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Van, Lake
Salt lake, eastern Anatolia. The largest lake in Turkey, it covers an area of 1,434 sq mi (3,713 sq km) and is more than 74 mi (119 km) across at its widest point. Its greatest ...
Van (văn, vän), Lake A salt lake of eastern Turkey. It is the largest lake in the country. * * *
/van"euh dayt'/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of a vanadic acid. Also, vanadiate /veuh nay"dee ayt'/. [1830-40; VANAD(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
vanadate mineral
       Vanadate minerals Vanadate minerals any of the many naturally occurring compounds of vanadium (V), oxygen (O), and various metals; most of these minerals are rare, ...
Vanadate minerals
▪ Table Vanadate minerals name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity carnotite bright yellow to lemon or greenish yellow dull or ...
/veuh nad"ik, -nay"dik/, adj. Chem. of or containing vanadium, esp. in the trivalent or pentavalent state. [1830-40; VANAD(IUM) + -IC] * * *
vanadic acid
Chem. any of certain acids containing vanadium, esp. one having the formula H3VO4. [1830-40] * * *
vanadic anhydride
▪ chemistry       vanadium pentoxide, a compound of vanadium and oxygen widely used as an oxidation catalyst, as in the oxidation of unburned hydrocarbons in automobile ...
va·na·dic acid (və-nāʹdĭk, -nădʹĭk) n. 1. An acid containing a vanadate group, especially HVO3, H3VO4, or H4V2O7, not existing in a pure state. 2. See vanadium ...
/veuh nad"n uyt', -nayd"-/, n. a mineral, Pb5(VO4)3Cl, occurring in yellow, brown, or greenish crystals: an ore of lead and vanadium. [1850-55; VANAD(IUM) + -IN2 + -ITE1] * * ...
/veuh nay"dee euhm/, n. Chem. a rare element occurring in certain minerals and obtained as a light-gray powder with a silvery luster or as a ductile metal: used as an ingredient ...
vanadium pentoxide
Chem. a yellow to red crystalline compound, V2O5, slightly soluble in water, used as a catalyst for organic reactions, in glass to absorb ultraviolet radiation, and as a ...
vanadium processing
Introduction       preparation of the metal for use in various products.       Vanadium (V) is a grayish silver metal whose crystal structure is a body-centred ...
vanadium steel
an alloy steel containing vanadium. [1905-10] * * *
vanadium pentoxide n. A yellow to red crystalline powder, V2O5, used as a catalyst in various organic reactions and as a starting material for other vanadium salts. Also called ...
vanadium steel n. Steel alloyed with vanadium for added strength, hardness, and high-temperature stability. * * *
/van"euh deuhs/, adj. Chem. containing divalent or trivalent vanadium. Also, vanadious /veuh nay"dee euhs/. [1855-60; VANAD(IUM) + -OUS] * * *
▪ Armenia formerly (until 1935)  Karaklis  or (1935–93)  Kirovakan        city, northern Armenia. It lies at the confluence of the Pambak, Tandzut, and ...
VanAllen belt
Van Al·len belt (văn ălʹən) n. Either of two zones of high-intensity particulate radiation trapped in Earth's magnetic field and surrounding the planet, beginning at an ...
/van brooh"/ or, esp. Brit., /van"breuh/, n. John, 1664-1726, English dramatist and architect. * * *
Vanbrugh, Sir John
(baptized Jan. 24, 1664, London, Eng. died March 26, 1726, London) English dramatist and architect. He began writing while serving as a soldier. He specialized in the comedy of ...
Vanbrugh,Sir John
Van·brugh (vănʹbrə, văn-bro͞oʹ), Sir John. 1664-1726. English playwright and architect who wrote The Provok'd Wife (produced 1697) and designed Blenheim Palace. * * *
/vans/, n. a male given name. * * *
Vance, Cyrus
▪ American statesman in full  Cyrus Roberts Vance  born March 27, 1917, Clarksburg, West Virginia, U.S. died January 12, 2002, New York, New York       American ...
Vance, Cyrus (Roberts)
born March 27, 1917, Clarksburg, W.Va., U.S. died Jan. 12, 2002, New York, N.Y. U.S. public official. After receiving his law degree from Yale University in 1942, he enlisted ...
Vance, Cyrus Roberts
▪ 2003       American lawyer and statesman (b. March 27, 1917, Clarksburg, W.Va.—d. Jan. 12, 2002, New York, N.Y.), served as U.S. secretary of state from 1977 to 1980 ...
Vance, Zebulon B.
▪ American politician in full  Zebulon Baird Vance   born May 13, 1830, Buncombe county, N.C., U.S. died April 14, 1894, Washington, D.C.  North Carolina representative, ...
/vang'keuh muy"sin, van'-/, n. Pharm. a bactericidal antibiotic, C66H75ClN9O24, produced by Streptomyces orientalis, used in the treatment of antibiotic-associated colitis and ...
/van kooh"veuhr/, n. 1. George, 1758-98, English explorer. 2. a large island in SW Canada, off the SW coast of British Columbia. 410,188; 12,408 sq. mi. (32,135 sq. km). 3. a ...
Vancouver Aquarium
▪ aquarium, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada       aquarium located in Stanley Park, Vancouver, B.C., Can., that has the largest collection of fishes (fish) and ...
