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Avogadro's law
Chem. the principle that equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules. Thus, the molar volume of all ideal gases at 0° C ...
Avogadro's number
Chem. the constant, 6.02 × 1023, representing the number of atoms in a gram atom or the number of molecules in a gram molecule. Symbol: N Also called Avogadro constant. Cf. ...
Avogadro'slaw
A·vo·ga·dro's law (ä'və-gäʹdrōz, ä'vō-) n. The principle that equal volumes of all gases under identical conditions of pressure and temperature contain the same number ...
Avogadro'snumber
Avogadro's number also Avogadro number n. The number of molecules in a mole of a substance, approximately 6.0225 × 1023. * * *
Avogadro, Amedeo
▪ Italian physicist Introduction in full  Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro, conte di Quaregna e Cerreto   born August 9, 1776 , Turin, in the Kingdom of Sardinia and ...
Avogadro,Amedeo
A·vo·ga·dro (ä'və-gäʹdrō, ä'vō-), Amedeo. 1776-1856. Italian chemist and physicist who advanced the hypothesis that has come to be called Avogadro's law. From this ...
avoid
—avoidable, adj. —avoidably, adv. —avoider, n. /euh voyd"/, v.t. 1. to keep away from; keep clear of; shun: to avoid a person; to avoid taxes; to avoid danger. 2. to ...
avoidable
See avoid. * * *
avoidably
See avoidable. * * *
avoidance
/euh voyd"ns/, n. 1. the act of avoiding or keeping away from: the avoidance of scandal; the avoidance of one's neighbors. 2. Law. a making void; annulment. [1350-1400; ME < AF; ...
avoidance behaviour
Type of activity, exhibited by animals exposed to adverse stimuli, in which the tendency to flee or to act defensively is stronger than the tendency to attack. Vision is the ...
avoidance play
Bridge. a play by the declarer designed to prevent a particular opponent from taking the lead. * * *
avoidance relationship
▪ anthropology       in human societies, the institutionalized, formal avoidance of one individual by another. Avoidance relationships usually involve persons of ...
avoidance, zone of
Region of apparent absence of galaxies near the plane of the Milky Way Galaxy. Millions of external galaxies are in this region of the sky but are obscured by interstellar dust ...
avoider
See avoidable. * * *
avoir.
See avoirdupois weight. * * *
avoirdupois
/av'euhr deuh poyz"/, n. 1. See avoirdupois weight. 2. Informal. bodily weight: He carries around a lot of excess avoirdupois. [1250-1300; ME avoir de pois lit., property of ...
avoirdupois weight
the system of weights in British and U.S. use for goods other than gems, precious metals, and drugs: 2711/32 grains = 1 dram; 16 drams = 1 ounce; 16 ounces = 1 pound; 112 pounds ...
avoirdupoisweight
avoirdupois weight n. A system of weights and measures based on a pound containing 16 ounces or 7,000 grains and equal to 453.59 grams. * * *
Avola
▪ Italy       town, southeastern Sicily, Italy, southwest of Syracuse. Rebuilt after an earthquake in 1693, the town has several fine 18th-century churches. Sugar ...
Avon
/ay"veuhn, av"euhn/ for 1-4; /ay"von/ for 5, n. 1. a river in central England, flowing SE past Stratford-on-Avon to the Severn. 96 mi. (155 km) long. 2. a river in S England, ...
Avon Calling
▪ 1999       During the 1990s the untapped direct-sales markets in Russia and China provided a prime opportunity for Avon Products Inc. and Mary Kay Corp., two leading ...
Avon ladies
➡ Avon (II) * * *
Avon Lake
/ay"von/ a town in N Ohio. 13,222. * * *
Avon, River
I or Lower Avon River, southwestern England. Rising in Gloucestershire, it flows 75 mi (121 km) southwest through Bristol and into the Bristol Channel at Avonmouth, Bristol's ...
Avondale
▪ Arizona, United States       city, Maricopa county, central Arizona, U.S. Originally a station of the Southern Pacific Railroad some 20 miles (30 km) west of ...
avouch
—avoucher, n. —avouchment, n. /euh vowch"/, v.t. 1. to make frank acknowledgment or affirmation of; declare or assert with positiveness. 2. to assume responsibility for; ...
avouchment
See avouch. * * *
avow
—avowable, adj. —avower, n. /euh vow"/, v.t. to declare frankly or openly; own; acknowledge; confess; admit: He avowed himself an opponent of all alliances. [1150-1200; ME ...
avowable
See avow. * * *
avowably
See avowable. * * *
avowal
/euh vow"euhl/, n. an open statement of affirmation; frank acknowledgment or admission. [1720-30; AVOW + -AL2] * * *
avowed
—avowedly /euh vow"id lee/, adv. —avowedness, n. /euh vowd"/, adj. acknowledged; declared: an avowed enemy. [1300-50; ME; see AVOW, -ED2] * * *
avowedly
See avowable. * * *
avower
See avowable. * * *
avowry
/euh vow"ree/, n., pl. avowries. Law. a plea by a defendant in an action of replevin who admits taking the distrained goods and shows just cause for the taking. [1300-50; ME ...
