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valgus
/val"geuhs/, n., pl. valguses. Pathol. n. 1. an abnormally turned position of a part of the bone structure of a human being, esp. of the leg. adj. 2. of or in such a position; ...
Valhalla
/val hal"euh, vahl hah"leuh/, n. Scand. Myth. the hall of Odin into which the souls of heroes slain in battle and others who have died bravely are received. Also, Valhall /val ...
valiance
See valiancy. * * *
valiancy
/val"yeuhn see/, n. valiant nature or quality; valor; bravery; courage. Also, valiance. [1565-75; VALI(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
valiant
—valiantly, adv. —valiantness, n. /val"yeuhnt/, adj. 1. boldly courageous; brave; stout-hearted: a valiant soldier. 2. marked by or showing bravery or valor; heroic: to make ...
valiantly
See valiancy. * * *
valiantness
See valiancy. * * *
valid
—validly, adv. —validness, n. /val"id/, adj. 1. sound; just; well-founded: a valid reason. 2. producing the desired result; effective: a valid antidote for gloom. 3. having ...
validate
—validation, n. —validator, n. —validatory /val"i deuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /val"i dayt'/, v.t., validated, validating. 1. to make valid; substantiate; confirm: Time ...
validation
See validate. * * *
validity
/veuh lid"i tee/, n. 1. the state or quality of being valid: to question the validity of the argument. 2. legal soundness or force. [1540-50; < LL validitas, equiv. to L ...
validly
See validity. * * *
validness
See validity. * * *
Valignano, Alessandro
▪ Italian missionary born February 1539, Chieti, Kingdom of Naples died Jan. 20, 1606, Macau       Italian Jesuit missionary who helped introduce Christianity to the ...
Valinda
/veuh lin"deuh/, n. a town in SW California. 18,700. * * *
Valindaba
▪ South Africa       site of a uranium enrichment pilot plant in Gauteng province, South Africa, on the western outskirts of Pretoria. Built by the Uranium Enrichment ...
valine
/val"een, -in, vay"leen, -lin/, n. Biochem. an essential amino acid, (CH3)2CHCH(NH2)COOH, white, crystalline, and water-soluble, present in most plant and animal proteins, ...
valinomycin
/val'euh noh muy"sin/, n. Pharm. a cyclic, peptide antibiotic, C54H90N6O18, produced by the bacterium Streptomyces fulvissimus; used experimentally to transport potassium across ...
valise
/veuh lees"/ or, esp. Brit., /-leez"/, n. a small piece of luggage that can be carried by hand, used to hold clothing, toilet articles, etc.; suitcase; traveling bag. [1605-15; < ...
Valium
/val"ee euhm/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of diazepam. * * * Trademark for a preparation of diazepam. A tranquillizing drug used to treat anxiety and tension states and as an ...
Valkyrie
—Valkyrian, adj. /val kear"ee, -kuy"ree, vahl-, val"keuh ree/, n. Scand. Myth. any of the beautiful maidens attendant upon Odin who bring the souls of slain warriors chosen by ...
Valla
/vahl"lah/, n. Lorenzo /law rdden"dzaw/, 1407-57, Italian humanist and critic. * * *
Valla, Lorenzo
born 1407, Rome, Papal States died Aug. 1, 1457, Rome Italian humanist, philosopher, and literary critic. Unable to find a post as a papal secretary, Valla left Rome in 1430 ...
Vallabha
▪ Hindu philosopher also called Vallabhācārya born 1479, Benares, Jaunpur, India died 1531, Benares       Hindu philosopher and founder of the important devotional ...
Vallabhācārya
▪ Hindu sect       school of Hinduism prominent among the merchant class of North and West India; its members are worshipers of Lord Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) and followers ...
Valladolid
/val'euh deuh lid"/; Sp. /bah'lyah dhaw leedh"/, n. a city in N Spain, NW of Madrid: Columbus died here 1506. 236,341. * * * City (pop., 2001: 316,580), capital of the ...
Valladolid, University of
▪ university, Valladolid, Spain Spanish  Universidad De Valladolid,         coeducational state institution of higher learning at Valladolid, in northwestern Spain. ...
Vallandigham, Clement L
▪ American politician born July 29, 1820, Lisbon, Ohio, U.S. died June 17, 1871, Lebanon, Ohio  politician during the American Civil War (1861–65) whose Southern ...
Vallandigham, Clement L(aird)
born July 29, 1820, Lisbon, Ohio, U.S. died June 17, 1871, Lebanon, Ohio U.S. politician. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1857–63), where he became a leader ...
vallate
/val"ayt/, adj. bordered by a ridge, raised edge, or the like. [1875-80; < LL vallatus (ptp. of vallare to surround, border with a wall, rampart), equiv. to vall(um) rampart, ...
vallation
/va lay"sheuhn/, n. Fort. 1. a rampart or entrenchment. 2. the process or technique of constructing ramparts. [1655-65; < LL vallat(us) (see VALLATE) + -ion- -ION] * * *
vallatory
See vallation. * * *
Valle
(as used in expressions) Valle Central marqués del Valle de Oaxaca Valle d'Aosta Valle Inclán Ramón María del Ramón Valle y Villanueva de Arosa * * *
Valle Central
▪ valley, Costa Rica also called  Meseta Central        highland valley in central Costa Rica, containing most of the country's large cities and about seven-tenths ...
Valle d'Aosta
/vahl"le dah aw"stah/ a region in NW Italy. 114,162; 1259 sq. mi. (3260 sq. km). * * * Autonomous region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 119,356), northwestern Italy. Covering an area of ...
