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▪ vocal music       short hymn or stanza sung in Greek Orthodox religious services. The word probably derives from a diminutive of the Greek tropos (“something ...
/trohp/, n. 1. Rhet. a. any literary or rhetorical device, as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony, that consists in the use of words in other than their literal sense. b. ...
/troh pee"euh lin/, n. Chem. tropaeolin. * * *
tropeolin D
Chem. See methyl orange. * * *
var. of tropho- before a vowel: trophallaxis. * * *
/troh fee"euhm/, n., pl. trophaea /-fee"euh/. tropaeum. * * *
—trophallactic /trof'euh lak"tik, troh'feuh-/, adj. /trof'euh lak"sis, troh'feuh-/, n., pl. trophallaxes /-lak"seez/. (among social insects) the exchange of nutriments or other ...
/troh"fee/, n.pl. Entomol. the mouthparts of an insect, including the labrum, mandibles, maxillae, labium, and hypopharynx. [1820-30; < NL trophi < Gk trophoí, pl. of TROPHÓS ...
—trophically, adv. /trof"ik, troh"fik/, adj. of or pertaining to nutrition; concerned in nutritive processes. [1870-75; < Gk trophikós pertaining to food. See TROPHO-, -IC] * ...
trophic level
▪ ecology  step in a nutritive series, or food chain, of an ecosystem. The organisms of a chain are classified into these levels on the basis of their feeding behaviour. The ...
trophic level n. A group of organisms that occupy the same position in a food chain. * * *
/troh"feed/, adj. adorned with trophies. [1615-25; TROPHY + -ED3] * * *
a combining form meaning "nourishment," used in the formation of compound words: trophosome. Also, esp. before a vowel, troph-. [comb. form of Gk trophé nourishment, food; akin ...
—trophoblastic, adj. /trof"euh blast', troh"feuh-/, n. Embryol. the layer of extraembryonic ectoderm that chiefly nourishes the embryo or develops into fetal membranes with ...
See trophoblast. * * *
tro·pho·derm (trōʹfə-dûrm') n. See trophoblast. * * *
trophoplasm [träf′ə plaz΄əm] n. 〚 TROPHO- + -PLASM〛 the nutritive or vegetative substance of an organic cell, as fat or yolk granules: cf. IDIOPLASM * * *
/trof"euh sohm', troh"feuh-/, n. Zool. 1. an organ in deep-sea tube worms that is colonized by bacteria supplying the host worm with food and energy. 2. a similar organ in other ...
/trof'euh zoh"uyt, troh'feuh-/, n. Zool. a protozoan in the metabolically active growth stage. [1905-10; TROPHO- + -ZO(ON) + -ITE1] * * *
—trophyless, adj. /troh"fee/, n., pl. trophies. 1. anything taken in war, hunting, competition, etc., esp. when preserved as a memento; spoil, prize, or award. 2. anything ...
trophy room
a room in which a person or group keeps and displays trophies, as for bowling or golf. * * *
trophy wife
the young, often second, wife of a rich middle-aged man. [1985-90, Amer.] * * *
trophy wife n. An attractive, young wife married to a usually older, affluent man. * * *
/trop"ik/, n. 1. Geog. a. either of two corresponding parallels of latitude on the terrestrial globe, one (tropic of Cancer) about 231/2° N, and the other (tropic of Capricorn) ...
tropic bird
any of several web-footed seabirds of the family Phaethontidae, chiefly of tropical seas, having white plumage with black markings and a pair of greatly elongated central tail ...
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Cancer or Tropic of Capricorn see TROPIC (n. 1 & 2) * * * Parallel of latitude approximately 23°27′ north of the terrestrial Equator. It is the northern boundary ...
tropic of Cancer.
See under tropic (def. 1a). [1545-55] * * *
Tropic of Capricorn
Parallel of latitude approximately 23°27′ south of the terrestrial Equator. It is the southern boundary of the tropics and marks the southernmost latitude at which the Sun ...
tropic of Capricorn.
