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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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ascogenous
/a skoj"euh neuhs/, adj. Mycol. of, pertaining to, or producing asci. [ASCO- + -GENOUS] * * *
ascogonium
—ascogonial, adj. /as'keuh goh"nee euhm/, n., pl. ascogonia /-nee euh/. Mycol. 1. the female sexual organ in certain ascomycetous fungi. 2. the portion of the archicarp in ...
Ascoli Piceno
▪ Italy       city, Marche regione, central Italy. Ascoli Piceno lies at the confluence of the Tronto and Castellano rivers. The ancient centre of the Picenes (early ...
Ascoli, Graziadio Isaia
▪ Italian linguist born July 16, 1829, Gorizia, Venetia, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Jan. 21, 1907, Milan       Italian linguist who pioneered in dialect ...
ascoma
/a skoh"meuh/, n., pl. ascomata /-meuh teuh/, Mycol. a fruiting body that bears asci. [ < NL; see ASCUS, -OMA] * * *
ascomycete
/as'keuh muy"seet, -muy seet"/, n. Mycol. any fungus of the phylum Ascomycota (or class Ascomycetes), including the molds and truffles, characterized by bearing the sexual spores ...
ascomycetous
/as'keuh muy see"teuhs/, adj. Mycol. belonging or pertaining to the Ascomycota. [1865-70; ASCOMYCETE + -OUS] * * *
Ascomycota
▪ phylum of fungi also called  sac fungi   a phylum of fungi (kingdom Fungi) characterized by a saclike structure, the ascus, which contains four to eight ascospores in the ...
ascon
/as"kon/, n. a type of sponge having an oval shape and a thin body wall with pores leading directly into the spongocoel. Cf. leucon, sycon. [alter. of Gk askós; see ASCO-] * * *
asconoid
/as"keuh noyd'/, adj. pertaining to or resembling an ascon. [ASCON + -OID] * * *
ascorbate
/euh skawr"bayt, -bit/, n. Chem. a salt or other derivative of ascorbic acid. [1940-45; ASCORB(IC) + -ATE2] * * *
ascorbic acid
/euh skawr"bik/, Biochem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble vitamin, C6H8O6, occurring naturally in citrus fruits, green vegetables, etc., and often produced synthetically, ...
ascorbicacid
a·scor·bic acid (ə-skôrʹbĭk) n. A white, crystalline vitamin, C6H8O6, found in citrus fruits, tomatoes, potatoes, and leafy green vegetables and used to prevent scurvy. ...
ascospore
—ascosporic /as'keuh spawr"ik, -spor"-/, ascosporous /as kos"peuhr euhs, as'keuh spawr"-, -spohr"-/, adj. /as"keuh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Mycol. a spore formed within an ...
ascosporic
See ascosporous. * * *
ascosporous
See ascospore. * * *
ascot
/as"keuht, -kot/, n. a necktie or scarf with broad ends, tied and arranged so that the ends are laid flat, one across the other, sometimes with a pin to secure them. [1905-10; so ...
Ascot
/as"keuht/, n. a village in SE Berkshire, in S England: annual horse races. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       locality, Windsor and Maidenhead unitary authority, ...
ascribable
See ascribe. * * *
ascribe
—ascribable, adj. /euh skruyb"/, v.t., ascribed, ascribing. 1. to credit or assign, as to a cause or source; attribute; impute: The alphabet is usually ascribed to the ...
ascribed status
Sociol. the social position assigned to a person on the basis of age, sex, race, etc. Cf. achieved status. [1965-70] * * *
ascription
/euh skrip"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of ascribing. 2. a statement ascribing something, esp. praise to the Deity. Also, adscription. [1590-1600; < L ascription- (s. of ascriptio) a ...
ascriptive
—ascriptively, adv. /euh skrip"tiv/, adj. pertaining to, involving, or indicating ascription, esp. the attribution of qualities or characteristics. [1640-50; ASCRIPT(ION) + ...
ASCS
Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. * * *
ASCU
Association of State Colleges and Universities. * * *
Asculum
As·cu·lum (ăsʹkyə-ləm) An ancient Roman town of southeast Italy south of present-day Foggia. Pyrrhus of Epirus defeated a Roman force here in 279 B.C. but suffered a ...
ascus
/as"keuhs/, n., pl. asci /as"uy, -kuy, -kee/. Mycol. the sac in ascomycetes in which the sexual spores are formed. [1820-30; < NL < Gk askós bag, sac] * * * ▪ fungal ...
Asda{™}
any of a chain of large supermarkets in Britain, selling food, clothes and household goods at low prices. Asda became part of Wal-Mart in 1999. * * *
asdic
/az"dik/, n. Brit. sonar. [1935-40; A(nti-)S(ubmarine) D(etection) I(nvestigation) C(ommittee)] * * *
ASE
See American Stock Exchange. Also, A.S.E. * * *
asea
/euh see"/, adj., adv. 1. to or toward the sea; seaward. 2. at sea. See sea (def. 10). [1855-60; A-1 + SEA] * * *
ASEAN
Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Also, A.S.E.A.N. * * * in full Association of Southeast Asian Nations International organization established by the governments of ...
ASEAN Regional Forum
▪ Asian organization       the first regionwide Asia-Pacific multilateral forum for official consultations on peace and security issues. An outgrowth of the annual ...
aseismic
/ay suyz"mik, -suys"-/, adj. Geol. free from earthquakes. [1880-85; A-6 + SEISMIC] * * *
aseity
/euh see"i tee, ay see"-/, n. Metaphys. existence originating from and having no source other than itself. [1685-95; < ML aseitas, equiv. to L a se from oneself + -itas -ITY] * * ...
