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baddeleyite
/bad"l ee uyt' bad"lee-/, n. a mineral, zirconium oxide, ZrO2, used as a refractory. [1890-95; named after Joseph Baddeley, Englishman who first brought specimens to Europe (in ...
badder
/bad"euhr/, adj. 1. Slang. compar. of bad1 (def. 36). 2. Nonstandard. a compar. of bad1. * * *
badderlocks
/bad"euhr loks'/, n. (used with a sing. v.) an edible kelp, Alaria esculenta, found on the coasts of Europe and the British Isles. [1780-90; perh. BALDER + LOCK2 + -S3; cf. ...
baddest
/bad"ist/, adj. 1. Slang. superl. of bad1 (def. 36). 2. Nonstandard. a superl. of bad1. * * *
baddie
/bad"ee/, n. a villainous or criminal person. Also, baddy. [1935-40, Amer.; BAD + -IE] * * *
baddish
/bad"ish/, adj. rather bad; not very good. [1745-55; BAD1 + -ISH1] * * *
baddy
/bad"ee/, n., pl. baddies. baddie. * * *
bade
/bad/, v. a pt. of bid. * * *
Baden
/bahd"n/, n. 1. a region in SW Germany, formerly a state, now incorporated in Baden-Württemberg. 2. Baden-Baden. * * * Former German state, southern Germany. The name (meaning ...
Baden Powell
▪ 2001 Roberto Baden Powell de Aquino        Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. Aug. 6, 1937, Varre-e-Sai, Braz.—d. Sept. 26, 2000, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.), helped ...
Baden-Baden
/bahd"n bahd"n/, n. a city in W Baden-Württemberg, in SW Germany: spa. 48,680. * * * ▪ Germany  city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies along ...
Baden-Powell
/bayd"n poh"euhl, bad"n pow"euhl/, n. Robert Stephenson Smyth /smuyth/, 1st Baron, 1857-1941, British general who founded the Boy Scouts in 1908 and, with his sister Lady Agnes, ...
Baden-Powell (of Gilwell), Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1st Baron
born Feb. 22, 1857, London, Eng. died Jan. 8, 1941, Nyeri, Kenya British army officer and founder of the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides (later Girl Scouts; see scouting). He was ...
Baden-Powell, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron
▪ British army officer also called (1922–29)  Sir Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baronet  born Feb. 22, 1857, London, Eng. died Jan. 8, 1941, Nyeri, Kenya  British army officer ...
Baden-Powell,Sir Robert Stephenson Smyth
Ba·den-Pow·ell (bād'n-pōʹəl), Sir Robert Stephenson Smyth. 1857-1941. British soldier who founded the Boy Scouts (1908) and with his sister Agnes (1858-1945) the Girl ...
Baden-Württemberg
/bahd'n vyuurddt"euhm berddk'/, n. a state in SW Germany: formed 1951. 9,390,000; 13,800 sq. mi. (35,740 sq. km). Cap.: Stuttgart. * * * ▪ state, Germany   Land (state) in ...
Badeni, Kasimir Felix, Graf von
▪ Polish-Austrian statesman Polish  Kazimierz Feliks, Hrabia (count) Badeni  born Oct. 14, 1846, Surochów, Galicia died July 9, 1909, near Krasne       Polish-born ...
Badgastein
▪ Austria also called  Gastein,         town in the Gastein Valley of west-central Austria, on the Gasteiner Ache (river). Its radioactive thermal springs have been ...
badge
—badgeless, adj. /baj/, n., v., badged, badging. n. 1. a special or distinctive mark, token, or device worn as a sign of allegiance, membership, authority, achievement, etc.: a ...
badger
/baj"euhr/, n. 1. any of various burrowing, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae, as Taxidea taxus, of North America, and Meles meles, of Europe and Asia. 2. the fur of ...
badger game
an extortion scheme in which a woman places a man in a compromising position and then victimizes him by demanding money when her male accomplice, pretending to be an outraged ...
badger plane
Carpentry. a plane for finishing rabbets or the like. [1875-80] * * *
badger skunk.
See hog-nosed skunk (def. 1). * * *
Badger State
Wisconsin (used as a nickname). * * *
Badgro, Morris Hiram
▪ 1999       American football player and coach who was an offensive and defensive end for the New York Giants from 1930 to 1935, during which time he was on four ...
BadHomburg
Bad Hom·burg (bät' hŏmʹbûrg', -bo͝ork') A city of west-central Germany at the foot of the Taunus Mountains near Frankfurt. It is a famous spa and resort. Population: ...
badigeon
/beuh dij"euhn/, n. a composition for patching surface defects in carpentry or masonry. [1745-55; < F < ?] * * *
Badīn
▪ Pakistan       town, southern Sindh province, southeastern Pakistan. The town, founded in 1750, lies in swampy deltaic land east of the Indus River. Rice is the major ...
badinage
/bad'n ahzh", bad"n ij/, n., v., badinaged, badinaging. n. 1. light, playful banter or raillery. v.t. 2. to banter with or tease (someone) playfully. [1650-60; < F, equiv. to ...
Badings, Henk
▪ Dutch composer born Jan. 17, 1907, Bandung, Java, Dutch East Indies [now in Indonesia] died June 26, 1987, Maarheeze, Neth.       Dutch composer, best known for his ...
badland
▪ geology   area cut and eroded by many deep, tortuous gullies with intervening saw-toothed divides. The gullies extend from main rivers back to tablelands about 150 m (500 ...
badlands
/bad"landz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a barren area in which soft rock strata are eroded into varied, fantastic forms. [1850-55, Amer.; BAD1 + LAND + -S3; trans. of F mauvaises ...
