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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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artificiallife
artificial life n. The simulation of biological phenomena through the use of computer models, robotics, or biochemistry. Also called Alife. * * *
artificially
See artificiality. * * *
artificialrespiration
artificial respiration n. A procedure used to restore or maintain respiration in a person who has stopped breathing. The method uses mechanical or manual means to force air into ...
artificialselection
artificial selection n. Human intervention in animal or plant reproduction to ensure that certain desirable traits are represented in successive generations. * * *
Artigas
/ahrdd tee"gahs/, n. José Gervasio /haw se" herdd vah"syaw/, 1764-1850, Uruguayan soldier and patriot. * * * ▪ Uruguay       city and river port, northwestern ...
Artigas, José Gervasio
born June 19, 1764, probably Montevideo [Uru.] died Sept. 23, 1850, Ibiray, near Asunción, Para. Soldier and revolutionary leader regarded as the father of Uruguayan ...
artillerist
ar·til·ler·ist (är-tĭlʹər-ĭst) n. A soldier in the artillery; a gunner. * * *
artillery
/ahr til"euh ree/, n. 1. mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms. 2. the troops or the branch ...
artillery plant
a spreading, tropical American plant, Pilea microphylla, of the nettle family, having small, fleshy leaves and green flowers, grown as a curiosity because the pollen is ...
artilleryman
/ahr til"euh ree meuhn/, n., pl. artillerymen. a soldier serving in an artillery unit of the army. Also, artillerist /ahr til"euhr ist/. [1625-35; ARTILLERY + -MAN] * * *
artilleryplant
artillery plant n. A tropical American plant (Pilea microphylla) having fleshy leaves and an explosive discharge of pollen. * * *
artily
See arty. * * *
Artin, Emil
▪ German mathematician born March 3, 1898, Vienna, Austria died Dec. 20, 1962, Hamburg, W.Ger.       Austro-German mathematician who made fundamental contributions to ...
artiness
See artily. * * *
Artinian, Artine
▪ 2006       Bulgarian-born American literary scholar (b. Dec. 8, 1907, Pazardzhik, Bulg.—d. Nov. 19, 2005, Lantana, Fla.), was a renowned French literature scholar. ...
Artinskian Stage
▪ geology       third of the four stages of the Lower Permian (Cisuralian) Series, representing those rocks deposited during Artinskian time (284.4 million to 275.6 ...
artio-
a combining form meaning "even number," used in the formation of compound words: artiodactyl. [ < Gk ártio(s) even (in number), perfect; akin to L ars art, Skt arthya suitable, ...
artiodactyl
—artiodactylous, adj. /ahr'tee oh dak"til/, adj. 1. Zool. having an even number of toes or digits on each foot. n. 2. a hoofed, even-toed mammal of the order Artiodactyla, ...
artiodactylous
See artiodactyl. * * *
Artis Zoological Garden
▪ zoo, Amsterdam, The Netherlands byname of  Foundation Of The Royal Zoological Society Natura Artis Magistra,  Dutch  Artis Diergaarde, or Stichting Koninklijk Zoologisch ...
artisan
—artisanal, adj. —artisanship, n. /ahr"teuh zeuhn/, n. a person skilled in an applied art; a craftsperson. [1530-40; < F < It artigiano, equiv. to L artit(us) trained in arts ...
artisanal
See artisan. * * *
artisanship
See artisanal. * * *
artist
/ahr"tist/, n. 1. a person who produces works in any of the arts that are primarily subject to aesthetic criteria. 2. a person who practices one of the fine arts, esp. a painter ...
artiste
/ahr teest"/; Fr. /annrdd teest"/, n., pl. artistes /-teests"/; Fr. /-teest"/. an artist, esp. an actor, singer, dancer, or other public performer. [1815-25; < F; see ARTIST] * * ...
artistic
—artistically, adv. /ahr tis"tik/, adj. 1. conforming to the standards of art; satisfying aesthetic requirements: artistic productions. 2. showing skill or excellence in ...
artistic director
a person who is responsible for the administration of a theater or ballet company, opera house, etc. [1925-30] * * *
artistically
See artistic. * * *
artistry
/ahr"ti stree/, n. 1. artistic workmanship, effect, or quality. 2. artistic ability. [1865-70; ARTIST + -RY] * * *
artless
—artlessly, adv. —artlessness, n. /ahrt"lis/, adj. 1. free from deceit, cunning, or craftiness; ingenuous: an artless child. 2. not artificial; natural; simple; uncontrived: ...
artlessly
See artless. * * *
artlessness
See artlessly. * * *
artmobile
/ahrt"meuh beel'/, n. a truck trailer outfitted to transport and exhibit works of art in areas without access to museums. [1965-70; ART1 + -MOBILE] * * *
artmusic
art music n. Music composed in a classical tradition and intended as serious art, especially as distinguished from popular or folk music. * * *
artnouveau
art nou·veau also Art Nou·veau (är' no͞o-vōʹ, ärt') n. A style of decoration and architecture of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, characterized particularly by the ...
