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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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autotrophic [ôt΄ō träf′ik] adj. 〚 AUTO- + TROPHIC〛 making its own food by photosynthesis, as a green plant does, or by chemosynthesis, as any of certain bacteria do: ...
See autotrophic. * * *
See autotrophic. * * *
/aw"toh truk'/, n. a motor truck. [1895-1900, Amer.; AUTO-2 + TRUCK] * * *
—autotypic /aw'teuh tip"ik/, adj. —autotypy /aw"teuh tuy'pee/, n. /aw"teuh tuyp'/, n. 1. facsimile (defs. 1, 2). 2. Photog. a. a process for producing permanent prints in a ...
/aw"toh werr'keuhr/, n. a worker employed in the manufacture of automobiles, esp. on the assembly line of an automobile plant. [1940-45; AUTO-2 + WORKER] * * *
/aw tok'si day"sheuhn/, n. Chem. 1. the oxidation of a compound by exposure to air. 2. an oxidation reaction in which another substance, in addition to air and the compound being ...
/aw tok'si day"sheuhn ri duk'sheuhn/, n. Chem. disproportionation. * * *
autres temps, autres moeurs
/oh trddeu tahonn" oh trddeu muerdd", muerdds"/, French. other times, other customs. * * *
/aw"tree/, n. Gene, born 1907, U.S. actor and singer. * * *
Autry, (Orvon) Gene
born Sept. 29, 1907, Tioga, Texas, U.S. died Oct. 2, 1998, North Hollywood, Calif. U.S. actor and singer. He made his debut on a local radio show in 1928, hosting his own radio ...
Autry, Gene
▪ 1999       American entertainer (b. Sept. 29, 1907, Tioga, Texas—d. Oct. 2, 1998, North Hollywood, Calif.), gained fame in motion pictures as the first American ...
/aw"teuhm/, n. 1. the season between summer and winter; fall. In the Northern Hemisphere it is from the September equinox to the December solstice; in the Southern Hemisphere it ...
autumn crocus
any of several bulbous plants of the genus Colchicum, of the lily family, esp. C. autumnale, bearing showy, crocuslike white, pink, or purple flowers in autumn. Also called ...
autumn olive
autumn olive n. a spiny shrub (Elaeagnus umbellata) of the oleaster family, having leaves covered with silvery or brown scales: see RUSSIAN OLIVE * * *
autumn statement
n a British government statement made every year in the autumn about the economy and the government’s future economic plans: The Chancellor announced in his autumn statement ...
—autumnally, adv. /aw tum"nl/, adj. 1. belonging to or suggestive of autumn; produced or gathered in autumn: autumnal colors. 2. past maturity or middle life. [1630-40; < L ...
autumnal equinox
1. See under equinox (def. 1). 2. Also called autumnal point. the position of the sun at the time of the autumnal equinox. [1670-80] * * *
autumnal equinox n. 1. The point at which the ecliptic intersects the celestial equator, the sun having a southerly motion. 2. The moment at which the sun passes through the ...
See autumnal. * * *
autumn crocus n. A corm-producing European and North African plant (Colchicum autumnale) having showy colorful flowers that appear in the fall. Also called meadow saffron. * * *
▪ France       town, Saône-et-Loire département, Bourgogne ( Burgundy) région, central France, on the Arroux River, southwest of Dijon. Augustodunum (Autun) ...
/awt"n uyt', oh tun"uyt/, n. a yellow mineral, a hydrous calcium uranium phosphate, CaU2P2O12·8H2O, occurring in crystals as nearly square tablets: a minor ore of ...
/oh vairn", oh verrn"/; Fr. /oh verddn"yeu/, n. a former province in central France. See map under Gascony. * * * Region (pop., 1999: 1,308,878), south-central France. It was ...
Auwers, Arthur von
▪ German astronomer born Sept. 12, 1838, Göttingen, Hanover [Germany] died Jan. 24, 1915, Berlin, Ger.       German astronomer known for his star ...
/oh/, French. pl. of au. * * *
Ling. auxiliary verb: used to represent a phrase structure constituent that may include such verbal elements as tense and mood markers as well as auxiliaries. Also, Aux. * * *
Aux Cayes
/oh kay"/ former name of Les Cayes. * * *
var. of auxo-, esp. before a vowel: auxin. * * *
auxiliary; auxiliaries. Also, aux, auxil. * * *
aux. v. abbr. auxiliary verb. * * *
▪ France  town, capital of Yonne département, Bourgogne ( Burgundy) région, central France, on the Yonne River. The town, which flourished in pre-Roman and Roman days, ...
/awg zee"sis, awk see"-/, n. Biol. growth, esp. that resulting from an increase in cell size. Cf. merisis. [1570-80; < Gk: increase, equiv. to auxe- verbid s. of aúxein to ...
