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standard units
➡ imperial system * * *
—standard-bearership, n. /stan"deuhrd bair'euhr/, n. 1. an officer or soldier of an army or military unit who bears a standard. 2. a conspicuous leader of a movement, political ...
/stan"deuhrd bred'/, adj. pertaining to a horse of the Standardbred breed. [1890-95] * * *
/stan"deuhrd bred'/, n. one of an American breed of trotting and pacing horses used chiefly for harness racing. [1890-95; STANDARD + BRED] * * * Breed of light horse developed ...
standard candle n. A candela. * * *
standard deviation n. Abbr. SD A statistic used as a measure of the dispersion or variation in a distribution, equal to the square root of the arithmetic mean of the squares of ...
Stan·dard English (stănʹdərd) n. The variety of English that is generally acknowledged as the model for the speech and writing of educated speakers.   Usage Note: People ...
standard error n. The standard deviations of the sample in a frequency distribution, obtained by dividing the standard deviation by the total number of cases in the frequency ...
standard gauge n. 1. A railroad track having a width of 56 1/2 inches (143.5 centimeters). 2. A railroad or railroad car built to standard gauge specification. * * *
See standardize. * * * In industry, the development and application of standards that make it possible to manufacture a large volume of interchangeable parts. Standardization ...
—standardizable, adj. —standardization, n. —standardizer, n. /stan"deuhr duyz'/, v., standardized, standardizing. v.t. 1. to bring to or make of an established standard ...
Standardized digital transmission rates for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), the synchronous optical network (SONET), and the optical carrier (OC) hierarchy
▪ Table Standardized digital transmission rates for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), the synchronous optical network (SONET), and the optical carrier (OC) ...
standardized test
➡ higher education * * *
standardized tests
➡ exams * * *
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries
▪ Table Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries % of total labour force Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 20041 United ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries 1
▪ Table Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries % of total labour force Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 20051 United ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries 2
▪ Table % of total labour force   Country 1999 2000 2001 2002 20031 United ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries 3
▪ Table % of total labour force   Country 1998 1999 2000 2001 20021 United ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries, Table
▪ 2001 Table II. Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries % of total labour force Country 1996 1997 1998 1999 20001 United States   5.4   4.9   ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries, Table 1
▪ Table % total labour force Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994{1} United States ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries, Table 2
▪ Table Table III. Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries % of total labour force   Country 1993 1994 1995 1996 19971 United States   6.9   ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries, Table 3
▪ Table % of total labour force Country 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995{1} United States ...
Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries, Table 4
▪ Table (% total labour force) Country 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 United States 5.2 5.4 ...
See standard. * * *
standard model n. A model of fundamental forces and particles that explains their behavior and interactions in terms of symmetries and the destruction of symmetries. * * *
standardof living
standard of living n. pl. standards of living A level of material comfort as measured by the goods, services, and luxuries available to an individual, group, or nation. * * *
standardoperating procedure
standard operating procedure n. 1. Established procedure to be followed in carrying out a given operation or in a given situation. 2. A specific procedure or set of procedures so ...
standards of living
The British enjoy the high standard of living of an industrialized western country. Most British people tend not to judge quality of life by money alone though, and would point ...
standard time n. The time in any of 24 time zones, usually the mean solar time at the central meridian of each zone. In the continental United States, there are four standard ...
/stand"euh way'/, adj. (of a garment) designed or constructed to stand upright or extend outward from the body: a standaway collar. [1935-40; adj. use of v. phrase stand away] * ...
/stand"buy'/, n., pl. standbys, adj. n. 1. a staunch supporter or adherent; one who can be relied upon. 2. something upon which one can rely and therefore choose or use ...
/stan dee"/, n. a person who stands, as a passenger in a train, a spectator at a theater, etc., either because all the seats are taken or because standing room is cheaper than a ...
See stand. * * *
/stand"fast', -fahst'/, n. a rigid or unyielding position. [1710-20; n. use of v. phrase stand fast] * * *
/stan"ding/, n. 1. rank or status, esp. with respect to social, economic, or personal position, reputation, etc.: He had little standing in the community. 2. good position, ...
standing army
a permanently organized military force maintained by a nation. [1595-1605] * * *
standing broad jump
Track. a jump for distance from a standing position. * * *
standing committee
1. a permanent committee, as of a legislature, society, etc., intended to consider all matters pertaining to a designated subject. 2. (caps.) the highest policymaking body of the ...
standing cup
a tall decorative cup of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, having a raised cover. * * *
standing cypress
a plant, Ipomopsis rubra, of the southern U.S., having feathery leaves and clusters of red and yellow flowers. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
standing martingale
martingale (def. 1). * * *
standing O
standing O n. [Slang] short for STANDING OVATION * * *
standing operating procedure
Mil. See standard operating procedure. * * *
standing order
1. Mil. (formerly) a general order always in force in a command and establishing uniform procedures for it; standard operating procedure. 2. standing orders, Parl. Proc. the ...
standing ovation
standing ovation n. an enthusiastic outburst of applause in which some or all members of the audience rise to their feet * * *
standing rib roast.