Avram
/ayv"reuhm, av"reuhm, ah vrawm"/, n. a male given name, form of Abram. * * *
Avranches
▪ France       town and port, Manche département, Basse-Normandie région, northwestern France, on a hill overlooking the Sée estuary. The celebrated sanctuary of ...
avulse
/euh vuls"/, v.t., avulsed, avulsing. to pull off or tear away forcibly: to avulse a ligament. [1755-65; < L avulsus, ptp. of avellere to pluck off, tear away, equiv. to a- A-4 + ...
avulsion
/euh vul"sheuhn/, n. 1. a tearing away. 2. Law. the sudden removal of soil by change in a river's course or by a flood, from the land of one owner to that of another. 3. a part ...
avuncular
—avuncularity, n. —avuncularly, adv. /euh vung"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an uncle: avuncular affection. [1825-35; < L avuncul(us) a mother's ...
avunculate
/euh vung"kyeuh lit, -layt'/, n. Anthropol. a close social relationship between a maternal uncle and his nephew. [1915-20; < L avuncul(us) uncle (see AVUNCULAR) + -ATE3] * * ...
Avvakum Petrovich
▪ Russian priest born 1620/1621, Grigorovo, Russia died April 14, 1682, Pustozersk       archpriest, leader of the Old Believers (Old Believer), conservative clergy ...
aw
/aw/, interj. 1. (used to express protest, disbelief, disgust, or commiseration.) 2. (used to express sentimental or sugary approval.) [1850-55] * * *
AW
Articles of War. * * *
aw-shucks
/aw"shuks"/, adj. Informal. characterized by a shy, embarrassed, often provincial manner. [1930-35] * * *
awa
/euh waw", euh wah"/, adv. Scot. away. * * *
AWACS
/ay"waks/, n. a sophisticated detection aircraft, fitted with powerful radar and a computer, capable of simultaneously tracking and plotting large numbers of low-flying aircraft ...
AWACS (Airborne Warning and Control System)
Mobile, long-range radar surveillance-and-control centre for air defense. Used by the U.S. Air Force since 1977, AWACS is mounted in a specially modified Boeing 707 aircraft, ...
await
—awaiter, n. /euh wayt"/, v.t. 1. to wait for; expect; look for: He is still awaiting an answer. 2. to be in store for; be imminent: A pleasant surprise awaits her in today's ...
Awaji
/ah wah"jee/, n. an island in Japan, S of Honshu and N of Shikoku. 230 sq. mi. (596 sq. km). * * *
Awaji Island
▪ island, Japan Japanese  Awaji-shima        island, southern Hyōgo ken (prefecture), Japan. The island lies at the eastern end of the Inland Sea, between ...
awake
—awakeable, adj. /euh wayk"/, v., awoke or awaked, awoke or awaked or awoken, awaking, adj. v.t., v.i. 1. to wake up; rouse from sleep: I awoke at six with a feeling of ...
awaken
—awakenable, adj. —awakener, n. /euh way"keuhn/, v.t., v.i. to awake; waken. [bef. 900; ME awak(e)nen, OE awaecnian earlier onwaecnian. See A-1, WAKEN] * * *
awakener
See awaken. * * *
awakening
—awakeningly, adv. /euh way"keuh ning/, adj. 1. rousing; quickening: an awakening interest in ballet. n. 2. the act of awaking from sleep. 3. a revival of interest or ...
Awālīʿ
▪ Bahrain       municipality in the state and emirate of Bahrain, on central Bahrain island, in the Persian Gulf. Founded in the 1930s by the Bahrain Petroleum Company ...
Awan
▪ ancient city, Middle East       ancient city and region of the land of Elam, prominent throughout early Mesopotamian history and especially in the second half of the ...
Awangarda Krakowska
▪ Polish literary movement Polish“Vanguard of Kraków”       avant-garde literary movement in Poland, launched in Kraków in 1922 and centring around a local ...
award
—awardability, n. —awardable, adv. —awarder, n. /euh wawrd"/, v.t. 1. to give as due or merited; assign or bestow: to award prizes. 2. to bestow by judicial decree; assign ...
awardable
See award. * * *
awardee
/euh wawr dee", euh wawr"dee/, n. the recipient of an award. [AWARD + -EE] * * *
awarder
See awardable. * * *
Awards
(as used in expressions) Academy Awards Grammy Awards Tony Awards * * *
aware
—awareness, n. /euh wair"/, adj. 1. having knowledge; conscious; cognizant: aware of danger. 2. informed; alert; knowledgeable; sophisticated: She is one of the most ...
awareness
See aware. * * *
awash
/euh wosh", euh wawsh"/, adj., adv. 1. Naut. a. just level with or scarcely above the surface of the water, so that waves break over the top. b. overflowing with water, as the ...
Awash River
▪ river, Ethiopia formerly  Hawash River        river in eastern Ethiopia. It rises on a steep northern escarpment of the Eastern (Great) Rift Valley and is fed by ...