/awg zet"ik, awk set"-/, Biol. adj. 1. pertaining to or promoting auxesis. n. 2. an auxetic agent. [1730-40; < Gk auxetikos increasing, equiv. to auxet(ós) increased (deriv. of ...
See auxetic. * * *
/awg zil"yeuh ree, -zil"euh-/, adj., n., pl. auxiliaries. adj. 1. additional; supplementary; reserve: an auxiliary police force. 2. used as a substitute or reserve in case of ...
auxiliary equation
Math. See characteristic equation (def. 1b). * * *
auxiliary language
a language, as Esperanto, Swahili, or English, used for intercommunication by speakers of various other languages. [1900-05] * * *
auxiliary rafter
1. a rafter reinforcing a principal rafter. 2. a rafter reinforcing a diagonal member of a queen post truss. Also called cushion rafter. * * *
auxiliary storage
Computers. See secondary storage. Also called auxiliary memory. * * *
auxiliary tone
Music. a melodic ornamental tone following a principal tone by a step above or below and returning to the principal tone; embellishment. Also called auxiliary note. * * *
auxiliary verb
a word used in construction with and preceding certain forms of other verbs, as infinitives or participles, to express distinctions of tense, aspect, mood, etc., as did in Did ...
auxiliary verb n. Abbr. aux. or aux. v. A verb, such as have, can, or will, that accompanies the main verb in a clause and helps to make distinctions in mood, voice, aspect, and ...
/awk'seuh lit"ik/, adj. Biochem. promoting lysis or increasing lytic action. [AUX- + -I- + -LYTIC] * * *
—auxinic, adj. /awk"sin/, n. Biochem. a class of substances that in minute amounts regulate or modify the growth of plants, esp. root formation, bud growth, and fruit and leaf ...
See auxin. * * *
See auxinic. * * *
/awk"soh/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Graces worshiped at Athens. * * *
a combining form meaning "growth," "increase," used in the formation of compound words: auxochrome. Also, esp. before a vowel, aux-. [ < Gk aúx(ein) to grow, increase (var. of ...
/awk'seuh kahr"dee euh/, n. Pathol. enlargement of the heart, as by hypertrophy or dilatation. [AUXO- + -CARDIA] * * *
—auxochromic, adj. /awk"seuh krohm'/, n. Chem. any radical or group of atoms that intensifies the color of a substance. [1890-95; AUXO- + CHROME] * * *
—auxotrophic, adj. /awk"seuh trof', -trohf'/, n. Biol. a mutant organism, esp. a microorganism, that has a nutritional requirement not shared by the parent organism. Cf. ...
auxotrophic [ôk΄sə träf′ik] adj. 〚< Gr auxein, to increase + -TROPHIC〛 designating or of a mutant organism requiring more nutritional substances than its prototrophic ...
See auxotrophic. * * *
/ahv, awv/, n. the eleventh month of the Jewish calendar. Also, Ab. Cf. Jewish calendar. [ < Heb abh] * * *
1. arteriovenous. 2. atrioventricular. 3. audiovisual. * * *
1. avenue. 2. average. 3. See avoirdupois weight. * * *
/euh vah", euh vaw"/, adv. Scot. of all; at all. Also, ava'. * * * Ruined city, Myanmar. The city, located on the Irrawaddy River southwest of Mandalay, was founded in the 14th ...
/ay"veuh/, n. a female given name. * * * Ruined city, Myanmar. The city, located on the Irrawaddy River southwest of Mandalay, was founded in the 14th century by the Shans, who ...
Ava Gardner
➡ Gardner (I) * * *
▪ Buddhist literature (Sanskrit:“Noble Deeds”),       legendary material centring on the Buddha's explanations of events by a person's worthy deeds in a previous ...
/av"euh deuh vat'/, n. a waxbill, Estrilda amandava, native to Asia, having in the male scarlet plumage with white dots on the sides and breast: raised as a cage bird. Also, ...
▪ primate also called  woolly lemur        long-legged arboreal lemur of Madagascar. Avahis have short arms, a short muzzle, and a round head with small ears hidden ...
