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Sylvester III
▪ pope or antipope also spelled  Silvester,  original name  John of Sabina , Italian  Giovanni di Sabina  born , Rome, Papal States [Italy] died c. ...
Sylvester Stallone
➡ Stallone * * *
Sylvester, David Bernard
▪ 2002       British art critic and exhibition curator (b. Sept. 21, 1924, London, Eng.—d. June 19, 2001, London), was a towering figure in the British art world and a ...
Sylvester, James Joseph
▪ English mathematician born , September 3, 1814, London, England died March 15, 1897, London       British mathematician who, with Arthur Cayley (Cayley, Arthur), was ...
Sylvester, Josuah
▪ English writer born 1563, Kent, Eng. died Sept. 28, 1618, Middelburg, Neth.       English poet-translator, best known as the translator of a popular biblical epic, ...
Sylvia
/sil"vee euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Sylvia Plath
➡ Plath * * *
Sylvian fissure
/sil"vee euhn/, Anat. See lateral fissure. [1870-75; named after Sylvius, Latinized form of Jacques Dubois (d. 1555), French anatomist; see -AN] * * *
sylvic acid
/sil"vik/, Chem. See abietic acid. [1830-40; < F sylvique < L silv(a) a wood + F -ique -IC] * * *
sylviculture
/sil"vi kul'cheuhr/, n. silviculture. [ < L sylv(a) (var. sp. of silva) forest + -I- + CULTURE] * * *
Sylviidae
▪ bird       songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of the Old World warblers, almost 300 species of small, dull-coloured active birds found in a variety of ...
sylvite
/sil"vuyt/, n. a common mineral, potassium chloride, KCl, colorless to milky-white or red, occurring in crystals, usually cubes, and masses with cubic cleavage, bitter in taste: ...
Sylvius, Franciscus
orig. Franz de le Boë French François du Bois born March 15, 1614, Hanau, Ger. died Nov. 15, 1672, Leiden, Neth. German-born Dutch physician, physiologist, anatomist, and ...
sym
sym abbrev. 1. symbol 2. symphony * * *
sym-
var. of syn- before b, p, m: symbol; symphony; symmetry. * * *
sym.
1. symbol. 2. Chem. symmetrical. 3. symphony. 4. symptom. * * *
Symbionese
/sim'bee euh neez", -nees"/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Symbionese Liberation Army or its adherents. [1973; according to the group's manifesto, "taken from ...
Symbionese Liberation Army
a group of urban guerrillas, active in the early 1970s in the U.S. Also called Symbionese Army. * * *
symbiont
—symbiontic /sim'bee on"tik, -buy-/, adj. /sim"bee ont', -buy-/, n. Biol. an organism living in a state of symbiosis. Also, symbiote /sim"bee oht', -buy-/. [1885-90; < Gk ...
symbiontic
See symbiont. * * *
symbiosis
—symbiotic /sim'bee ot"ik, -buy-/, symbiotical, adj. —symbiotically, adv. /sim'bee oh"sis, -buy-/, n., pl. symbioses /-seez/. 1. Biol. a. the living together of two ...
symbiote
sym·bi·ote (sĭmʹbē-ōt', -bī-) n. See symbiont.   [French, from Greek sumbiōtēs, companion, from sumbioun, to live together. See symbiosis.] * * *
symbiotic
See symbiosis. * * *
symbiotical
See symbiotic. * * *
symbiotically
See symbiotic. * * *
symbol
/sim"beuhl/, n., v., symboled, symboling or (esp. Brit.) symbolled, symbolling. n. 1. something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object ...
symbolic
—symbolically, adv. —symbolicalness, n. /sim bol"ik/, adj. 1. serving as a symbol of something (often fol. by of). 2. of, pertaining to, or expressed by a symbol. 3. ...
symbolic code
Computers. pseudo-code. * * *
symbolic interactionism
—symbolic interactionist. Sociol. a theory that human interaction and communication is facilitated by words, gestures, and other symbols that have acquired conventionalized ...
symbolic language
a specialized language dependent upon the use of symbols for communication and created for the purpose of achieving greater exactitude, as in symbolic logic or mathematics. * * *
symbolic logic
a modern development of formal logic employing a special notation or symbolism capable of manipulation in accordance with precise rules. Also called mathematical ...
symbolical books
Eccles. the books of a religion containing the creeds, beliefs, etc. Also, symbolic books. [1735-45] * * *
symbolically
See symbolic. * * *
symbolicalness
See symbolically. * * *
symboliclanguage
symbolic language n. A high-level programming language. * * *
symboliclogic
symbolic logic n. A treatment of formal logic in which a system of symbols is used to represent quantities and relationships. Also called mathematical logic. * * *
symbolics
/sim bol"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of theology dealing with the study of the history and meaning of church creeds and confessions. [see SYMBOLIC, -ICS] * * *
symbolism
/sim"beuh liz'euhm/, n. 1. the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character. 2. a set or system of symbols. 3. symbolic ...
symbolist
—symbolistic, adj. —symbolistically, adv. /sim"beuh list/, n. 1. a person who uses symbols or symbolism. 2. a person versed in the study or interpretation of symbols. 3. ...
