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Tobata
/toh bah"teuh/; Japn. /taw bah"tah/, n. See under Kitakyushu. * * *
tobe
/tohb/, n. the principal outer garment in some parts of north and central Africa, consisting of a length of cloth that is sewn into a long loose skirt or is draped around the ...
Tobey
/toh"bee/, n. Mark, 1890-1976, U.S. painter. * * *
Tobey, Mark
born Dec. 11, 1890, Centerville, Wis., U.S. died April 24, 1976, Basel, Switz. U.S. painter. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago. In 1918 he converted to the Bahā'ī ...
Tobias
/teuh buy"euhs/, n. 1. the son of Tobit. 2. Douay Bible. Tobit. 3. a male given name. * * *
Tobias Smollett
➡ Smollett * * *
Tobin
Tobin [tō′bin] James 1918-2002; U.S. economist * * *
Tobin, James
▪ 2003       American economist (b. March 5, 1918, Champaign, Ill.—d. March 11, 2002, New Haven, Conn.), was awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1981 for his ...
Tobin,James
To·bin (tōʹbĭn, -bən), James. Born 1918. American economist. He won a 1981 Nobel Prize for his analyses of financial markets and their influence on the finances of families ...
tobira
/teuh buy"reuh/, n. a shrub, Pittosporum tobira, of China and Japan, having leathery leaves, fragrant, greenish-white flower clusters, densely hairy fruit, and lemon-scented ...
Tobit
/toh"bit/, n. 1. a book of the Apocrypha. 2. a devout Jew whose story is recorded in this book. * * * Main character in the Bible's apocryphal book of Tobit. Tobit, a pious Jew ...
toboggan
—tobogganer, tobogganist, n. /teuh bog"euhn/, n. 1. a long, narrow, flat-bottomed sled made of a thin board curved upward and backward at the front, often with low handrails on ...
tobogganer
See toboggan. * * *
tobogganing
Sport of sliding down a snow-covered hill on a toboggan, a long, flat-bottomed sled made of thin boards curved up at the front end. The word is of Algonquian origin and probably ...
tobogganist
See tobogganer. * * *
Tobol
/tu bawl"/, n. a river rising in Kazakhstan, flowing NE through the Russian Federation in Asia to the Irtysh River. 800 mi. (1290 km) long. * * *
Tobol River
▪ river, Asia Kazak  Tobyl        river, left-bank tributary of the Irtysh (Ertis) River, flowing through northern Kazakhstan into southern Russia. After rising in ...
Tobolsk
/tu bawlsk"/, n. a town in the W Russian Federation in Asia, on the Irtysh River at its confluence with the Tobol. 65,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Tyumen oblast ...
tobramycin
/toh'breuh muy"sin/, n. Pharm. a highly toxic aminoglycoside antibiotic, C18H37N5O9, derived from Streptomyces tenebarius, used in the treatment of serious infections due to ...
Tobruk
ancient Antipyrgos Port city (pop., latest est.: 110,000), northeastern Libya. The site of an ancient Greek agricultural colony, it later had a Roman fortress guarding the ...
toby
/toh"bee/, n., pl. tobies. 1. Also, Toby, Toby jug. a mug in the form of a stout old man wearing a three-cornered hat. 2. Older Slang. a long, slender, cheap cigar. [1830-40; ...
Toby
/toh"bee/, n., pl. Tobies for 3. 1. a male given name, form of Tobias. 2. a female given name. 3. toby (def. 1). * * *
toby jug
n a traditional type of large pottery container with a handle, for drinking beer, etc. from. It is usually in the form of a fat old man who is sitting, smoking a pipe and wearing ...
Toc H
a British Christian organization formed after World War I to encourage friendship and kindness in society. It developed from a club formed by a group of British soldiers in ...
Tocantins
/taw'kahonn teeonns"/, n. a river in E Brazil, flowing N to the Pará River. 1700 mi. (2735 km) long. * * * ▪ state, Brazil       inland estado (state) of north-central ...
Tocantins River
River, east-central and northeastern Brazil. It rises in several headstreams, including the Paraná River, and flows north and west to join the Araguaia River. It again turns ...
toccata
/teuh kah"teuh/; It. /tawk kah"tah/, n. pl. toccatas, toccate /-tee/; It. /-te/. Music. a composition in the style of an improvisation, for the piano, organ, or other keyboard ...
Toccoa
▪ Georgia, United States       city, seat (1905) of Stephens county, northeastern Georgia, U.S. It lies on the Dahlonega Upland, northwest of Hartwell Dam and Lake near ...
Toch
/tawkh/, n. Ernst /erddnst/, 1887-1964, Austrian composer. * * *
Toch, Ernst
▪ Austrian composer born Dec. 7, 1887, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 1, 1964, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.  composer whose works, noted for their perfection of form, fused elements ...
Tocharian
/toh kair"ee euhn, -kahr"-/, n. 1. a member of a central Asian people of high culture, who were assimilated with other peoples about the 11th century A.D. 2. the language of the ...
Tocharian languages
or Tokharian languages Two extinct Indo-European languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, formerly spoken in the Tarim River Basin in China. Documents date back to AD 500–700. ...
tocher
/tokh"euhr/, Scot. and North Eng. n. 1. a dowry; marriage settlement given to the groom by the bride or her family. v.t. 2. to provide with a dowry. [1490-1500; < ScotGael ...
