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treenail
/tree"nayl', tren"l, trun"l/, n. a wooden pin that swells when moist, used for fastening together timbers, as those of ships. Also, trenail, trunnel. [1250-1300; ME trenayl. See ...
treenware
/tree"euhn wair'/, n. household utensils, dishes, etc., made entirely of wood. [TREEN + WARE1] * * *
treeof knowledge
tree of knowledge n. The tree in the Garden of Eden whose forbidden fruit Adam and Eve tasted. * * *
treeof life
tree of life n. pl. trees of life 1. A tall palm (Mauritia flexuosa) of northern South America having large fan-shaped leaves and used for food, fiber, and building. 2. A tree in ...
treepoppy
tree poppy n. An evergreen shrub (Dendromecon rigidum) of southern California and northern Baja California, having minutely toothed, lance-shaped leaves and showy yellow ...
treeshrew
tree shrew n. Any of various small squirrellike arboreal mammals of the family Tupaiidae found in southeast Asia, India, and southern China. Though sometimes placed in a separate ...
treesnail
tree snail n. Any of various tropical snails of the genus Liguus, having a colorful shell in the shape of a teardrop. * * *
treesparrow
tree sparrow n. 1. A sparrow (Spizella arborea) of northern North America having a reddish-brown crown and a dark spot on the breast. 2. A European sparrow (Passer montanus) ...
treesquirrel
tree squirrel n. See squirrel. * * *
treesurgeon
See tree surgery. * * *
treesurgery
tree surgery n. Treatment of diseased or damaged trees by filling cavities and pruning and bracing branches.   tree surgeon n. * * *
treetoad
tree toad n. See tree frog. * * *
treetobacco
tree tobacco n. A South American shrub or small tree (Nicotiana glauca) naturalized in the United States and having yellow flowers and thick, rubbery, oval or lance-shaped ...
treetomato
tree tomato n. See tamarillo. * * *
treetop
/tree"top'/, n. the top or uppermost branches of a tree. [1520-30; TREE + TOP1] * * *
tref
/trayf/, adj. Judaism. unfit to be eaten or used, according to religious laws; not kosher. Also, treyf, trayf, terefah. [ < Yiddish treyf < Heb tarephah torn flesh, lit., ...
treflé
/tref lay"/, adj. Heraldry. botonée. [1715-25; < F, deriv. of trefle TREFOIL] * * *
trefoil
/tree"foyl, tref"oyl/, n. 1. any of numerous plants belonging to the genus Trifolium, of the legume family, having usually digitate leaves of three leaflets and reddish, purple, ...
trefoil arch
Archit. an arch with cusplike intrados. * * *
trefoil knot
a knot having the form of a trefoil. * * *
trehala
/tri hah"leuh/, n. an edible, sugary substance secreted by certain Asiatic beetles of the genus Larinus, forming their pupal covering. [1860-65; < NL < Turk tigala < Pers ...
trehalase
tre·ha·lase (trĭ-häʹlās', -lāz') n. An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of trehalose. * * *
trehalose
/tree"heuh lohs', tri hah"lohs/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline disaccharide, C12H22O11, occurring in yeast, certain fungi, etc., and used to identify certain bacteria. [1860-65; ...
trei-
Three. Derivatives include three, trio, testicle, detest, and trinity. I. Nominative plural form *treyes. 1. a. three, thrice; thirteen, thirty, from Old English thrīe, thrēo, ...
treillage
/tray"lij/; Fr. /trdde yannzh"/, n. latticework; a lattice or trellis. [1690-1700; < F, equiv. to treille vine-arbor, trellis ( < L trichila; cf. ML trelia) + -age -AGE] * * *
Treinta y Tres
/trddayn"tah ee trddes"/ a city in E Uruguay. 25,000. * * * ▪ Uruguay       city, east-central Uruguay, near the Olimar Grande River. It is the commercial and ...
Treitschke
/trdduych"keuh/, n. Heinrich von /huyn"rddikh feuhn/, 1834-96, German historian. * * *
Treitschke, Heinrich von
born Sept. 15, 1834, Dresden, Saxony died April 28, 1896, Berlin German historian and political writer. Son of a Saxon general, Treitschke studied at Bonn and Leipzig and then ...
trek
/trek/, v., trekked, trekking, n. v.i. 1. to travel or migrate, esp. slowly or with difficulty. 2. South Africa. to travel by ox wagon. v.t. 3. South Africa. (of a draft animal) ...
trekker
See trek. * * *
Trekkie
n a person who is very keen on following the television science fiction series Star Trek. Serious Trekkies attend special conferences to share their enthusiasm and discuss the ...
Trekvaart
▪ canals, The Netherlands       system of canals (canals and inland waterways) in the Low Countries, built in the 17th century and used exclusively by boats carrying ...
Trelawney
/tri law"nee/, n. Edward John, 1792-1881, English adventurer and author. * * *
Trelawny, Edward
▪ British colonial governor born 1699, Trelawne, Cornwall, Eng. died Jan. 16, 1754, London       British governor of Jamaica from April 1738 to September 1752 who ...
Trelawny, Edward John
▪ English author born November 13, 1792, London, England died August 13, 1881, Sompting, Sussex       English author and adventurer, the friend of Percy Bysshe Shelley ...
