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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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balanced step
any of a series of staircase winders so planned that they are nearly as wide at the inside of the stair as the adjacent fliers. Also called dancing step, dancing winder. * * *
balanced ticket
U.S. Politics. a slate of candidates chosen to appeal to a wide range of voters, esp. by including members of large regional, ethnic, or religious groups. [1955-60] * * *
balanced valve
a valve designed so that pressure-induced forces from the fluid being controlled oppose one another so that resistance to opening and closing the valve is negligible. [1930-35] * ...
balanceof payments
balance of payments n. A systematic record of a nation's total payments to foreign countries, including the price of imports and the outflow of capital and gold, along with the ...
balanceof power
balance of power n. Distribution of power in which no single nation is able to dominate or interfere with others. * * *
balanceof terror
balance of terror n. Military deterrence based on the possession of weapons of mass destruction by opposing powers. * * *
balanceof trade
balance of trade n. The difference in value between the total exports and total imports of a nation during a specific period of time. * * *
balancer
/bal"euhn seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that balances. 2. Entomol. halter2. 3. an acrobat, rope-dancer, or tumbler. [1400-50 (earlier in AF surnames); late ME; see BALANCE, ...
balancesheet
balance sheet n. A statement of a business or institution that lists the assets, debts, and owners' investment as of a specified date. * * *
balancewheel
balance wheel n. 1. A wheel that regulates rate of movement in machine parts, as in a watch. 2. A stabilizing influence. * * *
Balanchine
/bal"euhn cheen', bal'euhn cheen"/, n. George, 1904-83, U.S. choreographer, born in Russia. * * *
Balanchine, George
orig. Georgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze born Jan. 22, 1904, St. Petersburg, Russia died April 30, 1983, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. choreographer. After studying at ...
Balanchine,George
Bal·an·chine (bălʹən-chēn', băl'ən-chēnʹ), George. Originally Georgi Balanchivadze. 1904-1983. Russian-born American ballet director and choreographer who became ...
Balangir
▪ India formerly  Bolangir        town, western Orissa state, eastern India. Balangir was formerly the capital of the princely state of Patna. It is a marketplace ...
balanoid
/bal"euh noyd'/, adj. shaped like an acorn. [1865-70; < Gk balanoeidés, equiv. to bálan(os) acorn + -oeides -OID] * * *
Balanopaceae
▪ plant family       family of dicotyledonous flowering plants in the order Malpighiales, containing a single genus (Balanops) and nine species of trees and shrubs that ...
Balanophoraceae
▪ plant family       the balanophora family of flowering plants, which includes about 18 genera containing more than 100 species of root parasites that are distributed ...
Balantidium
▪ protozoan       genus of ovoid protozoans of the holotrichous order Trichostomatida. Uniformly covered with longitudinal rows of minute, hairlike projections (cilia), ...
balao
/beuh low"/, n., pl. balaos. a halfbeak, Hemiramphus balao, of tropical western Atlantic seas. [1850-55; < Puerto Rican Sp balajú] * * * ▪ oil port, Ecuador       oil ...
Balarama
/bul'euh rah"meuh/, n. Hindu Myth. the elder brother of Krishna and an incarnation of Vishnu. * * * ▪ Hindu mythology  in Hindu mythology, the elder half-brother of ...
Balard, Antoine-Jérôme
▪ French chemist born Sept. 30, 1802, Montpellier, Fr. died March 30, 1876, Paris  French chemist who in 1826 discovered the element bromine, determined its properties, and ...
balas
/bal"euhs, bay"leuhs/, n. Mineral. a rose-red variety of spinel. Also called balas ruby. [1375-1425; late ME < ML balasius, var. of balascius < Ar balakhsh, back formation from ...
balas ruby
      variety of the gemstone ruby spinel (q.v.). * * *
Balas, Iolanda
▪ Romanian athlete born Dec. 12, 1936, Timisoara, Rom.    Romanian athlete, the dominant performer in the women's high jump during the late 1950s and '60s. She won two ...
Balāsh
▪ Sāsānian king also spelled  Valākhsh  flourished 5th century    Sāsānian king (reigned 484–488), succeeding his brother Fīrūz I. Soon after he ascended the ...
Balashikha
/bal'euh shee"keuh/; Russ. /beuh lu shi"kheuh/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe: a NE suburb of Moscow. 118,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Balašicha ...
Balasore
▪ India also called  Baleshwar        city, northeastern Orissa state, eastern India. Balasore lies on the Burhabalang River, 7 miles (11 km) from the Bay of Bengal ...
Balassi, Bálint
▪ Hungarian poet Balassi also spelled  Balassa   born Oct. 20, 1554, Zólyom, Hung. died May 30, 1594, Esztergom       the outstanding Hungarian lyric poet of his ...
balata
/beuh lah"teuh, bal"euh teuh/, n. 1. a nonelastic, rubberlike, water-resistant gum that softens in hot water and is obtained from the latex of a tropical American tree, Manilkara ...
