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Supremacy, Act of
(1534) English act of Parliament that recognized Henry VIII as the "Supreme Head of the Church of England. " The act also required an oath of loyalty from English subjects that ...
suprematism
/seuh prem"euh tiz'euhm, soo-/, n. (sometimes cap.) Fine Arts. a nonrepresentational style of art developed in Russia in the early 20th century, characterized by severely simple ...
suprematist
See suprematism. * * *
supreme
supreme1 —supremely, adv. —supremeness, n. /seuh preem", soo-/, adj. 1. highest in rank or authority; paramount; sovereign; chief. 2. of the highest quality, degree, ...
suprême
/seuh preem", -praym", soo-/; Fr. /syuu prddem"/, n. 1. Also called sauce suprême. a velouté made with a rich chicken stock. 2. a dish prepared or served with this sauce, esp. ...
Supreme Being
God. [1690-1700] * * *
supreme commander
the military officer commanding all allied forces in a theater of war. [1940-45] * * *
Supreme Council.
See Supreme Soviet. * * *
Supreme Court
1. the highest court of the U.S. 2. (in many states) the highest court of the state. 3. (l.c.) (in some states) a court of general jurisdiction subordinate to an appeals court. ...
Supreme Court Building
the building in Washington, DC, on Capitol Hill, where the US Supreme Court meets. It was built in 1935 and is the last of the national government buildings in the Greek style. ...
Supreme Court justices, U.S.
▪ Table Supreme Court justices, U.S. chief justices in italic name term of service* appointed by president John Jay (Jay, John) 1789-95 Washington James Wilson (Wilson, ...
Supreme Court of Japan
Japanese  Saikō Saibansho,         the highest court in Japan (Japanese law), a court of last resort with powers of judicial review and the responsibility for judicial ...
Supreme Court of Judicature
an English court formed in 1873 from several superior courts and consisting of a court of original jurisdiction (High Court of Justice) and an appellate court (Court of ...
Supreme Court of the United States
Final court of appeal in the U.S. judicial system and final interpreter of the Constitution of the United States. The Supreme Court was created by the Constitutional Convention ...
Supreme Governor
➡ Church of England * * *
supreme judicial court
(often caps.) the highest court in some states, as Massachusetts and Maine. * * *
supreme sacrifice
the sacrifice of one's own life: Many made the supreme sacrifice during the war. * * *
Supreme Soviet
the legislature of the former Soviet Union and its successor states, consisting of an upper house (Soviet of the Union or Council of the Union), whose delegates are elected on ...
SupremeBeing
Su·preme Being (so͝o-prēmʹ) n. God. * * *
SupremeCourt
Supreme Court n. Abbr. SC or Sup.Ct. 1. The highest federal court in the United States, consisting of nine justices and having jurisdiction over all other courts in the ...
suprêmede volaille
suprême de vo·laille (vô-līʹ) n. See suprême.   [French : suprême, suprême + de, of + volaille, fowl.] * * *
supremely
See supreme. * * *
supremeness
See supremely. * * *
Supremes
a US female pop group. They formed in 1959 in Detroit as The Primettes. The original members were Diana Ross, Mary Wilson (1944– ) and Florence Ballard (1943–76). They joined ...
Supremes, the
▪ American singing group Introduction       American pop-soul vocal group whose tremendous popularity with a broad audience made its members among the most successful ...
SupremeSoviet
Supreme Soviet n. The bicameral legislature of the former Soviet Union, with members elected in one house from the population at large and in the other from the constituent ...
supremo
/seuh pree"moh, soo-/, n., pl. supremos. Chiefly Brit. Informal. 1. the person in charge; chief. 2. a person of supreme or complete power, authority, ability, etc.: His victory ...
supremum
/seuh pree"meuhm, soo-/, n. Math. See least upper bound. Also called sup. [ < NL supremum, n. use of neut. of L supremus SUPREME1] * * *
Supt
Supt abbrev. Superintendent * * *
Supt.
superintendent. Also, supt. * * *
supvr.
supervisor. * * *
suq
/soohk, shoohk/, n. suk. * * *
Suquamish
/seuh kwom"ish, -kwaw"mish/, n., pl. Suquamishes, (esp. collectively) Suquamish. a member of a Salishan-speaking North American Indian people of Washington, near Puget Sound. * * ...
sur
/serr/, prep. Law. upon; on the basis of: sur mortgage. [ < F < L super SUPER-] * * *
Sur
/soor/, n. a town in S Lebanon, on the Mediterranean Sea: site of ancient port of Tyre. * * *
Sūr Dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty       Afghān family that ruled in northern India from 1540 to 1556. Its founder, Shēr Shāh Sūr (Shēr Shāh of Sūr), was descended from an Afghān ...
sur-
sur-1 a prefix meaning "over, above," "in addition," occurring mainly in loanwords from French and partial calques of French words: surcharge; surname; surrender; survive. Cf. ...
sur-royal
/serr roy"euhl/, n. See crown antler. [1350-1400; ME surryal. See SUR-1, ROYAL] * * *
Sur.
