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Victoria Cross n. Abbr. VC A bronze Maltese cross, Britain's highest military award for conspicuous valor.   [After Victoria1.] * * *
Victoria Day n. The last Monday before May 25, observed in Canada in commemoration of the birthday of Queen Victoria. * * *
Victoria Falls A waterfall, 108.3 m (355 ft) high, of south-central Africa in the Zambezi River between southwest Zambia and northwest Zimbabwe. The falls were discovered by ...
Victoria Island An island of northern Canada, in the Arctic Archipelago east of Banks Island. It was discovered in the late 1830s and explored by John Rae in 1851. * * *
Victoria Land A mountainous region of Antarctica bounded by Ross Sea and Wilkes Land. It was discovered by Sir James Clark Ross during his 1839-1843 expedition. * * *
/vik tawr"ee euhn, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Queen Victoria or the period of her reign: Victorian poets. 2. having the characteristics usually attributed to the ...
Victorian box
a tree, Pittosporum undulatum, of Australia, having shiny, wavy-margined, oblong leaves and fragrant clusters of yellowish flowers. Also called banyalla. * * *
Victorian values
➡ Victorian * * *
/vik tawr'ee an"euh, -ah"neuh, -tohr'-/, n.pl. Victorian art objects, furnishings, bric-a-brac, etc. [1945-50; VICTORI(AN) + -ANA] * * *
Victoria Nile A section of the Nile River, about 418 km (260 mi) long, between Lake Victoria and Lake Albert in central Uganda. * * *
/vik tawr"ee euh niz'euhm, -tohr"-/, n. 1. the distinctive character, thought, tendencies, etc., of the Victorian period. 2. an instance or example of such thought, tendencies, ...
See Victorianize. * * *
Vic·to·ri·an·ize (vĭk-tôrʹē-ə-nīz', -tōrʹ-) tr.v. Vic·to·ri·an·ized, Vic·to·ri·an·iz·ing, Vic·to·ri·an·iz·es To make Victorian, as in character or ...
Victoria Ny·an·za (nī-ănʹzə, nyänʹ-) See Lake Victoria. * * *
/vik tawr"ee it, -ayt', -tohr"-/, n. a silver coin of ancient Rome, first issued in the late 3rd century B.C., having a figure of Victory on the reverse. [1595-1605; < L (nummus ...
/vik tawr"ee euh vil', -tohr"-/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada. 21,838. * * *
/vik'teuh reen"/, n. a fur tippet with long tabs at the ends. [1840-50; prob. after Queen VICTORIA; see -INE2] * * *
/vik'teuh reen"/, n. a canon regular of the Order of St. Victor, founded in Paris, France, in 1110, which was famous for its learning and influence in the Middle Ages, and which ...
/vik tawr"ee oh', -tohr"-/, n. 1809?-80, leader of the Chiricahua Apache tribe. * * *
—victoriously, adv. —victoriousness, n. /vik tawr"ee euhs, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. having achieved a victory; conquering; triumphant: our victorious army. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
See victorious. * * *
See victoriously. * * *
/vik"teuhr vil'/, n. a city in SE California. 14,220. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Bernardino county, southwestern California, U.S. Located nearly ...
—victoryless, adj. /vik"teuh ree, vik"tree/, n., pl. victories. 1. a success or triumph over an enemy in battle or war. 2. an engagement ending in such triumph: American ...
Victory at Sea
a US television series in 26 parts first shown on NBC (1952–3). It told the story of the battles fought at sea in the Pacific during World War II, using real film. The music ...
victory garden
a vegetable garden, esp. a home garden, cultivated to increase food production during a war or period of shortages. Also, Victory garden. [1940-45] * * *
Victory Medal
1. a round bronze medal awarded to all those who served in the armed forces of the U.S. during World War I. 2. a similar medal awarded after World War II. * * *
Victory of Samothrace.
See Winged Victory. * * *
Victory Peak
▪ mountain, Asia Kyrgyz  Jengish Chokusu , Russian  Pik Pobedy , Chinese  Sheng-li Feng        mountain in the eastern Kakshaal (Kokshaal-Tau) Range of the Tien ...
Victory ship
a fast, turbine-powered cargo ship of World War II, having a capacity of about 11,000 dead-weight tons. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
/vik"tris/, n. a woman who is victorious. [1595-1605; VICT(O)R + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
/vik"triks/, n., pl. victrices /vik"treuh seez'/. victress. [1645-55; < L; see VICTOR, -TRIX] Usage. See -trix. * * *
/vik"triks/, n. an ancient Roman epithet variously applied to Venus, Diana, and other goddesses. * * *
/vik troh"leuh/ Trademark. a brand of phonograph. * * *
—victualless, adj. /vit"l/, n., v., victualed, victualing or (esp. Brit.) victualled, victualling. n. 1. victuals, food supplies; provisions. 2. food or provisions for human ...
/vit"l ij/, n. food; provisions; victuals. [1615-25; VICTUAL + -AGE] * * *
/vit"l euhr/, n. 1. a person who furnishes victuals, esp. a sutler. 2. a supply ship. 3. Also called licensed victualer. Brit. the keeper of an inn or tavern, esp. one licensed ...
