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Tupperware parties
➡ Tupperware * * *
Tupperware{™}
n [U] a make of plastic containers for storing food in, widely used in Britain. When it was first introduced in the 1960s, the company paid people to hold Tupperware parties in ...
Tupungato
/tooh'poohng gah"taw/, n. a mountain between Argentina and Chile, in the Andes. ab. 22,310 ft. (6800 m). * * *
tuque
/toohk, tyoohk/, n. a heavy stocking cap worn in Canada. Also, toque. [1870-75; < CanF, var. of F toque TOQUE] * * *
tuquoque
tu quo·que (to͞o kwōʹkwē, -kwā, tyo͞o) n. A retort accusing an accuser of a similar offense or similar behavior.   [Latin tū quoque, you also : tū, you + quoque, ...
Ṭūr, Aṭ-
▪ Egypt       town, capital of Janūb Sīnāʾ muḥāfaẓah (governorate), southwestern Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. It lies on the coast of the Gulf of Suez. Aṭ-Ṭūr ...
Tura
/tooh"rddah/, n. Cosimo /kaw"zee maw/, c1430-98?, Italian painter. * * * ▪ Russia       urban settlement and administrative centre of the former Evenk autonomous okrug ...
Tura, Cosimo
or Cosmè Tura born с 1430, Ferrara died 1495, Ferrara Italian painter. Court painter to the Este family at Ferrara, his early Renaissance style was influenced by Andrea ...
Tura, Cosmè
▪ Italian painter Cosmè also spelled  Cosimo   born c. 1430, Ferrara [Italy] died 1495, Ferrara  early Italian Renaissance painter who was the founder and the first ...
Turābī, Ḥasan al-
born 1932, The Sudan Sudanese Muslim religious scholar and lawyer. After receiving a traditional Muslim education, he studied at the University of London and the Sorbonne in ...
turaco
/toor"euh koh'/, n., pl. turacos. touraco. * * * ▪ bird also spelled  touraco,  also called  lourie  or  plantain-eater   any of about 18 species in six genera of ...
Turan Plain
▪ region, Central Asia Uzbek  Turon        extensive lowland in southwestern Kazakhstan and northwestern Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. It is bounded by the Saryarqa ...
Turanian
/too ray"nee euhn, tyoo-/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to a group of Asian peoples or languages comprising nearly all of those that are neither Indo-European nor Semitic. 2. ...
turban
—turbaned, adj. —turbanless, adj. —turbanlike, adj. /terr"beuhn/, n. 1. a man's headdress worn chiefly by Muslims in southern Asia, consisting of a long cloth of silk, ...
turban shell
▪ gastropod family  any marine snail of the family Turbinidae (subclass Prosobranchia of the class Gastropoda) that has a wide aperture in the first whorl of the stout shell, ...
turban squash
a turban-shaped variety of winter squash, Cucurbita maxima turbaniformis. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
turbary
/terr"beuh ree/, n., pl. turbaries. 1. land, or a piece of land, where turf or peat may be dug or cut. 2. Law. the right to cut turf or peat on a common land or on another ...
Turbat
▪ Pakistan       town, Balochistān province, Pakistan. The town is located on the left bank of the Kech River, which is a tributary to the Dasht River. The area in ...
Turbay Ayala, Julio Cesar
▪ 2006  Colombian politician (b. June 18, 1916, Bogotá, Colom.—d. Sept. 13, 2005, Bogotá), served (1978–82) as president of Colombia during a turbulent time. Turbay was ...
türbe
▪ mausoleum (Turkish: “tomb-tower”),Persian  Gonbad,         form of mausoleum architecture developed by and popular among the Seljuq Turks in Iran (mid-11th to ...
turbellarian
/terr'beuh lair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging to the Turbellaria, a class of platyhelminths or flatworms, mostly aquatic and having cilia on the body surface. n. 2. a turbellarian ...
Turberville, George
▪ English poet Turberville also spelled  Turbervile   born 1540?, Winterbourne Whitchurch, Dorset, Eng. died before 1597       first English poet to publish a book ...
turbid
—turbidity, turbidness, n. —turbidly, adv. /terr"bid/, adj. 1. not clear or transparent because of stirred-up sediment or the like; clouded; opaque; obscured: the turbid ...
turbidimeter
—turbidimetry, n. —turbidimetric /terr'bi deuh me"trik/, adj. —turbidimetrically, adv. /terr'bi dim"i teuhr/, n. a device for measuring the turbidity of water or other ...
turbidimetric
See turbidimeter. * * *
turbidimetrically
See turbidimetric. * * *
turbidimetry
See turbidimetric. * * *
turbidite
/terr"bi duyt'/, n. Geol. a sedimentary deposit laid down by a turbidity current. [1955-60; TURBID + -ITE1] * * *
turbidity
See turbidly. * * *
turbidity current
Geol. a turbid, dense current of sediments in suspension moving along the slope and bottom of a lake or ocean. Also called density current. * * * Underwater current of abrasive ...
turbiditycurrent
turbidity current n. A swift downhill current in water, air, or other fluid, triggered by the weight of suspended material such as silt in a current flowing down a continental ...
turbidly
See turbid. * * *
turbidness
See turbidly. * * *
Turbina
▪ plant genus       a genus of some 15 species of plants, native in tropical America and Southeast Asia, belonging to the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae). Of ...
turbinado (sugar)
☆ turbinado (sugar) or turbinado [tʉr΄bi nä′dō ] n. 〚Cuban Sp < turbina, centrifuge for processing sugar, TURBINE + -ado, -ATE1〛 a partially refined, granulated, ...