Sur. abbr. 1. Suriname. 2. Surinamese. * * *
sura
/soor"euh/, n. Islam. any of the 114 chapters of the Koran. Also, surah. [1655-65; < Ar surah lit., row, step, rung] * * *
Sura River
▪ river, Russia       river in west-central Russia, being a tributary of the Volga River. It rises in eastern Penza oblast (province) and flows north for 537 miles (864 ...
Surabaja
Surabaja or Surabaya [soor΄ə bī′ə] seaport in NE Java, Indonesia, opposite Madura: pop. 2,028,000 * * *
Surabaya
/soor'euh bah"yeuh/, n. a seaport on NE Java: second largest city in Indonesia; naval base. 1,556,255. Also, Surabaja. Dutch, Soerabaja. * * * Seaport city (pop., 1995 est.: ...
surah
surah1 /soor"euh/, n. a soft, twilled silk or rayon fabric. [1880-85; appar. var. of SURAT] surah2 /soor"euh/, n. Islam. sura. * * * or sura Any chapter of the ...
Suraiya
▪ 2005 Suraiya Jamal Sheikh        Indian actress and singer (b. 1929, Lahore, India [now in Pakistan]—d. Jan. 31, 2004, Mumbai [Bombay], India), captivated Bollywood ...
Surajah Dowlah
/seuh rah"jeuh dow"leuh/ Siraj-ud-daula. * * *
Surakarta
/soor'euh kahr"teuh/, n. a city on central Java, in central Indonesia. 414,285. Formerly, Solo. * * * ▪ Indonesia Dutch  Soerakarta,  also called ...
sural
/soor"euhl/, adj. Anat. of or pertaining to the calf of the leg. [1605-15; < NL suralis, equiv. to L sur(a) calf of the leg + -alis -AL1] * * *
suramin
▪ drug       synthetic drug used in the treatment of sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis), a disease caused by an infestation of the protozoan Trypanosoma and ...
Surat
/soo rat", soor"euht/, n. a seaport in S Gujarat, in W India: first British settlement in India 1612. 471,815. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 2,433,787), southeastern Gujarat ...
Surat Thani
▪ Thailand       city, southern Thailand, on the Malay Peninsula. Locally the city is called Ban Don. It is a port at the head of the Ta Pi River delta near the Gulf of ...
surbase
/serr"bays'/, n. Archit. a molding above a base, as that immediately above a baseboard, the crowning molding of a pedestal, etc. [1670-80; SUR-1 + BASE1] * * *
surbased
/serr"bayst'/, adj. Archit. 1. having a surbase. 2. depressed; flattened. 3. (of an arch) having a rise of less than half the span. [1755-65; SUR-1 + (A)BASED lowered; modeled on ...
surbased arch.
See drop arch (def. 2). [1755-65] * * *
surcease
/serr sees"/, v., surceased, surceasing. n. v.i. 1. to cease from some action; desist. 2. to come to an end. v.t. 3. Archaic to cease from; leave off. n. 4. cessation; ...
surcharge
—surcharger, n. n. /serr"chahrj'/; v. /serr chahrj", serr"chahrj'/, n., v., surcharged, surcharging. n. 1. an additional charge, tax, or cost. 2. an excessive sum or price ...
surcingle
/serr"sing'geuhl/, n. 1. a belt or girth that passes around the belly of a horse and over the blanket, pack, saddle, etc., and is buckled on the horse's back. 2. a beltlike ...
surcoat
/serr"koht'/, n. 1. a garment worn over medieval armor, often embroidered with heraldic arms. 2. an outer coat or other outer garment. [1300-50; ME surcote < MF. See SUR-1, ...
surculose
/serr"kyeuh lohs'/, adj. Bot. producing suckers. [1835-45; < L surculosus twiggy, equiv. to surcul(us) shoot, twig + -osus -OSE1] * * *
surd
/serrd/, adj. 1. Phonet. voiceless (opposed to sonant). 2. Math. (of a quantity) not capable of being expressed in rational numbers; irrational. n. 3. Phonet. a voiceless ...
Surduc Pass
▪ pass, Romania also called  Jiu Defile , or  Jiu Pass Romanian  Pasul Surduc        pass, southwestern Romania. The Jiu River flows through the pass between the ...
sure
—sureness, n. /shoor, sherr/, adj., surer, surest, adv. adj. 1. free from doubt as to the reliability, character, action, etc., of something: to be sure of one's data. 2. ...