/vuy kooh"neuh, -kyooh"-, vi-, vi kooh"nyeuh/, n. 1. a wild South American ruminant, Vicugna vicugna, of the Andes, related to the guanaco but smaller, and yielding a soft, ...
vide. * * *
/vee"deuh, vuy"deuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Vida Breve, La
Sp. /lah bee"dhah brdde"ve/ an opera (1905) by Manuel de Falla. * * *
(1925– ) a US writer known for his intelligent criticism of American politics and culture. His best-known works are the novel Myra Breckinridge (1968) and the play Suddenly ...
Vidal de La Blache, Paul
▪ French geographer born Jan. 22, 1845, Pézenas, France died April 5, 1918, Tamaris-sur-Mer  French geographer who had a profound influence on the development of modern ...
Vidal, (Eugene Luther)Gore
Vi·dal (vĭ-dälʹ), (Eugene Luther) Gore. Born 1925. American writer noted for his cynical humor and his numerous accounts of society in decline. His works include the novel ...
Vidal, Gore
orig. Eugene Luther Vidal born Oct. 3, 1925, West Point, N.Y., U.S. U.S. novelist, playwright, and essayist. Vidal began publishing his writings soon after his wartime army ...
/vi dayl"yeuh/, n. a town in central Georgia. 10,393. * * *
Vidalia onion
☆ Vidalia onion [vi dāl′yə, vidā′lē ə ] n. 〚< Vidalia, a trademark, after Vidalia, Georgia, where orig. grown〛 a type of large, sweet, globe-shaped onion with a ...
Vi·dal·ia onion (vĭ-dālʹyə) n. A large, white, sweet, delicately flavored onion, having a thin yellowish outer skin and poor storage qualities.   [AfterVidalia, a city of ...
Vídalín, Jón Thorkelsson
▪ Icelandic bishop and author also called  Magister Jón   born 1666, Gardhur, near Reykjavík, Iceland died 1720, Iceland       Lutheran bishop, best known for his ...
/vee"dahr/, n. Scand. Myth. a son of Odin, who will survive Ragnarok after killing Fenrir. * * *
/vuy dar"euh buyn'/, n. Pharm. an antiviral substance, C10H15N5O4, produced by the bacterium Streptomyces antibioticus and used in immunosuppressed patients for the treatment of ...
/wee"de/; Eng. /vuy"dee, vee"-/, v. Latin. see (used esp. to refer a reader to parts of a text). * * *
vide ante
/wee"de ahn"te/; Eng. /vuy"dee an"tee, vee"-/, Latin. see before (used esp. to refer a reader to parts of a text). * * *
vide infra
/wee"de in"frddah/; Eng. /vuy"dee in"freuh, vee"-/, Latin. see below (used esp. to refer a reader to parts of a text). * * *
vide post
/wee"de pohst"/; Eng. /vuy"dee pohst", vee"-/, Latin. see after or further (used esp. to refer a reader to parts of a text). * * *
vide supra
/wee"de sooh"prddah/; Eng. /vuy"dee sooh"preuh, vee"-/, Latin. see above (used esp. to refer a reader to parts of a text). * * *
vide ut supra
/wee"de oot sooh"prddah/; Eng. /vuy"dee ut sooh"preuh, vee"-/, Latin. see as (stated) above (used esp. to refer a reader to parts of a text). * * *
Videla, Jorge Rafaél
▪ president of Argentina born Aug. 2, 1925, Mercedes, Arg.       career military officer who was president of Argentina from 1976 to 1981. His government was ...
/wi day"li ket'/; Eng. /vi del"euh sit/, adv. Latin. that is to say; namely (used esp. to introduce examples, details, etc.). Abbr.: viz. * * *
/vid"ee oh'/, n. 1. Television. a. the elements of television, as in a program or script, pertaining to the transmission or reception of the image (distinguished from audio). b. ...
video art
—video artist. an art form involving the creative exploitation of video technology to produce videotapes for viewing on a television screen. [1970-75] * * *  form of ...
video card
Integrated circuit that generates the video signal sent to a computer display. The card is usually located on the computer motherboard or is a separate circuit board, but is ...
video display terminal
Computers. a computer terminal consisting of a screen on which data or graphics can be displayed. Abbr.: VDT Also called visual display terminal; esp. Brit., visual display ...
video drama
teledrama. * * *
video frequency
Television. 1. transmission frequency of the television picture. 2. any of the frequencies present in the output of a television camera, from almost 0 to over 4 megahertz. 3. any ...
video game
1. any of various games played using a microcomputer with a keyboard and often joysticks to manipulate changes or respond to the action or questions on the screen. 2. any of ...
video jockey
a person who plays, announces, and comments on videocassette recordings, as on a music video broadcast or at a discotheque. * * *
video journalism
—video journalist. Television. 1. the techniques, methods, etc., of preparing and broadcasting informational, social, political, and other nonfiction subjects via news and ...
Video Nation
a BBC project started in 1993 in which ordinary people are given video cameras to film their everyday lives. These films were made into television programmes until 2000, and then ...
Video Nation Online
➡ Video Nation * * *
video record.
