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Stijl, De
/deuh stuyl/, Dutch. a group of Dutch artists of the early 20th century whose theories and works influenced the development of contemporary architecture and applied arts. Cf. ...
Sti·kine (stĭ-kēnʹ) A river rising in the Stikine Mountains of northwest British Columbia, Canada, and flowing about 539 km (335 mi) generally west and southwest through ...
Stikine River
River, northwestern British Columbia, Canada, and southeastern Alaska, U.S. The river rises in the Stikine Ranges of British Columbia and flows in a wide arc west and southwest ...
/stilb/, n. Optics. a unit of luminance, equal to one candle per square centimeter. [ < Gk stílbe lamp] * * *
/stil"been/, n. Chem. a colorless to slightly yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C14H12, used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes (stilbene dyes). [1865-70; < Gk stilb- ...
stilbestrol [stil bes′trôl΄, stil bes′trōl΄] n. 〚
/stil"buyt/, n. a white-to-brown or red zeolite mineral, a hydrous silicate of calcium and aluminum, occurring in sheaflike aggregates of crystals and in radiated ...
stile1 /stuyl/, n. 1. a series of steps or rungs by means of which a person may pass over a wall or fence that remains a barrier to sheep or cattle. 2. a turnstile. [bef. 900; ...
—stilettolike, adj. /sti let"oh/, n., pl. stilettos, stilettoes, v., stilettoed, stilettoing. n. 1. a short dagger with a blade that is thick in proportion to its width. 2. a ...
stiletto fly
▪ insect       any of about 1,600 species of insects in the fly order, Diptera. Adults are hairy or bristly, with slender bodies. They are usually found in open areas, ...
stiletto heel.
See spike heel. [1950-55] * * *
stiletto heel n. A high heel on women's shoes that is thinner than a spike heel. * * *
/stil"i koh'/, n. Flavius /flay"vee euhs/, A.D. 359?-408, Roman general and statesman. * * *
Stilicho, Flavius
▪ Roman general born AD 365 died Aug. 22, 408  regent (394–408) for the Roman emperor Honorius and one of the last great Roman military commanders in the West. He fought ...
Stil·i·cho (stĭlʹĭ-kō'), Flavius. 365?-408A.D. Roman general who defended the Western Empire from the invading Goths and Vandals. * * *
still1 /stil/, adj., stiller, stillest, n., adv., conj., v. adj. 1. remaining in place or at rest; motionless; stationary: to stand still. 2. free from sound or noise, as a place ...
/stil/, n. 1. Andrew Taylor, 1828-1917, U.S. founder of osteopathy. 2. William Grant, 1895-1978, U.S. composer. * * * (as used in expressions) Still Clyfford Still William ...
still alarm
a burglar alarm, fire alarm, or the like, that is activated silently and transmits a warning signal, usually by telephone. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
still hunt
1. a hunt for game carried on stealthily, as by stalking, or under cover, as in ambush. 2. Informal. a quiet or secret pursuit of any object. [1820-30] * * *
still life
—still-life, adj. pl. still lifes. 1. a representation chiefly of inanimate objects, as a painting of a bowl of fruit. 2. the category of subject matter in which inanimate ...
still pack
Cards. the pack not in play in a game in which two packs are used alternately. * * *
still trailer
any dog that follows the trail of its quarry silently. Cf. open trailer. * * *
still water
a part of a stream that is level or where the level of inclination is so slight that no current is visible. [1620-30] * * *
still wine
any nonsparkling table wine. * * *
Still's disease
▪ pathology       rheumatoid arthritis in children. The major difference between this illness and rheumatoid arthritis in adults is its effect on the rate of bone ...
Still, Andrew Taylor
▪ American osteopath born August 6, 1828, Jonesboro, Virginia, U.S. died December 12, 1917, Kirksville, Missouri  American founder of osteopathy, who believed that remedies ...
Still, Clyfford
born Nov. 30, 1904, Grandin, N.D., U.S. died June 23, 1980, Baltimore, Md. U.S. painter. He studied at Spokane University and Washington State College. After experimenting with ...
Still, William Grant
born May 11, 1895, Woodville, Miss., U.S. died Dec. 3, 1978, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. composer. He initially intended to be a doctor but instead studied music at Oberlin ...
Still,Andrew Taylor
Still (stĭl), Andrew Taylor. 1828-1917. American physician who founded osteopathy (1874). * * *
—still-hunter, n. /stil"hunt'/, v.t. 1. to pursue or ambush by a still hunt. v.i. 2. to carry on a still hunt. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
See still-hunt. * * *
See still life. * * *
still-life painting
Depiction of inanimate objects for the sake of their qualities of form, colour, texture, composition, and sometimes allegorical or symbolical significance. Still lifes were ...