Sûre River
▪ river, Europe German  Sauer Fluss,        river rising in the Belgian province of Luxembourg and flowing 107 miles (172 km) east and southeast into the Mosel ...
sure thing
1. something that is or is supposed to be a certain success, as a bet or a business venture: He thinks that real estate is a sure thing. 2. something assured; certainty: It's a ...
sure-enough
/shoor"i nuf", sherr"-/, adj. Older Use. real; genuine. [1535-45] * * *
sure-fire
sure-fire or sure·fire (sho͝orʹfīrʹ) adj. Informal Bound to be successful or perform as expected: a sure-fire solution to the problem. * * *
sure-footed
sure-footed [shoor′foot′id] adj. 1. not likely to stumble, slip, or fall 2. not likely to err; skillful, competent, etc.: Also written ...
sure-footedly
See sure-footed. * * *
sure-footedness
See sure-footedly. * * *
sure-handed
—sure-handedly, adv. —sure-handedness, n. /shoor"han'did, sherr"-/, adj. 1. using the hands with skill and confidence; dexterous. 2. done with skill and proficiency: a ...
surefire
/shoor"fuyeur', sherr"-/, adj. sure to work; foolproof: a surefire moneymaking scheme. [1915-20; SURE + FIRE] * * *
surefooted
—surefootedly, adv. —surefootedness, n. /shoor"foot"id, sherr"-/, adj. 1. not likely to stumble, slip, or fall. 2. proceeding surely; unerring: his surefooted pursuit of ...
surely
/shoor"lee, sherr"-/, adv. 1. firmly; unerringly; without missing, slipping, etc. 2. undoubtedly, assuredly, or certainly: The results are surely encouraging. 3. (in emphatic ...
Surenas
▪ Parthian general Farsi  Surena  or  Suren  died c. 53 BC       Parthian general of a noble family, who commanded a force of 10,000 mounted archers and heavy ...
Surendranagar
▪ India also called  Wadhwan        city, central Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. It is situated at the centre of the base of the Kathiawar Peninsula. ...
sureness
See sure. * * *
Suresnes
▪ France       town, a western suburb of Paris, Hauts-de-Seine département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. It lies along the Seine River. The town has ...
Sûreté
/syuurdd tay"/, n. la /lah/ the criminal investigation department of the French government. * * *
surething
sure thing n. An outcome that is certain or assured; a certainty: “Any respectable contrarian is tempted to think a recession is a sure thing” (Floyd Norris). interj. ...
surety
/shoor"i tee, shoor"tee, sherr"i tee, sherr"tee/, n., pl. sureties. 1. security against loss or damage or for the fulfillment of an obligation, the payment of a debt, etc.; a ...
suretyship
/shoor"i tee ship', shoor"tee-, sherr"i tee-, sherr"tee-/, n. Law. the relationship between the surety, the principal debtor, and the creditor. [1525-35; SURETY + -SHIP] * * *
surf
—surfable, adj. —surfer, n. —surflike, adj. /serrf/, n. 1. the swell of the sea that breaks upon a shore or upon shoals. 2. the mass or line of foamy water caused by the ...
surf and turf
a steak served with seafood or fish, esp. filet mignon and lobster. Also, surf-'n'-turf. * * *
surf boat
a strong, buoyant rowboat with high ends, adapted for beaching and passing through surf. [1855-60; SURF + BOAT] * * *
surf casting
—surf caster. Angling. the act, technique, or sport of fishing by casting from the shoreline into the sea, usually using heavy-duty tackle. [1930-35] * * *
surf clam
any of several typically large common clams of the family Mactridae, inhabiting the zone of breaking surf in coastal waters. [1880-90; Amer.] * * *
surf duck
a scoter, esp. the surf scoter. [1800-10] * * *
surf fish
☆ surf fish n. any of various fishes living in shallow water along the Pacific coast of North America, as the surfperches * * *
surf music
▪ music       genre of popular music that arose in southern California in the early 1960s. As the sport of surfing became increasingly popular on the West Coast of the ...
surf scoter
Ornith. a large, North American scoter, Melanitta perspicillata, the adult male of which is black with two white patches on the head. [1825-35] * * *
surf smelt
a smelt, Hypomesus pretiosus, inhabiting shallow waters from southern California to Alaska, and spawning in the surf. [1880-85] * * *
surf-'n'-turf
/serrf"euhn terrf"/ n. See surf and turf. * * *
surf-cast
☆ surf-cast [sʉrf′kast΄, sʉrf′käst΄ ] vi. surf-cast, surf-casting to fish by casting into the surf from or near the shore surf-caster n. * * *
surface
—surfaceless, adj. —surfacer, n. /serr"fis/, n., adj., v., surfaced, surfacing. n. 1. the outer face, outside, or exterior boundary of a thing; outermost or uppermost layer ...
surface analysis
▪ chemistry Introduction       in analytical chemistry (chemistry), the study of that part of a solid that is in contact with a gas or a vacuum. When two phases of ...
Surface area, volume, and average depth of oceans and seas
▪ Table Surface area, volume, and average depth of oceans and seas area volume average depth   000,000 sq km 000,000 sq mi 000,000 cu km 000,000 cu mi m ft Atlantic ...
surface boundary layer
Meteorol. the thin layer of air adjacent to the earth's surface, usually considered to be less than 300 ft. (91 m) high. Also called surface layer, atmospheric boundary layer, ...
surface coating
▪ chemistry Introduction       any mixture of film-forming materials plus pigments, solvents, and other additives, which, when applied to a surface and cured or dried, ...
surface condenser
a device condensing steam or vapor by passing it over a cool surface. [1860-65] * * *
surface density
Physics. quantity, as of electric charge, per unit surface area. * * *
surface effect ship
a large, ship-size air cushion vehicle operated over water. [1940-45] * * *
surface effect vehicle.
