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/wir"euh/, interj. Irish Eng. an exclamation of sorrow or lament. [1830-40; < Ir A Mhuire! Mary!, an appeal to the Virgin] * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Merseyside, historic county of Cheshire, England, occupying the major portion of ...
the large area of land between the River Mersey and the River Dee, south of Liverpool in north-west England. * * *
Wirt, William
▪ American educator byname  William Albert Wirt  born January 21, 1874, Markle, Indiana, U.S. died March 11, 1938, Gary, Indiana       innovative American educator ...
Wirth, Joseph
▪ chancellor of Germany born Sept. 6, 1879, Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger. died Jan. 3, 1956, Freiburg       liberal German statesman and chancellor during the Weimar ...
Wirth, Louis
▪ American sociologist born Aug. 28, 1897, Gemünden, Ger. died May 3, 1952, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S.       American sociologist who pioneered in the study of urban ...
/werrts/, n. William Willard, born 1912, U.S. lawyer and government official: Secretary of Labor 1962-69. * * *
Wirtz, Jacques
▪ 2002       Even after a 50-year career in which he had designed more than 100 gardens, Belgian landscape architect Jacques Wirtz was far from considering retirement; ...
—wirily, adv. —wiriness, n. /wuyeur"ee/, adj., wirier, wiriest. 1. made of wire. 2. in the form of wire. 3. resembling wire, as in form, stiffness, etc.: wiry grass. 4. lean ...
/wis/, v.t., v.i. Archaic. to know. [1500-10; by false analysis of IWIS as I wis I know; see WIT2] * * *
Wisconsin. Also, Wisc. * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Fenland district, administrative and historic county of Cambridgeshire, England. It lies along the River Nene 11 miles ...
/vis"bee/, n. German name of Visby. * * *
/wisk/ Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. See under Wechsler Scales. * * *
/wisk"ahr"/ Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Revised. See under Wechsler Scales. * * *
—Wisconsinite, n. /wis kon"seuhn/, n. 1. a state in the N central United States: a part of the Midwest. 4,705,335; 56,154 sq. mi. (145,440 sq. km). Cap.: Madison. Abbr.: WI ...
Wisconsin Dells
▪ Wisconsin, United States       scenic region and city along the Wisconsin River, in Columbia, Sauk, Juneau, and Adams counties, south-central Wisconsin, U.S. The ...
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod
▪ church, United States       conservative Lutheran church in the United States, formed in 1892 as a federation of three conservative synods of German background and ...
Wisconsin Glacial Stage
▪ geology       most recent major division of Pleistocene time and deposits in North America (1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago). It was named for rock deposits studied in ...
Wisconsin Rapids
a city in central Wisconsin. 17,995. * * *
Wisconsin River
River, central and southwestern Wisconsin, U.S. It rises near the Wisconsin-Michigan border and flows south through central Wisconsin, then turns west and enters the Mississippi ...
Wisconsin, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with a central coat of arms (arms, coat of), the name of the state, and the date ...
Wisconsin, University of
▪ university system, Wisconsin, United States       system of higher education of the state of Wisconsin, U.S. It comprises 13 four-year institutions and 13 two-year ...
Wisconsinite [wis kän′sənīt΄] n. a person born or living in Wisconsin * * * See Wisconsin1. * * *
Wisconsin River A river of central and southwest Wisconsin flowing about 692 km (430 mi) south and west to the Mississippi River. * * *
Wisdom of Solomon. * * *
(full title , Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack) a British book of information about cricket. It has been published each year since 1864 and contains details such as the results of ...
—wisdomless, adj. /wiz"deuhm/, n. 1. the quality or state of being wise; knowledge of what is true or right coupled with just judgment as to action; sagacity, discernment, or ...
Wisdom of Jesus
Wisdom of Jesus or Son of Sirach [sī′rak] n. ECCLESIASTICUS * * *
Wisdom of Jesus, Son of Sirach
Ecclesiasticus. * * *
Wisdom of Jesus,the Son of Sirach
Wisdom of Jesus, the Son of Si·rach (sīʹrăk') n. Bible Abbr. Sir. or Si Ecclesiasticus * * *
Wisdom of Solomon
a book of the Apocrypha. * * *
wisdom tooth
1. the third molar on each side of the upper and lower jaws: the last tooth to erupt. 2. cut one's wisdom teeth, to attain maturity or discretion. [1660-70] * * *
Wisdom, John Minor
▪ 2000       American federal judge and legal scholar whose opinions in the 1950s and '60s helped end racial segregation; appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the ...
Wisdomof Solomon
Wisdom of Solomon n. Abbr. WS or Wis. See table at Bible. * * *
wisdom tooth n. One of four rearmost molars on each side of the upper and lower jaw in humans. Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt, typically in early ...
wise1 —wisely, adv. /wuyz/, adj., wiser, wisest, v., wised, wising. adj. 1. having the power of discerning and judging properly as to what is true or right; possessing ...
