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backcountry [bak′kun΄trē] n. an area far from cities and towns that is thinly populated and largely undeveloped; hinterland adj. in, from, or characteristic of backcountry * ...
/bak"kawrt', -kohrt'/, n. 1. Basketball. the half of a court in which the basket being defended is located. 2. Tennis. the part of a tennis court between the base line and the ...
/bak"kawrt'meuhn, -kohrt'-/, n., pl. backcourtmen. Basketball. guard (def. 17). [1950-55; BACKCOURT + MAN1] * * *
/bak"kraws', -kros'/, Genetics. v.t. 1. to cross (a hybrid of the first generation) with either of its parents. n. 2. an instance of such crossing. [1900-05; BACK2 + CROSS] * * ...
/bak"dayt'/, v.t., backdated, backdating. to date earlier than the actual date; predate; antedate: Backdate the letter so he'll think I wrote it last week. [1945-50, Amer.; BACK2 ...
back dive Precision Graphics n. A dive in which the diver, standing on the end of the board or platform with the back to the water, leaps up and rotates backward. * * *
/bak"dawr", -dohr"/, adj. secret; furtive; illicit; indirect. Also, back-door. [1605-15; adj. use of BACK DOOR] * * *
backdoor play
Basketball. an offensive tactic whereby a player breaks away from a defender to receive a pass near the baseline in order to make a quick layup. [1975-80] * * *
/bak"down'/, n. a withdrawal from a previously held position, esp. in the face of superior power or upon further consideration. [1860-65, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase back down] * ...
/bak"draft', -drahft'/, n. an explosive surge in a fire produced by the sudden mixing of air with other combustible gases. [1815-25; BACK2 + DRAFT] * * *
/bak"drop'/, n., v., backdropped or backdropt, backdropping. n. 1. Also called, esp. Brit., back-cloth. Theat. the rear curtain of a stage setting. 2. the background of an event; ...
/bakt/, adj. 1. having a back, backing, setting, or support (often used in combination): a low-backed sofa. 2. (of fabric) having an extra set of threads in either the warp or ...
/bak"end'tooh"/, adv. Northern U.S. in a reversed position; backward. Also, backside-to, backside-front. [BACK1 + END1] * * *
/bak"euhr/, n. 1. a person who supports or aids a person, cause, enterprise, etc. 2. a person who bets on a competitor in a race or contest. 3. canvas or other material used for ...
/bak"euhr up"/, n., pl. backers-up. 1. a supporter; backer; second. 2. Football. a linebacker. [1920-25; back up + -ER1] * * *
/bak"fawl'/, n. something that falls back. [1670-80; BACK2 + FALL] * * *
/bak"feeld'/, n. Football. 1. (used with a pl. v.) the members of the team who, on offense, are stationed behind the linemen and, on defense, behind the linebackers. 2. their ...
/bak"fil'/, n. 1. material used for refilling an excavation. v.t. 2. to refill (an excavation). [1950-55; BACK2 + FILL] * * *
/bak"fuyeur'/, v., backfired, backfiring, n. v.i. 1. (of an internal-combustion engine) to have a loud, premature explosion in the intake manifold. 2. to bring a result opposite ...
/bak"fist'/, n. a karate punch with the back of a clenched hand. [BACK1 + FIST1] * * *
/bak"fit'/, v.t., backfit or backfitted, backfitting. to update by providing new or improved equipment or features: a five-year program of installing new power plants and ...
backflap hinge
/bak"flap'/ Building Trades. flap (def. 20a). * * *
/bak"flash'/, n. a flashback: Backflashes of the heroine's childhood fill in gaps in the novel's narrative. [1930-35; BACK2 + FLASH] * * *
/bak"flip'/, n., v., backflipped, backflipping. n. 1. a backward somersault. 2. a dive executed by somersaulting backward. 3. Informal. a complete reversal in attitude or policy: ...
/bak"floh'/, n. a flow of a liquid opposite to the usual or desired direction. [1880-85; BACK2 + FLOW] * * *
backflow valve.
See backwater valve. * * *
/bak"gam'euhn, bak'gam"-/, n. 1. a game for two persons played on a board having two tables or parts, each marked with 12 points, and with both players having 15 pieces that are ...
/bak"grownd'/, n. 1. the ground or parts, as of a scene, situated in the rear (opposed to foreground). 2. Fine Arts. a. the part of a painted or carved surface against which ...
background music
1. music, often recorded, intended to provide a soothing background, usually played over loudspeaker systems in public places, as railway stations or restaurants. 2. music ...
background projection
the projection from the rear of previously photographed material on a translucent screen, used as background for a television or motion-picture shot. Also called back projection, ...
background radiation
background radiation n. 1. Astron. low-intensity, multidimensional microwave radiation present in space: its existence is used to support the validity of the big-bang theory ...
/bak"grown'deuhr/, n. 1. a briefing for the press in which an official, often from government or business, gives background information to clarify particular policies, actions, ...
