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/sin"di keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a union of persons engaged in a particular trade. 2. of or pertaining to syndicalism. [1860-65; < F; see SYNDIC, -AL1] * * *
—syndicalist, adj., n. —syndicalistic, adj. /sin"di keuh liz'euhm/, n. 1. a form or development of trade unionism, originating in France, that aims at the possession of the ...
See syndicalism. * * *
See syndicalist. * * *
—syndicatable, adj. —syndication, n. n. /sin"di kit/; v. /sin"di kayt'/, n., v., syndicated, syndicating. n. 1. a group of individuals or organizations combined or making a ...
See syndicate. * * *
See syndication. * * *
—syndiotacticity /sin duy'oh tak tis"i tee, sin'duy-/, n. /sin duy'oh tak"tik, sin'duy-/, adj. Chem. (of a polymer molecule) having a regular alternation of opposite ...
—syndromic /sin drom"ik/, adj. /sin"drohm, -dreuhm/, n. 1. Pathol., Psychiatry. a group of symptoms that together are characteristic of a specific disorder, disease, or the ...
See syndrome. * * *
/suyn/, adv., prep., conj. Scot. and North Eng. since. [1300-50; ME (north) seine, syn, contraction of sethen since; see SITH] * * *
—synecdochic /sin'ik dok"ik/, synecdochical, adj. —synecdochically, adv. /si nek"deuh kee/, n. Rhet. a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for ...
See synecdoche. * * *
See synecdochic. * * *
/si nek"ee euh, -nee"kee euh, sin'i kuy"euh/, n., pl. synechiae /si nek"ee ee', -nee"kee ee', sin'i kuy"ee/. Med., Pathol. any adhesion of parts of the body, as of the iris to ...
—synechist, n., adj. /sin"i kiz'euhm/, n. a doctrine of philosophical thinking stressing the importance of the idea of continuity: named and advocated by C. S. ...
/si nee"sheuhs/, adj. synoicous. [SYN- + eci- ( < Gk oikía house) + -OUS] * * *
See synecology. * * *
See synecologic. * * *
—synecologic /sin'ek euh loj"ik/, synecological, adj. —synecologically, adv. /sin'i kol"euh jee/, n. the branch of ecology dealing with the relations between natural ...
—synectic, adj. —synectically, adv. /si nek"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of creative processes, esp. as applied to the solution of problems by a group of ...
synectics group
a group of people of varied background that meets to attempt creative solutions of problems through the unrestricted exercise of imagination and the correlation of disparate ...
/si ner"euh sis/, n. 1. synaeresis. 2. Physical Chem. the contraction of a gel accompanied by the exudation of liquid. [1570-80; var. of SYNAERESIS] * * *
/sin'euhr jet"ik/, adj. working together; cooperative. [1675-85; < Gk synergetikós, equiv. to syn- SYN- + -ergetikos; see ENERGETIC] * * *
synergid [si nʉr′jid, sin′ərjid] n. 〚ModL synergida < Gr synergein, to work together (see SYNERGY) + ModL -ida, sing. of -idae (see -IDAE)〛 either of the two cells that ...
/sin"euhr jiz'euhm, si nerr"jiz-/, n. 1. the interaction of elements that when combined produce a total effect that is greater than the sum of the individual elements, ...
/sin"euhr jist, si nerr"-/, n. 1. Physiol., Med. a body organ, medicine, etc., that cooperates with another or others to produce or enhance an effect. 2. Chem., Pharm. any ...
—synergistically, adv. /sin'euhr jis"tik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, characteristic of, or resembling synergism: a synergistic effect. 2. acting as a synergist; producing ...
See synergistic. * * *
—synergic /si nerr"jik/, adj. /sin"euhr jee/, n., pl. synergies. 1. combined action or functioning; synergism. 2. the cooperative action of two or more muscles, nerves, or the ...
/sin"euh sis/, n. Gram. a construction in which an expected grammatical agreement in form is replaced by an agreement in meaning, as in The crowd rose to their feet, where a ...
—synesthete /sin"euhs theet'/, n. —synesthetic /sin'euhs thet"ik/, adj. /sin'euhs thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. a sensation produced in one modality when a stimulus is ...
syn·es·thete (sĭnʹĭs-thēt') n. A person who experiences synesthesia, as by having a secondary sensation of sound as color or of color as sound. * * *
See synesthesia. * * *
/sin"fyooh'euhl/, n. See synthetic fuel. [1970-75, Amer.; SYN(THETIC) + FUEL] * * *
See syngamy. * * *
See syngamic. * * *
—syngamic /sin gam"ik/, syngamous /sing"geuh meuhs/, adj. /sing"geuh mee/, n. Biol. union of gametes, as in fertilization or conjugation; sexual reproduction. [1900-05; SYN- + ...