Valle de la Pascua
/bah"ye dhe lah pahs"kwah/ a city in N Venezuela. 38,630. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, northeastern Guárico estado (state), central Venezuela. Lying in the Llanos ...
Valle del Cauca
▪ department, Colombia  departamento, western Colombia, rising from the Pacific lowlands across the Andean Cordillera Occidental to encompass the valley of the upper Cauca ...
Valle, Pietro della
▪ Italian traveler and writer born April 11, 1586, Rome died April 21, 1652, Rome       Italian traveler to Persia and India whose letters detailing his wanderings are ...
Valle-Inclán, Ramón María del
orig. Ramón Valle y Villanueva de Arosa born Oct. 28, 1866, Villanueva de Arosa, Spain died Jan. 5, 1936, Santiago de Compostela Spanish novelist, playwright, and poet. Early ...
vallecula
—vallecular, adj. /veuh lek"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. valleculae /-lee'/. Biol. a furrow or depression. [1855-60; < LL, equiv. to valle(s) VALLEY + L -cula -CULE1] * * *
vallecular
See vallecula. * * *
valleculate
/veuh lek"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. having a vallecula or valleculae. [VALLECUL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
Valled'Aosta
Val·le d'A·os·ta (vä'lā dä-ōʹstə, -stä) A region of northwest Italy bordering on France and Switzerland. Separated from Piedmont in the 1940s, it has a predominantly ...
Valledupar
Val·le·du·par (vä'yā-do͞o-pärʹ, bä'yĕ-) A town of northern Colombia east-southeast of Barranquilla. It is an agricultural trade center. Population: 150,838. * * ...
Vallee, Rudy
orig. Hubert Prior Vallée born July 28, 1901, Island Pond, Vt., U.S. died July 3, 1986, North Hollywood, Calif. U.S. singer and entertainer. He performed as a musician while ...
Vallejo
/veuh lay"oh, -hoh/; for 1, 2 also Sp. /bah ye"haw/, n. 1. César Sp. /se"sahrdd/, 1895-1938, Peruvian poet. 2. Mariano Guadalupe /mahr'ee ah"noh gwahd'l oohp", -ooh"pee, mar'-/; ...
Vallejo, César
▪ Peruvian poet in full  César Abraham Vallejo  born March 16, 1892, Santiago de Chuco, Peru died April 15, 1938, Paris, France       Peruvian poet who in exile ...
Vallenar
/bah'ye nahrdd"/, n. a city in central Chile. 18,000. * * *
Valles
▪ Mexico in full  Ciudad Valles        city, eastern San Luis Potosí estado (state), northeastern Mexico. It lies along the Tampaon (or Valles) River, west-southwest ...
Valles Marineris
/val"euhs mar'euh nair"is/, Astron. a canyon on Mars, 3100 mi. (5000 km) in length, named after the Mariner spacecraft. * * * ▪ region, Mars  vast system of interconnected ...
Vallès, Jules
▪ French writer born June 10, 1832, Le Puy (now LePuy-en-Velay), France died February 14, 1885, Paris       French Socialist journalist and novelist, founder of Le Cri ...
Valletta
/veuh let"euh/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Malta, on the NE coast. 14,049. * * * Seaport city (pop., 1999 est.: 7,100), capital of Malta. It is located on a rocky ...
valley
—valleylike, adj. /val"ee/, n., pl. valleys. 1. an elongated depression between uplands, hills, or mountains, esp. one following the course of a stream. 2. an extensive, more ...
Valley City
▪ North Dakota, United States       city, seat (1879) of Barnes county, southeastern North Dakota, U.S. It lies in the Sheyenne River valley, about 60 miles (100 km) ...
Valley East
a town in S Ontario, in S Canada. 20,443. * * *
valley fever
Pathol. coccidioidomycosis. [1935-40; so called because it is common in the San Joaquin Valley in California] * * *
Valley Forge
a village in SE Pennsylvania: winter quarters of Washington's army 1777-78. * * * ▪ historical area, United States       in the American Revolution, Pennsylvania ...
Valley Forge National Historical Park
Preserve, southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S. The 3,468-ac (1,404-ha) park commemorates the site where Gen. George Washington camped with his Continental Army in the winter of ...
Valley girl
n (AmE) a girl from a rich family who is not very intelligent and only interested in things like shopping, originally one of those living in the San Fernando Valley of California ...
Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes
a volcanic area in SW Alaska, in Katmai National Monument. * * *
Valley of the Kings
a valley on the west bank of the Nile near the site of Thebes: the necropolis of many of the kings and queens of the 18th and 19th dynasties of ancient Egypt, c1350-c1200 B.C. ...
Valley Stream
a village on W Long Island, in SE New York. 35,769. * * *
valley wind
/wind/ a wind that ascends a mountain valley during the day. Cf. mountain wind. * * *
valleyed
See valley. * * *
valleyfever
valley fever n. See coccidioidomycosis. * * *
Valleyfield
/val"ee feeld'/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, SW of Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 29,574. * * *
ValleyForge
Val·ley Forge (vălʹē) A village of southeast Pennsylvania on the Schuylkill River northwest of Philadelphia. It was the site of the headquarters of the Continental Army ...
Valleyof Ten Thousand Smokes
Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes A volcanic region of southwest Alaska at the upper end of the Alaska Peninsula. It was formed by the eruption of Mount Katmai in 1912, when ash and ...