See rib roast. * * *
standing rigging
Naut. rigging remaining permanently in position as a means of steadying various spars, shrouds, stays, etc. (contrasted with running rigging). [1740-50] * * *
standing room
1. space in which to stand, as in a theater, stadium, or the like. 2. accommodation for standing. [1595-1605] * * *
standing stone
n a large stone placed in an upright position during the Stone Age or the Bronze Age. There are many of these stones in Britain, often arranged in circles as at Stonehenge and ...
standing stones
➡ Bronze Age Britain * * *
standing to sue
▪ law       in law, the requirement that a person who brings a suit be a proper party to request adjudication of the particular issue involved. The test traditionally ...
standing wave
Physics. a wave in a medium in which each point on the axis of the wave has an associated constant amplitude ranging from zero at the nodes to a maximum at the antinodes. Also ...
See standing room. * * *
standing army n. A permanent army maintained in time of peace and war. * * *
standing crop n. The total amount of living organisms, as of plankton, in a specific area at a given time. * * *
standing order n. An order or rule held to be in force until specifically changed or withdrawn, especially a regulation relating to military or parliamentary procedure. * * *
standing room n. Space in which to stand, as in a public place where all seats are filled.   standʹing-room' (stănʹdĭng-ro͞om', -ro͝om') adj. * * *
standing stone n. A prehistoric monument of a class found chiefly in the British Isles and northern France, consisting of a single tall, upright megalith. Also called menhir. * * ...
standing wave n. A wave characterized by lack of vibration at certain points, between which areas of maximum vibration occur periodically. Standing waves are produced whenever a ...
/stan"dish/, n. Archaic. a stand for ink, pens, and other writing materials. [1425-75; late ME; orig. uncert.; perh. STAND + DISH] * * *
/stan"dish/, n. 1. Burt L., pseudonym of Gilbert Patten. 2. Myles or Miles /muylz/, c1584-1656, American settler, born in England: military leader in Plymouth Colony. * * *
Standish, Myles
born с 1584, Lancashire, Eng. died Oct. 3, 1656, Duxbury, Mass. British-American colonist. He fought in the Netherlands, where he met the Pilgrims, with whom he later sailed ...
Stan·dish (stănʹdĭsh'), Miles or Myles 1584?-1656. English colonist in America. Hired by the English Pilgrims to accompany them on their voyage to the New World (1620), he ...
/stand"awf', -of'/, n. 1. a standing off or apart; aloofness. 2. a tie or draw, as in a game. 3. something that counterbalances. 4. a prop for holding the top of a ladder away ...
standoff insulator n. An insulator used to support a conductor a specified distance from a surface. * * *
—standoffishly, adv. —standoffishness, n. /stand"aw"fish, -of"ish/, adj. somewhat aloof or reserved; cold and unfriendly. Also, stand-offish. [1855-60; STANDOFF + -ISH1] * * *
See standoffish. * * *
/stand"owt'/, n. 1. something or someone, as a person, performance, etc., remarkably superior to others: Evans was a standout in the mixed doubles. 2. someone who is conspicuous ...
/stand"pat'/, n. 1. standpatter. adj. 2. characterized by refusing to consider or accept change. [1900-05; n., adj. use of v. phrase stand pat] * * *
/stand"pat"euhr, -pat'-/, n. a person who refuses to consider or accept change. [1900-05, Amer.; STANDPAT + -ER1] * * *
/stand"pat"iz euhm/, n. belief in or the practice of resisting or refusing to accept change, esp. in politics. Also, standpatism. [1900-05, Amer.; STANDPAT + -ISM] * * *
/stand"puyp'/, n. 1. a vertical pipe or tower into which water is pumped to obtain a required head. 2. a water pipe for supplying the fire hoses of a building, connected with the ...
/stand"poynt'/, n. 1. the point or place at which a person stands to view something. 2. the mental position, attitude, etc., from which a person views and judges things: From the ...
Standrardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed Countries, Table
▪ Table Table III. Standardized Unemployment Rates in Selected Developed ...
➡ football – British style * * *
/stand"stil'/, n. a state of cessation of movement or action; halt; stop: The ball rolled to a standstill. [1695-1705; n. use of v. phrase stand still] * * *
stand·up or stand-up (stăndʹŭp') adj. 1. Standing erect; upright: a standup collar. 2. Taken, done, or used while standing: a standup supper; a standup bar. 3. Of or ...
/stayn/, n., adj., adv., v.t., staned, staning. Scot. and North Eng. stone. * * *
Stanfield, Robert L.
▪ Canadian politician in full  Robert Lorne Stanfield  born April 11, 1914, Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada died December 16, 2003, Ottawa       Canadian politician who, ...
Stanfield, Robert Lorne
▪ 2004       Canadian politician (b. April 11, 1914, Truro, N.S.—d. Dec. 16, 2003, Ottawa, Ont.), was often referred to as “the best prime minister Canada never ...
/stan"feuhrd/, n. 1. (Amasa) Leland, 1824-93, U.S. railroad developer, politician, and philanthropist: governor of California 1861-63; senator 1885-93. 2. a male given name. * * ...