See still water. * * *
/stil"ij/, n. a low platform on which goods are stored in a warehouse or factory to keep them off the floor, to aid in handling, etc. Cf. skid (def. 3). [1590-1600; < D stellage, ...
still alarm n. A fire alarm transmitted silently, as by telephone, rather than by sounding the conventional signal apparatus. * * *
Stillbay industry
▪ archaeology       assemblage of Late Paleolithic stone tools, found first in Cape Province, S.Af., and dating from about 30,000 to 50,000 years ago. The stone flake ...
/stil"berrth'/, n. 1. the birth of a dead child or organism. 2. a fetus dead at birth. [1745-55; STILL1 + BIRTH] * * *
/stil"bawrn'/, adj. 1. dead when born. 2. ineffectual from the beginning; abortive; fruitless: a stillborn plan of escape. [1590-1600; STILL1 + BORN] * * *
Stiller, Mauritz
▪ Swedish director born 1883, Helsinki died Nov. 8, 1928, Stockholm  motion-picture director who during the early 1920s was a leader in the internationally preeminent Swedish ...
still hunt n. The hunting of game by stalking or ambushing.   stillʹ-hunt' (stĭlʹhŭnt') v. stillʹ-hunt'er n. * * *
/stil"euh fawrm'/, adj. drop-shaped; globular. [stilli- (comb. form of L stilla drop) + -FORM] * * *
still life n. pl. still lifes 1. Representation of inanimate objects, such as flowers or fruit, in painting or photography. 2. A painting, picture, or photograph of inanimate ...
Stillman, James
born June 9, 1850, Brownsville, Texas, U.S. died March 15, 1918, New York, N.Y. U.S. financier and banker. He began his career in a New York mercantile house. He became ...
/stil"nis/, n. 1. silence; quiet; hush. 2. the absence of motion. [bef. 1000; ME stilnesse, OE stilnes. See STILL1, -NESS] * * *
/stil"roohm', -room'/, n. 1. (in a large house) a room for distilling or for the preparation of special foods and drinks. 2. a room off a kitchen for making tea, coffee, etc., ...
Still·son (stĭlʹsən) A trademark used for a monkey wrench having serrated jaws that tighten as pressure is applied to the handle. * * *
Stillson wrench
/stil"seuhn/, Trademark. a monkey wrench with a pivoted, adjustable jaw that grips pipes, bars, etc., more tightly when pressure is exerted on the handle. * * *
/stil"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. 1. a city in N Oklahoma. 38,268. 2. a town in E Minnesota. 12,290. * * * ▪ Minnesota, United States       city, seat (1851) of ...
adv. /stil"lee/; adj. /stil"ee/, adv. 1. quietly; silently. adj. 2. Chiefly Literary. still; quiet. [bef. 1000; ME (adv.); OE stillice. See STILL1, -LY] * * *
Stilo Praeconinus, Lucius Aelius
▪ Roman scholar also called  Aelius Stilo   born c. 154 BC, , Lanuvium, near Rome died 74 BC, Rome?       first systematic student, critic, and teacher of Latin ...
▪ Greek philosopher also spelled  Stilpo  flourished c. 380–300 BC       Greek philosopher of the Megarian school founded by Euclid (fl. about 300 BC) of Megara, ...
—stiltlike, adj. /stilt/, n. 1. one of two poles, each with a support for the foot at some distance above the bottom end, enabling the wearer to walk with his or her feet above ...
stilt bug
any of various slender, long-legged, brownish bugs of the family Berytidae, inhabiting dense vegetation: sometimes classified with the leaf-footed bugs. [1890-95] * * * ▪ ...
/stil"tid/, adj. 1. stiffly dignified or formal, as speech or literary style; pompous. 2. Archit. (of an arch) resting on imposts treated in part as downward continuations of the ...
See stilted. * * *
See stiltedly. * * *
/stil"tn/, Trademark. a rich, waxy, white cheese, veined with mold: made principally in England. Also called Stilton cheese. [1730-40; after Stilton, England, where it was first ...
Stilton (cheese)
Stilton (cheese) or Stilton [stilt′'n] n. 〚orig. sold at Stilton, village in EC England〛 a rich, crumbly cheese with veins of blue-green mold * * *
n [U] a white English cheese with greenish-blue lines running through it and a strong flavour. It is often eaten at the end of a meal, and traditionally it is eaten with port (= ...
stilt root n. Botany An aerial root. * * *
/stil"wel, -weuhl/, n. Joseph W. ("Vinegar Joe"), 1883-1946, U.S. general. * * *
Stilwell Road
formerly Ledo Road Former military highway, Asia. It was 478 mi (769 km) long and linked northeastern India with the Burma Road. In World War II, U.S. Army engineers and ...
