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Trippe, Juan T.
▪ American aviator in full  Juan Terry Trippe   born June 27, 1899, Seabright, N.J., U.S. died April 3, 1981, New York, N.Y.       American pioneer in commercial ...
tripper
/trip"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that trips. 2. Mach. a. a tripping mechanism; a trip. b. an apparatus causing a signal or other operating device to be tripped or ...
trippet
/trip"it/, n. Mach. a projection, cam, or the like, for striking some other part at regular intervals. [1300-50; ME trypet. See TRIP1, -ET] * * *
tripping
—trippingly, adv. /trip"ing/, adj. 1. light and quick, as a step or pace. 2. proceeding with a light, easy movement or rhythm. [1555-65; TRIP1 + -ING2] * * *
tripping line
Naut. See under trip1 (def. 28a). [1835-45] * * *
trippingly
See tripping. * * *
trippy
trippy [trip′ē] adj. Slang of, relating to, or suggestive of a trip induced by a psychedelic drug [trippy synthesizer music] * * *
triptane
/trip"tayn/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid, C7H17, having high antiknock properties as a fuel: used chiefly as an admixture to airplane gasolines. [1940-45; tri(methyl) b(u)tane ...
tripteral
/trip"teuhr euhl/, adj. (of a classical building) having a triple pteron. [ < Gk trípter(os) having three wings (see TRIPTEROUS) + -AL1] * * *
tripterous
/trip"teuhr euhs/, adj. Bot. three-winged; having three wings or winglike expansions. [1865-70; < Gk tripteros; see TRI-, -PTEROUS] * * *
Triptolemus
/trip tol"euh meuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a favorite of Demeter and the inventor of the plow and patron of agriculture, connected with the Eleusinian mysteries. Also, Triptolemos. * ...
triptych
/trip"tik/, n. 1. Fine Arts. a set of three panels or compartments side by side, bearing pictures, carvings, or the like. 2. a hinged, three-leaved tablet, written on, in ancient ...
Tripura
/trip"euhr euh/, n. a state in E India. 1,760,000; 4033 sq. mi. (10,445 sq. km). Cap.: Agartala. * * * State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 3,191,168), northeastern India. It is bordered ...
Tripura Hills
▪ hills, India       hills in eastern Tripura state, northeastern India. The Tripura Hills, by way of the Mizo Hills of Mizoram state on the east, form a low western ...
Tripura Plains
▪ plains, India also called  Agartala Plains        plains in southwestern Tripura state, northeastern India. The Tripura Plains, extending over about 1,600 square ...
tripwire
/trip"wuyeur'/, n. 1. a wire used to set off concealed explosives, as one stretched across a footpath to be struck and activated by the foot of an enemy soldier. 2. a wire that ...
triquetra
—triquetric /truy kwe"trik/, adj. /truy kwee"treuh, -kwe"-/, n. a geometrical figure having three points, esp. one formed of three intersecting ellipses: The triquetra was ...
triquetral
See triquetrum. * * *
triquetrous
/truy kwee"treuhs, -kwe"-/, adj. 1. three-sided; triangular. 2. having a triangular cross section. [1650-60; < L triquetrus triangular, equiv. to tri- TRI- + -quetrus cornered] * ...
triquetrum
tri·que·trum (trī-kwēʹtrəm, -kwĕtʹrəm) n. pl. tri·que·tra (-kwēʹtrə, -kwĕtʹrə) A bone of the wrist in the proximal row of carpal bones.   [Latin, neuter of ...
triradiate
—triradiately, adv. /truy ray"dee it, -ayt'/, adj. having three rays or raylike processes. Also, triradiated. [1840-50; TRI- + RADIATE (adj.)] * * *
triradius
/truy ray"dee euhs/, n., pl. triradii /-dee uy'/, triradiuses. Physical Anthropol. a Y-shaped group of ridges on the palm of the hand at the base of each finger. [TRI- + ...
Triratna
/tree rut"neuh/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Buddhism. the three components of Buddhism, which are the Buddha, or teacher, the dharma, or teaching, and the Sangha, or priesthood. [ < ...
trireme
/truy"reem/, n. Class. Hist. a galley with three rows or tiers of oars on each side, one above another, used chiefly as a warship. [1595-1605; < L triremis having three banks of ...
trisaccharide
/truy sak"euh ruyd', -euhr id/, n. Chem. a carbohydrate composed of three monosaccharide units, and hydrolyzable to a monosaccharide or a mixture of monosaccharides. [1895-1900; ...
trisect
—trisection, n. —trisector, n. /truy sekt", truy"sekt/, v.t. to divide into three parts, esp. into three equal parts. [1685-95; TRI- + -sect < L sectus, ptp. of secare to ...
trisection
See trisect. * * *
trisector
See trisection. * * *
trisepalous
/truy sep"euh leuhs/, adj. Bot. having three sepals. [1820-30; TRI- + SEPALOUS] * * *
triseptate
/truy sep"tayt/, adj. Bot., Zool. having three septa. [1870-75; TRI- + SEPTATE] * * *
triserial
/truy sear"ee euhl/, adj. 1. arranged in three series or rows. 2. Bot. having only three verticils. [1855-60; TRI- + SERIAL] * * *
Trishala
▪ mother of Mahavira       mother of Mahavira, the most recent of the Tirthankaras (“Ford-makers,” i.e., saviours) of Jainism, a religion of India. Trishala, like ...
