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/sooh mear"ee euhn, -mer"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Sumer, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Sumer. 3. a language of unknown affinities that was ...
Sumerian language
Introduction       language isolate and the oldest written language in existence. First attested about 3100 BC in southern Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia, history of), it ...
Sumerian writing
      type of writing used by the ancient Sumerian civilization of southern Mesopotamia. It is the earliest form of cuneiform writing. * * *
—Sumerologist, n. /sooh'meuh rol"euh jee/, n. the study of the history, language, and culture of the Sumerians. [1895-1900; SUMER + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
/soohm gu yeet"/; Eng. /soohm'gah eet"/, n. a city in SE Azerbaijan, on the Caspian Sea. 234,000. * * *
/sooh"mee/, n. Japanese. black ink made from a mixture of plant soot and glue solidified into sticks or cakes the ends of which are scraped or ground into water on an ink slab, ...
/sooh"mee e"/, n., pl. sumi-e. Japanese. (in fine arts) a monochrome painting executed in ink: Zen painters were masters of sumi-e. * * *
Sumii, Sue
▪ 1998       Japanese social reformer and writer (b. Jan. 7, 1902, near Nara, Japan—d. June 16, 1997, Ushiku City, Japan), was an outspoken advocate for victims of ...
Sumitomo Group
▪ Japanese business consortium       a keiretsu (consortium) of independent Japanese companies that were created out of the giant, family-owned Sumitomo zaibatsu ...
Sumiyoshi Gukei
▪ Japanese painter original name Sumiyoshi Hirozumi born 1631, Kyōto, Japan died April 25, 1705, Edo [now Tokyo]       Japanese painter of the early Tokugawa period ...
/soom"euh, sum"euh/, n., pl. summae /soom"uy, sum"ee/, summas. 1. a comprehensive work or series of works covering, synthesizing, or summarizing a particular field or subject. 2. ...
summa cum laude
/soom"euh koom low"day, -deuh, -dee; sum"euh kum law"dee/ with highest praise: used in diplomas to grant the highest of three special honors for grades above the average. Cf. cum ...
Summa Theologica
/soom"euh thee'euh loj"i keuh, sum"euh/ a philosophical and theological work (1265-74) by St. Thomas Aquinas, consisting of an exposition of Christian doctrine. * * *
—summability, n. /sum"euh beuhl/, adj. Math. 1. capable of being added. 2. (of an infinite series, esp. a divergent one) capable of having a sum assigned to it by a method ...
summacum laude
sum·ma cum lau·de (so͝omʹə ko͝om louʹdə, -dā, -dē, sŭmʹə kŭm lôʹdē) adv. & adj. With the greatest honor. Used to express the highest academic ...
/sum"and, sum and", seuh mand"/, n. a part of a sum. [1890-95; < ML summandus, ger. of summare to SUM] * * *
/seuh mair"euh lee, sum"euhr euh-/, adv. 1. in a prompt or direct manner; immediately; straightaway. 2. without notice; precipitately: to be dismissed summarily from one's ...
See summarily. * * *
summarist [sum′ə rist] n. a person who summarizes * * *
See summarize. * * *
—summarizable, adj. —summarization, n. —summarizer, summarist, n. /sum"euh ruyz'/, v.t., summarized, summarizing. 1. to make a summary of; state or express in a concise ...
See summarization. * * *
—summariness /seuh mair"i nis/, n. /sum"euh ree/, n., pl. summaries, adj. n. 1. a comprehensive and usually brief abstract, recapitulation, or compendium of previously stated ...
summary court-martial
U.S. Mil. a court-martial composed of one commissioned officer, authorized to try minor offenses against military law. * * *
summary judgment
Law. a judgment, as in an action for debt, that is entered without the necessity of jury trial, based on affidavits of the creditor and debtor that convince the court that there ...
summary jurisdiction
▪ law       in Anglo-American law, jurisdiction of a magistrate or judge to conduct proceedings resulting in a conviction or order without trial by jury. Summary ...
Summary of Road Traffic Control Devices, Table
▪ Table Signs Guide Regulatory Numbered highway route marker Stop Junction marker Yield ...
summary proceeding
Law. a mode of trial authorized by statute to be held before a judge without the usual full hearing. * * *
summary court-martial n. In the U.S. armed forces, a court-martial consisting of one officer, convened and held to try relatively minor offenses. * * *
/sum"ayt/, v.t., summated, summating. to add together; total; sum up. [1895-1900; back formation from SUMMATION] * * *
—summational, adj. /seuh may"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of summing. 2. the result of this; an aggregate or total. 3. a review or recapitulation of previously stated ...
summation method
Math. a method for associating a sum with a divergent series. * * *
/sum"euh tiv/, adj. additive. [1880-85; < ML summat(us) (see SUMMATION) + -IVE] * * *
summer1 —summerless, adj. /sum"euhr/, n. 1. the season between spring and autumn, in the Northern Hemisphere from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox, and in the ...
