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See stow. * * *
/stoh"ij/, n. 1. an act or operation of stowing. 2. the state or manner of being stowed. 3. room or accommodation for stowing something. 4. a place in which something is or may ...
/stoh"euh way'/, n. a person who hides aboard a ship or airplane in order to obtain free transportation or elude pursuers. [1850-55; n. use of v. phrase stow away] * * *
/stoh/, n. 1. Harriet (Elizabeth) Beecher, 1811-96, U.S. abolitionist and novelist. 2. a town in N Vermont: ski resort. 531. * * * ▪ estate, Buckinghamshire, England, United ...
Stowe, Calvin E.
▪ American educator in full  Calvin Ellis Stowe   born April 26, 1802, Natick, Massachusetts, U.S. died August 22, 1886, Hartford, Connecticut       professor of ...
Stowe, Harriet (Elizabeth)Beecher
Stowe (stō), Harriet (Elizabeth) Beecher. 1811-1896. American writer whose antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) had great political influence and advanced the cause of ...
Stowe, Harriet Beecher
orig. Harriet Elizabeth Beecher born June 14, 1811, Litchfield, Conn., U.S. died July 1, 1896, Hartford, Conn. U.S. writer and philanthropist. Stowe was the daughter of the ...
/stown"linz/, adv. Scot. secretly; stealthily. [1780-90; stown (var. of stoln STOLEN) + -lins (see -LING2, -S1] * * *
/stohp/, n. Scot. stoup. * * *
See standard temperature and pressure. Slang. a potent long-acting hallucinogen. [1965-70; prob. after STP, trademark of a motor-oil additive] * * *
str abbrev. 1. steamer 2. Music string(s) * * * STR abbr. synchronous transmitter receiver. * * *
1. steamer. 2. strait. 3. Music. string; strings. * * *
Irish An Srath Bán Town, seat, and district (pop., 1995 est.: 36,000), Northern Ireland. Strabane is composed of river valleys, rolling lowlands, and moorlands of the Sperrin ...
See strabismus. * * *
See strabismal. * * *
—strabismal, strabismic, strabismical, adj. —strabismally, adv. /streuh biz"meuhs/, n. Ophthalm. a disorder of vision due to a deviation from normal orientation of one or ...
/stray"boh/, n. 63? B.C.-A.D. 21?, Greek geographer and historian. * * * born с 64 BC, Amaseia, Pontus, Asia Minor died after AD 21 Greek geographer and historian. Born to a ...
/streuh bot"euh mee/, n., pl. strabotomies. Surg. the operation of cutting one or more of the muscles of the eye to correct strabismus. [1855-60; < Gk strabó(s) (see STRABISMUS) ...
Strachan, John
▪ British clergyman born April 12, 1778, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scot. died Nov. 1, 1867, Toronto       educator and clergyman who, as the first Anglican bishop of ...
/stray"chee/, n. (Giles) Lytton /juylz lit"n/, 1880-1932, English biographer and literary critic. * * *
Strachey, (Giles) Lytton
born March 1, 1880, London, Eng. died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire English biographer and critic. After studying at Cambridge, he became a leader ...
Strachey, (Giles)Lytton
Stra·chey (strāʹkē), (Giles) Lytton. 1880-1932. British historian and biographer noted for his urbane, witty, and critical biographical works, including Eminent Victorians ...
Strachey, John
▪ British geologist born May 10, 1671, Chew Magna, Eng. died June 11, 1743, Greenwich       early geologist who was the first to suggest the theory of stratified rock ...
Strachey, Lytton
▪ British biographer in full  Giles Lytton Strachey  born March 1, 1880, London died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng.  English biographer ...
Strachwitz, Moritz, Graf von
▪ German poet (count of ) born March 13, 1822, Peterwitz, Silesia died Dec. 11, 1847, Vienna       German poet remembered for his Neue Gedichte (“New Poems”), ...
▪ Italian literary movement       an Italian literary movement that developed after World War I. Massimo Bontempelli (Bontempelli, Massimo) was the leader of the ...
Strad [strad] n. short for STRADIVARIUS * * *
Stradbroke Island
▪ islands, Queensland, Australia       two islands consisting of North and South sections, off Moreton Bay, southeastern Queensland, Australia, named for the Earl of ...
—straddler, n. —straddlingly, adv. /strad"l/, v., straddled, straddling, n. v.i. 1. to walk, stand, or sit with the legs wide apart; stand or sit astride. 2. to stand wide ...
straddle truck
a self-propelled vehicle, having a chassis far above the ground, for carrying loads of lumber or the like beneath the chassis and between the wheels. Also called straddle ...