See ACV (def. 2). * * *
surface hardening
▪ metallurgy       treatment of steel by heat or mechanical means to increase the hardness of the outer surface while the core remains relatively soft. The combination ...
surface integral
Math. the limit, as the norm of the partition of a given surface into sections of area approaches zero, of the sum of the product of the areas times the value of a given function ...
surface mail
1. the system, esp. a government postal system, of sending mail by truck, train, or boat, as opposed to airmail. 2. mail sent by this system. * * *
surface mining
      method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth. The three most common types of surface mining are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying ...
surface noise
Audio. extraneous noise caused by physical wear or a physical flaw on a phonograph record or in a pickup system, rather than by a flaw in the equipment. [1930-35] * * *
surface of light and shade
(in architectural shades and shadows) a surface in a plane tangent to the parallel rays from the theoretical light source, treated as a shade surface. Also called light and shade ...
surface of projection
the surface upon which an image or a set of points is projected. * * *
surface of revolution
Math. a surface formed by revolving a plane curve about a given line. [1830-40] * * *
surface plate
Mach. a flat plate used by machinists for testing surfaces that are to be made perfectly flat. Also called planometer. [1840-50] * * *
surface road
a road or street level with its surroundings: surface roads and elevated highways. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
surface structure
Ling. (in transformational-generative grammar) 1. a structural representation of the final syntactic form of a sentence, as it exists after the transformational component has ...
surface tension
Physics. the elasticlike force existing in the surface of a body, esp. a liquid, tending to minimize the area of the surface, caused by asymmetries in the intermolecular forces ...
surface wave
Geol. a seismic wave that travels along or parallel to the earth's surface (distinguished from body wave). * * *
surface yeast.
See top yeast. * * *
surface-active
surface-active [sʉr′fisak΄tiv] adj. Chem. designating or of a substance, as a detergent or wetting agent, that lowers the surface tension of the solvent in which it is ...
surface-active agent
/serr"fis ak'tiv/, Chem. any substance that when dissolved in water or an aqueous solution reduces its surface tension or the interfacial tension between it and another liquid. ...
surface-effectship
sur·face-ef·fect ship (sûrʹfəs-ĭ-fĕkt') n. A ground-effect vehicle that operates over water. * * *
surface-printing
/serr"fis prin'ting/, n. planography. [1830-40] * * *
surface-ripened
/serr"fis ruy"peuhnd/, adj. (of cheese) ripened on the surface by molds or other microorganisms. [1940-45] * * *
surface-to-air
/serr"fis tooh air"/, adj. 1. (of a missile, message, etc.) capable of traveling from the surface of the earth to a target in the atmosphere. adv. 2. from the surface of the ...
surface-to-airmissile
sur·face-to-air missile (sûr'fəs-tə-ârʹ) n. Abbr. SAM A guided missile launched from land or sea against an airborne target. * * *
surface-to-surface
/serr"fis teuh serr"fis/, adj. 1. (of a missile, message, etc.) capable of traveling from a base on the surface of the earth to a target also on the surface. adv. 2. from a base ...
surface-to-surfacemissile
sur·face-to-sur·face missile (sûr'fəs-tə-sûrʹfəs) n. Abbr. SSM A missile launched from land or sea at a target that is also on the earth's surface. * * *
surface-to-underwater
/serr"fis tooh un"deuhr waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, adj. 1. (of a missile, message, etc.) traveling from the surface of the earth to a target underwater. adv. 2. from the surface of ...
surfaceanalgesia
surface analgesia n. See topical anesthesia. * * *
surfacelift
surface lift n. A ski lift, such as a T-bar, that conveys skiers up a slope without raising them off the ground. * * *
surfacemail
surface mail n. 1. Mail transported over land and sea rather than by air. 2. The system of transportating surface mail. * * *
surfaceof revolution
surface of revolution n. pl. surfaces of revolution A surface generated by revolving a plane curve about an axis in its plane. * * *
surfaceplate
surface plate n. See planometer. * * *
surfacestructure
surface structure n. In generative grammar, the structure that corresponds with the actual form of a sentence. * * *
surfacetension
surface tension n. 1. A property of liquids arising from unbalanced molecular cohesive forces at or near the surface, as a result of which the surface tends to contract and has ...
surfacing
/serr"feuh sing/, n. 1. the action or process of giving a finished surface to something. 2. the material with which something is surfaced. 3. the act or an instance of rising to ...