Artois
/annrdd twah"/, n. a former province in N France: artesian wells. * * * ▪ historical region, France       historic and cultural region encompassing most of the northern ...
artophorion
/ahr'taw faw"rddee awn/; Eng. /ahr'teuh fawr"ee on', -fohr"-/, n., pl. artophoria /-faw"rddee ah/; Eng. /-fawr"ee euh, -fohr"-/. Gk. Orth. Ch. pyx (def. 1a). [ < MGk, Gk: basket ...
Artôt, Désirée
▪ Belgian singer in full  Marguerite-Joséphine-Désirée Montagney Artôt  born July 21, 1835, Paris–d. April 3, 1907, Berlin       Belgian mezzo-soprano, member ...
artotype
/ahr"teuh tuyp'/, n. Print. collotype. [1875-80; ART1 + -O- + TYPE] * * *
artrunner
art runner (ärt) n. A private art dealer who functions as a broker in sales transactions by linking prospective buyers and sellers of works of art. After an exhibition or ...
arts and crafts
the handcrafting and decoration of esp. utilitarian objects. [1885-90] * * *
Arts and Crafts (movement)
Arts and Crafts (movement) n. a social and artistic movement of the second half of the 19th cent. emphasizing a return to handwork, skilled craftsmanship, and attention to design ...
arts and crafts fairs
➡ fairs * * *
Arts and Crafts Movement
a movement, originating in England c1860 as a reaction against poor-quality mass-produced goods, that sought to revive earlier standards of workmanship and design, conceiving of ...
Arts Council
n any of four organizations in Britain (one each for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) that give government money to artistic projects with the aim of encouraging ...
arts, East Asian
Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, ...
arts, Oceanic
      the literary, performing, and visual arts of the Pacific Islands, including Australia, New Zealand, and Easter Island, and the general culture areas of Polynesia, ...
arts, the
also called  fine arts        modes of expression that use skill or imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experiences that can be shared ...
arts, Western
      the literary, performing, and visual arts of Europe and regions that share a European cultural tradition, including the United States and ...
Artsand Crafts Movement
Arts and Crafts Movement (ärts) n. A movement in architecture and decorative arts flourishing in England and the United States from about 1870 to 1920 and characterized by ...
artsmedicine
arts medicine (ärts) n. A branch of medicine dealing with the special health needs of performers, such as the injuries and disorders suffered by musicians that result from ...
artsong
art song n. A lyric song intended to be sung in recital, usually accompanied by a piano. * * *
artsy
—artsiness, n. /ahrt"see/, adj., artsier, artsiest. Informal. 1. arty. 2. artsy-craftsy. [1900-05; ART1 + -SY or ART1 + -S3 + -Y1] * * *
artsy-craftsy
/ahrt"see kraft"see, -krahft"-/, adj. Informal. 1. pretending to artistry and craftsmanship or to an interest in arts and crafts: an artsy-craftsy chair; an artsy-craftsy ...
artsy-fartsy
/ahrt"see fahrt"see/, adj. Slang (vulgar). arty. Also, arty-farty /ahr"tee fahr"tee/. [1975-1980; rhyming compound from ART1, FART, -SY] * * *
Artsybashev
Russ. /urdd tsi bah"shyif/, n. Mikhail Russ. /myi khu yeel"/. See Artzybashev, Mikhail. * * *
Artsybashev, Mikhail Petrovich
▪ Russian author born Nov. 5 [Oct. 24, Old Style], 1878, Kharkov province, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv province, Ukraine] died March 3, 1927, Warsaw, ...
arttherapy
art therapy n. Psychotherapy that incorporates the production of visual art, such as painting or sculpture, in order to understand and express one's feelings. * * *
Artuqid Dynasty
▪ Turkmen dynasty       Turkmen dynasty that ruled the province of Diyarbakır in northern Iraq (now in southeastern Turkey) through two branches: at Ḥiṣn Kayfā and ...
Artur
/ahr"teuhr, -toor/, n. a male given name. * * *
Artvin
▪ Turkey       city, northeastern Turkey, on the Çoruh River near the Georgian border. A local market for agricultural and animal products, it is linked by road with ...
artware
/ahrt"wair'/, n. 1. an article of china, porcelain, glass, or the like, prized for its artistry and collected as an art object: a rare collection of artwares. 2. such articles ...
artwork
/ahrt"werrk'/, n. 1. Print. a. the elements that constitute a mechanical, as type, proofs, and illustrations. b. a mechanical; paste-up. 2. the production of artistic or craft ...
arty
—artily, adv. —artiness, n. /ahr"tee/, adj., artier, artiest. Informal. characterized by a showy, pretentious, and often spurious display of artistic interest, manner, or ...
Arty
/ahr"tee/, n. a male given name, form of Arthur. * * *
arty-crafty
/ahr"tee kraf"tee, -krahf"-/, adj. Informal. artsy-craftsy. * * *
Arty.
Artillery. * * *
Artyom
▪ Russia also spelled  Art'om, or Artëm,         city, Primorsky kray (region), far eastern Russia. It lies about 22 miles (35 km) northeast of Vladivostok. ...
Artzybasheff
/ahrt'si bah"shif/; Russ. /urdd tsi bah"shyif/, n. Boris Mikhailovich /bawr"is mi kuy"leuh vich, bor"-/; Russ. /bu rddyees" myi khuy"leuh vyich/, 1899-1965, U.S. illustrator and ...