AwashRiver
A·wash River (äʹwäsh') also Ha·wash River (häʹ-) A river of eastern Ethiopia flowing about 805 km (500 mi) northeast to the Danakil Desert. * * *
away
/euh way"/, adv. 1. from this or that place; off: to go away. 2. aside; to another place; in another direction: to turn your eyes away; to turn away customers 3. far; apart: away ...
Away in a Manger
a carol sung especially by children at church services at Christmas. The first verse is: Away in a manger, no crib for a bed, The little Lord Jesus laid down his sweet head. The ...
away matches
➡ football – British style * * *
away-going crop
/euh way"goh'ing/, Law. a crop planted by a tenant that matures after the expiration of the tenancy and is rightfully the tenant's to harvest. Also called waygoing ...
AWB
See air waybill. * * *
awdl
▪ Welsh literature plural  awdlau,         in Welsh verse, a long ode written in cynghanedd (a complex system of alliteration and internal rhyme) and in one or more ...
Awdry
(Wilbert Awdry 1911–97) an English vicar (= Church of England priest) and writer of children’s books. He is best known for having created Thomas, the Tank Engine. * * *
Awdry, Wilbert Vere
▪ 1998       British clergyman and author who created the enormously popular children's series Thomas the Tank Engine; between 1945 and 1972 he wrote 26 stories about ...
awe
/aw/, n., v., awed, awing. n. 1. an overwhelming feeling of reverence, admiration, fear, etc., produced by that which is grand, sublime, extremely powerful, or the like: in awe ...
Awe, Loch
▪ lake, Scotland, United Kingdom  longest lake in Scotland, measuring 24 miles (39 km) from northeast to southwest, situated in Argyll and Bute council area, historic county ...
awe-inspiring
/aw"in spuyeur'ing/, adj. causing awe; spectacular; magnificent: an awe-inspiring cathedral; an awe-inspiring sunset. [1805-15] * * *
awe-struck
/aw"struk'/, adj. filled with awe. Also, awestruck, awe-stricken, awestricken /aw"strik'euhn/. [1625-35] * * *
aweary
/euh wear"ee/, adj. Literary. wearied or tired; fatigued. [1545-55; A-1 + WEARY] * * *
aweather
/euh wedh"euhr/, adv., adj. Naut. upon or toward the weather side of a vessel; in the direction of the wind (opposed to alee). [1590-1600; A-1 + WEATHER] * * *
awed
—awedly /aw"id lee, awd"-/, adv. —awedness, n. /awd/, adj. filled with or expressing awe. [1635-45; AWE + -ED2] * * *
aweigh
/euh way"/, adj. Naut. (of an anchor) just free of the bottom; atrip: Anchors aweigh! [1620-30; A-1 + WEIGH2] * * *
aweless
—awelessness, n. /aw"lis/, adj. 1. displaying no awe; unawed. 2. not to be awed; fearless. 3. rude; impertinent. Also, awless. [bef. 900; ME, OE; see AWE, -LESS] * * *
awesome
—awesomely, adv. —awesomeness, n. /aw"seuhm/, adj. 1. inspiring awe: an awesome sight. 2. showing or characterized by awe. 3. Slang. very impressive: That new white ...
awesomely
See awesome. * * *
awesomeness
See awesomely. * * *
awestruck
awe·struck (ôʹstrŭk') also awe·strick·en (-strĭk'ən) adj. Full of awe. * * *
awful
—awfulness, n. /aw"feuhl/, adj. 1. extremely bad; unpleasant; ugly: awful paintings; an awful job. 2. inspiring fear; dreadful; terrible: an awful noise. 3. solemnly ...
awfully
/aw"feuh lee, awf"lee/, adv. 1. very; extremely: That was awfully nice of you. He's awfully slow. 2. in a manner provoking censure, disapproval, or the like: She behaved awfully ...
awfulness
See awfully. * * *
awhile
/euh hwuyl", euh wuyl"/, adv. for a short time or period: Stay awhile. [bef. 1000; ME; OE ane hwile (dat.); see A1, WHILE] Usage. The adverb AWHILE is spelled as a single word: ...
awhirl
/euh hwerrl", euh werrl"/, adj. rotating rapidly; spinning; whirling (usually used predicatively): dancers awhirl to the strains of a lively waltz. [1880-85; A-1 + WHIRL] * * *
awi-
Bird. Oldest form *ə₂ewi-, colored to *ə₂awi-. Derivatives include aviation, bustard, ostrich, cockney, oval, and caviar. I. 1. avian, aviary, aviation; aviculture, ...
