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Слова на букву unre-work (15990)

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vocational education
educational training that provides practical experience in a particular occupational field, as agriculture, home economics, or industry. * * *       instruction intended ...
vocational guidance
the process of assisting a student to choose, prepare for, and enter an occupation for which he or she shows aptitude. [1925-30] * * *
vocational school
a school offering instruction in one or more skilled or semiskilled trades or occupations. * * *
vocational training
Vocational training is intended to give people the skills and knowledge they need to perform a particular job, and involves practical instruction as well as theory. Most ...
vocationalism
—vocationalist, n. /voh kay"sheuh nl iz'euhm/, n. the practice or policy of requiring vocational training of all college or high-school students. [1920-25; VOCATIONAL + -ISM] * ...
vocationalist
See vocationalism. * * *
vocationally
See vocational. * * *
vocationalschool
vocational school n. A school, especially one on a secondary level, that offers instruction and practical introductory experience in skilled trades such as mechanics, carpentry, ...
vocative
—vocatively, adv. /vok"euh tiv/, adj. 1. Gram. (in certain inflected languages, as Latin) noting or pertaining to a case used to indicate that a noun refers to a person or ...
vocatively
See vocative. * * *
vociferance
/voh sif"euhr euhns/, n. vociferant utterance; vociferation. [1830-40; VOCIFER(ANT) + -ANCE] * * *
vociferant
/voh sif"euhr euhnt/, adj. 1. vociferating; noisy. n. 2. a person who vociferates. [1600-10; < L vociferant- (s. of vociferans), prp. of vociferari to VOCIFERATE; see -ANT] * * *
vociferate
—vociferator, n. /voh sif"euh rayt'/, v.i., v.t., vociferated, vociferating. to speak or cry out loudly or noisily; shout; bawl. [1590-1600; < L vociferatus (ptp. of vociferari ...
vociferation
/voh sif'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. noisy outcry; clamor. [1350-1400; ME < L vociferation- (s. of vociferatio), equiv. to vociferat(us) (see VOCIFERATE) + -ion- -ION] * * *
vociferator
See vociferation. * * *
vociferous
—vociferously, adv. —vociferousness, n. /voh sif"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. crying out noisily; clamorous. 2. characterized by or uttered with vociferation: a vociferous manner of ...
vociferously
See vociferous. * * *
vociferousness
See vociferously. * * *
Vöcklabruck
▪ Austria       town, north-central Austria, on the Vöckla River southwest of Wels. The fine town square has two old gate towers and a Baroque facade, and there are two ...
vocoder
/voh"koh'deuhr/, n. an electronic device that synthesizes speech. [1935-40] * * *
vocoid
/voh"koyd/, Phonet. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a sound produced without stoppage or obstruction of the flow of air in the vocal tract; vowellike. n. 2. a vocoid sound. Cf. ...
Vocontii
▪ people       a Celtic tribe of the Gallic province of Narbonensis; its members probably lived in the western foothills of the Alps. Subjugated by the Romans (125–124 ...
Vodafone
▪ British company       telecommunications company based in the United Kingdom with interests in Europe and the United States. It originated as part of Racal, a British ...
Vodafone{™}
n a make of mobile phone that was developed in Britain. * * *
vodka
/vod"keuh/, n. an unaged, colorless, distilled spirit, originally made in Russia. [1795-1805; < Russ vódka, equiv. to vod(á) WATER + -ka n. suffix] * * * Colourless distilled ...
vodou
vodou [vō do͞o′] n. var. of VOODOO (n. 1): also vodun [vodo͞on′] or vodoun [vodo͞on′] * * * or voodoo National folk religion of Haiti. It combines theological and ...
vodoun
vo·doun or vo·dun (vō-do͞onʹ) n. See voodoo.   [Haitian Creole, from Ewe vodu, or Fon vodun.] * * *
vodun
/voh doohn"/, n. voodoo (def. 1). [1935-40; < Haitian Creole; see VOODOO] * * *
vodyanoy
▪ Slavic religion       in Slavic mythology, the water spirit. The vodyanoy is essentially an evil and vindictive spirit whose favourite sport is drowning humans. Anyone ...
Voegelin, Eric
▪ German-American political scientist born Jan. 3, 1901, Cologne died Jan. 19, 1985, Stanford, Calif., U.S.       German-American political scientist and ...
Voetius, Gisbertus
▪ Dutch theologian born 1589, Heusden, Holland died 1676       Dutch Reformed theologian, scholar in Semitic languages, and educator who upheld uncompromising Calvinist ...
Voevodsky, Vladimir
▪ Russian mathematician born June 4, 1966, Moscow, Russia       Russian mathematician who won the Fields Medal in 2002 for having made one of the most outstanding ...
Vogel
/voh"geuhl/, n. Sir Julius, 1835-99, New Zealand statesman, born in England: prime minister 1873-75, 1876. * * *
Vogel, Hermann Karl
▪ German astronomer born April 3, 1842, Leipzig died Aug. 13, 1907, Potsdam, Ger.       German astronomer who discovered spectroscopic binaries—double-star systems ...
Vogel, Sir Julius
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born Feb. 24, 1835, London died March 12, 1899, East Molesey, Surrey, Eng.       New Zealand statesman, journalist, and businessman ...
