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Tuinal
/tooh"i nawl'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for a combination of amobarbital and secobarbital used as a prompt and sustained sedative and hypnotic. * * *
Tuira River
▪ river, Panama Spanish  Río Tuira, or Tuyra,         stream in eastern Panama, 106 miles (170 km) long. It rises in the Darién highlands (Serranía del Darién) ...
tuition
—tuitional, tuitionary /tooh ish"euh ner'ee, tyooh-/, adj. —tuitionless, adj. /tooh ish"euhn, tyooh-/, n. 1. the charge or fee for instruction, as at a private school or a ...
tuition fees
➡ higher education * * *
tuitional
See tuition. * * *
tuitionary
See tuitional. * * *
Tujia
▪ people Wade-Giles romanization  T'u-chia , self-designation  Bizika        any member of a people distributed over western Hunan and southwestern Hubei provinces ...
Tukārām
▪ Indian poet born 1608, Dehu, near Pune, India died 1649       Marathi poet who is often considered to be the greatest writer in the language. His abhaṅgas, or ...
Tukaroi, Battle of
▪ Indian history       (March 3, 1575), conflict between the forces of the Indian Mughal emperor Akbar under Munʿīm Khān and Dāʾūd Khān, the Afghan sultan of ...
Tukey, John Wilder
▪ 2001       American statistician (b. June 16, 1915, New Bedford, Mass.—d. July 26, 2000, New Brunswick, N.J.), was a renowned statistician and researcher who was ...
Tukhachevsky, Mikhayl (Nikolayevich)
born Feb. 16, 1893, near Slednevo, Russia died June 11, 1937 Soviet Red Army officer. In the Russian Civil War, he commanded the recapture of Siberia from Aleksandr Kolchak and ...
Tukhachevsky, Mikhayl Nikolayevich
▪ Soviet military officer born Feb. 16 [Feb. 4, Old Style], 1893, near Slednevo, Russia died June 11, 1937       Soviet military chief responsible for modernization of ...
tukhrik
/tooh"grik/, n. tugrik. * * *
Tuktoyaktuk
▪ Northwest Territories, Canada formerly  (until 1950) Port Brabant,         hamlet, Inuvik region, northwestern Northwest Territories, Canada, on the Beaufort ...
Tukulor
Muslim people of Senegal and western Mali. Because of extended contacts with the Fulani, the Tukulor speak a dialect of Fula, an Atlantic language of the Niger-Congo family. In ...
Tukulor empire
▪ historical empire, Africa Tukulor also spelled  Tukolor, or Toucouleur,         Muslim theocracy that flourished in the 19th century in western Africa from Senegal ...
Tukulti-Ninurta Epic
▪ Mesopotamian epic       the only extant Assyrian epic tale; it relates the wars between Tukulti-Ninurta I of Assyria (reigned c. 1243–c. 1207 BC) and Kashtiliashu ...
Tukulti-Ninurta I
▪ king of Assyria       (reigned c. 1243–c. 1207 BC), king of Assyria who asserted Assyrian supremacy over King Kashtiliashu IV, ruler of Kassite-controlled Babylonia ...
Tula
/tooh"leuh/, n. 1. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, S of Moscow. 540,000. 2. a city in SW Hidalgo, in central Mexico, NW of Mexico City: site of ruins believed to be ...
tuladi
/tooh"leuh dee/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) tuladi, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) tuladis. Canadian. See lake trout. [1840-50; < CanF touladi, perh. of ...
Tulagi
▪ island and town, Solomon Islands also spelled  Tulaghi        town and island in the Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific Ocean, north of Guadalcanal. The island ...
Tulancingo
▪ Mexico       city, southeastern Hidalgo estado (state), north-central Mexico. Tulancingo lies along the Río Grande de Tulancingo, at 7,290 feet (2,222 m) above sea ...
Tulane University
▪ university, New Orleans, Lousiana, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S. It grants undergraduate, ...
Tulare
/tooh lair"ee, tooh lair"/, n. a city in central California. 22,475. * * *
tularemia
—tularemic, tularaemic, adj. /tooh'leuh ree"mee euh/, n. Pathol., Vet. Pathol. a plaguelike disease of rabbits, squirrels, etc., caused by a bacterium, Francisella tularensis, ...
tularemic
See tularemia. * * *
Tulcán
▪ Ecuador       city, extreme northern highland Ecuador. Tulcán lies just south of the Carchi River near the Colombian border. Spanish colonists established the ...
Tulcea
▪ Romania       city, southeastern Romania, situated on the St. George arm of the Danube River. Tulcea is an ancient city, founded in the 7th century BC by Greeks from ...
tule
/tooh"lee/; Sp. /tooh"le/, n., pl. tules /-leez/; Sp. /-les/. either of two large bulrushes, Scirpus lacustris or S. acutus, found in California and adjacent regions in inundated ...
tule fog
dense ground fog that occurs in low-lying areas of the Central Valley of California. * * *
tule perch
      the sole freshwater species of surfperch (q.v.). * * *
tule perch.
See under perch2 (def. 3). * * *
Tuléar
Fr. /tyuu lay annrdd"/, n. a city on SW Madagascar. 39,000. * * *
tulip
—tuliplike, adj. /tooh"lip, tyooh"-/, n. 1. any of various plants belonging to the genus Tulipa, of the lily family, cultivated in many varieties, and having lance-shaped ...
tulip chair
an armchair designed by Eero Saarinen in 1956, having a contoured seat of molded plastic supported by a slender, stemlike pedestal of plastic-covered cast metal that terminates ...