See straddle. * * *
/strddah del"lah/, n. Alessandro /ah'les sahn"drddaw/, 1645?-82?, Italian composer. * * *
Stradella, Alessandro
▪ Italian composer born April 3, 1639, near Viterbo [Italy] died Feb. 25, 1682, Genoa       Italian composer, singer, and violinist known primarily for his cantatas ...
/strad'euh vair"ee/; It. /strddah'dee vah"rddee/, n. Antonio /an toh"nee oh/; It. /ahn taw"nyaw/ 1644?-1737, Italian violinmaker of Cremona (pupil of Nicolò Amati). Latin, ...
Stradivari, Antonio
born 1644?, Cremona, Duchy of Milan died Dec. 18, 1737, Cremona Italian musical-instrument maker. An apprentice of Nicolò Amati (from с 1666), he established his own business ...
Stra·di·va·ri (străd'ə-vârʹē, -värʹē), Antonio. Often called Antonius Stradivarius. 1644?-1737. Italian violinmaker who developed the proportions of the modern violin ...
/strad'euh vair"ee euhs/, n. 1. a violin or other instrument made by Stradivari or his family. 2. See Stradivari, Antonio. [1825-35] * * *
—strafer, n. /strayf, strahf/, v., strafed, strafing, n. v.t. 1. to attack (ground troops or installations) by airplanes with machine-gun fire. 2. Slang. to reprimand ...
See strafe. * * *
/straf"euhrd/, n. 1st Earl of (Thomas Wentworth), 1593-1641, English statesman: chief adviser of Charles I of England. * * * ▪ county, New Hampshire, United ...
Strafford, Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of
born April 13, 1593, London, Eng. died May 12, 1641, London English politician and leading adviser to Charles I. Although an outspoken member of the opposition, he switched his ...
Strafford, Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of, Baron Of Raby
▪ English noble Introduction also called (1611–28) Sir Thomas Wentworth, or (from 1628) Viscount Wentworth, Baron Wentworth Of Wentworth Woodhouse, Baron Of Newmarch And ...
Strafford,First Earl of
Straf·ford (străfʹərd), First Earl of Title of Thomas Wentworth. 1593-1641. English politician who was the principal minister to Charles I. He was convicted of treason by ...
—straggler, n. —stragglingly, adv. /strag"euhl/, v.i., straggled, straggling. 1. to stray from the road, course, or line of march. 2. to wander about in a scattered fashion; ...
See straggle. * * *
/strag"lee/, adj., stragglier, straggliest. straggling; rambling. [1865-70; STRAGGLE + -Y1] * * *
—straightly, adv. —straightness, n. /strayt/, adj. straighter, straightest, adv., n. adj. 1. without a bend, angle, or curve; not curved; direct: a straight path. 2. exactly ...
straight A
achieving or showing the highest grade or superior accomplishment, esp. scholastically: a straight A report card. Also, straight-A. [1945-50] * * *
straight and narrow
the way of virtuous or proper conduct: After his release from prison, he resolved to follow the straight and narrow. [1945-50] * * *
straight angle
the angle formed by two radii of a circle that are drawn to the extremities of an arc equal to one half of the circle; an angle of 180°. [1595-1605] * * *
straight arrow
—straight-arrow, adj. Informal. a person who manifests high-minded devotion to clean living and moral righteousness. [1965-70] * * *
straight bill of lading
a bill of lading that is issued to a specified consignee for the delivery of the goods and that cannot be endorsed to another party. Cf. order bill of lading. * * *
straight chain
straight chain n. Chem. a chain of atoms, usually carbon, without any branches: see OPEN CHAIN * * *
straight chair
a chair with a straight back, esp. one that is unupholstered and has straight legs and straight arms or no arms. * * *
straight face
—straight-faced, adj. —straight-facedly /strayt"fay"sid lee, -fayst"lee/, adv. a serious or impassive facial expression that conceals one's true feelings about something, ...
straight flush
Poker. a sequence of five consecutive cards of the same suit. [1860-65] * * *
straight glass
n a plain glass with no handle that holds one pint of beer. Most pubs in Britain serve beer in these glasses and also in ‘pint pots’ which have handles and are made of ...
straight life insurance.