Asela
▪ Ethiopia also spelled  Asella, or Assela,         town, south-central Ethiopia. It lies west of Mount Chilalo on a high plateau overlooking Lake Ziway in the Great ...
Aselli, Gaspare
▪ Italian physician Aselli also spelled  Asellio   born c. 1581, Cremona [Italy] died Sept. 9, 1625, Milan  Italian physician who contributed to the knowledge of the ...
asemia
—asemic /euh sem"ik/, adj. /euh see"mee euh/, n. Psychiatry. inability to comprehend or use communicative symbols, as words or gestures. [ < Gk ásem(os) signless (a- A-6 + ...
Asena, Duygu
▪ 2007       Turkish feminist writer (b. April 19, 1946, Istanbul, Turkey—d. July 30, 2006, Istanbul), fought for women's rights in her native Turkey, both as a ...
Asenath
/as"euh nath'/, n. the wife of Joseph and the mother of Manasseh and Ephraim. Gen. 41:45; 46:20. Also, Douay Bible, Aseneth /as"euh neth'/. * * *
asepalous
a·sep·a·lous (ā-sĕpʹə-ləs) adj. Having no sepals. * * *
asepsis
/euh sep"sis, ay sep"-/, n. 1. absence of the microorganisms that produce sepsis or septic disease. 2. Med. methods, as sterile surgical techniques, used to assure ...
aseptate
/ay sep"tayt/, adj. Bot., Mycol. without a separating wall or membrane. [A-6 + SEPTATE] * * *
aseptic
—aseptically, adv. —asepticism /euh sep"teuh siz'euhm, ay sep"-/, n. /euh sep"tik, ay sep"-/, adj. 1. free from the living germs of disease, fermentation, or ...
aseptic meningitis
Pathol. a mild form of meningitis usually caused by one of several viruses, characterized by headache, fever, and neck stiffness. * * *
aseptically
See aseptic. * * *
asepticism
See aseptically. * * *
Aser
/ay"seuhr/, n. Douay Bible. Asher (def. 1). * * *
Aseret Yeme Teshuva
English  Ten Days of Penitence        the first 10 days of the Jewish religious year. See yamim noraʾim. * * *
Aseric
▪ Hungarian bishop Hungarian  Asztrik , also called  Anastasius  died 1044       first bishop of Kalocsa, who played an instrumental role in the foundation of the ...
asexual
—asexuality /ay sek'shooh al"i tee/, n. —asexually, adv. /ay sek"shooh euhl/, adj. 1. Biol. a. having no sex or sexual organs. b. independent of sexual processes, esp. not ...
asexual reproduction
Biol. reproduction, as budding, fission, or spore formation, not involving the union of gametes. * * *
asexuality
See asexual. * * *
asexualize
—asexualization, n. /ay sek"shooh euh luyz'/, v.t., asexualized, asexualizing. to make incapable of reproduction, as by castrating. Also, esp. Brit., asexualise. [ASEXUAL + ...
asexually
See asexuality. * * *
Aseyev
/ah say"ev, -ef/; Russ. /u sye"yif/, n. Nikolay Nikolaevich /nik'euh luy" nik'euh luy"euh vich/; Russ. /nyi ku luy" nyi ku lah"yi vyich/, 1889-1963, Russian poet. * * *
asfar as
as far as conj. To the degree or extent that: They returned at nine, as far as we know.   Usage Note: As far as the Usage Panel is concerned, as far as had better be followed by ...
asfetida
/as fet"i deuh/, n. asafetida. * * *
asfor
as for prep. With regard to. * * *
Asgard
/ahs"gahrd, as"-/, n. Scand. Myth. the home of the Aesir and location of Valhalla and the palaces of the individual gods: connected with the earth by the rainbow bridge, ...
asgd.
assigned. * * *
Ásgeirsson
/ahs"gair seuhn/, n. Asgeir /ahs"gair/ 1894-1972, Icelandic statesman: president 1952-68. * * *
asgmt.
assignment. * * *
Ásgrímsson, Eysteinn
▪ Icelandic monk and author born c. 1310 died March 14, 1361, Helgisetr Monastery, Norway       Icelandic monk, author of Lilja (“The Lily”), the finest religious ...
ash
ash1 —ashiness, n. —ashless, adj. /ash/, n. 1. the powdery residue of matter that remains after burning. 2. Also called volcanic ash. Geol. finely pulverized lava thrown out ...
ash blond
ash blond n. 1. silvery blond or light brownish gray 2. a person with hair of this color ash-blond adj. * * *
Ash Can school
Group of U.S. realist painters, active in New York City с 1908–18, who specialized in scenes of everyday urban life. Inspired by Robert Henri, the core group included William ...
ash color.
See ash gray. [1570-80] * * *
ash fall
Geol. 1. a rain of airborne ash resulting from a volcanic eruption. 2. the deposit produced by such an event. Also, ashfall. * * *
ash flow
Geol. an avalanche of volcanic ash. * * *
ash gray
pale gray resembling the color of ashes. Also called ash color. [1790-1800] * * *
Ash Grove
a traditional Welsh song about a beautiful young woman who has died and is buried under a group of ash trees. * * *
Ash Wednesday
the first day of Lent. [1250-1300] * * * ▪ Christian holy day  in the Christian church, the first day of Lent, occurring 6 1/2 weeks before Easter (between February 4 and ...
