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—stratigrapher, stratigraphist, n. —stratigraphic /strat'i graf"ik/, stratigraphical, adj. —stratigraphically, adv. /streuh tig"reuh fee/, n. a branch of geology dealing ...
a combining form representing stratus (stratocumulus) or specialized as a combining form of stratosphere (stratovision). [STRAT(US) + -O-] * * *
/streuh tok"reuh see/, n., pl. stratocracies. government by the military. [1645-55; < Gk strató(s) army + -CRACY] * * *
See stratocracy. * * *
/stray'toh kyooh"myeuh leuhs, strat'oh-/, n., pl. stratocumulus. a cloud of a class characterized by large dark, rounded masses, usually in groups, lines, or waves, the ...
Straton Of Lampsacus
▪ Greek philosopher Straton also spelled  Strato,  Latin  Strato Physicus  died c. 270 BC       Greek philosopher and successor of Theophrastus as head of the ...
/strat"euh pawz'/, n. Meteorol. the boundary or transition layer between the stratosphere and mesosphere. [STRATO- + PAUSE] * * *
—stratospheric /strat'euh sfer"ik, -sfear"-/, stratospherical, adj. /strat"euh sfear'/, n. 1. the region of the upper atmosphere extending upward from the tropopause to about ...
strat·o·spher·ic (străt'ə-sfîrʹĭk, -sfĕrʹ-) adj. 1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of the stratosphere. 2. Extremely or unreasonably high: “money borrowed at ...
See stratospheric. * * *
strat·o·vol·ca·no (străt'ō-vŏl-kāʹnō, strā'tō-) n. pl. strat·o·vol·ca·nos A volcano composed of alternating layers of lava and ash.   [stratum + volcano.] * * *
/strat"n/, n. Charles Sherwood ("General Tom Thumb"), 1838-83, U.S. midget who performed in the circus of P. T. Barnum. * * *
Stratton, Charles
▪ American showman pseudonym  General Tom Thumb   born Jan. 4, 1838, Bridgeport, Conn., U.S. died July 15, 1883, Middleboro, Mass.  American showman noted for his small ...
Stratton, Dorothy Constance
▪ United States military officer born March 24, 1899, Brookfield, Mo., U.S. died Sept. 17, 2006, West Lafayette, Ind.       American educator, naval officer, and public ...
—stratous, adj. /stray"teuhm, strat"euhm/, n., pl. strata /stray"teuh, strat"euh/, stratums. 1. a layer of material, naturally or artificially formed, often one of a number of ...
stratum cor·ne·um (kôrʹnē-əm) n. pl. strata cornea The horny outer layer of the epidermis, consisting mainly of dead or peeling cells.   [New Latin : stratum + Latin ...
/stray"teuhs, strat"euhs/, n., pl. strati /stray"tuy, strat"uy/. a cloud of a class characterized by a gray, horizontal layer with a uniform base, found at a lower altitude than ...
/strows/; Ger. /shtrddows/, n. 1. Isidor, 1845-1912, U.S. retail merchant and politician, born in Bavaria: congressman 1894-95 (brother of Nathan and Oscar Solomon Straus). 2. ...
Straus family
German-U.S. merchandising family that distinguished itself in public service and philanthropy. The family originated in Bavaria, and the patriarch, Lazarus Straus, immigrated to ...
Straus, Nathan
▪ American businessman born Jan. 31, 1848, Otterberg, Bavaria [Germany] died Jan. 11, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S.  an owner of Macy's department store in New York City and a ...
Straus, Oscar
▪ Austrian composer born March 6, 1870, Vienna, Austria died Jan. 11, 1954, Bad Ischl       Austrian composer known for his operetta The Chocolate ...
Straus, Oscar Solomon
▪ United States statesman born Dec. 23, 1850, Otterberg, Bavaria [Germany] died May 3, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S.       the first Jewish U.S. Cabinet member ...
Straus, Roger Williams, Jr.
▪ 2005       American publisher (b. Jan. 3, 1917, New York, N.Y.—d. May 25, 2004, New York City), founded the New York-based publishing house Farrar, Straus & Co. in ...
/strows/ or, for 1-3, 5, Ger. /shtrddows/, n. 1. David Friedrich /dah"veet frddee"drddikh/, 1808-74, German theologian, philosopher, and author. 2. Johann /yoh"hahn/, 1804-49, ...
Strauss, David Friedrich
▪ German philosopher born Jan. 27, 1808, Ludwigsburg, Württemberg [Germany] died Feb. 8, 1874, Ludwigsburg       controversial German-Protestant philosopher, ...
Strauss, Franz Josef
born Sept. 6, 1915, Munich, Ger. died Oct. 3, 1988, Regensburg, W.Ger. German politician. Strauss studied at the University of Munich and was an active member of a Roman ...
Strauss, Johann (Baptist)
born Oct. 25, 1825, Vienna, Austria died June 3, 1899, Vienna Austrian composer. His father, Johann Strauss the Elder, was a self-taught musician who established a musical ...