Tulip Mania
▪ 1995       In 1994, 400 years after the first Dutch tulip bloomed, The Netherlands staged celebrations to commemorate the introduction of this colourful flower, with ...
tulip tree
a tall tree, Liriodendron tulipifera, of the magnolia family, native to the eastern U.S., having large, cup-shaped, green and orange flowers: the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky, ...
tulipomania
/tooh'leuh peuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. (in 17th-century Holland) a widespread obsession with tulips, esp. of highly prized varieties, as those of a streaked, variegated, or ...
tuliptree
tulip tree n. 1. A tall, deciduous, eastern North American tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) having large, tuliplike green and orange flowers, aromatic twigs, and yellowish wood ...
tulipwood
/tooh"lip wood', tyooh"-/, n. 1. the wood of the tulip tree. 2. any of various striped or variegated woods of other trees. 3. any of these trees. [1835-45; TULIP + WOOD1] * * *
Tull
(1674–1741) an English farmer who invented the ‘seed drill’, a piece of agricultural equipment that made it possible for agricultural production to become mechanical. It ...
Tull, Jethro
born 1674, Basildon, Berkshire, Eng. died Feb. 21, 1741, Prosperous Farm, near Hungerford, Berkshire British agronomist and inventor. He was educated at Oxford. Around 1701 he ...
Tullahoma
/tul'euh hoh"meuh/, n. a city in S Tennessee: summer resort. 15,800. * * * ▪ Tennessee, United States       city, Coffee county, south-central Tennessee, U.S. It lies ...
Tullamore
▪ Ireland Irish  Tulach Mhór (“Big Hill”)        market town, urban district, and the seat of County Offaly, Ireland, situated on the River Tullamore. The High ...
tulle
/toohl/; Fr. /tyuul/, n. a thin, fine, machine-made net of acetate, nylon, rayon, or silk. [1810-20; < F, after TULLE, France, where first made] * * * ▪ ...
Tulle
/toohl/; Fr. /tyuul/, n. a city in and the capital of Corrèze, in S central France. 21,634. * * * ▪ France       town, capital of Corrèze département, Limousin ...
tullibee
/tul"euh bee'/, n. a commercially important deep-bodied Canadian whitefish, Coregonus artedi tullibee. [1780-90; earlier telibee < CanF toulibi < early Ojibwa dial. *oto·lipi· ...
Tullius
/tul"ee euhs/, n. Servius. See Servius Tullius. * * *
Tullus Hostilius
▪ king of Rome       traditionally, the third king of Rome, reigning from 672 to 641 BC. He was a legendary figure, the legend probably influenced by that of Romulus ...
Tully
/tul"ee/, n. See Cicero, Marcus Tullius. * * *
Tulsa
—Tulsan, n. /tul"seuh/, n. a city in NE Oklahoma: center of a rich oil-producing region. 360,919. * * * City (pop., 2000: 393,049), northeastern Oklahoma, U.S. On the Arkansas ...
Tulsa, University of
▪ university, Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S. It is affiliated with the ...
TulsiDas
Tul·si Das (to͝olʹsē däsʹ), 1543?-1623. Hindu poet whose Ramcaritmanas is considered one of the greatest works of Hindi literature. * * * ▪ Indian poet born 1543?, ...
Tulu
/tooh"looh/, n. a Dravidian language spoken in Karnataka in southern India. * * *
Tulu language
      member of the Dravidian language (Dravidian languages) family, spoken in southern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, India. Tulu has borrowed many words from the ...
Tuluá
/toohl wah"/, n. a city in W Colombia. 84,386. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, Valle del Cauca departamento, western Colombia. The site, originally settled by the ...
Tulun
▪ Russia       city, Irkutsk oblast (province), east-central Russia. It lies along the Iya River and the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Incorporated first in 1922, it changed ...
Ṭūlūnid Dynasty
▪ Egyptian history  first local dynasty of Egypt and Syria to exist independently of the ʿAbbāsid caliphate in Baghdad, ruling 868–905. Its founder, Aḥmad ibn ...
tulwar
/tul"wahr, tul wahr"/, n. any of several Indian sabers. [1825-35; < Hindi talwar, tarwar < Skt taravari] * * *
tum
/tum/, v.t., tummed, tumming. to tease (wool) in the preliminary carding operation, or to open out the fibers prior to carding. [1605-15; orig. uncert.] * * *
Tumaco
/tooh mah"kaw/, n. a seaport in SW Colombia. 80,279. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, Nariño departamento, southwestern Colombia. It is situated on the Pacific coast, on ...
Tumba, Lake
▪ lake, Democratic Republic of the Congo       lake, part of the Congo River basin, northwestern Congo (Kinshasa). Lake Tumba lies 75 miles (120 km) northwest of Lake ...
