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spirulina
/spuy'reuh luy"neuh/, n. any of the blue-green algae of the genus Spirulina, sometimes added to food for its nutrient value. [ < NL, equiv. to spirul(a) small coil (see SPIRAL, ...
spiry
spiry1 /spuyeur"ee/, adj. 1. having the form of a spire, slender shoot, or tapering pointed body; tapering up to a point like a spire. 2. abounding in spires or ...
spissatus
/spi say"teuhs/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cloud) dense enough to obscure the sun. [ < NL spissatus, ptp. of spissare to thicken, pack tightly; see -ATE1] * * *
spit
spit1 —spitlike, adj. /spit/, v., spit or spat, spitting, n. v.i. 1. to eject saliva from the mouth; expectorate. 2. to express hatred, contempt, etc., by or as if by ejecting ...
spit and polish
—spit-and-polish /spit"n pol"ish/, adj. great care in maintaining smart appearance and crisp efficiency: The commander was concerned more with spit and polish than with the ...
spit curl
a tight curl of hair, usually pressed against the forehead or cheek. [1825-35] * * *
spit in the ocean
Cards. a variety of poker in which four cards are dealt face down to each player and one card, forming the fifth for all hands, is dealt face up in the center of the table, the ...
spit-and-polish
See spit and polish. * * *
spit-shine
/spit"shuyn'/, n., v., spit-shined, spit-shining. n. 1. a shoeshine in which a fluid, such as water, saliva, or lighter fluid, is used to impart a high gloss. v.t. 2. to give a ...
spital
/spit"l/, n. Archaic. 1. a hospital, esp. one for lazars. 2. a shelter on a highway. [1625-35; alter. of spittle, ME spitel < ML hospitale; see HOSPITAL] * * *
Spitalfields
a district of east London, England, east of the City. It used to be famous for its large fruit and vegetable market, which was moved to north-east London in 1991. Spitalfields ...
spitand polish
spit and polish n. Attention to appearance and order, as in a military unit.   spitʹ-and-polʹish (spĭtʹn-pŏlʹĭsh) adj. * * *
spitball
/spit"bawl'/, n. 1. a small ball or lump of chewed paper used as a missile. 2. Also called spitter. Baseball. a pitch, now illegal, made to curve by moistening one side of the ...
spitballer
/spit"baw'leuhr/, n. Baseball. a pitcher who is known or believed to throw spitballs. [SPITBALL + -ER1] * * *
spitchcock
/spich"kok'/, n. 1. an eel that is split, cut into pieces, and broiled or fried. v.t. 2. to split, cut up, and broil or fry (an eel). 3. to treat severely. [1590-1600; orig. ...
spitcurl
spit curl n. A spiral curl of hair pressed flat against the cheek, temple, or forehead.   [From the use of saliva to fix the curl.] * * *
spite
—spiteless, adj. /spuyt/, n., v., spited, spiting. n. 1. a malicious, usually petty, desire to harm, annoy, frustrate, or humiliate another person; bitter ill will; malice. 2. ...
spite fence
a wall or fence erected solely to annoy one's neighbor or lower the value of his or her property. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
spiteful
—spitefully, adv. —spitefulness, n. /spuyt"feuhl/, adj. full of spite or malice; showing spite; malicious; malevolent; venomous: a spiteful child. [1400-50; late ME; see ...
spitefully
See spiteful. * * *
spitefulness
See spitefully. * * *
spitfire
/spit"fuyeur'/, n. 1. a person, esp. a girl or woman, who is of fiery temper and easily provoked to outbursts. 2. (cap.) a British fighter plane with a single in-line engine used ...
Spithead
/spit"hed"/, n. a roadstead off the S coast of England between Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight. * * * ▪ strait, English Channel, Europe       strait of the English ...
Spitsbergen
/spits"berr'geuhn/, n. a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean, N of and belonging to Norway. 3431; 24,293 sq. mi. (62,920 sq. km). Also, Spitzbergen. Norwegian, Svalbard. * * ...
Spitta, (Julius August) Philipp
▪ German musicologist born Dec. 7, 1841, Wechold, Hanover [Germany] died April 13, 1894, Berlin, Ger.       German scholar, one of the principal figures in 19th-century ...
Spittal
▪ Austria also called  Spittal An Der Drau,         town, southern Austria. It lies along the Drava (Drau) River at the mouth of the Lieser valley, just west of ...
Spitteler
Ger. /shpit"l euhrdd/, n. Carl Ger. /kahrddl/, ("Felix Tandem"), 1845-1924, Swiss poet, novelist, and essayist: Nobel prize 1919. * * *
Spitteler, Carl
born April 24, 1845, Liestal, Switz. died Dec. 29, 1924, Lucerne Swiss poet. He was a private tutor in Russia and Finland before he wrote his first great poetic work, the ...
spitter
spitter1 /spit"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that spits. 2. Baseball. spitball (def. 2). [1350-1400; ME; see SPIT1, -ER1] spitter2 /spit"euhr/, n. brocket (def. 2). [1555-65; ...
spitting cobra
any cobra or cobralike snake, esp. the ringhals, that sprays venom at the eyes of approaching animals. [1905-10] * * *
spitting image
Informal. See spit1 (def. 13). [1925-30; from the phrase spit and image (see SPIT1) by confusion of spit and with spittin'; cf. earlier the very spit of the exact likeness of] * ...
