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/stroh"fee/, n. 1. the part of an ancient Greek choral ode sung by the chorus when moving from right to left. 2. the movement performed by the chorus during the singing of this ...
▪ paleontology       genus of small, extinct brachiopods (lamp shells) found as fossils in Devonian marine rocks (those about 359 million to 416 million years old). ...
—strophically, adv. /strof"ik, stroh"fik/, adj. 1. Also, strophical. consisting of, pertaining to, or characterized by a strophe or strophes. 2. Music. (of a song) having the ...
/strof"oyd, stroh"foyd/, n. Geom. a plane curve generated by the loci of points p and pprime; on a straight line that intersects the y-axis at a point n and the minus x-axis at a ...
▪ fossil genus       genus of extinct brachiopods (lamp shells) found as fossils in Middle and Upper Ordovician marine rocks (those ranging in age from 438 million to ...
/strof"yeuh leuhs/, n. Pathol. a papular eruption of the skin, esp. in infants, occurring in several forms and usually harmless. Also called red gum, tooth rash. [1800-10; < NL < ...
/strop"euhr/, n. 1. a person who strops. 2. a mechanical instrument for honing double-edged blades for safety razors. [1700-10; STROP + -ER1] * * *
/strop"ee/, adj., stroppier, stroppiest. Brit. Informal. bad-tempered or hostile; quick to take offense. [1950-55; perh. (OB)STREP(EROUS) + -Y1, though o is unexplained] * * *
Strossmayer, Joseph George
▪ bishop of Bosnia and Sirmium Serbo-Croatian Josip Juraj Štrossmajer born Feb. 4, 1815, Osijek, Slavonia died April 8, 1905, Ðakovo       Croatian Roman Catholic ...
/straw"dheuhr, strudh"euhr/, n. a male given name. * * *
/strowd/, n. a coarse woolen cloth, blanket, or garment formerly used by the British in bartering with the North American Indians. [1670-80; named after Stroud in ...
Stroud, Robert
▪ American criminal and ornithologist byname  Birdman Of Alcatraz   born 1890, Seattle, Wash., U.S. died Nov. 21, 1963, Springfield, Mo.       American criminal, a ...
▪ Pennsylvania, United States       borough (town), seat of Monroe county, eastern Pennsylvania, U.S. A resort community, it lies along Brodhead Creek, adjacent to East ...
/strohv/, v. pt. of strive. * * *
/stroh/, v., strowed, strown or strowed, strowing. Archaic. strew. [1300-50; ME strowen, var. of strewen to STREW] * * *
—stroyer, n. /stroy/, v.t. Archaic. to destroy. [1400-50; late ME stroyen, aph. var. of destroyen to DESTROY] * * *
/strddawt"tsee/, n. Bernardo /berdd nahrdd"daw/, ("Il Cappuccino"), 1581-1644, Italian painter and engraver. Also, Strozza /strddawt"tsah/. * * *
Struchkova, Raisa Stepanovna
▪ 2006       Russian dancer and teacher (b. Oct. 5, 1925, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.—d. May 2, 2005, Moscow, Russia), was noted for her brilliant, expressive technique ...
/struk/, v. 1. pt. and a pp. of strike. adj. 2. (of a factory, industry, etc.) closed or otherwise affected by a strike of workers. [1890-95 for def. 2] * * *
struck jury
Law. a jury obtained by special agreement between the opposing attorneys, each taking turns in eliminating a member of the impaneled group until 12 members remain. [1855-60] * * *
struck measure
a measure, esp. of grain, level with the top of a receptacle. [1930-35] * * *
struck jury n. A jury, especially a special jury, selected from an original panel of 48 members from which each party strikes off names until the list is reduced to the required ...
—structurally, adv. /struk"cheuhr euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to structure; pertaining or essential to a structure. 2. Biol. pertaining to organic structure; ...
structural anthropology
a school of anthropology founded by Claude Lévi-Strauss and based loosely on the principles of structural linguistics. * * *
structural clay products
Introduction       ceramic products intended for use in building construction. Typical structural clay products are building brick, paving brick, terra-cotta facing ...
structural formula
Chem. a chemical formula showing the linkage of the atoms in a molecule diagrammatically, as H-O-H. Cf. empirical formula, molecular formula. [1885-90] * * *
structural functionalism
Sociol. functionalism (def. 3). [1955-60] * * *
structural gene
Genetics. cistron. [1955-60] * * *
structural geology
the branch of geology dealing with the structure and distribution of the rocks that make up the crust of the earth. Also called tectonics. Cf. structure (def. 7a). [1880-85] * * ...