turbinal
/terr"beuh nl/, adj. 1. turbinate. n. 2. Anat. a turbinate bone. [1575-85; < L turbin- (s. of turbo a whirlwind, top; see TURBINE) + -AL1] * * *
turbinate
—turbination, n. /terr"beuh nit, -nayt'/, adj. 1. Also, turbinated. 2. having the shape of an inverted cone; scroll-like; whorled; spiraled. 3. Anat. of or pertaining to ...
turbination
tur·bi·na·tion (tûr'bə-nāʹshən) n. A turbinate formation. * * *
turbine
/terr"bin, -buyn/, n. any of various machines having a rotor, usually with vanes or blades, driven by the pressure, momentum, or reactive thrust of a moving fluid, as steam, ...
turbine ventilator
a ventilator, usually mounted on the roof of a building, deck of a ship, etc., having at its head a globular, vaned rotor that is rotated by the wind, conveying air through a ...
turbit
/terr"bit/, n. one of a breed of domestic pigeons having a stout, roundish body, a short head and beak, and a ruffled breast and neck. [1680-90; var. of TURBOT; appar. because, ...
turbo
/terr"boh/, n., pl. turbos. 1. turbine. 2. Informal. turbocharger. 3. an automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine equipped with a turbocharger. [1655-65, in sense ...
turbo train
▪ transportation       high-speed passenger train powered by a gas-turbine engine similar to that used in jet aircraft. Unlike conventional trains, the turbo variety ...
turbo-
a combining form representing turbine in compound words: turbojet. [TURB(INE) + -O-] * * *
turbo-electric
/terr'boh i lek"trik/, adj. noting, pertaining to, or utilizing machinery that includes a generator driven by a turbine: turbo-electric engine; turbo-electric ...
turbo-propeller engine
/terr"boh preuh pel'euhr/, Aeron. a jet engine with a turbine-driven propeller that produces the principal thrust, augmented by the thrust of the jet exhaust. Also called propjet ...
turbo-ramjet engine
/terr'boh ram"jet'/ a combination engine that can be operated as a turbojet or ramjet engine. [1945-50] * * *
turbocharge
/terr"boh chahrj'/, v.t., turbocharged, turbocharging. 1. to equip (an internal-combustion engine) with a turbocharger. 2. Informal. to speed up; accelerate. [1940-45; TURBO- + ...
turbocharged
See turbocharger. * * *
turbocharger
/terr"boh chahr'jeuhr/, n. a supercharger that is driven by a turbine turned by exhaust gases from the engine. Also called turbo. [1930-35; TURBO- + (SUPER)CHARGER] * * *
turbofan
/terr"boh fan'/, n. a jet engine having a large impeller that takes in air, part of which is used in combustion of fuel, the remainder being mixed with the products of combustion ...
turbogenerator
turbogenerator [tʉr΄bō jen′ər āt΄ər] n. a generator driven by and directly coupled to a turbine * * *
turbojet
/terr"boh jet'/, n. 1. See turbojet engine. 2. an airplane equipped with one or more turbojet engines. [1940-45; TURBO- + JET1] * * * Jet engine in which a turbine-driven ...
turbojet engine
a jet-propulsion engine in which air from the atmosphere is compressed for combustion by a turbine-driven compressor. [1940-45] * * *
turboprop
/terr"boh prop'/, n. 1. See turbo-propeller engine. 2. an airplane equipped with one or more turbo-propeller engines. [1940-45; TURBO- + PROP3] * * * Hybrid engine that provides ...
turbopump
/terr"boh pump'/, n. a turbine-driven pump, as one used to feed propellant to a rocket engine. [1900-05; TURBO- + PUMP1] * * *
turboramjet
tur·bo·ram·jet (tûr'bō-rămʹjĕt') n. 1. A turbojet engine that can be operated as a ramjet. 2. An aircraft in which a turboramjet is used. * * *
turboshaft
/terr"boh shaft', -shahft'/, n. Aeron. a gas turbine used to deliver shaft power, as to a helicopter rotor. Also called turboshaft engine. [1955-60; TURBO- + SHAFT] * * *
turbosuper-charged
See turbosupercharger. * * *
turbosupercharger
/terr'boh sooh"peuhr chahr'jeuhr/, n. (formerly) a turbocharger. [1930-35; TURBO- + SUPERCHARGER] * * *
turbot
/terr"beuht/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) turbot, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) turbots. 1. a European flatfish, Psetta maxima, having a diamond-shaped body: ...
turbotrain
/terr"boh trayn'/, n. a train powered by a gas-turbine locomotive. [1965-70; TURBO- + TRAIN] * * *
turbulence
/terr"byeuh leuhns/, n. 1. the quality or state of being turbulent; violent disorder or commotion. 2. Hydraulics. the haphazard secondary motion caused by eddies within a moving ...
turbulent
—turbulently, adv. /terr"byeuh leuhnt/, adj. 1. being in a state of agitation or tumult; disturbed: turbulent feelings or emotions. 2. characterized by, or showing disturbance, ...
turbulent flow
Hydraul. the flow of a fluid past an object such that the velocity at any fixed point in the fluid varies irregularly. Cf. streamline flow. [1920-25] * * * Fluid flow in which ...
turbulentflow
turbulent flow n. The motion of a fluid having local velocities and pressures that fluctuate randomly. * * *
turbulently
See turbulent. * * *
Turco-
a combining form representing Turkish or Turkic in compound words. Also, Turko-. * * *
Turcoman
/terr"keuh meuhn/, n., pl. Turcomans. 1. Turkoman. 2. Turkmen. * * *
Turcophile
/terr"keuh fuyl'/, n. 1. a person who favors or admires Turkey, Turkish customs, or Turks. adj. 2. tending to favor Turkey or Turkish customs. Also, Turcophil /terr"keuh fil/, ...