Tumbes
/toohm"bes/, n. a seaport in NW Peru. 34,600. * * * ▪ Peru also spelled  Tumbez         city, northwestern Peru. It is located on the Pacific coastal plain and on ...
tumble
/tum"beuhl/, v., tumbled, tumbling, n. v.i. 1. to fall helplessly down, end over end, as by losing one's footing, support, or equilibrium; plunge headlong: to tumble down the ...
tumble cart
a horse-drawn cart having two solid wheels. Also called tumble car. [1885-90] * * *
tumble home
1. Naut. an inward and upward slope of the middle body of a vessel. 2. Also, tumblehome. a similar shape for the body of an automobile. [1825-35] * * *
tumble-down
/tum"beuhl down'/, adj. dilapidated; ruined; rundown: He lived in a tumble-down shack. [1810-20] * * *
tumble-dry
/tum"beuhl druy"/, v.t. tumble-dried, tumble-drying. to dry (washing) in a clothes drier in which articles are rotated vertically through heated air. [1965-70] * * *
tumblebug
/tum"beuhl bug'/, n. any of several dung beetles that roll balls of dung in which they deposit their eggs and in which the young develop. [1795-1805, Amer.; TUMBLE + BUG1] * * *
tumbledown
tumbledown [tum′bəldoun΄] adj. ready to tumble down; dilapidated * * * tum·ble·down (tŭmʹbəl-doun') adj. Being in such bad repair as to seem in danger of collapsing; ...
tumblehome
tum·ble·home (tŭmʹbəl-hōm') n. The inward curve of a ship's topsides.   [From tumble, to slope inward (obsolete).] * * *
tumbler
/tum"bleuhr/, n. 1. a person who performs leaps, somersaults, and other bodily feats. 2. (in a lock) any locking or checking part that, when lifted or released by the action of a ...
tumbler gear
Mach. a transmission having gears actuated by a tumbler. * * *
tumbleset
tum·ble·set (tŭmʹbəl-sĕt') n. Lower Southern U.S. See somersault.   [Blend of tumble, somerset(alteration of somersaut, variant of somersault).]   Regional Note: The ...
tumbleweed
/tum"beuhl weed'/, n. any of various plants, as Amaranthus albus, A. graecizans, or the Russian thistle, Salsola kali, whose branching upper parts become detached from the roots ...
tumbling
/tum"bling/, n. the act, practice, or art of performing acrobatic tumbles, usually on a mat or the ground. [1375-1425; late ME tomblyng. See TUMBLE, -ING1] * * *
tumbling barrel
a rotating drum for subjecting materials or small manufactured objects, loosely placed inside, to a tumbling action, as to mix materials or to polish objects by friction with one ...
tumbling box
a box, pivoted at two corners, used in the manner of a tumbling barrel. Also called rumble. [1875-80] * * *
tumbling flower beetle
▪ insect       any of about 1,500 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) named for their jumping, turning, and tumbling motion when disturbed or caught. These ...
tumblingbox
tumbling box n. A revolving drum in which objects are dried, reduced in size, polished, or cleaned. Also called tumbling barrel. * * *
tumboa
▪ plant       common name of Welwitschia mirabilis, a plant species that is the sole member of the family Welwitschiaceae, order Gnetales. * * *
tumbrel
/tum"breuhl/, n. 1. one of the carts used during the French Revolution to convey victims to the guillotine. 2. a farmer's cart, esp. one for hauling manure, that can be tilted to ...
Tumbuka
▪ people also spelled  Tumboka,  also called  Kamanga, or Henga,         a people who live on the lightly wooded plateau between the northwestern shore of Lake ...
tumefacient
/tooh'meuh fay"sheuhnt, tyooh'-/, adj. tumefying; causing to swell. [1880-85; < L tumefacient-, s. of tumefaciens (prp. of tumefacere to cause to swell). See TUMEFY, -FACIENT] * ...
tumefaction
/tooh'meuh fak"sheuhn, tyooh'-/, n. an act of making or becoming swollen or tumid. [1590-1600; < F < L tumefaction- (s. of tumefactio a causing to swell), equiv. to tumefact(us) ...
tumefactive
See tumefaction. * * *
tumefy
/tooh"meuh fuy', tyooh"-/, v.t., v.i., tumefied, tumefying. to make or become swollen or tumid. [1590-1600; back formation from tumefied, Anglicization of L tumefactus (ptp. of ...
Tumen
/tyuu"muen"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a river in E Asia, flowing NE along the China-North Korea border and then SE along the border between China and Russia to the Sea of Japan. ...
Tumen River
River, eastern Asia. It forms the northeastern frontier of North Korea with China and Russia. It originates on Mount Paektu, North Korea's highest mountain, and flows generally ...
tumesce
/tooh mes", tyooh-/ v.t., v.i., tumesced, tumescing. to make or become tumescent. [1970-75; back formation from TUMESCENT] * * *
tumescence
tumescence [to͞o mes′əns, tyo͞omes′əns] n. 〚< L tumescens, prp. of tumescere, to swell up, inceptive of tumere, to swell: see TUMOR〛 1. a swelling; distention 2. a ...
tumescent
—tumescence, n. /tooh mes"euhnt, tyooh-/, adj. 1. swelling; slightly tumid. 2. exhibiting or affected with many ideas or emotions; teeming. 3. pompous and pretentious, esp. in ...
tumid
—tumidity, tumidness, n. —tumidly, adv. /tooh"mid, tyooh"-/, adj. 1. swollen, or affected with swelling, as a part of the body. 2. pompous or inflated, as language; turgid; ...
tumidity
See tumid. * * *
tumidly
See tumidity. * * *
Tumkur
▪ India       city, eastern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. Tumkur lies at the foot of Devarayadurga Hill, which has a picturesque health resort at about ...