trishaw
/truy"shaw'/, n. pedicab. [1944-50; TRI- + (RICK)SHAW] * * *
triśikṣā
▪ Buddhism Sanskrit“threefold training”Pāli  ti-sikkhā        in Buddhism, the three types of learning required of those who seek to attain enlightenment. The ...
triskaidekaphobia
—triskaidekaphobic, adj. /tris'kuy dek'euh foh"bee euh, tris'keuh-/, n. fear or a phobia concerning the number 13. [1910-15; < Gk triskaídeka thirteen + -PHOBIA] * * *
triskelion
/tri skel"ee on', -euhn, truy-/, n., pl. triskelia /tri skel"ee euh, truy-/. a symbolic figure consisting of three legs, arms, or branches radiating from a common center, as the ...
Trismegistus
/triz'meuh jis"teuhs, tris'-/, n. See Hermes Trismegistus. * * *
trismic
See trismus. * * *
trismus
—trismic, adj. /triz"meuhs, tris"-/, n., pl. trismuses. Pathol. 1. a spasm of the jaw muscles that makes it difficult to open the mouth. 2. lockjaw. [1685-95; < NL < Gk ...
trisoctahedral
See trisoctahedron. * * *
trisoctahedron
—trisoctahedral, adj. /tris ok'teuh hee"dreuhn/, n., pl. trisoctahedrons, trisoctahedra /-dreuh/. a solid bounded by 24 identical faces in groups of three, each group ...
trisodium
/truy soh"dee euhm/, adj. Chem. pertaining to molecules containing three sodium atoms. [TRI- + SODIUM] * * *
trisodium phosphate
Chem. See sodium phosphate (def. 3). [1920-25] * * *
trisome
/truy"sohm/, n. Genetics. a trisomic individual. [TRI- + -SOME3] * * *
trisomic
/truy soh"mik/, adj. Genetics. having one chromosome in addition to the usual diploid number. [TRISOME + -IC] * * *
trisomy
/truy"soh mee/, n. Pathol. an abnormality characterized by the presence of an additional chromosome to the normal diploid number. [1925-30; TRI- + -SOME3 + -Y3] * * *
trisomy 13
trisomy 13 n. The condition of having three copies of chromosome 13 that results in a syndrome characterized by mental retardation and defects to the central nervous system and ...
trisomy 18
also called  Edwards' syndrome        human chromosomal disorder that results from an extra (third) copy of chromosome (chromosome number) 18. Infants born with this ...
trisomy 21
trisomy 21 n. See Down syndrome. * * *
trisomy 21.
See Down syndrome. * * *
trispast
/truy"spast/, n. an ancient hoist or hauling device having three blocks. [1700-10; < L trispastos having a triple pulley < Gk tríspastos, equiv. to tri- TRI- + spas-, s. of ...
trispermous
/truy sperr"meuhs/, adj. Bot. having three seeds. [1750-60; TRI- + -SPERMOUS] * * *
Trissino, Gian Giorgio
▪ Italian writer born July 8, 1478, Vicenza, republic of Venice [Italy] died Dec. 8, 1550, Rome, Papal States       literary theorist, philologist, dramatist, and poet, ...
Tristan
/tris"teuhn, -tan/; Ger. /trddis"tahn/, n. a male given name, form of Tristram. Also, Tristam /tris"teuhm, -tam/. * * *
Tristan and Isolde
Lovers in a medieval romance based on Celtic legend. The hero Tristan goes to Ireland to ask the hand of the princess Isolde for his uncle, King Mark of Cornwall. On their ...
Tristan da Cunha
/tris"teuhn deuh kooh"neuh, koohn"yeuh/ a group of four volcanic islands in the S Atlantic, belonging to St. Helena. 40 sq. mi. (104 sq. km). * * * ▪ island group, Atlantic ...
Tristan l'Hermite
▪ French author pseudonym of  François l'Hermite   born c. 1601, La Marche, Fr. died Sept. 7, 1655, Paris  dramatist and poet, one of the creators of French classical ...
Tristan und Isolde
/tris"teuhn euhnd i sohld", i sohl"deuh, -tan/; Ger. /trddis"tahn oont ee zawl"deuh/ a music drama (composed, 1857-59; première, 1865) by Richard Wagner. * * *
Tristán, Luis
▪ Spanish painter in full  Luis Tristán De Escamilla   born c. 1586, , near Toledo, kingdom of Castile [Spain] died Dec. 7, 1624, Toledo       Spanish painter who ...
Tristanda Cunha
Tris·tan da Cun·ha (trĭs'tən də ko͞oʹnə) An island and volcanic island group of the southern Atlantic Ocean between southern Africa and southern South America. ...