See under tropic (def. 1a). [1545-55] * * *
See tropism. * * *
—tropicality, n. —tropically, adv. /trop"i keuhl/ for 1-4, 6; /troh"pi keuhl/ for 5, adj. 1. pertaining to, characteristic of, occurring in, or inhabiting the tropics, esp. ...
tropical aquarium
an aquarium designed for the maintenance and breeding of tropical fish and kept at a suitably warm temperature. [1945-50] * * *
tropical continental
tropical continental n. a type of warm, dry air mass originating at low latitudes over land areas: see AIR MASS * * *
tropical cyclone
a cyclone that originates over a tropical ocean area and can develop into the destructive storm known in the U.S. as a hurricane, in the western Pacific region as a typhoon, and ...
tropical disturbance
Meteorol. a very weak, or incipient, tropical cyclone. * * *
tropical fish
any of numerous small, usually brightly colored fishes, indigenous to the tropics, and often kept and bred in home aquariums. [1930-35] * * * Any of various small fishes of ...
tropical maritime
tropical maritime n. a type of warm, wet air mass originating at low latitudes over ocean areas: see AIR MASS * * *
tropical medicine
the branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of diseases occurring in the tropics. * * * Science of diseases seen primarily in tropical or subtropical ...
tropical rainforest
Introduction also spelled  tropical rain forest        luxuriant forest, generally composed of broad-leaved trees and found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around ...
tropical sprue
▪ disease       an acquired disease characterized by the small intestine's (small intestine) impaired absorption of fats, vitamins, and minerals. Its cause is unknown; ...
tropical storm
Meteorol. a tropical cyclone of less than hurricane force. [1940-45] * * *       organized centre of low pressure (atmospheric pressure) that originates over warm ...
tropical year
year (def. 4b). [1585-95] * * *
Tropical Zone
Tropical Zone n. TORRID ZONE * * *
tropical almond n. See Indian almond. * * *
tropical cyclone n. A violent storm originating over tropical or subtropical waters, characterized by violent rainstorms and high-velocity cyclonic winds. * * *
tropical fish n. Any of various small, brightly colored fishes native to tropical waters and often kept in home aquariums. * * *
—tropicalization, n. /trop"i keuh luyz'/, v.t., tropicalized, tropicalizing. 1. to make tropical, as in character or appearance. 2. to adapt or make suitable for use in ...
See tropical. * * *
tropical storm n. A cyclonic storm having winds ranging from approximately 48 to 121 kilometers (30 to 75 miles) per hour. * * *
tropical year n. See solar year. * * *
trop·ic·bird (trŏpʹĭk-bûrd') n. Any of several predominantly white, swift-flying sea birds of the genus Phaethon, of warm regions, having small weak legs and a pair of ...
tropicof Cancer
tropic of Cancer n. The parallel of latitude 23°27' north of the equator, the northern boundary of the Torrid Zone, and the most northerly latitude at which the sun can shine ...
tropicof Capricorn
tropic of Capricorn n. The parallel of latitude 23°27' south of the equator, the southern boundary of the Torrid Zone, and the most southerly latitude at which the sun can shine ...
tropics [also T-] region of the earth lying between the Tropic of Cancer & the Tropic of Capricorn; Torrid Zone * * *
/troh"peen, -pin/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, hygroscopic, water-soluble, poisonous alkaloid, C8H15NO, obtained chiefly by the hydrolysis of atropine or ...
—tropismatic /troh'piz mat"ik/, adj. —tropistic /troh pis"tik/, adj. /troh"piz euhm/, n. Biol. an orientation of an organism to an external stimulus, as light, esp. by growth ...
See tropic,tropistic. * * *
▪ paleontology  genus of extinct cephalopods (animals similar to the modern squid and octopus but with an external shell) found as fossils in marine rocks of the Late ...
a combining form meaning "turn," "reaction, response," "change," "troposphere," used in the formation of compound words: tropophilous. Also, esp. before a vowel, trop-. Cf. ...
tro·po·col·la·gen (trō'pə-kŏlʹə-jən, trŏp'ə-) n. The molecular component of a collagen fiber, consisting of three polypeptide chains coiled around each other. * * *
See tropology. * * *
See tropologic. * * *
See tropologic. * * *
—tropologic /trop'euh loj"ik, troh'peuh-/, tropological, adj. —tropologically, adv. /troh pol"euh jee/, n., pl. tropologies for 2. 1. the use of figurative language in speech ...
tro·po·my·o·sin (trō'pə-mīʹə-sĭn, trŏp'ə-) n. Any of a group of muscle proteins that bind to molecules of actin and troponin to regulate the interaction of actin and ...
/troh"peuh nin, trop"euh-/, n. Biochem. a protein of muscle tissue that binds calcium ions and is involved in contraction. [1965-70; tropo(myosin) (see TROPO-, MYOSIN) + -n- (of ...
troponin I (ī) n. A subunit of troponin found in muscle and cartilage that inhibits the formation of blood vessels and is under investigation as a potential cancer ...