Summer Bank Holiday
➡ August Bank Holiday. * * *
summer camp
a camp, esp. one for children during the summer, providing facilities for sleeping and eating, and usually for handicrafts, sports, etc. Cf. day camp. * * * ▪ ...
summer complaint
an acute condition of diarrhea, occurring during the hot summer months chiefly in infants and children, caused by bacterial contamination of food and associated with poor ...
summer cypress
summer cypress n. an annual plant (Kochia scoparia) of the goosefoot family, cultivated for its brilliant red or purplish fall foliage * * *
summer cypress.
See burning bush (def. 2). [1760-70] * * *
summer flounder
a flounder, Paralichthys dentatus, inhabiting shallow waters from Cape Cod to South Carolina, valued as food. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
Summer Games
Olympic Games held every fourth summer and including swimming, diving, track and field, boxing, and basketball. Cf. Winter Games. * * *
summer grape
a high-climbing vine, Vitis aestivalis, of the eastern U.S., having leaves that are dull above and rusty beneath, and bearing black, edible fruit. Also called pigeon ...
summer house
summer house n. a house or cottage, as in the country, used during the summer * * *
summer kitchen
an extra kitchen, usually detached from a house, for use in warm weather. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
summer pudding
n [C, U] a traditional British sweet dish. It consists of summer fruit, usually berries such as raspberries and blackcurrants, pressed into a case of bread in a bowl. It is then ...
summer sausage
dried or smoked sausage that keeps without refrigeration. * * *
summer savory.
See under savory2. [1565-75] * * *
summer school
1. study programs offered by a school, college, or university during the summer to those who wish to obtain their degrees more quickly, who must make up credits, or who wish to ...
summer schools
➡ Open University * * *
summer snowflake
star-of-Bethlehem. * * *
summer solstice
Astron. the solstice on or about June 21st that marks the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere. [1540-50] * * *
summer squash
any of several squashes of the variety Cucurbita pepo melopepo, that mature in the late summer or early autumn and are used as a vegetable in an unripe state, before the rind and ...
summer stock
1. the production of plays, musical comedy, etc., during the summer, esp. in a suburban or resort area, often by a repertory company. 2. summer theaters collectively or their ...
summer tanager
a tanager, Piranga rubra, of the south and central U.S., the male of which is rose-red, the female olive-green above and yellow below. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
summer theater
1. a theater that operates during the summer, esp. in a suburban or resort area, usually offering a different play or musical comedy each week. 2. See summer stock. [1945-50] * * ...
summer theatre
▪ American theatre also called  summer stock , or  strawhat theatre        in American theatre, productions staged during the summer months (the off-season for ...
summer time
Chiefly Brit. See daylight-saving time. * * *
summer triangle
summer triangle n. a group of three first-magnitude stars (Deneb, Vega, and Altair) visible during the summer in the N skies * * *
Summer, Donna
▪ American singer original name  Donna Adrian Gaines  born Dec. 31, 1948, Boston, Mass., U.S.       American singer-songwriter considered the “Queen of disco” ...
/sum"euhr sweet'/, n. See sweet pepperbush. * * *
sum·mer·ca·ter (sŭmʹər-kā'tər) n. Maine A summer resident of Maine. Also called sport.   [Probably summer1 + vacationer.]   Regional Note: Since the Civil War Maine ...
summer cypress n. A Eurasian annual plant (Kochia scoparia) having narrow, dense foliage that turns bright red. * * *
summer flounder n. A fluke (Paralichthys dentatus) of the Atlantic coast of the United States, valued as a food and game fish. * * *
Summerhill School
Experimental primary and secondary boarding school in Leiston, Suffolk, England. Founded in 1921 by Alexander Sutherland Neill (1883–1973), the school is self-governing ...
/sum"euhr hows'/, n., pl. summerhouses /-how'ziz/. a simple, often rustic structure in a park or garden, intended to provide shade in the summer. [1350-1400; ME sumer hous. See ...
/sum"euh ruyz'/, v.t., summerized, summerizing. 1. to prepare (a house, car, etc.) so as to counteract the hot weather of summer: to summerize a house by adding air ...
/sum"euhr luyk'/, adj. like or characteristic of summer; summery: a spell of summerlike showers. [1520-30; SUMMER1 + -LIKE] * * *
—summerliness, n. /sum"euhr lee/, adj. summerlike; summery. [bef. 1000; ME sumerly, OE sumorlic. See SUMMER1, -LY] * * *
Summers, Lawrence H.
▪ 2004       July 1, 2003, marked the second anniversary of Lawrence H. Summers's appointment as Harvard University's 27th president, a position to which, at the young ...