Strauss, Johann, The Elder
▪ Austrian composer born March 14, 1804, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 24, 1849, Vienna       one of the principal composers of Viennese waltzes.       Strauss ...
Strauss, Johann, The Younger
▪ Austrian composer born Oct. 25, 1825, Vienna, Austria died June 3, 1899, Vienna       “the Waltz King,” a composer famous for his Viennese waltzes and ...
Strauss, Joseph B
▪ American engineer born Jan. 9, 1870, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died May 16, 1938, Los Angeles, Calif.  American civil engineer and builder of the Golden Gate Bridge, San ...
Strauss, Leo
▪ American political philosopher born Sept. 20, 1899, Kirhhain, Ger. died Oct. 18, 1973, Annapolis, Md., U.S.       German-born American political philosopher and ...
Strauss, Richard
▪ German composer Introduction in full  Richard Georg Strauss  born June 11, 1864, Munich, Ger. died Sept. 8, 1949, Garmisch-Partenkirchen  an outstanding German Romantic ...
Strauss, Richard (Georg)
born June 11, 1864, Munich, Ger. died Sept. 8, 1949, Garmisch-Partenkirchen German composer and conductor. Son of a horn player, he began composing at age six. Before he was ...
Strauss (strous, shtrous), Johann. Known as “the Elder.” 1804-1849. Austrian violinist and composer of waltzes and other works, notably Redetzky March (1848). His son Johann ...
Strauss (strous), Levi. 1829?-1902. American clothing manufacturer who developed heavy denim trousers and founded Levi Strauss and Company (1850). * * *
Strauss (strous, shtrous), Richard. 1864-1949. German composer known chiefly for his symphonic poems, such as Don Quixote (1897), and his operas, including Salome (1905). * * *
—stravaiger, n. /streuh vayg"/, v.i., stravaged, stravaging. 1. Scot., Irish, and North Eng. to wander aimlessly. 2. to saunter; stroll. Also, stravaig /streuh ...
/streuh vin"skee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or suggesting the composer Igor Stravinsky or his works. [1920-25; STRAVINSKY + -AN] * * *
/streuh vin"skee/; Russ. /strddu vyeen"skyee/, n. Igor Fëdorovich /ee"gawr fyaw'deuh roh"vich/; Russ. /ee"geuhrdd fyaw"deuh rddeuh vyich/, 1882-1971, U.S. composer, born in ...
Stravinsky, Igor
▪ Russian composer Introduction in full  Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky  born June 5 [June 17, New Style], 1882, Oranienbaum [now Lomonosov], near St. Petersburg, Russia died ...
Stravinsky, Igor (Fyodorovich)
born June 17, 1882, Oranienbaum, Russia died April 6, 1971, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. composer. Son of an operatic bass, he decided to be a composer at age 20 and ...
Stravinsky,Igor Fyodorovich
Stra·vin·sky (strə-vĭnʹskē), Igor Fyodorovich. 1882-1971. Russian-born composer of ballets, including The Firebird (1910), symphonies, operas, such as The Rake's Progress ...
—strawless, adj. —strawlike, adj. /straw/, n. 1. a single stalk or stem, esp. of certain species of grain, chiefly wheat, rye, oats, and barley. 2. a mass of such stalks, ...
straw boss
a member of a work crew, as in a factory or logging camp, who acts as a boss; assistant foreman. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
straw color
—straw-colored, adj. a pale yellow similar to the color of straw. [1580-90] * * *
straw man
1. a mass of straw formed to resemble a man, as for a doll or scarecrow. 2. a person whose importance or function is only nominal, as to cover another's activities; front. 3. a ...
straw mite
a mite, Pyemotes ventricosus, that often occurs in straw and normally feeds on the larvae of insects but opportunistically bites humans, causing an itching dermatitis. Also ...
straw mushroom
a small brown mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, used in Asian cookery. * * *
straw vote
an unofficial vote taken to obtain an indication of the general trend of opinion on a particular issue. Also called straw poll. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
straw wine
a usually rich or sweet wine produced from grapes partially dried on the vine or picked and dried in the sun on a bed of straw or reeds. [1815-25] * * *
Straw, Jack
▪ 2001       Following his appointment as the U.K.'s home secretary in 1997, British politician Jack Straw proved hard to characterize. Though liberal and reformist in ...
/straw"baws', -bos'/, v.t. to act as a straw boss to: She was assigned to straw-boss the night shift. * * *
☆ straw-hat [strô′hat′ ] adj. 〚from the practice, esp. formerly, of wearing straw hats in summer〛 designating, of, or having to do with a summer theater or summer ...
