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Suita
/sooh ee"tah/, n. a city on S Honshu, in Japan: a suburb of Osaka. 332,413. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), west-central Honshu, Japan. It is ...
suitability
See suitable. * * *
suitable
—suitability, suitableness, n. —suitably, adv. /sooh"teuh beuhl/, adj. such as to suit; appropriate; fitting; becoming. [1505-15; SUIT + -ABLE] Syn. proper, befitting, ...
suitableness
See suitability. * * *
suitably
See suitability. * * *
suitcase
/sooht"kays'/, n. a usually rectangular piece of luggage esp. for carrying clothes while traveling. [1900-05; SUIT + CASE2] * * *
suite
/sweet/ or, for 3 often, /sooht/, n. 1. a number of things forming a series or set. 2. a connected series of rooms to be used together: a hotel suite. 3. a set of furniture, esp. ...
suited
/sooh"tid/, adj. 1. appropriate: She is suited to such a job. 2. compatible or consistent with: a prose style suited to the subject. [1615-25; SUIT + -ED2] * * *
suiting
/sooh"ting/, n. fabric for making suits. [1530-40; SUIT + -ING1] * * *
Suitland
Suit·land (so͞otʹlənd) An unincorporated community of central Maryland, a suburb of Washington, D.C. Population: 35,111. * * *
Suitland-Silver Hill
/sooht"leuhnd sil"veuhr/ a city in central Maryland, near Washington, D.C. 32,164. * * *
suitor
/sooh"teuhr/, n. 1. a man who courts or woos a woman. 2. Law. a petitioner or plaintiff. 3. a person who sues or petitions for anything. 4. Informal. an individual who seeks to ...
suk
/soohk/, n. (esp. in the Arab countries) the market, esp. the traditional bazaar. Also, suq, souk. [1820-30; < Ar suq] * * *
Suk
/sook/, n. Josef /yaw"zef/, 1874-1935, Czech composer and violinist. * * *
Sukabumi
▪ Indonesia also spelled  Soekaboemi         kotamadya (city), western Jawa Barat provinsi (West Java province), Java, western Indonesia. It is located 50 miles (80 ...
Sukarnapura
Sukarnapura [so͞o kär΄nə poor′ə] former name for JAYAPURA * * *
Sukarno
/sooh kahr"noh/, n. Achmed /ahk"med/, 1901-1970, Indonesian statesman: president of the Republic of Indonesia 1945-67. Also, Soekarno. * * * born June 6, 1901, Surabaja, Java, ...
Sukarnoputri, Megawati
▪ 2000       On Oct. 21, 1999, the People's Consultative Assembly elected Megawati Sukarnoputri vice president of Indonesia. A daughter of Sukarno, the founding father ...
Sukenik, Eliezer
▪ Israeli archaeologist in full  Eliezer Lipa Sukenik  born Aug. 12, 1889, Białystok, Pol., Russian Empire died Feb. 28, 1953, Jerusalem, Israel       Polish-born ...
Sukhāvatī
▪ Buddhist belief       (Sanskrit: “Pure Land”), in Mahāyāna Buddhism, the Western Paradise of the Buddha Amitābha, described in the Pure Land sutras ...
Sukhomlinov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian general and statesman born Aug. 4 [Aug. 16, New Style], 1848 died Feb. 2, 1926, Berlin, Ger.       Russian general and minister of war who was largely ...
Sukhothai
▪ Thailand  town and historical capital of a former kingdom of north-central Thailand. It is one of Thailand's earliest and most important historical settlements. Originally ...
Sukhothai kingdom
Former kingdom, north-central Thailand. It was founded in the mid-13th century when a local Tai ruler led a revolt against Khmer rule. It remained only a small local power until ...
Sukhothai style
Canonical style for Buddha icons developed probably in the kingdom of Sukhothai (modern Thailand), beginning in the 14th century. The Sukhothai Buddhas typically either seated ...
Sukhoy
officially OKB imeni P.O. Sukhoy formerly OKB-51 Russian aerospace design bureau that is the country's second most important producer of jet fighters (after MiG). The origin of ...
Sukhumi
/soo kooh"mee/; Russ. /sooh khooh"myi/, n. a city in and the capital of Abkhazia, in the NW Georgian Republic, on the Black Sea. 122,000. Formerly, Sukhum /sooh khoohm"/. * * *
sukiya style
Japanese architectural style developed in the Azuchi-Momoyama (1574–1600) and Tokugawa (1603–1867) periods, originally used for teahouses and later also for private ...
sukiyaki
/sooh'kee yah"kee, sook'ee-, skee yah"kee/, n. a Japanese dish made with beef, chicken, or pork and usually containing soy sauce, bean curd, and greens, often cooked over direct ...
sukkah
Seph. /sooh kah"/; Ashk., Eng. /sook"euh/, n., pl. sukkoth, sukkot, sukkos Seph. /sooh kawt"/; Ashk. /soo kohs"/, Eng. sukkahs. Hebrew. a booth or hut roofed with branches, built ...
Sukkot
Sukkot or Sukkoth [sook′ōssook′ōt, sook′ōs] n. 〚Heb sukot, pl. of suka, tabernacle; earlier, booth < root skk, to cover, screen〛 a Jewish festival, the Feast of ...
Sukkoth
Seph. Heb. /sooh kawt"/; Ashk. Heb., Eng. /sook"euhs, sooh kohs"/, n. a Jewish festival beginning on the 15th day of the month of Tishri and celebrated for nine days by Orthodox ...
Sukkur
/suk"euhr/, n. a city in SE Pakistan, on the Indus River. 158,876. * * * ▪ Pakistan  city, Sindh province, southeastern Pakistan. The city lies on the west bank of the ...