Symbolist movement
Literary movement that originated with a group of French poets in the late 19th century, spread to painting and the theatre, and influenced Russian, European, and American arts ...
symbolistic
See symbolist. * * *
symbolistically
See symbolistic. * * *
symbolization
/sim'beuh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of symbolizing. 2. Psychoanal. an unconscious mental process whereby one object or idea comes to stand for another through ...
symbolize
/sim"beuh luyz'/, v., symbolized, symbolizing. v.t. 1. to be a symbol of; stand for or represent in the manner of a symbol. 2. to represent by a symbol or symbols. 3. to regard ...
symbolizer
See symbolization. * * *
symbology
—symbological /sim'beuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —symbologist, n. /sim bol"euh jee/, n. 1. the study of symbols. 2. the use of symbols; symbolism. [1830-40; by haplology, symbolo- ...
symbols
➡ emblems * * *
Symeon the New Theologian, Saint
▪ Byzantine monk Symeon also spelled  Simeon   born c. 949, Paphlagonia, in Asia Minor died March 12, 1022, Chrysopolis, near Constantinople       Byzantine monk and ...
Symington
/suy"ming teuhn/, n. (William) Stuart, born 1901, U.S. politician: senator 1952-77. * * *
Symington, (William) Stuart
born June 26, 1901, Amherst, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1988, New Canaan, Conn. U.S. politician. He served in World War I, attended Yale University (1919–23), and entered ...
Symington, Stuart
▪ United States senator in full  William Stuart Symington   born June 26, 1901, Amherst, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1988, New Canaan, Conn.       U.S. senator from ...
Symington, William
born October 1763, Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scot. died March 22, 1831, London, Eng. British engineer. Educated for the ministry, he became a mechanic instead. He created a ...
Symmachus
/sim"euh keuhs/, n. Saint, died A.D. 514, pope 498-514. * * *
Symmachus, Quintus Aurelius
born с 340 died 402, Ravenna Roman statesman, orator, and writer. A leading opponent of Christianity, he struggled with St. Ambrose to influence the increasingly Christian ...
Symmachus, Quintus Aurelius Memmius
▪ Roman senator died , 524, Pavia, Liguria       Roman senator and patrician and a close friend of the philosopher Boethius, who married Symmachus' daughter Rusticiana ...
Symmachus, Quintus Aurelius Memmius Eusebius
▪ Roman statesman born c. 345 died 402, Ravenna [Italy]       Roman statesman, a brilliant orator and writer who was a leading opponent of ...
Symmachus, Saint
▪ pope born , Sardinia died July 19, 514, Rome; feast day July 19       pope from 498 to 514.       Apparently a Christian convert, Symmachus was an archdeacon ...
symmetalism
/sim met"l iz'euhm/, n. the use of two or more metals, such as gold and silver, combined in assigned proportions as a monetary standard. [1890-95; SYM- + -metallism, as in ...
symmetallism
symmetallism [sim met′'l iz΄əm] n. 〚
Symmetrel
/sim"i treuhl/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of amantadine. * * *
symmetric difference
Math. the union of the relative complements of two sets. Also called Boolean sum. * * *
symmetric function
Math. a polynomial in several indeterminates that stays the same under any permutation of the indeterminates. Also called symmetric polynomial. [1850-55] * * *
symmetric group
Math. the group of all permutations of a finite set. Cf. alternating group. [1905-10] * * *
symmetrical
—symmetrically, adv. —symmetricalness, n. /si me"tri keuhl/, adj. 1. characterized by or exhibiting symmetry; well-proportioned, as a body or whole; regular in form or ...
symmetrically
See symmetrical. * * *
symmetricgroup
symmetric group n. A group consisting of all possible permutations of a given number of items. * * *
symmetricmatrix
symmetric matrix n. Mathematics A matrix that is its own transpose. * * *
symmetrization
See symmetrize. * * *
symmetrize
—symmetrization, n. /sim"i truyz'/, v.t., symmetrized, symmetrizing. to reduce to symmetry; make symmetrical. Also, esp. Brit., symmetrise. [1780-90; SYMMETR(Y) + -IZE] * * *
symmetry
/sim"i tree/, n., pl. symmetries. 1. the correspondence in size, form, and arrangement of parts on opposite sides of a plane, line, or point; regularity of form or arrangement in ...
symmetry axis of rotary inversion
Crystall. See rotation-inversion axis. * * *
symmetry axis of rotation
Crystall. See rotation axis. * * *
symmetry class
Crystall. See point group. * * *
symmetry element
Crystall. any of four points, lines, or planes of a crystal: a center of symmetry, a reflection plane, a rotation axis, or a rotation-inversion axis. * * *
symmetry plane
Crystall. See reflection plane. [1875-80] * * *
Symonds
/sim"euhndz/, n. John Addington /ad"ing teuhn/, 1840-93, English poet, essayist, and critic. * * *
Symonds, John Addington
born Oct. 5, 1840, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died April 19, 1893, Rome English essayist, poet, and biographer. He traveled extensively for his health, finally settling in ...