structural iron
iron shaped for use in construction. [1890-95] * * *
structural isomerism
Chem. See under isomerism (def. 1). [1925-30] * * *
structural landform
▪ geology       any topographic feature formed by the differential wearing away of rocks and the deposition of the resulting debris under the influence of exogenetic ...
structural linguistics
1. a usually synchronic approach to language study in which a language is analyzed as an independent network of formal systems, each of which is composed of elements that are ...
structural psychology
psychology centering on the analysis of the structure or content of conscious mental states by introspective methods. Also called structuralism. * * *
structural shop
Shipbuilding. See plate shop. * * *
structural steel
1. the variety of steel shapes rolled for use in construction. 2. a steel having a composition suitable for such shapes. [1890-95] * * *
structural system
In building construction, the particular method of assembling and constructing structural elements of a building so that they support and transmit applied loads safely to the ...
structural unemployment
unemployment caused by basic changes in the overall economy, as in demographics, technology, or industrial organization. [1960-65] * * *
structural formula n. A chemical formula that shows how the atoms and bonds in a molecule are arranged. * * *
structural gene n. A gene that determines the amino acid sequence of a protein. * * *
—structuralist, n., adj. —structuralistic, adj. /struk"cheuhr euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. any theory that embodies structural principles. 2. See structural anthropology. 3. See ...
structural isomer n. Any of two or more chemical compounds, such as propyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol, having the same molecular formula but different structural formulas. * * ...
structuralist [struk′chər əlist] n. a follower or advocate of structuralism, as in the analysis or application of social, economic, or linguistic theory adj. of or relating ...
See structuralize. * * *
—structuralization, n. /struk"cheuhr euh luyz'/, v.t., structuralized, structuralizing. to form into or make part of a structure. Also, esp. Brit., structuralise. [1930-35; ...
structural linguistics n. (used with a sing. verb) 1. A method of synchronic linguistic analysis employing structuralism, especially in contrasting those formal structures, such ...
See structural. * * *
structural steel n. Steel shaped for use in construction. * * *
/struk"cheuhr/, n., v., structured, structuring. n. 1. mode of building, construction, or organization; arrangement of parts, elements, or constituents: a pyramidal structure. 2. ...
/struk"cheuhrd/, adj. having and manifesting a clearly defined structure or organization. [1870-75; STRUCTURE + -ED3] * * *
structured programming
Computers. the design and coding of programs by a methodology (top-down) that successively breaks problems into smaller, nested subunits. [1970-75] * * *
structured programming n. Computer programming in which the statements are organized in a specific manner to minimize error or misinterpretation. * * *
—structurelessness, n. /struk"cheuhr lis/, adj. without structure, organization, or arrangement; formless. [1840-50; STRUCTURE + -LESS] * * *
/stroohd"l/; Ger. /shtrddoohd"l/, n. a pastry, usually consisting of a fruit, cheese, or other mixture, rolled in a paper-thin sheet of dough and baked. [1925-30; < G: lit., ...
Struensee, Johann Friedrich, Graf von
▪ German physician and statesman (count of) born Aug. 5, 1737, Halle, Prussia [Germany] died April 28, 1772, Copenhagen, Den.  German physician and statesman who, through ...
—struggler, n. —strugglingly, adv. /strug"euhl/, v., struggled, struggling, n. v.i. 1. to contend with an adversary or opposing force. 2. to contend resolutely with a task, ...
struggle for existence
the competition in nature among organisms of a population to maintain themselves in a given environment and to survive to reproduce others of their kind. [1820-30] * * *
See struggle. * * *
See struggler. * * *
strum1 —strummer, n. /strum/, v., strummed, strumming, n. v.t. 1. to play on (a stringed musical instrument) by running the fingers lightly across the strings. 2. to produce ...
/strooh"meuh/, n., pl., strumae /-mee/. 1. Pathol. goiter. 2. Bot. a cushionlike swelling on an organ, as that at one side of the base of the capsule in many mosses. [1555-65; < ...
/strooh"mah/, n. a river in S Europe, flowing SE through SW Bulgaria and NE Greece into the Aegean. 225 mi. (362 km) long. * * *
Struma River
River, western Bulgaria and northeastern Greece. Rising in the Rhodope Mountains southwest of Sofia, Bulg., it courses 258 mi (415 km) southeast to the Aegean Sea. Its upper ...