Ash'arism
—Ash'arite, n. /ash"euh riz'euhm/, n. Islam. the classical synthesis of Islamic philosophical theology, formulated by al-Ash'ari. [ < Ar al-Ash'ar(i) AL-ASH'ARI + -ISM] * * *
Ash, Mary Kay
▪ 2002 Mary Kathlyn Wagner        American entrepreneur (b. May 12, 1918, Hot Wells, Texas—d. Nov. 22, 2001, Dallas, Texas), was the founder of cosmetics giant Mary ...
ash-blond
—ash blond, ash blonde. /ash"blond"/, adj. pale, grayish blond: ash-blond hair. Also, ash-blonde. [1900-05] * * *
ash-leavedmaple
ash-leaved maple (ăshʹlēvd') or ash-leaf maple (-lēf') n. See box elder. * * *
Ash-Shaytan
/ash"shuy tahn"/, n. (in Muslim usage) Satan; the devil. Also, Shaytan, Shaitan, Sheitan. [ < Ar al-Shaytan; see SATAN] * * *
Asha
/ush"euh/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of order, justice, righteousness, and truth. Cf. Drug. * * *
Ashab
/ahs"hahb/, n.pl., sing. Sahib /sah"ib, -eeb/. Islam. those associating with Muhammad at any time in his life. Cf. Ansar, Muhajirun. * * *
ashake
/euh shayk"/, adj. shaking (usually used predicatively): The very hills were ashake with the violence of the storm. [1855-60; A-1 + SHAKE] * * *
ashamed
—ashamedly /euh shay"mid lee/, adv. —ashamedness, n. /euh shaymd"/, adj. 1. feeling shame; distressed or embarrassed by feelings of guilt, foolishness, or disgrace: He felt ...
ashamedly
See ashamed. * * *
Ashanti
/euh shan"tee, euh shahn"-/, n., pl. Ashantis, (esp. collectively) Ashanti for 2. 1. a former native kingdom and British colony in W Africa: now a region of Ghana. 1,505,049; ...
Āshar min Ramaḍān, Madīnat al-ʿ
▪ Egypt       city, western Al-Ismāʿīlīyah (Ismāʿīliyyah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), east of the Nile River delta, Lower Egypt. Construction of this ...
Ashbee, Charles Robert
▪ British architect and designer born May 17, 1863, Isleworth, Middlesex, Eng. died May 23, 1942, Godden Green, Sevenoaks, Kent       English architect, designer, and ...
Ashbery
/ash"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. John, born 1927, U.S. poet. * * *
Ashbery, John
▪ American poet in full  John Lawrence Ashbery   born July 28, 1927, Rochester, N.Y., U.S.       American poet noted for the elegance, originality, and obscurity of ...
Ashbery, John (Lawrence)
born July 28, 1927, Rochester, N.Y., U.S. U.S. poet. He earned degrees from Harvard and Columbia universities and subsequently became known as an art critic. His poems, noted ...
Ashbery,John
Ash·ber·y (ăshʹbĕr'ē, -bə-rē), John. Born 1927. American poet who is one of the original New York School writers, noted for his formal experimentation and connection to ...
Ashbourne
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Derbyshire Dales district, administrative and historic county of Derbyshire, England. Ashbourne is a centre for ...
Ashburn, Rich
▪ 1998       American baseball player whose 15-year major league career included two National League batting championships, five All-Star honours, and membership in the ...
Ashburnham, John
▪ English Royalist born c. 1603 died June 15, 1671       English Royalist who served Charles I and Charles II as a groom of the bedchamber.       The son of Sir ...
Ashburton
/ash"berr tn/, n. 1st Baron. See Baring, Alexander. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom  town (“parish”), Teignbridge district, administrative and historic county of ...
Ashburton, John Dunning, 1st Baron
▪ British jurist born Oct. 18, 1731, Ashburton, Devonshire, Eng. died Aug. 18, 1783, Exmouth, Devonshire  English jurist and politician who defended the radical John Wilkes ...
ashcake
/ash"kayk'/, n. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. cornbread baked in hot ashes. [1800-10; ASH1 + CAKE] * * *
ashcan
/ash"kan'/, n. 1. a large metal barrel, can, or similar receptacle for ashes, garbage, or refuse. 2. Slang. a depth charge. 3. Motion Pictures. an arc light of 1000 watts, ...
ashcan school
(often caps.) Fine Arts. a group of American painters of the early 20th century whose genre paintings were derived from city life. * * *       group of American realist ...
Ashcanschool
Ash·can school (ăshʹkăn') n. A group of U.S. painters of the early 20th century who painted realistic scenes of everyday urban life. * * *
Ashcroft
/ash"krawft, -kroft/, n. Dame Peggy (Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft), 1907-91, English actress. * * *
Ashcroft, Dame Peggy
orig. Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft born Dec. 22, 1907, Croydon, London, Eng. died June 14, 1991, London British actress. She made her debut in 1927 and appeared from 1932 ...
Ashcroft, John
▪ 2003       As U.S. attorney general, John Ashcroft was at the centre of policy changes adopted by the Department of Justice (DOJ) during 2002. Following the terrorist ...
Ashcroft,Dame Peggy
Ash·croft (ăshʹkrôft', -krŏft'), Dame Peggy. Originally Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft. 1907-1991. British actress who won an Academy Award for A Passage to India (1984). * ...
Ashdod
/ash"dod/; Seph. Heb. /ahsh dawd"/, n. a town in W Israel: an important ancient Philistine city; early center of Christianity. 64,400. Also, Esdud. Greek, Azotos. * * * ▪ ...