/straw"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. strawberries. 1. the fruit of any stemless plant belonging to the genus Fragaria, of the rose family, consisting of an enlarged fleshy ...
strawberry bass
/bas/ the black crappie. See under crappie. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
strawberry blite
a plant, Chenopodium capitatum, having dense, rounded clusters of minute reddish flowers. * * *
strawberry blond
1. reddish blond. 2. a person with reddish-blond hair. [1875-80, Amer.] Usage. See blonde. * * *
strawberry bush
☆ strawberry bush n. an E American euonymus (Euonymus americana) with red pods and seeds with a red covering * * *
strawberry dish
a shallow, circular fruit dish with a fluted or pierced border. * * *
strawberry geranium
a plant, Saxifraga stolonifera (or S. sarmentosa), of the saxifrage family, native to eastern Asia, that has rounded, variegated leaves and numerous threadlike stolons and is ...
strawberry guava
a shrub or small tree, Psidium littorale, of the myrtle family, native to Brazil, having smooth, grayish-brown bark, leathery leaves, white flowers, and edible, white-fleshed, ...
Strawberry Hill
a large house by the River Thames, west of London, well known for its Gothic architecture. Horace Walpole bought the house in 1749 and added several towers and detailed and ...
strawberry mark
a small, reddish, slightly raised birthmark. [1840-50] * * *
Strawberry River
▪ river, Utah, United States       river rising in Wasatch county, north-central Utah, U.S. It flows about 70 miles (110 km) east to join the Duchesne River 19 miles (31 ...
strawberry roan
a horse with a reddish coat that is liberally flecked with white hairs. [1930-35] * * *
strawberry shrub
☆ strawberry shrub n. CAROLINA ALLSPICE * * *
strawberry tomato
1. the small, edible, tomato-like fruit of the plant Physalis pruinosa, of the nightshade family. 2. the plant itself. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
strawberry tree
an evergreen shrub or tree, Arbutus unedo, of the heath family, native to southern Europe, bearing a scarlet, strawberrylike fruit. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
/straw"ber'ee raz"ber'ee, straw"beuh ree raz"beuh ree/, n. an arching, prickly, Japanese plant, Rubus illecebrosus, of the rose family, having an herbaceous stem, white, fragrant ...
strawberry bass (băs) n. See black crappie. * * *
strawberry blite (blīt) n. A weedy European plant (Chenopodium capitatum) having minute petalless flowers and red berrylike fruit. * * *
strawberry blond also strawberry blonde adj. Reddish blond. * * *
strawberry bush n. An erect to straggly shrub (Euonymus americanus) of the eastern United States having inconspicuous flowers and showy pinkish fruit. * * *
strawberry mark n. A raised shiny red nevus or birthmark, occurring usually on the face or scalp and resembling a strawberry. * * *
strawberry roan n. A horse having reddish hair mixed with white. * * *
strawberry shrub n. See Carolina allspice. * * *
strawberry tomato n. 1. Any of several plants of the genus Physalis, as P. pubescens and P. pruinosa, of eastern North America, having yellow flowers and edible yellowish fruit ...
strawberry tree n. Any of several evergreen shrubs of the genus Arbutus, especially A. unedo, native to southern Europe, having shiny leaves, drooping clusters of white or ...
/straw"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. coarse, yellow paperboard made of straw pulp, used in packing, for making boxes, etc. [1840-50; STRAW + BOARD] * * *
straw boss n. Informal A worker who acts as a boss or crew leader in addition to performing regular duties. * * *
/straw"flow'euhr/, n. 1. any of several everlasting flowers, esp. an Australian composite plant, Helichrysum bracteatum, having heads of chaffy yellow, orange, red, or white ...
/straw"hat'/, adj. of or pertaining to a summer theater situated outside an urban or metropolitan area: strawhat theater; strawhat circuit. [1935-40; so called from the wearing ...
straw man n. 1. A person who is set up as cover or a front for a questionable enterprise. 2. An argument or opponent set up so as to be easily refuted or defeated. 3. A bundle of ...
straw mushroom n. A tropical and subtropical edible mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) having a white cap and a long stipe with a swollen base. * * *
Strawson, Sir Peter
▪ British philosopher in full  Peter Frederick Strawson  born November 23, 1919, London, England died February 13, 2006, Oxford, Oxfordshire       British ...
Strawson, Sir Peter Frederick
▪ 2007       British philosopher (b. Nov. 23, 1919, London, Eng.—d. Feb. 13, 2006, Oxford, Eng.), was during the 1950s and '60s a principal exponent of Oxford ordinary ...
straw vote n. An unofficial vote or poll indicating the trend of opinion on a candidate or issue. Also called straw poll. * * *
straw·weight (strôʹwāt') n. See minimumweight. * * *
straw wine n. A sweet dessert wine made from grapes that have been dried on straw. * * *
/straw"werrm'/, n. 1. caddisworm. 2. jointworm. [1645-55; STRAW + WORM] * * *
/straw"ee/, adj., strawier, strawiest. 1. of, containing, or resembling straw. 2. strewn or thatched with straw. [1545-55; STRAW + -Y1] * * *
straw yellow n. A pale yellow. * * *
—strayer, n. /stray/, v.i. 1. to deviate from the direct course, leave the proper place, or go beyond the proper limits, esp. without a fixed course or purpose; ramble: to ...
