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Baikonur
▪ space centre, Kazakstan also spelled  Baykonur, Baykonyr, or Bajkonur,  also called  Tyuratam, or Turatam,    former Soviet and current Russian space centre in ...
bail
bail1 /bayl/, Law. n. 1. property or money given as surety that a person released from custody will return at an appointed time. 2. the person who agrees to be liable if someone ...
bail bond
a formal document that gives bail for someone to be released from custody. [1700-10] * * *
bailable
/bay"leuh beuhl/, adj. Law. 1. capable of being set free on bail. 2. admitting of bail: a bailable offense. [1495-1505; BAIL1 + -ABLE] * * *
Baile Átha Cliath
/blah klee"euh/ Gaelic name of Dublin. * * *
bailee
/bay lee"/, n. Law. a person to whom personal property is delivered in bailment. [1520-30; BAIL1 + -EE] * * *
bailer
See bail1,2. * * *
bailey
/bay"lee/, n., pl. baileys. 1. the defensive wall surrounding an outer court of a castle. 2. the courtyard itself. Also, ballium. [1250-1300; ME, var. of BAIL4] * * * (as used ...
Bailey
/bay"lee/, n. 1. Liberty Hyde, 1858-1954, U.S. botanist, horticulturist, and writer. 2. Nathan or Nathaniel, died 1742, English lexicographer. * * * (as used in ...
Bailey bridge
a temporary bridge formed of prefabricated, interchangeable, steel truss panels bolted together. [named after Sir Donald Bailey (1901-85), British engineer, its designer] * * *
Bailey, Ann
▪ American scout née  Ann Hennis  born 1742, Liverpool, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1825, Gallia county, Ohio, U.S.       American scout, a colourful figure in fact and ...
Bailey, Anna Warner
▪ American patriot née  Anna Warner,  byname  Mother Bailey  born Oct. 11?, 1758, Groton, Conn. [U.S.] died Jan. 10, 1851, Groton       American patriot, the ...
Bailey, David
▪ British photographer born Jan. 2, 1938, London, Eng.       British photographer known for his advertising, celebrity, and fashion photographs.       David ...
Bailey, Derek
▪ 2006       British guitarist (b. Jan. 29, 1930, Sheffield, Eng.—d. Dec. 25, 2005, London, Eng.), was the guru of free improvisation, a technique of creating ...
Bailey, Donovan
▪ 1997       At the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, Ga., Canadian sprinter Donovan Bailey won the 100-m dash in 9.84 sec to earn the appellation "the world's fastest ...
Bailey, Florence Augusta Merriam
▪ American ornithologist née  Florence Augusta Merriam   born Aug. 8, 1863, Locust Grove, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 22, 1948, Washington, D.C.       American ...
Bailey, Gamaliel
▪ American journalist born December 3, 1807, Mount Holly, New Jersey, U.S. died June 5, 1859, at sea en route to Europe       journalist and a leader of the abolition ...
Bailey, Hannah Clark Johnston
▪ American social reformer née  Johnston  born , July 5, 1839, Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, New York, U.S. died October 23, 1923, Portland, Maine       U.S. reformer who ...
Bailey, James A
▪ American circus impresario original name  James Anthony McGinnes  born July 4, 1847, Detroit died April 11, 1906, Mt. Vernon, New York, U.S.       U.S. impresario ...
Bailey, Jerry
▪ 2005       When the 2003 Thoroughbred racing Eclipse Awards were handed out on Jan. 26, 2004, Jerry Bailey was proclaimed the outstanding jockey in North America for ...
Bailey, Liberty Hyde
▪ American botanist born March 15, 1858, near South Haven, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 25, 1954, Ithaca, N.Y.  botanist whose systematic study of cultivated plants transformed ...
Bailey, Mildred
▪ American singer original name  Mildred Rinker  born Feb. 27, 1907, Tekoa, Wash., U.S. died Dec. 12, 1951, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.  American singer known for her light soprano ...
Bailey, Pearl
▪ American entertainer in full  Pearl Mae Bailey  born March 29, 1918, Newport News, Virginia, U.S. died August 17, 1990, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  American entertainer ...
Bailey, Pearl (Mae)
(b. March 29, 1918, Newport News, Va., U.S. d. Aug. 17, 1990, Philadelphia, Pa.) U.S. singer and entertainer. She began her career at age 15, appearing in nightclubs and ...
Bailey, Samuel
▪ British economist and philosopher born 1791, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 18, 1870, Sheffield       English economist and philosopher remembered for his ...
Bailey, Sir Donald Coleman
▪ British engineer born Sept. 15, 1901, Rotherham, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 5, 1985, Bournemouth, Dorset       British engineer who invented the Bailey bridge, which ...
Bailey,Nathan
Bai·ley (bāʹlē), Nathan or Nathaniel Died 1742. British lexicographer whose Universal Etymological English Dictionary, first published in 1721, was used as a reference by ...
Baileybridge
Bailey bridge n. A steel bridge designed to be shipped in parts and assembled rapidly.   [After Sir Donald Bailey (1901-1985), British engineer.] * * *
bailie
/bay"lee/, n. 1. (in Scotland) a municipal officer or magistrate, corresponding to an English alderman. 2. Obs. bailiff. [1250-1300; ME baillie < OF bailli, var. of baillif ...
Bailie, Kim
▪ 2009 John Alexander Hope Bailie        South African-born aerospace engineer born Feb. 2, 1929, Johannesburg, S.Af. died Aug. 29, 2008, Palo Alto, Calif. earned a ...
bailiff
—bailiffship, n. /bay"lif/, n. 1. an officer, similar to a sheriff or a sheriff's deputy, employed to execute writs and processes, make arrests, keep order in the court, ...
bailiffship
See bailiff. * * *
bailiwick
/bay"leuh wik'/, n. 1. the district within which a bailie or bailiff has jurisdiction. 2. a person's area of skill, knowledge, authority, or work: to confine suggestions to one's ...