/trop"euh pawz', troh"peuh-/, n. Meteorol. the boundary, or transitional layer, between the troposphere and the stratosphere. [1915-20; TROPO- + PAUSE] * * *
/troh pof"euh leuhs/, adj. Ecol. adapted to a climate characterized by marked environmental changes. [1895-1900; TROPO- + -PHILOUS] * * *
—tropophytic /trop'euh fit"ik, troh'peuh-/, adj. /trop"euh fuyt', troh"peuh-/, n. a tropophilous plant, as a broad-leaved tree. [1895-1900; TROPO- + -PHYTE] * * *
See tropophyte. * * *
☆ troposcatter [trō′pə skat΄ər, träp′əskat΄ər ] n. TROPOSPHERIC SCATTER * * *
—tropospheric /trop'euh sfer"ik, -sfear"-, troh'peuh-/, adj. /trop"euh sfear', troh"peuh-/, n. Meteorol. the lowest layer of the atmosphere, 6 mi. (10 km) high in some areas ...
See troposphere. * * *
tropospheric scatter
Telecommunications. transmission of radio frequency signals that have been scattered from irregularities in the troposphere to locations hundreds of kilometers ...
See tropotaxis. * * *
See tropotactic. * * *
/trop'euh tak"sis, troh'peuh-/, n. Zool. straight movement by an organism toward or away from a source of stimulation as a result of comparing information received by paired ...
Troppau, Congress of
(1820) Meeting of the Holy Alliance powers held at Troppau in Silesia (modern Opava, Czech Rep.). Attended by representatives of Austria, Russia, and Prussia and by observers ...
troppo1 /trop"oh/; It. /trddawp"paw/, adv. Music. too much; excessively. [ < It; OIt dial.: much, very, prob. < OPr trop orig., herd, flock; see TROOP] troppo2 /trop"oh/, adj. ...
/tros"euhks/, n. a valley in central Scotland, in Perth county, near Loch Katrine. * * *
Trossachs, the
▪ region, Scotland, United Kingdom       tourist area in the Highlands of the Stirling council area, historic county of Perthshire, Scotland. In popular usage the name ...
trot1 /trot/, v., trotted, trotting, n. v.i. 1. (of a horse) to go at a gait between a walk and a run, in which the legs move in diagonal pairs, but not quite simultaneously, so ...
—trothless, adj. /trawth, trohth/, n. 1. faithfulness, fidelity, or loyalty: by my troth. 2. truth or verity: in troth. 3. one's word or promise, esp. in engaging oneself to ...
/trawth"pluyt', trohth"-/, Archaic. n. 1. engagement to be married; betrothal. v.t. 2. to betroth. adj. 3. betrothed. [1300-50; ME trouth plight having plighted troth, betrothed; ...
/trot"luyn'/, n. a strong fishing line strung across a stream, or deep into a river, having individual hooks attached by smaller lines at intervals. [1825-35; perh. TROT1 + ...
Trotman of Osmotherly, Alexander James Trotman, Baron
▪ 2006       British business executive (b. July 22, 1933, Isleworth, Middlesex, Eng.—d. April 25, 2005, Yorkshire, Eng.), rose through the corporate ranks at Ford ...
/trot"skee/; Russ. /trddawt"skyee/, n. Leon (Lev, or Leib, Davidovich Bronstein), 1879-1940, Russian revolutionary and writer: minister of war 1918-25. Also, Trotski. * * *
Trotsky, Leon
orig. Lev Davidovich Bronshtein born Nov. 7, 1879, Yanovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Aug. 20, 1940, Coyoacán, Mex., near Mexico City Russian communist leader. Born to ...
Trot·sky or Trot·ski (trŏtʹskē, trôtʹ-), Leon. 1879-1940. Russian revolutionary theoretician. A leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917), he was later expelled from the ...
/trot"skee iz'euhm/, n. the form of Communism advocated by Leon Trotsky, based on an immediate, worldwide revolution by the proletariat. [1920-25; TROTSKY + -ISM] * * * Marxist ...
See Trotskyism. * * *
Trotskyist International.
See Fourth International. * * *
/trot"skee uyt'/, n. 1. a supporter of Trotsky or Trotskyism. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Trotsky or Trotskyism. Also, Trotskyist. [L. TROTSKY + -ITE1] * * *
/trot"euhr/, n. 1. an animal that trots, esp. a horse bred and trained for harness racing. 2. a person who moves about briskly and constantly. 3. the foot of an animal, esp. of a ...
Trotter, Wilfred
▪ British surgeon and sociologist born November 3, 1872, Coleford, Gloucestershire, England died November 25, 1939, Blackmoor, Hampshire       surgeon and sociologist ...