Vogelsang, Karl, Freiherr (baron) von
▪ German Roman Catholic social reformer born Sept. 3, 1818, Liegnitz, Ger. [now Legnica, Pol.] died Nov. 8, 1890, Vienna       Roman Catholic social reformer whose ...
Vogelstein, Bert
▪ 1998       When American cancer researcher Bert Vogelstein graduated from medical school in 1974, the underlying causes of cancer were not well understood. Although ...
Voghera
▪ Italy       town, Lombardia ( Lombardy) region, northern Italy. Voghera is located on the Staffora River, just southwest of Pavia. Probably the site of Iria, a Roman ...
vogie
/voh"gee, vog"ee/, adj. Scot. 1. conceited; proud. 2. cheerful; merry. [1705-15; orig. uncert.] * * *
Vogt, A E van
▪ 2001       Canadian-born American science-fiction writer (b. April 26, 1912, Winnipeg, Man.—d. Jan. 26, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), was one of the most prominent ...
Vogt, Johan Herman Lie
▪ Norwegian geologist born Oct. 14, 1858, Tvedestrand, Nor. died Jan. 3, 1932, Trondheim  Norwegian geologist and petrologist who pioneered in the use of physical-chemical ...
Vogt, Marguerite Maria
▪ 2008       German-born American biologist born 1913, Berlin, Ger. died July 6, 2007, San Diego, Calif. conducted research with 1975 Nobel Prize-winning scientist ...
Vogt, Nils Collett
▪ Norwegian author born September 24, 1864, Christiania [now Oslo], Norway died December 23, 1937, Oslo       Norwegian novelist and poet who dealt with the conflict ...
Vogtland
▪ region, Germany       physical and cultural region of southwestern Saxony Land (state), southeastern Germany, lying between Bavaria Land and the Czech Republic. A ...
vogue
/vohg/, n. 1. something in fashion, as at a particular time: Short hairdos were the vogue in the twenties. 2. popular currency, acceptance, or favor; popularity: The book is ...
vogue word
a word or term that is fashionable for a time. [1920-25] * * *
voguing
/voh"ging/, n. a dance consisting of a series of stylized poses struck in imitation of fashion models. Also, voguing. [1985-90; after Vogue, a fashion magazine; see -ING3] * * *
voguish
—voguishness, n. /voh"gish/, adj. 1. being in vogue; fashionable; chic. 2. briefly popular or fashionable; faddish. [1925-30; VOGUE + -ISH1] * * *
voguishly
See voguish. * * *
voguishness
See voguishly. * * *
Vogul
/voh"gool/, n. Mansi. [1770-80; < Russ vogúl < Khanty wojal', wojat' Mansi] * * *
Vohu Manah
▪ Zoroastrianism       (Avestan: “Good Mind”), in Zoroastrianism, one of the six amesha spentas (“beneficent immortals”) created by Ahura Mazdā, the Wise Lord, ...
voice
—voicer, n. /voys/, n., v., voiced, voicing, adj. n. 1. the sound or sounds uttered through the mouth of living creatures, esp. of human beings in speaking, shouting, singing, ...
voice box
the larynx. [1910-15] * * *
voice coil
Elect. a moving coil that drives the diaphragm of a sound reproduction system, as a loudspeaker, by the interaction of a changing magnetic field that is produced by a current in ...
voice identification
▪ police technique       police technique for identifying individuals by the time, frequency, and intensity of their speech-sound waves. A sound spectrograph is employed ...
voice mail
—voice-mail, adj. an electronic system enabling the recording and storage of (usually digitized) voice messages, which can subsequently be retrieved by the intended ...
Voice of America
the division of the United States Information Agency that broadcasts daily programs of news and entertainment throughout the world. Abbr.: VOA, V.O.A. * * * Radio broadcasting ...
voice part
Music. the melody or succession of tones for one of the voices or instruments in a harmonic or concerted composition. [1865-70] * * *
voice recognition
Computers. See speech recognition. * * *
voice synthesizer
voice synthesizer n. an electronic synthesizer that generates and combines basic elements of sound to produce simulated speech, used in computer systems, etc. * * *
voice vote
a vote based on estimation of the relative strength of ayes and noes called out rather than on a counting of ballots, a roll call, or a division. [1925-30] * * *
voice-activated
/voys"ak'teuh vay'tid/, adj. (of a telephone answering machine or other device) operationally responsive to a human voice. Cf. VOX * * *
voice-over
/voys"oh'veuhr/, n. Motion Pictures, Television. 1. the voice of an offscreen narrator, announcer, or the like. 2. a televised sequence, as in a commercial, using such a ...
voice-stress analyzer
/voys"stres'/ a machine purported to detect stress in a human voice and to ascertain a person's truthfulness. * * *
Voiceband modem operating standards
▪ Table Voiceband modem operating standards ITU-T standard transmission rate modulation method transmission mode V.27ter 4.8 kbps PSK half-duplex V.29 9.6 ...
voicebox
voice box n. The larynx. * * *
voiced
—voicedness /voy"sid nis, voyst"nis/, n. /voyst/, adj. 1. having a voice of a specified kind (usually used in combination): shrill-voiced. 2. expressed vocally: his voiced ...