/wuyz/, n. 1. Isaac Mayer /muy"euhr/, 1819-1900, U.S. rabbi and educator, born in Bohemia: founder of Reform Judaism in the U.S. 2. Stephen Samuel, 1874-1949, U.S. rabbi, ...
wise guy
—wise-guy, adj. Informal. a cocksure, conceited, and often insolent person; smart aleck: He has a reputation for being a wise guy. Also called wiseacre. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
Wise Men of Gotham
▪ English legend       in English legend, wise fools, villagers of Gotham, Nottinghamshire, Eng. The story is that, threatened by a visit from King John (reigned ...
Wise, Ernie
▪ 2000 Ernest Wiseman        British comedian and actor who, as a member (the one with “short, fat, hairy legs”) of Morecambe and Wise, one of the most beloved ...
Wise, Isaac Mayer
born March 29, 1819, Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire died March 26, 1900, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. Rabbi and organizer of Reform Judaism in the U.S. After emigrating from ...
Wise, John
▪ American colonial minister baptized Aug. 15, 1652, Roxbury, Mass. [U.S.] died April 8, 1725, Ipswich, Mass.       colonial American Congregational minister, ...
Wise, Robert
▪ American director and producer born September 10, 1914, Winchester, Indiana, U.S. died September 14, 2005, Los Angeles, California       American movie director and ...
Wise, Robert Earl
▪ 2006       American producer and director (b. Sept. 10, 1914, Winchester, Ind.—d. Sept. 14, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), directed films for some 56 years during which ...
Wise, Stephen Samuel
born March 17, 1874, Budapest, Hung., Austria-Hungary died April 19, 1949, New York, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. Reform rabbi, political activist, and Zionist leader. His ...
Wise,Stephen Samuel
Wise (wīz), Stephen Samuel. 1874-1949. Hungarian-born American religious leader who was an ardent Zionist and founded the World Jewish Congress (1936). * * *
/wuyz"as'/, Slang (sometimes vulgar). adj. 1. Also, wise-assed. insolent; impertinent; smart-ass. n. 2. smart-ass. Also, wiseass. [1970-75] * * *
/wuyz"ay'keuhr/, n. 1. a person who possesses or affects to possess great wisdom. 2. See wise guy. [1585-95; < MD wijssager prophet, trans. of MHG wissage, late OHG wissago, by ...
wiseass or wise-ass [wīz′as΄] n. Slang WISEGUY adj. of or characteristic of a wiseass [wiseass comments] * * * wise·ass also wise-ass (wīzʹăs') n. Vulgar Slang A smart ...
—wisecracker, n. /wuyz"krak'/, Informal. n. 1. a smart or facetious remark. v.i. 2. to make wisecracks. v.t. 3. to say as a wisecrack. [1910-15, Amer.; WISE1 + CRACK] Syn. 1. ...
See wisecrack. * * *
wiseguy [wīz′gī΄] n. Slang 1. a person who is brashly and annoyingly conceited, knowing, etc.; smart aleck: also written wise guy 2. a hoodlum or gangster; esp., a member of ...
See wise1. * * *
/wuyz"meuhn/, n. Nicholas Patrick Stephen, 1802-65, Irish cardinal and author, born in Spain. * * *
Wiseman, Frederick
▪ American filmmaker born Jan. 1, 1930, Boston, Mass., U.S.       American filmmaker noted for his documentaries that examine the functioning of American ...
Wiseman, Nicholas
▪ English cardinal in full  Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman  born August 2, 1802, Sevilla, Spain died February 15, 1865, London, England       first cardinal ...
See wisely. * * *
/wuy"zeuhn huy'meuhr/, n. Informal. a wiseacre or smart aleck. Also, weisenheimer. [1915-20, Amer.; earlier also wiseheimer, equiv. to WISE1 + -(en)heimer, extracted from ...
/vee"zeuhnt/, n. bison (def. 2). [1865-70; < G; OHG wisunt; cf. OE wesend, weosend, ON visundr, OPruss wissambrs, Gk bíson BISON] * * *       oxlike mammal, also known ...
—wisher, n. —wishless, adj. /wish/, v.t. 1. to want; desire; long for (usually fol. by an infinitive or a clause): I wish to travel. I wish that it were morning. 2. to desire ...
wish fulfillment
1. gratification of desires. 2. Psychoanal. the drive to free oneself from tension caused by instinctual needs, as sex. [1905-10] * * *
wish list
a usually unwritten list of things one wishes for: Money is on everyone's wish list. [1970-75] * * *
/wish"wosh', -wawsh'/, n. 1. a drink that is thin and weak. 2. foolish talk or writing; claptrap. [1780-90; extracted from WISHY-WASHY] * * *
Wishart, George
▪ Scottish religious reformer born c. 1513, Pitarrow, Scot. died March 1, 1546, Edinburgh       an early martyr of the Reformation in Scotland.       While a ...
