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Sverdrup, Harold Ulrik
▪ Norwegian oceanographer born Nov. 15, 1888, Sogndal, Nor. died Aug. 21, 1957, Oslo       Norwegian meteorologist and oceanographer known for his studies of the ...
Sverdrup, Johan
▪ prime minister of Norway born July 30, 1816, Jarlsberg, Nor. died Feb. 17, 1892, Kristiania [now Oslo]       Norwegian statesman, prime minister (1884–89) of Norway ...
Sverdrup,Otto Neumann
Sver·drup (svĕrʹdrəp, sfĕrʹ-), Otto Neumann. 1855-1930. Norwegian explorer who led many expeditions to the Arctic and observed a number of previously uncharted islands. * ...
Sverdrup Islands A group of islands of northern Canada, in the Arctic Ocean west of Ellesmere Island. * * *
/sve"rddee ye/, n. Swedish name of Sweden. * * *
Sverrir Sigurdsson
▪ king of Norway Norwegian  Sverre Sigurdsson   born c. 1149, Faroe Islands died March 9, 1202, Bergen, Nor.       king of Norway (1177–1202) and one of the ...
/shve tahm"beuhr euh/, n. one of the two principal Jain sects, whose members wear white and believe that women can attain salvation. Cf. Digambara. [ < Skt svetambara ...
/svet lah"neuh, sfet-/; Russ. /svyi tlah"neuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Svetlanov, Yevgeny Fyodorovich
▪ 2003       Russian conductor, composer, and pianist (b. Sept. 6, 1928, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. May 3, 2002, Moscow, Russia), as artistic director and principal conductor ...
Svevo, Italo
orig. Ettore Schmitz born Dec. 19, 1861, Trieste, Austrian Empire died Sept. 13, 1928, Motta di Livenza, Italy Italian writer. Though family financial difficulties forced him ...
super video graphics array: a high-resolution standard for displaying text, graphics, and colors on computer monitors, a higher standard than VGA. * * *
svgs abbrev. savings * * *
savings. * * *
Svinhufvud, Pehr Evind
▪ president of Finland born Dec. 15, 1861, Sääksmäki, Fin. died Feb. 29, 1944, Luumäki  first chief of state of independent Finland, as prime minister and then as ...
Sviridov, Georgy Vasilyevich
▪ 1999       Russian composer and pianist (b. Dec. 16, 1915, Fatezh, Russia—d. Jan. 5, 1998, Moscow, Russia), wrote music that paid tribute to Russian literature and ...
▪ Bulgaria also spelled  Svištov        town, northern Bulgaria, on the terraced bank of the Danube River. Svishtov is one of the largest Bulgarian Danube ports and ...
/zveet"tse rddah/, n. Italian name of Switzerland. * * *
SVO language
Ling. a type of language that has basic subject-verb-object word order, as English, Chinese, or Spanish. Cf. SOV language, VO language, VSO language. * * *
Svoboda, Josef
▪ 2003       Czech stage scenographer (b. May 10, 1920, Caslav, Czech.—d. April 8, 2002, Prague, Czech Rep.), enhanced more than 700 theatre, ballet, and opera ...
Svoboda, Ludvík
▪ president of Czechoslovakia born Nov. 25, 1895, Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Sept. 20, 1979, Prague, Czech.  president of ...
▪ Russia also spelled  Svobodnyj,  formerly  (until 1924) Alekseyevsk         city and centre of Svobodny rayon (sector), Amur oblast (region), southeastern Russia. ...
▪ Norway  chief town and port of the Lofoten island group, northern Norway, and part of the municipality of Vågan (see also Kabelvåg). It is on the southern coast of ...
still-camera video system. * * *
Svyatopolk-Mirsky, Pyotr Danilovich
▪ Russian statesman Svyatopolk-Mirsky also spelled  Sviatopolk-mirskii   born 1857 died May 16 [May 29, New Style], 1914, St. Petersburg, Russia       Russian ...
Svyatoslav I
died 972 Grand prince of Kiev (945–72). The greatest of the Varangian princes of early Russian history, he defeated the Khazar and other peoples in the northern Caucasus ...
1. shipper's weight. 2. southwest. 3. southwestern. Also, Sw (for defs. 2, 3). * * *
1. Sweden. 2. Swedish. Also, Swed. * * *
/swob/, n., v., swabbed, swabbing. n. 1. a large mop used on shipboard for cleaning decks, living quarters, etc. 2. a bit of sponge, cloth, cotton, or the like, sometimes fixed ...
