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▪ game also called  Russian whist        trick-taking card game, popular around the Baltic Sea, and a significant contributor to the development of bridge. It ...
/vin"tij/, n., adj., v., vintaged, vintaging. n. 1. the wine from a particular harvest or crop. 2. the annual produce of the grape harvest, esp. with reference to the wine ...
vintage wine
a wine, usually of superior quality, made from selected grapes of a certain type, region, and year, then dated and usually stored for aging. * * *
vintage year
1. the year of production of a vintage wine. 2. a year in which something of outstanding quality was produced or that was an especially happy or successful time. [1930-35] * * *
/vin"teuh jeuhr/, n. a person who helps in the harvest of grapes for winemaking. [1580-90; VINTAGE + -ER1] * * *
vintage year n. 1. The year in which a vintage wine is produced. 2. A year of outstanding achievement or success. * * *
/vint"neuhr/, n. a person who makes wine or sells wines. [1400-50; late ME vint(e)ner, deriv. of vin(e)ter < AF; OF vinetier < ML vinetarius, equiv. to L vinet(um) vineyard ...
/vin"tn/, n. a male given name. * * *
/vuy"neuhm, vee"-/, n. (in prescriptions) a solution of a medicinal substance in wine. [ < L vinum WINE] * * *
/vuy"nee/, adj., vinier, viniest. 1. of, pertaining to, of the nature of, or resembling vines: viny tendrils. 2. abounding in or producing vines: a viny region. [1560-70; VINE + ...
/vuy"nee/, n. a female given name. * * *
/vuyn"l/, adj. 1. Chem. containing the vinyl group. n. 2. any resin formed by polymerization of compounds containing the vinyl group or plastics made from such resins. [1860-65; ...
vinyl acetate
Chem. a colorless, easily polymerized, water-insoluble liquid, C4H6O2, produced by the reaction of acetylene and acetic acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of plastics, films, ...
vinyl alcohol
Chem. an unstable liquid compound, C2H4O, found only in the form of its esters or as the polymer polyvinyl alcohol. [1870-75] * * *
vinyl chloride
Chem. a colorless, easily liquefied, flammable, slightly water-soluble gas, C2H3Cl, having a pleasant, etherlike odor: used in the manufacture of plastics, as a refrigerant, and ...
vinyl compound
▪ chemical compound       any of various organic chemical compounds, including acrylic compounds and styrene and its derivatives, that are useful in making plastic film; ...
vinyl ether
Pharm. a colorless, flammable, slightly water-soluble liquid, C4H6O, used as an inhalation anesthetic. Also called divinyl ether. [1935-40] * * *
vinyl fluoride
▪ chemical compound also called  fluoroethylene        a colourless, flammable, nontoxic, chemically stable gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds ...
vinyl group
Chem. the univalent group C3H3, derived from ethylene. Also called vinyl radical. * * *
vinyl plastic
☆ vinyl plastic n. any of various plastics made from polymerized vinyl compounds or copolymers of vinyl and other resins, used in various molded or extruded products, coatings, ...
vinyl polymer
Chem. any of a group of compounds derived by polymerization from vinyl compounds, as vinyl acetate and styrene. * * *
vinyl resin
Chem. See polyvinyl resin. * * *
/vuyn'l euh set"l een', -in/, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile liquid, C4H4, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of the synthetic rubber neoprene. [VINYL + ...
/vuyn"l ayt'/, v.t., vinylated, vinylating. Chem. to subject to vinylation. [back formation from VINYLATION] * * *
/vuyn'l ay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the process of introducing the vinyl group into a compound by reaction with acetylene. [VINYL + -ATION] * * *
/vuyn'l ben"zeen, -ben zeen"/, n. Chem. styrene. [VINYL + BENZENE] * * *
vinyl chloride n. A flammable gas, CH2:CHCl, used as a monomer for polyvinyl chloride. * * *
/vuyn'l eth"euh leen'/, n. Chem. butadiene. [VINYL + ETHYLENE] * * *
See vinyl. * * *
vinylidene [vī nil′ə dēn΄] n. 〚 VINYL + -ID(E) + -INE3〛 the divalent radical CH2:C derived from ethylene * * *
vinylidene chloride
/vuy nil"i deen'/, Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, C2H2Cl, that is copolymerized chiefly with vinyl chloride to form saran. * * * ▪ chemical compound also ...
vinylidene group
Chem. the bivalent group C2H2, derived from ethylene. Also, vinylidene radical. [VINYL + -ID3 + -ENE] * * *
vinylidene resin
Chem. any of the class of thermoplastic resins derived by the polymerization or copolymerization of a polyvinylidene compound, used similarly to the polyvinyl resins. Also called ...