spitting spider
▪ arachnid       any member of the family Scytodidae (order Araneida). Most species have six pearly-white eyes rather than the usual eight. Spitting spiders ensnare ...
spittingcobra
spit·ting cobra (spĭtʹĭng) n. See ringhals. * * *
spittingimage
spitting image n. A perfect likeness or counterpart.   [Alteration of spit and image, from spit, an exact likeness, as in the very spit of. See spit1.] * * *
spittle
/spit"l/, n. 1. saliva; spit. 2. Entomol. the frothy secretion exuded by spittlebugs. [1470-80; b. ME spit (n.) (see SPIT1) and spetil, OE spaetl, var. of SPATL saliva] * * *
spittlebug
/spit"l bug'/, n. the nymph of the froghopper, which surrounds itself with a frothy mass. [1880-85, Amer.; SPITTLE + BUG1] * * * or froghopper Any of some 2,000 species of ...
spittoon
/spi toohn"/, n. a cuspidor. [1815-25, Amer.; SPIT1 + -OON] * * *
spitvalve
spit valve n. Informal A water key. * * *
spitz
/spits/, n. any of several dogs having a stocky body, a thick coat, erect, pointed ears, and a tail curved over the back, as a chow chow, Pomeranian, or Samoyed. [1835-45; < G ...
Spitz
/spits/, n. Mark (Andrew), born 1950, U.S. swimmer: winner of seven gold medals in 1972 summer Olympic Games. * * * Any of several northern dogs, including the chow chow, ...
Spitz, Mark
▪ American athlete in full  Mark Andrew Spitz  born February 10, 1950, Modesto, California, U.S.    American swimmer who was the first athlete to win seven gold medals in ...
Spitz, Mark (Andrew)
born Feb. 10, 1950, Modesto, Calif., U.S. U.S. swimmer. He swam in college for Indiana University. At the 1968 Olympic Games he won two gold medals in team relay races. In the ...
Spitz,Mark
Spitz (spĭts), Mark. Born 1950. American swimmer who won seven gold medals at the 1972 Olympic games, the most ever won by an athlete at a single Olympics. He won a total of 11 ...
Spitzbergen
/spits"berr'geuhn/, n. Spitsbergen. * * *
spitzenburg
/spit"seuhn berrg'/, n. any of several red or yellow varieties of apple that ripen in the autumn. Also, spitzenberg. [1795-1805, Amer.; short for Esopus Spitzenberg, after ...
Spitzer Space Telescope
▪ United States satellite  U.S. satellite, the fourth and last of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration fleet of “Great Observatories” satellites, designed ...
Spitzer, Eliot
▪ 2005       In 2004 Eliot Spitzer, the crusading New York state attorney general, continued to venture where few others dared to tread with his investigation of ...
Spitzer, Lyman, Jr.
▪ 1998       American astrophysicist (b. June 26, 1914, Toledo, Ohio—d. March 31, 1997, Princeton, N.J.), advanced knowledge of the physical processes occurring in ...
Spitzweg, Carl
▪ German painter born Feb. 5, 1808, Munich died Sept. 23, 1885, Munich  German painter who is recognized as the most representative of the Biedermeier (Biedermeier style) ...
spiv
/spiv/, n. Brit. Informal. a petty criminal, esp. a black marketeer, racetrack tout, or petty thief. [1885-90; back formation from dial. spiving smart; perh. akin to SPIFFY] * * *
Spivak, Gayatri
▪ Indian literary critic in full  Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak  born Feb. 24, 1942, Calcutta, India       Indian literary theorist, feminist critic, postcolonial ...
Spivak, Lawrence Edmund
▪ 1995       U.S. broadcast journalist (b. June 11, 1900, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. March 9, 1994, Washington, D.C.), was a founder of the pioneering radio and television show ...
spivvy
/spiv"ee/, adj., spivvier, spivviest. Chiefly Brit. spiffy. Also, spivving /spiv"ing/. * * *
splad
/splad/, n. splat1 (def. 1). * * *
splake
/splayk/, n., pl. splakes, (esp. collectively) splake. the hybrid offspring of a lake trout and a brook trout. [1950-55; SP(ECKLED TROUT) + LAKE (TROUT)] * * *
splanchnic
/splangk"nik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the viscera or entrails; visceral. 2. of or pertaining to the splanchnic nerve. [1675-85; < NL splanchnicus < Gk splanchnikós, equiv. ...
splanchnic nerve
Anat. any of several nerves to the viscera and blood vessels of the chest and pelvic areas. [1825-35] * * *
splanchno-
a combining form meaning "viscera," used in the formation of compound words: splanchnopleure. [comb. form of Gk splánchna entrails (pl.)] * * *
splanchnology
splanchnology [splaŋk näl′ə jē] n. 〚 SPLANCHNO- + -LOGY〛 the branch of medical study dealing with the structure, functions, and diseases of the viscera * * ...
splanchnopleure
—splanchnopleural, splanchnopleuric, adj. /splangk"neuh ploor'/, n. Embryol. the double layer formed by the association of the lower layer of the lateral plate of mesoderm with ...