Tristano, Lennie
orig. Leonard Joseph Tristano born March 19, 1919, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Nov. 18, 1978, New York, N.Y. U.S. jazz pianist. Blind from childhood, Tristano performed and ...
tristate
/truy"stayt'/, adj. 1. pertaining to a territory made up of three adjoining states: a tristate league. 2. pertaining to the three adjoining parts of such states: the tristate ...
triste
/trddeest/, adj. French. sad; sorrowful; melancholy. * * *
tristearin
tri·ste·a·rin (trī-stēʹə-rĭn, -stîrʹĭn) n. See stearin. * * *
tristesse
tristesse [trēs tes′] n. 〚Fr〛 sadness; melancholy * * *
tristeza
/tri stay"zeuh/, n. Plant Pathol. a disease of certain citrus trees, characterized by yellowed leaves, wilting, and root destruction, caused by a virus. [1900-05; < AmerSp: lit., ...
tristful
—tristfully, adv. —tristfulness, n. /trist"feuhl/, adj. full of sadness; sorrowful. [1485-95; obs. trist sad, gloomy ( < OF triste < L tristis) + -FUL] * * *
tristfully
See tristful. * * *
tristfulness
See tristfully. * * *
tristich
—tristichic, adj. /tris"tik/, n. Pros. a strophe, stanza, or poem consisting of three lines. [1805-15; TRI- + STICH1] * * *
tristichous
/tris"ti keuhs/, adj. 1. arranged in three rows. 2. Bot. arranged in or characterized by three vertical rows. [1855-60; < Gk trístichos of three rows or verses. See TRI-, ...
tristimulus system
▪ colour  a system for visually matching a colour under standardized conditions against the three primary colours—red, green, and blue; the three results are expressed as ...
Tristram
/tris"treuhm/, n. 1. one of the knights of the Round Table, whose love for Iseult, wife of King Mark, is the subject of many romances. 2. a male given name. * * *
Tristram Shandy
/shan"dee/ a novel (1759-67) by Laurence Sterne. * * *
tristylous
—tristyly, n. /truy stuy"leuhs/, adj. Bot. having three styles. [1890-95; TRI- + -STYLE1 + -OUS] * * *
trisubstituted
/truy sub"sti tooh'tid, -tyooh'-/, adj. Chem. pertaining to a molecule containing three substituents. [1895-1900; TRI- + SUBSTITUTE + -ED2] * * *
trisulfide
/truy sul"fuyd, -fid/, n. Chem. a sulfide containing three sulfur atoms. [1865-70; TRI- + SULFIDE] * * *
trisvabhāva
▪ Buddhism       (Sanskrit: “three forms of existence”), in Buddhist thought, the states of the real existence that appear to a person according to his stage of ...
trisyllabic
See trisyllable. * * *
trisyllabical
See trisyllabic. * * *
trisyllabically
See trisyllabic. * * *
trisyllable
—trisyllabic /truy'si lab"ik, tris'i-/, trisyllabical, adj. —trisyllabically, adv. —trisyllabism, n. /truy"sil'euh beuhl, truy sil"-, tri-/, n. a word of three syllables, ...
trit
trit abbrev. triturate * * *
trit.
triturate. * * *
tritagonist
/tri tag"euh nist/, n. (in ancient Greece) the third member of an acting troupe, which always consisted of three actors. Cf. protagonist (def. 4), deuteragonist. [1885-90; < Gk ...
tritanopia
—tritanopic /truyt'n op'ik/, adj. /truyt'n oh"pee euh/, n. Ophthalm. a defect of vision in which the retina fails to respond to blue and yellow. [ < NL, equiv. to trit- ( < Gk ...
trite
—tritely, adv. —triteness, n. /truyt/, adj., triter, tritest. 1. lacking in freshness or effectiveness because of constant use or excessive repetition; hackneyed; stale: the ...
tritely
See trite. * * *
triteness
See tritely. * * *
tritheism
—tritheist, n., adj. —tritheistic, tritheistical, adj. /truy"thee iz'euhm/, n. Theol. belief in three Gods, esp. in the doctrine that the three persons of the Trinity ...
tritheist
See tritheism. * * *
tritheistic
See tritheist. * * *
tritheistical
See tritheist. * * *
trithing
/truy"dhing/, n. riding2. [1250-1300; ME, var. of thrithing < Scand; see RIDING2] * * *
tritiated
tritiated [trit′ē āt΄id] adj. containing tritium * * *
triticale
/trit'i kay"lee/, n. a hybrid produced by crossing wheat, Triticum aestivum, and rye, Secale cereale. [1935-40; < NL Triti(cum) wheat + (Se)cale rye] * * * Wheat-rye hybrid that ...
tritium
/trit"ee euhm, trish"-, trish"euhm/, n. Chem. an isotope of hydrogen having an atomic weight of three. [1930-35; < NL < Gk trít(os) THIRD (tri- TRI- + -tos adj. suffix) + NL ...
tritoma
/trit"euh meuh/, n. any of various plants belonging to the genus Kniphofia, of the lily family, native to Africa, esp. K. uvaria, having long, dense clusters of tubular red or ...
triton
/truy"ton/, n. Physics. a positively-charged particle consisting of a proton and two neutrons, equivalent to the nucleus of an atom of tritium. Cf. deuteron. [1930-35; < Gk ...
Triton
—Tritonic /truy ton"ik/, adj. /truyt"n/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a son of Poseidon and Amphitrite, represented as having the head and trunk of a man and the tail of a fish, and as ...
triton shell
▪ gastropod family  any of several marine snails constituting the family Cymatiidae (subclass Prosobranchia of the class Gastropoda), in which the shell usually is spired, ...
tritone
/truy"tohn'/, n. Music. an interval consisting of three whole tones; an augmented fourth. [1600-10; < ML tritonus < Gk trítonos having three tones. See TRI-, TONE] * * * ▪ ...