Stanford University
a major private university in Stanford, California, near Palo Alto. It was established in 1885 by Leland Stanford and his wife. In 2003 it had about 14 000 students. * * * ▪ ...
Stanford, (Amasa) Leland
born March 9, 1824, Watervliet, N.Y., U.S. died June 21, 1893, Palo Alto, Calif. U.S. entrepreneur, a builder of the first transcontinental railroad. He practiced law in ...
Stanford, Leland
▪ American politician and industrialist in full  Amasa Leland Stanford   born March 9, 1824, Watervliet, N.Y., U.S. died June 21, 1893, Palo Alto, ...
Stanford, Sir Charles Villiers
▪ British composer born Sept. 30, 1852, Dublin died March 29, 1924, London  Anglo-Irish composer, conductor, and teacher who greatly influenced the next generation of British ...
Stan·ford (stănʹfərd), Leland. 1824-1893. American financier of the Central Pacific Railroad (built 1863-1869) and founder of Stanford University (1885). * * *
Stanford-Binet test
/stan"feuhrd bi nay"/, Psychol. a revised version of the Binet-Simon scale, prepared at Stanford University for use in the U.S. [1916; named after Stanford University, Palo Alto, ...
Stan·ford-Bi·net test (stănʹfərd-bĭ-nāʹ) n. A standard intelligence test adapted from the Binet-Simon scale for use in the United States, especially in the assessment of ...
/stang/, v. Obs. pt. of sting. * * *
Stang, Frederik
▪ Norwegian politician born March 4, 1808, Stokke, Norway died June 8, 1884, Vestre Baerum       politician who was an early advocate of Norway's transition to a ...
Stang, Sister Dorothy
▪ 2006       American missionary and activist (b. June 7, 1931, Dayton, Ohio—d. Feb. 12, 2005, Anapu, Pará state, Braz.), was a staunch champion of peasant farmers in ...
▪ plant genus       genus of fernlike cycads (cycad), in the family Zamiaceae, native to coastal regions of southern Africa. The genus contains only a single species, S. ...
Stangerup, Henrik
▪ 1999       Danish writer and film director whose internationally known works, influenced by the writings of Søren Kierkegaard, revealed his feelings of alienation and ...
/stan"hohp', stan"euhp/, n. a light, open, one-seated, horse-drawn carriage with two or four wheels. [1795-1805; named after Fitzroy Stanhope (1787-1864), British clergyman] * * *
/stan"hohp', stan"euhp/, n. 1. James, 1st Earl Stanhope, 1673-1721, British soldier and statesman: prime minister 1717-18. 2. Philip Dormer /dawr"meuhr/. See Chesterfield, 4th ...
Stanhope, Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl
born Aug. 3, 1753, London, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1816, Chevening, Kent English politician and inventor. A member of the House of Commons (1780–86), where he was known as Lord ...
Stanhope, Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl, Viscount Stanhope Of Mahon, Baron Stanhope Of Elvaston
▪ British politician and scientist born Aug. 3, 1753, London, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1816, Chevening, Kent       radical English politician and noted experimental ...
Stanhope, James Stanhope, 1st Earl
born 1673, Paris, France died Feb. 5, 1721, London, Eng. English soldier and statesman. He began a military career in 1691 and rose rapidly to become commander in chief of the ...
Stanhope, Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl, Viscount Stanhope Of Mahon, Baron Stanhope Of Elvaston
▪ British politician born Jan. 30, 1805, Walmer, Kent, Eng. died Dec. 24, 1875, Bournemouth, Hampshire       English politician and historian who was chiefly ...
stanine [stā′nīn΄] n. 〚sta(ndard) + nine〛 any of nine statistical units based on a standardized distribution of results, used in grading psychological or educational ...
Stanislas I Leszczynski
Stan·is·las I Lesz·czyń·ski (stănʹĭ-slôs lĕsh-chĭnʹskē), 1677-1766. King of Poland (1704-1709 and 1733-1736) whose second reign was marked by the War of the Polish ...
Stanislas I Leszczyński
Stan·is·las I Lesz·czyń·ski (stănʹĭ-slôs lĕsh-chĭnʹskē), 1677-1766. King of Poland (1704-1709 and 1733-1736) whose second reign was marked by the War of the Polish ...
/stan"is laws', -lows'/, n. a male given name. * * *
Stanislaus I
(Stanislaus Leszczynski) 1677-1766, king of Poland 1704-09, 1733-35. Also, Stanislas I /stan"is leuhs, -lahs'/. * * *
Stanislaus of Kraków, Saint
▪ Polish saint also called  Saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów , Polish  Święty Stanisław z Krakowa  or  Święty Stanisław ze Szczepanowa  born c. 1030, Szczepanów, ...
/stan'euh slahf", stan"euh slahf'/; Russ. /steuh nyi slahf"/, n. former name of Ivano-Frankovsk. * * *
/stan'euh slahv"skee, -slahf"-/; Russ. /steuh nyi slahf"skyee/, n. Konstantin /kon"steuhn teen'/; Russ. /keuhn stun tyeen"/, (Konstantin Sergeevich Alekseev), 1863-1938, Russian ...