Ashdown
(1941– ) a British politician, and the first leader of the Liberal Democratic Party from 1988 to 1999. He was a Member of Parliament until 2001. He was made a knight in 2000 ...
Ashe
/ash/, n. Arthur (Robert, Jr.), 1943-93, U.S. tennis player. * * *
Ashe, Arthur
▪ American athlete born July 10, 1943, Richmond, Va., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1993, New York, N.Y.  American tennis player, the first black winner of a major men's singles ...
Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr.
born July 10, 1943, Richmond, Va., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1993, New York, N.Y. U.S. tennis player. He won his first grand-slam singles title (the 1968 U.S. Open) as an amateur. The ...
Ashe, Arthur Robert, Jr.
▪ 1994       U.S. tennis player and social activist (b. July 10, 1943, Richmond, Va.—d. Feb. 6, 1993, New York, N.Y.), captured centre court when he won the men's ...
Ashe, Arthur Robert,Jr.
Ashe (ăsh), Arthur Robert, Jr. 1943-1993. American tennis player who was the first African-American player to win the U.S. Open singles championship (1968) and the Wimbledon ...
Asheboro
/ash"berr oh, -bur oh/, n. a town in central North Carolina. 15,252. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, seat (1796) of Randolph county, central North ...
ashen
ashen1 /ash"euhn/, adj. 1. ash-colored; gray. 2. extremely pale; drained of color; pallid: His face was ashen. 3. consisting of ashes. [1350-1400; ME; see ASH1, -EN2] Syn. 1. ...
ashen light
Astron. a faint glow visible on the unlit side of the planet Venus in its crescent phase. * * *
Asher
/ash"euhr/, n. 1. a son of Jacob and Zilpah. Gen. 30:12-13. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel traditionally descended from him. 3. a male given name. * * * ▪ Hebrew ...
Asher ben Jehiel
▪ Spanish rabbi also called  (by acronym) Rosh (for Rabbenu [“Our Teacher”] Asher)   born c. 1250, Rhine District [Germany] died Oct. 24, 1327, Toledo, ...
Asherah
/euh shear"euh/, n., pl. Asherim /euh shear"im/, Asherahs for 2. 1. an ancient Semitic goddess, sometimes identified with Ashtoreth and Astarte, worshiped by the Phoenicians and ...
Asherite
/ash"euh ruyt'/, n. a member of the tribe of Asher. [ASHER + -ITE1] * * *
ashes
ashes [ash′iz] pl.n. 〚see ASH1〛 1. the unburned particles and white or grayish powder remaining after a thing has been burned 2. the part of the body left after ...
Asheville
/ash"vil/, n. a city in W North Carolina. 53,281. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, seat of Buncombe county, west-central North Carolina, U.S. ...
Ashfield
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Nottinghamshire, England. The name is ancient and appeared in the names of the ...
Ashford
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Kent, England. It was established in 1974 from the former urban ...
Ashford, Evelyn
born April 15, 1957, Shreveport, La., U.S. U.S. sprinter. She attended UCLA, where she won four national collegiate championships and competed in the 1976 Olympics in Montreal. ...
Ashford,Evelyn
Ash·ford (ăshʹfərd), Evelyn. Born 1957. American athlete. A sprinter on five Olympic track teams, she won nine Olympic medals, including a gold medal in the 100-meter dash ...
Ashgabat
Ashgabat [äsh΄gä bät′] capital of Turkmenistan, in the SC part, near the Iranian border: pop. 411,000 * * * Ash·ga·bat (äsh'gä-bätʹ) also Ash·kha·bad ...
Ashi
▪ Babylonian-Jewish scholar born AD 352 died c. 427       preeminent Babylonian amora, or interpreter of the Mishna, the legal compilation that was the basis of the ...
ashide-e
▪ Japanese calligraphy  (Japanese: “reed-script picture”), decorative, cursive style of Japanese calligraphy, the characters of which resemble natural objects, that is ...
Ashikaga
/ah"shee kah"gah/, n. a member of a powerful family in Japan that ruled as shoguns 1338-1573. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Tochigi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It is ...
Ashikaga family
Japanese warrior family that established the Ashikaga shogunate in 1338. The founder, Ashikaga Takauji (1305–58), supported the emperor Go-Daigo's attempt to wrest control of ...
Ashikaga Tadayoshi
▪ Japanese military leader born 1306, Japan died March 13, 1352, Kamakura, Japan       military and administrative genius who engineered many of the triumphs of his ...
Ashikaga Takauji
▪ Japanese shogun born 1305, Ashikaga, Japan died June 7, 1358, Kyōto       warrior and statesman who founded the Ashikaga shogunate (hereditary military ...
Ashikaga Yoshiaki
▪ Japanese shogun born Dec. 5, 1537, Japan died Oct. 19, 1597, Ōsaka       shogun (hereditary military dictator) of Japan who was the 15th and last of his family to ...
Ashikaga Yoshimasa
▪ Japanese shogun born Jan. 20, 1436, Kyōto, Japan died Jan. 27, 1490, Kyōto       shogun (hereditary military dictator) who helped promote one of Japan's greatest ...
Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
▪ Japanese shogun born Sept. 25, 1358, Kyōto, Japan died May 31, 1408, Kyōto       shogun (hereditary military dictator) of Japan, who achieved political stability ...
ashiness
See ashy. * * *
Ashiya
▪ Japan       city, Hyōgo ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It is surrounded by the Rokkō Mountains and faces Ōsaka Bay. Located on railway lines and highways between ...
Ashk.