See struma. * * *
/strooh mek"teuh mee/, n., pl. strumectomies. Surg. excision of part or all of a goiter. [1890-95; STRUM(A) + -ECTOMY] * * *
See strum. * * *
Strummer, Joe
▪ 2003 John Graham Mellor        British punk rock star (b. Aug. 21, 1952, Ankara, Turkey—d. Dec. 22, 2002, Broomfield, Somerset, Eng.), gave voice to a generation of ...
/strooh"mohs, strooh mohs"/, adj. having a struma or strumae. [1835-45; < L strumosus, equiv. to strum(a) STRUMA + -osus -OSE1] * * *
—strumousness, n. /strooh"meuhs/, adj. strumose. [1580-90; STRUM(A) + -OUS] * * *
—strumpetlike, adj. /strum"pit/, n. a prostitute; harlot. [1300-50; ME < ?] * * *
/strung/, v. pt. and pp. of string. * * *
/strung"owt"/, adj. Slang. 1. severely debilitated from alcohol or drugs. 2. physically or emotionally exhausted. * * *
/strunt, stroont/, Scot. and North Eng. n. 1. the fleshy part or stump of a tail, esp. of a horse's tail. v.t. 2. to cut short, esp. to dock (the tail of a horse or ...
strut1 —strutter, n. /strut/, v., strutted, strutting, n. v.i. 1. to walk with a vain, pompous bearing, as with head erect and chest thrown out, as if expecting to impress ...
/strudh"euhrz/, n. a city in NE Ohio, near Youngstown. 13,624. * * *
▪ dinosaur genus       ostrichlike dinosaurs (dinosaur) found as fossils from the Late Cretaceous Period (99 million to 65 million years ago) in North America. ...
/strooh"thee euhs/, adj. resembling or related to the ostriches or other ratite birds. [1765-75; < LL struthi(o) ostrich ( < LGk strouthíon, deriv. of Gk strouthós sparrow, ...
See strut. * * *
—struttingly, adv. /strut"ing/, adj. walking or moving with a strut; walking pompously; pompous. [1350-1400; ME; see STRUT1, -ING2] * * *
See strutter. * * *
/strooh"veuh/; Ger. /shtrddooh"veuh/, n. 1. Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von /frddee"drddikh gay awrddk" vil"helm feuhn/, 1793-1864, Russian astronomer, born in Germany. 2. Otto, ...
Struve, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von
born April 15, 1793, Altona, Den. died Nov. 23, 1864, St. Petersburg, Russia German-born Russian astronomer. He left Germany for Russia in 1808 to avoid conscription in the ...
Struve, Gustav von
▪ German revolutionary born Oct. 11, 1805, Munich, Bavaria [Germany] died Aug. 21, 1870, Vienna, Austria       German revolutionary and political agitator, who, with ...
Struve, Otto
born Aug. 12, 1897, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire died April 6, 1963, Berkeley, Calif., U.S. Russian-born U.S. astronomer. The great-grandson of Friedrich G.W. von Struve, ...
Struve, Pyotr (Berngardovich)
born Feb. 7, 1870, Perm, Russia died Feb. 26, 1944, Paris, France Russian economist and journalist. In 1894 he wrote a well-regarded Marxist analysis of Russian capitalism and ...
Struve, Pyotr Berngardovich
▪ Russian writer born Feb. 7 [Jan. 26, Old Style], 1870, Perm, Russia died Feb. 26, 1944, Paris, France       liberal Russian economist and political ...
—strychnic, adj. /strik"nin, -neen, -nuyn/, n. 1. Pharm. a colorless, crystalline poison, C21H22N2O2, obtained chiefly by extraction from the seeds of nux vomica, formerly used ...
/strik"ni niz'euhm/, n. Pathol. a condition induced by an overdose or by excessive use of strychnine. [1855-60; STRYCHNINE + -ISM] * * *
▪ plant genus       genus of tropical woody plants, many of them trees, in the family Loganiaceae (order Gentianales). The flowers are small and usually white or creamy ...
Stryjkowski, Julian
▪ 1997       (JULIAN STARK), Polish writer acclaimed for novels that described Jewish life in Poland, particularly a trilogy that chronicled the decay of Orthodox ...
▪ Ukraine Russian  Stry,  also spelled  Stryi        city, western Ukraine, on the Stryy River. It is an old town, dating in the chronicles from 1396, but it first ...