Awka
▪ Nigeria       town and capital of Anambra state, southern Nigeria. The town lies along roads leading from Owerri, Umuahia, Onitsha, and Enugu. Formerly covered with ...
awkward
—awkwardly, adv. —awkwardness, n. /awk"weuhrd/, adj. 1. lacking skill or dexterity; clumsy. 2. lacking grace or ease in movement: an awkward gesture; an awkward dancer. 3. ...
awkward age
early adolescence. [1890-95] * * *
awkwardly
See awkward. * * *
awkwardness
See awkwardly. * * *
awl
/awl/, n. a pointed instrument for piercing small holes in leather, wood, etc. [bef. 900; ME al, eal, aul, OE al, eal, ael; c. ON alr; akin to ME el, OE ael, OHG ala (G Ahle), ...
awl snail
any tiny, usually white land snail of the family Subulinidae, some introduced species being pests of hothouse flowers. * * *
awl-shaped
/awl"shaypt'/, adj. 1. having the shape of an awl. 2. subulate (def. 2). [1755-65] * * *
awless
—awlessness, n. /aw"lis/, adj. aweless. * * *
awlwort
/awl"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. a small, stemless aquatic plant, Subularia aquatica, of the mustard family, having slender, sharp-pointed leaves and minute white flowers. [AWL + ...
awmous
/aw"meuhs/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Scot. almous. * * *
awn
—awned, adj. —awnless, adj. /awn/, n. Bot. 1. a bristlelike appendage of a plant, esp. on the glumes of grasses. 2. such appendages collectively, as those forming the beard ...
awned
See awn. * * *
awner
/aw"neuhr/, n. a machine for cutting the awns from grain. [1880-85; AWN + -ER1] * * *
awning
—awninged, adj. /aw"ning/, n. 1. a rooflike shelter of canvas or other material extending over a doorway, from the top of a window, over a deck, etc., in order to provide ...
awning deck
Naut. a weather deck supported on very light scantlings. [1865-70] * * *
awning window
a window frame having one or more sashes hinged at the top and swinging outward. * * *
awnless
See awned. * * *
awnless bromegrass.
See Hungarian bromegrass. [AWN + -LESS] * * *
awo-
An adult male relative other than one's father. 1. atavism, from Latin avus, grandfather. 2. avuncular, uncle, from Latin avunculus, maternal uncle. 3. ayah, from Latin avia, ...
awoke
/euh wohk"/, v. a pt. and pp. of awake. * * *
awoken
/euh woh"keuhn/, v. a pp. of awake. * * *
AWOL
pronounced as initials or /ay"wawl, ay"wol/, adj., adv. 1. away from military duties without permission, but without the intention of deserting. n. 2. a soldier or other military ...
Awolowo
/ah wooh"loh woh"/, n. Obafemi /aw bah"fay mee/, born 1909, Nigerian lawyer and statesman. * * *
Awolowo, Obafemi
born March 6, 1909, Ikenne, Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria died May 9, 1987, Ikenne Nigerian nationalist politician and leader of the Yoruba ethnic group. While ...
Awoonor, Kofi
▪ Ghanaian author original name  George Kofi Awoonor Williams   born March 13, 1935, Weta, Gold Coast [now Ghana]       Ghanaian novelist and poet whose verse has ...
awry
/euh ruy"/, adv., adj. 1. with a turn or twist to one side; askew: to glance or look awry. 2. away from the expected or proper direction; amiss; wrong: Our plans went ...
ax
—axlike, adj. /aks/, n., pl. axes /ak"siz/, v., axed, axing. n. 1. an instrument with a bladed head on a handle or helve, used for hewing, cleaving, chopping, etc. 2. Jazz ...
ax job.
Informal. See hatchet job. [‡1975-1980] * * *
ax-
var. of axi-, esp. before a vowel. * * *
ax.
axiom. * * *
Axa
/ak"seuh/, n. Douay Bible. Achsah. * * *
axanthopsia
/ak'seuhn thop"see euh/, n. Ophthalm. a defect of vision in which the retina fails to respond to yellow. [A-6 + XANTH(O)- + -OPSIA] * * *
axe
/aks/, n., pl. axes /ak"siz/, v., axed, axing. ax. * * *
axel
/ak"seuhl/, n. Figure Skating. a jump performed by a skater leaping from the front outer edge of one skate into the air to make 11/2 rotations of the body and landing on the back ...
Axel
/ak"seuhl/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel Karlfeldt Erik Axel Oxenstierna af Södermöre Axel Gustafsson ...
Axel Heiberg
/ak"seuhl huy"berrg/ the largest island belonging to the Sverdrup group in the Canadian Northwest Territories. 15,779 sq. mi. (40,868 sq. km). * * *
Axel, Richard
▪ American physician born July 2, 1946, New York, New York, U.S.       American scientist who, with Linda B. Buck (Buck, Linda B.), won the Nobel Prize for Physiology ...
AxelHeiberg
Ax·el Hei·berg (ăkʹsəl hīʹbûrg') An island of northern Northwest Territories, Canada, in the Arctic Ocean west of Ellesmere Island. * * *
Axelrod
/ak"seuhl rod'/, n. Julius, born 1912, U.S. biochemist and pharmacologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1970. * * *
Axelrod, George
▪ 2004       American playwright and screenwriter (b. June 9, 1922, New York, N.Y.—d. June 21, 2003, Los Angeles, Calif.), created witty, sophisticated, and sometimes ...
Axelrod, Julius
▪ 2005       American neuroscientist and pharmacologist (b. May 30, 1912, New York, N.Y.—d. Dec. 29, 2004, Rockville, Md.), discovered biochemical processes that play ...