Suku
▪ people also called  Basuku,         people of southwestern Congo (Kinshasa) and northwestern Angola. They speak a Bantu language of the Niger-Congo group of ...
Sukuma
/soo kooh"meuh/, n., pl. Sukumas, (esp. collectively) Sukuma for 1. 1. a member of an agricultural people of northwestern Tanzania, near Lake Victoria, who constitute the ...
Sukumar, Raman
▪ 2004       After having spent more than two decades studying Asian elephants in the wild in an effort to preserve the species, Raman Sukumar, a faculty member of the ...
Sukunahikona
▪ Japanese deity in full  Sukunahikona No Kami,  also spelled  Sukunabikona        (Japanese: “Small Man of Renown”), in Japanese mythology, dwarf deity who ...
Sula
▪ islands, Indonesia Indonesian  Kepulauan Sula , Dutch  Soela Eilanden        chain of islands in western North Maluku propinsi (province), Indonesia. They lie ...
Sulaiman Range
Mountain range, central Pakistan, west of the Indus River. It extends about 280 mi (450 km), with summits averaging 6,000–7,000 ft (1,800–2,100 m) tall. The highest peaks, ...
Sulawesi
/sooh'lah way"see/, n. an island in central Indonesia. 8,925,000 with adjacent islands; 72,986 sq. mi. (189,034 sq. km). Formerly, Celebes. * * *
Sulawesi Selatan
▪ province, Indonesia English  South Celebes        provinsi (province), central and southwestern Celebes, Indonesia. It is bounded by the Flores Sea to the south, ...
Sulawesi Tengah
▪ province, Indonesia English  Central Celebes        provinsi (province), consisting of the northeastern peninsula, the north-central part of Celebes island, and a ...
Sulawesi Tenggara
▪ province, Indonesia English  Southeast Celebes        provinsi (province), southeastern arm of Celebes, Indonesia. It is bounded by the Gulf of Bone to the west, ...
Sulawesi Utara
▪ province, Indonesia English  North Celebes        propinsi (province), north-northeastern Celebes, Indonesia, bounded by the Celebes Sea to the north, the Molucca ...
Ṣulayḥid dynasty
▪ Muslim dynasty       (1047–1138), Muslim dynasty nominally subject to the Fāṭimid caliph in Egypt, responsible for restoring the Ismāʿīliyyah (Ismāʿīlīte) ...
Sulaymāniyyah, Al-
▪ Iraq       town and muḥāfaẓah (governorate), northeastern Iraq, one of three governorates making up the Kurdistan Region.       The town, which is the ...
sulcal
See sulcus. * * *
sulcate
—sulcation, n. /sul"kayt/, adj. having long, narrow grooves or channels, as plant stems, or being furrowed or cleft, as hoofs. Also, sulcated. [1750-60; < L sulcatus (ptp. of ...
sulcus
/sul"keuhs/, n., pl. sulci /-suy/. 1. a furrow or groove. 2. Anat. a groove or fissure, esp. a fissure between two convolutions of the brain. [1655-65; L: furrow] * * *
Suleiman (I)
Suleiman (I) [so͞o΄lā män′] 1494?-1566; sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520-66): called the Magnificent * * *
Suleiman I
/sooh"leuh mahn', -lay-, sooh'lay mahn"/, ("the Magnificent") 1495?-1566, sultan of the Ottoman Empire 1520-66. Also, Soliman I, Solyman I. * * *
SuleimanI
Su·lei·man I (so͞oʹlā-män', -lə-), Known as “Suleiman the Magnificent.” 1494?-1566. Sultan of Turkey (1520-1566) under whose governance the Ottoman Empire reached the ...
Suleja
▪ Nigeria formerly  Abuja        town and traditional emirate, Niger state (Niger), central Nigeria. The town is situated on the Iku River, a minor tributary of the ...
Süleyman
(as used in expressions) Fuzuli Mehmed bin Süleyman Süleyman I Süleyman the Magnificent * * *
Süleyman Çelebi
▪ Turkish poet also called  Süleyman Of Bursa   born , Bursa, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died 1429, Bursa       one of the most famous early poets of ...
Süleyman I
or Süleyman the Magnificent born November 1494?/April 1495? died Sept. 5/6, 1566, near Szigetvár, Hung. Ottoman sultan (r. 1520–66). He became sultan of the Ottoman Empire ...
Süleyman II
▪ Ottoman sultan in full  Süleyman İbrahim II  born April 15, 1642, Constantinople [Istanbul, Tur.] died June 23, 1691, Edirne, Ottoman Empire [now in ...
Suleymanoglu, Naim
▪ Turkish athlete original name  Naim Suleimanov , Bulgarian  Naum Shalamanov , byname  Pocket Hercules  born January 23, 1967, Ptichar, Bulgaria    Bulgarian-born ...
sulf-
a combining form representing sulfur in compound words: sulfarsphenamine. Also, sulfo-; esp. Brit., sulph-. * * *
sulfa
/sul"feuh/, Pharm. adj. 1. related chemically to sulfanilamide. 2. pertaining to, consisting of, or involving a sulfa drug or drugs. n. 3. See sulfa drug. [1935-40; short for ...
sulfa drug
Pharm. any of a group of drugs closely related in chemical structure to sulfanilamide, having a bacteriostatic rather than a bacteriocidal effect: used in the treatment of ...
sulfadiazine
/sul'feuh duy"euh zeen', -zin/, n. Pharm. a sulfanilamide derivative, C10H10N4O2S, used chiefly in the treatment of urinary tract infections, meningitis, and malaria. [1935-40; ...
sulfadrug
sulfa drug n. Any of a group of synthetic organic compounds, derived chiefly from sulfanilamide, chemically similar to PABA and capable of inhibiting bacterial growth and ...
sulfamerazine
sulfamerazine [sul΄fəmer′ə zēn΄] n. 〚 SULFA + -mer (as in ISOMER) + AZINE〛 a sulfa drug, C11H12N4O2S, a methyl derivative of sulfadiazine that is more rapidly ...
sulfamethoxazole
/sul'feuh meth ok"seuh zohl'/, n. Pharm. an antimicrobial substance, C10H11N3O3S, used against a variety of susceptible Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, as in the ...