Artzybashev
/urdd tsi bah"shyif/, n. Mikhail /myi khu yeel"/, 1878-1927, Russian writer. Also, Artsybashev. * * *
ARU
Computers. See audio response unit. * * *
Aru Islands
/ahr"ooh/ an island group in Indonesia, SW of New Guinea. 3306 sq. mi. (8565 sq. km). Also, Arru Islands. * * * Island group, eastern Indonesia. The easternmost island group of ...
Arua
▪ town, Uganda       town located in northwestern Uganda. Arua is situated at an elevation of 4,300 feet (1,310 metres), about 12 miles (19 km) east of the border ...
Aruba
/ah rooh"bah/, n. an island in the Netherlands Antilles, in the West Indies, off the NW coast of Venezuela. 62,788; 69 sq. mi. (179 sq. km). * * * Aruba Introduction ...
Aruba, flag of
▪ Flag History       Netherlands territorial flag consisting of a medium blue field (background) with a white-bordered red star in its upper hoist corner and two ...
Aruban
See Aruba. * * *
arugula
/euh rooh"geuh leuh/, n. a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used in salads. Also called rocket, roquette. [1965-70; ...
AruIslands
A·ru Islands also A·roe Islands or Ar·roe Islands (äʹro͞o) An island group of eastern Indonesia, part of the Moluccas in the Arafura Sea southwest of New Guinea. The ...
arum
arum [er′əm, ar′əm] n. 〚ModL < L < Gr aron, the cuckoopint〛 any plant of the arum family (esp. genus Arum) which is characterized by small flowers on a thick spike, ...
arum family
—arumlike, adj. /air"euhm/, n. the plant family Araceae, characterized by herbaceous plants having numerous tiny flowers on a fleshy spike above or sheathed by a large spathe, ...
arum lily
calla (def. 1). [1855-60] * * *
arumlily
arum lily n. Chiefly British The calla lily. * * *
Arun
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England. It is named for the River Arun, which ...
Arunachal Pradesh
State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 1,091,117), extreme northeastern India. Bordered by Bhutan, Tibet (China), and Myanmar and Nagaland and Assam states, it occupies 32,333 sq mi (83,743 ...
Arundel
/ar"euhn dl/; locally /ahrn"dl/, n. a town in S West Sussex, in S England: castle. 2382. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Arun district, ...
Arundel, Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of
▪ English noble born c. 1512 died Feb. 25, 1580, London  prominent English lord during the reign of the Tudors, implicated in Roman Catholic conspiracies against Elizabeth ...
Arundel, Philip Howard, 1st (or 13th) earl of
▪ English noble born June 28, 1557, London died Oct. 19, 1595, London  first earl of Arundel of the Howard line, found guilty of Roman Catholic conspiracies against Elizabeth ...
Arundel, Richard Fitzalan, 4th Earl of, 10th Earl Of Surrey
▪ English noble born , 1346 died Sept. 21, 1397, London, Eng.       one of the chief opponents of Richard II.       He began as a member of the royal council ...
Arundel, Thomas
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born 1353 died Feb. 19, 1414       English statesman and archbishop of Canterbury who aided the opponents of King Richard II; during the ...
Arundel, Thomas Fitzalan, 5th earl of, 11th Earl Of Surrey
▪ English noble born , Oct. 13, 1381 died Oct. 13, 1415       only surviving son of Richard Fitzalan, the 4th earl, and a champion of Henry IV and Henry V of ...
Arundel, Thomas Howard, 2nd earl of, Earl Of Surrey, Earl Of Norfolk
▪ English noble born July 7, 1585 died October 4, 1646, Padua, Republic of Venice  English noble prominent during the reigns of James I and Charles I and noted for his art ...
arundinaceous
/euh run'deuh nay"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. pertaining to or like a reed or cane; reedlike; reedy. [1650-60; < NL, equiv. to L (h)arundin- (s. of harundo reed) + -aceus -ACEOUS] * * *
Arundinaria
▪ plant genus       genus of grasses (Poaceae) native to Asia and America, characterized by woody, cylindrical stems, persistent leaf sheaths with stiff, rough bristles, ...
Arung Singkang
▪ Indonesian rebel original name  La Ma'dukelleng  born c. 1700, , Celebes died 1765, Peniki, Celebes       Buginese aristocrat who unified his southern Celebes ...
Arunta
/euh run"teuh/, n. pl. -tas, (esp. collectively) -ta. Aranda. * * *
arupa-loka
In Buddhism, the "world of immaterial form," the highest of the three spheres of existence in which rebirth takes place. The others are the "fine-material world" (rupa-loka) and ...
arupya-dhatu
      in Buddhist thought, the realm of formlessness. See arupa-loka (arūpa-loka). * * *
Aruqtai
▪ Mongol chief flourished 15th century       chief of the As (or Alan) Mongols, who allied himself with Mahamu, chief of the Oyrat Mongols, and with him defeated ...
Aruru
/ah rooh"rooh/, n. the Akkadian goddess personifying earth, who assisted Marduk in the creation of human beings: the counterpart of the Sumerian Ki. * * *
Arusha
/euh rooh"sheuh/, n. a city in N Tanganyika, in Tanzania. 33,000. * * * ▪ region, Tanzania formerly  Northern Region   administrative region, northern Tanzania, East ...