Trelleborg
▪ Sweden       town and port, Skåne län (county), southern Sweden, on the Baltic Sea. During the Middle Ages it was an important herring-fishing and commercial ...
trellis
/trel"is/, n. 1. a frame or structure of latticework; lattice. 2. a framework of this kind used as a support for growing vines or plants. 3. a summerhouse, gazebo, arch, etc., ...
trellised
/trel"ist/, adj. Armor. noting armor having diagonally crisscrossed strips of leather enframing metal plates, the whole being sewn to a flexible backing. [1425-75; late ME; see ...
trelliswork
/trel"is werrk'/, n. latticework. [1705-15; TRELLIS + WORK] * * *
Tremadocian Stage
▪ geology       lowermost of the two standard worldwide divisions of the Lower Ordovician Series and lowest of the seven stages within the Ordovician System (Ordovician ...
Tremain, Rose
▪ British author born Aug. 2, 1943, London, Eng.       British novelist whose books often dramatize a moment of truth in the lives of lonely ...
Trematoda
/trem'euh toh"deuh, tree'meuh-/, n. the class comprising the trematodes. [ < NL; see TREMATODE] * * *
trematode
/trem"euh tohd', tree"meuh-/, n. any parasitic platyhelminth or flatworm of the class Trematoda, having one or more external suckers; fluke. [1830-40; < NL Trematoda class name < ...
trematodiasis
trem·a·to·di·a·sis (trĕm'ə-tō-dīʹə-sĭs) n. Infestation or infection with trematodes, often caused by ingestion of inadequately cooked food. * * *
tremble
—tremblingly, adv. /trem"beuhl/, v., trembled, trembling, n. v.i. 1. to shake involuntarily with quick, short movements, as from fear, excitement, weakness, or cold; quake; ...
trembler
/trem"bleuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that trembles. 2. an oscine bird, Cinclocerthia ruficauda, of the Lesser Antilles, related to the thrashers, noted for its habit of ...
Trembley, Abraham
▪ Swiss naturalist born Sept. 3, 1710, Geneva, Switz. died May 12, 1784, Geneva       Swiss naturalist, best known for his studies of the freshwater hydra, mainly ...
tremblingly
See trembler. * * *
trembly
/trem"blee/, adj. tremblier, trembliest. quivering; tremulous; shaking. [1840-50; TREMBLE + -Y1] * * *
tremendous
—tremendously, adv. —tremendousness, n. /tri men"deuhs/, adj. 1. extraordinarily great in size, amount, or intensity: a tremendous ocean liner; tremendous talent. 2. ...
tremendously
See tremendous. * * *
tremendousness
See tremendously. * * *
trémie
/trem"ee/; Fr. /trdday mee"/, n., pl. trémies /trem"eez/; Fr. /trdday mee"/. a funnellike device lowered into water to deposit concrete. [1900-05; < F: hopper < L trimodia ...
tremissis
/tri mis"is/, n., pl. tremisses /-mis"eez/. 1. Also called triens. a gold coin of the Eastern Roman Empire, the third part of a solidus, first issued in the 3rd century A.D. 2. a ...
tremolant
/trem"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. having a tremulous or vibrating tone, as certain pipes of an organ. n. 2. an organ pipe producing a tremolant tone. [1850-55; < G < It tremolante ...
tremolite
—tremolitic /trem"euh lit"ik/, adj. /trem"euh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a white or grayish variety of amphibole, Ca2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2, usually occurring in bladed crystals. [1790-1800; ...
tremolo
/trem"euh loh'/, n., pl. tremolos. Music. 1. a tremulous or vibrating effect produced on certain instruments and in the human voice, as to express emotion. 2. a mechanical device ...
tremor
—tremorous, adj. /trem"euhr, tree"meuhr/, n. 1. involuntary shaking of the body or limbs, as from disease, fear, weakness, or excitement; a fit of trembling. 2. any tremulous ...
tremulant
/trem"yeuh leuhnt/, adj. trembling; tremulous. [1830-40; < ML tremulant- (s. of tremulans) prp. of tremulare to TREMBLE; see -ANT] * * *
tremulous
—tremulously, adv. —tremulousness, n. /trem"yeuh leuhs/, adj. 1. (of persons, the body, etc.) characterized by trembling, as from fear, nervousness, or weakness. 2. timid; ...
tremulously
See tremulous. * * *
tremulousness
See tremulously. * * *
trenail
/tree"nayl', tren"l, trun"l/, n. treenail. * * *
trench
/trench/, n. 1. Fort. a long, narrow excavation in the ground, the earth from which is thrown up in front to serve as a shelter from enemy fire or attack. 2. trenches, a system ...
