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Variation of some elastic constants (in 10^6 bars) with rock type and confining pressure
▪ Table Variation of some elastic constants (in 106 bars) with rock type and confining pressure at pressure = 1 bar rock type bulk modulus Young's modulus shear ...
variational
See variation. * * *
Variations in verb inflections
▪ Table Variations in verb inflections Northern Midland Southern infinitive sing singe(n) singen present participle singand singende singinde present singular 1st ...
varic-
varic- pref. Variant of varico-. * * *
variceal
var·i·ce·al (văr'ĭ-sēʹəl) adj. Of, relating to, or caused by a varix or varices: variceal hemorrhage. * * *
varicella
—varicellar, adj. /var'euh sel"euh/, n. Pathol. See chickenpox. [1765-75; < NL, equiv. to vari(ola) VARIOLA + -cella dim. suffix] * * *
varicella zoster virus
a type of herpesvirus that causes chickenpox and shingles. Also called herpes zoster virus. * * *
varicella-zostervirus
var·i·cel·la-zos·ter virus (văr'ĭ-sĕlʹə-zŏsʹtər) n. A herpesvirus that causes chickenpox and shingles. * * *
varicellate
/var'euh sel"it, -ayt/, adj. having small varices, as certain shells. [ < NL varicell(a) (for L varicula, dim. of varix varicose vein) + -ATE1] * * *
varicelloid
/var'euh sel"oyd/, adj. resembling varicella. [1870-75; VARICELL(A) + -OID] * * *
varices
/vair"euh seez'/, n. pl. of varix. * * *
varico-
a combining form meaning "varix," "varicose vein," used in the formation of compound words: varicocele. [ < L varic- (s. of varix) + -O-. See VARIX] * * *
varicocele
/var"i koh seel'/, n. Pathol. a varicose condition of the spermatic veins of the scrotum. [1730-40; VARICO- + -CELE1] * * *
varicocelectomy
/var'i koh si lek"teuh mee/, n., pl. varicocelectomies. the surgical removal or ligation of varicose veins in the scrotal sac. [1890-95; VARICOCELE + -ECTOMY] * * *
varicolored
/vair"i kul'euhrd/, adj. having various colors; variegated; motley: a varicolored print. [1655-65; VARI(OUS) + COLORED] * * *
varicose
/var"i kohs'/, adj. 1. abnormally or unusually enlarged or swollen: a varicose vein. 2. pertaining to or affected with varices, which often affect the superficial portions of the ...
varicose vein
or varix Twisted vein distended with blood. Varix also covers arteries and lymphatic vessels (see lymphatic system). Varicose veins occur mostly in the legs, when ...
varicosis
/var'i koh"sis/, n. Pathol. 1. the formation of a varix or varices. 2. varicosity. [ < NL; see VARIX, -OSIS] * * *
varicosity
/var'i kos"i tee/, n., pl. varicosities. Pathol. 1. the state or condition of being varicose. 2. varix (def. 1). [1835-45; VARICOSE + -ITY] * * *
varicotomy
/var'i kot"euh mee/, n., pl. varicotomies. surgical removal of a varicose vein. [VARICO- + -TOMY] * * *
varied
—variedly, adv. —variedness, n. /vair"eed/, adj. 1. characterized by or exhibiting variety; various; diverse; diversified: varied backgrounds. 2. changed; altered: a varied ...
varied thrush
a plump thrush, Ixoreus naevius, of western North America, resembling a robin with a dark band across the chest. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
variedly
See varied. * * *
variedthrush
varied thrush n. A bird (Ixoreus naevius) of western North America that resembles the robin but has a black stripe across the breast. * * *
variegate
—variegator, n. /vair"ee i gayt', vair"i gayt'/, v.t., variegated, variegating. 1. to make varied in appearance, as by adding different colors. 2. to give variety to; ...
variegated
/vair"ee i gay'tid, vair"i gay'-/, adj. 1. varied in appearance or color; marked with patches or spots of different colors. 2. varied; diversified; diverse. [1655-65; VARIEGATE + ...
variegation
/vair'ee i gay"sheuhn, vair'i gay"-/, n. 1. an act of variegating. 2. the state or condition of being variegated; varied coloration. [1640-50; VARIEGATE + -ION] * * *
variegator
See variegate. * * *
varier
/vair"ee euhr/, n. a person or thing that varies. [1605-15; VARY + -ER1] * * *
varietal
—varietally, adv. /veuh ruy"i tl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, designating, or characteristic of a variety. 2. constituting a variety. 3. (in U.S. winemaking) designating a wine ...
varietally
See varietal. * * *
Varieties of Cheese, Classified by Hardness and Ripening Method, Table
▪ Table ripening method cheese variety Very hard bacteria/enzymes Asiago, Parmesan, Romano, ...
variety
/veuh ruy"i tee/, n., pl. varieties, adj. n. 1. the state of being varied or diversified: to give variety to a diet. 2. difference; discrepancy. 3. a number of different types of ...