Tummel
▪ river, Scotland, United Kingdom       river and loch (lake), Scotland. The River Tummel rises on Rannoch Moor near the southern border of the Highland council area and ...
tummler
/toom"leuhr/, n. 1. a male entertainer, as formerly employed by resorts in the Catskill Mountains, who combined the duties of a comedian, activities director, and master of ...
tummy
/tum"ee/, n., pl. tummies. Informal. stomach: The baby had a pain in his tummy. [1865-70; nursery alter. of STOMACH] * * *
tummy tuck
Informal. plastic surgery of the abdomen involving removal of excess fatty tissue and excess skin; abdominoplasty. * * *
tummytuck
tummy tuck n. Informal Abdominoplasty. * * *
tumor
—tumorlike, adj. —tumorous, tumoral, adj. /tooh"meuhr, tyooh"-/, n. 1. a swollen part; swelling; protuberance. 2. an uncontrolled, abnormal, circumscribed growth of cells in ...
tumor necrosis factor
a protein, produced in humans and other animals, that is destructive to cells showing abnormally rapid growth: identical with cachectin. Abbr.: TNF * * *
tumoral
See tumor. * * *
tumorigenesis
/tooh'meuhr i jen"euh sis, tyooh'-/, n. the production or development of tumors. [1945-50; TUMOR + -I- + -GENESIS] * * *
tumorigenic
—tumorigenicity /tooh'meuhr i jeuh nis"i tee, tyooh'-/, n. /tooh'meuhr i jen"ik, tyooh'-/, adj. (of cells or a substance) capable of producing tumors. [1940-45; TUMOR + -I- + ...
tumorigenicity
See tumorigenic. * * *
tumornecrosis factor
tumor necrosis factor n. A protein produced by macrophages in the presence of an endotoxin and shown experimentally to be capable of attacking and destroying cancerous tumors. * ...
tumorous
See tumoral. * * *
tumour
or neoplasm Mass of abnormal tissue that arises from normal cells, has no useful function, and tends to grow. Cell abnormalities may include increased size or number or loss of ...
tumour necrosis factor
▪ pathology also called  cachectin        a naturally occurring protein that is produced in the human body by the phagocytic cells known as macrophages. (The latter ...
tumour suppressor gene
▪ pathology also called  Anti-oncogene,         any of a class of genes that are normally involved in regulating cell growth but that may become cancer-causing when ...
tump
/tump/, n. Brit. Dial. 1. a small mound, hill, or rise of ground. 2. a clump of grass, shrubs, or trees, esp. rising from a swamp or bog. 3. a heap or stack, as a ...
tumpline
/tump"luyn'/, n. a strap or sling passed around the chest or forehead to help support a pack carried on a person's back. [1790-1800; tump (earlier mattump, metomp < Southern New ...
Tumuc-Humac Mountains
▪ mountains, South America Portuguese  Serra Tumucumaque,  French  Massif Des Tumuc-humac,  Dutch  Toemoek-hoemak Gebergte,        mountain range that forms the ...
tumular
/tooh"myeuh leuhr, tyooh"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, resembling, or characterized by a tumulus or tumuli. [1820-30; < L tumul(us) TUMULUS + -AR1] * * *
tumuli
tu·mu·li (to͞oʹmyə-lī', tyo͞oʹ-) n. Plural of tumulus. * * *
tumulose
tumulose [to͞o′myo͞oləs, tyo͞o′myo͞oləs; to͞o′myələsto͞o′myə lōs΄, tyo͞o′myə lōs΄] adj. 〚L tumulosus〛 full of tumuli, or mounds: also tumulous ...
tumulosity
See tumulose. * * *
tumulous
/tooh"myeuh leuhs, tyooh"-/, adj. having mounds; full of mounds; tumular. Also, tumulose /tooh"myeuh lohs', tyooh"-/. [1820-30; < L tumulosus, equiv. to tumul(us) TUMULUS + -osus ...
tumult
/tooh"meuhlt, tyooh"-/, n. 1. violent and noisy commotion or disturbance of a crowd or mob; uproar: The tumult reached its height during the premier's speech. 2. a general ...
tumultuary
/tooh mul"chooh er'ee, tyooh-/, adj. 1. tumultuous; turbulent. 2. confused; disorderly; haphazard: tumultuary habits of studying. [1580-90; < L tumultuarius pertaining to bustle ...
tumultuous
—tumultuously, adv. —tumultuousness, n. /tooh mul"chooh euhs, tyooh-/, adj. 1. full of tumult or riotousness; marked by disturbance and uproar: a tumultuous celebration. 2. ...
tumultuously
See tumultuous. * * *
tumultuousness
See tumultuously. * * *
tumulus
/tooh"myeuh leuhs, tyooh"-/, n., pl. tumuluses, tumuli /-luy'/. 1. Archaeol. an artificial mound, esp. over a grave; barrow. 2. Geol. a domelike swelling or mound formed in ...
Tumulus period
▪ Japanese history Japanese  Kofun Jidai (“Old Mound period”),  also called  Great Burial Period,         early period (c. AD 250–552) of tomb culture in ...
Tumut
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, southeastern New South Wales, Australia. It lies along the Tumut River, at the northern approach to the Australian Alps. The ...
Tumut River
▪ river, New South Wales, Australia       river, south New South Wales, Australia. It rises on the northwestern slopes of the Snowy Mountains and flows 90 miles (145 km) ...
tun
/tun/, n., v., tunned, tunning. n. 1. a large cask for holding liquids, esp. wine, ale, or beer. 2. a measure of liquid capacity, usually equivalent to 252 wine gallons. v.t. 3. ...