/bak"hand'/, n. 1. a stroke, slap, etc., made with the palm of the hand turned toward the body and the back of the hand turned in the direction of the stroke, slap, etc. 2. (in ...
—backhandedly, adv. —backhandedness, n. /bak"han'did/, adj. 1. performed with the hand turned backward, crosswise, or in any oblique direction so that the palm of the hand ...
See backhanded. * * *
See backhandedly. * * *
/bak"han'deuhr/, n. 1. a backhanded slap, punch, stroke, or play. 2. Brit. Slang. a. a drink served out of turn to a guest as a bottle or decanter is passed around the table ...
/bak"hawl'/, n. the return trip of a vehicle, as a truck, transporting cargo or freight, esp. when carrying goods back over all or part of the same route. [BACK2 + HAUL] * * *
Backhaus, Wilhelm
▪ German pianist born March 26, 1884, Leipzig, Ger. died July 5, 1969, Villach, Austria  German pianist who was best known for his interpretation of the works of Ludwig van ...
/bak"hoh'/, n. a hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinged boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom. Also, back-hoe, back ...
/bak"hows'/, n., pl. backhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a building behind the main building, often serving a subsidiary purpose. 2. a privy; outhouse. [1550-60; BACK1 + HOUSE] * * *
Backhuysen, Ludolf
▪ Dutch painter Backhuysen also spelled  Bakhuysen,  or  Bakhuizen   born Dec. 28, 1630, Emden, East Frisia [Germany]   buried Nov. 12, 1708, Amsterdam, ...
/bak"ing/, n. 1. aid or support of any kind. 2. supporters or backers collectively. 3. something that forms the back or is placed at or attached to the back of anything to ...
backing light
1. Also called backing striplight, backing strip. Theat. a striplight providing diffused illumination for the background of a stage set. 2. See backup light. * * *
backland [bak′land΄] n. [usually pl.] BACKCOUNTRY adj. of, in, or from the backlands * * *
/bak"lash'/, n. 1. a sudden, forceful backward movement; recoil. 2. a strong or violent reaction, as to some social or political change: a backlash of angry feeling among ...
backless [baklis] adj. made without a back [a backless dress] * * * See back1. * * *
/bak"luyt'/, n., v., backlighted or backlit, backlighting. n. 1. Motion Pictures, Television. a light source placed behind an actor, object, or scene to create a highlight that ...
/bak"luy'ting/, n. a controlled technique of lighting, used in photography or the theater, in which a light is placed behind or at right angles to an object, person, or scene to ...
/bak"linz/, adv. Scot. and North Eng. backward; back. Also, backlings /bak"lingz/. [bef. 1000; ME bakling, OE baecling backwards (see BACK1, -LING2) + -S1] * * *
/bak"list'/, n. 1. the books that a publisher has kept in print over several years, as distinguished from newly issued titles. adj. 2. Also, backlisted. placed or maintained on a ...
back·lit (băkʹlĭt') v. A past tense and a past participle of backlight. * * *
/bak"luyt'/, n. (in automotive styling) the rear window of a vehicle. [BACK1 + LITE] * * *
backload or back-load [bak′lōd΄] vt. to defer or postpone (all or the greater part of a financial obligation) until the end of (a contract, budget, etc.) * * *
/bak"lawg', -log'/, n., v., backlogged, backlogging. n. 1. a reserve or accumulation, as of stock, work, or business: a backlog of business orders. 2. a large log at the back of ...
back matter n. Material, such as an index or appendix, that follows the main body of a book. Also called end matter. * * *
back mutation n. A reversal process whereby a gene that has undergone mutation returns to its previous state. * * *
back nine n. The second half of an 18-hole golf course. * * *
—backpacker, n. /bak"pak'/, n. 1. a pack or knapsack, often of canvas or nylon, to be carried on one's back, sometimes supported on a lightweight metal frame strapped to the ...
See backpack. * * *
See backpacker. * * * Sport of hiking while carrying clothing, food, and camping equipment in a pack on the back. In the early 20th century backpacking was primarily a means of ...
backpedal [bak′ped΄'l] vi. backpedaled or backpedalled, backpedaling or backpedalling 1. to press backward on the pedals of a bicycle, as to brake ☆ 2. to move backward ...
/bak"playt'/, n. 1. Building Trades. a wood or metal plate serving as a backing for a structural member. 2. Armor. a piece of plate armor for protecting the back: worn as part of ...
back·pres·sure (băkʹprĕsh'ər) n. Residual pressure opposing the free flow of a gas or liquid, as in a pipe or an exhaust system. * * *
back·prop·a·ga·tion (băkʹprŏp'ə-gāʹshən) n. A common method of training a neural net in which the initial system output is compared to the desired output, and the ...
/bak"rest'/, n. a support used to rest one's back. [1855-60; BACK1 + REST1] * * *
Back River A river, about 965 km (600 mi) long, of central Nunavut, Canada. It rises in several lakes and flows northeast and north to an inlet south of Boothia Peninsula. * * *
backroom [bak′ro͞om′; ] for adj. [ bak′ro͞om΄] n. a place outside the purview of the public where political or business deals are brokered: also back ...