1. Swabia. 2. Swabian. * * *
/swob"euhr/, n. 1. a person who uses a swab. 2. Slang. swab (def. 6). 3. a swab; mop. [1585-95; < D zwabber; cf. MLG swabben to splash in water or filth] * * *
swab·bie also swab·by (swŏbʹē) n. Slang pl. swab·bies A sailor.   [swab + -y3.] * * *
/swob"ee/, n., pl. swabbies. Slang. (in the Navy or Coast Guard) a sailor; gob. Also, swabbie. [1940-45; SWAB + -Y2] * * *
—Swabian, n., adj. /sway"bee euh/, n. a region and medieval duchy in SW Germany: it constituted the area presently included in the states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria, in ...
See Swabia. * * *
Swabian Alp
▪ mountain region, Germany German  Swäbische Alb,         continuation of the Jura Mountains in Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. The upland ...
☆ swacked [swakt] adj. Slang drunk; intoxicated * * *
Sweet, pleasant. Oldest form *sweə₂d-, colored to *swaə₂d-, contracted to *swād-. 1. sweet, from Old English swēte, sweet, from Germanic *swōtja-. 2. Suffixed form ...
/swod"l/, v., swaddled, swaddling, n. v.t. 1. to bind (an infant, esp. a newborn infant) with long, narrow strips of cloth to prevent free movement; wrap tightly with clothes. 2. ...
swaddling clothes
1. clothes consisting of long, narrow strips of cloth for swaddling an infant. 2. long garments for an infant. 3. the period of infancy or immaturity, as of a person, or ...
swad·dling clothes (swŏdʹlĭng) pl.n. 1. Strips of cloth wrapped around a newborn infant to hold its legs and arms still. 2. Restrictions imposed on the immature. * * *
/sweuh day"shee/, n. a political movement in British India that encouraged domestic production and the boycott of foreign, esp. British, goods as a step toward home ...
/sway"dohs, swah"-/, n. Harvey, 1920-72, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
swag1 /swag/, n., v., swagged, swagging. n. 1. a suspended wreath, garland, drapery, or the like, fastened up at or near each end and hanging down in the middle; festoon. 2. a ...
—swager, n. /swayj/, n., v., swaged, swaging. n. 1. a tool for bending cold metal to a required shape. 2. a tool, die, or stamp for giving a particular shape to metal on an ...
swage block
an iron block containing holes and grooves of various sizes, used for heading bolts and shaping objects not easily worked on an anvil. [1835-45] * * *
swage block n. A metal block with holes or grooves for shaping metal objects. * * *
—swaggerer, n. /swag"euhr/, v.i. 1. to walk or strut with a defiant or insolent air. 2. to boast or brag noisily. v.t. 3. to bring, drive, force, etc., by blustering. n. 4. ...
swagger coat
a woman's pyramid-shaped coat with a full flared back and usually raglan sleeves, first popularized in the 1930s. [1930-35] * * *
swagger stick
a short, batonlike stick, usually leather-covered, sometimes carried by army officers, soldiers, etc. [1885-90] * * *
See swagger. * * *
—swaggeringly, adv. /swag"euhr ing/, adj. pertaining to, characteristic of, or behaving in the manner of a person who swaggers. [1590-1600; SWAGGER + -ING2] * * *
See swaggerer. * * *
swagger stick n. A short metal-tipped cane carried especially by officers in the armed forces. * * *
(1935– ) a well-known US televangelist who lost many supporters in 1988 when it became known that he had visited prostitutes. Swaggert appeared on television asking to be ...
/swag"meuhn/, n., pl. swagmen. Australian. 1. a tramp, hobo, or vagabond. 2. anyone who carries a swag while traveling, as a camper or prospector. [1875-80; SWAG2 + -MAN] * * *
—Swahilian, adj. /swah hee"lee/, n., pl. Swahilis, (esp. collectively) Swahili for 1. 1. a member of a Bantu people of Zanzibar and the neighboring coast of Africa. 2. Also, ...
Swahili language
Bantu language spoken in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and Congo (Kinshasa). It is spoken as a first language by more than 2 million people and as a second language by some 60 ...
Swahili literature
Swahili also called  kiSwahili , or  Kiswahili        that body of creative writing done in Swahili, a Bantu language of Africa. The earliest preserved Swahili ...
See Swahili. * * *
—swainish, adj. —swainishness, n. /swayn/, n. 1. a male admirer or lover. 2. a country lad. 3. a country gallant. [bef. 1150; ME swein servant < ON sveinn boy, servant; c. OE ...
Swains Island
▪ island, American Samoa       coral atoll, American Samoa, southwestern Pacific Ocean, 280 miles (450 km) north of Tutuila. The atoll is 15–25 feet (5–8 metres) ...
Swainson's hawk
/swayn"seuhnz/ a migratory hawk, Buteo swainsoni, of western North America, that winters in southern South America. [1890-95, Amer.; named after William Swainson (1789-1855), ...