Tochigi
▪ prefecture, Japan  ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the northern Kantō chihō (region). It occupies an area of 2,476 square miles (6,414 square km). The eastern border ...
tochis
/tawkh"euhs, tookh"euhs/, n. tokus. * * *
tocodynamometer
/toh'koh duy'neuh mom"i teuhr, tok'oh-/, n. tokodynamometer. * * *
tocology
/toh kol"euh jee/, n. obstetrics. Also, tokology. [1820-30; < Gk tóko(s) child, childbirth + -LOGY] * * *
tocometer
/toh kom"i teuhr/, n. tokodynamometer. [by shortening] * * *
tocopherol
/toh kof"euh rawl', -rol'/, n. Biochem. one of several alcohols that constitute the dietary factor known as vitamin E, occurring in wheat-germ oil, lettuce or spinach leaves, egg ...
Tocopilla
/taw'kaw pee"yah/, n. a seaport in N Chile. 23,140. * * * ▪ Chile       city, northern Chile, situated on the Pacific coast. Founded in about 1850, it developed as a ...
Tocqueville
/tohk"vil, tok"-/; Fr. /tawk veel"/, n. Alexis Charles Henri Maurice Clérel de /ann lek see" shannrddl" ahonn rddee" maw rddees" klay rddel" deuh/, 1805-59, French statesman and ...
Tocqueville, Alexis (-Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel) de
born July 29, 1805, Paris, France died April 16, 1859, Cannes French political scientist, historian, and politician. Born into an aristocratic family, he entered government ...
Tocqueville, Alexis Charles Henri Clérelde
Tocque·ville (tōkʹvĭl, tŏkʹ-, tôk-vēlʹ), Alexis Charles Henri Clérel de. 1805-1859. French politician, traveler, and historian. After touring the United States ...
Tocqueville, Alexis de
▪ French historian and political writer Introduction born July 29, 1805, Paris, France died April 16, 1859, Cannes  political scientist (political science), historian, and ...
tocsin
/tok"sin/, n. 1. a signal, esp. of alarm, sounded on a bell or bells. 2. a bell used to sound an alarm. [1580-90; < MF < Pr tocasenh lit., (it) strikes (the) bell, equiv. to ...
tod
tod1 /tod/, n. 1. an English unit of weight, chiefly for wool, commonly equal to 28 pounds (12.7 kilograms) but varying locally. 2. a load. 3. a bushy mass, esp. of ...
Toda
▪ Japan       city, Saitama ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the alluvial plain of the Ara River. During the Tokugawa era (1603–1867) it was a post town and ferry ...
Tōdai Temple
Japanese Tōdai-ji Monumental temple of the Kegon sect of Japanese Buddhism, located in Nara, Japan. The main buildings were constructed in 745–752 under the emperor Shōmu, ...
today
/teuh day"/, n. 1. this present day: Today is beautiful. 2. this present time or age: the world of today. adv. 3. on this present day: I will do it today. 4. at the present time; ...
Today's News, Tomorrow's TV Show
▪ 1994        Television's habit of exploiting real-life events was more pervasive—and more immediate—in 1993 than ever before. Dramatic, sensational news stories ...
Todd
/tod/, n. 1. Alexander Robertus /roh berr"teuhs/ (Baron of Trumpington), 1907-97, Scottish chemist: Nobel prize 1957. 2. David, 1855-1939, U.S. astronomer and teacher. 3. a male ...
Todd of Trumpington, Alexander Robertus Todd, Baron
▪ 1998       Scottish organic chemist (b. Oct. 2, 1907, Glasgow, Scot.—d. Jan. 10, 1997, Cambridge, Eng.), studied the chemistry of a variety of chemicals involved in ...
Todd River
▪ river, Northern Territory, Australia       intermittent river in south-central Northern Territory, Australia. It rises in the MacDonnell Ranges and flows southeast ...
Todd, Alexander Robertus Todd, Baron
▪ British biochemist born Oct. 2, 1907, Glasgow, Scot. died Jan. 10, 1997, Cambridge, Eng.       British biochemist whose research on the structure and synthesis of ...
Todd, Mabel Loomis
▪ American writer and editor née  Mabel Loomis  born Nov. 10, 1856, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 14, 1932, Hog Island, Maine       American writer and editor who ...
Todd, Michael
▪ American showman byname  Mike Todd,  original name  Avrom Hirsch Goldbogen  born June 22, 1909, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died March 22, 1958, near Grants, ...
Todd, Ron
▪ 2006       British trade union leader (b. March 11, 1927, London, Eng.—d. April 30, 2005, Romford, Essex, Eng.), as the national organizer (1978–85) and general ...
Todd, Sir Garfield
▪ 2003       New Zealand-born politician (b. July 13, 1908, Invercargill, N.Z.—d. Oct. 13, 2002, Bulawayo, Zimb.), served from 1953 to 1958 as prime minister of the ...
Todd, Thomas
▪ United States jurist born Jan. 23, 1765, King and Queen county, Va. [U.S.] died Feb. 7, 1826, Frankfort, Ky.       associate justice of the United States Supreme ...
toddle
/tod"l/, v., toddled, toddling, n. v.i. 1. to move with short, unsteady steps, as a young child. n. 2. the act of toddling. 3. an unsteady gait. [1490-1500; TO(TTER) + ...
toddler
/tod"leuhr/, n. a person who toddles, esp. a young child learning to walk. [1785-95; TODDLE + -ER1] * * *
toddlerhood
/tod"leuhr hood'/, n. the state or time of being a toddler; early childhood. [TODDLER + -HOOD] * * *
toddy
/tod"ee/, n., pl. toddies. 1. a drink made of alcoholic liquor and hot water, sweetened and sometimes spiced with cloves. 2. the drawn sap, esp. when fermented, of any of several ...
toddy cat
      any of several arboreal palm civets. See civet. * * *
toddy palm
any of several tropical Asian palms, as Caryota urens or Borassus flabellifer, yielding toddy. [1895-1900] * * *
toddy table
a small stand of the 18th century, used for holding drinks. * * *
Todi
▪ Italy ancient (Latin)  Tuder        town and episcopal see, Umbria regione, central Italy, south of Perugia. The town, on a hill overlooking the Tiber River, is of ...