Variety Club
an international charity that helps children. Its members are famous actors and entertainers who collect money by organizing shows and concerts. The first Variety Club was ...
variety meat
edible meat other than the usual flesh, esp. organs, as tongue and liver. [1945-50] * * *
variety show
variety show n. a show, as on television or in a nightclub, made up of different kinds of acts, as comic skits, songs, dances, etc.: see also VAUDEVILLE * * *
variety store
a retail store, as a five-and-ten, carrying a large variety of goods, esp. low-priced articles. [1760-70, Amer.] * * *
varietymeat
variety meat n. 1. Meat, such as liver or sweetbreads, that has been taken from a part other than skeletal muscles. 2. Meat, such as sausage, that has been processed. * * *
varietyshow
variety show n. A theatrical entertainment consisting of successive unrelated acts, such as songs, dances, and comedy skits. * * *
varietystore
variety store n. A retail store that carries a large variety of usually inexpensive merchandise. * * *
variform
—variformly, adv. /vair"euh fawrm'/, adj. varied in form; having various forms. [1655-65; VARI(OUS) + -FORM] * * *
Varig
▪ Brazilian airline abbreviation of  Empresa de Viação Aérea Rio Grandense (Portuguese: “Rio Grandense Air Transport Enterprise”)        Brazilian airline ...
vario-
vario- or vari- pref. Variety; difference; variation: variometer.   [From Latin varius, speckled.] * * *
variocoupler
/vair'ee oh kup"leuhr/, n. Elect. a transformer having coils with a self-impedance that is essentially constant but a mutual impedance that can be varied by moving one coil with ...
variola
/veuh ruy"euh leuh/, n. Pathol. smallpox. [1795-1805; < ML, equiv. to L vari(us) speckled (see VARIOUS) + -ola -OLE1] * * *
variolar
variolar [və rī′ələr] adj. VARIOLOUS * * *
variolate
/vair"ee euh layt', -lit/, adj. Pathol. resembling smallpox, as a lesion. [1785-95; VARIOL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
variolation
▪ medicine       obsolete method of immunizing patients against smallpox by infecting them with substance from the pustules of patients with a mild form of the disease ...
variole
/vair"ee ohl'/, n. 1. a shallow pit or depression like the mark left by a smallpox pustule; foveola. 2. a light-colored spherule, common in some igneous rocks, that gives a ...
variolite
variolite [ver′ē ə līt΄] n. 〚Ger variolit < ML variola (see VARIOLA): from its pitted surface〛 Geol. any igneous rock containing varioles * * * var·i·o·lite ...
variolitic
/vair'ee euh lit"ik/, adj. 1. Petrog. containing or resembling varioles, esp. in texture. 2. spotted; speckled. [1860-65; variolite rock containing varioles (see VARIOLE, -ITE1) ...
varioloid
/vair"ee euh loyd'/, adj. 1. resembling smallpox. 2. of or pertaining to a mild case of smallpox. n. 3. a mild smallpox, esp. as occurring in persons who were vaccinated or ...
variolous
/veuh ruy"euh leuhs/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to smallpox. 2. affected with smallpox. 3. having pits like those left by smallpox. Also, variolar. [1660-70; VARIOL(A) + -OUS] * * ...
variometer
/vair'ee om"i teuhr/, n. 1. Elect. an instrument for measuring inductance, consisting essentially of an inductor with two or more coils whose relative position may be changed to ...
variorum
/vair'ee awr"euhm, -ohr"-/, adj. 1. containing different versions of the text by various editors: a variorum edition of Shakespeare. 2. containing many notes and commentaries by ...
various
—variously, adv. —variousness, n. /vair"ee euhs/, adj. 1. of different kinds, as two or more things; differing one from another: Various experiments have not proved his ...
variously
See various. * * *
variousness
See variously. * * *
variscite
/var"euh suyt'/, n. a secondary mineral, hydrated phosphate of aluminum, Al(PO4)·2H2O, occurring mainly as massive, bluish-green nodules: sometimes used as a gem. [ < G ...
varisized
/vair"euh suyzd'/, adj. of several or various sizes: varisized patterns on a fabric. [1940-45; VARI(OUS) + SIZED] * * *
varistor
/va ris"teuhr, veuh-/, n. Elect. a resistor whose resistance automatically varies in proportion to the voltage of the current through it. [1940-45; VAR(IABLE) + (RES)ISTOR] * * *
varitype
—varitypist, n. /vair"i tuyp'/, v., varityped, varityping. v.i. 1. to operate a Varityper. v.t. 2. to set (type) on a Varityper. [back formation from VARITYPER] * * *
Varityper
/vair"i tuy'peuhr/, Trademark. a brand of typewriterlike machine with interchangeable typefaces, for composing justified matter. * * *
varix
/vair"iks/, n., pl. varices /vair"euh seez'/. 1. Also called varicosity. Pathol. a permanent abnormal dilation and lengthening of a vein, usually accompanied by some tortuosity; ...
varlet
/vahr"lit/, n. Archaic. 1. a knavish person; rascal. 2. - a. an attendant or servant. b. a page who serves a knight. [1425-75; late ME < MF; var. of VALET] * * *
varletry
/vahr"li tree/, n. Archaic. 1. varlets collectively. 2. the mob or rabble. [1600-10; VARLET + -RY] * * *
Varley loop
/vahr"lee/, Elect. a device containing a Wheatstone bridge, for comparing resistances and for locating faults in circuits. [named after C. F. Varley (1828-83), English electrical ...
varmint
/vahr"meuhnt/, n. 1. Chiefly Southern and South Midland U.S. a. vermin. b. an objectionable or undesirable animal, usually predatory, as a coyote or bobcat. 2. a despicable, ...
Värmland
▪ county, Sweden       län (county) of west-central Sweden, extending north from Vänern (lake) and northwest to the Norwegian frontier. It takes in most of the ...
Varmus, Harold
▪ American scientist in full  Harold Elliot Varmus  born Dec. 18, 1939, Oceanside, N.Y., U.S.       American virologist and cowinner (with J. Michael Bishop (Bishop, ...
Varmus, Harold (Elliot)
born Dec. 18, 1939, Oceanside, N.Y., U.S. U.S. virologist. He joined the faculty of UC–San Francisco in 1970. With J. Michael Bishop, he discovered that, under certain ...
varna
/vahr"neuh, vur"-/, n. Hinduism. class (def. 13). [ < Skt varna lit., cover, color, hence sort, class] * * * Seaport city (pop., 2001: 314,539), Bulgaria, on the Black Sea ...