—availingly, adv. /euh vayl"/, v.t. 1. to be of use or value to; profit; advantage: All our efforts availed us little in trying to effect a change. v.i. 2. to be of use; have ...
availability [ə vāl΄ə bil′ə tē] n. 1. the quality or condition of being available 2. pl. availabilities an available person or thing * * * See available. * * *
—availability, availableness, n. —availably, adv. /euh vay"leuh beuhl/, adj. 1. suitable or ready for use; of use or service; at hand: I used whatever tools were ...
available light
Photog., Fine Arts. the natural or usual light on a subject. * * *
See availability. * * *
See availability. * * *
See avail. * * *
/av"euh lanch', -lahnch'/, n., v., avalanched, avalanching. n. 1. a large mass of snow, ice, etc., detached from a mountain slope and sliding or falling suddenly downward. 2. ...
avalanche effect
▪ physics       in physics, a sudden increase in the flow of an electrical current (electric current) through a nonconducting or semiconducting solid when a sufficiently ...
avalanche lily
either of two plants, Erythronium grandiflorum or E. montanum, of the lily family, of the mountains of northwestern North America, having nodding yellow or white ...
avalanche wind
/wind/ the wind that is created in front of an avalanche. * * *
avalanche lily n. A western North American corm-producing plant (Erythronium grandiflorum) in the lily family, having white or golden-yellow flowers with red anthers.   [So ...
/uv'euh loh'ki taysh"veuhr euh/, n. Buddhism. a male Bodhisattva, widely revered and identified with various persons and gods. Cf. Kwan-Yin. * * * Chinese Guanyin Japanese ...
/av"euh lon'/, n. Celtic Legend. an island, represented as an earthly paradise in the western seas, to which King Arthur and other heroes were carried at death. Also, Avallon. [ ...
Avalon Peninsula
a peninsula in SE Newfoundland, in E Canada: surrounded on three sides by the Atlantic Ocean. ab. 3579 sq. mi. (9270 sq. km). * * * ▪ peninsula, Newfoundland, ...
Avalon, Frankie
▪ American singer and actor byname of  Francis Thomas Avallone  born Sept. 18, 1939, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American vocalist and actor best known for his ...
Avalonian orogeny
▪ geology       a mountain-building event that affected the eastern portion of the Appalachian Geosyncline in late Precambrian time (Precambrian time occurred from 3.96 ...
Avalon Peninsula A large, irregularly shaped peninsula of southeast Newfoundland, Canada. Most of the province's population resides here. * * *
avant la lettre
avant la lettre [ȧ vän lȧ le′tr'] adj. 〚Fr〛 before the (specified) concept, word, person, etc. existed [a mid-Victorian matron who was a feminist avant la lettre] * * *
—avant-gardist, n. /euh vahnt'gahrd", euh vant'-, av'ahnt-, ah'vahnt-/; Fr. /ann vahonn gannrddd"/, n. 1. the advance group in any field, esp. in the visual, literary, or ...
/euh vahnt'gahr"diz euhm, euh vant'-, av'ahnt-, ah'vahnt-/, n. the attitudes, techniques, etc., of the cultural avant-garde. [1945-50; AVANT-GARDE + -ISM] * * *
See avant-gardism. * * *
/euh vun"tee/, n. Kingdom of an ancient Aryan kingdom of W central India, with its capital near modern Ujjain; flourished in the 6th-4th centuries B.C. * * * Historic kingdom, ...
/ah"vahr/, n. a member of a people, probably originating in Asia, who settled in Dacia A.D. c555, later occupied Pannonia, and invaded other parts of central and eastern Europe ...
Avar-Andi-Dido languages
      group of languages spoken in western and central Dagestan republic, Russia, and in part of Azerbaijan. The group includes the Avar language, the Andi languages ...
/av"euhr is/, n. insatiable greed for riches; inordinate, miserly desire to gain and hoard wealth. [1250-1300; ME < OF < L avaritia, equiv. to avar(us) greedy + -itia -ICE] Syn. ...
—avariciously, adv. —avariciousness, n. /av'euh rish"euhs/, adj. characterized by avarice; greedy; covetous. [1425-75; late ME; see AVARICE, -IOUS] Syn. AVARICIOUS, COVETOUS, ...
See avaricious. * * *
See avariciously. * * *
a·vas·cu·lar (ā-văsʹkyə-lər) adj. Not associated with or supplied by blood vessels.   a·vas'cu·larʹi·ty (-lărʹĭ-tē) n. * * *
See avascular. * * *
/euh vast", euh vahst"/, imperative verb. Naut. (used as a command to stop or cease): Avast heaving! [1675-85; perh. < D houd vast hold fast (see HOLD1, FAST1)] * * *
or Garland Sutra Mahayana Buddhist sutra that explores the teachings of the Buddha Gautama. It speaks of the deeds of the Buddha and the resulting merits that blossom like a ...
/av"euh tahr', av'euh tahr"/, n. 1. Hindu Myth. the descent of a deity to the earth in an incarnate form or some manifest shape; the incarnation of a god. 2. an embodiment or ...