/sum"euhr sawlt'/, n., v.i. somersault. * * *
summer savory n. See savory2. * * *
summer school n. An academic session held during the summer, chiefly for supplementary and remedial study. * * *
/sum"euhr set'/, n., v.i. somersault. * * *
▪ Prince Edward Island, Canada       city, seat (1876) of Prince county, on the southern coast of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The city lies along Bedeque Bay and ...
summer solstice n. In the Northern Hemisphere, the solstice that occurs on or about June 21. * * *
summer squash n. Any of several varieties of squash, such as the crookneck or the cymling, that are eaten shortly after being picked rather than kept in storage. * * *
summer stock n. Theatrical productions of stock companies presented during the summer. * * *
▪ West Virginia, United States       town, seat of Nicholas county, south-central West Virginia, U.S. It lies near the Gauley River, 45 miles (72 km) east of ...
summer tanager n. A New World bird (Piranga rubra) that catches insects in flight and whose plumage is rose-red in the adult male and, in the female, yellowish olive-green above ...
/sum"euhr tuym'/, n. the summer season. [1350-1400; ME somertime. See SUMMER1, TIME] * * *
/sum"euhr tree'/, n. summer2 (def. 1). [1425-75; ME somere tre. See SUMMER2, TREE] * * *
/sum"euhr wood'/, n. the part of an annual ring of wood, characterized by compact, thick-walled cells, formed during the later part of the growing season. Also called late wood. ...
—summeriness, n. /sum"euh ree/, adj. of, like, or appropriate for summer: summery weather; a summery dress. [1815-25; SUMMER1 + -Y1] * * *
/sum"ing up"/, n., pl. summings-up. a summation or statement made for the purpose of reviewing the basic concepts or principles of an argument, story, explanation, testimony, or ...
—summital, adj. —summitless, adj. /sum"it/, n. 1. the highest point or part, as of a hill, a line of travel, or any object; top; apex. 2. the highest point of attainment or ...
/sum"it/, n. 1. a city in NE New Jersey. 21,071. 2. a city in NE Illinois. 10,110. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       village, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, ...
summit meeting
1. a meeting or conference of heads of state, esp. to conduct diplomatic negotiations and ease international tensions. 2. any meeting or conference of top-level officials, ...
/sum'i tear"/, n. a participant in a summit meeting. [1955-60; SUMMIT + -EER] * * *
/sum"i tree/, n. 1. the act or practice of holding a summit meeting, esp. to conduct diplomatic negotiations. 2. the art or technique of conducting summit meetings. 3. summit ...
Summitt, Pat
▪ American basketball coach née  Patricia Head  born June 14, 1952, Henrietta, Tenn., U.S.       American collegiate women's basketball coach at the University of ...
Summitt, Pat Head
▪ 1999       In 1998 American basketball coach Pat Summitt reached the apex of women's basketball after guiding the University of Tennessee Lady Volunteers to an ...
—summonable, adj. —summoner, n. /sum"euhn/, v.t. 1. to call upon to do something specified. 2. to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call. 3. to ...
See summon. * * *
/sum"euhnz/, n., pl. summonses, v. n. 1. an authoritative command, message, or signal by which one is summoned. 2. a request, demand, or call to do something: a summons to ...
summum bonum
/soom"oom boh"noom/; Eng. /sum"euhm boh"neuhm/, Latin. the highest or chief good. * * *
sum·mum bo·num (so͝omʹəm bōʹnəm) n. The greatest or supreme good.   [Latin : summum, neuter of summus, highest + bonum, good.] * * *
/sum"neuhr/, n. 1. Charles, 1811-74, U.S. statesman. 2. James Batcheller /bach"euh leuhr/, 1887-1955, U.S. biochemist: Nobel prize 1946. 3. William Graham, 1840-1910, U.S. ...
Sumner, Charles
born Jan. 6, 1811, Boston, Mass., U.S. died March 11, 1874, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. He practiced law while crusading for the abolition of slavery, prison reform, ...
Sumner, James (Batcheller)
born Nov. 19, 1887, Canton, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 12, 1955, Buffalo, N.Y. U.S. biochemist. He taught at Cornell University (1929–55). In 1926 he became the first researcher ...
Sumner, James Batcheller
▪ American biochemist born Nov. 19, 1887, Canton, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 12, 1955, Buffalo, N.Y.       American biochemist and corecipient, with John Howard Northrop ...
Sumner, William Graham
▪ American sociologist born Oct. 30, 1840, Paterson, N.J., U.S. died April 12, 1910, Englewood, N.J.       U.S. sociologist and economist, prolific publicist of Social ...
Sum·ner (sŭmʹnər), Charles. 1811-1874. American politician. A U.S. senator from Massachusetts (1851-1874), he was a noted orator with an uncompromising opposition to ...