Varna
/vahr"neuh/, n. a seaport in NE Bulgaria, on the Black Sea. 186,591. Formerly, Stalin. * * * Seaport city (pop., 2001: 314,539), Bulgaria, on the Black Sea coast. Founded as ...
Varna, Battle of
(November 10, 1444) Turkish victory over the Hungarians that marked the end of the European effort to protect Constantinople. The Hungarians under Janos Hunyadi broke a truce ...
Varnay, Astrid
▪ 2007 Ibolyka Astrid Maria Varnay        Swedish-born American opera singer (b. April 25, 1918, Stockholm, Swed.—d. Sept. 4, 2006, Munich, Ger.), was one of the ...
Varney, James
▪ 2001 “Jim”        American comedian (b. June 15, 1949, Lexington, Ky.—d. Feb. 10, 2000, White House, Tenn.), starred in numerous television commercials and nine ...
Varney, Reg
▪ 2009 Reginald Alfred Varney        British actor and comedian born July 11, 1916, London, Eng. died Nov. 16, 2008, Budleigh Salterton, Devon, Eng. portrayed the ...
Varnhagen von Ense, Karl August
▪ German writer and diplomat born , Feb. 21, 1785, Düsseldorf, Pfalz-Neuburg [now in Germany] died Oct. 10, 1858, Berlin, Prussia       German writer, diplomat, ...
Varnhagen von Ense, Rahel
▪ German patroness original name  Rahel Levin   born May 19, 1771, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany] died March 7, 1833, Berlin       German literary hostess from ...
varnish
—varnisher, n. —varnishy, adj. /vahr"nish/, n. 1. a preparation consisting of resinous matter, as copal or lac, dissolved in an oil (oil varnish) or in alcohol (spirit ...
varnish tree
1. any of various trees yielding sap or other substances used for varnish, as Rhus verniciflua, of Japan. 2. an Asian tree, Koelreuteria paniculata, of the soapberry family, ...
varnisher
See varnish. * * *
varnishing day
vernissage (def. 1). [1815-25] * * *
varnishtree
varnish tree n. Any of several trees having milky juice used to make varnish. * * *
varoom
/veuh roohm", -room"/, n., v. vroom. * * *
Varro
/var"oh/, n. Marcus Terentius /teuh ren"shee euhs, -sheuhs/, c116-27? B.C., Roman scholar and author. * * *
Varro, Marcus Terentius
born 116, probably Reate [Italy] died 27 BC Roman scholar and satirist. Varro was active in public life, rising to the office of praetor. He sided with Pompey the Great but ...
Varro,Marcus Terentius
Var·ro (vărʹō), Marcus Terentius. 116-27B.C. Roman scholar and encyclopedist who reputedly produced more than 600 volumes, covering nearly every field of knowledge. * * *
varroa
var·ro·a (värʹō-ə) n. A reddish-brown, oval mite (Varroa jacobsoni) that is a parasite of honeybees.   [New Latin Varroa, genus name, after Varro, Marcus Terentius.] * * *
varsity
/vahr"si tee/, n., pl. varsities, adj. n. 1. any first-string team, esp. in sports, that represents a school, college, university, or the like: He is on the varsity in tennis and ...
Varsovian
/vahr soh"vee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Warsaw. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Warsaw or its inhabitants. [1900-05; Varsovi(a) Latinization of Pol Warszawa WARSAW + ...
Varthema, Lodovico de
▪ Italian adventurer de Varthema also spelled  di Barthema , Latin  Vartomanus , or  Vertomannus  born c. 1465–70, Bologna [Italy] died June 1517, Rome, Papal ...
Varuna
/verr"oo neuh, vahr"euh-/, n. Hinduism. the Vedic god of natural and moral law, probably a sky god originally: thought to correspond to the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. * * ...
varus
/vair"euhs/, n. Pathol. abnormal angulation of a bone or joint, with the angle pointing away from the midline. [1790-1800; < L varus crooked, bent] * * *
Varus, Publius Quinctilius
▪ Roman general died AD 9       Roman general whose loss of three legions to Germanic tribes in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Teutoburg Forest, Battle of the) ...
Varus, Publius Quintilius
died AD 9 Roman general. He was born a patrician; his father was one of the murderers of Julius Caesar. Varus crushed the rebellion in Judaea (4 BC) and reestablished Roman ...
varve
/vahrv/, n. Geol. (in lake sediments) an annual deposit usually consisting of two layers, one of fine materials and the other of coarse. [1920-25; < Sw varv a round, (complete) ...
varved deposit
Any form of repetitive sedimentary rock stratification that was deposited within a year. This annual deposit usually consists of paired contrasting layers (varves) of ...
vary
—varier, n. —varyingly, adv. /vair"ee/, v., varied, varying. v.t. 1. to change or alter, as in form, appearance, character, or substance: to vary one's methods. 2. to cause ...
varying hare
varying hare n. SNOWSHOE HARE * * *
varying hare.
