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Слова на букву unre-work (15990)

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vacuolar membrane n. See tonoplast. * * *
/vak"yooh euh lit, -layt', -yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. having a vacuole or vacuoles. Also, vacuolated. [1855-60; VACUOLE + -ATE1] * * *
vac·u·o·lat·ed (văkʹyo͞o-ō-lā'tĭd) also vac·u·o·late (-lāt', -lĭt) adj. Containing vacuoles or a vacuole. * * *
/vak'yooh euh lay"sheuhn, -yeuh lay"-/, n. 1. the formation of vacuoles. 2. the state of being vacuolate. 3. a system of vacuoles. [1855-60; VACUOLE + -ATION] * * *
—vacuolar /vak'yooh oh"leuhr, vak"yooh euh-, vak"yeuh leuhr/, adj. /vak"yooh ohl'/, n. Biol. 1. a membrane-bound cavity within a cell, often containing a watery liquid or ...
—vacuously, adv. —vacuousness, n. /vak"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. without contents; empty: the vacuous air. 2. lacking in ideas or intelligence: a vacuous mind. 3. expressing or ...
See vacuous. * * *
See vacuously. * * *
/vak"yoohm, -yooh euhm, -yeuhm/, n., pl. vacuums for 1, 2, 4-6, vacua /vak"yooh euh/ for 1, 2, 4, 6; adj.; v. n. 1. a space entirely devoid of matter. 2. an enclosed space from ...
vacuum aspiration
Med. 1. See under menstrual extraction. 2. a method of sampling the contents of the uterus for diagnostic purposes. [1965-70] * * *
vacuum bottle
a bottle or flask having a vacuum liner that prevents the escape of heat from hot contents, usually liquids, or the entrance of heat into cold contents; thermos. [1905-10] * * *
vacuum cleaner
an electrical appliance for cleaning carpets, floors, etc., by suction. Also called vacuum sweeper. [1900-05] * * *
vacuum coffee maker
a coffee pot with upper and lower glass units, the upper for ground coffee and the lower for water that, when boiled, rises through the filter-stoppered bottom of the upper unit ...
vacuum concrete
concrete from which excess moisture and air are sucked to quicken hardening and increase strength. * * *
vacuum distillation
Chem. a process of distillation employing a vacuum that by lowering the pressure on a liquid allows volatilization at a lower temperature than normal. [1895-1900] * * *
vacuum flask
also called  Dewar Vessel, or Thermos Flask,         vessel with double walls, the space between which is evacuated. It was invented by the British chemist and physicist ...
vacuum gauge
a device for measuring pressures below atmospheric pressure in the receiver of an air pump, in steam condensers, and the like. [1860-65] * * *
vacuum pan
a vessel equipped with a vacuum pump used for rapid evaporation by boiling a substance at a low temperature under reduced pressure. * * *
vacuum pump
a pump or device by which a partial vacuum can be produced. [1855-60] * * *
vacuum technology
Introduction       all processes and physical measurements carried out under conditions of below-normal atmospheric pressure. A process or physical measurement is ...
vacuum tube
1. Also called, esp. Brit., vacuum valve. an electron tube from which almost all air or gas has been evacuated: formerly used extensively in radio and electronics. 2. a sealed ...
vacuum valve
vacuum valve n. Brit. VACUUM TUBE * * *
/vak"yoohm pak', -yooh euhm-, -yeuhm-/, v.t. to pack (food) in a vacuum-packed container. * * *
/vak"yoohm pakt', -yooh euhm-, -yeuhm-/, adj. packed and sealed in a container, as a can or jar, with as much air as possible evacuated before sealing, chiefly to preserve ...
vacuum aspiration n. A method of abortion performed during the first trimester of pregnancy, in which the contents of the uterus are withdrawn through a narrow tube. Also called ...
vacuum bottle n. A bottle or flask having a vacuum between its inner and outer walls, designed to maintain the desired temperature of the contents. Also called vacuum flask. * * *
vacuum casting n. The casting of metals under a vacuum. * * *
vacuum cleaner n. An electrical appliance that cleans surfaces by suction. * * *
vacuum curettage n. See vacuum aspiration. * * *
vacuum drying n. Removal of liquid material from a solution or mixture under reduced air pressure, which results in drying at a lower temperature than is required at full ...
vacuum flask n. See vacuum bottle. * * *
vacuum gauge n. A device for measuring pressures below atmospheric pressure. * * *
/vak"yooh muyz', -yooh euh-, -yeuh-/, v.t., vacuumized, vacuumizing. 1. to create a vacuum in. 2. vacuum (def. 11). 3. vacuum-pack. Also, esp. Brit., vacuumise. [1905-10; VACUUM ...
vacuum pump n. 1. A pump used to evacuate an enclosure. 2. See pulsometer. * * *
vacuum tube n. Abbr. VT An electron tube from which all or most of the gas has been removed, permitting electrons to move with low interaction with any remaining gas molecules. * ...
▪ Hindu sect (Tamil),Sanskrit  Uttara-kalārya,         one of two Hindu subsects of the Śrīvaiṣṇava, the other being the Teṉkalai. Though the two groups use ...
vade mecum
/vay"dee mee"keuhm, vah"-/, pl. vade mecums. 1. something a person carries about for frequent or regular use. 2. a book for ready reference; manual; handbook. [1620-30; < L vade ...
va·de me·cum (vā'dē mēʹkəm, vä'dē māʹ-) n. pl. va·de me·cums 1. A useful thing that one constantly carries about. 2. A book, such as a guidebook, for ready ...