Tritonis
/truy toh"nis/, n. (in ancient geography) a mythical lake near the Mediterranean coast of Libya. * * *
triturable
/trich"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. capable of being triturated. [1640-50; TRITUR(ATE) + -ABLE] * * *
triturate
—triturator, n. v. /trich"euh rayt'/; n. /trich"euhr it/, v., triturated, triturating, n. v.t. 1. to reduce to fine particles or powder by rubbing, grinding, bruising, or the ...
trituration
/trich'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of triturating. 2. the state of being triturated. 3. Pharm. a. a mixture of a medicinal substance with sugar of milk, triturated to an ...
triturator
See triturable. * * *
tritylodont
▪ fossil reptile genus       any member of a genus (Tritylodon) of extinct cynodont therapsids (mammal relatives) found as fossils in Late Triassic and Early Jurassic ...
triumph
—triumpher, n. /truy"euhmf, -umf/, n. 1. the act, fact, or condition of being victorious or triumphant; victory; conquest. 2. a significant success or noteworthy achievement; ...
triumphal
/truy um"feuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, celebrating, or commemorating a triumph or victory: a triumphal banquet; a triumphal ode. 2. triumphant (def. 2). [1400-50; late ME < ...
triumphal arch
1. a monumental archway, often erected in permanent materials as a commemorative structure, straddling the line of march of a victorious army during a triumphal procession. 2. an ...
triumphalism
/truy um"feuh liz'euhm/, n. 1. triumphant spirit or character. 2. the attitude or practices of a church that seeks a position of power and dominance in the world. Cf. servant ...
triumphalist
See triumphalism. * * *
triumphant
—triumphantly, adv. /truy um"feuhnt/, adj. 1. having achieved victory or success; victorious; successful. 2. exulting over victory; rejoicing over success; exultant. 3. ...
triumphantly
See triumphant. * * *
triumvir
—triumviral, adj. /truy um"veuhr/, n., pl. triumvirs, triumviri /-veuh ruy'/. 1. Rom. Hist. one of three officers or magistrates mutually exercising the same public ...
triumviral
triumviral [trī um′və rəl] adj. of a triumvir or triumvirate * * * See triumvir. * * *
triumvirate
/truy um"veuhr it, -veuh rayt'/, n. 1. Rom. Hist. the office or magistracy of a triumvir. 2. a government of three officers or magistrates functioning jointly. 3. a coalition of ...
triune
/truy"yoohn/, adj. 1. three in one; constituting a trinity in unity, as the Godhead. n. 2. (cap.) the Trinity. [1595-1605; TRI- + -une < L unus one] * * *
triunitarian
/truy yooh'ni tair"ee euhn/, n. Trinitarian. [1810-20; TRIUNE + -itarian as in UNITARIAN] * * *
triunity
/truy yooh"ni tee/, n., pl. triunities. Trinity (defs. 4, 5). [1615-25; TRIUNE + -ITY] * * *
trivalence
See trivalent. * * *
trivalency
See trivalence. * * *
trivalent
—trivalence, trivalency, n. /truy vay"leuhnt, triv"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. Chem. having a valence of three. 2. Immunol. having three binding sites, as certain antigens. [1865-70; ...
trivalve
/truy"valv'/, adj. 1. having three valves, as a shell. n. 2. a trivalve shell. [1675-85; TRI- + VALVE] * * *
Trivandrum
/tri van"dreuhm/, n. a city in and the capital of Kerala state, in S India: Vishnu pilgrimage center. 409,761. * * * Seaport (pop., 2001 prelim.: 744,739), capital of Kerala ...
trivet
trivet1 /triv"it/, n. 1. a small metal plate with short legs, esp. one put under a hot platter or dish to protect a table. 2. a three-footed or three-legged stand or support, ...
trivia
/triv"ee euh/, n.pl. matters or things that are very unimportant, inconsequential, or nonessential; trifles; trivialities. [1900-05; pseudo-L trivia (neut. pl.), taken as the ...
Trivia
/triv"ee euh/, n. (in Roman religion) Hecate: so called because she was the goddess of the crossroads. [ < L, fem. of trivius (adj.), deriv. of trivium place where three roads ...
trivial
—trivially, adv. /triv"ee euhl/, adj. 1. of very little importance or value; insignificant: Don't bother me with trivial matters. 2. commonplace; ordinary. 3. Biol. (of names ...
trivial name
trivial name n. 1. a common name or vernacular name, as of a plant or animal 2. former term for the specific name of an organism as distinct from the generic name in binomial ...
trivialism
/triv"ee euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. trivial character. 2. something trivial. [1820-30; TRIVIAL + -ISM] * * *
triviality
/triv'ee al"i tee/, n., pl. trivialities. 1. something trivial; a trivial matter, affair, remark, etc.: cocktail conversation marked by trivialities. 2. Also, trivialness ...
trivialization
See trivialize. * * *
trivialize
—trivialization, n. /triv"ee euh luyz'/, v.t., trivialized, trivializing. to make trivial; cause to appear unimportant, trifling, etc. Also, esp. Brit., trivialise. [1840-50; ...
trivially
See trivial. * * *
trivialname
trivial name n. 1. A common or vernacular name as distinguished from a specific name, as chimpanzee for Pan troglodytes. 2. See specific epithet. 3. Chemistry. A common, ...
trivium
/triv"ee euhm/, n. (during the Middle Ages) the lower division of the seven liberal arts, comprising grammar, rhetoric, and logic. Cf. quadrivium. [1795-1805; < ML, special use ...
triweekly
/truy week"lee/, adv., adj., n., pl. triweeklies. adv. 1. every three weeks. 2. three times a week. adj. 3. occurring or appearing every three weeks. 4. occurring or appearing ...
