the cerebellum: spinocerebellar degeneration. * * *
/spuy"nohd/, n. cusp (def. 3). [1850-55; irreg. < L spin(a) SPINE + NODE] * * *
spinoff [spin′ôf΄] n. 1. a) the divestiture by a corporation of some of its assets or operations, accomplished by distributing to its stockholders shares of a new company ...
Spinola Family
▪ Italian family       one of the noble families that dominated the history of Genoa, Italy, during the city-state's great period, from the 12th to the 14th ...
Spinola, Ambrogio di Filippo, Marqués De Los Balbases
▪ Spanish military officer born 1569, Genoa [Italy] died Sept. 25, 1630, Castelnuovo Scrivia       an outstanding military commander in the service of Spain and one of ...
Spinola, Antonio Sebastiao Ribeiro de
▪ 1997       Portuguese military officer who briefly served as his country's president following the military coup that toppled dictator Marcelo Caetano and set Portugal ...
Spinone Italiano
/spi noh"nee i tal'ee ah"noh, i tal yah"/, pl. Spinoni Italiani /spi noh"nee i tal'ee ah"nee, itahl yah"-/. one of an Italian breed of large all-purpose hunting dogs having a ...
/spin"euhr/, n. Math., Physics. a quantity resembling a vector or tensor that is used in physics to represent the spins of fermions. [1930-35; equiv. to SPIN + -OR2, as in ...
—spinosely, adv. —spinosity /spuy nos"i tee/, n. /spuy"nohs, spuy nohs"/, adj. full of spines; spiniferous; spinous. [1650-60; < L spinosus. See SPINE, -OSE1] * * *
See spinose. * * *
spinosity [spī näs′ə tē] n. pl. spinosities 〚LL spinositas〛 1. the condition of being spinose 2. something spinose, or thorny, nettling, etc. * * * See spinosely. * * *
—spinousness, n. /spuy"neuhs/, adj. 1. covered with or having spines; thorny, as a plant. 2. armed with or bearing sharp-pointed processes, as an animal. 3. ...
spinous process
Anat., Zool. a spinelike process of a bone, esp. the dorsal projection from the center of the arch of a vertebra. [1725-35] * * *
spinous process n. The long rearward projection from the arch of a vertebra that provides a point of attachment for muscles and ligaments. * * *
☆ spinout [spin′out΄ ] n. Informal a spinning slide or skid by a motor vehicle that is out of control * * * spin·out (spĭnʹout') n. An instance of spinning out: a ...
/spi noh"zeuh/, n. Baruch /beuh roohk"/, or Benedict de /ben"euh dikt deuh/, 1632-77, Dutch philosopher. * * *
Spinoza, Benedict de
Hebrew Baruch Spinoza born Nov. 24, 1632, Amsterdam died Feb. 21, 1677, The Hague Dutch Jewish philosopher, a major exponent of 17th-century rationalism. His father and ...
Spi·no·za (spĭ-nōʹzə), Baruch or Benedict 1632-1677. Dutch philosopher and theologian whose controversial pantheistic doctrine advocated an intellectual love of God. His ...
—Spinozist, n. —Spinozistic /spi noh zis"tik, spin'oh-/, adj. /spi noh"ziz euhm/, n. the philosophical system of Spinoza, which defines God as the unique substance, as an ...
See Spinozism. * * *
See Spinozist. * * *
/spin"proohf'/, adj. (of an airplane) designed so as to be highly resistant to a tailspin. [SPIN + -PROOF] * * *
—spinsterhood, n. —spinsterish, adj. —spinsterishly, adv. —spinsterlike, adj. /spin"steuhr/, n. 1. a woman still unmarried beyond the usual age of marrying. 2. Chiefly ...
See spinster. * * *
See spinsterhood. * * *
See spinsterhood. * * *
spinthariscope [spin thar′ə skōp΄] n. 〚< Gr spintharis, a spark + -SCOPE〛 a small device with a fluorescent screen, for visually observing the scintillations produced by ...
See spinthariscope. * * *
/spin"toh/; It. /speen"taw/, adj. having a lyric quality with a strong, dramatic element: a spinto soprano voice. [1940-45; < It: lit., excessive, pushed, ptp. of spingere to ...