Todmorden
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Calderdale metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, northern ...
Todos los Santos, Lake
Lake, south-central Chile. It is located north of Puerto Montt. With neighbouring Lake Llanquihue, it is the best-known of Chilean lakes and is in a popular resort area. * * *
Todos os Santos Bay
▪ bay, Brazil also called  All Saints Bay,  Portuguese  Baía De Todos Os Santos,         sheltered bay of the Atlantic Ocean, eastern coast of Brazil. A natural ...
Todt
/toht/, n. Fritz /frddits/, 1891-1942, German military engineer. * * *
tody
/toh"dee/, n., pl. todies. any of several small West Indian birds of the family Todidae, related to the motmots and kingfishers, having brightly colored green and red ...
toe
—toeless, adj. —toelike, adj. /toh/, n., v., toed, toeing. n. 1. one of the terminal digits of the human foot. 2. an analogous part in certain animals. 3. the forepart of the ...
toe box
a piece of stiffened material, as leather, placed between the lining and the toecap of a shoe. [1925-30] * * *
toe clip
a device attached to a bicycle pedal that grips the front part of the rider's shoe to keep the foot from slipping off the pedal. [1890-95] * * *
toe crack
a sand crack on the front of the hoof of a horse. [1900-05] * * *
toe dance
a dance performed on the tips of the toes. [1930-35] * * *
toe loop
Skating. a jump in which the skater takes off from the back outer edge of one skate, makes one full rotation in the air, and lands on the back outer edge of the same skate. Also ...
toe pick
one of the sharp teeth in the front part of a figure-skating blade. * * *
toe-dance
—toe dancer. /toh"dans', -dahns'/, v.i., toe-danced, toe-dancing. to perform a toe dance. [v. use of n. phrase TOE DANCE] * * *
toe-in
/toh"in'/, n. the slight forward convergence given to the front wheels of an automobile to improve steering qualities. [1925-30] * * *
toe-out
/toh"owt'/, n. the slight forward divergence that the front wheels of an automobile undergo during forward motion, esp. in turns. [1925-30] * * *
toe-to-toe
/toh"teuh toh"/, adj. 1. being in direct confrontation or opposition. adv. 2. in a position or attitude of direct confrontation: slugging it out toe-to-toe. [1925-30] * * *
toea
/toy"euh/, n., pl. toea, toeas. a bronze coin and monetary unit of Papua New Guinea, the 100th part of a kina. * * *
toecap
/toh"kap'/, n. a piece of leather or other material covering the toe of a shoe. Also called toepiece. [1790-1800; TOE + CAP1] * * *
toecrack
toe crack n. A sand crack in the front part of a horse's hoof. * * *
toed
/tohd/, adj. 1. having a toe: a toed clog; toed stockings. 2. having a toe of a specific kind or number (usually used in combination): three-toed sloth. 3. Carpentry. a. (of a ...
toedance
toe dance n. A dance that is performed on the toes, especially in ballet.   toe dancer n. * * *
toedancer
See toe dance. * * *
TOEFL
/toh"feuhl/, n. Test of English as a Foreign Language. * * *
toehold
/toh"hohld/, n. 1. a small ledge or niche just large enough to support the toes, as in climbing. 2. any slight or initial support, influence, advantage, progress, or the like: ...
Tōei Company, Ltd.
▪ Japanese company       leading Japanese motion-picture studio, the films of which are usually dramas and thrillers for children and rural audiences. Tōei was formed ...
toeless
toeless [tō′lis] adj. 1. having no toe or toes 2. having the toe open or uncovered [a toeless shoe] * * *
toeloop
toe loop n. A jump in figure skating in which the skater, moving backwards, takes off from the back outer edge of one skate, makes a full spin in the air, and lands on the back ...
toenail
/toh"nayl'/, n. 1. a nail of a toe. 2. Carpentry. a nail driven obliquely. 3. Print. Slang. a parenthesis. v.t. 4. Carpentry. to secure with oblique nailing. [1835-45; TOE + ...
toepiece
/toh"pees'/, n. toecap. [1875-80; TOE + PIECE] * * *
Toeplitz, Jerzy Bonawentura
▪ 1996       Ukrainian-born Polish motion-picture historian who was the first director of the Polish national film school at Lodz, 1949-52 and 1957-68, and of the ...
toeshoe
/toh"shooh'/, n. Ballet. a dance slipper fitted with a thick, reinforced toe to enable the ballet dancer to toe-dance. [TOE + SHOE] * * *
toey
/toh"ee/, adj. Australian Informal. touchy or restive; apprehensive; fractious. [1920-25; orig. in reference to a racehorse; perh. TOE + -Y1] * * *
Tofalar
▪ people also called  Karagas, Karaga, or Tubalar,         Turkic-speaking people of southern Siberia who numbered about 800 in the mid-1980s. Their traditional ...