voicedness
See voiced. * * *
voiceful
—voicefulness, n. /voys"feuhl/, adj. having a voice, esp. a loud voice; sounding; sonorous. [1605-15; VOICE + -FUL] * * *
voicefulness
See voiceful. * * *
voiceless
—voicelessly, adv. —voicelessness, n. /voys"lis/, adj. 1. having no voice; mute. 2. uttering no words; silent. 3. having an unmusical voice. 4. unspoken; unuttered: voiceless ...
voicelessly
See voiceless. * * *
voicelessness
See voicelessly. * * *
voicemail
voice mail or voice·mail (voisʹmāl') n. An interactive computerized system for answering and routing telephone calls, for recording, saving, and relaying messages, and ...
voicepart
voice part n. 1. A part or strand of a musical composition written for the human voice. 2. See voice. * * *
voiceprint
—voiceprinting, n. /voys"print'/, n. a graphic representation of a person's voice, showing the component frequencies as analyzed by a sound spectrograph. [1960-65; VOICE + ...
voicer
voic·er (voiʹsər) n. 1. One that voices: a voicer of criticism. 2. Music. A specialist in regulating the tone of organ pipes. * * *
voicevote
voice vote n. A parliamentary vote that is determined by the relative volume of noise of those shouting “aye” and “no.” * * *
voicing
voicing [vois′iŋ] n. Music the sound of a chord as determined by the selection of the component notes and the way the notes are distributed to the instruments * * * voic·ing ...
void
—voidness, n. /voyd/, adj. 1. Law. having no legal force or effect; not legally binding or enforceable. 2. useless; ineffectual; vain. 3. devoid; destitute (usually fol. by ...
voidable
—voidableness, n. /voy"deuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being nullified or invalidated. 2. Law. capable of being made or adjudged void. [1475-85; VOID + -ABLE] * * *
voidableness
See voidable. * * *
voidance
/voyd"ns/, n. 1. the act of voiding. 2. annulment, as of a contract. 3. vacancy, as of a benefice. [1350-1400; ME, aph. var. of AVOIDANCE] * * *
voided
/voy"did/, adj. 1. having a void. 2. having been made void: a voided contract. 3. having a section or area that has been cut out or omitted: a voided Greek cross. 4. Heraldry. ...
voider
/voy"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that voids. 2. Armor. gusset (def. 3a). [1300-50; ME; see VOID, -ER1] * * *
voilà
/vwah lah"/; Fr. /vwann lann"/, interj. (used to express success or satisfaction). Voilà, my new winter outfit! Also, voila. [1825-35; < F, equiv. to voi see! (2nd pers. sing. ...
voile
/voyl/; Fr. /vwannl/, n. a lightweight, semisheer fabric of wool, silk, rayon, or cotton constructed in plain weave. [1885-90; < F; AF veile VEIL] * * *
voir dire
/vwahr" dear"/; Fr. /vwannrdd deerdd"/, Law. 1. an oath administered to a proposed witness or juror by which he or she is sworn to speak the truth in an examination to ascertain ...
voirdire
voir dire (vwär dîrʹ) n. A preliminary examination of prospective jurors or witnesses under oath to determine their competence or suitability.   [Anglo-Norman, to speak the ...
Voisin, Gabriel
▪ French aviation pioneer born Feb. 5, 1880, Belleville-sur-Saône, France died Dec. 25, 1973, Moulin d'Ozenay, near Tournus  French aviation pioneer and aircraft ...
Voisin-Farman I
▪ biplane   Pioneer aircraftaircraft built by the French aeronautical pioneer Gabriel Voisin (Voisin, Gabriel) for the French aviator Henri Farman (Farman, Henri) in 1907. ...
Voit
/foyt/, n. Carl or Karl von /kahrddl feuhn/, 1831-1908, German physiologist. * * *
Voit, Carl von
▪ German physiologist born Oct. 31, 1831, Amberg, Bavaria [Germany] died Jan. 31, 1908, Munich, Ger.       German physiologist whose definitive measurements of gross ...
voiture
/vwah toor", -tyoor"/; Fr. /vwann tyuurdd"/, n., pl. voitures Fr. /-tyuurdd"/. a carriage, wagon, or other wheeled vehicle. [1690-1700; < F < L vectura, equiv. to vect(us) (ptp. ...
Voiture, Vincent
▪ French writer born Feb. 24, 1597, Amiens, France died May 26, 1648, Paris       French poet, letter writer, and animating spirit of the group that gathered at the ...
voivode
/voy"vohd/, n. (in Eastern European history) a local ruler or governor, esp. the semi-independent rulers of Transylvania, Wallachia, or Moldavia before c1700. Also, ...
voix céleste
/vwah" say lest"/ an organ stop having for each note two pipes tuned to slightly different pitches and producing a wavering, gentle tone. [ < F: heavenly voice] * * *
Vojvodina
/voy"veuh din'euh, -dee'neuh/, n. an autonomous province within Serbia, in N Yugoslavia. 2,050,000; 8303 sq. mi. (21,506 sq. km). Cap.: Novi Sad. * * * Province (pop., 1999 ...
vol
vol abbrev. 1. volcano 2. volume 3. volunteer * * *
vol-au-vent
/vaw loh vahonn"/, n. Cookery. a large shell of light, flaky pastry for filling with vegetable, fish, or meat mixtures, usually with a sauce. [1820-30; < F: lit., flight on the ...
vol.