Trixie
/trik"see/, n. a female given name, form of Beatrix. * * *
TRM
trademark. * * *
tRNA
See transfer RNA. * * *
Trnava
▪ Slovakia German  Tyrnau , Hungarian  Nagyszombat        town, Západní Slovensko kraj (region), Slovakia, on the Trnava River and the main Bratislava-Žilina ...
Trnka, Jiří
▪ Czech filmmaker born February 24, 1912, Pilsen, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now Plzeň, Czech Republic] died Dec. 30, 1969, Prague, Czechoslovakia       preeminent ...
TRO
Law. temporary restraining order. * * *
Troad
/troh"ad/, n. The, a region in NW Asia Minor surrounding ancient Troy. Also called Troas /troh"as/. * * *
Troas
Troas [trō′ad΄trō′əs, trō′as΄] region surrounding ancient Troy, in NW Asia Minor: also called the Troad [trō′ad΄] * * * Tro·as (trōʹăs') also Tro·ad ...
trobar clus
/troh bahr" kloohs"/ a complex and obscure style of writing adopted by some 12th-century Provençal poets. [ < Pr: lit., closed composition] * * *
Trobriand Islands
/troh"bree ahnd', -and', -euhnd/ a group of islands north of the eastern end of New Guinea: part of Papua New Guinea. 170 sq. mi. (440 sq. km). * * * or Kiriwina Islands Group ...
Trobriander
Any of the Melanesian people of the Kiriwina (Trobriand) Islands, lying off eastern New Guinea. Their subsistence is based on yams and other vegetables, domesticated pigs, and ...
TrobriandIslands
Tro·bri·and Islands (trōʹbrē-ănd', -änd') An island group of Papua New Guinea in the Solomon Sea off eastern New Guinea. The islands were occupied by Allied forces in ...
trocar
/troh"kahr/, n. Surg. a sharp-pointed instrument enclosed in a cannula, used for withdrawing fluid from a cavity, as the abdominal cavity. [1700-10; earlier trocart < F, lit., ...
troch.
(in prescriptions) troche. * * *
trochaic
—trochaically, adv. /troh kay"ik/, Pros. adj. 1. pertaining to the trochee. 2. consisting of or employing a trochee or trochees. n. 3. a trochee. 4. Usually, trochaics. a verse ...
trochal
/troh"keuhl/, adj. Zool. resembling a wheel. [1835-45; < Gk troch(ós) wheel + -AL1] * * *
trochanter
—trochanteric /troh'keuhn ter"ik/, trochanteral, adj. /troh kan"teuhr/, n. 1. Anat. either of two knobs at the top of the femur, the greater on the outside and the lesser on ...
trochanteral
See trochanter. * * *
trochanteric
See trochanteral. * * *
troche
/troh"kee/, n. Pharm. a small tablet or lozenge, usually a circular one, made of medicinal substance worked into a paste with sugar and mucilage or the like, and ...
trochee
/troh"kee/, n. Pros. a foot of two syllables, a long followed by a short in quantitative meter, or a stressed followed by an unstressed in accentual meter. [1580-90; < L ...
trochelminth
/trok"euhl minth/, n. any invertebrate of the phylum Trochelminthes (now usually broken up into several phyla), comprising the rotifers, gastrotrichs, and several other forms. [ ...
trochilus
/trok"euh leuhs/, n., pl. trochili /-luy'/. Archit. scotia. [1555-65; < Gk tróchilos; see TROCHLEA] * * *
trochlea
/trok"lee euh/, n., pl. trochleae /-lee ee'/, trochleas. Anat. a pulleylike structure or arrangement of parts. [1685-95; < L: pulley block or sheave < Gk trochiléa, ...
trochlear
/trok"lee euhr/, adj. 1. Anat. of, pertaining to, or connected with a trochlea. 2. Physiol., Anat. pulleylike. 3. Bot. circular and contracted in the middle so as to resemble a ...
trochlear nerve
Anat. either one of the fourth pair of cranial nerves, consisting of motor fibers that innervate the superior oblique muscle of the upper part of the eyeball. [1885-90] * * *
trochlearnerve
trochlear nerve n. Either of the fourth pair of cranial nerves that innervate the superior oblique muscles of the eyeballs. * * *
Trochodendrales
▪ plant order       a small order of dicotyledonous (dicotyledon) flowering plants comprising just one family (Trochodendraceae) with two genera of evergreen trees ...
trochoid
—trochoidal, adj. —trochoidally, adv. /troh"koyd/, n. 1. Geom. a curve traced by a point on a radius or an extension of the radius of a circle that rolls, without slipping, ...
trochoidally
See trochoid. * * *
Trochonema
▪ fossil genus       genus of extinct gastropods (snails) found as fossils in rocks dating from the Ordovician Period to the Devonian Period (505 to 360 million years ...
trochophore
/trok"euh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Zool. a ciliate, free-swimming larva common to several groups of invertebrates, as many mollusks and rotifers. [1890-95; < Gk trochó(s) wheel + ...
troctolite
▪ rock       coarse-grained, intrusive igneous rock that is composed almost entirely of olivine (often iron-rich) and plagioclase feldspar (labradorite or bytownite). ...
trod
/trod/, v. a pt. and pp. of tread. * * *
trodden
/trod"n/, v. a pp. of tread. * * *
Troelstra, Pieter Jelles
▪ Dutch statesman born April 20, 1860, Leeuwarden, Neth. died May 12, 1930, The Hague       Dutch socialist statesman and poet, who founded the Social Democratic Labour ...