TOFC
trailer-on-flatcar. * * *
toff
/tof/, n. Brit. Informal. a stylishly dressed, fashionable person, esp. one who is or wants to be considered a member of the upper class. [1850-55; perh. var. of TUFT] * * *
toffee
/taw"fee, tof"ee/, n. taffy. Also, toffy. * * *
toffee apples
➡ fairs * * *
toffee-nosed
/taw"fee nohzd', tof"ee-/, adj. Brit. Slang. stuck-up; conceited; pretentious: a toffee-nosed butler; a toffee-nosed shop. [1920-25] * * *
Toffler
(1928– ) a US writer known for his books about future societies, written with his wife Heidi. Future Shock (1970) is about the anxiety felt by people who do not understand new ...
toft
/tawft, toft/, n. Brit. Dial. 1. the site of a house and outbuildings. 2. a house site and its adjoining arable land. [bef. 1050; ME, late OE < ?] * * *
Toft, Thomas
▪ English potter flourished 1660–80    one of the most prominent of the English potters working in Staffordshire (Staffordshire ware) during the 17th century. The ...
tofu
/toh"fooh/, n. a soft, bland, white cheeselike food, high in protein content, made from curdled soybean milk: used originally in Oriental cookery but now in a wide variety of ...
Tofutti
☆ Tofutti [tō fo͞ot′ē ] 〚
tog
/tog/, n., v., togged, togging. n. 1. a coat. 2. Usually, togs. clothes. v.t. 3. to dress (often fol. by out or up). [1775-85; appar. short for earlier cant togeman(s), togman ...
toga
—togaed /toh"geuhd/, adj. /toh"geuh/, n., pl. togas, togae /-jee, -gee/. 1. (in ancient Rome) the loose outer garment worn by citizens in public. 2. a robe of office, a ...
toga virilis
/toh"geuh vi ruy"lis, -ree"-/; Lat. /taw"gah wi rddee"lis/, pl. togae viriles /toh"jee vi ruy"leez, -ree"-/; Lat. /taw"guy wi rddee"les/. the white toga assumed by boys in ...
togaed
togaed [tō′gəd] adj. wearing a toga * * * See toga. * * *
togate
/toh"gayt/, adj. dressed in a toga. [ < L togatus. See TOGA, -ATE1] * * *
togated
/toh"gay tid/, adj. 1. characteristic of peace; peaceful: the togated rule of Rome. 2. clad in a toga. [1625-35; < L togat(us) clad in a toga (see TOGATE) + -ED2] * * *
togavirilis
to·ga vi·ri·lis (tōʹgə və-rēʹlĭs, -rĭlʹĭs) n. pl. to·gae vi·ri·les (tōʹjē vĭ-rēʹlēz, -rĭlʹēz, tōʹgē, -gī) A white toga symbolizing manhood that ...
togavirus
Any of three genera of arboviruses: Alphavirus, Rubivirus (which causes rubella), and Pestivirus (which infects only animals). Some Alphavirus species produce a severe equine ...
together
/teuh gedh"euhr/, adv. 1. into or in one gathering, company, mass, place, or body: to call the people together. 2. into or in union, proximity, contact, or collision, as two or ...
togetherness
/teuh gedh"euhr nis/, n. 1. warm fellowship, as among members of a family. 2. the quality, state, or condition of being together. [1650-60; TOGETHER + -NESS] * * *
Toggenburg
▪ breed of goat  breed of dairy goat originating in the Toggenburg valley of Switzerland. The oldest breed of dairy goat in the United States, the Toggenburg has proved ...
Toggenburg Succession
▪ Swiss history       in Swiss history, a long territorial dispute that gave rise to the Old Zürich War (1436–50) and the Second Villmergen War (1712). In the Middle ...
toggery
/tog"euh ree/, n., pl. toggeries for 2. 1. Informal. clothes; garments; togs. 2. Chiefly Brit. a clothing shop. [1805-15; TOG + -ERY] * * *
toggle
—toggler, n. /tog"euhl/, n., v., toggled, toggling. n. 1. a pin, bolt, or rod placed transversely through a chain, an eye or loop in a rope, etc., as to bind it temporarily to ...
toggle bolt
an anchor bolt having two hinged wings, ordinarily held open by a spring, for engaging the rough sides of a hole drilled in masonry or the inner surface of a hollow ...
toggle joint
Mach. any of various devices consisting basically of a rod that can be inserted into an object and then manipulated so that the inserted part spreads, becomes offset, or turns at ...
toggle mechanism
Combination of solid, usually metallic links (bars), connected by pin (hinge) joints arranged so that a small force applied at one point can create a much larger force at another ...
toggle switch
Elect. a switch in which a projecting knob or arm, moving through a small arc, causes the contacts to open or close an electric circuit suddenly, as commonly used in most ...
togglebolt
toggle bolt © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A fastener consisting of a threaded bolt and a spring-loaded toggle, used to secure objects to thin or hollow ...
togglejoint
toggle joint n. A joint made of two arms attached by a pivot shaped like an elbow, allowing force to be exerted at the ends of the arms as the joint is expanded. * * *
toggleswitch
toggle switch n. A switch that uses a toggle joint with a spring to open or close an electric circuit as an attached lever is pushed through a small arc. * * *
Toghrïl Beg
born с 990 died Sept. 4, 1063, Rayy, Iran Founder of the Seljūq dynasty. He and his brother Chagrï took refuge in Khwārezm in Central Asia after being defeated by Mahmūd ...
Toghto
flourished 1340–55, China High government official during the later years of China's Yuan dynasty (1206–1368). He followed his uncle as minister of the right (1340–44) ...
togidashi maki-e
▪ Japanese lacquerwork       in Japanese lacquerwork, kind of maki-e (q.v.). In this technique, the design is painted in lacquer, and gold or silver powder is sprinkled ...
Togliatti
/taw lyaht"tee/, n. Palmiro /pahl mee"rddaw/, 1893-1964, Italian Communist party leader. * * *
Togliatti, Palmiro
born March 26, 1893, Genoa died Aug. 21, 1964, Yalta, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. Italian communist leader. After serving in World War I, in 1919 he helped found the left-wing weekly ...