Swainson's thrush
a North American thrush, Catharus ustulatus, having olive upper parts and wintering south to Argentina. Also called olive-backed thrush. [see SWAINSON'S HAWK] * * *
Swain·son's hawk (swānʹsənz) n. A slender hawk (Buteo swainsoni) having long pointed wings, found in the grasslands of the western United States.   [After WilliamSwainson ...
Swainson's thrush n. See olive-backed thrush.   [After WilliamSwainson (1789-1855), British naturalist.] * * *
SWAK or swak abbrev. sealed with a kiss: written on a letter, as from a lover or a child * * * SWAK abbr. sealed with a kiss. * * *
/swah"keuhr euh/, n. the fur of Karakul sheep raised in Namibia; Persian lamb. [1965-70; S(outh) W(est) A(frica) + KARA(KUL)] * * *
▪ Namibia       town, northwestern Namibia, on the Atlantic Ocean coast about 20 miles (32 km) north of the port of Walvis Bay and 175 miles (280 km) west of Windhoek, ...
/swayl/, n. Chiefly Northeastern U.S. 1. a low place in a tract of land, usually moister and often having ranker vegetation than the adjacent higher land. 2. a valleylike ...
/swol"it/, n. Brit. 1. an underground stream. 2. an opening through which a stream descends underground. [1660-70; SWALL(OW)1 + -ET] * * *
swallow1 —swallowable, adj. —swallower, n. /swol"oh/, v.t. 1. to take into the stomach by drawing through the throat and esophagus with a voluntary muscular action, as food, ...
swallow dive
Chiefly Brit. See swan dive. [1895-1900] * * *
/swol"oh tayld'/, adj. 1. having a deeply forked tail like that of a swallow, as various birds. 2. having an end or part suggesting a swallow's tail. 3. (of a flag) having a ...
swallow-tailed coat
swallow-tailed coat n. TAILCOAT * * *
swallow-tailed coat.
See tail coat. [1825-35] * * *
swallow-tailed kite
an American kite, Elanoides forficatus, having black upper parts, white head and underparts, and a long, deeply forked tail. [1870-75] * * *
swallow-tailed coat n. See tailcoat. * * *
swallow-tailed kite n. A raptor (Elanoides forficatus) with bold black and white plumage and a deeply forked tail, found along the southeast and Gulf coasts of the United States ...
/swol"oh tan"euh jeuhr/, n. a tropical American bird, Tersina viridis, related to the true tanagers but with longer, swallowlike wings. * * * ▪ bird  (Tersina viridis), bird ...
See swallow1. * * *
or deglutition Act that moves food from the mouth to the stomach. The tongue pushes liquid or chewed food mixed with saliva into the pharynx. Reflex takes over as the soft ...
Swallows and Amazons
the first in a series of children’s books (1930) by Arthur Ransome. The series describes the adventures of four children sailing small boats in the Lake District, and is still ...
/swol"oh tayl'/, n. 1. the tail of a swallow or a deeply forked tail like that of a swallow. 2. any of several butterflies of the genus Papilio, characterized by elongated hind ...
swallowtail butterfly
Any of more than 500 species (genus Papilio, family Papilionidae) of butterflies found worldwide except in the Arctic. Some have tail-like extensions of the hind wing. Colour ...
/swol"oh werrt', -wawrt'/, n. 1. celandine (def. 1). 2. any of several plants of the milkweed family, esp. a climbing vine, Cynanchum nigrum (black swallowwort), native to ...
/swam/, v. pt. of swim. * * *
/swah"mee/, n., pl. swamies. 1. an honorific title given to a Hindu religious teacher. 2. a person resembling a swami, esp. in authority, critical judgment, etc.; pundit: The ...
▪ Hindu sect also spelled  Swāmīnārāyaṇa,         Hindu reform sect with a large popular following in Gujarāt state. It arose primarily as a protest against ...
Swaminathan, M S
▪ Indian scientist born Aug. 7, 1925, Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India       Indian geneticist and international administrator, renowned for his leading role in India's ...
/svahm"euhrdd dahm'/, n. Jan /yahn/, 1637-80, Dutch anatomist and entomologist. * * *
Swammerdam, Jan
born Feb. 12, 1637, Amsterdam, Neth. died Feb. 15, 1680, Amsterdam Dutch naturalist. An adept microscopist, in 1658 he became the first person to observe and describe red blood ...
Swam·mer·dam (sväʹmər-däm'), Jan. 1637-1680. Dutch naturalist known for his pioneering microscopic research. He was the first to describe red blood cells (1658). * * *
—swampish, adj. /swomp/, n. 1. a tract of wet, spongy land, often having a growth of certain types of trees and other vegetation, but unfit for cultivation. v.t. 2. to flood or ...
swamp andromeda
a spreading shrub, Lyonia ligustrina, of the eastern U.S., having leafless, white flowers in terminal clusters. Also called he-huckleberry, maleberry, privet andromeda. * * *
swamp azalea
an azalea, Rhododendron viscosum, of the eastern U.S., having fragrant, white to pink or sometimes red flowers. [1790-1800] * * *
swamp buggy
an amphibious vehicle for use in and around swamps, typically having an automobile engine, four-wheel drive, large wheels with deep treads, and a raised chassis. Also called ...
swamp buttonwood
the buttonbush. [1745-55, Amer.] * * *
swamp cabbage.