See music video. [1960-65] * * *
video screen
Computers. screen (def. 6a). Also, videoscreen. * * *
video tape recorder
▪ electronics also called  Video Recorder,         electromechanical device that records and reproduces an electronic signal containing audio and video information ...
video vérité
/ver'i tay"/; Fr. /vay rddee tay"/, Television. a technique, derived from cinéma vérité, in which people in real life are portrayed as they actually are without ...
video workouts
➡ sport and fitness * * *
/vid"ee oh ri kawrd'/, v.t. to record (programs, broadcasts, or the like) on videotape or videodisk. [1960-65] * * *
video camera n. A portable, hand-held camera resembling a movie camera but recording on videocassettes for playback on a television set. * * *
/vid"ee oh keuh set', -ka-/, n. a cassette enclosing a length of tape for video recording or reproduction. [1965-70; VIDEO + CASSETTE] * * *
videocassette recorder
an electronic apparatus capable of recording television programs or other signals onto videocassettes and playing them back through a television receiver. Also called ...
videocassette recorder n. A VCR. * * *
/vid"ee oh kast', -kahst'/, v., videocast or videocasted, videocasting, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to telecast only the video portion of (a program, scene, etc.). n. 2. a television ...
/vid"ee oh kon'feuhr euhns, -freuhns/, n. a teleconference conducted via television equipment. [1970-75; VIDEO + CONFERENCE] * * *
/vid"ee oh kon'feuhr euhn sing, -freuhn-/, n. the holding of videoconferences. [1975-80; VIDEOCONFERENCE + -ING1] * * *
videodisc [vid′ē ō disk΄] n. a disc on which images and sounds, as of a film, can be recorded for reproduction by a player connected to a TV receiver: also videodisk, video ...
/vid"ee oh disk'/, n. See under record (def. 17). Also, videodisc. [1965-70; VIDEO + DISK] * * *
videodisk player
an electronic device for playing videodisks through a television set. * * *
video display n. A device that accepts video signals from a computer and provides information in a visual form. * * *
videodisplay terminal
video display terminal n. Abbr. VDT A computer terminal having a video display that uses a cathode-ray tube. * * *
video game n. An electronic or computerized game played by manipulating images on a video display or television screen. * * *
video gaming n. 1. Gambling by means of interactive games of chance played on a video screen. 2. The playing of video games. * * *
/vid'ee oh jen"ik/, adj. telegenic. [VIDEO + -GENIC] * * *
/vid'ee og"reuh feuhr/, n. a person who makes videotapes with a camcorder. [1970-75; VIDEO + (PHOTO)GRAPHER] * * *
videography [vid΄ē äg′rə fē] n. 〚 VIDEO + -GRAPHY〛 the art, process, or work of recording sound and visual images on videotape videographer n. * * ...
video jockey n. Abbr. VJ One who announces, plays, and provides commentary on videotaped programs, especially music videos, as on television or at a discotheque. * * *
/vid"ee euh fuyl'/, n. an enthusiast of television, video recording, video equipment, or the like. [VIDEO + -PHILE] * * *
/vid"ee oh fohn'/, n. a telephone that incorporates both voice and video capabilities. Cf. Picturephone. [1950-55; VIDEO + (TELE)PHONE] * * * ▪ telephone Introduction also ...
/vid"ee oh play'/, n. teleplay. [VIDEO + PLAY] * * *
/vid"ee oh pawrn'/, n. Informal. pornographic movies available commercially on videocassettes or, sometimes, shown on subscription television. [VIDEO + PORN] * * *
/vid"ee oh ri kawr'deuhr/, n. Television. an electronic device for recording video signals on magnetic tape or on videodisks. Also, video recorder. Cf. videocassette ...
—videotaper, n. /vid"ee oh tayp'/, n., v., videotaped, videotaping. n. 1. magnetic tape on which the electronic impulses produced by the video and audio portions of a ...
videotape recorder
Television. a device for recording television programs on magnetic tape for delayed transmission or for storage. Also called VTR [1950-55] * * *
/vid"ee oh teks'/, n. an electronic information transmission and retrieval technology enabling interactive communication, for such purposes as data acquisition and dissemination ...
/vi det"/, n. vedette. * * *
/vi dayv"daht/, n. Zoroastrianism. Vendidad. * * *
/vid"i kon'/, n. Television. a camera tube in which a charge-density pattern is formed on a photoconductive surface scanned by a beam of low-velocity electrons for transmission ...
Vi·din (vēʹdĭn) A city of extreme northwest Bulgaria on the Danube River near the Yugoslav border. Founded in the first century A.D. as a Roman fortress, it was under ...
▪ India also spelled  Vidisa   city, west-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies just east of the Betwa River, about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Bhopal. ...
Vidocq, François
▪ French detective born July 24, 1775, Arras, Fr. died May 11, 1857, Paris       adventurer and detective who helped create the police de sûreté (“security ...
/vee"dawr, -dohr/, n. 1. King (Wallis), 1895-1982, U.S. motion-picture director and producer. 2. a town in SE Texas. 12,117. * * *
Vidor, King
▪ American film director born Feb. 8, 1894, Galveston, Texas, U.S. died Nov. 1, 1982, Paso Robles, Calif.       American motion-picture director whose films of the ...
