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Thomasville
/tom"euhs vil'/, n. 1. a city in S Georgia. 18,463. 2. a city in central North Carolina. 14,144. * * *
thomisid
/thoh"meuh sid/, n. 1. a spider of the family Thomisidae, comprising the crab spiders. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Thomisidae. [1930-35; < NL Thomisidae name of ...
Thomism
—Thomist, n., adj. —Thomistic, adj. /toh"miz euhm/, n. the theological and philosophical system of Thomas Aquinas. [THOM(AS AQUINAS) + -ISM] * * * Philosophical and ...
Thomist
See Thomism. * * *
Thomistic
See Thomist. * * *
Thompson
/tomp"seuhn, tom"-/, n. 1. Benjamin, Count Rumford, 1753-1814, English physicist and diplomat, born in the U.S. 2. Dorothy, 1894-1961, U.S. journalist. 3. Francis, 1859-1907, ...
Thompson River
▪ river, Canada  major tributary of the Fraser River, in southern British Columbia, Canada. The North Thompson (210 miles [340 km]) rises in the Cariboo Mountains east of ...
Thompson seedless
1. a yellow, seedless variety of grape used in producing raisins. 2. the vine bearing this fruit, grown in California. Also called Thompson seedless grape. [1890-95, Amer.; named ...
Thompson submachine gun
a portable, .45-caliber, automatic weapon designed to be fired from the shoulder or hip. Also called Tommy gun. [1920-25; named after J. T. Thompson (1860-1940), American army ...
Thompson, Benjamin C.
▪ 2003       American architect (b. July 3, 1918, St. Paul, Minn.—d. Aug. 17, 2002, Cambridge, Mass.), was best known for having created the marketplace at Faneuil ...
Thompson, Daley
▪ British athlete byname of  Francis Morgan Thompson   born July 30, 1958, London, England    British decathlete who became only the second competitor in history to win ...
Thompson, David
▪ English explorer born April 30, 1770, London, Eng. died Feb. 10, 1857, Longeuil, Lower Canada [now Quebec]       English explorer, geographer, and fur trader in the ...
Thompson, Dorothy
born July 9, 1894, Lancaster, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1961, Lisbon, Port. U.S. journalist. After World War I she became a freelance correspondent in Europe. Her reporting on ...
Thompson, E P
▪ 1994       British historian (b. Feb. 3, 1924—d. Aug. 28, 1993, Upper Wick, Worcester, England), held academic posts early in his career but beginning in the late ...
Thompson, E(dward) P(almer)
born Feb. 3, 1924 died Aug. 28, 1993, Upper Wick, Worcester, Eng. British historian. He served in Italy in World War II and taught at the universities of Leeds (1948–65) and ...
Thompson, E.P.
▪ British historian Introduction in full  Edward Palmer Thompson  born Feb. 3, 1924 died Aug. 28, 1993, Upper Wick, Worcester, Eng.       British social historian and ...
Thompson, Edward Herbert
▪ American archaeologist born Sept. 28, 1856, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died May 11, 1935, Plainfield, N.J.       American archaeologist who revealed much about Mayan ...
Thompson, Emma
born April 15, 1959, London, Eng. British actress and screenwriter. After graduating from the University of Cambridge, she acted on stage and television and won acclaim in the ...
Thompson, Francis
▪ British poet born Dec. 18, 1859, Preston, Lancashire, Eng. died Nov. 13, 1907, London  English poet of the 1890s, whose most famous poem, “The Hound of Heaven,” ...
Thompson, Fred
▪ American politician and actor in full  Fred Dalton Thompson  born Aug. 19, 1942, Sheffield, Ala., U.S.    American actor and politician, who served as a member of the ...
Thompson, Hank
▪ 2008 Henry William Thompson        American singer and songwriter born Sept. 3, 1925, Waco, Texas died Nov. 6, 2007, Keller, Texas was a pioneering country music ...
Thompson, Homer Armstrong
▪ 2001       Canadian-born American archaeologist (b. Sept. 7, 1906, Devlin, Ont.—d. May 7, 2000, Hightstown, N.J.), as acting deputy (1931–47) and field director ...
Thompson, Hunter S(tockton)
born July 18, 1939, Louisville, Ky., U.S. U.S. journalist. He had run-ins with the law as a young man and served in the U.S. Air Force. In 1965 he infiltrated the Hell's Angels ...
Thompson, Hunter S.
▪ American journalist in full  Hunter Stockton Thompson  born July 18, 1937, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S. died February 20, 2005, Woody Creek, Colorado  American journalist ...
Thompson, Hunter Stockton
▪ 2006  American journalist and author (b. July 18, 1937, Louisville, Ky.—d. Feb. 20, 2005, Woody Creek, Colo.), blurred the line between reporting and storytelling with a ...
Thompson, J Lee
▪ 2003       British-born film director (b. Aug. 1, 1914, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng.—d. Aug. 30, 2002, Sooke, B.C.), achieved international fame with The Guns of ...
Thompson, Jim
▪ American author in full  James Myers Thompson  born Sept. 27, 1906, Anadarko, Okla., U.S. died April 7, 1977, Los Angeles, Calif.       American novelist and ...
Thompson, John Griggs
▪ American mathematician born October 13, 1932, Ottawa, Kansas, U.S.    American mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970 for his work in group theory (group). ...
Thompson, Kay
▪ 1999       American entertainer and writer (b. Nov. 9, 1902?, St. Louis, Mo.—d. July 2, 1998, New York, N.Y.), was a talented musician, singer, songwriter, musical ...
Thompson, Lucky
▪ 2006 Eli Thompson        American jazz musician (b. June 16, 1924, Columbia, S.C.—d. July 30, 2005, Seattle, Wash.), played tenor saxophone solos in a romantic ...
Thompson, Randall
▪ American composer born April 21, 1899, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 9, 1984, Boston, Mass.  composer of great popularity in the United States, notable for his choral ...