1. volcano. 2. volume. 3. volunteer. * * *
voladores, juego de los
▪ ritual dance       (Spanish: “game of the fliers”), ritual dance of Mexico, possibly originating among the pre-Columbian Totonac and Huastec Indians of the region ...
Volans
/voh"lanz/, n., gen. Volantis /voh lan"tis/. Astron. the Flying Fish, a southern constellation between Carina and Hydrus. [ < L, prp. of volare to fly] * * *
volant
/voh"leuhnt/, adj. 1. engaged in or having the power of flight. 2. moving lightly; nimble. n. 3. Also called volant piece. Armor. a reinforcing piece for the brow of a ...
volante
/voh lahn"tay/; It. /vaw lahn"te/, adv., adj. Music. moving lightly and quickly. [1785-95; < It: VOLANT] * * * ▪ Spanish carriage       Spanish one- or two-passenger ...
Volapük
—Volapukist, n. /voh'leuh pyuuk"/, n. one of the earliest of the artificially constructed international auxiliary languages, invented about 1879. Also, Volapuk /vol"euh pook', ...
volar
volar1 /voh"leuhr/, adj. of or pertaining to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot. [1805-15; < L vol(a) palm of hand, sole of foot + -AR1] volar2 /voh"leuhr/, ...
volary
/voh"leuh ree, vol"euh-/, n., pl. volaries. Rare. 1. a large cage for confining birds; aviary. 2. the birds in such a cage. 3. a flight or flock of birds. [1620-30; < L vol(are) ...
volatile
—volatility /vol'euh til"i tee/, volatileness, n. /vol"euh tl, -til/ or, esp. Brit., /-tuyl'/, adj. 1. evaporating rapidly; passing off readily in the form of vapor: Acetone is ...
volatile oil
a distilled oil, esp. one obtained from plant tissue, as distinguished from glyceride oils by their volatility and failure to saponify. [1790-1800] * * *
volatileness
See volatility. * * *
volatileoil
volatile oil n. A rapidly evaporating oil, especially an essential oil, that does not leave a stain. * * *
volatility
See volatile. * * *
volatility index
Stock Exchange. beta (def. 6). * * *
volatilizable
See volatilize. * * *
volatilization
See volatilizable. * * *
volatilize
—volatilizable, adj. —volatilization, n. —volatilizer, n. /vol"euh tl uyz'/, v., volatilized, volatilizing. v.i. 1. to become volatile; pass off as vapor. v.t. 2. to make ...
volatilizer
See volatilizable. * * *
volcanic
—volcanically, adv. —volcanicity /vol'keuh nis"i tee/, n. /vol kan"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a volcano: a volcanic eruption. 2. discharged from or produced by ...
volcanic ash
Geol. ash (def. 2). [1790-1800] * * *
volcanic bomb
Geol. bomb (def. 3). [1790-1800] * * *
volcanic cone
Geol. a conical hill produced by volcanic eruption of ash, cinders, or lava. Cf. cinder cone. * * *
volcanic dome
▪ geology also called  Lava Dome,   any steep-sided mound that is formed when lava reaching the Earth's surface is so viscous that it cannot flow away readily and ...
volcanic glass
a natural glass produced when molten lava cools very rapidly; obsidian. [1830-40] * * * Any glassy rock formed from lava or magma that has a chemical composition close to that ...
volcanic neck
Geol. neck (def. 14). * * *
volcanic rock
volcanic rock n. igneous rock, as basalt, that solidified rapidly from molten lava at or near the earth's surface * * *
volcanic tuff
tuff2. [1805-15] * * *
volcanically
See volcanic. * * *
volcanicarc
volcanic arc n. A usually arc-shaped chain of volcanoes located on the margin of the overriding plate at a convergent plate boundary. * * *
volcanicglass
volcanic glass n. Natural glass produced by the cooling of molten lava too quickly to permit crystallization. * * *
volcanicity
volcanicity [väl΄kə nis′ə tē, vôl΄kə nis′ə tē] n. 〚Fr volcanicité〛 the quality or state of being volcanic; volcanic activity * * *
volcaniclastic
/vol kan'i klas"tik/, adj. Geol. pyroclastic. Also, volcanoclastic /vol kan'euh klas"tik/. [1960-65; b. VOLCANIC and CLASTIC] * * *
volcanism
/vol"keuh niz'euhm/, n. Geol. the phenomena connected with volcanoes and volcanic activity. Also, vulcanism. [1865-70; VOLCAN(O) + -ISM] * * * or vulcanism Any of various ...
volcanization
See volcanize. * * *
volcanize
volcanize [väl′kənīz΄] vt. volcanized, volcanizing to subject to, or change by, volcanic heat volcanization n. * * * vol·ca·nize (vŏlʹkə-nīz') tr.v. vol·ca·nized, ...
volcano
/vol kay"noh/, n., pl. volcanoes, volcanos. 1. a vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes, etc., are expelled, either continuously or at irregular intervals. 2. ...