Vidor, King (Wallis)
born Feb. 8, 1894, Galveston, Texas, U.S. died Nov. 1, 1982, Paso Robles, Calif. U.S. film director. He worked as a prop boy, scriptwriter, newsreel cameraman, and assistant ...
Vidor,King Wallis
Vi·dor (vēʹdôr), King Wallis. 1894-1982. American film director noted for his experimentation with visual effects and camera movement in motion pictures such as The Big ...
/vi dooh"i tee, -dyooh"-/, n. quality, state, or period of being a widow. [1375-1425; late ME (Scots) viduite < L viduitas, equiv. to vidu(a) WIDOW + -itas -ITY] * * *
/vid"yah/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism. transcendental knowledge leading toward Brahman. Cf. avidya. [ < Skt vidya knowledge] * * *
Vidyasagar, Isvar Chandra
▪ Indian educator also spelled  Isvarcandra Bidyasagar   born Sept. 26, 1820, Birsingha, Midnapore district, India died July 29, 1891       Indian educator and social ...
▪ region, Latvia also called  Livonian Highland,         plateau region of central Latvia, roughly corresponding to the historic state of Livonia. It is a hilly, ...
—vier, n. /vuy/, v., vied, vying. v.i. 1. to strive in competition or rivalry with another; contend for superiority: Swimmers from many nations were vying for the ...
▪ Argentina       city, capital of Río Negro provincia (province), south-central Argentina. It lies along the western bank of the Negro River 20 miles (32 km) from ...
Vieille, Paul
▪ French chemist in full  Paul-marie-eugène Vieille   born Sept. 2, 1854, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 14, 1934, Paris       French scientist, known for his invention of ...
Vieira da Cruz, Tomaz
▪ Portuguese poet, musician and journalist born April 22, 1900, Constância, Port. died June 7, 1960, Lisbon       Portuguese poet, musician, and journalist best known ...
Vieira da Silva, Maria Elena
▪ French artist Maria Elena also rendered  Marie-Hélène  born June 13, 1908, Lisbon, Portugal died March 6, 1992, Paris, France       Portuguese-born French painter ...
Vieira de Mello, Sergio
▪ 2004       Brazilian diplomat (b. March 15, 1948, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.—d. Aug. 19, 2003, Baghdad, Iraq), dedicated his life to attempting to bring peace, assisting ...
Vieira, António
born Feb. 6, 1608, Lisbon, Port. died July 18, 1697, Salvador, Braz. Portuguese-born Brazilian missionary, orator, diplomat, and writer. He was raised in Brazil, where he ...
Vieira, Luandino
▪ Angolan author pseudonym of  José Vieira Mateus da Graça  born May 4, 1935, Lagoa de Furadouro, Portugal       Angolan writer of short fiction and ...
Viélé-Griffin, Francis
▪ French poet pseudonym of  Egbert Ludovicus Viele   born May 26, 1864, Norfolk, Va., U.S. died Nov. 12, 1937, Bergerac, Fr.       American-born French poet who ...
/vee en"euh/, n. 1. German, Wien. a port in and the capital of Austria, in the NE part, on the Danube. 1,515,666. 2. a city in NE Virginia. 15,469. 3. a town in W West Virginia. ...
Vienna Circle
German Wiener Kreis Group of philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians formed in the 1920s that met regularly in Vienna to investigate scientific language and scientific ...
Vienna International
a socialist organization formed in Vienna in 1921 and merged in 1923 with the Second International to form the Labor and Socialist International. Cf. international (def. 6). * * *
Vienna porcelain
 ceramic ware made at the Vienna factory in Austria between 1719 and 1864. Claudius Innocentius du Paquier (d. 1751), a Dutchman, began making porcelain there with the help of ...
Vienna sausage
a small frankfurter, often served as an hors d'oeuvre. Also, vienna sausage. [1900-05] * * *
Vienna Secession
Vienna Secession the a Viennese movement of the late 19th and early 20th cent. in the arts and architecture, that rejected prevailing academic styles in favor of these of art ...
Vienna State Opera
▪ opera house, Vienna, Austria German  Staatsoper    theatre in Vienna, Austria, that is one of the world's leading opera houses, known especially for performances of works ...
Vienna, Congress of
(1814–15) Assembly that reorganized Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. The powers of the Quadruple Alliance had concluded the Treaty of Chaumont just before Napoleon's first ...
Vienna, Siege of
(July 17–Sept. 12, 1683) Attempted capture of Vienna by Ottoman Turkey. On appeal from the Hungarian Calvinists to attack the Habsburg capital, the Turkish grand vizier, Kara ...
Vienna, University of
State-financed university at Vienna, Austria. Founded in 1365 on the model of the University of Paris, it is the oldest university in the German-speaking world. It was ...
Vienna sausage n. A small sausage resembling a frankfurter, often served as an hors d'oeuvre.   [After Vienna.] * * *
/vyen/, n. 1. a city in SE France, on the Rhone River, S of Lyons: Roman ruins. 28,753. 2. a department in W France. 357,366; 2720 sq. mi. (7045 sq. km). Cap.: Poitiers. * * ...
Vienne River
▪ river, France       river, western France, 217 mi (350 km) in length, a left-bank tributary of the Loire. Rising on the Plateau de Millevaches, the Vienne winds ...