Valleyof the Kings
Valley of the Kings A narrow valley of east-central Egypt surrounding the site of ancient Thebes between Karnak and Luxor. The valley contains the tombs of numerous pharaohs of ...
valleys
➡ Welsh valleys * * *
Valli
(1937– ) a US pop singer with a high voice. His group, The Four Seasons, formed in 1956 and still sing together. They were chosen for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990. ...
Valli, Alida
▪ 2007 Alida Maria Laura von Altenberger        Italian actress (b. May 31, 1921, Pula, Italy [now in Croatia]—d. April 22, 2006, Rome, Italy), had roles in more than ...
Valli, Romolo
▪ Italian actor born , Feb. 7, 1925, Reggio Emilia, Italy died Feb. 1, 1980, Rome       Italian actor who appeared in leading stage roles and won many awards for his ...
Vallieres, Pierre
▪ 1999       Canadian writer whose Les Negres blancs d'Amerique (1968; White Niggers of America, 1971) reflected his anger at injustice and became the Quebec separatist ...
Vallombrosa
/vahl'lawm brddaw"zah/, n. a resort in central Italy, near Florence: famous abbey. * * * ▪ Italy       village, Firenze province, Toscana (Tuscany) region, north ...
Vallone, Raffaele
▪ 2003 “Raf”        Italian actor (b. Feb. 17, 1916, Tropea, Italy—d. Oct. 31, 2002, Rome, Italy), was one of the leading stars of Italian Neorealist films of the ...
Valmid
/val"mid/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ethinamate. * * *
Valmiki
/vahl mee"kee/, n. Hindu poet and reputed author of the Ramayana. * * *
Valois
/vann lwann"/ for 1, 3; /val"wah/ for 2, n. 1. a member of a ruling family of France that reigned from 1328 to 1589. 2. Dame Ninette de /ni net"/. See de Valois, Dame Ninette. 3. ...
Valois Dynasty
▪ French dynasty       the royal house of France from 1328 to 1589, ruling the nation from the end of the feudal period into the early modern age. The Valois kings ...
Valona
/veuh loh"neuh/; It. /vah law"nah/, n. Italian name of Vlorë. * * *
valonia
/veuh loh"nee euh/, n. acorn cups of an Old World oak, Quercus macrolepis (or Q. aegilops), used in tanning, dyeing, and making ink. [1715-25; < It vallonia < ModGk balánia, pl. ...
valor
/val"euhr/, n. boldness or determination in facing great danger, esp. in battle; heroic courage; bravery: a medal for valor. Also, esp. Brit., valour. [1350-1400; ME valo(u)r < ...
valorization
☆ valorization [val΄ər i zā′shən ] n. 〚Port valorização < valorizar, to valorize < valor, a price, worth < LL: see VALOR〛 1. a stabilizing or fixing of prices, ...
valorize
—valorization, n. /val"euh ruyz'/, v.t., valorized, valorizing. to provide for the maintaining of the value or price of (a commercial commodity) by a government's purchasing ...
valorous
—valorously, adv. —valorousness, n. /val"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. having valor; courageous; valiant; brave. 2. characterized by valor: valorous deeds. [1470-80; < ML valorosus ...
valorously
See valorous. * * *
valorousness
See valorously. * * *
valour
val·our (vălʹər) n. Chiefly British Variant of valor. * * *
Valparaiso
/val'peuh ruy"zoh, -soh/, n. 1. Spanish, Valparaíso /bahl'pah rddah ee"saw/. a seaport in central Chile. 248,972. 2. a city in NW Indiana. 22,247. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: ...
Valparaiso University
▪ university, Valparaiso, Indiana, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher education in Valparaiso, Ind., U.S. It is affiliated with the ...
Valpolicella
/val'poh li chel"euh/; It. /vahl'paw lee chel"lah/, n. a dry, red table wine from the Veneto region of northern Italy. [1940-45; after Valpolicella, an area of alluvium-filled ...
valproate
val·pro·ate (văl-prōʹāt) n. An anticonvulsive drug, C8H15NaO2, given orally and by injection in the treatment of epilepsy.   [valpro(ic acid)(valeric acid + propyl + -ic) ...
valproic acid
/val proh"ik/, Pharm. a carboxylic acid, C8H16O2, used for its antiepileptic properties in the treatment of various seizures including petit mal. [1970-75; VAL(ERIC) + PRO(PYL) + ...
Valsad
▪ India also called  Bulsar        town, southeastern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. It lies along the Gulf of Khambhat (Khambhat, Gulf of) (Cambay), ...
Valsalva maneuver
/val sal"veuh/ a forced expiratory effort against a closed glottis that decreases intrathoracic pressure, hampering venous return to the heart, and that can be used to inflate ...
Valsalvamaneuver
Val·sal·va maneuver (văl-sălʹvə) n. 1. Expiratory effort when the mouth is closed and the nostrils are pinched shut, which forces air into the eustachian tubes and ...
valse
/vannls/, n., pl. valses /vannls/. French. waltz. * * *
Valtellina
▪ valley, Italy German  Veltlin,         upper valley of the Adda River from its sources in the Ortles mountains westward to its entry into Lake Como, largely in ...
valuable
—valuableness, n. —valuably, adv. /val"yooh euh beuhl, -yeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. having considerable monetary worth; costing or bringing a high price: a valuable painting; a ...
valuableness
See valuable. * * *
valuably
See valuableness. * * *
valuate
—valuator, n. /val"yooh ayt'/, v.t., valuated, valuating. to set a value on; appraise. [1870-75; back formation from VALUATION] * * *
valuation
—valuational, adj. —valuationally, adv. /val'yooh ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of estimating or setting the value of something; appraisal. 2. an estimated value or worth. 3. the ...
valuational
See valuation. * * *
valuator
val·u·a·tor (vălʹyo͞o-ā'tər) n. One that estimates values; an appraiser. * * *
value
/val"yooh/, n., v., valued, valuing. n. 1. relative worth, merit, or importance: the value of a college education; the value of a queen in chess. 2. monetary or material worth, ...