Togo
/taw"gaw/, n. 1. Heihachiro /hay"hah chee"rddaw/, Marquis 1847-1934, Japanese admiral. 2. Shigenori /shee"ge naw"rddee/, 1882-1950, Japanese political leader and ...
Tōgō Heihachirō
▪ Japanese admiral in full (from 1934)  Kōshaku (Marquess) Tōgō Heihachirō  born Jan. 27, 1848, Kagoshima, Japan died May 30, 1934, Tokyo  admiral who led the Japanese ...
Togo Heihachiro,Count
Togo Hei·ha·chi·ro (hā-häʹchē-rō'), Count. 1846-1934. Japanese admiral whose strategies established Japan's naval superiority during the Russo-Japanese War ...
Togo, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of three horizontal green stripes, offset by two yellow stripes, and a red canton with a large white star. The flag's ...
Togoland
—Togolander, n. /toh"goh land'/, n. a former German protectorate in W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: E part is now the Republic of Togo; W part, a British mandate 1922-46 and ...
Togolese
/toh'geuh leez", -lees", -goh-/, n., pl. Togolese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of the Republic of Togo. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Togolese or the ...
Togon-temür
▪ emperor of Yuan dynasty posthumous name (shi)  (Yuan) Shundi , Wade-Giles romanization  Shun-ti  born 1320, China died 1370, China       last emperor (reigned ...
TogoShigenori
Togo Shi·ge·no·ri (shē-gĕʹnô-rē'), 1882-1950. Japanese politician who served as foreign minister (1940-1945) during World War II and was convicted as a war criminal. * * ...
togue
/tohg/, n., pl. togues, (esp. collectively) togue. Canadian. See lake trout. [1830-40; < CanF < Eastern Algonquian, perh. shortening of Micmac atogwa·su trout] * * *
toheroa
/toh'euh roh"euh/, n., pl. toheroas, toheroa. a large marine clam, Amphidesma ventricosum, of waters near New Zealand. [1870-75; < Maori] * * *
Tōhō Motion Picture Company
▪ Japanese company       leading Japanese motion-picture studio.       The company was founded in 1936 by Kobayashi Ichizō, a former businessman who was the ...
Tohoku
▪ region, Japan       chihō (region), located on northern Honshu, Japan, and including the ken (prefectures) of Aomori, Akita, Iwate, Yamagata, Miyagi, and Fukushima. ...
Tohono O'odham
▪ people also called  Papago        North American Indians who traditionally inhabited the desert regions of present-day Arizona, U.S., and northern Sonora, ...
TohonoO'odham
To·ho·no O'o·dham (tō-hōʹnō ōʹə-däm) n. pl. Tohono O'odham or Tohono O'o·dhams See Papago. * * *
Ṭohorot
▪ Judaism       (Hebrew: “Purifications”), the last of the six major divisions, or orders (sedarim), of the Mishna (codification of Jewish oral laws), which was ...
tohubohu
/toh"hooh boh"hooh/, n. chaos; disorder; confusion. [1605-15; < Heb tohu wa-bhohu] * * *
toil
toil1 —toiler, n. /toyl/, n. 1. hard and continuous work; exhausting labor or effort. 2. a laborious task. 3. Archaic. battle; strife; struggle. v.i. 4. to engage in hard and ...
toile
/twahl/, n. any of various transparent linens and cottons. [1555-65; < F: linen cloth, canvas. See TOIL2] * * *
toile de Jouy
Fr. /twannl deuh zhwee"/ a cotton or linen fabric characterized by monochromatic prints on a light background. Also called Jouy print. [1915-20; < F: lit., cloth of ...
toile peinte
▪ fabric (French: “painted linen”),plural  Toiles Peintes        , large sheet of heavy, flexible fabric on which a tapestry cartoon (a full-sized preliminary ...
toilede Jouy
toile de Jouy (də zhwēʹ) n. pl. toiles de Jouy (twäl) A usually light-colored fabric printed with a scenic pattern or design often used in upholstery or for ...
toiler
See toil1. * * *
toilet
/toy"lit/, n. 1. a bathroom fixture consisting of a bowl, usually with a detachable, hinged seat and lid, and a device for flushing with water, used for defecation and ...
toilet bowl
the ceramic bowl of a toilet. * * *
toilet paper
a soft, lightweight, sanitized paper used in bathrooms for personal cleanliness. Also called toilet tissue, bathroom tissue. [1880-85] * * *
toilet powder
a fine powder sprinkled or rubbed over the skin, esp. after bathing. [1890-95] * * *
toilet seat
a detachable, ringlike seat of wood or plastic hinged to the top of a toilet bowl. * * *
toilet set
a set of articles used in grooming, as a mirror, brush, and comb. [1855-60] * * *
toilet soap
a mild and usually perfumed soap for washing the hands and face and for bathing. [1830-40] * * *
toilet training
the training of a very young child to control and regulate bowel and bladder movements and use the toilet. [1920-25] * * *
toilet water
a scented liquid used as a light perfume; cologne. [1850-55] * * *
toilet-train
/toy"lit trayn'/, v.t. to train (a young child) to use a toilet for bowel and bladder movements. * * *
toiletpaper
toilet paper n. Thin, absorbent paper, usually in rolls, used to clean oneself after defecation or urination. Also called toilet tissue. * * *
toiletry
/toy"li tree/, n., pl. toiletries. any article or preparation used in cleaning or grooming oneself, as soap or deodorant. [1825-35; TOILET + -RY] * * *
toilette
/twah let", toy-/; Fr. /twann let"/, n., pl. toilettes /-lets"/; Fr. /-let"/. toilet (defs. 6, 8). * * *
toilettissue
toilet tissue n. See toilet paper. * * *
toilettraining
toilet training n. The process of training a child to use a toilet for defecation and urination. * * *
toiletwater
toilet water n. A scented liquid with a high alcohol content used in bathing or applied as a skin freshener. * * *
toilful
—toilfully, adv. /toyl"feuhl/, adj. characterized by or involving toil; laborious; toilsome. [1590-1600; TOIL1 + -FUL] * * *
toilsome
—toilsomely, adv. —toilsomeness, n. /toyl"seuhm/, adj. characterized by or involving toil; laborious or fatiguing. [1575-85; TOIL1 + -SOME1] Syn. wearisome, arduous, ...