Baillie, Joanna
▪ British author born Sept. 11, 1762, Hamilton, Lanark, Scot. died Feb. 23, 1851, Hampstead, London  poet and prolific dramatist whose plays, mainly in verse, were highly ...
Baillie, Lady Grizel
▪ Scottish poet born Dec. 25, 1665, Redbraes Castle, Berwickshire, Scot. died Dec. 6, 1746       Scottish poet remembered for her simple and sorrowful ...
Baillie, Matthew
▪ Scottish pathologist born Oct. 27, 1761, Shots Manse, Lanarkshire, Scot. died Sept. 23, 1823, Duntisbourne, Gloucestershire, Eng.       Scottish pathologist whose ...
Baillie, Robert
▪ Scottish minister born 1599 died July 1662, Glasgow       Presbyterian minister and theological scholar who led the movement in Scotland to reject (1637) the Church ...
Baillon, André
▪ Belgian author born April 27, 1875, Antwerp, Belgium died April 10, 1932, St. Germain-en-Laye, France       Belgian novelist whose ironic and clear-eyed works ...
Baillou, Guillaume de
▪ French physician Latin  Ballonius   born 1538, Paris died 1616, Paris  physician, founder of modern epidemiology, who revived Hippocratic medical practice in Renaissance ...
Bailly, Jean-Sylvain
born Sept. 15, 1736, Paris, France died Nov. 12, 1793, Paris French astronomer and politician. Noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley's Comet in 1759, he turned to ...
bailment
/bayl"meuhnt/, n. Law. the delivery of personal property returnable to the bailor after being held for some purpose. [1545-55; earlier bailement < AF; OF baillement. See BAIL1, ...
bailor
/bay"leuhr, bay lawr"/, n. a person who delivers personal property in bailment. [1595-1605; BAIL1 + -OR2] * * *
bailout
/bayl"owt'/, n. 1. the act of parachuting from an aircraft, esp. to escape a crash, fire, etc. 2. an instance of coming to the rescue, esp. financially: a government bailout of a ...
bailsman
/baylz"meuhn/, n., pl. bailsmen. a person who gives bail or acts as surety. [1860-65; BAIL1 + 's1 + -MAN] * * *
Baily's beads
/bay"leez/ spots of light that appear to encircle the moon, resembling a string of luminous beads, visible immediately before and after a total eclipse, caused by the sun's light ...
Baily, Francis
▪ British astronomer born April 28, 1774, Newbury, Berkshire, Eng. died Aug. 30, 1844, London  astronomer who detected the phenomenon called “Baily's beads” during an ...
baimiao
▪ Chinese painting Chinese“plain drawing”Wade-Giles romanization  pai-miao        in Chinese painting, brush technique that produces a finely controlled, supple ...
Bain, Alexander
▪ Scottish philosopher born June 11, 1818, Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scot. died Sept. 18, 1903, Aberdeen  Scottish philosopher who advanced the study of psychology with his work ...
bain-marie
/bayn"meuh ree"/; Fr. /baonn mann rddee"/, n., pl. bains-marie /bayn"meuh ree"/; Fr. /baonn mann rddee"/. 1. (in cooking) a receptacle containing hot or boiling water into which ...
Bainbridge
/bayn"brij'/, n. a city in SW Georgia. 10,553. * * * ▪ Georgia, United States       city, seat (1823) of Decatur county, far southwestern Georgia, U.S. It lies along ...
Bainbridge reflex
▪ physiology also called  atrial reflex        acceleration of the heart rate resulting from increased blood pressure in, or increased distension of, the large ...
Bainbridge, Beryl
▪ British author in full  Beryl Margaret Bainbridge   born Nov. 21, 1933, Liverpool, Eng.       English novelist known for her psychologically astute portrayals of ...
Bainbridge, John
▪ English astronomer born 1582, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, Eng. died Nov. 3, 1643, Oxford, Oxfordshire       astronomer noted for his observations of comets ...
Bainbridge, Kenneth
▪ 1997       U.S. physicist and director of the Trinity test, the first test explosion of the atomic bomb, which took place in the remote Jornado del Muerto desert in ...
Bainbridge, William
▪ United States naval officer born May 7, 1774, Princeton, N.J. died July 27, 1833, Philadelphia  American naval officer who captured the British frigate Java in the War of ...
Baines, Thomas
▪ British artist born 1822, King's Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died May 8, 1875, Durban, Natal       English-born artist, explorer, naturalist, and author who spent most of his ...
Bainimarama, Voreqe
▪ 2008 Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama; Frank Bainimarama  born April 27, 1954, Kiuva, Fiji  On Jan. 5, 2007, Bainimarama declared himself interim prime minister of Fiji. He had ...
bainite
/bay"nuyt/, n. Metall. an aggregate of iron carbide and ferrite, formed from austenite below the temperature at which pearlite forms and above that at which martensite ...
Bainqen Lama
/buyn"chen/. See Tashi Lama. * * *
Bainville, Jacques
▪ French historian born Feb. 9, 1879, Vincennes, Fr. died Feb. 9, 1936, Paris  French political writer and historian, a leading exponent of conservative ideals between World ...
Bairam
/buy rahm", buy"rahm/, n. See 'Id al-Adha. [1590-1600; < Turk bayram lit., holiday, festival, prob. ult. < Pers] * * *
Baird
Baird [berd] John Logie [lō′gē] 1888-1946; Scot. inventor & television pioneer * * * (1888–1946) a Scottish inventor who is remembered mainly for his work on early forms ...
Baird Mountains
a mountain range in NW Alaska, forming the west range of the Brooks Range. * * *
Baird, Bil and Cora
born Aug. 15, 1904, Grand Island, Neb., U.S. died March 18, 1987, New York, N.Y. born Jan. 26, 1912, New York City died Dec. 6, 1967, New York City U.S. puppeteers. Bil Baird ...