/wish"bohn'/, n. 1. a forked bone, formed by the fusion of the two clavicles, in front of the breastbone in most birds; furcula. 2. Football. an offensive formation in which the ...
wishbone flower
torenia. * * *
See wish. * * *
—wishfully, adv. —wishfulness, n. /wish"feuhl/, adj. having or showing a wish; desirous; longing. [1515-25; WISH + -FUL] * * *
wishful thinking
—wishful thinker. interpretation of facts, actions, words, etc., as one would like them to be rather than as they really are; imagining as actual what is not. [1925-30] * * *
wish fulfillment n. 1. Gratification of a desire. 2. In psychoanalytic theory, the satisfaction of a desire, need, or impulse through a dream, fantasy, or other exercise of the ...
See wishful. * * *
See wishfully. * * *
wishful thinking n. Identification of one's wishes or desires with reality. * * *
wishing well
a well or pool of water supposed to grant the wish of one who tosses a coin into it. * * *
wish list n. An often mental list of things wanted or wished for. * * *
See wishy-washy. * * *
—wishy-washily, adv. —wishy-washiness, n. /wish"ee wosh'ee, -waw'shee/, adj. 1. lacking in decisiveness; without strength or character; irresolute. 2. washy or watery, as a ...
Wis·kott-Al·drich syndrome (wĭsʹkŏt-ôlʹdrĭch, -ŏlʹ-, vĭsʹ-) n. A hereditary sex-linked recessive disorder characterized by chronic eczema, recurring infections, and ...
/vee"swah/, n. Polish name of the Vistula. * * *
the main public garden of the Royal Horticultural Society in Surrey, south of London. It consists of a large and attractive garden and several smaller areas which are designed to ...
Wislicenus, Johannes
▪ German chemist born June 24, 1835, Kleineichstädt, Thuringia [Germany] died Dec. 5, 1902, Leipzig, Ger.       German chemist whose pioneering work led to the ...
/vis"mahr/, n. a seaport in N Germany, on the Baltic. 56,948. * * * ▪ Germany  city, Mecklenburg–West Pomerania Land (state), northern Germany. It lies along Wismar Bay ...
—wisplike, adj. /wisp/, n. 1. a handful or small bundle of straw, hay, or the like. 2. any thin tuft, lock, mass, etc.: wisps of hair. 3. a thin puff or streak, as of smoke; ...
Wispelaere, Paul de
▪ Belgian-Flemish author and critic born July 4, 1928, Assebroek, near Bruges, Belg.       Flemish novelist, essayist, and critic whose avant-garde works examine the ...
See wisp. * * *
See wispily. * * *
—wispily, adv. —wispiness, n. /wis"pee/, adj., wispier, wispiest. being a wisp or in wisps; wisplike: a wispy plant. Also, wispish. [1710-20; WISP + -Y1] * * *
Wissel Lakes
▪ lakes, Indonesia Indonesian  Danau-Danau Wissel        chain of three highland lakes located in the Sudirman Range of Irian Jaya provinsi (province), Indonesia, ...
/wis"leuhr/, n. Clark, 1870-1947, U.S. anthropologist. * * *
Wissler, Clark
▪ American anthropologist born September 18, 1870, Wayne county, Indiana, U.S. died August 25, 1947, New York, New York  American anthropologist who developed the concept of ...
Wissmann, Hermann von
▪ German explorer born Sept. 4, 1853, Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg [Germany] died June 15, 1905, near Liezen, Austria       German explorer who twice crossed the ...
/wist/, v. pt. and pp. of wit2. * * *
/wis"teuhr/, n. Owen, 1860-1938, U.S. novelist. * * *
Wister, Owen
born July 14, 1860, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 21, 1938, North Kingstown, R.I. U.S. novelist. A well-to-do Easterner who graduated from Harvard, he spent his summers in ...
Wis·ter (wĭsʹtər), Owen. 1860-1938. American writer known for his novel The Virginian (1902), often considered the first Western. * * *
/wi stear"ee euh/, n. any climbing shrub belonging to the genus Wisteria, of the legume family, having showy, pendent clusters of blue-violet, white, purple, or rose ...
—wistfully, adv. —wistfulness, n. /wist"feuhl/, adj. 1. characterized by melancholy; longing; yearning. 2. pensive, esp. in a melancholy way. [1605-15; obs. wist quiet, ...
See wistful. * * *
See wistfully. * * *
Wisła [vē′swä] Pol. name for VISTULA * * *
wit1 /wit/, n. 1. the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of those connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. 2. speech or writing showing such ...
/wit"n, -ahn/, n. Early Eng. Hist. 1. the members of the national council or witenagemot. 2. (used with a sing. v.) the witenagemot. [1800-10; mod. E < OE, pl. of wita one who ...