/sin"gas'/, n. synthetic natural gas. See under synthetic fuel. [1970-75; SYN(THETIC) + GAS] * * *
/sing/, n. 1. John Millington /mil"ing teuhn/, 1871-1909, Irish dramatist. 2. Richard Laurence Millington, 1914-96, English biochemist: Nobel prize for chemistry 1952. * * *
Synge, John Millington
born April 16, 1871, Rathfarnham, near Dublin, Ire. died March 24, 1909, Dublin Irish playwright. After studying languages and music in Dublin and France, he met William Butler ...
Synge, R.L.M.
▪ British biochemist in full  Richard Laurence Millington Synge   born Oct. 28, 1914, Liverpool, Eng. died Aug. 18, 1994, Norwich, Norfolk       British biochemist ...
Synge, Richard Laurence Millington
▪ 1995       British biochemist (b. Oct. 28, 1914, Liverpool, England—d. Aug. 18, 1994, Norwich, Norfolk, England), shared the 1952 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with ...
Synge,John Millington
Synge (sĭng), John Millington. 1871-1909. Irish playwright whose works, based on rural Irish life, include The Playboy of the Western World (1907). * * *
syngeneic [sin΄jə nē′ik] adj. designating or of genetically identical, or nearly identical, tissue, cells, etc.: cf. ALLOGENEIC: sometimes called syngenic [sin jen′ik] * * ...
See syngeneic. * * *
—syngenetic /sin'jeuh net"ik/, adj. /sin jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. sexual reproduction. [1830-40; < NL; see SYN-, -GENESIS] * * *
See syngenesis. * * *
/sin"graft', -grahft'/, n. Surg. a tissue or organ transplanted from one member of a species to another, genetically identical member of the species, as a kidney transplanted ...
/sin'euh zee"sis/, n. Phonet. the combination into one syllable of two vowels (or of a vowel and a diphthong) that do not form a diphthong. Also called synaeresis. [1840-50; < LL ...
/sin kar"ee on', -euhn/, n., pl. synkarya /-kar"ee euh/. n. Cell Biol. a nucleus formed by the fusion of two preexisting nuclei. [1900-05; SYN- + Gk káryon nut, kernel; cf. ...
See synkaryon. * * *
syn·ki·ne·sis (sĭn'kə-nēʹsĭs, -kī-, sĭng'-) n. Involuntary movement of muscles or limbs accompanying a voluntary movement.   syn'ki·netʹic (-nĕtʹĭk) adj. * * *
See synkinesis. * * *
/si nee"meuh/, n., pl. synnemata /-meuh teuh/. Mycol. a spore-bearing structure having very compact conidiophores. [ < NL, equiv. to syn- SYN- + Gk nêma thread] * * *
—synodal, adj. /sin"euhd/, n. 1. an assembly of ecclesiastics or other church delegates, convoked pursuant to the law of the church, for the discussion and decision of ...
See synod. * * *
—synodically, adv. /si nod"ik/, adj. 1. Astron. pertaining to a conjunction, or to two successive conjunctions of the same bodies. 2. of or pertaining to a synod; ...
synodic month.
See under month (def. 5). [1645-55] * * *
synodic period
Time required for a body in the solar system to return to the same or about the same position relative to the Sun as seen from Earth. The Moon's synodic period is the time ...
synodical [si näd′i kəl] adj. 〚LL synodicus < Gr synodikos < synodos: see SYNOD〛 1. of a synod; synodal 2. Astron. of or having to do with conjunction, esp. with the ...
See synodic. * * *
synodic month n. See lunar month. * * *
synoecious [si nē′shəs] adj. 〚
—synoicously, synoeciously, adv. —synoicousness, synoeciousness, n. /si noy"keuhs/, adj. Bot. having male and female flowers on one head, as in many composite plants. Also, ...
—synonymic, synonymical, adj. —synonymity /sin'euh nim"i tee/, n. /sin"euh nim/, n. 1. a word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another in the language, as ...
See synonym. * * *
See synonymic. * * *
/si non"euh mist/, n. a specialist in the study or compiling of synonyms. [1745-55; SYNONYM + -IST] * * *
See synonymic. * * *
/si non"euh muyz'/, v.t., synonymized, synonymizing. to give synonyms for (a word, name, etc.); furnish with synonyms. Also, esp. Brit., synonymise. [1585-95; SYNONYM + -IZE] * * ...
—synonymously, adv. —synonymousness, n. /si non"euh meuhs/, adj. having the character of synonyms or a synonym; equivalent in meaning; expressing or implying the same ...