See snowshoe hare. [1775-85] * * *
varyinghare
var·y·ing hare (vârʹē-ĭng, vărʹ-) n. See snowshoe hare. * * *
varyingly
See vary. * * *
vas
/vas/, n., pl. vasa /vay"seuh/. Anat., Zool., Bot. a vessel or duct. [1645-55; < L vas vessel] * * * ▪ county, Hungary  megye (county), western Hungary. It borders the ...
vas deferens
/vas" def"euh renz', -euhr euhnz/, pl. vasa deferentia /vay"seuh def'euh ren"shee euh, -sheuh/. Anat., Zool. the duct that transports the sperm from the epididymis to the ...
vas efferens
/vas" ef"euh renz', -euhr euhnz/, pl. vasa efferentia /vay"seuh ef'euh ren"shee euh, -sheuh/, Anat. any of a number of short ducts that carry sperm from the testis to the ...
vas-
var. of vaso- before a vowel: vasectomy. * * *
Vasa
(as used in expressions) Gustav I Vasa Gustav Eriksson Vasa Sigismund III Vasa Vasa dynasty * * *
Vasa dynasty
Swedish (and Polish) royal dynasty. Its founder was Gustav Eriksson Vasa, regent of Sweden (1521) and king (1523) as Gustav I Vasa. His descendants reigned in Sweden until 1818, ...
vasa murrhina
/vay"seuh meuh ruy"neuh, -ree"-/ an American art glass, consisting of colored glass dusted with flakes or grains of metal and flashed with clear glass. [ < NL: lit., murrhine ...
Vasa, House of
▪ Swedish and Polish dynasty       Swedish (and Polish) dynasty descended from an old family of Uppland, related both to the Sture family and to the Bonde family of ...
vasal
va·sal (vāʹsəl, -zəl) adj. Of, relating to, or connected with a vessel or duct of the body. * * *
vasana
/vah"seuh neuh/, n. Yoga. any subconscious force that affects character. [ < Skt vasana] * * *
Vasarely, Victor
orig. Viktor Vásárhelyi born April 9, 1908, Pécs, Hung. died March 15, 1997, Paris, France Hungarian French painter. Trained in Budapest in the Bauhaus tradition, he moved ...
Vasari
/veuh zahr"ee, -sahr"ee/; It. /vah zah"rddee/, n. Giorgio /jawrdd"jaw/, 1511-74, Italian painter, architect, and art historian. * * *
Vasari, Giorgio
born July 30, 1511, Arezzo died June 27, 1574, Florence Italian painter, architect, and writer. Though he was a prolific painter in the Mannerist style, he is more highly ...
Vasari,Giorgio
Va·sa·ri (və-zärʹē, -särʹē, vä-zäʹrē), Giorgio. 1511-1574. Italian painter, architect, and art historian who wrote Lives of the Most Eminent Italian Architects, ...
Vasco da Gama
/vas"koh deuh gam"euh, gah"meuh/; Port. /vahsh"koo deuh gah"meuh/. See Gama, Vasco da. * * *
Vasconcellos, Josefina Alys Hermes de
▪ 2006       British artist (b. Oct. 26, 1904, Molesey on Thames, Surrey, Eng.—d. July 20, 2005, Blackpool, Eng.), crafted bold life-size and larger naturalistic ...
Vasconcelos, José
born Feb. 28, 1882, Oaxaca, Mex. died June 30, 1959, Mexico City Mexican educator, politician, essayist, and philosopher. He campaigned for the revolutionary candidates ...
Vascongadas
Vascongadas [väs΄kō̂n gä′thäs] Sp. name for BASQUE COUNTRY The * * *
vascula
vas·cu·la (văsʹkyə-lə) n. Plural of vasculum. * * *
vascular
—vascularity /vas'kyeuh lar"i tee/, n. —vascularly, adv. /vas"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. Biol. pertaining to, composed of, or provided with vessels or ducts that convey fluids, as ...
vascular bundle
Bot. a longitudinal arrangement of strands of xylem and phloem, and sometimes cambium, that forms the fluid-conducting channels of vascular tissue in the rhizomes, stems, and ...
vascular cylinder
vascular cylinder n. STELE (sense 3) * * *
vascular plant
a plant having a vascular system. [1860-65] * * * or tracheophyte Any plant that has a specialized conducting system consisting mostly of phloem (food-conducting tissue) and ...
vascular ray
Bot. a radiate band of parenchyma in the secondary xylem extending into the secondary phloem of the stems of certain vascular plants, formed by the cambium and serving for the ...
vascular system
▪ plant physiology       in plants, assemblage of conducting tissues and associated supportive fibres. xylem tissue transports water and dissolved minerals to the ...
vascular tissue
Bot. plant tissue consisting of ducts or vessels, that, in the higher plants, forms the system (vascular system) by which sap is conveyed through the plant. [1805-15] * * *
vascularbundle
vascular bundle n. A strand of primary conductive plant tissue consisting essentially of xylem and phloem. Also called fibrovascular bundle. * * *
vascularcambium
vascular cambium n. A lateral meristem that produces secondary xylem to the inside and secondary phloem to the outside. * * *
vascularity
See vascular. * * *
vascularization
vas·cu·lar·i·za·tion (văs'kyə-lər-ĭ-zāʹshən) n. 1. The process of vascularizing; the formation of vessels, especially blood vessels. 2. Medicine. An abnormal or ...
vascularize
—vascularization, n. /vas"kyeuh leuh ruyz'/, v., vascularized, vascularizing. v.i. Biol. 1. (of a tissue or embryo) to develop or extend blood vessels or other fluid-bearing ...
vascularized
/vas"kyeuh leuh ruyzd'/, adj. 1. rendered vascular by the formation of new blood vessels. 2. vascular. [1955-60; VASCULARIZE + -ED2] * * *
vascularplant
vascular plant n. Any of various plants, such as the ferns and seed-bearing plants, in which the phloem transports sugar and the xylem transports water and salts. * * *
vasculartissue
vascular tissue n. The supportive and conductive tissue in plants, consisting of xylem and phloem. * * *
vasculature
vas·cu·la·ture (văsʹkyə-lə-cho͝or', -chər) n. Arrangement of blood vessels in the body or in an organ or body part. * * *
vasculitis
vas·cu·li·tis (văs'kyə-līʹtĭs) n. Inflammation of a vessel of the body. * * *
vasculum
/vas"kyeuh leuhm/, n., pl. vascula /-leuh/, vasculums. a kind of case or box used by botanists for carrying specimens as they are collected. [1825-35; < L vasculum little vessel. ...