Thompson, Richard
▪ British musician born April 3, 1949, London, Eng.       English guitarist, singer, and songwriter who earned critical acclaim with his masterful musicianship and ...
Thompson, Silvanus Phillips
▪ British physicist and historian born June 19, 1851, York, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 12, 1916, London       British physicist and historian of science known for ...
Thompson, Sir Benjamin, Count Von Rumford
▪ American-British physicist born March 26, 1753, Woburn, Mass. [U.S.] died Aug. 21, 1814, Auteuil, France       American-born British physicist, government ...
Thompson, Sir D'Arcy Wentworth
▪ Scottish zoologist born May 2, 1860, Edinburgh, Scot. died June 21, 1948, St. Andrews, Fife       Scottish zoologist and classical scholar noted for his influential ...
Thompson, Sir J Eric S
▪ British anthropologist born Dec. 31, 1898, London, Eng. died Sept. 9, 1975, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       leading English ethnographer of the Mayan (Maya) people. ...
Thompson, Sir John
▪ prime minister of Canada in full  Sir John Sparrow David Thompson  born Nov. 10, 1845, Halifax, Nova Scotia died Dec. 12, 1894, Windsor Castle, England  jurist and ...
Thompson, Smith
▪ United States jurist born Jan. 17, 1768, Amenia, N.Y. [U.S.] died Dec. 18, 1843, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Thompson, Tommy
▪ American politician in full  Tommy George Thompson  born Nov. 19, 1941, Elroy, Wis., U.S.    American politician, who served as governor of Wisconsin (1987–2001) and ...
Thompson, William Tappan
▪ American humorist born Aug. 31, 1812, Ravenna, Ohio, U.S. died March 24, 1882, Savannah, Ga.       American humorist remembered for his character sketches of ...
Thompson,Benjamin
Thomp·son (tŏmpʹsən, tŏmʹ-), Benjamin. Count Rumford. 1753-1814. American-born British public official and physicist who conducted numerous experiments on heat and ...
Thompson,David
Thompson, David. 1770-1857. Canadian explorer who followed the Columbia River to its mouth (1811) and mapped much of western Canada. * * *
Thompson,Dorothy
Thompson, Dorothy. 1894-1961. American journalist whose radio broadcasts and widely syndicated column “On the Record” (1936-1941) informed Americans of the impending threat ...
Thompson,Sir John Sparrow David
Thompson, Sir John Sparrow David. 1844-1894. Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1892-1894). * * *
ThompsonRiver
Thompson River A river, about 489 km (304 mi) long, of southern British Columbia, Canada, formed by the confluence of northern and southern branches and flowing west and ...
Thompsonseedless
Thompson seedless n. A round-berried, green, seedless or nearly seedless variety of grape widely cultivated in the United States for table use and for drying as ...
Thompsonsubmachine gun
Thompson submachine gun n. A.45-caliber submachine gun having a wooden stock and a box or drum magazine.   [After John Taliaferro Thompson (1860-1940), American army officer.] * ...
Thomsen
/tom"seuhn/, n. Christian Jürgensen /krddis"tyahn yoohrdd"geuhn seuhn/, 1788-1865, Danish archaeologist. * * *
Thomsen, Christian Jürgensen
Thom·sen (tŏmʹsən), Christian Jürgensen. 1788-1865. Danish archaeologist who proposed a three-part system for the chronological classification of prehistoric artifacts, ...
Thomsen, Julius
▪ Danish chemist born February 16, 1826, Copenhagen, Denmark died February 13, 1909, Copenhagen       Danish chemist who determined the amount of heat evolved from or ...
Thomson
/tom"seuhn/, n. 1. Elihu, 1853-1937, U.S. inventor, born in England. 2. Sir George Paget, 1892-1975, English physicist (son of Sir Joseph John): Nobel prize 1937. 3. James, ...
Thomson (of Fleet), Roy (Herbert) Thomson, 1st Baron
born June 5, 1894, Toronto, Ont., Can. died Aug. 4, 1976, London, Eng. Canadian-British publisher. Thomson began acquiring radio stations and newspapers in Ontario in the ...
Thomson atomic model
 earliest theoretical description of the inner structure of atoms, proposed about 1900 by Lord Kelvin and strongly supported by Sir Joseph John Thomson (Thomson, Sir J.J.), who ...
Thomson Corporation
▪ Canadian company       Canadian publishing and information services company. Its specialty reporting covers the fields of law, business and finance, medicine, ...
Thomson Directory
(in Britain) a book containing the names, addresses and telephone numbers of businesses in a particular area. Copies of the book are delivered free to every house and business, ...
Thomson effect
Physics. the tendency of unevenly heated segments of a strip of a conductor to increase or decrease in temperature differences when an electric current is passed through the ...
Thomson Organization
➡ Thomson (II) * * *
Thomson's gazelle
a medium-sized antelope, Gazella thomsoni, abundant on the grassy steppes and dry bush of the East African plains. [1910-15; named after Joseph Thomson (1858-95), British ...
Thomson'sgazelle
Thom·son's gazelle (tŏmʹsənz) n. A small gazelle (Gazella thomsoni) of eastern Africa, having a broad black stripe on each side of the body.   [After Joseph Thomson ...
Thomson, Alex
▪ 2008 Alexander Thomson        British cinematographer born Jan. 12, 1929, London, Eng. died June 14, 2007, Chertsey, Surrey, Eng. was admired for his camera and ...
Thomson, Earl J.
▪ athlete born Feb. 15, 1895, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Can. died April 19, 1971       hurdler and versatile track athlete who held the world record for the ...
Thomson, Elihu
▪ American electrical engineer and inventor born March 29, 1853, Manchester died March 13, 1937, Swampscott, Mass., U.S.       U.S. electrical engineer and inventor ...