Stanislavski Method
method (def. 5). Also called Stanislavski System. [1940-45; named after K. STANISLAVSKI] * * *
Stanislavsky [stan΄i släf′skē, stän΄i släf′skē] Konstantin [kän′stən tēn΄] (born Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev) 1863-1938; Russ. actor, director, & teacher of ...
Stanislavsky method
or method acting Influential system of dramatic training developed by the Russian actor, producer, and theoretician Konstantin Stanislavsky. The method was developed over years ...
Stanislavsky, Konstantin (Sergeyevich)
orig. Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev born Jan. 17, 1863, Moscow, Russia died Aug. 7, 1938, Moscow Russian director and actor. From age 14 he acted with his family's amateur ...
Stanislavsky, Konstantin Sergeyevich
▪ Russian actor and director Introduction Stanislavsky also spelled  Stanislavski , original name  Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev  born January 5 [January 17, New ...
Stan·i·slav·sky (stăn'ĭ-slävʹskē, -släfʹ-), Konstantin. 1863-1938. Russian actor and director. A founder of the Moscow Art Theater, he produced many of Chekhov's plays ...
(as used in expressions) Lesniewski Stanislaw Stanislaw Leshniewski Mikolajczyk Stanislaw Reymont Wladyslaw Stanislaw Wladyslaw Stanislaw Rejment Stanislaw I Stanislaw ...
Pol. /stah'nee slah"voof/ n. Polish name of Ivano-Frankovsk. * * *
Stanisław I
orig. Stanisław Leszczyński born Oct. 20, 1677, Lwów, Pol. died Feb. 23, 1766, Lunéville, France King of Poland (1704–09, 1733). The son of a Polish noble, he became ...
Stanisław II August Poniatowski
orig. Stanisław Poniatowski born Jan. 17, 1732, Wołczyn, Pol. died Feb. 12, 1798, St. Petersburg, Russia King of Poland (1764–95). Son of a Polish noble, he was sent in ...
/stangk/, v. a pt. of stink. * * *
Stanky, Edward Raymond
▪ 2000 (“Eddie”; “the Brat”),        American baseball player whose aggressive play helped bring pennants to three different teams—the Brooklyn Dodgers in ...
/stan"lee/, n. 1. Arthur Penrhyn /pen"rin/, (Dean Stanley) 1815-81, English clergyman and author. 2. Edward George Geoffrey Smith, 14th Earl of Derby, 1799-1869, British ...
Stanley Albaitero, Francisco
▪ 2000 (“Paco”),        popular Mexican television personality who was the host of variety shows for two of Mexico's largest networks, Televisa and TV Azteca, in a ...
Stanley Baldwin
➡ Baldwin (II) * * *
Stanley brothers
U.S. bluegrass duo. The duo consisted of Ralph (Edmund) Stanley (b. Feb. 25, 1927, Stratton, Va., U.S.) on banjo and Carter (Glen) Stanley (b. Aug. 27, 1925, McClure, Va. d. ...
Stanley Cup
Ice Hockey. 1. a trophy emblematic since 1926 of the championship of the National Hockey League, composed of Canadian and U.S. professional teams. 2. the best-of-seven-games ...
Stanley Cup Table
▪ Table The Stanley Cup season winner runner-up games 1892–93 Montreal Amateur Athletic Association 1893–94 Montreal Amateur Athletic ...
Stanley Falls
seven cataracts of the Zaire (Congo) River, in the NE Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the equator. * * *
Stanley Gibbons
a large British company that sells stamps to people who collect them. It has the world’s largest stamp shop in the Strand, London, and organizes auctions of stamps. It also ...
Stanley Kaplan
a US company that prepares students for examinations which they need to pass in order to enter American colleges or universities. These include the SAT and GRE. In 2003 there ...
Stanley Kubrick
➡ Kubrick * * *
Stanley Matthews
➡ Matthews * * *
Stanley Pool
Stanley Pool another name for MALEBO POOL * * *
Stanley Pool.
See Malebo Pool. * * *
Stanley Spencer
➡ Spencer * * *
Stanley, Francis Edgar; and Stanley, Freelan O.
born June 1, 1849, Kingfield, Maine, U.S. died July 31, 1918, Ipswich, Mass. born June 1, 1849, Kingfield, Maine, U.S. died Oct. 2, 1940, Boston, Mass. U.S. inventors of the ...
Stanley, Kim
▪ 2002 Patricia Beth Reid        American actress (b. Feb. 11, 1925, Tularosa, N.M.—d. Aug. 20, 2001, Santa Fe, N.M.), achieved renown on the Broadway stage in roles ...
Stanley, Ralph
▪ 2003       Though bluegrass festivals seemed to sprout like mountain wildflowers across the United States, bluegrass music had never been one of the most popular ...