Sulfamylon
/sul'feuh muy"lon/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of mafenide acetate. * * *
sulfanilamide
/sul'feuh nil"euh muyd', -mid/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline amide of sulfanilic acid, C6H8N2O2S, formerly used in the treatment of bacterial infections: replaced by its ...
sulfanilic acid
/sul"feuh nil"ik, sul'-/, Chem. a grayish-white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, the para form of C6H7NO3S, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of ...
sulfanilyl
/sul fan"euh lil/, adj. Chem. containing the sulfanilyl group. [SULFANIL(IC ACID) + -YL] * * *
sulfanilyl group
Chem. the para form of the group C6H6NO2S-, derived from sulfanilic acid. Also called sulfanilyl radical. * * *
sulfantimonide
/sul fan"teuh meuh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem. any compound containing an antimonide and a sulfide. [SULF- + antimonide; see ANTIMONY, -IDE] * * *
sulfapyridine
/sul'feuh pir"i deen', -din/, n. Pharm. a sulfanilamide derivative, C11H11N3O2S, formerly used for infections caused by pneumococci, now used primarily for a particular ...
sulfarsenide
/sul fahr"seuh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem. any compound containing an arsenide and a sulfide. [SULF- + ARSENIDE] * * *
sulfarsphenamine
/sulf'ahrs fen"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a yellow, water-soluble, arsenic-containing powder, C14H14As2N2Na2O8S2, formerly used in the treatment of syphilis. [SULF- + ...
sulfasalazine
/sul'feuh sal"euh zeen'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C18H14N4O5S, used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. [1960-65; SULFA(NILAMIDE) + SAL(ICYLIC ACID) + AZINE] * * *
sulfatase
/sul"feuh tays', -tayz'/, n. Biochem. any of a class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of sulfuric acid esters. [ < G Sulfatase (1924); see SULFATE, -ASE] * * *
sulfate
—sulfation, n. /sul"fayt/, n., v., sulfated, sulfating. n. 1. Chem. a salt or ester of sulfuric acid. v.t. 2. to combine, treat, or impregnate with sulfuric acid, a sulfate, or ...
sulfate mineral
sulfate also spelled  Sulphate,          Sulfate minerals Sulfate mineralsany naturally occurring salt of sulfuric acid. About 200 distinct kinds of sulfates are ...
Sulfate minerals
▪ Table Sulfate minerals name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity alum colourless; white vitreous 2–2½ 1.8 alunite white; grayish, yellowish, reddish, reddish ...
sulfate paper
paper made from sulfate pulp. * * *
sulfate process
Chem. a process for making wood pulp by digesting wood chips in an alkaline liquor consisting chiefly of caustic soda together with sodium sulfate. Also called kraft process. * * ...
sulfate pulp
wood pulp made by the sulfate process. * * *
sulfathiazole
/sul'feuh thuy"euh zohl'/, n. Pharm. a sulfanilamide derivative, C9H9N3O2S2, formerly used in the treatment of pneumonia and staphylococcal infections, but now largely replaced ...
sulfation
▪ chemical reaction also spelled  Sulphation,         in chemistry, any of several methods by which esters or salts of sulfuric acid (sulfates) are formed. The ...
sulfatize
—sulfatization, n. /sul"feuh tuyz'/, v.t., sulfatized, sulfatizing. to convert into a sulfate, as by the roasting of ores. Also, esp. Brit., sulphatise. [SULFATE + -IZE] * * *
sulfhydryl
/sulf huy"dril/, adj. Chem. mercapto. [1930-35; SULF- + HYDR-2 + -YL] * * *
sulfide
/sul"fuyd, -fid/, n. Chem. a compound of sulfur with a more electropositive element or, less often, a group. [1830-40; SULF(UR) + -IDE] * * * ▪ inorganic Introduction also ...
sulfide dye
Chem. See sulfur dye. * * *
sulfide mineral
or sulphide mineral Any member of a group of compounds of sulfur with one or more metals. The metals that occur most commonly are iron, copper, nickel, lead, cobalt, silver, ...
Sulfide minerals
▪ Table Sulfide minerals name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity habit or form fracture or cleavage refractive indices or polished section data crystal ...
sulfinpyrazone
/sul'fin pir"euh zohn'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C23H20N2O3S, used in the treatment of chronic gout. [1955-60; SULFIN(YL) + PYRAZ(OLE) + -ONE] * * *
sulfinyl
/sul"feuh nil/, adj. Chem. containing the sulfinyl group; thionyl. [1930-35; SULF- + -IN2 + -YL] * * *
sulfinyl group
Chem. the bivalent group >SO. Also called sulfinyl radical. * * *
sulfisoxazole
/sul'fi sok"seuh zohl'/, n. Pharm. a white to yellowish, crystalline, slightly bitter sulfonamide, C11H13N3O3S, used chiefly in the treatment of infections of the urinary ...
sulfite
—sulfitic /sul fit"ik/, adj. /sul"fuyt/, n. Chem. 1. a salt or ester of sulfurous acid. 2. any sulfite-containing compound, esp. one that is used in foods or drug products as a ...
sulfite paper
paper made from sulfite pulp. * * *
sulfite process
Chem. a process for making wood pulp by digesting wood chips in an acid liquor consisting of sulfurous acid and a salt, usually calcium bisulfite. [1900-05] * * * ▪ wood ...
sulfite pulp
wood pulp made by the sulfite process. [1905-10] * * *
sulfitic
See sulfite. * * *
sulfiting agent
/sul"fuy ting/ sulfite (def. 2). * * *
sulfo
/sul"foh/, adj. Chem. containing the sulfo group; sulfonic. [shortening of SULFONIC or SULFONYL] * * *
sulfo group
Chem. the univalent group SO3H-, derived from sulfuric acid. Also called sulfo radical. [1870-75] * * *
sulfo radical.