Symonds,John Addington
Sym·onds (sĭmʹəndz, sīʹməndz), John Addington. 1840-1893. British writer noted for his seven-volume series The Renaissance in Italy (1875-1886). * * *
Symons
/suy"meuhnz/, n. Arthur, 1865-1945, English poet and critic, born in Wales. * * *
Symons, A.J.A.
▪ British author in full  Alphonse James Albert Symons  born Aug. 16, 1900, London, Eng. died Aug. 26, 1941, Colchester       British author and biographer best known ...
Symons, Arthur
▪ English poet and critic in full  Arthur William Symons  born Feb. 28, 1865, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, Eng. died Jan. 22, 1945, Wittersham, Kent  poet and critic, the ...
Symons, Arthur (William)
born Feb. 28, 1865, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, Eng. died Jan. 22, 1945, Wittersham, Kent English poet and critic. He contributed to The Yellow Book, an avant-garde journal, ...
Symons, George James
▪ British meteorologist born Aug. 6, 1838, London died March 10, 1900, London       British meteorologist who strove to provide reliable observational data by imposing ...
Symons,Arthur
Sy·mons (sīʹmənz), Arthur. 1865-1945. British poet and literary critic who translated many French symbolist works into English and wrote The Symbolist Movement in Literature ...
sympathectomy
/sim'peuh thek"teuh mee/, n., pl. sympathectomies. Med. 1. surgery that interrupts a nerve pathway of the sympathetic or involuntary nervous system. 2. Also called chemical ...
sympathetectomy
/sim path'i tek"teuh mee/, n., pl. sympathetectomies. Med. sympathectomy. * * *
sympathetic
—sympathetically, adv. /sim'peuh thet"ik/, adj. 1. characterized by, proceeding from, exhibiting, or feeling sympathy; sympathizing; compassionate: a sympathetic listener. 2. ...
sympathetic contact
Sociol. behavior toward an individual based on the individual's personal makeup rather than on his or her group membership. Cf. categoric contact. * * *
sympathetic ink
a fluid for producing writing that is invisible until brought out by heat, chemicals, etc.; invisible ink. [1715-25] * * *
sympathetic introspection
Sociol. a study of human conduct in which the investigator imagines himself or herself engaged in that conduct. * * *
sympathetic magic
magic predicated on the belief that one thing or event can affect another at a distance as a consequence of a sympathetic connection between them. Cf. contagious magic, imitative ...
sympathetic ophthalmia
Ophthalm. inflammation of one eye due to injury or disease of the other eye. [1870-75] * * *
sympathetic strike.
See sympathy strike. [1890-95] * * *
sympathetic string
a thin wire string, as in various obsolete musical instruments, designed to vibrate sympathetically with the bowed or plucked strings to reinforce the sound. * * *
sympathetic vibration
Physics. a vibration induced by resonance. [1895-1900] * * *
sympathetically
See sympathetic. * * *
sympatheticink
sympathetic ink n. See invisible ink. * * *
sympatheticnervous system
sympathetic nervous system n. The part of the autonomic nervous system originating in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord that in general inhibits or opposes the ...
sympathize
—sympathizingly, adv. /sim"peuh thuyz'/, v.i., sympathized, sympathizing. 1. to be in sympathy or agreement of feeling; share in a feeling (often fol. by with). 2. to feel a ...
sympathizer
/sim"peuh thuy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person who sympathizes. 2. Ophthalm. an eye that exhibits ophthalmia because of disease or injury of the other. [1805-15; SYMPATHIZE + -ER1] * * *
sympathizingly
See sympathizer. * * *
sympatholytic
/sim'peuh thoh lit"ik/, adj. Physiol., Pharm. opposing the effects of stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system. Cf. cholinolytic. [1940-45; SYMPATH(ETIC) + -O- + -LYTIC] * * ...
sympathomimetic
/sim'peuh thoh mi met"ik, -muy-/, Physiol., Pharm. adj. 1. mimicking stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system. n. 2. an agent that mimics the stimulation of the sympathetic ...
sympathy
/sim"peuh thee/, n., pl. sympathies, adj. n. 1. harmony of or agreement in feeling, as between persons or on the part of one person with respect to another. 2. the harmony of ...
sympathy strike
a strike by a body of workers, not because of grievances against their own employer, but by way of endorsing and aiding another group of workers who are on strike or have been ...