Arusha National Park
Preserve, northern Tanzania. Established in 1960, the park contains a rich variety of flora and fauna. It is the site of Mount Meru (14,954 ft [4,558 m]) and Ngurdoto Crater, an ...
aruspex
/euh rus"peks/, n., pl. aruspices /-peuh seez'/. haruspex. * * *
aruspicy
/euh rus"peuh see/, n. haruspicy. * * *
Aruwimi
/ahr'ooh wee"mee/, n. a river in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, flowing SW and W into the Congo (Zaire) River. ab. 800 mi. (1300 km) long. * * *
ARV
ARV abbrev. American (Standard) Revised Version (of the Bible), printed in 1901 * * * ARV abbr. Bible American Revised Version. * * *
Arvada
/ahr vad"euh/, n. a city in central Colorado, near Denver. 84,576. * * *
Arval Brothers
▪ ancient Roman priesthood Latin  Fratres Arvales,         in ancient Rome, college or priesthood whose chief original duty was to offer annual public sacrifice for ...
Arve River
▪ river, Europe       river in eastern France and Switzerland, rising in the Savoy Alps and flowing north into the Rhône River below Geneva. Over its 62-mi (100-km) ...
Arverni
▪ people       Celtic tribe that inhabited what is now the region of Auvergne, in central France. The Arverni dominated an extensive territory in the 2nd century BC, ...
ARVIN
ARVIN (ärʹvĭn) abbr. Army of the Republic of Vietnam. * * *
ARVN
/ahr"vin/, n. (in the Vietnam War) a soldier in the army of South Vietnam. [1965-70; A(rmy of the) R(epublic of) V(iet) N(am)] * * *
arvo
/ahr"voh/, n. Australian Slang. afternoon. [1930-35; AF(TERNOON) + -O, with voicing of -f-; ar is r-less speaker's representation of low back vowel] * * *
Arvon, Mount
▪ mount, Michigan, United States       peak, Baraga county, northern Upper Peninsula, Michigan, U.S. Reaching an elevation of 1,979 feet (603 metres), it is the highest ...
Arwād, Jazīrat
▪ island, Syria Greek  Arados , Phoenician  Arvad        island in the eastern Mediterranean off the Syrian coastal town of Ṭarṭūs. Originally settled by the ...
ary
/air"ee/, adj. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. 1. any; anyone. 2. none, not any; nary. [1810-20; alter. of e'er a ever a, in sense "any"] * * *
Arya Samaj
Reform sect of Hinduism, founded in 1875 by Dayananda Sarasvati, in order to reestablish the Vedas as revealed and infallible truth. The Arya Samaj opposes idolatry, ancestor ...
Aryabhata
▪ Indian space satellite       first unmanned Earth satellite built by India. It was named for a prominent Indian astronomer and mathematician of the 5th century AD. The ...
Aryabhata I
born 476, possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India Astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work survives. He composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya (с 499) and ...
Aryan
/air"ee euhn, air"yeuhn, ar"-/, n. 1. Ethnol. a member or descendant of the prehistoric people who spoke Indo-European. 2. (in Nazi doctrine) a non-Jewish Caucasian, esp. of ...
Aryanize
/air"ee euh nuyz', air"yeuh-, ar"-/, v.t., Aryanized, Aryanizing. (in Nazi doctrine) to remove all non-Aryan persons from (office, business, etc.). Also, esp. Brit., ...
aryballos
—aryballoid, adj. /ar'euh bal"euhs/, n., pl. aryballoi /-bal"oy/. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. an oil jar, characterized by a spherical body, flat-rimmed mouth, and often a single ...
aryballus
/ar'euh bal"euhs/, n., pl. aryballi /-bal"uy/. aryballos. * * *
aryepiglottic
/ar'ee ep'euh glot"ik/, adj. Anat. pertaining to or connecting the arytenoid cartilage and the epiglottis. [1895-1900; < Gk arý(ein) to draw, pull + EPIGLOTT(IS) + -IC] * * *
aryl
/ar"il/, adj. Chem. containing an aryl group. [1905-10; AR(OMATIC) + -YL] * * *
aryl group
Chem. any organic group derived from an aromatic hydrocarbon by the removal of a hydrogen atom, as phenyl, C6H5-, from benzene, C6H6. Also called aryl radical. [1905-10] * * *
arylamine
/ar'il euh meen", -am"in/, n. Chem. any of a group of amines in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms of ammonia are replaced by aromatic groups. [ARYL + -AMINE] * * *
arylate
—arylation, n. /ar"euh layt'/, v.t., arylated, arylating. Chem. to introduce one or more aryl groups into (a compound). [ARYL + -ATE1] * * *
arytenoid
—arytenoidal /ar'i tn oyd"l/, adj. /ar'i tee"noyd, euh rit"n oyd'/, Anat. adj. 1. pertaining to either of two small cartilages on top of the cricoid cartilage at the upper, ...
arytenoidal
See arytenoid. * * *
Arzamas
▪ Russia       city, Nizhegorod oblast (province), southwestern Russia, on the Tesha River, a tributary of the Oka River. First mentioned in a manuscript in 1366 and ...
Arzamas society
▪ Russian literary society       Russian literary circle that flourished in 1815–18 and was formed for the semiserious purpose of ridiculing the conservative “Lovers ...