/vuyn"l uyt'/, Trademark. a brand name for a series of thermoplastic, nontoxic, acid-resistant, vinyl resins or plastics: used in coatings, adhesives, film, molded ware, and ...
/vuyn'l stuy"reen, -stear"een/, n. Chem. divinylbenzene. [VINYL + STYRENE] * * *
/vuy"euhl/, n. a bowed musical instrument, differing from the violin in having deeper ribs, sloping shoulders, a greater number of strings, usually six, and frets: common in the ...
viola1 /vee oh"leuh/, n. 1. a four-stringed musical instrument of the violin family, slightly larger than the violin; a tenor or alto violin. 2. a labial organ stop of eight-foot ...
/vuy"euh leuh, vee"-; vuy oh"leuh, vee-/, n. a female given name. * * * Stringed instrument, the tenor member of the violin family. In appearance it is almost identical to the ...
viola clef
/vee oh"leuh/, Music. See alto clef. * * *
viola d'amore
/vee oh"leuh dah mawr"ay, -mohr"ay, -deuh-/, pl. viola d'amores. a treble viol with numerous sympathetic strings and several gut strings, producing a resonant sound. [1690-1700; ...
viola da braccio
/vee oh"leuh deuh brah"choh/, pl. viola da braccios. an old musical instrument of the viol family, held against the shoulder like a violin: superseded by the modern viola. [ < ...
viola da gamba
/vee oh"leuh deuh gahm"beuh, -gam"-/, pl. viola da gambas. 1. an old musical instrument of the viol family, held on or between the knees: superseded by the modern violoncello; ...
Viola, Bill
▪ American artist in full  William Viola  born Jan. 25, 1951, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American video and sound artist who was one of the pioneering figures of a ...
See violable. * * *
—violability, violableness, n. —violably, adv. /vuy"euh leuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being violated: a violable precept. [1425-75; late ME: destructive < L violabilis, equiv. ...
See violability. * * *
See violability. * * *
/vuy'euh lay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. belonging to the Violaceae, the violet family of plants. Cf. violet family. 2. of a violet color; bluish-purple. [1650-60; < NL Violace(ae) (see ...
viola d'a·mo·re (dä-môrʹā, -mōrʹā, -môrʹē, -mōrʹē) n. A stringed instrument, the tenor of the violin family, having six or seven stopped strings and an equal ...
violada braccio
vi·o·la da brac·cio (vē-ō'lə də bräʹchō) n. pl. viola da braccios A stringed instrument of the violin family with approximately the range of the viola.   [Italian : ...
violada gamba
viola da gam·ba (gämʹbə, gămʹ-) n. 1. A stringed instrument, the bass of the viol family, with approximately the range of the cello. Also called bass viol, gamba, viol. 2. ...
—violator, violater, n. /vuy"euh layt'/, v.t., violated, violating. 1. to break, infringe, or transgress (a law, rule, agreement, promise, instructions, etc.). 2. to break in ...
—violational, adj. /vuy'euh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of violating. 2. the state of being violated. 3. a breach, infringement, or transgression, as of a law, rule, promise, ...
/vuy"euh lay'tiv, vuy"euh leuh tiv/, adj. involving violation. [1790-1800; VIOLATE + -IVE] * * *
See violative. * * *
/vuy"euh leuhns/, n. 1. swift and intense force: the violence of a storm. 2. rough or injurious physical force, action, or treatment: to die by violence. 3. an unjust or ...
—violently, adv. /vuy"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. acting with or characterized by uncontrolled, strong, rough force: a violent earthquake. 2. caused by injurious or destructive force: ...
violent storm
Meteorol. storm (def. 3). [1795-1805] * * *
See violent. * * *
violent storm n. See storm. * * *
/vuy'euh les"euhnt/, adj. tending to a violet color: a violescent twilight sky. [1840-50; < L viol(a) violet + -ESCENT] * * *
/vuy"euh lit/, n. 1. any chiefly low, stemless or leafy-stemmed plant of the genus Viola, having purple, blue, yellow, white, or variegated flowers. Cf. violet family. 2. any ...
/vuy"euh lit/, n. a female given name. Also, Violette /vuy'euh let", vuy"euh lit/, Violetta /vuy'euh let"euh/. * * * I Any of the approximately 500 species of herbaceous plants ...
violet family
the plant family Violaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants and some tropical shrubs and trees having alternate, usually simple leaves, solitary flowers with five usually ...
violet iris
an iris, Iris verna, of the eastern U.S., having solitary, violet-blue flowers. * * *
violet layer
violet layer n. Astron. a layer of particles in the upper atmosphere of the planet Mars, that scatters and absorbs certain electromagnetic radiation, thus preventing the blue, ...
violet ray
violet ray n. 1. the shortest ray of the visible spectrum 2. loosely an ultraviolet ray * * *
violet wood
kingwood. [1835-45] * * *
/vuy'euh lin"/, n. 1. the treble instrument of the family of modern bowed instruments, held nearly horizontal by the player's arm with the lower part supported against the ...
violin clef
Music. See treble clef. [1875-80] * * *
violin spider.