Sumner,James Batcheller
Sumner, James Batcheller. 1887-1955. American biochemist. He shared a 1946 Nobel Prize for his pioneering work on crystallizing enzymes. * * *
—sumoist, n. /sooh"moh/, n. a form of wrestling in Japan in which a contestant wins by forcing his opponent out of the ring or by causing him to touch the ground with any part ...
sumo (wrestling)
sumo (wrestling) or Sumo wrestling or sumo or Sumo [so͞o′mō] n. 〚Jpn sumō, to compete〛 [sometimes S-] a highly stylized Japanese form of wrestling engaged in by large, ...
/sump/, n. 1. a pit, well, or the like in which water or other liquid is collected. 2. Mach. a chamber at the bottom of a machine, pump, circulation system, etc., into which a ...
sump pump
a pump for removing liquid or wastes from a sump. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ technology       device that removes accumulations of water or other liquids from a sump pit, the ...
sump pump n. A pump that removes liquid from a sump: Our basement flooded when the sump pump broke. * * *
/sump"seuh meuhs/, n., pl. sumpsimuses for 2. 1. adherence to or persistence in using a strictly correct term, holding to a precise practice, etc., as a rejection of an erroneous ...
/sump"teuhr/, n. a packhorse or mule. [1275-1325; ME sompter < OF sometier pack-horse driver < VL *saumatarius, equiv. to L sagmat- (s. of sagma; see SUMMER2) + -arius -ARY] * * *
/sump"chooh er'ee/, adj. 1. pertaining to, dealing with, or regulating expense or expenditure. 2. intended to regulate personal habits on moral or religious grounds. [1590-1600; ...
sumptuary law
1. a law regulating personal habits that offend the moral or religious beliefs of the community. 2. a law regulating personal expenditures designed to restrain extravagance, esp. ...
—sumptuously, adv. —sumptuousness, n. /sump"chooh euhs/, adj. 1. entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly: a sumptuous residence. 2. ...
See sumptuous. * * *
See sumptuously. * * *
Sum·qay·it (so͝om'kī-ētʹ) or Sum·ga·it (-gī-ētʹ) A city of eastern Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea northeast of Baku. It is an industrial center. Population: ...
/sum"teuhr, sump"-/, n. 1. a city in central South Carolina. 24,890. 2. See Fort Sumter. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States       city, seat (1798) of Sumter county, ...
Sumter, Thomas
born Aug. 14, 1734, Hanover county, Va. died June 1, 1832, South Mount, S.C., U.S. American Revolutionary officer. He served in the French and Indian War and later moved to ...
/sooh"mee/; Russ. /sooh"mi/, n. a city in NE Ukraine, NW of Kharkov. 228,000. * * * ▪ Ukraine       city, northeastern Ukraine, on the Psel River. Although a ...
—sunlike, adj. /sun/, n., v., sunned, sunning. n. 1. (often cap.) the star that is the central body of the solar system, around which the planets revolve and from which they ...
Sun Also Rises, The
a novel (1926) by Ernest Hemingway. * * *
sun animalcule
a heliozoan. [1865-70] * * *
sun bath
sun bath n. exposure of the body to sunlight or a sunlamp * * *
sun bear
a small, black bear, Ursus (Helarctos) malayanus, of Southeast Asian forests, having a light muzzle and yellow chest markings. Also called honey bear, Malay bear. [1835-45] * * ...
Sun Belt
▪ region, United States       region comprising 15 southern states in the United States and extending from Virginia and Florida in the southeast through Nevada in the ...
sun bittern
a graceful South American wading bird, Eurypyga helias, related to the cranes and rails, having variegated plumage. [1865-70] * * * ▪ bird  (species Eurypyga helias), ...
sun block
➡ seaside and beach * * *
Sun City
Sun City 〚descriptive〛 city in SC Arizona: pop. 38,000 * * * a community in the US state of Arizona for people of 55 and older. It organizes special activities for its ...
sun cream
➡ seaside and beach * * *
sun dance
a religious ceremony associated with the sun, practiced by North American Indians of the Plains, consisting of dancing attended with various symbolic rites and commonly including ...
sun deck
a raised, open area, as a roof, terrace, or ship's deck, that is exposed to the sun. Also, sundeck. [1905-10] * * *
sun disk
1. the disk of the sun. 2. a representation of this, esp. in religious symbolism. [1875-80] * * *
sun gear
Mach. (in an epicyclic train) the central gear around which the planet gears revolve. Also called sun wheel. * * *
sun god
1. the sun considered or personified as a deity. 2. a god identified or associated with the sun. Also, sun-god. [1585-95] * * *
sun grebe
finfoot. [1915-20] * * *
sun hemp
sunn. * * *
sun letter
Arabic Gram. any letter, as ta or sin, representing a consonant that assimilates the l of a prefixed definite article. Cf. moon letter. [trans. of Ar al-huruf ash-shamsiyah, so ...
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
▪ American company Introduction  American manufacturer of computer workstations, servers, and software. Its headquarters are in Palo Alto, Calif. Founding and ...
sun moss.