Turcophobe
—Turcophobia, n. /terr"keuh fohb'/, n. a person who has a morbid fear of Turks. Also, Turkophobe. [1895-1900; TURCO- + -PHOBE] * * *
turd
/terrd/, n. Slang (vulgar). 1. a piece of excrement. 2. a mean, contemptible person. [bef. 1000; ME; OE tord] * * *
Turda
▪ Romania       city, Cluj judeţ (county), west-central Romania, on the Arieş River. Turda was first a Dacian settlement (Dierna) and later a Roman castrum ...
Turdidae
▪ bird family       songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of the thrushes, bluebirds, robins, and other birds—about 305 species of the most renowned ...
turdine
/terr"duyn, -din/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the family Turdidae, comprising the true thrushes. [1885-90; < NL Turdinae subfamily name, equiv. to Turd(us) genus name (L: ...
Tureck
/toor"ek, tyoor"-/, n. Rosalyn /roz"euh lin/, born 1914, U.S. pianist. * * *
Tureck, Rosalyn
▪ 2004       American pianist, teacher, writer, and conductor (b. Dec. 14, 1914, Chicago, Ill.—d. July 17, 2003, New York, N.Y.), sparked new interest in the composer ...
tureen
/too reen", tyoo-/, n. a large, deep, covered dish for serving soup, stew, or other foods. [1700-10; earlier terrene < F terrine earthenware dish, MF, fem. of terrin of the ...
Turenne
/too ren"/; Fr. /tyuu rdden"/, n. Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne de /ahonn rddee" deuh lann toohrdd" doh verddn"yeu deuh/, 1611-75, French general and marshal. * * *
Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de
▪ French military leader Introduction (viscount of ) born Sept. 11, 1611, Sedan, Fr. died July 27, 1675, Sasbach, Baden-Baden  French military leader, marshal of France ...
Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de
orig. Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne born Sept. 11, 1611, Sedan, France died July 27, 1675, Sasbach, Baden-Baden French military leader. He earned his reputation as a military ...
Turenne,Vicomte de
Tu·renne (to͝o-rĕnʹ, tü-), Vicomte de Title of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne. 1611-1675. French military leader noted for his campaigns in France and Italy (1635-1642) during ...
turf
—turfless, adj. —turflike, adj. /terrf/, n., pl. turfs, (esp. Brit.) turves; v. n. 1. a layer of matted earth formed by grass and plant roots. 2. peat, esp. as material for ...
turfaccountant
turf accountant n. Chiefly British A bookmaker licensed to take bets on horse races. * * *
Turfan
▪ China Chinese (Pinyin)  Turpan  or   (Wade-Giles romanization)  T'u-lu-p'an        city, north-central Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (Sinkiang, Uygur ...
Turfan Depression
▪ mountain basin, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Tulufan Pendi  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  T'u-lu-f'an P'en-ti,  also called  Turpan Basin        deep mountain ...
turfman
/terrf"meuhn/, n., pl. turfmen. a person who is extremely devoted to horse racing. [1810-20; TURF + -MAN] * * *
turfski
/terrf"skee'/, n., pl. turfskis. a short ski with rollers on the bottom used in turfskiing. [1965-70; TURF + SKI] * * *
turfskiing
/terrf"skee'ing/, n. the sport of skiing down grass slopes on skis outfitted with rollers. Also called grass skiing. [TURF + SKIING] * * *
turfy
—turfiness, n. /terr"fee/, adj., turfier, turfiest. 1. covered with or consisting of grassy turf. 2. resembling turf; turflike. 3. of the nature of or abounding in peat. 4. of, ...
Turgay
▪ oblast, Kazakstan also spelled  Turgai, or Turgaj,         oblast (province), central Kazakhstan. It was created in 1970, though a larger oblast of the same name ...
Turgay Valley
▪ valley, Kazakstan Kazak  Torghay        depression in western Kazakhstan. Some 12–125 miles (20–200 km) wide, it runs roughly north-south for about 375 miles ...
Turgenev
/terr gen"yeuhf, -gayn"-/; Russ. /toohrdd gye"nyif/, n. Ivan Sergeevich /ee vahn" syirdd gye"yi vyich/, 1818-83, Russian novelist. Also, Turgeniev. * * *
Turgenev, Ivan (Sergeyevich)
born Nov. 9, 1818, Oryol, Russia died Sept. 3, 1883, Bougival, near Paris, France Russian novelist, poet, and playwright. His years at the University of Berlin convinced him of ...
Turgenev, Ivan Sergeyevich
▪ Russian author Introduction born October 28 [November 9, New Style], 1818, Oryol, Russia died August 22 [September 3], 1883, Bougival, near Paris, France  Russian (Russian ...
Turgenev, Nikolay Ivanovich
▪ Russian government official born Oct. 23 [Oct. 12, Old Style], 1789, Simbirsk [now Ulyanovsk], Russia died Nov. 10 [Oct. 29], 1871, Paris       Russian government ...