/bak"rub'/, n. 1. therapeutic manipulation of the muscles of the back; massage of the back. 2. a liniment or anodyne ointment for relieving muscular soreness: a tube of ...
/bak"rush'/, n. the return of water seaward, down the foreshore of a beach, following the uprush of a wave. [BACK2 + RUSH1] * * *
n [pl] the attractive area at the back of some of the colleges of Cambridge University in England, between the colleges and the River Cam. * * *
/bak"saw'/, n. Carpentry. a short saw with a reinforced back. [1875-80; BACK1 + SAW1] * * *
/bak"skat'euhr/, n. Physics. the deflection of nuclear particles or of radiation in a scattering process through an angle greater than 90°. Also, backscattering. [1955-60; BACK2 ...
backscattering [bak′skat΄ər iŋ] n. the scattering of rays or particles at angles to the original direction of motion of greater than 90°: also backscatter * * *
/bak"seet"/, n. 1. a seat at the rear. 2. take a backseat, to occupy a secondary or inferior position: Her writing has taken a backseat because of other demands on her ...
backseat driver
—backseat driving. 1. an automobile passenger who offers the driver unsolicited advice, warnings, criticism, etc., esp. from the backseat. 2. any person who, by means of ...
/bak"set'/, n. 1. New England, Southern, and South Midland U.S. a. a setback; relapse; reverse. b. an eddy or countercurrent. 2. (on a lock on a door or the like) the horizontal ...
/bak"shawr', -shohr'/, n. Geol. 1. the zone of the shore or beach above the high-water line, acted upon only by severe storms or exceptionally high tides. 2. the area immediately ...
/bak"suyd'/, n. 1. the rear or back part or view of an object, person, scene, etc.; that part which is opposite the front. 2. rump; buttocks. [1350-1400; ME back syde; see BACK1, ...
/bak"suyd'frunt"/, adv. backend-to. * * *
/bak"suyd'tooh"/, adv. Chiefly Northern U.S. 1. backend-to. 2. inside out. * * *
/bak"suyt'/, n. Survey. 1. a sight on a previously occupied instrument station. 2. (in leveling) the reading on a rod that is held on a point of known elevation, used in ...
/bak"slap'/, v., backslapped, backslapping, n. v.t. 1. to subject to backslapping. v.i. 2. to engage in backslapping. n. 3. a hearty slap on the back given as a token of ...
☆ backslapper [bak′slap΄ər ] n. Informal a person who is friendly in a way that is effusive or too hearty backslap vt. backslapped, backslapping * * * See backslap. * * *
—backslapper, n. /bak"slap'ing/, n. the practice of making a loud and effusive display of friendliness, cordiality, etc., as by slapping persons on the back. [1770-80; BACK1 + ...
/bak"slash'/, n. a short oblique stroke (): used in some computer operating systems to mark the division between a directory and a subdirectory, as in typing a path. * * *
—backslider, n. /bak"sluyd'/, v., backslid, backslid or backslidden, backsliding, n. v.i. 1. to relapse into bad habits, sinful behavior, or undesirable activities. n. 2. an ...
See backslide. * * *
/bak"spays'/, v., backspaced, backspacing, n. v.i. 1. to shift the carriage or typing element of a typewriter one space backward by depressing a special key. 2. Computers. to ...
/bak"spin'/, n. reverse rotation of a ball causing it to bounce or roll backward or stop short. Also called underspin. [1905-10; BACK2 + SPIN] * * *
/bak"splash'/, n. paneling, as that attached to the back of a stovetop or to the wall behind a kitchen countertop, to protect against splashed liquids. [1950-55, Amer.; BACK1 + ...
/bak"spluys'/, n., v., backspliced, backsplicing. n. 1. a knot for finishing a rope end neatly, beginning with a crown and proceeding in a series of tucks, each strand over the ...
—backstabber, n. /bak"stab'/, v.t., backstabbed, backstabbing. to attempt to discredit (a person) by underhanded means, as innuendo, accusation, or the like. [1920-25; BACK2 + ...
See backstab. * * *
/bak"stayj"/, adv. 1. behind the proscenium in a theater, esp. in the wings or dressing rooms. 2. toward the rear of the stage; upstage. 3. out of view of the public; in private; ...
/bak"stairz"/, adj. 1. associated or originating with household servants. 2. secret, underhanded, or scandalous: backstairs gossip. Also, backstair. [1635-45; adj. use of BACK ...
backstamp [bak′stamp΄] n. a postmark on the back of a piece of mail to record place and date of arrival vt. to apply such a mark to * * *
backstay1 /bak"stay'/, n. 1. Mach. a supporting or checking piece in a mechanism. 2. Building Trades. an anchored tension member, as a cable, permanently or temporarily ...