Arzawa
▪ ancient kingdom, Anatolia       ancient kingdom of western or southwestern Anatolia (its exact location is disputed). Although Arzawa was for long periods a rival of ...
Arzew
▪ Algeria also spelled  Arzeu,         port town, northwestern Algeria. Arzew lies near the mouth of the Wadi Mehgoun. Its natural harbour on the Mediterranean is ...
Arzner, Dorothy
▪ American filmmaker born Jan. 3, 1897?, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Oct. 1, 1979, La Quinta, Calif.       American filmmaker who was the only woman directing ...
Arzu Irigoyen, Alvaro
▪ 1998       As Alvaro Arzú neared the end of his second full year as president of Guatemala in 1997, he helped the country take the first steps toward recovery from ...
arə-
See ar-. * * *
Arʿarʿ
▪ Saudi Arabia       city, northern Saudi Arabia, situated in the Northern region at an elevation of 1,854 feet (565 metres). ʿArʿar was developed in the early 1950s ...
as
as1 /az/; unstressed /euhz/, adv. 1. to the same degree, amount, or extent; similarly; equally: I don't think it's as hot and humid today as it was yesterday. 2. for example; for ...
AS
1. American Samoa (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. Anglo-Saxon. 3. antisubmarine. * * *
As
Symbol, Chem. arsenic (def. 1). * * *
as if, philosophy of
▪ philosophy       the system espoused by Hans Vaihinger (Vaihinger, Hans) in his major philosophical work Die Philosophie des Als Ob (1911; The Philosophy of “As ...
AS level
(in full Advanced Subsidiary level) n [U, C] (in England and Wales) an exam usually taken in Year 12 of school or college (= the year before the final year) when students are ...
As You Like It
a comedy (1599?) by Shakespeare. * * * ▪ work by Shakespeare       five-act comedy by William Shakespeare (Shakespeare, William), written and performed about ...
as-
var. of ad- before s: assert. * * *
as-told-to
as-told-to (ăz-tōldʹto͞o) adj. Informal Written by a professional author based on conversations with the subject: an as-told-to memoir. * * *
AS.
Anglo-Saxon. * * *
Asa
/ay"seuh/, n. a king of Judah, 913?-873? B.C. I Kings 15:8-24. * * * (as used in expressions) Gray Asa Asa Yoelson Randolph Asa Philip * * *
ASA
1. Acoustical Society of America. 2. American Standards Association: former name of the American National Standards Institute. 3. the numerical exposure index of a photographic ...
Asaba
▪ Nigeria       town and capital of Delta state, southern Nigeria. It lies on the west bank of the Niger River (opposite Onitsha) and on the road to Benin City. A ...
Asaf Ali, Aruna Ganguli
▪ 1997       Indian political activist who became prominent during Mohandas Gandhi's Quit India movement against British rule when she managed to sneak past police, ...
asafetida
/as'euh fet"i deuh/, n. Chem. a soft, brown, lumpy gum resin having a bitter, acrid taste and an obnoxious odor, obtained from the roots of several Near Eastern plants belonging ...
Asahara, Shoko
▪ 1996       At the end of 1995, self-styled messiah Shoko Asahara was in prison facing charges of having masterminded a series of crimes that included murder, ...
Asahi shimbun
▪ Japanese newspaper Japanese“Morning Sun Newspaper”       nationwide Japanese daily newspaper, one of the “big three” in influence and circulation, printed in ...
Asahigawa
/ah"sah hee"gah wah/, n. a city on W central Hokkaido, in N Japan. 352,620. Also, Asahikawa /ah"sah hee"kah wah/. * * *
Asahikawa
Asahikawa [ä sä΄hē kä′wə] city in central Hokkaido, Japan: pop. 360,000 * * * A·sa·hi·ka·wa (ä'sə-hē-käʹwə, ä'sä-hēʹkä-wä) also A·sa·hi·ga·wa ...
Asahina, Takashi
▪ 2002       Japanese conductor (b. July 9, 1908, Tokyo, Japan—d. Dec. 29, 2001, Kobe, Japan), was credited with popularizing the Austro-German repertoire—especially ...
Asaka
▪ Japan       city, Saitama ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Kurume River northwest of Tokyo. It was a post town known as Hizaori during the Tokugawa ...
ASALA
acronym for Armenian Secret Army to Liberate Armenia Marxist-Leninist group formed in 1975 to force the Turkish government to acknowledge the Armenian massacres of 1915 and pay ...
Asalluhe
▪ Sumerian deity       in Mesopotamian religion, Sumerian deity, city god of Ku'ara, near Eridu in the southern marshland region. Asalluhe was active with the god Enki ...
Asam, Cosmas Damian
▪ German painter born Sept. 29, 1686, Benediktbeuren, Bavaria [now in Germany] died May 10, 1739, Munich       German fresco painter and principal late Baroque (Baroque ...
Asam, Cosmas Damian and Egid Quirin
born Sept. 29, 1686, Benediktbeuren, Bavaria died May 10, 1739, Munich born Sept. 1, 1692, Tegernsee, Bavaria died April 29, 1750, Mannheim, Palatinate Bavarian architects and ...