Ashkenazic. * * *
Ashkelon
Ashkelon [ash′kə län΄] alt. sp. of ASHQELON * * * Ash·ke·lon or Ash·qe·lon (ăshʹkə-lŏn', äshʹkĕ-lôn') An ancient city of southwest Palestine on the ...
Ashkenaz
/ash"keuh naz'/, n. 1. a son of Gomer and grandson of Japheth. Gen 10:1-3; I Chron. 1:6. 2. an ancient kingdom in eastern Armenia. * * *
Ashkenazi
Ashkenazi [äsh΄kə näz′ē; ash΄kə naz′ē] n. pl. Ashkenazim [äsh΄kənäz′im, ash΄kənaz′im] 〚Heb, a German Jew; earlier, a German, after ashkenaz, name of an ...
Ashkenazic
See Ashkenazi. * * *
Ashkenazim
—Ashkenazic, adj. /ahsh'keuh nah"zim/, n.pl., sing. Ashkenazi /-nah"zee/. Jews of central and eastern Europe, or their descendants, distinguished from the Sephardim chiefly by ...
Ashkenazy
/ahsh"keuh nah'zee/, n. Vladimir (Davidovich) /deuh vee"deuh vich/, born 1937, Russian pianist in western Europe since 1963. * * *
Ashkenazy, Vladimir
▪ Icelandic musician in full  Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy  born July 6, 1937, Gorky, Russia, U.S.S.R. [now Nizhny Novgorod, Russia]       Russian-born Icelandic ...
Ashkenazy,Vladimir Davidovitch
Ash·ke·na·zy (äsh'kə-näʹzē), Vladimir Davidovitch. Born 1937. Soviet pianist noted for his intellectual interpretation of classical, romantic, and modern music. * * *
Ashkhabad
/ahsh'keuh bahd"/; Russ. /ush khu baht"/, n. a city in and the capital of Turkmenistan, in the S part. 312,000. Formerly, Poltoratsk. * * *
Ashland
/ash"leuhnd/, n. 1. a city in NE Kentucky, on the Ohio River. 27,064. 2. a city in N central Ohio. 20,326. 3. a town in SW Oregon. 14,943. * * * ▪ Kentucky, United ...
ashlar
/ash"leuhr/, n. 1. Masonry. a. a squared building stone cut more or less true on all faces adjacent to those of other stones so as to permit very thin mortar joints. b. such ...
ashlar line
a horizontal line, indicated at a building site with a taut string, that corresponds to the exterior surface plane of a masonry wall. * * *
ashlaring
/ash"leuhr ing/, n. ashlar (def. 1b). [1725-35; ASHLAR + -ING1] * * *
Ashley
/ash"lee/, n. a male or female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Ashley William Henry Shaftesbury Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st earl of Shaftesbury Anthony Ashley Cooper ...
Ashley, Laura
▪ British designer née  Mountney   born Sept. 7, 1925, Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorgan, Wales died Sept. 17, 1985, Coventry, Warwickshire, Eng.       British ...
Ashley, Maurice
▪ Jamaican-American chessplayer born March 6, 1966, St. Andrews, Jamaica    first African American to earn an International Grandmaster chess title.       Ashley ...
Ashley, Merrill
▪ 1998       Ballerina Merrill Ashley's farewell performance on Nov. 25, 1997, not only marked her retirement from a 30-year career with the New York City Ballet (NYCB); ...
Ashley, Ted
▪ 2003 Theodore Assofsky        American business executive (b. Aug. 3, 1922, New York, N.Y.—d. Aug. 24, 2002, New York City), revived Warner Brothers studios during ...
Ashley, William Henry
born с 1778, Powhatan, Va., U.S. died March 26, 1838, Cooper county, Mo. U.S. fur trader. Arriving in Missouri about 1802, he prospered in mining and land speculation. In 1820 ...
ashman
/ash"man'/, n., pl. ashmen. a person who collects and disposes of ashes, garbage, and refuse. [1615-25; ASH1 + MAN1] * * *
Ashmolean
➡ Ashmolean Museum * * *
Ashmolean Museum
(infml the Ashmolean) a museum in Oxford, England. It is the oldest public museum in Britain, and was opened by Elias Ashmole in 1683. It has important collections of paintings ...
Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology
▪ museum, Oxford, England, United Kingdom       one of the four museums of the University of Oxford and the oldest public museum of art, archaeology, and natural history ...
Ashmore And Cartier Islands
Ashmore and Cartier Islands Introduction Ashmore and Cartier Islands Background: These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority ...
Ashmore, Harry Scott
▪ 1999       American editor who, as executive editor of the Arkansas Gazette, won a Pulitzer Prize for editorials he wrote in support of integration of a Little Rock ...
Ashoka
or Asoka born с 304 died с 232 BC Last major emperor (с 269–232 BC) of the Mauryan empire in India and a patron of Buddhism. After his bloody conquest of Kalinga in the ...
ashore
/euh shawr", euh shohr"/, adv. 1. to the shore; onto the shore: The schooner was driven ashore. 2. on the shore; on land rather than at sea or on the water: The captain has been ...
ashow
as how conj. Informal That: The child allowed as how he had already done his homework. * * *
ashpit
/ash"pit'/, n. a receptacle in the bottom of a fireplace, under a barbecue, or the like, for the accumulation of ashes. [1790-1800; ASH1 + PIT1] * * *
Ashqelon
Ashqelon [ash′kə län΄] city in SW Israel, on the Mediterranean: nearby is the site of an ancient city-state (often sp. Ashkelon) of the Philistines, 12th cent. B.C. (cf. I ...
ashram
/ahsh"reuhm/, n. 1. a secluded building, often the residence of a guru, used for religious retreat or instruction in Hinduism. 2. the persons instructed there. Also, ...
ashrama
▪ Hinduism also spelled  asrama , Sanskrit  āśrama        in Hinduism, any of the four spiritual abodes, or stages of life, through which the “twice-born” ...