Baird, John L(ogie)
born Aug. 13, 1888, Helensburgh, Dunbarton, Scot. died June 14, 1946, Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex, Eng. Scottish engineer. Plagued by ill health, he gave up his job as an ...
Baird, John Logie
▪ British inventor born Aug. 13, 1888, Helensburgh, Dunbarton, Scot. died June 14, 1946, Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex, Eng.  Scottish engineer, the first man to televise pictures ...
Baird, Spencer Fullerton
▪ American naturalist born Feb. 3, 1823, Reading, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 19, 1887, Woods Hole, Mass.       American naturalist, vertebrate zoologist, and in his time the ...
baire
/bair/, n. Chiefly Louisiana. See mosquito net. [see BAR2] * * *
Baire, René-Louis
▪ French mathematician born January 21, 1874, Paris, France died July 5, 1932, Chambéry       French mathematician whose study of irrational numbers (irrational ...
Bairiki
Islet (pop., 2000: urban agglomeration, 36,717) and administrative centre, Kiribati. It is located on Tarawa Atoll, northern Gilbert Islands. It has port facilities as well as ...
bairn
/bairn/; Scot. /bayrddn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. a child; son or daughter. [bef. 900; ME bern, barn, OE bearn; c. Goth, ON, OHG, OS, barn, OFris bern, MD baren, Albanian me ...
Bairnsdale
▪ Victoria, Australia       town, southeastern Victoria, Australia, named for Bernisdale, Isle of Skye, Scot. It lies at the mouth of the Mitchell River on Lake King, a ...
Bairnsfather, (Charles) Bruce
▪ British cartoonist born July 9, 1888, Murree, India died Sept. 29, 1959, Worcester, Worcestershire, Eng.  cartoonist best known for his grimly humorous depictions of ...
Bais
▪ Philippines       chartered city and port, southeastern Negros island, Philippines. Fronting the Tanon Strait on the east, the port accommodates oceangoing vessels ...
baisa
/buy"zah/, n. baiza. * * *
Baise
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Pai-se , also spelled  Bose        city, western Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi (Kwangsi), China. It lies along the You River, ...
bait
—baiter, n. /bayt/, n. 1. food, or some substitute, used as a lure in fishing, trapping, etc. 2. a poisoned lure used in exterminating pests. 3. an allurement; enticement: ...
bait casting
Angling. the act or technique of casting an artificial or natural lure attached to a silk or nylon line wound on a reel having a revolving spool, the rod used being shorter and ...
bait-and-switch
/bayt"n swich"/, adj. 1. denoting a deceptive method of selling, by which customers, attracted to a store by sale items, are told either that the advertised bargain item is out ...
bait-casting
bait-casting [bāt′kas΄tiŋ] adj. designating fishing equipment designed for use with live bait or artificial lures, in which the weight of the bait or lure pulls the line ...
baitand switch
bait and switch n. A sales tactic in which a bargain-priced item is used to attract customers who are then encouraged to purchase a more expensive similar item. * * *
baiter
See bait1. * * *
baitfish
/bayt"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) baitfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) baitfishes. 1. a small fish that is a source of food for a larger fish: ...
baith
/bayth/, adj., pron. Scot. and North Eng. both. * * *
Baiul, Oksana
▪ 1996       Displaying a technical mastery and artistic flair far in advance of her age, Ukrainian figure skater Oksana Baiul won gold medals at both the 1993 world ...
Baius, Michael
▪ Belgian theologian Baius also spelled  Bajus,  also called  Michel de Bay  born 1513, Melin, Hainaut died Sept. 16, 1589, Louvain, Brabant [now Leuven, ...
baiza
/buy"zah/, n. a coin and monetary unit of Oman, the 1000th part of a rial omani. Also, baisa. [ < Ar bayzah < Hindi paisa] * * *
baize
/bayz/, n., v., baized, baizing. n. 1. a soft, usually green, woolen or cotton fabric resembling felt, used chiefly for the tops of billiard tables. 2. an article of this fabric ...
Baja
(as used in expressions) Baja California Baja California Norte Baja California Sur * * *
Baja California
/bah"hah kal'euh fawr"nyeuh, -fawr"nee euh/; Sp. /bah"hah kah'lee fawrdd"nyah/ a narrow peninsula in NW Mexico between the Gulf of California and the Pacific, forming two ...
Baja California Sur
State (pop., 2000: 423,516), southern Baja California peninsula, northwestern Mexico. It occupies an area of 28,369 sq mi (73, 475 sq km), and its capital is La Paz. It became a ...
BajaCalifornia
Ba·ja California (bäʹhä) also Lower California A mountainous peninsula of western Mexico extending south-southeast between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California ...
bajada
/beuh hah"deuh/, n. an alluvial plain formed at the base of a mountain by the coalescing of several alluvial fans. [1865-70, Amer.; < Sp: slope, swoop, orig. fem. ptp. of bajar ...
Bajan
Ba·jan (bāʹjən) n. A Barbadian. adj. Of or characteristic of Barbados: Bajan cooking; a Bajan accent.   [Shortening and alteration of Barbadian.] * * *
Bajer
/buy"euhr/, n. Fredrik /fred"rik/; Dan. /frddidh"rddik/, 1837-1922, Danish politician and author: Nobel peace prize 1908. * * *
Bajer, Fredrik
▪ Danish politician born April 21, 1837, Denmark died Jan. 22, 1922, Copenhagen, Den.  Danish reformer and politician, cowinner (with Klas Pontus Arnoldson (Arnoldson, Klas ...
Bajío
▪ region, Mexico       region on the Mexican Plateau, west-central Mexico. Bajío has been an important agricultural region since the 19th century and is known for its ...
Bajocian Stage
▪ geology       second of the four divisions of the Middle Jurassic Series, representing all rocks formed worldwide during the Bajocian Age, which occurred between 171.6 ...