Vadianus, Joachim
▪ Swiss humanist original name Joachim Von Watt born c. 1484, , Sankt Gallen, Switz. died April 6, 1551, Sankt Gallen       Swiss religious reformer and one of the ...
Vadim (Plemiannikov), Roger
born Jan. 26, 1928, Paris, France died Feb. 11, 2000, Paris French film director. After working briefly as a stage actor in the mid-1940s, he began his film career as an ...
Vadim, Roger
▪ 2001 Roger Vadim [or Vladimir] Plemiannikov        French filmmaker (b. Jan. 26, 1928, Paris, France—d. Feb. 11, 2000, Paris), showcased the appreciation of ...
VADM abbr. vice admiral. * * *
Vadodara [vä΄dō dä′rə] 1. former state of W India: now part of Gujarat state 2. city in E Gujarat state, W India: pop. 1,031,000 * * * Va·do·da·ra (və-dōʹdə-rä') ...
/vay"dohs/, adj. Geol. found or located above the water table: vadose water; vadose zone. [1895-1900; < L vadosus shallow, equiv. to vad(um) a shoal, ford + -osus -OSE1] * * *
vadose zone
▪ hydrology       region of aeration above the water table. This zone also includes the capillary fringe above the water table, the height of which will vary according ...
/vaht"sue/, n. a seaport in NE Norway. 5625. * * *
Vadstena Bracteate
▪ artifact  gold coin-like ornament with runic inscriptions and rich designs, discovered in Östergötland, Swed., probably dating from the 5th century. A 24-character ...
▪ Norway       town, northern Norway. Located on the northern shore of Varangerfjorden, the original settlement was on the adjacent island of Vassøya, but in the early ...
/fah doohts"/, n. a city in and the capital of Liechtenstein, on the upper Rhine. 7500. * * * City (pop., 1997 est.: 5,000), capital of Liechtenstein. Located on the Rhine ...
vae victis
/wuy" wik"tees/; Eng. /vee" vik"tis/, Latin. woe to the vanquished. * * *
Vafiades, Markos
▪ Greek political leader born Jan. 28, 1906, Asia Minor [now in Turkey] died Feb. 22, 1992, Athens, Greece       Greek insurgent, founding member of the Greek Communist ...
/vah"fee oh'/; Gk. /vah fyaw"/, n. Vaphio. * * *
vag- [vāg] combining form VAGO-: used before a vowel * * *
—vagabondish, adj. /vag"euh bond'/, adj. 1. wandering from place to place without any settled home; nomadic: a vagabond tribe. 2. leading an unsettled or carefree life. 3. ...
/vag"euh bon'dij/, n. 1. the state or condition of being a vagabond; idle wandering. 2. vagabonds collectively. Also called vagabondism. [1805-15; VAGABOND + -AGE] * * *
See vagabondage. * * *
/vay"geuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to a vagus nerve. [1850-55; VAG(US) + -AL1] * * *
vagal block
Med. the obstruction of vagus nerve impulses by the administration of drugs, a treatment for reducing acid secretion by the stomach. Cf. vagotomy. * * *
See vagal. * * *
Vaganova, Agrippina
▪ Russian ballerina in full  Agrippina Yakovlevna Vaganova  born June 14 [June 26, New Style], 1879, St. Petersburg, Russia died November 5, 1951, Leningrad [now St. ...
Vaganova, Agrippina (Yakovlevna)
born July 6, 1879, St. Petersburg, Russia died Nov. 5, 1951, Leningrad Russian ballet dancer and teacher. In 1897 she joined the Mariinsky Theatre company, where she worked ...
—vagariously, adv. /veuh gair"ee euhs/, adj. 1. characterized by vagaries; erratic; capricious: a vagarious foreign policy. 2. roving; wandering: vagarious artists. [1790-1800; ...
/veuh gair"ee, vay"geuh ree/, n., pl. vagaries. 1. an unpredictable or erratic action, occurrence, course, or instance: the vagaries of weather; the vagaries of the economic ...
va·gi (vāʹgī, -jī) n. Plural of vagus. * * *
/vaj"euhl/ or, esp. Brit., /-uyl/, adj. Biol. endowed with or having freedom of movement. [1885-90; < L vag(us) wandering + -ILE] * * *
/veuh jil"i tee/, n. Biol. the ability of an organism to move about freely and migrate. [1935-40; VAGILE + -ITY] * * *
var. of vagino- before a vowel: vaginectomy. * * *
/veuh juy"neuh/, n., pl. vaginas, vaginae /-nee/. 1. Anat., Zool. a. the passage leading from the uterus to the vulva in certain female mammals. Cf. oviduct. b. a sheathlike part ...
—vaginally, adv. /vaj"euh nl/, adj. 1. Anat., Zool. pertaining to or involving the vagina. 2. pertaining to or resembling a sheath. [1720-30; VAGIN(A) + -AL1] * * *
vaginal condom
a contraceptive for women, being a thin polyurethane pouch, one end of which is inserted into the vagina and the other end spread over the vulva. Also called vaginal pouch. * * *
See vaginal. * * *
/vaj"euh nit, -nayt'/, adj. Bot. having a vagina or sheath; sheathed. [1840-50; < NL vaginatus. See VAGINA, -ATE1] * * *
/vaj'euh nek"teuh mee/, n., pl. vaginectomies. Surg. excision of part or all of the vagina. [VAGIN(A) + -ECTOMY] * * *
/vaj'euh niz"meuhs/, n. Pathol. a painful spasm of the vagina. [1865-70; < NL; see VAGINA, -ISM] * * * ▪ disease       involuntary muscle spasm that closes the opening ...