Stilwell, Joseph W(arren)
born March 19, 1883, Palatka, Fla., U.S. died Oct. 12, 1946, San Francisco, Calif. U.S. army officer. He graduated from West Point and served in World War I. He studied Chinese ...
Stilwell, Joseph W.
▪ United States general in full  Joseph Warren Stilwell  born March 19, 1883, Palatka, Florida, U.S. died October 12, 1946, San Francisco, California       World War ...
Stilwell,Joseph Warren
Stil·well (stĭlʹwĕl', -wəl), Joseph Warren. Known as “Vinegar Joe” or “Uncle Joe.” 1883-1946. American army officer who commanded Allied forces in China, Burma, and ...
/styi lyah"geuh/; Eng. /stil yah"geuh/, n., pl., stilyagi /-gyi/; Eng. /-gee/. Russian. (formerly, in the Soviet Union) a person, usually young, who adopted the unconventional ...
/stuym/, n. Scot., Irish Eng. the smallest bit; a drop, taste, or glimpse. [1250-1300; ME (Scots); perh. < ON skimi a glimpse] * * *
/stim"seuhn/, n. Henry L(ewis), 1867-1950, U.S. statesman: Secretary of War 1911-13, 1940-45; Secretary of State 1929-33. * * *
Stimson, Henry L
▪ United States statesman born Sept. 21, 1867, New York City died Oct. 20, 1950, Huntington, N.Y., U.S.  statesman who exercised a strong influence on U.S. foreign policy in ...
Stimson, Henry L(ewis)
born Sept. 21, 1867, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 20, 1950, Huntington, N.Y. U.S. statesman. A lawyer, he served as U.S. secretary of war (1911–13), governor of the ...
Stimson,Henry Lewis
Stim·son (stĭmʹsən), Henry Lewis. 1867-1950. American public official who served as U.S. secretary of state (1929-1933) and as secretary of war (1940-1945) during World War ...
/stim"yeuh leuhnt/, n. 1. Physiol., Med. something that temporarily quickens some vital process or the functional activity of some organ or part: Adrenalin is a stimulant for the ...
—stimulable, adj. —stimulability /stim'yeuh leuh bil"i tee/, n. —stimulatingly, adv. —stimulation, n. —stimulator, stimulater, n. /stim"yeuh layt'/, v., stimulated, ...
stimulated emission
▪ physics       in laser action, the release of energy from an excited atom by artificial means. According to Albert Einstein (Einstein, Albert), when more atoms occupy ...
See stimulate. * * *
See stimulater. * * *
See stimulater. * * *
—stimulatively, adv. —stimulativeness, n. /stim"yeuh lay'tiv/, adj. 1. serving to stimulate. n. 2. a stimulating agency. [1740-50; STIMULATE + -IVE] * * *
See stimulater. * * *
See stimulater. * * *
/stim"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. stimuli /-luy'/. 1. something that incites to action or exertion or quickens action, feeling, thought, etc.: The approval of others is a potent ...
stimulus generalization
Psychol. generalization (def. 4a). * * *
/stuy"mee/, n., pl. stimies, v.t., stimied, stimying. stymie. * * *
Stine, R.L.
▪ 1996       Unless you have young children or baby-sit frequently, you may not be likely to know the name R.L. Stine. But children and book publishers worldwide do. The ...
—stingingly, adv. —stingless, adj. /sting/, v., stung or (Obs.) stang; stung; stinging; n. v.t. 1. to prick or wound with a sharp-pointed, often venom-bearing organ. 2. to ...
/sting"euh ree', sting'euh ree"/, n. a stingray. [1830-40] * * *
/sting"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that stings. 2. an animal or plant having a stinging organ. 3. the sting or stinging organ of an insect or other animal. 4. Informal. a ...
See stingy. * * *
See stingily. * * *
stinging capsule
Zool. a nematocyst. Also called stinging cell. [1880-85] * * *
stinging hair
Bot. sting (def. 18). * * *
stinging nettle
a bristly, stinging Eurasian nettle, Urtica dioica, naturalized in North America, having forked clusters of greenish flowers, the young foliage sometimes cooked and eaten like ...
sting·ing cell (stĭngʹĭng) n. See nematocyst. * * *
stinging hair n. A glandular plant hair that expels an irritating fluid. * * *
See sting. * * *
stinging nettle n. 1. A dioecious perennial Eurasian herb (Urtica dioica) having stinging hairs, inconspicuous greenish flowers, and coarsely toothed leaves. 2. A perennial herb ...
stingless bee
any of certain social, honey-producing tropical bees of the family Apidae, as of the genus Melipona, having a nonfunctional stinger. [1855-60] * * *
Stingley, Darryl Floyd
▪ 2008       American football player born Sept. 18, 1951 , Chicago, Ill. died April 5, 2007, Chicago was a promising wide receiver (1973–77) for the New England ...