Trench
/trench/, n. Richard Chenevix /shen"euh vee/, 1807-86, English clergyman and scholar, born in Ireland. * * * (as used in expressions) deep sea trench oceanic trench Mariana ...
trench coat
a waterproof overcoat styled along military lines, belted, with straps on the shoulders and lower sleeves. [1915-20] * * *
trench fever
Pathol. a recurrent fever, often suffered by soldiers in trenches in World War I, caused by a rickettsia transmitted by the body louse. [1910-15] * * * ▪ ...
trench foot
Pathol. injury of the skin, blood vessels, and nerves of the feet due to prolonged exposure to cold and wet, common among soldiers serving in trenches. [1910-15] * * *
trench knife
a short knife for stabbing, sometimes equipped with brass knuckles as a guard, used in modern warfare in hand-to-hand combat. [1915-20] * * *
trench mortar
a portable, muzzle-loaded mortar, usually having a smooth bore, fired at high angles of elevation to reach concealed enemy targets. [1915-20] * * *
trench mouth
trench mouth n. 〚from its prevalence among soldiers in trenches〛 an infectious disease characterized by ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and caused ...
trench mouth.
See Vincent's angina. [1915-20; so called from its high incidence among soldiers in the trenches] * * *
trench warfare
combat in which each side occupies a system of protective trenches. [1915-20] * * * Warfare in which the opposing sides attack, counterattack, and defend from sets of trenches ...
trenchancy
See trenchant. * * *
trenchant
—trenchancy, n. —trenchantly, adv. /tren"cheuhnt/, adj. 1. incisive or keen, as language or a person; caustic; cutting: trenchant wit. 2. vigorous; effective; energetic: a ...
trenchantly
See trenchancy. * * *
Trenchard
/tren"chahrd, -cheuhrd/, n. Hugh Montague, 1st Viscount, 1873-1956, British Royal Air Force marshal. * * *
Trenchard, Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount, Baron Trenchard of Wolfeton
▪ British military officer born Feb. 3, 1873, Taunton, Somerset, Eng. died Feb. 10, 1956, London       British officer and air marshal who helped lay the foundations of ...
trenchcoat
trench coat n. A belted raincoat in a military style, having straps on the shoulders and deep pockets. * * *
trencher
/tren"cheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that digs trenches. 2. ditchdigger (def. 3). 3. a rectangular or circular flat piece of wood on which meat, or other food, is served or ...
trencherman
/tren"cheuhr meuhn/, n., pl. trenchermen. 1. a person who has a hearty appetite; a heavy eater. 2. Archaic. a hanger-on; parasite. [1580-90; TRENCHER + -MAN] * * *
trenchfever
trench fever n. An acute infectious disease characterized by chills and fever, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana and transmitted by the louse Pediculus ...
trenchfoot
trench foot n. A condition of the foot resembling frostbite, caused by prolonged exposure to cold and dampness and often affecting soldiers in trenches.   [From its occurrence ...
trenching machine
▪ engineering also called  Ditcher, or Digging Wheel,         excavation machine employing a wheel fitted with rim buckets, or with a boom or ladder on which an ...
trenchmortar
trench mortar n. A mortar usually ranging from 3 to 9.45 inches in caliber, designed for use in forward positions, especially in trenches. * * *
trenchmouth
trench mouth n. A painful infection of the mouth and throat characterized by ulcerations of the mucous membranes, bleeding, and foul breath. It is caused by the bacterium ...
trend
/trend/, n. 1. the general course or prevailing tendency; drift: trends in the teaching of foreign languages; the trend of events. 2. style; vogue: the new trend in women's ...
Trendelenburg, Friedrich Adolf
▪ German philosopher born Nov. 30, 1802, Eutin, Oldenburg [Germany] died Jan. 24, 1872, Berlin  German philologist, educator, prolific writer, and controversial philosopher ...
trendily
See trendy. * * *
trendiness
See trendily. * * *
trendline
/trend"luyn'/, n. an upward or downward line on a chart indicating movements of average prices, as of stocks, over a period of time. Also, trend line. [1910-15 for more general ...
trendsetter
/trend"set'euhr/, n. a person or thing that establishes a new trend or fashion. [1960-65; from the v. phrase set a trend; see -ER1] * * *
trendsetting
/trend"set'ing/, adj. establishing or influencing a new trend or fashion. [1955-60; from the v. phrase set a trend; see -ING2] * * *
trendy
—trendily, adv. —trendiness, n. /tren"dee/, adj., trendier, trendiest, n., pl. trendies. adj. 1. of, in, or pertaining to the latest trend or style. 2. following the latest ...
Trenet, Charles
▪ 2002 Louis Charles Augustin Claude Trenet        French singer and songwriter (b. May 18, 1913, Narbonne, France—d. Feb. 19, 2001, Créteil, France), was for more ...
Trengganu
/treng gah"nooh/, n. a state in Malaysia, on the E central Malay Peninsula. 405,368; 5050 sq. mi. (13,080 sq. km). Cap.: Kuala Trengganu. Also, Terengganu. * * *
Trent
/trent/, n. 1. Italian, Trento. Ancient, Tridentum. a city in N Italy, on the Adige River. 98,006. 2. Council of, the ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church that met at ...
Trent Affair
(1861) Incident in the American Civil War involving freedom of the seas. On Nov. 8, 1861, the Union frigate San Jacinto stopped the neutral British steamer Trent to seize ...
Trent Bridge
a cricket ground in Nottingham, England, where Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club play and where test matches (= international matches) are regularly held. * * *
Trent Canal
Canal, southeastern Ontario, Canada. Linking Lake Huron with Lake Ontario, the canal extends from the southeastern shore of Georgian Bay up the Severn River to Lake Simcoe, ...