Bajor, Gizi
▪ Hungarian actress Bajor also spelled  Bayer   born May 19, 1893, Budapest, Hung. died Feb. 12, 1951, Budapest       Hungarian actress known not only for her ...
bak-
Staff used for support. 1. bacillus, baguette, bail4, bailey; baculiform, debacle, imbecile, possibly from Latin baculum, rod, walking stick. 2. bacterium; corynebacterium, from ...
Bakdash, Khalid
▪ Syrian politician Arabic  Khālid Bakdāsh , Bakdash also spelled  Bekdache  born 1912, Damascus, Syria died July 15, 1995, Damascus       Syrian politician who ...
bake
/bayk/, v., baked, baking, n. v.t. 1. to cook by dry heat in an oven or on heated metal or stones. 2. to harden by heat: to bake pottery in a kiln. 3. to dry by, or subject to ...
bake sale
a sale of homemade, donated baked goods, as by a church or club to raise money. * * *
Bake-Off
/bayk"awf', -of'/, Trademark. a baking contest in which competitors gather to prepare their specialties for judging. Cf. cookoff. [BAKE + -OFF] * * *
bakeapple
/bayk"ap'euhl/, n. Canadian Atlantic Provinces. cloudberry. Also, bake apple, baked-apple /baykt"ap"euhl/, baked-apple berry. [1765-75; appar. BAKE (as n. or adj.; cf. BAKEMEAT) ...
baked
baked (bākt) adj. 1. Cooked by baking. 2. Slang. Drunk or intoxicated. * * *
baked Alaska
a dessert consisting of ice cream on a cake base, placed briefly in a hot oven to brown its topping of meringue. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
baked beans
small white dried beans that have been baked, usually with salt pork, brown sugar or molasses, and seasonings. Also called Boston baked beans. [1825-35] * * *
baked meat
bakemeat. * * *
bakegoods
/bayk"goodz'/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) baked goods, as bread, cakes, or pies. [1975-80, Amer.; BAKE + GOODS, perh. from rapid speech pron. of baked goods] * * *
bakehouse
/bayk"hows'/, n., pl. bakehouses /-how'ziz/. a building or room to bake in; bakery. [1250-1300; ME bak(e)hous; see BAKE, HOUSE] * * *
Bakelite
/bay"keuh luyt', bayk"luyt/, Trademark. a brand name for any of a series of thermosetting plastics prepared by heating phenol or cresol with formaldehyde and ammonia under ...
Bakelite{™}
n [U] a type of hard plastic that was widely used in the radio and electrical industry in the first half of the 20th century. It was invented by the Belgian-American chemist Leo ...
Bakema, Jacob B.
▪ Dutch architect in full  Jacob Berend Bakema   born March 8, 1914, Groningen, Neth. died Feb. 20, 1981, Rotterdam       Dutch architect who, in association with ...
bakemeat
/bayk"meet'/, n. Obs. 1. pastry; pie. 2. cooked food, esp. a meat pie. Also, baked meat. [1350-1400; ME bake mete, OE bacen mete baked food. See BAKE, MEAT] * * *
baker
—bakerlike, adj. /bay"keuhr/, n. 1. a person who bakes. 2. a person who makes and sells bread, cake, etc. 3. a small portable oven. 4. (usually cap.) a code word used in ...
Baker
/bay"keuhr/, n. 1. Sir Benjamin, 1840-1907, English engineer. 2. George Pierce, 1866-1935, U.S. critic, author, and professor of drama. 3. Howard H(enry), Jr., born 1925, U.S. ...
Baker City
▪ Oregon, United States       city, seat (1868) of Baker county, northeastern Oregon, U.S. It is situated along the Powder River, in Baker Valley, between the Blue ...
Baker Island
an island in the central Pacific near the equator, belonging to the U.S. 1 sq. mi. (2.6 sq. km). * * * Baker Island Introduction Baker Island - ...
Baker Lake
a lake in the Northwest Territories, in N Canada. 975 sq. mi. (2525 sq. km). * * *
Baker Street
a street in central London. It is perhaps best known as the place where Sherlock Holmes, the detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, lived. His address was number 221B Baker ...
Baker Street irregulars
➡ Baker Street * * *
Baker v. Carr
(1962) U.S. Supreme Court case that forced the Tennessee legislature to reapportion itself on the basis of population. The case ended the traditional overrepresentation of rural ...
baker's dozen
a group of 13; a dozen plus one: from the former practice among bakers and other tradespeople of giving 13 items to the dozen as a safeguard against penalties for short weights ...
baker's yeast
baker's yeast n. a yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) used in baking as a leavening, as for certain breads * * *
baker'sdozen
bak·er's dozen (bāʹkərz) n. A group of 13.   [From the former custom among bakers of adding an extra roll as a safeguard against the possibility of 12 weighing light.] * * *
baker'syeast
baker's yeast n. A commercial preparation consisting of dried cells of one or more strains of the fungus Saccharomyces cerevisiae, used as a leavening in baking. * * *
Baker, Alan
▪ British mathematician born August 19, 1939, London, England       British mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970 for his work in number ...
Baker, Anita
▪ American singer born Jan. 26, 1958, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.    American singer whose three-octave range and powerful, emotional delivery brought her international acclaim in ...
Baker, Augusta Braxton
▪ American librarian and storyteller née  Augusta Braxton  born April 1, 1911, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Feb. 23, 1998, Columbia, S.C.       American librarian and ...
Baker, Augustine
▪ English monk born Dec. 9, 1575, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Eng. died Aug. 9, 1641, London       English Benedictine monk who was an important writer on ascetic and ...
Baker, Carlos
▪ American literary critic born May 5, 1909, Biddeford, Maine, U.S. died April 18, 1987, Princeton, N.J.       American teacher, novelist, and critic known for his ...