Turgenev,Ivan Sergeevich
Tur·ge·nev (to͝or-gānʹyəf, -gĕnʹ-, to͞or-gyĕʹnyĭf), Ivan Sergeevich. 1818-1883. Russian writer whose works include the collection of stories A Sportsman's Sketches ...
turgescence
tur·ges·cence (tûr-jĕsʹəns) n. 1. a. The condition of being swollen. b. The process of swelling. 2. Pomposity; self-importance.   [From Latin turgēscere, to begin to ...
turgescent
—turgescence, turgescency, n. /terr jes"euhnt/, adj. becoming swollen; swelling. [1720-30; < L turgescent- (s. of turgescens), prp. of turgescere to begin to swell, equiv. to ...
turgid
—turgidity, turgidness, n. —turgidly, adv. /terr"jid/, adj. 1. swollen; distended; tumid. 2. inflated, overblown, or pompous; bombastic: turgid language. [1660-70; < L ...
turgidity
See turgid. * * *
turgidly
See turgidity. * * *
turgidness
See turgidity. * * *
turgor
/terr"geuhr/, n. 1. Plant Physiol. the normal distention or rigidity of plant cells, resulting from the pressure exerted by the cell contents on the cell walls. 2. the state of ...
Turgot
/tyuurdd goh"/, n. Anne Robert Jacques /annn" rddaw berdd" zhahk"/, 1727-81, French statesman, financier, and economist. * * *
Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques, baron de l'Aulne
born , May 10, 1727, Paris, France died March 18, 1781, Paris French administrator and economist. He entered the royal administrative branch of the magistracy in 1753, then ...
Turgot,Anne Robert Jacques
Tur·got (to͝or-gōʹ, tür-), Anne Robert Jacques. 1727-1781. French economist. Appointed controller general under Louis XVI (1774), he was dismissed (1776) after proposing ...
Tŭrgovishte
▪ Bulgaria also spelled  Tărgovište,  formerly  (until 1934) Eski Dzhumaya,         town, eastern Bulgaria, on the Vrana River. Known formerly for its great ...
Turin
/toor"in, tyoor"-, too rin", tyoo-/, n. a city in NW Italy, on the Po: capital of the Kingdom of Italy 1860-65. 1,188,689. Italian, Torino. * * * Italian Torino City (pop., ...
Turin faience
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware made in Turin, Italy, from the 16th century through the 18th. It is known that the Genoese G.G. Bianchi opened a pottery factory ...
Turin Papyrus
also called  Turin Papyrus of Kings  or  Turin Canon        hieratic (hieratic script) manuscript of the 19th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (1292–1190 BCE) of ancient ...
Turin, Shroud of
Linen fragment that for centuries was said to be the burial garment of Jesus. It has been preserved since 1578 in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of San Giovanni Battista in ...
Turin, University of
▪ university, Turin, Italy Italian  Università Degli Studi Di Torino,         autonomous coeducational state institution of higher learning in Turin, Italy, that was ...
Turina, Joaquín
▪ Spanish composer born December 9, 1882, Sevilla, Spain died January 14, 1949, Madrid  Spanish composer who helped to promote the national character of 20th-century Spanish ...
Turing
Turing [toor′iŋ, tyoor′iŋ] Alan Mathison [math′i sən] 1912-54; Brit. mathematician: pioneer in computer theory * * * (as used in expressions) Turing machine Turing ...
Turing machine
/toor"ing, tyoor"-/, Math. a hypothetical device with a set of logical rules of computation: the concept is used in mathematical studies of the computability of numbers and in ...
Turing test
Test proposed by Alan M. Turing to determine whether a computer can be said to "think. " Turing suggested the "imitation game," wherein a remote human interrogator, within a ...
Turing, Alan (Mathison)
born June 23, 1912, London, Eng. died June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire English mathematician and logician. He studied at the Universityof Cambridge and at Princeton's Institute ...
Turing, Alan M.
▪ English mathematician Introduction in full  Alan Mathison Turing  born June 23, 1912, London, England died June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire  British mathematician and ...
Turing,Alan Mathison
Tur·ing (to͝orʹĭng), Alan Mathison. 1912-1954. English mathematician whose works explored the possibility of computers and raised fundamental questions about artificial ...
Turingmachine
Turing machine n. A hypothetical computing device capable of storing information and responding to computational questions, used in mathematical studies of ...
turion
/toor"ee on', tyoor"-/, n. Bot. a small shoot, as of asparagus or certain aquatic plants, from which a new plant can develop. [ < L turion- (s. of turio) young shoot] * * *
Turishcheva, Lyudmila Ivanovna
▪ Soviet gymnast born October 7, 1952, Grozny, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet gymnast who was European champion (1971, 1973), world champion (1970, 1974), and an Olympic ...
turista
/too ree"steuh/, n. tourista. * * *
turiya
/teuh ree"yeuh/, n. Yoga. the fourth state of consciousness, beyond thought, love, and will, and beyond the awareness of variety, duality, and unity. Also, turya. [ < Skt ...
Turk
/terrk/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Turkey. 2. (formerly) a native or inhabitant of the Ottoman Empire. 3. a Muslim, esp. a subject of the Sultan of Turkey. 4. a member of ...
Turk's-cap lily
/terrks"kap'/ either of two lilies, Lilum martagon or L. superbum, having nodding flowers with the perianth segments rolled backward. Also called Martagon lily. [1785-95] * * *
Turk's-caplily
Turk's-cap lily (tûrksʹkăp') n. 1. Either of two North American lilies, Lilium michauxii or L. superbum, having orange-red, spotted flowers with a reflexed perianth. 2. See ...