Trent, Council of
(1545–63) 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic church, which made sweeping reforms and laid down dogma clarifying nearly all doctrines contested by the ...
Trent, River
River, central England. It rises in Staffordshire and flows northeast 168 mi (270 km) to unite with the River Ouse west of Hull to form the River Humber. It is navigable by ...
trental
/tren"tl/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a series of 30 Requiems celebrated one each day for 30 consecutive days. [1300-50; ME < ML trentale, equiv. to VL *trent(a) (for L triginta thirty) + ...
trente et quarante
/trahnt" ay keuh rahnt"/; Fr. /trddahonn tay kann rddahonnt"/. See rouge et noir. [1665-75; < F] * * * ▪ card game (French: “Thirty and Forty”),also called  Rouge Et ...
Trentino-Alto Adige
/trdden tee"naw ahl"taw ah"dee je/ a region in NE Italy. 870,238; 5256 sq. mi. (13.615 sq. km). * * *
Trentino-Alto-Adige
Tren·ti·no-Al·to-A·di·ge (trĕn-tēʹnō-älʹtō-äʹdē-jĕ') A region of northeast Italy bordering on Switzerland and Austria. Annexed by Austria in 1814, it was ceded ...
Trentino–Alto Adige
formerly (until 1947) Venezia Tridentina Autonomous region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 937,107), northeastern Italy. Its capital is Trento. A mountainous area covering 5,258 sq mi ...
Trento
/trdden"taw/, n. Italian name of Trent. * * * I English Trent ancient Tridentum City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 104,844), capital of Trentino–Alto Adige region, on the Adige River ...
Trenton
—Trentonian /tren toh"nee euhn/, n. /tren"tn/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of New Jersey, in the W part, on the Delaware River: Washington defeated Hessian troops here ...
Trenton and Princeton, Battles of
(1776–77) Engagements won by the Continental Army in the American Revolution. Defeats in New York forced the army under George Washington to retreat through New Jersey into ...
TrentRiver
Trent River 1. A river, about 241 km (150 mi) long, of southeast Ontario, Canada. It is part of the Trent Canal system, about 386 km (240 mi) long, that connects Lake Ontario ...
trep-
To turn. 1. -tropous; apotropaic, Atropos, treponema, from Greek trepein, to turn, with o-grade derivative tropos, turning. 2. O-grade form *trop-. a. Suffixed form *trop-o-. ...
trepan
trepan1 —trepanation /trep'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. —trepanner, n. /tri pan"/, n., v., trepanned, trepanning. n. 1. a tool for cutting shallow holes by removing a core. 2. Surg. ...
trepanation
See trepan1. * * *
trepang
/tri pang"/, n. any of various holothurians or sea cucumbers, as Holothuria edulis, used as food in China. [1775-85; < Malay taripan (sp. teripang) < an unidentified source] * * *
trephination
See trephine. * * *
trephine
—trephination /tref'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. /tri fuyn", -feen"/, n., v., trephined, trephining. Surg. n. 1. a small circular saw with a center pin mounted on a strong hollow metal ...
trepid
/trep"id/, adj. fearful or apprehensive, esp. trembling from fear. [1640-50; < L trepidus] * * *
trepidant
/trep"i deuhnt/, adj. trepid. [1890-95; < L trepidant-, s. of trepidans, prp. of trepidare; see TREPIDATION, -ANT] * * *
trepidation
/trep'i day"sheuhn/, n. 1. tremulous fear, alarm, or agitation; perturbation. 2. trembling or quivering movement; tremor. [1595-1605; < L trepidation- (s. of trepidatio), equiv. ...
treponema
—treponematous /trep'euh nem"euh teuhs, -nee"meuh-/, treponemal, adj. /trep'euh nee"meuh/, n., pl. treponemas, treponemata /-meuh teuh/. any of several anaerobic spirochetes of ...
treponemal
See treponema. * * *
treponematosis
/trep'euh nee'meuh toh"sis/, n. Pathol. an infection caused by an organism of the genus Treponema, as syphilis, pinta, bejel, or yaws. [1940-45; < NL Treponemat- (s. of ...
treponematous
See treponemal. * * *
treponeme
trep·o·neme (trĕpʹə-nēm') n. A treponema. * * *
treponemiasis
/trep'euh neuh muy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. infection with treponema; syphilis. [TREPONEM(A) + -IASIS] * * *
Trepospira
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of gastropods (snails) found as fossils in rocks of Devonian to Late Carboniferous age (between 286 and 408 million years old). Its ...
Trepostomata
▪ fossil order       extinct order of bryozoans (moss animals) found as fossils in marine rocks of Ordovician to Triassic age (200 million to 488 million years old). The ...
très
très [tre] adv. 〚Fr〛 [also in roman type] very: sometimes used for humorous or ironic effect [très chic and très expensive] * * *
Tres de Febrero
▪ partido, Argentina       partido (county), central Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, eastern Argentina, immediately west of the city of Buenos Aires, in Buenos Aires ...