Vienne, Council of
▪ French history       15th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic church (1311–12), convoked by Pope Clement V at the insistence of Philip IV of France, who ...
/vee'euh neez", -nees"/, adj., n., pl. Viennese. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Vienna: a Viennese waltz; a Viennese café. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of ...
Viennese table
a dessert buffet, as at a reception, featuring a variety of fancy cakes, tarts, mousses, etc. * * *
/vyen tyahn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Laos, on the Mekong River, in the NW part. 176,637. * * * Laotian Viangchan City (pop., 1999 est.: 534,000), capital of Laos. It ...
Vieques Island
▪ island, Puerto Rico Spanish  Isla de Vieques         island and municipio (“municipality”), Puerto Rico. It lies 13 miles (21 km) east of the main island, ...
/vear"ek/, n. Peter, born 1916, U.S. poet and historian. * * *
Viereck, Peter Robert Edwin
▪ 2007       American poet, historian, and theorist (b. Aug. 5, 1916, New York, N.Y.—d. May 13, 2006, South Hadley, Mass.), helped usher in the mid-20th-century ...
Vierordt, Karl von
born July 1, 1818, Lahr, Baden died Nov. 22, 1884, Tübingen, Ger. German physician. He started a medical practice in 1842 and began teaching at the University of Tübingen in ...
Vier·sen (fîrʹzən) A city of west-central Germany west of Düsseldorf. It is a textile-manufacturing center. Population: 78,784. * * *
Viertel, Peter
▪ 2008       German-born novelist and screenwriter born Nov. 16, 1920, Dresden, Ger. died Nov. 4, 2007, Marbella, Spain was wholly or partly responsible for the ...
▪ France       city, Cher département, Centre région, central France. It lies along the Canal du Berry, at the confluence of the Cher and Yèvre rivers, northwest of ...
/vee et", vyet/, Informal. n. 1. South Vietnam, North Vietnam, or both. adj. 2. Vietnamese. [1955-60; by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) Viet Cong Viet Nam Cong ...
Viet Cong
Viet Cong [vē΄et kôŋ′, vyet΄kôŋ; vē΄et käŋ′, vē et΄käŋ′, vyet΄käŋ′] n. 〚< Vietnamese Viet Nam Cong San, Vietnamese Communist〛 1. a communist ...
Viet Minh
in full Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh Hoi (English; "League for the Independence of Vietnam") Organization that led the struggle for Vietnamese independence from French ...
Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang
▪ Vietnamese revolutionary organization English  Vietnamese Nationalist Party        the first large-scale revolutionary nationalist organization in Vietnam. Founded ...
Viet-Muong languages
      subbranch of the Vietic branch of the Mon-Khmer family of languages, itself a part of the Austroasiatic stock. Vietnamese (Vietnamese language), the most important ...
Viet. abbr. 1. Vietnam. 2. Vietnamese. * * *
/vee et'kong", -kawng", vyet'-, vee'it-/, n., pl. Vietcong, adj. (during the Vietnam War) n. 1. a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its ...
Viète, François, Seigneur De La Bigotiere
▪ French mathematician Latin  Franciscus Vieta   born 1540, Fontenay-le-Comte, France died Dec. 13, 1603, Paris       mathematician who introduced the first ...
/vee et'min", vyet'-, vee'it-/, n. 1. a Vietnamese, Communist-led organization whose forces fought against the Japanese and esp. against the French in Indochina: officially in ...
/vee et'nahm", -nam", vyet'-, vee'it-/, n. 1. Official name, Socialist Republic of Vietnam. a country in SE Asia, comprising the former states of Annam, Tonkin, and Cochin-China: ...
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
a long wall built in memory of Americans who were killed or lost in the Vietnam War. It is in Washington, DC, near the Lincoln Memorial. The wall is V-shaped and made of black ...
Vietnam War
a conflict, starting in 1954 and ending in 1975, between South Vietnam (later aided by the U.S., South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, Thailand, and New Zealand) and the ...
Vietnam, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a red field (background) with a large yellow star in the centre. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 2 to ...
Vietnam: Vietnam Reemerges
▪ 1996       On April 30, 1995, amid colourful billboards, bustling cafes, and roaring motorbikes, the Vietnamese people celebrated the 20th anniversary of the end of a ...
/vee et'nah meez", -mees", -neuh-, vyet'-, vee'it-/, n., pl. Vietnamese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Vietnam. 2. Formerly, Annamese, Annamite. the language of Vietnam, ...
Vietnamese language
Mon-Khmer language, the native language of 60–65 million people in Vietnam and a second language for many members of Vietnam's more than 50 minority ethnic groups, with some 2 ...
Vietnamese literature
Introduction       body of literature produced by Vietnamese-speaking people, primarily in Vietnam.       Like the river basins that have nourished Vietnam's ...
/vee et'neuh meuh zay"sheuhn, vyet'-, vee'it-/, n. a U.S. policy during the Vietnam War of giving the South Vietnamese government responsibility for carrying on the war, so as to ...
/vee et"neuh muyz', vyet"-, vee"it-/, v.t., Vietnamized, Vietnamizing. to place under Vietnamese control or responsibility; subject to Vietnamization. Also, esp. Brit., ...