See stray. * * *
Strayhorn, Billy
orig. William Thomas Strayhorn born Nov. 29, 1915, Dayton, Ohio, U.S. died May 31, 1967, New York, N.Y. U.S. pianist, composer, and arranger. Strayhorn approached jazz ...
Stray·horn (strāʹhôrn'), William. Known as “Billy.” 1915-1967. American jazz pianist and composer who spent the majority of his career as an arranger with Duke ...
Štrbské Pleso
▪ lake, Slovakia       small morainic lake, Východní Slovensko kraj (region), Slovakia. It lies at the end of a narrow-gauge electric railway from Poprad. At 4,455 ...
—streakedly /streekt"lee, stree"kid lee/, adv. —streakedness, n. —streaker, n. —streaklike, adj. /streek/, n. 1. a long, narrow mark, smear, band of color, or the like: ...
See streak. * * *
See streaky. * * *
See streakily. * * *
—streakily, adv. —streakiness, n. /stree"kee/, adj., streakier, streakiest. 1. occurring in streaks or a streak. 2. marked with or characterized by streaks. 3. varying or ...
—streamless, adj. —streamlike, adj. /streem/, n. 1. a body of water flowing in a channel or watercourse, as a river, rivulet, or brook. 2. a steady current in water, as in a ...
stream capture
Geol. piracy (def. 3). * * *
stream of consciousness
1. Psychol. thought regarded as a succession of ideas and images constantly moving forward in time. 2. See interior monologue. [1885-90] * * * Narrative technique in nondramatic ...
/streem"euhv kon"sheuhs nis/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by a manner of writing in which a character's thoughts or perceptions are presented as occurring in random ...
/streem"bed'/, n. the channel in which a stream flows or formerly flowed. [1855-60; STREAM + BED] * * * or stream channel Any long, narrow, sloping depression on land that had ...
/stree"meuhr/, n. 1. something that streams: streamers of flame. 2. a long, narrow flag or pennant. 3. a long, flowing ribbon, feather, or the like used for ornament, as in ...
streamer fly
Angling. an artificial fly having a wing or wings extending beyond the crook of the fishhook. * * *
/streem"floh'/, n. the water that flows in a specific stream site, esp. its volume and rate of flow. [STREAM + FLOW] * * *
—streamingly, adv. /stree"ming/, n. 1. an act or instance of flowing. 2. Also called protoplasmic streaming. Biol. rapid flowing of cytoplasm within a cell; cyclosis. 3. ...
streaming potential
Physical Chem. the potential produced in the walls of a porous membrane or a capillary tube by forcing a liquid through it. * * *
/streem"lit/, n. a small stream; rivulet. [1545-55; STREAM + -LET] * * *
/streem"luyn'/, n., v., streamlined, streamlining. adj. n. 1. a teardrop line of contour offering the least possible resistance to a current of air, water, etc. 2. the path of a ...
streamline flow
the flow of a fluid past an object such that the velocity at any fixed point in the fluid is constant or varies in a regular manner. Cf. turbulent flow. [1905-10] * * *
/streem"luynd'/, adj. 1. having a contour designed to offer the least possible resistance to a current of air, water, etc.; optimally shaped for motion or conductivity. 2. ...
/streem"luy'neuhr/, n. something that is streamlined, esp. a locomotive or passenger train. [1930-35; STREAMLINE + -ER1] * * *
▪ fluid dynamics  in aerodynamics, the contouring of an object, such as an aircraft body, to reduce its drag, or resistance to motion through a stream of air.       A ...
streamof consciousness
stream of consciousness n. pl. streams of consciousness 1. A literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur. 2. Psychology. The conscious ...
stream·side (strēmʹsīd') n. The land adjacent to a stream. * * *
/streem"way'/, n. the bed of a stream. [1815-25; STREAM + WAY1] * * *
/streem"wood'/, n. a city in NE Illinois. 23,456. * * *
—streaminess, n. /stree"mee/, adj., streamier, streamiest. 1. abounding in streams or watercourses: streamy meadows. 2. flowing in a stream; streaming. [1400-50; late ME ...
/stree"teuhr/, n. a city in N Illinois. 14,769. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, La Salle county, north-central Illinois, U.S. It lies on the Vermilion ...
To wind, turn. European root. 1. strepto-, strop, strophe, strophoid, strophulus; anastrophe, apostrophe1, boustrophedon, catastrophe, diastrophism, from Greek strephein, to ...
Střední Slovensko
▪ region, Slovakia Slovak“Central Slovakia”Czech  Stredoslovenský        kraj (region), central Slovakia. It is bordered by Západní Slovensko kraj on the ...
▪ region, Czech Republic       (Czech: “Central Bohemia”), kraj (region), north-central Czech Republic. It is bordered by Severočeský kraj on the north, ...
—streeker, n. /streek/, Brit. Dial. v.t. 1. to stretch (one's limbs), as on awakening or by exercise. 2. to extend (one's hand or arm), as in reaching for or offering an ...