splanchnopleuric
See splanchnopleure. * * *
splash
—splashingly, adv. /splash/, v.t. 1. to wet or soil by dashing masses or particles of water, mud, or the like; spatter: Don't splash her dress! 2. to fall upon (something) in ...
splash dam
a flood dam built to contain water that is released for driving logs. * * *
splash down
1. to land in a body of water in a returning spacecraft. 2. (of a spacecraft) to land in a body of water. [1955-60, Amer.] * * *
splash erosion
erosion caused by the impact of falling raindrops. * * *
splash guard
a large flap behind a rear tire to prevent mud, water, etc., from being splashed on the following vehicle. Also called mudguard, mud flap. [1925-30] * * *
splashboard
/splash"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a board, guard, or screen to protect from splashing, as a dashboard of a vehicle or a guard placed over a wheel to intercept water, dirt, etc. 2. ...
splashdown
/splash"down'/, n. 1. the landing of a space vehicle in a body of water, esp. the ocean. 2. the exact place where such a landing is made. 3. the time of such a landing. [1959; n. ...
splasher
/splash"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that splashes. 2. something that protects from splashes. [1840-50; SPLASH + -ER1] * * *
splashguard
splash·guard (splăshʹgärd') n. See mudguard. * * *
splashily
See splashy. * * *
splashiness
See splashily. * * *
splashy
—splashily, adv. —splashiness, n. /splash"ee/, adj., splashier, splashiest. 1. making a splash or splashes. 2. making the sound of splashing. 3. full of or marked by ...
splat
splat1 /splat/, n. 1. Also, splad. a broad, flat piece of wood, either pierced or solid, forming the center upright part of a chair back or the like. 2. a batten for covering ...
splatter
/splat"euhr/, v.t., v.i. 1. to splash and scatter upon impact: The paint splattered when I dropped the bucket. n. 2. an act or instance of splattering. 3. the quantity ...
splatter film
Slang. 1. a film containing many scenes of violent and gruesome murders. 2. See snuff film. Also called splatter movie. * * *
splatterpunk
/splat"euhr pungk'/, n. a form of fiction featuring extremely graphic violence. [1985-90] * * *
splay
/splay/, v.t. 1. to spread out, expand, or extend. 2. to form with an oblique angle; make slanting; bevel. 3. to make with a splay or splays. 4. to disjoin; dislocate. v.i. 5. to ...
splayfoot
/splay"foot'/, n., pl. splayfeet, adj. n. 1. a broad, flat foot, esp. one turned outward. 2. Pathol. this condition as a deformity in which the arch is very low or absent and ...
splayfooted
See splayfoot. * * *
spleen
—spleenish, adj. /spleen/, n. 1. a highly vascular, glandular, ductless organ, situated in humans at the cardiac end of the stomach, serving chiefly in the formation of mature ...
spleenful
—spleenfully, adv. /spleen"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of or displaying spleen. 2. ill-humored; irritable or peevish; spiteful; splenetic. [1580-90; SPLEEN + -FUL] * * *
spleenwort
/spleen"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any of various temperate and tropical ferns of the genera Asplenium and Diplazium, certain species of which are grown as ornamentals. [1570-80; ...
spleeny
/splee"nee/, adj., spleenier, spleeniest. abundant in or displaying spleen. [1595-1605; SPLEEN + -Y1] * * *
splen-
var. of spleno- before a vowel: splenectomy. * * *
splendent
—splendently, adv. /splen"deuhnt/, adj. 1. shining or radiant, as the sun. 2. gleaming or lustrous, as metal, marble, etc. 3. brilliant in appearance, color, etc.; gorgeous; ...
splendid
—splendidly, adv. —splendidness, n. /splen"did/, adj. 1. gorgeous; magnificent; sumptuous. 2. grand; superb, as beauty. 3. distinguished or glorious, as a name, reputation, ...
splendidly
See splendid. * * *
splendidness
See splendidly. * * *
splendiferous
—splendiferously, adv. —splendiferousness, n. /splen dif"euhr euhs/, adj. splendid; magnificent; fine. [1425-75; late ME < LL splendorifer brightness-bearing (see SPLENDOR, ...
splendor
—splendorous, splendrous /splen"dreuhs/, adj. /splen"deuhr/, n. 1. brilliant or gorgeous appearance, coloring, etc.; magnificence: the splendor of the palace. 2. an instance or ...
splendorous
See splendor. * * *
splendour
splendour [splen′dər] n. Brit. sp. of SPLENDOR * * * splen·dour (splĕnʹdər) n. Chiefly British Variant of splendor. * * *
splendrous
See splendorous. * * *
splenectomize
See splenectomy. * * *
splenectomy
/spli nek"teuh mee/, n., pl. splenectomies. Surg. excision or removal of the spleen. Also called lienectomy. [1855-60; SPLEN- + -ECTOMY] * * *
splenetic
—splenetically, adv. /spli net"ik/, adj. Also, splenetical. 1. of the spleen; splenic. 2. irritable; peevish; spiteful. 3. Obs. affected with, characterized by, or tending to ...
splenetically
See splenetic. * * *
splenial
See splenius. * * *
splenic
/splee"nik, splen"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, connected with, or affecting the spleen: splenic nerves. [1610-20; < L splenicus < Gk splenikós. See SPLEN-, -IC] * * *
splenitis
▪ pathology       enlargement and inflammation of the spleen as a result of infection, parasite infestation, or cysts.       Infections spread readily to the ...