/vaj'euh nuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the vagina. Also called colpitis. [1840-50; VAGIN(A) + -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the vagina. The chief symptom is a whitish or ...
a combining form representing vagina in compound words: vaginotomy. Also, esp. before a vowel, vagin-. * * *
/vaj'euh noh muy koh"sis/, n. Pathol. a fungous infection of the vagina. [VAGINO- + MYCOSIS] * * *
vag·i·no·sis (văj'ə-nōʹsĭs) n. A disease of the vagina. * * *
/vaj'euh not"euh mee/, n., pl. vaginotomies. Surg. colpotomy. [VAGINO- + -TOMY] * * *
a combining form with the meaning "vagus nerve," used in the formation of compound words: vagotomy. [see VAGUS, -O-] * * *
/vay'goh di pres"euhr/, Pharm. adj. 1. decreasing or mimicking the decrease of the activity of the vagus nerve. n. 2. any such substance. [VAGO- + DEPRESSOR] * * *
/vay got"euh mee/, n., pl. vagotomies. the surgical severance of vagus nerve fibers, performed to reduce acid secretion by the stomach. Cf. vagal block. [1900-05; VAGO- + ...
—vagotonic /vay'geuh ton"ik/, adj. /vay'geuh toh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. hyperexcitability of the vagus nerve, producing bradycardia, decreased heart output, and ...
See vagotonia. * * *
/vay'geuh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. Physiol. affecting the vagus nerve. [VAGO- + -TROPIC] * * *
/vay"greuhn see/, n., pl. vagrancies. 1. the state or condition of being a vagrant: an arrest for vagrancy. 2. the conduct of a vagrant. 3. mental wandering; reverie. [1635-45; ...
—vagrantly, adv. —vagrantness, n. /vay"greuhnt/, n. 1. a person who wanders about idly and has no permanent home or employment; vagabond; tramp. 2. Law. an idle person ...
See vagrant. * * *
➡ homelessness * * *
/vay"greuhm/, adj. Archaic. vagrant. [1590-1600; var. of VAGRANT] * * *
—vaguely, adv. —vagueness, n. /vayg/, adj., vaguer, vaguest. 1. not clearly or explicitly stated or expressed: vague promises. 2. indefinite or indistinct in nature or ...
See vague. * * *
See vaguely. * * *
/vay"geuhs/, n., pl. vagi /-juy, -guy/. See vagus nerve. [1830-40; < L: wandering] * * *
vagus nerve
pl. vagus nerves. Anat. either one of the tenth pair of cranial nerves, consisting of motor fibers that innervate the muscles of the pharynx, larynx, heart, and thoracic and ...
vagus nerve n. Either of the tenth and longest of the cranial nerves, passing through the neck and thorax into the abdomen and supplying sensation to part of the ear, the tongue, ...
Váh (vä, väKH) A river, about 394 km (245 mi) long, of western Slovakia flowing west and south to the Danube River. * * *
Váh River
River, western Slovakia. Rising in the Tatra Mountains, it flows west and south for 242 mi (390 km) before entering the Danube River at Komárno. There are numerous ...
▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “mount,” or “vehicle”), in Hindu mythology, the creature that serves as the vehicle and as the sign of a particular deity. The ...
vahine [vä hē′nā] n. 〚Tahitian, woman < Proto-Polynesian * fafine > Haw & Maori wahine: see WAHINE〛 a Polynesian woman, esp. of Tahiti * * * va·hi·ne (vä-hēʹnē, ...
▪ people also spelled  Vei,  also called  Gallinas,         people inhabiting northwestern Liberia and contiguous parts of Sierra Leone. Early Portuguese writers ...
Vaida-Voevod, Alexandru
▪ prime minister of Romania born 1872, Olpret, Transylvania, Hung. [now in Romania] died March 19, 1950, Bucharest, Rom.       politician who served three times as ...
Vaigai River
▪ river, India       river in Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southern India, flowing 150 miles (240 km) generally southeast. Rising in the Varushanad Hills of western ...
Vaihinger, Hans
▪ German philosopher born Sept. 25, 1852, Nehren, Württemberg [Germany] died Dec. 18, 1933, Halle, Ger.       German philosopher who, influenced by Arthur Schopenhauer ...
vail1 /vayl/, v.t. 1. to let sink; lower. 2. Archaic. to take off or doff (one's hat), as in respect or submission. [1300-50; ME valen, aph. var. of AVALEN (now obs.) < MF avaler ...
Vail, Alfred Lewis
▪ American scientist and businessman born Sept. 25, 1807, Morristown, N.J., U.S. died Jan. 18, 1859, Morristown       American telegraph pioneer and an associate and ...
Vail, Theodore Newton
▪ American businessman born July 16, 1845, Minerva, Ohio, U.S. died April 16, 1920, Baltimore, Md.       American executive who twice headed the Bell Telephone Company ...