/sting"goh/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. strong beer. [1625-35; STING + -O; cf. BLOTTO, STINKO] * * *
/sting"ray'/, n. any of the rays, esp. of the family Dasyatidae, having a long, flexible tail armed near the base with a strong, serrated bony spine with which they can inflict ...
stingy1 —stingily, adv. —stinginess, n. /stin"jee/, adj., stingier, stingiest. 1. reluctant to give or spend; not generous; niggardly; penurious: He's a stingy old miser. 2. ...
/stingk/, v., stank or, often, stunk; stunk; stinking; n. v.i. 1. to emit a strong offensive smell. 2. to be offensive to honesty or propriety; to be in extremely bad repute or ...
stink bomb
a small bomb made to emit a foul smell on exploding. Also called stench bomb. [1910-15] * * *
stink bug
1. any of numerous broad, flat bugs of the family Pentatomidae, that emit a disagreeable odor. 2. any of various other malodorous bugs. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
—stinkardly, adv. /sting"keuhrd/, n. a despicable person; stinker. [1590-1600; STINK + -ARD] * * *
/sting'keuh rooh", sting"keuh rooh'/, n., pl. stinkaroos. Slang. something markedly inferior in quality: a stinkaroo of a motion picture. Also, stinkeroo. [STINK(ER) + -aroo, sp. ...
stink·ball (stĭngkʹbôl') n. See stinkpot. * * *
stink bomb n. A small bomb, often in the form of a capsule, that emits a foul odor on detonation. * * *
stink·bug (stĭngkʹbŭg') n. Any of numerous hemipterous insects of the family Pentatomidae, having a broad, flattened body and emitting a foul odor. * * * ▪ insect ...
      colourless, poisonous, gaseous compound of sulfur responsible for the characteristic odour of rotten eggs (see sulfur). * * *
/sting"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that stinks. 2. Informal. a mean or despicable person; louse. 3. Informal. something, esp. some form of entertainment, of inferior ...
stink·er·oo (stĭng'kə-ro͞oʹ) n. Slang pl. stink·er·oos One that is contemptible, disgusting, irritating, or very bad.   [From stinker.] * * *
/stingk"hawrn'/, n. any of various rank-smelling, brown-capped mushrooms of the genus Phallus, esp. P. impudicus. [1715-25; STINK + HORN] * * * ▪ fungus order  any fungus of ...
—stinkingly, adv. —stinkingness, n. /sting"king/, adj. 1. foul-smelling. 2. Slang. very drunk; plastered. 3. Slang. very rich: His father left him so much money he's ...
stinking cedar
an evergreen tree, Torreya taxifolia, of the yew family, native to Florida, having rank-smelling foliage and dark-green, egg-shaped fruit. [1865-70] * * *
stinking chamomile
mayweed. * * *
stinking clover.
See Rocky Mountain beeplant. * * *
stinking Roger
any of various plants having an unpleasant odor. [1895-1900] * * *
stinking smut
Plant Pathol. bunt3. [1890-95] * * *
stinking yew
▪ tree also called  fetid yew, Florida torreya, or stinking cedar        (species Torreya taxifolia), an ornamental evergreen conifer tree of the yew family ...
stinking ash n. An eastern North American deciduous ornamental tree or shrub (Ptelea trifoliata) having trifoliolate leaves and oblong to heart-shaped samara with reticulate ...
stinking chamomile n. See mayweed. * * *
See stinking. * * *
See stinkingly. * * *
stinking smut n. See bunt3. * * *
/sting"koh/, adj. Slang. 1. drunk. 2. wretched; abysmal: It was a great book but a stinko movie. [1925-30; STINK + -O] * * *
/stingk"pot'/, n. 1. a jar containing combustibles or other materials that generate offensive and suffocating vapors, formerly used in warfare. 2. Informal. a stinker; meany. 3. ...
stinkstone [stiŋk′stōn΄] n. any stone, as some limestones, which gives off a foul smell when rubbed or struck, as from decayed organic matter contained in it * * * stink ...