To tear apart, split. chott, from Arabic šaṭṭ, bank, coast, strand, from šaṭṭa, to exceed, deviate. * * *
/stooh, styooh/, n. a male given name, form of Stewart or Stuart. * * *
/stooh"euhrt, styooh"-/, n. 1. a member of the royal family that ruled in Scotland from 1371 to 1714 and in England from 1603 to 1714. 2. Charles Edward ("the Young Pretender" or ...
Stuart style
Style of visual arts produced in Britain during the reign of the house of Stuart (1603–1714, excepting the interregnum of Oliver Cromwell). Though the period encompassed ...
Stuart, Arabella
▪ English noble Stuart also spelled  Stewart   born 1575 died Sept. 25, 1615, London, Eng.  English noblewoman whose status as a claimant to the throne of her first cousin ...
Stuart, Gilbert
▪ American painter in full  Gilbert Charles Stuart   born December 3, 1755, North Kingstown, Rhode Island, U.S. died July 9, 1828, Boston, ...
Stuart, Gilbert (Charles)
born Dec. 3, 1755, North Kingston, R.I., U.S. died July 9, 1828, Boston, Mass. U.S. painter. He went to London in 1775 and worked six years with Benjamin West. He opened his ...
Stuart, house of
or house of Stewart or Steuart Royal house of Scotland (1371–1714) and of England (1603–49, 1660–1714). The earliest members of the family were stewards in 11th-century ...
Stuart, James (Francis)Edward
Stuart, James (Francis) Edward. Known as “the Old Pretender.” 1688-1766. Pretender to the British throne. The son of James II, he made two unsuccessful attempts to take the ...
Stuart, Jeb
orig. James Ewell Brown Stuart born Feb. 6, 1833, Patrick county, Va., U.S. died May 12, 1864, Yellow Tavern, near Richmond, Va. U.S. army officer. He graduated from West ...
Stuart,Charles Edward
Stuart, Charles Edward. Known as “the Young Pretender.” 1720-1788. Pretender to the British throne. The grandson of James II, he led the last Jacobite rising (1745-1746), ...
Stuart,Gilbert Charles
Stuart, Gilbert Charles. 1755-1828. American painter particularly known for his portraits of George Washington. * * *
Stuart, Henry. See Darnley, Lord. * * *
Stuart,James Ewell Brown
Stuart, James Ewell Brown. Known as “Jeb.” 1833-1864. American Confederate general who commanded brilliantly at the battles of Bull Run (1861 and 1862), Antietam (1862), and ...
stub1 —stubber, n. /stub/, n., v., stubbed, stubbing. n. 1. a short projecting part. 2. a short remaining piece, as of a pencil, candle, or cigar. 3. (in a checkbook, receipt ...
stub nail
1. a short, thick nail. 2. an old or worn horseshoe nail. Also called stub. [1630-40] * * *
stub track.
See spur track. * * *
—stubbedness, n. /stub"id, stubd/, adj. 1. reduced to or resembling a stub; short and thick; stumpy. 2. abounding in or rough with stubs. [1520-30; STUB1 + -ED3] * * *
See stubby. * * *
See stubbily. * * *
Stubbins, Hugh Asher, Jr.
▪ 2007       American architect (b. Jan. 11, 1912, Birmingham, Ala.—d. July 5, 2006, Cambridge, Mass.), was a prolific and versatile architect who designed compelling ...
—stubbled, stubbly, adj. /stub"euhl/, n. 1. Usually, stubbles. the stumps of grain and other stalks left in the ground when the crop is cut. 2. such stumps collectively. 3. any ...
See stubble. * * *
See stubbled. * * *
—stubbornly, adv. —stubbornness, n. /stub"euhrn/, adj. 1. unreasonably obstinate; obstinately unmoving: a stubborn child. 2. fixed or set in purpose or opinion; resolute: a ...
See stubborn. * * *
See stubbornly. * * *
/stubz/, n. William, 1825-1901, English historian and bishop. * * *
Stubbs, George
born Aug. 24, 1724, Liverpool, Eng. died July 10, 1806, London British animal painter and anatomical draftsman. Son of a prosperous tanner, he was briefly apprenticed to a ...
Stubbs, Levi
▪ 2009 Levi Stubbles        American singer born June 6, 1936, Detroit, Mich. died Oct. 17, 2008, Detroit was the lead vocalist for the Four Tops, one of Motown's most ...
Stubbs, Philip
▪ English pamphleteer born c. 1555 died c. 1610, London       vigorous Puritan (Puritanism) pamphleteer and propagandist for a purer life and straiter devotion whose ...