Value Added Tax
n [U] (abbr VAT) (in Britain) a tax of 17.5% which is added to the price of goods and services when they are sold. The money from the tax is collected by the person selling the ...
value date
Banking. the date on which an entry made on an account becomes effective, used esp. in connection with foreign accounts. * * *
value judgment
an estimate, usually subjective, of the worth, quality, goodness, evil, etc., of something or someone. [1895-1900] * * *
value-added
/val"yooh ad"id/, n. 1. something, as an item of equipment, that has been added to a product by a marketer or distributor to warrant a markup in the retail price. adj. 2. of, ...
value-added tax
an excise tax based on the value added to a product at each stage of production or distribution: value added is arrived at by subtracting from the total value of the product at ...
value-added tax (VAT)
Government levy on the amount a firm adds to the price of a goods or services as value is added that is, at each step of their production and distribution. In the most common ...
value-addedtax
value-added tax n. Abbr. VAT A tax on the estimated market value added to a product or material at each stage of its manufacture or distribution, ultimately passed on to the ...
value-free
value-free [val′yo͞o frē′] adj. not altered or influenced by value judgments [value-free research] * * *
valued
/val"yoohd/, adj. 1. highly regarded or esteemed: a valued friend. 2. estimated; appraised: jewels valued at $100,000. 3. having value of a specified kind: a triple-valued ...
valued policy
Insurance. a policy in which the company and the policyholder agree to the amount to be paid in the event of total loss of property, regardless of the value of the ...
valuedpolicy
val·ued policy (vălʹyo͞od) n. An insurance policy requiring the insurer to pay the insured the full face value of the policy in the event of total loss, regardless of the ...
valuejudgment
value judgment n. A judgment that assigns a value, as to an object or action; a subjective evaluation. * * *
valueless
—valuelessness, n. /val"yooh lis/, adj. without worth or value; worthless: valueless stocks; a valueless promise. [1555-65; VALUE + -LESS] * * *
valuelessness
See valueless. * * *
valuer
/val"yooh euhr/, n. 1. Brit. an appraiser. 2. a person who values. [VALUE + -ER1] * * *
Values for the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) of certain radionuclides
▪ Table Values for the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) of certain radionuclides isotope chemical form critical organ mBq in body tritium ...
Values of the constant of gravitation
▪ Table Values of the constant of gravitation author year method G (in units of 10–11 m3s–2kg–1) H. Cavendish 1798 torsion balance (deflection) 6.754 J.H. ...
valuta
/veuh looh"teuh/, n. (in Europe) the value of a currency expressed in terms of its rate of exchange with another currency. [1915-20; < It < VL *valuta, for L valita, fem. ptp. of ...
valval
/val"veuhl/, adj. valvular. [1890-95; VALVE + -AL1] * * *
valvar
/val"veuhr/, adj. valvular. [1890-95; VALVE + -AR1] * * *
valvate
/val"vayt/, adj. 1. furnished with or opening by a valve or valves. 2. serving as or resembling a valve. 3. Bot. a. opening by valves, as certain capsules and anthers. b. meeting ...
valve
—valveless, adj. —valvelike, adj. /valv/, n., v., valved, valving. n. 1. any device for halting or controlling the flow of a liquid, gas, or other material through a passage, ...
valve gear
(in a reciprocating engine) the mechanism for opening and closing the valves at certain points in each stroke. Also called valve train. * * *
valve lifter
Auto., Mach. (in an internal-combustion engine) a tappet that opens a valve when actuated by a camshaft. * * *
valve stem
stem1 (def. 14). [1830-40] * * *
valve trombone
a trombone equipped with three or four valves in place of a slide. * * *
valve-in-head engine
/valv"in hed"/. See I-head engine. [1930-35] * * *
valve-in-headengine
valve-in-head engine (vălvʹĭn-hĕdʹ) n. An internal-combustion engine, as in some automobiles, that has the inlet and exhaust valves in the cylinder head instead of in the ...
valved
/valvd/, adj. having or furnished with valves: a valved trumpet. [1670-80; VALVE + -ED3] * * *
valveless
See valve. * * *
valvelet
/valv"lit/, n. a small valve; valvule. [1785-95; VALVE + -LET] * * *
Valverde, Jose Maria
▪ 1997       Spanish poet and scholar (b. Jan. 26, 1926, Valencia de Alcántara, Spain—d. June 6, 1996, Barcelona, Spain), was one of the leading voices of Spanish ...
valvula
/val"vyeuh leuh/, n., pl. valvulae /-lee'/. Anat. 1. a small valve or valvule. 2. a cusp of certain valves, as the aortic valve. [1605-15; < NL; L valv(a) VALVE + -ula -ULE] * * *
valvular
/val"vyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. having the form or function of a valve. 2. operating by a valve or valves. 3. of or pertaining to a valve or valves, esp. of the heart. Also, valval, ...