See brown recluse spider. [1965-70] * * *
/vuy'euh lin"ist/, n. a person who plays the violin. [1660-70; < It violinista. See VIOLIN, -IST] * * *
violinistic [vī΄ə lin is′tik] adj. of, having to do with, or characteristic of violins or violinists violinistically adv. * * * See violinist. * * *
/vuy'euh lin"may'keuhr/, n. a person who designs and constructs violins, esp. professionally. [1675-85; VIOLIN + MAKER] * * *
See violinmaker. * * *
violist1 /vuy"euh list/, n. a person who plays the viol. [1660-70; VIOL + -IST] violist2 /vee oh"list/, n. a person who plays the viola. [VIOL(A)1 + -IST] * * *
Violle, Jules
▪ French physicist born Nov. 16, 1841, Langres, Fr. died Sept. 12, 1923, Fixin       French physicist who at Mont Blanc in the French-Swiss Alps made the first ...
/vyaw le"leuh dyuuk"/, n. Eugène Emmanuel /ue zhen" e mann nyuu el"/, 1814-79, French architect and writer. * * *
Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène-Emmanuel
born Jan. 27, 1814, Paris, France died Sept. 17, 1879, Lausanne, Switz. French Gothic Revival architect, restorer, and writer. After studying architecture and training as an ...
Viollet-le-Duc, EugèneEmmanuel
Viol·let-le-Duc (vē'ə-lāʹlə-do͞okʹ, -dyo͞okʹ, vyô-lĕ'lə-dükʹ), Eugène Emmanuel. 1814-1879. French architect. A leader of the Gothic revival in France, he ...
/vee'euh leuhn chel"ist, vuy'-/, n. cellist. [1825-35; VIOLONCELL(O) + -IST] * * *
/vee'euh leuhn chel"oh, vuy'-/, n., pl. violoncellos. cello. [1715-25; < It, equiv. to violon(e) VIOLONE + -cello dim. suffix] * * *
/vee'euh loh"nay/, n. 1. a double bass. 2. an organ pedal stop of 16-foot pitch, giving a tone resembling the violoncello. [1715-25; < It, equiv. to viol(a) bass viol + -one aug. ...
vi·o·my·cin (vī'ə-mīʹsĭn) n. An antibiotic, C23H36N12O8, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces puniceus, used in the treatment of tuberculosis.   [violet + ...
/vuy os"teuh rawl', -rol'/, n. Biochem. a vitamin D preparation produced by the irradiation of ergosterol. [(ULTRA)VI(OLET) + (ERG)OSTEROL] * * *
/vyawt"tee/, n. Giovanni Battista /jaw vahn"nee baht tees"tah/, 1755-1824, Italian violinist and composer. * * *
Viotti, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian composer born May 12, 1755, Fontanetto da Po, Piedmont died March 3, 1824, London       Italian violinist and composer, principal founder of the 19th-century ...
/vee"uy"pee"/, Informal. very important person. Also, V.I.P. [1940-45] * * *
In Theravada Buddhism, a method of insight meditation. It aims at developing understanding of the nature of reality by focusing a sharply concentrated mind on physical and ...
—viperish, adj. —viperishly, adv. /vuy"peuhr/, n. 1. any of several venomous Old World snakes of the genus Vipera, esp. V. berus, a small snake common in northern Eurasia. 2. ...
viper's bugloss
the blueweed. [1590-1600] * * *
vi·per's bugloss (vīʹpərz) n. Any of various Eurasian plants of the genus Echium, including the blueweed, having bright blue to white flowers, bristly foliage, and a dense ...
/vuy"peuhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) viperfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) viperfishes. any of several deep-sea fishes of the family ...
/vuy"peuhr in, -peuh ruyn'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a viper; venomous: a gossip with a viperine tongue. [1540-50; < L viperinus. See VIPER, -INE1] * * *
vi·per·ish (vīʹpər-ĭsh) adj. Spiteful or malicious; venomous: a viperish retort. * * *
—viperously, adv. /vuy"peuhr euhs/, adj. 1. of the nature of or resembling a viper: a viperous movement. 2. of or pertaining to vipers. 3. characteristic of vipers. 4. ...