sympathystrike
sympathy strike n. A strike by a body of workers for the purpose of supporting a cause or another group of strikers. * * *
sympatico
sympatico [sim pät′i kō, simpat′i kō] adj. alt. sp. of SIMPATICO * * *
sympatric
/sim pa"trik, -pay"-/, adj. Biol., Ecol. originating in or occupying the same geographical area. [1900-05; SYM- + Gk pátr(a) fatherland (patr-, s. of patér FATHER + -a fem. n. ...
sympatrically
See sympatric. * * *
sympatry
sym·pat·ry (sĭmʹpăt'rē, -pə-trē) n. pl. sym·pat·ries The occurrence of sympatric species or forms. * * *
sympetalous
/sim pet"l euhs/, adj. Bot. gamopetalous. [1875-80; SYM- + PETALOUS] * * *
symphonette
/sim'feuh net"/, n. a small symphony orchestra that usually specializes in playing short, familiar classical works or salon music. [SYMPHON(Y) + -ETTE] * * *
symphonia
/sim foh"nee euh/, n. any of various medieval musical instruments, as the hurdy-gurdy. [1570-80; < LL, L symphonia SYMPHONY] * * *
symphonic
—symphonically, adv. /sim fon"ik/, adj. 1. Music. of, for, pertaining to, or having the character of a symphony or symphony orchestra. 2. of or pertaining to symphony or ...
symphonic poem
Music. a form of tone poem, scored for a symphony orchestra, in which a literary or pictorial "plot" is treated with considerable program detail: originated by Franz Liszt in the ...
symphonicpoem
symphonic poem n. A piece of music, most popular in the late 19th century, that is based on an extramusical theme, such as a story or nationalistic ideal, and usually consists of ...
symphonie concertante
▪ music Italian  sinfonia concertante         in music of the Classical period (c. 1750–c. 1820), symphony employing two or more solo instruments. Though it is akin ...
Symphonie Fantastique
Fr. /saonn faw nee fahonn tanns teek"/ a programmatic symphony (1830-31) in five movements by Hector Berlioz. * * *
symphonious
—symphoniously, adv. /sim foh"nee euhs/, adj. harmonious; in harmonious agreement or accord. [1645-55; SYMPHONY + -OUS] * * *
symphoniously
See symphonious. * * *
symphonist
/sim"feuh nist/, n. a composer who writes symphonies. [1650-60; SYMPHON(Y) + -IST] * * *
symphonize
—symphonization, n. /sim"feuh nuyz'/, v.i., symphonized, symphonizing. to play or sound together harmoniously. Also, esp. Brit., symphonise. [1485-95; SYMPHON(Y) + -IZE] * * *
symphony
/sim"feuh nee/, n., pl. symphonies. 1. Music. a. an elaborate instrumental composition in three or more movements, similar in form to a sonata but written for an orchestra and ...
symphony orchestra
a large orchestra composed of wind, string, and percussion instruments and organized to perform symphonic compositions. [1880-85] * * *       large orchestra of winds, ...
symphonyorchestra
symphony orchestra n. A large orchestra composed of string, wind, and percussion sections. * * *
symphylan
▪ arthropod class also called  symphylid         any of a group of insects that are often included with the centipedes (Chilopoda) and millipedes (Diplopoda) in the ...
symphyseal
See symphysis. * * *
symphysial
/sim fiz"ee euhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or noting a symphysis. Also, symphyseal. [1825-35; SYMPHYSI(S) + -AL1] * * *
symphysis
—symphystic /sim fis"tik/, adj. /sim"feuh sis/, n., pl. symphyses /-seez'/. Anat., Zool. 1. the growing together, or the fixed or nearly fixed union, of bones, as that of the ...
Symphyta
▪ insect       one of two suborders of the insect order Hymenoptera, the other being Apocrita. Included in the group are the sawfly, horntail, and wood wasp ...
Symplegades
/sim pleg"euh deez'/, n.pl. Class. Myth. a pair of rocky islands, at the entrance to the Black Sea, that often clashed together: Athena helped the Argonauts navigate them, after ...
symploce
/sim"ploh see/, n. Rhet. the simultaneous use of anaphora and epistrophe. [1570-80; < NL symploce < Gk symploké intertwining, combination, equiv. to sym- SYM- + ploké, n. ...
sympodial
See sympodium. * * *
sympodially
See sympodial. * * *
sympodium
—sympodial, adj. —sympodially, adv. /sim poh"dee euhm/, n., pl. sympodia /-dee euh/. Bot. an axis or stem that simulates a simple stem but is made up of the bases of a number ...
symposia
sym·po·si·a (sĭm-pōʹzē-ə) n. A plural of symposium. * * *
symposiac
/sim poh"zee ak'/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or suitable for a symposium. n. 2. a symposium. [1575-85; < L symposiacus < Gk symposiakós. See SYMPOSIUM, -AC] * * *
symposiarch
/sim poh"zee ahrk'/, n. 1. the president, director, or master of a symposium. 2. a toastmaster. [1595-1605; < Gk symposíarchos. See SYMPOSIUM, -ARCH] * * *
symposiast
/sim poh"zee ast', -euhst/, n. a person who attends or participates in a symposium. [1650-60; orig. < assumed Gk *symposiastés, deriv. of symposiázein to drink together (with ...