Badlands National Park
a national park in SW South Dakota: rock formations and animal fossils. 380 sq. mi. (985 sq. km). Formerly (1929-77), Badlands National Monument. * * * ▪ park, South Dakota, ...
badly
/bad"lee/, adv., worse, worst, adj. adv. 1. in a defective, incorrect, or undesirable way: The car runs badly. 2. in an unsatisfactory, inadequate, or unskilled manner: a vague, ...
badman
/bad"man'/, n., pl. badmen. a bandit, outlaw, desperado, etc., esp. in the early history of the western U.S. [1850-55, Amer.; BAD1 + MAN] * * *
badminton
/bad"min tn/, n. a game played on a rectangular court by two players or two pairs of players equipped with light rackets used to volley a shuttlecock over a high net that divides ...
Badminton Horse Trials
➡ Badminton * * *
badmouth
bad·mouth or bad-mouth (bădʹmouth', -mouth') tr.v. Informal bad·mouthed, bad·mouth·ing, bad·mouths To criticize or disparage, often spitefully or unfairly: “those ...
badness
See bad1. * * *
badnews
bad news pl.n. Slang (used with a sing. verb) One that is unpleasant or undesirable: A troublemaker within a group is always bad news. * * *
Badoglio
/bah daw"lyaw/, n. Pietro /pye"trddaw/, 1871-1956, Italian general. * * *
Badoglio, Pietro
born Sept. 28, 1871, Grazzano Monferrato, Italy died Nov. 1, 1956, Grazzano Badoglio Italian general and politician. An army officer, he served as chief of the general staff in ...
Badr
/bad"euhr/, n. Battle of, Islam. a decisive battle in the early days of Islam (A.D. 624), in which Muhammad with about 300 men overcame a force of about 1000 Meccans. * * *
Badr Khānī Jāladat
▪ leader of Kurds born 1893, Maktala, Syria died 1951, Damascus       Kurdish (Kurd) nationalist leader and editor who was one of the chief 20th-century spokesmen for ...
Badr, Battle of
▪ Islamic history       (624), first military victory of the Islāmic Prophet Muḥammad (Muhammad). It seriously damaged Meccan prestige, while strengthening the ...
Badr, Muhammad al-
▪ 1997       Yemeni king and imam who came to power in 1962 but was almost immediately overthrown during an Egyptian-backed coup; after his numerous attempts to restore ...
Badrinath
▪ village and shrine, India       village (uninhabited in winter) and shrine in northern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. Situated in the Himalayas along a ...
Badu, Erykah
▪ 1999       By 1998, just one year after the release of her phenomenally successful debut album, Baduizm, singer-songwriter Erykah Badu had become one of the ...
Badulla
▪ Sri Lanka       town, southeastern Sri Lanka (Ceylon), southeast of Kandy, on the Badulu Oya (river). It is surrounded by mountains and is the site of two large and ...
BAE
1. Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 2. Bureau of American Ethnology. * * *
BAE Systems
the largest British aircraft company, making civil and military aircraft as well as weapons and space communication systems. * * * British manufacturer of aircraft, missiles, ...
Bae Yong Jun
▪ 2007       It was a return to form on the small screen for South Korean actor Bae Yong Jun when filming began on The Tale of the First King's Four Gods in March 2006. ...
Baeck, Leo
born May 23, 1873, Lissa, Posen, Prussia died Nov. 2, 1956, London, Eng. Prussian-Polish rabbi, spiritual leader of German Jewry during the Nazi period. After earning his Ph.D. ...
BAEd
BAEd abbr. Bachelor of Arts in Education. * * *
Baeda
/bee"deuh/, n. Saint. See Bede, Saint. * * *
Baedeker
/bay"di keuhr/, n. 1. any of the series of guidebooks for travelers issued by the German publisher Karl Baedeker, 1801-59, and his successors. 2. anyguidebook, pamphlet, or the ...
Baedeker, Karl
born Nov. 3, 1801, Essen, Duchy of Oldenburg died Oct. 4, 1859, Koblenz, Prussia German publisher. The son of a printer and bookseller, Baedeker started a firm at Koblenz in ...
Baedeker,Karl
Baedeker, Karl. 1801-1859. German publisher who established a series of guidebooks in 1829. * * *
BAeE
BAeE abbr. Bachelor of Aeronautical Engineering. * * *
Baekeland
/bayk"land'/; Flem. /bah"keuh lahnt'/, n. Leo Hendrik /lee"oh hen"drik/; Flem. /lay"oh hen"drddik/, 1863-1944, U.S. chemist, born in Belgium: developed Bakelite. * * *
Baekeland, Leo (Hendrik)
born Nov. 14, 1863, Ghent, Belg. died Feb. 23, 1944, Beacon, N.Y., U.S. Belgian-born U.S. industrial chemist. A teacher of chemistry in Belgium, he immigrated to the U.S. in ...
Baekeland, Leo Hendrik
▪ American chemist born Nov. 14, 1863, Ghent died Feb. 23, 1944, Beacon, N.Y., U.S.       U.S. industrial chemist who helped found the modern plastics (plastic) ...
Baekeland,Leo Hendrik
Baeke·land (bākʹlănd'), Leo Hendrik. 1863-1944. Belgian-born American chemist who developed the first plastic to harden permanently after heating. * * *
bael
/bel, bayl, buyl/, n. 1. a spiny citrus tree, Aegle marmelos, of India. 2. the hard-shelled, greenish-yellow, edible fruit of this tree. Also, bel. Also called Bengal ...
Baer
/bair/, n. 1. Karl Ernst von /kahrl errnst von, feuhn/, 1792-1876, Estonian zoologist and pioneer embryologist. 2. Max, 1909-59, U.S. boxer: world heavyweight champion 1934. * * *
Baer, Karl Ernst, knight von
born Feb. 29, 1792, Piep, Est., Russian Empire died Nov. 28, 1876, Dorpat, Est. Prussian-born Estonian embryologist. Studying chick development with Christian Pander ...
Baer, Karl Ernst, Ritter von, Edler Von Huthorn
▪ Prussian embryologist born Feb. 29, 1792, Piep, Estonia, Russian Empire died Nov. 28, 1876, Dorpat, Estonia  Prussian–Estonian embryologist who discovered the mammalian ...