▪ South Africa       town, Mpumalanga province, South Africa, east of Pretoria. Established in 1890, it is at the centre of a coal-mining area in which more than 20 ...
—witchhood, n. —witchlike, adj. /wich/, n. 1. a person, now esp. a woman, who professes or is supposed to practice magic, esp. black magic or the black art; sorceress. Cf. ...
witch alder
a shrub, Fothergilla gardenii, of the witch hazel family, native to the southeastern U.S., having spikes of white flowers that bloom before the leaves appear. [1810-20, Amer.; ...
witch ball
1. a decorated blown glass ball. 2. (in the 18th century) a hollow sphere of colored glass hung in the window of a house to protect it against witchcraft. [1865-70] * * * ▪ ...
witch doctor
a person in some societies who attempts to cure sickness and to exorcise evil spirits by the use of magic. [1710-20] * * *       a healer or benevolent worker of magic in ...
witch elm
witch elm n. var. of WYCH-ELM * * *
witch grass
a panic grass, Panicum capillare, having a bushlike compound panicle, common as a weed in North America. [1780-90, Amer.; prob. alter. of QUITCH GRASS] * * *
witch hazel
/wich" hay'zeuhl/ 1. a shrub, Hamamelis virginiana, of eastern North America, having toothed, egg-shaped leaves and small, yellow flowers. Cf. witch hazel family. 2. a liquid ...
witch hazel family
the plant family Hamamelidaceae, characterized by trees and shrubs having alternate, simple leaves, flowers in clusters or heads, and fruit in the form of a double-beaked woody ...
witch hobble
the hobblebush. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
witch hunt
—witch hunter. —witch-hunting, n. an intensive effort to discover and expose disloyalty, subversion, dishonesty, or the like, usually based on slight, doubtful, or irrelevant ...
witch moth
any of several large noctuid moths of the genus Erebus, esp. the blackish E. odora (black witch) of Central and North America. * * *
witch of Agnesi
/ah nyay"zee/, Geom. a plane curve symmetrical about the y-axis and asymptotic to the x-axis, given by the equation x2y=4a2(2a-y). Also called versiera. [1870-75; named after ...
witch's mark.
See devil's mark. [1620-30] * * *
/wich"hunt'/, v.t. to subject to a witch hunt. [1925-30] * * *
See witch-hunt. * * *
See witch-hunter. * * *
/wich"kraft', -krahft'/, n. 1. the art or practices of a witch; sorcery; magic. 2. magical influence; witchery. [bef. 950; ME wicchecraft, OE wiccecraeft. See WITCH, CRAFT] Syn. ...
witchcraft and sorcery
Use of alleged supernatural powers, usually to control people or events. Sorcery is sometimes distinguished from witchcraft in that sorcery may be practiced by anyone with the ...
witch doctor n. Anthropology A sorcerer, prophet, or shamanistic healer, especially among African peoples. Not in scientific use. * * *
witch elm n. Variant of wych elm.   [Alteration of wych elm.] * * *
/wich"euh ree/, n., pl. witcheries. 1. witchcraft; magic. 2. magical influence; fascination; charm: the witchery of her beauty. [1540-50; WITCH + -ERY] * * *
witches' brew
1. a potent magical concoction supposedly prepared by witches. 2. a harmful or threatening mixture; diabolical concoction: a witches' brew of innuendo and rumor. [1925-30] * * *
witches' Sabbath
Demonology. Sabbat. [1670-80] * * * ▪ rite       nocturnal gathering of witches (witchcraft), a colourful and intriguing part of the lore surrounding them in Christian ...
/wich"iz bee'zeuhm/, n. Plant Pathol. witches'-broom. [1865-70] * * *
/wich"iz broohm', -broom'/, n. Plant Pathol. an abnormal, brushlike growth of small thin branches on woody plants, caused esp. by fungi, viruses, and mistletoes. [1865-70] * * ...
witch·es' brew (wĭchʹĭz) n. A powerful or terrifying concoction. * * *
witches' broom n. An abnormal brushlike growth of weak, closely clustered shoots or branches on a tree, such as the hackberry, caused by fungi or viruses. * * *
witches' Sabbath n. A meeting of witches, supposed by medieval Christians to be a demonic orgy. * * *
witchetty grub
/wich"euh tee/ the large white larva of any of several species of moth and beetle of Australia, esp. of the moth genus Cossus, occurring in decaying wood and traditionally used ...
witch grass n. 1. An annual North American grass (Panicum capillare) having branching, purplish panicles. 2. See couch grass.   [Probably alteration of quitch grass.] * * *
witch hazel n. 1. Any of several deciduous shrubs or small trees of the genus Hamamelis, especially H. virginiana, of eastern North America, having yellow flowers that bloom in ...