Tun.
Tunisia. * * *
tuna
tuna1 /tooh"neuh, tyooh"-/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) tuna, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) tunas. 1. any of several large food and game fishes of the family ...
tunable
—tunability, tunableness, n. —tunably, adv. /tooh"neuh beuhl, tyooh"-/, adj. 1. capable of being tuned. 2. Archaic. harmonious; tuneful; melodious. [1490-1500; TUNE + ...
tunableness
See tunable. * * *
tunably
See tunableness. * * *
tunafish
tuna fish n. See tuna1. * * *
Tunbridge ware
/tun"brij'/ decorative wooden ware, including tables, trays, boxes, and ornamental objects, produced esp. in the late 17th and 18th centuries in Tunbridge Wells, England, with ...
Tunbridge Wells
a city in SW Kent, in SE England: mineral springs; resort. 95,200. * * * ▪ district, England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and ...
tundish
/tun"dish'/, n. Metall. 1. (in a vacuum induction furnace) a trough through which molten metal flows under vacuum to a mold chamber. 2. Also called pouring box, pouring basket, ...
tundra
/tun"dreuh, toon"-/, n. one of the vast, nearly level, treeless plains of the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. [1835-45; < Russ túndra < Lappish; cf. Kola ...
tundra swan
a swan, Cygnus columbianus, nesting in tundra regions of both the New and Old Worlds, having a black bill with a yellow spot at the base. Cf. whistling swan, Bewick's swan. * * *
tune
/toohn, tyoohn/, n., v., tuned, tuning. n. 1. a succession of musical sounds forming an air or melody, with or without the harmony accompanying it. 2. a musical setting of a ...
tune family
▪ music       in music, group of melodies (melody) interrelated by melodic correspondence, particularly in general melodic contour, important intervals, and prominent ...
Tune Stone
▪ Norwegian artifact       5th-century monument bearing the most important Norwegian runic inscription, written vertically on two sides of the stone. Discovered in 1627 ...
Tune,Thomas James
Tune (to͞on, tyo͞on), Thomas James. Known as “Tommy.” Born 1939. American dancer, choreographer, and director whose contributions to Broadway productions, including The ...
tune-up
/toohn"up', tyoohn"-/, n. 1. an adjustment, as of a motor, to improve working order or condition: The car needs a tune-up badly. 2. Informal. a preparatory activity or warm-up, ...
tuneable
tune·a·ble (to͞oʹnə-bəl, tyo͞oʹ-) adj. Variant of tunable. * * *
tuned circuit
Electrically conducting pathway containing both inductance and capacitance elements. When these elements are connected in series, the circuit presents low electrical impedance ...
tuneful
—tunefully, adv. —tunefulness, n. /toohn"feuhl, tyoohn"-/, adj. 1. full of melody; melodious: tuneful compositions. 2. producing musical sounds or melody. [1585-95; TUNE + ...
tunefully
See tuneful. * * *
tunefulness
See tunefully. * * *
tuneless
—tunelessly, adv. /toohn"lis, tyoohn"-/, adj. 1. unmelodious; unmusical. 2. making or giving no music; silent: In the corner stood a tuneless old piano. [1585-95; TUNE + ...
tunelessly
See tuneless. * * *
tunelessness
See tunelessly. * * *
tuner
/tooh"neuhr, tyooh"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that tunes. 2. the portion of a radio or television receiver that captures the broadcast signal and feeds it to other circuits in ...
tunesmith
/toohn"smith', tyoohn"-/, n. Informal. a person who composes popular music or songs. [1925-30; TUNE + SMITH] * * *
tuneup
tuneup or tune-up [to͞on′up΄, tyo͞on′up΄] n. 1. an adjusting, as of an engine, to the proper or required condition or performance 2. any adjustment or preparation serving ...
tung
(as used in expressions) Kuang tung Tung Pei Northeast Shan tung Tung Ch'i ch'ang Tung Chung shu Tung lin Academy Tung t'ing Hu Wong Tung Jim Liao tung Peninsula Mao Tse ...
Tung Chee-hwa
▪ 1998       Few of Hong Kong's 6.3 million people were sleeping as midnight approached on June 30, 1997. Those celebrating in the streets and those watching television ...
tung oil
/tung/ a yellow drying oil derived from the seeds of a tung tree, Aleurites fordii, used in varnishes, linoleum, etc. [1880-85; tung < Chin tóng tung tree] * * * also called ...
tung tree
any of several trees belonging to the genus Aleurites, of the spurge family, esp. A. fordii, of China, bearing seeds that yield tung oil. Also called tung-oil tree. [1890-95; see ...
tung-oil tree
/tung"oyl'/. See tung tree. * * *
tung-oiltree
tung-oil tree (tŭngʹoil') n. The tung tree. * * *
tungara frog
▪ amphibian also called  Central American mud-puddle frog        terrestrial, toadlike frog common in moist, lowland sites from Mexico to northern South ...
Tungchow
Chin. /toong"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Tongzhou. * * *
Tunghwa
Chin. /toong"hwah"/, n. Older Spelling. Tonghua. Also, Wade-Giles, T'unghua. * * *
tungo
/tung"goh/, n., pl. tungos. n. Australian. rat-kangaroo. [of obscure orig.] * * *
tungoil
tung oil (tŭng) n. A yellow or brownish oil extracted from the seeds of the tung tree and used as a drying agent in varnishes and paints and for waterproofing. Also called ...