See synonymous. * * *
/si non"euh mee/, n., pl. synonymies for 3, 4. 1. the quality of being synonymous; equivalence in meaning. 2. the study of synonyms. 3. a set, list, or system of synonyms. 4. ...
synopsis. * * *
/sin'of thal"mee euh/, n. Med. cyclopia. [SYN- + OPHTHALMIA] * * *
/si nop"sis/, n., pl. synopses /-seez/. 1. a brief or condensed statement giving a general view of some subject. 2. a compendium of heads or short paragraphs giving a view of the ...
/si nop"suyz/, v.t., synopsized, synopsizing. to make a synopsis of; summarize. Also, esp. Brit., synopsise. [1880-85; SYNOPS(IS) + -IZE] * * *
—synoptically, adv. /si nop"tik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or constituting a synopsis; affording or taking a general view of the principal parts of a subject. 2. (often cap.) ...
synoptic chart
a chart showing the distribution of meteorological conditions over a wide region at a given moment. [1885-90] * * *
Synoptic Gospels
▪ biblical literature       the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke in the New Testament. Since the 1780s, the first three books of the New Testament have been called the ...
synoptic meteorology
a branch of meteorology analyzing data collected simultaneously over a wide region, for the purpose of weather forecasting. * * *
See synoptic. * * *
—synoptistic, adj. /si nop"tist/, n. (often cap.) one of the authors (Matthew, Mark, or Luke) of the synoptic Gospels. [1855-60; SYNOPT(IC) + -IST] * * *
/si nos'tee oh"sis/, n., pl. synosteoses /-seez/. Anat. synostosis. * * *
—synostotic /sin'o stot"ik/, synostotical, adj. —synostotically, adv. /sin'o stoh"sis/, n., pl. synostoses /-seez/. Anat. union of separate bones into a single ...
See synostosis. * * *
—synovial, adj. —synovially, adv. /si noh"vee euh/, n. Physiol. a lubricating fluid resembling the white of an egg, secreted by certain membranes, as those of the ...
See synovia. * * *
synovial tissue
▪ anatomy       thin, loose vascular connective tissue that makes up the membranes surrounding joints (joint) and the sheaths protecting tendons (tendon) (particularly ...
—synovitic /sin'euh vit"ik/, adj. /sin'euh vuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a synovial membrane. [1825-35; SYNOV(IA) + -ITIS] * * *
—synsacral, adj. /sin sak"reuhm, -say"kreuhm/, n., pl. synsacra /-sak"reuh, -say"kreuh/. Ornith. a dorsal ridge of bone in the pelvic region of birds, formed by the fusion of ...
/sin sep"euh leuhs/, adj. Bot. gamosepalous. [1840-50; SYN- + -SEPALOUS] * * *
—syntactically, adv. /sin tak"tik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to syntax. 2. consisting of or noting morphemes that are combined in the same order as they would be if they were ...
syntactic construction
Gram. 1. a construction that has no bound forms among its immediate constituents. Cf. morphologic construction. 2. any phrase or sentence. * * *
syntactic foam
syntactic foam n. any of several buoyant materials made up of tiny hollow spheres embedded in a surrounding plastic: used in submersibles, spacecraft, etc. * * *
See syntactic. * * *
/sin tak"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Ling. the branch of semiotics dealing with the formal properties of languages and systems of symbols. Also called logical ...
/sin tag"meuh/, n., pl. syntagmas, syntagmata /-meuh teuh/. Ling. an element that enters into a syntagmatic relationship. Also, syntagm /sin"tam/. [1635-45; < Gk sýntagma ...
—syntagmatically, adv. /sin'tag mat"ik/, adj. Ling. pertaining to a relationship among linguistic elements that occur sequentially in the chain of speech or writing, as the ...
/sin tal"i tee/, n. behavioral characteristics of a group perceived as parallel to or inferable from the personality structure of an individual. [SYN- + intrusive -t- + -ality, ...
/sin"taks/, n. 1. Ling. a. the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language. b. the study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases ...
syntax language
Philos. a metalanguage used to refer to the grammatical or other formal features of an object language. * * *
See synteny. * * *
syn·te·ny (sĭnʹtə-nē) n. The condition of two or more genes being located on the same chromosome whether or not there is demonstrable linkage between them.   [syn- + ...
/sin'teuh ree"sis/, n. synderesis. * * *
synth [sinth] n. Informal SYNTHESIZER * * * synth (sĭnth) n. 1. Informal. A synthesizer. 2. A style of light popular music made with synthesizers. Also called synth-pop. * * *
synth-pop [sinth′päp΄] n. a kind of popular music, esp. of the 1980s, emphasizing the use of synthesizers and often characterized by blandly monotonous rhythms and optimistic ...