See rose moss. * * *
sun orchid
▪ plant       any of about 50 plant species of the genus Thelymitra, family Orchidaceae, distributed throughout Australasia. The flowers of all species have a hooded ...
sun pan
Ceram. a vat for drying slip, sometimes artificially heated. [1715-25] * * *
sun parlor
a porch or room with many windows exposed to sunshine; sun porch; solarium. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
sun pillar
Astron. a halo phenomenon in which a vertical streak of light appears above and below the sun, believed to be caused by the reflection of sunlight by ice crystals with vertical ...
sun porch
1. a windowed porch or porchlike room having more window than wall area, intended to receive large amounts of sunlight. 2. an open pen, raised above the ground, for giving ...
Sun Prairie
a town in S Wisconsin. 12,931. * * *
sun protection factor
sun protection factor n. a number indicating the relative effectiveness of a sunblock in preventing certain ultraviolet rays from burning the skin: a higher number indicates a ...
sun protection factor.
See SPF. [1975-80] * * *
Sun Quan
▪ emperor of Wu dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Sun Ch'üan,  posthumous name (shi)  Dadi,  temple name (miaohao)  Taizu  born AD 181, China died 252, ...
Sun Ra
▪ 1994       (HERMAN ["SONNY"] BLOUNT), U.S. jazz pianist, arranger, and composer (b. May 1914?, Birmingham, Ala.—d. May 30, 1993, Birmingham), led an ensemble whose ...
Sun readers
➡ Sun * * *
Sun River
▪ river, Montana, United States       river in northwest-central Montana, U.S. It rises in Flathead National Forest, in Teton county near the Continental Divide, and ...
sun rose
▪ plant also called  rock rose   any of 80–110 species of low-growing flowering plants making up the genus Helianthemum in the rock rose family (Cistaceae), the flowers ...
sun sign
Astrol. the sign of the zodiac through which the sun moves for approximately 30 days each year as the signs rotate through the heavens along the elliptic. [1890-95] * * *
sun spider
any predatory, scorpionlike arachnid of the order Solifugae (or Solpugida), having enormously developed mouth pincers and a long body covered with tactile hairs, inhabiting ...
sun star
any starfish of the genus Solaster, inhabiting cold and temperate waters off both U.S. coasts. [1835-45] * * *
Sun Valley
a village in S central Idaho: winter resort. 545. * * * ▪ Idaho, United States  city, Blaine county, south-central Idaho, U.S. Sun Valley is a famous year-round recreation ...
sun visor
a flap, usually of padded cardboard, acetate, or the like, that is attached inside a vehicle above the windshield and can be swung down to protect the eyes from the sun's ...
sun wheel
Mach. See sun gear. [1810-20] * * *
sun worship
Veneration of the sun or its representation as a deity. It appears in several early cultures, notably in ancient Egypt, Indo-Europe, and Mesoamerica, where urban civilizations ...
Sun Yat-sen
/soon" yaht"sen"/ 1866-1925, Chinese political and revolutionary leader. Also, Pinyin, Sun Yixian /soohn" yee"shyahn"/. * * * or Sun Yixian born Nov. 12, 1866, Xiangshan, ...
Sun Yun-liang
▪ 2008       Chinese general born 1904, Sichuan province, China died May 25, 2007, Taipei, Taiwan was celebrated for leading the successful battle in 1932 to defend ...
Sun Yun-suan
▪ 2007       Taiwanese government official (b. Nov. 11, 1913, Penglai, Shandong, China—d. Feb. 15, 2006, Taipei, Taiwan), guided Taiwan through its transformation from ...
sun-and-planet gear
/sun"euhn plan"it/, Mach. a planetary epicyclic gear train. [1900-05] * * *
/sun"kyoord'/, adj. cured or preserved by exposure to the rays of the sun, as meat, fish, fruit, tobacco, etc. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
/sun"druyd'/, adj. 1. dried in the sun, as bricks or raisins. 2. dried up or withered by the sun. [1590-1600] * * *
sun-grebe [sun′grēb΄] n. any of a gruiform family (Heliornithidae) of shy, long-necked tropical birds living along streams, lakes, etc. * * *
Sun-Joffe Manifesto
▪ Chinese history       (Jan. 26, 1923), joint statement issued at Shanghai by the Chinese Nationalist revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen and Adolf Joffe, representative ...
Sunday. Also, Sund. * * *
Sunal, Kemal
▪ 2001       Turkish actor (b. Nov. 11, 1944, Istanbul, Turkey—d. July 3, 2000, Istanbul), delighted audiences on television and in more than 80 Turkish motion ...
/sun"bak'/, adj. (of a garment) cut low to expose the back for sunbathing or coolness. [SUN + BACK1] * * *
/sun"baykt'/, adj. 1. baked by exposure to the sun, as bricks. 2. heated, dried, or hardened by the heat of the sun. [1620-30; SUN + BAKED] * * *
/sun"bath', -bahth'/, n., pl. sunbaths /-badhz', -bahdhz', -baths', -bahths'/. deliberate exposure of the body to the direct rays of the sun or a sunlamp. [1870-75; SUN + ...