Thomson, George
▪ Scottish publisher born March 4, 1757, Limekilns, Fife, Scot. died Feb. 18, 1851, Leith, Midlothian       Scottish amateur editor and publisher of Scottish folk ...
Thomson, J Edgar
▪ American engineer and businessman born , Feb. 10, 1808, Springfield Township, Pa., U.S. died May 27, 1874, Philadelphia       American civil engineer and president of ...
Thomson, J(ohn) Edgar
born , Feb. 10, 1808, Springfield Township, Pa., U.S. died May 27, 1874, Philadelphia, Pa. U.S. civil engineer and railroad executive. He joined the Pennsylvania engineer corps ...
Thomson, James
▪ 2002       On Aug. 9, 2001, U.S. Pres. George W. Bush announced that the federal government would support research on the approximately 60 existing lines ...
Thomson, Joseph
▪ British explorer born , Feb. 14, 1858, Penpont, Dumfries, Scot. died Aug. 2, 1895, London, Eng.       Scottish geologist, naturalist, and explorer who was the first ...
Thomson, Kenneth Roy
▪ 2007 Thomson of Fleet, Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron        Canadian media magnate (b. Sept. 1, 1923, Toronto, Ont.—d. June 12, 2006, Toronto), succeeded his ...
Thomson, Peter W.
▪ Australian athlete in full  Peter William Thomson  born Aug. 23, 1929, Melbourne, Vic., Australia       golfer, the first Australian to win the British ...
Thomson, Robert
▪ 2003       In February 2002 The Times (London) received its first non-British editor. Australian Robert Thomson, formerly the managing editor of the U.S. edition of ...
Thomson, Roy Herbert Thomson, 1st Baron
▪ British publisher born , June 5, 1894, Toronto, Ont., Can. died Aug. 4, 1976, London, Eng.       Canadian-born British publisher, owner of The Times (Times, The) of ...
Thomson, Sir C Wyville
▪ Scottish naturalist born March 5, 1830, Bonsyde, West Lothian, Scotland died March 10, 1882, Bonsyde       Scottish naturalist who was one of the first marine ...
Thomson, Sir George Paget
▪ English physicist born May 3, 1892, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1975, Cambridge  English physicist who was the joint recipient, with Clinton J. Davisson ...
Thomson, Sir J(oseph) J(ohn)
born Dec. 18, 1856, Cheetham Hill, near Manchester, Eng. died Aug. 30, 1940, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire English physicist. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he taught ...
Thomson, Sir J.J.
▪ British physicist Introduction in full  Sir Joseph John Thomson   born Dec. 18, 1856, Cheetham Hill, near Manchester, Eng. died Aug. 30, 1940, Cambridge, ...
Thomson, Sir John Arthur
▪ Scottish naturalist born , July 8, 1861, Salton, East Lothian, Scot. died Feb. 12, 1933, Limpsfield, Surrey, Eng.       Scottish naturalist whose clearly written ...
Thomson, Tom
▪ Canadian painter byname of  Thomas John Thomson  born August 4, 1877, Claremont, Ontario, Canada died July 8, 1917, Algonquin Provincial Park  landscape painter devoted ...
Thomson, Virgil
born Nov. 25, 1896, Kansas City, Mo., U.S. died Sept. 30, 1989, New York, N.Y. U.S. composer and critic. He attended Harvard University, intending to become a pianist and ...
Thomson,Elihu
Thom·son (tŏmʹsən), Elihu. 1853-1937. British-born American electrical engineer and inventor who with Thomas Edison formed the General Electric Company (1892). His ...
Thomson,James
Thomson, James. 1700-1748. Scottish-born British poet whose works, most notably The Seasons (1726-1730) and The Castle of Indolence (1748), presaged romanticism. * * *
Thomson,Sir Joseph John
Thomson, Sir Joseph John. 1856-1940. British physicist. He won a 1906 Nobel Prize for investigating the electrical conductivity of gases. * * *
Thomson,Virgil Garnett
Thomson, Virgil Garnett. 1896-1989. American composer and music critic. His works include the opera Four Saints in Three Acts (1927), with a libretto by Gertrude Stein. * * *
thomsonite
      rare mineral in the zeolite family, similar to natrolite (q.v.). * * *
Thon Buri
/tawn" boo ree"/ a city in S Thailand, near Bangkok. 627,989. * * * ▪ district, Thailand       section of Metropolitan Bangkok, Thailand's capital and largest city. ...
Thonburi
Thonburi [tun boor′ē, tänboor′ē; tän΄bo͞o rē′] former city in SC Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River: now part of the metropolitan area of Bangkok * * *
Thonet, Michael
born July 2, 1796, Boppard, Trier died March 3, 1871, Vienna, Austria German Austrian pioneer in the industrialization of furniture manufacture. He developed a system of ...
thong
—thonged, adj. /thawng, thong/, n. 1. a strip of material, esp. of leather or hide, used to fasten or secure something. 2. a strip of leather or hide used for whipping; ...
thong leather
whang2 (def. 2). * * *
Thonga
/tong"geuh/, n. Tsonga. * * *
Thonon-les-Bains
▪ France       town, Haute-Savoie département, Rhône-Alpes région, southeastern France. It sits on a lacustrine terrace overlooking the southern shore of Lake ...
Thor
/thawr/, n. 1. Scand. Myth. the god of thunder, rain, and farming, represented as riding a chariot drawn by goats and wielding the hammer Mjolnir: the defender of the Aesir, ...