Vietnam War n. A protracted military conflict (1954-1975) between the Communist forces of North Vietnam supported by China and the Soviet Union and the non-Communist forces of ...
/fee"ay tawr'/, n. Wilhelm /vil"helm/, 1850-1918, German philologist and phonetician. * * *
Vieux Carré
the old name for the French Quarter in the US city of New Orleans. It means ‘Old Square’ in French. * * *
Vieux Fort
▪ Saint Lucia, West Indies       town and former capital of St. Lucia (Saint Lucia) island in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It lies 19 miles (30 km) south of the harbour ...
Vieux-Colombier, Theatre of the
▪ French theatre       French theatre founded in Paris in 1913 by the writer and critic Jacques Copeau (Copeau, Jacques) to present alternatives to both the realistic ...
Fr. /vyue tahonn"/, n. Henri François Joseph Fr. /ahonn rddee" frddahonn swann" zhaw zef"/, 1820-81, Belgian violinist and composer. * * *
Vieuxtemps, Henry
▪ Belgian musician born Feb. 17, 1820, Verviers, Neth. [now in Belgium] died June 6, 1881, Mustapha, Alg.       Belgian violinist (violin) and composer who was one of ...
/vyooh/, n. 1. an instance of seeing or beholding; visual inspection. 2. sight; vision. 3. range of sight or vision: Several running deer came into the view of the hunters. 4. a ...
view camera
a camera equipped with a lens mount and film holder that can be raised or set at an angle, a bellows that can be additionally extended, and a back that has a ground glass for ...
view halloa
Fox Hunting. the shout made by a hunter on seeing a fox break cover. [1755-65] * * *
view halloo
view halloo interj. in fox hunting, an exclamation used by a hunter to signify that the fox has been seen breaking into the open: also view hallo or view halloa * * *
view mark
a mark stamped on antique armor or metalwork to indicate inspection and approval by the guild or by officials at the place of manufacture. * * *
/vyooh"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being viewed; visible. 2. having sufficient interest to warrant being seen; worthy of being viewed: a viewable movie. [VIEW + -ABLE] * * *
/vyooh"day'teuh, -dat'euh, -dah'teuh/, n. an interactive videotex service provided over a telephone line or television cable. [1970-75; VIEW + DATA] * * *
/vyooh"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that views. 2. a person who watches television, often a devotee of television or of a particular kind of television program: a weekly show ...
/vyooh"euhr ship'/, n. an audience of viewers, esp. of television, either generally or of a particular kind or program: Viewership is at its peak in the evening hours. [1950-55; ...
/vyooh"fuyn'deuhr/, n. Photog. finder (def. 2b). [1890-95; VIEW + FINDER] * * * ▪ photography       camera component that shows the area of the subject to be included ...
view hal·loo (vyo͞o' hə-lo͞oʹ) n. A strident call given during a fox hunt to indicate that the fox has been seen breaking cover. * * *
/vyooh"ing/, n. 1. an act, ceremony, or occasion of seeing, watching, or inspecting: the viewing of a corpse. 2. an instance of watching television: Which channel offers the best ...
viewing lens
Photog. See under reflex camera. * * *
—viewlessly, adv. /vyooh"lis/, adj. 1. giving no view: a viewless window. 2. without an opinion or opinions. 3. Obs. that cannot be seen; invisible. [1595-1605; VIEW + -LESS] * ...
See viewless. * * *
/vyooh"poynt'/, n. 1. a place affording a view of something; position of observation: to sketch a river from the viewpoint of a bluff. 2. an attitude of mind, or the ...
/vyooh"ee/, adj., viewier, viewiest. 1. having impractical views; speculative; visionary. 2. eye-catching; showy. [1840-50; VIEW + -Y1] * * *
☆ vig [vig ] n. short for VIGORISH * * *
/vee"geuh/, n. a rough-hewn beam, usually of fir, used to support the roof in adobe construction. [1835-45; < Sp] * * *
Viganò, Salvatore
born March 25, 1769, Naples, Kingdom of Naples died Aug. 10, 1821, Milan, Austrian Habsburg domain Italian dancer and choreographer. He studied dance with his father and toured ...
/vee zhay leuh brddueonn"/, n. (Marie Anne) Élisabeth /mann rddee" annn ay lee zann bet"/, 1755-1842, French painter. * * *
Vigée-Lebrun, (Marie Louise) Élisabeth
Vi·gée-Le·brun (vē-zhāʹlə-brœɴʹ), (Marie Louise) Élisabeth. 1755-1842. French painter noted for her portraits, especially those of Marie Antoinette and the royal ...
Vigée-Lebrun, (Marie-Louise-) Élisabeth
born April 16, 1755, Paris, France died March 30, 1842, Paris French painter. Taught first by her father, a pastel portraitist, she was also advised by Joseph Vernet. In 1779 ...
Vigée-Lebrun, Elisabeth
▪ French painter in full  Marie-Louise-Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun , Lebrun also spelled  LeBrun  or  Le Brun  born April 16, 1755, Paris, France died March 30, 1842, ...
Vigeland, Gustav
▪ Norwegian sculptor in full  Adolf Gustav Vigeland   born April 11, 1869, Mandal, Norway died March 12, 1943, Oslo  Norwegian sculptor who was best known for creating an ...