Vaillant, Édouard-Marie
▪ French politician born Jan. 28, 1840, Vierzon, Fr. died Dec. 18, 1915, Paris  French revolutionary publicist and politician who was exiled for his role in the Paris ...
—vainly, adv. —vainness, n. /vayn/, adj., vainer, vainest. 1. excessively proud of or concerned about one's own appearance, qualities, achievements, etc.; conceited: a vain ...
/vuy'neuh moy"nen/; Fin. /vai"na muei'nen/, n. Finnish Legend. an old magician, the hero of the Kalevala, who opposes the magician Joukahainen and the sorceress Louhi. * * *
—vaingloriously, adv. —vaingloriousness, n. /vayn glawr"ee euhs, -glohr"-/, adj. 1. filled with or given to vainglory: a vainglorious actor. 2. characterized by, showing, or ...
See vainglorious. * * *
See vaingloriously. * * *
/vayn"glawr'ee, -glohr'ee, vayn glawr"ee, -glohr"ee/, n. 1. excessive elation or pride over one's own achievements, abilities, etc.; boastful vanity. 2. empty pomp or ...
vainly [vān′lē] adv. 1. in vain; uselessly; fruitlessly; without success 2. with vanity; conceitedly * * * See vain. * * *
See vainly. * * *
Vaiont Dam
▪ dam, Italy       concrete arch dam across the Vaiont River in Italy with a height of 859 feet (262 m) and crest length of 623 feet (190 m). Completed in 1961, it was ...
/vair/, n. 1. a fur much used for lining and trimming garments in the 13th and 14th centuries, generally assumed to have been that of a variety of squirrel with a gray back and ...
Vair, Guillaume du
▪ French philosopher born March 7, 1556, Paris, Fr. died Aug. 31, 1621, Tonneins  a highly influential French thinker and writer of the troubled period at the end of the ...
▪ Hindu ascetic       in Hinduism, a religious ascetic who worships principally one or another form of the god Vishnu. Vairāgins generally wear white robes, in contrast ...
In Mahayana and tantric Buddhism, the supreme buddha who is the cosmic counterpart of Sakyamuni in his teaching mode. He is the most prominent of the five self-born buddhas, ...
Väisälä, Yrjö
▪ Finnish astronomer born September 6, 1891, Kontiolahti, Russia died July 21, 1971, Rymättylä, Finland  Finnish meteorologist and astronomer noted for developing ...
▪ ancient city, India Pāli  Vēsalī        city of ancient India, north of Patna, northwestern Bihār state, on the Gandak River. In antiquity Vaiśālī was the ...
/vuy'she shee"keuh, vuy shay"shi keuh/, n. Indian Philos. a school of thought asserting the existence of a universe formed by a god out of atoms of earth, air, fire, and water, ...
—Vaishnavism, n. /vuysh"neuh veuh/, n. Hinduism. a Bhakti sect devoted to Vishnu. * * *
See Vaishnava. * * * Worship of Vishnu as the supreme deity, as well as of his incarnations, mainly Rama and Krishna. Vaishnavism is one of the major forms of modern Hinduism, ...
      alternate name for Kubera, the popular god of wealth in Hindu, Jaina, and Buddhist mythology. Among the four guardians of the world (lokapala), he is ruler of the ...
Third highest of the four varnas of India. Traditionally described as commoners, Vaishyas are connected with productive labour, such as trade, agriculture, and pastoralism. ...
▪ Hindu cult       member of an esoteric Hindu cult centred in Bengal that sought religious experience through the world of the senses, specifically human sexual love. ...
/vuys"yeuh, vuysh"-/, n. a member of the Hindu mercantile and professional class, above the Shudras and below the Kshatriyas. Cf. Brahman (def. 1). [1785-95; < Skt vaisya] * * *
▪ Liberia also called  Bomi Hills,         city, western Liberia, West Africa. Located in the Bomi Hills former iron-mining district, it is associated with the ...
/vuy"vohd/, n. voivode. * * *
▪ prince of Siam also spelled  Wachirayanwarorot, or Wachirayan Warot   born April 12, 1860, Bangkok died Aug. 2, 1921, Bangkok       prince-patriarch of Buddhism in ...
or Phramongkutklao or Rama VI born Jan. 1, 1881, Bangkok, Siam died Nov. 26, 1925, Bangkok King of Siam (Thailand; 1910–25). Educated at Oxford, Vajiravudh undertook ...
Vajpayee, Atal Bihari
born Dec. 15, 1924, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India Leader of India's pro-Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and prime minister of India in 1996 and from 1998 to ...
/vuj"reuh/, n. Hinduism. (in Vedic mythology) the thunderbolt of Indra. [ < Skt] * * * Five-pronged ritual object extensively employed in the ceremonies of Tibetan Buddhism. It ...
▪ Buddhist mythological figure Tibetan  Phyag-na-rdo-rje , Chinese  Kin-kang , Japanese  Kongō        in Mahāyāna Buddhist mythology, one of the celestial ...
Form of tantric Buddhism that emerged in India in the first millennium AD and spread to Tibet, where it is the predominant tradition in Tibetan Buddhism. Philosophically, ...
▪ Buddhism       in Vajrayāna (Tantric Buddhism), female embodiment of the cognitive function leading to Buddhahood. Vajrayāna emphasizes experience over speculation ...