Volcano Islands
three islands in the W Pacific, belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945-68. Cf. Iwo Jima. * * * Group of three small volcanic islands, western Pacific Ocean, southern ...
volcanogenic
vol·ca·no·gen·ic (vŏl'kə-nə-jĕnʹĭk, vôl'-) adj. Of volcanic origin. * * *
VolcanoIslands
Vol·ca·no Islands (vŏl-kāʹnō) A group of Japanese islands in the northwest Pacific Ocean north of the Mariana Islands. Annexed by Japan in the late 19th century, the ...
volcanological
See volcanology. * * *
volcanologist
volcanologist [väl΄kə näl′ə jist, vôl΄kə näl′ə jist] n. a student of or specialist in volcanology * * * See volcanological. * * *
volcanology
—volcanological /vol'keuh nl oj"i keuhl/, volcanologic, adj. —volcanologist, n. /vol'keuh nol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of volcanoes and volcanic phenomena. Also, ...
Volcker, Paul
▪ American economist in full  Paul Adolph Volcker  born September 5, 1927, Cape May, New Jersey, U.S.       American economist and banker who, as chairman of the ...
Volcker, Paul A(dolph)
born Sept. 5, 1927, Cape May, N.J., U.S. U.S. economist. He worked as an economist for the Chase Manhattan Bank (1957–61; 1965–68). As an undersecretary at the U.S. ...
Volcker,Paul Adolph
Volck·er (vōlʹkər), Paul Adolph. Born 1927. American economist who served as chairman of the board of governors of the Federal Reserve System (1979-1987). * * *
vole
vole1 /vohl/, n. any of several small mouselike or ratlike rodents of the genus Microtus and related genera, having short limbs and a short tail. [1795-1805; short for volemouse ...
Volendam
▪ The Netherlands       town, Edam-Volendam gemeente (municipality), northwestern Netherlands (Netherlands, The), on Lake IJssel. Its harbour was sealed off as part of ...
Volga
/vol"geuh, vohl"-/; Russ. /vawl"geuh/, n. a river flowing from the Valdai Hills in the W Russian Federation E and then S to the Caspian Sea: the longest river in Europe. 2325 mi. ...
Volga River
River, western Russia. Europe's longest river and the principal waterway of western Russia, it rises in the Valdai Hills northwest of Moscow and flows 2,193 mi (3,530 km) ...
Volga Tatar.
See under Tatar (def. 2). Also, Volga Tartar. * * *
Volga-Baltic Waterway
Series of rivers and canals, Russia, in Europe. The navigable system links the Volga River with the Baltic Sea. It includes the Neva River, a canal along the southern shore of ...
Volga-Don Canal
▪ canal, Russia Russian  Volgo-Donskoy Sudokhodny Kanal   canal (canals and inland waterways) linking the lower Volga River with the Don River at their closest point in ...
Volga-Ural Petroleum and Gas Province
▪ region, Russia Russian  Volgo-uralskaya Neftegazonosnaya Oblast,  also called  Second Baku,  Russian  Vtoroye Baku,         principal petroleum-producing ...
Volgograd
/vol"geuh grad', vohl"-/; Russ. /veuhl gu grddaht"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Volga River: battles in World War II, September 1942-February 1943. ...
Volhynia
Historical region, northwestern Ukraine. Located around the headstreams of the Pripyat and Bug rivers, it originally was a Russian principality (10th–14th century), west of ...
volitant
/vol"i tnt, -teuhnt/, adj. 1. engaged in or having the power of flight. 2. active; moving. [1840-50; < L volitant- (s. of volitans), prp. of volitare to flutter, freq. of volare ...
volitation
—volitational, adj. /vol'i tay"sheuhn/, n. the act or power of flying. [1640-50; < ML volitation- (s. of volitatio), equiv. to L volitat(us) (ptp. of volitare to flutter; see ...
volitational
See volitation. * * *
volition
—volitional, volitionary /voh lish"euh ner'ee/, adj. —volitionally, adv. /voh lish"euhn, veuh-/, n. 1. the act of willing, choosing, or resolving; exercise of willing: She ...
volitional
See volition. * * *
volitionally
See volitional. * * *
volitive
/vol"i tiv/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by volition. 2. Gram. expressing a wish or permission: a volitive construction. [1650-60; VOLIT(ION) + -IVE] * * *
Volkhov River
▪ river, Russia also spelled  Volchov , Russian  Reka Volkhov        river, northwestern Russia. It is the major outlet for Lake Ilmen, whence it flows past ...
Völkischer Beobachter
▪ German Nazi newspaper       (German: “People's Observer”), daily newspaper published by the Nazi Party in Germany from the 1920s until the fall of the Third Reich ...
Volkmann
/fawlk"mahn'/, n. (Friedrich) Robert, 1815-83, German composer. * * *
Volkmann contracture
▪ pathology       disorder of the wrist and hand in which the hand and fingers become fixed in a characteristic bent position. The disorder may be caused by the pressure ...
Volkogonov, Dmitry Antonovich
▪ 1996       Russian colonel general and Soviet military historian who gained access to archival material and published scathing exposés on V.I. Lenin, Joseph Stalin, ...