/vuy'jen ten"ee euhl/, n. 1. a 20th anniversary. 2. a celebration, meeting, reunion, etc., commemorating such an anniversary. [ < L vigen(i) twenty each + (CEN)TENNIAL] * * *
/vuy jes"euh meuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or based on twenty. 2. twentieth. 3. proceeding by twenties. [1650-60; < L vigesim(us), var. (with g of viginti twenty) of ...
/vuy jes"euh moh'/, n., pl. vigesimos, adj. Bookbinding. twentymo. [1860-65; < L vigesimo] * * *
/vuy jes"euh moh kwawr"toh/, n., pl. vigesimo-quartos, adj. Bookbinding. twenty-fourmo. [1860-65] * * *
▪ Italy       town, Lombardia ( Lombardy) region, northern Italy, on the right bank of the Ticino River, southwest of Milan. An old silk-manufacturing town, it was the ...
Vigfússon, Gudbrandur
▪ Icelandic linguist born March 13, 1827, Dalasýsla, Ice. died Jan. 31, 1889, Oxford       one of the 19th century's foremost scholars of Old Norse, who completed the ...
/vi jee"euh/; Sp. /bee hee"ah/, n., pl. vigias /-jee"euhz/; Sp. /-hee"ahs/. a navigational hazard whose existence or position is uncertain. [1865-70; < Sp vigía lookout, reef, ...
/vij"euhl/, n. 1. wakefulness maintained for any reason during the normal hours for sleeping. 2. a watch or a period of watchful attention maintained at night or at other times: ...
vigil light
1. a small candle in a church lighted as a devotional act. 2. a candle or small light kept burning before a shrine, icon, etc. [1930-35] * * *
/vij"euh leuhns/, n. 1. state or quality of being vigilant; watchfulness: Vigilance is required in the event of treachery. 2. Pathol. insomnia. [1560-70; alter. (-ANCE for -ANCY) ...
vigilance committee
1. an unauthorized committee of citizens organized for the maintenance of order and the summary punishment of crime in the absence of regular or efficient courts. 2. Hist. (in ...
vigilance committee n. A volunteer group of citizens that without authority assumes powers such as pursuing and punishing those suspected of being criminals or offenders. * * *
—vigilantly, adv. —vigilantness, n. /vij"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. keenly watchful to detect danger; wary: a vigilant sentry. 2. ever awake and alert; sleeplessly ...
—vigilanteism, vigilantism /vij'euh lan"tiz euhm, vij"euh leuhn tiz'euhm/, n. /vij'euh lan"tee/, n. 1. a member of a vigilance committee. 2. any person who takes the law into ...
See vigilantism. * * *
☆ vigilantism [vij΄ə lan′tiz΄əm, vij΄əlän′tiz΄əm; vij′ə lən tiz΄əm ] n. the lawless, violent methods, spirit, etc. of vigilantes vigilantist adj. * * * See ...
See vigilant. * * *
/vi jil"ee euhs/, n. died A.D. 555, pope 537-555. * * * ▪ pope born before 500, , Rome died June 7, 555, Syracuse, Sicily       pope from 537 to 555, known for his ...
vigil light n. 1. A small candle kept burning in the chancel of Christian churches to symbolize the presence of the Holy Sacrament; an altar light. 2. A candle lighted by a ...
—vigintillionth, adj. /vuy'jin til"yeuhn/, n., pl. vigintillions, (as after a numeral) vigintillion, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number represented in the U.S. by 1 followed by 63 ...
See vigintillion. * * *
/veenyeu rddawonn"/, n., pl. vignerons /-rddawonn"/. French. a winemaker. * * *
—vignettist, n. /vin yet"/, n., v., vignetted, vignetting. n. 1. a decorative design or small illustration used on the title page of a book or at the beginning or end of a ...
/vin yet"euhr/, n. 1. Photog. a device for blurring the edges of a photographic image so as to fade them into a plain surrounding area. 2. a vignettist. [1870-75; VIGNETTE + ...
/vee nyaw"lah/, n. Giacomo da /jah"kaw maw dah/, (Giacomo Barocchio or Barozzi), 1507-73, Italian architect. * * *
Vignola, Giacomo da
▪ Italian architect also called Giacomo Barozzi or Giacomo Barozio born Oct. 1, 1507, Vignola, Bologna died July 7, 1573, Rome  architect who, with Andrea Palladio and ...
Vignola,Giacomo da
Vi·gno·la (vēn-yōʹlə, vē-nyōʹlä), Giacomo da. Originally Giacomo da Barozzi or Barozio. 1507-1573. Italian architect best known for his influential treatise Rule of ...
/vee nyee"/, n. Alfred Victor de /annl frdded" veek tawrdd" deuh/, 1797-1863, French poet, novelist, and dramatist. * * *
Vigny, Alfred-Victor, comte de
▪ French author Introduction (count of ) born March 27, 1797, Loches, Fr. died Sept. 17, 1863, Paris  poet, dramatist, and novelist who was the most philosophical of the ...
Vigny, Alfred-Victor, count de
born March 27, 1797, Loches, France died Sept. 17, 1863, Paris French poet, dramatist, and novelist. Vigny embarked on a military career but turned to writing Romantic poetry; ...