symposium
/sim poh"zee euhm/, n., pl. symposiums, symposia /-zee euh/. 1. a meeting or conference for the discussion of some subject, esp. a meeting at which several speakers talk on or ...
symptom
/simp"teuhm/, n. 1. any phenomenon or circumstance accompanying something and serving as evidence of it. 2. a sign or indication of something. 3. Pathol. a phenomenon that arises ...
symptomatic
—symptomatically, adv. /simp'teuh mat"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to a symptom or symptoms. 2. of the nature of or constituting a symptom; indicative (often fol by of): a condition ...
symptomatic anthrax
Vet. Pathol. blackleg. * * *
symptomatically
See symptomatic. * * *
symptomatize
symptomatize [simp′təm īz΄simp′tem ə tīz΄] vt. symptomatized, symptomatizing to be a symptom or sign of; indicate: also symptomize [simp′təm īz΄] * * ...
symptomatological
See symptomatology. * * *
symptomatologically
See symptomatological. * * *
symptomatology
/simp'teuh meuh tol"euh jee/, n. 1. the branch of medical science dealing with symptoms. 2. the collective symptoms of a patient or disease. Cf. syndrome. [1790-1800; < NL ...
symptomize
symp·tom·ize (sĭmʹtə-mīz', sĭmpʹ-) or symp·tom·a·tize (-tə-mə-tīz') tr.v. symp·tom·ized, or symp·tom·a·tized symp·tom·iz·ing, or symp·tom·a·tiz·ing ...
symptomless
/simp"teuhm lis/, adj. having or showing no symptoms. [1885-90; SYMPTOM + -LESS] * * *
Symptoms of acute radiation sickness (hematopoietic form)
▪ Table Symptoms of acute radiation sickness (hematopoietic form) time after exposure supralethal dose range (6–10 Gy) midlethal dose range (2.5–5 Gy) sublethal dose ...
symptosis
/simp toh"sis/, n. Pathol. 1. local or general atrophy. 2. wasting away; emaciation. [ < Gk sýmptosis a falling together, collapse, equiv. to sympto- (see SYMPTOM) + -sis ...
syn
syn abbrev. 1. synonym 2. synonymous 3. synonymy * * *
syn-
a prefix occurring in loanwords from Greek, having the same function as co- (synthesis; synoptic); used, with the meaning "with," "together," in the formation of compound words ...
syn.
1. synonym. 2. synonymous. 3. synonymy. * * *
synaeresis
/si ner"euh sis/, n. Phonet. 1. the contraction of two syllables or two vowels into one, esp. the contraction of two vowels so as to form a diphthong. 2. synizesis. Also, ...
synaesthesia
—synaesthetic /sin'is thet"ik/, adj. /sin'is thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. synesthesia. * * *
synagogal
See synagogical. * * *
synagogical
See synagogue. * * *
synagogue
—synagogical /sin'euh goj"i keuhl/, synagogal /sin"euh gog'euhl, -gaw'geuhl/, adj. /sin"euh gog', -gawg'/, n. 1. a Jewish house of worship, often having facilities for ...
Synagogue Council of America
▪ American-Jewish organization       a Jewish organization founded in 1926 to provide most congregationally affiliated Jews (regardless of individual differences) with a ...
synalepha
syn·a·le·pha also syn·a·loe·pha (sĭn'ə-lēʹfə) n. The blending into one syllable of two successive vowels of adjacent syllables, especially to fit a poetic meter; for ...
synalgia
—synalgic, adj. /sin al"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. See referred pain. [1885-90; SYN- + -ALGIA] * * *
synaloepha
/sin'l ee"feuh/, n. the blending of two successive vowels into one, esp. the coalescence of a vowel at the end of one word with a vowel at the beginning of the next. Also, ...
Synanon
☆ Synanon [sin′ə nän΄ ] n. 〚after a treatment center founded (1958) in Santa Monica, Calif.: supposedly < a patient's slurred pron. of “symposium” & “seminar”〛 ...
synapse
/sin"aps, si naps"/, n., v., synapsed, synapsing. Physiol. n. 1. a region where nerve impulses are transmitted and received, encompassing the axon terminal of a neuron that ...
synapsis
—synaptic /si nap"tik/, synaptical, adj. —synaptically, adv. /si nap"sis/, n., pl. synapses /-seez/. 1. Also called syndesis. Cell Biol. the pairing of homologous ...
synapte
/see'nahp tee", sin"ap tee/, n. Eastern Ch. a litany. [ < MGk synapté, n. use of fem. of Gk synaptós (adj.) joined together; see SYNAPSIS] * * *
synaptic
syn·ap·tic (sĭ-năpʹtĭk) adj. Of or relating to synapsis or a synapse: synaptic nerve endings; the synaptic phase in meiosis.   [From Greek sunaptos, joined together, from ...