Thor rocket
Missile initially developed by the U.S. Air Force as an intermediate-range ballistic missile. It became operational in 1958 and was later modified to serve as the first stage of ...
thorac-
var. of thoraco- before a vowel: thoracic. * * *
thoracentesis
/thawr'euh sen tee"sis, thohr'-/, n., pl. thoracenteses /-seez/. insertion of a hollow needle or similar instrument into the pleural cavity of the chest in order to drain pleural ...
thoraces
tho·ra·ces (thôrʹə-sēz', thōrʹ-) n. A plural of thorax. * * *
thoracic
/thaw ras"ik, thoh-/, adj. of or pertaining to the thorax. Also, thoracal /thawr"euh keuhl, thohr"-/. [1650-60; < ML thoracicus < Gk thorakikós. See THORAC-, -IC] * * *
thoracic artery
Anat. any of several arteries that distribute blood to the muscles and organs of the thorax: used as a replacement artery in coronary bypass surgery. Also called mammary ...
thoracic cavity
or chest cavity Second largest hollow space of the body, enclosed by the ribs, vertebral column, and breastbone and separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm. It ...
thoracic duct
Anat. the main trunk of the lymphatic system, passing along the spinal column in the thoracic cavity, and conveying a large amount of lymph and chyle into the venous ...
thoracic squeeze
▪ pathology also called  Lung Squeeze,         compression of the lungs and thoracic (chest) cavity that occurs during a breath-holding dive under water. During the ...
thoracically
See thoracic. * * *
thoracicduct
thoracic duct n. The main duct of the lymphatic system, ascending through the thoracic cavity in front of the spinal column and discharging lymph and chyle into the blood through ...
thoracicoutlet syndrome
thoracic outlet syndrome n. Any of several syndromes in which blood vessels or nerves are compressed, usually by an overlying muscle, as they pass from the neck region to the ...
thoraco-
a combining form representing thorax in compound words: thoracoplasty. Also, esp. before a vowel, thorac-. [comb. form repr. Gk thorak- (s. of thórax) chest; see -o-] * * *
thoracolumbar
thoracolumbar [thôr΄ə kō lum′bər] adj. 1. of the thoracic and lumbar regions 2. SYMPATHETIC (sense 4) * * * tho·ra·co·lum·bar (thôr'ə-kō-lŭmʹbər, -bär, ...
thoracoplasty
/thawr"euh koh plas'tee, thohr"-/, n., pl. thoracoplasties. Surg. the operation removing selected portions of the ribs to collapse part of the underlying lung or an abnormal ...
thoracostomy
/thawr'euh kos"teuh mee, thohr'-/, n., pl. thoracostomies. Surg. 1. the construction of an artificial opening through the chest wall, usually for the drainage of fluid or the ...
thoracotomy
/thawr'euh kot"euh mee, thohr'-/, n., pl. thoracotomies. Surg. incision into the chest cavity. [1855-60; THORACO- + -TOMY] * * *
thoracotropic hormone
▪ biochemistry also called  ecdysiotropic hormone,  or  prothoracotropin,         neurohormone secreted in arthropods. After being released by neurosecretory cells ...
Thórarensen, Bjarni Vigfússon
▪ Icelandic poet born , December 30, 1786, Brautarholt, near Reykjavík, Iceland died August 24, 1841, Modhruvellir       first Romantic nationalist poet of ...
Thorarensen, Jakob
▪ Icelandic poet born May 18, 1886, Húnavatnssýsla, Ice. died 1972, Iceland       Icelandic poet whose interest was in the daily heroism of the ...
thorax
/thawr"aks, thohr"-/, n., pl. thoraxes, thoraces /thawr"euh seez', thohr"-/. 1. Anat. the part of the trunk in humans and higher vertebrates between the neck and the abdomen, ...
Thorazine
/thawr"euh zeen', thohr"-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of chlorpromazine. * * *
Thorbecke, Johan Rudolf
▪ prime minister of The Netherlands born Jan. 14, 1798, Zwolle, Neth. died June 5, 1872, The Hague       leading Dutch political figure of the mid-19th century who, as ...
Thoreau
—Thoreauvian /theuh roh"vee euhn/, adj. /theuh roh", thawr"oh, thohr"oh/, n. Henry David, 1817-62, U.S. naturalist and author. * * *
Thoreau, Henry David
born July 12, 1817, Concord, Mass., U.S. died May 6, 1862, Concord U.S. thinker, essayist, and naturalist. Thoreau graduated from Harvard University and taught school for ...
Thoreau,Henry David
Tho·reau (thə-rōʹ, thôrʹō), Henry David. 1817-1862. American writer. A seminal figure in the history of American thought, he spent much of his life in Concord, ...
Thoreauvian
See Thoreau, Henry David. * * *
Thorek, Max
▪ American surgeon born March 10, 1880, Hungary died Jan. 25, 1960, Chicago       founder of the International College of Surgeons and co-founder of the American ...
Thorez
/taw rddez"/, n. Maurice /maw rddees"/, 1900-64, French Communist party leader. * * *
Thorez, Maurice
born April 28, 1900, Noyelles-Godault, France died July 11, 1964, at sea en route to Yalta French communist politician. He began working as a coal miner at age 12. He joined ...
Thorfinn Karlsefni
▪ Scandinavian explorer born 980, Iceland died after 1007       Icelandic-born Scandinavian leader of an early colonizing expedition to North America. His travels were ...
ThorfinnKarlsefni
Thor·finn Karl·sef·ni (thôrʹfĭn kärlʹsĕv-nē), fl. c. 1000. Icelandic navigator and explorer of the northeast coast of North America. * * *
thoria
/thawr"ee euh, thohr"-/, n. Chem. a white, heavy, water-insoluble powder, ThO2, used chiefly in incandescent mantles, as the Welsbach gas mantle. Also called thorium oxide, ...
thorianite
/thawr"ee euh nuyt', thohr"-/, n. a rare mineral, mainly thoria, ThO2, but also containing uranium, cerium, and other rare-earth metals, occurring in small, black, cubic ...
thoric
tho·ric (thôrʹĭk, thŏrʹ-, thōrʹ-) adj. Of, relating to, or containing thorium.   [thorium + -ic.] * * *
Thorild, Thomas
▪ Swedish poet original name  Thomas Thorén   born April 18, 1759, Svarteborg, Sweden died October 1, 1808, Greifswald, Swedish Pomerania [now Mecklenburg-West Pomerania ...