Baker, Chet
orig. Chesney Henry Baker born Dec. 23, 1929, Yale, Okla., U.S. died May 13, 1988, Amsterdam, Neth. U.S. trumpeter and singer. After playing in army bands he attracted ...
Baker, Dame Janet
▪ English opera singer in full  Dame Janet Abbott Baker   born Aug. 21, 1933, Hatfield, Yorkshire, Eng.       English operatic mezzo-soprano, known for her vocal ...
Baker, Ella
▪ American activist in full  Ella Josephine Baker  born Dec. 13, 1903, Norfolk, Va., U.S. died Dec. 13, 1986, New York, N.Y.       American community organizer and ...
Baker, Etta
▪ American musician née  Etta Lucille Reid  born March 31, 1913, Caldwell county, N.C., U.S. died Sept. 23, 2006, Fairfax, Va.       American folk musician who ...
Baker, Etta Lucille Reid
▪ 2007       American folk musician (b. March 31, 1913, Caldwell county, N.C.—d. Sept. 23, 2006, Fairfax, Va.), played banjo and guitar and influenced the folk music ...
Baker, George Fisher
▪ American financier born March 27, 1840, Troy, N.Y., U.S. died May 2, 1931, New York, N.Y.  American financier, bank president, and philanthropist who endowed the Graduate ...
Baker, George Pierce
▪ American drama teacher born April 4, 1866, Providence, R.I., U.S. died Jan. 6, 1935, New York, N.Y.       American teacher of some of the most notable American ...
Baker, Houston A., Jr.
▪ American educator and critic in full  Houston Alfred Baker, Jr.  born March 22, 1943, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.       American educator and critic who proposed new ...
Baker, James Addison, III
▪ American statesman born April 28, 1930, Houston, Texas, U.S.    American government official, political manager, and lawyer who occupied important posts in the Republican ...
Baker, Josephine
orig. Freda Josephine McDonald born June 3, 1906, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died April 12, 1975, Paris, France U.S.-born French entertainer. She joined a dance troupe at age 16 and ...
Baker, La Vern
▪ 1998       , American rhythm-and-blues singer who achieved her greatest success in the 1950s and '60s with such hits as "Tweedle Dee" and "I Cried a Tear"; in 1991 she ...
Baker, LaFayette Curry
▪ United States general born Oct. 13, 1826, Stafford, N.Y., U.S. died July 3, 1868, Philadelphia, Pa.       chief of the U.S. Federal Detective Police during the ...
Baker, LaVern
▪ American singer byname of  Delores Williams  born Nov. 11, 1929, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died March 10, 1997, New York, N.Y.       American rhythm-and-blues singer ...
Baker, Newton D
▪ American politician born Dec. 3, 1871, Martinsburg, W.Va., U.S. died Dec. 25, 1937, Cleveland, Ohio  lawyer, political leader, and U.S. secretary of war during World War ...
Baker, Newton D(iehl)
born Dec. 3, 1871, Martinsburg, W.Va., U.S. died Dec. 25, 1937, Cleveland, Ohio U.S. secretary of war. He practiced law in Martinsburg from 1897. After moving to Cleveland, he ...
Baker, Ray Stannard
▪ American writer pseudonym  David Grayson   born April 17, 1870, Lansing, Mich., U.S. died July 12, 1946, Amherst, Mass.  American journalist, popular essayist, literary ...
Baker, Russell
▪ American journalist and humorist in full  Russell Wayne Baker   born August 14, 1925, Loudoun county, Virginia, U.S.    American newspaper columnist, author, humorist, ...
Baker, Russell (Wayne)
born Aug. 14, 1925, Loudoun county, Va., U.S. U.S. newspaper columnist. Baker joined the Baltimore Sun in 1947. In 1954 he moved to the Washington bureau of the New York Times, ...
Baker, Sara Josephine
born Nov. 15, 1873, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 22, 1945, New York, N.Y. U.S. physician. She became the first American woman to receive a doctorate in public health. As ...
Baker, Sir Benjamin
▪ British engineer born March 31, 1840, Keyford, Somerset, Eng. died May 19, 1907, Pangbourne, Berkshire  English civil engineer and the chief designer of the railway bridge ...
Baker, Sir Richard
▪ British author born c. 1568 died Feb. 18, 1645, London, Eng.       British writer and author of A Chronicle of the Kings of England.       Baker was educated ...
Baker, Sir Samuel White
▪ British explorer born June 8, 1821, London, Eng. died Dec. 30, 1893, Sanford Orleigh, Devon  English explorer who, with John Hanning Speke, helped to locate the sources of ...
Baker, Theodore
▪ American music scholar and lexicographer born June 3, 1851, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 13, 1934, Dresden, Ger.       American music scholar and ...
Baker,George
Ba·ker (bāʹkər), George. Known as “Father Divine.” 1877-1965. American religious leader who founded (1919) a communal religious sect called the Peace Mission. * * *
Baker,Josephine
Baker, Josephine. 1906-1975. American-born French entertainer who became a popular jazz dancer and singer in Paris during the 1920s and 1930s. During World War II she worked for ...
Baker,Mount
Baker, Mount A peak, 3,287.3 m (10,778 ft) high, of northwest Washington in the Cascade Range east of Bellingham. It is in a popular resort area. * * *
Baker,Sir Samuel White
Baker, Sir Samuel White. 1821-1893. British explorer who founded a settlement at Ceylon (1848), explored the Blue Nile region (1861-1862), and discovered Lake Albert (1864). * * *
BakerLake
Baker Lake A lake of southern Nunavut, Canada, near Chesterfield Inlet, an arm of Hudson Bay. * * *
Bakersfield
/bay"keuhrz feeld'/, n. a city in S California. 105,611. * * * City (pop., 2000: city, 247,057; metro. area, 661,645), southern California, U.S. Situated on the Kern River in ...
bakersheet
bak·er·sheet (bāʹkər-shēt') n. Maine See dripping pan. * * *
bakery
/bay"keuh ree, bayk"ree/, n., pl. bakeries. 1. Also called bakeshop /bayk"shop'/. a baker's shop. 2. a place where baked goods are made. [1535-45; BAKER + -Y3; now taken as BAKE ...