valvular insufficiency
Pathol. abnormal closure of a heart valve resulting in failure to prevent regurgitation of blood. Also called valvular incompetence. * * *
valvule
/val"vyoohl/, n. a small valve or a part resembling a valve. [1745-55; < NL valvula. See VALVE, -ULE] * * *
valvulitis
/val'vyeuh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a valve, esp. a heart valve, often caused by rheumatic fever. [1890-95; VALVULE + -ITIS] * * *
valvuloplasty
val·vu·lo·plas·ty (vălʹvyə-lə-plăs'tē) n. pl. val·vu·lo·plas·ties Plastic surgery to repair a valve, especially a heart valve. * * *
valvulotomy
/val'vyeuh lot"euh mee/, n., pl. valvulotomies. Surg. the opening, slitting, or fracturing of a heart valve. [VALVULE + -O- + -TOMY] * * *
Vāmana
▪ Hindu mythology       fifth of the 10 incarnations (avatāras) of the Hindu god Vishnu. He made his appearance when the demon king Bali ruled the entire universe and ...
vambrace
—vambraced, adj. /vam"brays/, n. Armor. 1. a piece of plate armor for the forearm; a lower cannon. Cf. rerebrace. See diag. under armor. 2. plate armor for the arm, usually ...
vamoose
/va moohs"/, v., vamoosed, vamoosing. Slang. v.i. 1. to leave hurriedly or quickly; decamp. v.t. 2. to leave hurriedly or quickly from; decamp from. [1830-40; < Sp vamos let us ...
vamose
/va mohs"/, v.i., v.t., vamosed, vamosing. Slang. vamoose. * * *
vamp
vamp1 —vamper, n. —vampish, adj. /vamp/, n. 1. the portion of a shoe or boot upper that covers the instep and toes. 2. something patched up or pieced together. 3. Jazz. an ...
vamper
See vamp1. * * *
vamphorn
/vamp"hawrn'/, n. a megaphone in use during the 18th and early 19th centuries for public address in church services. [VAMP1 + HORN; so called from its use in amplifying one voice ...
vampire
—vampiric /vam pir"ik/, vampirish /vam"puyeur ish/, adj. /vam"puyeur/, n. 1. a preternatural being, commonly believed to be a reanimated corpse, that is said to suck the blood ...
vampire bat
1. any of several New World tropical bats of the genera Desmodus, Diphylla, and Diaemus, the size of a small mouse, feeding on small amounts of blood obtained from resting ...
vampirebat
vampire bat n. 1. Any of various tropical American bats of the family Desmodontidae that bite mammals and birds to feed on their blood and that often carry diseases such as ...
vampiric
See vampire. * * *
vampirical
See vampiric. * * *
vampirish
See vampiric. * * *
vampirism
/vam"puyeur iz'euhm, -peuh riz'-/, n. 1. belief in the existence of vampires. 2. the acts or practices of vampires. 3. unscrupulous exploitation, ruin, or degradation of ...
vampish
See vamp2. * * *
vampishly
See vampish. * * *
vamplate
/vam"playt'/, n. Armor. a metal plate mounted on a lance in front of the grip to protect the hand. [1300-50; ME vaunplate < AF vaunt- fore- (see AVAUNT) + plate PLATE1] * * *
vampy
See vampish. * * *
van
van1 /van/, n. 1. the foremost or front division of an army, a fleet, or any group leading an advance or in position to lead an advance. 2. those who are in the forefront of a ...
Van
/van/; for 1, 2 also Turk. /vahn/, n. 1. Lake, a salt lake in E Turkey. 1454 sq. mi. (3766 sq. km). 2. a town on this lake. 88,597. 3. a male given name. * * * I City (pop., ...
Van Allen
/van al"euhn/ James Alfred, born 1914, U.S. physicist. * * *
Van Allen belt
Physics. either of two regions of high-energy-charged particles surrounding the earth, the inner region centered at an altitude of 2000 mi. (3200 km) and the outer region at an ...
Van Allen radiation belt
☆ Van Allen radiation belt [van al′ən ] n. 〚after James A. Van Allen (1914- ), U.S. physicist〛 1. a broad, doughnut-shaped region surrounding the earth and composed of ...
Van Allen radiation belts
Two doughnut-shaped zones of highly energetic charged particles (see electric charge) trapped at high altitudes in Earth's magnetic field. Named for James A. Van Allen (b. ...
Van Allen, James A.
▪ American physicist in full  James Alfred Van Allen  born Sept. 7, 1914, Mount Pleasant, Iowa, U.S. died Aug. 9, 2006, Iowa City, Iowa  American physicist, whose discovery ...
Van Allen, James Alfred
▪ 2007  American physicist (b. Sept. 7, 1914, Mount Pleasant, Iowa—d. Aug. 9, 2006, Iowa City, Iowa), brought about new understanding of cosmic radiation and its effects on ...
Van Andel, Jay
▪ 2005       American entrepreneur (b. June 3, 1924, Grand Rapids, Mich.—d. Dec. 7, 2004, Ada, Mich.), cofounded Amway, a direct-sales company that generated ...
Van Buren
/van byoor"euhn/ 1. Martin, 1782-1862, 8th president of the U.S. 1837-41. 2. a town in central Arkansas. 12,020. 3. a male given name. * * * ▪ Arkansas, United ...
Van Buren, Hannah
▪ wife of Martin Van Buren née  Hannah Hoes  born March 8, 1783, Kinderhook, New York, U.S. died February 5, 1819, Albany, New York  the wife of Martin Van Buren (Van ...