/stingk"weed'/, n. 1. any of various rank-smelling plants, as the jimson weed. 2. See tree of heaven. [1745-55, Amer.; STINK + WEED1] * * *
/stingk"wood'/, n. 1. any of several trees yielding fetid wood. 2. the wood of any of these trees. [1725-35; STINK + WOOD1] * * *
/sting"kee/, adj., stinkier, stinkiest. 1. foul smelling; stinking. 2. Informal. mean-spirited; nasty. [STINK + -Y1] * * *
stinky pinky
an oral word game in which one player provides a definition to which the others are to supply a rhyming phrase, as "a mighty nightie" for "a powerful pair of pajamas." Also, ...
/shtin"euhs/, n. Hugo /hooh"gaw/; Eng. /hyooh"goh/, 1870-1924, German industrialist. * * *
Stinnes, Hugo
▪ German industrialist born Feb. 22, 1870, Mülheim, Ger. died Apr. 10, 1924, Berlin       German industrialist who emerged after World War I as Germany's “business ...
stint1 —stintedly, adv. —stintedness, n. —stinter, n. —stintingly, adv. —stintless, adj. /stint/, v.i. 1. to be frugal; get along on a scanty allowance: Don't stint on ...
See stint1. * * *
See stinter. * * *
/stuyp/, n. 1. Bot., Mycol. a stalk or slender support, as the petiole of a fern frond, the stem supporting the pileus of a mushroom, or a stalklike elongation of the receptacle ...
—stipellate /stuy pel"it, -ayt, stuy"peuh lit, -layt'/, adj. /stuy"peuhl/, n. Bot. a secondary stipule situated at the base of a leaflet of a compound leaf. [1815-25; < NL ...
See stipel. * * *
—stipendless, adj. /stuy"pend/, n. 1. a periodic payment, esp. a scholarship or fellowship allowance granted to a student. 2. fixed or regular pay; salary. [1400-50; late ME ...
/stuy pen"dee er'ee/, adj., n., pl. stipendiaries. adj. 1. receiving a stipend; performing services for regular pay. 2. paid for by a stipend: stipendiary services. 3. pertaining ...
/stuy"peez/, n., pl. stipites /stip"i teez'/. 1. Zool. the second joint in a maxilla of crustaceans and insects. 2. Bot., Mycol. a stipe. [1750-60; < L stipes; see STIPE] * * *
See stipes. * * *
/stip"i tayt'/, adj. having or supported by a stipe: a stipitate ovary. [1775-85; < NL stipitatus, equiv. to stipit- (s. of stipes) STIPE + -atus -ATE1] * * *
/stip"i teuh fawrm'/, adj. having the form of a stipe. [1855-60; stipit- (see STIPITATE) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/stee"poh/, n., pl. stipos. a tall, ornate, Italian desk with a drop lid. [ < It, prob. deriv. of stipare to pack closely] * * *
—stippler, n. /stip"euhl/, v., stippled, stippling, n. v.t. 1. to paint, engrave, or draw by means of dots or small touches. n. Also, stippling. 2. the method of painting, ...
See stipple. * * *
stipular [stip′yo͞o lər] adj. 1. of or like a stipule or stipules 2. growing on or near a stipule * * * stip·u·lar (stĭpʹyə-lər) adj. Of, relating to, or resembling a ...
stipulate1 —stipulable /stip"yeuh leuh beuhl/, adj. —stipulator, n. —stipulatory /stip"yeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /stip"yeuh layt'/, v., stipulated, ...
▪ legal history       in Roman law, a form of contract based upon a simple question and answer. It had no parallel in other legal systems. Stipulatio developed, at ...
/stip'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a condition, demand, or promise in an agreement or contract. 2. the act of stipulating. [1545-55; < L stipulation- (s. of stipulatio). See ...
See stipulate1. * * *
See stipulation. * * *
—stipular, adj. /stip"yoohl/, n. Bot. one of a pair of lateral appendages, often leaflike, at the base of a leaf petiole in many plants. [1785-95; < L stipula stalk, n. use of ...
See stipule. * * *
/stip"yeuh leuh fawrm'/, adj. Bot. shaped like a stipule. [1865-70; STIPULE + -I- + -FORM] * * *
stir1 —stirrable, adj. —stirless, adj. —stirlessly, adv. /sterr/, v., stirred, stirring, n. v.t. 1. to move one's hand or an implement continuously or repeatedly through (a ...
—stir-craziness, n. /sterr"kray'zee/, adj. Slang. 1. Informal. restless or frantic because of confinement, routine, etc.: I was stir-crazy after just two months of keeping ...
/sterr"fruyd'/, adj. (of food) prepared by cooking quickly in a small amount of oil over high heat: stir-fried shrimp and snow peas. [1955-60] * * *
/sterr"fruy'/, v., stir-fried, stir-frying, n., adj. v.t. 1. to cook (food) quickly by cutting into small pieces and stirring constantly in a lightly oiled wok or frying pan over ...