Axelrod,Julius
Ax·el·rod (ăkʹsəl-rŏd'), Julius. Born 1912. American biochemist. He shared a 1970 Nobel Prize for studies of how nerve impulses are transmitted. * * *
axenic
—axenically, adv. /ay zen"ik, ay zee"nik/, adj. Biol. 1. (of an experimental animal) raised under sterile conditions; germfree. 2. (of a laboratory culture) ...
axenically
See axenic. * * *
axes
axes1 /ak"seez/, n. pl. of axis1. axes2 /ak"siz/, n. pl. of ax or axe. * * *
Axholme, Isle of
▪ England, United Kingdom       area of about 80 square miles (210 square km) west of the River Trent in the unitary authority of North Lincolnshire, historic county of ...
axi-
a combining form meaning "axis": axial; axilemma. Also, axo-; esp. before a vowel, ax-. [comb. form repr. L axis axle, wheel; c. Gk áxon, Skt áksas, Lith ašìs, OCS osi, OE ...
axial
—axiality, n. —axially, adv. /ak"see euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characterized by, or forming an axis: an axial relationship. 2. situated in or on an axis. [1840-50; ...
axial flow
axial flow n. the flow of air parallel to the longitudinal axis of the engine of a jet aircraft * * *
axial skeleton
Anat. the skeleton of the head and trunk. [1870-75] * * *
axial-flow
/ak"see euhl floh"/, adj. having a fluid flow parallel to an axis of rotation, as in a turbine. * * *
axiality
See axial. * * *
axially
axially [ak′sē ə lē] adv. in the direction or line of the axis * * * See axiality. * * *
axialskeleton
axial skeleton n. The bones constituting the head and trunk of a vertebrate body. * * *
axil
/ak"sil/, n. Bot. the angle between the upper side of a leaf or stem and the supporting stem or branch. [1785-95; < L axilla armpit] * * *
axile
/ak"suyl/, adj. Bot. in or of an axis. [1835-45; < L ax(is) AXIS1 + -ILE] * * *
axile placentation
axile placentation n. Bot. a type of placenta structure in an ovary with the ovules forming at the angles where the septa join the central placenta * * *
axilemma
/ak'seuh lem"euh/, n., pl. axilemmata /-lem"euh teuh/. Anat. the membrane surrounding the axon of a nerve fiber. [AXI- + LEMMA2] * * *
axilla
/ak sil"euh/, n., pl. axillae /ak sil"ee/. 1. Anat. the armpit. 2. Ornith. the corresponding region under the wing of a bird. 3. Bot. an axil. [1610-20; < L] * * *
axillar
/ak"seuh leuhr/, n. Ornith. an axillary feather. [1535-45; AXILL(A) + -AR1] * * *
axillary
/ak"seuh ler'ee/, adj., n., pl. axillaries. adj. 1. Anat., Ornith. pertaining to the axilla. 2. Bot. pertaining to or growing from the axil. n. 3. Ornith. axillar. [1605-15; ...
axillary bud
Bot. a bud that is borne at the axil of a leaf and is capable of developing into a branch shoot or flower cluster. Also called lateral bud. See illus. under axil. * * *
axillarybud
axillary bud n. A lateral bud. * * *
axinite
/ak"seuh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, complex calcium and aluminum borosilicate, usually occurring in thin brown crystals. [1795-1805; < Gk axín(e) AX + -ITE1] * * * ▪ ...
axiological
See axiology. * * *
axiological ethics
the branch of ethics dealing primarily with the relative goodness or value of the motives and end of any action. Cf. deontological ethics. [AXIOLOG(Y) + -ICAL] * * *
axiologically
See axiological. * * *
axiologist
See axiological. * * *
axiology
—axiological /ak'see euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —axiologically, adv. —axiologist, n. /ak'see ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of philosophy dealing with values, as those of ethics, ...
axiom
/ak"see euhm/, n. 1. a self-evident truth that requires no proof. 2. a universally accepted principle or rule. 3. Logic, Math. a proposition that is assumed without proof for the ...
axiom of choice
Math. the axiom of set theory that given any collection of disjoint sets, a set can be so constructed that it contains one element from each of the given sets. Also called ...
axiom of countability
Math. the property satisfied by a topological space in which the neighborhood system of each point has a base consisting of a countable number of neighborhoods (first axiom of ...
axiomatic
—axiomatically, adv. /ak'see euh mat"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of an axiom; self-evident; obvious. 2. aphoristic. Also, axiomatical. [1790-1800; < Gk ...
axiomatic method
In logic, the procedure by which an entire science or system of theorems is deduced in accordance with specified rules by logical deduction from certain basic propositions ...
axiomatically
See axiomatic. * * *
axion
/ak"see on'/, n. Physics. a hypothetical particle having no charge, zero spin, and small mass: postulated in some forms of quantum chromodynamics. [1978; perh. axi(al current) + ...
axis
axis1 —axised /ak"sist/, adj. /ak"sis/, n., pl. axes /ak"seez/. 1. the line about which a rotating body, such as the earth, turns. 2. Math. a. a central line that bisects a ...
axis deer
an Asian deer, Cervus (Axis) axis, of India and Sri Lanka, having a reddish-brown coat spotted with white. Also called axis, chital, spotted deer. * * *
axis of abscissas
Math. x-axis (def. 1). * * *
axis of ordinates
Math. y-axis (def. 1). * * *
axis of revolution
Math. an axis in a plane, about which an area is revolved to form a solid of revolution. * * *
axis of symmetry
1. Math. a straight line for which every point on a given curve has corresponding to it another point such that the line connecting the two points is bisected by the given ...