See sulfo group. * * *
sulfo-
var. of sulf-, esp. before a consonant: sulfocarbanilide. * * *
sulfocarbanilide
/sul'foh kahr'beuh nil"uyd, -id, -kahr ban"l uyd, -id/, n. Chem. thiocarbanilide. [SULFO- + CARBANIL + -IDE] * * *
sulfon-
sulfon- pref. 1. Sulfonic: sulfonamide. 2. Sulfonyl: sulfonmethane.   [From sulfone.] * * *
sulfonamide
/sul fon"euh muyd', -mid, sul'feuh nam"uyd, -id/, n. Pharm. See sulfa drug. [1900-05; SULFON(IC ACID) + AMIDE] * * * ▪ chemical compound also spelled  Sulphonamide, ...
sulfonate
/sul"feuh nayt'/, n., v., sulfonated, sulfonating. Chem. n. 1. an ester or salt derived from a sulfonic acid. v.t. 2. to make into a sulfonic acid, as by treating an aromatic ...
sulfonation
/sul'feuh nay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the process of attaching the sulfonic acid group, -SO3H, directly to carbon in an organic compound. [1885-90; SULFONATE + -ION] * * * ▪ ...
sulfone
/sul"fohn/, n. Chem. any of a class of organic compounds containing the bivalent group -SO2-, united with two hydrocarbon groups. [1870-75; < G Sulfon; see SULFUR, -ONE] * * ...
sulfonic
/sul fon"ik/, adj. Chem. sulfo. [1870-75; SULFONE + -IC] * * *
sulfonic acid
Chem. any of a large group of organic compounds of the structure RSO2OH, which are strong acids that give neutral sodium salts: used in the synthesis of phenols, dyes, and other ...
sulfonicacid
sulfonic acid n. Any of several organic acids containing one or more sulfonic groups. * * *
sulfonium
/sul foh"nee euhm/, n. Chem. the positively charged group H3S+, its salts, or their substitute products. [1890-95; SULF(UR) + (AMM)ONIUM] * * *
sulfonmethane
sulfonmethane [sul΄fōn meth′ān, sul΄fänmeth′ān] n. 〚 SULFON(E) + METHANE〛 a colorless, crystalline compound, C7H16O4S2, used in medicine as a soporific and ...
sulfonyl
/sul"feuh nil/, adj. Chem. sulfuryl. [1915-20; SULFONE + -YL] * * *
sulfonyl chloride
Chem. See sulfuryl chloride. * * *
sulfonylurea
sulfonylurea [sul΄fə nil yo͞o rē′ə] n. any of a group of oral drugs, as tolbutamide, that stimulate the pancreas to secrete more insulin, used to treat diabetes * * ...
sulfosalt
▪ mineral also spelled  sulphosalt         Sulfosalts Sulfosaltsany of an extensive group of minerals, mostly rare species, marked by some of the most complicated ...
Sulfosalts
▪ Table Sulfosalts name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity argyrodite bluish to purplish black; steel gray when fresh metallic 2½ 6.1–6.3 bournonite steel gray ...
sulfoxide
/sul fok"suyd/ n. Chem. 1. a brown liquid, C18H28O3S, insoluble in water, used as an insecticide synergist. 2. any of the compounds with the radical =SO, as dimethyl sulfoxide, ...
sulfur
/sul"feuhr/, n. 1. Also, esp. Brit., sulphur. Chem. a nonmetallic element that exists in several forms, the ordinary one being a yellow rhombic crystalline solid, and that burns ...
sulfur bacteria
several species of bacteria, esp. of the genera Beggiatoa and Thiobacillus, that have the ability to utilize sulfur or inorganic sulfur compounds as an energy source. [1900-05] * ...
sulfur bacterium
▪ biology plural  Sulfur Bacteria,         any of a diverse group of microorganisms capable of metabolizing sulfur and its compounds and important in the sulfur ...
sulfur butterfly
any of various yellow or orange butterflies of the family Pieridae. [1875-80] * * * ▪ insect  any of a group of butterflies in the family Pieridae (order Lepidoptera) that ...
sulfur cycle
▪ ecology  circulation of sulfur in various forms through nature. Sulfur occurs in all living matter as a component of certain amino acids (amino acid). It is abundant in the ...
sulfur dioxide
Chem. a colorless, nonflammable, water-soluble, suffocating gas, SO2, formed when sulfur burns: used chiefly in the manufacture of chemicals such as sulfuric acid, in preserving ...
sulfur dye
Chem. any of the class of dyes produced by heating an organic compound, as an indophenol, with sulfur or sodium polysulfide, used chiefly in dyeing cotton. Also, sulfide dye. * * ...
sulfur oxide
▪ chemical compound       any of several compounds of sulfur and oxygen, the most important of which are sulfur dioxide (SO2) and sulfur trioxide (SO3), both of which ...
sulfur polypore.
See chicken mushroom. * * *
sulfur shelf.