Volkov, Vladislav Nikolayevich
▪ Soviet cosmonaut born Nov. 23, 1935, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. died June 29, 1971, in space       Soviet cosmonaut, participant in the Soyuz 7 and 11 missions of 1969 ...
Volkova, Vera
▪ Russian ballet teacher born 1904, St. Petersburg, Russia died May 5, 1975, Copenhagen, Den.       Soviet ballet teacher who greatly influenced Western dance ...
Volkovysk
▪ Belarus       city, Hrodno oblast (province), western Belarus. It dates from the 13th century as a fortified point on the frontier between the principality of Hrodno ...
Volksdeutscher
/fawlks"doy'cheuhrdd/, n., pl. Volksdeutsche /-doy'cheuh/. German. a member of the German people, esp. one of a community having its home outside of Germany, usually in central ...
volkslied
/fawlks"leet'/, n., pl. volkslieder /-lee"deuhr/. a folk song. [ < G] * * *
Volksraad
▪ Indonesian history English  People's Council        advisory body created by the Dutch in the East Indies (now Indonesia) in 1917 and opened in May 1918. It served ...
Volkswagen AG
Major German automobile manufacturer. It was founded in 1937 by the Nazi government to mass-produce a low-priced "people's car" (Volkswagen). After World War II it was rebuilt ...
Vollard, Ambroise
▪ French art dealer born 1865, Saint-Denis, Réunion died July 21, 1939, Versailles, France       French art dealer and publisher who in the late 19th and early 20th ...
volley
—volleyer, n. /vol"ee/, n., pl. volleys, v., volleyed, volleying. n. 1. the simultaneous discharge of a number of missiles or firearms. 2. the missiles so discharged. 3. a ...
volleyball
/vol"ee bawl'/, n. 1. a game for two teams in which the object is to keep a large ball in motion, from side to side over a high net, by striking it with the hands before it ...
volleyballer
See volleyball. * * *
volleyer
See volley. * * *
Volney, Constantin-François de Chasseboeuf, Count de
▪ French historian born Feb. 3, 1757, Craon, France died April 25, 1820, Paris       historian and philosopher, whose work Les Ruines . . . epitomized the rationalist ...
Volodymyr-Volynskyy
▪ Ukraine Russian  Vladimir-Volynsky        city, northwestern Ukraine. The city is situated on the Luha River where it is crossed by the Kovel-Lviv railway. It was ...
Vologda
/vaw"leuhg deuh/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, NNE of Moscow. 278,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city and administrative centre of Vologda oblast ...
Vologeses I
▪ king of Parthia died c. AD 80       king of Parthia (reigned c. AD 51–80), the son of the previous king, Vonones II, by a Greek concubine.       Vologeses ...
Vologeses III (or II)
▪ king of Parthia died AD 147, ?       one of the rival claimants to the throne of the Parthian king Pacorus II.       He first presented himself as the ruler ...
Vologeses IV (or III)
▪ king of Parthia died AD 192       king of Parthia (reigned 148–192).       In the early part of his reign he was able to restore the internal unity of the ...
Vologeses V (or IV)
▪ king of Parthia flourished 2nd and 3rd centuries       king of Parthia who reigned 191–208/209.       He first appeared in 191 as a rebel against his father ...
Vologeses VI (or V)
▪ king of Parthia flourished 3rd century       king of Parthia (reigned 209–c. 212).       The son of the Parthian king Vologeses V (or IV), he succeeded his ...
Volonte, Gian Maria
▪ 1995       Italian actor (b. April 9, 1933, Milan, Italy—d. Dec. 6, 1994, Florina, Greece), epitomized, with his chiseled features, hooded eyes, and scowling ...
Volos
/vaw"laws/, n. a seaport in E Thessaly, in E Greece: ancient ruins. 51,100. * * * ▪ Greece       port, the third largest of Greece (after Piraeus and Thessaloníki). It ...
volost
/voh"leuhst/, n. 1. (formerly) a small administrative peasant division in Russia. 2. a rural soviet. [ < Russ vólost'; ORuss volosti region, state, authority, c. OCS vlasti ...
volplane
—volplanist, n. /vol"playn'/, v., volplaned, volplaning, n. v.i. 1. to glide toward the earth in an airplane, with no motor power or with the power shut off. n. 2. a glide in ...
Volpone
a comedy play (1606) by Ben Jonson. The main character, Volpone, is a rich Italian businessman who pretends that he is dying so that people give him gifts. Finally he is betrayed ...
vols.
volumes. * * *
Volsci
/vol"suy, -see, -shee/, n.pl. an ancient people of Latium who were conquered by the Romans in the last part of the 4th century B.C. * * * Ancient Italic people prominent in the ...
Volscian
/vol"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Volsci or to their language. n. 2. one of the Volsci. [1505-15; < L Volsc(us) of the VOLSCI + -IAN] * * *
Volscian language
      an Italic language or dialect, closely related to Umbrian and Oscan and more distantly related to Latin and Faliscan. Spoken in central Italy by the Volsci people, ...
Volsinii
▪ ancient city, Italy Etruscan  Velzna        ancient Etruscan town on the site of present-day Bolsena (Viterbo province, Italy). At an unidentified neighbouring site ...
Volsk
▪ Russia       city, Saratov oblast (province), western Russia. The city lies along the Volga River opposite its confluence with the Bolshoy (Great) Irgiz. Originating ...