—synthesist, n. /sin"theuh sis/, n., pl. syntheses /-seez'/. 1. the combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified ...
synthesis gas
Chem. any of several gaseous mixtures consisting essentially of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, used in the synthesis of chemical compounds, as ammonia and alcohols. [1940-45] * * *
synthesis gas n. A mixture of gases made as feedstock, especially a fuel produced by controlled combustion of coal in the presence of water vapor. * * *
synthesist [sin′thəsist] n. 1. a person or thing that synthesizes 2. a person who plays an electronic synthesizer * * * See synthesis. * * *
—synthesization, n. /sin"theuh suyz'/, v., synthesized, synthesizing. v.t. 1. to form (a material or abstract entity) by combining parts or elements (opposed to analyze): to ...
syn·the·sized (sĭnʹthĭ-sīzd') adj. 1. Relating to or being an instrument whose sound is modified or augmented by a synthesizer. 2. Relating to or being compositions or a ...
/sin"theuh suy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that synthesizes. 2. Music. any of various electronic, sometimes portable consoles or modules, usually computerized, for creating, ...
/sin"theuh tays', -tayz'/, n. Biochem. ligase. [1947; SYNTHET(IC) + -ASE] * * *
—synthetically, adv. /sin thet"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, proceeding by, or involving synthesis (opposed to analytic). 2. noting or pertaining to compounds formed through ...
synthetic cubism
(sometimes caps.) Fine Arts. the late phase of cubism, characterized chiefly by an increased use of color and the imitation or introduction of a wide range of textures and ...
synthetic detergent
any synthetic substance, other than soap, that is an effective cleanser and functions equally well as a surface-active agent in hard or soft water. * * *
synthetic diamond
▪ chemistry       man-made diamond that is usually produced by subjecting graphite to very high temperatures and pressures. Synthetic diamond resembles natural diamond ...
synthetic division
a simplified procedure for dividing a polynomial by a linear polynomial. [1900-05] * * * ▪ mathematics       short method of dividing a polynomial of degree n of the ...
synthetic fibre
      man-made textile fibre produced entirely from chemical substances, unlike those man-made fibres derived from such natural substances as cellulose or protein. See ...
Synthetic food colorants
▪ Table Synthetic food colorants common name designation products United States European Union allura red AC FD&C red no. 40 . . . gelatin, puddings, dairy products, ...
synthetic fuel
fuel in the form of liquid or gas (synthetic natural gas) manufactured from coal or in the form of oil extracted from shale or tar sands. Also called synfuel. * * *
synthetic geometry
elementary geometry, as distinct from analytic geometry. [1885-90] * * *
synthetic language
      any language in which syntactic relations within sentences are expressed by inflection (the change in the form of a word that indicates distinctions of tense, ...
Synthetic lubricants and typical applications
▪ Table Synthetic lubricants and typical applications synthetic lubricant typical uses dibasic acid esters instrument oil, jet turbine lubricant, hydraulic fluid phosphate ...
synthetic philosophy
the philosophy of Herbert Spencer, intended as a synthesis of all the sciences. * * *
synthetic resin
synthetic resin n. 1. any of a large class of complex organic liquids or solids formed from simpler molecules by condensation or polymerization, used esp. in making plastics 2. ...
synthetic rubber
any of several substances similar to natural rubber in properties and uses, produced by the polymerization of an unsaturated hydrocarbon, as butylene or isoprene, or by the ...
See synthetic. * * *
synthetic division n. A method of dividing polynomials when the divisor is a polynomial of the first degree, by using only the coefficients of the terms. * * *
synthetic speech n. Speech that is produced by an electronic synthesizer activated by a keyboard, enabling individuals who are incapable of speech to communicate. * * *
▪ art       in art, method of painting evolved by Paul Gauguin (Gauguin, Paul), Émile Bernard (Bernard, Émile), Louis Anquetin, and others in the 1880s to emphasize ...
—synthetization, n. —synthetizer, n. /sin"thi tuyz'/, v.t., v.i., synthetized, synthetizing. to synthesize. Also, esp. Brit., synthetise. [1820-30; < Gk synthetízesthai; see ...
/sin"thawl, -thol/, n. Chem. a synthetic motor fuel produced by heating, under pressure, hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst. [SYNTH(ETIC) + -OL1] * * *
/sinth"pop'/, n. popular music played with synthesizers and having light upbeat melodies and lyrics. [1980-85; SYNTH(ESIZER) + POP2] * * *
—syntonically, adv. /sin ton"ik/, adj. 1. Elect. adjusted to oscillations of the same or a particular frequency. 2. Psychiatry. of or denoting a personality characterized by ...
—syntonization, n. —syntonizer, n. /sin"tn uyz'/, v.t., syntonized, syntonizing. to render syntonic; tune to the same frequency. Also, esp. Brit., syntonise. [1890-95; ...
