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Tour de France Table
▪ Table Tour de France year winner km 1903 M. Garin (Fr.) 2,428 1904 H. Cornet (Fr.) 2,388 1905 L. Trousselier (Fr.) 2,975 1906 R. Pottier (Fr.) 4,637 1907 L. ...
tour en l'air
Fr. /toohrdd ahonn lerdd"/, pl. tours en l'air Fr. /toohrdd zahonn lerdd"/. Ballet. a turn executed in the air. [ < F: turn in the air] * * * ▪ ballet       (French: ...
tour jeté
Fr. /toohrdd zheuh tay"/, pl. tours jetés Fr. /toohrdd zheuh tay"/. Ballet. a movement in which the dancer leaps from one foot, makes a half turn in the air, and lands on the ...
Tour of Britain
the most important international bicycle race in Britain. It took place every year until 1994 and was first held in 1951. The race lasted for 12 days and took place on roads all ...
tour of duty
tour (def. 5). [1865-70] * * *
/toor'deuh frans", -frahns"/; Fr. /toohrdd deuh frddahonns"/, n. a bicycle touring race, held over a period of 21 days: it covers about 2500 mi. (4000 km) in France, Belgium, ...
/toor"euh koh'/, n., pl. touracos. any of several large, brightly colored birds of the family Musophagidae, of Africa, having a helmetlike crest. Also, turaco. [1735-45; < F ...
/too ren"/; Fr. /tooh rdden"/, n. a former province in W France. Cap.: Tours. * * * Historical region, northwestern central France. It encompassed the former province of ...
/too rahn"/, n. former name of Danang. * * *
/toor bil"yeuhn/, n. 1. a whirlwind or something resembling a whirlwind. 2. a firework that rises spirally. 3. Horol. a frame for the escapement of a timepiece, esp. a watch, ...
/toohrdd kwaonn"/, n. a city in N France, near the Belgian border. 102,543. * * * ▪ France       city, Nord département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, northern France. ...
tourde force
tour de force (to͞or' də fôrsʹ, fōrsʹ) n. pl. tours de force (to͞or') A feat requiring great virtuosity or strength, often deliberately undertaken for its difficulty: ...
Fr. /tooh rdday"/, n. Sékou /say"kooh/, 1922-84, Guinean political leader: prime minister 1958-72; president 1958-84. * * *
Touré, (Ahmed) Sékou
born Jan. 9, 1922, Faranah, French Guinea died March 26, 1984, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. First president of Guinea (1958–84) and a leading African politician. Touré, who claimed ...
Toure, Ali Farka
▪ 2007 Ali Ibrahim Touré  Malian guitarist (b. 1939, Kanau, French Sudan [now in Mali]—d. March 7, 2006, Banako, Mali), was one of the most renowned artists in world music ...
Toure, Amadou Toumani
▪ 2003       Observers were not surprised to find that Amadou Toumani Touré (affectionately known as ATT) had won Mali's May 2002 presidential elections. As only the ...
Touré, Sékou
▪ president of Guinea in full  Ahmed Sékou Touré  born January 9, 1922, Faranah, French Guinea [now Guinea] died March 26, 1984, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.       first ...
/too rel"/, n. a turret. [1300-50; ME < OF; see TOWER, -ELLE] * * *
See tour. * * *
Tourette syndrome
Rare neurological disease that causes repetitive motor and vocal tics. Named for Georges Gilles de la Tourette, who first described it in 1885, it occurs worldwide, is usually ...
Tourette's syndrome
/too rets"/, Pathol. a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent involuntary movements, including multiple neck jerks and sometimes vocal tics, as grunts, barks, or words, ...
Tou·rette's syndrome (to͝o-rĕtsʹ) or Tou·rette syndrome (-rĕtʹ) n. A severe neurological disorder characterized by multiple facial and other body tics, usually beginning ...
Tou·ret·ter (to͝o-rĕtʹər) n. A person who has Tourette's syndrome. * * *
tour·ing (to͝orʹĭng) n. Travel, as on a bicycle or on skis, for pleasure rather than competition. * * *
touring car
1. an open automobile designed for five or more passengers. 2. a modern two-door coupe. Cf. GT. [1900-05] * * *
touring car n. A large open automobile for five or more people, popular in the 1920s. * * *
/toor"iz euhm/, n. 1. the activity or practice of touring, esp. for pleasure. 2. the business or industry of providing information, accommodations, transportation, and other ...
/toor"ist/, n. 1. a person who is traveling, esp. for pleasure. 2. See tourist class. adv. 3. in tourist-class accommodations, or by tourist-class conveyance: to travel ...
tourist car
a railroad sleeping car, usually having seats that can be converted into berths. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
tourist class
—tourist-class, adj., adv. the least costly class of accommodations on regularly scheduled ships and airplanes. Cf. third class (def. 2). [1930-35] * * *
tourist court
motel. [1915-20] * * *
tourist home
a private home with rooms for rent, usually for one night, to tourists, travelers, etc. * * *
tourist trap
a place, as a restaurant, shop, or hotel, that exploits tourists by overcharging. * * *
Tourist Trophy
(abbr the TT) Britain’s most important event for motor cycles, consisting of a series of races held every year on the Isle of Man. It was first held in 1907 and takes place on ...