See chicken mushroom. * * *
sulfur spring
a spring the water of which contains naturally occurring sulfur compounds. [1870-75] * * *
sulfur trioxide
Chem. an irritant, corrosive, low-melting solid, SO3, obtained by the oxidation of sulfur dioxide, used as an intermediate in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. Also called ...
sulfur-bottom
/sul"feuhr bot'euhm/, n. See blue whale. * * *
sulfur-flower
/sul"feuhr flow'euhr/, n. sulphur-flower. * * *
sulfurate
—sulfuration, n. —sulfurator, n. /sul"fyeuh rayt', -feuh-/, v.t., sulfurated, sulfurating. to combine, treat, or impregnate with sulfur, the fumes of burning sulfur, ...
sulfurated potash
Vet. Med. a yellowish-brown mixture consisting mainly of potassium polysulfides and potassium thiosulfate, used in treating mange. Also called liver of sulfur. [1865-70] * * *
sulfuration
See sulfurate. * * *
sulfurbacterium
sulfur bacterium n. Any of several bacteria that oxidize inorganic sulfur compounds, especially a rod-shaped, gram-negative bacterium of the genus Thiobacillus. * * *
sulfurdioxide
sulfur dioxide n. A colorless, extremely irritating gas or liquid, SO2, used in many industrial processes, especially the manufacture of sulfuric acid. * * *
sulfureous
—sulfureously, adv. —sulfureousness, n. /sul fyoor"ee euhs/, adj. 1. consisting of, containing, or pertaining to sulfur. 2. like sulfur, esp. in color. [1545-55; < L ...
sulfuret
/sul"fyeuh ret'/, n., v., sulfureted, sulfureting or (esp. Brit.) sulfuretted, sulfuretting. n. 1. Chem. a sulfide. v.t. 2. to treat or combine with sulfur. [1780-90; < NL ...
sulfureted hydrogen
Chem. See hydrogen sulfide. [1795-1805] * * *
sulfuric
/sul fyoor"ik/, adj. Chem. of, pertaining to, or containing sulfur, esp. in the hexavalent state. [1780-90; < F sulfurique; see SULFUR, -IC] * * *
sulfuric acid
Chem. a clear, colorless to brownish, dense, oily, corrosive, water-miscible liquid, H2SO4, usually produced from sulfur dioxide: used chiefly in the manufacture of fertilizers, ...
sulfuric anhydride
Chem. See sulfur trioxide. [1860-65] * * *
sulfuric ether
Chem. ether (def. 1). [1805-15] * * *
sulfuricacid
sulfuric acid n. A highly corrosive, dense, oily liquid, H2SO4, colorless to dark brown depending on its purity and used to manufacture a wide variety of chemicals and materials ...
sulfurization
See sulfurize. * * *
sulfurize
—sulfurization, n. /sul"fyeuh ruyz', -feuh-/, v.t., sulfurized, sulfurizing. 1. to combine, treat, or impregnate with sulfur. 2. to fumigate with sulfur dioxide. Also, esp. ...
sulfurous
—sulfurously, adv. —sulfurousness, n. /sul"feuhr euhs, sul fyoor"euhs/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or containing sulfur, esp. in the tetravalent state. 2. of the yellow color ...
sulfurous acid
Chem. a colorless liquid, H2SO3, having a suffocating odor, obtained by dissolving sulfur dioxide in water, known mainly by its salts, which are sulfites: used chiefly in organic ...
sulfurousacid
sulfurous acid n. A colorless solution of sulfur dioxide in water, H2SO3, characterized by a suffocating sulfurous odor, used as a bleaching agent, preservative, and ...
sulfurtrioxide
sulfur trioxide n. A corrosive compound, SO3, having three solid forms that may coexist in a given sample, used in the sulfonation of organic compounds. * * *
sulfury
sulfury [sul′fər ē] adj. of or like sulfur * * *
sulfuryl
/sul"feuh ril, -fyeuh ril/, adj. Chem. containing the sulfuryl group, SO2, as sulfuryl chloride; sulfonyl. [1865-70; SULFUR + -YL] * * *
sulfuryl chloride
Chem. a colorless liquid, SO2Cl2, having a very pungent odor and corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes: used as a chlorinating or sulfonating agent. Also, sulfonyl ...
sulfuryl group
Chem. the bivalent group, SO2, derived from sulfuric acid. Also called sulfuryl radical. [1865-70] * * *
sulfurylchloride
sulfuryl chloride n. A colorless liquid, SO2Cl2, having a pungent odor, used as a chlorinating and dehydrating agent and in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, dyestuffs, and ...
sulindac
/seuh lin"dak/, n. Pharm. a yellow crystalline substance, C20H17FO3S, that is used as an analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory in the treatment of certain rheumatic ...
Sulitelma
▪ mountain range, Scandinavia Norwegian  Sulitjelma , Sami  Sulli Čielbma        mountain range in Lapland extending for 30 miles (48 km) along the ...
Suliyavongsa
▪ king of Lan Xang also spelled  Soulignavongsa   born 1613 died 1694       Lao king of Lan Xang during its golden age of prosperity, who welcomed the first European ...
sulk
/sulk/, v.i. 1. to remain silent or hold oneself aloof in a sullen, ill-humored, or offended mood: Promise me that you won't sulk if I want to leave the party early. n. 2. a ...
sulkily
See sulky1. * * *
sulkiness
See sulkily. * * *
sulky
—sulkily, adv. —sulkiness, n. /sul"kee/, adj., sulkier, sulkiest, n., pl. sulkies. adj. 1. marked by or given to sulking; sullen. 2. gloomy or dull: sulky weather. n. 3. a ...
Sulla
/sul"euh/, n. (Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix) 138-78 B.C., Roman general and statesman: dictator 82-79. * * *
Sulla (Felix), Lucius Cornelius
born с 138 died 79 BC, Puteoli, near Naples Victor in the Roman civil war (88–82) and dictator (82–79). He fought alongside Gaius Marius against Jugurtha, whose capture ...
Sulla, Lucius Cornelius
▪ Roman dictator Introduction also called  Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix   born 138 BC died 79 BC, Puteoli [Pozzuoli], near Naples  victor in the first full-scale civil war ...