Axis Powers
Coalition headed by Germany, Italy, and Japan that opposed the Allied Powers in World War II. The alliance originated in a series of agreements between Germany and Italy, ...
axisdeer
axis deer n. A deer (Axis axis) of central Asia, having a brown coat with white spots.   [Latin axis, a spotted Indian quadruped.] * * *
axisymmetric
—axisymmetrically, adv. /ak'see si me"trik/, adj. symmetric about an axis. [1890-95; AXI- + SYMMETRIC] * * *
axisymmetrically
See axisymmetric. * * *
axisymmetry
See axisymmetrically. * * *
axle
—axled, adj. /ak"seuhl/, n. 1. Mach. the pin, bar, shaft, or the like, on which or by means of which a wheel or pair of wheels rotates. 2. the spindle at either end of an ...
axletree
/ak"seuhl tree'/, n. a bar, fixed crosswise under an animal-drawn vehicle, with a rounded spindle at each end upon which a wheel rotates. [1250-1300; ME; see AXLE, TREE] * * *
axman
/aks"meuhn/, n., pl. axmen. 1. a person who wields an ax. 2. Informal. See hatchet man. [1665-75 Amer.; AX + -MAN] * * *
Axminster
Axminster [aks′min΄stər] n. 〚after Axminster, a town in SW England, where it was first made by hand〛 a type of carpet with a cut pile, woven in various colors and ...
Axminster carpet
/aks"min'steuhr/ a machine-made carpet having a cut pile and an intricate design of many colors. [1810-20; named after town in SW England where manufactured] * * * Floor ...
axo-
var. of axi-, esp. before a consonant. * * *
axolotl
/ak"seuh lot'l/, n. any of several salamanders of the genus Ambystoma that inhabit lakes and ponds of Mexico and remain in the larval stage as sexually mature adults. [1780-90; < ...
axon
—axonal /ak"seuh nl, -son'l/, adj. /ak"son/, n. Cell Biol. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body. Also, axone /ak"sohn/. See diag. under ...
axonal
See axon. * * *
axonemal
See axoneme. * * *
axoneme
/ak"seuh neem'/, n. Cell Biol. the shaft within a flagellum or cilium, containing twenty microtubules arranged as nine doublets and two singlets. Cf. nine plus two ...
axonometric
/ak'seuh noh me"trik, -neuh-/, adj. Drafting. designating a method of projection (axonometric projection) in which a three-dimensional object is represented by a drawing ...
axonometric projection
axonometric projection [ak΄sə nə me′trik] n. a two-dimensional pictorial representation of a three-dimensional object, used as in showing three sides of a six-sided object, ...
axoplasm
—axoplasmic, adj. /ak"seuh plaz'euhm/, n. Cell Biol. cytoplasm within an axon. [1895-1900; AXO- (as comb. form of AXON) + PLASM] * * *
axoplasmic
See axoplasm. * * *
axseed
/aks"seed'/, n. See crown vetch. [1555-65; AX + SEED] * * *
Axton, Estelle Stewart
▪ 2005       American music publisher (b. Sept. 11, 1918, Middleton, Tenn.—d. Feb. 24, 2004, Memphis, Tenn.), founded with her brother, Jim Stewart, Stax Records, a ...
Axton, Hoyt Wayne
▪ 2000       American singer and songwriter who produced an eclectic mix of music that spanned folk, country, and rock. Although Axton, a folksy baritone, had hits with ...
Axum
/ahk"soohm/, n. Aksum. * * *
ay
ay1 /ay/, adv. Archaic. ever; always. Also, aye. [1150-1200; ME ei, ai < Scand; cf. ON ei, c. OE a ever] ay2 /ay/, interj. Archaic. (used to express regret or sorrow.) [1300-50; ...
Ayabaca
▪ Peru       town, northwestern Peru, near the border with Ecuador. It is an agricultural trade centre. Archaeological Indian sites are nearby. Pop. (2005) 4,708. * * *
Ayacucho
/ah'yah kooh"chaw/, n. a city in SW Peru: decisive victory of Bolívar over Spanish troops 1824. 27,900. * * * ▪ Peru  city, south-central Peru. It lies in a fertile valley ...
Ayacucho, Battle of
▪ South American history       (Dec. 9, 1824), in the Latin-American wars of independence, revolutionary victory over royalists on the high plateau near Ayacucho, Peru. ...
ayah
/ah"yeuh/, n. (in India) a native maid or nurse. [1775-85; < Hindi aya < Pg aia maidservant < L avia grandmother, equiv. to av(us) grandfather + -ia fem. suffix] * * *
ayahuasca
/ah'yeuh wah"skeuh/, n. a woody South American vine, Banisteriopsis caapi, of the malpighia family, having bark that is the source of harmine, a hallucinogenic alkaloid used by ...