Vancouver Island
Island (pop., 2001: 705,000) off southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It is the largest island (12,079 sq mi [31,285 sq km]) on the Pacific coast of North America. It has ...
Vancouver, George
born June 22, 1757, King's Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died May 10, 1798, Richmond, Surrey English navigator. He entered the Royal Navy at age 13 and sailed with James Cook on his ...
Vancouver, George. 1757-1798. British navigator who led an expedition to the coasts of Australia, New Zealand, and the Hawaiian Islands (1791-1792) and to the Pacific coast of ...
Vancouver, Mount A peak, 4,873.6 m (15,979 ft) high, in the St. Elias Mountains of southwest Yukon Territory, Canada, near the Alaskan border. * * *
Vancouver Island An island of southwest British Columbia, Canada, in the Pacific Ocean separated from the mainland by the Strait of Georgia and Queen Charlotte Strait. The ...
/van"deuh/, n. any of several epiphytic orchids of the genus Vanda, of tropical regions of the Eastern Hemisphere, having large white, lilac, blue, or greenish ...
/van"dl/, n. 1. (cap.) a member of a Germanic people who in the 5th century A.D. ravaged Gaul and Spain, settled in Africa, and in A.D. 455 sacked Rome. 2. a person who willfully ...
/van dayl"yeuh/, n. a town in W Ohio. 13,161. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, seat (1821) of Fayette county, south-central Illinois, U.S. Vandalia lies on ...
/van dal"ik/, adj. 1. (cap.) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Vandals. 2. of or pertaining to vandalism. [1660-70; VANDAL + -IC] * * *
—vandalistic, vandalish, adj. /van"dl iz'euhm/, n. 1. deliberately mischievous or malicious destruction or damage of property: vandalism of public buildings. 2. the conduct or ...
See vandalism. * * *
See vandalize. * * *
/van"dl uyz'/, v.t., vandalized, vandalizing. to destroy or deface by vandalism: Someone vandalized the museum during the night. Also, esp. Brit., vandalise. [1790-1800; VANDAL + ...
Vandamme, Dominique-René, Count d'Unebourg
▪ French general born Nov. 5, 1770, Cassel, near Dunkirk, France died July 15, 1830, Cassel       French general in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic ...
Vande Graaff generator
Van de Graaff generator (vănʹ də grăf') Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. An electrostatic generator in which an electric charge is either removed from or transferred to a large ...
Vandegrift, Alexander A.
▪ United States officer in full  Alexander Archer Vandegrift   born March 13, 1887, Charlottesville, Va., U.S. died May 8, 1973, Bethesda, Md.  U.S. Marine Corps officer ...
Vanden Boeynants, Paul
▪ 2002       Belgian politician (b. May 22, 1919, Brussels, Belg.—d. Jan. 9, 2001, Aalst, Belg.), was a longtime member of Parliament (1952–85), the French-speaking ...
/van"deuhn berrg'/, n. 1. Arthur Hendrick, 1884-1951, U.S. statesman. 2. Hoyt Sanford, 1899-1954, U.S. general: Chief of Staff of Air Force 1948-53. * * *
Vandenberg, Arthur H(endrick)
born March 22, 1884, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died April 18, 1951, Grand Rapids U.S. politician. Editor of the Grand Rapids Herald (1906–28), he was elected as a Republican ...
Vandenberg, Arthur H.
▪ United States senator in full  Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg   born March 22, 1884, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died April 18, 1951, Grand Rapids  U.S. Republican senator who ...
Vander Meer, Johnny
▪ 1998       American professional baseball player who, as a member of the Cincinnati Reds in 1938, became the only pitcher in major league history to throw no-hitters ...
VanDer Rohe
Van Der Ro·he (văn dər rōʹə, fän) See Mies Van Der Rohe, Ludwig. * * *
vander Waals equation
van der Waals equation (vănʹ dər wôlz', wälz') n. An equation of state that relates the pressure, volume, and absolute temperature of a gas taking into account the finite ...
vander Waals force
van der Waals force n. A weak attractive force between atoms or nonpolar molecules caused by a temporary change in dipole moment arising from a brief shift of orbital electrons ...
▪ South Africa       town, Gauteng province, South Africa, on the Vaal River, southwest of Johannesburg. It was founded in 1942 after it was determined that the South ...
/van"deuhr bilt/, n. 1. Cornelius, 1794-1877, U.S. financier. 2. Harold Stirling /sterr"ling/, 1884-1970, U.S. business executive. * * * (as used in expressions) Vanderbilt ...
Vanderbilt Family
▪ American family       one of the wealthiest and most prominent families in the United States. The third generation of Vanderbilts (Vanderbilt, Cornelius)—following ...
Vanderbilt University
Private university in Nashville, Tennessee, U.S. It was founded in 1873 and named for benefactor Cornelius Vanderbilt. Baccalaureate degrees are awarded through its college of ...
Vanderbilt, Amy
▪ American author and journalist born July 22, 1908, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 27, 1974, New York City       American journalist and author, an acknowledged ...
Vanderbilt, Cornelius
born May 27, 1794, Port Richmond, Staten Island, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 4, 1877, New York, N.Y. U.S. shipping and railroad magnate. He began a passenger ferry business in New ...