Sulla,Lucius Cornelius
Sul·la (sŭlʹə), Lucius Cornelius. 138-78B.C. Roman general and dictator (82-79) who marched on Rome and seized power from his political rival Marius (88). * * *
sullage
/sul"ij/, n. 1. refuse or waste; sewage. 2. silt; sediment. [1545-55; orig. uncert.] * * *
Sullana
▪ Peru       city, northwestern Peru, situated on the Chira River, in the coastal desert. Founded (c. 1821) at the time of Peru's independence from Spain and given town ...
sullen
—sullenly, adv. —sullenness, n. /sul"euhn/, adj. 1. showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve. 2. persistently and silently ill-humored; morose. 3. ...
sullenly
See sullen. * * *
sullenness
See sullenly. * * *
Sullivan
/sul"euh veuhn/, n. 1. Annie (Anne Mansfield Sullivan Macy), 1866-1936, U.S. teacher of Helen Keller. 2. Sir Arthur (Seymour), 1842-1900, English composer: collaborator with Sir ...
Sullivan, Barry
▪ 1995       U.S. actor (b. Aug. 29, 1912, New York, N.Y.—d. June 6, 1994, Sherman Oaks, Calif.), was a ruggedly handsome leading man who specialized in unsmiling ...
Sullivan, Ed
▪ American television personality byname of  Edward Vincent Sullivan  born Sept. 28, 1901, New York City died Oct. 13, 1974, New York City  master of ceremonies of a ...
Sullivan, Ed(ward Vincent)
born Sept. 28, 1901, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 13, 1974, New York City U.S. television host. He began his career as a journalist and wrote a Broadway gossip column for the ...
Sullivan, Harry Stack
born Feb. 21, 1892, Norwich, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 14, 1949, Paris, France U.S. psychiatrist. He engaged in clinical research at the Pratt Hospital in Maryland (1923–30), ...
Sullivan, John
▪ American politician and officer born , February 17, 1740, Somersworth, New Hampshire [U.S.] died January 23, 1795, Durham, New Hampshire, U.S.  early U.S. political leader ...
Sullivan, John L(awrence)
born Oct. 15, 1858, Roxbury, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 2, 1918, Abington, Mass. U.S. boxer. Sullivan became the world heavyweight champion in 1882 by knocking out Paddy Ryan in ...
Sullivan, John L.
▪ American boxer in full  John Lawrence Sullivan , byname  The Great John L. , or  The Boston Strong Boy  born Oct. 15, 1858, Roxbury, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 2, 1918, ...
Sullivan, Leon Howard
▪ 2002       American clergyman and civil rights leader (b. Oct. 16, 1922, Charleston, W.Va.—d. April 24, 2001, Scottsdale, Ariz.), was instrumental in helping to end ...
Sullivan, Louis
▪ American architect Introduction in full  Louis Henry Sullivan  born September 3, 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. died April 14, 1924, Chicago, Illinois  American ...
Sullivan, Louis H(enry)
born Sept. 3, 1856, Boston, Mass., U.S. died April 14, 1924, Chicago, Ill. U.S. architect, the father of modern U.S. architecture. Sullivan was accepted at the École des ...
Sullivan, Mick
▪ British athlete byname of  Michael Sullivan  born Jan. 12, 1934, Dewsbury, Yorkshire, Eng.       British rugby player who during his career (1954–64) played in 48 ...
Sullivan, Sir Arthur
▪ British composer born May 13, 1842, London died Nov. 22, 1900, London  composer who, with W.S. Gilbert, established the distinctive English form of the operetta. Gilbert's ...
Sullivan, Sir Arthur (Seymour)
born May 13, 1842, London, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1900, London British composer. He attended the Royal Academy and the Leipzig Conservatory, then supported himself by teaching, ...
Sullivan, Walter Seager, Jr.
▪ 1997       U.S. journalist whose career as science reporter, editor, and correspondent for the New York Times spanned a half century, took him all over the world, and ...
Sullivan,Anne Mansfield
Sul·li·van (sŭlʹə-vən), Anne Mansfield. 1866-1936. American educator. Visually impaired herself, she was the teacher and lifelong companion of Helen Keller. * * *
Sullivan,Edward Vincent
Sullivan, Edward Vincent. Known as “Ed.” 1902-1974. American columnist and host of The Ed Sullivan Show (1948-1971), a television variety show. * * *
Sullivan,Harry Stack
Sullivan, Harry Stack. 1892-1949. American psychiatrist who theorized that personality is largely determined by one's interpersonal relations and the assimilation of societal ...
Sullivan,John Lawrence
Sullivan, John Lawrence. 1858-1918. American prizefighter who was the heavyweight champion from 1882 to 1892. In 1889 he fought the last bare-knuckles title bout. * * *
Sullivan,Louis Henry
Sullivan, Louis Henry or Henri 1856-1924. American architect known for his early steel-frame designs for skyscrapers and for his influential dictum “Form follows function.” * ...
Sullivan,Sir Arthur Seymour
Sullivan, Sir Arthur Seymour. 1842-1900. British composer known for a series of comic operas, including H.M.S. Pinafore (1878) and The Gondoliers (1889), written with the ...
Sullivant, William Starling
▪ American botanist born Jan. 15, 1803, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. died April 30, 1873, Columbus       botanist who was the leading American bryologist of his time. His ...
Sullom Voe
Britain’s largest North Sea oil terminal (= place where an oil pipeline arrives on land), in the Shetland Islands. It is also a major port for exporting oil. * * * ▪ port, ...
sully
—sulliable, adj. /sul"ee/, v., sullied, sullying, n., pl. sullies. v.t. 1. to soil, stain, or tarnish. 2. to mar the purity or luster of; defile: to sully a reputation. v.i. 3. ...