Tourist Trophy races
▪ motorcycle race       best known and most demanding of the European motorcycle races. First run in 1907 on the Isle of Man off the northwestern coast of England, the ...
/too ree"steuh/, n. traveler's diarrhea, esp. as experienced by some visitors to Latin America. Also, turista. [1955-60; appar. jocular use of Sp turista TOURIST] * * *
tourist class n. The lowest class of accomodations on some passenger ships and airplanes. * * *
—touristically, adv. /too ris"tik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or typical of tourists or tourism: She embarked on her itinerary with high touristic fervor. Also, ...
See touristic. * * *
/toor"euh stree/, n. 1. tourists collectively: the yearly invasion of American touristry. 2. the fact or practice of touring. [1875-80; TOURIST + -RY] * * *
tourist trap n. A place, such as a shop or resort area, that offers overpriced goods and services to tourists. * * *
/toor"i stee/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characteristic of tourists: a touristy attitude. 2. appealing to or frequented by tourists: a touristy restaurant near the Eiffel ...
—tourmalinic /toor'meuh lin"ik/, adj. /toor"meuh lin, -leen'/, n. any of a group of silicate minerals of complex composition, containing boron, aluminum, etc., usually black ...
/toor nay"/; Fr. /toohrdd ne"/, n. a city in W Belgium, on the Scheldt River. 33,164. Also, Tournay. * * * ▪ Belgium (French), Flemish  Doornik        municipality, ...
Tournai porcelain
      porcelain made from about the mid-18th to the mid-19th century at a factory in Tournai, Belg. Several styles prevailed: figures in fanciful landscapes, cupids, and ...
Tournaisian Stage
▪ geology       lowest and first of three intercontinental stages of the Mississippian Subsystem (Mississippian Subperiod), Carboniferous System (Carboniferous Period), ...
/toor"neuh meuhnt, terr"-/, n. 1. a trial of skill in some game, in which competitors play a series of contests: a chess tournament. 2. a meeting for contests in a variety of ...
/toor"ni doh', toor'ni doh"/; Fr. /toohrdd neuh doh"/, n., pl. tournedos /-dohz', -dohz"/; Fr. /-doh"/. small slices of fillet of beef, round and thick, served with a variety of ...
Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de
▪ French botanist and physician born June 5, 1656, Aix-en-Provence, Fr. died Dec. 28, 1708, Paris       French botanist and physician, a pioneer in systematic botany, ...
/terr"neuhr/, n. Cyril, 1575?-1626, English dramatist. * * *
Tourneur, Cyril
born с 1575 died Feb. 28, 1626, Kinsale, County Cork, Ire. English dramatist. His early years were devoted to literature; after с 1613 he served in the government. His ...
/toor"nee, terr"-/, n., pl. tourneys, v., tourneyed, tourneying. n. 1. a tournament. v.i. 2. to contend or engage in a tournament. [1300-50; (v.) ME tourneyen < OF torneier < VL ...
Tournier, Michel
▪ French author born Dec. 19, 1924, Paris, France       French novelist whose manipulation of mythology and old stories has often been called subversive insofar as it ...
/terr"ni kit, toor"-/, n. 1. Med., Surg. any device for arresting bleeding by forcibly compressing a blood vessel, as a bandage tightened by twisting. 2. a device for pulling the ...
/toor nwah"/; Fr. /toohrdd nwann"/, adj. (of coins) minted in Tours, France: livre tournois. [1400-50; < F, MF tournois of Tours < ML Turonensis, equiv. to Turon(es) TOURS + ...
Tournon, Charles Thomas Maillard de
▪ papal legate born Dec. 21, 1668, Turin, Italy died June 8, 1710, Macau, China       papal legate sent to the Chinese court to settle the rites controversy (Chinese ...
/toor/; Fr. /toohrdd/, n. a city in and the capital of Indre-et-Loire, in W France, on the Loire River: Charles Martel defeated the Saracens near here A.D. 732. 145,441. * * ...
Tours, Battle of
▪ European history also called  Battle of Poitiers         (October 732), victory won by Charles Martel, the de facto ruler of the Frankish kingdoms, over Muslim ...
Tours/Poitiers, Battle of
(October 732) Victory won by the Frankish mayor of the palace Charles Martel over Muslim invaders from Spain. Charles led Frankish troops against a Muslim army seeking to gain ...
/toor tyair"/, n. a Canadian, esp. French Canadian, pastry-covered pie containing minced pork or other chopped meat and various chopped vegetables. Also, tourtiere. [1950-55; < ...
Tourville, Anne-Hilarion de Cotentin, comte de
▪ French admiral born Nov. 24, 1642, château de Tourville, Manche, France died May 28, 1701, Paris       French admiral, the outstanding commander of the period when ...