Vakataka dynasty
Indian ruling house that originated in the central Deccan in the mid-3rd century AD. The Vakataka empire is believed to have extended from Malwa and Gujarat in the north to the ...
/veuh keel"/, n. Anglo-Indian. a native lawyer. Also, vakil. [1615-25; < Hindi vakel < Ar wakil] * * *
▪ mountain corridor, Afghanistan also spelled  Wākhān, or Wakhan Corridor,         a mountainous region and panhandle in the Pamir (Pamirs) Mountains of extreme ...
Vakhtangov, Yevgeny Bagrationovich
▪ Russian theatrical director born Feb. 1 [Feb. 13, New Style], 1883, Vladikavkaz, Russia died May 29, 1922, Moscow       Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art ...
▪ Finnish mythology       supernatural power believed by the Baltic Finns to reside in those natural sites, objects, and animals that for various reasons attracted ...
/val/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Valentine. 2. a female given name, form of Valerie. /val/, n. Valenciennes (def. 2). Biochem. valine. * * *
Val d'Aosta
Val d'Aosta [väl΄ dä ō̂s′tä] var. of VALLE D'AOSTA * * *
Val d'Or
Fr. /vannl dawrdd"/ a city in SW Quebec, in S Canada. 19,915. * * *
Val lace
Valenciennes (def. 2). * * *
/val"bel air"/; Fr. /vannl bay lerdd"/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada. 10,716. * * *
/vannl dwannz"/, n. a department in N France. 840,885; 482 sq. mi. (1248 sq. km). Cap.: Pontoise. * * *
▪ Quebec, Canada       city, Abitibi-Témiscamingue region, western Quebec province, Canada. Val-d'Or lies near Lakes Blouin, de Montigny, and Lemoine. Although its ...
/vannl deuh mannrddn"/, n. a department in N France. 1,215,674; 94 sq. mi. (243 sq. km). Cap.: Créteil. * * *
1. valentine. 2. valuation. 3. value. 4. valued. * * *
/vah"leuh/, n. Scand. Myth. a prophetess. * * *
▪ ancient city, India       city of ancient India that was the capital of the Maitraka dynasty in the 5th–8th century AD. It was situated on an inlet of the Gulf of ...
Valachi, Joseph
▪ American gangster in full  Joseph Michael Valachi   born Sept. 22, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died April 3, 1971, La Tuna Federal Correctional Institution, ...
/vann lann dawonn"/, n. Suzanne /syuu zannn"/, 1865-1938, French painter (mother of Maurice Utrillo). * * *
Valadon, Suzanne
▪ French painter original name  Marie-clémentine Valadon   born Sept. 23, 1865, Bessines-sur-Gartempe, near Limoges, France died April 19, 1938, Paris       French ...
Fr. /vann le"/; Eng. /va lay"/, n. a canton in SW Switzerland. 211,600; 2021 sq. mi. (5235 sq. km). Cap.: Sion. * * * ▪ canton, Switzerland (French), German  Wallis, ...
—valanced, adj. /val"euhns, vay"leuhns/, n. 1. a short curtain or piece of drapery that is hung from the edge of a canopy, from the frame of a bed, etc. 2. a short ornamental ...
Valanginian Stage
▪ geology       second of six main divisions (in ascending order) in the Lower Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Valanginian Age, ...
Valaorítis, Aristotélis
▪ Greek poet born Aug. 2, 1824, Leucas island, Greece died July 24, 1879, Leucas island       Greek poet and statesman who was memorable chiefly for the ardent ...
▪ county, Romania also spelled  Vîlcea,         judeţ (county), south-central Romania. The Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians) and the sub-Carpathians rise ...
Valcour Island
/val koor"/ an island in NE New York, in Lake Champlain: battle 1776. * * *
Valdai Hills
/vahl duy"/; Russ. /vul duy"/ a region of hills and plateaus in the W Russian Federation in Europe, at the source of the Volga River: highest point, 1140 ft. (347 m). * * * ▪ ...
Val·dai Hills also Val·day Hills (väl-dīʹ) An upland region of northwest Russia between St. Petersburg and Moscow. It forms the watershed for numerous rivers, including ...
Valdemar [väl′də mär΄] alt. sp. of WALDEMAR I * * * (as used in expressions) Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel Valdemar I Valdemar the Great Valdemar IV ...
Valdemar Birgersson
▪ king of Sweden born 1243 died Dec. 26, 1302       king of Sweden (1250–75) who governed jointly with his father Birger Jarl (q.v.) until the latter's death in ...
Valdemar I
/vahl"deuh mahr'/. See Waldemar I. * * * known as Valdemar the Great born Jan. 14, 1131, Denmark died May 12, 1182, Denmark King of Denmark (1157–82). On ascending the ...
Valdemar II
▪ king of Denmark byname  Valdemar the Victorious , Danish  Valdemar Sejr  born 1170, Denmark died March 28, 1241, Denmark  king of Denmark (1202–41) who, between 1200 ...
Valdemar IV Atterdag
born с 1320, Denmark died Oct. 24, 1375, Schleswig King of Denmark (1340–75). A son of King Christopher II, he sought to free Danish lands from foreign domination. He sold ...
Val·de·mar I (välʹdə-mär') See Waldemar I. * * *
▪ Spain       city, Ciudad Real provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Castile-La Mancha (Castile–La Mancha), south-central ...