Asam, Egid Quirin
▪ German architect born Sept. 1, 1692, Tegernsee, Bavaria [now in Germany] died April 29, 1750, Mannheim, Palatinate [now in Germany]       late Baroque (Baroque ...
Asama,Mount
A·sa·ma (ə-säʹmə), Mount A volcano, 2,543.7 m (8,340 ft) high, of central Honshu, Japan, near Nagano. One of the largest volcanoes in Japan, it erupted violently in ...
asana
/ah"seuh neuh/, n. any of the postures in a yoga exercise. [ < Skt] * * * ▪ Yoga Sanskrit  Āsana        (“sitting posture,” “seat”), in the Yoga system of ...
Asaṅga
▪ Indian scholar flourished 5th century AD, , b. Puruṣapura, India       influential Buddhist philosopher who established the Yogācāra (“Practice of Yogā”) ...
Asano Sōichirō
▪ Japanese businessman born 1848, Etchū province, Japan died 1930, Tokyo       Japanese businessman who founded the giant Asano zaibatsu, or industrial ...
Asansol
/ah"seuhn sohl'/, n. a city in NW West Bengal, in E India. 155,968. * * * ▪ India       city, West Bengal state, northeastern India. Situated in the heart of the ...
Asante
/euh san"tee, euh sahn"-/, n. pl. -tes, (esp. collectively) -te. Ashanti. * * * or Ashanti People of southern Ghana and adjacent areas of Togo and Côte d'Ivoire. The largest ...
Asante empire
▪ historical empire, Africa Asante also spelled  Ashanti        West African state that occupied what is now southern Ghana in the 18th and 19th centuries. Extending ...
ASAP
/ay"sap/, adv. without delay; promptly. [1990-95; from A.S.A.P.] * * *
Asarah Betevet
Seph. Heb. /ah sah rddah" beuh te"vet/; Ashk. Heb. /ah saw"rddeuh beuh tay"vays/ a Jewish fast day observed on the 10th day of the month of Tevet in memory of the beginning of ...
asarotum
/as'euh roh"teuhm/, n., pl. asarota /-teuh/. (in ancient Roman architecture) a painted pavement. [Latinization of neut. sing. of Gk asárotos lit., unswept (once in Pliny, ...
asarum
/as"euhr euhm/, n. Chem. the dried rhizome and roots of wild ginger that yield an acrid resin and a volatile, aromatic oil, used chiefly as a flavoring. [ < L < Gk ásaron ...
Asat
/u"sut/, n. Hinduism. (in Vedic mythology) the realm of nonexistence, populated by demons. Cf. sat2 (def. 1). * * *
ASAT
/ay"sat'/, n. antisatellite. * * *
asb.
asbestos. * * *
Asben
/ahs ben"/, n. Aïr. * * *
Asbest
▪ Russia       city, Sverdlovsk oblast (province), west-central Russia. It lies in the eastern foothills of the middle Ural Mountains. Developed from the settlement of ...
asbestic
See asbestine. * * *
asbestine
See asbestos. * * *
asbestos
—asbestine /as bes"tin, az-/, asbestous, adj. —asbestoid, asbestoidal, adj. /as bes"teuhs, az-/, n. 1. Mineral. a fibrous mineral, either amphibole or chrysotile, formerly ...
asbestos cement
a compound of asbestos fiber and Portland cement formerly used for various nonstructural building purposes. [1885-90] * * *
asbestosis
/as'be stoh"sis, az'-/, n. Pathol. a lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos dust. [1925-30; < NL; see ASBESTOS, -OSIS] * * * Lung disease caused by long-term ...
asbestotic
See asbestosis. * * *
Asbjörnsen
/ahs"byerrn seuhn/, n. Peter Christen /pay"teuhrdd krddis"teuhn/, 1812-85, Norwegian naturalist and folklorist. * * *
Asbjørnsen and Moe
▪ Norwegian authors       collectors of Norwegian folklore. Peter Christen Asbjørnsen (b. Jan. 15, 1812, Christiania [now Oslo, Nor.]—d. Jan. 5, 1885, Kristiania, ...
ASBM
See air-to-surface ballistic missile. Also, A.S.B.M. * * *
Asbury
/az"beuh ree/, n. Francis, 1745-1816, English missionary: first bishop of the Methodist Church in America. * * *
Asbury Park
/az"ber'ee, -beuh ree/ a city in E New Jersey: seashore resort. 17,015. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States       city, Monmouth county, eastern New Jersey, U.S. The ...
Asbury, Francis
▪ American clergyman born Aug. 20, 1745, Hamstead Bridge, Staffordshire, Eng. died March 31, 1816, Spotsylvania, Va., U.S.       first bishop of the Methodist Episcopal ...
Asbury,Francis
As·bur·y (ăzʹbə-rē), Francis. 1745-1816. British-born American religious leader and first American Methodist Episcopal cleric to become a bishop (1784). * * *
ASC
American Society of Cinematographers. Also, A.S.C. * * *
asc-
var. of asco- before a vowel or h: Aschelminthes. * * *
Ascanian Dynasties
▪ German history       branches of a German family influential from the 12th century to 1918. The name, adopted during the first quarter of the 12th century, was derived ...
Ascanius
Ascanius [as kā′nē əs] n. 〚L〛 Rom. Myth. son of Aeneas * * * In Roman legend, the son of Aeneas and founder of Alba Longa (probably the site of modern Castel Gandolfo) ...