/sin"tn euhs/, adj. syntonic. [1780-90; < Gk sýntonos. See SYNTONIC, -OUS] * * *
/sin"tn ee/, n. Elect. the state or condition of being syntonic. [1890-95; < Gk syntonía, equiv. to sýnton(os) (see SYNTONIC) + -ia -Y3] * * *
syn·tro·phism (sĭn-trōʹfĭz'əm) also syn·tro·phy (sĭnʹtrə-fē) n. A biological relationship in which microorganisms of two different species or strains are mutually ...
—syntypic /sin tip"ik/, adj. /sin"tuyp'/, n. Biol. a type specimen other than the holotype used in the description of a species. [1905-10; SYN- + TYPE] * * *
/sif/, n. Slang. syphilis (often prec. by the). [by shortening] * * *
▪ king of the Masaesyli died 201 BC, Tibur [now Tivoli, Italy]       king of the Masaesyli, a Numidian tribe (in North Africa). Formerly a Carthaginian dependent, he ...
/suy"feuhr/, v.t. to join (boards having beveled edges) so as to make a flush surface. [1835-45; sp. var. of CIPHER] * * *
/sif"euh lis/, n. Pathol. a chronic infectious disease, caused by a spirochete, Treponema pallidum, usually venereal in origin but often congenital, and affecting almost any ...
—syphilitically, adv. /sif'euh lit"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, noting, or affected with syphilis. n. 2. a person affected with syphilis. [1780-90; < NL syphiliticus, equiv. to ...
/sif"euh loyd'/, adj. resembling syphilis. [1805-15; SYPHIL(IS) + -OID] * * *
syphilology [sif΄ə läl′ə jē] n. the study and treatment of syphilis syphilologist [sif΄ə läl′əjist] n. * * *
/suy"feuhn/, n., v.t., v.i. siphon. * * *
Pharm. syrup. * * *
Syr Darya
/sear" dahr"yeuh/; Russ. /sirdd" du rddyah"/ a river in central Asia, flowing NW from the Tien Shan Mountains in Kyrgyzstan, through Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the Aral Sea. ...
1. Syria. 2. Syriac. 3. Syrian. * * *
—Syracusan, adj., n. /sir"euh kyoohs', -kyoohz'/, n. 1. a city in central New York. 170,105. 2. Italian, Siracusa. a seaport in SE Sicily: ancient city founded by the ...
Syracuse University
▪ university, Syracuse, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher education, located in Syracuse, New York, U.S. It offers more than ...
syrah [sē rä′] n. 〚Fr〛 a red grape grown esp. in the Rhone Valley in France, now also in the U.S. and Australiaa full-bodied red wine made from this grape * * * Sy·rah ...
Syr Dar·ya (sîr därʹyə, dər-yäʹ) A river of central Asia rising in the Tian Shan and flowing about 2,220 km (1,380 mi) generally southwest through eastern Uzbekistan ...
☆ syrette [si ret′ ] n. 〚 SYR( + -ETTE〛 a small, collapsible tube fitted with a hypodermic needle and filled with a single dose of medication * * * Syr·ette ...
/sear"ee euh/, n. 1. Official name, Syrian Arab Republic. a republic in SW Asia at the E end of the Mediterranean. 16,137,899; 71,227 sq. mi. (184,478 sq. km). Cap.: Damascus. 2. ...
Syria, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-black national flag with two green stars on the white stripe. The flag's width-to-length ratio is 2 to ...
/sear"ee ak'/, n. a form of Aramaic used by various Eastern Churches. [ < L Syriacus < Gk Syriakós. See SYRIA, -AC] * * *
Syriac alphabet
      writing system used by the Syriac Christians from the 1st century AD until about the 14th century. A Semitic alphabet, Syriac was an offshoot of a cursive Aramaic ...
Syriac language
      Semitic language (Semitic languages) belonging to the Northern Central, or Northwestern, group; it was an important Christian literary and liturgical language from ...
Syriac literature
      body of writings in Syriac, an eastern Aramaic Semitic language originally spoken in and around Edessa (Şanlıurfa), Osroëne (modern Şalıurfa, in southeastern ...
▪ Myanmar       town and port, southwestern Myanmar (Burma). It is situated on the Yangon River, a tributary of the Irrawaddy River, opposite Yangon (Rangoon), the ...
/sear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Syria or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Syria. [1350-1400; ME Sirien < MF. See SYRIA, -AN] * * *
Syrian and Palestinian religion
▪ ancient religion Introduction       beliefs of Syria and Palestine between 3000 and 300 BC. These religions are usually defined by the languages of those who ...
Syrian Catholic Church
      an Eastern Catholic church of the Antiochene rite, in communion with Rome since the 17th century. The Christians of Syria had been Monophysites (monophysite) since ...