Baer, Max
▪ American athlete in full  Maximilian Adelbert Baer   born February 11, 1909, Omaha, Nebraska, U.S. died November 21, 1959, Hollywood, California  American boxer who won ...
Baetic Cordillera
▪ mountains, Spain Spanish  Sistema Penibético        mountain system comprising the Andalusian mountains of southeastern Spain. The northern range (called ...
baetyl
—baetylic /bee til"ik/, adj. /beet"l/, n. Class. Antiq. a meteorite or stone held sacred or believed to be of divine origin. Also, baetulus /bee"cheuh leuhs, beet"l euhs/, ...
baetylus
or baetulus In Greek religion, a sacred stone or pillar. In antiquity there were numerous holy stones, most associated with a deity. The most famous example is the holy stone ...
Baeyer
/bay"euhr/; Ger. /be"yeuhrdd/, n. (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von /yoh"hahn free"drik wil"helm ad"olf von, ay"dolf/; Ger. /yoh"hahn frddee"drddikh vil"helm ah"dawlf feuhn/, ...
Baeyer, (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von
born Oct. 31, 1835, Berlin, Prussia died Aug. 20, 1917, Starnberg, near Munich, Ger. German research chemist. He synthesized indigo and formulated its structure, discovered the ...
Baeyer, Adolf von
▪ German chemist in full  Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer   born Oct. 31, 1835, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany] died Aug. 20, 1917, Starnberg, near Munich, ...
Baez
/buy ez", buy"iz/, n. Joan, born 1941, U.S. folk singer. * * *
Báez, Buenaventura
▪ president of Dominican Republic born 1810, Azua de Compostela, Hispaniola [now Azua, Dominican Republic] died 1884, Puerto Rico  politician who served five terms as ...
Baez, Joan
▪ American singer and political activist in full  Joan Chandos Baez  born January 9, 1941, Staten Island, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American folksinger and political ...
Baez, Joan (Chandos)
born Jan. 9, 1941, Staten Island, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. folksinger and activist. She moved often as a child, receiving little musical training, but she became influential ...
Baez,Joan
Ba·ez (bī-ĕzʹ, bīʹĕz'), Joan. Born 1941. American folk singer and political activist. * * *
Bafatá
▪ Guinea-Bissau       town located in east-central Guinea-Bissau. It lies along the Gêba River, which is navigable to that point. Bafatá is an important trading ...
baff
/baf/, Golf. v.i. 1. to strike the ground with a club in making a stroke. n. 2. a stroke with a club that unduly lofts the ball. [1790-1800; Scots dial., special use of baff ...
Baffin
/baf"in/, n. William, 1584?-1622, an English navigator who explored arctic North America. * * * ▪ region, Canada       northernmost and easternmost region of Nunavut ...
Baffin Bay
a part of the Arctic Ocean between W Greenland and E Baffin Island. * * * Large inlet, Atlantic Ocean, between western Greenland and eastern Baffin Island. With an area of ...
Baffin Island
a Canadian island in the Arctic Ocean, between Greenland and N Canada. ab. 1000 mi. (1600 km) long; 190,000 sq. mi. (492,000 sq. km). Also called Baffin Land. * * * Largest ...
Baffin Island Current
also called  Baffin Current,         surface oceanic current, a southward-moving water outflow along the west side of Baffin Bay, Canada. The Baffin Island Current, ...
Baffin, William
▪ English navigator born c. 1584, London, Eng.? died Jan. 23, 1622, Persian Gulf, off the island of Qeshm [now part of Iran]       navigator (navigation) who searched ...
BaffinBay
Baffin Bay An ice-clogged body of water between northeast Canada and Greenland. It connects with the Arctic Ocean to the north and west and with the Atlantic Ocean to the south ...
BaffinIsland
Baffin Island An island of eastern Nunavut, Canada, west of Greenland. It is the fifth-largest island in the world. * * *
baffle
—bafflement, n. —baffler, n. —baffling, adj. —bafflingly, adv. —bafflingness, n. /baf"euhl/, v., baffled, baffling, n. v.t. 1. to confuse, bewilder, or perplex: He was ...
bafflegab
—bafflegabber, n. /baf"euhl gab'/, n. Slang. confusing or generally unintelligible jargon; gobbledegook: an insurance policy written in bafflegab impenetrable to a lay ...
bafflement
See baffle. * * *
baffleplate
/baf"euhl playt'/, n. a plate used as a baffle. [1880-85; BAFFLE + PLATE1] * * *
baffler
See bafflement. * * *
baffy
/baf"ee/, n., pl. baffies. Golf. a short, wooden club with a steep-sloped face, for lofting the ball. Also called number four wood. [1885-90; BAFF + -Y2] * * *
Bafing River
▪ river, Africa       river in western Africa, rising in the Fouta Djallon massif of Guinea and flowing generally northeast for about 200 miles (320 km). After passing ...
Bafoussam
▪ Cameroon       town located in western Cameroon, north-northeast of Douala. A trading centre of the Bamiléké (Bamileke) peoples, it lies in a densely populated ...
BAFTA
(in full the British Academy of Film and Television Arts) a British organization which gives awards every year to film and television actors, producers, etc. It was formed in ...
bag
—baglike, adj. /bag/, n., v., bagged, bagging, interj. n. 1. a container or receptacle of leather, plastic, cloth, paper, etc., capable of being closed at the mouth; pouch. 2. ...
bag job
Slang. illegal entry, esp. as authorized by an agency of the federal government to gather criminal evidence, install listening devices, etc. [1970-75] * * *
bag ladies
➡ homelessness * * *
bag lady
1. a homeless woman who lives and sleeps on city streets or in public places, often keeping all her belongings with her in shopping bags. 2. bagwoman. * * *
bag of waters
a fluid-filled membranous sac in the pregnant uterus that encloses and cushions the fetus, normally breaking at or just before the time of birth; the amnion. [1880-85] * * *
bag of wind
/wind/ windbag. * * *
bag table
a sewing table or worktable having a suspended pouch or bag for holding needlework. * * *
Baga
▪ people       people who inhabit the swampy coastal region between Cape Verga and the city of Conakry in Guinea. They speak a language of the Atlantic branch of the ...