Stanley, Sir Henry Morton
orig. John Rowlands born Jan. 28, 1841, Denbigh, Denbighshire, Wales died May 10, 1904, London, Eng. British-U.S. explorer of central Africa. An illegitimate child, Stanley ...
Stanley, Thomas
▪ English poet born 1625, Cumberlow, Hertfordshire, Eng. died April 12, 1678, London       English poet, translator, and the first English historian of ...
Stanley, Wendell Meredith
born Aug. 16, 1904, Ridgeville, Ind., U.S. died June 15, 1971, Salamanca, Spain U.S. biochemist. He taught at the University of California at Berkeley from 1948 until his ...
Stanley,Edward George Geoffrey Smith
Stanley, Edward George Geoffrey Smith. 14th Earl of Derby. 1799-1869. British politician who served as prime minister (1852, 1858-1859, and 1866-1868). * * *
Stanley,Francis Edgar
Stanley, Francis Edgar. 1849-1918. American inventor who with his twin brother Freelan (1849-1940) developed a steam-powered automobile, the Stanley Steamer (1897). * * *
Stanley,Sir Henry Morton
Stanley, Sir Henry Morton. 1841-1904. British journalist and explorer known for his expedition into Africa in search of David Livingstone, whom he greeted with the words ...
Stanley,Wendell Meredith
Stanley, Wendell Meredith. 1904-1971. American biochemist. He shared a 1946 Nobel Prize for discovering methods of producing pure enzymes and virus proteins. * * *
Stanley Cup n. 1. A championship hockey tournament played each year by qualifying teams from the National Hockey League. 2. The trophy awarded for this championship, shaped like ...
Stanley Pool A lakelike expansion of the Congo River in west-central Africa on the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo ...
/stan"lee vil'/, n. former name of Kisangani. * * *
/stan"euh ree/, n., pl. stannaries. Brit. 1. a tin-mining region or district. 2. a place where tin is mined or smelted. [1425-75; late ME < ML stannaria tin mine, equiv. to LL ...
/stan"ayt/, n. Chem. a salt of a stannic acid. [1830-40; STANN(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
/stan"ik/, adj. Chem. of or containing tin, esp. in the tetravalent state. [1780-90; STANN(UM) + -IC] * * *
stannic acid
Chem. any of the series of acids usually occurring as amorphous powders and varying in composition from H2SnO3 (alpha-stannic acid) to H4SnO4. [1780-90] * * *
stannic chloride
Chem. a colorless fuming and caustic liquid, SnCl4, soluble in water and alcohol, that converts with water to a crystalline solid: used for electrically conductive and ...
stannic oxide
Chem. a white, amorphous, water-insoluble powder, SnO2, used chiefly in the manufacture of ceramic glazes and glass, and of polishing powders for metal, glass, and marble. Also ...
stannic sulfide
Chem. a yellowish or brownish, water-insoluble powder, SnS2, usually used suspended in lacquer or varnish for gilding and bronzing metals, wood, paper, etc.; mosaic gold. * * *
stannic chloride n. A colorless caustic liquid, SnCl4, made from tin treated with chlorine and used as a conductive coating and in ceramics. * * *
/stan"uyt/, n. a mineral, iron-black to steel-gray in color, with a metallic luster, copper iron tin sulfide, Cu2FeSnS4: an ore of tin. Also called tin pyrites. [1850-55; ...
/stan"euhs/, adj. Chem. containing tin, esp. in the bivalent state. [1840-50; STANN(UM) + -OUS] * * *
stannous chloride
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, SnCl2·2H2O, used chiefly as a reducing and tinning agent, and as a mordant in dyeing with cochineal. [1865-70] * * *
stannous fluoride
a white, crystalline powder, SnF2, slightly soluble in water: used as a source of fluorine in the prevention of dental caries, esp. as a toothpaste additive. Also called tin ...
stannous fluoride n. A white powder, SnF2, used to fluoridate toothpaste. * * *
/stan"euhm/, n. tin. [1775-85; < LL: tin, L stannum, stagnum alloy of silver and lead] * * *
/stan"euh voy'/; Russ. /steuh nu voy"/, n. a mountain range in the E Russian Federation in Asia: a watershed between the Pacific and Arctic oceans; highest peak, 8143 ft. (2480 ...
Stanovoy Mountains
Mountain range, eastern Russia, in Asia. It is part of the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic oceans. The mountains are generally not high, although they reach about 8,000 ...
Stanovoy Range
▪ mountains, Russia also spelled  Stanovoj , Russian  Stanovoy Khrebet        mountain range along the boundary between Amur oblast (province) and Sakha, Russia. ...
Stan·o·voy Range or Stan·o·voi Range (stănʹə-voi', stə-nə-voiʹ) A mountain range, about 724 km (450 mi) long, of southeast Russia north of the Amur River. * * *
/shtahns/, n. a town in and the capital of Nidwalden, in central Switzerland. 5700. * * * ▪ Switzerland       capital of Nidwalden Halbkanton (demicanton), central ...
Stans, Diet of
▪ Swiss history       (Dec. 22, 1481), agreement whereby civil war among the member states of the Swiss Confederation was averted. When the five rural cantons of the ...