/stree"king/, n. Brit. Dial. the act of stretching one's limbs, as on awakening or by exercise. [1300-50; ME streekynge. See STREEK, -ING1] * * *
(1949– ) a US actor known for her ability to play a wide range of different characters. She won Oscars for her parts in Kramer versus Kramer (1979) and Sophie’s Choice ...
Streep, Meryl
orig. Mary Louise Streep born June 22, 1949, Summit, N.J., U.S. U.S. film actress. She studied at Vassar College and the Yale School of Drama before appearing on Broadway and ...
—streetless, adj. —streetlike, adj. /street/, n. 1. a public thoroughfare, usually paved, in a village, town, or city, including the sidewalk or sidewalks. 2. such a ...
street arab
(sometimes offensive) a person, esp. a child, who lives a homeless, vagabond life on the streets; urchin. Also, street Arab. [1860-65] * * *
street certificate
a certificate showing ownership of a specified number of shares of stock: endorsed by the owner and guaranteed by a broker, it may be traded without formal transfer on the books ...
Street Children
▪ 1995 Introduction by Marilyn E. Rocky       An estimated 100 million children and youths between the ages of 5 and 18 spend the major part of their lives in the city ...
street Christian
(esp. in the 1960s) a Christian whose religious life centers more in social or communal groups than in institutional churches. [1965-70] * * *
street cleaner
a sanitation worker who cleans streets or sidewalks. * * *
street cred
street cred [kred] n. 〚street cred( ibility): see STREET (n. 4)〛 Slang popularity with or acceptance by the common people [a candidate who lacks street cred] * * *
street fighter
—street-fighting, n., adj. 1. a person whose style of fistfighting was learned in the streets, as opposed to a trained or proficient boxer. 2. a person who deals with others in ...
street film
▪ movie genre       type of realistic motion picture, popular in Germany during the 1920s, that dealt with the lives of common people during a time of economic ...
street gang
➡ gangs * * *
street hockey
Canadian. See road hockey. [1960-65] * * *
street language
➡ slang * * *
street ministry
the vocation of a church worker, clergyman, or the like who frequents public places in an attempt to help runaways, prostitutes, or others on the margins of society. * * *
street money
Slang. See walking-around money. [1975-80] * * *
street name
Stock Exchange. 1. a broker who holds securities registered in his or her name instead of in the name of the customer, esp. for convenience in executing transfers and in pledging ...
street names
In Britain, main roads outside towns and cities are known by numbers rather than names. An exception is the A1 from London to north-eastern England, which is often called the ...
street orderly
Brit. See street cleaner. [1850-55] * * *
street people
1. persons whose home is in the streets of a city; the homeless. 2. people who make their living in the streets, esp. of large cities, as vendors or performers. 3. the people of ...
street railway
a company that operates streetcars or buses. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
street rod
an old automobile that has been well maintained and typically has been provided with a powerful, modern engine and modern interior fittings. * * *
street smarts
Informal. shrewd awareness of how to survive or succeed in any situation, esp. as a result of living or working in a difficult environment, as a city ghetto ...
street theater
the presentation of plays or other entertainments by traveling companies on the streets, in parks, etc., often with the use of temporary or mobile stages. [1955-60, Amer.] * * *
street virus
a virus, as rabies, obtained from a naturally infected animal and usually virulent, as opposed to a laboratory-attenuated strain. [1910-15] * * *
Street, George Edmund
▪ British architect born June 20, 1824, Woodford, Essex, Eng. died Dec. 18, 1881, London  English architect of the High Victorian period, noted for his many English churches ...
Street, Picabo
▪ 1997       Carving a name for herself on the international slopes of professional skiing, a 25-year-old American with the singular moniker Picabo Street entered the ...
(1946– ) an English television presenter and producer. Until 1996 she was in charge of a wide range of BBC programmes for young people, often humorously referred to as yoof ...
/street"smahrt'/, adj. possessing or showing street smarts. [1965-70] * * *
/street"kahr'/, n. a public vehicle running regularly along certain streets, usually on rails, as a trolley car or trolley bus. [1860-65, Amer.; STREET + CAR1] * * * or trolley ...
Streetcar Named Desire
a powerful play (1947) by the US writer Tennessee Williams which won the Pulitzer Prize. The main characters are a rough and aggressive man called Stanley Kowalski and his ...
Streetcar Named Desire, A
a play (1947) by Tennessee Williams. * * *
street cred (krĕd) n. Slang Acceptability or popularity, especially among young people in urban areas.   [street + credit.] * * *
Streeter, Burnett Hillman
▪ British theologian born Nov. 17, 1874, Croydon, Surrey, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1937, near Basel, Switz.       English theologian and biblical scholar, noted for his ...
street hockey n. A variation of ice hockey played on pavement by players wearing shoes or in-line skates and often using a ball instead of a puck. * * *
/street"luyt'/, n. a light, usually supported by a lamppost, for illuminating a street or road. [1615-25; STREET + LIGHT1] * * *
street name n. 1. The name of a street. 2. The name of a broker or brokerage firm as used when registering a security owned by a customer in order to simplify trading. 3. An ...