/sterr"euh bowt'/, n. Brit. porridge. [1675-85; n. use of v. phrase stir about to stir up] * * *
/sterrk/, n. Brit. a young bull or cow, esp. one in its second year. [bef. 900; ME; OE stirc calf, equiv. to stir- (akin to STEER2) + suffixal -c (see -OCK)] * * *
/sterr"ling/, n. 1. Also called Stirlingshire /sterr"ling shear', -sheuhr/. a historic county in central Scotland. 2. a city in and the administrative center of the Central ...
Stirling engine
an external-combustion engine in which heat from outside the cylinders causes air confined in the cylinders to expand and drive the pistons. [1895-1900; after Robert Stirling (d. ...
Stirling Moss
➡ Moss * * *
Stirling Range
▪ mountains, Western Australia, Australia       mountains in southwestern Western Australia. They rise from a low plateau 40 miles (65 km) north of Albany and run ...
Stirling's formula
/sterr"lingz/, Math. a relation that approximates the value of n factorial (n!), expressed as (n/e)n(2.pi.n)1/2. [1925-30; after James Stirling (d. 1770), Scottish ...
Stirling, James
▪ British mathematician born 1692, Garden, Stirling, Scotland died December 5, 1770, Edinburgh       Scottish mathematician who contributed important advances to the ...
Stirling, Robert
▪ Scottish inventor born 1790, Perthshire, Scot. died June 6, 1878, Galston, Ayrshire       Scottish clergyman, best known as the inventor of the Stirling engine, a ...
Stirling, Sir David
▪ British officer original name  Archibald David Stirling  born November 15, 1915, Stirlingshire? [now in Stirling], Scotland died November 4, 1990, London, ...
Stirling, Sir James
▪ British architect in full  Sir James Frazer Stirling   born April 22, 1926, Glasgow, Scot. died June 25, 1992, London, Eng.  British architect known for his unorthodox, ...
Stirling, Sir James (Frazer)
born April 22, 1926, Glasgow, Scot. died June 25, 1992, London, Eng. Scottish architect. He began working (1956–63) in the New Brutalist style with his partner James Gowan ...
Stirling, William Alexander, 1st earl of
born с 1576, Menstrie, Clackmannan, Scot. died Feb. 12, 1640, London, Eng. Scottish poet and colonizer of Canada. He was a member of the court of James I, where he wrote his ...
Stirling, William Alexander, 1st Earl of, Viscount Of Canada, Viscount Of Stirling, Lord Alexander Of Tullibody
▪ British statesman also called  (1608/09–1630) Sir William Alexander   born c. 1576, , Menstrie, Clackmannan, Scot. died Feb. 12, 1640, London, Eng.       Scottish ...
▪ historical county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Stirling        historic county, central Scotland. In the west it borders Loch Lomond and incorporates a ...
Stirner, Max
▪ German philosopher pseudonym of  Johann Kaspar Schmidt   born Oct. 25, 1806, Bayreuth, Bavaria [Germany] died June 26, 1856, Berlin, Prussia       German ...
/sterrp/, n. Anthropol. a line of descendants from a common ancestor. [1495-1505; < L stirp-, s. of stirps STIRPS] * * *
—stirpicultural, adj. —stirpiculturist, n. /sterr"pi kul'cheuhr/, n. the production of special stocks or strains by careful breeding. [1865-70, Amer.; < L stirpi- (s. of ...
/sterrps/, n., pl. stirpes /sterr"peez/. 1. a stock; family or branch of a family; line of descent. 2. Law. a person from whom a family is descended. 3. Biol. Now Rare. a family, ...
/sterr"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that stirs. 2. an implement or device for stirring something. [1350-1400; ME; see STIR1, -ER1] * * *
—stirringly, adv. /sterr"ing/, adj. 1. rousing, exciting, or thrilling: a stirring speech. 2. moving, active, bustling, or lively: a stirring business. [bef. 900; ME stiringe, ...