synaptic cleft
Physiol. the small gap, measured in nanometers, between an axon terminal and any of the cell membranes in the immediate vicinity. [1975-80] * * *
synaptically
See synaptic. * * *
synapticgap
synaptic gap n. The minute space between the cell membrane of an axon terminal and that of the target cell with which it synapses. * * *
synaptinemalcomplex
syn·ap·ti·ne·mal complex also syn·ap·to·ne·mal complex (sĭ-năpʹtə-nĕm'əl) n. A ribbonlike structure consisting of three protein components and extending across the ...
synaptosomal
See synaptosome. * * *
synaptosome
synaptosome [si nap′tə sōm΄] n. 〚see SYNAPSIS & -SOME3〛 a tiny sac of special cellular materials found at a synapse * * * syn·ap·to·some (sĭ-năpʹtə-sōm') n. A ...
synarthrodia
—synarthrodial, adj. —synarthrodially, adv. /sin'ahr throh"dee euh/, n., pl. synarthrodiae /-dee ee'/. synarthrosis. [ < NL; see SYN-, ARTHRODIA] * * *
synarthrodial
See synarthrodia. * * *
synarthrodially
See synarthrodial. * * *
synarthrosis
/sin'ahr throh"sis/, n., pl. synarthroses /-seez/. Anat. immovable articulation; a fixed or immovable joint; suture. [1570-80; < NL < Gk synárthrosis, equiv. to synarthro- (var. ...
synastry
/si nas"tree, sin"euh stree/, n. Astrol. the comparison of two or more natal charts in order to analyze or forecast the interaction of the individuals involved. [1650-60; < LL ...
synaxarion
/see'nah ksah"rddee awn/; Eng. /sin'ak sair"ee on'/, n., pl. synaxaria /see'nah ksah"rddee ah/; Eng. /sin'ak sair"ee euh/. Gk. Orth. Ch. 1. a summary of the life of a saint or of ...
synaxarium
/sin'ak sair"ee euhm/, n., pl. synaxaria /-ak sair"ee euh/. synaxarion. [1910-15; < NL < MGk synaxárion SYNAXARION] * * *
synaxary
/si nak"seuh ree/, n., pl. synaxaries. synaxarion. * * *
synaxis
/si nak"sis/, n., pl. synaxes /si nak"seez/. an assembly for religious worship, esp. for the celebration of the Eucharist. [1615-25; < LL < MGk sýnaxis, equiv. to synág(ein) to ...
sync
/singk/, Informal. n. (used esp. in the phrases in sync and out of sync) 1. Also, synch /singk/, synchronization: The picture and the soundtrack were out of sync. 2. harmony or ...
sync-generator
/singk"jen'euh ray'teuhr/, n. Television. an electronic generator that supplies synchronizing pulses to television scanning and transmitting equipment. [SYNC + GENERATOR] * * *
syncarp
/sin"kahrp/, n. Bot. 1. an aggregate fruit. 2. a collective fruit. [1820-30; < NL syncarpium, equiv. to syncarp(us) SYNCARPOUS + -ium -IUM] * * *
syncarpous
—syncarpy /sin"kahr pee/, n. /sin kahr"peuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. of the nature of or pertaining to a syncarp. 2. composed of or having united carpels. [1820-30; < NL syncarpus. See ...
syncarpy
See syncarpous. * * *
syncategorematic
/sin kat'i gawr'euh mat"ik, -gor'-/, adj. 1. Traditional Logic. of or pertaining to a word that is part of a categorical proposition but is not a term, as all, some, is. 2. ...
synch
synch (sĭngk) n. & v. Informal Variant of sync. * * *
synchondrosis
syn·chon·dro·sis (sĭng'kŏn-drōʹsĭs, sĭn'-) n. pl. syn·chon·dro·ses (-sēz) A form of articulation in which the bones are rigidly fused by cartilage.   [New Latin ...
synchro
synchro [siŋ′krō, sin′krō] n. pl. synchros 〚
synchro unit
/sing"kroh/, Elect. a type of alternating-current motor designed to maintain continuously, at some remote location, the same rotational angle that may be imposed by force upon ...
synchro-
a combining form representing synchronized or synchronous in compound words: synchroscope; synchrotron. * * *
synchrocyclotron
/sing'kroh suy"kleuh tron', -sik"leuh-/, n. Physics. a type of cyclotron that synchronizes its accelerating voltage with particle velocity in order to compensate for the ...
synchroflash
/sing"kreuh flash'/, adj. of or pertaining to photography employing a device that synchronizes the photoflash with the shutter. [1935-40; SYNCHRO- + FLASH] * * *
synchromesh
/sing"kreuh mesh'/, Auto. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a synchronized shifting mechanism. n. 2. a synchronized shifting mechanism. 3. any of the gears of such a ...