—sunbather, n. /sun"baydh'/, v.i., sunbathed, sunbathing. to take a sunbath. [1590-1600; SUN + BATHE] * * *
See sunbathe. * * *
➡ seaside and beach * * *
—sunbeamed, sunbeamy, adj. /sun"beem'/, n. 1. a beam or ray of sunlight. 2. Australian Slang. a dish or utensil that has not been used during a meal and so does not have to be ...
sunbeam snake
▪ snake  any of two species of primitive, nonvenomous, burrowing snakes (snake) of family Xenopeltidae distributed geographically from Southeast Asia to Indonesia and the ...
sun·bed (sŭnʹbĕd') n. See tanning bed. * * *
/sun"belt'/, n. (sometimes l.c.) the southern and southwestern region of the U.S. Also, Sun Belt. [1950-55] * * * Region, south and southwestern U.S. It is characterized by a ...
/sun"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. sunberries. wonderberry. [SUN + BERRY] * * *
/sun"berrd'/, n. any of various small, brilliantly colored Old World birds of the family Nectariniidae. [1790-1800; SUN + BIRD] * * * ▪ bird       any of about 95 ...
sun bittern n. A cranelike tropical American bird (Eurypyga helias), having mottled brownish plumage and often spreading its wings and tail in a showy display. * * *
/sun"blok'/, n. 1. a substance that provides a high degree of protection against sunburn, often preventing most tanning as well as burning, as by obstructing the penetration of ...
—sunbonneted, adj. /sun"bon'it/, n. a bonnet with a large brim shading the face and sometimes a piece projecting over the neck, worn by women and children. [1815-25; SUN + ...
/sun"boh'/, n. a bow or arc of prismatic colors like a rainbow, appearing in the spray of cataracts, waterfalls, fountains, etc. [1810-20; SUN + BOW2] * * *
/sun"brayk'/, n. a projection from the side of a building for intercepting part of the sunlight falling upon the adjacent surface. Also, sunbreaker. [1820-30; SUN + BREAK] * * *
/sun"berrn'/, n., v., sunburned or sunburnt, sunburning. n. 1. inflammation of the skin caused by overexposure to the sun or a sunlamp. v.t., v.i., 2. to affect or be affected ...
/sun"berrst'/, n. 1. a burst of sunlight; a sudden shining of the sun through rifted clouds. 2. a firework, piece of jewelry, ornament, or the like, resembling the sun with rays ...
/sun"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. a city in E central Pennsylvania. 12,292. * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       city, seat (1772) of Northumberland county, east-central ...
▪ South Korea       city, Chŏlla-nam do (province), southern South Korea. Located on the Yŏsu Peninsula, 87 miles (140 km) southeast of Kwangju, the provincial ...
/sun"chohk'/, n. See Jerusalem artichoke (def. 2). [1980-85; SUN(FLOWER) + (ARTI)CHOKE] * * *
Sun City A community of south-central Arizona, a residential suburb of Phoenix. Founded in 1960, it is a planned retirement community. Population: 40,505. * * *
Sunday * * *
Sunda Islands
/sun"deuh/; Du. /soohn"dah/ a chain of islands in Indonesia, in the Malay Archipelago, including Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi (Greater Sunda Islands); and a group of ...
Sunda Shelf
▪ geological formation, Asia       stable continental shelf, or platform, a southward extension of mainland Southeast Asia. Most of the platform is covered by shallow ...
Sunda Strait
a strait between Sumatra and Java, connecting the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean. 20-65 mi. (32-105 km) wide. * * * Channel between the islands of Java and Sumatra. It is ...
/sun"day, -dee/, n. ice cream served with syrup poured over it, and often other toppings, as whipped cream, chopped nuts, or fruit. [1890-95, Amer.; perh. special use of Sunday ...
Sun·da Islands (sŭnʹdə, so͞onʹ-) A group of islands of the western Malay Archipelago between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean. The Greater Sunda Islands include ...
sun dance n. A religious ceremony widely practiced among Native American peoples of the Great Plains, typically marked by several days of fasting and group dancing and sometimes ...
Sundance Film Festival
a film festival started and organized by the actor and director Robert Redford. It has been held every year in Utah since 1978 and shows films by independent film makers. * * *
Sundance Kid
(1860–1909) the popular name of the US criminal Harry Longbaugh. He got the name after robbing a bank in Sundance, Nevada. He was associated for a long time with Butch ...
/sun'deuh neez", -nees"/, n., pl. Sundanese, adj. n. 1. a member of a people of western Java. 2. the Austronesian language of the Sundanese. adj. 3. of or pertaining to the Sunda ...