See ordinary life insurance. * * *
straight man
an entertainer who plays the part of a foil for a comic partner. [1925-30] * * *
straight matter
Print. 1. the body text of an article, story, etc., as distinguished from the title, subhead, and other display matter. 2. editorial text as distinguished from advertising. * * *
straight pin
straight pin n. PIN (n. 2) * * *
straight poker
one of the original forms of poker in which players are dealt five cards face down, upon which they bet and then have the showdown without drawing any cards. [1860-65, Amer.] * * ...
straight razor
a razor having a stiff blade made of steel that is hinged to a handle into which it folds. [1715-25] * * *
straight shooter
a person who is forthright and upstanding in behavior. * * *
straight stall
a narrow, oblong stall in which a horse or other animal cannot turn around. Cf. box stall. [1855-60] * * *
straight ticket
U.S. Politics. 1. a ballot on which all votes have been cast for candidates of the same party. 2. a ticket on which all the candidates nominated by a party are members of the ...
straight time
—straight-time, adj. 1. the time or number of hours established as standard for a specific work period in a particular industry, usually computed on the basis of a workweek and ...
straight whiskey
pure, unblended whiskey of 80 to 110 proof. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
Straight, Beatrice Whitney
▪ 2002       American actress (b. Aug. 2, 1914, Old Westbury, N.Y.—d. April 7, 2001, Los Angeles, Calif.), won an Academy Award for best supporting actress in 1976 for ...
/strayt"euh hed'/, adj. not deviating from what is usual or expected; conventional or traditional; standard: a straight-ahead novel with a happy ending. [1830-40] * * *
/strayt"ahrm'/, v.t. 1. Football. to push (a potential tackler) away by holding the arm out straight; stiff-arm. 2. to force, push, or fend off by or as if by holding out a stiff ...
☆ straight-arrow [strāt′ar΄ō, strāt′er΄ō ] adj. Informal proper, righteous, conscientious, etc.: often used with connotations of conservatism, stodginess, dullness, ...
/strayt"bakt'/, adj. having a straight, usually high, back: a straight-backed chair. Also, straight-back. * * *
/strayt"chayn"/, n. Chem. an open chain of atoms, usually carbon, with no side chains attached to it. Also called straight chain. Cf. branched chain. [1925-30] * * *
Straight-chain dicarboxylic acids
▪ Table Straight-chain dicarboxylic acids chain length structural formula common name melting point ...
Straight-chain saturated acids and their methyl esters
▪ Table Straight-chain saturated acids and their methyl esters acid methyl ester chain length IUPAC name common name melting point (°C) boiling ...
/strayt"ej'/, adj. advocating abstinence from alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, and sex and sometimes advocating vegetarianism. * * *
See straight face. * * *
See straight-faced. * * *
/strayt"freuhm dheuh shohl"deuhr/, adj. direct, honest, and forceful in expression; outspoken. * * *
—straight-lacedly /strayt"lay"sid lee, -layst"lee/, adv. —straight-lacedness, n. /strayt"layst"/, adj. strait-laced. * * *
➡ jeans * * *
/strayt"luyn"/, adj. 1. Mach. a. noting a machine or mechanism the working parts of which act or are arranged in a straight line. b. noting a mechanism for causing one part to ...
/strayt"owt"/, adj. Informal. 1. thoroughgoing: a straight-out Democrat. 2. frank; aboveboard. [1830-40, Amer.; from phrase straight out] * * *
straight-rail billiards
▪ game       billiard game played with three balls (one red and two white) on a table without pockets. The object is to score caroms by hitting both object balls with a ...
See straight shooter. * * *
straightand narrow
straight and narrow n. The way of proper conduct and moral integrity. Often used with the: kept strictly to the straight and narrow.   [Probably alteration of “Strait is the ...
straight angle Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. An angle of 180°. * * *
straight arrow n. Informal 1. A morally upright person. 2. A person regarded as being extremely conventional.   [From the phrase straight as an arrow.]   straightʹ-arʹrow ...
/strayt"euh way'/, adj. 1. straight onward, without turn or curve, as a racecourse. n. 2. a straightaway course or part. adv. 3. immediately; right away. [1870-75; from phrase ...
straight chain n. An organic molecular structure in the form of an unbranched open chain. * * *
/strayt"ej'/, n. a bar or strip of wood, plastic, or metal having at least one long edge of sufficiently reliable straightness for use in drawing or testing straight lines, plane ...
See straightedge. * * *
—straightener, n. /strayt"n/, v.t., v.i. to make or become straight in direction, form, position, character, conduct, condition, etc. (often fol. by up or out). [1535-45; ...
See straighten. * * *
straight face n. A face that betrays no sign of emotion.   straightʹ-facedʹ (strātʹfāstʹ) adj. straightʹ-facedʹly (-fāstʹlē, -fāʹsĭd-lē) adv. * * *
straight flush n. Games A hand in which all five cards are of the same suit and in numerical sequence, ranked above four of a kind in poker. * * *
—straightforwardly, adv. —straightforwardness, n. /strayt'fawr"weuhrd/, adj. 1. going or directed straight ahead: a straightforward gaze. 2. direct; not roundabout: a ...