—witchingly, adv. /wich"ing/, n. 1. the use or practice of witchcraft. 2. fascination; charm; enchantment. adj. 3. of, characterized by, or suitable for sorcery or black magic: ...
witching hour
midnight: a rendezvous at the witching hour. [1825-35] * * *
See witching. * * *
witch moth n. Any of several large noctuid moths of the genus Erebus of the southern United States and tropical America.   [From its nocturnal habits.] * * *
witchof Agnesi
witch of Ag·ne·si (än-yāʹzē) n. A planar cubic curve that is symmetric about the y-axis and that approaches the x-axis as an asymptote. Its equation is x2y = 4a2(2a - y), ...
/wich"weed'/, n. an Old World parasitic plant of the genus Striga, introduced into the southern U.S.: a serious pest of corn and other grass crops. [1900-05; WITCH + WEED1] * * ...
/wich"ee/, adj., witchier, witchiest. 1. accomplished by or as if by witchcraft: strange, witchy sounds. 2. similar to or characteristic of a witch; witchlike: a witchy enjoyment ...
wite1 /wuyt/, n., v., wited, witing. n. 1. (in Anglo-Saxon law) a. a fine imposed by a king or lord on a subject who committed a serious crime. b. a fee demanded for granting a ...
▪ Polish natural scientist and philosopher Latin  Vitello   born 1220, Silesia died after 1278       Polish natural scientist and philosopher, best known for his ...
/wit"n euh geuh moht'/, n. Early Eng. Hist. the assembly of the witan; the national council attended by the king, aldermen, bishops, and nobles. [1585-95; mod. E < OE, equiv. to ...
/with, widh/, prep. 1. accompanied by; accompanying: I will go with you. He fought with his brother against the enemy. 2. in some particular relation to (esp. implying ...
a combining form of with, having a separative or opposing force: withstand; withdraw. [ME, OE. See WITH] * * *
☆ with-it [with′it, with′it ] adj. Slang 1. sophisticated, aware, up-to-date, etc. 2. fashionable; stylish * * * with-it (wĭthʹĭt', wĭth-) adj. Informal 1. Interested ...
/widh awl", with-/, adv. 1. with it all; as well; besides. 2. in spite of all; nevertheless. 3. Archaic. with that; therewith. prep. 4. with (used after its object). [1150-1200; ...
—withdrawable, adj. —withdrawer, n. —withdrawingness, n. /widh draw", with-/, v., withdrew, withdrawn, withdrawing. v.t. 1. to draw back, away, or aside; take back; remove: ...
See withdraw. * * *
/widh draw"euhl, -drawl", with-/, n. 1. Also, withdrawment. the act or condition of withdrawing. 2. Pharm. the act or process of ceasing to use an addictive drug. 3. coitus ...
withdrawal syndrome
Pharm. a spectrum of physical and behavioral symptoms following cessation from the continuous use of an addictive drug, the character and severity of the symptoms depending upon ...
See withdrawable. * * *
withdrawing room
Archaic. a room to withdraw or retire to; drawing room. [1585-95] * * *
—withdrawnness, n. /widh drawn", with-/, v. 1. pp. of withdraw. adj. 2. removed from circulation, contact, competition, etc. 3. shy; retiring; reticent. Syn. 3. quiet, ...
See withdrawn. * * *
/widh drooh", with-/, v. pt. of withdraw. * * *
/with, widh, wuydh/, n., v., withed, withing. n. 1. a willow twig or osier. 2. any tough, flexible twig or stem suitable for binding things together. 3. an elastic handle for a ...
withe rod
either of two North American viburnums, Viburnum cassinoides or V. nudum, having tough, osierlike shoots. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
—witheredness, n. —witherer, n. —witheringly, adv. /widh"euhr/, v.i. 1. to shrivel; fade; decay: The grapes had withered on the vine. 2. to lose the freshness of youth, as ...
/widh"euhr/, n. George, 1588-1667, English poet and pamphleteer. Also, Withers /widh"euhrz/. * * *
Wither, George
▪ English writer Wither also spelled  Withers   born June 11, 1588, Bentworth, Hampshire, Eng. died May 2, 1667, London       English poet and Puritan pamphleteer, ...
with·ered (wĭthʹərd) adj. Shriveled, shrunken, or faded from or as if from loss of moisture or sustenance: “the battle to keep his withered dreams intact” (Time). * * *
with·er·ing (wĭthʹər-ĭng) adj. Tending to overwhelm or destroy; devastating: withering sarcasm.   withʹer·ing·ly adv. * * *
See withering. * * *
/widh"euh ruyt'/, n. a white to grayish mineral, barium carbonate, BaCO3, occurring in crystals and masses: a minor ore of barium. [1785-95; named after W. Withering (1741-99), ...
withe rod n. An eastern North American deciduous shrub (Viburnum cassinoides) having clusters of small white flowers and bluish-black edible fruit. Also called Appalachian tea, ...