Syrian chant
▪ vocal music       generic term for the vocal music of the various Syrian Christian churches, including Eastern Orthodox churches such as the Jacobites and Nestorians, ...
Syrian Desert
a desert in N Saudi Arabia, SE Syria, W Iraq, and NE Jordan. ab. 125,000 sq. mi. (323,750 sq. km). * * * Arid wasteland, Middle East. It extends over much of northern Saudi ...
Syrian hamster.
See golden hamster. [1945-50] * * *
Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch
▪ Christianity also called  Syrian Orthodox Church, or Syrian Jacobite Church,        body of Syrian Christians who are Monophysites (monophysite), acknowledging only ...
Syrian Wars
▪ Hellenistic history       (3rd century BC), five conflicts fought between the leading Hellenistic states, chiefly the Seleucid kingdom and Ptolemaic Egypt, and, in a ...
Syrian Desert A desert region of northern Arabia occupying northern Saudi Arabia, western Iraq, southeast Syria, and eastern Jordan. It is crossed by a number of oil ...
/seuh ring"geuh/, n. 1. See mock orange (def. 1). 2. any shrub or tree of the genus Syringa, including the lilacs. [1655-65; < NL < Gk syring- (s. of syrinx SYRINX) + NL -a -A2; ...
—syringeful, adj. /seuh rinj", sir"inj/, n., v., syringed, syringing. n. 1. a small device consisting of a glass, metal, or hard rubber tube, narrowed at its outlet, and fitted ...
/seuh rin"jee euhl/, adj. Ornith. of, pertaining to, or connected with the syrinx. [1870-75; syringe- (var. s. of SYRINX) + -AL1] * * *
—syringomyelic /seuh ring'goh muy el"ik/, adj. /seuh ring'goh muy ee"lee euh/, n. Pathol. a disease of the spinal cord in which the nerve tissue is replaced by a cavity filled ...
See syringomyelia. * * *
/sir"ingks/, n., pl. syringes /seuh rin"jeez/, syrinxes. 1. Ornith. the vocal organ of birds, situated at or near the bifurcation of the trachea into the bronchi. 2. (cap.) ...
Sy·ros (sīʹrŏs') also Sí·ros (sēʹrôs') An island of Greece in the north-central Cyclades. It is the richest and most populous of the Cyclades. * * * ▪ island, ...
/serr"fid/, n. 1. See syrphid fly. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Syrphidae. Also, syrphian /serr"fee euhn/. [1890-95; < NL Syrphidae family name, equiv. to ...
syrphid fly
any of numerous beelike or wasplike flies of the family Syrphidae that feed on the nectar and pollen of flowers and have larvae that feed on decaying vegetation or prey on ...
syrphus fly
syrphus fly [sʉr′fəs] 〚ModL Syrphus < Gr syrphos, gnat〛 any of a family (Syrphidae) of dipterous flies, many of which mimic bees or wasps: the adults feed on nectar and ...
syr·phus fly (sûrʹfəs) n. See syrphid.   [New Latin Syrphus, fly genus. See syrphid.] * * *
Syrtis Major
/serr"tis/ an area in the northern hemisphere and near the equator of Mars, appearing as a dark region when viewed telescopically from the earth. * * * ▪ surface feature, ...
▪ dance  ancient chain dance of Greece. It was described by Lucian (c. AD 125–190) and is still danced today in many varieties in the Greek islands. Traditionally, it was ...
—syruplike, adj. /sir"euhp, serr"-/, n. 1. any of various thick, sweet liquids prepared for table use from molasses, glucose, etc., water, and often a flavoring agent. 2. any ...
syrup of ipecac
Pharm. See ipecac syrup. * * *
/sir"euh pee, serr"-/, adj. 1. having the appearance or quality of syrup; thick or sweet: syrupy coffee. 2. sentimental or saccharine; mawkish: a syrupy manner; a syrupy ...
var. of syn- before s: syssarcosis. * * *
sys·ad·min (sĭsʹəd-mĭn') n. A system administrator. * * *
/sis"op'/, n. Computers Informal. a person who operates a computer bulletin board. [sys(tems) op(erator)] * * *
/sis'ahr koh"sis/, n., pl. syssarcoses /-seez/. Anat. the joining or attachment of bones by means of muscle. [1670-80; < NL < Gk syssárkosis; see SYS-, SARC-, -OSIS] * * *
syst abbrev. system * * *
system. * * *
/si stawl"tik, -stal"-/, adj. Physiol. 1. rhythmically contracting. 2. of the nature of contraction. 3. characterized by alternate contraction and dilation, as the action of the ...