Bagamoyo
▪ Tanzania       town, historic seaport of eastern Tanzania. It lies on the Zanzibar Channel, 45 miles (75 km) northwest of Dar es Salaam. The town was formerly a ...
bagasse
/beuh gas"/, n. 1. crushed sugar cane or beet refuse from sugar making. 2. paper made from fibers of bagasse. [1820-30, Amer.; < F < AmerSp, Sp bagazo, deriv. of baga seed ...
bagatelle
/bag'euh tel"/, n. 1. something of little value or importance; a trifle. 2. a game played on a board having holes at one end into which balls are to be struck with a cue. 3. ...
Bagatha
/bag"euh theuh/, n. Douay Bible. Bigtha. * * *
Bagdad
/bag"dad, beuhg dad"/, n. Baghdad. * * *
Bagé
▪ Brazil       city, south-central Rio Grande do Sul estado (state), Brazil, lying at 732 feet (223 metres) above sea level amid gently rolling hills covered with tall ...
Bagehot
/baj"euht/, n. Walter, 1826-77, English economist, political journalist, and critic. * * *
Bagehot, Walter
born Feb. 3, 1826, Langport, Somerset, Eng. died March 24, 1877, Langport English economist, political analyst, and journalist. While working in his uncle's bank, Bagehot wrote ...
Bagehot,Walter
Bage·hot (băjʹət), Walter. 1826-1877. British economist, social scientist, and journalist who wrote The English Constitution (1867), an analysis of the comparative powers of ...
bagel
/bay"geuhl/, n. a leavened, doughnut-shaped, firm-textured roll, with a brownish glazed surface, made of dough first poached and then baked. [1930-35; < Yiddish beygl; cf. dial. ...
Bagerhat
▪ Bangladesh also spelled  Bagherhat    town, southwestern Bangladesh. It lies just south of the Bhairab River. Bagerhat was the capital of Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali—the ...
bagful
/bag"fool/, n., pl. bagfuls. 1. the contents of or amount held by a bag: three bagfuls of groceries. 2. the quantity required to fill a bag. 3. a considerable amount: He has a ...
baggage
/bag"ij/, n. 1. trunks, suitcases, etc., used in traveling; luggage. 2. the portable equipment of an army. 3. things that encumber one's freedom, progress, development, or ...
baggage car
a car of a passenger train in which luggage, trunks, etc., are carried. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
baggage handler
a person employed by a railway, airline, or steamship company to load or unload baggage. * * *
baggagemaster
/bag"ij mas'teuhr, -mah"steuhr/, n. a person employed, esp. by a railroad, bus company, or steamship line, to take charge of passengers' baggage. [1805-15; BAGGAGE + MASTER] * * *
Baggara
or Baqqarah Nomadic Arab people. They number about 600,000 and are probably descended from the Arabs who migrated west out of Egypt in the Middle Ages. Today they live in a ...
baggataway
/beuh gat"euh way'/, n. a form of lacrosse as played originally by the Ojibwa Indians. [1800-10; < Ojibwa pa·kaatowe· (he) plays lacrosse] * * *
bagger
/bag"euhr/, n. 1. a person who packs groceries or other items into bags. 2. a bag of cloth or plastic attached to a power lawn mower to collect grass as it is cut. [1730-40, for ...
Baggesen, Jens
▪ Danish author in full  Jens Immanuel Baggesen  born February 15, 1764, Korsør, Denmark died October 3, 1826, Hamburg, Germany  leading Danish literary figure in the ...
Baggie
/bag"ee/ 1. Trademark. a brand of plastic bag, manufactured in various sizes, as for preserving food or holding trash. n. 2. (l.c.) Informal. any small bag or packet. [1780-90; ...
baggies
/bag"eez/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. loose-fitting swimming trunks, often with a drawstring at the waist, esp. as worn by surfers. 2. loose-fitting slacks, esp. women's slacks ...
Baggies{™}
a US make of plastic bags for storing food in. * * *
baggily
See baggy. * * *
bagginess
See baggily. * * *
bagging
/bag"ing/, n. woven material, as of hemp or jute, for bags. [1725-35; BAG + -ING1] * * *
baggy
—baggily, adv. —bagginess, n. /bag"ee/, adj., baggier, baggiest. baglike; hanging loosely. [1820-30; BAG + -Y1] Syn. droopy, sagging, loose, loose-fitting. * * *
Baghdad
/bag"dad, beuhg dad"/, n. a city in and the capital of Iraq, in the central part, on the Tigris. 2,800,000. Also, Bagdad. * * * or Bagdad City (pop., 1999 est.: metro. area, ...
Baghdad Railway
▪ railway, Asia       major rail line connecting Istanbul with the Persian Gulf region. Work on the first phase of the railway, which involved an extension of an ...
Baghdad school
▪ Islamic art       stylistic movement of Islāmic manuscript illustration, founded in the late 12th century (though the earliest surviving works cannot be dated before ...
bagheera
/bag ear"euh/, n. a crush-resistant velvet made of uncut pile and used in the manufacture of evening wear and wraps. * * *
Baghelkhand
▪ historical region, India       historical region, eastern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. Known as Dahala before the Muslims, Baghelkhand was held by the ...
Bagheria
▪ Italy       town, northwestern Sicily, Italy, 8 miles (13 km) east-southeast of the city of Palermo. A resort of wealthy Palermitans, Bagheria is noted for several ...
baghla
/bug"lah/, n. an Arabian sailing vessel, having lugsails on two or three masts, a straight, raking stem, and a transom stern. Also, baggala /bug"euh lah'/. [ < Ar baghlah lit., ...