Três Lagoas
▪ Brazil       city, east-central Mato Grosso do Sul estado (state), south-central Brazil, at the confluence of the Sucuriú and Paraná rivers, at 1,030 feet (313 ...
tres-tine
/tres"tuyn/, n. See royal antler. Also, trez-tine. [perh. < L tres THREE + TINE] * * *
Trésaguet, Pierre-Marie-Jérôme
▪ French engineer born 1716, France died 1796, France       French engineer known for his introduction of modern road-building (roads and highways) ...
Tresor de la langue française
▪ French dictionary French“Treasury of the French Language”in full  Tresor de la langue française: dictionnaire de la langue de XIXe et du XXe siècle ...
trespass
—trespasser, n. /tres"peuhs, -pas/, n. 1. Law. a. an unlawful act causing injury to the person, property, or rights of another, committed with force or violence, actual or ...
trespasser
See trespass. * * *
tress
/tres/, n. 1. Usually, tresses. long locks or curls of hair. 2. a plait or braid of hair. [1250-1300; ME tresse < MF: plait or braid of hair < ?] * * *
tressed
/trest/, adj. 1. (of the hair) arranged or formed into tresses; braided; plaited. 2. having tresses (usually used in combination): auburn-tressed; golden-tressed. [1300-50; ME; ...
tressure
—tressured, adj. /tresh"euhr/, n. 1. Heraldry. a narrower diminutive of the orle, usually ornamented with fleurs-de-lis at the edges and often doubled. 2. Numis. an ornamental ...
tressy
/tres"ee/, adj., tressier, tressiest. Archaic. resembling or having tresses. [1605-15; TRESS + -Y1] * * *
trestle
/tres"euhl/, n. 1. a frame typically composed of a horizontal bar or beam rigidly joined or fitted at each end to the top of a transverse A-frame, used as a barrier, a transverse ...
trestle table
1. a table having transverse slabs or rigid frames for supports, and usually strengthened by a long stretcher. 2. a table composed of a movable top supported by ...
trestletable
trestle table n. A table having a top supported by trestles. * * *
trestletree
/tres"euhl tree'/, n. Naut. either of a pair of timbers or metal shapes lying along the tops of the hounds or cheeks of a mast to support crosstrees or a top. [1615-25; TRESTLE + ...
trestlework
/tres"euhl werrk'/, n. a structural system composed of trestles. [1840-50; TRESTLE + WORK] * * *
tret
/tret/, n. (formerly) an allowance for waste, after deduction for tare. [1490-1500; < AF, var. of trait act of drawing; see TRAIT] * * *
Treta Yuga
/tray"teuh yoog"euh/, Hinduism. the second Yuga, not as good as the Satya Yuga but better than the Dvapara Yuga. [ < Skt tretayuga; cf. YUGA] * * *
Tretchikoff, Vladimir
▪ 2007 Vladimir Grigoryevich Trechikov        Russian-born South African artist (b. Dec. 13, 1913, Petropavlovsk, Siberia, Russia [now in Kazakhstan]—d. Aug. 26, 2006, ...
Tretiak, Vladislav
▪ Soviet hockey player in full  Vladislav Aleksandrovich Tretiak  born April 25, 1952, Dmitrovo, Russia, U.S.S.R.     Soviet ice hockey player who was considered one of ...
Tretick, Aaron Stanley
▪ 2000       American photographer noted for his candid images of the family of Pres. John F. Kennedy; while working for Look magazine in 1963, he was invited to take ...
tretinoin
/treuh tin"oh in/, n. a drug chemically related to vitamin A, used as a topical ointment to treat skin disorders, esp. acne. [1960-65; T(RI-) + retino- ( < Gk rhetíne resin) + ...
Tretyakov Gallery
▪ museum, Moscow, Russia in full  State Tretyakov Gallery,  Russian  Gosudarstvennaya Tretyakovskaya Galereya,         Moscow art museum founded by Pavel M. ...
treud-
To squeeze. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *troud-o-. threat, from Old English thrēat, oppression, use of force, from Germanic *thrautam. 2. Variant form *trūd-. thrust, from Old ...
Treuhaft, Robert Edward
▪ 2002       American lawyer (b. Aug. 8, 1912, New York, N.Y.—d. Nov. 11, 2001, New York City), crusaded for civil rights and numerous other liberal causes and ...
Treurnicht, Andries (Petrus)
born Feb. 19, 1921, Piketburg, S.Af. died April 22, 1993, Cape Town South African politician. A preacher in the Dutch Reformed Church (1946–60), he later achieved high office ...
Treurnicht, Andries Petrus
▪ 1994       South African politician (b. Feb. 19, 1921, Piketburg, South Africa—d. April 22, 1993, Cape Town, South Africa), was a staunch advocate of South African ...
trevally
/treuh val"ee/, n., pl. trevallies. any of several popular Australian food fish of the genus Caranx, esp. Caranx georgianus. [orig. uncert.] * * *
Trevelyan
/tri vel"yeuhn, -vil"-/, n. 1. George Macaulay, 1876-1962, English historian. 2. his father, Sir George Otto, 1838-1928, English biographer, historian, and statesman. * * *
Trevelyan, G M
▪ British historian born Feb. 16, 1876, Welcombe, Warwickshire, Eng. died July 21, 1962, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  English historian whose work, written for the general ...