/tooh'leuh mwah"/, n. a large-grained farinaceous food resembling arrowroot, obtained from a South American canna, Canna edulis, and used in baby food. [1830-40; < F: all the ...
/towz/; Scot. /toohz, toohs/, v., toused, tousing, n. Chiefly Brit. Dial. v.t. 1. to handle roughly; dishevel. v.i. 2. to struggle; tussle. n. 3. a commotion; rumpus. [1250-1300; ...
/tow"zeuhl/, v., tousled, tousling, n. v.t. 1. to disorder or dishevel: The wind tousled our hair. 2. to handle roughly. n. 3. a disheveled or rumpled mass, esp. of hair. 4. a ...
/tow"zeuhld/, adj. disordered or disheveled: tousled hair; tousled clothes. [1840-50; TOUSLE + -ED2] Syn. messy, tangled, untidy, rumpled. * * *
(as used in expressions) Toussaint Louverture François Dominique Toussaint Valéry Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules * * *
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Fr. /tooh saonn" looh verdd tyuurdd"/, (Francis Dominique Toussaint) 1743-1803, Haitian military and political leader. * * *
Toussaint L'Ouverture, FrançoisDominique
Tous·saint L'Ou·ver·ture (to͞o-săɴʹ lo͞o-vĕr-türʹ), François Dominique. 1743?-1803. Haitian military and political leader who led a successful slave insurrection ...
Toussaint Louverture
▪ Haitian leader Introduction Louverture also spelled  L'Ouverture,  original name (until c. 1793)  François Dominique Toussaint   born c. 1743, Bréda, near ...
orig. François Dominique Toussaint born с 1743, Bréda, near Cape François, Saint-Domingue died April 7, 1803, Fort-de-Joux, Fr. Leader of the Haitian independence movement ...
/towt/, Informal. v.i. 1. to solicit business, employment, votes, or the like, importunately. 2. Horse Racing. to act as a tout. v.t. 3. to solicit support for importunately. 4. ...
tout à fait
/tooh tann fe"/, French. entirely. * * *
tout à vous
/tooh tann vooh"/, French. sincerely yours. * * *
tout comprendre, c'est tout pardonner
/tooh kawonn prddahonn"drddeu, se tooh pannrdd daw nay"/, French. to understand all is to forgive all. * * *
tout court
tout court [to͞o ko͞or′] 〚Fr, lit., wholly short〛 without further explanation or qualification; simply or bluntly * * *
tout de suite
/tooht sweet"/, French. at once; immediately. * * *
tout ensemble
/tooh tahonn sahonn"bleu/, French. 1. all together. 2. the assemblage of parts or details, as in a work of art, considered as forming a whole; the ensemble. * * *
tout le monde
/toohleu mawonnd"/, French. the whole world; everyone; everybody. * * *
Tout, Thomas Frederick
▪ British historian born Sept. 28, 1855, London, Eng. died Oct. 23, 1929, London       English historian and teacher who specialized in medieval studies and, with James ...
/tow"teuhr/, n. Informal. a tout. [1745-55; TOUT + -ER1] * * *
Toutin, Jean
▪ French artist born 1578, Châteaudun, Eure-et-Loire, France died June 14, 1644, Paris       French enamelworker (enamelwork) who was one of the first artists to make ...
Touvier, Paul
▪ 1997       French war criminal who ordered the execution of seven Jews in 1944 and, after evading capture for over 40 years, became in 1994 the only Frenchman ever ...
/tow"zeuhl/, v.t., touzled, touzling, n. tousle. * * *
(as used in expressions) Baal Shem tov Heller Yom Tov Lipmann ben Nathan Ha Levi Moses ben Shem Tov * * *
Tovar, Rigo
▪ 2006 Rigoberto Tovar García  Mexican singer (b. March 29, 1946, Matamoros, Mex.—d. March 27, 2005, Mexico City, Mex.), rose from poverty to achieve stardom not only in ...
tovarich or tovarish [tō vär′ish; ] Russ [ tō̂ vär′ishch] n. 〚Russ tovarishch, orig., tradesman or trading partner < tovar, wares for trading〛 COMRADE * * ...
/tu vah"rddyishch/; Eng. /toh vahr"ish/, n. Russian. comrade (used as a term of address in the Soviet Union). Also, tovarich, tovarish, tovarisch. * * *
/toh"vee/, n. Sir Donald Francis, 1875-1940, English music scholar. * * *
Tovey, Sir Donald Francis
▪ British pianist and composer born July 17, 1875, Eton, Berkshire, Eng. died July 10, 1940, Edinburgh, Scot.  English pianist and composer, known particularly for his works ...
tow1 —towable, adj. —towability, n. /toh/, v.t. 1. to pull or haul (a car, barge, trailer, etc.) by a rope, chain, or other device: The car was towed to the service ...
/toh/, n. a U.S. Army antitank missile, steered to its target by two thin wires connected to a computerized launcher, which is mounted on a vehicle or ...
tow bar
a metal bar for attaching a vehicle to a load to be towed. Also, towbar. [1955-60] * * *
tow bug.