Trotter, William Monroe
▪ American journalist and civil rights activist born April 7, 1872, Chillicothe, Ohio, U.S. died April 7, 1934, Boston, Massachusetts       African American journalist ...
      horse racing event in which Standardbred horses drawing sulkies compete. See harness racing. * * *
trotting race
a horse race using trotters. [1830-40] * * *
/trot"ee/, adj. resembling a trot. [1890-95; TROT1 + -Y1] * * *
/troh"til, -teel/, n. Chem. See TNT. [1915-20; (TRINI)TROT(OLUENE) + -YL] * * *
Trotzig, Birgitta
▪ Swedish author born September 11, 1929, Göteborg, Sweden       Swedish novelist and essayist in the existential tradition of France in the 1940s. (She lived in Paris ...
/troohd'l ooh"/, n., pl. trous-de-loup /troohd'l ooh"/. Mil. a conical or pyramidal pit with a pointed stake fixed vertically in the center, rows of which are dug in front of a ...
/trooh"beuh dawr', -dohr', -door'/, n. 1. one of a class of medieval lyric poets who flourished principally in southern France from the 11th to 13th centuries, and wrote songs ...
/trooh'bit skoy"/; Russ. /trddooh byits koy"/, n. N(ikolai) S(ergeievich) /nyi ku luy" syirdd gye"yi vyich/. See Trubetzkoy, N(ikolai) S(ergeievich). * * *
—troubledly, adv. —troubledness, n. —troubler, n. —troublingly, adv. /trub"euhl/, v., troubled, troubling, n. v.t. 1. to disturb the mental calm and contentment of; ...
trouble at t’ mill
a humorous phrase sometimes used by British people to refer to a problem somewhere, especially at home or at work. It is said in the accent of the people of northern England, ...
trouble man
troubleshooter (def. 2). [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
Trouble on the Hoof: Disease Outbreaks in Europe
▪ 2002 by Brian J. Ford       Farmers rarely celebrate good fortune in the modern world, but British agriculture seemed to be emerging from a period of darkness as 2001 ...
trouble spot
an area in which trouble exists or is expected to develop: There are several diplomatic trouble spots in Central America. * * *
troubled [trub′əld] adj. 1. worried or concerned 2. emotionally or mentally disturbed 3. characterized by unrest, esp. social unrest [troubled youth] * * *
troubled waters
a confused or chaotic state of affairs: The situation was terrible, but like many politicians he was attracted by troubled waters. [1575-85] * * *
Troubled World Economy
▪ 1999 by Robert J. Samuelson       As 1998 drew to a close, the world was caught in the grips of the most serious financial crisis since the Great Depression of the ...
—troublemaking, n. /trub"euhl may'keuhr/, n. a person who causes difficulties, distress, worry, etc., for others, esp. one who does so habitually as a matter of ...
/trub"euhl proohf'/, adj. not easily disturbed, disabled, injured, or put out of working order. [TROUBLE + -PROOF] * * *
See trouble. * * *
the name given to periods of political and social disturbance in Ireland, especially in the 20th century. The expression is now often used to refer to the period of violence and ...
Troubles, Council of
▪ Netherlands history byname  Council Of Blood,  Dutch  Raad Van Beroerten, or Bloedraad,  Spanish  Tribunal De Los Revoltosos, or Tribunal De ...
Troubles, Time of
(1606–13) Period of political crisis in Russia. After the death of Fyodor I and the end of the Rurik dynasty (1598), the boyars opposed the rule of Boris Godunov and after his ...
/trub"euhl shooht'/, v., troubleshooted or troubleshot, troubleshooting. v.i. 1. to act or be employed as a troubleshooter: She troubleshoots for a large industrial firm. v.t. 2. ...
/trub"euhl shooh'teuhr/, n. 1. a person with special skill in resolving disputes, impasses, etc., as in business, national, or international affairs: a diplomatic troubleshooter ...
—troublesomely, adv. —troublesomeness, n. /trub"euhl seuhm/, adj. 1. causing trouble, annoyance, or difficulty; vexatious: a troublesome situation; a troublesome person. 2. ...
See troublesome. * * *
See troublesomely. * * *
trouble spot n. A location or site of possible difficulty: “They suggested that arms control negotiations should not be convened until Soviet behavior in the world's trouble ...
See troubler. * * *
—troublously, adv. —troublousness, n. /trub"leuhs/, adj. 1. characterized by trouble; unsettled: troublous times. 2. turbulent; stormy: a troublous sea. 3. causing annoyance; ...
—troughlike, adj. /trawf, trof/ or, sometimes, /trawth, troth/, n. 1. a long, narrow, open receptacle, usually boxlike in shape, used chiefly to hold water or food for ...
trough roof.
See M roof. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
—trouncer, n. /trowns/, v.t., trounced, trouncing. 1. to beat severely; thrash. 2. to punish. 3. to defeat decisively. [1545-55; orig. uncert.] * * *
/troohp/, n., v., trouped, trouping. Theat. n. 1. a company, band, or group of singers, actors, or other performers, esp. one that travels about. v.i. 2. to travel as a member of ...