➡ street names * * *
/street"skayp'/, n. 1. a pictorial view of a street. 2. an environment of streets: The little park provides a tranquil refuge so uncharacteristic of the urban ...
street smarts pl.n. Shrewd awareness of how to survive in an often hostile urban environment. * * *
street theater n. Dramatization of social and political issues, usually enacted outside, as on the street or in a park. Also called guerrilla theater. * * *
—streetwalking, n. /street"waw'keuhr/, n. a prostitute who solicits on the streets. [1585-95; STREET + WALKER] * * *
See streetwalker. * * *
/street"wuyz'/, adj. street-smart. Also, street-wise. [1960-65, Amer.; STREET + WISE1] * * *
/street"werr'keuhr/, n. a social worker who works with youths of a neighborhood. [1960-65; STREET + WORKER] * * *
/stray"geuh/, Trademark. a brand of spicy, orange-flavored liqueur made in Italy. * * *
Strega Prize
▪ Italian literary award       Italian literary award established in 1947 by writers Goffredo and Maria Bellonci and the manufacturer of Strega liquor, Guido Alberti. It ...
Strehler, Giorgio
▪ 1998       Italian theatre director and actor who was a preeminent figure in post-World War II European theatre as cofounder and artistic director (1947-68, 1972-97) ...
Streicher, Julius
born Feb. 22, 1885, Fleinhausen, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, W.Ger. German Nazi demagogue and politician. He joined the Nazi Party in 1921 and became a friend of Adolf ...
To stroke, rub, press. European root. Derivatives include streak, prestige, and restrict. I. Basic form *streig-. 1. a. strike, from Old English strīcan, to stroke; b. tricot, ...
(1942– ) a US actor and singer known for her clear, strong voice. She became a star in the Broadway musical play Funny Girl (1964) and won an Oscar for its film version (1968). ...
Streisand, Barbra
orig. Barbara Joan Streisand born April 24, 1942, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. singer and actress. She sang in nightclubs before appearing on Broadway in I Can Get It for You ...
Streitberg, Wilhelm
▪ German linguist born Feb. 23, 1864, Rüdesheim, Nassau [Germany] died Aug. 19, 1925, Leipzig, Ger.       German historical linguist who, with Karl Brugmann, founded ...
Strekalov, Gennady Mikhailovich
▪ Russian cosmonaut born Oct. 28, 1940, Mytishchi, U.S.S.R. [now Russia] died Dec. 25, 2004, Moscow  Soviet and Russian cosmonaut who flew five times in space over a period ...
▪ plant family       family of flowering plants in the ginger order (Zingiberales) that range in size from perennial herbs to trees. The family includes three genera ...
(Russian; "musketeers") Russian military corps. Established in the mid-16th century, the streltsy formed the bulk of the Russian army for about 100 years and provided the ...
      phosphate mineral similar to variscite (q.v.) with the chemical formula FePO4·2H2O. * * *
/strengkth, strength, strenth/, n. 1. the quality or state of being strong; bodily or muscular power; vigor. 2. mental power, force, or vigor. 3. moral power, firmness, or ...
strength of materials
Engineering discipline concerned with the ability of a material to resist mechanical forces when in use. A material's strength in a given application depends on many factors, ...
Strength of the Belligerents, Aug. 4, 1914
▪ Table Strength of the belligerents, Aug. 4, 1914 resources Central Powers Allied Powers population (in millions) 115.2 265.5 steel production (in millions of metric ...
—strengthener, n. —strengtheningly, adv. /strengk"theuhn, streng"-, stren"-/, v.t. 1. to make stronger; give strength to. 2. Phonet. to change (a speech sound) to an ...
See strengthen. * * *
—strengthlessly, adv. —strengthlessness, n. /strengkth"lis, strength"-, strenth"-/, adj. lacking strength. [1150-1200; ME; see STRENGTH, -LESS] * * *
—strenuously, adv. —strenuousness, strenuosity /stren'yooh os"i tee/, n. /stren"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. characterized by vigorous exertion, as action, efforts, life, etc.: a ...
See strenuous. * * *
See strenuously. * * *
/strep/, Informal. n. 1. streptococcus. adj. 2. streptococcal. [1930-35; by shortening] * * *
strep throat
Pathol. an acute sore throat caused by hemolytic streptococci and accompanied by fever and prostration. [1925-30] * * *
/strep"i teuhs/, adj. boisterous; noisy. Also, strepitant. [1675-85; < L strepit(us) noise + -OUS] * * *
/strep sip"teuhr euhn/, adj. 1. strepsipterous. n. 2. strepsipteron. [1835-45; < NL Strepsipter(a) (see STREPSIPTEROUS) + -AN] * * * ▪ insect       any of about 600 ...
/strep sip"teuhr euhn, -teuh ron'/, n. a strepsipterous insect. Also, strepsipteran. [ < NL: sing. of Strepsiptera (see STREPSIPTEROUS)] * * *
/strep sip"teuhr euhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the order Strepsiptera, comprising minute insects that are closely related to the beetles, the twisted-winged male being ...