/euh vawnt", euh vahnt"/, adv. Archaic. away; hence. [1275-1325; ME < MF avant to the front < LL ab ante before (L: from before). See AB-, ANTE-] * * *
AVC abbr. 1. American Veterans Committee. 2. automatic volume control. * * *
avdp abbrev. avoirdupois * * *
See avoirdupois weight. * * *
/ah"vay, ay"vee/, interj. 1. hail; welcome. 2. farewell; good-bye. n. 3. the salutation "ave." 4. (cap.) See Ave Maria. [1200-50; ME < L: impv. 2d sing. of avere to be well, fare ...
ave atque vale
/ah"we aht"kwe wah"le/; Eng. /ay"vee at"kwee vay"lee, ah"vay aht"kway vah"lay/, Latin. hail and farewell. * * *
Ave Maria
/ah"vay meuh ree"euh/ 1. (italics.) the first two words of the Latin version of a prayer in the Roman Catholic Church, based on the salutation of the angel Gabriel to the Virgin ...
Ave Regina Coelorum
/ah"vay ri jee"neuh che lawr"euhm, -lohr"-/ a Latin hymn in honor of the Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven. [lit., Hail, Queen of Heaven] * * *
avenue. Also, ave. * * *
/ayv"beuh ree/, n. 1. Baron. See Lubbock, Sir John. 2. Also, Abury. a village in Wiltshire, England: site of one of the largest ceremonial megalithic structures in Europe. * * ...
avec plaisir
/ann vek ple zeerdd"/, French. with pleasure. * * *
/av"i don'/, n. Richard, born 1923, U.S. photographer. * * *
Avedon, Richard
born May 15, 1923, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 1, 2004, San Antonio, Texas U.S. photographer. He began studying photography in the U.S. merchant marine. In 1945 he became a ...
Av·e·don (ăvʹĭ-dŏn'), Richard. Born 1923. American photographer noted for his imaginative, lively fashion photography and stark portraits. * * *
/ah ve'yah ne"dhah/, n. a city in E Argentina, near Buenos Aires. 330,654. * * * ▪ cabecera, Argentina formerly  Barracas al Sur (Spanish: “Huts to the ...
▪ Italy       city, Campania region, southern Italy, on the Sabato River surrounded by the Apennines, east of Naples. Its name is derived from Abellinum, a stronghold ...
A·ve Ma·ri·a (äʹvā mə-rēʹə) n. Roman Catholic Church See Hail Mary.   [Middle English, from Medieval Latin Avē Maria.] * * *
▪ Spanish Muslim philosopher also called  Ibn Bājjah , in full  Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn as-Sāyigh at-Tujībī al-Andalusī as-Saraqustī  born c. 1095, , ...
/av'euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. of or like oats. [1765-75; < L avenaceus, equiv. to aven(a) oats + -aceus -ACEOUS] * * *
Avenarius, Richard
▪ German philosopher born November 19, 1843, Paris died August 18, 1896, Zürich       German philosopher who taught at Zürich and founded the epistemological theory ...
—avengeful, adj. —avenger, n. —avengingly, adv. /euh venj"/, v.t., avenged, avenging. 1. to take vengeance or exact satisfaction for: to avenge a grave insult. 2. to take ...
See avenge. * * *
a popular British television series, made in the 1960s, in which John Steed, an English gentleman(3), and his friend Emma Peel, an expert in judo, had slightly comic adventures ...
See avenger. * * *
/av"inz/, n., pl. avens. any of various plants of the genus Geum, of the rose family, having yellow, white, or red flowers. [1200-50; ME avence < OF < ML avencia kind of ...
/av"euhn tayl'/, n. Armor. 1. Also called camail. a mail tippet suspended from the lower edges of a 14th-century basinet as a protection for the neck, throat, and shoulders. 2. ...
/av"euhn tuyn', -tin/, n. 1. one of the seven hills on which ancient Rome was built. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Aventine. [1615-25; < L Aventinus (mons) the Aventine ...
▪ German humanist and historian original name  Johannes Turmair   born July 4, 1477, Abensberg, Bavaria died Jan. 9, 1534, Regensburg  Humanist and historian sometimes ...
(also Aventis Pharma) an international drugs company which provides the money for the Aventis Prizes for Science Books. The prizes, which started in 1988 and are judged by the ...
Aventis Pharma
➡ Aventis * * *
/euh ven"cheuh reen', -rin/, n. 1. an opaque, brown glass containing fine, gold-colored particles. 2. any of several varieties of minerals, esp. quartz or feldspar, spangled with ...
/av"euh nyooh', -nooh'/, n. 1. a wide street or main thoroughfare. 2. a means of access or attainment: avenues of escape; avenues to greater power. 3. a way or means of entering ...
➡ street names * * *
/av'euhn zoh"euhr, -zoh ahr"/, n. 1091?-1162, Arab physician and writer in Spain: founder of Almohad dynasty. Also called Abumeron. * * *
/euh verr"/, v.t., averred, averring. 1. to assert or affirm with confidence; declare in a positive or peremptory manner. 2. Law. to allege as a fact. [1350-1400; ME < MF averer ...