toilsomely
See toilsome. * * *
toilsomeness
See toilsomely. * * *
toilworn
/toyl"wawrn', -wohrn'/, adj. 1. worn by toil: toilworn hands. 2. worn out or aged by toil: a toilworn farmer. [1745-55; TOIL1 + WORN] * * *
toise
/toyz/, n. an old French unit of length equivalent to 6.395 feet (1.949 meters). [1590-1600; < MF < VL *tesa, (fem. sing.), L tensa (bracchia) outstretched (arms), neut. pl. ...
Tojo
/toh"joh/, n. Hideki /hee"de kee'/, 1884-1948, Japanese general: executed for war crimes. * * *
Tōjō Hideki
born Dec. 30, 1884, Tokyo, Japan died Dec. 23, 1948, Tokyo Army general and prime minister of Japan (1941–44) during most of World War II. Under his direction, great victories ...
TojoHideki
To·jo Hi·de·ki (tōʹjō' hēʹdĕ-kē), Originally Tojo Eiki. 1884-1948. Japanese army officer and politician who ruled as dictator (1941-1944) during World War II and was ...
Tojolabal
▪ people       Mayan Indians of Chiapas in southeastern Mexico, near the Guatemalan border. The Tojolabal language is closely related to that of the Tzotzil and Tzeltal, ...
Tok Pisin
/tawk" pis"in/ Neo-Melanesian. * * * ▪ language        pidgin spoken in Papua New Guinea, hence its identification in some earlier works as New Guinea Pidgin. It was ...
Toka Gorge
▪ gorge, Norway Norwegian  Tokagjelet,         gorge, Hordaland fylke (county), western Norway, near the village of Norheimsund about 25 miles (40 km) east of Bergen. ...
Tōkai Bank Ltd.
▪ bank, Nagoya, Japan Japanese  Tōkai Ginkō        Japanese commercial bank that merged with Sanwa Bank and Asahi Bank to form UFJ Holdings, Inc., in April 2001. ...
Tōkai region
▪ industrial area, Japan Japanese  Tōkai-chihō,         industrial region, central Japan, extending along the Tōkaidō Line (railway) between Tokyo and Nagoya, and ...
Tōkaidō
▪ ancient road, Japan (Japanese:“Eastern Sea Road”),       historic road that connected Ōsaka and Kyōto with Edo (now Tokyo) in Japan. The Tōkaidō was 303 ...
Tokaj
▪ Hungary also spelled  Tokay,    town, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén megye (county), northeastern Hungary. Tokaj lies at the confluence of the Bodrog and Tisza (Tisza River) ...
Tokaji Aszú
▪ wine       a full-bodied sweet dessert wine made from late-ripened grapes affected by Botrytis cinerea (botrytis blight), a mold that concentrates grape sugars and ...
tokamak
/toh"keuh mak', tok"euh-/, n. Physics. a type of experimental nuclear fusion reactor in which a plasma of atoms circulates in a toroidal tube and is confined to a narrow beam by ...
TokaraIslands
To·ka·ra Islands (tō-kärʹə, -käʹrä) A group of islands of Japan in the northern Ryukyu group south of Kyushu. * * *
Tokat
▪ Turkey       city, north-central Turkey. It lies along a tributary of the Yeşil River. Surrounded by orchards and gardens, Tokat lies in a plain beneath steep hills ...
tokay
/toh kay"/, n. a gecko, Gekko gecko, of the Malay Archipelago and southeastern Asia: sometimes kept as a pet. [1745-55; < dial. Malay toke < Javanese taka (sp. tekek)] * * ...
Tokay
/toh kay"/, n. 1. an aromatic wine made from Furmint grapes grown in the district surrounding Tokay, a town in NE Hungary. 2. Hort. a. a large, red variety of grape, grown for ...
toke
toke1 /tohk/, n., v., toked, toking. Slang. n. 1. a tip or gratuity given by a gambler to a dealer or other employee at a casino. v.i. 2. to provide a toke. v.t. 3. to give a ...
Tokelau
Tokelau Introduction Tokelau Background: Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were ...
Tokelauan
See Tokelau Islands. * * *
TokelauIslands
To·ke·lau Islands (tōʹkə-lou') An island group of the central Pacific Ocean in the northern Ryukyu Islands north of Samoa. They became part of New Zealand in ...
token
/toh"keuhn/, n. 1. something serving to represent or indicate some fact, event, feeling, etc.; sign: Black is a token of mourning. 2. a characteristic indication or mark of ...
token economy
Psychiatry. a method of encouraging desirable behavior, esp. in a hospital setting, by offering rewards of token money that can be exchanged for special food, access to ...
token payment
a small payment binding an agreement or acknowledging a debt. * * *
tokenism
—tokenistic, adj. /toh"keuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. the practice or policy of making no more than a token effort or gesture, as in offering opportunities to minorities equal to those ...
Tokharian
/toh kair"ee euhn, -kahr"-/, n. Tocharian. * * *
Toki
▪ Japan       city, Gifu ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Toki River. During the civil wars of the Momoyama period (1568–1614), refugees (including ...