See skunk cabbage. [1785-95, Amer.] * * *
swamp cypress.
See bald cypress. [1875-80] * * *
swamp deer
      common name for the barasingha (q.v.) of India and for the marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus), a large reddish brown deer of South American marshes. * * *
swamp eel
▪ fish       any of about 15 species of slim, eel-like fish comprising the order Synbranchiformes. Swamp eels, unrelated to true eels (Anguilliformes), are found in ...
swamp fever
Pathol., Vet. Pathol. 1. leptospirosis. 2. Also called infectious anemia of horses. an equine viral disease characterized by weakness and recurring fever, transmitted by ...
swamp gas
swamp gas n. MARSH GAS * * *
swamp gas.
See marsh gas. * * *
swamp locust.
See water locust. [1820-30] * * *
swamp mallow
a rose mallow, Hibiscus moscheutos. * * *
swamp maple.
See red maple. [1660-70, Amer.] * * *
swamp milkweed
a coarse milkweed, Asclepias incarnata, growing in swampy places from eastern North America to Colorado, having ball-like clusters of rose-purple flowers. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
swamp monkey
▪ primate       small heavily built primate of the Congo River basin. It is dark olive in colour, with orange or whitish underside. The head and body length is about ...
swamp pheasant
also called  Pheasant Coucal,         bird species of the cuckoo family (Cuculidae). See coucal. * * *
swamp pink
1. a bog plant, Helonias bullata, of the lily family, native to the eastern U.S., having a dense spike of small, fragrant pink flowers. 2. See arethusa (def. 1). 3. any of ...
swamp rabbit
any of several southern cottontails, esp. Sylvilagus aquaticus, of swamps and lowlands. Also called canecutter. See illus. under rabbit. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
swamp rose
a shrub, Rosa palustris, of eastern North America, having pink flowers nearly 2 in. (5 cm) wide. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
swamp sparrow
a North American sparrow, Melospiza georgiana, inhabiting marshy areas. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
swamp white oak
an oak, Quercus bicolor, of eastern North America, yielding a hard, heavy wood used in shipbuilding, for making furniture, etc. [1715-25, Amer.] * * *
swamp boat n. A flatbottom boat powered by an airplane propeller projecting above the stern and used in swamps or shallow waters. Also called airboat. * * *
/swom"peuhr/, n. 1. Informal. a person who inhabits, works in, or is exceptionally familiar with swamps. 2. a general assistant or laborer; menial. 3. a person who trims felled ...
swamp fever n. 1. Malaria. 2. Equine infectious anemia. 3. Leptospirosis. * * *
/swomp"fish'/, n., pl. swampfishes, (esp. collectively) swampfish. a small fish, Chologaster cornuta, related to the cavefishes, inhabiting swamps and streams of the Atlantic ...
/swomp"hen'/, n. Ornith. any of several large Old World gallinules varying from purple to white, all possibly belonging to the single species Porphyrio porphyrio. [SWAMP + HEN] * ...
See swamp. * * *
/swomp"land'/, n. land or an area covered with swamps. [1655-65, Amer.; SWAMP + LAND] * * *
swamp pink n. An orchid (Arethusa bulbosa) of northeast North America having a solitary, usually rose-colored flower with a purple-spotted, yellow-crested lip. Also called ...
swamp potato n. Botany Arrowhead. * * *
/swomp"skeuht/, n. a city in NE Massachusetts. 13,837. * * *
—swampiness, n. /swom"pee/, adj., swampier, swampiest. 1. of the nature of, resembling, or abounding in swamps. 2. found in swamps. [1640-50; SWAMP + -Y1] * * *
/swah"mee/, n., pl. swamies. swami. * * *
swan1 —swanlike, adj. /swon/, n. 1. any of several large, stately aquatic birds of the subfamily Anserinae, having a long, slender neck and usually pure-white plumage in the ...
/swon/, n. Sir Joseph Wilson, 1828-1914, British chemist, electrical engineer, and inventor. * * * I Long-necked, heavy-bodied, big-footed waterfowl (genus Cygnus, family ...
swan dive
Diving. a forward dive in which the diver while in the air assumes a position with the arms outstretched at shoulder height and the legs straight and together, and enters the ...
Swan Hill
▪ Victoria, Australia       city, northern Victoria, Australia, on the Murray River, northwest of Melbourne. It is the chief market centre for the southern section of ...