Tungshan
Chin. /toong"shahn"/, n. Wade-Giles. Tongshan. * * *
tungstate
/tung"stayt/, n. Chem. a salt of any tungstic acid. Also called wolframate. [1790-1800; TUNGST(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
tungsten
—tungstenic /tung sten"ik/, adj. /tung"steuhn/, n. Chem. a rare, metallic element having a bright-gray color, a metallic luster, and a high melting point, 3410° C, and found ...
tungsten carbide
▪ chemical compound       an important member of the class of inorganic compounds of carbon, used alone or with 6 to 20 percent of other metals to impart hardness to ...
tungsten lamp
an incandescent electric lamp in which the filament is made of tungsten. [1905-10] * * *
tungsten processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Tungsten exhibits a body-centred cubic (bcc) crystal lattice. It has the highest ...
tungsten rating
a film-speed rating that indicates the relative sensitivity of a particular film stock to light from incandescent lamps with tungsten filaments. Also called tungsten speed. * * *
tungsten steel
an alloy steel containing tungsten. [1860-65] * * *
tungsten trioxide
Chem. a heavy, canary-yellow, water-insoluble powder, WO3, used in the manufacture of tungstates. Also called tungsten oxide, tungstic acid hydroxide, tungstic anhydride. * * *
tungstencarbide
tungsten carbide n. An extremely hard, fine gray powder whose composition is WC, used in tools, dies, wear-resistant machine parts, and abrasives. * * *
tungstenic
See tungsten. * * *
tungstenlamp
tungsten lamp n. An incandescent electric lamp with a tungsten filament. * * *
tungstensteel
tungsten steel n. A very hard, heat-resistant steel containing tungsten. * * *
tungstic
/tung"stik/, adj. Chem. of or containing tungsten, esp. in the pentavalent or hexavalent state. [1790-1800; TUNGST(EN) + -IC] * * *
tungstic acid
Chem. 1. a hydrate of tungsten trioxide, H2WO4·H2O, used in the manufacture of tungsten-lamp filaments. 2. any of a group of acids derived from tungsten by the addition of acid ...
tungsticacid
tungstic acid n. A yellow powder, H2WO4, used in textiles and plastics. * * *
tungstite
/tung"stuyt/, n. a yellow or yellowish-green mineral, tungsten trioxide, WO3, usually occurring in a pulverulent form. [1865-70; TUNGST(EN) + -ITE1] * * *
Tungting
/doong"ting"/, n. a lake in S China, in Hunan province. 1450 sq. mi. (3755 sq. km). * * *
tungtree
tung tree n. Any of several eastern Asian trees of the genus Aleurites, especially A. montana and A. fordii, cultivated for their seeds that yield a commercially valuable drying ...
Tungus
/toong goohz"/, n., pl. Tunguses, (esp. collectively) Tungus. 1. Evenki. 2. any member of a Tungusic-speaking people. [1620-30;
Tungusic
/toong gooh"zik/, n. 1. a family of languages spoken or formerly spoken in Manchuria and central and SE Siberia, including Manchu, Evenki, Even, and languages of the Amur River ...
Tunguska
/toong gooh"skeuh/; Russ. /toohn gooh"skeuh/, n. any of three tributaries of the Yenisei River in the central Russian Federation in Asia: includes the Lower Tunguska 2000 mi. ...
Tunguska Basin
Tunguska Basin [toon go͞os′kä] large coal basin in central Siberia, between the Yenisei & Lena rivers: it is drained by three rivers, the Lower Tunguska, Stony Tunguska, & ...
Tunguska event
(June 30, 1908) Enormous aerial explosion that flattened about 500,000 ac (2,000 sq km) of pine forest near the Stony Tunguska River in central Siberia. Its energy is estimated ...
Tunguska River
▪ river, Russia       either of two roughly parallel rivers of western Siberia, Russia, both tributaries of the Yenisey. Both rivers flow generally northwest, but the ...
Tunguz
/toong goohz"/, n., pl. Tunguzes, (esp. collectively) Tunguz. Tungus. * * *
tunic
/tooh"nik, tyooh"-/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. a coat worn as part of a military or other uniform. 2. a gownlike outer garment, with or without sleeves and sometimes belted, worn by ...
tunic flower.
See coat flower. * * *
tunica
/tooh"ni keuh, tyooh"-/, n., pl. tunicae /-see'/. Anat., Zool., Bot. a tunic. [ < NL, special use of L tunica tunic] * * *
tunicate
/tooh"ni kit, -kayt', tyooh"-/, n. 1. Zool. any sessile marine chordate of the subphylum Tunicata (Urochordata), having a saclike body enclosed in a thick membrane or tunic and ...
tunicle
/tooh"ni keuhl, tyooh"-/, n. Eccles. a vestment worn over the alb by subdeacons, as at the celebration of the Mass, and by bishops. [1350-1400; ME < L tunicula, equiv. to ...
tuning and temperament
In music, the adjustment of one sound source, such as a voice or string, to produce a desired pitch in relation to a given pitch, and the modification of that tuning to lessen ...
tuning fork
a steel instrument consisting of a stem with two prongs, producing a musical tone of definite, constant pitch when struck, and serving as a standard for tuning musical ...
tuning pipe.