Turk's-head
/terrks"hed'/, n. a turbanlike knot of small cords, made around a rope, spar, etc. [1715-25] * * *
Turk's-head cactus
a cactus, Melocactus communis, of Jamaica, having needlelike spines and a cylindrical body with a tawny-red, fezlike terminal part bearing red flowers. Also called Turk's-cap ...
Turk.
1. Turkey. 2. Also, Turk Turkish. * * *
Turkana
/toor kah"neuh/, n., pl. Turkanas, (esp. collectively) Turkana for 1. 1. a member of a seminomadic people of northwestern Kenya and bordering areas of Uganda. 2. the Nilotic ...
Turkana,Lake
Tur·ka·na (tər-kănʹə, to͝or-käʹnə), Lake also Lake Ru·dolf (ro͞oʹdŏlf') A lake of northwest Kenya in the Great Rift Valley bordering on Ethiopia. * * *
Turkes, Alpaslan
▪ 1998       Cypriot-born Turkish army officer and politician who was a leader of the military overthrow of the Turkish government in 1960; he later formed the ...
Turkestan
—Turkestanian, adj., n. /terr'keuh stan", -stahn"/, n. a vast region in W and central Asia, E of the Caspian Sea: includes territory in the S central part of Xinjiang province ...
turkey
/terr"kee/, n., pl. turkeys, (esp. collectively) turkey. 1. a large, gallinaceous bird of the family Meleagrididae, esp. Meleagris gallopavo, of America, that typically has ...
Turkey
/terr"kee/, n. a republic in W Asia and SE Europe. 63,528,225; 296,184 sq. mi. (767,120 sq. km). (286,928 sq. mi. (743,145 sq. km) in Asia; 9257 sq. mi. (23,975 sq. km) in ...
turkey buzzard.
See turkey vulture. [1665-75, Amer.] * * *
turkey cock
1. the male of the turkey. 2. a strutting, pompous, conceited person. [1535-45] * * *
turkey oak
any of several oaks, as Quercus cerris, of Eurasia, or Q. laevis and Q. incana, of the southern U.S., that grow on dry, sandy barrens. [1700-10, Amer.] * * *
Turkey red
1. a bright red produced in fabrics by madder, alizarin, or synthetic dyes. 2. cotton cloth of this color. 3. See Adrianople red. [1780-90] * * *
turkey shoot
1. a marksmanship contest, usually at a festive gathering, in which rifles are fired at moving targets, originally live turkeys. 2. - a. something easily accomplished; piece of ...
turkey trot
a round dance, danced by couples, properly to ragtime, the step being a springy walk with little or no bending of the knees, and accompanied by a swinging motion of the body with ...
turkey vulture
a blackish-brown vulture, Cathartes aura, from the southern U.S. to South America, having a bare, wrinkled, red head and neck. Also called turkey buzzard. See illus. under ...
Turkey work
▪ embroidery       form of knotted embroidery practiced in England from the 16th century to the mid-18th century, but especially in the 17th century. Used for upholstery ...
Turkey's Secular/Islamic Conundrum
▪ 2009 by Metin Heper       By the summer of 2008, there was an urgent need in Turkey for a consensus on the true meaning of laicism ( secularism) between the secularist ...
Turkey, flag of
▪ Flag History       national (Turkey) flag consisting of a red field (background) with a central white star and crescent. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of ...
turkey-trot
/terr"kee trot'/, v.i., turkey-trotted, turkey-trotting. to dance the turkey trot. * * *
turkeybuzzard
turkey buzzard n. See turkey vulture. * * *
turkeycock
turkey cock n. 1. A male turkey. 2. A strutting, conceited person. * * *
Turkeyred
Turkey red n. A brilliant red.   [From its use in cotton cloth manufactured in Turkey.] * * *
turkeytrot
turkey trot n. A ragtime dance marked by a springy walk with the feet well apart and a swinging up-and-down movement of the shoulders. * * *
turkeyvulture
turkey vulture n. A New World vulture (Cathartes aura) having dark plumage and a bare red head and neck similar to that of the turkey. Also called turkey buzzard. * * *
Turki
/terr"kee, toor"-/, n. 1. the Turkic languages of central Asia, taken collectively. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Turki or to the peoples speaking these languages. [ < Pers, equiv. ...
Turkic
/terr"kik/, n. 1. a family of closely related languages of southwest, central, and northern Asia and eastern Europe, including Turkish, Azerbaijani, Turkmen, Uzbek, Kirghiz, and ...
Turkic languages
Family of more than 20 Altaic languages spoken by some 135 million people from the Balkans to central Siberia. The traditional division of Turkic is into four groups. The ...
Turkic Languages*, Table
▪ Table Table 38: Turkic Languages*   approximate number of speakers Southwestern (Oghuz) branch   West Oghuz      Turkish (Turkey 55,000,000; Germany ...
Turkic peoples
Any of various peoples who speak one of the Turkic languages. They are connected with the Tuque (T'u-chüeh), nomadic people who in the 6th century AD founded an empire ...
Turkish
—Turkishly, adv. —Turkishness, n. /terr"kish/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or derived from Turkey or the Turks. 2. of or pertaining to the language of ...
Turkish Angora cat
Breed of longhaired domestic cat that probably arose from a domesticated cat of Tatars who migrated to Turkey, where it is now regarded as a national treasure. It has a long ...
Turkish bath
a bath in which the bather, after copious perspiration in a steam room, showers and has a rubdown. [1635-45] * * * Bath originating in the Middle East, combining exposure to ...
Turkish checkers
▪ game       board game, variety of the game checkers (draughts) in which all 64 squares of the board are used. There are 16 men to a side, 8 each on the second and ...