Swan Islands
▪ islands, Caribbean Sea Spanish  Islas del Cisne        two islets (Greater and Lesser Swan) in the Caribbean Sea, 97 miles (156 km) north of Honduras. Discovered ...
Swan Lake, The
a ballet (1876) by Tchaikovsky. * * *
swan maiden
any of a class of folkloric maidens, in many Indo-European and Asian tales, capable of being transformed into swans, as by magic or sorcery. [1865-70] * * *
Swan of Avon
a nickname for William Shakespeare. It was invented by Ben Jonson in a poem he wrote in the First Folio. The phrase refers to the swans (= large white water birds with long ...
Swan River
I Ephemeral river, southwestern Western Australia. It flows 224 mi (360 km) west to the Indian Ocean. Called the Avon in its upper course, it is known as the Swan only along its ...
Swan Service
▪ porcelain tableware  set of porcelain tableware made at the Meissen (Meissen porcelain) factory in Germany between 1737 and 1741 by Johann Joachim Kändler (Kändler, ...
swan song
the last act or manifestation of someone or something; farewell appearance: This building turned out to be the swan song of Victorian architecture. [1825-35; so called from the ...
Swan Theatre
a small theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon which was built in the 1980s for the Royal Shakespeare Company. It is next to the company’s main theatre and was designed to be like the ...
swan's neck
a shallow S-curve used in decorative work. Also, swan neck. * * *
swan's neck pediment
Archit., Furniture. a broken pediment, the outline of which consists of a pair of S-curves tangent to the cornice level at the ends of the pediment, rising to a pair of scrolls ...
swan's-down [swänz′doun΄, swônz′doun΄] n. 1. the soft, fine under-feathers, or down, of the swan, used for trimming clothes, etc. 2. a soft, thick fabric of wool and ...
Swan, Sir John William David
▪ 1996       In August 1995 Bermuda did what no other British colony had done during the 20th century: it voted against independence—and by a three-to-one margin. In ...
Swan, Sir Joseph (Wilson)
born Oct. 31, 1828, Sunderland, Durham, Eng. died May 27, 1914, Warlingham, Surrey English physicist and chemist. By 1871 he had invented the dry photographic plate, an ...
Swan, Sir Joseph Wilson
▪ English physicist and chemist born Oct. 31, 1828, Sunderland, Durham, Eng. died May 27, 1914, Warlingham, Surrey  English physicist and chemist who produced an early ...
/swon"duyv'/, v.i., swan-dived, swan-diving. 1. to perform a swan dive. 2. to decrease suddenly and decisively; plummet: Stock prices swan-dived overnight. * * *
/swon"up'ing/, n. Brit. 1. the taking up of young swans to mark them with nicks on the beak for identification. 2. an annual expedition for this purpose on the Thames. [1800-10; ...
swan dive n. A forward dive performed with the legs straight together, the back arched, and the arms stretched out from the sides and then brought together over the head as the ...
/swon"ee, swaw"nee/, n. Suwannee. * * *
Swanee River
➡ Old Folks at Home. * * *
/swang/, v. Chiefly Scot. and North Eng. pt. of swing1. * * *
/swon"herrd'/, n. a person who tends swans. [1475-85; SWAN1 + HERD2] * * *
swank1 /swangk/, n., adj., swanker, swankest, v. n. 1. dashing smartness, as in dress or appearance; style. 2. a swagger. adj. 3. stylish or elegant. 4. pretentiously ...
See swanky. * * *
See swankily. * * *
—swankily, adv. —swankiness, n. /swang"kee/, adj., swankier, swankiest. elegant or ostentatious; swank. [1835-45; SWANK1 + -Y1] Syn. stylish, chic, smart, fashionable. * * *
➡ Flanders and Swann. * * *
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
      case in which, on April 20, 1971, the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously upheld busing programs that aimed to speed up the racial integration of public ...
Swann, Donald Ibrahim
▪ 1995       British entertainer and composer (b. Sept. 30, 1923, Llanelli, Wales—d. March 23, 1994, London, England), with his partner and lyricist, Michael Flanders, ...
/swon"euh ree/, n., pl. swanneries. a place where swans are raised. [1560-70; SWAN1 + -ERY] * * *
swan·ny (swŏnʹē) intr.v. Chiefly Southern U.S. To declare; swear. Used in the phrase I swanny as an interjection. See Regional Note at vum.   [Probably alteration of ...
SwanRiver daisy
Swan River daisy n. An Australian plant (Brachycome iberidifolia) of the composite family, cultivated for its showy blue, rose, or white flower heads.   [After theSwan, a river ...
Swanscombe man
/swonz"keuhm/ a primitive human, Homo sapiens steinheimensis, of the middle Pleistocene Epoch, known from a fossil skull fragment found at Swanscombe, England. [1935-40] * * *
Swanscombe skull
      human fossil remnants consisting of three large cranial bones (two parietals and an occipital) of a young female found in well-stratified gravels of the River Thames ...