—spinulose /spin"yeuh lohs', spuy"nyeuh-/, adj. /spuy"nyoohl, spin"yoohl/, n. Zool., Bot. a small spine. [1745-55; < L spinula. See SPINE, -ULE] * * *
spi·nu·lose (spīnʹyə-lōs') also spi·nu·lous (spīʹnyə-ləs) adj. 1. Having spinules; minutely spiny. 2. Shaped like a spinule. * * *
spin wave n. Physics A wave propagated through a crystal lattice as a result of shifts in atomic magnetic fields associated with the spin angular momentum of electrons in the ...
—spininess, n. /spuy"nee/, adj., spinier, spiniest. 1. abounding in or having spines; thorny, as a plant. 2. covered with or having sharp-pointed processes, as an animal. 3. in ...
spiny anteater
echidna (def. 1). [1820-30] * * *
spiny cocklebur
a cocklebur, Xanthium spinosum, introduced into North America from Europe. * * *
spiny dogfish
any of several dogfish sharks of the genus Squalus, having a spine in front of each of the two dorsal fins, esp. S. acanthias, inhabiting Atlantic coastal waters. [1840-50] * * *
spiny dormouse
a rat-sized rodent, Platacanthomys lasiurus, native to rocky hills of southern India, having reddish-brown fur and sharp, flat spines. Also called pepper rat. * * *
spiny eel
▪ fish  any of two groups of fishes, those of the freshwater family Mastacembelidae (order Perciformes) and of the deep-sea family Notacanthidae (order Notacanthiformes). ...
spiny lizard
any of numerous iguanid lizards of the genus Sceloporus, common in North and Central America, usually having keeled scales that may end in a sharp point. [1850-55] * * *
spiny lobster
any of several edible crustaceans of the family Palinuridae, differing from the true lobsters in having a spiny shell and lacking the large pincers. Also called crayfish, ...
spiny rat
any of various ratlike rodents of the genus Echimys, inhabiting forests of Central and South America, most having bristly fur. * * *
spiny shark
▪ extinct fish also called  Acanthodian,         any of a class (Acanthodii) of small extinct fishes, the earliest known jawed vertebrates, possessing features found ...
/spuy"nee find"/, adj. Ichthyol. having fins with sharp bony rays, as an acanthopterygian. [1880-85] * * *
spiny-finned fish
▪ animal also called  spiny-rayed fish        any member of the superorder Acanthopterygii, including four orders of marine and freshwater fishes having fins with ...
spiny-headed worm
/spuy"nee hed'id/ any of a small group of endoparasites of the phylum Acanthocephala, as larvae parasitic in insects and crustaceans and as adults in various ...
spin·y-head·ed worm (spīʹnē-hĕd'ĭd) n. Any of various worms of the phylum Acanthocephala that live parasitically in the intestines of vertebrates and are characterized by ...
spiny-rayed [spī′nērād΄] adj. 1. having pointed, stiff rays: said of a fin 2. SPINY-FINNED * * * spin·y-rayed (spīʹnē-rād') adj. Spiny-finned. * * *
spiny-rayed fish
/spuy"nee rayd'/ any of various fishes, as basses and perches, that have sharp, often pointed and usually rigid fin spines. [1875-80] * * *
spiny-tailed lizard
▪ reptile also called  mastigure        (Uromastyx), any of more than a dozen species belonging to the lizard family Agamidae. Spiny-tailed lizards live in arid and ...
spiny anteater n. See echidna. * * *
spiny lobster n. Any of various edible marine decapod crustaceans of the family Palinuridae, having a spiny carapace and lacking the large pincers characteristic of true ...
spir- combining form SPIRO-2: used before a vowel * * *
—spiracular /spuy rak"yeuh leuhr, spi-/, adj. /spuy"reuh keuhl, spir"euh-/, n. 1. a breathing hole; an opening by which a confined space has communication with the outer air; ...