—averageable, adj. —averagely, adv. —averageness, n. /av"euhr ij, av"rij/, n., adj., v., averaged, averaging. n. 1. a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or ...
Average Capacity of the Braincase in Fossil Hominins
▪ Table Average Capacity of the Braincase in Fossil Hominins hominin number of fossil examples average capacity of ...
Average Composition of the Atmosphere
▪ Table Average composition of the atmosphere gas composition by volume (ppm)* composition by weight (ppm)* total mass (1020 ...
average deviation.
See mean deviation. * * *
Average dose due to natural radioactivity deposited internally
▪ Table Average dose due to natural radioactivity deposited internally isotope radioactivity in millibecquerel (mBq)* radiation dose in mSv (per year) critical ...
average life
Physics. See mean life. * * *
Average net primary production of the Earth's major habitats
▪ Table Average net primary production of the Earth's major habitats habitat net primary production (gram per square metre per ...
average revenue
the total receipts from sales divided by the number of units sold, frequently employed in price theory in conjunction with marginal revenue. * * *
Average species life spans and extinction rates for various groups of fossil marine species
▪ Table Average species life spans and extinction rates for various groups of fossil marine species group average species life span (millions of years) extinctions per ...
average joe n. An ordinary person, especially a man: “In these films the art community is a netherworld aggressively hostile to those average joes... who are not of it” ...
See average. * * *
See averagely. * * *
averaging light meter
Photog. an exposure meter that evaluates light measured from all parts of the picture area to generate an average reading. Cf. center-weighted light meter. * * *
▪ Judaism also spelled  Averah (Hebrew: “a crossing over”),  plural  ʿaverot, or Averoth,         in Judaism, a moral transgression (or sin) against God or ...
Averell Harriman
➡ Harriman (I) * * *
Averescu, Alexandru
▪ premier of Romania born April 22, 1859, Izmail, Moldavia [now in Ukraine] died Oct. 3, 1938, Bucharest, Rom.       military leader and politician who three times ...
/ay"veuhr il/, n. a male given name. Also, Averell. * * *
/euh verr"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of averring. 2. a positive statement. [1400-50; late ME averrement < MF. See AVER, -MENT] * * *
A·ver·no (ä-vĕrʹnō) Ancient name A·ver·nus (ə-vûrʹnəs). A small crater lake of southern Italy near the Tyrrhenian Sea west of Naples. Because of its gloomy aspect ...
Averno, Lake of
▪ lake, Italy Italian  Lago D'averno,  Latin  Lacus Avernus,         crater lake in Napoli province, Campania region, southern Italy, in the Campi Flegrei volcanic ...
—Avernal, adj. /euh verr"neuhs/, n. 1. a lake near Naples, Italy, looked upon in ancient times as an entrance to hell, from whose waters vile-smelling vapors arose, supposedly ...
Avernus, Lake
ancient Lacus Avernus. Lake, southern Italy. It lies west of Naples in the crater of an extinct volcano. Because of its sulfurous vapors, it was considered an entrance to the ...
See averment. * * *
Averroë s
Arabic Ibn Rushd in full Abū al-Walīd Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Rushd born 1126, Córdoba died 1198, Marrakech, Almohad empire Spanish Arabic ...
/euh ver"oh eez'/, n. 1126?-98, Arab philosopher in Spain. Also, Averrhoës. * * * ▪ Muslim philosopher Introduction medieval Latin  Averrhoës , also called  Ibn Rushd , ...
—Averroist, Averrhoist, n. —Averroistic, Averrhoistic, adj. /av'euh roh"iz euhm, euh ver"oh-/, n. the philosophy of Averroës, largely based on Aristotelianism and asserting ...
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Campania region, southern Italy, in the fertile Campanian plain north of Naples. Founded in 1030 by the Normans, who made it the ...
—aversely, adv. —averseness, n. /euh verrs"/, adj. having a strong feeling of opposition, antipathy, repugnance, etc.; opposed: He is not averse to having a drink now and ...
See averse. * * *
See aversely. * * *
/euh verr"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. a strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy (usually fol. by to): a strong aversion to snakes and spiders. 2. a cause or ...
aversion therapy
aversion therapy n. therapy designed to suppress undesirable behavior, as a compulsion or addiction, by conditioning a person to associate the behavior with an unpleasant or ...
aversion therapy n. A type of behavior therapy designed to modify undesirable or antisocial habits or addictions by creating a strong association with a disagreeable or painful ...