Van Buren, Martin
born Dec. 5, 1782, Kinderhook, N.Y., U.S. died July 24, 1862, Kinderhook Eighth president of the U.S. (1837–41). He served in the New York Senate (1812–20) and as state ...
Van Buren,Martin
Van Bu·ren (văn byo͝orʹən), Martin. 1782-1862. The eighth President of the United States (1837-1841). A powerful Democrat from New York, he served in the U.S. Senate ...
Van Cliburn
➡ Cliburn. * * *
van conversion
van2 (def. 4). * * *
Van Cortlandt, Stephanus
born , May 7, 1643, New Amsterdam died Nov. 25, 1700, New York City American colonial official. He was a wealthy merchant in New Amsterdam. After the colony came under British ...
Van de Graaff generator
/van" deuh graf'/, Physics, Elect. a device for producing high-voltage static electricity. Also called electrostatic generator. [1935-40; named after R. J. Van de Graaff ...
Van de Graaff, Robert J(emison)
born Dec. 20, 1901, Tuscaloosa, Ala., U.S. died Jan. 16, 1967, Boston, Mass. U.S. physicist. He worked as an engineer, then as a physics researcher at the University of Oxford ...
Van de Graaff, Robert Jemison
▪ American physicist and inventor born Dec. 20, 1901, Tuscaloosa, Ala., U.S. died Jan. 16, 1967, Boston, Mass.       American physicist and inventor of the Van de ...
Van Deman, Esther Boise
▪ American archaeologist born Oct. 1, 1862, South Salem, Ohio, U.S. died May 3, 1937, Rome, Italy       American archaeologist and the first woman to specialize in ...
Van Deman, Ralph
▪ United States general in full  Ralph Henry Van Deman  born September 3, 1865, Delaware, Ohio, U.S. died 1952, San Diego, California       American intelligence ...
van den Bergh, Hendrik Johan
▪ 1998       South African police official who created and headed the much-feared Bureau of State Security, which acted ruthlessly to suppress antiapartheid activity, ...
Van Depoele, Charles Joseph
▪ American inventor born April 27, 1846, Lichtervelde, Belg. died March 18, 1892, Lynn, Mass., U.S.       Belgian-born American inventor who demonstrated the ...
Van der Hum
/van" deuhr hoohm'/; Du. /vahn' deuhrdd hyuum"/ a spicy liqueur from South Africa, flavored with tangerine and herbs. [1860-65; allegedly after a Dutch sea captain who favored ...
van der Rohe
/van deuhr roh"euh, fahn/, Ludwig Mies /lud"wig meez, mees/. See Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig. * * *
van der Waals
van der Waals [vän dər vȧlz′] Johannes Diderik [yō̂ hä′nəs dē′də rik] 1837-1923; Du. physicist * * *
van der Waals forces
Relatively weak electrical forces that attract neutral (uncharged) molecules to each other in gases, liquefied and solidified gases, and almost all organic liquids and ...
van der Waals' equation
/van" deuhr wahlz', wawlz'/; Du. /vahn' deuhrdd vahls"/, Thermodynamics. an equation of state relating the pressure, volume, and absolute temperature of a gas, taking into ...
van der Waals' forces
Physical Chem. weak, nonspecific forces between molecules. Also, van der Waals forces. [1925-30; see VAN DER WAALS' EQUATION] * * *
van der Waals, Johannes Diederik
born Nov. 23, 1837, Leiden, Neth. died March 9, 1923, Amsterdam Dutch physicist. As professor at the University of Amsterdam (1877–1907), he extended the classical ideal-gas ...
Van Der Zee
/van" deuhr zee'/ James, 1886-1983, U.S. photographer. Also, Van DerZee. * * *
Van Der Zee, James (Augustus Joseph)
born June 29, 1886, Lenox, Mass., U.S. died May 15, 1983, Washington, D.C. U.S. photographer. In 1906 he moved with his family to Harlem in New York City. After a brief stint ...
Van Devanter
/van' di van"teuhr/ Willis, 1859-1941, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1910-37. * * *
Van Devanter, Willis
▪ United States jurist born April 17, 1859, Marion, Ind., U.S. died Feb. 8, 1941, Washington, D.C.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Van Diemen Gulf
▪ gulf, Northern Territory, Australia       inlet of the Timor Sea of the Indian Ocean, indenting Northern Territory, Australia. Measuring 90 mi (145 km) by 50 mi and ...
Van Diemen's Land
/van dee"meuhnz/ former name of Tasmania. * * * ▪ state, Australia       (1642–1855), the southeastern Australian island colony that became the commonwealth state of ...
Van Dine
/van duyn"/ S. S. See Wright, Willard Huntington. * * *
Van Dine, S.S.
▪ American critic, editor, and author pseudonym of  Willard Huntington Wright  born Oct. 15, 1888, Charlottesville, Va., U.S. died April 11, 1939, New York, ...
van Dongen
/van dong"euhn/; Du. /vahn dawng"euhn, dawng"euh/ Kees /kays/, (Cornelius Theodorus Marie), 1877-1968, French painter, born in the Netherlands. * * *
Van Doren
/van dawr"euhn, dohr"-/ 1. Carl, 1885-1950, U.S. writer. 2. his brother, Mark, 1894-1972, U.S. writer and critic. * * *
Van Doren, Carl
▪ American critic born Sept. 10, 1885, Hope, Ill., U.S. died July 18, 1950, Torrington, Conn.       U.S. author and teacher whose writings range through surveys of ...