Vanderbilt, William Henry
▪ American industrialist and philanthropist born May 8, 1821, New Brunswick, N.J., U.S. died Dec. 8, 1885, New York, N.Y.  American railroad magnate and philanthropist who ...
Van·der·bilt (vănʹdər-bĭlt'), Cornelius. Known as “Commodore Vanderbilt.” 1794-1877. American transportation promoter and financier who amassed a great fortune through ...
Vanderlyn, John
born Oct. 15, 1776, Kingston, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 23, 1852, Kingston U.S. painter. He studied with Gilbert Stuart and later at the École des Beaux-Arts. He remained in ...
Vandervelde, Émile
▪ Belgian statesman born Jan. 25, 1866, Ixelles, Belg. died Dec. 27, 1938, Brussels  Belgian statesman and a prominent figure in European socialism who served in Belgian ...
VanDerZee, James
▪ American photographer in full  James Augustus Joseph VanDerZee , VanDerZee also spelled  Van Der Zee  born June 29, 1886, Lenox, Mass., U.S. died May 15, 1983, ...
VanDiemen's Land
Van Die·men's Land (văn dēʹmənz, vän) See Tasmania. * * *
Vandross, Luther
▪ American singer in full  Luther Ronzoni Vandross  born April 20, 1951, New York, New York, U.S. died July 1, 2005, Edison, New Jersey       American soul (soul ...
Vandross, Luther Ronzoni
▪ 2006       American singer, songwriter, and record producer (b. April 20, 1951, New York, N.Y.—d. July 1, 2005, Edison, N.J.), dominated the rhythm and blues charts ...
/van duyk"/, n. 1. Sir Anthony. See Van Dyck, Sir Anthony. 2. See Vandyke beard. 3. See Vandyke collar. 4. Print. a proof having white lines on a brown ground or vice versa, made ...
Vandyke beard
a short, pointed beard. Also called Vandyke, vandyke. [1890-95] * * *
Vandyke brown
1. a medium brown color. 2. any of several dark-brown pigments consisting of iron oxide mixed with lampblack or similar materials. [1840-50] * * *
Vandyke collar
a wide collar of lace and linen with the edge formed into scallops or deep points. Also, vandyke collar. Also called Vandyke, vandyke. * * *
Vandyke,Sir Anthony
Vandyke or Van Dyck (văn dīkʹ), Sir Anthony. 1599-1641. Flemish painter whose numerous portraits, including many of the English court, are remarkable for their dignity and ...
See Vandyke brown. * * *
Vandyke beard n. A short, pointed beard.   [After Vandyke, Sir Anthony.] * * *
Vandyke brown n. A moderate to grayish brown.   [After Vandyke, Sir Anthony.]   Van·dykeʹ-brownʹ (văn-dīkʹbrounʹ) adj. * * *
Vandyke collar n. A large collar of linen or lace having a deeply indented or scalloped edge.   [After Vandyke, Sir Anthony.] * * *
—vaned, adj. —vaneless, adj. /vayn/, n. 1. See weather vane. 2. a blade, plate, sail, etc., in the wheel of a windmill, to be moved by the air. 3. any of a number of blades ...
/vayn/, n. Sir Henry (Sir Harry Vane), 1613-62, British statesman and author. * * * (as used in expressions) King William Rufus de Vane Vane Sir Henry Sir Henry Vane the ...
Vane, Sir Henry
known as Sir Henry Vane the Younger born 1613 died June 14, 1662, London, Eng. English politician. Son of the royal adviser Henry Vane the Elder (1589–1655), he was ...
Vane, Sir Henry, The Elder
▪ English statesman born Feb. 18, 1589, Hadlow, Kent, Eng. died May 1655  English statesman, a prominent royal adviser who played an equivocal role in the events leading to ...
Vane, Sir Henry, the Younger
▪ English administrator born 1613 died June 14, 1662, London       English Puritan, one of the most capable administrators in Parliament during the Civil Wars between ...
Vane, Sir John Robert
▪ 2005       British pharmacologist (b. March 29, 1927, Tardebigg, Worcestershire, Eng.—d. Nov. 19, 2004, Farnborough, Kent, Eng.), conducted pioneering research in ...
Vane, Sutton
▪ British writer original name  Vane Sutton-vane   born Nov. 9, 1888, England died June 15, 1963, Hastings, Sussex       English playwright, remembered for his ...
Vane,Sir Henry
Vane (vān), Sir Henry or Harry 1613-1662. English politician and colonial administrator who was governor of Massachusetts (1636-1637) and a leading Parliamentarian during the ...
Väner, Lake
▪ lake, Sweden Swedish Vänern,        largest lake in Sweden, 2,181 square miles (5,650 square km) in area, in the southwestern part of the country. The lake is ...
/ven"euhrn/, n. a lake in SW Sweden. 2141 sq. mi. (5545 sq. km). Also, Väner /ven"euhr/, Vener. * * * Lake, southwestern Sweden. The largest lake in Sweden and the third ...