—aversively, adv. —aversiveness, n. /euh verr"siv, -ziv/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to aversion. 2. of or pertaining to aversive conditioning. n. 3. a reprimand, punishment, ...
aversive conditioning
Psychol., Psychiatry. a type of behavior conditioning in which noxious stimuli are associated with undesirable or unwanted behavior that is to be modified or abolished, as the ...
See aversive. * * *
See aversively. * * *
—avertedly, adv. —averter, n. —avertible, avertable, adj. /euh verrt"/, v.t. 1. to turn away or aside: to avert one's eyes. 2. to ward off; prevent: to avert evil; to avert ...
See avertible. * * *
See avert. * * *
/euh verr"tin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of tribromoethanol. * * *
/ay"veuh ree/, n. 1. Milton, 1893-1965, U.S. painter. 2. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "elf" and "favor." * * * (as used in expressions) Avery Oswald ...
Avery, Byllye
▪ American health-care activist in full  Byllye Yvonne Avery  born 1937, DeLand, Florida, U.S.    American health care activist whose efforts centred on bettering the ...
Avery, John
▪ British pirate original name  Henry Every,  also called  Captain Bridgeman,  or  Long Ben   born c. 1653, Cat Down, Plymouth, Eng. died after 1696, Bideford, ...
Avery, Milton
▪ American painter born March 7, 1893, Altmar, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 3, 1965, New York City  painter noted in his later years for depicting the human figure as a contoured ...
Avery, Oswald
▪ American bacteriologist in full  Oswald Theodore Avery  born Oct. 21, 1877, Halifax, N.S., Can. died Feb. 20, 1955, Nashville, Tenn., U.S.       Canadian-born ...
Avery, Oswald (Theodore)
born Oct. 21, 1877, Halifax, N.S., Can. died Feb. 20, 1955, Nashville, Tenn., U.S. Canadian-born U.S. bacteriologist. He studied at Colgate University before taking a post at ...
Avery, Samuel Putnam
▪ American artist and philanthropist born March 17, 1822, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 11, 1904, New York City       artist, connoisseur, art dealer, and ...
Avery, Tex
▪ American director byname of  Frederick Bean Avery  born February 26, 1908, Taylor, Texas, U.S. died August 26, 1980, Burbank, California       influential American ...
Avery,Milton Clark
A·ver·y (āʹvə-rē), Milton Clark. 1893-1965. American painter. Influenced by the works of Henri Matisse, his style of subtle colors and flat patterns influenced abstract ...
/ay"veez/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a class of vertebrates comprising the birds. [1895-1900; < NL; L, pl. of avis bird] * * *
/euh ves"teuh/, n. a collection of sacred Zoroastrian writings, including the Gathas. * * * or Zend-Avesta Sacred book of Zoroastrianism. It contains hymns, prayers, and ...
/euh ves"teuhn/, n. 1. an ancient East Iranian language of the Indo-European family, the language of all the Avesta but the Gathas. Cf. Gathic (def. 1). adj. 2. of or pertaining ...
Avestan language
Eastern Iranian language of the Avesta, the sacred book of Zoroastrianism. The oldest portion of the Avesta, the Gathas, are now commonly thought to date from around the end of ...
/ann vay rddawonn"/, n. a department in S France. 278,306; 3387 sq. mi. (8770 sq. km). Cap.: Rodez. * * *
▪ Italy       town, Abruzzi regione, central Italy. Avezzano lies south of L'Aquila city. Built on the reclaimed Fucino Basin (q.v.), the town was destroyed in 1915 by ...
all-volunteer force: referring to an armed force made up solely of volunteers during a period when there is no military draft, as the U.S. armed forces since the Vietnam War. * * ...
avg abbrev. average * * *
average. * * *
/av"gas'/, n. Aviation. gasoline for use in piston-engined aircraft. [1940-45; AV(IATION) + GAS(OLINE)] * * *
/ahv'goh lem"euh noh'/; Gk. /ahv'gaw le"maw naw/, n. Greek Cookery. a soup or sauce made with beaten eggs, lemon juice, and usually chicken broth. [1960-65; ModGk augolémono, ...
a combining form meaning "bird," used in the formation of compound words: aviculture. [ < L, comb. form of avis] * * *
/ay"vee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to birds. [1865-70; AVI- + -AN] * * *
avian diphtheria
Vet. Pathol. See fowl pox. * * *
avian influenza
an acute, usually fatal viral disease of chickens and other domestic and wild birds except pigeons, characterized by sudden onset of symptoms including fever, swollen head and ...
avian leukosis
Vet. Pathol. leukosis. * * *
avian pneumoencephalitis
/nooh'moh en sef'euh luy"tis, nyooh'-/, Vet. Pathol. See Newcastle disease. * * *
avian pox
Vet. Pathol. See fowl pox. * * *
/ay"vee euh nuyz'/, v.t., avianized, avianizing. Microbiol. to diminish the infectivity of (a virus) by repeated culturing in chick embryos. Also esp. Brit., avianise. [AVIAN + ...