vasdeferens
vas def·er·ens (dĕfʹər-ənz, -ə-rĕnz') n. pl. vasa def·er·en·ti·a (dĕf'ə-rĕnʹshē-ə) The main duct through which semen is carried from the epididymis to the ...
vase
—vaselike, adj. /vays, vayz, vahz/, n. a vessel, as of glass, porcelain, earthenware, or metal, usually higher than it is wide, used chiefly to hold cut flowers or for ...
vase carpet
▪ decorative arts  any of the most widely known group of floor coverings among the “classic” Kermāns (Kermān carpet) of the 16th and 17th centuries. At their best these ...
vasectomize
va·sec·to·mize (və-sĕkʹtə-mīz', vā-zĕkʹ-) tr.v. va·sec·to·mized, va·sec·to·miz·ing, va·sec·to·miz·es To perform a vasectomy on. * * *
vasectomy
/va sek"teuh mee/, n., pl. vasectomies. Surg. excision of the vas deferens, or of a portion of it: performed to effect sterility in men. [1895-1900; VAS (DEFERENS) + -ECTOMY] * * ...
vasefferens
vas ef·fer·ens (ĕfʹər-ənz, -ə-rĕnz') n. pl. vasa ef·fer·en·ti·a (ĕf'ə-rĕnʹshē-ə) Any of a number of small ducts that carry semen from the testis to the ...
Vaseline
/vas"euh leen', vas'euh leen"/, Trademark. a brand of petrolatum. * * *
Vaseline{™}
n [U] a thick, soft, yellowish substance used to treat dry skin, or to put on sore parts of the body, etc. * * *
Vasella, Daniel Lucius
▪ 1997       Early in 1996 Daniel Vasella, chief executive officer (CEO) of Sandoz Pharma Ltd., was named president of the newly formed Swiss pharmaceutical giant ...
VashonIsland
Vash·on Island (văshʹŏn) An island of west-central Washington in Puget Sound between Seattle and Tacoma. * * *
Vashti
/vash"tee, -tuy/, n. the queen of Ahasuerus who was banished for refusing to appear before the king's guests. Esther 1:9-22. * * *
vasiform
/vay"zeuh fawrm', vas"euh-/, adj. 1. having the form of a duct or tube. 2. having the shape of a vase. [1825-35; < L vas vessel + -I- + -FORM] * * *
Vasílikí ware
▪ pottery       elaborately shaped handmade pottery from Vasílikí, eastern Crete, produced in the second phase of the Early Minoan period (c. 3000–c. 2000 BC). The ...
Vasily
(as used in expressions) Chuikov Vasily Ivanovich Golitsyn Vasily Vasilyevich Prince Kandinsky Vasily Vasilievich Tikhomirov Vasily Dmitrievich Vasily II Vasily the Blind Vasily ...
Vasily (IV) Shuysky
▪ tsar of Russia original name Vasily Ivanovich, Knyaz (Prince) Shuysky, or Shuisky born 1552 died Sept. 12, 1612, Gostynin, near Warsaw  boyar who became tsar (1606–10) ...
Vasily I
Russian Vasily Dmitriyevich born 1371 died February 1425, Moscow Grand prince of Moscow (1389–1425). After helping the Tatar khan Tokhtamysh fight Timur, he succeeded his ...
Vasily II
Russian Vasily Varilyevich known as Vasily the Blind born 1415 died March 27, 1462, Moscow Grand Prince of Moscow (1425–62). At age 10 he was named to succeed his father, ...
Vasily III
▪ grand prince of Moscow in full  Vasily Ivanovich   born 1479 died Dec. 3, 1533, Moscow  grand prince of Moscow from 1505 to 1533. Succeeding his father, Ivan III (ruled ...
Vasilyev, Sergey Dmitriyevich
▪ Russian director born Oct. 22, 1900, Moscow died Dec. 16, 1959, Moscow       motion-picture director whose outstanding films deal with the role of the Communist Party ...
Vasilyevich
(as used in expressions) Chicherin Georgy Vasilyevich Frunze Mikhail Vasilyevich Gogol Nikolay Vasilyevich Golitsyn Vasily Vasilyevich Prince Ivan Vasilyevich Kolchak Aleksandr ...
Vaslui
▪ Romania       town, seat of Vaslui judeţ (county), northeastern Romania, on the Bârlad River. Near Vaslui, in 1475, Stephen (Ştefan) the Great, with 40,000 ...
vaso-
a combining form meaning "vessel," used in the formation of compound words: vasoconstrictor. Also, esp. before a vowel, vas-. [ < L vas vessel + -O-] * * *
vasoactive
/vas'oh ak"tiv, vay'zoh-/, adj. Physiol., Pharm. of or pertaining to a substance, drug, or event that changes the diameter of a blood vessel. [1920-25; VASO- + ACTIVE] * * *
vasoactivity
See vasoactive. * * *
vasoconstriction
/vas'oh keuhn strik"sheuhn, vay'zoh-/, n. Physiol. constriction of the blood vessels, as by the action of a nerve. [1895-1900; VASO- + CONSTRICTION] * * *
vasoconstrictive
/vas'oh keuhn strik"tiv, vay'zoh-/, adj. Physiol. causing vasoconstriction. [1885-90; VASO- + CONSTRICTIVE] * * *
vasoconstrictor
/vas'oh keuhn strik"teuhr, vay'zoh-/, n. Physiol., Pharm. a nerve or drug that causes vasoconstriction. [1875-80; VASO- + CONSTRICTOR] * * *
vasodepressor
/vas'oh di pres"euhr, vay'zoh-/, adj., n. Physiol., Pharm. vasodilator. [VASO- + DEPRESSOR] * * *
vasodilatation
/vas'oh dil'euh tay"sheuhn, -duy'leuh-, vay'zoh-/, n. Physiol. dilatation of the blood vessels, as by the action of a nerve. Also, vasodilation /vas'oh duy lay"sheuhn, -di-, ...