/veuh nes"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Vanessa Redgrave
➡ Redgrave (III) * * *
/vang/, n. Naut. a rope extending from the peak of a gaff to the ship's rail or to a mast, used to steady the gaff. [1760-70; < D: device for securing something; cf. vanglijn bow ...
vanga shrike
/vang"geuh/ any of several birds of the family Vangidae, endemic to Madagascar, some of which resemble shrikes, with great diversity in size, color, and bill shape. [vanga < ...
▪ bird also called  Vanga,         any of the 12 species of Madagascan birds constituting the bird family Vangidae (order Passeriformes). The coral-billed nuthatch is ...
/van"gahrd'/, n. 1. the foremost division or the front part of an army; advance guard; van. 2. the forefront in any movement, field, activity, or the like. 3. the leaders of any ...
Vanguardia Española, La
▪ Spanish newspaper       (Spanish: “The Spanish Vanguard”), morning daily newspaper published in Barcelona, one of the largest and most influential newspapers in ...
—vanguardist, n. /van"gahr diz'euhm/, n. the beliefs and activities of persons who consider themselves to be leaders in a particular field or school of thought. [VANGUARD + ...
See vanguardism. * * *
/vahn"hahl/, n. Jan Krtitel /yahn krddshtyi"tel/, 1739-1813, Czech composer. Also, Wanhal. * * *
/van"yay, van yay"/; for 1, 3 also Fr. /vann nyay"/, n. 1. Georges P. /jawrj/; Fr. /zhawrddzh/, 1888-1967, Canadian soldier and diplomat: governor-general 1959-67. 2. a city in ...
/veuh nil"euh/ or, often, /-nel"euh/, n. 1. any tropical, climbing orchid of the genus Vanilla, esp. V. planifolia, bearing podlike fruit yielding an extract used in flavoring ...
vanilla plant
a composite plant, Trilisa odoratissima (or Carphephorus odoratissimus), of the southeastern U.S., having purplish flower heads and vanilla-scented leaves used to flavor tobacco. ...
vanilla bean n. See vanilla. * * *
vanilla plant n. A fragrant perennial herb (Carphephorus odoratissimus) of the southeast United States, having numerous lavender to purple flower heads. * * *
/veuh nil"ik/, adj. of, derived from, or resembling vanilla or vanillin. [1865-70; VANILL(A) + -IC] * * *
/veuh nil"in, van"l-/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, alcohol-soluble solid, C8H8O3, obtained by extraction from the vanilla bean or prepared synthetically: used ...
▪ Papua New Guinea       port, island of New Guinea, northwestern Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Located on a peninsula surrounded by a white sand ...
/vah"nir/, n. (often l.c.) (used with a pl. v.) Scand. Myth. a race of gods, first in conflict with the Aesir, later allied with them. They function as fertility divinities and ...
—vanisher, n. —vanishingly, adv. —vanishment, n. /van"ish/, v.i. 1. to disappear from sight, esp. quickly; become invisible: The frost vanished when the sun came out. 2. to ...
See vanish. * * *
vanishing cream
a cosmetic similar to cold cream but less oily, applied usually to the face and neck as a base, night cream, or moisturizer. * * *
vanishing point
1. a point of disappearance, cessation, or extinction: His patience had reached the vanishing point. 2. (in the study of perspective in art) that point toward which receding ...
vanishingly [van′ish iŋ lē] adv. to the point of being nearly invisible or nonexistent [a vanishingly small probability] * * * See vanisher. * * *
van·ish·ing point (vănʹĭ-shĭng) n. 1. a. The point at which parallel lines receding from an observer seem to converge. b. The point in linear perspective at which all ...
See vanisher. * * *
vanitas [van′i täs΄] n. 〚L〛 1. vanity; futility 2. a work of art containing symbols of mortality or the impermanence of material things; esp., a 17th-cent. Dutch painting ...
/van"i tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, n., pl. vanitories. a combined dressing table and lavatory basin. [1950-55; VANI(TY) + (LAVA)TORY] * * *
—vanitied, adj. /van"i tee/, n., pl. vanities, adj. n. 1. excessive pride in one's appearance, qualities, abilities, achievements, etc.; character or quality of being vain; ...
vanity case
a small luggage bag or case for holding cosmetics or toiletries. Also called vanity bag, vanity box. [1900-05] * * *
Vanity Fair
1. (in Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress) a fair that goes on perpetually in the town of Vanity and symbolizes worldly ostentation and frivolity. 2. (often l.c.) any place or group, as ...
vanity plate
a vehicle license plate bearing a combination of letters or numbers requested by the licensee, as a name or occupation. [1965-70] * * *
vanity press
a printing house that specializes in publishing books for which the authors pay all or most of the costs. Also called vanity publisher. [1945-50] * * *
vanity case n. 1. A small handbag or case used by women for carrying cosmetics or toiletries. 2. A woman's compact. * * *
Van·i·ty Fair also van·i·ty fair (vănʹĭ-tē) n. A place or scene of ostentation or empty, idle amusement and frivolity.   [From Vanity Fair, the fair in Pilgrim's ...
vanity plate n. A license plate for a motor vehicle bearing a combination of letters or numbers selected by the purchaser. * * *
vanity press n. A publisher that publishes a book at the expense of the author. * * *
van·load (vănʹlōd') n. The quantity, as of passengers or goods, that a van can carry. * * *
/van"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. vanmen /-men', -meuhn/. a person who works on a van, esp. the driver. [1880-85; VAN2 + MAN1] * * *
/van"euhr/, n. the owner or driver of a van, esp. one of customized design. [1970-75; VAN2 + -ER1] * * *
/vannn/, n. a city in and the capital of Morbihan, in NW France. 43,507. * * * ▪ France       town, capital of Morbihan département, Bretagne région, western France. ...