Valderrama, Juanito
▪ 2005 Juan Valderrama Blanca        Spanish singer-songwriter (b. May 24, 1916, Torredelcampo, Spain—d. April 12, 2004, Espartinas, Spain), won critical acclaim from ...
Valdés Leal, Juan de
born May 4, 1622, Sevilla, Spain died Oct. 15, 1690, Sevilla Spanish painter. Son of a Portuguese father, he was educated in Córdoba and worked there and in Sevilla. After the ...
Valdés Leal, Juan de Nisa
▪ Spanish artist born May 4, 1622, Sevilla, Spain died October 15, 1690, Sevilla       painter, president of the Sevilla (Seville) Academy, and the major figure in ...
Valdés, Alfonso de
▪ Spanish writer born 1490?, Cuenca, Spain died Oct. 3?, 1532, Vienna       Humanist satirist, one of the most influential and cultured thinkers in Spain of the early ...
Valdés, Juan de
▪ Spanish author born 1490?, Cuenca, Spain died May 1541, Naples       Spanish Humanist. He and his twin brother, Alfonso, were members of an influential intellectual ...
/val deez"/, n. an ice-free port in S Alaska, at N end of the Gulf of Alaska: S terminus of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. 3079. * * * ▪ Alaska, United States       city, ...
/bahl dee"vyah/, n. a seaport in S Chile. 92,763. * * * ▪ Chile       city, southern Chile. It lies at the confluence of the Callecalle and Cruces rivers, where they ...
Valdivia, Pedro de
born с 1498, Extremadura, Spain died January 1554, Tucapel, Viceroyalty of Peru Spanish conquistador. After serving with the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders, he was sent to ...
Valdivieso, Alfonso
▪ 1996       For two decades life in Colombia had been carried out in the ever-present shadow of the violence and corruption engendered by narcotics trafficking. The ...
Val·do (vălʹdō, välʹ-), Peter. See Waldo, Peter. * * *
/val dos"teuh/, n. a city in S Georgia. 37,596. * * * ▪ Georgia, United States       city, seat (1860) of Lowndes county, southern Georgia, U.S., about 60 miles (100 ...
/vayl/, n. 1. a valley. 2. the world, or mortal or earthly life: this vale of tears. [1250-1300; ME < OF val < L vallem, acc. of vallis, valles valley] * * * (as used in ...
Vale of Glamorgan
▪ county, Wales, United Kingdom  county, southern Wales, extending along the Bristol Channel coast west of Cardiff and lying entirely within the historic county of ...
Vale of White Horse
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Oxfordshire, historic county of Berkshire, England, lying southwest of Oxford. It ...
Vale Royal
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough, administrative and historic county of Cheshire, England. It is named for a great Cistercian abbey built by Edward I ...
/val'i dik"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act of bidding farewell or taking leave. 2. an utterance, oration, or the like, given in bidding farewell or taking leave; valedictory. [1605-15; < L ...
Valediction Forbidding Mourning, A
a poem (1612) by John Donne. * * *
/val'i dik tawr"ee euhn, -tohr"-/, n. a student, usually the one ranking highest academically in a school graduating class, who delivers the valedictory at the commencement ...
/val'i dik"teuh ree/, adj., n., pl. valedictories. adj. 1. bidding good-bye; saying farewell: a valedictory speech. 2. of or pertaining to an occasion of leave-taking: a ...
/vay"leuhns/, n. 1. Chem. a. the quality that determines the number of atoms or groups with which any single atom or group will unite chemically. b. the relative combining ...
/vann lahonns"/, n. a city in and the capital of Drôme, in SE France. 70,307. * * * Number of bonds (see bonding) an atom can form. Hydrogen (H) always has valence 1, so other ...
valence electron
Chem. an electron of an atom, located in the outermost shell (valence shell) of the atom, that can be transferred to or shared with another atom. [1925-30] * * ...
valence electrons
valence electrons n. the orbital electrons in the outermost shell of an atom which largely determine its properties * * *
valence electron n. An electron in an outer shell of an atom that can participate in forming chemical bonds with other atoms. * * *
valence shell n. The outermost shell of an atom consisting of the valence electrons. * * *
/veuh len"shee euh, -sheuh, -see euh/; Sp. /bah len"syah/ or, for 2, 3, /-thyah/, n. 1. Guillermo León /gee yerdd"maw le awn"/, 1909-71, Colombian diplomat and statesman: ...
Valencia, Guillermo
▪ Colombian author and statesman born Oct. 29, 1873, Popayán, Colom. died July 8, 1943, Popayán       Colombian poet and statesman, whose technical command of verse ...
Valencia, Lake
formerly Tacarigua Lake, Carabobo and Aragua states, northern Venezuela. Its total area of 141 sq mi (364 sq km) makes it the second largest natural lake in Venezuela, after ...
Valencian Community
Valencian Community region comprising three provinces of E Spain: 8,998 sq mi (23,305 sq km); pop. 4,029,000; cap. Valencia * * *
Valencia orange n. A sweet orange having few seeds and a thin skin.   [After Valencia.] * * *
/veuh len'see enz"/; Fr. /vann lahonn syen"/, n. 1. a city in N France, SE of Lille. 43,202. 2. Also called Valenciennes lace, Val, Val lace. Textiles. a. a flat bobbin lace of ...
Valenciennes lace
▪ French bobbin lace  one of the most famous of bobbin laces, first made in the French city of Valenciennes, Nord département, and later in Belgium (around Ypres and Ghent) ...