Baghlan
/bahg"lahn/, n. 1. a province in N Afghanistan. 2. a city in and the capital of this province. 110,874. * * * ▪ Afghanistan       city, northeastern Afghanistan, near ...
Baghmati River
▪ river, Asia       river in south-central Nepal and northern Bihar state, northeastern India. It rises in several headstreams in the lowland area of Nepal and flows ...
Bagirmi
▪ people       people living on the southern fringe of the Sahara, close to the region of Bornu in Chad and Nigeria. They numbered about 70,000 at the turn of the ...
Bagirmi, Kingdom of
▪ historical kingdom, Africa Bagirmi also spelled  Baguirmi        historic African state founded in the 16th century in the region just southeast of Lake Chad. ...
baglady
bag lady n. Slang A homeless woman, especially one in a big city, who carries her possessions with her, as in a shopping bag. * * *
Bagley
/bag"lee/, n. William Chandler, 1874-1946, U.S. educator and writer. * * *
Bagley, Sarah G.
▪ American labour organizer born , probably Meredith, N.H., U.S. died 1847?       American labour organizer (organized labour) who was active in trying to institute ...
Bagley, William Chandler
▪ American author and educator born March 15, 1874, Detroit died July 1, 1946, New York City       American educator, author, and editor who, as a leading ...
Baglioni Family
▪ Italian family       related Umbrian nobles, many of whom were fierce and skillful condottiere, who dominated Perugia between 1488 and 1534. They were constantly ...
bagman
/bag"man'/ for 1; /bag"meuhn/ for 2, 3, n., pl. bagmen /-men'/ for 1; /-meuhn/ for 2, 3. 1. dishonest official; a person who collects, carries, or distributes illegal payoff ...
bagnio
/ban"yoh, bahn"-/, n., pl. bagnios. 1. a brothel. 2. (esp. in Italy or Turkey) a bath or bathing house. 3. Archaic. a prison for slaves, esp. in the Orient. [1590-1600; < It ...
Bagnold
/bag"neuhld/, n. Enid, 1889-1981, English novelist and playwright. * * *
Bagnold, Enid
▪ British author married name  Lady Jones  born October 27, 1889, Rochester, Kent, England died March 31, 1981, London       English novelist and playwright who was ...
Bagnold, Ralph A.
▪ British geologist in full  Ralph Alger Bagnold   born April 3, 1896, Devonport, Devonshire, Eng. died May 28, 1990       English geologist who was a leading ...
Bago
▪ Philippines       city, western portion of the island of Negros, Philippines. Bago lies along Guimaras Strait at the mouth of the Bago River and is situated between ...
Bago Mountains
▪ mountains, Myanmar Burmese  Bago Yoma , also called  Pegu Mountains        mountain range of south-central Myanmar (Burma), extending 270 miles (435 km) ...
Bagoas
▪ Achaemenian minister flourished 4th century BC       confidential minister of the Achaemenid king Artaxerxes III of Persia. His name was the Greek form of an Old ...
bagof waters
bag of waters n. See water bag. * * *
bagpeople
bag people pl.n. Slang Homeless people. * * *
bagpipe
—bagpiper, n. /bag"puyp'/, n., v., bagpiped, bagpiping. n. 1. Often, bagpipes. a reed instrument consisting of a melody pipe and one or more accompanying drone pipes protruding ...
bagpiper
See bagpipe. * * *
bagpipes
(also infml pipes) n [pl] a musical instrument played by blowing air into a bag held under the arm, and pressing it out through pipes. Similar instruments are played in many ...
Bagratid Dynasty
▪ Armenian dynasty       princely and royal dynasty founded in Armenia and Georgia during the 9th century by the Bagratuni family. The Bagratid kings kept Armenia ...
Bagration, Pyotr Ivanovich, Knyaz
▪ Russian general born 1765, Kizlyar, Russia died September 24 [September 12, Old Style], 1812, Sima       Russian general who distinguished himself during the ...
Bagritsky, Eduard Georgiyevich
▪ Soviet poet pseudonym of  Eduard Georgiyevich Dzyubin, or Dziubin   born Nov. 3 [Oct. 22, Old Style], 1895, Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Feb. 16, 1934, Moscow, ...
baguette
/ba get"/, n. 1. Jewelry. a. a rectangular shape given to a small gem, esp. a diamond, by cutting and polishing. b. a gem having this shape. 2. Archit. a small convex molding, ...
Baguio
/bah"gee oh'/; Sp. /bah"gyaw/, n. a city on W Luzon, in the N Philippines: summer capital. 119,009; 4961 ft. (1512 m) high. * * * ▪ Philippines       city, west-central ...
Baguirmi
or Bagirmi Former sultanate, now part of southwestern Chad. Located southeast of Lake Chad, it was probably established in the 16th century. The king ruled from the capital ...
Bagutta Prize
▪ Italian literary prize       Italian literary prize that is awarded annually to the author of the best book of the year. Established in 1927, it is named after the ...
bagwig
—bagwigged, adj. /bag"wig'/, n. a wig with the back hair enclosed in a fabric bag, much used in the 18th century. [1710-20; BAG + WIG] * * *
bagwoman
/bag"woom'euhn/, n., pl. bagwomen. a woman who collects, carries, or distributes illegal payoff money. Also called bag lady. [1970-75; BAG + -WOMAN] * * *
bagwork
/bag"werrk'/, n. Civ. Engin. a revetment, consisting of heavy material sewn into bags, for protecting embankments against scour. [BAG + WORK] * * *
bagworm
/bag"werrm'/, n. any moth of the family Psychidae in its caterpillar phase, in which it wraps itself in a bag of silk, leaves, etc. [1860-65, Amer.; BAG + WORM] * * *
bagworm moth
Any insect of the moth family Psychidae, found worldwide, named for the baglike cases the larvae (see larva) carry with them. The bag, which ranges in size from 0.25 to 6 in. ...