See cigarette beetle. * * *
tow car
wrecker (def. 3). [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
tow truck
wrecker (def. 3). [1940-45] * * *
tow-a·way zone (tōʹə-wā') n. A no-parking zone from which motor vehicles may be towed away. * * *
See tow1. * * *
Towada, Lake
Lake, northern Honshu, Japan. It occupies a volcanic crater and is 27 mi (44 km) in circumference. The third deepest lake in Japan, it is 1,096 ft (334 m) deep at its centre. It ...
/toh"ij/, n. 1. the act of towing. 2. the state of being towed. 3. the price or charge for towing. [1555-65; TOW1 + -AGE] * * *
—towardness, n. prep. /tawrd, tohrd, teuh wawrd", twawrd, twohrd/; adj. /tawrd, tohrd/, prep. Also, towards. 1. in the direction of: to walk toward the river. 2. with a view to ...
Toward the Age of Common Sense
▪ 1995 by Sir Peter Ustinov       I am not one of those who can easily tell the difference between year and year, like a meteorologist with reliable charts to go by. I am ...
See towardly. * * *
—towardliness, n. /tawrd"lee, tohrd"-/, adj. Archaic. 1. apt to learn; promising. 2. docile; tractable. 3. propitious; seasonable. [1475-85; TOWARD + -LY] * * *
towards [tôrdz; tōrdz, tō′ərdz; twôrdz; too wôrdz′, təwôrdz′] prep. 〚ME towardes < OE toweardes < toweard + adv. gen. (-e)s〛 TOWARD * * * to·wards (tôrdz, ...
/toh"euh way'/, n. 1. an act or instance of towing away a vehicle that has been illegally parked. 2. the vehicle towed away. adj. 3. designated as an area illegal for parking and ...
tow bag n. Eastern North Carolina See gunnysack. See Regional Note at gunnysack. * * *
/toh"boht'/, n. 1. a diesel-powered or steam-powered boat used esp. on inland waterways to push groups of barges lashed to it in front or on one side or both. 2. ...
/tow"euhl, towl/, n., v., toweled, toweling or (esp. Brit.) towelled, towelling. n. 1. an absorbent cloth or paper for wiping and drying something wet, as one for the hands, ...
towel rack
a rack consisting of one or more bars on which towels or washcloths are hung. [1875-80] * * *
/tow'euh let", tow'let"/, n. a small paper towel, usually premoistened in a sealed package. [1900-05; TOWEL + -ETTE] * * *
/tow"euh ling, tow"ling/, n. a narrow fabric of cotton or linen, in plain, twill, or huck weave, used for hand towels or dishtowels. Also, esp. Brit., towelling. [1575-85; TOWEL ...
tower1 —towerless, adj. —towerlike, adj. /tow"euhr/, n. 1. a building or structure high in proportion to its lateral dimensions, either isolated or forming part of a ...
Tower 42
➡ skyscrapers * * *
tower block
/tow"euhr/, Chiefly Brit. a high-rise building. [1965-70] * * *
tower blocks
➡ skyscrapers * * *
tower bolt
/tow"euhr/. See barrel bolt. [1920-25] * * *
Tower Bridge
a bridge across the River Thames and one of the most famous structures in London. It was built between 1886 and 1894 and is close to London Bridge and the Tower of London. Its ...
Tower Hamlets
/tow"euhr/ a borough of Greater London, England. 150,000. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       inner borough of London extending eastward from the Tower of ...
Tower Hill
an area of high ground close to the Tower of London where in former times certain prisoners held in the Tower, especially the most famous and important ones, were executed by ...
tower houses
➡ castles * * *
Tower of Babel
/tow"euhr/. See under Babel (def. 1). * * *
Tower of London
/tow"euhr/ a historic fortress in London, England: originally a royal palace, later a prison, now an arsenal and museum. * * * Royal fortress on the northern bank of the River ...
tower of silence
/tow"euhr/ a circular stone platform, typically 30 ft. (9.1 m) in height, on which the Parsees of India leave their dead to be devoured by vultures. Also called dakhma. * * *
tower wagon
/tow"euhr/ a trailer carrying an extensible ladder for use in firefighting, photography, repairing overhead wires, trimming trees, etc. Cf. cherry picker (def. 2). [1910-15] * * *
Tower, Joan
born Sept. 6, 1938, New Rochelle, N.Y., U.S. U.S. composer. She studied piano as a child, attended Bennington College, and completed her music studies at Columbia University. ...
/tow"euhr mil'/, n. a windmill of which only the cap rotates to face the sails into the wind. [TOWER1 + MILL1] * * *
towered [tou′ərd] adj. having a tower or towers * * *
—toweringly, adv. /tow"euhr ing/, adj. 1. very high or tall; lofty: a towering oak. 2. surpassing others; very great: a towering figure in American poetry. 3. rising to an ...