Stubbs, William
▪ British historian born June 21, 1825, Knaresborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died April 22, 1901, Cuddesdon, near Oxford       influential English historian who founded the ...
Stubbs (stŭbz), William. 1825-1901. British historian and prelate known for his study of the constitutional history of medieval England. * * *
—stubbily, adv. —stubbiness, n. /stub"ee/, adj., stubbier, stubbiest. 1. of the nature of or resembling a stub. 2. short and thick or broad; thick-set or squat: stubby ...
stub nail n. A short, thick nail. * * *
/stuk"oh/, n., pl. stuccoes, stuccos, v., stuccoed, stuccoing. n. 1. an exterior finish for masonry or frame walls, usually composed of cement, sand, and hydrated lime mixed with ...
—stuccoworker, n. /stuk"oh werrk'/, n. moldings, decorative work, or a finish made of stucco. [1680-90; STUCCO + WORK] * * * ▪ architecture       in architecture, ...
See stuccowork. * * *
/stuk/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of stick2. 2. stuck on. Informal. infatuated with: He met her only once and is already stuck on her. * * *
—stuck-upness, n. /stuk"up"/, adj. Informal. snobbishly conceited. [1820-30] Syn. vain, arrogant, snobbish, snooty. * * *
stud1 /stud/, n., v., studded, studding, adj. n. 1. a boss, knob, nailhead, or other protuberance projecting from a surface or part, esp. as an ornament. 2. any of various ...
stud bolt
a headless bolt threaded at each end. [1885-90] * * *
stud fee
the charge for the service of a male animal, as a horse, in breeding. * * *
stud poker
Cards. 1. a variety of poker in which each player is dealt one card face down in the first round and one card face up in each of the next four rounds, each of the last four ...
student. * * *
/stud"book'/, n. a genealogical register of a stud or studs; a book giving the pedigree of animals, esp. horses. [1795-1805; STUD2 + BOOK] * * *       official record of ...
studded tire
Auto. See under stud1 (def. 5). * * *
/stud"ee, stood"ee/, n. Scot. stithy. * * *
/stud"ing/, n. 1. a number of studs, as in a wall or partition. 2. timbers or manufactured objects for use as studs. [1580-90; STUD1 + -ING1] * * *
/stud"ing sayl'/; Naut. /stun"seuhl/, n. Naut. a light sail, sometimes set outboard of either of the leeches of a square sail and extended by booms. Also, stunsail, ...
/stooh"deuh bay'keuhr, styooh"-/, n. Clement, 1831-1901, U.S. wagon maker and pioneer automobile designer. * * *
Studebaker family
U.S. automobile manufacturers whose firm became the world's largest producer of horse-drawn vehicles and a leader in automobile manufacturing. In 1852 Clement Studebaker ...
Studebaker, Clement
▪ American manufacturer born March 12, 1831, Pinetown, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 27, 1901, South Bend, Ind.       American manufacturer who founded a family firm that became ...
Stu·de·ba·ker (sto͞oʹdə-bā'kər, styo͞oʹ-), Clement. 1831-1901. American manufacturer who founded a family business (1852) that became the world's largest maker of ...
—studentless, adj. —studentlike, adj. /stoohd"nt, styoohd"-/, n. 1. a person formally engaged in learning, esp. one enrolled in a school or college; pupil: a student at ...
student aid
      form of assistance designed to help students pay for their education. In general, such awards are known as scholarships, fellowships, or loans; in European usage, a ...
student body
all the students enrolled at an educational institution. [1920-25] * * *
student council
a representative body composed chiefly of students chosen by their classmates to organize social and extracurricular activities and to participate in the government of a school ...
student lamp
a table lamp whose light source can be adjusted in height. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
student life
The popular image of student life is of young people with few responsibilities enjoying themselves and doing very little work. This is often not true. Many older people now study ...
student loan
➡ higher education * * *
Student Loan Marketing Association
a U.S. government-chartered private company whose chief function is to make available to qualified students low-cost loans backed by government agencies through lending ...
student loans
➡ higher education * * *
Student National Coordinating Committee.