See stirring. * * *
—stirrupless, adj. —stirruplike, adj. /sterr"euhp, stir"-, stur"-/, n. 1. a loop, ring, or other contrivance of metal, wood, leather, etc., suspended from the saddle of a ...
stirrup bone
stirrup bone or stirrup n. the stapes, one of the three bones of the middle ear: see EAR1 * * *
stirrup cup
1. farewell drink, esp. one offered to a rider already mounted for departure. 2. an ornamental cup or bowl for such a drink. [1675-85] * * * ▪ ...
stirrup fixation
▪ pathology       growth of spongy bone in the wall of the inner ear so that it encroaches on the oval window—an opening in the wall of the bony labyrinth of the inner ...
stirrup jar
pseudamphora. Also called stirrup vase. [1900-05] * * *
stirrup leather
the strap that holds the stirrup of a saddle. Also called stirrup strap. See diag. under saddle. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
stirrup pants
stirrup pants pl.n. close-fitting pants with a stirruplike strap, at the end of each leg, to be positioned under the arch of the foot * * *
stirrup pump
a small hand pump held steady by a stirruplike foot bracket, often used in firefighting. [1935-40] * * *
stir·rup-cup (stûrʹəp-kŭp', stĭrʹ-) n. A farewell drink, especially for a rider who is mounted to depart. * * *
stirrup iron n. A stirrup. * * *
stirrup leather n. The strap used to fasten a stirrup to a saddle. Also called stirrup strap. * * *
/stish"euh vuyt'/, n. Mineral. a rare polymorph of quartz, SiO2, formed under very high pressure, as by meteorite impact. Cf. coesite. [1960-65; named after S. M. Stishov, ...
—stitcher, n. —stitchlike, adj. /stich/, n. 1. one complete movement of a threaded needle through a fabric or material such as to leave behind it a single loop or portion of ...
See stitch. * * *
/stich"euh ree/, n. needlework. [1600-10; STITCH + -ERY] * * *
/stich"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that stitches. 2. a series or line of stitches. 3. mending by means of sewing. [1515-25; STITCH + -ING1] * * *
/stich"werrk'/, n. embroidery or needlework. [1840-50; STITCH + WORK] * * *
/stich"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Stellaria, of the pink family, having white flowers. [1225-75; ME stichewort, OE sticwyrt agrimony. See ...
/stidh"ee, stith"ee/, n., pl. stithies, v., stithied, stithying. n. 1. an anvil. 2. a forge or smithy. v.t. 3. Obs. to forge. [1250-1300; ME stithie, stethie < ON stethi anvil] * ...
Stitt, Sonny
▪ American musician byname of  Edward Stitt   born Feb. 2, 1924, Boston, Mass., U.S. died July 22, 1982, Washington, D.C.  black American jazz musician, one of the first ...
/stuy"veuhr/, n. 1. Also, stuiver. a former nickel coin of the Netherlands, equal to five Dutch cents. 2. the smallest possible amount: not worth a stiver; not a stiver of ...
Stix, Thomas Howard
▪ 2002       American physicist (b. July 12, 1924, St. Louis, Mo.—d. April 16, 2001, Princeton, N.J.), was a pioneer in the field of plasma physics. After serving ...
stock. * * *
sterling. * * *
scanning tunneling microscope. * * *
statement. * * *
Northwest Semitic, to be(come) hostile, accuse. a. Satan, from Hebrew śāṭān, adversary, Satan, from śāṭan, to accuse, act as adversary; b. shaitan, from Arabic ...
/stoh"euh/, n., pl. stoas, stoai /stoh"uy/, stoae /stoh"ee/. Gk. Archit. a portico, usually a detached portico of considerable length, that is used as a promenade or meeting ...
/stoht/, n. the ermine, Mustela erminea, esp. when in brown summer pelage. [1425-75; late ME stote < ?] * * *       type of weasel more commonly known as ermine ...
/stoh"ting/, n. Tailoring. the process or technique of finishing a facing, collar, or the like, or of mending material with concealed stitching. Also, stoting. [1955-60; orig. ...
/stob/, n. Chiefly South Midland U.S. a post, stump, or stake. [1275-1325; ME; var. of STUB1] * * *
/steuh kah"doh/, n., pl. stoccados. Archaic. a thrust with a rapier or other pointed weapon. Also, stoccata /steuh kah"teuh/. [1575-85; alter. of It stoccata, equiv. to stocc(o) ...
—stochastically, adv. /steuh kas"tik/, adj. Statistics. of or pertaining to a process involving a randomly determined sequence of observations each of which is considered as a ...
stochastic independence
Statistics. See statistical independence. * * *
stochastic matrix
Math. a square matrix with positive entries totaling 1 in each row. * * *
stochastic process
In probability theory, a family of random variables indexed to some other set and having the property that for each finite subset of the index set, the collection of random ...
stochastic variable
Statistics. a random variable. * * *
See stochastic. * * *
stochastically independent
Statistics. See statistically independent. * * *
—stocklike, adj. /stok/, n. 1. a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory. 2. a quantity of something ...