thorite
/thawr"uyt, thohr"-/, n. a rare mineral, thorium silicate, ThSiO4, occurring in the form of yellow or black crystals. [1825-35; thor- (as in THORIA, THORIUM) + -ITE1, modeled on ...
thorium
—thoric /thawr"ik, thor"-/, adj. /thawr"ee euhm, thohr"-/, n. Chem. a grayish-white, lustrous, somewhat ductile and malleable, radioactive metallic element present in monazite: ...
thorium processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Thorium (Th) is a dense (11.7 grams per cubic centimetre), silvery metal that is ...
thorium series
Chem. the radioactive series that starts with thorium and ends with a stable isotope of lead of mass number 208. * * *       set of unstable heavy nuclei comprising one ...
thoriumdioxide
thorium dioxide n. A heavy white powder, ThO2, obtained from monazite and used mainly in ceramics, glass, and gas mantles and as a catalyst. Also called thoria. * * *
Thorláksson, Gudbrandur
▪ Icelandic bishop and scholar born 1541, Stadharbakki, Ice. died 1627, Hólar       Reformation scholar and Lutheran bishop who was responsible for the successful ...
thorn
—thornless, adj. —thornlike, adj. /thawrn/, n. 1. a sharp excrescence on a plant, esp. a sharp-pointed aborted branch; spine; prickle. 2. any of various thorny shrubs or ...
Thorn
/tawrddn/, n. German name of Torun. * * *
thorn apple
/thawrn/ 1. any poisonous plant belonging to the genus Datura, of the nightshade family, the species of which bear capsules covered with prickly spines, esp. the jimson weed, D. ...
thorn forest
▪ plant       dense, scrublike vegetation characteristic of dry subtropical and warm temperate areas with a seasonal rainfall averaging 250 to 500 millimetres (about 10 ...
Thorn, Gaston Egmond
▪ 2008       Luxembourgian politician born Sept. 3, 1928, Luxembourg city, Lux. died Aug. 26, 2007, Luxembourg pursued his long-time advocacy of European integration ...
Thorn, George Widmer
▪ 2005       American physician (b. Jan. 15, 1906, Buffalo, N.Y.—d. June 26, 2004, Beverly, Mass.), did groundbreaking work in the treatment of Addison disease and ...
Thorn-Prikker, Jan
▪ Dutch artist byname of  Johan Thorn-prikker   born June 5, 1868, The Hague died March 5, 1932, Cologne       Dutch painter, designer, and decorator in the Art ...
thornapple
thorn apple n. See datura. * * *
thornback
/thawrn"bak'/, n. 1. a skate, Raja clavata, of European waters, having short spines on the back and tail. 2. a California ray, Platyrhinoidis triseriatus, belonging to the ...
thornbush
/thawrn"boosh'/, n. any of various shrubs or bushes having spines or thorns. [1300-50; ME. See THORN, BUSH1] * * *
Thorndike
/thawrn"duyk'/, n. 1. Ashley Horace, 1871-1933, U.S. literary historian and teacher. 2. Edward Lee, 1874-1949, U.S. psychologist and lexicographer. 3. (Everett) Lynn, 1882-1965, ...
Thorndike, Dame (Agnes) Sybil
born Oct. 24, 1882, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Eng. died June 9, 1976, London British actress. As a member of the Old Vic company in London (1914–18), she became a leading ...
Thorndike, Dame Sybil
▪ British actress born Oct. 24, 1882, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Eng. died June 9, 1976, London  English actress of remarkable versatility.       The daughter of a ...
Thorndike, Edward L(ee)
born Aug. 31, 1874, Williamsburg, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 9, 1949, Montrose, N.Y. U.S. psychologist. He trained under William James and James McKeen Cattell and later taught at ...
Thorndike, Edward L.
▪ American psychologist in full  Edward Lee Thorndike  born August 31, 1874, Williamsburg, Massachusetts, U.S. died August 9, 1949, Montrose, New York       American ...
Thorndike,Edward Lee
Thorn·dike (thôrnʹdīk'), Edward Lee. 1874-1949. American educational psychologist noted for his study of animal intelligence and his methods of measuring intelligence. * * *
Thorndike–Barnhart dictionaries
▪ dictionary       notable series of school dictionaries widely used in the United States. Their content is based on the theories of Edward Lee Thorndike (Thorndike, ...
Thornhill, Sir James
▪ English painter born July 25, 1675, Melcombe Regis, Dorset, Eng. died May 13, 1734, Thornhill, Dorset       English painter, the first to excel in historical ...
thornily
See thorny. * * *
thorniness
See thornily. * * *
thornless
See thorn. * * *
Thorns, Crown of
▪ religious relic       the wreath of thorns was placed on the head of Jesus Christ at his crucifixion, whereby the Roman soldiers mocked his title of “King of the ...
Thornton
/thawrn"tn/, n. 1. William, 1759-1828, U.S. architect, born in the British Virgin Islands. 2. a town in NE Colorado. 40,343. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in ...
Thornton Wilder
➡ Wilder (II) * * *
Thornton, Big Mama
▪ American singer-songwriter byname of  Willie Mae Thornton  born Dec. 11, 1926, Montgomery, Ala., U.S. died July 25, 1984, Los Angeles, Calif.  American singer and ...
Thornton, Henry
▪ British economist, banker, and philanthropist born March 10, 1760, London, England died January 16, 1815, London       English economist, banker, and philanthropist ...
Thornton, William
▪ American architect and inventor born May 20, 1759, Tortola, British Virgin Islands died March 28, 1828, Washington, D.C., U.S.       British-born American architect, ...
Thornton,William
Thornton, William. 1759-1828. American architect of the original design of the U.S. Capitol (1792). He was also the first superintendent of the U.S. Patent Office (1802-1828). * ...
thorny
—thornily, adv. —thorniness, n. /thawr"nee/, adj., thornier, thorniest. 1. abounding in or characterized by thorns; spiny; prickly. 2. thornlike. 3. overgrown with thorns or ...