Baker’s Chocolate{™}
n [U] a US make of chocolate mostly used for making cakes and sweets/candy. It is not very sweet and is sold in small squares. The original Baker’s Chocolate Company started in ...
baker’s dozen
a phrase meaning 13. It comes from the fact that in the past people who sold bread always added an extra loaf when somebody ordered a dozen (= 12) loaves, in case they might be ...
bakeshop
bake·shop (bākʹshŏp') n. See bakery. * * *
bakeware
/bayk"wair'/, n. heat-resistant dishes, as of glass or pottery, in which food may be baked; ovenware. [1880-85, Amer.; BAKE + WARE1] * * *
Bakewell glass
      glassware produced at the factory completed in 1808 in Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh glass), Pa., U.S., by Benjamin Bakewell, an Englishman from Derby who became known as ...
Bakewell tart
n [C, U] an open pastry case filled with sponge cake flavoured with almonds over a layer of jam. It was originally made in Bakewell, a town in Derbyshire, England. * * *
Bakewell, Robert
born 1725, Dishley, Leicestershire, Eng. died Oct. 1, 1795, Dishley English agriculturist. He revolutionized English sheep and cattle breeding by methodical selection, ...
Bakfark, Bálint
▪ Hungarian musician also called  Valentin Greff Bakfark  born 1506/1507, Brassó, Transylvania, Hung. [now Braşov, Rom.] died Aug. 15/22, 1576, Padova, ...
Bakhchysaray
▪ Ukraine Russian  Bakhchisaray,  also spelled  Bakhehisaray        city, southern Crimea, Ukraine, on the Simferopol-Sevastopol railway. Before passing to Russia ...
Bakhmut
/bahk"mooht, bahkh"-/; Russ. /bukh mooht"/, n. former name of Artemovsk. * * *
Bakht Khan
▪ Indian leader born c. 1797 died 1859       commander in chief of rebel forces in the early stages of the anti-British Indian Mutiny (1857–58).       Related ...
Bakhtaran
Bakhtaran [bak΄tə rän′] city in W Iran: pop. 561,000 * * * Bakh·ta·ran (bäk'tə-ränʹ, bäKH'tä-) Formerly Ker·man·shah (kĕr-män'shäʹ, -shôʹ). A city of ...
Bakhtiar, Shahpur
▪ prime minister of Iran born 1914, Tehrān, Iran died , Aug. 6, 1991, Suresnes, near Paris, France       Iranian politician, the last prime minister (Jan. 4–Feb. 11, ...
Bakhtiari rug
also spelled  Bakhtyārī    handwoven pile floor covering made under Bakhtyārī patronage in certain villages southwest of Eṣfahān in central Iran. Bakhtiari rugs are ...
Bakhtin
Bakhtin [bäkh′tin] Mikhail [mē΄khä ēl′] 1895-1975; Russ. literary critic & theoretician * * *
Bakhtin, Mikhail
▪ Russian philosopher and literary critic in full  Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin  born Nov. 17 [Nov. 5, Old Style], 1895, Orel, Russia died March 7, 1975, Moscow, ...
Bakhtin, Mikhail (Mikhailovich)
born Nov. 17, 1895, Orel, Russia died March 7, 1975, Moscow, U.S.S.R. Russian literary theorist and philosopher of language. His works frequently offended the Soviet ...
Bakhtin,Mikhail Mikhailovich
Bakh·tin (bäk-tēnʹ, bäKH-), Mikhail Mikhailovich. 1895-1975. Russian linguist and literary critic, whose writings, including Problems of Dostoyevsky's Works (1929) and The ...
Bakhtyārī
or Bakhtiyārī or Bakhtiārī Any member of a community of nomadic pastoral tent dwellers of western Iran. They speak a dialect of Luri (a language related to Modern Persian) ...
Bakhuis Gebergte
▪ hill range, Suriname       range of hills, west central Suriname, running north–south, about 70 miles (110 km) in length and separating the basins of the Kabalebo ...
Bâkî
▪ Turkish author also spelled  Bāqī , in full  Mahmud Abdülbâkî  born 1526, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died April 7, 1600, Constantinople       one of the ...
baking
Process of cooking by dry heat, especially in an oven. Baked products include bread, cookies, pies, and pastries. Ingredients used in baking include flour, water, leavening ...
baking powder
any of various powders used as a substitute for yeast in baking, composed of sodium bicarbonate mixed with an acid substance, as cream of tartar, capable of setting carbon ...
baking sheet
a flat metal pan used for baking cookies, bread, etc. * * *
baking soda
☆ baking soda n. a white powder, sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3, used as a leavening agent, antacid, and mouthwash, and in fire extinguishers * * *
baking soda.
See sodium bicarbonate. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
bakingpowder
bak·ing powder (bāʹkĭng) n. A mixture of baking soda, starch, and at least one slightly acidic compound such as cream of tartar that works as a leavening agent in baking by ...
bakingsheet
baking sheet n. A flat rectangular metal pan, often with at least one rolled-up edge, used for baking. * * *
bakingsoda
baking soda n. A white crystalline compound, NaHCO3, with a slightly alkaline taste, used in making effervescent salts and beverages, artificial mineral water, pharmaceuticals, ...
Bakiyev, Kurmanbek
▪ 2006  On Aug. 14, 2005, Kurmanbek Bakiyev—who had been serving as interim head of state in Kyrgyzstan since March 25, when his predecessor, Askar Akayev, fled the country ...
Bakke decision
an important ruling made by the US Supreme Court in 1978. A white man called Allan Bakke claimed that he had been illegally refused a job because of his colour. The Court decided ...