See viperous. * * *
Viphya Mountains
▪ highlands, Malawi       highlands in north-central Malawi (Malaŵi). They comprise two main blocks, divided by a 15-mile- (24-km-) wide saddle (pass), and extend 130 ...
/vear/, n. Latin. husband (used chiefly in the legal phrase et vir). * * *
Vir Singh, Bhai
▪ Indian writer and theologian born 1872, Punjab, India died 1957, Punjab       Sikh writer and theologian who was chiefly responsible for raising the Punjabi language ...
vir- pref. Variant of viro-. * * *
Vira Saiva
/vir'euh suy"veuh/, n. Hinduism. Lingayata. [ < Skt, equiv. to vira man + saiva votary of Shiva] * * *
Vi·ra·co·cha (vē'rə-kōʹchə) n. Mythology The creator god of the Incas. * * * Creator god of the pre-Inca inhabitants of Peru, later assimilated into the Inca ...
—viraginous /vi raj"euh neuhs/, viraginian, adj. /vir'euh jin"i tee/, n. the qualities of a virago. [1840-50; < L viragin- (s. of virago VIRAGO) + -ITY] * * *
See virago. * * *
/vi rah"goh, -ray"-/, n., pl. viragoes, viragos. 1. a loud-voiced, ill-tempered, scolding woman; shrew. 2. Archaic. a woman of strength or spirit. [bef. 1000; ME, OE < L virago, ...
Virago Press
a British company, formed in 1973, that publishes books by and about women. It is especially known for publishing books by female authors of the past. * * *
/vuy"reuhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus. [1935-40; VIR(US) + -AL1] * * *
viral diseases
Diseases caused by viruses. Long-term immunity usually follows viral childhood diseases (see chickenpox). The common cold recurs into adulthood because many different viruses ...
viral hemorrhagic fever
▪ pathology       any of a variety of highly fatal viral diseases that are characterized by massive external or internal bleeding or bleeding into the skin. Other ...
viral load n. The concentration of a virus, such as HIV, in the blood. * * *
See viral. * * *
Vir·a·mune (vîrʹə-myo͞on') A trademark used for the drug nevirapine. * * *
/vuy"reuh zohl'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ribavirin. * * *
/firdd"khoh/, n. Rudolf /rddooh"dawlf/, 1821-1902, German pathologist, anthropologist, and political leader. * * *
Virchow, Rudolf
▪ German scientist Introduction born , Oct. 13, 1821, Schivelbein, Pomerania, Prussia died Sept. 5, 1902, Berlin  German pathologist and statesman, one of the most prominent ...
Virchow, Rudolf (Carl)
born Oct. 13, 1821, Schivelbein, Pomerania, Prussia died Sept. 5, 1902, Berlin German pathologist, anthropologist, and statesman. In 1847 he cofounded the pathology journal now ...
Vir·chow (vîrʹkō, fîrʹKHō), Rudolf. 1821-1902. German physician and pathologist known for his contributions to cell theory and the study of disease. * * *
▪ Illinois, United States       city, Macoupin county, west-central Illinois, U.S. Virden lies about 20 miles (30 km) south of Springfield. Laid out in 1852 along the ...
▪ French vocal music       one of several formes fixes (“fixed forms”) in French lyric poetry and song of the 14th and 15th centuries (compare ballade; rondeau). ...
/vir"euh lay'/, n. Pros. 1. an old French form of short poem, composed of short lines running on two rhymes and having two opening lines recurring at intervals. 2. any of various ...
—viremic, adj. /vuy ree"mee euh/, n. Pathol. the presence of a virus in the blood. [1945-50; < NL; see VIRUS, -EMIA] * * *
See viremia. * * *
Virén, Lasse
▪ Finnish athlete born July 22, 1949, Myrskylä, Finland    Finnish distance runner, who was the first athlete to win gold medals for both the 5,000- and 10,000-metre races ...
Vir·en (vîrʹən), Lasse. Born 1949. Finnish runner who won gold medals in the 5,000 and 10,000 meters at the 1972 and 1976 Olympics. * * *
/vir"ee oh'/, n., pl. vireos. any of several small, insectivorous American birds of the family Vireonidae, having the plumage usually olive-green or gray above and white or ...
vires [vī′rēz΄] n. 〚L〛 pl. of VIS1 * * *
/vuy res"euhns, vi-/, n. Bot. state of becoming somewhat, though usually not totally, green, due to the abnormal presence of chlorophyll. [1885-90; VIRESC(ENT) + -ENCE] * * *
/vuy res"euhnt, vi-/, adj. 1. turning green. 2. tending to a green color; slightly greenish. [1820-30; < L virescent- (s. of virescens, prp. of virescere to become green), equiv. ...
vi·res ma·jo·res (vī'rēz mə-jôrʹēz, -jŏrʹ-) n. Law Plural of vis major. * * *
Viret, Pierre
▪ Swiss religious reformer born 1511, Orbe, Switz. died May 4, 1571, Orthez, Fr.       champion of the Reformation in the Swiss canton of the Vaud and the most ...