vasodilation
va·so·dil·a·tion (vā'zō-dī-lāʹshən, -dĭ-) also va·so·dil·a·ta·tion (-dĭl'ə-tāʹshən, -dī'lə-) n. Dilation of a blood vessel, as by the action of a nerve or ...
vasodilator
/vas'oh duy lay"teuhr, -di-, -duy"lay-, vay'zoh-/, n. Physiol., Pharm. a nerve or drug that causes vasodilatation. [1880-85; VASO- + DILATOR] * * *
vasoinhibitor
—vasoinhibitory /vas'oh in hib"i tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, vay'zoh-/, adj. /vas'oh in hib"i teuhr, vay'zoh-/, n. Physiol., Pharm. an agent, as a drug, that inhibits the action of the ...
vasoligate
See vasoligation. * * *
vasoligation
/vas'oh luy gay"sheuhn, vay'zoh-/, n. Surg. ligation of the vas deferens. Also, vasoligature. [VASO- + LIGATION] * * *
vasoligature
/vas'oh lig"euh cheuhr, -choor', vay'zoh-/, n. Surg. vasoligation. [VASO- + LIGATURE] * * *
vasomotion
/vas'oh moh"sheuhn, vay'zoh-/, n. Physiol. the change in diameter of a blood vessel. [VASO- + MOTION] * * *
vasomotor
/vas'oh moh"teuhr, vay'zoh-/, adj. Physiol. regulating the diameter of blood vessels, as certain nerves. [1860-65; VASO- + MOTOR] * * *
vasopressin
/vas'oh pres"in/, n. 1. Biochem. a peptide hormone, synthesized in the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary gland, that stimulates capillary muscles and reduces ...
vasopressor
/vas"oh pres'euhr, vay"zoh-/, n. Biochem., Pharm. a hormone, as epinephrine, or other agent that raises the blood pressure by causing contraction of the arteriole muscles, ...
vasospasm
/vas"oh spaz'euhm, vay"zoh-/, n. sudden constriction of an artery, leading to a decrease in its diameter and in the amount of blood it can deliver. [1900-05; VASO- + SPASM] * * *
vasospastic
See vasospasm. * * *
vasostimulant
/vas'oh stim"yeuh leuhnt, vay'zoh-/, adj. 1. stimulating the action of the vasomotor nerves. n. 2. a vasostimulant agent, as a drug. [VASO- + STIMULANT] * * *
vasotomy
/va sot"euh mee/, n., pl. vasotomies. Surg. incision or opening of the vas deferens. [VASO- + -TOMY] * * *
vasotonic
/vas'oh ton"ik, vay'zoh-/, adj. Physiol. pertaining to or regulating the tone of the blood vessels. [VASO- + TONIC] * * *
vasovagal
vasovagal [vas΄ō vā′gəl, vā΄zōvā′gəl] adj. 〚 VASO- + VAGAL〛 pertaining to the action of the vagus nerve upon the circulatory system, as in causing a fainting ...
vasovasostomy
/vas'oh va sos"teuh mee, vay'zoh-/, n., pl. vasovasostomies. the reversal of a vasectomy, performed by surgical reconnection of the severed ends of the vas deferens. [VASO- + ...
Vassa
/vas"euh/, n. Gustavus (Olaudah Equiano), c1745-1801?, African slave, sold in the West Indies, and, after gaining freedom, abolitionist and writer in England. * * * ▪ ...
vassal
—vassalless, adj. /vas"euhl/, n. 1. (in the feudal system) a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its ...
vassalage
/vas"euh lij/, n. 1. the state or condition of a vassal. 2. homage or service required of a vassal. 3. a territory held by a vassal. 4. vassals collectively. 5. dependence, ...
vassalic
/va sal"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a vassal or vassalage. [1895-1900; VASSAL + -IC] * * *
Vassall, Henry
▪ British rugby player born Oct. 22, 1860, Eng. died Jan. 5, 1925, Eng.       English rugby player who is credited with introducing the three-threequarter formation ...
Vassall, John
▪ 1997       British junior civil servant who succumbed to blackmail in regard to his homosexuality (which was then illegal) and spied for the KGB during his posting at ...
Vassar
/vas"euhr/, n. Matthew, 1792-1868, U.S. merchant, philanthropist, and supporter of education for women; born in England: founder of Vassar College. * * *
Vassar College
(also Vassar) a private US college in Poughkeepsie, New York. It had about 2 330 students in 1998. It was established by Matthew Vassar in 1861 as a women’s college and became ...
Vassar,Matthew
Vas·sar (văsʹər), Matthew. 1792-1868. American merchant and philanthropist who was an advocate of higher education for women and endowed Vassar College (1861). * * *
vast
—vastly, adv. —vastness, n. /vast, vahst/, adj., vaster, vastest, n. adj. 1. of very great area or extent; immense: the vast reaches of outer space. 2. of very great size or ...
Västerås
/ves'teuhrdd aws"/, n. a city in central Sweden. 117,487. * * * ▪ Sweden       city and capital of Västmanland län (county), east-central Sweden. It lies at the ...