/bak"stich'/, n. 1. stitching or a stitch in which the thread is doubled back on the preceding stitch. v.t., v.i. 2. to sew by backstitch. [1605-15; BACK2 + STITCH1] * * *
—backstopper, n. /bak"stop'/, n., v., backstopped, backstopping. n. 1. a wall, wire screen, or the like, serving to prevent a ball from going too far beyond the normal playing ...
back·sto·ry (băkʹstôr'ē, -stōr'ē) n. 1. The experiences of a character or the circumstances of an event that occur before the action or narrative of a literary, ...
backstrap loom
/bak"strap'/ a simple horizontal loom, used esp. in Central and South America, on which one of two beams holding the warp yarn is attached to a strap that passes across the ...
/bak"strech"/, n. the straight part of a race track opposite the part leading to the finish line. Cf. homestretch. [1830-40; BACK1 + STRETCH] * * *
/bak"strohk'/, n., v., backstroked, backstroking. n. 1. a backhanded stroke. 2. Swimming. a stroke made while on one's back. 3. a blow or stroke in return; recoil. v.i. 4. ...
/bak"stroh'keuhr/, n. a person who swims the backstroke, esp. a member of a competitive swimming team who specializes in the backstroke. [BACKSTROKE + -ER1] * * *
/bak"swept'/, adj. 1. slanting backward or away from the front. 2. Aeron. sweptback. [1915-20; BACK2 + SWEPT] * * *
/bak"swim'euhr/, n. any of numerous predaceous aquatic hemipterous insects, of the family Notonectidae, that swim on their backs, and may inflict a painful bite if handled. Also ...
/bak"swing'/, n. Sports. the movement of a bat, racket, or the like, toward the back of a player in preparation for the forward movement with which the ball is ...
/bak"sawrd', -sohrd'/, n. 1. a sword with only one sharp edge; broadsword. 2. (formerly) a cudgel having a basket hilt, used in fencing exhibitions. 3. a ...
/bak"sawrd'meuhn, -sohrd'-/, n., pl. backswordmen. a person who uses a backsword. Also, backswordsman /bak"sawrdz'meuhn, -sohrdz'-/. [1590-1600; BACKSWORD + MAN] * * *
back talk n. Insolent or impudent retorts. * * *
/bak"trak'/, v.i. 1. to return over the same course or route. 2. to withdraw from an undertaking, position, etc.; reverse a policy. [1715-25, Amer.; BACK2 + TRACK] * * *
/bak"up'/, n. 1. a person or thing that supports or reinforces another. 2. a musician or singer or group of musicians or singers accompanying a soloist: a singer with a three-man ...
backup light
a light at the rear of a motor vehicle that lights as a warning to those behind. Also called backing light. * * *
Backus, Isaac
▪ American clergyman and historian born Jan. 9, 1724, Norwich, Conn. [U.S.] died Nov. 20, 1806, Middleborough, Mass.  controversial American religious leader and ...
Backus, John W(arner)
born Dec. 3, 1924, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. mathematician. He received his bachelor's and master's degrees from Columbia University. He was head of a small group that in ...
Backus, John Warner
▪ 2008       American computer scientist born Dec. 3, 1924 , Philadelphia, Pa. died March 17, 2007 , Ashland, Ore. led the team at IBM that during the 1950s designed ...
Backus, Robert
▪ 2000 (“Bob”),        American weight thrower who dominated his sport during the 1950s; he won seven consecutive Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) titles in the 25.4-kg ...
—backwardly, adv. —backwardness, n. /bak"weuhrd/, adv. Also, backwards. 1. toward the back or rear. 2. with the back foremost. 3. in the reverse of the usual or right way: ...
/bak'weuhr day"sheuhn/, n. (on the London stock exchange) the fee paid by a seller of securities to the buyer for the privilege of deferring delivery of purchased ...
See backward. * * *
See backwardly. * * *
backwards [bak′wərdz] adv. BACKWARD * * *
—backwasher, n. /bak"wosh', -wawsh'/, n. 1. Naut. water thrown backward by the motion of oars, propellers, paddle wheels, etc. 2. Aeron. the portion of the wash of an aircraft ...
/bak"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. 1. water held or forced back, as by a dam, flood, or tide. 2. a place or state of stagnant backwardness: This area of the country is a backwater ...
backwater valve
a valve for preventing flowing liquid, as sewage, from reversing its direction. Also called backflow valve. * * *
/bak"wind'/, v.t., backwinded, backwinding. Naut. 1. to divert wind against the lee side of (a sail) from another sail. 2. to set (a sail) so that the wind is on what would ...
/bak"woodz"/, n. 1. (often used with a sing. v.) wooded or partially uncleared and unsettled districts. 2. any remote or isolated area. adj. Also, backwood, backwoodsy. 3. of or ...
/bak"woodz"meuhn/, n., pl. backwoodsmen. 1. a person living in or coming from the backwoods. 2. a person of uncouth manners, rustic behavior or speech, etc. 3. Brit. a peer who ...