See straightforward. * * *
See straightforwardly. * * *
See straightforwardly. * * *
/strayt"jak'it/, n., v.t. straitjacket. * * *
See straight. * * *
straight man n. The partner in a comedy team who feeds lines to the other comedian, who then makes witty replies. * * *
/strayt"nek'/, n. a variety of summer squash related to the crookneck but not having a recurved neck. [STRAIGHT + NECK] * * *
See straightly. * * *
straight off adv. At once; immediately: discovered straight off that the furnace wasn't working. * * *
straight poker n. Poker in which each player is dealt five cards face down, bets are made, and the showdown takes place without any new cards being drawn. * * *
straight razor n. A razor consisting of a blade hinged to a handle into which it slips when not in use. * * *
straight shooter n. Informal One who is honest and forthright.   straightʹ-shootʹing (strātʹsho͞oʹtĭng) adj. * * *
straight ticket n. A ballot cast for all the candidates of one party. * * *
/strayt"way'/, adv. straightaway. [1425-75; late ME; see STRAIGHT, WAY1] * * *
strain1 —strainingly, adv. —strainless, adj. —strainlessly, adv. /strayn/, v.t. 1. to draw tight or taut, esp. to the utmost tension; stretch to the full: to strain a ...
strain gauge
Geol. a type of extensometer designed for geophysical use. Also called strainmeter /strayn"mee'teuhr/, strainometer /stray nom"i teuhr/. [1905-10] * * * Device for measuring the ...
strain theory
▪ chemistry       in chemistry, a proposal made in 1885 by the German chemist Adolf von Baeyer (Baeyer, Adolf von) that the stability of carbocyclic compounds (i.e., ...
—strainedly /straynd"lee, stray"nid-/, adv. —strainedness, n. /straynd/, adj. affected or produced by effort; not natural or spontaneous; forced: strained ...
/stray"neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that strains. 2. a filter, sieve, or the like for straining liquids. 3. a stretcher or tightener. [1300-50; ME; see STRAIN1, -ER1] * * *
strain gauge n. An extensometer. * * *
straining arch
an arch for resisting thrusts, as in a flying buttress. Also, strainer arch. [1840-50] * * *
straining piece
(in a queen-post roof) a horizontal beam uniting the tops of the two queen posts, and resisting the thrust of the roof. Also called straining beam. See diag. under queen ...
straining sill
(in a roof with a queen post) a compression member lying along the tie beam and separating the feet of the struts. * * *
strain·ing beam (strāʹnĭng) n. A horizontal tie beam connecting two queen posts in a roof truss. Also called straining piece. * * *
strain·om·e·ter (strā-nŏmʹĭ-tər) n. An extensometer. * * *
—straitly, adv. —straitness, n. /strayt/, n. 1. Often, straits. (used with a sing. v.) a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water. 2. Often, straits. a ...
Strait of Dover)
➡ Dover * * *
/strayt"lays'/, v.t., strait-laced, strait-lacing. to bind, confine, or restrain with or as if with laces. [1630-40; back formation from STRAIT-LACED] * * *
—strait-lacedly /strayt"lay"sid lee, -layst"lee/, adv. —strait-lacedness, n. /strayt"layst"/, adj. 1. excessively strict in conduct or morality; puritanical; prudish: ...
See strait-laced. * * *
See strait-lacedly. * * *
/strayt"n/, v.t. 1. to put into difficulties, esp. financial ones: His obligations had straitened him. 2. to restrict in range, extent, amount, pecuniary means, etc: Poverty ...
/strayt"jak'it/, n. 1. a garment made of strong material and designed to bind the arms, as of a violently disoriented person. 2. anything that severely confines, constricts, or ...
See strait. * * *
See straitly. * * *
(as used in expressions) Florida Straits of Mackinac Straits of Straits Question Straits Settlements * * *
Straits dollar
/strayts/ a former silver coin and monetary unit of the Straits Settlements. [1905-10] * * *
Straits Question
Recurrent controversy in the 19th–20th centuries over the passage of warships through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits between the Black Sea and the Aegean and ...
Straits Settlements
a former British crown colony in SE Asia: included the settlements of Singapore, Penang, Malacca, and Labuan. * * * Former British crown colony, on the Strait of Malacca in ...
Straits Times, The
▪ Singaporean newspaper       morning daily newspaper published in Singapore, generally recognized as one of the outstanding English-language papers of the Far ...
Straits Settlements (strāts) A former British crown colony comprising parts of the southern and western Malay Peninsula and adjacent islands, including Singapore. Formed in ...
—straked, adj. /strayk/, n. Naut. a continuous course of planks or plates on a ship forming a hull shell, deck, etc. [1300-50; ME; appar. akin to STRETCH] * * *
/shtrddahl"zoont/, n. a seaport in NE Germany: a member of the medieval Hanseatic League; besieged by Wallenstein 1628. 74,105. * * * ▪ Germany Swedish ...