See SNCC. Formerly, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. * * *
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
(abbr SNCC) one of the active African-American organizations during the civil rights movement. It was begun in 1960 by black and white students in Raleigh, North Carolina. SNCC ...
student nurse
a person who is training to be a nurse at a nursing school or hospital. [1930-35] * * *
student teacher
—student teaching. a student who is studying to be a teacher and who, as part of the training, observes classroom instruction or does closely supervised teaching in an ...
student union
a building or rooms on a college or university campus, set aside for recreational, social, and governmental activities of the students. [1945-50] * * *
Student's t distribution
Statistics. a bell-shaped probability distribution that is flatter or more stretched out than the normal distribution. Also, Student t distribution. Also called t ...
Student's t-test
/tee"test'/, Statistics. a test for determining whether or not an observed sample mean differs significantly from a hypothetical normal population mean. [1945-50; see STUDENT'S T ...
student lamp n. A reading lamp having a flexible, adjustable neck and intended for use on a desk. * * *
Students for a Democratic Society
(abbr SDS) an extreme US student political organization in the 1960s which opposed the Vietnam War. It was begun in 1960 and spread to many colleges and universities. Its members ...
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
Activist student organization in the U.S. Founded at the University of Michigan in 1960, its chapters were initially principally involved in the civil rights movement. Its "Port ...
/stoohd"nt ship', styoohd"-/, n. 1. the state or condition of being a student. 2. Chiefly Brit. a financial grant from a college or university for advanced academic study; ...
student teacher n. A college student pursuing a degree in education who teaches in a classroom under the supervision of an experienced, certified teacher. Also called practice ...
See student teacher. * * *
student union n. A building on a college campus with facilities for social and organizational activities. * * *
student’s union
➡ student life * * *
/stud"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) studfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) studfishes. either of two killifishes marked with orange spots, Fundulus ...
/stud"hawrs'/, n. a stallion kept for breeding. [bef. 1000; OE stodhors (not recorded in ME). See STUD2, HORSE] * * *
studhorse poker
Older Use. See stud poker. Also, stud-horse poker. * * *
—studiedly, adv. —studiedness, n. /stud"eed/, adj. 1. marked by or suggestive of conscious effort; not spontaneous or natural; affected: studied simplicity. 2. carefully ...
See studied. * * *
See studiedly. * * *
/stooh"dee oh', styooh"-/, n., pl. studios. 1. the workroom or atelier of an artist, as a painter or sculptor. 2. a room or place for instruction or experimentation in one of the ...
studio apartment
1. an apartment consisting of one main room, a kitchen or kitchenette, and a bathroom. Cf. efficiency apartment. 2. (formerly) a one-room apartment having a high ceiling and ...
studio couch
an upholstered couch, usually without a back, convertible into a double bed by sliding a bed frame out from beneath it and covering the frame with the mattress that forms the ...
studio glass
art glass produced by an independent artisan in the studio. * * *
studio system
System whereby U.S. movie companies controlled all aspects of production, distribution, and exhibition. In the 1920s film studios such as Paramount and MGM acquired theatre ...
studio apartment n. A small apartment usually consisting of one main living space, a small kitchen, and a bathroom. * * *
studio couch n. A couch that can be made to serve as a double bed by sliding the frame of a cot from beneath it. * * *
—studiously, adv. —studiousness, n. /stooh"dee euhs, styooh"-/, adj. 1. disposed or given to diligent study: a studious boy. 2. concerned with, characterized by, or ...
See studious. * * *
See studiously. * * *
/stud"lee/, adj. studlier, studliest. Slang. virilely attractive; muscular and handsome. [1955-60] * * *
stud poker n. Poker in which the first round of cards, and often the last, is dealt face down and the others face up.   [Probably short for studhorse poker.] * * *
Studs Lonigan
➡ Lonigan * * *
/stud"werrk'/, n. 1. the act or process of building with studding. 2. structural work containing studding. [1780-90; STUD1 + WORK] * * *
—studiable, adj. —studier, n. /stud"ee/, n., pl. studies, v., studied, studying. n. 1. application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, ...
study centres
➡ Open University * * *
study group
an informal gathering of people who convene regularly to exchange ideas and information on a specific subject. * * *
study hall
1. (in some schools) a room used solely or chiefly for studying. 2. a period of time in a school day, set aside for study and doing homework, usually under the supervision of a ...