splenius
—splenial, adj. /splee"nee euhs/, n., pl. splenii /-nee uy'/. Anat. a broad muscle on each side of the back of the neck and the upper part of the thoracic region, the action of ...
spleno-
a combining form representing spleen in compound words: splenomegaly. Also, esp. before a vowel, splen-. [comb. form repr. Gk splén SPLEEN] * * *
splenomegaly
/splee'neuh meg"euh lee, splen'euh-/, n. Pathol. enlargement of the spleen. Also, splenomegalia /splee'noh meuh gay"lee euh, -gayl"yeuh, splen'oh-/. [1895-1900; SPLENO- + ...
spleuchan
/splooh"kheuhn/, n. Scot., Irish Eng. a small pouch, esp. for carrying tobacco or money. Also, spleughan /splooh"kheuhn/. [1775-85; < ScotGael spliùchan] * * *
splice
—spliceable, adj. /spluys/, v., spliced, splicing, n. v.t. 1. to join together or unite (two ropes or parts of a rope) by the interweaving of strands. 2. to unite (timbers, ...
spliceosome
splice·o·some (splīsʹə-sōm') n. A nucleoprotein particle that aids in the splicing of messenger RNA in eukaryotes.   [splice + -some3.] * * *
splicer
/spluy"seuhr/, n. a device used to hold two sections of motion-picture film, recording tape, etc., in proper alignment while they are being spliced together. [1925-30; SPLICE + ...
spliff
/splif/, n. Slang. a marijuana cigarette, esp. a large or very potent one. [1935-40; orig. Jamaican E; of uncert. orig.] * * *
spline
/spluyn/, n., v., splined, splining. n. 1. a long, narrow, thin strip of wood, metal, etc.; slat. 2. a long, flexible strip of wood or the like, used in drawing curves. 3. ...
splint
—splintlike, adj. /splint/, n. 1. a thin piece of wood or other rigid material used to immobilize a fractured or dislocated bone, or to maintain any part of the body in a fixed ...
splint bone
one of the rudimentary, splintlike metacarpal or metatarsal bones of the horse or some allied animal, one on each side of the back of each cannon bone. [1695-1705] * * *
splintbone
splint bone n. Either of two small metacarpal or metatarsal bones in horses or related animals. * * *
splinter
—splinterless, adj. —splintery, adj. /splin"teuhr/, n. 1. a small, thin, sharp piece of wood, bone, or the like, split or broken off from the main body. 2. See splinter ...
splinter group
a small organization that becomes separated from or acts apart from an original larger group or a number of other small groups, with which it would normally be united, as because ...
splintergroup
splinter group n. A group, such as a religious sect or political faction, that has broken away from a parent group. * * *
splintery
splintery [splin′tərē] adj. 1. easily splintered 2. of or like a splinter 3. resulting in splinters, as a fracture 4. full of splinters; splintered * * * See splinter. * * *
split
—splittable, adj. /split/, v., split, splitting, n., adj. v.t. 1. to divide or separate from end to end or into layers: to split a log in two. 2. to separate by cutting, ...
Split
/split/, n. a seaport in S Croatia, on the Adriatic: Roman ruins. 180,571. Italian, Spalato. * * * ancient Spalatum Seaport (pop., 2001: 188,694), Dalmatia, Croatia. The ...
split decision
Boxing. a decision of a bout on whose outcome the referee and judges did not unanimously agree. [1945-50] * * *
split end
Football. an offensive end who lines up some distance outside the formation on the line of scrimmage as a pass receiver. Also called flanker, spread end. [1950-55, Amer.] * * *
split flap
Aeron. 1. a flap that is located on the under surface of the trailing edge of an aircraft wing and that splits away from the wing structure when rotated downward, producing an ...
split image range finder
Photog. a range finder in which opposing halves of a split field move relative to each other and coincide when the object centered in the field is in focus. * * *
split infinitive
Gram. an expression in which there is a word or phrase, esp. an adverb or adverbial phrase, between to and its accompanying verb form in an infinitive, as in to readily ...
split page
1. (in a newspaper) a page replacing one of an earlier edition and containing chiefly the same material in altered form. 2. the first page of the second section of a newspaper. * ...
split pea
a dried green pea, split and used esp. for soup. [1730-40] * * *
split personality
split personality n. 1. SCHIZOPHRENIA (sense 1) 2. nontechnical term for MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER * * *
split personality.