Troeltsch, Ernst
▪ German theologian Introduction born Feb. 17, 1865, Haunstetten, near Augsburg, Bavaria died Feb. 1, 1923, Berlin  German scholar of considerable influence on younger ...
Troezen
/tree"zeuhn/, n. (in ancient geography) a town in E Peloponnesus near the coast of the Saronic Gulf, regarded in mythology as the birthplace of Theseus. * * *
troffer
/trof"euhr, traw"feuhr/, n. a trough-shaped reflector holding one or more fluorescent lamps. [1940-45; troff (var. of TROUGH) + -ER1] * * *
trog
/trog/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a hooligan; lout. [1955-60; short for TROGLODYTE] * * *
Trogir
▪ Croatia Italian  Trau,         port in Dalmatia in Croatia, sited on an island in the Adriatic Sea and connected by a bridge to the mainland and to the island of ...
troglitazone
tro·gli·ta·zone (trōʹglĭ-tə-zōn') n. An oral antidiabetic agent that lowers blood glucose by improving the response of target cells to insulin without increasing insulin ...
troglobiont
/trog'leuh buy"ont/, n. any creature having a cave-dwelling mode of life. Also called troglobite /trog"leuh buyt'/. [1920-25; < Gk troglo- (see TROGLODYTE) + biont-, s. of bión, ...
troglodyte
—troglodytic /trog'leuh dit"ik/, troglodytical, adj. —troglodytism /trog"leuh duy tiz'euhm/, n. /trog"leuh duyt'/, n. 1. a prehistoric cave dweller. 2. a person of degraded, ...
troglodytic
See troglodyte. * * *
troglodytical
See troglodytic. * * *
trogon
—trogonoid /troh"geuh noyd'/, adj. /troh"gon/, n. any of several brilliantly colored birds of the family Trogonidae, esp. of the genus Trogon, of tropical and subtropical ...
Trogus, Pompeius
▪ Roman historian flourished 1st century BC       Roman historian whose work, though not completely preserved, is important for Hellenistic studies.       Trogus ...
Troia
/troy"euh/, n. See Troy Game, The. * * *
troika
/troy"keuh/, n. 1. a Russian carriage, wagon, or sleigh drawn by a team of three horses abreast. 2. a team of three horses driven abreast. 3. any group of three persons, nations, ...
troilism
troilism [troil′iz΄əm] n. sexual activity in which three people participate * * *
troilite
/troh"euh luyt', troy"luyt/, n. a mineral, iron sulfide, FeS, occurring in meteorites. [1865-70; named after D. Troili, 18th-century Italian savant who described a meteorite ...
Troilus
/troy"leuhs, troh"euh-/, n. Class. and Med. Legend. a warrior son of Priam, mentioned by Homer and Vergil and later represented as the lover of Cressida. * * * ▪ Greek ...
Troilus and Cressida
a satiric comedy (1598-1602?) by Shakespeare. * * * Lovers in medieval romance, based on characters from Greek mythology. In the Iliad, Troilus, son of Priam and Hecuba, is ...
troilus butterfly.
See spicebush swallowtail. [ < NL, the butterfly's specific epithet, appar. after TROILUS] * * *
trois
/trddwah/, n. French. the number 3. * * *
Trois Frères
▪ cave, Ariège, France       cave in Ariège, France, containing an important group of Late Paleolithic (Paleolithic Period) paintings (mural) and engravings ...
Trois Rivières
Trois Ri·vières or Trois-Rivières (trwä rē-vyĕrʹ) A city of southern Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the St. Lawrence and St. Maurice rivers. Founded in 1634, it is ...
Trois-Rivières
/trddwah rddee vyerdd"/, n. French name of Three Rivers. * * * ▪ Quebec, Canada English  Three Rivers        city, Mauricie–Bois-Francs region, southern Quebec ...
Trois-Rivières-Ouest
/trddwah rddee vyerdd west"/, n. French name of West Three Rivers. * * *
Troitsk
▪ Russia also spelled  Troick,         city, Chelyabinsk oblast (province), western Russia. Troitsk lies along the Uy River at the inflow of the Uvelka River. Founded ...
Trojan
/troh"jeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to ancient Troy or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Troy. 3. a person who shows pluck, determination, or energy: to work ...
Trojan asteroids
Two groups of asteroids named for heroes of Greece and Troy in Homer's Iliad. These objects revolve around the Sun at the Lagrangian points (see Joseph-Louis Lagrange) in ...
Trojan group
Astron. a group of asteroids oscillating about either of two points, equidistant from the sun and Jupiter, that forms an equilateral triangle with the sun and Jupiter. * * *
Trojan horse
1. Class. Myth. a gigantic hollow wooden horse, left by the Greeks upon their pretended abandonment of the siege of Troy. The Trojans took it into Troy and Greek soldiers ...