/swonz"down'/, n. 1. the down or under plumage of a swan, used for trimming, powder puffs, etc. 2. a fine, soft, thick woolen cloth. 3. a sturdy cotton flannel with a thickly ...
/swon"see, -zee/, n. 1. a seaport in West Glamorgan, in S Wales. 190,500. 2. a city in SE Massachusetts. 15,461. * * * Welsh Abertawe Seaport and county (pop., 2001: 223,293), ...
/swon"skin'/, n. 1. the skin of a swan, with the feathers on. 2. a closely woven twill-weave flannel for work clothes. [1600-10; SWAN1 + SKIN] * * *
/swon"seuhn/, n. Gloria (Gloria Josephine May Swenson), 1899-1983, U.S. film actress. * * *
Swanson, Gloria
orig. Gloria May Josephine Svensson born March 17, 1899, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died April 4, 1983, New York, N.Y. U.S. film actress. She played minor roles in comedies at the ...
Swanson, Robert A.
▪ 2000       American chemist and venture capitalist who was the visionary cofounder (with Herbert Boyer) in 1976 of Genentech, Inc., a biotechnology firm that was the ...
Swan·son (swŏnʹsən), Gloria. 1899-1983. American actress who appeared in numerous silent films and later made a heralded comeback in Sunset Boulevard (1950). * * *
swan song n. 1. A farewell or final appearance, action, or work. 2. The beautiful legendary song sung only once by a swan in its lifetime, as it is dying.   [From the belief ...
Swanton, E W
▪ 2001 “Jim”        British sportswriter and broadcaster (b. Feb. 11, 1907, Forest Hill, London, Eng.—d. Jan. 22, 2000, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.), was one of ...
Swanton, John Reed
▪ American anthropologist born Feb. 19, 1873, Gardiner, Maine, U.S. died May 2, 1958, Newton, Mass.       American anthropologist and a foremost student of North ...
—swapper, n. /swop/, v., swapped, swapping, n. v.t. 1. to exchange, barter, or trade, as one thing for another: He swapped his wrist watch for the radio. v.i. 2. to make an ...
swap meet
a fair or bazaar where objects, usually secondhand, are bartered or sold. [1960-65] * * *
swap shop
a store or shop where items, esp. secondhand ones, are traded or sold. * * *
swap meet n. An informal gathering for the barter or sale of used articles or handicrafts. * * *
See swap. * * *
swap·tion (swŏpʹshən) n. An option giving the buyer the right to enter into a swap agreement by a specified date.   [Blend of swap, and option.] * * *
—swarajism, n. —swarajist, n., adj. /sweuh rahj"/, n. 1. (in India) self-government. 2. (cap.) (formerly, in British India) the political party supporting this principle over ...
/swawrd/, n. 1. the grassy surface of land; turf. 2. a stretch of turf; a growth of grass. v.t. 3. to cover with sward or turf. v.i. 4. to become covered with sward. [bef. 900; ...
/swair/, v. Archaic. pt. of swear. * * *
/swawrf/, n. an accumulation of fine particles of metal or abrasive cut or ground from work by a machine tool or grinder. [1560-70; < ON svarf, akin to sverfa to file, or ...
n [U] a thick, soft, green substance that is used for cleaning oil, paint and similar materials from the skin. * * *
swarm1 —swarmer, n. /swawrm/, n. 1. a body of honeybees that emigrate from a hive and fly off together, accompanied by a queen, to start a new colony. 2. a body of bees settled ...
swarm cell
Mycol. the amebalike germinated spore cell of myxomycetes. [1880-85] * * *
swarm spore
swarm spore n. Biol. ZOOSPORE * * *
See swarm1. * * *
swarm spore n. See zoospore. * * *
—swartness, n. /swawrt/, adj. swarthy. [bef. 900; ME; OE sweart black, dark; c. G schwarz, ON svartr, Goth swarts; akin to L sordes filth] * * *
/swawrt/, n. Charles Robberts /rob"euhrts/, 1894-1982, South African statesman: president 1961-67. * * *
swat1 /swot/, v., swatted, swatting, n. v.t. 1. to hit; slap; smack. 2. Baseball. to hit (a ball) powerfully, usually for a long distance. n. 3. a smart blow; slap; smack. 4. ...
/swaht/, n. 1. a former princely state in NW India: now a part of Pakistan. 2. Also, Swati. a Muslim inhabitant of Swat. * * *
/swot/, n. a special section of some law enforcement agencies trained and equipped to deal with especially dangerous or violent situations, as when hostages are being held (often ...
Swāt River
▪ river, Pakistan       river in northern Pakistan, formed by the junction of the Gabriāl and Ushu rivers at Kālām in the Kohistān region. Fed by melting snow and ...