Sully
/sul"ee/; for 1 also Fr. /syuu lee"/, n. 1. Maximilien de Béthune /mannk see mee lyaonn" deuh bay tyuun"/, Duc de, 1560-1641, French statesman. 2. Thomas, 1783-1872, U.S. ...
Sully Prudhomme
orig. René-François-Armand Prudhomme born March 16, 1839, Paris, France died Sept. 7, 1907, Châtenay French poet. Inspired at first by an unhappy love affair, he published ...
Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, duke de
born Dec. 13, 1560, Mantes, France died Dec. 22, 1641, Villebon French statesman. Son of a French Huguenot noble, he was sent to the court of Henry of Navarra (later Henry IV). ...
Sully, Thomas
▪ American artist born June 19, 1783, Horncastle, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Nov. 5, 1872, Philadelphia       one of the finest U.S. portrait painters of the 19th ...
Sully,Duc de
Sul·ly (sŭlʹē, so͞o-lēʹ, sü-), Duc de Title of Maximilien de Béthune. 1560-1641. French politician. As chief minister to Henry IV, he replenished the treasury and ...
Sully,Thomas
Sul·ly (sŭlʹē), Thomas. 1783-1872. British-born American painter of portraits and historical scenes, such as Washington's Passage of the Delaware (c. 1818). * * *
Sully-Prudhomme
/syuu lee"prddyuu dawm"/, n. René François Armand /rddeuh nay" frddahonn swann" annrdd mahonn"/, 1839-1907, French poet: Nobel prize 1901. * * *
Sully-Prudhomme, René FrançoisArmand
Sul·ly-Prud·homme (sŭl'ē-pro͞oʹdəm, sü-lēʹprü-dômʹ), René François Armand. 1839-1907. French poet whose early works are melancholic and whose later poems are ...
Sulman, Henry Livingstone
▪ British metallurgist born Jan. 15, 1861, London died Jan. 31, 1940, Croydon, Surrey, Eng.       British metallurgist, one of the originators of the froth flotation ...
Sulmona
▪ Italy Latin  Sulmo,         town, Abruzzi region, central Italy, situated in the valley of the upper Pescara River, surrounded by mountains, southwest of Pescara. ...
sulph-
Chiefly Brit. var. of sulf-. * * *
sulphatise
/sul"feuh tuyz'/, v.t., sulphatised, sulphatising. Chiefly Brit. sulfatize. * * *
sulphur
/sul"feuhr/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. sulfur (def. 1). 2. Also, sulfur. yellow with a greenish tinge; lemon color. [var. of SULFUR] * * *
Sulphur
/sul"feuhr/, n. a city in SW Louisiana. 19,709. * * *
sulphur butterfly
or sulfur butterfly Any of several species of butterflies (family Pieridae) that are found worldwide. Adults have a wingspan of 1.5–2.5 in. (35–60 mm). The colour and ...
sulphur butterfly.
See sulfur butterfly. [1875-80] * * *
Sulphur Springs
a town in NE Texas. 12,804. * * *
sulphur-bottom
/sul"feuhr bot'euhm/, n. See blue whale. [1775-85] * * *
sulphur-flower
/sul"feuhr flow'euhr/, n. a plant, Eriogonum umbellatum, of the buckwheat family, native to the western coast of the U.S., having leaves with white, woolly hairs on the underside ...
sulphurise
/sul"fyeuh ruyz', -feuh-/, v.t., sulphurised, sulphurising. Chiefly Brit. sulfurize. * * *
sulphurous
—sulphurously, adv. —sulphurousness, n. /sul"feuhr euhs, sul fyoor"euhs/, adj. 1. sulfurous (defs. 1, 2). 2. pertaining to the fires of hell; hellish or satanic. 3. fiery or ...
Sulpician
/sul pish"euhn/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a society of secular priests founded in France in 1642, engaged chiefly in training men to teach in seminaries. [1780-90; < F ...
Sulpicius Rufus, Publius
▪ Roman orator born c. 124 BC died 88, Lavinium, Latium       Roman orator and politician whose attempts, as tribune of the plebs, to enact reforms against the wishes ...
Sulpicius Rufus, Servius
▪ Roman jurist born c. 106 BC died 43       Roman jurist who wrote nearly 180 treatises on law. While none of them are extant, many are referred to in the works of ...
Sulpicius Severus
▪ Christian ascetic born c. 363, , Aquitania, Gaul died c. 420       early Christian ascetic, a chief authority for contemporary Gallo-Roman history, who is considered ...
Sulston, John E.
▪ British biologist born March 27, 1942, Cambridge, England       British biologist who, with Sydney Brenner (Brenner, Sydney) and H. Robert Horvitz (Horvitz, H. ...
sultan
—sultanic /sul tan"ik/, adj. —sultanlike, adj. —sultanship, n. /sul"tn/, n. 1. the sovereign of an Islamic country. 2. (often cap.) any of the former sovereigns of ...
Sulṭān Muḥammad
▪ Persian painter flourished 16th century, , Ṣafavid Iran       one of the greatest of Persian painters and the most notable artist of the Ṣafavid school at ...
sultana
/sul tan"euh, -tah"neuh/, n. 1. a small, seedless raisin. 2. a wife or a concubine of a sultan. 3. a sister, daughter, or mother of a sultan. 4. a mistress, esp. of a king or ...