See towering. * * *
/tow"euhr meuhn/, n., pl. towermen. 1. Railroads. a person who works in a switch tower and, by means of a signal box, directs the movement of trains. 2. Aviation. an air-traffic ...
/tow"euh ree/, adj. 1. having towers: a towery city. 2. very tall; lofty: towery oaks. [1605-15; TOWER1 + -Y1] * * *
—tow-headed, adj. /toh"hed'/, n. 1. a head of very light blond, almost white hair. 2. a person with such hair. 3. a sand bar in a river, esp. a sand bar with a stand of ...
See towhead. * * *
/tow"hee, toh"hee, toh"ee/, n. any of several long-tailed North American finches of the genera Pipilo and Chlorura. [1720-30, Amer.; imit.] * * * Any of several North American ...
/toh"ee/, n. a form of contract bridge for three players in which the players bid for the dummy hand after six of its cards have been turned up. [1930-35; of undetermined ...
Towle, Katherine Amelia
▪ American educator and military officer born April 30, 1898, Towle, Calif., U.S. died March 1, 1986, Pacific Grove, Calif.       American educator and military officer ...
/toh"luyn'/, n. a line, hawser, or the like, by which anything is or may be towed. [1710-20; TOW1 + LINE1; cf. OE tohline (see TOW3)] * * *
/toh"meuhnd/, n. Scot. twelvemonth. Also, towmont /toh"meuhnt/. [1425-75; late ME (Scots) towlmonyth < ON tolfmanathr twelvemonth] * * *
—townless, adj. /town/, n. 1. a thickly populated area, usually smaller than a city and larger than a village, having fixed boundaries and certain local powers of ...
/town/, n. Ithiel /ith"ee euhl/, 1784-1844, U.S. architect. * * * (as used in expressions) Camden Town Group Cape Town new town town meeting * * *
town and gown
a phrase used about certain towns and cities where there are universities, especially Oxford and Cambridge, to describe the contrast between the two kinds of people who live ...
town car
an automobile having an enclosed rear seat separated by a glass partition from the open driver's seat. [1915-20] * * *
town clerk
a town official who keeps records and issues licenses. [1300-50; ME] * * *
town crier
(formerly) a person employed by a town to make public announcements or proclamations, usually by shouting in the streets. [1595-1605] * * *
town hall
a hall or building belonging to a town, used for the transaction of the town's business and often also as a place of public assembly. [1475-85] * * *
town house
1. a house in the city, esp. as distinguished from a house in the country owned by the same person. 2. a luxurious house in a large city, occupied entirely by one family. 3. one ...
town manager
an official appointed to direct the administration of a town government. [1920-25] * * *
town meeting
1. a general meeting of the inhabitants of a town. 2. (esp. in New England) a legislative assembly of the qualified voters of a town. [1630-40] * * * Legislative assembly of a ...
town planning.
—town planner. See city planning. [1900-05] * * *
town talk
/town" tawk'/ for 1; /town" tawk"/ for 2 1. the usual talk, gossip, or rumors, as in a village or town. 2. the subject of gossip, rumor, or the like: They've been the town talk ...
Town (toun), Ithiel. 1784-1844. American architect particularly known for the design and construction of truss bridges. * * *
town crier n. 1. A person formerly employed by a town to proclaim announcements in the streets. 2. Informal. A gossip. * * *
Towne, Laura Matilda
▪ American educator born May 3, 1825, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. died February 22, 1901, Frogmore plantation, St. Helena Island, South Carolina       American ...
/tow"neuhr/, n. a person who lives in a town or city. [TOWN + -ER1] * * *
/townz/, n. Charles Hard, born 1915, U.S. physicist and educator: Nobel prize for physics 1964. * * *
Townes, Charles H(ard)
born July 28, 1915, Greenville, S.C., U.S. U.S. physicist. He studied at Furman University, Duke University, and the California Institute of Technology and worked for Bell Labs ...
Townes, Charles Hard
▪ American physicist born July 28, 1915, Greenville, S.C., U.S.    American physicist, joint winner with the Soviet physicists Aleksandr M. Prokhorov (Prokhorov, Aleksandr ...
Townes,Charles Hard
Townes (tounz), Charles Hard. Born 1915. American physicist. He shared a 1964 Nobel Prize for developing the maser and laser principles of producing high-intensity radiation. * ...
town hall n. A building that contains the offices of the public officials of a town and that houses the town council and courts. * * *
/town"hohm'/, n. See town house (def. 3). [1975-80; TOWN + HOME] * * *
town·house or town house (tounʹhous') n. 1. A residence in a city. 2. A row house, especially a fashionable one. * * *
/tow"nee/, n. Informal. a resident of a town, esp. a nonstudent resident of a college town. Also, townee, towny. [1820-30; TOWN + -IE] * * *
—townishly, adv. —townishness, n. /tow"nish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to qualities or features typical of or befitting a town or city. 2. (of a person) characterized by the ...