See multiple personality. [1925-30] * * *
split rail
a wooden rail split lengthwise from a log and commonly used in rustic rail and post fencing. [1820-30; Amer.] * * *
split roll
Econ. a taxation under which real-estate taxes on business and industrial buildings are levied at higher rates than on residential homes. Also called split-roll tax. * * *
split run
a pressrun, as that of a newspaper or magazine, which is interrupted after the running of a specified number of copies to permit the substitution of type or of a cut, as in a ...
split screen
1. Also called composite shot. Motion Pictures, Television. a type of process photography in which two or more shots are juxtaposed and projected simultaneously on the screen. 2. ...
split second
—split-second, adj. 1. a fraction of a second. 2. an infinitesimal amount of time; instant; twinkling. [1880-85] * * *
split shift
☆ split shift n. a shift, or work period, divided into two parts that are separated by an interval longer than that of the usual meal or rest period * * *
split spindle
Furniture. a turned piece halved lengthwise for use as applied ornament, as on a chest or cupboard, or as part of a chair back or the like. Also called half-turning. * * *
split ticket
U.S. Politics. 1. a ballot on which not all votes have been cast for candidates of the same party. 2. a ticket on which not all the candidates nominated by a party are members of ...
split-brain
/split"brayn"/, adj. having, involving, or pertaining to a severed corpus callosum. [1955-60] * * *
split-dollar insurance
/split"dol"euhr/ life insurance in which someone helps pay the premiums for another, as when an employer contributes to the premiums of an employee's policy. * * *
split-finger fastball
☆ split-finger fastball [split′fiŋ′gər ] n. Baseball a type of fastball that sinks abruptly as it nears home plate, thrown with the grip used for a forkball * * *
split-fingered fastball
/split"fing'geuhrd/, Baseball. a pitch, similar to the forkball but thrown with the same arm speed as a fastball, that drops suddenly as it nears the batter. * * *
split-fingeredfastball
split-fin·gered fastball (splĭtʹfĭngʹgərd) n. Baseball A fastball thrown with the ball held between the index and middle finger, causing the ball to drop sharply near home ...
split-level
/split"lev"euhl/, adj. 1. noting a house having a room or rooms that are somewhat above or below adjacent rooms, with the floor levels usually differing by approximately half a ...
split-off
/split"awf', -of'/, n. 1. the act of separating or splitting away from something else. 2. something that has split or has been split from something else. 3. Com. a process of ...
split-phase
/split"fayz"/, adj. Elect. 1. pertaining to or noting a current in one of two parallel circuits that have a single-phase current source but unequal impedances and that produce ...
split-rail
See split rail. * * *
split-time
/split"tuym'/, n. a daylight-saving time based on a half-hour advance. * * *
split-up
/split"up'/, n. 1. a splitting or separating into two or more parts. 2. a separation or dissociation of two groups or people. 3. Com. a process of reorganizing a corporate ...
splitdecision
split decision n. A decision declaring the winner of a boxing match in which the judges and referee are not unanimous in their opinions. * * *
splitend
split end n. 1. Football. A pass receiver who lines up apart from the rest of the formation. 2. The end of a hair that has split into strands. * * *
splitinfinitive
split infinitive n. An infinitive verb form with an element, usually an adverb, interposed between to and the verb form, as in to boldly go.   Usage Note: The split infinitive ...
splitpersonality
split personality n. 1. Multiple personality. No longer in scientific use. 2. Schizophrenia. No longer in scientific use. * * *
splitrail
split rail n. A fence rail split lengthwise from a log.   splitʹ-rail' (splĭtʹrāl') adj. * * *
splitsecond
split second n. An instant; a flash.   [Short for split second hands, a stopwatch with two second hands, one beneath the other, one of which may be stopped independently of the ...
splitshift
split shift n. A working shift divided into two or more periods of time, such as morning and evening, with a break of several hours between them. * * *
splitsville
/splits"vil/, n. Slang. the state or condition of being divorced or separated. [SPLIT + -s- + -ville (see SQUARESVILLE)] * * *
splittail
/split"tayl'/, n. a minnow, Pogonichthys macrolepidotus, of the Sacramento River, having the upper lobe of the tail much longer than the lower lobe: habitat changes have greatly ...
splitter
/split"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that splits. 2. Biol. Informal. a taxonomist who believes that classifications should emphasize differences between organisms and therefore ...
splitticket
split ticket n. 1. A ballot cast for candidates of two or more political parties. 2. A ticket that includes the names of candidates from more than one party. * * *
splitting
/split"ing/, adj. 1. being split or causing something to split. 2. violent or severe, as a headache. 3. very fast or rapid. n. 4. Usually, splittings. a part or fragment that has ...
splitting adz
a heavy stone tool used by prehistoric peoples in northwestern North America and northeastern Asia. * * *
splitting field
Math. a field containing a given field in which every polynomial can be written as the product of linear factors. Also called root field. [1960-65] * * *
splodge
splodge [spläj] n., vt. splodged, splodging [Brit.] var. of SPLOTCH * * *
splore
/splawr, splohr/, n. Scot. 1. a frolic; revel; carousal. 2. a commotion; disturbance. [1775-85; perh. aph. var. of EXPLORE] * * *
splosh
/splosh/, v.t., v.i., n. splash. * * *
splotch
/sploch/, n. 1. a large, irregular spot; blot; stain; blotch. v.t. 2. to mark or cover with splotches. v.i. 3. to be susceptible to stains or blots; show or retain stains, blots, ...
splotchiness
See splotch. * * *
splotchy
/sploch"ee/, adj., splotchier, splotchiest. marked or covered with splotches. [1805-15; SPLOTCH + -Y1] * * *
splurge
—splurgily, adv. —splurgy, adj. /splerrj/, v., splurged, splurging, n. v.i. 1. to indulge oneself in some luxury or pleasure, esp. a costly one: They splurged on a trip to ...