▪ fossil genus       extinct genus of corals, existing as single animals rather than colonial forms and found as fossils in marine rocks of Ordovician to Devonian age ...
strep throat n. An infection of the throat, often epidemic, caused by hemolytic streptococci and characterized by fever and inflammation of the tonsils. * * *
a combining form meaning "twisted," used in the formation of compound words: streptococcus. [comb. form of Gk streptós pliant, twisted, twined, equiv. to strep- (var. s. of ...
streptobacillary fever
▪ pathology also called  haverhill fever , or  erythema arthriticum epidemicum        acute infection caused by the microorganism Streptobacillus moniliformis, ...
/strep'toh beuh sil"euhs/, n., pl. streptobacilli /-sil"uy/. Bacteriol. 1. any of various bacilli that form in chains. 2. any of the Gram-negative bacteria of the genus ...
/strep'teuh kahr"peuhs/, n. any of various plants belonging to the genus Streptocarpus, of the gesneria family, native to Africa and Asia, having showy white, pink, or purplish ...
strep·to·coc·cal (strĕp'tə-kŏkʹəl) also strep·to·coc·cic (-kŏkʹsĭk, -kŏkʹĭk) adj. Of, relating to, or caused by a streptococcus. * * *
—streptococcal /strep'teuh kok"euhl/, streptococcic /strep'teuh kok"sik/, adj. /strep'teuh kok"euhs/, n., pl. streptococci /-kok"suy, -see/. Bacteriol. any of several spherical ...
/strep'toh dawr"nays, -nayz/, n. Biochem., Pharm. a deoxyribonuclease, obtained from hemolytic streptococci, used in medicine for decomposing blood clots and fibrinous and ...
/strep'toh kuy"nays, -nayz, -kin"ays, -ayz/, n. Pharm. an enzyme used to dissolve blood clots. [1945-50; STREPTO- + KINASE] * * *
/strep'teuh luy"sin/, n. Bacteriol. a type of hemolysin produced by certain species of streptococcus. [1900-05; STREPTO- (repr. generic names which begin with this element, as ...
/strep'teuh muy"seez/, n., pl. streptomyces. Bacteriol. any of several aerobic bacteria of the genus Streptomyces, certain species of which produce antibiotics. [ < NL (1943), ...
/strep'teuh muy"sin/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic, C21H39N7O12, produced by a soil actinomycete, Streptomyces griseus, and used in medicine in the form of its white, water-soluble ...
strep·to·ni·grin (strĕp'tə-nīʹgrĭn) n. A highly toxic antibiotic, C25H22N4O8, produced by an actinomycete (Streptomyces flocculus) and active against various types of ...
/strep'teuh thruy"sin/, n. Pharm. an antibacterial substance produced by a soil fungus, Actinomyces lavendulae. [1925-30; STREPTO- + thric- (var. of TRICH-) + -IN2] * * *
strep·to·var·i·cin (strĕp'tə-vârʹĭ-sĭn) n. Any of a group of antibiotics produced by an actinomycete (Streptomyces spectabilis) and active against various bacteria and ...
strep·to·zot·o·cin (strĕp'tə-zŏtʹə-sĭn) n. An antibiotic, C8H15N3O7, produced by an actinomycete (Streptomyces achromogenes) and active against tumors but damaging to ...
▪ Italy       town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) regione, northwestern Italy, on the western shore of Lake Maggiore. A health and tourist resort noted for its pleasant climate ...
Stresa Front
(1935) Coalition of France, Britain, and Italy formed at Stresa, Italy, to oppose Adolf Hitler's announced intention to rearm Germany, which violated terms of the Treaty of ...
/shtrdday"zeuh mahn'/, n. Gustav /goos"tahf/, 1878-1929, German statesman: Nobel peace prize 1926. * * *
Stresemann, Gustav
born May 10, 1878, Berlin, Ger. died Oct. 3, 1929, Berlin German chancellor and foreign minister of the Weimar Republic. Noted as an expert on municipal affairs and a writer on ...
Stre·se·mann (strāʹzə-män', shtrāʹ-), Gustav. 1878-1929. German politician who served as foreign minister (1923-1929) and was largely responsible for Germany's ...
—stressless, adj. —stresslessness, n. /stres/, n. 1. importance or significance attached to a thing; emphasis: to lay stress upon good manners. 2. Phonet. emphasis in the ...
stress fracture
Pathol. a hairline crack in a bone, esp. of a foot or leg, caused by repeated or prolonged stress and often occurring in runners, dancers, and soldiers (march fracture). * * *
stress mark
a mark placed before, after, or over a syllable to indicate stress in pronunciation; accent mark. * * *
stress test
1. a test, esp. one conducted in a laboratory, to determine how much pressure, tension, wear, or the like a given product or material can withstand. 2. Med. a test of ...
/stres"test'/, v.t. to subject to a stress test. * * *
/stres"tuymd'/, adj. Phonet. (of a language) having a rhythm in which stressed syllables tend to occur at regular intervals of time, regardless of the number of intervening ...