Balaton
/bal"euh ton'/; Hung. /bo"lo tawn/, n. a lake in W Hungary: the largest lake in central Europe. ab. 50 mi. (80 km) long; 230 sq. mi. (596 sq. km). German, Plattensee. * * *
Balaton, Lake
Lake, Hungary. Southwest of Budapest, it is the largest lake in central Europe, covering 231 sq mi (598 sq km), with a maximum depth of about 37 ft (11 m). It contains two ...
Balaton,Lake
Bal·a·ton (bălʹə-tŏn', bŏlʹŏ-tôn'), Lake A lake of west-central Hungary southwest of Budapest. It is the largest lake in central Europe, with many tourist and health ...
balaustine
/beuh laws"tin/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the pomegranate. n. 2. the dried flowers of the pomegranate used in medicines. [1665-75; earlier balaust(y) pomegranate flower ( < L ...
Balázs, Béla
▪ Hungarian writer original name  Herbert Bauer  born Aug. 4, 1884, Szeged, Hung. died May 7, 1949, Budapest       Hungarian writer, Symbolist poet, and influential ...
Balbinus
▪ Roman emperor in full  Decius Caelius Calvinus Balbinus  died 238  Roman emperor for three months in 238.       A patrician, Balbinus was a Salian priest, twice a ...
Balbo
/bahl"baw/, n. Italo /ee"tah law/, 1896-1940, Italian aviator, general, and statesman. * * *
Balbo, Cesare, Count
▪ prime minister of Sardinia-Piedmont born November 27, 1789, Turin, Piedmont [Italy] died June 3, 1853, Turin       Piedmontese political writer, a liberal but ...
Balbo, Italo
born June 6, 1896, near Ferrara, Italy died June 28, 1940, Tobruk, Libya Italian aviator and politician. He led the fascist Blackshirts in the March on Rome (1922) and served ...
Balboa
/bal boh"euh/; Sp. /bahl baw"ah/, n. 1. Vasco Núñez de /bahs"kaw nooh"nyeth dhe/, 1475?-1517, Spanish adventurer and explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513. 2. a ...
Balboa Heights
▪ Panama       town, on a hill overlooking Balboa city. It is the administrative headquarters for the Panama Canal Company, and the Transisthmian Railway. Murals in the ...
Balboa, Vasco Núñez de
born 1475, Badajoz, Extremadura province, Castile died Jan. 12, 1519, Acla, near Darién, Pan. Spanish conquistador and explorer. In 1500 he explored the coast of modern ...
Balboa, Vasco Núñezde
Bal·bo·a (băl-bōʹə), Vasco Núñez de. 1475-1517. Spanish explorer and colonial governor who discovered (1513) the Pacific Ocean and claimed it for Spain. * * *
balbriggan
/bal brig"euhn/, n. a plain-knit cotton fabric, used esp. in hosiery and underwear. [1855-60; after Balbriggan, town in Ireland, where first made] * * *
Balbuena
/bahl bway"neuh/; Sp. /bahl bwe"nah/, n. Bernardo de /beuhr nahr"doh deuh/; Sp. /berdd nahrdd"dhaw dhe/, 1568-1627, Mexican poet and priest, born in Spain. * * *
Balbuena, Bernardo de
▪ Puerto Rican bishop and poet born 1568, Valdepeñas, Spain died Oct. 11, 1627, San Juan, P.R.       poet and first bishop of Puerto Rico, whose poetic descriptions of ...
Balbus, Lucius Cornelius
▪ Roman consul also called  Lucius Cornelius Balbus Major (“the Elder”)  born c. 100, Gades [present-day Cádiz, Spain] died after 32 BC, Rome       wealthy ...
Balch
/bawlch/, n. Emily Greene, 1867-1961, U.S. economist, sociologist, and author: Nobel peace prize 1946. * * *
Balch Springs
a town in NE Texas. 13,746. * * *
Balch, Emily Greene
born Jan. 8, 1867, Jamaica Plain, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 9, 1961, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. sociologist and peace activist. She studied at Bryn Mawr College and taught at Wellesley ...
Balch,Emily Greene
Balch (bôlch), Emily Greene. 1867-1961. American economist and sociologist. A founder of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1919), she shared the 1946 ...
balche
/bahl chay"/, n. (among the Yucatec Maya) a drink made from the bark of a leguminous tree, Lonchocarpus violaceus, which is soaked in honey and water and fermented. Also, ...
Balchin, Nigel
▪ British author in full  Nigel Marlin Balchin  born December 3, 1908, Wiltshire, England died May 17, 1970, London       English novelist who achieved great ...