Västerbotten
▪ county, Sweden       län (county), northern Sweden, extending from the Gulf of Bothnia west to the Norwegian border. Its area comprises the traditional landskap ...
Västergötland
▪ province, Sweden        landskap (province), southwestern Sweden. It is composed largely of the administrative län (county) of Västra Götaland and of portions of ...
Västernorrland
▪ county, Sweden       län (county) of northeast Sweden, on the Gulf of Bothnia. Its area takes in most of the two traditional landskap (provinces) of Medelpad and ...
Vasthi
/vas"thuy/, n. Douay Bible. Vashti. * * *
Vastitas Borealis
▪ region, Mars  nearly level lowland plain that surrounds the north pole of the planet Mars and extends southward to about latitude 50°. The plain lies 4–5 km (2.5–3 ...
vastitude
/vas"ti toohd', -tyoohd', vah"sti-/, n. 1. vastness; immensity: the vastitude of his love for all humankind. 2. a vast expanse or space: the ocean vastitude. [1535-45; < L ...
vastity
/vas"ti tee, vah"sti-/, n. 1. immensity; vastness. 2. Archaic. wasteness; desolation. [1535-45; < MF vastite < L vastitas; see VAST, -ITY] * * *
vastly
See vast. * * *
Västmanland
▪ county, Sweden       län (county) of central Sweden, extending north of Lake Mälar. Its area includes the southwestern part of the traditional landskap (province) ...
vastness
See vastly. * * *
Vasto
▪ Italy       town, Abruzzi regione, south-central Italy. It is a beach resort on the Adriatic Sea, with brickmaking, candlemaking, and agricultural-processing ...
Västra Götaland
▪ county, Sweden       län (county), southwestern Sweden. It was created in 1998 by the amalgamation of the counties of Älvsborg, Göteborg och Bohus, and Skaraborg. ...
vastus
/vas"teuhs/, n., pl. vasti /-tuy/. Anat. any of several muscles in the front part of the thigh constituting part of the quadriceps muscle, the action of which assists in ...
vasty
/vas"tee, vah"stee/, adj., vastier, vastiest. vast; immense. [1590-1600; VAST + -Y1] * * *
Vasubandhu
▪ Indian Buddhist philosopher flourished 5th century AD       Indian Buddhist philosopher and logician, younger brother of the philosopher Asaṅga. His conversion ...
Vāsudeva
▪ Hindu god       in Hindu mythology, the patronymic of Krishna (Kṛṣṇa), who, according to one tradition, was a son of Vāsudeva. The worshipers of Vāsudeva, or ...
Vasylkiv
▪ city, Ukraine Russian  Vasilkov        city, northern Ukraine, on the Stuhna River, a tributary of the Dnieper River. The city, which was founded in 988 and ...
vat
/vat/, n., v., vatted, vatting. n. 1. a large container, as a tub or tank, used for storing or holding liquids: a wine vat. 2. Chem. a. a preparation containing an insoluble dye ...
VAT
See value-added tax. * * *
vat dye
Chem. any of the class of insoluble dyes impregnated into textile fibers by reduction into soluble leuco bases that regenerate the insoluble dye on oxidation. [1900-05] * * ...
vat-dyed
See vat dye. * * *
Vat.
Vatican. * * *
vatdye
vat dye n. A dye, such as indigo, that produces a fast color by impregnating fiber with a reduced soluble form that is then oxidized to an insoluble form.   vatʹ-dyed' ...
vatic
/vat"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a prophet. Also, vatical. [1595-1605; < L vat(es) seer + -IC] * * *
Vatican
/vat"i keuhn/, n. 1. Also called Vatican Palace. the chief residence of the popes in Vatican City, now also including a library, archives, art museum, apartments, and ...
Vatican Apostolic Library
▪ library, Vatican City, Europe Italian  Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana        official library of the Vatican, especially notable as one of the world's richest ...
Vatican City
an independent state within the city of Rome, on the right bank of the Tiber. Established in 1929, it is ruled by the pope and includes St. Peter's Church and the Vatican, 1000; ...
Vatican City State
▪ 2009 Area: 44 ha (109 ac) Population (2008 est.): 930; about 3,000 workers live outside the Vatican Chief of state: (sovereign pontiff) Pope Benedict XVI Head of ...
Vatican City, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically divided yellow-white national flag with an emblem on the white stripe featuring two crossed keys and a papal tiara. The flag is square ...
Vatican Council
the ecumenical council, convoked in Rome, 1869-70, by Pope Pius IX, that declared the dogma of papal infallibility. * * *
Vatican Council, First
▪ Roman Catholic history [1869-70]       20th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church (1869–70), convoked by Pope Pius IX to deal with contemporary problems. ...
Vatican Council, Second
(1962–65) 21st ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic church, announced by Pope John XXIII. It has come to symbolize the church's readiness to acknowledge the circumstances ...
Vatican II.
See Second Vatican Council. * * *
Vatican Museums and Galleries
Institutions and papal palaces in Vatican City housing the art collections of the popes since the beginning of the 15th century. Among the many separate museums are the ...
Vatican Palace
Pope's residence since the late 14th century, located north of St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. First enclosed in 850, the irregularly walled compound contains gardens ...
Vatican Swindle, The.
SeeLafcadio's Adventures. * * *
VaticanCity
Vatican City An independent papal state on the Tiber River within Rome, Italy. Created by the Lateran Treaty signed by Pope Pius XI and Victor Emmanuel III of Italy in 1929, it ...
VaticanCouncil
Vatican Council n. Either of two ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic Church, the First Vatican Council (1869-1870) and the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), convoked by ...