/widh"euhrz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of a horse, cow, sheep, etc. See diag. under dog, horse. 2. wring one's withers, to ...
Withers, Audrey
▪ 2002       British journalist (b. March 28, 1905, Hale, Cheshire, Eng.—d. Oct. 26, 2001), was appointed editor of Vogue in 1940 and over the following two decades ...
/widh"euhr shinz'/, adv. Chiefly Scot. in a direction contrary to the natural one, esp. contrary to the apparent course of the sun or counterclockwise: considered as unlucky or ...
/widh"euhr spoohn'/, n. John, 1723-94, U.S. theologian and statesman, born in Scotland. * * *
Witherspoon, James
▪ 1998       American blues singer who was one of the great blues shouters—those whose loud delivery could be heard above the band; his 1949 recording of "Ain't ...
Witherspoon, John
born Feb. 15, 1723, Gifford, East Lothian, Scot. died Nov. 15, 1794, Tusculum, N.J., U.S. Scottish-American clergyman. Ordained a Presbyterian minister (1745), he served in ...
With·er·spoon (wĭthʹər-spo͞on'), John. 1723-1794. Scottish-born American cleric, educator, and Revolutionary leader. A signer of the Declaration of Independence, he was ...
—withholder, n. /with hohld", widh-/, v., withheld, withholding. v.t. 1. to hold back; restrain or check. 2. to refrain from giving or granting: to withhold payment. 3. to ...
See withhold. * * *
with·hold·ing (wĭth-hōlʹdĭng, wĭth-) n. A portion of an employee's wages or salary withheld by the employer as partial payment of the employee's income tax. Also called ...
withholding tax
that part of an employee's tax liability withheld by the employer from wages or salary and paid directly to the government. Also called withholding. [1940-45] * * *
/widh in", with-/, adv. 1. in or into the interior or inner part; inside. 2. in or into a house, building, etc.; indoors: The fire was burning on the hearth within. 3. on, or as ...
/widh in"naymd', with-/, adj. that is named herein. [1560-70] * * *
/widh in"dawrz', -dohrz', with-/, adv. into or inside the house. [1575-85; WITHIN + DOOR + -S1] * * *
With·la·coo·chee (wĭth'lə-ko͞oʹchē) 1. A river, about 257 km (160 mi) long, of central Florida flowing into the Gulf of Mexico. 2. A river, about 185 km (115 mi) long, ...
Withnail and I
a British comedy film (1986) about two young actors in the 1960s. They have no work, and spend most of their money on drink and drugs. When they leave London to spend some time ...
/widh owt", with-/, prep. 1. with the absence, omission, or avoidance of; not with; with no or none of; lacking: without help; without shoes; without her helping me; without him ...
/widh owt"dawrz', -dohrz', with-/, adv. out of doors. [1610-20; WITHOUT + DOOR + -S1] * * *
—withstander, n. —withstandingness, n. /with stand", widh-/, v., withstood, withstanding. v.t. 1. to stand or hold out against; resist or oppose, esp. successfully: to ...
/widh"ee, with"ee/, n., pl. withies, adj., withier, withiest. Chiefly Brit. n. 1. a willow. 2. a pliable branch or twig, esp. a withe. 3. a band, loop, halter, or rope of slender ...
/widh"ee wuynd', with"-/, n. traveler's-joy. [1570-80; WITHY + WIND2; r. withwind, ME, OE withewinde (see WITHE)] * * *
▪ Ostrogoth king of Italy flourished 536       Ostrogoth soldier who became king of Italy and led his people in an unsuccessful last-ditch struggle against the Eastern ...
/wit"i goh/, n. windigo. * * *
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy
▪ Polish writer and painter pseudonym  Witkacy   born February 24, 1885, Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died September 18, 1939, Jeziory, Poland [now in ...
—witlessly, adv. —witlessness, n. /wit"lis/, adj. lacking wit or intelligence; stupid; foolish. [bef. 1000; ME; OE witleas. See WIT1, -LESS] * * *
See witless. * * *
See witlessly. * * *
/wit"ling/, n. a person who affects wittiness. [1685-95; WIT1 + -LING1] * * *
/wit"lohf/, n. endive (def. 2). [1880-85; < D, equiv. to wit white + loof foliage. See WHITE, LEAF] * * *
—witnessable, adj. —witnesser, n. /wit"nis/, v.t. 1. to see, hear, or know by personal presence and perception: to witness an accident. 2. to be present at (an occurrence) as ...
witness corner
Survey. a point, marked by a monument, situated at a known distance from and bearing relative to a corner that is used as a reference point but on which it is impossible to place ...
witness stand
the place occupied by a person giving testimony in a court. Also called, esp. Brit., witness-box. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
/wit"nis boks'/, n. Chiefly Brit. See witness stand. [1800-10] * * *
witness box n. Chiefly British A witness stand. * * *
See witness. * * *
witness stand n. A stand or enclosed area in a courtroom from which a witness presents testimony. * * *
(as used in expressions) Gombrowicz Witold Jaruzelski Wojciech Witold Lutoslawski Witold * * *
Witos, Wincenty
▪ Polish statesman born Jan. 22, 1874, Wierzchosławice, Galicia, Pol., Austria-Hungary died Oct. 30, 1945, Kraków  Polish statesman and leader of the Peasant Party, who was ...