See spiracle. * * *
/spuy ree"euh/, n. spirea. * * *
—spirality /spuy ral"i tee/, n. —spirally, adv. /spuy"reuhl/, n., adj., v., spiraled, spiraling or (esp. Brit.) spiralled, spiralling. n. 1. Geom. a plane curve generated by ...
spiral arm
Astron. any of the elongated and curved spiral sections that are connected to the center of a spiral galaxy. [1910-15] * * *
spiral bevel gear
Mach. a bevel gear having curved teeth tending to converge on the axis of rotation. Also called spiral gear. [1930-35] * * *
spiral binding
a binding, as for a notebook or booklet, in which the pages are fastened together by a spiral of wire or plastic that coils through a series of holes punched along one side of ...
spiral casing
a spiral passage for directing the water from a penstock around a water turbine and into the rotor. * * *
spiral galaxy
Astron. a galaxy having a spiral structure. [1910-15] * * *
spiral gear
1. a type of helical gear used for transmitting power between shafts that are at an angle to each other. 2. See spiral bevel gear. * * *
spiral nebula
Astron. (formerly) a spiral galaxy. * * *
spiral of Archimedes
Geom. a curve that is the locus of a point that moves outward with uniform speed along a vector, beginning at the origin, while the vector rotates about the origin with uniform ...
spiral spring
a form of spring consisting of a wire coiled in a helix. See illus. under spring. [1680-90] * * *
/spuy"reuhl bownd"/, adj. having a spiral binding. [1940-45] * * *
spiral binding n. A binding for notebooks and booklets in which a cylindrical spiral of wire or plastic is passed through a row of punched holes at the edge of a ...
spiral galaxy n. A galaxy having a spiral structure. * * *
See spiral. * * *
See spirality. * * *
/spuy"reuhnt/, Phonet. n. 1. fricative (def. 2). adj. 2. Also, spirantal /spuy ran"tl/. fricative. [1865-70; < L spirant- (s. of spirans, prp. of spirare to breathe); see SPIRIT, ...
—spirantization, n. /spuy"reuhn tuyz'/, v.t., spirantized, spirantizing. Phonet. to change into or pronounce as a spirant. Also, esp. Brit., spirantise. [1895-1900; SPIRANT + ...
spire1 —spireless, adj. /spuyeur/, n., v., spired, spiring. n. 1. a tall, acutely pointed pyramidal roof or rooflike construction upon a tower, roof, etc. 2. a similar ...
/spuy ree"euh/, n. any of various plants or shrubs belonging to the genus Spiraea, of the rose family, having clusters of small, white or pink flowers, certain species of which ...
/spuyeurd/, adj. having a spire. [1600-10; SPIRE1 + -ED3] * * *
/spuyeur"lit/, n. a small spire, as on a turret. [1840-50; SPIRE1 + -LET] * * *
/spuy"reem/, n. Cell Biol. the threadlike chromatin of a cell nucleus, present during early meiosis or mitosis. [1885-90; < Gk speírema coil, equiv. to speire-, var. s. of ...
/spuyeurz/, n. Speyer. * * *
spiriferous [spī rif′ər əs] adj. 〚< ModL spirifer: see SPIRE1 & -FEROUS〛 Zool. characterized by a spire, or spiral structure, as some shells, or by spiral appendages, as ...
—spirillar, adj. /spuy ril"euhm/, n., pl. spirilla /-ril"euh/. Bacteriol. 1. any of several spirally twisted, aerobic bacteria of the genus Spirillum, certain species of which ...
—spiritlike, adj. /spir"it/, n. 1. the principle of conscious life; the vital principle in humans, animating the body or mediating between body and soul. 2. the incorporeal ...
Spirit Cave
an archaeological site in Thailand that has produced evidence of very early plant domestication in Southeast Asia, dated c7000 B.C. * * *
spirit compass
Navig. a wet compass filled with a mixture of alcohol and water. * * *
spirit gum
a glue used in fastening false hair, as a beard or mustache, to an actor's skin. [1890-95] * * *
Spirit Lake
a lake in SW Washington, at the N foot of Mount St. Helens: site of devastation during 1980 eruptions of Mount St. Helens. * * *
Spirit Lake Massacre
▪ United States history       (March 8–12, 1857), incident in northwestern Iowa, U.S., in which a band of Sioux Indians led by Inkpaduta killed more than 30 white ...