Trojan planets
▪ astronomy       two groups of asteroids named for heroes of Greece and Troy in Homer's Iliad. These minor planets revolve around the Sun in the Lagrangian points of ...
Trojan War
Class. Myth. a ten-year war waged by the confederated Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen, wife of Menelaus, by Paris, son of the Trojan ...
Trojan Women, The
a tragedy (415 B.C.) by Euripides. * * *
Trojanhorse
Trojan horse n. 1. A subversive group or device placed within enemy ranks. 2. The hollow wooden horse in which, according to legend, Greeks hid and gained entrance to Troy, later ...
TrojanWar
Trojan War n. Greek Mythology The ten-year war waged against Troy by the Greeks, caused by the abduction of Helen by Paris and resulting in the burning and destruction of Troy. * ...
troke
—troker, n. /trohk/, n., v., troked, troking. Scot. n. 1. truck2 (defs. 4-7). v.t., v.i. 2. truck2. * * *
troll
troll1 —troller, n. /trohl/, v.t. 1. to sing or utter in a full, rolling voice. 2. to sing in the manner of a round or catch. 3. to fish for or in with a moving line, working ...
Trolle, Gustav
▪ Swedish archbishop baptized Sept. 21, 1488 died 1535, Flensburg, Schleswig [now in Germany]       Swedish archbishop who instigated the Stockholm Bloodbath of ...
troller
See troll1. * * *
trolley
/trol"ee/, n., pl. trolleys, v., trolleyed, trolleying. n. 1. a trolley car. 2. a pulley or truck traveling on an overhead track and serving to support and move a suspended ...
trolley bus
a passenger bus operating on tires and having an electric motor that draws power from overhead wires. Also called trackless trolley, trolley coach. [1910-15] * * *
trolley car
a streetcar propelled electrically by current taken by means of a trolley from a conducting wire strung overhead or running beneath a slot between the tracks. [1885-90] * * *
trolley line
1. the route of a trolley car or trolley bus. 2. a public or private transportation system using trolley cars or trolley buses. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
trolleybus
trolley bus n. An electric bus that does not run on tracks and is powered by electricity from an overhead wire. * * * ▪ vehicle also called  Trackless Trolley, ...
trolleycar
trolley car n. A streetcar. * * *
Trollhätte Canal
▪ canal, Sweden       waterway (canals and inland waterways) in Sweden, first begun in 1718 and finally opened in 1800, that is now part of the Göta Canal. * * *
trolling
▪ fishing       method of fishing in which a lure or a bait is pulled behind a boat at varying speeds and depths according to the nature, habitat, and size of the fish ...
trollop
—trollopy, adj. /trol"euhp/, n. 1. an immoral or promiscuous woman, esp. a prostitute. 2. an untidy or slovenly woman; slattern. [1605-15; earlier trollops; perh. akin to ...
Trollope
—Trollopian, Trollopean /treuh lop"ee euhn, -loh"pee-, trol'euh pee"-/, adj., n. /trol"euhp/, n. Anthony, 1815-82, English novelist. * * *
Trollope, Anthony
born April 24, 1815, London, Eng. died Dec. 6, 1882, London English novelist. He worked for the post office in England and Ireland from 1834 to 1867. Beginning in 1844 he ...
Trollopian
See Trollope. * * *
trolly
/trol"ee/, n., pl. trollies, v.t., v.i., trollied, trollying. trolley. * * *
tromba marina
/trom"beuh meuh ree"neuh/; It. /trddawm"bah mah rddee"nah/, pl. trombe marine /trom"bay meuh ree"nay/; It. /trddawm"be mah rddee"ne/. See trumpet marine. [ < It: lit., marine ...
Trombe wall
/tromb, trawonnb/ a glass-fronted exterior masonry wall that absorbs solar heat for radiation into a building. [1975-80; after Frenchman Félix Trombe, one of its developers] * * ...
Trombetas River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Trombetas,         river in northwestern Pará state, northern Brazil. Formed by the Poana, Anamu, and other headstreams flowing from ...
trombiculiasis
/trom bik'yeuh luy"euh sis/, n. Vet. Pathol. the condition of being infested with chiggers. Also, trombidiosis /trom'bi duy oh"sis/. [1910-15; < NL Trombi(dium) genus name + ...
trombidiasis
trombidiasis [träm΄bidī ō′sisträm΄bi dī′ə sis] n. 〚ModL < Trombidium, a genus of mites + -iasis: see -IASIS〛 the state of being infested with chiggers: also ...
trombone
—trombonist /trom boh"nist, trom"boh-/, n. /trom bohn", trom"bohn/, n. a musical wind instrument consisting of a cylindrical metal tube expanding into a bell and bent twice in ...
trombonist
See trombone. * * *
Tromelin Island
Tromelin Island Introduction Tromelin Island Background: First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of ...
trommel
/trom"euhl/, n. a rotary, cylindrical or conical screen for sorting ore, coal, gravel, etc., according to size. [1875-80, Amer.; < G Trommel drum] * * *
tromp
/tromp/, v.t. Informal. 1. to tramp or trample. 2. to defeat soundly; trounce. [1880-85; gradational var. of TRAMP, perh. with vowel of STOMP] * * *
Tromp
/trddawmp/, n. Cornelis /kawrdd nay"lis/, 1629-91, and his father, Maarten Harpertszoon /mahrdd"teuhn hahrdd"peuhrddt sohn'/, 1597-1653, Dutch admirals. * * *
Tromp, Cornelis
▪ Dutch admiral born , Sept. 9, 1629, Rotterdam died May 29, 1691, Amsterdam  Dutch admiral, second son of Maarten Tromp. He commanded a series of actions against England, ...