See backwoodsman. * * *
/bak"rap'/, n. an article of clothing, as a dress, that overlaps and fastens in the back. [1950-55; BACK1 + WRAP] * * *
/bak"yahrd"/, n. 1. the portion of a lot or building site behind a house, structure, or the like, sometimes fenced, walled, etc. 2. a familiar or nearby area; ...
/bah koh"lawd/, n. a seaport on N Negros, in the central Philippines. 262,415. * * * City (pop., 2000: 429,076), south-central Philippines. It lies on the Guimaras Strait in ...
/bay"keuhn/, n. 1. the back and sides of the hog, salted and dried or smoked, usually sliced thin and fried for food. 2. Also called white bacon. South Midland and Southern U.S. ...
/bay"keuhn/, n. 1. Francis (Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans), 1561-1626, English essayist, philosopher, and statesman. 2. Francis, 1910-92, English painter, born in ...
bacon and eggs
n [U] a dish consisting of fried or grilled slices of bacon and one or more fried eggs, eaten especially as part of a traditional English breakfast: I had bacon and eggs for ...
Bacon's Rebellion
an unsuccessful uprising by frontiersmen in Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon against the colonial government in Jamestown. * * *
Bacon, Albion Fellows
▪ American reformer and author née  Albion Fellows  born April 8, 1865, Evansville, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 10, 1933, Evansville  American reformer and writer, remembered ...
Bacon, Delia Salter
▪ American author born Feb. 2, 1811, Tallmadge, Ohio, U.S. died Sept. 2, 1859, Hartford, Conn.       American writer who developed the theory, still subscribed to by ...
Bacon, Edmund Norwood
▪ 2006       American urban planner (b. May 2, 1910, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Oct. 14, 2005, Philadelphia), revitalized Philadelphia as executive director of the City ...
Bacon, Francis
born Oct. 28, 1909, Dublin, Ire. died April 28, 1992, Madrid, Spain Irish-British painter. He lived in Berlin and Paris before settling in London (1929) to begin a career as an ...
Bacon, Francis Thomas
▪ British engineer byname  Tom Bacon   born , Dec. 21, 1904, Billericay, Essex, Eng. died May 24, 1992  British engineer who developed the first practical hydrogen-oxygen ...
Bacon, Francis, Viscount Saint Alban (or Albans), Baron of Verulam
▪ British author, philosopher, and statesman Introduction also called (1603–18)  Sir Francis Bacon  born Jan. 22, 1561, York House, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, ...
Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans
born Jan. 22, 1561, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, London British statesman and philosopher, father of modern scientific method. He studied at Cambridge and at Gray's Inn. A ...
Bacon, Henry
▪ American architect born Nov. 28, 1866, Watseka, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 16, 1924, New York City  American architect, best-known as the designer of the Lincoln Memorial, ...
Bacon, John
▪ American clergyman and legislator born April 9, 1738, Canterbury, Conn., U.S. died Oct. 25, 1820, Stockbridge, Mass.       American clergyman, legislator, and judge ...
Bacon, Nathaniel
born Jan. 2, 1647, Suffolk, Eng. died October 1676, Virginia Colony British-born American colonial planter, leader of Bacon's Rebellion. He emigrated from England in 1673 and ...
Bacon, Roger
born с 1220, Ilchester, Somerset, or Bisley, Gloucester?, Eng. died 1292, Oxford English scientist and philosopher. He was educated at Oxford and the University of Paris and ...
Bacon, Sir Nicholas
▪ English government official born 1510, Drinkstone, Suffolk, Eng. died Feb. 20, 1579, London  high official in the government of Queen Elizabeth I and father of the renowned ...
I. Ba·con1 (bāʹkən), Francis. First Baron Verulam and Viscount Saint Albans. 1561-1626. English philosopher, essayist, courtier, jurist, and statesman. His writings include ...
Bacon, Nathaniel. 1647-1676. English-born American colonist who led Bacon's Rebellion (1676), in which a group of frontiersmen captured and burned Jamestown in an attempt to gain ...
Bacon, Roger. Known as “Doctor Mirabilis.” 1214?-1292. English friar, scientist, and philosopher whose Opus Majus (1267) argued that Christian studies should encompass the ...
/bay"keuhn berr'geuhr/, n. a hamburger topped with strips of cooked bacon. [1975-80; BACON + -BURGER] * * *
—Baconianism, Baconism /bay"keuh niz'euhm/, n. /bay koh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the philosopher Francis Bacon or his doctrines. n. 2. an adherent of the Baconian ...
Baconian method
Logic. induction (def. 4a). * * * ▪ philosophy       methodical observation of facts as a means of studying and interpreting natural phenomena. This essentially ...
Baconian theory
the theory attributing the authorship of Shakespeare's plays to Francis Bacon. Cf. Oxford theory. [1870-75] * * *
Baconian theory n. The theory that Francis Bacon was the author of the plays attributed to Shakespeare. * * *
Baconthorpe, John
▪ English theologian and philosopher also called  John Bacon,  Johannes De Baconthorpe , or  Johannes De Anglicus , byname  Doctor Resolutus  born c. 1290, ...