Strålsund faience
      tin-glazed earthenware made at Strålsund, Swed. (now Stralsund, Ger.), from around 1755 to 1792. The factory was founded by Johann Ulrich Giese, who leased it to ...
Stram, Hank
▪ 2006 Henry Louis Stram  American football coach (b. Jan. 3, 1923, Chicago, Ill.—d. July 4, 2005, Covington, La.), steered the Kansas City Chiefs to three American ...
/streuh mash", stram"euhsh/, n. Scot. an uproar; disturbance. [1795-1805; orig. uncert.] * * *
▪ verse form plural  strambotti        one of the oldest Italian verse forms, composed of a single stanza of either six or eight hendecasyllabic (11-syllable) lines. ...
/streuh min"ee euhs/, adj. 1. of or resembling straw. 2. straw-colored; yellowish. [1615-25; < L stramineus of straw, equiv. to stramin- (s. of stramen straw; akin to STRATUM) + ...
/streuh moh"nee euhm/, n. 1. See jimson weed. 2. the dried leaves of the jimson weed, used in medicine as an analgesic, antispasmodic, etc. [1655-65; < NL < ?] * * *
strand1 /strand/, v.t. 1. to drive or leave (a ship, fish, etc.) aground or ashore: The receding tide stranded the whale. 2. (usually used in the passive) to bring into or leave ...
/strand/, n. 1. Mark, born 1934, U.S. poet, born in Canada: U.S. poet laureate 1990-91. 2. Paul, 1890-1976, U.S. photographer and documentary-film producer. 3. the, a street ...
strand line
a shoreline, esp. one from which the sea or a lake has receded. [1900-05] * * *
strand wolf.
See brown hyena. [1820-30] * * *
Strand, Mark
born April 11, 1934, Summerside, P.E.I., Can. Canadian-born U.S. poet and writer of short fiction. Educated in the U.S., he taught at several American universities. His poetry, ...
Strand, Paul
born Oct. 16, 1890, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 31, 1976, Oregeval, France U.S. photographer. He studied photography with Lewis Hine. At Hine's urging, he frequented Alfred ...
—strandedness, n. /stran"did/, adj. composed of a specified number or kind of strands (usually used in combination): a five-stranded rope. [1805-15; STRAND2 + -ED3] * * *
strandline [strand′līn΄] n. a shoreline, esp. a former one from which the water has receded: often written strand line * * * strand line also strand·line ...
Strang, Gunnar Georg Emanuel
▪ Swedish politician born Dec. 23, 1906, Jarfall, near Stockholm, Swed. died March 6, 1992, Stockholm       Swedish politician who was finance minister (1955–76) in a ...
Strang, James Jesse
▪ American religious leader also called  Jesse James Strang   born March 21, 1813, Scipio, N.Y., U.S. died July 9, 1856, Voree, Wis.  American churchman, dissident of the ...
—strangely, adv. /straynj/, adj., stranger, strangest, adv. adj. 1. unusual, extraordinary, or curious; odd; queer: a strange remark to make. 2. estranged, alienated, etc., as ...
strange attractor
Physics. a stable, nonperiodic state or behavior exhibited by some dynamic systems, esp. turbulent ones, that can be represented as a nonrepeating pattern in the system's phase ...
Strange Interlude
a play (1928) by Eugene O'Neill. * * *
strange particle
Physics. any elementary particle with a strangeness quantum number other than zero. [1955-60; originally so called because of the anomalously long decay time of such particles] * ...
strange quark
Physics. a quark having electric charge -1/3 times the elementary charge and strangeness -1; it is more massive than the up and down quarks. Also called s quark. [1970-75] * * *
strange attractor n. Physics. An attractor for which the approach to the final set of physical properties is chaotic. * * *
See strange. * * *
/straynj"nis/, n. 1. the quality or condition of being strange. 2. Physics. a quantum number assigned the value -1 for one kind of quark, +1 for its antiquark, and 0 for all ...
strange particle n. An unstable elementary particle created in high-energy particle collisions having a short life and a strangeness quantum number other than zero. * * *
strange quark n. Abbr. s A quark with a charge of - 1/3, a mass about 400 times that of the electron, and a strangeness of -1. * * *
—strangerlike, adj. /strayn"jeuhr/, n. 1. a person with whom one has had no personal acquaintance: He is a perfect stranger to me. 2. a newcomer in a place or locality: a ...
stranger rape
sexual assault by an assailant upon a person he or she does not know. [1990-95] * * *
Stranger, The
(French, L'Étranger), a novel (1942) by Albert Camus. * * *
stranger rape n. A rape in which the victim does not know the rapist. * * *
Strangers at the Gates: The Immigration Backlash
▪ 2003 by Bob Birrell       By 2002 immigration had emerged as a key issue in many developed nations of the world. The determination of governments to control the flow of ...