surfactant
/seuhr fak"teuhnt/, n. Chem. See surface-active agent. [1945-50; shortening of surf(ace)-act(ive) a(ge)nt] * * *
surfand turf
surf and turf n. Seafood and beefsteak served as the main course of a meal, as in a restaurant. * * *
surfbird
/serrf"berrd'/, n. a sandpiperlike shorebird, Aphriza virgata, of the Pacific coast, breeding in Alaska and wintering in South America. [1830-40, Amer.; SURF + BIRD] * * * ▪ ...
surfboard
/serrf"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a long, narrow board on which a person stands or lies prone in surfboarding. v.i. 2. to ride a surfboard. [1820-30; SURF + BOARD] * * *
surfboarder
surf·board·er (sûrfʹbôr'dər, -bōr'-) n. See surfer. * * *
surfboarding
—surfboarder, n. /serrf"bawr'ding, -bohr'-/, n. a sport in which a person stands or lies prone on a surfboard and rides the crest of a breaking wave toward the shore; ...
surfboat
surfboat [sʉrf′bōt΄] n. a light, sturdy boat used in heavy surf * * * surf·boat (sûrfʹbōt') n. A strong, seaworthy boat that can be launched or landed in heavy surf. * ...
surfcaster
See surfcasting. * * *
surfcasting
surf·cast·ing (sûrfʹkăs'tĭng) n. The activity of fishing from shore, especially by casting one's line into the surf.   surfʹcast'er n. * * *
surfclam
surf clam n. Any of various usually large edible clams of the family Mactridae, commonly living in the surf of coastal waters. * * *
surfduck
surf duck n. A scoter, especially the surf scoter. * * *
surfeit
/serr"fit/, n. 1. excess; an excessive amount: a surfeit of speechmaking. 2. excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking. 3. an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to ...
surfeiter
See surfeit. * * *
surfer
surf·er (sûrʹfər) n. 1. One who engages in the sport of surfing. Also called surfboarder. 2. Informal. One who casually looks at something offering numerous options, ...
surfer's knot
a tumorlike nodule below a surfer's knee or on the upper area of the foot, caused by pressure on the skin and tissue exerted by the surfboard. Also called surfer's knob. * * *
surfer'sknobs
surf·er's knobs (sûrʹfərz) pl.n. Tumorlike skin nodules just below the knees, on the tops of the feet, and often on the toes, common among surfers who paddle in a kneeling ...
surffish
/serrf"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) surffish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) surffishes. 1. surfperch. 2. any of several sciaenoid fishes, as Umbrina ...
surficial
—surficially, adv. /seuhr fish"euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to a surface, esp. the land surface: a surficial geologic deposit. [1890-95; b. SURFACE and SUPERFICIAL] * * *
surfing
/serr"fing/, n. the act or sport of riding the surf, as on a surfboard. Also called surfriding. [1915-20; SURF + -ING1] * * * Sport of riding breaking waves toward the shore, ...
surfing music
rock-'n'-roll music from California in the early 1960s, characterized by close treble harmonies and with lyrics emphasizing the exhilaration of surfing and beach life. Also ...
surfperch
/serrf"perrch'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) surfperch, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) surfperches. any of several fishes of the family Embiotocidae, inhabiting ...
surfriding
—surfrider, n. /serrf"ruy'ding/, n. surfing. [1965-70; SURF + RIDING1] * * *
surfscoter
surf scoter n. A North American sea duck (Melanitta perspicillata), the male of which is black with a white forehead and nape. * * *
surfside
surf·side (sûrfʹsīd') adj. Situated or sited at or near the seashore: surfside parties; a surfside road. * * *
surfy
/serr"fee/, adj., surfier, surfiest. abounding with surf; forming or like surf. [1805-15; SURF + -Y1] * * *
surfzone
surf zone n. See breaker zone. * * *
surg
surg abbrev. 1. surgeon 2. surgery 3. surgical * * *
surg.
1. surgeon. 2. surgery. 3. surgical. * * *
Surg. Gen.
Surgeon General. * * *
surge
/serrj/, n., v., surged, surging. n. 1. a strong, wavelike, forward movement, rush, or sweep: the onward surge of an angry mob. 2. a strong, swelling, wavelike volume or body of ...
surge chamber
Mach. a chamber for absorbing surge from a liquid or gas. * * *
surge protector
a small device to protect a computer, telephone, television set, or the like from damage by high-voltage electrical surges. * * *
surge tank
a large surge chamber. * * *
surgeon
/serr"jeuhn/, n. a physician who specializes in surgery. [1250-1300; ME surgien < AF, alter. of OF cirurgien CHIRURGEON] * * *
surgeon general
pl., surgeons general. 1. the chief of medical services in one of the armed forces. 2. (caps.) the head of the U.S. Bureau of Public Health or, in some states, of a state health ...
surgeon's knot
a knot resembling a reef knot, used by surgeons for tying ligatures and the like. [1805-15] * * *
surgeon'sknot
sur·geon's knot (sûrʹjənz) n. pl. surgeons' knots Any of several knots, especially one similar to a square knot, used in surgery for tying ligatures or stitching ...
surgeonfish
/serr"jeuhn fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) surgeonfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) surgeonfishes. any tropical, coral-reef fish of the family ...