Virginia. * * *
/verr"geuh/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Meteorol. streaks of water drops or ice particles falling out of a cloud and evaporating before reaching the ground (distinguished ...
virgate1 /verr"git, -gayt/, adj. shaped like a rod or wand; long, slender, and straight. [1815-25; < L virgatus; see VIRGA, -ATE1] virgate2 /verr"git, -gayt/, n. an early English ...
/verr"jeuhl/, n. 1. Vergil. 2. a male given name. * * * or Vergil orig. Publius Vergilius Maro born Oct. 15, 70, Andes, near Mantua died Sept. 21, 19 BC, Brundisium Greatest ...
Virgil Grissom
➡ Grissom * * *
/veuhr jil"ee euhn, -jil"yeuhn/, adj. Vergilian. * * *
Virgilian series
▪ geology       major division of Late Carboniferous rocks and time in the United States (the Late Carboniferous epoch, approximately equivalent to the Pennsylvanian ...
/verr"jin/, n. 1. a person who has never had sexual intercourse. 2. an unmarried girl or woman. 3. Eccles. an unmarried, religious woman, esp. a saint. 4. the Virgin, Mary, the ...
virgin birth
1. Theol. the doctrine or dogma that, by the miraculous agency of God, the birth of Christ did not impair or prejudice the virginity of Mary. Cf. Immaculate Conception. 2. Zool. ...
Virgin Gorda Island
▪ island, British Virgin Islands  one of the British Virgin Islands, in the West Indies, lying 80 miles (130 km) east of Puerto Rico. It forms two rectangles joined by a ...
Virgin Islands
a group of islands in the West Indies, E of Puerto Rico: comprises the Virgin Islands of the United States and the British Virgin Islands. Abbr.: V.I., VI * * * Virgin Islands ...
Virgin Islands National Park
a national park on St. John Island, Virgin Islands: prehistoric Indian relics. 24 sq. mi. (62 sq. km). * * * Conservation area, St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Covering 14,696 ...
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Unincorporated U.S. island territory at the eastern end of the Greater Antilles, northeastern Caribbean Sea. It consists of the islands of Saint Croix, Saint John, and Saint ...
Virgin Islands of the United States
a group of islands in the West Indies, including St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix: purchased from Denmark 1917. 96,569; 133 sq. mi. (345 sq. km). Cap.: Charlotte Amalie. ...
Virgin Islands of the United States, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. territorial flag consisting of a white field (background) on which is centred a yellow eagle grasping in its right and left talons, ...
Virgin Islands, British
Dependent territory (pop., 2002 est.: 21,272) of the United Kingdom, eastern Caribbean Sea. Part of the island chain of the Virgin Islands, which are divided between the U.K. ...
Virgin Mary
1. Mary (def. 1). 2. a Bloody Mary made without vodka or other liquor. [1250-1300; ME] * * *
Virgin Mary, Presentation of the
▪ religious festival       feast celebrated in the Roman Catholic and Eastern churches on November 21. Based on a legend contained in the Protevangelium of James, a ...
virgin metal.
See primary metal. [1660-70] * * *
Virgin Queen
Queen Elizabeth I of England. * * *
virgin wool
virgin wool n. wool that has never before been processed * * *
/verr"jinz bow"euhr/ a climbing vine, Clematis virginiana, of eastern North America, having branching clusters of small, white flowers and seed pods with silky, grayish ...
vir·gin's bower (vûrʹjĭnz) n. Any of several climbing plants of the genus Clematis, especially C. virginiana, of eastern North America, having clusters of white flowers and a ...
virginal1 —virginally, adv. /verr"jeuh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or befitting a virgin: virginal purity. 2. continuing in a state of virginity. 3. ...
See virginal1. * * *
Virgin Birth or virgin birth n. Christianity The doctrine that Jesus was miraculously begotten by God and born of the Virgin Mary without the agency of a human father. * * *
/veuhr jin"yeuh/, n. 1. a state in the E United States, on the Atlantic coast: part of the historical South. 5,346,279; 40,815 sq. mi. (105,710 sq. km). Cap.: Richmond. Abbr.: VA ...
Virginia (rail) fence
☆ Virginia (rail) fence or Virginia fence n. a zigzag fence made of rails laid across one another at the ends: also called snake fence, worm fence * * *
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
(1788–89) Measures passed by the legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky as a protest against the Alien and Sedition Acts. Drafted by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson (though ...