▪ geographical region, Asia formerly  Sunderbunds        vast tract of forest and saltwater swamp forming the lower part of the Padma River (Ganges [Ganga] River ...
—Sundaylike, adj. /sun"day, -dee/, n. 1. the first day of the week, observed as the Sabbath by most Christian sects. 2. a month of Sundays, an indeterminately great length of ...
Sunday baby
South Atlantic States (chiefly North Carolina). an illegitimate child. Also called Sunday child. * * *
Sunday best
Sunday best n. Informal one's best clothes * * *
Sunday clothes
a person's best or newest clothing, as saved for Sundays and special occasions. Also called Sunday best. [1635-45] * * *
Sunday driver
a person who drives a car inexpertly, esp. slowly or overcautiously, in the manner of one who drives infrequently. [1915-20] * * *
Sunday Express
a British Sunday paper, published by the same company as the Express. Like the Express, it is a tabloid newspaper that puts forward moderate right-wing opinions. It has a colour ...
Sunday joint
➡ Sunday roast * * *
Sunday lunch
➡ meals * * *
Sunday Mirror
a British Sunday paper, published by the same company as the Mirror. Like the Mirror, it is a tabloid newspaper that puts forward moderate left-wing opinions. It has a colour ...
Sunday Morning
a poem (1923) by Wallace Stevens. * * *
Sunday painter
Fine Arts. a nonprofessional painter, usually unschooled and generally painting during spare time. * * *
Sunday papers
n [pl] (in Britain) newspapers that are sold only on Sundays. Most are published by companies which also publish daily newspapers on the other days of the week, and they usually ...
Sunday Post
a Scottish Sunday paper, first published in 1914. It is Scotland’s best-selling newspaper and its traditional Scottish opinions and moral values make it popular with many ...
Sunday punch
1. Boxing. the most powerful and effective punch of a boxer, esp. the punch used in trying to gain a knockout. 2. anything, as an armed force, line of argument, etc., capable of ...
Sunday roast
(also Sunday joint) n a large piece of meat, usually beef or lamb, cooked in an oven. The Sunday roast/joint is the main part of the traditional lunch that many British families ...
Sunday school
1. a school, now usually in connection with a church, for religious instruction on Sunday. 2. the members of such a school. Also called Sabbath school. [1775-85] * * * also ...
Sunday Sport
a British tabloid newspaper sold on Sundays and first published in 1986. It consists mainly of photographs of naked or nearly naked women, sports news and ridiculous ‘news’ ...
Sunday supplement
a special section incorporated in the Sunday editions of many newspapers, often containing features on books, celebrities, home entertainment, gardening, and the like. [1925-30, ...
Sunday Telegraph
a British Sunday paper, published by the same company as the Daily Telegraph. Like the Daily Telegraph, it is a broadsheet newspaper that expresses right-wing opinions and ...
Sunday Times
a British Sunday paper, published by the same company as The Times. It is a broadsheet newspaper that expresses moderate right-wing opinions. It is Britain’s best-selling ...
Sunday Times, The
▪ British newspaper       influential Sunday newspaper published in London, Eng. It is known around the world for the quality of its reporting and editing and for its ...
Sunday trading
n [U] the practice of opening shops for business on Sundays. Traditionally, most British shops did not open on Sundays except for newsagents and some corner shops. In the past, ...
Sunday, Billy
orig. William Ashley Sunday born Nov. 19, 1862/63, Ames, Iowa, U.S. died Nov. 6, 1935, Chicago, Ill. U.S. religious revivalist. He became a professional baseball player with ...
Sunday,William Ashley
Sunday, William Ashley. Known as “Billy.” 1862-1935. American evangelist. Originally a professional baseball player (1883-1891), he began preaching in 1896 and became a ...
/sun"day goh'teuh meet"n, -mee"ting, -dee-/. adj. Informal. most presentable; best: Sunday-go-to-meeting clothes. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
Sunday best n. One's best and often most formal clothing.   [From the practice among Christians of wearing one's best clothing to attend church on Sundays.] * * *
Sunday punch n. Slang 1. A knockout blow. 2. Something that is capable of delivering a destructive blow to an opponent or opposing force. * * *
/sun"dayz, -deez/, adv. on Sundays. * * *
Sunday school n. 1. A school, generally affiliated with a church or synagogue, that offers religious instruction for children on Sundays. 2. The teachers and pupils of such a ...
sun deck n. A roof, balcony, or terrace used for sunbathing. * * *
—sunderable, adj. —sunderance, n. —sunderer, n. /sun"deuhr/, v.t. 1. to separate; part; divide; sever. v.i. 2. to become separated; part. [bef. 900; ME sundren, OE ...
See sunder. * * *
/sun"deuhr leuhnd/, n. a seaport in Tyne and Wear, in NE England. 298,000. * * * Town, seaport, and metropolitan borough (pop., 2001: 280,807), northern England. Located at the ...
Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of, Baron Spencer Of Wormleighton
▪ British statesman born 1674 died April 9, 1722, London, England  British statesman, one of the Whig ministers who directed the government of King George I from 1714 to ...
Sunderland, Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of, Baron Spencer Of Wormleighton
▪ English Cavalier baptized November 23, 1620 died September 20, 1643, Newberry, Somerset, England       English Cavalier during the English Civil ...
Sunderland, Robert Spencer, 2nd earl of
born Sept. 5, 1641, Paris, France died Sept. 28, 1702, Althorp, Northamptonshire, Eng. English statesman and chief adviser in the reigns of Charles II, James II, and William ...
Sunderland, Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of, Baron Spencer of Wormleighton
▪ English statesman born Sept. 5, 1641, Paris, France died Sept. 28, 1702, Althorp, Northamptonshire, Eng.       English statesman who was one of the most influential ...
Sunderman, F William
▪ 2004       American scientist, physician, editor, and musician (b. Oct. 23, 1898, Juniata, Pa.—d. March 9, 2003, Philadelphia, Pa.), was honoured as the nation's ...
/sun"dooh', -dyooh'/, n. any of several small, carnivorous bog plants of the genus Drosera, having sticky hairs that trap insects. Also called dew plant, rosa solis. [1570-80; < ...
/sun"duy'euhl, -duyl'/, n. an instrument that indicates the time of day by means of the position, on a graduated plate or surface, of the shadow of the gnomon as it is cast by ...
died 1255 Monarch of the ancient Mali empire in West Africa. After organizing a private army and consolidating his position among his own Malinke people, Sundiata launched ...
sun disk n. An ancient Middle Eastern symbol consisting of a disk set between outspread wings, representing the sun god. * * *
Sundman, Per Olof
▪ Swedish novelist born Sept. 4, 1922, Vaxholm, Swed. died Oct. 9, 1992, Stockholm       Swedish novelist who wrote in the tradition of Social Realism during the 1960s. ...
/sun"dawg', -dog'/, n. 1. parhelion. 2. a small or incomplete rainbow. [1625-35; orig. uncert.] * * *
/sun"down'/, n. 1. sunset, esp. the time of sunset. v.i. 2. Psychiatry. to experience confusion or hallucinations at night as a result of strange surroundings, drug effects, ...
/sun"dow'neuhr/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. an alcoholic drink taken after completing the day's work, usually at sundown. 2. Australian. a tramp or hobo, esp. one who arrives at a ...
/sun"dres'/, n. a dress with a bodice styled to expose the arms, shoulders, and back, for wear during hot weather. [1940-45; SUN + DRESS] * * *
/sun"dreez/, n.pl. sundry things or items, esp. small, miscellaneous items of little value. Cf. notion (def. 6). [1805-15; n. pl. use of SUNDRY] * * *
/sun"drops'/, n., pl. sundrops. any of various plants of the genus Oenothera, of the evening primrose family, having flowers that bloom during the day. [1775-85, Amer.; SUN + ...
—sundrily, adv. —sundriness, n. /sun"dree/, adj. 1. various or diverse: sundry persons. 2. all and sundry, everybody, collectively and individually: Free samples were given ...
/sunts"vahl/, n. a seaport in E Sweden, on the Gulf of Bothnia. 94,742. * * * ▪ Sweden       town and seaport in Västernorrland län (county), northern Sweden. It ...
/sun"fast', -fahst'/, adj. not subject to fading in sunlight, as a dye, fabric, or garment. [1925-30; SUN + FAST1] * * *
/sun"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) sunfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) sunfishes. 1. the ocean sunfish, Mola mola. 2. any of various other fishes of ...
/sun"flow'euhr/, n. 1. any of various composite plants of the genus Helianthus, as H. annuus, having showy, yellow-rayed flower heads often 12 in. (30 cm) wide, and edible seeds ...
sunflower chest.
See Connecticut chest. * * *
Sunflower State
Kansas (used as a nickname). * * *
/sung/, v. a pt. and pp. of sing. * * * (as used in expressions) Sung chiang Kim Il sung Liu Sung nien Sung dynasty Su Sung Sung hua Chiang * * *
/soong/, n. a dynasty in China, A.D. 960-1279, characterized by a high level of achievement in painting, ceramics, and philosophy: overthrown by the Mongols. Also, Song. * * ...
sung Mass
a Mass in which parts of the proper and the ordinary are sung rather than recited; missa cantata. [1520-30] * * *
Śuṅga Dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty       Indian ruling house founded by Puṣyamitra about 185 BC, which replaced the Mauryan dynasty. Puṣyamitra assassinated Bṛhadratha, the last ...
/soong"geuh ree/, n. Songhua. * * *
Sungari River
Chinese Songhua Jiang or Sung-hua Chiang River, northeastern China. Rising in the Changbai Mountains, it is joined by its chief tributary, the Nen River, before it enters the ...

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