splurgy
See splurge. * * *
splutter
—splutterer, n. /splut"euhr/, v.i. 1. to talk rapidly and somewhat incoherently, as when confused, excited, or embarrassed: When pushed for an explanation, he always ...
splutterer
See splutter. * * *
spluttery
/splut"euh ree/, adj. tending to splutter: spluttery fire sparks. [1865-70; SPLUTTER + -Y1] * * *
ṣpn
Northwest Semitic, to hide. Zephaniah, from Hebrew ṣəpanyāh, Yahweh has hidden, Yahweh has treasured, from ṣəpan, reduced form of ṣāpan, he has hidden. * * *
Spock
/spok/, n. Benjamin (McLane) /meuh klayn"/, 1903-98, U.S. physician and educator. * * *
Spock, Benjamin
▪ 1999       American pediatrician (b. May 2, 1903, New Haven, Conn.—d. March 15, 1998, La Jolla, Calif.), was the most influential child-care authority of the 20th ...
Spock, Benjamin (McLane)
born May 2, 1903, New Haven, Conn., U.S. died March 15, 1998, La Jolla, Calif. U.S. pediatrician. He received his M.D. from Columbia University and later practiced pediatrics ...
Spock,Benjamin McLane
Spock (spŏk), Benjamin McLane. 1903-1998. American pediatrician, educator, and writer. His book Baby and Child Care, originally published in 1946, had a great influence on ...
spod
spod (spŏd) n. Chiefly British Slang One who spends an inordinate amount of time exchanging remarks in computer chatrooms or participating in discussions in newsgroups or on ...
spodding
See spod. * * *
Spode
/spohd/ Trademark. china or porcelain manufactured by the Spodes or the firm they established. Also called Spode china. /spohd/, n. Josiah, 1733-97, and his son, Josiah, ...
Spode porcelain
▪ pottery       porcelain introduced about 1800 in the factory of Josiah Spode and Josiah Spode II at Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, Eng. This hybrid ...
Spode,Josiah
Spode, Josiah. 1754-1827. British potter. In 1800 he founded a pottery that became famous for its bone china. * * *
spodosol
/spod"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. an acidic forest soil of low fertility, common to the cool, humid areas of North America and Eurasia. [1955-60; < Gk spodó(s) wood ash + -SOL] * * ...
spodumene
/spoj"oo meen'/, n. a mineral, lithium aluminum silicate, LiAlSi2O6, occurring in prismatic crystals, transparent varieties being used as gems. [1795-1805; < F spodumène < G ...
Spofford, Harriet Elizabeth Prescott
▪ American author née  Harriet Elizabeth Prescott  born April 3, 1835, Calais, Maine, U.S. died Aug. 14, 1921, Amesbury, Mass.  American writer whose Gothic romances are ...
Spohr
/shpohrdd/, n. Ludwig /looht"vikh, loohd"-/ or Louis /looh"ee/, 1784-1859, German violinist and composer. * * *
Spohr, Louis
orig. Ludwig Spohr born April 5, 1784, Brunswick, Brunswick died Oct. 22, 1859, Kassel, Hesse German composer and violinist. He was kapellmeister in Kassel from 1822 and ...
spoil
—spoilable, adj. —spoilless, adj. /spoyl/, v., spoiled or spoilt, spoiling, n. v.t. 1. to damage severely or harm (something), esp. with reference to its excellence, value, ...
spoil bank
a bank of excavated refuse or waste earth, as of shale from surface coal mining. [1820-30] * * *
spoil ground
an area within a body of water, esp. in the sea, where dredged material is deposited. * * *
spoilage
/spoy"lij/, n. 1. the act of spoiling or the state of being spoiled. 2. material or the amount of material that is spoiled or wasted: The spoilage in today's shipment is much too ...
spoiler
/spoy"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that spoils. 2. a person who robs or ravages; despoiler; plunderer. 3. Aeron. a device used to break up the airflow around an aerodynamic ...
spoiler party
U.S. Politics. a third political party formed to draw votes away from one of the two major parties, thus spoiling its chance of winning an election. [1965-70] * * *
spoilfive
/spoyl"fuyv'/, n. Cards. a game played by two to ten persons having five cards each. [1830-40; SPOIL + FIVE] * * *
spoils system
the system or practice in which public offices with their emoluments and advantages are at the disposal of the victorious party for its own purposes. [1830-40, Amer.] * * * or ...
spoilsman
/spoylz"meuhn/, n., pl. spoilsmen. 1. a person who seeks or receives a share in political spoils. 2. an advocate of the spoils system in politics. [1835-45, Amer.; SPOILS + ...
spoilsport
/spoyl"spawrt', -spohrt'/, n. a person whose selfish or unsportsmanlike attitudes or actions spoil the pleasure of others, as in a game or social gathering. [1815-25; from phrase ...
spoilssystem
spoils system n. The postelection practice of rewarding loyal supporters of the winning candidates and party with appointive public offices. * * *
spoilt
/spoylt/, v. a pt. and pp. of spoil. * * *
Spokane
/spoh kan"/, n. a city in E Washington. 171,300. * * * City (pop., 2000: 195,629), eastern Washington, U.S. Situated at the falls of the Spokane River, the city was settled on ...