Ashrawi, Hanan
▪ Palestinian educator and diplomat also spelled  Ḥanān ʿAshrāwī née Mikhail born 1946, Ramallah, Palestine [now in the Israeli-occupied territory of the West ...
Ashta Pradhan
▪ Marathi council Marathi“Council of Eight”also spelled  Asta Pradhad        administrative and advisory council set up by the Indian Hindu Maratha leader Shivaji ...
Ashtabula
/ash'teuh byooh"leuh/, n. a port in NE Ohio, on Lake Erie. 23,449. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, Ashtabula county, northeastern Ohio, U.S. It lies along Lake ...
Ashtaroth
Ash·ta·roth (ăshʹtə-rōth') n. Plural of Ashtoreth. * * *
Ashton
/ash"teuhn/, n. Sir Frederick (William), born 1906, English dancer and choreographer, born in Ecuador. * * *
Ashton, Sir Frederick
▪ British choreographer born September 17, 1904, Guayaquil, Ecuador died August 18, 1988, Sussex, England  principal choreographer and director of England's Royal Ballet, the ...
Ashton, Sir Frederick (William Mallandaine)
born Sept. 17, 1904, Guayaquil, Ecua. died Aug. 18, 1988, Sussex, Eng. Principal choreographer and director of England's Royal Ballet. After creating ballets from 1925 for the ...
Ashton,Sir Frederick
Ash·ton (ăshʹtən), Sir Frederick. 1904-1988. British choreographer whose ballets include The Dream (1964) and A Month in the Country (1976). * * *
Ashton-under-Lyne
/ash"teuhn un'deuhr luyn"/, n. a borough in Greater Manchester metropolitan county, in W England. 48,865. * * *
Ashton-Warner, Sylvia
▪ New Zealander writer married name  Sylvia Henderson  born December 17, 1908, Stratford, N.Z. died April 28, 1984, Tauranga       New Zealand educator and writer of ...
Ashtoreth
/ash"teuh reth'/, n. an ancient Semitic goddess, identified with the Phoenician Astarte. [ < Heb 'ashtoreth < Phoenician 'ashtart. See ASTARTE] * * *
ashtray
/ash"tray'/, n. a receptacle for tobacco ashes of smokers. [1885-90; ASH1 + TRAY] * * *
Ashur
/ah"shoor/ for 1; /ash"euhr/ for 2, n. 1. Assur. 2. a male given name. * * * Ancient religious capital of Assyria. It is located on the Tigris River, 60 mi (97 km) south of ...
Ashur-uballit I
▪ king of Assyria       (reigned c. 1365–30 BC), king of Assyria during Mesopotamia's feudal age, who created the first Assyrian empire and initiated the Middle ...
Āshūrāʾʿ
▪ Islamic holy day       Muslim holy day observed on the 10th of Muḥarram, the first month of the Islamic year (Gregorian date variable). ʿĀshūrāʾ was originally ...
Ashurbanipal
/ah'shoor bah"nee pahl'/, n. died 626? B.C., king of Assyria 668?-626? B.C. Also, Assurbanipal. * * * flourished 7th century BC Last great Assyrian king (r. 668–627 BC). He ...
Ashurnasirpal I
▪ king of Assyria flourished 11th century BC       king of Assyria 1050–32 BC, when it was at a low ebb in power and prosperity caused by widespread famine and the ...
Ashurnasirpal II
/ah'shoor nah"zir pahl'/, ("the Merciless") died 859? B.C., warrior king of Assyria 884?-859 B.C. Also, Assurnasirpal II, Ashur-nasir-apal II /ah'shoor nah"zir ah pahl'/. * * ...
Ashwaubenon
/ash waw"beuh non'/, n. a town in E Wisconsin. 14,486. * * *
AshWednesday
Ash Wednesday (ăsh) n. The seventh Wednesday before Easter and the first day of Lent, on which many Christians receive a mark of ashes on the forehead as a token of penitence ...
Ashwell, Lena
▪ British actress original name  Lena Margaret Pocock   born Sept. 28, 1872, on board ship in the River Tyne, Eng. died March 13, 1957, London       British actress ...
ashy
/ash"ee/, adj., ashier, ashiest. 1. ash-colored; pale; wan: an ashy complexion. 2. of or resembling ashes: an ashy residue. 3. sprinkled or covered with ashes. [1350-1400; ME ...
Ash{ʽ}arī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-
born 873/874, Basra, Iraq died 935/936, Baghdad Muslim Arab theologian. He probably belonged to the family of Abū Mūsā al-Ashʽarī, one of the Companions of the Prophet. He ...
Ash{ʽ}ariyyah
School of Muslim theology founded by Abū al-Ḥasan al-Asharī in the 10th century. It supported the use of reason and speculative theology (kalām) to defend the faith but was ...
Ashʿarī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-
▪ Muslim theologian born 873/874, Basra, Iraq died c. 935, /936, Baghdad       Muslim Arab theologian noted for having integrated the rationalist methodology of the ...
ASI
Aeron. airspeed indicator. * * *
Asia
/ay"zheuh, ay"sheuh/, n. a continent bounded by Europe and the Arctic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. 2,896,700,000; ab. 16,000,000 sq. mi. (41,440,000 sq. km). * * * I Largest ...