/vay"leuhn see/, n., pl. valencies. Chem. valence. * * *
/vay"leuhnz/, n. Flavius /flay"vee euhs/, A.D. c328-378, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire 364-378. * * * born с AD 328 died Aug. 9, 378 Eastern Roman emperor ...
Valens, Ritchie
▪ American musician original name  Richard Stephen Valenzuela  born May 13, 1941, Pacoima, California, U.S. died February 3, 1959, near Clear Lake, ...
Valente, Jose Angel
▪ 2001       Spanish poet (b. April 25, 1929, Orense, Galicia, Spain—d. July 18, 2000, Geneva, Switz.), was highly regarded for his verse as well as his criticism and ...
Valenti, Jack Joseph
▪ 2008       American public figure born Sept. 5, 1921 , Houston, Texas died April 26, 2007, Washington, D.C. as president (1966–2004) of the Motion Picture ...
Valentin, Barbara
▪ 2003 Uschi Ledersteger        German film actress (b. Dec. 15, 1940, Vienna, Austria—d. Feb. 22, 2002, Munich, Ger.), was dubbed the German Jayne Mansfield for her ...
/val"euhn tuyn'/, n. 1. a card or message, usually amatory or sentimental but sometimes satirical or comical, or a token or gift sent by one person to another on Valentine Day, ...
/val"euhn tuyn'/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c270, Christian martyr at Rome. 2. Also, Valentinus. pope A.D. 827. 3. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning "strong." * * * (as ...
Valentine cards
➡ St Valentine’s Day * * *
Valentine Day
February 14, observed in honor of St. Valentine as a day for the exchange of valentines and other tokens of affection. Also, Valentine's Day. Also called Saint Valentine's Day. * ...
Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day n. short for SAINT VALENTINE'S DAY * * * Lovers' holiday celebrated on February 14, the feast day of St. Valentine, one of two 3rd-century Roman martyrs of the ...
Val·en·tine's Day or Val·en·tines Day (vălʹən-tīnz') n. See Saint Valentine's Day. * * *
Valentine, Alfred Lewis
▪ 2005 “Alf”        Jamaican cricketer (b. April 29, 1930, Spanish Town, near Kingston, Jam.—d. May 11, 2004, Orlando, Fla.), along with his spin-bowling partner ...
Valentine, Saint
▪ Christian martyr died 3rd century, Rome; feast day February 14       name of two legendary martyrs whose lives seem to be historically based. One was a Roman priest ...
Val·en·tine (vălʹən-tīn'), Saint.fl. third century A.D. Roman Christian who according to tradition was martyred during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Claudius ...
➡ St Valentine’s Day * * *
Valentine’s Day
➡ St Valentine’s Day * * *
Valentinian [val΄ən tin′ē ən] 1. Valentinian I A.D. 321?-375; Rom. emperor; ruled 364-375: brother of Valens 2. Valentinian II A.D. 371?-392; Rom. emperor; ruled 375-392: ...
Valentinian I
/val'euhn tin"ee euhn/ A.D. 321?-375, emperor of Western Roman Empire 364-375. Also, Valentinianus I /val'euhn tin'ee ay"neuhs/. * * * in full Flavius Valentinianus born AD ...
Valentinian II
A.D. c371-392, emperor of the Western Roman Empire 375-392. Also, Valentinianus II. * * * ▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Flavius Valentinianus  born 371, Treveri, Belgica ...
Valentinian III
A.D. 419?-455, emperor of the Western Roman Empire 425-455. Also, Valentinianus III. * * * ▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Flavius Placidius Valentinianus  born July 2, 419, ...
Val·en·tin·ian I (văl'ən-tĭnʹē-ən, -tĭnʹyən), A.D. 321-375. Emperor of Rome in the West (364-375) who ruled jointly with his brother Valens in the East. * * *
Valentinian II, A.D. 371?-392. Emperor of Rome (375-392) who ruled jointly with Gratian in the East (375-383). He was driven from Italy (387) and assassinated in Vienna. * * *
Valentinian III, A.D. 419-455. Emperor of Rome in the West (425-455) whose reign was marked by numerous raids by Germanic tribes. * * *
/val"euhn ti nuyt', -tee'nuyt/, n. a mineral, antimony trioxide, Sb2O3, formed by the oxidation of various minerals containing antimony and occurring in the form of white ...
/val'euhn tee"noh/, n. Rudolph (Rodolpho d'Antonguolla), 1895-1926, U.S. motion-picture actor, born in Italy. * * *
Valentino, Rudolph
orig. Rodolfo Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguolla born May 6, 1895, Castellaneta, Italy died Aug. 23, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S. Italian-born U.S. film actor. He immigrated ...
Val·en·ti·no (văl'ĭn-tēʹnō), Rudolph. 1895-1926. Italian-born American actor known for his romantic leading roles in silent films such as The Sheik (1921) and Blood and ...
/val'euhn tuy"neuhs/, n. Valentine (def. 2). * * * ▪ Gnostic philosopher flourished 2nd century AD       Egyptian religious philosopher, founder of Roman and ...
Valenzuela, Fernando
▪ Mexican baseball player in full  Fernando Valenzuela Anguamea , byname  El Toro (“the Bull”)  born November 1, 1960, Etchohuaquila, Mexico    Mexican professional ...