Strangers’ Gallery
either of two raised areas of seats in the House of Commons and the House of Lords where members of the public can sit and watch the debates. * * *
strange star n. See quark star. * * *
a prison in central Manchester, England. It was in the news in 1990, when many of the prisoners took part in violent protests against the poor conditions there. One person died ...
Strangford Lough
▪ inlet, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Irish  Loch Cuan        inlet of the Irish Sea between Ards and Down districts, Northern Ireland. The lough (lake) is about ...
Strangford Treaty
▪ Brazilian history       (1810), agreement between the Portuguese government, then in exile in its Brazilian colony, and Great Britain, represented by its ambassador, ...
—strangler, n. —stranglingly, adv. /strang"geuhl/, v., strangled, strangling. v.t. 1. to kill by squeezing the throat in order to compress the windpipe and prevent the intake ...
/strang"geuhl hohld'/, n. 1. Wrestling. an illegal hold by which an opponent's breath is choked off. 2. any force or influence that restricts the free actions or development of a ...
See strangle. * * *
strangler fig
▪ tree also called  strangler        many species of tropical figs (genus Ficus) named for their pattern of growth upon host trees, which often results in the host's ...
strangler fig n. An evergreen tree (Ficus aurea) of southern Florida and the West Indies, having elliptic leaves and yellow fruit.   [From the fact that it strangles its ...
/strang"geuhlz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Vet. Pathol. distemper1 (def. 1b). [1590-1600; obs. strangle act of strangling + -S3] * * * ▪ horse disease       horse ...
—strangulable /strang"gyeuh leuh beuhl/, adj. —strangulation, n. —strangulative, adj. —strangulatory /strang"gyeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /strang"gyeuh layt'/, ...
strangulated hernia
a hernia, esp. of the intestine, that swells and constricts the blood supply of the herniated part, resulting in obstruction and gangrene. * * *
stran·gu·la·tion (străng'gyə-lāʹshən) n. 1. a. The act of strangling or strangulating. b. The state of being strangled or strangulated. 2. Pathology. Constriction of a ...
/strang"gyeuh ree/, n. Pathol. painful urination in which the urine is emitted drop by drop owing to muscle spasms of the urethra or urinary bladder. [1350-1400; ME < L ...
Stranitzky, Joseph Anton
▪ Austrian actor born 1676, Graz?, Austria died May 19, 1726, Vienna       actor and manager of the indigenous Austrian popular theatre, who developed the ...
—strappable, adj. —straplike, adj. /strap/, n., v., strapped, strapping. n. 1. a narrow strip of flexible material, esp. leather, as for fastening or holding things ...
strap hinge
strap hinge n. a hinge with long, usually triangular, parts by which it is fastened: see HINGE * * *
/strap"hinj'/, n. a hinge having a flap, esp. a long one, attached to one face of a door or the like. See illus. under hinge. [1730-40] * * *
/strap"layd'/, adj. Ropemaking. noting a type of flat cordage made by stitching strands together side by side. [1830-40] * * *
Straparola, Gianfrancesco
▪ Italian writer born c. 1480, , Caravaggio, duchy of Milan [Italy] died after 1557       Italian author of one of the earliest and most important collections of ...
/strap"hang'/, v.i. to travel as a straphanger. [1905-10; STRAP + HANG] * * *
/strap"hang'euhr/, n. 1. a passenger who stands in a crowded bus or subway train and holds onto a strap or other support suspended from above. 2. any user of such public ...
strap·hung (străpʹhŭng') v. Past tense and past participle of straphang. * * *
/strap"lis/, adj. 1. without a strap or straps. 2. designed and made without shoulder straps: a strapless evening gown; a strapless bra. [1840-50; STRAP + -LESS] * * *
/streuh pay"doh, -pah"-/, n., pl. strappadoes. 1. an old form of punishment or torture in which the victim, with arms bound behind, was raised from the ground by a rope fastened ...
/strapt/, adj. needy; wanting: The company is rather strapped for funds. [1775-85; STRAP + -ED2] * * *
/strap"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that straps. 2. Informal. a large, robust person. [1665-75; STRAP + -ER1] * * *
strapping1 /strap"ing/, adj. 1. powerfully built; robust. 2. large; whopping. [1650-60; STRAP + -ING2] strapping2 /strap"ing/, n. 1. straps collectively. 2. material used to make ...
See strap. * * *
strap·work (străpʹwûrk') n. Decorative work, popular in northern Europe in the 16th and early 17th centuries, consisting of interlacing straplike bands, often used in low ...