Tokiwa Mitsunaga
▪ Japanese painter       (c. last half of the 12th century, Kyōto, Japan), leading Japanese painter of the 12th century.       Mitsunaga was famous for his ...
Toklas
/toh"kleuhs/, n. Alice B., 1877-1967, U.S. author in France: friend and companion of Gertrude Stein. * * *
Toklas,Alice B.
To·klas (tōʹkləs), Alice B. 1877-1967. American writer remembered as the secretary and longtime companion of Gertrude Stein. Her works include cookbooks and a volume of ...
Tokmak
▪ Kyrgyzstan formerly  (until 1963) Bolshoy Tokmak,    city, northern Kyrgyzstan, on the Chu River. Originally an early 19th-century fort, it became a district town after ...
tokodynamometer
/toh'koh duy'neuh mom"i teuhr/, n. a pressure gauge strapped to the mother's abdomen during labor to measure uterine contractions. Also, tocodynamometer. Also called tocometer. [ ...
tokology
/toh kol"euh jee/, n. tocology. * * *
Tokoname
▪ Japan       city, Aichi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies on the west coast of the Chita Peninsula, facing Ise Bay. Pottery manufacture was probably introduced ...
tokonoma
/toh'keuh noh"meuh/, n. (in Japanese architecture) a shallow alcove for the display of kakemonos or flower arrangements. [1895-1900; < Japn, equiv. to toko (raised) floor + -no ...
Tokoroa
▪ New Zealand       town, north-central North Island, New Zealand. It lies in the upper Waikato River basin of the Volcanic Plateau. It was constituted a county town in ...
Tokorozawa
To·ko·ro·za·wa (tō'kō-rōʹzä-wä) A city of central Honshu, Japan, a commercial suburb of Tokyo. Population: 315,517. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Saitama ken ...
TokPisin
Tok Pis·in (tŏkʹ pĭsʹĭn) n. A pidgin based on English and spoken in Papua New Guinea.   [Pidgin English, from English talk + English pidgin.] * * *
Tokuda Shūsei
▪ Japanese novelist pseudonym of  Tokuda Sueo   born Dec. 23, 1871, Kanazawa, Japan died Nov. 18, 1943, Tokyo       novelist who, with Masamune Hakuchō, Tayama ...
Tokugawa
/taw"koo gah"wah/, n. 1. a member of a powerful family in Japan that ruled as shoguns, 1603-1867. 2. a period of Japanese history under the rule of Tokugawa shoguns, ...
Tokugawa Hidetada
▪ shogun of Japan born May 2, 1579, Hamamatsu, Japan died March 15, 1632, Edo [now Tokyo]       second Tokugawa shogun, who completed the consolidation of his family's ...
Tokugawa Iemitsu
▪ shogun of Japan born Aug. 12, 1604, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died June 8, 1651, Edo       third Tokugawa shogun in Japan, the one under whom the Tokugawa regime assumed ...
Tokugawa Ieyasu
born Jan. 31, 1543, Okazaki, Japan died June 1, 1616, Sumpu Founder of the Tokugawa shogunate (see Tokugawa period) and ruler of Japan (1603–16). Along with Oda Nobunaga and ...
Tokugawa Mitsukuni
▪ Japanese feudal lord born July 11, 1628, Mito, Hitachi Province, Japan died Jan. 14, 1701, Nishiyama, Hitachi Province       Japanese feudal lord who began the ...
Tokugawa Nariaki
▪ Japanese feudal lord born April 4, 1800, Edo, Japan died Sept. 29, 1860, Mito, Hitachi Province       Japanese advocate of reform measures designed to place more ...
Tokugawa period
(1603–1867) In Japanese history, period of the military government established by Tokugawa Ieyasu with his assumption of the title of shogun in 1603. The structures Ieyasu set ...
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
▪ shogun of Japan born Feb. 23, 1646, Edo, Japan died Feb. 19, 1709, Edo       fifth Tokugawa shogun of Japan, known as the “Dog Shogun” because of his obsession ...
Tokugawa Yoshimune
▪ shogun of Japan born Nov. 27, 1684, Kii Province, Japan died July 12, 1751, Edo       eighth Tokugawa shogun, who is considered one of Japan's greatest rulers. His ...
Tokugawa Yoshinobu
▪ shogun of Japan original name  Tokugawa Keiki   born Oct. 28, 1837, Edo, Japan died Jan. 22, 1913, Tokyo  the last Tokugawa shogun of Japan, who helped make the Meiji ...
tokus
/taw'kheuhs, tookh"euhs/, n. Slang. the buttocks. Also, tochis, tuchis. [1910-15, Amer.; < Yiddish tokhes < Heb tahath under] * * *
Tokushima
/taw"koo shee"mah/, n. a seaport on NE Shikoku, in SW Japan. 249,343. * * * ▪ prefecture, Japan       prefecture (ken) and city, Shikoku, Japan, facing the Pacific ...
Tokutomi Roka
▪ Japanese author pseudonym of  Tokutomi Kenjirō   born Dec. 8, 1868, Minamata, Japan died Sept. 18, 1927, Ikaho  Japanese novelist, the younger brother of the historian ...
Tokutomi Sohō
▪ Japanese author pseudonym of  Tokutomi Ichirō   born March 14, 1863, Tsumori, near Minamata, Japan died Nov. 2, 1957, Atami  influential Japanese historian, critic, ...
Tokuyama
▪ Japan       city, Yamaguchi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It faces Tokuyama Bay of the Inland Sea. A castle town during the early Tokugawa period (1603–1867), it ...
Tokyo
—Tokyoite, n. /toh"kee oh'/; Japn. /taw"kyaw/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Japan, on Tokyo Bay: one of the world's largest cities; destructive earthquake and fire 1923; ...