stock book
1. See stock ledger (def. 1). 2. See stores ledger. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
stock boy
a boy or man responsible for replenishing stock, as on the shelves of a grocery store. Also, stockboy. * * *
stock buyback
buyback (def. 3). * * *
stock car
—stock-car, adj. 1. a standard model of automobile changed in various ways for racing purposes. 2. Also called cattle car. Railroads. a boxcar for carrying livestock. [1855-60, ...
stock certificate
a certificate evidencing ownership of one or more shares of stock in a corporation. [1860-65] * * *
stock character
a character in literature, theater, or film of a type quickly recognized and accepted by the reader or viewer and requiring no development by the writer. [1860-65] * * *
stock clerk
1. a worker in a stockroom who is in charge of the materials and goods stored there. 2. a clerk responsible for replenishing the stock displayed in a grocery store, hardware ...
stock company
1. Finance. a company or corporation whose capital is divided into shares represented by stock. 2. Theat. a company acting a repertoire of plays, more or less permanently ...
stock dividend
Finance. 1. a form of dividend collected by a stockholder in extra shares of the corporation's stock rather than in cash. 2. the stock received in such a dividend. [1900-05] * * *
stock dove
/duv/ a cosmopolitan wild pigeon, Columba oenas, of Europe. [1300-50; ME stokdove; cf. G Stocktaube; so called because it nests in hollow tree trunks] * * *
stock exchange
1. a building or place where stocks and other securities are bought and sold. 2. an association of brokers and dealers in stocks and bonds who meet together and transact business ...
stock farm
—stock farmer. —stock farming. a farm devoted to breeding livestock. [1800-10] * * *
stock footage
Motion Pictures, Television. film containing stock shots. * * *
stock guard
Railroad. a barrier for keeping cattle and other animals off the tracks or right of way. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
stock horse
Western U.S. a horse or pony used in herding cattle. [1860-65] * * *
stock in trade
1. the requisites for carrying on a business, esp. goods kept on hand for sale in a store. 2. resources or abilities peculiar to an individual or group or employed for a specific ...
stock ledger
1. a permanent record of the capital stock of a corporation, listing the names and addresses of the stockholders, the number of the shares owned, the serial numbers of their ...
stock market
1. a particular market where stocks and bonds are traded; stock exchange. 2. the market for stocks throughout a nation: The stock market reacted strongly to the president's ...
Stock Market Crash of 1929
Economic event in the U.S. that precipitated the Great Depression. The U.S. stock market expanded rapidly in the late 1920s and reached a peak in August 1929, when prices began ...
stock option
an option giving the holder, usually an officer or employee, the right to buy stock of the issuing corporation at a specific price within a stated period. [1940-45] * * ...
stock power
a power of attorney permitting a person other than the owner of stock in a corporation to transfer the title of ownership to a third party. * * *
stock raising
—stock raiser. the breeding and raising of livestock. [1790-1800] * * *
stock record.
See stores ledger. * * *
stock saddle.
See Western saddle. [1885-90] * * *
stock shot
Motion Pictures. any of various prefilmed shots, as from newsreels or travelogues, available from specialized film libraries for inserting into a film to establish locale, ...
stock solution
Photog. a concentrated chemical solution, diluted before using. * * *
stock split
stock split n. the act or result of splitting stock: see SPLIT (vt. 7) * * *
stock ticker
ticker (def. 1). [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
stock-car racing
Form of automobile racing. Popular in the U.S., it features cars that conform externally to standard U.S. commercial models and are raced usually on oval, paved tracks. The ...
stock-in-trade also stock in trade (stŏk'ĭn-trādʹ, stŏkʹĭn-trād') n. 1. All the merchandise and equipment kept on hand and used in carrying on a business. 2. The ...
See stock market. * * *
/stok"rooht', -rowt'/, n. Australian. a public trail having right of way across private properties and over which cattle and sheep may be herded to grazing grounds or to ...
/stok"stil"/, adj. completely still; motionless. [1425-75; late ME stok still. See STOCK, STILL1] * * *
/sto kayd"/, n., v., stockaded, stockading. n. 1. Fort. a defensive barrier consisting of strong posts or timbers fixed upright in the ground. 2. an enclosure or pen made with ...
stockade fence
a fence of closely fitted vertical boards with pointed tops. * * *
See stock. * * *
stockbreeder [stäk′brēd΄ər] n. a person who breeds and raises livestock stockbreeding n. * * * See stockbreeding. * * *
—stockbreeder, n. /stok"bree'ding/, n. the breeding and raising of livestock for marketing or exhibition. [1935-40; STOCK + BREEDING] * * *
Stock·bridge (stŏkʹbrĭj') n. A subtribe of the Mahican confederacy formerly inhabiting southwest Massachusetts, with a present-day population in central Wisconsin. * * ...

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