Sultanabad ware
▪ pottery       Islāmic (Islamic arts) ceramics produced at Sultanabad (modern Solṭānābād, Iran) that reached its peak as a style in the 13th and 14th centuries. ...
sultanate
/sul"tn ayt'/, n. 1. the office or rule of a sultan. 2. the territory ruled over by a sultan. [1815-25; SULTAN + -ATE3] * * * (as used in expressions) Sultanate of Oman Delhi ...
sultaness
/sul"tn is/, n. sultana (defs. 2, 3). [1605-15; SULTAN + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
Sultanpur
▪ Uttar Pradesh, India formerly  Kusapura  or  Kushbhawanpur        city, central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is located on the Gomati River, ...
sultrily
See sultry. * * *
sultriness
See sultrily. * * *
sultry
—sultrily, adv. —sultriness, n. /sul"tree/, adj., sultrier, sultriest. 1. oppressively hot and close or moist; sweltering: a sultry day. 2. oppressively hot; emitting great ...
Sulu
/sooh"looh/, n., pl. Sulus, (esp. collectively) Sulu. a member of the most numerous tribe of Moros, living chiefly in the Sulu Archipelago. * * *
Sulu Archipelago
an island group in the SW Philippines, separating the Sulawesi Sea from the Sulu Sea. 555,239; 1086 sq. mi. (2813 sq. km). Cap.: Jolo. * * * Volcanic and coral archipelago, ...
Sulu Sea
a sea in the W Pacific, between the SW Philippines and Borneo. * * * ▪ sea, Pacific Ocean       portion of the western North Pacific. It is bounded by northeastern ...
SuluSea
Sulu Sea An arm of the western Pacific Ocean between the Philippines and Borneo. The Sulu Archipelago, a chain of small islands belonging to the Philippines, separates the Sulu ...
Sulzberger
/sulz"berr geuhr/, n. Arthur Hays 1891-1968, U.S. newspaper publisher. * * *
Sulzberger, Arthur Hays
born Sept. 12, 1891, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 11, 1968, New York City U.S. newspaper publisher. The son-in-law of Adolph Ochs, he joined the staff of The New York Times ...
Sulzberger, Arthur Ochs
born Feb. 5, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. newspaper publisher. Grandson of Adolph Ochs and son of Iphigene and Arthur Hays Sulzberger, he spent a dozen years as a reporter ...
Sulzberger, C L
▪ 1994       U.S. journalist (b. Oct. 27, 1912, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 20, 1993, Paris, France), as a globe-trotting foreign correspondent for the New York Times ...
Sulzer, Salomon
▪ Austrian composer original name  Salomon Loewy   born March 30, 1804, Hohenems, Austria died Jan. 17, 1890, Vienna       Austrian Jewish cantor, considered the most ...
Sulzer, William
▪ American politician born March 18, 1863, Elizabeth, N.J., U.S. died Nov. 6, 1941, New York City  U.S. political leader, Democratic governor of New York (1913) who was ...
sum
—sumless, adj. —sumlessness, n. /sum/, n., v., summed, summing. n. 1. the aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars as determined by or as if ...
SUM
surface-to-underwater missile. * * *
sum and substance
main idea, gist, or point: the sum and substance of an argument. [1585-95] * * *
sum total
1. complete numerical total: the sum total of my savings. 2. essence; substance: The sum total of research in the field. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
sum-
var. of sub- before m: summon. * * *
sum-up
/sum"up'/, n. the act or result of summing up; summary. Also, sumup. [1890-95; n. use of v. phrase sum up] * * *
sumac
/sooh"mak, shooh"-/, n. 1. any of several shrubs or small trees belonging to the genus Rhus of the cashew family, having milky sap, compound leaves, and small, fleshy fruit. 2. a ...
sumac wax.
See Japan wax. * * *
Sumac, Yma
▪ 2009 Zoila Augusta Emperatriz Chavarri del Castillo        Peruvian-born American folk singer born Sept. 13, 1922, Cajamarca, Peru died Nov. 1, 2008, Los Angeles, ...
Sumanguru
▪ West African ruler flourished 13th century       West African ruler who conquered several small western Sudanese states and molded them into a sizable, if ...
Sumarokov, Aleksandr Petrovich
▪ Russian writer born Nov. 25 [Nov. 14, old style], 1717, St. Petersburg died Oct. 12 [Oct. 1, O.S.], 1777, Moscow       Russian Neoclassical poet and dramatist, ...
Sumatera Barat
▪ province, Indonesia English  West Sumatra        provinsi (province), west central Sumatra, Indonesia, fronting the Indian Ocean to the west and bounded by the ...
Sumatera Selatan
▪ province, Indonesia English  South Sumatra        propinsi (province), southern Sumatra, Indonesia, bounded by the provinces of Lampung to the south, Bengkulu to ...
Sumatera Utara
▪ province, Indonesia English  North Sumatra        propinsi (province), northern Sumatra, Indonesia, bounded by the Indian Ocean to the west, the Strait of Malacca ...
Sumatra
—Sumatran, adj., n. /soo mah"treuh/, n. a large island in the W part of Indonesia. 20,800,000; 164,147 sq. mi. (425,141 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000 including adjoining ...
Sumatra camphor
borneol. [1840-50] * * *
Sumatran
See Sumatra. * * *
sumatriptan
su·ma·trip·tan (so͞o'mə-trĭpʹtn) n. A vasoconstrictive drug, C14H21N3O2S·C4H6O4, used to treat migraine headache.   [Alteration of sulfonamide + triptan(shortening and ...
Sumba
/soohm"bah/, n. one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, in Indonesia, S of Flores. 4306 sq. mi. (11,153 sq. km). Also called Sandalwood Island. Dutch, Soemba. * * * English Sandalwood ...
Sumbawa
/soohm bah"wah/, n. one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, in Indonesia: destructive eruption in 1815 of Mt. Tambora. 5965 sq. mi. (15,449 sq. km). Dutch, Soembawa. * * * Island, ...
Sumer
/sooh"meuhr/, n. an ancient region in southern Mesopotamia that contained a number of independent cities and city-states of which the first were established possibly as early as ...


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