SurgeonGeneral
Sur·geon General (sûrʹjən) n. pl. Surgeons General Abbr. SG 1. The chief general officer in the medical departments of the U.S. Army, Navy, or Air Force. 2. The chief ...
surgeprotector
surge protector n. A portable device containing electrical outlets that protects equipment plugged into it from a surge in current. * * *
surgery
/serr"jeuh ree/, n., pl. surgeries for 3-5. 1. the art, practice, or work of treating diseases, injuries, or deformities by manual or operative procedures. 2. the branch of ...
surgical
—surgically, adv. /serr"ji keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or involving surgery or surgeons. 2. used in surgery. 3. characterized by extreme precision or incisiveness: a surgical ...
surgical needle
a needle for suturing. * * *
surgically
See surgical. * * *
surgicenter
/serr"jeuh sen'teuhr/, n. Surg. a surgical facility, not based in a hospital, where minor surgery is performed on an outpatient basis. [1970-75; SURGI(CAL) + CENTER] * * *
Surgut
Sur·gut (sər-go͞otʹ) A city of north-central Russia on the Ob River north of Omsk. It is in an oil-producing region. Population: 261,197. * * * ▪ ...
surgy
/serr"jee/, adj. billowy; surging or swelling. [1575-85; SURGE + -Y1] * * *
Suribachi
/soor'euh bah"chee/, n. an extinct volcano on Iwo Jima island: World War II battle 1945. * * *
Suribachi,Mount
Su·ri·ba·chi (so͝or'ə-bäʹchē), Mount A volcanic hill on Iwo Jima in the western Pacific Ocean. It is famous for the dramatic photograph of U.S. Marines raising the ...
suricate
/soor"i kayt'/, n. a small, burrowing South African carnivore, Suricata suricatta, of a grayish color with dark bands across the back, related to the mongooses and having social ...
Surigao
▪ Philippines       city, northeastern tip of Mindanao Island (Mindanao), Philippines. Surigao was one of the earliest places of Spanish settlement in the Philippines; ...
surimi
/soo ree"mee/, n. a paste of inexpensive fish shaped, colored, and flavored in imitation of lobster meat, crabmeat, etc. Also called sea legs. [1980-85; < Japn: minced flesh] * * ...
Surin
▪ Thailand       town, east-central Thailand. The town is located on the railway between Nakhon Ratchasima and Ubon Ratchathani and is a trade and production centre for ...
Surinach, Carlos
▪ 1998       Spanish-born American composer whose classical compositions were strongly influenced by traditional Spanish flamenco rhythms; he was best known for ...
Surinam cherry
1. a tropical American tree, Eugenia uniflora, of the myrtle family, having ovate leaves and fragrant, white flowers. 2. the yellow or red cherrylike fruit of this tree. Also ...
Surinam toad
a South American aquatic frog, Pipa pipa, the female of which carries the eggs and tadpoles in small depressions on its back. [1765-75] * * * ▪ zoology  (Pipa pipa), aquatic ...
Suriname
/soor"euh nahm', -nam'/; Du. /syuu'rddee nah"meuh/, n. a republic on the NE coast of South America: formerly a territory of the Netherlands; gained independence 1975. 443,446; ...
Suriname River
River, central and eastern Suriname. Rising in the highlands and flowing toward the northeast for some 300 mi (480 km), it empties into the Atlantic Ocean just north of ...
Suriname, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of unequal horizontal stripes of green, white, red, white, and green, with a central yellow star. The flag has a ...
SurinameRiver
Suriname River also Surinam River A river of Suriname flowing about 644 km (400 mi) northward to the Atlantic Ocean. * * *
Surinamese
/soor'euh neuh meez", -mees"/, n., pl. Surinamese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Suriname. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Suriname or its inhabitants. [SURINAM + -ESE] * * *
surjection
/seuhr jek"sheuhn/, n. Math. See onto function. [1960-65; SUR-1 + -jection, as in INJECTION, PROJECTION, etc.] * * *
surjective
/seuhr jek"tiv/, adj. Math. onto (def. 3). [1960-65; SURJECT(ION) + -IVE] * * *
Surji-Arjungaon, Treaty of
▪ Indian history       (Dec. 30, 1803), settlement between the Marāṭhā chief Daulat Rāo Sindhia and the British, the result of Lord Lake's campaign in upper India ...
Surkhandarya
▪ oblast, Uzbekistan also spelled  Surxondaryo ,  Surkhandaria , or  Surchandarja        most southerly oblast (province) of Uzbekistan. It embraces the basins ...
surlily
See surly. * * *
surliness
See surlily. * * *
surly
—surlily, adv. —surliness, n. /serr"lee/, adj., surlier, surliest. 1. churlishly rude or bad-tempered: a surly waiter. 2. unfriendly or hostile; menacingly irritable: a surly ...