Turkish coffee
a strong, usually sweetened coffee, made by boiling the pulverized coffee beans. [1915-20] * * *
Turkish crescent
crescent (def. 6). * * *
Turkish delight
a candy made of fruit juice and gelatin, cubed and dusted with sugar. Also called Turkish paste. [1865-70] * * *
Turkish Empire
Turkish Empire OTTOMAN EMPIRE * * *
Turkish Empire.
See Ottoman Empire. * * *
Turkish knot.
See Ghiordes knot. * * *
Turkish language
Turkic language of Turkey, spoken by about 90% of its population. Turkish has about 59 million speakers, with many enclaves in the Balkans and Cyprus (dating from Ottoman times) ...
Turkish literature
Introduction       the body of written works in the Turkish language.       The earliest Turkish literature was produced in Mongol-controlled Anatolia during the ...
Turkish pound
the Turkish lira. * * *
Turkish rug
any of a large variety of handwoven rugs produced in Turkey, characterized by coarse, heavy yarn and a long, uneven pile. Also called Turkish carpet. [1900-05] * * *
Turkish style
▪ decorative arts also called  Moorish style         a fashion of furniture and decorative design based on Middle Eastern styles that flourished from the latter half ...
Turkish tobacco
a strongly aromatic tobacco, grown chiefly in Turkey and Greece, used in cigarettes. * * *
Turkish towel
a thick cotton towel with a long nap usually composed of uncut loops. Also, turkish towel. [1860-65] * * *
Turkish van cat
Breed of semi-longhaired domestic cat distinguished mainly by its unusual colour pattern: white, with coloured markings only on the head and tail. "Van" is a common term in the ...
Turkishbath
Turkish bath n. 1. a. A steam bath that induces heavy perspiration in the bather and is followed by a shower and massage. b. An establishment where facilities are available for ...
Turkishcoffee
Turkish coffee n. A sweetened brew of pulverized coffee. * * *
Turkishdelight
Turkish delight n. A candy usually consisting of jellylike cubes covered with powdered sugar. * * *
TurkishEmpire
Turkish Empire See Ottoman Empire. * * *
Turkishtowel
Turkish towel n. A thick towel with a nap of uncut pile. * * *
Turkism
/terr"kiz euhm/, n. the culture, beliefs, principles, practices, etc., of the Turks. [1585-95; TURK + -ISM] * * *
Turkistan
/terr'keuh stan", -stahn"/, n. Turkestan. * * * or Turkestan Historical region, Central Asia. This somewhat broad geographic region situated between Siberia to the north and ...
Turkistan Range
▪ mountain range, Central Asia also called  Turkestan Mountains,         mountain range in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Branching off from the Alay ...
Turkman
—Turkmenian /terrk mee"nee euhn/, adj. /terrk"meuhn/, n., pl. Turkmen. a native or inhabitant of Turkmenistan. [1475-85; alter. of TURKOMAN] * * *
Turkmen
/terrk"men, -meuhn/, n. the language of the Turkman people, a Turkic language spoken mostly east of the Caspian Sea in Turkmenistan but also in parts of European Russia, Iran, ...
Turkmen language
      member of the Turkic language family, which is a subfamily of the Altaic languages. Turkmen is spoken in Turkmenistan, in parts of neighbouring Kazakhstan and ...
Turkmen literature
      the body of written works produced by the Turkmen people of Central Asia.       Reconstructing a literary history of the Turkmen is extremely difficult. They ...
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic [tʉrk′mən] a republic of the U.S.S.R.: now TURKMENISTAN: also Turkmenia [tərk mē′nē ə, tərkmēn′yə] * * *
Turkmenbashi
▪ Turkmenistan also spelled  Türkmenbashy , formerly  Krasnovodsk,         port city, western Turkmenistan. The city was renamed in 1993 by Turkmenistan's ...
Turkmenistan
/terrk'me neuh stan", -stahn"/, n. a republic in central in Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, Iran, and Afghanistan. 4,225,351; 188,417 sq. mi. (488,000 sq. km). Cap.: Ashkhabad. ...
Turkmenistan, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a green field (background) with a white crescent and five stars; near the hoist a claret (Bordeaux-red) stripe bears ...
Turko-
var. of Turco-. * * *
Turko-Tatar
/terr'koh tah"teuhr/, n., adj. Turkic. * * *
Turkoman
/terr"keuh meuhn/, n., pl. Turkomans. 1. a member of a Turkish people consisting of a group of tribes that inhabit the region near the Aral Sea and parts of Iran and ...
Turkoman rug
any of a number of handwoven rugs produced by the Turkomans and characterized by coarse warp and filling yarn, a short, even pile made with the Sehna knot, and a variety of ...
Turkomen
/terr"keuh men', -meuhn/, n. Turkmenistan. * * *
Turkophile
/terr"keuh fuyl'/, n., adj. Turcophile. Also, Turkophil /terr"keuh fil/. * * *
Turkophobe
—Turkophobia, n. /terr"keuh fohb'/, n. Turcophobe. * * *
Turks and Caicos Islands
/terrks; kuy"kohs, kay"-/ two groups of islands in the SE Bahamas: British crown colonies. 5675; ab. 166 sq. mi. (430 sq. km). Cap.: Grand Turk. * * * Turks and Caicos Islands ...
Turksand Caicos Islands
Turks and Cai·cos Islands (tûrks; kāʹkəs, kīʹkōs) Two island groups of the British West Indies in the Atlantic Ocean in the southeast part of the Bahama Islands. The ...