/swoch/, n. 1. a sample of cloth or other material. 2. a sample, patch, or characteristic specimen of anything. [1505-15; akin to SWITCH] * * *
/swoth, swawth/, n. 1. the space covered by the stroke of a scythe or the cut of a mowing machine. 2. the piece or strip so cut. 3. a line or ridge of grass, grain, or the like, ...
swathe1 /swodh, swaydh/, v., swathed, swathing, n. v.t. 1. to wrap, bind, or swaddle with bands of some material; wrap up closely or fully. 2. to bandage. 3. to enfold or ...
See swathe1. * * *
/swah"tee/, n., pl. Swatis, (esp. collectively) Swati. Swat (def. 2). * * *
/swah"tow"/, n. Older Spelling. Shantou. * * * ▪ China Chinese  (Wade-Giles) Shan-t'ou,  or (Pinyin)  Shantou,         city in eastern Kwangtung sheng (province), ...
/swats/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Scot. sweet, new beer or ale. [1500-10; cf. OE swatan beer (pl.)] * * *
/swot"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that swats. 2. See fly swatter. [1910-15; SWAT1 + -ER1] * * *
S wave n. A secondary wave. * * *
—swayable, adj. —swayer, n. —swayingly, adv. /sway/, v.i. 1. to move or swing to and fro, as something fixed at one end or resting on a support. 2. to move or incline to ...
sway bar
Auto. See stabilizer bar. [1945-50] * * *
/sway"bak'/, Vet. Pathol. n. 1. an excessive downward curvature of the spinal column in the dorsal region, esp. of horses. adj. 2. swaybacked. [1865-70, Amer.; SWAY + BACK1] * * *
/sway"bakt'/, adj. Vet. Pathol. having the back sagged to an unusual degree; having a sway-back. Also, swayback. [1670-80; SWAY + BACKED] * * *
sway bar n. See anti-sway bar. * * *
/swayd/, adj. Vet. Pathol. swaybacked. [1570-80; SWAY + -ED2] * * *
See sway. * * *
See swayer. * * *
Swayne, Noah H.
▪ United States jurist in full  Noah Haynes Swayne   born Dec. 7, 1804, Frederick county, Va., U.S. died June 8, 1884, New York, N.Y.       associate justice of the ...
Swayze, John Cameron
▪ 1996       U.S. pioneering newscaster who gained fame "hopscotching the world for headlines" on "Camel News Caravan" and Timex watch pitchman who assured consumers ...
Swaz. abbr. Swaziland. * * *
/swah"zee/, n., pl. Swazis, (esp. collectively) Swazi for 1. 1. a member of a Nguni people of Swaziland and the Republic of South Africa. 2. the Bantu language of the Swazi. * * ...
/swah"zee land'/, n. a kingdom in SE Africa between S Mozambique and the E Republic of South Africa: formerly a British protectorate. 1,031,600; 6704 sq. mi. (17,363 sq. km). ...
Swaziland System
▪ geology       major division of rocks and time in southern Africa in Precambrian Time (3.96 billion to 540 million years ago). The system consists of a great thickness ...
Swaziland, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of horizontal stripes of blue, yellow, crimson, yellow, and blue, with a Swazi shield and weapons in the centre. The ...
See southwest by south. * * *
See southwest by west. * * *
I. swd1 Central Semitic, to discuss, take counsel. sayyid, from Arabic sayyid, chief, lord, master, from sāda, to be(come) chief, predominate, rule.   II. swd2 see šwd. * * *
(or swd). Arabic root, to be(come) black. soda, perhaps from Arabic suwayd, soda, soda-plant, or suwayda, a type of saltwort, perhaps akin to ʾaswad, black. * * *
—swearer, n. —swearingly, adv. /swair/, v., swore or (Archaic) sware; sworn; swearing. v.i. 1. to make a solemn declaration or affirmation by some sacred being or object, as ...
swear words
Many people find swearing offensive and it is best avoided. Swear words are used mainly in two situations: to relieve feelings of anger and frustration when something bad ...
See swear. * * *
➡ swear words * * *
/swair"ing in"/, n. an official ceremony where a person takes an oath of office, allegiance, etc. [1890-95; from v. phrase swear in; see -ING1] * * *
/swair"werrd'/, n. a word used in swearing or cursing; a profane or obscene word. [1880-85, Amer.; SWEAR + WORD] * * *
—sweatless, adj. /swet/, v., sweat or sweated, sweating, n., adj. v.i. 1. to perspire, esp. freely or profusely. 2. to exude moisture, as green plants piled in a heap or ...