▪ people also spelled  Huitoto,    South American Indians of southeastern Colombia and northern Peru, belonging to an isolated language group. There were more than 31 ...
/wit/, n. a male given name. * * *
Witt, Katarina
born Dec. 3, 1965, Karl-Marx-Stadt, E.Ger. German figure skater. She won the first of six European championships in 1983 and went on to win two Olympic gold medals (1984, 1988) ...
Witt (vĭt), Katerina. Born 1965. German figure skater who won gold medals at the 1984 and 1988 Olympic games. She won world championships in 1985, 1987, and 1988. * * *
/vit"euh/; Russ. /vyee"tyeuh/, n. Sergei Yulievich /serr gay" yoohl"yeuh vich/; Russ. /syirdd gyay" yooh"lyi vyich/, 1849-1915, Russian statesman. * * *
Witte, Emanuel de
▪ Dutch painter born 1617, Alkmaar, Neth. died 1692, Amsterdam       Dutch painter whose scenes of church interiors represent the last phase of architectural painting ...
Witte, Sergey (Yulyevich), Count
born June 29, 1849, Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire died March 13, 1915, Petrograd, Russia Russian statesman and premier (1905–06). He entered the imperial administrative ...
Witte, Sergey Yulyevich, Graf
▪ prime minister of Russia Introduction (Count) born June 29 [June 17, old style], 1849, Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire died March 13 [Feb. 28, O.S.], 1915, ...
Witteberg series
▪ geology       uppermost member of the Cape System of sedimentary rocks in South Africa. It consists of about 805 metres (2,640 feet) of shales and sandstones and is ...
—wittedness, n. /wit"id/, adj. having wit or wits (usually used in combination): quick-witted; slow-witted; dull-witted. [1350-1400; ME; see WIT1, -ED3] * * *
See witted. * * *
/vit"euh kint'/, n. died A.D. 807?, Westphalian chief: leader of the Saxons against Charlemagne. Also, Widukind. * * *
Wittelsbach, house of
German noble family that ruled in Bavaria from the 12th to the 20th century. In 1124 Otto V, count of Scheyern (d. 1155), moved the family residence to the castle of Wittelsbach ...
Wit·ten (vĭtʹn) A city of west-central Germany on the Ruhr River east-southeast of Essen. Chartered in 1825, it is an industrial center. Population: 105,807. * * * ▪ ...
Witten, Edward
▪ 2005       Edward Witten, a theoretical physicist who had a hand in many of the important developments in string theory from the mid-1980s onward, was named by Time ...
/wit"n berrg'/; Ger. /vit"n berddk'/, n. a city in central E Germany, on the Elbe: Luther taught in the university here; beginnings of the Reformation 1517. 54,190. * * * ▪ ...
Wittenmyer, Annie Turner
▪ American relief worker and reformer née  Annie Turner   born Aug. 26, 1827, Sandy Springs, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 2, 1900, Sanatoga [now in Pottstown], ...
—Wittgensteinian, adj., n. /vit"geuhn shtuyn', -stuyn'/, n. Ludwig (Josef Johann) /looht"vikh yoh"zef yoh"hahn, loohd"-/, 1889-1951, Austrian philosopher. * * *
Wittgenstein, Ludwig
▪ British philosopher in full  Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein   born April 26, 1889, Vienna, Austria-Hungary [now in Austria] died April 29, 1951, Cambridge, ...
Wittgenstein, Ludwig (Josef Johann)
born April 26, 1889, Vienna died April 29, 1951, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Austrian-born English philosopher, regarded by many as the greatest philosopher of the 20th ...
Witt·gen·stein (vĭtʹgən-shtīn', -stīn), Ludwig. 1889-1951. Austrian philosopher who taught in England and who had a major influence on 20th-century philosophy. His main ...
/wit"euh siz'euhm/, n. a witty remark or sentence. [1645-55; deriv. of WITTY, modeled on criticism] Syn. joke, jest, quip, sally, wisecrack. * * *
Wittig [vit′tiH] Georg [gā ō̂rk′] 1897-1987; Ger. chemist * * *
Wittig, Georg
▪ German chemist born June 16, 1897, Berlin, Ger. died Aug. 26, 1987, Heidelberg, W.Ger.       German chemist whose studies of organic phosphorus compounds won him a ...