Van Doren, Carl (Clinton) and Mark
born Sept. 10, 1885, Hope, Ill., U.S. died July 18, 1950, Torrington, Conn. born June 13, 1894, Hope, Ill. died Dec. 10, 1972, Torrington, Conn. U.S. writers and ...
Van Doren, Mark
▪ American writer born June 13, 1894, Hope, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 10, 1972, Torrington, Conn.       American poet, writer, and eminent teacher. He upheld the writing of ...
Van Doren,Carl Clinton
Van Dor·en (văn dôrʹən, dōrʹ-), Carl Clinton. 1885-1950. American literary critic, editor, and writer whose biography of Benjamin Franklin (1938) won a Pulitzer Prize. ...
Van Druten
/van drooht"n/ John William, 1901-57, U.S. playwright, born in England. * * *
Van Duyn
/van duyn"/, n. Mona, born 1921, U.S. poet: U.S. poet laureate 1992. * * *
Van Duyn, Mona
▪ 2005       American poet (b. May 9, 1921, Waterloo, Iowa—d. Dec. 2, 2004, University City, Mo.), wrote about ordinary middle-class suburban life with clarity and ...
Van Dyck
/van duyk"/; Flem. /vahn duyk"/ Sir Anthony, 1599-1641, Flemish painter. Also, Vandyke. * * *
Van Dyck, Sir Anthony
born March 22, 1599, Antwerp, Belg. died Dec. 9, 1641, London, Eng. Flemish painter. Son of a well-to-do silk merchant, he was apprenticed to an Antwerp painter at 10. He soon ...
Van Dyck,Sir Anthony
Van Dyck (văn dīkʹ), Sir Anthony. See SirAnthony Vandyke. * * *
Van Dyke
(1925– ) a US comedy actor, singer and dancer. He had his own television series, The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–6), which won three Emmys (1963, 1964 and 1966), and The New ...
Van Dyke, Dick
orig. Richard Wayne Van Dyke born Dec. 13, 1925, West Plains, Mo., U.S. U.S. actor and comedian. In 1947–53 he played in nightclubs with his pantomime act, "The Merry ...
Van Dyke, Henry
▪ American writer born Nov. 10, 1852, Germantown, Pa., U.S. died April 10, 1933, Princeton, N.J.       U.S. short-story writer, poet, and essayist popular in the early ...
Van Dyken,Amy
Van Dy·ken (văn dīʹkən), Amy. Born 1973. American swimmer who won four Olympic gold medals in 1996, the most ever won by an American woman at one Olympic Games. * * *
Van Eps, George Abel
▪ 1999       American jazz guitarist who played in a number of notable big bands and developed a seven-string guitar that added a bass line and made a wider range of ...
van Eyck
van Eyck [van īk′] 1. Hubert or Huybrecht [hoi′breHt΄] 1366?-1426; Fl. painter 2. Jan [yän] died 1441; Fl. painter: brother of Hubert * * *
Van Fleet
/van fleet"/ James Alward /al"weuhrd/, born 1892, U.S. army general. * * *
Van Fleet, James Alward
▪ United States military commander born March 19, 1892, Coytesville, New Jersey, U.S. died September 23, 1992, Polk City, Florida       U.S. military officer who was a ...
Van Fleet, Jo
▪ 1997       U.S. actress who played bold, matronly women on stage and screen, notably in Elia Kazan films, beginning with her role as the mother of James Dean's ...
van Gennip, Yvonne
▪ Dutch speed skater born May 1, 1964, Haarlem, Netherlands       Dutch athlete who was considered the greatest speed skater from The Netherlands since Ard Schenk ...
van Gogh
/van goh", gawkh"/; Du. /vahn khawkh"/ Vincent /vin"seuhnt/; Du. /vin sent"/, 1853-90, Dutch painter. * * *
Van Gogh Museum
▪ museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands       museum in Amsterdam that is devoted to the life and work of Vincent van Gogh (Gogh, Vincent van).       The Van Gogh ...
van Gogh,Vincent
van Gogh (văn gōʹ, gôKHʹ, vän KHôKHʹ), Vincent. 1853-1890. Dutch postimpressionist painter whose early works, such as The Potato Eaters (1885), portray peasant life in ...
Van Halen
▪ American rock group       American heavy metal band distinguished by the innovative electric-guitar playing of Eddie Van Halen. The original members were guitarist ...
Van Heusen, Jimmy
orig. Edward Chester Babcock born Jan. 26, 1913, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 7, 1990, Rancho Mirage, Calif. U.S. songwriter. He began working in radio in his teens. In the ...
Van Horne, Sir William Cornelius
▪ Canadian railroad executive born Feb. 3, 1843, near Joliet, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 11, 1915, Montreal       U.S.-born Canadian railway official who directed the ...
Van Kleeck, Mary Abby
▪ American social reformer born June 26, 1883, Glenham, N.Y., U.S. died June 8, 1972, Kingston, N.Y.  American social researcher and reformer, a dynamic and influential ...
Van Lerberghe, Charles
▪ Belgian poet born October 21, 1861, Ghent, Belgium died October 26, 1907, Brussels       Belgian poet, short-story writer, and playwright whose reputation rests ...
Van Lew, Elizabeth L.
▪ American Civil War agent born Oct. 17, 1818, Richmond, Va., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1900, Richmond       American Civil War agent who, through clever planning and by ...
van Leyden
/vahn luyd"n/. See Lucas van Leyden. * * *
van line
a transportation company that uses large motor vans for the long-distance moving of household effects. * * *
Van Loo, Charles-André
▪ French painter also called  Carle Van Loo,  Van Loo also spelled  Vanloo  born Feb. 15, 1705, Nice, France died July 15, 1765, Paris       Rococo painter ...