/town"lit/, n. a small town. [1545-55; TOWN + -LET] * * *
town manager n. An administrator appointed to manage the government of a town. * * *
town meeting n. A legislative assembly of inhabitants of a town. * * *
/town"skayp'/, n. 1. a scene or view, either pictorial or natural, of a town or city. 2. the planning and building of structures in a town or city, with special concern for ...
Townsend avalanche
/town"zeuhnd/, Physics. avalanche (def. 3). [named after J. S. E. Townsend (1868-1957), Irish physicist] * * *
Townsend family
U.S. cabinetmakers in Newport, R.I., of the 17th–18th century. The brothers Job (1699–1765) and Christopher (1701–1773) were the first generation involved in furniture ...
Townsend plan
a pension plan, proposed in the U.S. in 1934 but never passed by Congress, that would have awarded $200 monthly to persons over 60 who were no longer gainfully employed, provided ...
Townsend's solitaire
a brownish, slender-billed songbird, Myadestes townsendi, of western North America. [1885-90, Amer.; named after John Kirk Townsend (1809-51), U.S. ornithologist] * * *
Town·send's solitaire (tounʹzəndz) n. A long-tailed, short-billed thrush (Myadestes townsendi) of western North America, living mostly in woody mountainous areas and noted ...
Townsend, Henry
▪ 2007       American blues musician (b. Oct. 27, 1909, Shelby, Miss.—d. Sept. 24, 2006, Grafton, Wis.), was one of the principal figures of the St. Louis blues scene ...
Townsend, Robert Chase
▪ 1999       American business executive and writer who, as chairman and president of Avis Rent-a-Car from 1962 to 1965, gained the company its first profitability; his ...
Townsend, Sir John Sealy Edward
▪ British physicist born June 7, 1868, Galway, County Galway, Ire. died Feb. 16, 1957, Oxford       British physicist who pioneered in the study of electrical ...
Townsend,Francis Everett
Town·send (tounʹzənd), Francis Everett. 1867-1960. American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social ...
/townz"fohk'/, n. pl. townspeople. [1730-40; TOWN + 'S1 + FOLK] * * *
Townshend (of Rainham), Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount
born April 18, 1675, Raynham Hall, Norfolk, Eng. died June 21, 1738, Raynham British politician. He succeeded to his father's title in 1687, married the sister of Robert ...
Townshend Acts
/town"zeuhnd/, Amer. Hist. acts of the British Parliament in 1767, esp. the act that placed duties on tea, paper, lead, paint, etc., imported into the American colonies. [named ...
Townshend, Charles
▪ British statesman born August 27, 1725 died September 4, 1767, London, England       British chancellor of the Exchequer whose measures for the taxation of the ...
Townshend, Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount
▪ British statesman born April 18, 1675, , Raynham Hall, Norfolk, Eng. died June 21, 1738, Raynham       Whig statesman who directed British foreign policy from 1721 to ...
Townshend, Peter Wooldridge
▪ 1996       British Royal Air Force group captain and royal equerry whose controversial romance with Princess Margaret ended in 1955 when she publicly renounced him ...
Town·shend (tounʹzənd), Charles. 1725-1767. British politician who as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1766) and acting prime minister sponsored the Townshend Acts (1767), which ...
/town"ship/, n. 1. a unit of local government, usually a subdivision of a county, found in most midwestern and northeastern states of the U.S. and in most Canadian provinces. 2. ...
township line
Survey. one of two parallel lines running east and west that define the north and south borders of a township. Cf. range line, township (def. 2). [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
/townz"meuhn/, n., pl. townsmen. 1. a native or inhabitant of a town. 2. a native or inhabitant of one's own or the same town. 3. (in New England) a selectman. [bef. 1000; ME; OE ...
/townz"pee'peuhl/, n. pl. 1. the inhabitants or citizenry of a town. 2. people who were raised in a town or city. Also called townsfolk. [1640-50; TOWN + 'S1 + PEOPLE] * * *
/townz"vil/, n. a seaport on the E coast of Queensland, in E Australia. 86,112. * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       city and major port, eastern Queensland, Australia, ...
/townz"woom'euhn/, n., pl. townswomen. 1. a female native or inhabitant of a town. 2. a female native or inhabitant of one's own or the same town. [1675-85; TOWN + 'S1 + ...
Townswomen’s Guild
n any of over 1 300 branches of a society for women in British towns and cities. The Townswomen’s Guilds were established to encourage friendship between women. They hold ...
/town"wair'/, n. tailored, usually conservative clothing appropriate for business or other activities in a town or city. [TOWN + WEAR] * * *
/tow"nee/, n., pl. townies. townie. * * *
/toh"path', -pahth'/, n., pl. towpaths /-padhz', -pahdhz', -paths', -pahths'/. a path along the bank of a canal or river, for use in towing boats. [1780-90, Amer.; TOW1 + PATH] * ...