Thornycroft, Sir Hamo
▪ British sculptor in full  Sir William Hamo Thornycroft   born March 9, 1850, London, Eng. died Dec. 18, 1925, Oxford  English sculptor who executed many public ...
Thornycroft, Sir John Isaac
▪ British architect and engineer born Feb. 1, 1843, Rome, Papal States [Italy] died June 28, 1928, Bembridge, Isle of Wight, Eng.       English naval architect and ...
thoro
/therr"oh, thur"oh/, adj., adv. an informal, simplified spelling of thorough. * * *
Thoroddsen, Jón
▪ Icelandic writer in full  Jón Thortharson Thoroddsen  born October 5, 1818/19, Bardastrandarsýsla, Iceland died March 8, 1868, Leirá       writer commonly known ...
Thorold
/thawr"euhld, thor"-/, n. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada. 15,412. * * * ▪ Ontario, Canada       city, regional municipality of Niagara, southeastern Ontario, ...
thoron
/thawr"on, thohr"-/, n. Chem. a radioactive isotope of radon, produced by the disintegration of thorium. Symbol: Tn; at. wt.: 220; at. no.: 86. [1925-30; THOR(IUM) + -ON2] * * *
thorough
—thoroughly, adv. —thoroughness, n. /therr"oh, thur"oh/, adj. 1. executed without negligence or omissions: a thorough search. 2. complete; perfect; utter: thorough ...
thorough bass
/bays/, Music. 1. See figured bass. 2. continuo. [1655-65] * * *
thorough brace
either of two strong braces or bands of leather supporting the body of a coach or other vehicle and connecting the front and back springs. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
thorough-braced
See thorough brace. * * *
thoroughbass
thor·ough·bass or thor·ough bass (thûrʹō-bās', thûrʹə-, thŭrʹ-) n. See continuo.   [thorough, through and through + bass2.] * * *
thoroughbrace
thorough brace n. One of several leather bands passed from front to back of a carriage, supporting it and serving as a spring.   thorʹough-braced' (thûrʹō-brāst', thŭrʹ-) ...
thoroughbred
—thoroughbredness, n. /therr"oh bred', -euh bred', thur"-/, adj. 1. of pure or unmixed breed, stock, or race, as a horse or other animal; bred from the purest and best ...
thoroughbred racing
➡ racing * * *
thoroughfare
/therr"oh fair', -euh fair', thur"-/, n. 1. a road, street, or the like, that leads at each end into another street. 2. a major road or highway. 3. a passage or way through: no ...
thoroughgoing
—thoroughgoingly, adv. —thoroughgoingness, n. /therr"oh goh'ing, -euh goh'-, thur"-/, adj. 1. doing things thoroughly. 2. carried out to the full extent; thorough. 3. ...
thoroughly
See thorough. * * *
thoroughness
See thoroughly. * * *
thoroughpaced
/therr"oh payst', -euh payst', thur"-/, adj. 1. trained to go through all the possible paces, as a horse. 2. thoroughgoing, complete, or perfect. [1640-50; THOROUGH + PACED] * * *
thoroughpin
/therr"oh pin', -euh pin', thur"-/, n. Vet. Pathol. an abnormal swelling just above the hock of a horse, usually appearing on both sides of the leg and sometimes causing ...
thoroughwort
/therr"oh werrt', -wawrt, -euh werrt', -euh wawrt', thur"-/, n. boneset. [1805-15, Amer.; THOROUGH + WORT2] * * *
thorp
/thawrp/, n. Archaic. a hamlet; village. Also, thorpe. [bef. 900; ME, OE; c. G Dorf, ON thorp village, Goth thaurp field] * * *
Thorp, John
born 1784, Rehoboth, Mass., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1848, Providence, R.I. U.S. inventor. He invented the ring spinning machine in 1828. By the 1860s it had largely replaced Samuel ...
Thorpe
/thawrp/, n. James Francis ("Jim"), 1888-1953, U.S. track-and-field athlete and football and baseball player. * * *
Thorpe, Billy
▪ 2008 William Richard Thorpe  British-born Australian rock icon born March 29, 1946, Manchester, Eng. died Feb. 28, 2007 , Sydney, Australia as front man for the Aztecs, ...
Thorpe, Ian
▪ 2002       In July 2001 at the world swimming championships in Fukuoka, Japan, Australian freestyler Ian Thorpe added to his already formidable reputation by winning ...
Thorpe, Jim
in full James Francis Thorpe born May 28, 1888, near Prague, Indian Territory died March 28, 1953, Lomita, Calif., U.S. U.S. athlete. Of predominantly American Indian (Sauk ...
Thorpe, Rose Alnora Hartwick
▪ American poet and writer née  Rose Alnora Hartwick  born July 18, 1850, Mishawaka, Ind., U.S. died July 19, 1939, San Diego, Calif.       American poet and writer, ...
Thorpe, Sir Thomas Edward
▪ British chemist born Dec. 8, 1845, Manchester died Feb. 23, 1925, Salcombe, South Devon, Eng.       chemist and director of British government laboratories ...
Thorpe, Thomas B
▪ American humorist Thorpe also spelled  Thorp  born March 1, 1815, Westfield, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 20, 1878, New York City  American humorist and one of the most ...
Thorpe,James Francis
Thorpe (thôrp), James Francis. Known as “Jim.” 1888-1953. American athlete. An outstanding collegiate football player, he later played professional football and baseball. ...
Thors, Ólafur
▪ prime minister of Iceland born Jan. 19, 1892, Borgarnes, Iceland died Dec. 31, 1964, Reykjavík       five-time Icelandic prime minister (1942, 1944–46, 1949–50, ...