Van Loon
/van loohn", lohn"/ Hendrik Willem /hen"drik vil"euhm/, 1882-1944, U.S. author, born in the Netherlands. * * *
Van Morrison
➡ Morrison (IV) * * *
Van Nu en Straks circle
▪ group of writers       group of writers associated with an influential Flemish review, Van Nu en Straks (“Today and Tomorrow”; 1893–94 and 1896–1901). Though ...
Van Paassen
/vahn pah"seuhn/ Pierre /pee air"/, (Pieter Anthonie Laurusse), 1895-1968, U.S. journalist, author, and clergyman; born in the Netherlands. * * *
Van Peebles, Melvin
▪ American author and filmmaker original name  Melvin Peebles  born August 21, 1932, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       American filmmaker who wrote, directed, and starred ...
van pool
—van pooling. a type of car pool utilizing a van that can usually transport 6 to 15 passengers: often provided by a company for its commuting employees for a nominal charge or ...
van Praagh, Dame Peggy
▪ British dancer original name  Margaret van Praagh  born Sept. 1, 1910, London, Eng. died Jan. 15, 1990, Melbourne, Australia       British-born ballet dancer and ...
Van Rensselaer
/van ren'seuh lear", ren"seuh leuhr/; for 1 also Du. /vahn rdden"seuh lahrdd'/ 1. Kiliaen /kee"lee ahn'/, 1595-1644, Dutch merchant: founder of Dutch West India Company 1621; ...
Van Rensselaer, Mariana Alley Griswold
▪ American writer and critic née  Mariana Alley Griswold  born Feb. 21, 1851, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 20, 1934, New York City       American writer and critic ...
Van Rensselaer,Killian
Van Rens·se·laer (văn rĕn'sə-lîrʹ, rĕnʹsə-lər, vän rĕnʹsə-lär'), Killian or Kiliaen 1595-1644. Dutch merchant who was a founder of the Dutch West India Company ...
Van Rensselaer,Stephen
Van Rensselaer, Stephen. 1764-1839. American army officer and politician. A descendant of Killian Van Renssalaer, he inherited the family estate in New York, saw military action ...
Van Ronk, Dave
▪ 2003       American folk singer and musician (b. June 30, 1936, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Feb. 10, 2002, New York City), was an influential figure in the American folk music ...
Van Steenbergen, Henrik
▪ 2004 “Rik”        Belgian cyclist (b. Sept. 9, 1924, Arendonck, Belg.—d. May 15, 2003, Antwerp, Belg.), during a 24-year career (1943–66), won more than 900 ...
Van Sweringen, Oris Paxton and Mantis James
▪ American businessmen Respectively,   born April 24, 1879, Wooster, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 23, 1936, Hoboken, N.J. born July 8, 1881, Wooster died Dec. 12, 1935, ...
Van Tien Dung
▪ 2003       North Vietnamese general (b. May 1, 1917, Co Nhue, French Indochina—d. March 17, 2002, Hanoi, Vietnam), was one of North Vietnam's greatest war heroes—a ...
Van Vechten
/van vek"teuhn/ Carl, 1880-1964, U.S. author. * * *
Van Vechten, Carl
▪ American writer born June 17, 1880, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S. died Dec. 21, 1964, New York City  U.S. novelist and music and drama critic, an influential figure in New York ...
Van Vleck
/van vlek"/ John H(asbrouck) /haz"brook/, 1899-1980, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1977. * * *
Van Vleck, John H.
▪ American physicist in full  John Hasbrouck Van Vleck   born March 13, 1899, Middletown, Conn., U.S. died Oct. 27, 1980, Cambridge, Mass.       American physicist ...
Van Vleck,John Hasbrouck
Van Vleck (văn vlĕkʹ), John Hasbrouck. 1899-1980. American physicist. He shared a 1977 Nobel Prize for developments in computer memory. * * *
Van Vogt
/van vohkt"/, n. A(lfred) E(lton), born 1912, U.S. science-fiction writer, born in Canada. * * *
Van Vogt, A.E.
▪ Canadian-American author in full  Alfred Elton Van Vogt  born April 26, 1912, near Winnipeg, Man., Can. died Jan. 26, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       Canadian ...
Van Vollenhoven, Tom
▪ South African athlete byname of  Karel Thomas Van Vollenhoven  born April 29, 1935, Bethlehem, S.Af.       South African rugby football player who reached the ...
Van Wert
/van werrt"/ a city in NW Ohio. 11,035. * * *
Van Zandt, Marie
▪ American opera singer born Oct. 8, 1858, probably Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 31, 1919, Cannes, France  American opera singer who achieved major European success in a ...
Van Zandt, Townes
▪ 1998       American country and folk musician whose public obscurity was countered by the high esteem with which he was held by the musicians who transformed his ...
Van Zeeland
/vahn zay"lahnt'/ Paul /powl/, 1893-1973, Belgian statesman: premier 1935-37. * * *
van't Hoff
/vahnt hawf"/ Jacobus Hendricus /yah koh"bues hen drddee"kues/, 1852-1911, Dutch chemist: Nobel prize 1901. * * *
van't Hoff,Jacobus Hendricus
van't Hoff (vänt hôfʹ, hŏfʹ), Jacobus Hendricus. 1852-1911. Dutch chemist. He won a 1901 Nobel Prize for his pioneering work in stereochemistry and thermodynamics. * * *

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