Bakker
(1941– ) an American religious leader who, with his wife Tammy Faye, had a popular national television programme. In 1989 he was sent to prison for 45 years for illegally ...
Bakker, Tammy Faye
▪ 2008       see Messner, Tammy Faye. * * *
baklava
/bah"kleuh vah', bah'kleuh vah"/, n. a Near Eastern pastry made of many layers of paper-thin dough with a filling of ground nuts, baked and then drenched in a syrup of honey and ...
Bakócz, Tamás
▪ Hungarian archbishop Hungarian form  Bakócz Tamás , Bakócz also spelled  Bakaas,  Bakocs,  Bakác , or  Bakáts  born 1442, Erdod, Hung. died June 15, 1521, ...
Bakony Mountains
▪ mountains, Hungary       mountain range in western Hungary, covering about 1,500 square miles (4,000 square km) between Lake Balaton and the Little Alfold and running ...
Bakoye River
▪ river, Africa       river in western Africa, rising in the Fouta Djallon massif of Guinea and flowing generally northeast through the sandstone Mandingues Hills to the ...
Bakr
(as used in expressions) A'ishah bint Abi Bakr Abu Bakr Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al Razi * * *
Bakr, Aḥmad Ḥassan al-
▪ president of Iraq born 1914, Tikrīt, Iraq died Oct. 4, 1982, Baghdad       president of Iraq from 1968 to 1979.       Al-Bakr entered the Iraqi Military ...
Baksar, Battle of
▪ British-Mughal conflict Baksar also spelled  Buxar        (Oct. 22, 1764), conflict between forces of the British East India Company, commanded by Major Hector ...
baksheesh
/bak"sheesh, bak sheesh"/, (in the Near and Middle East) n. 1. a tip, present, or gratuity. v.t., v.i. 2. to give a tip. Also, bakshish, bakshis. [1615-25; < Pers bakhshish ...
Bakst
/bahkst/, n. Léon Nikolaevich /lyi awonn" nyi ku lah"yi vyich/, 1866-1924, Russian painter and designer. * * *
Bakst, Léon
orig. Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg born Jan. 27, 1866, St. Petersburg, Russia died Dec. 28, 1924, Paris, France Russian painter and stage designer. He attended the Imperial ...
Bakst, LéonNikolaevich
Bakst (bäkst), Léon Nikolaevich. 1866-1924. Russian painter and scenic designer who modernized theater design. His best-known works were for ballets produced by Sergei ...
Baku
/bu kooh"/, n. a city in and the capital of Azerbaijan, in the E part, on the Caspian Sea. 1,022,000; with suburbs, 1,550,000. * * * City (pop., 1997 est.: 1,727,200), capital ...
Baku rug
 handwoven floor covering made in the vicinity of Baku, Azerbaijan, a major port on the Caspian Sea. Rugs have been woven in this area since at least the 18th century and ...
bakufu
(Japanese; "tent government") Military rule of the country by a hereditary shogun, as opposed to rule by the imperial court and the emperor. There have been three periods of ...
Bakunin
/bu kooh"nyin/, n. Mikhail Aleksandrovich /myi khu yeel" u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/, 1814-76, Russian anarchist and writer. * * *
Bakunin, Mikhail (Aleksandrovich)
born May 30, 1814, Premukhino, Russia died July 1, 1876, Bern, Switz. Russian anarchist and political writer. He traveled in western Europe and was active in the Revolutions of ...
Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian anarchist Introduction born May 30 [May 18, Old Style], 1814, Premukhino, Russia died July 1 [June 19], 1876, Bern, Switzerland  chief propagator of 19th-century ...
Bakunin,Mikhail Aleksandrovich
Ba·ku·nin (bə-ko͞oʹnĭn, -nyĭn), Mikhail Aleksandrovich. 1814-1876. Russian anarchist and political theorist who was imprisoned and later exiled to Siberia for his ...
Bakwanga
/beuh kwahng"geuh/, n. former name of Mbuji-Mayi. * * *
bal
/bal/, n. Balmoral (def. 2). * * *
BAL
1. Chem. British Anti-Lewisite: dimercaprol. 2. Computers. Basic Assembly Language. * * *
Bal.
Baluchistan. * * *
bal.
1. balance. 2. balancing. * * *
Bala
/bay"leuh/, n. Douay Bible. Bilhah. * * * ▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Y Bala        market town, Gwynedd county, historic county of Merioneth (Meirionnydd), ...
Balaam
—Balaamite /bay"leuh muyt'/, n. —Balaamitical /bay'leuh mit"i keuhl/, adj. /bay"leuhm/, n. a Mesopotamian diviner who, when commanded by Balak to curse the Israelites, ...
Balabac
▪ island, Philippines       island, extreme southwestern Philippines. It is located about 19 miles (30 km) southwest of the southern tip of Palawan island, and hardly ...
balaclava
/bal'euh klah"veuh/, n. a close-fitting, knitted cap that covers the head, neck, and tops of the shoulders, worn esp. by mountain climbers, soldiers, skiers, etc. Also called ...
balaclava helmet
➡ balaclava * * *
Balādhurī, al-
▪ Arab historian in full  Aḥmad Ibn Yaḥyā Al-balādhurī  died c. 892       Arabic historian best known for his history of the formation of the Arab Muslim ...
Balaghat
▪ India       town, south-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The town lies just east of the Wainganga River and is about 95 miles (155 km) south of ...
Balaghat Range
▪ hills, India       series of hills in western Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. Originating in the Western Ghats at the Harishchandra Range, the ...
Balaguer
/bah'lah gerdd"/, n. Joaquin /hwah keen"/, (Joaquin Balaguer y Ricardo),born 1907, Dominican political leader: president 1960-62, 1966-78. * * *
Balaguer (y Ricardo), Joaquín (Vidella)
born Sept. 1, 1907, Villa Bisonó, Dom. Rep. died July 14, 2002, Santo Domingo President of the Dominican Republic (1960–62, 1966–78, 1986–96). He held numerous ...