Ayala, Francisco
▪ Spanish author and sociologist born March 16, 1906, Granada, Spain       Spanish novelist and sociologist.       Ayala received a law degree from the ...
Ayana
/euh yah"neuh/, n. a female given name: from an African word meaning "beautiful flower." * * *
Ayande
/euh yahn"day, ah'yahn day"/, n. a male given name: from a Yoruba word meaning "we gave praises and he came." * * *
ayatollah
/ah'yeuh toh"leuh/, n. (among Shi'ites) a title in the religious hierarchy achieved by scholars who have demonstrated highly advanced knowledge of Islamic law and ...
Aybak
▪ sultan of Egypt (Arabic),Turkish  Aybeg,  Arabic  in full Al-muʿizz ʿizz Ad-dīn Al-manṣūr Aybak   died April 10, 1257       first Mamlūk sultan of Egypt ...
AYC
AYC abbr. American Youth Congress. * * *
Ayckbourn
(1939– ) an English writer of many plays for the theatre and television, well known for his cleverly written and often disturbing comedies about English middle-class behaviour, ...
Ayckbourn, Sir Alan
born April 12, 1939, London, Eng. British playwright. He began acting with the Stephen Joseph Co. in Scarborough, Yorkshire, where he also wrote his earliest plays under the ...
Ayd, Frank Joseph, Jr.
▪ 2009       American psychiatrist born Oct. 14, 1920, Baltimore, Md. died March 17, 2008, Baltimore pioneered the use of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs, such ...
Aydelotte
/ayd"l ot'/, n. Frank, 1880-1956, U.S. educator. * * *
Aydid, Gen. Muhammad Farah
▪ 1997       (MUHAMMAD FARAH HASSAN), Somali faction leader (b. c. 1930, Beledweyne, Italian Somaliland—d. Aug. 1, 1996, Mogadishu, Somalia), was the most dominant of ...
Aydid, Muhammad Farah
orig. Muhammad Farah Hassan born с 1930, Beledweyne, Italian Somaliland died Aug. 1, 1996, Mogadishu, Somalia Somali faction leader. He received military training in Italy ...
Aydın
▪ Turkey       city, southwestern Turkey, near the Menderes River (the ancient Maeander). It is an important trading centre on the Afyon-İzmir highway and rail line. ...
Aydın Dynasty
▪ Turkmen dynasty       Turkmen dynasty (c. 1308–1425) that ruled in the Aydın-Izmir region in western Anatolia. Situated in a prosperous coastal region, the Aydın ...
aye
aye1 /uy/, adv. 1. yes. n. 2. an affirmative vote or voter, esp. in British Parliament, corresponding to yea in U.S. Congress. Also, ay. [1570-80; earlier sp. I, of uncert. ...
aye-aye
/uy"uy'/, n. a nocturnal lemur, Daubentonia madagascariensis, of Madagascar, feeding on insects and fruit, and having rodentlike incisors and long fingers: an endangered ...
Ayer
/air/, n. Sir A(lfred) J(ules), born 1910, English philosopher, teacher, and author. * * *
Ayer, Francis Wayland
▪ American advertising agent born Feb. 4, 1848, Lee, Mass., U.S. died March 5, 1923, Meredith, N.Y.       U.S. advertising pioneer who founded N.W. Ayer & Son and ...
Ayer, Sir A(lfred) J(ules)
born Oct. 29, 1910, London, Eng. died June 27, 1989, London British philosopher. He taught at University College London (1946–59) and later at Oxford (1959–78). He gained ...
Ayer, Sir A.J.
▪ British philosopher Introduction in full  Sir Alfred Jules Ayer   born Oct. 29, 1910, London, Eng. died June 27, 1989, London       British philosopher and educator ...
ayer-
Day, morning. 1. a. early, ere, or2, from Old English ǣr, before; b. or2, from Old Norse ār, before. Both a and b from Germanic *airiz. 2. erst, from Old English ǣrest, ...
Ayers Rock
/airz/ a conspicuous red monadnock in central Australia, in the SW Northern Territory: tourist attraction. 1143 ft. (348 m) high. * * * Rock outcrop, southwestern Northern ...
ayes-
A metal, copper or bronze. aeneous, era, from Latin aes, bronze, money.   [Pokorny ai̯os- 15.] * * *
Ayesha
/ah"ee shah'/, n. Aisha. * * *
Ayeyarwady
Aye·yar·wa·dy (ā'yär-wäʹdē) See Irrawaddy. * * *
AYH
AYH abbr. American Youth Hostels. * * *
ayin
/ah"yin/; Seph. Heb. /ah"yeen/, n. 1. the 16th letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the voiced pharyngeal constrictive consonant represented by this letter and cognate with Arabic ...
Ayinde
/euh yin"day, ah'yin day"/, n. a male given name: from a Yoruba word meaning "we gave praises and he came." * * *
Aying
or A Ying orig. Qian Xingcun born Feb. 6, 1900 died June 17, 1977 Chinese critic and historian of modern Chinese literature. A member of the Communist Party and of the ...