Wittig, Monique
▪ 2004       French avant-garde feminist writer (b. July 13, 1935, Dannemarie, France—d. Jan. 3, 2003, Tucson, Ariz.), used an experimental approach to language and ...
See witty. * * *
See wittily. * * *
—wittingly, adv. /wit"ing/, adj. 1. knowing; aware; conscious. n. 2. North Eng. knowledge. [1250-1300; ME witing. See WIT2, -ING2, -ING1] * * *
See witting. * * *
Wittlin, Józef
▪ Polish author born August 17, 1896, Dmytrów, Austria-Hungary [now Dmytriv, Ukraine] died February 28, 1976, New York, New York, U.S.       Polish novelist, essayist, ...
/wit"l/, n. Archaic. a man who knows of and tolerates his wife's infidelity. [1400-50; late ME wetewold, equiv. to wete WIT2 + (coke)wold CUCKOLD] * * *
Wittstock, Battle of
▪ Thirty Years’ War       (Oct. 4, 1636), military engagement of the Thirty Years' War, the greatest victory of the Swedish general Johan Banér (Banér, Johan), pupil ...
—wittily, adv. —wittiness, n. /wit"ee/, adj., wittier, wittiest. 1. possessing wit in speech or writing; amusingly clever in perception and expression: a witty writer. 2. ...
Witu Islands
▪ islands, Papua New Guinea also spelled  Vitu Islands        volcanic island group of the Bismarck Archipelago, eastern Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific ...
/wit"waw'teuhrz rand', -wot'euhrz-/, n. a rocky ridge in S Africa, in the Republic of South Africa, near Johannesburg. Also called The Rand. * * * ▪ mountain ridge, South ...
Witwatersrand System
▪ geology       major division of Precambrian rocks in South Africa (the Precambrian began about 3.8 billion years ago and ended 540 million years ago). The ...
Witz, Konrad
born с 1400, Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg died с 1445, Basel or Geneva, Swiss Confederation German-born Swiss painter. In 1434 he entered the painters' guild in Basel, where ...
Wivallius, Lars
▪ Swedish poet born 1605, Wivalla, Sweden died April 6, 1669, Stockholm       Swedish poet and adventurer, whose lyrics show a feeling for the beauties of nature new to ...
/wuyv/, v., wived, wiving. v.i. 1. to take a wife; marry. v.t. 2. to take as wife; marry. 3. to provide with a wife. [bef. 900; ME wiven, OE wifian, deriv. of wif; see WIFE] * * *
/wuy"veuhrn/, n. Heraldry. wyvern. * * *
/wuyvz/, n. pl. of wife. * * *
▪ people       southernmost of the Northwest Coast Indians (Northwest Coast Indian) of North America, they lived along the lower Mad River, Humboldt Bay, and lower Eel ...
/wiz/, n. wizard (def. 3). [1900-05; by shortening] * * *
—wizardlike, adj. /wiz"euhrd/, n. 1. a person who practices magic; magician or sorcerer. 2. a conjurer or juggler. 3. Also, whiz, wiz /wiz/. a person of amazing skill or ...
Wizard of Oz
a very popular US film (1939) based on the children’s book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) by Frank Baum (1856–1919). In the film a little girl called Dorothy, played by ...
/wiz"euhrd lee/, adj. of, like, or befitting a wizard. [1580-90; WIZARD + -LY] * * *
/wiz"euhr dree/, n. the art, skill, or accomplishments of a wizard. [1575-85; WIZARD + -RY] * * *
/wiz"euhn; wee"zeuhn/, Brit. Dial. v.i., v.t. 1. to wither; shrivel; dry up. adj. 2. wizened. [bef. 900; (v.) ME wisenen, OE wisnian; c. ON visna to wither; (adj.) shortened form ...
/wiz"euhnd; wee"zeuhnd/, adj. withered; shriveled: a wizened old man; wizened features. [1505-15; WIZEN + -ED2] * * *
wk abbrev. 1. week 2. work * * *
1. week. 2. work. * * *
To trust, rely. Tiglath-pileser, from Hebrew tiglat pilʾeser, from Akkadian tukultī-apil-ešarra, my trusted one (is) the heir of Esharra, from tukultī, my trusted one, from ...
weekly. * * *
1. Also, w.l. water line. 2. wavelength. * * *
/vlad"euh mear'/; Russ. /vlu dyee"myirdd/, n. Vladimir. * * *
(as used in expressions) Gomulka Wladyslaw Reymont Wladyslaw Stanislaw Wladyslaw Stanislaw Rejment Sikorski Wladyslaw Eugeniusz Wladyslaw II Jagiello * * *
War Labor Board. * * *
Wlo·cla·wek (vlôt-släʹvĕk) A city of central Poland on the Vistula River west-northwest of Warsaw. It was founded in the 12th century, passed to Russia in 1815, and ...

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