sweat bee
any of several bees of the family Halictidae that are attracted by perspiration. [1890-95] * * *
sweat equity
unreimbursed labor that results in the increased value of property or that is invested to establish or expand an enterprise. [1965-70] * * *
sweat gland
Anat. one of the minute, coiled, tubular glands of the skin that secrete sweat. [1835-45] * * * Either of two types of perspiration glands in the skin. Eccrine sweat glands, ...
sweat lodge
sweat lodge n. a dome-shaped tent constructed by Indian peoples of the Great Plains and W North America, used for ritual cleansing and purification by means of steam produced by ...
sweat shirt
☆ sweat shirt n. a heavy, loose, usually long-sleeved pullover made of cotton jersey, worn as by athletes to absorb sweat during or after exercise, sometimes with loose ...
sweat socks
socks made of thick, absorbent cotton, wool, or other material and worn during exercise, sports, leisure activity, etc. * * *
sweat suit
a set of garments consisting of sweatpants and a sweatshirt. [1945-50] * * *
☆ sweat-equity [swet΄ek′wət ē ] adj. Informal designating or of a kind of plan for renovating houses, neighborhoods, etc. in which houses are offered free or at low prices ...
/swet"band'/, n. 1. a band lining the inside of a hat or cap to protect it against sweat from the head. 2. a band of fabric worn around the head to absorb sweat. [1890-95; SWEAT ...
sweat bee n. Any of various small, ground-nesting bees of the family Halictidae that are attracted to perspiration. * * *
/swet"boks'/, n. 1. a sauna or other enclosure for sweating. 2. any uncomfortably warm room or environment. 3. a box or cell in which a prisoner is punished or given the third ...
/swet"id/, adj. 1. made by underpaid workers. 2. underpaid and overworked. 3. having poor working conditions. [1645-55 for earlier sense "saturated with sweat"; 1880-85 for def. ...
sweat equity n. 1. Work, especially manual labor, performed in return for a share in ownership, as of a home. 2. Sustained effort; hard work: “Coming up with compelling plots ...
/swet"euhr/, n. 1. a knitted jacket or jersey, in pullover or cardigan style, with or without sleeves. 2. a person or thing that sweats. 3. an employer who underpays and ...
sweater dress
sweater dress n. a knitted dress that is shaped like a long, straight-sided pullover sweater: also written sweaterdress n. * * *
sweater girl
a young woman with a shapely bosom, esp. one who wears tight sweaters. [1940-45] * * *
/swet"euhr koht'/, n. a coat knitted like a bulky sweater. [1910-15; SWEATER + COAT] * * *
sweat gland n. Any of the numerous small, tubular glands that are found nearly everywhere in the skin of humans and that secrete perspiration externally through pores to help ...
sweat·house (swĕtʹhous') n. Any of various permanent or portable structures typically heated by fire or by pouring water over hot stones and used by certain Native American ...
See sweaty. * * *
See sweatily. * * *
sweating sickness
a febrile epidemic disease that appeared in the 15th and 16th centuries: characterized by profuse sweating and frequently fatal in a few hours. [1495-1505] * * * ▪ ...
sweating system
the practice of employing workers in sweatshops. [1850-55] * * *
/swet"pants'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) loose-fitting pants of soft, absorbent fabric, as cotton jersey, usually with a drawstring at the waist and close-fitting or elastic cuffs ...
/swet"sherrt'/, n. a loose, long-sleeved, collarless pullover of soft, absorbent fabric, as cotton jersey, with close-fitting or elastic cuffs and sometimes a drawstring at the ...
/swet"shop'/, n. a shop employing workers at low wages, for long hours, and under poor conditions. [1865-70; SWEAT + SHOP] * * * ▪ labour  workplace in which workers are ...
sweat·suit or sweat suit (swĕtʹso͞ot') n. A two-piece outfit consisting of a sweatshirt and sweatpants, usually worn for exercise. * * *
/swet"weed'/, n. See marsh mallow. [1885-90; SWEAT + WEED1] * * *
—sweatily, adv. —sweatiness, n. /swet"ee/, adj., sweatier, sweatiest. 1. covered, moist, or stained with sweat. 2. causing sweat. 3. laborious. [1325-75; ME swety. See SWEAT, ...
Swed abbrev. 1. Sweden 2. Swedish * * *
1. Sweden. 2. Swedish. * * *
/sweed/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Sweden. 2. (l.c.) Chiefly Brit. a rutabaga. [1580-90; < MD or MLG; c. G Schwede; cf. OE Sweon (pl.), ON Svear, Sviar, ML Suiones] * * *
/sweed"n/, n. a kingdom in N Europe, in the E part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. 8,946,193; 173,732 sq. mi. (449,964 sq. km). Cap.: Stockholm. Swedish, Sverige. * * * Sweden ...
Sweden, Church of
▪ Swedish Lutheran denomination Swedish  Svenska Kyrkan        church of Sweden that, until 2000, was supported by the state; it changed from the Roman Catholic to ...

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