▪ county, Hungary       megye (county), southern Hungary. The largest county in Hungary, Bács-Kiskun extends eastward from the Danube (Danube River) to the Tisza ...
bact abbrev. 1. bacteriology 2. bacterium * * *
1. bacterial. 2. bacteriology. 3. bacterium. * * *
bacter- pref. Variant of bacterio-. * * *
/bak'teuh ree"mee euh/, n. Pathol. the presence of bacteria in the blood. [1885-90; BACTER- + -EMIA] * * * Presence of bacteria in the blood. Short-term bacteremia follows ...
See bacteremia. * * *
See bacteremic. * * *
a combining form meaning "bacteria," used in the formation of compound words: bactericide; bacteriuria. Also, bacter-, bacterio-. [ < Gk baktérion little staff; see BACTERIUM] * ...
—bacterial, adj. —bacterially, adv. /bak tear"ee euh/, n.pl., sing. bacterium /-tear"ee euhm/. ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped and appearing ...
bac·te·ri·al (băk-tîrʹē-əl) adj. Relating to or caused by bacteria: a bacterial enzyme; bacterial diseases.   bac·teʹri·al n. bac·teʹri·al·ly adv. * * *
bacterial canker
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by cankers and usually by exudation of gum, caused by bacteria, as of the genera Pseudomonas and Corynebacterium. * * *
bacterial diseases
Diseases caused by bacteria. The most common infectious diseases, they range from minor skin infections to bubonic plague and tuberculosis. Until the mid-20th century, bacterial ...
bacterial endocarditis
Pathol. a bacterial infection of the inner lining of the heart, most often of the heart valves, characterized by fever, enlarged spleen, and heart murmur. * * *
See bacterial. * * *
bacterial vaginosis n. Vaginal infection resulting from a change in the balance of naturally occurring bacteria, allowing disease-causing bacteria, especially Gardnerella ...
See bactericide. * * *
See bactericidal. * * *
—bactericidal, adj. —bactericidally, adv. /bak tear"euh suyd'/, n. Pharm. any substance capable of killing bacteria. [1880-85; BACTERI- + -CIDE] * * *
/bak"teuh rin/, n. Immunol. a vaccine prepared from killed bacteria. [1910-15; BACTER- + -IN2] * * *
var. of bacteri-. * * *
/bak tear'ee oh klawr"euh fil, -klohr"-/, n. Biochem. a pale blue-gray form of chlorophyll that is unique to the photosynthetic but anaerobic purple bacteria. [1935-40; BACTERIO- ...
bac·te·ri·o·cin (băk-tîrʹē-ə-sĭn') n. An antibacterial substance, such as colicin, produced by a strain of certain bacteria and harmful to another strain within the ...
bac·te·ri·o·gen·ic (băk-tîr'ē-ə-jĕnʹĭk) also bac·te·ri·og·e·nous (-ŏjʹə-nəs) adj. Caused by bacteria. * * *
/bak tear"ee oyd'/, n. 1. bacteroid. adj. 2. Also, bacterioidal. bacteroid. * * *
bacteriology. * * *
See bacteriology. * * *
See bacteriologic. * * *
See bacteriologic. * * *
See bacteriologic. * * *
—bacteriological /bak tear'ee euh loj"i keuhl/, bacteriologic, adj. —bacteriologically, adv. —bacteriologist, n. /bak tear'ee ol"euh jee/, n. a branch of microbiology ...
—bacteriolytic /bak tear'ee euh lit"ik/, n., adj. /bak tear'ee ol"euh sis/, n. disintegration or dissolution of bacteria. [1890-95; BACTERIO- + -LYSIS] * * *
See bacteriolysis. * * *
—bacteriophagic /bak tear'ee euh faj"ik, -fay"jik/, bacteriophagous /bak tear'ee of"euh geuhs/, adj. —bacteriophagy /bak tear'ee of"euh jee/, n. /bak tear"ee euh fayj'/, ...
See bacteriophage. * * *
See bacteriophagic. * * *
/bak tear'ee oh roh dop"sin/, n. Biochem. a protein complex in the membrane of halobacteria that conducts a unique form of photosynthesis, employing the light-sensitive pigment ...
—bacterioscopic /bak tear'ee euh skop"ik/, bacterioscopical, adj. —bacterioscopically, adv. —bacterioscopist, n. /bak tear'ee os"keuh pee/, n. the examination of bacteria ...
—bacteriostatic /bak tear'ee euh stat"ik/, adj. —bacteriostatically, adv. /bak tear'ee euh stay"sis/, n. the prevention of the further growth of bacteria. [1910-15; BACTERIO- ...