/trooh"peuhr/, n. 1. an actor, esp. a member of a touring company. 2. a veteran actor. 3. a loyal, dependable worker or participant in an undertaking: He's a real trouper, even ...
/trooh"pee euhl/, n. any of several American birds of the family Icteridae, esp. one with brilliantly colored plumage, as Icterus icterus, of South America. [1815-25; < F ...
/trow"zeuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to trousers or a trouser: trouser cuffs; a trouser seam. n. 2. a leg of a pair of trousers. [1600-10; back formation from TROUSERS] * * *
trouser suit
Brit. pantsuit. [1935-40] * * *
—trouserless, adj. /trow"zeuhrz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Sometimes, trouser. Also called pants. a usually loose-fitting outer garment for the lower part of the body, having ...
/trooh"soh, trooh soh"/, n., pl. trousseaux /-sohz, -sohz"/, trousseaus. an outfit of clothing, household linen, etc., for a bride. [1175-1225; < F; MF troussel, equiv. to ...
—troutless, adj. —troutlike, adj. /trowt/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) trout, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) trouts. 1. any of several game fishes of the ...
trout lily
☆ trout lily n. DOGTOOTH VIOLET * * *
trout lily.
See dogtooth violet (def. 1). * * *
Trout, Evelyn
▪ 2004 “Bobbi”        American aviator (b. Jan. 7, 1906, Greenup, Ill.—d. Jan. 24, 2003, La Jolla, Calif.), counted having been the first woman to fly an all-night ...
Trout, Robert
▪ 2001 Robert Albert Blondheim        American broadcast journalist (b. Oct. 15, 1909, Washington, D.C.—d. Nov. 14, 2000, New York, N.Y.), helped create the role of ...
☆ trout-perch [trout′pʉrch΄ ] n. pl. trout-perch or trout-perches 〚 TROUT + PERCH1〛 any of a family (Percopsidae) of North American freshwater bony fishes having spiny ...
trout lily n. See dogtooth violet.   [Probably from its speckled leaves.] * * *
Troutman, Roger
▪ 2000       American singer, songwriter, and producer who with his brothers founded (1975) the funk group Zapp, which had a number of hits in the 1980s, including ...
/trowt"perrch'/, n., pl. troutperches, (esp. collectively) troutperch. a North American freshwater fish, Percopsis omiscomaycas, exhibiting characteristics of both trouts and ...
trouvaille [tro͞o vä′y'] n. 〚Fr〛 a find or discovery of interest or value * * *
/trooh vair"/; Fr. /trddooh verdd"/, n., pl. trouvères /-vairz"/; Fr. /-verdd"/. one of a class of medieval poets who flourished in northern France during the 12th and 13th ...
/trooh verr"/; Fr. /trddooh vuerdd"/, n., pl. trouveurs /-verrz"/; Fr. /-vuerdd"/. trouvère. * * *
/trddooh veel"/, n. a seaport in NW France, on the English Channel: resort. 6577. Also called Trouville-sur-Mer /trddooh veel syuurdd merdd"/. * * * ▪ France in full ...
Trovatore, Il
/il troh'veuh tawr"ee/; It. /eel traw'vah taw"rdde/ an opera (1853) by Giuseppe Verdi. * * *
/trohv/, n. 1. a collection of objects. 2. treasure-trove (def. 2). [1885-90; short for TREASURE-TROVE] * * *
/troh"veuhr/, n. Law. an action for the recovery of the value of personal property wrongfully converted by another to his or her own use. [1585-95; < MF, OF: to find, prob. < VL ...
/troh/, v.i., v.t. Archaic. to believe, think, or suppose. [bef. 900; ME trowen, OE treow(i)an to believe, deriv. of treow belief; akin to ON trua, G trauen, Goth trauan to ...
Town (pop., 1995 est.: 30,000), county seat of Wiltshire, southern England. Trowbridge has some notable buildings, including St. James's parish church, which dates from the 14th ...
—troweler; esp. Brit., troweller, n. /trow"euhl/, n., v., troweled, troweling or (esp. Brit.) trowelled, trowelling. n. 1. any of various tools having a flat blade with a ...
See trowel. * * *
See troweler. * * *
/troy/, adj. expressed or computed in troy weight. [1350-1400; ME troye, after TROYES, France, where it was standard] * * * or Ilium Ancient city in Troas, northwestern ...
/troy/, n. 1. Latin, Ilium. Greek, Ilion. an ancient ruined city in NW Asia Minor: the seventh of nine settlements on the site is commonly identified as the Troy of the Iliad. 2. ...