/strahs"beuhrg, stras"-/, n. Lee, 1901-82, U.S. theatrical director, teacher, and actor, born in Austria. * * *
Strasberg, Lee
orig. Israel Strassberg born Nov. 17, 1901, Budzanów, Pol., Austria-Hungary died Feb. 17, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. theatre director and teacher. At age ...
Strasberg, Susan
▪ 2000       American actress who, though she was the daughter of legendary Actors Studio director Lee Strasberg, made her mark without his tutelage when she triumphed ...
Stras·berg (străsʹbərg, sträsʹ-), Lee. 1901-1982. Austrian-born American theatrical director and teacher who studied under Stanislavsky and was an influential exponent of ...
/stras"berrg, strahz"boorg/; Fr. /strddannz boohrdd"/, n. a fortress city in and the capital of Bas-Rhin, in NE France, near the Rhine: cathedral; taken by Allied forces November ...
Strasbourg I, II, and III, Universities of
▪ university, Strasbourg, France French  Universités De Strasbourg I, Ii, And Iii,         autonomous state-financed institutions of higher learning in Strasbourg, ...
Strasbourg ware
▪ pottery       pottery made mostly in Strasbourg, Fr., under the direction of members of the Hannong family from 1721 to 1780. The factory was founded by ...
Strasburger, Eduard Adolf
▪ German cytologist born Feb. 1, 1844, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Poland] died May 18, 1912, Bonn, Ger.       German plant cytologist who elucidated the ...
strass1 /stras/, n. a flint glass with a high lead content, used to imitate gemstones. [1810-20; < G, named after J. Strasser, 18th-century German jeweler who invented ...
Strasser, Gregor
▪ German political activist born May 31, 1892, Geisenfeld, Ger. died June 30, 1934, Berlin       German political activist who, with his brother Otto (Strasser, Otto), ...
Strasser, Gregor; and Strasser, Otto
born May 31, 1892, Geisenfeld, Ger. died June 30, 1934, Berlin born Sept. 10, 1897, Windsheim, Ger. died Aug. 27, 1974, Munich German politicians. The brothers joined the Nazi ...
Strasser, Otto
▪ German political activist born Sept. 10, 1897, Windsheim, Ger. died Aug. 27, 1974, Munich, W.Ger. [now in Germany]       German political activist who, with his ...
Strassmann, Fritz
born Feb. 22, 1902, Boppard, Ger. died April 22, 1980, Mainz, W.Ger. German physical chemist. He helped develop the method of rubidium-strontium dating widely used in ...
/stray"teuh, strat"euh, strah"teuh/, n. 1. a pl. of stratum. 2. (usually considered nonstandard) stratum. Usage. See stratum. * * *
—stratagemical /strat'euh jem"i keuhl/, adj. —stratagemically, adv. /strat"euh jeuhm/, n. 1. a plan, scheme, or trick for surprising or deceiving an enemy. 2. any artifice, ...
/strayt"l/, adj. of a stratum or strata. [1870-75; STRAT(UM) + -AL1] * * *
—strategically, adv. /streuh tee"jik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, characterized by, or of the nature of strategy: strategic movements. 2. important in or essential to strategy. 3. ...
Strategic Air Command
a U.S. Air Force command charged with intercontinental air strikes, especially nuclear attacks. * * *
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
either of two preliminary five-year agreements between the U.S. and the Soviet Union for the control of certain nuclear weapons, the first concluded in 1972 (SALT I) and the ...
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)
Negotiations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union aimed at curtailing the manufacture of strategic nuclear missiles. The first round of negotiations began in 1969 and resulted ...
Strategic Arms Reduction Talks
(abbr START) talks between the US and the USSR to reduce the number of their nuclear weapons. Reductions were made after President Reagan and the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev ...
Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START)
Negotiations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union aimed at reducing those countries' nuclear arsenals and delivery systems. Two sets of negotiations (1982–83, 1985–91) ...
Strategic Defence Review
➡ armed forces * * *
Strategic Defense Initiative
(abbr SDI) the plan by US President Reagan to build a defence in space against nuclear weapons. Its popular name was ‘Star Wars’. He announced this in 1983, but it was never ...
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
also called Star Wars Proposed U.S. strategic defense system against nuclear attacks. Announced as a 20-year, $20 billion effort by Pres. Ronald Reagan in 1983, SDI was ...
Strategic Defense Initiative.
See Star Wars. * * *
Strategic Health Authority
(abbr SHA) n (in Britain) any of 28 local organizations within the National Health Service responsible for health services in a particular area. * * *
strategic weapons system
      any weapons system designed to strike an enemy at the source of his military, economic, or political power. In practice, this means destroying a nation's cities, ...