See pitch pipe. [1925-30] * * *
tuningfork
tun·ing fork (to͞oʹnĭng, tyo͞oʹ-) PhotoDisc, Inc. n. A small two-pronged metal device that when struck produces a sound of fixed pitch that is used as a reference, as in ...
tuninghead
tuning head n. 1. The part of a stringed instrument adjoined to the end of the neck, where the strings are wound. 2. See tuning machine. * * *
tuningmachine
tuning machine n. A mechanism in the head of a guitar or similar instrument, consisting of a worm screw and gear attached to a post around which a string is wound, used to adjust ...
tuningsystem
tuning system n. Music An ordered collection of intervals that can be precisely expressed by rational numbers. * * *
Tunis
/tooh"nis, tyooh"-/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of Tunisia, in the NE part. 944,000. 2. one of the former Barbary States in N Africa, once notorious for its pirates: ...
Tunisia
—Tunisian, adj., n. /tooh nee"zheuh, -sheuh, -nizh"euh, -nish"euh, tyooh-/, n. a republic in N Africa, on the Mediterranean: a French protectorate until 1956. 9,183,097; 48,330 ...
Tunisia, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a red field (background) with a central white disk incorporating a red star and red crescent. The flag's ...
Tunisian
Tu·ni·sian (to͞o-nēʹzhən, -shən, tyo͞o-) adj. Of or relating to Tunisia or Tunis or their inhabitants. n. A native or inhabitant of Tunisia or Tunis. * * *
Tunja
/toohng"hah/, n. a city in central Colombia. 55,600. * * * ▪ Colombia       city and capital of Boyacá departamento, north-central Colombia. It lies in the high ...
tunka
/tung"keuh/, n. See wax gourd. [ < Chin (Wade-Giles) tung1kua1, (pinyin) donggua lit., winter melon] * * *
Tunker
/tung"keuhr/, n. Dunker. * * *
Tunkin, Grigory Ivanovich
▪ 1994       , Soviet diplomat and legal scholar (b. Oct. 13 [Sept. 30, old style], 1906, Chamovo, Russia—d. Aug. 23, 1993, Moscow, Russia), played a major role in the ...
tunnage
/tun"ij/, n. tonnage. * * *
tunnel
—tunneler; esp. Brit., tunneller, n. —tunnellike, adj. /tun"l/, n., v., tunneled, tunneling or (esp. Brit.) tunnelled, tunnelling. n. 1. an underground passage. 2. a ...
tunnel diode
☆ tunnel diode n. a semiconductor diode, containing many impurities, in which an increase in voltage across the diode first produces an increase in current, then a decrease, ...
tunnel disease
Pathol. 1. aeroembolism (def. 2). 2. hookworm (def. 2). [1885-90] * * *
tunnel effect
Physics. a quantum-mechanical process by which a particle can pass through a potential energy barrier that is higher than the energy of the particle: first postulated to explain ...
tunnel of love
a ride in an amusement park consisting of a dark, narrow, covered passageway through which small cars or boats are mechanically conveyed, usually frequented by ...
tunnel vault.
See barrel vault. * * *
tunnel vision
—tunnel-visioned, adj. 1. a drastically narrowed field of vision, as in looking through a tube, symptomatic of retinitis pigmentosa. 2. an extremely narrow or prejudiced ...
tunneldisease
tunnel disease n. See ancylostomiasis. * * *
tunneler
See tunnel. * * *
tunneling
tun·nel·ing (tŭnʹə-lĭng) n. In quantum mechanics, the passing of a particle through a seemingly impenetrable barrier without a cause that is explainable by classical ...
tunneling shield
▪ engineering  machine for driving tunnels in soft ground, especially under rivers or in water-bearing strata. The problem of tunneling under a river had defied the ...
Tunnell, Emlen
▪ American football player in full  Emlen Lewis Tunnell  born March 29, 1925, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, U.S. died July 23, 1975, Pleasantville, New York       American ...
tunneller
See tunneler. * * *
tunnels and underground excavations
▪ engineering Introduction        Great tunnels of the world Great tunnels of the worldhorizontal underground passageway produced by excavation or occasionally by ...
tunnelvault
tunnel vault n. See barrel vault. * * *
tunnelvision
tunnel vision n. 1. Vision in which the visual field is severely constricted, as from within a tunnel looking out. 2. An extremely narrow point of view; narrow-mindedness. * * *
Tunney
/tun"ee/, n. James Joseph ("Gene"), 1898-1978, U.S. boxer: world heavyweight champion 1926-28. * * *
Tunney, Gene
orig. James Joseph Tunney born May 25, 1898, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 7, 1978, Greenwich, Conn. U.S. boxer. Tunney boxed in the Marine Corps, earning the nickname "the ...
Tunney,James Joseph
Tun·ney (tŭnʹē), James Joseph. Known as “Gene.” 1898-1978. American prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship in 1926 by defeating Jack Dempsey, defeated ...
tunny
/tun"ee/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) tunny, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) tunnies. Chiefly Brit. tuna1. [1520-30; by apocope < ML tunnina false tunny, n. use ...
Tunstall, Cuthbert
▪ English prelate Tunstall also spelled  Tonstall  born 1474, Hackforth, Yorkshire, England died November 18, 1559, Lambeth, London       prelate, bishop of London ...
Tunstrom, Goran
▪ 2001       Swedish novelist, poet, and playwright (b. 1937, Sunne, Swed.—d. Feb. 5, 2000, Stockholm, Swed.), was widely regarded as Sweden's foremost contemporary ...