ASCAP
/as"kap/, n. American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers. * * *
ascared
/euh skaird"/, adj. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. afraid; scared. [1905-10; a- prefix attached to ptps. (cf. Brit. dial. a- with same function; see Y-) + SCARED] * * *
Ascari, Alberto
▪ Italian automobile racer born July 13, 1918, Milan, Italy died May 26, 1955, Monza  Italian automobile racing driver who was world champion driver in 1952 and ...
ascariasis
/as'keuh ruy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. infestation with ascarids, esp. Ascaris lumbricoides. [1885-90; < NL; see ASCARID, -IASIS] * * * ▪ pathology  infection of humans and other ...
ascarid
/as"keuh rid/, n. 1. any nematode of the family Ascaridae; roundworm. 2. ascaris. [ < NL Ascaridae. See ASCARIS, -IDAE] * * *
ascaridole
/euh skar"i dohl'/, n. Chem. a liquid, C10H16O2, constituting the active principle of chenopodium oil, used chiefly as a catalyst in polymerization reactions. [1905-10; ASCARID + ...
ascaris
/as"keuh ris/, n., pl. ascarides /a skar"i deez'/. any parasitic roundworm of the genus Ascaris, found in the human small intestine and causing colic and diarrhea. Also, ...
ASCE
ASCE abbrev. American Society of Civil Engineers * * * ASCE abbr. American Society of Civil Engineers. * * *
ascend
—ascendable, ascendible, adj. /euh send"/, v.i. 1. to move, climb, or go upward; mount; rise: The airplane ascended into the clouds. 2. to slant upward. 3. to rise to a higher ...
ascendable
See ascend. * * *
ascendance
as·cen·dance also as·cen·dence (ə-sĕnʹdəns) n. Ascendancy. * * *
ascendancy
/euh sen"deuhn see/, n. the state of being in the ascendant; governing or controlling influence; domination. Also, ascendency, ascendance, ascendence. [1705-15; ASCEND(ANT) + ...
ascendant
/euh sen"deuhnt/, n. 1. a position of dominance or controlling influence: possession of power, superiority, or preeminence: With his rivals in the ascendant, he soon lost his ...
ascender
/euh sen"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that ascends or causes ascension. 2. Print. a. the part of a lowercase letter, as b, d, f, h, that rises above x-height. b. a letter ...
ascendible
See ascendable. * * *
ascending
—ascendingly, adv. /euh sen"ding/, adj. 1. moving upward; rising. 2. Bot. growing or directed upward, esp. obliquely or in a curve from the base. [1350-1400; ME; see ASCEND, ...
ascending colon
/koh"leuhn/, Anat. the first portion of the colon, beginning at the cecum in the lower right abdominal cavity and continuing upward along the right posterior abdominal wall to ...
ascending node
Astron. the node through which an orbiting body passes as it moves to the north (opposed to descending node). * * *
ascending rhythm.
See rising rhythm. [1900-05] * * *
ascendingly
See ascending. * * *
ascendingrhythm
ascending rhythm n. See rising rhythm. * * *
Ascenez
/as"keuh neez'/, n. Douay Bible. Ashkenaz. * * *
ascension
—ascensional, adj. /euh sen"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of ascending; ascent. 2. the Ascension, the bodily ascending of Christ from earth to heaven. 3. (cap.) See Ascension ...
Ascension
/euh sen"sheuhn/, n. a British island in the S Atlantic Ocean: constituent part of St. Helena. 1130; 34 sq. mi. (88 sq. km). * * * In Christian belief, the ascent of Jesus into ...
Ascension Day
the 40th day after Easter, commemorating the Ascension of Christ; Holy Thursday. [1325-75; ME] * * *
ascensional
See ascension. * * *
AscensionDay
Ascension Day n. The 40th day after Easter, on which the Christian feast of the Ascension is observed. Also called Holy Thursday. * * *
AscensionIsland
Ascension Island An island in the southern Atlantic northwest of St. Helena. Discovered by the Portuguese on Ascension Day in 1501, it was taken by the British in 1815 and has ...
ascensive
/euh sen"siv/, adj. ascending; rising. [1640-50; ASCENS(ION) + -IVE] * * *
ascent
/euh sent"/, n. 1. an act of ascending; upward movement; a rising movement: the ascent of a balloon. 2. movement upward from a lower to a higher state, degree, grade, or status; ...
ascertain
—ascertainable, adj. —ascertainably, adv. —ascertainer, n. —ascertainment, n. /as'euhr tayn"/, v.t. 1. to find out definitely; learn with certainty or assurance; ...
ascertainable
See ascertain. * * *
ascertainableness
See ascertainable. * * *
ascertainably
See ascertainable. * * *
ascertainment
See ascertainable. * * *
ascesis
/euh see"sis/, n., pl. asceses /-seez/. askesis. * * *
ascetic
—ascetically, adv. /euh set"ik/, n. 1. a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for ...
ascetically
See ascetic. * * *
asceticism
/euh set"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the manner of life, practices, or principles of an ascetic. 2. the doctrine that a person can attain a high spiritual and moral state by practicing ...