Tokyo Bay
an inlet of the Pacific, in SE Honshu Island of Japan. 30 mi. (48 km) long; 20 mi. (32 km) wide. * * * Inlet, western Pacific Ocean. Located off the east-central coast of ...
Tokyo National Museum
▪ museum, Tokyo, Japan Japanese  Tōkyō Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan,         the first and foremost art museum in Japan, located in Ueno Park, Tokyo.       The ...
Tokyo Rose
the name given by US soldiers during World War II to Iva Ikuko Toguri d’Aquino (1916– ). She was an American citizen who broadcast on a Japanese radio programme telling US ...
Tokyo Stock Exchange
Main stock market of Japan, located in Tokyo. It opened in 1878 to provide a market for the trading of government bonds newly issued to former samurai. Government bonds and gold ...
Tokyo, University of
State-financed university in Tokyo, the largest and most prestigious university in Japan. It was founded in 1877 and modeled on Western universities. It was destroyed in the ...
Tokyo-Yokohama earthquake of 1923
also called  Great Kanto earthquake        earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 that struck the Tokyo-Yokohama (Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area) metropolitan area near ...
Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area
▪ Japan Introduction Tokyo formerly (until 1868)  Edo   metropolitan complex—commonly called Greater Tokyo—along the northern and western shores of Tokyo Bay, on the ...
ṭol
▪ Bengali school (Bengali: “school”), in medieval India, also called  Pāthasālā,         informal Bengali school of instruction, usually in grammar, law, ...
tola
/toh"lah/, n. a unit of weight in India: the government tola is 180 ser and equals 180 grains (11.7 grams), the weight of a silver rupee. [1605-15; < Hindi tola
Tolain, Henri-Louis
▪ French politician born June 18, 1828, Paris died May 3, 1897, Paris       French politician and organizer of workers' associations.       Tolain was a ...
tolan
/toh"lan/, n. Chem. a crystalline, water-insoluble, solid, unsaturated compound, C14H10, used chiefly in organic synthesis. Also called diphenylacetylene. [var. of tolane. See ...
Tolan, Eddie
▪ American athlete in full  Thomas Edward Tolan,  byname  The Midnight Express  born Sept. 29, 1909, Denver, Colo., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1967, Detroit, Mich.  American ...
Toland
/toh"leuhnd/, n. Gregg, 1904-48, U.S. cinematographer. * * *
Toland, Gregg
born May 29, 1904, Charleston, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1948, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. cinematographer. He got his start in the film industry at the age of 15, working as an ...
Toland, John
▪ British author born Nov. 30, 1670, County Donegal, Ire. died March 11, 1722, Putney, near London, Eng.       controversial Irish-born British freethinker whose ...
Toland, John Willard
▪ 2005       American historian (b. June 29, 1912, La Crosse, Wis.—d. Jan. 4, 2004, Danbury, Conn.), wrote several best-selling historical books about World War II. ...
tolar
/tol"euhr/; Slovenian. /taw"lahrdd/, n. a basic monetary unit of Slovenia. * * *
Tôlaaro
▪ Madagascar formerly  Faradofay , or  Taolanaro , or  Fort-Dauphin        town, southeastern tip of Madagascar. It was settled temporarily between 1504 and 1528 ...
tolbooth
/tohl"boohth', -boohdh'/, n., pl. tolbooths /-boohdhz', -boohths'/. 1. Chiefly Scot. 2. a town jail. 3. a town hall or guild hall, esp. a place where tolls are paid. Also ...
Tolbukhin
Tol·bu·khin (tôl-bo͞oʹkĭn, -KHĭn) See Dobrich. * * *
tolbutamide
/tol byooh"teuh muyd'/, n. Pharm. a white crystalline substance, C12H18N2O3S, used to augment insulin secretion in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. [1955-60; TOL(U) + BUT(YL) ...
told
/tohld/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of tell. 2. all told, counting everyone or everything; in all: There were 50 guests all told. * * *
tole
tole1 /tohl/, n. enameled or lacquered metalware, usually with gilt decoration, often used, esp. in the 18th century, for trays, lampshades, etc. Also, tôle. [1925-30; < F tôle ...
Toledo
/teuh lee"doh/; for 1, 3, 4, also Sp. /taw le"dhaw/, n., pl. Toledos /-dohz/; Sp. /-dhaws/ for 4. 1. Francisco de /frddahn sees"kaw dhe/, c1515-84?, Spanish administrator: ...
Toledo, Alejandro
▪ 2002       On July 28, 2001, nearly five centuries after Europeans conquered the Incas—and after two years of campaigning—Alejandro Toledo was sworn in as Peru's ...
Toledo, councils of
Eighteen councils of the Visigothic church held in Toledo, Spain, from с 400 to 702. Most attending were bishops, with some members of the lower clergy and the nobility. The ...
Toledo, University of
▪ university, Toledo, Ohio, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Toledo, Ohio, U.S. It offers more than 1,000 undergraduate and ...
Tolentino de Almeida, Nicolau
▪ Portuguese poet born Sept. 10, 1740, Lisbon, Port. died June 23, 1811       Portugal's leading satirical poet of the 18th century.       At age 20 Tolentino ...
tolerability
See tolerable. * * *
tolerable
—tolerableness, tolerability, n. —tolerably, adv. /tol"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being tolerated; endurable: His arrogance is no longer tolerable. 2. fairly good; ...
Tolerable upper intake level for selected nutrients for adults
▪ Table Tolerable upper intake level (UL) for selected nutrients for adults nutrient UL per day calcium 2,500 milligrams copper 10 milligrams fluoride 10 ...

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