Tuolumne
Tu·ol·um·ne (to͞o-ŏlʹə-mē) A river, about 249 km (155 mi) long, of central California flowing generally westward to the San Joaquin River. * * *
Tuonela
/twaw"ne leuh/, n. Finnish Myth. the afterworld, an island on which the sun and moon never shine. Also called Manala. * * *
tup
/tup/, n., v., tupped, tupping. n. 1. Chiefly Brit. a male sheep; ram. 2. the head of a falling hammerlike mechanism, as of a steam hammer or pile driver. v.t. 3. Chiefly Brit. ...
Tupac Amarú
Peruvian revolutionary group. Founded in 1983, the group is best known for holding 490 people hostage in the Japanese embassy in Lima (1996) in an effort to gain the release of ...
Tupac Amaru II
▪ Incan revolutionary original name José Gabriel Condorcanqui born 1740, –42?, Peru died May 18, 1781, Cuzco, Peru       Peruvian Indian revolutionary, a ...
Tupac Shakur
➡ Shakur * * *
Tupamaro
Member of the National Liberation Movement, a Uruguayan leftist urban guerrilla organization founded с 1963 and named for Tupac Amarú II, an 18th-century Peruvian ...
tupelo
/tooh"peuh loh', tyooh"-/, n., pl. tupelos. 1. any of several trees of the genus Nyssa, having ovate leaves, clusters of minute flowers, and purple, berrylike fruit, esp. N. ...
Tupelo
/tooh"peuh loh', tyooh"-/, n. a city in NE Mississippi. 23,905. * * * Any of about seven species of trees that make up the genus Nyssa in the sour gum family (Nyssaceae). Five ...
Tupi
—Tupian, adj. /tooh pee", tooh"pee/, n., pl. Tupis, (esp. collectively) Tupi for 1. 1. a member of any of several related Indian peoples living in the valleys of various ...
Tupi-Guarani
—Tupi-Guaranian /tooh pee"gwahr'euh nee"euhn, tooh"pee-/, adj., n. /tooh pee"gwahr'euh nee", tooh"pee-/, n. a family of Indian languages including Tupi, Guarani, lingua geral, ...
Tupí-Guaraní languages
      one of the most widespread groups of South American Indian languages (after Arawakan). It is divided by some scholars into two major divisions: Tupí in eastern ...
Tupi-Guaranian
See Tupi-Guarani. * * *
Tupian
Tu·pi·an (to͞oʹpē-ən, to͞o-pēʹ-) n. 1. A subdivision of Tupi-Guarani that includes Tupi. 2. A member of a Tupian-speaking people. adj. Of or relating to Tupian or to a ...
Tupian languages
Family of South American Indian languages with at least seven subgroups, spoken or formerly spoken in scattered areas from the Andes Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean and (with two ...
Tupinambá
▪ people       South American Indian peoples who spoke Tupian languages and inhabited the eastern coast of Brazil from Ceará in the north to Porto Alegre in the south. ...
Tupiza
▪ Bolivia       town, southwest Bolivia. It lies in an Andean region at an elevation of 9,800 feet (2,990 metres) about 130 miles (210 km) west of Tarija. Once a ...
Tupolev
/tooh poh"leuhf/; Russ. /tooh"peuh lyif/, n. Andrei Nikolayevich /un drddyay" nyi ku lah"yi vyich/, 1888-1972, Russian engineer and aircraft designer. * * * officially ANTK ...
Tupolev Tu-144
▪ Soviet aircraft       world's first supersonic transport aircraft, designed by the veteran Soviet aircraft designer Andrey N. Tupolev (Tupolev, Andrey Nikolayevich) ...
Tupolev, Aleksey Andreyevich
▪ 2002       Russian aircraft designer (b. May 20, 1925, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. May 12, 2001, Moscow, Russia), designed many of the Soviet Union's most successful jet ...
Tupolev, Andrei (Nikolayevich)
born Nov. 10, 1888, Pustomazovo, Russia died Dec. 23, 1972, Moscow Russian aircraft designer. In 1918 he cofounded the U.S.S.R.'s Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute, and in ...
Tupolev, Andrey Nikolayevich
▪ Soviet aircraft designer born October 29 [November 10, New Style], 1888, Pustomazovo, Russia died December 23, 1972, Moscow  one of the Soviet Union's foremost aircraft ...
Tupou IV
▪ 2007 King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV        Tongan monarch (b. July 4, 1918, Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu island, British-protected Tonga—d. Sept. 10, 2006, Auckland, N.Z.), was ...
tuppence
/tup"euhns/, n. Brit. twopence. [1505-15; earlier tuppens, reduction of TWOPENCE] * * *
tuppenny
/tup"euh nee/, adj. twopenny (defs. 1-3). * * *
Tupper
/tup"euhr/, n. Sir Charles, 1821-1915, Canadian statesman: prime minister 1896. * * *
Tupper, Sir Charles, 1st Baronet
▪ prime minister of Canada born July 2, 1821, Amherst, Nova Scotia died Oct. 30, 1915, Bexleyheath, Eng.  premier of Nova Scotia from 1864 to 1867 and prime minister of ...
Tupper,Sir Charles
Tup·per (tŭpʹər), Sir Charles. 1821-1915. Canadian politician who helped establish Nova Scotia as a province of Canada (1867) and served as prime minister (1896). * * *


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