spirit level
Survey. a device for determining true horizontal or vertical directions by the centering of a bubble in a slightly curved glass tube or tubes filled with alcohol or ether. Also ...
spirit leveling
Survey. leveling according to the indications of a spirit level. [1860-65] * * *
spirit of hartshorn
Chem. a colorless, pungent, suffocating, aqueous solution of about 28.5 percent ammonia gas: used chiefly as a detergent, for removing stains and extracting certain vegetable ...
spirit of nitrous ether
Pharm. See ethyl nitrite spirit. [1855-60] * * *
Spirit of Saint Louis
▪ aircraft       airplane in which Charles A. Lindbergh (Lindbergh, Charles A.) made the first nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris, May 20–21, 1927. His flight ...
Spirit of St Louis
the name of the small plane in which Charles Lindbergh made his famous flight across the Atlantic in 1927. The name was also used for a 1957 Hollywood film about the flight, in ...
spirit rapping
—spirit rapper. Spiritualism. a form of communication between living persons and the spirits of deceased persons by tapping out messages on a table, board, or the ...
spirit varnish.
See under varnish (def. 1). [1840-50] * * *
Spirit Wrestler
a Doukhobor. [1895-1900] * * *
spirit writing
writing allegedly produced by spirits or supernatural forces. [1870-75] * * *
—spiritedly, adv. —spiritedness, n. /spir"i tid/, adj. having or showing mettle, courage, vigor, liveliness, etc.: a spirited defense of poetry. [1590-1600; SPIRIT + ...
See spirited. * * *
See spiritedly. * * *
—spiritist, n. —spiritistic, adj. /spir"i tiz'euhm/, n. the doctrine or practices of spiritualism. [1860-65; SPIRIT + -ISM] * * *
See spiritism. * * *
See spiritist. * * *
spirit lamp n. A lamp that burns alcohol or other liquid fuel. * * *
—spiritlessly, adv. —spiritlessness, n. /spir"it lis/, adj. 1. without spirit. 2. without ardor, vigor, zeal, animation, etc.: a spiritless reply to criticism. [1560-70; ...
See spiritless. * * *
See spiritlessly. * * *
spirit level n. See level. * * *
spiritof turpentine
spirit of turpentine n. See turpentine. * * *
spiritof wine
spirit of wine n. Rectified ethyl alcohol. * * *
/spir'i toh"soh/; It. /spee'rddee taw"saw/, adj. spirited; lively (used as a musical direction). [1715-25; < It; see SPIRIT, -OSE1] * * *
/spir"i teuhs/, adj. Archaic. of the nature of spirit; immaterial, ethereal, or refined. [1595-1605; SPIRIT + -OUS] * * *
spirits of ammonia
spirits of ammonia n. a 10% solution of ammonia in alcohol: also spirit of ammonia * * *
spirits of hartshorn
spirits of hartshorn n. old-fashioned term for AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE: also spirit of hartshorn * * *
spirits of turpentine
Chem. See oil of turpentine. Also, spirit of turpentine. [1785-95] * * *
spirits of wine
alcohol (def. 1). [1745-55] * * *
—spiritually, adv. —spiritualness, n. /spir"i chooh euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or consisting of spirit; incorporeal. 2. of or pertaining to the spirit or soul, as ...
spiritual assembly
▪ Bahāʾī faith       in the Bahāʾī faith, any of numerous administrative units that conduct an extensive work of missions, publication, education, and general ...
spiritual bouquet
Rom. Cath. Ch. the spiritual presentation of a good work to another person. [1925-30] * * *
spiritual death
death (def. 7). * * *
spiritual bouquet n. Roman Catholic Church A card indicating that the sender will undertake certain devotional acts on behalf of another person, as in honor of a special occasion ...
—spiritualistic, adj. —spiritualistically, adv. /spir"i chooh euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. the belief or doctrine that the spirits of the dead, surviving after the mortal life, can ...
/spir"i chooh euh list/, n. 1. an adherent of spiritualism. 2. a person who is concerned with or insists on the spiritual side of things. [1640-50; SPIRITUAL + -IST] * * *
See spiritualist. * * *
/spir'i chooh al"i tee/, n., pl. spiritualities. 1. the quality or fact of being spiritual. 2. incorporeal or immaterial nature. 3. predominantly spiritual character as shown in ...