Stans, Maurice Hubert
▪ 1999       American accountant and politician whose fund-raising successes gained him the post of secretary of commerce during Pres. Richard M. Nixon's first term but ...
➡ Stansted Airport * * *
Stansted Airport
(also Stansted) an airport in Essex, north-east of London. It was a very small airport until the 1990s, when it became London’s third airport. An impressive modern airport ...
▪ Queensland, Australia       town, southeastern Queensland, eastern Australia, near the New South Wales border. Tin, discovered in 1872 in the locality, led to the ...
/stan"tn/, n. 1. Edwin McMasters /meuhk mas"teuhrz, -mah"steuhrz/, 1814-69, U.S. statesman: Secretary of War 1862-67. 2. Elizabeth Cady /kay"dee/, 1815-1902, U.S. social ...
Stanton, Edwin M
▪ United States statesman born Dec. 19, 1814, Steubenville, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 24, 1869, Washington, D.C.  secretary of war who, under President Abraham Lincoln, ...
Stanton, Edwin M(cMasters)
born Dec. 19, 1814, Steubenville, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 24, 1869, Washington, D.C. U.S. secretary of war (1862–68). A lawyer and abolitionist, he was appointed U.S. attorney ...
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady
orig. Elizabeth Cady born , Nov. 12, 1815, Johnstown, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 26, 1902, New York, N.Y. U.S. social reformer and women's suffrage leader. She graduated from Troy ...
Stanton, Frank
▪ American radio and television executive in full  Frank Nicholas Stanton  born March 20, 1908, Muskegon, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 24, 2006, Boston, ...
Stanton, Frank Nicholas
▪ 2007       American business executive (March 20, 1908, Muskegon, Mich.—d. Dec. 24, 2006, Boston, Mass.), served as president (1946–71) and standard-bearer of CBS ...
Stanton,Edwin McMasters
Stanton, Edwin McMasters. 1814-1869. American public official who served as U.S. secretary of war (1862-1868). His dismissal by President Andrew Johnson and his subsequent ...
Stanton,Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. 1815-1902. American feminist and social reformer. She helped organize the first women's rights convention, held in Seneca Falls, New York (1848), for ...
(1907–90) a US film actor known for playing strong characters. Her films include Double Indemnity (1944), Sorry, Wrong Number (1948) and Executive Suite (1954). She was also a ...
Stanwyck, Barbara
orig. Ruby Stevens born July 16, 1907, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 20, 1990, Santa Monica, Calif. U.S. film actress. She made her screen debut in 1927 and went on to appear ...
—stanzaed, adj. —stanzaic /stan zay"ik/, stanzaical, adj. —stanzaically, adv. /stan"zeuh/, n. Pros. an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, ...
See stanza. * * *
/stay'pi dek"teuh mee/, n., pl. stapedectomies. a microsurgical procedure to relieve deafness by replacing the stapes of the ear with a prosthetic device. [1890-95; < NL staped-, ...
stapedial [stə pē′dē əl] adj. of the stapes * * * See stapes. * * *
/steuh pee"lee euh/, n. any of various plants of the genus Stapelia, of the milkweed family, native to southern Africa, having short, fleshy, leafless stems, and flowers that are ...
—stapedial /steuh pee"dee euhl/, adj. /stay"peez/, n., pl. stapes, stapedes /steuh pee"deez/. Anat. the innermost, stirrup-shaped bone of a chain of three small bones in the ...
/staf/, n. Informal. staphylococcus. [1930-35; by shortening] * * *
/staf'euh lin"id, -luy"nid/, n. See rove beetle. [1840-50; < NL Staphylinidae family name, equiv. to Staphylin(us) genus name ( < Gk staphylînos kind of insect) + -idae -ID2] * ...
a combining form borrowed from Greek, where it meant "bunch of grapes," "uvula," used with these meanings, and also with reference to the palate and to staphylococci, in the ...
See staphylococcus. * * *
See staphylococcal. * * *
—staphylococcal /staf'euh leuh kok"euhl/, staphylococcic /staf'euh leuh kok"sik/, adj. /staf'euh leuh kok"euhs/, n., pl. staphylococci /-kok"suy/. Bacteriol. any of several ...
See staphyloplasty. * * *
staph·y·lo·plas·ty (stăfʹə-lō-plăs'tē) n. pl. staph·y·lo·plas·ties Plastic surgery of the uvula and the soft palate.   staph'y·lo·plasʹtic adj. * * *
staphylorrhaphy [staf΄ə lôr′ə fē] n. pl. staphylorrhaphies 〚
staple1 /stay"peuhl/, n., v., stapled, stapling. n. 1. a short piece of wire bent so as to bind together papers, sections of a book, or the like, by driving the ends through the ...
Staple Singers, the
▪ American music group  American vocal group that was one of the most successful gospel-to-pop crossover acts ever, collecting several Top 20 hits in the early 1970s. The ...
Stapledon, Olaf
▪ British writer born , May 10, 1886, Wirral Peninsula, near Liverpool, Merseyside, Eng. died Sept. 6, 1950, Cheshire       English novelist and philosopher whose ...