Troy Female Seminary
▪ school, Troy, New York, United States subsequently called (from 1895)  Emma Willard School        American educational institution, established in 1821 by Emma Hart ...
Troy Game, The
a solemn ritual performed at irregular intervals by the ancient Romans to signalize their alleged descent from the Trojans: notable for the interweaving labyrinthine maneuvers ...
troy weight
a system of weights in use for precious metals and gems (formerly also for bread, grain, etc.): 24 grains = 1 pennyweight (1.555 grams); 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce (31.103 grams); ...
Troy, Doris
▪ 2005 Doris Higgensen        American soul singer (b. Jan. 6, 1937, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 16, 2004, Las Vegas, Nev.), found great popularity in Britain, where she ...
Troy, Jean-François de
▪ French painter de Troy also spelled  Detroy  baptized Jan. 27, 1679, Paris, France died Jan. 26, 1752, Rome, Papal States [Italy]       French Rococo painter known ...
Troyanos, Tatiana
▪ 1994       U.S. mezzo-soprano (b. Sept. 12, 1938, New York, N.Y.—d. Aug. 21, 1993, New York), was renowned for her dark, warm, emotional voice; also a skilled ...
Troyat, Henri
▪ 2008 Lev Aslanovich Tarasov        Russian-born French writer born Nov. 1, 1911 , Moscow, Russia died March 4, 2007, Paris, France was admired by legions of ...
/trddwah/, n. a city in and the capital of Aube, in NE France, on the Seine: truce treaty in Hundred Year's War. 75,500. * * * ▪ France       town, capital of Aube ...
/trddwann yawonn"/, n. Constant /kawonn stahonn"/, 1813-65, French painter. * * *
troy weight n. A system of units of weight in which the grain is the same as in the avoirdupois system and the pound contains 12 ounces, 240 pennyweights, or 5,760 grains. * * *
Biochem. tryptophan. * * *
Mil. troop. * * *
/trooh"euhn see/, n., pl. truancies. 1. the act or state of being truant. 2. an instance of being truant: His parents were questioned about his many truancies. Also, ...
—truantly, adv. /trooh"euhnt/, n. 1. a student who stays away from school without permission. 2. a person who shirks or neglects his or her duty. adj. 3. absent from school ...
/trooh"euhn tree/, n., pl. truantries. truancy. [1400-50; late ME; see TRUANT, -RY] * * *
Trubetskoy , Nikolay (Sergeyevich)
born April 16, 1890, Moscow, Russia died June 25, 1938, Vienna, Austria Russian linguist. Born into a family of scholars, he held professorships in Russia and (from 1922) at ...
Trubetskoy family
Russian noble family influential in the 19th century. One of its members, Sergey Petrovich Trubetskoy (1790–1860), was a leader in the Decembrist revolt. Other notable members ...
Trubetskoy, Nikolay Sergeyevich
▪ Russian linguist also spelled  Nikolaj Sergejevič Trubetzkoy   born April 16, 1890, Moscow died June 25, 1938, Vienna       Slavic linguist at the centre of the ...
/trooh'bit skoy"/; Russ. /trddooh byits koy"/, n. N(ikolai) S(ergeievich) /nyi ku luy" syirdd gye"yi vyich/, 1890-1938, Russian linguist in Austria. Also, Trubetskoi, ...
—truceless, adj. /troohs/, n. 1. a suspension of hostilities for a specified period of time by mutual agreement of the warring parties; cease-fire; armistice. 2. an agreement ...
Truce of God
Measure by the medieval Roman Catholic Church to suspend warfare on certain days of the week and for certain church festivals and Lent. It was instituted in France as early as ...
Tru·chas Peaks (tro͞oʹchəs) Three mountains in northern New Mexico northeast of Santa Fe, rising to 3,998.6 m (13,110 ft) at North Truchas Peak. * * *
Trucial Coast
/trooh"sheuhl/. See under United Arab Emirates. [trucial, equiv. to TRUCE + -IAL, referring to a maritime truce created in 1853 between Britain and certain Omani sheiks] * * *
Trucial Oman
/oh mahn"/ a former name of United Arab Emirates. Also called Trucial Sheikdoms, Trucial States. * * *
Trucial States
Trucial States see UNITED ARAB EMIRATES * * *
Tru·cial Oman (tro͞oʹshəl) See United Arab Emirates. * * *
truck1 —truckable, adj. /truk/, n. 1. any of various forms of vehicle for carrying goods and materials, usually consisting of a single self-propelled unit but also often ...
truck bolster
Railroads. the upper transverse member of a car truck that holds the truck center plate and receives the car's weight. Cf. body bolster. [1890-95] * * *
truck camper
a type of camper designed to be mounted on a pickup truck. Cf. camper truck. * * *
truck center plate.