Vaticanism
—Vaticanist, n. /vat"i keuh niz'euhm/, n. Usually Disparaging. the doctrine of the absolute supremacy of the pope. [1870-75; VATICAN + -ISM] * * *
vaticide
/vat"euh suyd'/, n. 1. a person who murders a prophet. 2. the act of killing a prophet. [1720-30; < L vati- (s. of vates seer) + -CIDE] * * *
vaticinal
/veuh tis"euh nl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by prophecy; prophetic. [1580-90; < L vaticin(us) prophetic (vaticin(ari) to prophesy + -us adj. suffix) + -AL1; see ...
vaticinate
—vaticinator, n. /veuh tis"euh nayt'/, v.t., v.i., vaticinated, vaticinating. to prophesy. [1615-25; < L vaticinatus (ptp. of vaticinari to prophesy), equiv. to vati- (s. of ...
vaticination
/veuh tis'euh nay"sheuhn, vat'euh seuh-/, n. 1. an act of prophesying. 2. a prophesy. [1595-1605; < L vaticination- (s. of vaticinatio). See VATICINATE, -ION] * * *
vaticinator
See vaticinate. * * *
vatman
/vat"meuhn/, n., pl. vatmen. Papermaking. the worker who shakes the pulp onto the wire. [1830-40; VAT + MAN1] * * *
Vatnajökull
Extensive ice field, southeastern Iceland. It covers an area of 3,200 sq mi (8,400 sq km) and has an average ice thickness of more than 3,000 ft (900 m). It contains several ...
Vattel
Ger. /faht"l/, n. Emmerich Ger. /em"euh rddikh/, 1714-67, Swiss jurist and diplomat. * * *
Vattel, Emmerich de
▪ Swiss jurist born April 25, 1714, Couvet, Neuchâtel, Switz. died Dec. 28, 1767, Neuchâtel       Swiss jurist who, in Le Droit des gens (1758; “The Law of ...
Vätter
/vet"teuhrdd/, n. a lake in S Sweden. 80 mi. (130 km) long; 733 sq. mi. (1900 sq. km). Also, Vättern /vet"teuhrddn/, Vetter. * * *
Vätter, Lake
▪ lake, Sweden Swedish Vättern,        lake in south-central Sweden, southeast of Lake Väner (Väner, Lake) between the administrative län (counties) of Västra ...
Vättern
Vät·tern (vĕtʹərn) A lake of south-central Sweden southeast of Lake Vänern. It is connected with the Baltic Sea by the Göta Canal. * * * Lake, south-central Sweden, ...
vatting
/vat"ing/, n. the stage of winemaking during which the expressed juice of grapes has been placed in vats and left to ferment. [1835-45; VAT + -ING1] * * *
vatu
/vah"tooh/, n. a nickel-brass coin and monetary unit of Vanuatu. * * *
vau
vau (väv, vôv) n. Variant of vav. * * *
Vauban
/voh bahonn"/, n. Sébastien le Prestre de /say banns tyaonn" leuh prdde"trddeu deuh/, 1633-1707, French military engineer and marshal. * * *
Vauban, Marquis SébastienLe Prestre de
Vau·ban (vō-bäɴʹ), Marquis Sébastien Le Prestre de. 1633-1707. French military engineer who revolutionized fortification and siege strategies during the reign of Louis ...
Vauban, Sébastien Le Prestre de
born May 15, 1633, Saint-Léger-de-Foucherest, France died March 30, 1707, Paris French military engineer. After fighting with the forces of the Condé family (1651–53), he ...
Vaucanson, Jacques de
born Feb. 24, 1709, Grenoble, France died Nov. 21, 1782, Paris French inventor. In 1739 he constructed an automaton, "The Duck," which imitated not only the motions of a live ...
Vaucheria
Genus of yellow-green algae. It is characterized by oil food reserves and tubular branches that have multiple nuclei and lack cross-walls except in association with reproductive ...
Vaucluse
/voh klyuuz"/, n. a department in SE France. 390,446; 1382 sq. mi. (3580 sq. km). Cap.: Avignon. * * *
Vaud
/voh/, n. a canton in W Switzerland. 521,600; 1239 sq. mi. (3210 sq. km). Cap.: Lausanne. German, Waadt. * * * ▪ canton, Switzerland (French), German  Waadt,    canton, ...
vaudeville
/vawd"vil, vohd"-, vaw"deuh-/, n. 1. theatrical entertainment consisting of a number of individual performances, acts, or mixed numbers, as by comedians, singers, dancers, ...
vaudevillian
/vawd vil"yeuhn, vohd-, vaw'deuh-/, n. 1. Also, vaudevillist. a person who writes for or performs in vaudeville. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of ...
Vaudois
/voh dwah"/, n., pl. Vaudois for 1. 1. a native or inhabitant of Vaud. 2. the dialect of French spoken in Vaud. [ < F; MF Vaudeis. See VAUD, -ESE] /voh dwah"/, n. (used with a ...
Vaugelas, Claude Favre, lord de
born Jan. 6, 1585, Meximieux, France died February 1650, Paris French grammarian. He played a major role in standardizing the French language of literature and of polite ...
Vaugelas, Claude Favre, seigneur de, Baron De Pérouges
▪ French grammarian born January 6, 1585, Meximieux, France died February 1650, Paris       French grammarian and an original member of the Académie Française who ...
Vaughan
/vawn/, n. 1. Henry, 1622-95, English poet and mystic. 2. Sarah (Lois), 1924-90, U.S. jazz singer. 3. a town in SW Ontario, in S Canada, near Toronto. 29,674. 4. a male given ...
Vaughan Williams
/vawn wil"yeuhmz/ Ralph, 1872-1958, English composer. * * *


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