Bagyidaw
died October 1846 Seventh monarch of the Alaungpaya dynasty (r. 1819–37) of Myanmar. Bagyidaw was an ineffectual king, but his general, Maha Bandula, convinced him to pursue ...
bah
/bah, ba/, interj. (an exclamation of contempt or annoyance): Bah! Humbug! * * *
Bahā' Allah
Bahā' Allah [bä hä΄ä lä′] (born Mirzā Ḥoseyn ʼAli Nūrī) 1817-92; Iran. Muslim religious leader: founder of Bahaism * * *
Baha'i
/beuh hah"ee, -huy"/, n., pl. Baha'is, adj. n. 1. a religion founded in Iran in 1863 by Husayn 'Ali (called Bahaullah) teaching the essential worth of all religions, the unity of ...
Baha'ism
—Baha'ist, n., adj. /beuh hah"iz euhm, -huy"iz-/, n. the religion of Baha'i. Also, Bahaism, Baha'ism. [BAHA'(I) + -ISM] * * *
bahadur
/beuh haw"door, -hah"-/, n. (often cap.) a title of respect commonly affixed to the names of European officers in Indian documents or used in ceremonious mention by Indians: ...
Bahādur Shah I
▪ Mughal emperor born Oct. 14, 1643, Burhanpur [India] died Feb. 27, 1712, Lahore [now in Pakistan]       Mughal emperor of India from 1707–12.       As Prince ...
Bahādur Shāh II
▪ Mughal emperor born Oct. 24, 1775, Delhi, India died Nov. 7, 1862, Rangoon [now Yangon], Myanmar       the last Mughal emperor of India (reigned 1837–58). He was a ...
Bahadurpur, Battle of
▪ Indian history [1658]       (Feb. 24, 1658), conflict that helped decide the war of succession among the sons of Shah Jahān (Jahān Shāh), Mughal emperor of India ...
Bāḥah, al-
▪ Saudi Arabia       town, southwestern Saudi Arabia. The town is situated on a mountainous plateau at an elevation of 7,014 feet (2,138 m) and is surrounded by terraced ...
Bahai
Bahai [bə hī′, bəhä′ē; bähī, bähä′ē] n. pl. Bahais [bə hīz′, bəhä′ēz΄; bähīz, bähä′ēz΄] 〚Pers bahā'ī, lit., of splendor < bahā, splendor < ...
Bahaism
Bahaism [bə hä′iz΄əm, bəhī′iz΄əm; bähä′iz΄əm, bähī′iz΄əm] n. a modern religion, developed originally in Iran from Babism, that stresses principles of ...
Bahaist
See Bahaism. * * *
Bahama grass
/beuh hah"meuh, -hay"-/. See Bermuda grass. [1885-90] * * *
Bahaman
See Bahamian. * * *
Bahamas
—Bahamian /beuh hay"mee euhn, -hah"-/, n., adj. /beuh hah"meuhz, -hay"-/, n. (used with a plural v.) 1. a group of islands in the W Atlantic Ocean, SE of Florida. 2. an ...
Bahamas, flag of The
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped aquamarine-yellow-aquamarine national flag with a black triangle at the hoist. It has a width-to-length ratio of 1 to ...
Bahamas, The
officially Commonwealth of The Bahamas Archipelago and nation consisting of about 700 islands and numerous cays, northwestern edge of the West Indies, lying southeast of Florida ...
Bahamian
See Bahamas. * * * ➡ Bahamas * * *
Bahār, Muḥammad Taqī
▪ Iranian author born 1885, Mashhad, Iran died April 22, 1951, Tehrān       poet who is considered to be one of the greatest poets of early 20th-century ...
Baharampur
▪ India also spelled  Berhampur  or  Berhampore        city, central West Bengal state, northeastern India, lying just east of the Bhagirathi River. Baharampur ...
Bahasa Indonesia
/bah hah"seuh/ official name of the Indonesian language. [ < Malay: Indonesian language] * * *
Bahasa Malaysia
the dialect of Malay used as the official language of Malaysia. Also called Bahasa Malay. [ < Malay: Malaysian language] * * *
BahasaIndonesia
Ba·ha·sa Indonesia (bä-häʹsə) n. See Indonesian.   [Indonesian, Indonesian language, from Sanskrit bhāṣā, speech, language.] * * *
BahasaMalay
Bahasa Ma·lay (mə-lāʹ, māʹlā) also Bahasa Me·la·yo (mə-läʹyo͞o) n. See Malay.   [Malay bahasa Melayu, Malay language : bahasa, speech, language (from Sanskrit ...
Bahau
/beuh how"/, n., pl. Bahaus, (esp. collectively) Bahau. a member of any of several Dayak tribes of central and eastern Borneo. * * *
Bahaullah
/bah hah"ool lah"/, n. See Husayn 'Ali. Also, Baha'-u'llah. * * *
Bahawalnagar
▪ Pakistan       town, east-central Punjab province, Pakistan. The town lies just east of the Sutlej River. It is a market distributing centre connected by road with ...
Bahawalpur
/beuh hah"weuhl poor', bah"weuhl-/, n. 1. a state in E Pakistan. 4,652,000; 32,443 sq. mi. (83,000 sq. km). 2. the capital of this state. 133,956. * * * ▪ Pakistan  city, ...
Bahāʾ al-Dīn
▪ Arab author in full  Abū al-Maḥāsin Yūsuf ibn Rāfiʿ ibn Shaddād Bahāʾ al-Dīn   born 1145, Mosul, Iraq died 1235, Aleppo, Syria       Arab writer and ...
Bahāʾ al-Dīn Zuhayr
▪ Arab poet in full  Abū al-Faḍl Zuhayr ibn Ṃuḥammad al-Muhallabī  born Feb. 28, 1186, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia] died Nov. 2, 1258, Cairo, ...