Spokane River
▪ river, United States       river rising in Coeur d'Alene Lake, Kootenai county, northern Idaho, U.S., and flowing west across the Washington border through Spokane for ...
spoke
spoke1 /spohk/, v. 1. a pt. of speak. 2. Nonstandard. a pp. of speak. 3. Archaic, a pp. of speak. spoke2 —spokeless, adj. /spohk/, n., v., spoked, spoking. n. 1. one of the ...
spoke-dog
/spohk"dawg', -dog'/, n. a stick used by wheelwrights to force the outer ends of spokes into the rim or felloe. * * *
spoken
/spoh"keuhn/, v. 1. a pp. of speak. adj. 2. uttered or expressed by speaking; oral (opposed to written): the spoken word. 3. speaking, or using speech, as specified (usually used ...
spoken-word
spo·ken-word (spōʹkən-wûrdʹ) adj. 1. Spoken aloud, especially in performance: spoken-word poetry. 2. Performing or involving a performance of the spoken word: “Whenever ...
spokeshave
/spohk"shayv'/, n. a cutting tool having a blade set between two handles, originally for shaping spokes, but now in general use for dressing curved edges of wood and forming ...
spokesman
/spohks"meuhn/, n., pl. spokesmen. 1. a person who speaks for another or for a group. 2. a public speaker. [1510-20; SPOKE1 (irreg. as n.) + 'S1 + -MAN] Usage. See -man. * * *
spokesmodel
/spohks"mod'l/, n. a model who acts as a spokesperson. [SPOKESPERSON + MODEL (def. 6)] * * *
spokesperson
/spohks"perr'seuhn/, n. a person who speaks for another or for a group. [1970-75; SPOKES(MAN) + -PERSON] Usage. See -person. * * *
spokeswoman
/spohks"woom'euhn/, n., pl. spokeswomen. a woman who speaks for another person or for a group. [1645-55; SPOKES(MAN) + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
spokewise
/spohk"wuyz'/, adv. 1. in relation to, away from, or toward a center, as the spokes on a wheel: The projections were arranged spokewise around the core. adj. 2. having the parts ...
Spoleto
Spoleto [spə lāt′ō] commune in central Italy, near Perugia: pop. 22,000 * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Spoletium        town and archiepiscopal see, Umbria regione, ...
spolia opima
/spoh"lee euh oh puy"meuh, -pee"-/; Lat. /spaw"li ah' aw pee"mah/ (in ancient Rome) the arms taken by a victorious general from the leader of a defeated army. [ < L spolia opima ...
spoliate
—spoliator, n. /spoh"lee ayt'/, v.t., v.i., spoliated, spoliating. to plunder, rob, or ruin. [1715-25; < L spoliatus, ptp. of spoliare to spoil. See SPOIL, -ATE1] * * *
spoliation
/spoh'lee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or an instance of plundering or despoiling. 2. authorized plundering of neutrals at sea in time of war. 3. Law. the destruction or material ...
spoliator
See spoliation. * * *
spondaic
/spon day"ik/, adj. Pros. 1. of or pertaining to a spondee. 2. noting or constituting a spondee. 3. consisting of spondees; characterized by a spondee or spondees. Also, ...
spondee
/spon"dee/, n. Pros. a foot of two syllables, both of which are long in quantitative meter or stressed in accentual meter. [1350-1400; ME sponde < L spondeus < Gk spondeîos, ...
spondulicks
/spon dooh"liks/, n. Older Slang. money; cash. Also, spondulix. [1855-60, Amer.; orig. uncert.] * * *
spondylitis
—spondylitic /spon'dl it"ik/, adj. /spon'dl uy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the vertebrae. [1840-50; < Gk spóndyl(os) vertebra, whorl, mussel + -ITIS] * * * ▪ ...
spondylo-
spondylo- [spän′də lō, spän′dələ] 〚< Gr spondylos, vertebra < IE base * sp(h)e(n)d-, to jerk, dangle > Sans spandatē, (he) jerks〛 combining form vertebra ...
spondylolisthesis
/spon'dl oh lis thee"sis/, n. Pathol. the forward displacement of a vertebra. [ < NL (1853) < Gk spóndyl(os) vertebra + olísthesis dislocation, equiv. to olisthe-, var. s. of ...
spondylosis
/spon'dl oh"sis/, n. Pathol. immobility and fusion of vertebral joints. [1895-1900; < Gk spóndyl(os) vertebra + -OSIS] * * * ▪ pathology       noninflammatory ...
sponge
—spongeless, adj. —spongelike, adj. —spongingly, adv. /spunj/, n., v., sponged, sponging. n. 1. any aquatic, chiefly marine animal of the phylum Porifera, having a porous ...