Virginia Beach
a town in SE Virginia. 262,199. * * * City (pop., 2000: 425,257), southeastern Virginia. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay. Founded in 1887, it developed ...
Virginia Capes, Battle of
▪ United States history       (September 5, 1781), in the American Revolution, French naval victory over a British fleet that took place outside Chesapeake Bay. The ...
Virginia City
a mining town in W Nevada: famous for the discovery of the rich Comstock silver lode 1859. * * * ▪ Montana, United States  town, seat (1876) of Madison county, southwestern ...
Virginia Commonwealth University
▪ university, Richmond, Virginia, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Richmond, Virginia, U.S. It comprises the College of ...
Virginia Company
▪ British trading company in full  Virginia Company of London , also called  London Company        commercial trading company, chartered by King James I of England ...
Virginia cowslip
a wild plant, Mertensia virginica, of the borage family, native to the eastern U.S., grown as a garden plant for its handsome, nodding clusters of blue flowers. Also called ...
Virginia creeper
a climbing plant, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, of the grape family, native to North America, having palmate leaves, usually with five leaflets, and bluish-black berries. Also ...
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Measure adopted by the colony of Virginia (June 12, 1776). Drafted by George Mason, it stated that "all men are by nature equally free and independent and have certain inherent ...
Virginia deer
1. the common white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, of eastern North America. 2. any related variety of white-tailed deer. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
Virginia Falls
▪ cataract, Northwest Territories, Canada       cataract on the South Nahanni River, a tributary of the Liard, in Nahanni National Park (1,840 square miles [4,766 square ...
Virginia fence.
See snake fence. Also called rail fence, Virginia rail fence. [1665-75, Amer.] * * *
Virginia ham
a ham from a hog fed on corn and peanuts, cured in hickory smoke. [1625-35, Amer.] * * *
Virginia Johnson
➡ Masters and Johnson * * *
Virginia Military Institute
▪ college, Lexington, Virginia, United States       , public institution of higher learning in Lexington, Virginia, U.S. It is a state military college modeled on the ...
Virginia pine
a pine tree, Pinus virginiana, of the eastern U.S., that grows in poor soil and has needles in groups of two. Also called Jersey pine. [1765-75] * * *
Virginia plan
Amer. Hist. a plan, unsuccessfully proposed at the Constitutional Convention, providing for a legislature of two houses with proportional representation in each house and ...
Virginia rail
a long-billed American rail, Rallus limicola, having blackish and reddish-brown plumage. See illus. under rail3. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
Virginia reel
an American country dance in which the partners start by facing each other in two lines. [1810-20, Amer.] * * * ▪ dance       spirited American country dance for ...
Virginia Slave Laws (1660-1669)
▪ Primary Source       Throughout the 17th century, indentured servants, who agreed to work for a stated number of years in return for their passage to the New World, ...
Virginia Slims{™}
a make of cigarettes produced by Philip Morris, especially for women. A well-known advertisement for them showed photographs of modern, independent women next to photographs of ...
Virginia snakeroot.
See under snakeroot (def. 1). [1685-95, Amer.] * * *
Virginia State University
▪ university, Petersburg, Virginia, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Petersburg, Virginia, U.S. The historically ...
Virginia stock
a plant, Malcolmia maritima, of the mustard family, native to the Mediterranean region, having oblong leaves on a weak, often reclining stem and reddish or white flowers. * * *
Virginia Tech
▪ university, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States in full  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University   public, coeducational institution of higher learning in ...
Virginia willow
a shrub, Itea virginica, of the eastern and southern U.S., having showy, fragrant, white flowers. Also called sweet spire. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
Virginia Woolf
➡ Woolf * * *
Virginia, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the state seal in the centre.       In 1776 the jurist George Wythe ...
Virginia, University of
U.S. public university founded in Charlottesville by Thomas Jefferson. It was chartered in 1819 and opened in 1825. Jefferson designed its beautiful campus and buildings, ...
Virginia Algonquian n. The extinct Eastern Algonquian language of eastern Virginia. * * *
Virginia Beach An independent city of southeast Virginia on the Atlantic Ocean east of Norfolk. Mainly residential, it is a popular resort. Population: 393,069. * * *
Virginia bluebell n. See Virginia cowslip. * * *
Virginia cowslip n. An eastern North American plant (Mertensia virginica) having clusters of showy, nodding blue flowers. Also called Virginia bluebell. * * *
Virginia creeper n. A North American climbing vine (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) having palmately compound leaves with five leaflets and bluish-black berries. Also called ...