See aviary. * * *
—aviarist /ay"vee euh rist/, n. /ay"vee er'ee/, n., pl. aviaries. a large cage or a house or enclosure in which birds are kept. [1570-80; < L aviarium a place where birds are ...
/ay"vee ayt', av"ee-/, v.t., v.i., aviated, aviating. to fly or fly in an aircraft. [1885-90; back formation from AVIATION] * * *
—aviatic /ay'vee at"ik, av'ee-/, adj. /ay'vee ay"sheuhn, av'ee-/, n. 1. the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, esp. heavier-than-air aircraft. 2. ...
aviation badge
wings. * * *
aviation cadet
one who trains to become an officer in an air force. [1940-45] * * *
aviation medicine
the branch of medicine dealing with the psychological, physiological, and pathological effects of flying in airplanes. Also called aeromedicine. * * *
aviation medicine n. See aeromedicine. * * *
/ay"vee ay'teuhr, av"ee-/, n. a pilot of an airplane or other heavier-than-air aircraft. [1885-90; AVI- + -ATOR, modeled on F aviateur] * * *
aviator glasses
eyeglasses with metal frames, and often tinted lenses, contoured to suggest the goggles once worn by aviators. [1965-70] * * *
aviator glasses pl.n. Eyeglasses having a lightweight metal frame and oval lenses that narrow toward the bridge of the nose. * * *
/ay'vee ay"triks, av'ee-/, n., pl. aviatrices /-ay"treuh seez', -euh truy"seez/. a woman who is a pilot; aviator. Also, aviatress, aviatrice /ay"vee ay'tris/. [1925-30; AVIAT(OR) ...
/ah'vee the brddawn", -se-/ n. (Solomon ben Judah ibn-Gabirol) 1021?-58, Jewish poet and philosopher in Spain. * * *
/av'euh sen"euh/, n. A.D. 980-1037, Islamic physician and philosopher, born in Persia. * * * Arabic Ibn Sīnā in full Abū ʾAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʽAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā born ...
—avicularian, adj. /euh vik'yeuh lair"ee euhm/, n., pl. avicularia /-lair"ee euh/. Zool. a protective zooid of a bryozoan colony, having movable jaws that can be snapped ...
—aviculturist, n. /ay"vi kul'cheuhr/, n. the rearing or keeping of birds. [1875-80; AVI- + CULTURE] * * *       raising and care of wild birds in captivity, for the ...
See aviculture. * * *
—avidly, adv. —avidness, n. /av"id/, adj. 1. enthusiastic; ardent; dedicated; keen: an avid moviegoer. 2. keenly desirous; eager; greedy (often fol. by for or of): avid for ...
/av"i din, euh vid"in/, n. Biochem. a protein, found in the white of egg, that combines with and prevents the action of biotin, thus injuring the animal that consumes it in ...
/euh vid"i tee/, n. 1. eagerness; greediness. 2. enthusiasm or dedication. [1400-50; late ME avidite < MF < L aviditas. See AVID, -ITY] * * *
Avidius Cassius, Gaius
▪ Roman emperor born c. AD 130, Egypt died July 175       usurping Roman emperor for three months in AD 175.       The son of a high civil servant of the emperor ...
See avid. * * *
/euh vid"yah/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism. ignorance of the identity of oneself with Brahman, resulting in imprisonment within the cycle of birth and death. Cf. vidya. [ < Skt avidya ...
—avifaunal, adj. —avifaunally, adv. /ay'veuh faw"neuh, av'euh/, n. the birds of a given region, considered as a whole. [1870-75; AVI- + FAUNA] * * *
See avifauna. * * *
—avigator, n. /av'i gay"sheuhn/, n. aerial navigation. [AVI- + (NAVI)GATION] * * *
/ann vee nyawonn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Vaucluse, in SE France, on the Rhone River: papal residence 1309-77. 93,024. * * * ancient Avennio City (pop., 1999: ...
Avignon papacy
Roman Catholic papacy during the period 1309–77, when the popes resided at Avignon, France. Elected pope through the machinations of Philip IV of France, Clement V moved the ...
Avignon school
School of late Gothic painting associated with the city of Avignon, Fr. , during the Avignon papacy, when many Italian artists worked there. This "school" represents a body of ...
      (Pāli), in the Buddhist chain of dependent origination, the ignorance that fetters man to transmigration. See pratītya-samutpāda. * * *
Ávila [äv′i lə] city of central Spain, west of Madrid: pop. 45,000 * * * Á·vi·la (äʹvə-lə, äʹvē-lä) A town of central Spain west-northwest of Madrid. It is a ...