See strategic. * * *
/streuh tee"jiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) strategy (def. 1). [1850-55; see STRATEGIC, -ICS] * * *
/strat"i jist/, n. an expert in strategy, esp. in warfare: Julius Caesar was a great military strategist. [1830-40; STRATEG(Y) + -IST] * * *
/strat"i juyz'/, v.i., strategized, strategizing. to make up or determine strategy; plan. Also, esp. Brit., strategise. [1970-75; STRATEG(Y) + -IZE] * * *
In ancient Greece, a general, often functioning as a magistrate with wide powers. Cleisthenes introduced an annual board of 10 strategi in Athens to be commanders of the army; ...
/strat"i jee/, n., pl. strategies. 1. Also, strategics. the science or art of combining and employing the means of war in planning and directing large military movements and ...
Stratemeyer, Edward
born Oct. 4, 1862, Elizabeth, N.J., U.S. died May 10, 1930, Newark, N.J. U.S. writer of popular juvenile fiction. He began writing stories in imitation of Horatio Alger and ...
/strat"feuhrd/, n. 1. a town in SW Connecticut, near Bridgeport: Shakespeare theater. 50,541. 2. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada: Shakespeare theater. 25,657. 3. a male given ...
Stratford de Redcliffe
/deuh red"klif/ 1st Viscount (Stratford Canning), 1786-1880, English diplomat. * * *
Stratford Festival
Canadian summer theatrical festival. The foremost classical repertory theatre in North America, it was founded by Tom Patterson in Stratford, Ontario, in 1953. It includes three ...
Stratford, Stratford Canning, Viscount
▪ British diplomat born Nov. 4, 1786, London, Eng. died Aug. 14, 1880, Frant, Sussex  diplomat who represented Great Britain at the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) court for almost ...
/strat"feuhrd on ay"veuhn, -awn-/, n. a town in SW Warwickshire, in central England, on the Avon River: birthplace and burial place of Shakespeare. 99,400. Also, ...
Stratford-upon-Avon [strat′fərd ə pän ā′vän] town in S Warwickshire, England, on the Avon: birthplace & burial place of Shakespeare: pop. of county district (called ...
/strath/; Scot. /strddahth/, n. Scot. a wide valley. [1530-40; < Ir, ScotGael srath; akin to STRATUM] * * *
/strath kluyd"/, n. a region in SW Scotland. 2,504,909; 5300 sq. mi. (13,727 sq. km). * * * Medieval Celtic kingdom, Scotland. Located south of the River Clyde, it was ...
Strathcona and Mount Royal, Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron
▪ Canadian financier and statesman born Aug. 6, 1820, Forres, Moray, Scot. died Jan. 21, 1914, London, Eng.       Canadian fur trader, financier, railway promoter, and ...
/strath'spay", strath"spay'/, n. 1. a slow Scottish dance in quadruple meter. 2. the music for this dance. [1645-55; after Strath Spey, the valley of the river Spey in ...
➡ Scottish country dancing * * *
stra·ti (strāʹtī, strătʹī) n. Plural of stratus. * * *
a combining form representing stratum in compound words: stratiform. [STRAT(UM) + -I-] * * *
stra·tic·u·late (stră-tĭkʹyə-lĭt) adj. Geology Having thin layers.   [From stratum.]   stra·tic'u·laʹtion (-lāʹshən) n. * * *
See straticulate. * * *
/strat'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or an instance of stratifying. 2. a stratified state or appearance: the stratification of ancient ruins from eight different periods. 3. ...
stratificational grammar
/strat'euh fi kay"sheuh nl/ a grammar based upon the theory that language is made up of successive strata that are interconnected by established rules. [1960-65] * * *
stratified charge engine
an internal-combustion engine in which a small charge of a rich fuel mixture is ignited first and used to improve combustion of a larger charge of a lean fuel mixture. Also, ...
stratified random sample
Statistics. a random sample of a population in which the population is first divided into distinct subpopulations, or strata, and random samples are then taken separately from ...
stratifiedcharge engine
strat·i·fied charge engine (strătʹə-fīd') n. An internal-combustion engine with a divided ignition cylinder that uses the ignition of rich fuel in a small chamber near the ...
/strat"euh fawrm'/, adj. 1. Geol. occurring as a bed or beds; arranged in strata. 2. Anat. noting arrangement in thin layers, as in bone. 3. Meteorol. (of a cloud) having ...
/strat'euh fawr"mis/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cloud with cumuliform elements) occurring in a very extensive horizontal layer. [ < NL: STRATIFORM] * * *
/strat"euh fuy'/, v., stratified, stratifying. v.t. 1. to form or place in strata or layers. 2. to preserve or germinate (seeds) by placing them between layers of earth. 3. ...
stratigraphy. * * *
See stratigraphy. * * *
See stratigraphic. * * *
See stratigraphic. * * *

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