Stapledon, Sir George
▪ English agriculturalist born September 22, 1882, Northam, Devon, England died September 16, 1960, Bath, Somerset       British agriculturalist and pioneer in the ...
stapler1 /stay"pleuhr/, n. 1. a machine for fastening together sheets of paper or the like, with wire staples. 2. a wire-stitching machine, esp. one used in bookbinding. 3. Also ...
Staples, Mavis
▪ 2006       After more than 50 years of performing and still in top form, in 2005 American soul, blues, and gospel singer Mavis Staples accepted a Lifetime Achievement ...
Staples, Roebuck
▪ 2001 “Pops”        American gospel singer (b. Dec. 28, 1915, Winona, Miss.—d. Dec. 19, 2000, Dolton, Ill.), formed (1948) and headed the resilient Staple ...
Stapleton, Maureen
▪ 2007       American actress (b. June 21, 1925, Troy, N.Y.—d. March 13, 2006, Lenox, Mass.), was one of only a few performers to win the three major American show ...
/stay"pling/, n. Shipbuilding. a collar formed of angle iron surrounding a structural member passing through a deck or bulkhead to make a seal that is watertight, oiltight, etc. ...
—starless, adj. /stahr/, n., adj., v., starred, starring. n. 1. any of the heavenly bodies, except the moon, appearing as fixed luminous points in the sky at night. 2. Astron. ...
star anise
1. Also called Chinese anise. a shrub or small tree, Illicium verum, of China, having white flowers that turn purple and bearing anise-scented, star-shaped clusters of ...
star apple
1. the edible fruit of a West Indian tree, Chrysophyllum cainito, of the sapodilla family, which when cut across exhibits a star-shaped figure within. 2. the tree ...
Star Carr
/kahr/ an archaeological site in Yorkshire, England, that was the lakeside camp of a Neolithic hunting, fishing, and gathering culture, 9000-7000 B.C. * * *
star catalog
▪ astronomy       list of stars, usually according to position and magnitude (brightness) and, in some cases, other properties (e.g., spectral type) as well. Numerous ...
Star Chamber
1. a former court of inquisitorial and criminal jurisdiction in England that sat without a jury and that became noted for its arbitrary methods and severe punishments, abolished ...
Star Chamber, Court of
▪ British law       in English law, the court made up of judges and privy councillors that grew out of the medieval king's council as a supplement to the regular justice ...
star chart
Astron. a chart or map showing the relative apparent positions of the stars, as seen from the earth, in a particular area of the sky. Also called star map. [1865-70] * * *
star cloud
Astron. a cloudlike patch of light on the celestial sphere, consisting of a multitude of stars. [1930-35] * * *
star cluster
Astron. a number of stars of common origin held together as a group by gravitational attraction. Cf. globular cluster, open cluster, stellar association. * * * ▪ ...
star cut
a gem cut having a hexagonal table surrounded by six facets in the form of equilateral triangles. [1695-1705] * * *
star drill
a chisellike drill for masonry or plasterwork, having a pointed head faceted in alternately projecting and reentering angles. * * *
star facet
Jewelry. (in a brilliant) any of the eight small facets of the crown immediately below the table. [1745-55] * * *
star finch
      species of grass finch (q.v.). * * *
star fruit
carambola (def. 2). [1855-60] * * *
star grass
any of various grasslike plants having star-shaped flowers or a starlike arrangement of leaves, as the North American plant, Hypoxis hirsuta, of the amaryllis family. [1680-90] * ...
Star is Born
the title of three US films about an old actor who helps a young woman with her career, marries her and then kills himself. The best-known version (1954) was a musical with Judy ...
star jasmine
a shrubby, evergreen vine, Trachelospermum jasminoides, of the dogbane family, native to China, having small clusters of fragrant, white flowers, often cultivated as an ...
star lily
a lily, Lilium concolor, of China, having erect, somewhat fragrant, bright-red flowers. * * *
star map.
See star chart. [1865-70] * * *
star network
Elect. a circuit with three or more branches all of which have one common terminal. * * *
Star of Bethlehem
the star that guided the Magi to the manger of the infant Jesus in Bethlehem. Matt. 2:1-10. * * *
Star of David
a hexagram used as a symbol of Judaism. Also called Magen David, Mogen David, Shield of David. See illus. under hexagram. * * *
Star of India
▪ gem       a large, cabochon-cut, gray-blue star sapphire, slightly oval in shape. The polished but unfaceted gem weighs 536 carats and was found in Ceylon (now Sri ...
Star of South Africa
▪ diamond also called  the Dudley Diamond,         first large diamond found in South Africa; it was discovered in 1869 on the banks of the Orange River by an African ...