Thorshavn
/tawrs hown"/, n. a city in and the capital of the Faeroe Islands, in the N Atlantic. 9738. * * *
Thorsteinsson, Steingrímur
▪ Icelandic poet born May 19, 1831, Snaefellsnes, Iceland died August 21, 1913, Reykjavík       Icelandic patriotic poet and lyricist, best remembered as a translator ...
thortveitite
/tawrt vuy"tuyt, thawrt-/, n. a scandium yttrium silicate mineral occurring in grayish-green orthorhombic crystals. [1910-15; < G Thortveitit, named after Olaus Thortveit, ...
Thorvaldsen
/toordd"vahl'seuhn/, n. Albert Bertal /ahl"berddt bardd"teuhl/, 1770-1844, Danish sculptor. Also, Thorwaldsen /toordd"vahl'seuhn/. * * *
Thorvaldsen, (Albert)Bertel
Thor·vald·sen or Thor·wald·sen (tôrʹwôl'sən, thôrʹ-, to͝orʹväl'-), (Albert) Bertel. 1768?-1844. Danish sculptor. A leading neoclassicist, he executed sculptures of ...
Thorvaldsen, Bertel
born Nov. 19, 1770, or Nov. 13, 1768, Copenhagen, Den. died March 24, 1844 Danish sculptor. Son of an Icelandic wood carver, he studied in Copenhagen and won a scholarship for ...
Thos
Thos abbrev. Thomas * * *
those
/dhohz/, pron., adj. pl. of that. [1300-50; ME those, thoos, thas(e), var. of tho (ME, OE tha), pl. of THAT, by association with ME thees, thas(e) (OE thas), pl. of THIS] * * *
Those Bones Named Sue
▪ 2001       On May 17, 2000, Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History unveiled a display extraordinary not only for what it was—the largest (12.8 m [42 ft] long), ...
Thoth
/thohth, toht/, n. Egyptian Religion. the god of wisdom, learning, and magic represented as a man with the head either of an ibis or of a baboon. * * * Egyptian Djhuty also ...
Thotmes I
/thoht"mes/. See Thutmose I. Also, Thothmes I /thoth"meez, -mes, toht"-, thohth"-/. * * *
Thotmes II.
See Thutmose II. Also, Thothmes II. * * *
Thotmes III.
See Thutmose III. Also, Thothmes III. * * *
thou
thou1 /dhow/, pron., sing., nom. thou; poss. thy or thine; obj. thee; pl., nom. you or ye; poss. your or yours; obj. you or ye; v. pron. 1. Archaic (except in some elevated or ...
Thou, Jacques-Auguste de
▪ French statesman and historian Thou also spelled  Thuanus   born Oct. 8, 1553, Paris, France died May 7, 1617, Paris       French statesman, bibliophile, and ...
though
/dhoh/, conj. 1. (used in introducing a subordinate clause, which is often marked by ellipsis) notwithstanding that; in spite of the fact that; although: Though he tried very ...
thought
thought1 /thawt/, n. 1. the product of mental activity; that which one thinks: a body of thought. 2. a single act or product of thinking; idea or notion: to collect one's ...
thought disorder
Psychiatry. disorganized speech, as flight of ideas or loosening of associations, thought to reflect disorganized thinking and occurring as a symptom of some types of mental ...
thought experiment
Physics. a demonstration or calculation that is based on the postulates of a theory, as relativity, and that demonstrates or clarifies the consequences of the postulates. Also ...
thought transference
transference of thought by extrasensory means from the mind of one individual to another; telepathy. [1880-85] * * *
thought, laws of
Traditionally, the three fundamental laws of logic: (1) the law of contradiction, (2) the law of excluded middle (or third), and (3) the principle of identity. That is, (1) for ...
thought-out
/thawt"owt"/, adj. produced by or showing the results of much thought: a carefully thought-out argument. [1865-70] * * *
thoughtful
—thoughtfully, adv. —thoughtfulness, n. /thawt"feuhl/, adj. 1. showing consideration for others; considerate. 2. characterized by or manifesting careful thought: a thoughtful ...
thoughtfully
See thoughtful. * * *
thoughtfulness
See thoughtfully. * * *
thoughtless
—thoughtlessly, adv. —thoughtlessness, n. /thawt"lis/, adj. 1. lacking in consideration for others; inconsiderate; tactless: a thoughtless remark. 2. characterized by or ...
thoughtlessly
See thoughtless. * * *
thoughtlessness
See thoughtlessly. * * *
thoughtreading
thought reading n. Mind reading. * * *
thoughtway
/thawt"way'/, n. a habitual manner of thought in a particular group of people. [1940-45; THOUGHT1 + WAY1] * * *
thousand
/thow"zeuhnd/, n., pl. thousands, (as after a numeral) thousand, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number, 10 times 100. 2. a symbol for this number, as 1000 or M. 3. thousands. the numbers ...
Thousand and One Nights, The
or Arabian Nights' Entertainment Arabic Alf laylah wa laylah Collection of Oriental stories of uncertain date and authorship. The frame story, in which the vengeful King ...
Thousand and One Nights, The.
See Arabian Nights' Entertainments. * * *
thousand days
(sometimes caps.) the presidential administration of John F. Kennedy, which lasted 1037 days (January 20, 1961, to November 22, 1963). * * *
Thousand Days, The War of a
▪ Colombian history Spanish  La Guerra De Los Mil Días        (1899–1903), Colombian civil war between Liberals and Conservatives that resulted in between 60,000 ...
Thousand Guineas
(also the 1 000 Guineas) a horse race that takes place at Newmarket in eastern England every year in April or May. It is a flat race (= one without jumps) for female horses that ...
Thousand Island dressing
a seasoned mayonnaise, often containing chopped pickles, pimientos, sweet peppers, hard-boiled eggs, etc. [1920-25] * * *
Thousand Islands
a group of about 1500 islands in S Canada and the N United States, in the St. Lawrence River at the outlet of Lake Ontario: summer resorts. * * * Group of about 1,500 small ...