—vanner, n. /van"ing/, n. travel by means of a small van or truck that has been fitted out with living accommodations. [VAN2 + -ING1] * * *
Vanoise National Park
▪ park, France       nature reserve in Savoie département, Rhône-Alpes région, southeastern France. It is contiguous with the Gran Paradiso National Park in Italy. ...
van·pool (vănʹpo͞ol') n. An arrangement by which commuters travel together in a van. tr. & intr.v. van·pooled, van·pool·ing, van·pools To transport or be transported in ...
See vanpool. * * *
—vanquishable, adj. —vanquisher, n. —vanquishment, n. /vang"kwish, van"-/, v.t. 1. to conquer or subdue by superior force, as in battle. 2. to defeat in any contest or ...
See vanquish. * * *
See vanquishable. * * *
See vanquishable. * * *
/van sit"euhrt/ Sir Robert Gilbert, 1st Baron Vansittart of Denham, 1881-1957, British statesman and diplomat. * * *
Vansittart, Robert Gilbert Vansittart, Baron
▪ British diplomat and author born June 25, 1881, Farnham, Surrey, Eng. died Feb. 14, 1957, Denham, Buckinghamshire       British diplomat, author, and extreme ...
/van sit"euhr tiz'euhm/, n. a doctrine holding that the militaristic and aggressive policies of German leaders since the time of the Franco-Prussian war have had the support of ...
Van·taa (vänʹtä) A city of southern Finland, a suburb of Helsinki. Population: 160,158. * * * ▪ Finland Swedish Vanda         city, southern Finland, just ...
/van"tij, vahn"-/, n. 1. a position, condition, or place affording some advantage or a commanding view. 2. an advantage or superiority: the vantage of wisdom that often comes ...
vantage ground
a position or place that gives one an advantage, as for action, view, or defense. [1605-15] * * *
vantage point
a position or place that affords a wide or advantageous perspective; viewpoint: to survey a valley from the vantage point of a high hill. [1860-65] * * *
vantage point n. A position that affords a broad overall view or perspective, as of a place or situation. * * *
Vanua Lava
▪ island, Vanuatu       volcanic island in the Banks Islands of Vanuatu, southwestern Pacific Ocean, 75 miles (120 km) north-northeast of Espiritu Santo. The island, 15 ...
Vanua Levu
/veuh nooh"euh lev"ooh/ an island in the S Pacific, one of the Fiji Islands. 94,000; 2137 sq. mi. (5535 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., including adjacent islands, 1996: 139,526), ...
Vanua Levu Island
▪ island, Fiji       second largest island of Fiji, bordering the Koro Sea in the South Pacific Ocean, 40 miles (64 km) northeast of the island of Viti Levu. Sighted by ...
Va·nu·a Le·vu (və-no͞oʹə lĕvʹo͞o) A volcanic island of Fiji in the southern Pacific Ocean northeast of Viti Levu. Sugar cane is important to the island's economy. * * ...
—Vanuatuan, adj., n. /vah'nooh ah"tooh/, n. a republic consisting of a group of 80 islands in the S Pacific, ab. 1000 mi. (1600 km) NE of Australia: formerly under joint ...
Vanuatu, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of horizontal stripes of red and green separated by a black hoist triangle and a horizontal yellow Y-shape (known in ...
See Vanuatu. * * *
Vanvitelli, Luigi
▪ Italian architect born May 26, 1700, Naples, Spanish Habsburg domain [Italy] died March 1, 1773, Caserta, near Naples  Italian architect whose enormous Royal Palace at ...
/van"weuhrd/, adj., adv. toward or in the van or front. [1810-20; VAN1 + -WARD] * * *
/van zet"ee/; It. /vahn dzet"tee/, n. Bartolomeo /bahrdd'taw law me"aw/, 1888-1927, Italian anarchist, in U.S. after 1908. Cf. Sacco, Nicola. * * *
Van·zet·ti (văn-zĕtʹē, vän-dzĕtʹtē), Bartolomeo. 1888-1927. Italian-born American anarchist who with Nicola Sacco was convicted of a double murder and sentenced to ...
▪ ancient site, Greece also spelled  Vaphio,         ancient site in Laconia, Greece, on the right bank of the Eurotas River, five miles south of Sparta; the site is ...
/vah"fee oh'/; Gk. /vah fyaw"/, n. an archaeological site in S Greece, in Peloponnesus. Also, Vafio. * * *
—vapidity, vapidness, n. —vapidly, adv. /vap"id/, adj. 1. lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor; insipid; flat: vapid tea. 2. without liveliness or spirit; dull ...
vapidity [va pid′ə tē] n. 1. the state or quality of being vapid; flatness; dullness; insipidity 2. pl. vapidities a dull or uninteresting remark, idea, etc. * * * See ...