Surma River
River, northeastern India and eastern Bangladesh. It rises in northern Manipur state, India, where it is called the Barak River, and flows west into Bangladesh. There it passes ...
Surmic languages
also called  Didinga-Murle  or  Surma        group of languages that are spoken in southwestern Ethiopia and neighbouring zones of the southern Sudan (Sudan, The) and ...
surmise
—surmisable, adj. —surmisedly /seuhr muyzd"lee, -muy"zid-/, adv. —surmiser, n. v. /seuhr muyz"/; n. /seuhr muyz", serr"muyz/, v., surmised, surmising, n. v.t. 1. to think ...
surmount
—surmountable, adj. —surmountableness, n. —surmounter, n. /seuhr mownt"/, v.t. 1. to mount upon; get on the top of; mount upon and cross over: to surmount a hill. 2. to get ...
surmountable
See surmount. * * *
surmounter
See surmountable. * * *
surmullet
/seuhr mul"it/, n. a goatfish, esp. one of the European species used for food. [1665-75; < F surmulet, MF sormulet, equiv. to sor reddish brown (see SORREL1) + mulet MULLET] * * *
surname
n. /serr"naym'/; v. /serr"naym', serr naym"/, n., v., surnamed, surnaming. n. 1. the name that a person has in common with other family members, as distinguished from a Christian ...
surnames
In Britain and the US surnames, also called last names or family names, pass from fathers to their children. Traditionally, women change their surname when they marry, replacing ...
surpass
—surpassable, adj. —surpasser, n. /seuhr pas", -pahs"/, v.t. 1. to go beyond in amount, extent, or degree; be greater than; exceed. 2. to go beyond in excellence or ...
surpassing
—surpassingly, adv. /seuhr pas"ing, -pah"sing/, adj. 1. of a large amount or high degree; exceeding, excelling, or extraordinary: structures of surpassing magnificence. adv. 2. ...
surpassingly
See surpassing. * * *
surplice
—surpliced, adj. /serr"plis/, n. 1. a loose-fitting, broad-sleeved white vestment, worn over the cassock by clergy and choristers. 2. a garment in which the two halves of the ...
surplus
/serr"plus, -pleuhs/, n., adj., v., surplussed or surplused, surplussing or surplusing. n. 1. something that remains above what is used or needed. 2. an amount, quantity, etc., ...
surplus value
(in Marxian economics) the part of the value of a commodity that exceeds the cost of labor, regarded as the profit of the capitalist. [1885-90] * * * ▪ ...
surplusage
/serr"plus ij/, n. 1. something that is surplus; an excess amount. 2. an excess of words. [1375-1425; late ME; see SURPLUS, -AGE] * * *
surplusvalue
surplus value n. The difference between the value of the product produced by labor and the actual price of labor as paid out in wages in Marxian analysis of capitalism. * * *
surprint
/serr"print'/, v.t. 1. to print over with additional marks or matter; overprint. 2. to print (additional marks, a new address, etc.) over something already printed. n. 3. ...
surprisal
/seuhr pruy"zeuhl/, n. 1. the act of surprising. 2. the state of being surprised. 3. a surprise. [1585-95; SURPRISE + -AL2] * * *
surprise
—surprisedly /seuhr pruy"zid lee, -pruyzd"-, seuh-/, adv. —surpriser, n. /seuhr pruyz", seuh-/, v., surprised, surprising, n. v.t. 1. to strike or occur to with a sudden ...
surprise party
1. a party or celebration planned for someone as a surprise. 2. something that surprises someone. [1835-45] * * *
Surprise Symphony
the Symphony No. 94 in G major (1791) by Franz Josef Haydn. * * *
surpriser
See surprise. * * *
surprising
—surprisingly, adv. /seuhr pruy"zing, seuh-/, adj. 1. causing surprise, wonder, or astonishment. 2. unexpected. [1570-80; SURPRISE + -ING2] * * *
surprisingly
See surpriser. * * *
Surquillo
▪ city and district, Peru       city, southern Lima-Callao metropolitan area, Peru. Surquillo is primarily a lower- and middle-income residential area, but there are ...
surra
/soor"euh/, n. Vet. Pathol. an often fatal infectious disease of horses, camels, elephants, and dogs caused by a blood-infecting protozoan parasite, Trypanosoma evansi, ...