/toh"rohp'/, n. a rope or hawser used in towing boats. [1735-45; TOW1 + ROPE] * * *
/toh"sak'/, n. South Midland and Southern U.S. gunnysack. [1925-30, Amer.; appar. TOW1 + SACK1] Regional Variation. See gunnysack. * * *
/tow"zeuhr/, n. 1. a big dog. 2. Informal. a big, hearty person, esp. one who is very energetic: He is a towser for rough outdoor work. [1670-80; TOUSE + -ER1] * * *
/tow"seuhn/, n. a town in central Maryland, near Baltimore. 51,083. * * * ▪ unincorporated community, Maryland, United States       unincorporated community, Baltimore ...
Towton, Battle of
▪ English history       (March 29, 1461), battle fought on Palm Sunday, near the village of Towton about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of York, now in North Yorkshire. The ...
/toh"ee/, adj. of the nature of or resembling the fiber tow. [1595-1605; TOW2 + -Y1] * * *
var. of toxo- before a vowel: toxemia. * * *
toxicology. * * *
/tok'sal byooh"meuhn/, n. Biochem. any poisonous protein occurring in certain bacterial cultures, plants, or snake venoms. [1885-90; TOX- + ALBUMIN] * * *
/tok"seuh feen'/, n. Chem. an amber, waxy, water-insoluble solid, whose principal constituent is chlorinated camphene, used as an insecticide and as a rodenticide. [1945-50; TOX- ...
/tok see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. 1. blood poisoning resulting from the presence of toxins, as bacterial toxins, in the blood. 2. See toxemia of pregnancy. Also, toxaemia. [1855-60; ...
toxemia of pregnancy
Pathol. an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, fluid retention, edema, and the presence of protein in the urine. Cf. eclampsia, preeclampsia. * * ...
/tok see"mik, -sem"ik/, adj. Pathol. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of toxemia. 2. affected with toxemia. Also, toxaemic. [1875-80; TOXEM(IA) + -IC] * * *
toxi- or toxo- or tox- pref. Poison; poisonous: toxalbumin.   [From Latin toxicum. See toxic.] * * *
—toxically, adv. /tok"sik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, affected with, or caused by a toxin or poison: a toxic condition. 2. acting as or having the effect of a poison; ...
toxic psychosis
a psychosis resulting from the toxic effect of chemicals, drugs, or certain intrinsic metabolic states. * * *
toxic shock syndrome
Pathol. a rapidly developing, sometimes fatal infection characterized by sudden onset of fever, gastrointestinal upsets, a sunburnlike rash, and a drop in blood pressure: caused ...
See toxic. * * *
/tok"si keuhnt/, adj. 1. poisonous; toxic. n. 2. a poison. [1880-85; < ML toxicant- (s. of toxicans), prp. of toxicare to poison. See TOXIC, -ANT] * * *
/tok'si kay"sheuhn/, n. poisoning. [1815-25; < ML toxication- (s. of toxicatio), equiv. to toxicat(us) (ptp. of toxicare to poison; see TOXIC, -ATE1) + -ion- -ION] * * *
/tok sis"i tee/, n., pl. toxicities. the quality, relative degree, or specific degree of being toxic or poisonous: to determine the toxicity of arsenic. [1880-85; TOXIC + -ITY] * ...
a combining form representing toxic in compound words: toxicology. Cf. toxo-. * * *
/tok'si koh jen"ik/, adj. Pathol. generating or producing toxic products or poisons. [1895-1900; TOXICO- + -GENIC] * * *
toxicology. * * *
See toxicological. * * *
See toxicology. * * *
See toxicological. * * *
See toxicological. * * *
—toxicological /tok'si keuh loj"i keuhl/, toxicologic, adj. —toxicologically, adv. —toxicologist, n. /tok'si kol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the effects, ...
/tok'si koh"sis/, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition produced by the action of a poison. [1855-60; TOXIC + -OSIS] * * *
toxicshock syndrome
toxic shock syndrome n. Abbr. TSS An acute infection characterized by high fever, a sunburnlike rash, vomiting, and diarrhea, followed in severe cases by shock, that is caused by ...
/tok'si jen"ik/, adj. (esp. of microorganisms) producing toxins. [1920-25; TOXI(CO)- + -GENIC] * * *
See toxigenic. * * *
/tok"sin/, n. any poison produced by an organism, characterized by antigenicity in certain animals and high molecular weight, and including the bacterial toxins that are the ...
/tok"sin an'ti tok"sin, -an'tee-, -an"ti tok'sin, -an"tee-/, n. Immunol. a mixture of toxin and antitoxin, formerly used to induce active immunity against certain diseases, esp. ...
/tok'seuh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of being poisoned. [1875-80; TOXI(CO)- + -PHOBIA] * * *
var. of toxico-: toxoplasmosis. Also, esp. before a vowel, tox-. * * *
tox·o·ca·ri·a·sis (tŏk'sō-kə-rīʹə-sĭs) n. A disease caused by a parasitic nematode of the genus Toxocara, transmitted to humans by ingestion of a substance, such as ...
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of mammals (mammal) of the late Pliocene (Pliocene Epoch) and the Pleistocene epochs (Pleistocene Epoch) (about 2.6 million to 1,800 ...