synchromism
—synchromist, n., adj. /sing"kreuh miz'euhm/, n. (sometimes cap.) a movement of the early 20th century led by American artists and manifested in their experimentation with ...
synchronal
/sing"kreuh nl/, adj. synchronous. [1650-60; < NL synchron(us) SYNCHRONOUS + -AL1] * * *
synchroneity
/sing'kreuh nee"i tee, -nay"-/, n. the state of being synchronous; synchronism. [1905-10; SYNCHRON(OUS) + -eity, as in SIMULTANEITY, SPONTANEITY] * * *
synchronic
—synchronically, adv. /sin kron"ik, sing-/, adj. Ling. having reference to the facts of a linguistic system as it exists at one point in time without reference to its history: ...
synchronic linguistics
synchronic linguistics n. the branch of linguistics that analyzes the structure of a language or languages as static, at a given point in their history * * * ▪ ...
synchronic linguistics.
See descriptive linguistics. * * *
synchronically
See synchronic. * * *
synchronicity
synchronicity [siŋ΄krə nis′ə tē, sin΄krəs nis′ə tē] n. pl. synchronicities the fact or state of being synchronous; simultaneous occurrence * * ...
synchronism
—synchronistic, synchronistical, adj. —synchronistically, adv. /sing"kreuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. coincidence in time; contemporaneousness; simultaneousness. 2. the arrangement or ...
synchronistic
See synchronism. * * *
synchronistical
See synchronistic. * * *
synchronistically
See synchronistic. * * *
synchronization
See synchronize. * * *
synchronize
—synchronization, n. —synchronizer, n. /sing"kreuh nuyz'/, v., synchronized, synchronizing. v.t. 1. to cause to indicate the same time, as one timepiece with another: ...
synchronized shifting
Auto. gear shifting in which the gears to be meshed are made to rotate at the same speed. * * *
synchronized swimming
1. a sport growing out of water ballet in which swimmers, in solo, duet, and team efforts, complete various required figures by performing motions in relatively stationary ...
synchronizedswimming
syn·chro·nized swimming (sĭngʹkrə-nīzd', sĭnʹ-) n. A sport in which swimmers, singly or in groups, perform dancelike movements often in time with music. * * *
synchronizer
See synchronization. * * *
synchronoscope
/sin kron"euh skohp', sing-/, n. synchroscope. [ < NL synchron(us) SYNCHRONOUS + -O- + -SCOPE] * * *
synchronous
—synchronously, adv. —synchronousness, n. /sing"kreuh neuhs/, adj. 1. occurring at the same time; coinciding in time; contemporaneous; simultaneous. 2. going on at the same ...
synchronous converter
Elect. a synchronous machine for converting alternating current to direct current, or vice versa, in which the armature winding is connected to collector rings and to a ...
synchronous machine
Elect. an alternating-current machine in which the average speed of normal operation is exactly proportional to the frequency of the system to which it is connected. * * *
Synchronous Meteorological Satellite
former name of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite. Abbr.: SMS * * *
synchronous motor
Elect. a synchronous machine that acts as a motor. [1900-05] * * * ▪ mechanics       alternating-current electric motor designed to run at a speed that is directly ...
synchronous rotation
Astron. rotation of a satellite in which the period of rotation is equal to the period of orbit around its primary, leaving the same face always pointing toward the primary: The ...
synchronous speed
Elect. the speed at which an alternating-current machine must operate to generate electromotive force at a given frequency. * * *
synchronously
See synchronous. * * *
synchronousness
See synchronously. * * *
synchronousorbit
synchronous orbit n. A geostationary orbit. * * *
synchrony
/sing"kreuh nee/, n., pl. synchronies. 1. simultaneous occurrence; synchronism. 2. Ling. a synchronic approach to language study. [1840-50; SYNCHRON(OUS) + -Y3] * * *
synchroscope
/sing"kreuh skohp'/, n. an instrument for determining the difference in phase between two related motions, as those of two aircraft engines or two electric generators. Also, ...
synchrotron
/sing"kreuh tron'/, n. Physics. a type of cyclotron consisting of magnetic sections alternately spaced with sections in which particles are electrostatically ...
synchrotron radiation
electromagnetic radiation emitted by charged particles as they pass through magnetic fields. [1960-65] * * * Electromagnetic radiation emitted by charged particles that are ...
synchrotronradiation
synchrotron radiation n. Electromagnetic radiation emitted by high-energy particles when accelerated to relativistic speeds in a magnetic field. * * *
synclastic
/sin klas"tik, sing-/, adj. Math. (of a surface) having principal curvatures of similar sign at a given point. Cf. anticlastic. [1865-70; SYN- + Gk klast(ós) broken + -IC] * * *
synclinal
—synclinally, adv. /sin kluyn"l, sing-, sing"kli nl/, adj. 1. sloping downward from opposite directions so as to meet in a common point or line. 2. Geol. a. inclining upward on ...
syncline
/sing"kluyn, sin"-/, n. Geol. a synclinal fold. [1870-75; back formation from SYNCLINAL] * * *
synclinorium
—synclinorial, synclinorian, adj. /sing'kleuh nawr"ee euhm, -nohr"-/, n., pl. synclinoria /-nawr"ee euh, -nohr"ee euh/, synclinoriums. Geol. a regional structure of general ...