/bak tear"ee euh stat'/, n. a substance or preparation that inhibits the further growth of bacteria. [1915-20; BACTERIO- + -STAT] * * *
See bacteriostat. * * *
/bak tear"ee euhm/, n. sing. of bacteria. [1840-50; < NL < Gk baktérion, dim. of baktería staff; akin to báktron stick, L baculum, bacillum] * * *
/bak tear'ee yoor"ee euh/, n. Pathol. the presence of bacteria in the urine. Also, bacteruria /bak'teuh roor"ee euh, -teuhr yoor"/. [1885-90; BACTERI- + -URIA] * * *
See bacterize. * * *
—bacterization, n. /bak"teuh ruyz'/, v.t., bacterized, bacterizing. to change in composition by means of bacteria. Also, esp. Brit., bacterise. [1910-15; BACTER- + -IZE] * * *
/bak"teuh royd'/, n. 1. any of the rod-shaped or branched bacteria in the root nodules of nitrogen-fixing plants. adj. 2. Also, bacteroidal. resembling bacteria. Also, ...
/bak'teuh roy"deez/, n., pl. bacteroides. any of several rod-shaped, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Bacteroides, occurring in the alimentary and genitourinary tracts of humans ...
n [U] a US product name for a substance that helps to prevent infection in small cuts and wounds. It can be bought without a doctor’s permission and is made by Miles ...
/bak"treuh/, n. ancient name of Balkh. * * *
—Bactrian, adj., n. /bak"tree euh/, n. an ancient country in W Asia, between the Oxus River and the Hindu Kush Mountains. Cap.: Bactra. * * * Ancient country, Central ...
Bac·tri·an (băkʹtrē-ən) adj. Of or relating to Bactria or its people, language, or culture. n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Bactria. 2. The Middle Iranian language of the ...
Bactrian camel
an Asian camel, Camelus bactrianus, having two humps on the back: an endangered species. Cf. dromedary. [1600-10] * * *
Bactrian camel n. A two-humped camel (Camelus bactrianus) native to central and southwest Asia. * * *
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct cephalopods (animals related to the modern squid, octopus, and nautilus) found as fossils in marine rocks from the Devonian to the ...
/beuh kyooh"leuh fawrm', bak"yeuh-/, adj. Biol. rod-shaped. [ < L bacul(um) walking stick, staff + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/bak"yeuh lin, -luyn'/, adj. pertaining to the rod or its use in punishing: baculine discipline in the classroom. [1700-10; < L bacul(um) walking stick, staff + -INE1] * * *
—baculitic /bak'yeuh lit"ik/, adj. —baculoid, n. /bak"yeuh luyt'/, n. any ammonite of the genus Baculites, of the Cretaceous Period, having a straight shell with a spiral ...
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct cephalopods (animals related to the modern squid, octopus, and nautilus) found as fossils in Late Cretaceous marine rocks (formed ...
baculum [bak′yo͞o ləm] n. pl. bacula [bak′yo͞olə] or baculums 〚L, a stick: see BACILLUS〛 a slim bone that supports rigidity of the penis in many mammals, including ...
bad1 —badness, n. /bad/, adj., worse, worst; (Slang) badder, baddest for 36; n.; adv. adj. 1. not good in any manner or degree. 2. having a wicked or evil character; morally ...
bad actor
1. a mean, ill-tempered, troublemaking, or evil person. 2. a vicious animal. 3. an inveterate criminal. [1940-45] * * *
bad apple
Informal. a discontented, troublemaking, or dishonest person: In any group of average citizens there are bound to be a few bad apples. [from the proverb "one bad apple spoils the ...
Bad Aussee
▪ Austria       town, central Austria, in the Traun Valley, southeast of Bad Ischl. The former centre of the Salzkammergut (salt region), it has the 15th-century ...
bad blood
unfriendly or hostile relations; enmity; hostility; animosity: When the territory was being settled there was bad blood between the farmers and the ranchers. [1815-25] * * *
Bad Boy Entertainment
➡ P Diddy * * *
bad breath
halitosis. * * *
bad conduct discharge
U.S. Mil. 1. a discharge of a person from military service for an offense less serious than one for which a dishonorable discharge is given. 2. a certificate of such a ...
bad egg
a person who is bad, dishonest, or unreliable; a good-for-nothing: a bad egg who had served several years in prison. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
bad faith
—bad-faith, adj. lack of honesty and trust: Bad faith on the part of both negotiators doomed the talks from the outset. Cf. good faith. * * *
Bad Gandersheim
▪ Germany also called  Gandersheim        city, Lower Saxony Land (state), north-central Germany. It lies in the Leine River valley. Bad Gandersheim is remarkable ...
Bad Godesberg
/baht/ official name of Godesberg. * * * ▪ district, Bonn, Germany       southern district of the city of Bonn, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. ...
bad hair day
a disagreeable or unpleasant day, esp. one during which one feels unattractive. [1990-95] * * *
Bad Harzburg
▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony Land (state), eastern Germany. It is located on the northern slope of the Oberharz (Upper Harz) mountains, at the entrance to the ...