Valenzuela, Fernando de, Marqués De Villa Sierra
▪ prime minister of Spain born Jan. 19, 1630, Naples died Feb. 7, 1692, Mexico       Spanish royal favourite and minister during the regency of Charles ...
/veuh lair"euh, -lear"euh/; for 1 also Irish /vah lay"rddah/; for 2 also Sp. /bah le"rddah/, n. 1. Eamon De /ay"meuhn de/. See De Valera. 2. a city in W Venezuela. 71,223. * * ...
Valera y Alcalá Galiano
/bah le"rddah ee ahl'kah lah" gah lyah"naw/ Juan /hwahn/, 1824-1905, Spanish novelist, critic, diplomat, and statesman. * * *
Valera y Alcalá Galiano, Juan
▪ Spanish novelist born Oct. 18, 1824, Cabra, Spain died April 18, 1905, Madrid       important Spanish 19th-century novelist and stylist, also a diplomat and ...
valerate [val′ər āt΄] n. a salt or ester of valeric acid * * *
/veuh lear"ee euhn/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Valeriana, as the common valerian V. officinalis, having small, fragrant flowers of white, lavender, or pink and a root that is ...
/veuh lear"ee euhn/, n. (Publius Licinius Valerianus) died A.D. c260, Roman emperor 253-60. * * * Latin Publius Licinius Valerianus died AD 260 Roman emperor (253–260). He ...
valerian family
the plant family Valerianaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants and shrubs having simple or compound, opposite leaves, clusters of small flowers, and dry, indehiscent fruit, ...
▪ plant family  the valerian family of the teasel order (Dipsacales), containing about 10 genera and more than 400 species of annual and perennial herbs, a few outstanding as ...
/veuh lear'ee euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Valerianaceae. Cf. valerian family. [1835-45; < NL Valerianace(ae) (see VALERIAN, -ACEAE) + -OUS] * * *
/veuh ler"ik, -lear"-/, adj. pertaining to or derived from valerian. Also, valerianic /veuh lear'ee an"ik/. [1850-55; VALER(IAN) + -IC] * * *
valeric acid
Chem. any of several isomeric organic acids having the formula C5H10O2, the common one being a liquid of pungent odor obtained from valerian roots: used chiefly as an ...
va·le·ric acid (və-lîrʹĭk, -lĕrʹ-) n. A colorless liquid, C5H10O2, used in flavorings, perfumes, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals.   [valerian(from its occurrence in ...
/val"euh ree/, n. a female given name. Also, Valeria /veuh lear"ee euh/, Valery. * * *
(as used in expressions) Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus Valerius Licinianus Licinius Marcus Valerius Martialis Marcus Aurelius Valerius ...
Valerius Flaccus, Gaius
▪ Roman poet flourished 1st century AD        epic poet, author of an Argonautica, an epic which, though indebted to other sources, is written with vivid ...
Valerius Maximus
▪ Roman historian flourished AD 30       Roman historian and moralist who wrote an important book of historical anecdotes for the use of rhetoricians.       Born ...
Valero, Roberto
▪ Cuban poet born 1955, Matazas, Cuba died Sept. 23, 1994, Washington, D.C.       Cuban poet noted for his poetry on tyranny in Fidel Castro (Castro, Fidel)'s Cuba and ...
/vann lay rddee"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1871-1945, French poet and philosopher. * * *
Valéry, (Ambroise-) Paul (-Toussaint-Jules)
born Oct. 30, 1871, Sète, France died July 20, 1945, Paris French poet, essayist, and critic. A student of law, Valéry wrote many poems during 1888–91, some published in ...
Valéry, Paul
▪ French critic and poet Introduction in full  Ambroise-Paul-Toussaint-Jules Valéry  born Oct. 30, 1871, Sète, Fr. died July 20, 1945, Paris  French poet, essayist, and ...
Valéry,Paul Ambroise
Va·lé·ry (văl'ə-rēʹ, vä-lā-rēʹ), Paul Ambroise. 1871-1945. French poet known for his dramatic dialogues, such as La Jeune Parque (1917), and symbolic works, including ...
—valetless, adj. /va lay", val"it, val"ay/, n., v., valeted, valeting. n. 1. a male servant who attends to the personal needs of his employer, as by taking care of clothing or ...
valet de chambre
/vann le deuh shahonn"brddeu/, pl. valets de chambre /vann le deuh shahonn"brddeu/. French. valet (def. 1). * * *
valet parking
valet parking n. a service provided by attendants who park and later retrieve motor vehicles for guests, customers, etc. as of a restaurant valet-park vt. * * *
valet parking n. Parking arrangements provided by a commercial establishment, such as a restaurant, whereby patrons leave their cars at the entrance and attendants park and ...
/val'i toohd'n air"ee euhn, -tyoohd'-/, n. 1. an invalid. 2. a person who is excessively concerned about his or her poor health or ailments. adj. 3. in poor health; sickly; ...
/val'i toohd'n air"ee euh niz'euhm, -tyoohd'-/, n. the state, condition, or habits of a valetudinarian. [1830-40; VALETUDINARIAN + -ISM] * * *
/val'i toohd"n er'ee, -tyoohd"-/, n., pl. valetudinaries. valetudinarian. [1575-85; < L valetudinarius sickly, equiv. to valetudin- (s. of valetudo) good or bad state of health ...
See valgus. * * *

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