Balaguer Ricardo, Joaquin
▪ 2003       Dominican lawyer, politician, and writer (b. Sept. 1, 1906, Villa Navarrete [now Villa Bisonó], Dom.Rep.—d. July 14, 2002, Santo Domingo, Dom.Rep.), held ...
Balaguer, Joaquín
▪ president of Dominican Republic in full  Joaquín Vidella Balaguer y Ricardo   born September 1, 1907, Villa Bisonó, Dominican Republic died July 14, 2002, Santo ...
Balaguer, Victor
▪ Catalan poet and Spanish politician and historian in full  Victor Balaguer i Cirera  born Dec. 11, 1824, Barcelona, Spain died Jan. 14, 1901, Madrid       Catalan ...
Balak
/bay"lak/, n. a Moabite king who sent for Balaam to come and curse the Israelites. Num. 22-23. Also, Douay Bible, Balac. * * *
Balakirev
Balakirev [bä lä′kē ryef, bä΄lä kē′ryef] Mili Alekseyevich [mē′lē ä΄lyik sā′yə vich] 1837-1910; Russ. composer * * *
Balakirev, Mily
▪ Russian composer in full  Mily Alekseyevich Balakirev  born December 21, 1836 [January 2, 1837, New Style], Nizhny Novgorod, Russia died May 16 [May 29], 1910, St. ...
Balakirev, Mily (Alekseyevich)
born Jan. 2, 1837, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia died May 29, 1910, St. Petersburg Russian composer. As a youth he met and was influenced by the nationalist composer Mikhail Glinka. ...
Balakirev,Mili Alekseevich
Ba·la·ki·rev (bə-läʹkĭ-rəf), Mili Alekseevich. 1837-1910. Russian composer whose works combine romanticism with folk music. The symphonic poems Tamara and Russia are ...
Balaklava
/bal'euh klah"veuh/; Russ. /beuh lu klah"veuh/, n. a seaport in S Crimea, in the S Ukraine, on the Black Sea: scene of English cavalry charge against Russians (1854), celebrated ...
Balaklava, Battle of
(Oct. 25, 1854) Indecisive military engagement of the Crimean War. The Russians sought to capture the Black Sea supply port of Balaklava, which was controlled by the British, ...
Balakovo
/bah'leuh koh"veuh, beuh lah"keuh voh'/; Russ. /beuh lukaw"veuh/, n. a city in the W RSFSR, in the E SovietUnion in Europe, SW of Gorki. 152,000. * * * ▪ ...
balalaika
/bal'euh luy"keuh/, n. a Russian musical instrument having a triangular body and a neck like that of a guitar. [1780-90; < Russ balaláika, equiv. to balalai-, prob. orig. a v. ...
balance
—balanceable, adj. /bal"euhns/, n., v., balanced, balancing. n. 1. a state of equilibrium or equipoise; equal distribution of weight, amount, etc. 2. something used to produce ...
balancé
/bal'euhn say"/; Fr. /bann lahonn say"/, n., pl. balancés /-sayz"/; Fr. /-say"/. Ballet. a swaying step performed in place in which the weight is lightly shifted from one foot ...
balance beam
1. a narrow wooden rail about 16 ft. (5 m) long and 4 in. (10 cm) wide, set horizontally on upright posts about 4 ft. (1.2 m) from the floor, used for performing feats of ...
balance control.
See under balance (def. 17). [1925-30] * * *
balance lug
Naut. a lugsail having a portion of its area forward of the mast and having a long foot, often with a boom. * * *
balance of (international) payments
balance of (international) payments or balance of payments n. a balance estimated for a given time period showing an excess or deficit in total payments of all kinds between one ...
balance of nature
population equilibrium among organisms and their environments resulting from continuous interaction and interdependency. [1905-10] * * *
balance of payments
the difference between a nation's total payments to foreign countries, including movements of capital and gold, investments, tourist spending, etc., and its total receipts from ...
balance of power
a distribution and opposition of forces among nations such that no single nation is strong enough to assert its will or dominate all the others. [1570-80] * * * In international ...
balance of terror
the distribution of nuclear arms among nations such that no nation will initiate an attack for fear of retaliation: maintaining the balance of terror between the United States ...
balance of trade
the difference between the values of exports and imports of a country, said to be favorable or unfavorable as exports are greater or less than imports. [1660-70] * * ...
balance shaft
a special shaft with eccentrically mounted weights used in an internal-combustion engine to reduce vibrations. * * *
balance sheet
Accounting. 1. a tabular statement of both sides of a set of accounts in which the debit and credit balances add up as equal. 2. a statement of the financial position of a ...
balance spring
Horol. hairspring. [1880-85] * * *
balance staff
Horol. a pivoted axle or shaft on which the balance is mounted. [1880-85] * * *
balance wheel
Horol. balance (def. 15). [1660-70] * * *
balanceable
See balance. * * *
balancebeam
balance beam n. 1. A horizontal raised beam with a width of 10 centimeters (4 inches) and a length of 5 meters (16 feet) that is used in gymnastic competition for balancing ...
balanced
/bal"euhnst/, adj. 1. being in harmonious or proper arrangement or adjustment, proportion, etc. 2. Football. pertaining to or noting an offensive line formation having three ...
balanced diet
a diet consisting of the proper quantities and proportions of foods needed to maintain health or growth. [1935-40] * * *
balanced fund
Finance. a type of open-end investment company that includes bonds and preferred stocks in its portfolio. * * *
balanced line
Elect. a transmission line in which the oppositely directed components are symmetrical with respect to each other and to the ground. * * *
balanced rudder
Naut. a rudder so designed that the center of water pressure on the forward face, when turned, lies about halfway along the length, minimizing the turning effort ...
balanced sentence
a sentence consisting of two or more clauses that are parallel in structure. * * *


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