Syncom
/sin"kom/, n. U.S. Aerospace. one of a series of experimental communications satellites that were the first to be placed in geostationary orbit. [syn(chronous) com(munications ...
syncopal
See syncope. * * *
syncopate
—syncopator, n. /sing"keuh payt', sin"-/, v.t., syncopated, syncopating. 1. Music. a. to place (the accents) on beats that are normally unaccented. b. to treat (a passage, ...
syncopated
/sing"keuh pay'tid, sin"-/, adj. 1. marked by syncopation: syncopated rhythm. 2. cut short; abbreviated. [1655-65; < LL syncopat(us) (see SYNCOPATE) + -ED2] * * *
syncopation
/sing'keuh pay"sheuhn, sin'-/, n. 1. Music. a shifting of the normal accent, usually by stressing the normally unaccented beats. 2. something, as a rhythm or a passage of music, ...
syncopator
See syncopate. * * *
syncope
—syncopic /sin kop"ik/, syncopal, adj. /sing"keuh pee', sin"-/, n. 1. Gram. the contraction of a word by omitting one or more sounds from the middle, as in the reduction of ...
syncopic
See syncopal. * * *
syncretic
See syncretism. * * *
syncretism
—syncretic /sin kret"ik/, syncretical, syncretistic /sing'kri tis"tik, sin'-/, adj. —syncretist, n. /sing"kri tiz'euhm, sin"-/, n. 1. the attempted reconciliation or union of ...
syncretist
See syncretic. * * *
syncretistic
See syncretic. * * *
syncretize
/sing"kri tuyz', sin"-/, v.t., v.i., syncretized, syncretizing. to attempt to combine or unite, as different or opposing principles, parties, etc. Also, esp. Brit., ...
syncrisis
/sing"kreuh sis, sin"-/, n. Rhet. Obs. the comparison of opposites. [1650-60; < LL < Gk sýnkrisis combination, comparison, equiv. to syn- SYN- + kri- (s. of krínein to ...
syncytial
See syncytium. * * *
syncytium
—syncytial /sin sish"euhl/, adj. /sin sish"euhm, -ee euhm/, n., pl. syncytia /-sish"euh, -ee euh/. Biol. a multinucleate mass of cytoplasm that is not separated into ...
synd.
1. syndicate. 2. syndicated. * * *
syndactyl
—syndactylism /sin dak"teuh liz'euhm/, sindactyly /sin dak"teuh lee/, n. /sin dak"til/, adj. 1. having certain digits joined together. n. 2. a syndactyl animal. [1830-40; var. ...
syndactylus
/sin dak"teuh leuhs/, n., pl. syndactyli /-luy', -lee'/. Med. a person having united or webbed fingers or toes. [ < NL, n. use of the adj.: having webbed digits; see SYN-, ...
syndactyly
syn·dac·ty·ly (sĭn-dăkʹtə-lē) or syn·dac·tyl·ism (-tə-lĭz'əm) n. Biology 1. The condition of having two or more fused digits, as occurs normally in certain mammals ...
synderesis
/sin'deuh ree"sis/, n. 1. innate knowledge of the basic principles of morality. 2. Christian Mysticism. the essence of the soul that unites with God. Also, ...
syndesis
/sin"deuh sis, sin dee"-/, n., pl. syndeses /-seez', -seez/. Cell Biol. synapsis (def. 1). [ < NL < Gk sýndesis equiv. to syn- SYN- + désis a binding together, equiv. to de- ...
syndesmectomy
/sin'dez mek"teuh mee, -des-/, n., pl. syndesmectomies. Surg. excision of part of a ligament. [ < Gk sýndesm(os) bond, fastening (syn- SYN- + des-, var. s. of deîn to bind (see ...
syndesmosis
—syndesmotic /sin'dez mot"ik, -des-/, adj. /sin'dez moh"sis, -des-/, n., pl. syndesmoses /-seez/. Anat. a connection of bones by ligaments, fasciae, or membranes other than in ...
syndesmotic
See syndesmosis. * * *
syndetic
—syndetically, adv. /sin det"ik/, adj. 1. serving to unite or connect; connective; copulative. 2. Gram. a. conjunctive (def. 3c). b. connected by a conjunction. Also, ...
syndetically
See syndetic. * * *
syndic
—syndicship, n. /sin"dik/, n. 1. a person chosen to represent and transact business for a corporation, as a university. 2. a civil magistrate having different powers in ...


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