Thousand Oaks
a town in S California. 77,797. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Ventura county, southern California, U.S. Situated in the Conejo (Spanish: “Rabbit”) ...
Thousand, Expedition of the
▪ Italian campaign Italian  Spedizione Dei Mille,         campaign undertaken in 1860 by Giuseppe Garibaldi (Garibaldi, Giuseppe) that overthrew the Bourbon Kingdom ...
thousandfold
adj. /thow"zeuhnd fohld'/; adv. /thow"zeuhnd fohld"/, adj. 1. having a thousand elements or parts. 2. a thousand times as great or as much. adv. 3. in a thousandfold manner or ...
ThousandIsland dressing
Thou·sand Island dressing (thouʹzənd) n. A salad dressing made with mayonnaise, chili sauce, and seasonings.   [Perhaps after the Thousand Islands.] * * *
ThousandIslands
Thousand Islands A group of more than 1,800 islands of northern New York and southeast Ontario, Canada, in the St. Lawrence River at the outlet of Lake Ontario. The islands, ...
ThousandOaks
Thousand Oaks A city of southern California west of Los Angeles. Mainly residential, it has some light industry. Population: 104,352. * * *
thousandth
/thow"zeuhndth, -zeuhntth, -zeuhnth/, adj. 1. last in order of a series of a thousand. 2. being one of a thousand equal parts. n. 3. a thousandth part, esp. of one (1/1000). 4. ...
thp
thp also t.hp. abbr. thrust horsepower. * * * Root of uncertain meaning in South Semitic noun *ṭaḥ(a)f, the love grass Eragrostis tef, teff. teff, from Amharic ṭef, akin ...
Thr
Biochem. threonine. * * *
Thrace
/thrays/, n. 1. an ancient region of varying extent in the E part of the Balkan Peninsula: later a Roman province; now in Bulgaria, Turkey, and Greece. 2. a modern region ...
Thracian
/thray"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Thrace or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Thrace. 3. an Indo-European language of ancient Thrace. [1560-70; < L ...
Thracian language
      language spoken by the inhabitants of Thrace primarily in pre-Greek and early Greek times. Generally assumed to be an Indo-European language, Thracian is known from ...
Thraco-Phrygian
/thray'koh frij"ee euhn/, n. 1. a hypothetical branch of Indo-European implying a special genetic affinity between the meagerly attested Thracian and Phrygian languages. adj. 2. ...
thraldom
See thralldom. * * *
Thrale
/thrayl/, n. Hester Lynch (Hester Lynch Piozzi), 1741-1821, Welsh writer and friend of Samuel Johnson. * * *
Thrale,Mrs.
Thrale (thrāl), Mrs. See Piozzi, Hester Lynch. * * *
thrall
/thrawl/, n. 1. a person who is in bondage; slave. 2. a person who is morally or mentally enslaved by some power, influence, or the like: He was the thrall of morbid ...
thralldom
/thrawl"deuhm/, n. the state of being a thrall; bondage; slavery; servitude. Also, thraldom. [1125-75; ME thraldom. See THRALL, -DOM] * * *
Thrane, Marcus Møller
▪ Norwegian journalist and socialist born Oct. 14, 1817, Christiania [now Oslo], Nor. died April 30, 1890, Eau Claire, Wis., U.S.       teacher, journalist, and ...
Thrasea Paetus, Publius Clodius
▪ Roman senator died AD 66       Roman senator who was famous for his opposition to the emperor Nero.       Thrasea was consul in 56 and took an independent ...
thrash
/thrash/, v.t. 1. to beat soundly in punishment; flog. 2. to defeat thoroughly: The home team thrashed the visitors. 3. Naut. to force (a close-hauled sailing ship under heavy ...
thrasher
/thrash"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that thrashes. 2. any of several long-tailed, thrushlike birds, esp. of the genus Toxostoma, related to the mockingbirds. Cf. brown ...
thrashing
/thrash"ing/, n. 1. a flogging; whipping. 2. the act of a person or thing that thrashes. 3. a pile or quantity of threshed grain or the grain threshed at one time. [1350-1400; ...
thrasonical
—thrasonically, adv. /thray son"i keuhl/, adj. boastful; vainglorious. [1555-65; < L Thrason- (s. of Thraso, braggart in Terence's Eunuchus) + -ICAL] * * *
thrasonically
See thrasonical. * * *
Thrasybulus
/thras'euh byooh"leuhs/, n. died c389 B.C., Athenian patriot and general. * * * ▪ Greek general died 388 BC       Athenian general and democratic ...
thraw
/thraw, thrah/, v.t. 1. Brit. Dial. to throw. 2. Scot. a. to twist; distort. b. to oppose; thwart; vex. v.i. 3. Scot. to disagree; object. adj. 4. Scot. thrawn (def. 1). [(v.) ...
thrawart
/thrah"weuhrt/, adj. Scot. 1. obstinate or intractable. 2. twisted or crooked. Also, thraward /thrah"weuhrd/. [1425-75; late ME (Scots), alter. of fraward, froward, perh. under ...
thrawn
—thrawnly, adv. —thrawnness, n. /thrawn, thrahn/, adj. Scot. 1. twisted; crooked; distorted. 2. contrary; peevish; perverse. 3. unpleasant; sullen. [1400-50; late ME (north ...
thrawnly
See thrawn. * * *
thread
—threader, n. —threadless, adj. —threadlike, adj. /thred/, n. 1. a fine cord of flax, cotton, or other fibrous material spun out to considerable length, esp. when composed ...
thread blight
Plant Pathol. a fungal disease of woody plants, characterized by thick, threadlike strands of mycelium on the undersides of the leaves and branches. * * *
thread cross
Object made typically of two sticks bound together in the shape of a cross, with coloured threads wound around their ends to resemble a cobweb, used in Tibetan magical rituals to ...


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