Virginia deer n. See white-tailed deer. * * *
Virginia fence n. See worm fence. * * *
Virginia ham n. A lean hickory-smoked ham with dark red meat. * * *
vir·gin·ia·my·cin (vər-jĭn'yə-mīʹsĭn) n. Any of several antibacterial substances derived from an actinomycete related to Streptomyces virginiae, used chiefly as an ...
/veuhr jin"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the state of Virginia. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Virginia. [1625-35; VIRGINI(A) + -AN] * * *
Virginia rail n. A small reddish-brown American rail (Rallus limicola) having a long, slender bill. * * *
Virginia reel n. An American country-dance in which couples perform various steps together to the instructions of a caller. * * *
virginibus puerisque
/wirdd gin"i boos' pooh'erdd ees"kwe/; Eng. /veuhr jin"euh beuhs pyooh'euh ris"kwee/, Latin. for girls and boys. * * *
Virgin Islands 1. Abbr. V.I. A group of islands of the northeast West Indies east of Puerto Rico. They are divided politically into the British Virgin Islands to the northeast ...
/veuhr jin"i tee/, n. 1. the state or condition of being a virgin. 2. the state or condition of being pure, fresh, or unused. 3. Informal. any naive, uninitiated, or uninformed ...
/veuhr jin"ee euhm/, n. Chem. (formerly) francium. Symbol: Vi [1925-30; VIRGINI(A) + -IUM] * * *
Virginius affair
▪ United States history       (1873), seizure of the Cuban ship Virginius (fraudulently flying the U.S. flag and carrying U.S. registration) by Spanish authorities and ...
Virgin Mary n. 1. The mother of Jesus. 2. A bloody mary made without alcohol. * * *
Virgin River A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, of southwest Utah and southeast Nevada flowing generally southwest and south to Lake Mead. * * *
virgin wool n. Wool that has not previously been used in manufacture. * * *
/verr"goh/, n., gen. Virginis /verr"jeuh nis/ for 1. 1. Astron. the Virgin, a zodiacal constellation between Leo and Libra, containing the bright star Spica. 2. Astrol. a. the ...
Virgo A
▪ galaxy catalog numbers  M87  and  NGC4486        giant elliptical galaxy in the constellation Virgo whose nucleus provides the strongest observational evidence ...
Virgo cluster
Astron. a cluster of about 2500 galaxies in the constellation Virgo, the nearest cluster to our galaxy. * * * Closest large cluster of galaxies at a distance of about 50 million ...
Vir·go·an (vûrʹgō-ən) n. One born under the sign of Virgo.   Virʹgo·an adj. * * *
/verr"gyeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. rod-shaped; virgate. [1830-40; < L virgul(a) rod (see VIRGA, -ULE) + -ATE1] * * *
/verr"gyoohl/, n. Print. 1. a short oblique stroke (/) between two words indicating that whichever is appropriate may be chosen to complete the sense of the text in which they ...
See viricide. * * *
—viricidal, adj. /vuy"reuh suyd'/, n. virucide. [1945-50; VIR(US) + -I- + -CIDE] * * *
/vir"id/, adj. green or verdant: the virid woodlands of spring. [1590-1600; < L viridis green, for *viridus, equiv. to vir(ere) to be green + -idus -ID4] * * *
See viridescent. * * *
—viridescence, n. /vir'i des"euhnt/, adj. slightly green; greenish. [1840-50; < LL viridescent- (s. of viridescens, prp. of viridescere to become green), equiv. to virid(is) ...
/veuh rid"ee euhn/, n. a long-lasting, bluish-green pigment, consisting of a hydrated oxide of chromium. Also, veridian. [1880-85; < L viridi(s) green + -AN] * * *
/veuh rid"i tee/, n. 1. greenness; verdancy; verdure. 2. youth; innocence; inexperience. [1400-50; late ME < L viriditas, equiv. to viridi(s) green + -tas- -TY2] * * *
/vir"euhl/ or, esp. Brit., /-uyl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or befitting a man; masculine; manly: virile strength. 2. having or exhibiting masculine energy, ...
/vir"euh liz'euhm/, n. a female disorder in which there is development of secondary male sexual characteristics, as hirsutism and lowered voice, caused by various conditions ...
/veuh ril"i tee/, n. 1. the state or quality of being virile; manly character, vigor, or spirit; masculinity. 2. the power of procreation. [1580-90; < L virilitas, equiv. to ...
vir·il·i·za·tion (vîr'ə-lĭ-zāʹshən) n. Development of male secondary sexual characteristics.   virʹil·ize' (-ə-līz') v. * * *
See virilization. * * *
—virilocally, adv. /vir'euh loh"keuhl/, adj. Anthropol. living with or located near the husband's father's group; patrilocal. Cf. matrilocal, neolocal. [ < L viri- (comb. form ...