Surratt
/seuh rat"/, n. Mary Eugenia (Jenkins), 1820-65, alleged conspirator: boardinghouse owner hanged as accomplice in assassination of President Lincoln. * * *
Surratt, Mary
▪ American businesswoman in full  Mary Elizabeth Surratt , née  Jenkins  born May/June 1823, near Waterloo, Maryland, U.S. died July 7, 1865, Washington, ...
surreal
—surreally, adv. —surreality /seuh ree al"i tee/, n. /seuh ree"euhl, -reel"/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of surrealism; surrealistic. 2. having the ...
surrealism
—surrealist, n., adj. /seuh ree"euh liz'euhm/, n. (sometimes cap.) a style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or ...
surrealist
See surrealism. * * *
surrealistic
—surrealistically, adv. /seuh ree'euh lis"tik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of surrealism; surreal. 2. having features typical or reminiscent of those depicted ...
surrealistically
See surrealistic. * * *
surreally
See surreal. * * *
surrebuttal
/serr'ri but"l/, n. Law. the giving of evidence to meet a defendant's rebuttal. [1885-90; SUR-1 + REBUTTAL] * * *
surrebutter
/serr'ri but"euhr/, n. Law. a plaintiff's reply to a defendant's rebutter. [1595-1605; SUR-1 + REBUTTER] * * *
surrejoinder
/serr'ri joyn"deuhr/, n. Law. a plaintiff's reply to a defendant's rejoinder. [1535-45; SUR-1 + REJOINDER] * * *
surrender
—surrenderer, n. /seuh ren"deuhr/, v.t. 1. to yield (something) to the possession or power of another; deliver up possession of on demand or under duress: to surrender the fort ...
surrender value
Insurance. See cash value. [1875-80] * * *
surreptitious
—surreptitiously, adv. —surreptitiousness, n. /serr'euhp tish"euhs/, adj. 1. obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine: a surreptitious ...
surreptitiously
See surreptitious. * * *
surreptitiousness
See surreptitiously. * * *
surrey
/serr"ee, sur"ee/, n., pl. surreys. a light, four-wheeled, two-seated carriage, with or without a top, for four persons. [1890-95; after SURREY, England] * * * Administrative ...
Surrey
/serr"ee, sur"ee/, n. 1. Earl of (Henry Howard), 1517?-47, English poet. 2. a county in SE England, bordering S London. 1,000,700; 648 sq. mi. (1680 sq. km). * * ...
Surrey Heath
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district) in the northwestern part of the administrative and historic county of Surrey, England. The borough owes its ...
Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of
born 1517, Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, Eng.? died Jan. 13, 1547, London English poet. Because of his aristocratic birth and connections, Surrey was involved in the jockeying for ...
Surrey, John de Warenne, 7th Earl of
▪ English noble byname  Earl Warenne,  also called  (incorrectly) Earl Of Sussex  born c. 1231 died Sept. 27, 1304, Kennington, Surrey, Eng.       eminent English ...
Surrey, John de Warenne, 8th Earl of, Earl Of Strathearn
▪ English noble byname  Earl Warenne,  also called  (incorrectly) Earl Of Sussex  born June 24, 1286 died June 30, 1347, Conisborough, Yorkshire, ...
Surrey, Thomas Holland, Duke of, 3rd Earl Of Kent
▪ English noble also called  Thomas De Holand,   born 1374 died Jan. 7/8, 1400, Cirencester, Gloucestershire, Eng.       prominent English noble in the reign of ...
surrogacy
/serr"euh geuh see, sur"-/, n. the state of being a surrogate or surrogate mother. [1810-20] * * *
surrogate
—surrogateship, n. —surrogation, n. n., adj. /serr"euh gayt', -git, sur"-/; v. /serr"euh gayt', sur"-/, n., adj., v., surrogated, surrogating. n. 1. a person appointed to act ...
surrogate mother
1. a person who acts in the place of another person's biological mother. 2. an animal that is given another's offspring to raise. 3. Med. a woman who helps a couple to have a ...
surrogate motherhood
Practice in which a woman (the surrogate mother) bears a child for a couple unable to produce children, usually because the wife is infertile or unable to carry a pregnancy to ...
surrogatemother
surrogate mother n. 1. A woman who bears a child for another person, often for pay, either through artificial insemination or by carrying until birth another woman's surgically ...
surrogatemotherhood
See surrogate mother. * * *
surround
/seuh rownd"/, v.t. 1. to enclose on all sides; encompass: She was surrounded by reporters. 2. to form an enclosure round; encircle: A stone wall surrounds the estate. 3. to ...
surround theater
a theater, concert hall, or the like, in which seats are arranged around or on all four sides of a central stage. Cf. arena theater. * * *
surrounding
/seuh rown"ding/, n. 1. something that surrounds. 2. surroundings, environing things, circumstances, conditions, etc.; environment: He was too sick to be aware of his ...
surroundings
sur·round·ings (sə-rounʹdĭngz) pl.n. The external circumstances, conditions, and objects that affect existence and development; the environment. * * *
sursum corda
/soor"soom kawr"dah, kohr"-/, Eccles. the words "Lift up your hearts," addressed by the celebrant of the Mass to the congregation just before the preface. [1550-60; < L] * * *
Surt
/serrt, soort/, n. Scand. Myth. the guardian and ruler of Muspelheim, destined to defeat Frey at Ragnarok and destroy the world with fire. [ < ON Surtr, perh. akin to svartr ...
surtax
n. /serr"taks'/; v. /serr"taks', serr taks"/, n. 1. an additional or extra tax on something already taxed. 2. one of a graded series of additional taxes levied on incomes ...


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