Bahāʾ Ullāh
orig. Mīrzā Ḥoseyn ʽAli Nūrī born Nov. 12, 1817, Tehrān, Iran died May 29, 1872, Acre, Palestine Iranian religious leader, founder of the Bahāī faith. A Shīʽite ...
Bahaʾi
Religion founded in Iran in the mid-19th century by Bahā Ullāh. It emerged from Bābism when in 1863 Bahāʾ Ullāh asserted that he was the messenger of God predicted by the ...
Bahāʾī faith
 religion founded in Iran in the mid-19th century by Mīrzā Ḥoseyn ʿAlī Nūrī, who is known as Bahāʾ Ullāh (Arabic: “Glory of God”). The cornerstone of Bahāʾī ...
Bahāʾī temple
      in the Bahāʾī faith, house of worship open to adherents of all religions. See mashriq al-adhkār. * * *
Bahcall, John N.
▪ 2006       American astrophysicist (b. Dec. 30, 1934, Shreveport, La.—d. Aug. 17, 2005, New York, N.Y.), made fundamental contributions to the understanding of the ...
Bahia
/bah ee"euh, beuh-/, n. 1. a coastal state of E Brazil. 9,593,687; 216,130 sq. mi. (559,700 sq. km). Cap.: Salvador. 2. a former name of Salvador. * * * State (pop., 2000: ...
Bahía Blanca
/bah ee"ah vlahng"kah/ a seaport in E Argentina. 220,765. * * * ▪ Argentina       city and major port of Argentina, located near Blanca Bay of the Atlantic Ocean in ...
Bahía de Cochinos
/bah ee"ah dhe kaw chee"naws/ Spanish name of Bay of Pigs. * * *
Bahia grass
/beuh hee"euh/ a grass, Paspalum notatum, of tropical America, grown in the southern United States for lawns and pasturage. [1925-30; after BAHIA (state)] * * *
BahíaBlanca
Ba·hí·a Blan·ca (bə-hē'ə blăngʹkə, bä-ēʹä vlängʹkä) A city of eastern Argentina on the Bahía Blanca, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Buenos Aires. ...
Bahiagrass
Ba·hi·a grass (bə-hēʹə) n. A perennial, sod-forming tropical American grass (Paspalum notatum) grown in warm regions, such as the southern United States, for forage, soil ...
Bahian
See Bahia. * * *
Bahmanī sultanate
      Muslim state (1347–1518) in the Deccan in India. The sultanate was founded in 1347 by ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn Bahman Shah, who was supported by other military leaders ...
Bahnaric languages
      branch of the Mon-Khmer family of languages, itself a part of the Austroasiatic stock. The Bahnaric branch is divided into West, Northwest, North, Central, and South ...
Bahonar, Mohammad Javad
▪ prime minister of Iran also spelled  Muḥammad Javād Bāhunar   born 1933, Kermān, Iran died August 30, 1981, Tehrān       Iranian politician who was prime ...
Bahr
/bahrdd/, n. Hermann /herdd"mahn/, 1863-1934, Austrian playwright and critic. * * * (as used in expressions) Al Bahr al Mayyit Bahr al Ghazal Bahr al Jabal Bahr al Nil * * *
Baḥr al-Aḥmar, Al-
▪ governorate, Egypt  muḥāfaẓah (governorate) of Egypt, comprising much of the Eastern Desert (also called Arabian Desert) east of the Nile River valley to the Red Sea; ...
Baḥr al-Ghazāl
▪ river, The Sudan also spelled  Bahr el-Ghazal,  English  Gazelle River,         river, The Sudan, chief western affluent of the Nile River. It is 445 miles (716 ...
Baḥr al-Jabal
▪ river, The Sudan also spelled  Bahr el-Jebel , English  Mountain Nile   that section of the Nile River between Nimule near the Uganda border and Malakāl in ...
Baḥr al-ʿArab
▪ river, The Sudan also spelled  Bahr el-Arab        intermittent river of southwestern Sudan, rising northeast of the Tondou (Bongo) Massif, near the border with the ...
Baḥr az-Zarāf
▪ river, The Sudan also spelled  Bahr el-Zaraf , English  Giraffe River        river, an arm of the Nile River in as-Sudd region of south-central Sudan. It is ...
Bähr, George
▪ German architect George also spelled  Georg   born March 15, 1666, Fürstenwalde, Saxony [Germany] died March 16, 1738, Dresden  German architect who is best known for ...
Bahr, Hermann
▪ Austrian writer born July 19, 1863, Linz, Upper Austria died Jan. 15, 1934, Munich  Austrian author and playwright who championed (successively) naturalism, Romanticism, ...
Bahraich
▪ India       city, east-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, located on a tributary of the Ghaghara River (Ghāghara River) and on a rail line between ...
Bahrain
/bah rayn", -ruyn", beuh-/, n. 1. a sheikdom in the Persian Gulf, consisting of a group of islands: formerly a British protectorate; declared independent 1971. 603,318; 232 sq. ...
Bahrain, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a red field (background) with a white, serrated strip at the hoist. The flag's width-to-length ratio is 3 to ...
Bahraini
/bah ray"nee, -ruy"-, beuh-/, n., pl. Bahrainis, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Bahrain. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Bahrain or its people. [BAHRAIN + ...
Bahram
▪ racehorse       (foaled 1932), English racehorse (Thoroughbred), winner in 1935 of the British Triple Crown and never beaten in nine contests.       Foaled by ...
Bahrām I
▪ king of Iran flourished 3rd century AD    Sāsānian king (reigned 273–276).       A son of Shāpūr I, during his father's reign he governed the province of ...
Bahrām II
▪ king of Iran flourished 3rd century AD    Sāsānian king (reigned 276–293), the son and successor of Bahrām I.       Soon after becoming king, he was forced to ...