Volstead
/vol"sted, vohl"-/, n. Andrew Joseph, 1860-1946, U.S. legislator. * * *
Volstead Act
an act of Congress, introduced in 1919 by Andrew J. Volstead to implement the Eighteenth Amendment of the Constitution, which forbade the sale of alcoholic beverages. * * ...
Volstead,Andrew John
Vol·stead (vŏlʹstĕd', vôlʹ-, vōlʹ-), Andrew John. 1860-1947. American legislator. As a U.S. representative from Minnesota (1903-1923) he sponsored the Volstead Act ...
Volsteadism
—Volsteadian, adj. /vol"sted iz'euhm, vohl"-/, n. 1. the policy of prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages. 2. the enforcement of this policy. [1915-20, Amer.; see VOLSTEAD ...
Volsung
/vol"soong/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) 1. a grandson of Odin and the father of Sigmund and Signy. 2. any of his family. * * *
Volsunga Saga
/vol"soong geuh sah"geuh/ an Icelandic saga of the late 13th century, concerning the family of the Volsungs, the theft of the cursed treasure of Andvari, the adventures of ...
volt
volt1 /vohlt/, n. Elect. the SI unit of potential difference and electromotive force, formally defined to be the difference of electric potential between two points of a ...
volt-ampere
/vohlt"am"pear, -am pear"/, n. Elect. an electric measurement unit, equal to the product of one volt and one ampere, equivalent to one watt for direct current systems and a unit ...
volta
/vohl"teuh, vol"-/; It. /vawl"tah/, n., pl. volte /-tay/; It. /-te/. Music. turn; time (used in phrases): una volta ("once"); prima volta ("first time"). [1635-45; < It: a turn; ...
Volta
/vohl"teuh/ or, It. /vawl"tah/ for 1; /vol"teuh, vohl"-/ for 2, n. 1. Count Alessandro /ah'les sahn"drddaw/, 1745-1827, Italian physicist. 2. a river in W Africa, in Ghana, ...
Volta effect
/vohl"teuh/, Elect. See contact potential. [named after A. VOLTA] * * *
Volta Redonda
/vawl"tah rddi dawonn"dah/ a city in SE Brazil, NW of Rio de Janeiro. 120,645. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, western Rio de Janeiro estado (state), Brazil. It lies along ...
Volta River
River, Ghana, western Africa. The nation's chief river, it flows from Lake Volta and receives the Black Volta and the White Volta rivers. It flows southward through Ghana to the ...
Volta, Alessandro (Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio)
born Feb. 18, 1745, Como, Lombardy died March 5, 1827, Como Italian scientist. In 1775 he invented the electrophorus, a device used to generate static electricity. He taught ...
Volta, Conte Alessandro
▪ Italian scientist in full  Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta  born February 18, 1745, Como, Lombardy [Italy] died March 5, 1827, Como  Italian physicist whose ...
Volta, Ingo della
▪ Genoese noble and financier flourished 1164, Genoa       wealthy Genoese noble and financier who led a faction that dominated the government and commerce of Genoa in ...
volta, la
▪ dance Italian“the turn,” or “turning”)also spelled  Lavolta,  Lavatoe , and  Levalto        16th-century leaping and turning dance for couples, ...
Volta, Lake
Lake, Ghana. One of the world's largest artificial lakes, it was formed in 1965 when the Akosombo Dam dammed the Volta River and created a reservoir that extends about 250 mi ...
Volta,Count Alessandro
Vol·ta (vōlʹtə, -tä), Count Alessandro. 1745-1827. Italian physicist who invented the first electric battery (1800). The volt is named in his honor. * * *
voltage
/vohl"tij/, n. Elect. electromotive force or potential difference expressed in volts. [1885-90; VOLT1 + -AGE] * * *
voltage divider
Elect. a resistor or series of resistors connected to a voltage source and used to provide voltages that are fractions of that of the source. Also called potential divider, ...
voltage regulator
Elect. a device that controls or maintains the voltage of an electrical circuit. Abbr.: VR [1910-15] * * * ▪ electronics       any electrical or electronic device that ...
voltagedivider
voltage divider n. A number of resistors in series provided with taps at certain points to make available a fixed or variable fraction of the applied voltage. * * *
voltaic
/vol tay"ik, vohl-/, adj. 1. Elect. noting or pertaining to electricity or electric currents, esp. when produced by chemical action, as in a cell; galvanic. 2. (cap.) of or ...
Voltaic
/vol tay"ik/, n. Gur. * * *
voltaic battery
Elect. battery (def. 1a). [1805-15] * * *
voltaic cell
Elect. cell (def. 7a). [1850-55] * * *
voltaic couple
Elect. a pair of substances, as two different metals, that when placed in a proper solution produces an electromotive force by chemical action. Also called galvanic couple. * * *
voltaic electricity
electric current; moving electric charges. [1810-20] * * *
voltaic pile
Elect. an early battery cell, consisting of several metal disks, each made of one of two dissimilar metals, arranged in an alternating series, and separated by pads moistened ...
voltaicbattery
voltaic battery n. An electric battery composed of a primary cell or cells. * * *
voltaiccell
voltaic cell n. See primary cell. * * *
voltaiccouple
voltaic couple n. Two dissimilar conductors in contact or in the same electrolytic solution, resulting in a difference of potential between them. Also called galvanic couple. * * ...
voltaicpile
voltaic pile n. A source of electricity consisting of a number of alternating disks of two different metals separated by acid-moistened pads, forming primary cells connected in ...