See vapidity. * * *
See vapidity. * * *
—vaporable, adj. —vaporability, n. —vaporer, n. —vaporless, adj. —vaporlike, adj. /vay"peuhr/, n. 1. a visible exhalation, as fog, mist, steam, smoke, or noxious gas, ...
vapor barrier
Building Trades. a layer of material, as plastic film or foil, used to protect installed insulation by retarding the transmission of moisture from the interior ...
vapor lock
an obstruction to the flow of fuel to a gasoline engine, caused by the formation of bubbles in the gasoline as a result of overheating. * * *
vapor pressure
the pressure exerted by the molecules of a vapor, esp. that part of the total pressure exerted by vapor in a mixture of gases, as by water vapor in air. Also called vapor ...
vapor tension
1. See vapor pressure. 2. the maximum vapor pressure possible, at a given temperature, in a system composed of a liquid or solid substance in contact with the vapor of that ...
vapor trail
contrail. [1940-45] * * *
See vapor lock. * * *
vapor density n. The ratio of the weight of a given volume of one gas to the weight of an equal volume of another gas, typically hydrogen, at the same temperature and pressure. * ...
See vapor. * * *
—vaporescent, adj. /vay'peuh res"euhns/, n. production or formation of vapor. [1835-45; VAPOR + -ESCENCE] * * *
/vap'euh ret"oh/; It. /vah'paw rddet"taw/, n., pl. vaporettos, It. vaporetti /-tee/. a motorboat used as a passenger bus along a canal in Venice, Italy. [1945-50; < It, equiv. to ...
/vay'peuh rif"ik/, adj. 1. producing vapor; tending to form vapor. 2. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of vapor; vaporous. [1775-85; VAPOR + -I- + -FIC] * * *
/vay'peuh rim"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring vapor pressure or volume. [1875-80; VAPOR + -I- + -METER] * * *
—vaporingly, adv. /vay"peuhr ing/, adj. 1. that gives forth vapor. 2. boastful; bragging. n. 3. an act or instance of bragging or blustering; boastful talk. [1620-30; VAPOR + ...
See vaporing. * * *
—vaporishness, n. /vay"peuhr ish/, adj. 1. of the nature of or resembling vapor: a vaporish chiffon dress. 2. abounding in vapor: vaporish autumn mornings. 3. Archaic. inclined ...
See vaporish. * * *
See vaporize. * * *
/vay'peuhr euh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of vaporizing. 2. the state of being vaporized. 3. the rapid change of water into steam, esp. in a boiler. 4. Med. a vapor ...
—vaporizable, adj. /vay"peuh ruyz'/, v., vaporized, vaporizing. v.t. 1. to cause to change into vapor. v.i. 2. to become converted into vapor. 3. to indulge in boastful talk; ...
/vay"peuh ruy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that vaporizes. 2. a device for turning liquid into vapor, as an atomizer, esp. one that converts a medicinal substance into a vapor ...
vapor lock n. A pocket of vaporized gasoline in the fuel line of an internal-combustion engine that obstructs the normal flow of fuel.   vaʹpor-lock' (vāʹpər-lŏk') v. * * *
See vaporous. * * *
—vaporously, adv. —vaporousness, vaporosity /vay'peuh ros"i tee/, n. /vay"peuhr euhs/, adj. 1. having the form or characteristics of vapor: a vaporous cloud. 2. full of or ...
See vaporosity. * * *
See vaporosity. * * *
vapor pressure n. The pressure exerted by a vapor in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase. * * *
vapor trail n. See contrail. * * *
/vay"peuhr wair'/, n. Computer Jargon. a product, esp. software, that is promoted or marketed while it is still in development and that may never be produced. [VAPOR + WARE1] * * ...
/vay"peuh ree/, adj. 1. vaporous. 2. vaporish. [1590-1600; VAPOR + -Y1] * * *
/vay"peuhr/, n., v.t., v.i. Chiefly Brit. vapor. Usage. See -or1. * * *
vapour lock
▪ mechanics       partial or complete interruption of the fuel flow in an internal-combustion engine, caused by the formation of vapour or bubbles of gas in the ...
vapour pressure
▪ physics       pressure exerted by a vapour when the vapour is in equilibrium with the liquid or solid form, or both, of the same substance—i.e., when conditions are ...
vapour trail
▪ aerology also called  Condensation Trail, or Contrail,         streamer of cloud sometimes observed behind an airplane flying in clear, cold, humid air. It forms ...
/vah kair"oh/; Sp. /bah ke"rddaw/, n., pl. vaqueros /-kair"ohz/; Sp. /-ke"rddaws/. Southwestern U.S. a cowboy or herdsman. [1790-1800; < Sp, equiv. to vac(a) cow ( < L vacca) + ...
/vannrdd/, n. a department in SE France. 626,093; 2326 sq. mi. (6025 sq. km). Cap.: Draguignan. * * *
1. variable. 2. variant. 3. variation. 4. variety. 5. variometer. 6. various. * * *
/vahr"euh/; Sp. /bah"rddah/; Port. /vah"rddeuh/, n., pl. varas /vahr"euhz/; Sp. /bah"rddahs/; Port. /vah"rddeuhsh/. 1. a unit of length in Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking ...