Bad Homburg
▪ Germany in full  Bad Homburg vor der Höhe         city, Hesse (Hessen) Land (state), west-central Germany. It lies at the foot of the wooded Taunus, just north ...
Bad Ischl
▪ Austria also called  Ischl,         town, central Austria. It lies at the confluence of the Traun and Ischler Ache rivers, about 26 miles (42 km) east-southeast of ...
Bad Kreuznach
▪ Germany also called  Kreuznach,         city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), west-central Germany. It lies along the Nahe River, a tributary of the Rhine, ...
Bad Lands
a barren, severely eroded region in SW South Dakota and NW Nebraska. * * *
bad language
➡ swear words * * *
bad man
Older Use. 1. (sometimes caps.) the devil. 2. the bogeyman. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
Bad Mergentheim
▪ Germany       city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), south-central Germany. It lies on the Tauber River, about 60 miles (100 km) west of Nürnberg. An ancient ...
bad news
Informal. an annoying, disturbing, unwelcome thing or person; nuisance; troublemaker. * * *
bad paper
Slang. a less-than-honorable discharge from military service. * * *
bad place, the
Midland and Southern U.S. hell. * * *
bad rap
Slang. See bum rap. * * *
Bad Reichenhall
▪ Germany       city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies in the Alpine Saalach River valley, 9 miles (14 km) southwest of Salzburg, Austria. Bad ...
bad trip
Slang. 1. a mentally or physically horrifying drug-taking experience, as one accompanied by nightmarish hallucinations or by physical pain. 2. a dismayingly unpleasant ...
—bad-mouther, n. /bad"mowth'/ or, sometimes, /-mowdh'/, v.t., bad-mouthed, bad-mouthing. Slang. to speak critically and often disloyally of; disparage: Why do you bad-mouth ...
/bad"tem'peuhrd/, adj. cross; cranky; surly; ill-tempered: a bad-tempered person. [1920-25] * * *
▪ butte, Hungary       basalt-covered residual butte, 1,437 ft (438 m) in height, on the north bank of Lake Balaton (Balaton, Lake) in the Balaton Highlands of western ...
bad actor n. One that consistently behaves or reacts poorly: “Phosphorus is not the only bad actor in lake eutrophication” (Chemical Week). * * *
▪ people       any member of the largest tribal group living in the Nīlgiri Hills of Tamil Nādu state in southern India. The Baḍaga have increased very rapidly, from ...
▪ India also spelled  Vadakara        town and port, northern Kerala state, southwestern India. Located on the Arabian Sea about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of the ...
▪ Nigeria also spelled  Badagri        town and lagoon port in Lagos state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies on the north bank of Porto Novo Creek, an inland waterway ...
/bah'dhah hawth"/, n. a city in SW Spain. 101,710. * * * ▪ Spain       city, capital of Badajoz provincia (province), in the Extremadura comunidad autónoma ...
/bah dahkh shahn"/, n. a former province in NE Afghanistan. * * * ▪ historical region, Afghanistan       historic region of northeastern Afghanistan, roughly ...
/bah'dhah law"nah/, n. a seaport in NE Spain, near Barcelona. 162,888. * * * ▪ Spain       city, Barcelona provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous ...
▪ India  town, northern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southwestern India. The town was known as Vatapi in ancient times and was the first capital of the Chalukya (Chalukya ...
/beuh dahr"ee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or belonging to the predynastic culture of Upper Egypt, 4100-3500 B.C., characterized by flint tools, stone axes, and ...
Badarian culture
▪ ancient Egypt       Egyptian predynastic (Egypt, ancient) cultural phase, first discovered at Al-Badārī, its type site, on the east bank of the Nile River in ...
/bad"as'/, Slang (vulgar). adj. Also, badassed. 1. (of a person) difficult to deal with; mean-tempered; touchy. 2. distinctively tough or powerful; so exceptional as to be ...
Badawi, Abdel Rahman
▪ 2003 ʿAbd al-Rahman Badawi        Egyptian philosopher and academic (b. Feb. 17, 1917, Sharabass, Egypt—d. July 25, 2002, Cairo, Egypt), was generally regarded as ...
Badawi, Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad
▪ 2005       Five months after becoming prime minister of Malaysia, Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi received a surprisingly strong personal mandate in general elections ...
Badāʾūnī, ʿAbd al-Qādir
▪ Indo-Persian historian born 1540, Toda, India died c. 1615, India       Indo-Persian historian, one of the most important writers on the history of the Mughal period ...
/bov/, n. Irish Myth. a spirit who, delighting in war, incited armies to fight and appeared to warriors about to be defeated. * * *
bad blood n. Enmity or bitterness among individuals or groups of people. * * *
▪ Nova Scotia, Canada       unincorporated village, seat of Victoria county, northeastern Nova Scotia, Canada. It lies in the centre of Cape Breton Island, on the ...
Baddeley, Robert
▪ British actor born c. 1732 died Nov. 20, 1794, London       actor chiefly remembered for his will, in which he bequeathed property to found a home for aged and ...

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