Turku
/toor"kooh/, n. a seaport in SW Finland. 163,400. Swedish, Åbo. * * * ▪ Finland Swedish  Åbo,         city, southwestern Finland, at the mouth of the Aura River, ...
turle knot
/terrl/, Angling. a special kind of knot for tying a leader, esp. of gut, to an eyed hook or fly. [after W. G. Turle, 19th-century English angler] * * *
Turloch O'Connor
▪ king of Connaught also spelled  Turlough O'Conor , Old Irish  Toirdelbach Ua Conchubair  born 1088, Connaught, Ire. died 1156       king of Connaught and from ...
Turlock
/terr"lok'/, n. a town in central California. 26,291. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Stanislaus county, central California, U.S. It lies in the San ...
turmaline
/toor"meuh lin; -leen', terr"-/, n. tourmaline. * * *
turmeric
/terr"meuhr ik/, n. 1. the aromatic rhizome of an Asian plant, Curcuma domestica (or C. longa), of the ginger family. 2. a powder prepared from it, used as a condiment, as in ...
turmeric paper
paper treated with turmeric: used to indicate the presence of alkalis, which turn it brown, or of boric acid, which turns it reddish-brown. [1800-10] * * *
turmericpaper
turmeric paper n. Paper saturated with turmeric and used to detect the presence of alkalis, which turn the paper brown, or boric acid, which turns it red-brown. * * *
turmoil
/terr"moyl/, n. 1. a state of great commotion, confusion, or disturbance; tumult; agitation; disquiet: mental turmoil caused by difficult decisions. 2. Obs. harassing ...
turn
—turnable, adj. /terrn/, v.t. 1. to cause to move around on an axis or about a center; rotate: to turn a wheel. 2. to cause to move around or partly around, as for the purpose ...
turn button
button (def. 9). [1840-50] * * *
turn indicator
Aeron. a flight instrument that indicates the angular rate of turn of an aircraft about its vertical axis. Cf. bank-and-turn indicator. [1915-20] * * *
Turn of the Screw, The
a short novel (1898) by Henry James. * * *
turn signal
any of four signal lights on the front left, front right, rear left, and rear right of an automotive vehicle that, when actuated by the driver, flash in pairs on the side toward ...
turn-and-bank indicator
/terrn"euhn bangk"/, Aeron. See bank-and-turn indicator. * * *
turn-and-slip indicator
/terrn"euhn slip"/. See bank-and-turn indicator. [1950-55] * * *
turn-on
turn-on [tʉrn′on΄] n. Slang someone or something regarded as being interesting, exciting, arousing, etc. * * * turn-on (tûrnʹŏn', -ôn') n. Slang Something that causes ...
turnabout
/terrn"euh bowt'/, n. 1. the act of turning in a different or opposite direction. 2. a change of opinion, loyalty, etc. 3. a reciprocal action; act of doing to someone exactly as ...
turnaround
/terrn"euh rownd'/, n. 1. the total time consumed in the round trip of a ship, aircraft, vehicle, etc. 2. turnabout. 3. change of allegiance, opinion, mood, policy, etc. 4. a ...
turnbuckle
/terrn"buk'euhl/, n. a link or sleeve with a swivel at one end and an internal screw thread at the other, or with an internal screw thread at each end, used as a means of uniting ...
Turnbull, Colin Macmillan
▪ 1995       British-born anthropologist (b. Nov. 23, 1924, Harrow, England—d. July 28, 1994, Kilmarnock, Va.), conducted extensive field studies in Africa among the ...
Turnbull, Herbert Westren
▪ English mathematician born August 31, 1885, Tettenhall, Wolverhampton, England died May 4, 1961, Grasmere, Westmoreland       English mathematician who made ...
Turnbull, Malcolm
▪ Australian politician in full  Malcolm Blogh Turnbull  born Oct. 24, 1954, Sydney, N.S.W., Austl.       Australian politician who was MP for Wentworth (2004– ) ...
turncoat
/terrn"koht'/, n. a person who changes to the opposite party or faction, reverses principles, etc.; renegade. [1550-60; TURN + COAT] * * *
turndown
/terrn"down'/, adj. 1. that is or may be turned down; folded or doubled down: a turndown collar. n. 2. an act or instance of being refused or rejected: He got turndowns from all ...
turned comma
Brit. See quotation mark. Also called inverted comma. * * *
turned-on
/terrnd"on", -awn"/, adj. Slang. 1. lively and chic; switched-on. 2. full of or characterized by excitement. 3. under the influence of a narcotic or hallucinogen, as ...
turner
turner1 /terr"neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that turns or is employed in turning. 2. a person who fashions or shapes objects on a lathe. [1350-1400; ME; see TURN, ...
Turner
/terr"neuhr/, n. 1. Frederick Jackson, 1861-1932, U.S. historian. 2. Joseph Mallord William, /mal"euhrd/, 1775-1851, English painter. 3. Nat, 1800-31, American black slave ...
Turner Broadcasting System
(abbr TBS) the television system created by Ted Turner from the single station he bought in Atlanta in 1976. He began CNN in 1980 as part of TBS, which also now includes the TBS ...
Turner Prize
a prize of £20 000 given every year at Tate Britain to a British artist under the age of 50 for a work of modern art. Winners in the past have included Howard Hodgkin (1985) ...
Turner syndrome
Chromosomal disorder (from the presence of only one sex chromosome, X, in all or some of the body's cells) that causes abnormal sexual development in females. The syndrome may ...