/veuh rak"teuhr/, n. a semiconductor diode whose capacitance changes to match applied voltage, used to tune circuits by varying the reactance. [1955-60; var(iable re)actor] * * *
Varadhan, S.R. Srinivasa
▪ Indian mathematician born Jan. 2, 1940, Madras [now Chennai], India    Indian mathematician awarded the 2007 Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters ...
▪ Hindu mythology  (Sanskrit: Boar), third of the 10 incarnations (avatars) of the Hindu god Vishnu. When a demon named Hiraṇyākṣa dragged the earth to the bottom of the ...
▪ Indian philosopher and scientist also called  Varaha, or Mihira   born 505, Ujjain, India died 587, Ujjain       Indian philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, ...
Värälä, Treaty of
▪ Russia-Sweden [1790]       (1790), settlement ending the Russo-Swedish War begun by Sweden (with British diplomatic support) in 1788. It maintained, in Russia's ...
▪ Italy       town, Piemonte ( Piedmont) region, northwestern Italy. It lies along the Sesia River, 31 miles (50 km) northwest of Novara. The town is rich in art and ...
/veuh rah"neuh see/, n. a city in SE Uttar Pradesh, in NE India, on the Ganges River: Hindu holy city. 582,915. Formerly, Banares, Benares. * * * or Benares City (pop., 2001 ...
/veuh ran"jee euhn/, n. 1. any of the Northmen who, under Rurik, established a dynasty in Russia in the 9th century. 2. a member of the bodyguard (Varangian guard) of the ...
      sole genus of the lizard family Varanidae, and composed of the monitor lizards (see monitor lizard (monitor)); one of the Varanidae is Varanus komodoensis, the ...
Varda, Agnès
▪ French photographer and director born May 30, 1928, Brussels       French still photographer and one of the few successful female motion-picture directors. Her first ...
Vardan Mamikonian, Saint
died 451 Armenian military commander. The Persian attempt to impose Zoroastrianism on the Armenians provoked a rebellion, which ended when Vardan and his companions were slain ...
/vahr"dahr/, n. a river in S Europe, flowing from NW Macedonia through N Greece into the Gulf of Salonika. 200 mi. (322 km) long. * * *
Vardar River
▪ river, Europe German  Wardar,  Greek  Axiós,         major river in Macedonia and in Greece. It rises in the Šar Mountains and flows north-northeast past ...
/vahr'deuh mah"neuh/, n. Jainism. a semilegendary teacher, believed to have died c480 B.C., who reformed older doctrines to establish Jainism in its present form: regarded as the ...
/vahr"dn/, n. Harry, 1870-1937, British golfer. * * *
Vardon, Harry
born May 9, 1870, Grouville, Jersey, Channel Islands died March 20, 1937, Totteridge, Hertfordshire, Eng. British golfer. While working as a manservant for an affluent amateur ...
Vare, Glenna Collett
▪ American athlete née  Glenna Collett  born June 20, 1903, New Haven, Conn., U.S. died Feb. 3, 1989, Gulfstream, Fla.  American athlete who dominated women's golf in the ...
Varenius, Bernhardus
▪ German geographer (Latin),German  Bernhard Varen   born 1622, Hitzacker, Hannover [Germany] died 1650/51, Leiden, Neth.       a major figure in the revival of ...
/vah rdde"ze/; Eng. /veuh ray"zee, -see/, n. a city in N Italy, NW of Milan. 90,011. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Lombardia ( Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. It lies ...
/veuh rayz", -rez"/, Fr. /vann rddez"/, n. Edgard /ed gannrdd"/, 1885-1965, U.S. composer, born in France. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Lombardia ( Lombardy) regione, ...
Varèse, Edgard
▪ French composer original name  Edgar Varèse   born Dec. 22, 1883, Paris, France died Nov. 8, 1965, New York, N.Y., U.S.  French-born American composer and innovator in ...
Varèse, Edgard (-Victor-Achille-Charles)
born Dec. 22, 1883, Paris, France died Nov. 8, 1965, New York, N.Y., U.S. French-born U.S. composer. Forbidden to study music by his father, he secretly continued his studies ...
Va·rèse (və-rāzʹ, vä-rĕzʹ), Edgard. 1883-1965. French-born American composer of arrhythmic and atonal works, including early examples of electronic music. * * *
/vahr"geuhs/, n. Getulio Dornelles Port. /zhi tooh"lyoo doordd ne"lis/, 1883-1954, Brazilian statesman. * * *
Vargas Llosa, (Jorge) Mario (Pedro)
born March 28, 1936, Arequipa, Peru Peruvian writer. Vargas Llosa worked as a journalist and broadcaster before publishing The Time of the Hero (1963), his widely acclaimed ...
Vargas Llosa, Mario
▪ Peruvian author in full  Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa  born March 28, 1936, Arequipa, Peru    Peruvian writer whose commitment to social change is evident in his ...
Vargas Llosa,Mario
Var·gas Llo·sa (värʹgəs yōʹsə, bärʹgäs yōʹsä), Mario. Born 1936. Peruvian writer known for his stylistically innovative and complex novels, such as The Green House ...
Vargas, Getúlio
▪ president of Brazil in full  Getúlio Dorneles Vargas  born April 19, 1882 [see Researchers Note], , São Borja, Braz. died Aug. 24, 1954, Rio de Janeiro  president of ...