Asia Minor
a peninsula in W Asia between the Black and Mediterranean seas, including most of Asiatic Turkey. Cf. Anatolia. * * *
Asia Society Museum
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States       American museum in New York (New York City), N.Y., established in 1978 with a gift from the philanthropist John D. ...
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
▪ international organization       organization that seeks to promote free trade and economic cooperation throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Established in 1989 in ...
Asiadollar
/ay"zheuh dol'euhr, ay"sheuh-/, n. a U.S. dollar deposited in or credited to Asian banks and used in the money markets of the region. Cf. Eurodollar. [1970-75; ASIA + DOLLAR] * * ...
Asiago
A·si·a·go (ä'sē-äʹgō, ä-syäʹ-) n. A yellow Italian cheese suitable for grating when aged.   [AfterAsiago, Italy, commune where it originated.] * * *
AsiaMinor
Asia Minor A peninsula of western Asia between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. It is generally coterminous with Asian Turkey and is usually considered synonymous with ...
Asian
/ay"zheuhn, ay"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or characteristic of Asia or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native of Asia. [1555-65; < L Asianus < Gk Asianós. See ASIA, -AN] * * ...
Asian American
n an American who was born in an Asian country or who is descended from Asians. Asian Americans live mostly on the west coast of the US, and include Chinese, Japanese and ...
Asian Development Bank
      organization that provides loans and equity investments for development projects in its member countries. The bank also provides technical assistance for projects ...
Asian Dub Foundation
a British pop group, formed in 1994, who mix Asian music with jungle, dub and other styles. Their albums include Facts and Fictions (1995), Rafi’s Revenge (1998) and Enemy of ...
Asian Games
▪ amateur athletics       regional games sponsored by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) for men and women athletes from Asian countries ...
Asian influenza
Asian influenza n. pandemic influenza caused by a strain of the influenza virus first isolated in Singapore in 1957: also Asian flu * * *
Asian Times
a British newspaper published every week, which contains articles on politics, culture, sport and other subjects of interest to people in Britain’s Asian community. It first ...
Asian tree mouse
▪ rodent       any of three species of small rodents found only in a few tropical forests (tropical rainforest) of India and continental Southeast Asia.       The ...
Asian Women United
▪ American organization       American organization dedicated to reflecting and shaping public perceptions of Asian culture, particularly of Asian ...
Asian-American
/ay'zheuhn euh mer"i keuhn, ay"sheuhn-/, n. 1. a citizen or resident of the U.S. of Asian birth or descent. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Asian-Americans or their culture. * * *
AsianAmerican
A·sian A·mer·i·can also A·sian-A·mer·i·can (āʹzhən-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kən, āʹshən-) n. A U.S. citizen or resident of Asian descent. See Usage Note at ...
Asianinfluenza
Asian influenza n. Influenza caused by a strain of the most common influenza virus (type A), which was first isolated in China during the 1957 epidemic. Also called Asian flu. * ...
Asianization
A·sian·i·za·tion (ā'zhə-nĭ-zāʹshən) n. 1. The act or process of making or becoming Asian in character, culture, or outlook. 2. Development of more complex, integral ...
Asianpear
Asian pear n. See sand pear. * * *
Asiantiger mosquito
Asian tiger mosquito n. A mosquito (Aeder albopictus), native to Asia and now present in parts of tropical and subtropical America, that transmits dengue and yellow fever. * * *
Asiatic
—Asiatically, adv. /ay'zhee at"ik, ay'shee-, ay'zee-/, n., adj. Sometimes Offensive. Asian. [1625-35; < L Asiaticus < Gk Asiatikos. See ASIA, -ATIC] * * *
Asiatic beetle.
See oriental beetle. * * *
Asiatic black bear
▪ mammal also called  Himalayan bear,  Tibetan bear , or  moon bear   member of the bear family (Ursidae) found in the Himalayas, Southeast Asia, and part of eastern ...
Asiatic cholera
Pathol. cholera (def. 1). [1825-35] * * *
Asiatic elephant
Indian elephant. See under elephant. [1925-30] * * *
Asiatic Society of Bengal
▪ Oriental studies society       scholarly society founded on Jan. 15, 1784, by Sir William Jones (Jones, Sir William), a British lawyer and Orientalist, to encourage ...
Asiaticcholera
Asiatic cholera n. See cholera. * * *
ASID
ASID abbrev. American Society of Interior Designers * * *
aside
/euh suyd"/, adv. 1. on or to one side; to or at a short distance apart; away from some position or direction: to turn aside; to move the chair aside. 2. away from one's thoughts ...
asidefrom
aside from prep. Excluding; except for: Aside from a mild fever, the patient feels fine. * * *
asiderite
/euh sid"euh ruyt'/, n. an iron-free meteorite consisting of friable material. [A-6 + SIDERITE] * * *
asiento de negros
▪ Spanish history       between the early 16th and the mid-18th century, an agreement between the Spanish crown and a private person or another sovereign power by which ...
asif
as if conj. 1. In the same way that it would be if: looked as if she were made of ice. 2. That: It seemed as if the meeting would never end. * * *
Aşık Paşa
▪ Turkish author in full  Alâeddin Ali Aşik Paşa,  also spelled  ʿāshiq Pasha  born c. 1272 died 1333, Kırşehir, Seljuq empire [now in Turkey]       poet who ...
Aşıkpaşazâde
▪ Ottoman historian also called  Aşiki , original name  Dervis Ahmet Ibn Şeyh Yahya Ibn Şeyh Salman Ibn Aşik Paşa  born 1400, Amasya, Ottoman Empire [now in ...