Avila Camacho
/ah"vee lah' kah mah"chaw/ Manuel /mah nwel"/, 1897-1955, president of Mexico 1940-46. * * *
Ávila Camacho, Manuel
▪ president of Mexico born April 24, 1897, Teziutlán, Mex. died Oct. 13, 1955, Mexico City       soldier and moderate statesman whose presidency (1940–46) saw a ...
Ávila Camacho,Manuel
Á·vi·la Ca·ma·cho (äʹvē-lä' kə-mäʹchō), Manuel. 1897-1955. Mexican general and politician whose presidency (1940-1946) was a period of stability. * * *
A·vi·lés (ä'və-lāsʹ, ä'vē-lĕsʹ) A town of northwest Spain on an inlet of the Bay of Biscay. It is a port and an industrial center. Population: 89,992. * * * ▪ ...
Avinu Malkenu
▪ Judaism       (Hebrew: “Our Father, Our King”), the opening words of each verse of a Jewish litany of supplication that is recited in synagogues with special ...
See avionics. * * *
—avionic, adj. /ay'vee on"iks, av'ee-/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) the science and technology of the development and use of electrical and electronic devices in aviation. 2. ...
/ay'vee euh foh"bee euh, av'ee-/, n. Psychiatry. fear of flying in an airplane or other aircraft. [perh. AVI(ATION) + -O- + -PHOBIA] * * *
See avirulent. * * *
—avirulence, n. /ay vir"yeuh leuhnt, ay vir"euh-/, adj. (of organisms) having no virulence, as a result of age, heat, etc.; nonpathogenic. [1895-1900; A-6 + VIRULENT] * * *
/ay"vis/, n. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "bird." * * *
Avis, Warren Edward
▪ 2008       American businessman born Aug. 4, 1915 , Bay City, Mich. died April 24, 2007 , Ann Arbor, Mich. was the pioneering founder in 1946 of Avis Rent-a-Car, ...
/euh vuy"zoh/, n., pl. avisos. a boat used esp. for carrying dispatches; dispatch boat. [1625-35; < Sp, n. deriv. of avisar to ADVISE] * * *
Avison, Charles
▪ English composer baptized Feb. 16, 1709, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England died May 9, 1770, Newcastle upon Tyne       English composer, organist, and ...
Avison, Margaret
▪ Canadian poet born April 23, 1918, Galt, Ont., Can. died July 31, 2007, Toronto, Ont.       Canadian poet who revealed the progress of an interior spiritual journey ...
a large car hire company with offices in many countries. * * *
—avitaminotic /ay vuy'teuh meuh not"ik/, adj. /ay vuy'teuh meuh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. any disease caused by a lack of vitamins. [1910-15; A-6 + VITAMIN + -OSIS] * * *
See avitaminosis. * * *
▪ Roman emperor in full  Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus   died 456       Western Roman emperor (455–456).       Born of a distinguished Gallic family, ...
/ah veev"/, n. Chiefly Biblical. the seventh month of the Jewish year, equivalent to Nisan of the modern Jewish calendar. Ex. 34:18. Also, Abib. [ < Heb abhibh lit., ear of ...
/av loh"neuh/, n. former name of Vlorë. * * *
aviation. * * *
AV node (āʹvēʹ) n. See atrioventricular node.   [atrioventricular node.] * * *
/ah"vooh/, n., pl. avos. a money of account of Macao, the 100th part of a pataca. [1905-10; < Pg: lit., trifle, shortening of oitavo eighth; see OCTAVE] * * *
/av'euh kah"doh, ah'veuh-/, n., pl. avocados. 1. Also called alligator pear. a large, usually pear-shaped fruit having green to blackish skin, a single large seed, and soft, ...
—avocational, adj. —avocationally, adv. /av'euh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. something a person does in addition to a principal occupation, esp. for pleasure; hobby: Our doctor's ...
See avocation. * * *
See avocational. * * *
/av"euh set'/, n. any of several long-legged, web-footed shorebirds constituting the genus Recurvirostra, having a long, slender, upward-curving bill. [1760-70; < F avocette, ...
/av'euh deuh ray"/, n. the hard, light-colored wood of a West African tree, Turraeanthus africana, of the mahogany family, used for making furniture. [1930-35; < F avodiré, said ...
/ah'veuh gah"droh/; It. /ah'vaw gah"drddaw/, n. Count Amadeo /ah'mah de"aw/, 1776-1856, Italian physicist and chemist. * * *
Avogadro constant
Avogadro constant or Avogadro number n. the number of molecules contained in one mole (molecular weight in grams) of a substance, equal to 6.022137 × 1023: symbol, N, NA, or L: ...

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