Asch
/ash/, n. Sholom /shaw"leuhm/ or Sholem /shaw"leuhm, -lem/, 1880-1957, U.S. author, born in Poland. * * *
Asch, Sholem
born Nov. 1, 1880, Kutno, Pol., Russian Empire died July 10, 1957, London, Eng. Polish-born U.S. novelist and playwright. Much of his writing concerns the experience of Jews in ...
Asch,Sholem
Asch (ăsh), Sholem or Shalom 1880-1957. Polish-born American Yiddish writer who sought to reconcile Judaism and Christianity in his controversial novels, such as The Nazarene ...
Aschaffenburg
▪ Germany       city, Bavaria Land (state), south-central Germany. It lies on the right bank of the canalized Main River near the mouth of the Aschaff River and at ...
Ascham
/as"keuhm/, n. Roger, 1515-68, English scholar and writer: tutor of Queen Elizabeth I. * * *
Ascham, Roger
born 1515, Kirby Wiske, near York, Eng. died Dec. 30, 1568, London English humanist, scholar, and writer. He entered Cambridge University at age 14 and studied Greek. He became ...
Ascham,Roger
As·cham (ăsʹkəm), Roger. 1515-1568. English scholar who as Latin secretary to Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I advocated the use of the vernacular in literature. * * *
aschelminth
aschelminth [ask′hel minth] n. in some systems of classification, any of a phylum (Aschelminthes) of wormlike animals, including rotifers, gastrotrichs, gordian worms, and ...
Aschelminthes
/ask'hel min"theez/, n. Zool. a major grouping (formerly a phylum) of small-to-microscopic pseudocoelomate organisms, as the rotifers, nematodes, and gastrotriches, all of which ...
Aschheim-Zondek test
/ahsh"huym tson"dek, -zon"-/, Med. a test used to detect whether a woman is pregnant by noting the effect on the ovaries of an immature mouse or rabbit injected with her urine. ...
Aschoff body
/ah"shawf/, Pathol. any of the spindleshaped nodules found in heart tissue and associated with the myocarditis of rheumatic fever. Also, Aschoff nodule. [named after Ludwig ...
Aschoff, Karl Albert Ludwig
▪ German pathologist born Jan. 10, 1866, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany] died June 24, 1942, Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger.       German pathologist who recognized the ...
asci
/as"uy/, n. pl. of ascus. * * *
ascidian
/euh sid"ee euhn/, Zool. n. 1. any solitary or colonial tunicate of the class Ascidiacea, exhibiting in the larval stage the vertebrate characteristics of a notocord and hollow ...
ascidiate
See ascidium. * * *
ascidiform
See ascidiate. * * *
ascidium
/euh sid"ee euhm/, n., pl. ascidia /-sid"ee euh/. Bot., Mycol. a baglike or pitcherlike part. [1760-70; < NL < Gk askídion a small bag, equiv. to ask(ós) bag + -idion -IDIUM] * ...
ascigerous
/euh sij"euhr euhs/, adj. Mycol. of or pertaining to asci. [1820-30; ASC(US) + -I- + -GEROUS] * * *
ASCII
/as"kee/, n. a standard code, consisting of 128 7-bit combinations, for characters stored in a computer or to be transmitted between computers. [A(merican) S(tandard) C(ode for) ...
ascites
—ascitic /euh sit"ik/, ascitical, adj. /euh suy"teez/, n. Pathol. accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity; dropsy of the peritoneum. [1350-1400; ME aschites < ML ...
ascitic
See ascites. * * *
asclepiad
▪ literature       Greek lyric verse later used by Latin poets such as Catullus, Horace, and Seneca. The asclepiad consisted of an aeolic nucleus, a choriamb to which ...
Asclepiadaceae
▪ plant family  the milkweed family of the flowering-plant order Gentianales, including more than 280 genera and about 2,000 species of tropical herbs or shrubby climbers, ...
asclepiadaceous
/euh sklee'pee euh day"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Asclepiadaceae, the milkweed family of plants. Cf. milkweed family. [1875-80; < NL Asclepiadace(ae) (Asclepiad-, s. of ...
Asclepiadean
/euh sklee'pee euh dee"euhn/, Class. Pros. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a verse consisting of a spondee, two or three choriambi, and an iamb. n. 2. an Asclepiadean ...
Asclepiades Of Bithynia
▪ Greek physician born 124 BC, Prusa, Bithynia [modern Bursa, Turkey] died c. 40 BC, , Rome [Italy]       Greek physician who established Greek medicine in Rome. His ...
Asclepigenia
▪ Greek philosopher flourished AD 430–485       Greek philosopher of the Neo-Platonist school, teacher, and lecturer.       After the death of her father, ...
Asclepius
/euh sklee"pee euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Apollo and the ancient Greek god of medicine and healing, worshiped by the Romans as Aesculapius. * * * Latin ...
asco-
a combining form meaning "sac," used in the formation of compound words: ascomycete. Also, esp. before a vowel, asc-. [ < Gk asko-, comb. form of askós wineskin, bladder, ...
ascocarp
—ascocarpous, adj. /as"keuh kahrp'/, n. Mycol. (in ascomycetous fungi) the fruiting body bearing the asci, as an apothecium or perithecium. [1885-90; ASCO- + -CARP] * * * ▪ ...
ascocarpic
See ascocarp. * * *

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