Star of the South
▪ diamond       unblemished, 129-carat white diamond with a rosy glow, one of the largest ever found in Brazil; it weighed about 262 carats in rough form. It was ...
star route
former name for highway contract route. [1815-25] * * *
star sapphire
a sapphire, cut cabochon, exhibiting asterism in the form of a colorless six-rayed star. [1795-1805] * * *
star shell
a shell that bursts in the air and produces a bright light to illuminate enemy positions. [1875-80] * * *
star system
the practice of casting and promoting star performers for their ability to draw at the box office. [1900-05] * * *
star thistle
star thistle n. any of several European plants (genus Centaurea) of the composite family; esp., an annual weed ( C. maculosa) now common in NE U.S. * * *
Star Trek
a US television series first shown on NBC in the 1960s which later became a cult programme (= very fashionable with a particular group). It is about the spacecraft Starship ...
star turn
1. the leading performer or act in a play, review, film, or the like. 2. a bravura performance by a featured player or act. [1905-10] * * *
Star Wars
a U.S. weapons research program begun in 1984 to explore technologies, including ground- and space-based lasers, for destroying attacking missiles and warheads. Also called ...
star-cham·ber (stärʹchām'bər) adj. Secret, harsh, or arbitrary, as in procedures.   [From Star Chamber.] * * *
/stahr"krawst', -krost'/, adj. thwarted or opposed by the stars; ill-fated: star-crossed lovers. [1585-95] * * *
star-nosed mole
/stahr"nohzd'/ a North American mole, Condylura cristata, having a starlike ring of fleshy processes around the end of the snout. Also, starnose mole. Also called ...
star-nosed mole (stärʹnōzd') n. A mole (Condylura cristata) of North America, having 22 small fleshy tentacles encircling the end of its nose in a starlike pattern. * * *
/stahr"euhv beth"lee euhm, -li hem'/, n., pl. stars-of-Bethlehem. any of several plants belonging to the genus Ornithogalum, of the lily family, having grasslike leaves and ...
/stahr"euhv jeuh rooh"seuh leuhm/, n., pl. stars-of-Jerusalem. See meadow salsify. [1565-75] * * *
/stahr"shaypt'/, adj. 1. of the shape of or like a star. 2. Math. starlike (def. 3). [1805-15] * * *
/stahr"spang'geuhld/, adj. 1. spangled with stars. 2. Informal. made up of or attended by celebrities, distinguished or illustrious persons, etc.: a star-spangled ...
Star-Spangled Banner
☆ Star-Spangled Banner n. 〚with reference to the U.S. flag〛 the United States national anthem: the words were written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812 * * * the ...
Star-Spangled Banner, The
1. See Stars and Stripes. 2. (italics) the national anthem of the United States of America, based on a poem written by Francis Scott Key on September 14, 1814, and set by him to ...
Star-Span·gled Banner (stärʹspăng'gəld) n. The flag of the United States. * * *
adj. captivated by famous people or by fame itself. [1960-65] * * *
/stahr"stud'id/, adj. 1. lighted by or full of stars; bright: a star-studded night. 2. exhibiting or characterized by the presence of many preeminent performers: a star-studded ...
Stara Zagora
/stah"rddah zah gaw"rddah/ a city in central Bulgaria. 121,505. * * * ▪ Bulgaria       town, central Bulgaria. It lies in the southern foothills of the Sredna ...
▪ Poland       city, Świętokrzyskie województwo (province), southeastern Poland. Historically, it lies along the Kamienna River, a tributary of the Vistula River. ...
star anise n. 1. An aromatic eastern Asian evergreen tree (Illicium verum) having purple-red flowers and starlike clusters of anise-scented fruit. 2. The fruit of this plant, ...
star apple n. 1. A tropical American evergreen tree (Chrysophyllum cainito) having smooth-skinned, green or purple fruit and purplish flowers. 2. The edible fruit of this tree. * ...
Staraya Russa
▪ Russia also spelled  Staraia Russa , or  Staraja Russa        river port and capital of the Staraya Russa rayon (sector), Novgorod oblast (province), northwestern ...
Sta·ra Za·go·ra (stäʹrə zə-gôrʹə) A city of central Bulgaria east-northeast of Plovdiv. It is an industrial center and railroad hub. Population: 150,451. * * *
/stahr"beuhrd, -bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. the right-hand side of or direction from a vessel or aircraft, facing forward. adj. 2. of or pertaining or located to the ...
Starbuck Island
▪ island, Kiribati formerly  Volunteer Island    coral atoll in the Central and Southern Line Islands, part of Kiribati, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It lies 2,000 miles ...
a US make of coffee sold by the Starbucks Coffee Company in its restaurants and shops around the world. The company’s main office is in Seattle. * * *
star·burst (stärʹbûrst') n. A shape or design with emanating rays that resembles the flash of light produced by an exploding star. * * *
star cactus n. 1. Any of various Mexican cacti of the genus Astrophytum, having yellow flowers with usually red centers. 2. See haworthia.   [From its starlike spine ...
—starchless, adj. —starchlike, adj. /stahrch/, n. 1. a white, tasteless, solid carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, occurring in the form of minute granules in the seeds, tubers, and ...
starch blocker
—starch-blocking, adj. a substance ingested in the belief that it inhibits the body's ability to metabolize starch and thereby promotes weight loss: declared illegal in the ...
starch syrup
glucose (def. 2). * * *

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