See under center plate. * * *
truck crop
a vegetable crop raised on a truck farm. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
truck farm
—truck farmer. —truck farming. a farm for the growing of vegetables for the market. Also called truck garden; esp. Brit., market garden. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
truck farming
See truckfarmer. * * *
truck jobber
a jobber or wholesaler who makes calls carrying goods on a truck, thereby being able to take and deliver orders on the same call. Also called wagon jobber. * * *
truck stop
a gas station, usually at the side of a major highway, where truck drivers stop for fuel, and often including a restaurant, sleeping and showering rooms, a store selling basic ...
truck system
the system of paying wages in goods instead of money. Also called truck. [1820-30] * * *
truck tractor
tractor (def. 2). * * *
truck trailer
Auto. a trailer designed to be drawn by a truck tractor or other motor truck. Also called trailer truck. * * *
/truk"ij/, n. 1. conveyance by a truck or trucks. 2. the charge for this. [1820-30; TRUCK1 + -AGE] * * *
/truk"druy'veuhr/, n. a person who drives a truck. [1890-95; TRUCK1 + DRIVER] * * *
/truk"ee/, n. a river in E California and W Nevada, rising in Lake Tahoe and flowing E and NE for about 125 mi. (201 km). * * *
trucker1 /truk"euhr/, n. 1. a person who drives a truck; truckdriver. 2. a person whose business is trucking goods. [1875-80; TRUCK1 + -ER1] trucker2 /truk"euhr/, n. a truck ...
truck farm n. A farm producing vegetables for the market.   [From truck2.]   truck farmer n. truck farmʹing n. * * *
See truck farm. * * *
trucking1 /truk"ing/, n. the art or business of conveying articles or goods on trucks. [1800-10; TRUCK1 + -ING1] trucking2 /truk"ing/, n. 1. the growing of vegetables for the ...
trucking shot
Motion Pictures, Television. See dolly shot. * * *
truckle1 —truckler, n. —trucklingly, adv. /truk"euhl/, v.i., truckled, truckling. to submit or yield obsequiously or tamely (usually fol. by to): Don't truckle to ...
truckle bed
a low bed moving on casters, usually pushed under another bed when not in use. Also called trundle bed. [1425-75; late ME] * * *
truckle bed n. A trundle bed. * * *
See truckle. * * *
/truk"luyn'/, n. a transportation line utilizing trucks. [1920-25; TRUCK1 + LINE1] * * *
/truk"lohd'/, n. 1. the amount that a truck can carry. 2. the minimum weight legally required for making shipments at a rate (truckload rate) below that charged for shipments ...
/truk"meuhn/, n., pl. truckmen. 1. a truckdriver. 2. a person who is in the business of trucking goods, produce, etc. [1780-90, Amer.; TRUCK1 + -MAN] * * *
truck stop n. An establishment that sells fuel for trucks and usually maintains a restaurant for truck drivers. * * *
truc·u·lence (trŭkʹyə-ləns) also truc·u·len·cy (-lən-sē) n. 1. A disposition or apparent disposition to fight, especially fiercely. 2. Ferociously cruel actions or ...
—truculence, truculency, n. —truculently, adv. /truk"yeuh leuhnt, trooh"kyeuh-/, adj. 1. fierce; cruel; savagely brutal. 2. brutally harsh; vitriolic; scathing: his truculent ...
See truculent. * * *
/trooh doh"/, n. Pierre Elliott /pee air"/, born 1919, Canadian political leader: prime minister 1968-79 and 1980-84. * * *
Trudeau, Garry
▪ American satirist in full  Garretson Beekman Trudeau   born July 21, 1948, New York, N.Y., U.S.       satirist whose literate, sophisticated comic strip Doonesbury ...
Trudeau, Pierre (Elliott)
born Oct. 18, 1919, Montreal, Que., Can. died Sept. 28, 2000, Montreal Prime minister of Canada (1968–79, 1980–84). He practiced law before being elected to the Canadian ...
Trudeau, Pierre Elliott
▪ 2001       Canadian politician (b. Oct 18, 1919, Montreal, Que.—d. Sept. 28, 2000, Montreal), was a charming, flamboyant, charismatic, and cosmopolitan leader who ...
Trudeau,Pierre Elliott
Tru·deau (tro͞o-dōʹ, tro͞oʹdō'), Pierre Elliott. Born 1919. Canadian prime minister (1968-1979 and 1980-1984) whose administration was marked by efforts to contain the ...