/vuy"ree on', vir"ee-/, n. the infectious form of a virus as it exists outside the host cell, consisting of a nucleic acid core, a protein coat, and, in some species, an external ...
—virled, adj. /verrl/, n. Scot. ferrule (def. 1). [1400-50; syncopated var. of ME virole FERRULE] * * *
viro- or vir- pref. Virus: virogenesis.   [From virus.] * * *
vi·ro·gen·e·sis (vī'rō-jĕnʹĭ-sĭs, -rə-) n. pl. vi·ro·gen·e·ses (-sēz') Production or formation of a virus.   vi'ro·ge·netʹic (-jə-nĕtʹĭk) or ...
See virogenesis. * * *
See virogenetic. * * *
/vuy"royd/, n. an infectious agent of plants similar to a virus but consisting of only a short, single strand of RNA without a protein coat. [1946; VIR(US) + -OID] * * ...
See virological. * * *
See virology. * * *
See virological. * * *
—virological /vuy'reuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —virologist, n. /vuy rol"euh jee, vi-/, n. the science dealing with the study of viruses and the diseases caused by them. [1930-35; ...
/vuy"reuhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
/vuy roh"sis/, n. Med., Plant Pathol. infection with a virus. [VIR(US) + -OSIS] * * *
/virdd"tah nen/, n. Artturi Ilmari /ahrddt"too rddi il"mah rddi/, 1895-1973, Finnish biochemist: Nobel prize 1945. * * *
Virtanen, Artturi Ilmari
▪ Finnish biochemist born Jan. 15, 1895, Helsinki, Russian Finland died Nov. 11, 1973, Helsinki, Fin.       Finnish biochemist whose investigations directed toward ...
/veuhr tooh", verr"tooh/, n. 1. excellence or merit in objects of art, curios, and the like. 2. (used with plural v.) such objects or articles collectively. 3. a taste for or ...
—virtuality, n. /verr"chooh euhl/, adj. 1. being such in power, force, or effect, though not actually or expressly such: a virtual dependence on charity. 2. Optics. a. noting ...
virtual community
      a group of people, who may or may not meet one another face to face, who exchange words and ideas through the mediation of computer bulletin board systems ...
virtual image
virtual image n. an optical image from which light rays appear to diverge, although they actually do not pass through the image * * *
virtual museum
▪ museum       a collection of digitally recorded images, sound files, text documents, and other data of historical, scientific, or cultural interest that are accessed ...
virtual particle
Physics. an elementary particle of transitory existence that does not appear as a free particle in a particular situation but that can transmit a force from one particle to ...
virtual reality
a realistic simulation of an environment, including three-dimensional graphics, by a computer system using interactive software and hardware. [1985-90] * * * Use of computer ...
virtual storage
Computers. a system whereby addressable memory is extended beyond main storage through the use of secondary storage managed by system software in such a way that programs can ...
Virtual World of Online Gaming
▪ 2007       Virtual worlds generated billions of real dollars in 2006 as millions of players around the world fought, bought, crafted, and sold in a variety of online ...
virtual focus n. The point from which divergent rays of reflected or refracted light seem to have emanated, as from the image of a point in a plane mirror. * * *
virtual image n. An image from which rays of reflected or refracted light appear to diverge, as from an image seen in a plane mirror. * * *
See virtual. * * *
/verr"chooh euh lee/, adv. for the most part; almost wholly; just about: He is virtually unknown. [1400-50; late ME; see VIRTUAL, -LY] * * *
virtual machine n. A software program that emulates a hardware system. * * *
virtual memory n. Memory, often as simulated on a hard disk, that emulates RAM, allowing an application to operate as though the computer has more memory than it actually does. * ...
virtual particle n. A subatomic particle whose existence violates the principle of conservation of energy but is allowed to exist for a short time by Heisenberg's uncertainty ...
virtual reality n. Abbr. VR A computer simulation of a real or imaginary system that enables a user to perform operations on the simulated system and shows the effects in real ...
—virtueless, adj. —virtuelessness, n. /verr"chooh/, n. 1. moral excellence; goodness; righteousness. 2. conformity of one's life and conduct to moral and ethical principles; ...
virtue ethics
Approach to ethics that takes the notion of virtue (often conceived as excellence) as fundamental. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are ...
virtuosa [vʉr΄cho͞o ō′sə] n. pl. virtuose [vʉr΄cho͞o ō′sā] a female virtuoso * * * vir·tu·o·sa (vûr'cho͞o-ōʹsə, -zə) n. A woman who is a ...
See virtuoso. * * *
See virtuosic. * * *

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