/tok"soyd/ n. a toxin rendered nontoxic by treatment with chemical agents or by physical means and used for administration into the body in order to produce specific immunity by ...
—toxophilitic /tok sof'euh lit"ik/, adj. —toxophily, n. /tok sof"euh luyt'/, n. a devotee of archery; archer. [1785-95; Toxophil(us) bow-lover (coined by Roger Ascham in his ...
—toxoplasmic, adj. /tok'seuh plaz"meuh/, n., pl. toxoplasmata /-meuh teuh/, toxoplasmas. any protist of the genus Toxoplasma, esp. T. gondii, the causative agent of ...
/tok'soh plaz moh"sis/, n. Pathol. infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, transmitted to humans by consumption of insufficiently cooked meat containing the parasite or by ...
—toyer, n. —toyless, adj. —toylike, adj. /toy/, n. 1. an object, often a small representation of something familiar, as an animal or person, for children or others to play ...
toy dog
one of any of several breeds of very small dogs, as the Yorkshire terrier, English toy spaniel, Shih Tzu, and Pomeranian. [1800-10] * * * Any of several breeds of dogs that were ...
Toy Story
a US film (1995) by the Walt Disney Company. It was the first film in which all the movements of the cartoon characters were created by computer. It is about a toy cowboy who ...
toy theatre
▪ puppetry also called  juvenile drama    popular 19th-century English children's toy that provides modern theatre historians with a valuable record of the plays and ...
/taw"yah mah"/, n. a city on W Honshu, in central Japan. 305,054. * * * ▪ prefecture, Japan       ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Sea of ...
toy line n. Chiefly Southern U.S. The line used in a game of marbles. * * *
/toy"may'keuhr/, n. 1. a person who makes toys. 2. a company that manufactures toys. [1955-60; TOY + MAKER] * * *
/toyn"bee/, n. Arnold J(oseph), 1889-1975, English historian. * * *
Toynbee Hall
▪ social settlement, London, United Kingdom       pioneering social settlement in the East End of London. It was founded on Commercial Street, Whitechapel (now in ...
Toynbee, Arnold
▪ British economist born August 23, 1852, London, England died March 9, 1883, Wimbledon       English economist and social reformer noted for his public service ...
Toynbee, Arnold (Joseph)
born April 14, 1889, London, Eng. died Oct. 22, 1975, York, North Yorkshire English historian. Long a professor at the University of London and the Royal Institute of ...
Toynbee, Philip
▪ British writer born June 25, 1916, Oxford died June 15, 1981, St. Briavels, near Lydney, Gloucestershire, Eng.       English writer and editor best known for novels ...
Toynbee,Arnold Joseph
Toyn·bee (toinʹbē), Arnold Joseph. 1889-1975. British historian and educator who studied cyclical patterns in the growth and decline of civilizations and is noted for his ...
Japn. /taw"yaw hah"rddah/, n. former name of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. * * *
/taw"yaw hah"shee/, n. a seaport on S Honshu, in central Japan. 304,274. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Aichi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. The city is situated on ...
▪ Japan       city, Aichi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It is situated along the lower reaches of the Toyo River. The city developed around the Toyokawa Inari Shrine ...
/toy"on, -ohn/ an evergreen, rosaceous shrub or small tree, Heteromeles arbutifolia (or Photinia arbutifolia), of California and northern Mexico, having clusters of small, white ...
/taw"yaw nah"kah/, n. a city on S Honshu, in Japan, N of Osaka. 403,185. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies just north of ...
/taw"yaw tah'/; Eng. /taw yoh"teuh/, n. a city on S Honshu, in Japan. 281,609. * * * ▪ Japan formerly  (until 1938) Koromo         city, Aichi ken (prefecture), ...
Toyota Motor Corp.
Largest Japanese automobile manufacturer and one of the largest automotive companies in the world. It was established in 1933 as a division of the Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, ...
Toyota Motor Corporation
▪ Japanese corporation Japanese  Toyota Jidōsha Kk   Japanese parent company of the Toyota group and the largest automobile manufacturer in the world from 2008. Most of ...
Toyotomi Hidetsugu
▪ Japanese warrior born 1568, Japan died Aug. 20, 1595, Kōyasan, Kii Province       nephew and adopted son and heir of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the renowned warrior who ...
Toyotomi Hideyori
▪ Japanese ruler born Aug. 29, 1593, Ōsaka died June 4, 1615, Ōsaka       son and heir of Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537–98), the great warrior who unified Japan after ...
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
born 1536/37, Nakamura, Owari province, Japan died Sept. 18, 1598, Fushimi One of the three unifiers of premodern Japan (with Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu) who brought the ...
toys and games
Most young children are given toys for their birthday or at Christmas. Many regularly spend their pocket money or allowance on smaller toys. Toys that have always been popular ...
Toys ‘R’ Us
a large US company producing children’s toys and clothes. The main office is in Paramus, New Jersey. * * *
/toy"shop'/, n. an establishment where toys are sold and sometimes also manufactured. [1790-1800; TOY + SHOP] * * *

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