Study of Democratic Institutions, Center for the
▪ American educational institution formerly  Robert Maynard Hutchins Center For The Study Of Democratic Institutions,         nonprofit educational institution ...
study hall n. 1. A schoolroom reserved for study. 2. A period set aside for study. * * *
—stuffless, adj. /stuf/, n. 1. the material of which anything is made: a hard, crystalline stuff. 2. material to be worked upon or to be used in making something: wood, steel, ...
stuff shot
Basketball. See dunk shot. [1965-70] * * *
stuffed derma
kishke. * * *
stuffed shirt
a pompous, self-satisfied, and inflexible person. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
stuffed derma (stŭft) n. See derma2. * * *
stuffed shirt n. Informal A person regarded as pompous or stiff. * * *
/stuf"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that stuffs. 2. a small printed advertisement, announcement, or reminder that is inserted in an envelope and mailed with something else, as a ...
See stuffy. * * *
See stuffily. * * *
/stuf"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that stuffs. 2. a material or substance used to stuff something. 3. seasoned bread crumbs or other filling used to stuff a chicken, ...
stuffing box
Mach. a device for preventing leakage of gases or liquids along a moving rod or shaft at the point at which it leaves a cylinder, tank, ship hull, etc. Also called ...
stuffing nut
Mach. a nut that serves to condense packing and so to tighten its seal. Also called packing nut. See diag. under valve. * * *
stuffing box n. An enclosure containing packing to prevent leakage around a moving machine part. * * *
stuff shot n. See dunk shot. * * *
—stuffily, adv. —stuffiness, n. /stuf"ee/, adj., stuffier, stuffiest. 1. close; poorly ventilated: a stuffy room. 2. oppressive from lack of freshness: stuffy air; a stuffy ...
Stuhlinger, Ernst
▪ 2009       German-born American rocket scientist born Dec. 19, 1913, Niederrimbach, Ger. died May 25, 2008, Huntsville, Ala. was a member of the German team of ...
/stuy"veuhr/, n. stiver (def. 1). * * *
/stooh"keuh/; Ger. /shtooh"kah/, n. a German two-seated dive bomber with a single in-line engine, used by the Luftwaffe in World War II. [1940-45; < G Stu(rz)- ka(mpfflugzeug) ...
Stukeley, William
▪ English physician and antiquarian born Nov. 7, 1687, Holbeach, Lincolnshire, Eng. died March 3, 1765, London       English antiquary and physician whose studies of ...
Stukelj, Leon
▪ 2000       Slovenian gymnast who represented Yugoslavia in three Olympic Games and won six medals—two gold in 1924, one gold and two bronze in 1928, and one silver ...
/stul/, n. Mining. 1. a timber prop. 2. a timber wedged in place between two walls of a stope as part of a protective covering or platform. [1770-80; orig. uncert.; cf. G Stollen ...
See stultify. * * *
See stultification. * * *
—stultification, n. —stultifier, n. —stultifyingly, adv. /stul"teuh fuy'/, v.t., stultified, stultifying. 1. to make, or cause to appear, foolish or ridiculous. 2. to ...
/stum/, n., v., stummed, stumming. n. 1. unfermented or partly fermented grape juice. 2. wine in which increased fermentation has taken place because of the addition of ...
—stumbler, n. —stumblingly, adv. /stum"beuhl/, v., stumbled, stumbling, n. v.i. 1. to strike the foot against something, as in walking or running, so as to stagger or fall; ...
/stum"beuhl bum'/, n. Informal. 1. a clumsy, second-rate prizefighter. 2. a clumsy, incompetent person. [1930-35; STUMBLE + BUM1] * * *
See stumble. * * *
stumbling block
an obstacle or hindrance to progress, belief, or understanding. [1580-90] Syn. hurdle, barrier, impediment, block, bar. * * *
stum·bling block (stŭmʹblĭng) n. An obstacle or impediment. * * *
See stumbler. * * *
/stooh"meuhr, styooh"-/, n. Brit. Slang. 1. something bogus or fraudulent. 2. a counterfeit coin or bill. 3. See rubber check. [1885-90; orig. uncert.] * * *
—stumpless, adj. —stumplike, adj. /stump/, n. 1. the lower end of a tree or plant left after the main part falls or is cut off; a standing tree trunk from which the upper ...
stump bed
a bed without posts. [1835-45] * * *
stump farm
a farm that was started on previously forested land covered with the stumps of felled trees. * * *
stump foot
Furniture. a foot continuing the surfaces of a square leg in an outward flare. * * *
stump speech
a political campaign speech, esp. one made on a campaign tour. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
/stum"pij/, n. 1. standing timber with reference to its value. 2. the value of such timber. [1815-25; STUMP + -AGE] * * *
/stum"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that stumps. 2. an extremely difficult question, task, or problem. 3. a person who makes stump speeches. [1725-35; STUMP + -ER1] * * *
Stumpf, Bill
▪ 2007 William Stumpf        American designer (b. March 1, 1936, St. Louis, Mo.—d. Aug. 30, 2006, Rochester, Minn.), was best known for making pioneering strides in ...