Tromp, Maarten
▪ Dutch admiral born April 23, 1598, Breille, Holland died Aug. 9, 1653, at sea off Terheijde, near Scheveningen  Dutch admiral, the highest ranking sea commander (from 1636) ...
trompe
/tromp/, n. Metall. a device formerly used for inducing a blast of air upon the hearth of a forge by means of a current of falling water. [1820-30; < F] * * *
trompe l'oeil
Fr. /trddawonnp lue"yeu/; Eng. /trawmp" lay", loy"/ 1. visual deception, esp. in paintings, in which objects are rendered in extremely fine detail emphasizing the illusion of ...
trompel'oeil
trompe l'oeil (trômpʹ loiʹ) n. pl. trompe l'oeils (loiʹ) 1. A style of painting that gives an illusion of photographic reality. 2. A painting or effect created in this ...
Tromsö
/trom"soh/; Nor. /trddooms"ue/, n. a seaport in N Norway. 43,819. * * *
Tromsø
Trom·sø (trŏmʹsō', tro͝omʹsœ) A city of northern Norway on an offshore island in the Arctic Ocean. Founded as a center for herring fisheries, it is the chief city of ...
trona
/troh"neuh/, n. a monoclinic mineral, grayish or yellowish hydrous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate, Na2CO3·NaHCO3·2H2, occurring in dried or partly evaporated lake ...
Trondheim
/tron"haym/; Swed. /trddawn"haym/, n. a seaport in central Norway, on Trondheim Fiord. 134,889. Formerly, Nidaros, Trondhjem /tron"yem/; Swed. /trddawn"yem/. * * * City (pop., ...
Trondheim Fiord
an inlet of the North Sea, extending into N Norway. 80 mi. (129 km) long. * * *
Trondheims Fjord
▪ fjord, Norway Norwegian  Trondheimsfjorden         fjord, in the Norwegian Sea, indenting the coast of west central Norway. Extending some 80 miles (130 km) ...
trondhjemite
/tron"ye muyt'/, n. Petrol. a coarse-grained igneous rock composed of quartz, plagioclase feldspar, and a small amount of biotite. [Trondhjem (now TRONDHEIM) + -ITE1] * * *
trone
/trddohn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. a large pair of scales, a spring balance, or other weighing device located in a town or marketplace to weigh goods and merchandise. [1400-50; ...
Troodos Mountains
▪ mountain range, Cyprus  mountain range in southern Cyprus beginning immediately inland from Cape Arnauti. It rises to its highest point at Mt. Olympus, or Khionistra (6,401 ...
troop
/troohp/, n. 1. an assemblage of persons or things; company; band. 2. a great number or multitude: A whole troop of children swarmed through the museum. 3. Mil. an armored ...
troop carrier
1. a transport airplane used for carrying troops and their equipment. 2. an armored vehicle, often amphibious and mounted with light weapons, for transporting infantry troops and ...
trooper
/trooh"peuhr/, n. 1. a horse-cavalry soldier. 2. a mounted police officer; a police officer on horseback. 3. See state trooper. 4. a cavalry horse. 5. Chiefly Brit. a ...
Trooping the Colour
(also the Trooping of the Colour) a colourful ceremony that takes place every year on Horse Guards Parade in central London, England, on the Queen’s Birthday. Soldiers on foot ...
troopship
/troohp"ship'/, n. a ship for the conveyance of military troops; transport. [1860-65; TROOP + SHIP] * * *
troostite
—troostitic /trooh stit"ik/, adj. /trooh"stuyt/, n. a microconstituent of hardened and tempered steel, consisting of a very fine aggregate of ferrite and cementite. [1900-05; ...
trop
/trddoh/, adv. French. too; too much or too many. * * *
trop-
var. of tropo- before a vowel: tropism. * * *
trop.
1. tropic. 2. tropical. * * *
tropaeolin
/troh pee"euh lin/, n. Chem. any of a number of orange or yellow azo dyes of complex molecular structure. Also, tropeolin. [1875-80; < NL Tropaeol(um) nasturtium, genus of plants ...
tropaeolin D
Chem. See methyl orange. * * *
tropaeolum
tropaeolum [trō pē′ōləm, trə pē′ələm] n. pl. tropaeolums or tropaeola [trō pē′ōlə, trə pē′ələ] 〚ModL, dim. < Gr tropaion (see TROPHY): from the ...
tropaeum
/troh pee"euhm/, n., pl. tropaea /-pee"euh/. a monument erected in ancient Greece or, esp., Rome to commemorate a military or naval victory. Also, trophaeum. [1540-50; < L; see ...
tropaion
/troh puy"on/, n., pl. tropaia /-puy"euh/. a tropaeum, esp. in Greece. [ < Gk trópaion; see TROPHY] * * *


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