Trevelyan, G(eorge) M(acauley)
born Feb. 16, 1876, Welcombe, Warwickshire, Eng. died July 21, 1962, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire English historian. He is known for books accessible to general readers that often ...
Trevelyan, Julian
▪ British artist in full  Julian Otto Trevelyan  born February 20, 1910, Dorking, Surrey, England died July 12, 1988, London       British artist who was a founding ...
Trevelyan, Sir George Otto, 2nd Baronet
▪ British historian born July 20, 1838, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, England died August 17, 1928, Wallington, Northumberland       English historian and statesman ...
Trevelyan,Sir George Otto
Tre·vel·yan (trə-vĕlʹyən, -vĭlʹ-), Sir George Otto. 1838-1928. British historian and politician who was secretary for Ireland (1882-1884) and Scotland (1886 and ...
Treves
/treevz/, n. Trier. French, Trèves /trddev/. * * *
Trevino, Lee
▪ American athlete born Dec. 1, 1939, near Dallas, Texas, U.S.       American professional golfer who became an immediate success when he joined the Professional ...
Trevino, Lee (Buck)
born Dec. 1, 1939, near Dallas, Tex., U.S. U.S. golfer. Of Mexican American descent, Trevino received a grade-school education, served in the U.S. Marine Corps, and worked as ...
Trevino,Lee
Tre·vi·no (trə-vēʹnō), Lee. Born 1939. American golfer who won the U.S. Open (1968 and 1971), the British Open (1971 and 1972), and the PGA title (1974 and 1984). * * *
Treviso
/trdde vee"zaw/, n. a city in NE Italy. 90,632. * * * ▪ Italy ancient (Latin)  Tarvisium        city, Veneto regione, northeastern Italy, situated north of Venice ...
Trevithick
/trev"euh thik/, n. Richard, 1771-1833, English engineer. * * *
Trevithick, Richard
born April 13, 1771, Illogan, Cornwall, Eng. died April 22, 1833, Dartford, Kent British inventor of the first steam locomotive. With little formal education, in 1790 he became ...
Trevor
/trev"euhr/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Bax Sir Arnold Edward Trevor Hilton James Glen Trevor Sara Trevor Teasdale Trevor William William Trevor Cox * ...
Trevor McDonald
➡ McDonald * * *
Trevor Nunn
➡ Nunn * * *
Trevor, Claire
▪ 2001 Claire Wemlinger        American actress (b. March 8, 1909?, Bensonhurst, Long Island, N.Y.—d. April 8, 2000, Newport Beach, Calif.), appeared in dozens of ...
Trevor, Elleston
▪ 1996       (TREVOR DUDLEY SMITH), British novelist who published dozens of mysteries, thrillers, and adventure books under several pseudonyms; his best-known novels ...
Trevor, William
orig. William Trevor Cox born May 24, 1928, Mitchelstown, County Cork, Ire. Irish writer. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin, he worked as a teacher, sculptor, and ...
Trevor,William
Trev·or (trĕvʹər), William. Originally William Trevor Cox. Born 1928. Irish writer noted for his darkly comedic stories and novels, including The Old Boys (1964) and The Day ...
Trevor-Roper
/trev"euhr roh"peuhr/ n. Hugh (Redwald) /red"wawld/, born 1914, British historian. * * *
Trevor-Roper, Hugh Redwald
▪ 2004 Baron Dacre of Glanton        British historian (b. Jan. 15, 1914, Glanton, Northumberland, Eng.—d. Jan. 26, 2003, Oxford, Eng.), was well known for his many ...
Trevor-Roper, Hugh, Baron Dacre of Glanton
▪ British historian in full  Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper   born January 15, 1914, Glanton, Northumberland, England died January 26, 2003, Oxford, Oxfordshire  British ...
trevorite
      the mineral nickel iron oxide, NiFe3+2O4, a member of the magnetite (q.v.) series of spinels. * * *
trews
/troohz/, n. (used with a plural v.) close-fitting tartan trousers, worn esp. by certain Scottish regiments. [1560-70; < Ir and ScotGael triubhas < OF trebus breeches] * * *
trey
/tray/, n. a playing card or a die having three pips. [1350-1400; ME < MF trei(s) < L tres THREE] * * *
treyf
/trayf/, adj. Judaism. tref. * * *
trez-tine
/trez"tuyn/, n. See royal antler. * * *
TRF
thyrotropin-releasing factor. * * *
trf
1. transfer. 2. tuned radio frequency. * * *
TRH
thyrotropin-releasing hormone. * * *
tri-
a combining form meaning "three," used in the formation of compound words: triacid; triatomic. [ME < L, comb. form repr. L tres, tria, Gk treîs, tría THREE] * * *
tri-city
/truy"sit"ee, -sit'ee/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a metropolitan area consisting of three separate but interdependent cities: an instance of tri-city cooperation. n. 2. any one ...
tri-state
tri-state [trī′stāt΄] adj. of or having to do with an area consisting of all or parts of three contiguous states * * *
Tri-State Tornado of 1925
▪ United States history also called  Great Tri-State Tornado         tornado, the deadliest in U.S. history, that traveled from southeastern Missouri through ...