Stumpf, Carl
▪ German philosopher and psychologist born April 21, 1848, Wiesentheid, Lower Franconia, Bavaria [Germany] died Dec. 25, 1936, Berlin       German philosopher and ...
Stumpf, Johannes
▪ Swiss theologian born April 23, 1500, Bruchsal, Baden [Germany] died 1578, Zürich, Switz.       Swiss chronicler and theologian, one of the most important ...
See stumper. * * *
/stump"nok'euhr/, n. See spotted sunfish. [STUMP + KNOCKER] * * *
/stump"suk'euhr/, n. 1. windsucker; cribber. 2. a shoot developing from a tree stump. [1805-15, Amer.; STUMP + SUCKER] * * *
/stump"werrk'/, n. a type of embroidery popular in the 17th century, consisting of intricate, colorful designs padded with horsehair to make them stand out in relief. [1900-05; ...
—stumpily, adv. —stumpiness, n. /stum"pee/, adj., stumpier, stumpiest. 1. of the nature of or resembling a stump. 2. short and thick; stubby; stocky. 3. abounding in stumps: ...
/stun/, v., stunned, stunning, n. v.t. 1. to deprive of consciousness or strength by or as if by a blow, fall, etc.: The blow to his jaw stunned him for a moment. 2. to astonish; ...
stun gun
1. a battery-powered, hand-held weapon that fires an electric charge when held against a person and activated by a trigger or button, used, esp. by police, to immobilize a person ...
/stung/, v. a pt. and pp. of sting. * * *
stun gun n. A weapon designed to stun or temporarily immobilize a victim, especially by delivering a high-voltage electric shock. * * *
/stungk/, v. a pt. and pp. of stink. * * *
/stun"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that stuns. 2. Informal. a person or thing of striking excellence, beauty, achievement, etc. [1840-50; STUN + -ER1] * * *
—stunningly, adv. /stun"ing/, adj. 1. causing, capable of causing, or liable to cause astonishment, bewilderment, or a loss of consciousness or strength: a stunning blow. 2. of ...
See stunning. * * *
/stun"seuhl/, n. studdingsail. Also, stuns'l. [1755-65; syncopated var. of STUDDINGSAIL] * * *
stunt1 —stuntingly, adv. —stunty, adj. /stunt/, v.t. 1. to stop, slow down, or hinder the growth or development of; dwarf: A harsh climate stunted the trees. Brutal treatment ...
stunt flying
▪ aviation       the performance of aerial feats requiring great skill or daring.       Stunt flying as a generic term may include barnstorming (see below), crazy ...
stunt man
Motion Pictures, Television. a man who substitutes for an actor in scenes requiring hazardous or acrobatic feats. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
stunt person
a stunt man or stunt woman. * * *
stunt woman
Motion Pictures, Television. a woman who substitutes for an actor in scenes requiring hazardous or acrobatic feats. [1945-50] * * *
—stuntedness, n. /stun"tid/, adj. slowed or stopped abnormally in growth or development. [1650-60; STUNT1 + -ED2] * * *
See stunt1. * * *
stunt kite n. A highly maneuverable kite controlled by two or more lines and flown using both hands. Also called sport kite. * * *
☆ stuntman [stunt′man΄ ] n. pl. stuntmen [stunt′men΄] Film TV a person with specialized physical skills who takes the place of an actor in scenes involving risky or ...
stuntwoman [stuntwoom΄ən] n. pl. stuntwomen [stunt′wim΄in] a female stuntman * * * stunt·wom·an (stŭntʹwo͝om'ən) n. A woman who substitutes for a performer in scenes ...
/stooh"peuh/, n. a monumental pile of earth or other material, in memory of Buddha or a Buddhist saint, and commemorating some event or marking a sacred spot. [1875-80; < Skt ...
stupe1 /stoohp, styoohp/, n. two or more layers of flannel or other cloth soaked in hot water and applied to the skin as a counterirritant. [1350-1400; ME < L stupa, var. of ...
/stooh'peuh fay"sheuhnt, styooh'-/, adj. 1. stupefying; producing stupor. n. 2. a drug or agent that produces stupor. [1660-70; < L stupefacient- (s. of stupefaciens) prp. of ...

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