Vargas, Getúlio (Dorneles)
born April 19, 1883, São Borja, Braz. died Aug. 24, 1954, Rio de Janeiro President of Brazil (1930–45, 1951–54). He was elected governor of Rio Grande do Sul in 1928 and ...
Vargas,Getulio Dornelles
Var·gas (värʹgəs), Getulio Dornelles. 1883-1954. Brazilian politician who led a successful revolution (1930) and was president (1930-1945 and 1951-1954) until resigning from ...
/vahrdd zhee"nyah/, n. a city in E Brazil. 38,473. * * *
/vahr gayn"yoh/, n., pl. varguenos. Sp. Furniture. a fall-front desk of the 16th, 17th, and early 18th centuries, having the form of a chest upon a small table. [ < Sp bargueño ...
/vah ree", vahr"ee/, n. a nocturnal, nesting lemur, Varecia variegata, native to Madagascar, having black and white fur and a mane: an endangered species. Also called ruffed ...
vari- pref. Variant of vario-. * * *
/vair"ee euh/, n.pl. miscellaneous items, esp. a miscellany of literary works. [1925-30; < NL, L, neut. pl. of varius VARIOUS] * * *
varia lectio
/wah"rddi ah' lek"ti oh'/; Eng. /vair"ee euh lek"shee oh'/, pl. variae lectiones /wah"rddi uy' lek'ti oh"nes/; Eng. /vair"ee ee' lek'shee oh"neez/. Latin. a variant reading. * * *
var·i·a·bil·i·ty (vâr'ē-ə-bĭlʹĭ-tē, văr'-) n. pl. var·i·a·bil·i·ties The quality, state, or degree of being variable or changeable. * * *
—variability, variableness, n. —variably, adv. /vair"ee euh beuhl/, adj. 1. apt or liable to vary or change; changeable: variable weather; variable moods. 2. capable of being ...
variable (interest) rate
variable (interest) rate or variable rate n. an interest rate that varies in relation to fluctuations in the market rates of interest, as over the time period of a loan or ...
variable annuity
an annuity in which the premiums are invested chiefly in common stocks or other securities, the annuitant receiving payments based on the yield of the investments instead of in ...
variable contrast paper
Photog. printing paper in which the contrast of the image is controlled by the color of the printing light. * * *
variable cost
a cost that varies with a change in the volume of output while remaining uniform on a per-unit basis, as cost of labor (distinguished from fixed cost). * * *
variable life insurance
an insurance policy whose annuity payments or payment to the beneficiary are not fixed but depend on the income earned by the investment of the premiums. * * *
variable rate mortgage
variable rate mortgage n. a mortgage involving a loan with a variable interest rate over the period of the loan * * *
variable region
Immunol. a configuration in the upper branches of the Y of an antibody molecule, unique in each antibody type, that binds with the determinant of a specific antigen. * * *
variable star
Astron. a star that varies markedly in brightness from time to time. Also called variable. [1780-90] * * * Star whose observed brightness varies noticeably in ...
variable time fuze.
See proximity fuze. * * *
Variable Zone.
See Temperate Zone. * * *
/vair"ee euh beuhl pich"/, adj. Aeron., Naut. (of a propeller) controllable-pitch. * * *
/vair"ee euh beuhl rayt'/, adj. providing for changes in the interest rate, adjusted periodically in accordance with prevailing market conditions: a variable-rate mortgage. * * *
variable-rate mortgages
➡ mortgages * * *
var·i·a·ble-rate mortgage (vârʹē-ə-bəl-rātʹ, vărʹ-) n. Abbr. VRM See adjustable-rate mortgage. * * *
variable annuity n. An annuity in which payments to the annuitant vary according to the changing market value of the underlying investment. * * *
variable cost n. A cost that fluctuates directly with output changes. * * *
variable logic n. Computer Science A form of internal machine logic that may be changed to match programming formats. * * *
See variable. * * *
variable region n. The portion of the amino terminal of an immunoglobulin's heavy and light chains having a variable amino acid sequence. * * *
variables, separation of
▪ mathematics       one of the oldest and most widely used techniques for solving some types of partial differential equations (partial differential equation). A partial ...
variable star n. A star whose brightness varies because of internal changes or periodic eclipsing of mutually revolving stars. * * *
See variableness. * * *
Varian, Russell H.; and Varian, Sigurd F.
▪ American inventors in full   Russell Harrison Varian  and  Sigurd Fergus Varian  Respectively,   born April 24, 1898, Washington, D.C., U.S. died July 28, 1959, ...
/vair"ee euhns/, n. 1. the state, quality, or fact of being variable, divergent, different, or anomalous. 2. an instance of varying; difference; discrepancy. 3. Also called mean ...
variance analysis
Statistics. See analysis of variance. * * *
/vair"ee euhnt/, adj. 1. tending to change or alter; exhibiting variety or diversity; varying: variant shades of color. 2. not agreeing or conforming; differing, esp. from ...
/vair"ee it, -ayt'/, n. 1. Statistics. See random variable. 2. variant. [1810-20; < L variatus ptp. of variare to VARY; see -ATE1] * * *
—variational, variative /vair"ee ay'tiv/, adj. —variationally, variatively, adv. /vair'ee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act, process, or accident of varying in condition, character, ...

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