Turner's syndrome
Pathol. an abnormal congenital condition resulting from a defect on or absence of the second sex chromosome, characterized by retarded growth of the gonads. [named after Henry ...
Turner'ssyndrome
Tur·ner's syndrome (tûrʹnərz) n. A congenital condition of females associated with a defect or absence of an X-chromosome, characterized by short stature, sexual ...
Turner, Albert
▪ 2001       American civil rights activist (b. Feb. 29, 1936, Marion, Ala.—d. April 13, 2000, Selma, Ala.), was a leader in the civil rights movement in the American ...
Turner, Big Joe
▪ American singer byname of  Joseph Vernon Turner   born May 18, 1911, Kansas City, Mo., U.S. died Nov. 24, 1985, Inglewood, Calif.  black American blues singer, or ...
Turner, Cathy
▪ American speed skater in full  Cathy Ann Turner , married name  Bostley  born April 10, 1962, Rochester, New York, U.S.       American short-track speed skater ...
Turner, Clyde
▪ 1999       American football player and coach who was a centre and linebacker for the Chicago Bears for the 13 seasons from 1940 to 1952, during which the team, ...
Turner, Frederick Jackson
born Nov. 14, 1861, Portage, Wis., U.S. died March 14, 1932, San Marino, Calif. U.S. historian. He taught at the University of Wisconsin and at Harvard University. Deeply ...
Turner, Herbert Hall
▪ British astronomer born Aug. 13, 1861, Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 20, 1930, Stockholm, Sweden       English astronomer who pioneered many of the procedures now ...
Turner, Ike
▪ 2008 Izear Luster Turner, Jr.        American rhythm-and-blues and soul performer ( born Nov. 5, 1931, Clarksdale, Miss. died Dec. 12, 2007, San Marcos, ...
Turner, J(oseph) M(allord) W(illiam)
born April 23, 1775, London, Eng. died Dec. 19, 1851, London British landscape painter. The son of a barber, he entered the Royal Academy school in 1789. In 1802 he became a ...
Turner, J.M.W.
▪ English painter Introduction in full  Joseph Mallord William Turner  born April 23, 1775, London, England died December 19, 1851, London  English Romantic landscape ...
Turner, John Napier
▪ prime minister of Canada born June 7, 1929, Richmond, Surrey, Eng.    Canadian lawyer and politician who in June 1984 succeeded Pierre Elliott Trudeau as head of the ...
Turner, Lana
orig. Julia Jean Mildred Frances Turner born Feb. 8, 1920/21, Wallace, Idaho, U.S. died June 29, 1995, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. film actress. Allegedly discovered as a ...
Turner, Nat
born Oct. 2, 1800, Southampton county, Va., U.S. died Nov. 11, 1831, Jerusalem, Va. U.S. insurrectionist. Born into slavery, he became convinced of his mission to lead American ...
Turner, Ralph E.
▪ American historian in full  Ralph Edmund Turner  born Nov. 6, 1893, Anthon, Iowa, U.S. died Oct. 5, 1964, New Haven, Conn.       American cultural historian, ...
Turner, Ted
orig. Robert Edward Turner, III born Nov. 19, 1938, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. U.S. broadcasting entrepreneur. He took over his father's Atlanta-based advertising firm after the ...
Turner, Tina
▪ American singer Introduction original name  Anna Mae Bullock  born Nov. 26, 1939, Brownsville, Tenn., U.S.    American singer who found success in the rhythm-and-blues ...
Turner, William
▪ English botanist born 1508?, Morpeth, Northumberland, Eng. died July 7, 1568, London       English naturalist, botanist, and theologian known as the “father of ...
Turner,Frederick Jackson
Tur·ner (tûrʹnər), Frederick Jackson. 1861-1932. American historian who emphasized the importance of the frontier in American history. * * *
Turner,Joseph Mallord William
Turner, Joseph Mallord William. 1775-1851. British painter whose abstract treatment of light, color, and space influenced the French impressionists. His works include Sun Rising ...
Turner,Joseph Vernon
Turner, Joseph Vernon. Known as “Big Joe.” 1911-1985. American jazz and blues singer. Noted for a singing style which resembles shouting, he contributed greatly to the ...
Turner,Nat
Turner, Nat. 1800-1831. American slave leader who organized about 70 followers and led a rebellion in Virginia, during which approximately 50 whites were killed (1831). He was ...
turnery
/terr"neuh ree/, n., pl. turneries. 1. the process or art of forming or shaping objects on a lathe. 2. objects or articles fashioned on a lathe collectively. 3. a workshop where ...
turning
/terr"ning/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that turns. 2. an act of reversing position. 3. the place or point at which anything bends or changes direction. 4. the forming of ...
turning chisel
a chisel used for shaping work on a lathe. [1875-80] * * *
turning piece
a wooden pattern for an arch built without centering. [1815-25] * * *
turning point
1. a point at which a decisive change takes place; critical point; crisis. 2. a point at which something changes direction, esp. a high or low point on a graph. 3. Survey. a ...
turningpoint
turning point n. 1. The point at which a very significant change occurs; a decisive moment. 2. Mathematics. A maximum or minimum point on a curve. * * *
turnip
—turniplike, adj. /terr"nip/, n. 1. the thick, fleshy, edible root of either of two plants of the mustard family, the white-fleshed Brassica rapa rapifera or the yellow-fleshed ...
turnip broccoli.
See broccoli rabe. * * *
turnip cabbage
kohlrabi. [1755-65] * * *
turnip-rooted celery
/terr"nip rooh'tid, -root'id/ celeriac. [1895-1900] * * *


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