sponge bag
Brit. a small, usually waterproof, case for carrying toilet articles. [1855-60] * * *
sponge bath
a bath in which the bather is cleaned by a wet sponge or washcloth dipped in water, without getting into a tub of water. [1855-60] * * *
sponge cake
a light, sweet cake made with a comparatively large proportion of eggs but no shortening. [1795-1805] * * *
sponge cloth
1. any cloth loosely woven of coarse yarn to produce a spongy look or texture, esp. one constructed in honeycomb weave. 2. ratiné. [1860-65] * * *
sponge iron
finely divided, porous iron, reduced from an oxide at a temperature below the melting point. Also called iron sponge. [1870-75] * * *
sponge rubber
a light, spongy rubber, usually prepared by bubbling carbon dioxide through or whipping air into latex, used for padding, insulation, gaskets, etc.; foam rubber. [1885-90] * * *
sponge tree
huisache. [1890-95] * * *
spongebath
sponge bath n. A bath in which the bather is washed with a wet sponge or washcloth without being immersed. * * *
spongecake
spongecake [spunj′kāk΄] n. a light, spongy cake made of flour, eggs, sugar, etc., but no shortening: also sponge cake * * * sponge cake n. A very light, porous cake made of ...
sponged ware
spongeware. * * *
spongefly
/spunj"fluy'/, n., pl. spongeflies. any of several insects of the family Sisyridae, the aquatic larvae of which feed on freshwater sponges. Also, spongillafly. [SPONGE + FLY2] * ...
spongemushroom
sponge mushroom n. The morel. * * *
sponger
/spun"jeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that sponges. 2. a person who habitually borrows or lives at the expense of others; parasite. 3. a person or boat engaged in gathering ...
spongerubber
sponge rubber n. A soft, porous rubber used in toys, cushions, gaskets, and weather stripping and as a vibration dampener. * * *
spongeware
/spunj"wair'/, n. earthenware decorated with color applied with a sponge. [1940-45; SPONGE + WARE1] * * *
spongiform
/spun"jeuh fawrm'/, adj. resembling a sponge, as in appearance or structure. [1815-20] * * *
Spongilla
      sponge genus that includes the freshwater sponge (q.v.) species. * * *
spongillafly
/spun jil"euh fluy', spon-/, n., pl. spongillaflies. spongefly. [ < NL spongilla (L spong(ia) SPONGE + -illa dim. suffix) + FLY2] * * * ▪ insect       any of a group of ...
spongin
/spun"jin/, n. a scleroprotein occurring in the form of fibers that form the skeleton of certain sponges. [1865-70; SPONGE + -IN2] * * *
sponginess
See spongy. * * *
spongioblast
—spongioblastic, adj. /spun"jee oh blast', spon"-/, n. Embryol. one of the primordial cells in the embryonic brain and spinal cord capable of developing into ...
spongiocyte
spon·gi·o·cyte (spŭnʹjē-ə-sīt') n. Any of the cells of the neuroglia.   [Latin spongia, sponge; see sponge + -cyte.] * * *
spongocoel
/spong"goh seel'/, n. Zool. the central cavity in the body of a sponge. [ < Gk spongó(s), var. of SPONGIÁ SPONGE + E -coel, var. of -COELE] * * *
spongy
—spongily, adv. —sponginess, n. /spun"jee/, adj., spongier, spongiest. 1. of the nature of or resembling a sponge; light, porous, and elastic or readily compressible, as pith ...
spongy parenchyma
Bot. the lower layer of the ground tissue of a leaf, characteristically containing irregularly shaped cells with relatively few chloroplasts and large intercellular spaces. Also ...
spongymesophyll
spongy mesophyll n. A leaf tissue consisting of loosely arranged, chloroplast-bearing, usually lobed cells. Also called spongy parenchyma. * * *
sponsion
/spon"sheuhn/, n. 1. an engagement or promise, esp. one made on behalf of another. 2. Internat. Law. an engagement made on behalf of a government by an agent acting beyond his or ...
sponson
/spon"seuhn/, n. 1. a structure projecting from the side or main deck of a vessel to support a gun or the outer edge of a paddle box. 2. a buoyant appendage at the gunwale of a ...
sponsor
—sponsorial /spon sawr"ee euhl, -sohr"-/, adj. —sponsorship, n. /spon"seuhr/, n. 1. a person who vouches or is responsible for a person or thing. 2. a person, firm, ...
sponsorial
See sponsor. * * *
sponsorship
See sponsorial. * * *
sponsor’s mark
➡ hallmarks * * *
spontaneity
/spon'teuh nee"i tee, -nay"-/, n., pl. spontaneities. 1. the state, quality, or fact of being spontaneous. 2. spontaneous activity. 3. spontaneities, spontaneous impulses, ...
spontaneous
—spontaneously, adv. —spontaneousness, n. /spon tay"nee euhs/, adj. 1. coming or resulting from a natural impulse or tendency; without effort or premeditation; natural and ...
spontaneous abortion
miscarriage (def. 1). * * *
spontaneous combustion
the ignition of a substance or body from the rapid oxidation of its own constituents without heat from any external source. [1800-10] * * *       the outbreak of fire ...
spontaneous fission
▪ physics       type of radioactive decay in which certain unstable nuclei of heavier elements split into two nearly equal fragments (nuclei of lighter elements) and ...
spontaneous generation
Biol. abiogenesis. [1650-60] * * * ▪ biology also called  Abiogenesis,         the hypothetical process by which living organisms develop from nonliving matter; ...
spontaneousabortion
spontaneous abortion n. See miscarriage. * * *
spontaneouscombustion
spontaneous combustion n. Ignition of a substance, such as oily rags or hay, caused by a localized heat-increasing reaction between the oxidant and the fuel and not involving ...
spontaneousgeneration
spontaneous generation n. See abiogenesis. * * *


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