—systemless, adj. /sis"teuhm/, n. 1. an assemblage or combination of things or parts forming a complex or unitary whole: a mountain system; a railroad system. 2. any assemblage ...
system of equations
or simultaneous equations In algebra, two or more equations to be solved together (i.e., the solution must satisfy all the equations in the system). For a system to have a ...
system program
—system programmer. —system programming. Computers. a program, as an operating system, compiler, or utility program, that controls some aspect of the operation of a computer ...
system administrator n. One who manages and maintains computer systems and software, as for a business or institution. * * *
—systematicness, n. —systematically, adv. /sis'teuh mat"ik/, adj. 1. having, showing, or involving a system, method, or plan: a systematic course of reading; systematic ...
systematic error
Statistics. a persistent error that cannot be attributed to chance. Cf. random error. [1890-95] * * *
systematic phoneme
Ling. a phonological unit in generative phonology representing an underlying form that takes into account the relationship between phonological patterns and morphological ...
See systematic. * * *
/sis'teuh mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the study of systems or of classification. 2. Biol. a. the study and classification of organisms with the goal of reconstructing ...
/sis"teuh meuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. the practice of systematizing. 2. adherence to system or method. [1840-50; SYSTEMAT(IZE) + -ISM] * * *
/sis"teuh meuh tist/, n. 1. a person who constructs a system. 2. a naturalist engaged in classification. 3. a person who adheres to a system, order, or method. [1690-1700; < Gk ...
See systematize. * * *
—systematization, n. —systematizer n. /sis"teuh meuh tuyz'/, v.t., systematized, systematizing. to arrange in or according to a system; reduce to a system; make ...
See systematization. * * *
/sis'teuh meuh tol"euh jee/, n. the science of systems or their formation. [ < Gk systemat- (s. of sýstema) SYSTEM + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
Système International
➡ metric system * * *
—systemically, adv. /si stem"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a system. 2. Physiol., Pathol. a. pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. b. pertaining to or affecting a ...
systemic circulation
Anat. 1. the circulatory system in general. 2. (in mammals and birds) the circulatory system excluding the pulmonary circulation. * * * ▪ physiology       in ...
systemic linguistics
a school of linguistics of British origin that emphasizes the social functions of language and describes grammar in terms of hierarchically organized structures and of systems of ...
systemic lupus erythematosus
Pathol. an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the connective tissues, occurring mainly among middle-aged women, chiefly characterized by skin eruptions, joint pain, recurrent ...
See systemic. * * *
systemic circulation n. The general circulation of the blood through the body, as opposed to the circulation of the blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart. * * *
systemiclupus erythematosus
systemic lupus er·y·the·ma·to·sus (ĕr'ə-thē'mə-tōʹsĭs) n. Abbr. SLE An inflammatory, multisystemic, autoimmune disease of the connective tissue, characterized by ...
See systemize. * * *
—systemization, n. —systemizer, n. /sis"teuh muyz'/, v.t., systemized, systemizing. systematize. Also, esp. Brit., systemise. [1770-80; SYSTEM + -IZE] * * *
See systemization. * * *
system operator n. One who operates a bulletin board system. * * *
(as used in expressions) BAE Systems Indic writing systems systems analysis systems ecology systems engineering systems programming * * *
systems analysis
—systems analyst. 1. the evaluation of an activity to identify its desired objectives and determine procedures for efficiently attaining them. 2. Computers. the methodical ...
systems ecology
Branch of ecosystem ecology (the study of energy budgets, biogeochemical cycles, and feeding and behavioral aspects of ecological communities) that attempts to clarify the ...
systems engineer
—systems engineering. an engineer who specializes in the implementation of production systems. * * *
systems engineering
☆ systems engineering n. a branch of engineering using esp. information theory, computer science, and facts from systems-analysis studies to design integrated operational ...
systems programming
Development of computer software that is part of a computer operating system or other control program, especially as used in computer networks. Systems programming covers data ...
systems software
Computers. a collection of system programs for use with a particular computer system. [1975-80] * * *
sys·tems analysis (sĭsʹtəmz) n. 1. The study of an activity or procedure to determine the desired end and the most efficient method of obtaining this end. 2. The act, ...
systems analyst n. One who performs systems analysis. * * *
systems programming n. The development and management of programs that are a part of an operating system. * * *
/sis"teuh lee', -lee/, n. 1. Physiol. the normal rhythmical contraction of the heart, during which the blood in the chambers is forced onward. Cf. diastole. 2. Class. Pros. the ...
systole and diastole
▪ prosody       in prosody, systole is the shortening of a syllable that is by pronunciation or by position long. Systole is most often used to adjust the rhythm of a ...