/strest"owt"/, adj. afflicted with or incapacitated by stress. * * *
stress fracture n. A fracture of bone caused by repeated application of a heavy load, such as the constant pounding on a surface by runners, gymnasts, and dancers. * * *
—stressfully, adv. /stres"feuhl/, adj. full of stress or tension: the stressful days before a war. [1850-55; STRESS + -FUL] * * *
See stressful. * * *
See stressfully. * * *
stress·less (strĕsʹlĭs) adj. 1. Linguistics. Having no phonetic stress: a stressless syllable. 2. Having no metrical stress. 3. Causing no stress: enjoyed a stressless hour ...
/stres"euhr, -awr/, n. an activity, event, or other stimulus that causes stress. [1950-55; STRESS + -OR2] * * *
stress test n. A graded test to measure an individual's heart rate and oxygen intake while undergoing strenuous physical exercise, as on a treadmill. * * *
—stretchable, adj. —stretchability, n. /strech/, v.t. 1. to draw out or extend (oneself, a body, limbs, wings, etc.) to the full length or extent (often fol. by out): to ...
stretch mark
a silvery streak occurring typically on the abdomen or thighs and caused by stretching of the skin over a short period of time, as during pregnancy or rapid weight gain. * * *
stretch mill
Metalworking. a mill for rolling and stretching seamless tubes, the rolls of each successive stand operating more quickly than those of the preceding. Also called stretch ...
stretch receptor
Anat., Physiol. See muscle spindle. [1935-40] * * *
stretch runner
an athlete or horse that is especially strong or fast in the final stage of a race. [1920-25] * * *
stretch-out (strĕchʹout') n. 1. a. The act of stretching out. b. The condition of being stretched out. c. An extension or prolongation, such as the time required for paying a ...
See stretch. * * *
See stretchability. * * *
/strech"euhr/, n. 1. Med. a. a kind of litter, often of canvas stretched on a frame, for carrying the sick, wounded, or dead. b. a similar litter on wheels, adapted for use in ...
stretcher bond
Masonry. See running bond. * * *
/strech"euhr bair'euhr/, n. a person who helps carry a stretcher, as in removing wounded from a battlefield. [1875-80] * * *
/strech"ee/, n. an infant's one-piece garment covering the torso, legs, and feet, made of stretch fabric. * * *
stretching course
(in brickwork) a course of stretchers. Cf. heading course. [1685-95] * * *
stretch mark n. A shiny line on the skin of the abdomen, breasts, thighs, or buttocks that is often lighter than the surrounding skin and is caused by the stretching and ...
/strech"owt'/, n. 1. a deliberate extension of time for meeting a production quota. 2. a method of labor management by which employees do additional work without a commensurate ...
stretch receptor n. A sensory receptor in a muscle that responds to the stretching of tissue. * * *
stretch reflex n. A reflex contraction of a muscle in response to stretching of an attached tendon or of the muscle itself. * * *
stretch runner n. A runner or racehorse that makes a strong effort in the last stretch of a race. * * *
—stretchiness, n. /strech"ee/, adj., stretchier, stretchiest. 1. having a tendency to stretch, esp. excessively or unduly. 2. capable of being stretched; elastic. 3. (esp. of a ...
/stret"euh/, n., pl. strette /stret"ay/, strettas. Music. a concluding passage played at a faster tempo. [1875-80; < It; fem. of STRETTO] * * *
/stret"oh/, n., pl. stretti /stret"ee/, strettos. Music. the close overlapping of statements of the subject in a fugue, each voice entering immediately after the preceding ...
Stretton, Ross
▪ 2006       Australian dancer and artistic director (b. June 6, 1952, Canberra, Australia—d. June 16, 2005, Melbourne, Australia), began as a tap dancer but moved to ...
Ger. /shtrddoy"zeuhl/; Eng. /strooh"zeuhl, stroy"-/, n. a topping for coffeecake, consisting of crumbs of blended sugar, cinnamon, flour, butter, and chopped nutmeats. [1925-30; ...
Ger. /shtrddoy"zeuhl kooh'kheuhn/; Eng. /strooh"zeuhl kooh'kheuhn, -keuhn, stroy"-/, n. coffeecake topped with streusel. [ < G; see STREUSEL, KUCHEN] * * *
Streuvels, Stijn
▪ Flemish writer pseudonym of  Frank Lateur  born Oct. 3, 1871, Heule, near Kortrijk, Belg. died Aug. 15, 1969, Ingooigem, near Kortrijk       Belgian novelist and ...
—strewer, n. /strooh/, v.t., strewed, strewn /stroohn/ or strewed, strewing. 1. to let fall in separate pieces or particles over a surface; scatter or sprinkle: to strew seed ...
/strooh"meuhnt/, n. something strewed or intended for strewing, as flowers. [1595-1605; STREW + -MENT] * * *
Strewn-fields of tektites
▪ Table Strewn-fields of tektites types names age (millions of years) microtektites Muong-Nong splash-form australite remarks North American tektites, viz., bediasites ...

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