Ayler, Albert
▪ American musician born July 13, 1936, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died November 1970, New York, N.Y.       African-American tenor saxophonist whose innovations in style and ...
Aylesbury
/aylz"beuh ree, -bree/, n. one of an English breed of white, domestic ducks. [1850-55; named after Aylesbury, England] * * * Town (pop., 1995 est.: 61,000), south-central ...
Aylesbury Vale
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district in the northern part of the administrative and historic county of Buckinghamshire, southern England. The name comes ...
Ayllón, Lucas Vázquez de
▪ Spanish explorer born c. 1475, Toledo, Spain died 1526, present South Carolina       Spanish explorer and first European colonizer of what is now South ...
Aylmer, John
▪ bishop of London born 1521, Tivetshall St. Mary, Norfolk, Eng. died June 3, 1594, London       Anglican bishop of London in the reign of Elizabeth I, known for his ...
Aymara
—Aymaran, adj. /uy'mah rah"/, n., pl. Aymaras, (esp. collectively) Aymara for 1. 1. a member of an Indian people living in the mountainous regions around Lake Titicaca in ...
Aymaran
Ay·ma·ran (ī'mä-ränʹ) n. A subgroup of the Quechumaran languages, the most important language being Aymara. adj. Of or relating to the Aymara or their language or ...
Aymaran languages
      a group of South American Indian languages spoken over a fairly large region in the southern Peruvian highlands and adjacent areas of Bolivia. Some scholars classify ...
Aymé
/e may"/, n. Marcel /mannrdd sel"/, 1902-67, French novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Aymé, Marcel
born March 29, 1902, Joigny, Fr. died Oct. 14, 1967, Paris French novelist, essayist, and playwright. His novels include The Hollow Field (1929), The Fable and the Flesh ...
Ayn Jālūt, Battle ofʿ
▪ Syrian history ʿAyn Jālūt also spelled  Ain Jalut        (Sept. 3, 1260), decisive victory of the Mamlūks of Egypt over the invading Mongols, which saved Egypt ...
Ayn, Al-ʿ
▪ United Arab Emirates also spelled  Al-Ain         city in Al-Buraymī oasis, southeastern Abū Ẓaby emirate, United Arab Emirates. The oasis city consists of ...
aynʿ
▪ Islamic noble (Arabic: “notable”),plural  Aʿyān,         in Islāmic countries, an eminent person. Under the Ottoman regime (c. 1300–1923) the term at ...
Ayodhya
A·yodh·ya also A·jodh·ya (ə-yōdʹyə) A former village of northern India on the Ghaghara River, now a joint municipality with Faizabad, near Lucknow. Long associated with ...
ayous
/ay yoohs"/, n. the wood of the obeche. [ < F: market name for the timber in Cameroon, presumably < a language of the region] * * *
Ayr
/air/, n. 1. a seaport in SW Scotland. 40,000. 2. Ayrshire (def. 2). * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       town, northeastern Queensland, Australia, on the delta of the ...
ayr stone
/air/ a fine-grained stone used for polishing marble and as a whetstone. Also called snakestone. [1855-60; named after AYR] * * *
ayre
/air/, n. Music. air1 (def. 7d). * * * ▪ music also spelled  air         genre of solo song with lute accompaniment that flourished in England in the late 16th and ...
Ayrer, Jakob
▪ German dramatist born , March? 1543, Nürnberg, Franconia [Germany] died March 26, 1605, Nürnberg       dramatist who incorporated elements of Elizabethan ...
Ayres, Anne
▪ American Episcopal nun born January 3, 1816, London, England died February 9, 1896, New York, New York, U.S.       the first American Protestant religious, who ...
Ayres, Lew
▪ 1997       (LEWIS AYER), U.S. actor who memorably portrayed a disillusioned German soldier in the 1930 film All Quiet on the Western Front before he was blacklisted ...
Ayrshire
/air"shear, -sheuhr/, n. 1. one of a Scottish breed of hardy dairy cattle having long, curving horns. 2. Also called Ayr. a historic county in SW Scotland. * * * Breed of hardy ...
Ayrshire whitework
▪ embroidery  in embroidery, a type of drawn thread work done in white thread on white material. Although similar work had been executed earlier and in other centres (for ...
Aytmatov, Chingiz
▪ 2009 Chingiz Torekulovich Aytmatov        Kyrgyz author and diplomat born Dec. 12, 1928, Sheker, Kirgiz A.S.S.R. [now Kyrgyzstan], U.S.S.R. died June 10, 2008, ...
Ayton, Sir Robert
▪ Scottish poet Ayton also spelled  Aytoun   born 1570, Kinaldy, Fife, Scot. died , c. Feb. 28, 1638, London, Eng.       one of the earliest Scottish poets to use ...
Aytoun, William Edmondstoune
▪ Scottish poet born June 21, 1813, Edinburgh, Scot. died Aug. 4, 1865, Elgin, Moray       poet famous for parodies and light verse that greatly influenced the style of ...
ayu-
See aiw-. * * *

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