Vigny,Comte Alfred Victor de
Vi·gny (vēn-yēʹ), Comte Alfred Victor de. 1797-1863. French writer. A leader of the romantic school, he wrote several volumes of poetry, including Les Destinées (1864). * * ...
/vee"goh/; for 1 also Fr. /vee goh"/; for 2, 3 also Sp. /bee"gaw/, n. 1. Jean /zhahonn/, (Jean Almereyda), 1905-34, French film director. 2. Bay of, an inlet of the Atlantic, in ...
Vigo, Jean
born April 26, 1905, Paris, France died Oct. 5, 1934, Paris French film director. The son of a militant anarchist who died in prison under suspect circumstances, he spent an ...
—vigorless, adj. /vig"euhr/, n. 1. active strength or force. 2. healthy physical or mental energy or power; vitality. 3. energetic activity; energy; intensity: The economic ...
/vig"euhr ish/, n. Slang. 1. a charge paid on a bet, as to a bookie. 2. interest paid to a moneylender, esp. a usurer. [1910-15, Amer.; earlier viggresh, perh. < an adaptation in ...
/vig'euh roh"soh/; It. /vee'gaw rddaw"zaw/, adj. (a musical direction) vigorous or spirited in manner. [1715-25; < It: VIGOROUS] * * *
—vigorously, adv. —vigorousness, n. /vig"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. full of or characterized by vigor: a vigorous effort. 2. strong; active; robust: a vigorous youngster. 3. ...
See vigorous. * * *
See vigorously. * * *
vig·our (vĭgʹər) n. Chiefly British Variant of vigor. * * *
/vee'geuh roo"/; Fr. /vee gooh rddue"/, n. a fabric having a dark and light pattern produced by vigoureux printing. [see VIGOREUX PRINTING] * * *
vigoureux printing
a printing method in which worsted fibers are printed with the desired color while in sliver form and then processed into yarn, producing a mixed color in the spun yarn and woven ...
/vee"grid/, n. Scand. Myth. the field on which the last battle between the gods and their enemies is destined to be fought at the time of Ragnarok. [ < ON Vigrithr, equiv. to vig ...
/vi hahr"euh/, n. 1. a meeting place of Buddhist monks. 2. a Buddhist monastery. 3. (cap.) Also called Brahma Vihara. one of the four states of mind, namely love, compassion, ...
▪ Pakistan also spelled  Vehari,         town, south-central Punjab province, Pakistan. The town lies on a flat alluvial plain bordered by the Sutlej River on the ...
▪ musical instrument in full  Vihuela De Mano,         stringed musical instrument that in Spanish Renaissance art music held the popularity accorded the lute ...
(as used in expressions) Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator Charles VII Clement VII Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus Edward VII Ferdinand VII Frederick VII Gregory VII Saint Haakon ...
(as used in expressions) Boniface VIII Charles VIII Constitution of the Year VIII Edward VIII Henry VIII John VIII Palaeologus Michael VIII Palaeologus * * *
/vee"poo rddi/, n. Finnish name of Vyborg. * * *
Former Hindu kingdom, southern India, south of the Krishna River. Founded in 1336 by leaders of the Kanarese people, it became the greatest empire of southern India and for more ...
/vee'jeuh yeuh wah"deuh/, n. a city in E Andhra Pradesh, in SE India, on the delta of the Krishna River. 317,258. Also, Vijayavada /vee'jeuh yeuh wah"deuh/. Formerly, Bezwada. * ...
      (Sanskrit), in the Buddhist chain of dependent origination, thought or knowledge giving rise to name and form. See pratītya-samutpāda. * * *
▪ Buddhist philosophy Sanskrit“aggregate of thought”Pāli  viññāṇa-khandha        in Buddhist philosophy, one of the five skandhas, or aggregates, that ...
▪ Buddhist philosophy       (Sanskrit: “manifest activity”), in Buddhist philosophy, a kind of action that manifests itself outside of the actor and is capable of ...
Vike-Freiberga, Vaira
▪ 2000       On July 8, 1999, Vaira Vike-Freiberga took the oath of office as president of Latvia, the first woman to head a postcommunist Eastern European state. The ...
/vik"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Victoria. Also, Vikki. * * *
/vuy"king/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. any of the Scandinavian pirates who plundered the coasts of Europe from the 8th to 10th centuries. 2. a sea-roving bandit; pirate. 3. a ...
Vikings of 2000
▪ 2001  In the year 2000, descendants of the Vikings achieved what their ancestors had failed to do a millennium earlier—conquer the eastern Canadian province of ...
Vikram Seth
➡ Seth * * *
(as used in expressions) Chernov Viktor Mikhaylovich Hohenlohe Schillingsfürst Chlodwig Karl Viktor prince zu Shklovsky Viktor Borisovich Viktor Vásárhelyi Friedrich Wilhelm ...
vil abbrev. village * * *
village. * * *
/vee"leuh/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Vanuatu. 14,000. * * * ▪ Vanuatu also called  Port-vila,        capital and largest town of the republic of Vanuatu, ...
Vila Nova de Gaia
/vee"leuh naw"veuh deuh guy"euh/ a city in NW Portugal. 50,805. * * *

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