Asilah
▪ Morocco also called  Arzīlah,  Spanish  Arcila        city on the Atlantic coast of northwestern Morocco, south of Tangier. While some attribute its founding ...
Asimov
/az"euh mawf', -mof'/, n. Isaac, 1920-92, U.S. science and science-fiction writer, born in Russia. * * *
Asimov, Isaac
born Jan. 2, 1920, Petrovichi, Russia died April 6, 1992, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. author and biochemist. He arrived in the U.S. at age 3, earned a doctorate from ...
Asimov,Isaac
As·i·mov (ăzʹĭ-môv', -mŏv'), Isaac. 1920-1992. Russian-born American scientist and prolific writer whose works include popular explanations of scientific principles and ...
Asinara Island
▪ island, Italy Italian  Isola Asinara,         island lying in the Mediterranean Sea off the northwest coast of Sardinia. It has an area of 20 square miles (52 ...
Asine
/a see"nay/, n. an ancient town in S Greece, on the Gulf of Argolis. * * *
asinine
—asininely, adv. —asininity /as'euh nin"i tee/, n. /as"euh nuyn'/, adj. 1. foolish, unintelligent, or silly; stupid: It is surprising that supposedly intelligent people can ...
asininely
See asinine. * * *
asininity
asininity [as΄ə nin′ə tē] n. 1. the quality or state of being asinine; stupidity 2. pl. asininities an asinine act or remark * * * See asininely. * * *
Asino
▪ Russia       city, Tomsk oblast (province), southeastern Russia. The city is located near the Chulym River, an important logging stream, and is the largest ...
Asir
/ah sear"/, n. a district in SW Saudi Arabia. * * * ▪ region, Saudi Arabia Arabic  ʿasīr        (“Difficult Country”), region of southwestern Saudi Arabia ...
Asirgarh
▪ fortress, India       Indian fortress situated between the Tapti (Tapti River) and Narmada (Narmada River) rivers, just north of the city of Burhanpur, in the former ...
asity
▪ bird  either of two species of short-tailed, 15-centimetre- (6-inch-) long birds of the family Philepittidae (order Passeriformes), inhabiting forests of Madagascar. The ...
ask
—asker, n. /ask, ahsk/, v.t. 1. to put a question to; inquire of: I asked him but he didn't answer. 2. to request information about: to ask the way. 3. to try to get by using ...
Ask
/ahsk/, n. Scand. Myth. the first man, made by the gods from an ash tree. Cf. Embla. [ < ON Askr; see ASH2] * * *
askance
/euh skans"/, adv. 1. with suspicion, mistrust, or disapproval: He looked askance at my offer. 2. with a side glance; sidewise; obliquely. Also, askant /euh skant"/. [1520-30; ...
askant
askant [ə skant′] adv. Archaic askance * * *
askarel
/as'keuh rel"/, n. Chem. any of the class of synthetic, nonflammable, liquid dielectrics used chiefly for insulation in transformers. [of obscure orig.] * * *
askari
/as"keuh ree/, n., pl. askaris, askari. a native African police officer or soldier, esp. one serving a colonial administration. [1885-90; < Swahili < Ar 'askari soldier, equiv. ...
Askarī, Jaʿfar al-ʿ
▪ Iraqi statesman also called  Jaʿfar Pasha,  in full  Jaʿfar Pasha Ibn Muṣṭafā Ibn ʿabd Ar-raḥman Al-ʿaskarī  born 1887, Baghdad, Iraq, Ottoman Empire [now in ...
Askelon
Askelon or Askalon [äs′kə län΄] ASHQELON * * *
asker
See ask. * * *
askesis
/euh skee"sis/, n., pl. askeses /-seez/. strict self-discipline or self-control, as for religious or meditative purposes. Also, ascesis. [1870-75; Gk askesis exercise, training, ...
askew
—askewness, n. /euh skyooh"/, adv. 1. to one side; out of line; in a crooked position; awry: to wear one's hat askew; to hang a picture askew. 2. with disapproval, scorn, ...
Askia Dynasty
      Muslim family that ruled the extensive Songhai empire of West Africa, centred on Timbuktu, in present Mali, from 1492 to 1591. Its members included the dynasty's ...
asking bid
Bridge. a conventional bid by which a bidder asks for specific information about the strength of his or her partner's hand in a given suit. [1935-40] * * *
asking price
the price originally demanded by the seller, as before any reduction resulting from bargaining, discount, etc. [1745-55] * * *
askingprice
ask·ing price (ăsʹkĭng) n. The price at which an item is offered for sale. * * *
Askja
/ahsk"yah/, n. a volcano in E central Iceland. 4754 ft. (1449 m). * * * Caldera, Iceland. The largest crater in the Dyngjufjöl volcanic massif, Askja lies 20 mi (32 km) north ...
askos
/as"kos/, n., pl. askoi /-koy/. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. an oil or wine jar, characterized by an ellipsoidal body and a short, flanged spout from which a thin handle extends in an arc ...
Askr and Embla
▪ Norse mythology       in Norse mythology, the first man and first woman, respectively, parents of the human race. They were created from tree trunks found on the ...
ASL
1. American Shuffleboard League. 2. See American Sign Language. 3. American Soccer League. * * *
ASLA
American Society of Landscape Architects. * * *
aslant
/euh slant", euh slahnt"/, adv. 1. at a slant; slantingly; obliquely. adj. 2. slanting or on a slant; oblique. prep. 3. slantingly across; athwart. [1250-1300; ME on slont, on ...

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