See spiritualize. * * *
—spiritualization, n. —spiritualizer, n. /spir"i chooh euh luyz'/, v.t., spiritualized, spiritualizing. 1. to make spiritual. 2. to invest with a spiritual meaning. Also, ...
See spiritualization. * * *
See spiritual. * * *
See spiritually. * * *
/spir"i chooh euhl tee/, n., pl. spiritualties. 1. Often, spiritualties. ecclesiastical property or revenue. 2. the body of ecclesiastics; the clergy. [1350-1400; ME spiritualte ...
/spir'i chooh el"/; Fr. /spee rddee tyuuel"/, adj. 1. showing or having a refined and graceful mind or wit. 2. light and airy in movement; ethereal. Also, spirituelle. [1665-75; ...
See spirituous. * * *
—spirituously, adv. —spirituousness, n. /spir"i chooh euhs/, adj. 1. containing, of the nature of, or pertaining to alcohol; alcoholic. 2. (of alcoholic beverages) distilled, ...
See spirituosity. * * *
spiritus asper
/spir"i teuhs as"peuhr/; Lat. /spee"rddi toos ahs"perdd/. See rough breathing. [ < LL spiritus asper] * * *
spiritus frumenti
/spir"i teuhs frooh men"tuy, -tee/ whiskey. [ < NL spiritus frumenti lit., the spirit (or life) of grain] * * *
spiritus lenis
/spir"i teuhs lee"nis/; Lat. /spee"rddi toos' lay"nis/. See smooth breathing. [ < LL spiritus lenis] * * *
spiritus vinosus
/spir"i teuhs vuy noh"seuhs/ (in prescriptions) spirits of wine; alcohol. [ < L spiritus vinosus] * * *
spiro-1 a combining form meaning "respiration," used in the formation of compound words: spirograph. [comb. form of L spirare to breathe] spiro-2 a combining form meaning "coil," ...
See spirochete. * * *
—spirochetal, spirochetic, adj. /spuy"reuh keet'/, n. any of various spiral-shaped motile bacteria of the family Spirochaetaceae, certain species, as Treponema, Leptospira, and ...
—spirochetotic, spirochaetotic /spuy'reuh kee tot"ik/, adj. /spuy'reuh kee toh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disease caused by infection with a spirochete. Also, spirochaetosis. [1920-25; ...
—spirographic /spuy'reuh graf"ik/, adj. /spuy"reuh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument for recording respiratory movements. [SPIRO-1 + -GRAPH] * * *
See spirograph. * * *
See spirographic. * * *
See spirographic. * * *
/spuy'reuh juy"reuh/, n. Bot. a widely distributed filamentous freshwater green alga of the genus Spirogyra. [1895-1900; < NL, equiv. to spiro- SPIRO-2 + -gyra, alter. of Gk ...
/spuy"royd/, adj. more or less spiral; resembling a spiral. [1840-50; < NL spiroides < Gk speiroeidés. See SPIRO-2, -OID] * * *
—spirometric /spuy'reuh me"trik/, spirometrical, adj. —spirometry, n. /spuy rom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for determining the capacity of the lungs. [1840-50; SPIRO-1 + ...
See spirometer. * * *
See spirometric. * * *
/spuy'reuh noh lak"tohn, spuy roh'-, -ron'euh-/, n. Pharm. a steroid, C24H32O4S, used in combination with other drugs as a diuretic and antihypertensive. [1955-60; alter. of ...
spi·ro·plas·ma (spīʹrə-plăz'mə) n. Any of numerous bacteria of the genus Spiroplasma that vary in form, lack flagella, and are associated with various plant diseases. ...
▪ microorganism       (class Spirotrichea), any of a group of ciliated protozoans characterized by nonuniform, sparse ciliation and prominent membranelles of fused cilia ...
/sperrt/, v.i., v.t., n. spurt. * * *
/spir"yeuh leuh, -oo leuh/, n., pl. spirulae /-lee'/. any cephalopod of the genus Spirula, having a flat, spiral shell that is partly inside and partly outside the posterior part ...

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