—trudger, n. /truj/, v., trudged, trudging, n. v.i. 1. to walk, esp. laboriously or wearily: to trudge up a long flight of steps. v.t. 2. to walk laboriously or wearily along ...
/truj"euhn/, n. Swimming. a stroke in which a double overarm motion and a scissors kick are used. Also called trudgen stroke. [1890-95; named after John Trudgen (1852-1902), ...
trudgen stroke
trudgen stroke [truj′ən] n. 〚after J. Trudgen, Eng amateur who introduced it (1868)〛 a swimming stroke in which a double overarm motion and a scissors kick are used * * *
See trudge. * * *
/trooh"dee/, n. a female given name, form of Gertrude. * * *
—trueness, n. /trooh/, adj., truer, truest, n., adv., v., trued, truing or trueing. adj. 1. being in accordance with the actual state or conditions; conforming to reality or ...
true anomaly
Astron. the anomaly of a planet; its angular distance from perihelion or aphelion. * * *
true bacteria
eubacteria. * * *
true believer
1. a person who has been thoroughly convinced of something. 2. a fanatic, esp. a religious or political one. * * *
true bill
a bill of indictment endorsed by a grand jury as being sufficiently supported by evidence to justify a hearing of the case. Cf. no bill. [1760-70] * * *
true blue
1. a nonfading blue dye or pigment. 2. a person who is true-blue. 3. (in the 17th century) the color adopted by the Covenanters in contradistinction to the royal red. [1665-75] * ...
true bug
bug1 (def. 1). [1890-95] * * *
True Confessions
a US magazine containing articles which are supposed to be true stories written by ordinary people about their love and marriage problems. They are written in a very romantic and ...
true course
Navig. a course whose bearing is given relative to the geographical meridian. Cf. compass course, magnetic course. * * *
True Cross
▪ Christian relic  Christian relic, reputedly the wood of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Legend relates that the True Cross was found by St. Helena, mother of ...
true fly
fly2 (def. 1). * * *
true fresco
fresco (def. 1). * * *
true frog
frog (def. 2). * * *
true fruit
true fruit n. Bot. a fruit derived from a single carpel or from the united carpels of a single flower * * *
true fruit.
See simple fruit. * * *
true level
an imaginary surface everywhere perpendicular to the plumb line, or line of gravity. * * *
true north
Navig., Survey. the direction of the north pole from a given point. * * *
true rhyme.
See full rhyme. [1965-70] * * *
true rib
Anat. one member of the first seven pairs of ribs that are attached in humans to the sternum by costal cartilages. [1735-45] * * *
true ribs
true ribs n. ribs that are attached by cartilage directly to the sternum; in humans, the upper seven pairs of ribs * * *
true seal.
See earless seal. * * *
true time
apparent solar time; the time as shown by a sundial. * * *
true toad
toad (def. 2). * * *
true vocal cords
Anat. the lower pair of vocal cords, the edges of which can be made to tense and relax by the passage of air from the lungs, thus producing vocal sound. Also called vocal folds. ...
/trooh"blooh"/, adj. unwaveringly loyal or faithful; staunch; unchangingly true. [1665-75] * * *
true-crime (tro͞oʹkrīmʹ) adj. Based on or recounting an actual crime: a true-crime novel. * * *
true-false test
/trooh"fawls"/, Educ. a test requiring one to mark statements as true or false. [1920-25] * * *
true-false test (tro͞oʹfôlsʹ) n. A test in which statements are to be marked either true or false. * * *
/trooh"luyf"/, adj. similar to everyday life; realistic: true-life episodes. [1925-30] * * *
true believer n. One who is deeply, sometimes fanatically devoted to a cause, organization, or person: “a band of true believers bonded together against all those who did not ...
true bill n. Law A bill of indictment endorsed by a grand jury. * * *
/trooh"bawrn"/, adj. genuinely or authentically so because of birth: a trueborn son of Ireland; a trueborn Parisian. [1585-95; TRUE + BORN] * * *
/trooh"bred"/, adj. 1. marked by qualities of good breeding and education; well-bred. 2. thoroughbred or purebred: a truebred Lippizaner. [1590-1600; TRUE + BRED] * * *
true bug n. A wingless or four-winged insect of the order Hemiptera, especially of the suborder Heteroptera, including the bedbug, louse, and chinch bug, having mouthparts ...
—trueheartedness, n. /trooh"hahr"tid/, adj. 1. faithful; loyal. 2. honest; sincere. Also, true-hearted. [1425-75; late ME true hartyd; see TRUE, HEART, -ED3] * * *
/trooh"luv'/, n. a sweetheart; a truly loving or loved person. [1350-1400; ME trewe love. See TRUE, LOVE] * * *

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