Voltaire
—Voltairean, Voltairian, adj., n. /vohl tair", vol-/; Fr. /vawl terdd"/, n. (François Marie Arouet) 1694-1778, French philosopher, historian, satirist, dramatist, and ...
voltaism
/vohl"teuh iz'euhm, vol"-/, n. the branch of electrical science that deals with the production of electricity or electric currents by chemical action. [1805-15; after A. VOLTA; ...
voltameter
—voltametric /vol'teuh me"trik, vohl'-/, adj. /vol tam"i teuhr, vohl-/, n. a device for measuring the quantity of electricity passing through a conductor by the amount of ...
voltammeter
/vohlt"am"mee'teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring voltage or amperage. [1885-90; VOLT-AM(PERE) + -METER] * * *
VoltaRedonda
Vol·ta Re·don·da (vôlʹtä rĭ-dŏnʹdə, -dôɴʹdä) A city of eastern Brazil on the Paraíba River west-northwest of Rio de Janeiro. Founded in 1941, it is the center of ...
volte
volte (vōlt, vôlt) n. Sports Variant of volt2. * * *
volte-face
/volt fahs", vohlt-/; Fr. /vawlteu fanns"/, n., pl. volte-face. a turnabout, esp. a reversal of opinion or policy. [1810-20; < F < It voltafaccia, equiv. to volta turn (see ...
Volterra
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, central Italy, northwest of Siena. As the ancient Velathri it was one of the 12 cities of the Etruscan ...
Volterra, Vito
▪ Italian mathematician born May 3, 1860, Ancona, Papal States [Italy] died October 11, 1940, Rome       Italian mathematician who strongly influenced the modern ...
volti
/vawl"tee/, v. imperative. Music. turn; turn over: a direction to turn the page. [ < It] * * *
voltmeter
/vohlt"mee'teuhr/, n. Elect. a calibrated instrument for measuring the potential difference between two points. [1880-85; VOLT1 + -METER] * * * ▪ ...
Volturno
/vawl toohrdd"naw/, n. a river in S central Italy, flowing from the Apennines into the Tyrrhenian Sea. 110 mi. (175 km) long. * * *
Volturno River
River, southern central Italy. It flows southeast from the Abruzzese Apennines, then turns west to empty into the Gulf of Gaeta. It is 109 mi (175 km) long and has a dam for ...
Volturnus
/vohl terr"neuhs, vol-/, n. the ancient Roman personification of the east or southeast wind. Cf. Eurus. * * *
Voltzia
▪ paleobotany       a genus of fossil cone-bearing plants dating to the Early Triassic epoch (beginning 251 million years ago). It belongs to the family Voltziaceae, ...
Volubilis
▪ ancient city, Morocco       North African archaeological site, located near Fès in the Jebel Zerhoun Plain of Morocco. Under the Mauretanian king Juba II in the 1st ...
volubility
See voluble. * * *
voluble
—volubility, volubleness, n. —volubly, adv. /vol"yeuh beuhl/, adj. characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words; fluent; glib; talkative: a voluble spokesman for the ...
volubleness
See volubility. * * *
volubly
See volubility. * * *
volume
/vol"yoohm, -yeuhm/, n. 1. a collection of written or printed sheets bound together and constituting a book. 2. one book of a related set or series. 3. a set of issues of a ...
volume unit
a logarithmic unit used to measure the magnitude of a sound wave. [1935-40] * * *
volume velocity
Physics. the movement caused by a sound wave of a unit volume of a sound-transmitting medium through a unit area per unit of time. * * *
volumed
/vol"yoohmd, -yeuhmd/, adj. 1. consisting of a volume or volumes (usually used in combination): a many-volumed work. 2. in volumes of rolling or rounded masses, as ...
volumeter
/veuh looh"mi teuhr, vol"yeuh mee'teuhr/, n. any of various instruments or devices for measuring volume, as of gases, liquids, or solids. [1820-30; VOLU(ME) + -METER] * * *
volumetric
—volumetrically, adv. —volumetry /veuh looh"mi tree/, n. /vol'yeuh me"trik/, adj. of or pertaining to measurement by volume. Also, volumetrical. [1860-65; VOLU(ME) + ...
volumetric analysis
Chem. 1. determination of the concentration, by volume, of a substance in a solution, as by titration. 2. determination of the volume of gases or changes in their volume during ...
volumetrically
See volumetric. * * *
volumetricanalysis
volumetric analysis n. 1. Quantitative analysis using accurately measured titrated volumes of standard chemical solutions. 2. Analysis of a gas by volume. * * *
voluminosity
See voluminous. * * *
voluminous
—voluminously, adv. —voluminousness, voluminosity /veuh looh'meuh nos"i tee/, n. /veuh looh"meuh neuhs/, adj. 1. forming, filling, or writing a large volume or many volumes: ...
voluminously
See voluminosity. * * *


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