/si stol"ik/, adj. (of blood pressure) indicating the maximum arterial pressure occurring during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart. Cf. diastolic. [1685-95; SYSTOLE ...
systolic pressure n. Blood pressure within the arteries when the heart muscle is contracting. * * *
/sis"tuyl/, adj. Archit. having an intercolumniation of two diameters. See illus. under intercolumniation. [1695-1705; < L systylos < Gk sýstylos, equiv. to sy- SY- + -stylos ...
Also sū-. To bind, sew. Contracted from *s(y)uə-. I. Basic form *syū-. sew, from Old English seowian, siowan, to sew, from Germanic *siwjan. II. Variant form *sū-. 1. seam, ...
Syv Systre
▪ waterfalls, Norway also spelled  Sju Søstre , also called  Knivsflåfoss,         waterfalls in west-central Norway. The falls have their sources in Geit ...
▪ geographical region, Ukraine also spelled  Sivash, or Sivaš,  Russian  Gniloye More        (“Putrid Sea”), system of shallow inlets of the Sea of Azov (Azov, ...
/siz"reuhn/; Russ. /si"zrddeuhn/, n. a city in the E Russian Federation in Europe, on the Volga. 174,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Samara oblast (province), western ...
See syzygy. * * *
—syzygial /si zij"ee euhl/, syzygetic /siz'i jet"ik/, syzygal /siz"i geuhl/, adj. /siz"i jee/, n., pl. syzygies. 1. Astron. an alignment of three celestial objects, as the sun, ...
Central Semitic, to assist. Shiah, Shiite, from Arabic šīʿa, followers, disciples, faction (meaning influenced by Aramaic siʿā, absolute form of siʿtā, troop, company), ...
/so"bot ko/, n. Hungarian name of Subotica. * * *
▪ county, Hungary       megye (county), northeastern Hungary. It has a very short border with Slovakia in the north and is bounded by Ukraine to the north and ...
Szálasi, Ferenc
▪ Hungarian politician born Jan. 6, 1897, Kassa, Hung., Austria-Hungary died March 12, 1946, Budapest       soldier and politician who was the fascist leader of Hungary ...
Szarkowski, John
▪ 2008 Thaddeus John Szarkowski        American photographer and curator born Dec. 18, 1925, Ashland, Wis. died July 7, 2007, Pittsfield, Mass. served as the ...
/shche" cheen/, n. a seaport in NW Poland: formerly in Germany. 370,000. German, Stettin. * * * German Stettin Seaport (pop., 2000 est.: 416,500), near the mouth of the Oder ...
▪ Poland German  Neustettin        city, Zachodniopomorskie województwo (province), northwestern Poland. Originally a Slavic tribal stronghold, it received town ...
Szczeciński Lagoon
▪ lagoon, Poland Polish  Zalew Szczeciński , German  Stettiner Haff  or  Oderhaff        lagoon (area 350 square miles [900 square km]) on the Baltic Sea coast ...
Széchenyi, István, Count
born Sept. 21, 1791, Vienna, Austrian Empire died April 8, 1860, Döbling, near Vienna Hungarian reformer and writer. Born to an aristocratic Hungarian family, he fought ...
Sze·chuan (sĕchʹwänʹ) See Sichuan. * * *
Szechuan pepper or Szechwan pepper n. A Chinese tree or shrub (Zanthoxylum simulans) having aromatic bark, pinnately compound leaves, and spicy, two-valved, reddish, dry ...
/sech"wahn", sech"ooh ahn'/; Chin. /su"chwahn"/, n. Sichuan. Also, Szechuan. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Ssu-ch'uan,  (Pinyin)  Sichuan, ...
/se"ged/, n. a city in S Hungary, on the Tisza River. 166,040. German, Szegedin /se"geuh din/. * * * ▪ Hungary       city with county status and seat of Csongrád ...
/say"kesh fe"hair vahrdd/, n. a city in W central Hungary. 102,000. * * * ▪ Hungary German  Stuhlweissenburg        city with county status and seat of Fejér megye ...
▪ people Hungarian  Székely,         member of a people inhabiting the upper valleys of the Mureş and Olt rivers in what was eastern Transylvania and is now ...
/sel/, n. George, 1897-1970, U.S. pianist and conductor, born in Hungary. * * *
Szell, George
born June 7, 1897, Budapest, Hung., Austria-Hungary died July 30, 1970, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. conductor. He made his debut as a pianist at age 11, and ...
Szell (sĕl, zĕl), George. 1897-1970. Hungarian-born American conductor who was best known as the musical director of the Cleveland Orchestra (1946-1970). * * *
/sent jerr"jee/; Hung. /sent dyuerdd"dyi/, n. Albert /al"beuhrt/; Hung. /ol"berddt/, 1893-1986, U.S. biochemist, born in Hungary: Nobel prize for medicine 1937. * * *

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