triable
/truy"euh beuhl/ subject or liable to judicial trial. [1400-50; late ME < AF. See TRY, -ABLE] * * *
triableness
See triable. * * *
triac
/truy"ak/, n. Electronics. a type of thyristor designed for electronic control of the current supplied to a circuit, used esp. in dimmers for lighting systems. [1960-65; TRI(ODE) ...
triacetate
/truy as"i tayt'/, n. Chem. an acetate containing three acetate groups. [1855-60; TRI- + ACETATE] * * *
triacetate fiber
a textile fiber made of cellulose triacetate. * * *
triacid
/truy as"id/, adj. Chem. 1. capable of combining with three molecules of a monobasic acid: a triacid base. 2. noting acid salts containing three replaceable hydrogen ...
triacontanol
/truy'euh kon"teuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Biochem. a long-chain alcohol, CH3(CH2)28CH2OH, occurring in plant waxes and beeswax, that is a plant growth regulator. Also called melissyl ...
triad
—triadic, adj. —triadism, n. /truy"ad, -euhd/, n. 1. a group of three, esp. of three closely related persons or things. 2. Chem. a. an element, atom, or group having a ...
triadelphous
/truy'euh del"feuhs/, adj. Bot. (of stamens) united by the filaments into three sets or bundles. [1820-30; TRI- + -ADELPHOUS] * * *
triadic
See triad. * * *
triads
➡ gangs * * *
triage
/tree ahzh"/, n., adj., v., triaged, aging. n. 1. the process of sorting victims, as of a battle or disaster, to determine medical priority in order to increase the number of ...
trial
/truy"euhl, truyl/, n. 1. Law. a. the examination before a judicial tribunal of the facts put in issue in a cause, often including issues of law as well as those of fact. b. the ...
trial and error
—trial-and-error, adj. experimentation or investigation in which various methods or means are tried and faulty ones eliminated in order to find the correct solution or to ...
trial balance
Bookkeeping. a statement of all the open debit and credit items, made preliminary to balancing a double-entry ledger. [1830-40] * * *
trial balloon
a statement, program, or the like issued publicly as a means of determining reactions in advance: The speech was a trial balloon for a new law. [1930-35] * * *
trial court
the court in which a controversy is first adjudicated (distinguished from appellate division). [1885-90] * * *
trial courts
➡ legal system * * *
trial docket
docket (def. 1). * * *
trial examiner
Law. a person appointed to hold hearings and report findings and recommendations to an administrative or quasi-judicial agency or tribunal. [1945-50] * * *
trial horse
Informal. an opponent who performs against a superior foe in a workout or exhibition. [1900-05] * * *
trial jury
trial jury n. PETIT JURY * * *
trial jury.
See petty jury. [1885-90] * * *
trial lawyer
a lawyer who specializes in appearing before trial courts. [1910-15] * * *
trial marriage
an arrangement by which a couple live together for a period of time to see if they are compatible for marriage. Cf. companionate marriage. [1920-25] * * *
trial run
a preliminary performance or test of something, as of the operation of a ship or the effectiveness of a play. [1900-05] * * *
Trial, The
(German, Der Prozess), a novel (1925) by Franz Kafka. * * *
trial-and-error
See trial and error. * * *
trialand error
trial and error n. A method of reaching a correct solution or satisfactory result by trying out various means or theories until error is sufficiently reduced or ...
trialbalance
trial balance n. A statement of all the open debit and credit items in a double-entry ledger, made to test their equality. * * *
trialballoon
trial balloon n. An idea or a plan advanced tentatively to test public reaction.   [From the use of balloons to test weather conditions.] * * *
trialjury
trial jury n. See petit jury. * * *
trialogue
/truy"euh lawg', -log'/, n. a discussion or conversation in which three persons or groups participate. [1525-35; TRI- + (DI)ALOGUE, mistaken as a formation with DI-1] * * *
trialrun
trial run n. A test, as of performance or acceptance. * * *
triamcinolone
/truy'am sin"euh lohn'/, n. Pharm. a synthetic glucocorticoid drug, C21H27FO6, used in the symptomatic treatment of inflammation. [1955-60; triamcin- (of unexplained derivation) ...
Trianda
/tree ahn"deuh/; Gk. /trddee ahn"dah/, n. a town on the Greek island of Rhodes, in the Aegean Sea: built on the site of ancient Ialysus. Also, Trianta. * * *
triangle
—triangled, adj. /truy"ang'geuhl/, n. 1. a closed plane figure having three sides and three angles. 2. a flat triangular piece, usually of plastic, with straight edges, used in ...
triangle inequality
Math. 1. the theorem that the absolute value of the sum of two quantities is less than or equal to the sum of the absolute values of the quantities. 2. the related theorem that ...
Triangle Shirtwaist Co. fire
(March 25, 1911) Industrial disaster that led to the enactment of many safety and labour laws. The fire, which started in the garment factory on the eighth floor of the Asch ...
Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
▪ conflagration, New York City, New York, United States  fatal conflagration that occurred on March 25, 1911, in a New York City sweatshop, touching off a national movement ...
triangular
—triangularity /truy ang'gyeuh lar"i tee/, n. —triangularly, adv. /truy ang"gyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. pertaining to or having the form of a triangle; three-cornered. 2. having a ...
triangular matrix
Math. a square matrix in which either all the entries above the principal diagonal, or all the entries below the principal diagonal, are zero. * * *
triangular trade
Amer. Hist. a pattern of colonial commerce in which slaves were bought on the African Gold Coast with New England rum and then traded in the West Indies for sugar or molasses, ...
triangularity
See triangular. * * *
triangularly
See triangularity. * * *
triangulate
—triangulator, n. adj. /truy ang"gyeuh lit, -layt'/; v. /truy ang"gyeuh layt'/, adj., v., triangulated, triangulating. adj. 1. composed of or marked with triangles. v.t. 2. to ...
triangulation
/truy ang'gyeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. Survey., Navig. 1. a technique for establishing the distance between any two points, or the relative position of two or more points, by using such ...
Triangulum
/truy ang"gyeuh leuhm/, n., gen. Trianguli /-luy'/. Astron. the Triangle, a northern constellation between Pisces and Perseus. [1545-55; < NL] * * *
Triangulum Australe
/truy ang"gyeuh leuhm aw stray"lee/, gen. Trianguli Australis /truy ang"gyeuh luy' aw stray"lis/. Astron. the Southern Triangle, a southern constellation between Pavo and ...
TriangulumAustrale
Triangulum Aus·tra·le (ô-strāʹlē) n. A constellation in the polar region of the southern sky near Apus and Norma.   [New Latin : Latin triangulum, triangle + Latin ...
triannual
—triannually, adv. /truy an"yooh euhl/, adj. 1. done, occurring, issued, etc., three times a year. 2. triennial. n. 3. a triannual publication, contest, etc. 4. ...
Trianon, Treaty of
(June 4, 1920) Treaty at the end of World War I between Hungary and the Allied Powers, signed at the Trianon Palace at Versailles, France. By its terms, Hungary lost two-thirds ...
Trianta
Gk. /trddee ahn"dah/, n. Trianda. * * *
triapsidal
/truy ap"si dl/, adj. Archit. having three apses. [1870-75; TRI- + APSIDAL] * * *
triarchy
/truy"ahr kee/, n., pl. triarchies. 1. government by three persons. 2. a set of three joint rulers; a triumvirate. 3. a country divided into three governments. 4. a group of ...
triaryl
/truy ar"il/, adj. Chem. containing three aryl groups. [TRI- + ARYL] * * *
triarylmethane dye
/truy ar'il meth"ayn/, Chem. any of the class of dyes containing three aryl groups attached to a central carbon atom: used chiefly for dyeing cotton, wool, and silk. [TRIARYL + ...
Trias Monge, Jose
▪ 2004       Puerto Rican government official and judge (b. May 5, 1920, San Juan, P.R.—d. June 24, 2003, Boston, Mass.), was heavily involved with drafting the Puerto ...
Triassic
/truy as"ik/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a period of the Mesozoic Era, occurring from 230 to 190 million years ago and characterized by the advent of dinosaurs and ...
Triassic Period
Interval of geologic time, с 248–206 million years ago, that marks the beginning of the Mesozoic Era. Many new vertebrates emerged during the Triassic, heralding the major ...
triathlete
/truy ath"leet/, n. a competitor in a triathlon. [1980-85; b. TRIATHLON and ATHLETE] * * *
triathlon
/truy ath"leuhn/, n. 1. an athletic contest comprising three consecutive events, usually swimming, bicycling, and distance running. 2. a women's track-and-field competition ...
triatic stay
/truy at"ik/, Naut. a backstay for the head of a fore-and-aft-rigged topmast, running down to the head of the lower mast next aft. [1835-45; perh. TRI- + -ATE1 + -IC] * * *
triatomic
—triatomically, adv. /truy'euh tom"ik/, adj. Chem. 1. having three atoms in a molecule. 2. having three replaceable hydrogen atoms. 3. having three replaceable hydroxyl ...
triaxial
—triaxiality, n. /truy ak"see euhl/, adj. having three axes. [1885-90; TRI- + AXIAL] * * *
triaxiality
See triaxial. * * *
triazine
/truy"euh zeen', -zin, truy az"een, -in/, n. Chem. 1. any of a group of three compounds containing three nitrogen and three carbon atoms arranged in a six-membered ring and ...
triazoic
/truy'euh zoh"ik/, adj. Chem. hydrazoic. [TRI- + AZOIC2] * * *
triazolam
tri·a·zo·lam (trī-āʹzə-lăm) n. A hypnotic agent of the benzodiazepine class prescribed in the short-term treatment of insomnia.   [tri- + azole + diazepam.] * * *
triazole
—triazolic /truy'euh zol"ik/, adj. /truy"euh zohl', truy az"ohl/, n. Chem. 1. any of a group of four compounds containing three nitrogen and two carbon atoms arranged in a ...
trib.
tributary. * * *
tribade
—tribadic /tri bad"ik/, adj. /trib"euhd/, n. lesbian. [1595-1605; < F < L tribad- (s. of tribas) < Gk tribás, equiv. to trib-, var. s. of tríb(ein) to rub + -as (s. -ad-) ...
tribadism
/trib"euh diz'euhm/, n. lesbianism. [1810-20; TRIBADE + -ISM] * * *

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