Bahrām IV
▪ king of Iran flourished 4th century AD       Sāsānian king (reigned 388–399).       One of the sons of Shāpūr II, Bahrām first served as governor of ...
Bahrām V
▪ king of Iran also called  Bahrām Gūr  flourished 5th century AD;       Sāsānian king (reigned 420–438). He was celebrated in literature, art, and folklore ...
Bahrām VI Chūbīn
▪ king of Iran flourished 6th century AD    Sāsānian king (reigned 590–591). A general and head of the house of Mihran at Rayy (near modern Tehrān), he performed, in ...
Bahrdt, Carl Friedrich
▪ German writer born Aug. 25, 1741, Bischofswerda, near Dresden, Saxony [Germany] died April 23, 1792, Nietleben, Halle [Saxony-Anhalt]       German Enlightenment ...
Bahrel Ghazal
Bahr el Gha·zal (bâr' ĕl' gə-zălʹ, bär' ĕl' gä-zälʹ) A river of southwest Sudan flowing about 805 km (500 mi) east to Lake No, where it joins the Bahr el Jebel. * * *
Bahrel Jebel
Bahr el Jeb·el (jĕbʹəl) A river, about 956 km (594 mi) long, of southern Sudan. It is a section of the White Nile. * * *
baht
/baht/, n., pl. bahts, baht. a paper money and monetary unit of Thailand, equal to 100 satangs. [1820-30; < Thai bà:t, earlier, a measure of weight, ult. < Pali pada FOOT] * * ...
Bahubali
▪ Jainism also called  Gommateshvara        According to the traditions of the Indian religion Jainism, the son of the first Tirthankara (Ford-maker, i.e., saviour) ...
bahut
/bah"hoot, -hooht; beuh hoot", -hooht"/; Fr. /bann yuu"/, n., pl. bahuts /bah"hoots, -hoohts; beuh hoots", -hoohts"/; Fr. /bann yuu"/. 1. a medieval French chest for household ...
Bahūtī, al-
▪ Islamic jurist in full  Shaykh Manṣūr Ibn Yūnus Al-bahūtī , also called  Al-bahūtī Al-miṣrī  born , Bahūt, Egypt died July 1641, Cairo       teacher ...
Bahutu
Bahutu [bə ho͞o′to͞o΄] n. alt. pl. of HUTU * * *
bahuvrihi
/bah'hooh vree"hee/, n., pl. bahuvrihis. Gram. a compound noun or adjective consisting of two constituents, the first of which is adjectival and describes the person or object ...
Bahya ben Joseph ibn Pakuda
▪ Jewish philosopher flourished 11th century       dayyan—i.e., judge of a rabbinical court—in Muslim Spain and author of a highly influential and popular work of ...
bai
/buy/, n. a yellow mist occurring in eastern China and Japan during the spring and fall, caused by dust from the interior of China. [ < Japn < MChin, equiv. to Chin mái dust ...
Bai Juyi
▪ Chinese poet also spelled  Bo Juyi , Wade-Giles romanization  Pai Chü-i  or  Po Chü-i , courtesy name (zi)  Letian , literary name (hao)  Xiangshan Jushi  born ...
Bai River
or Pai River River, northeastern China. It rises beyond the Great Wall in Hebei province and flows southeastward through Beijing municipality. It continues through Tianjin ...
Baia Mare
▪ Romania Hungarian  Nagybánya,  German  Neustadt        city, capital of Maramureș (Maramureş) județ (county), northwestern Romania. It is situated in the ...
Baia-Mare
Baia-Mare [bä΄yə mär′ə] city in NW Romania: pop. 150,000 * * * Ba·ia-Ma·re (bäʹyə-mäʹrə) A city of northwest Romania north of Cluj. It is an industrial center ...
Baiae
/bay"yee/, n. an ancient resort city in SW Italy, near Naples: villas of Caesar, Nero, and Pompey. * * * ▪ historic site, Italy Italian  Baia         ancient city of ...
Baicheng
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Pai-ch'eng , formerly  Tao'an        city, northwestern Jilin (Kirin) sheng (province), northeastern China. The region was ...
baidarka
/buy dahr"keuh/, n. bidarka. * * *
Baie-Comeau
▪ Quebec, Canada       town, regional county municipality (RCM) of Côte-Nord region, east-central Quebec province, Canada. It lies on the north bank of the St. ...
Baïf, Jean-Antoine de
▪ French poet born 1532, Venice [Italy] died October 1589, Paris, France       most learned of the seven French poets who constituted the group known as La ...
baigneuse
/be nyuez"/, n., pl. baigneuses /-nyuez"/. Fr. Furniture. a day bed of the Empire period, having a back sloping and curving to form a rounded head and foot. [ < F: lit., bather ...
baihua
▪ Chinese language Chinese“colloquial language”, Wade-Giles romanization  pai-hua        vernacular style of Chinese that was adopted as a written language in a ...
Baikal
/buy kahl"/, n. Lake, a lake in the Russian Federation, in S Siberia: the deepest lake in the world. 13,200 sq. mi. (34,188 sq. km); 5714 ft. (1742 m) deep. * * *
Baikal, Lake
or Lake Baykal Lake, southern Siberia, Russia, in Asia. With a length of 395 mi (636 km) long and an area of some 12,200 sq mi (31,500 sq km), it is the largest freshwater ...
Baikal,Lake
Bai·kal or Bay·kal (bī-kôlʹ, -kŏlʹ), Lake A lake of south-central Russia. Over 636 km long (394 mi), it is the largest freshwater lake in Eurasia and the world's deepest ...
Baikalsky Nature Reserve
▪ research area, Russia       natural area set aside for research in the natural sciences, on the southern shore of Lake Baikal (Baikal, Lake), southeastern Russia. The ...
Baikie, William Balfour
▪ British explorer born Aug. 27, 1825, Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, Scot. died Dec. 12, 1864, Sierra Leone  explorer and philologist whose travels into Nigeria helped open up ...


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