Balcon, Sir Michael
▪ British producer born May 19, 1896, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng. died Oct. 17, 1977, Hartfield, East Sussex       motion-picture producer, a leader in the British cinema ...
balconet
/bal'keuh net"/, n. a railing or balustrade before a window, giving the effect of a balcony. Also, balconette. [1875-80; BALCON(Y) + -ET] * * *
balconied
See balcony. * * *
balcony
—balconied, adj. /bal"keuh nee/, n., pl. balconies. 1. a balustraded or railed elevated platform projecting from the wall of a building. 2. a gallery in a theater. [1610-20; < ...
Balczó, András
▪ Hungarian athlete born Aug. 16, 1938       Hungarian modern pentathlete who dominated the sport in the 1960s and is considered among the greatest of the storied line ...
bald
—baldish, adj. —baldly, adv. —baldness, n. /bawld/, adj. 1. having little or no hair on the scalp: a bald head; a bald person. 2. destitute of some natural growth or ...
bald cypress
a tree, Taxodium distichum, of swampy areas of the southern U.S., having featherlike needles and cone-shaped projections growing up from the roots, yielding a hardwood used in ...
bald eagle
a large, fish-eating eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, of the U.S. and Canada, having dark golden-brown back and wings, and white plumage on the head and tail in the adult: some ...
bald-faced
/bawld"fayst'/, adj. barefaced (def. 2). [1640-50] * * *
bald-faced hornet.
See under hornet. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
baldacchino
baldacchino or baldachino [bal΄də kē′nō] n. 〚see BALDACHIN〛 BALDACHIN * * *
baldachin
—baldachined, adj. /bal"deuh kin, bawl"-/, n. 1. Also, baudekin. Textiles. a silk brocade interwoven with gold or silver threads, used chiefly for ceremonial purposes. 2. ...
Baldad
/bal"dad/, n. Douay Bible. Bildad. * * *
baldcypress
☆ baldcypress [bôld′sī′prəs ] n. any of a genus (Taxodium, esp. T. distichum) of cone-bearing trees of the baldcypress family, that grows in the swamps of the SE U.S. ...
baldeagle
bald eagle n. A North American eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) characterized by a brownish-black body and a white head and tail in the adult. Also called American eagle. * * *
Balder
/bawl"deuhr/, n. Scand. Myth. a god, a son of Odin and Frigg and the twin brother of Hod, by whom he was killed. [ < ON Baldr, c. OE bealdor prince, lord; perh. akin to ON baldr ...
balderdash
/bawl"deuhr dash'/, n. 1. senseless, stupid, or exaggerated talk or writing; nonsense. 2. Obs. a muddled mixture of liquors. [1590-1600; of obscure orig.] * * *
Baldessari, John
▪ American artist born July 17, 1931, National City, Calif., U.S.       American artist whose work in altered and adjusted photographic imagery and video were central ...
baldfaced
☆ baldfaced [bôld′fāst΄] adj. brazen; shameless [a baldfaced lie] * * *
baldhead
/bawld"hed'/, n. 1. a person who has a bald head. 2. one of a breed of domestic pigeons. [1525-35; BALD + HEAD] * * *
baldheaded
/bawld"hed'id/, adj. 1. having a bald head. 2. Naut. (of a schooner rig) having no topmasts. [1570-80; BALD + -HEADED] * * *
baldie
/bawl"dee/, n. Informal. a bald person (often used as a disparaging and offensive or facetious epithet). Also, baldy. [1860-65; BALD + -IE] * * *
balding
balding [bôl′diŋ] adj. becoming bald * * * bald·ing (bôlʹdĭng) adj. Becoming bald. * * *
Baldinucci, Filippo
▪ Italian art historian born c. 1624, , Florence [Italy] died Jan. 1, 1696, Florence       Florentine art historian, the first to make full use of documents and to ...
baldly
See bald. * * *
baldness
See baldly. * * * or alopecia Lack or loss of hair, either permanent (from destruction of hair follicles) or temporary (from short-term follicle damage). Male pattern baldness ...
Baldovinetti, Alessio
▪ Italian painter Alessio also spelled  Alesso   born Oct. 14, 1425, Florence [Italy] died Aug. 29, 1499, Florence  painter whose work, though seldom innovative, ...
Baldovinetti, Alesso
born Oct. 14, 1425?, Florence died Aug. 29, 1499, Florence Italian artist active in Florence. Little is known of his early training, but his style shows the influence of Fra ...
baldpate
—baldpated, adj. —baldpatedness, n. /bawld"payt'/, n. 1. baldhead (def. 1). 2. the American widgeon, Anas americana, having a gray head with a white crown. [1570-80; BALD + ...
baldpated
See baldpate. * * *
baldric
—baldricked, adj. /bawl"drik/, n. a belt, sometimes richly ornamented, worn diagonally from shoulder to hip, supporting a sword, horn, etc. Also, baldrick. [1250-1300; ME ...
Baldry, Long John
▪ 2006 John William Baldry        British-born Canadian blues musician (b. Jan. 12, 1941, Haddon, Derbyshire, Eng.—d. July 21, 2005, Vancouver, B.C.), was one of the ...
Baldung, Hans
or Hans Baldung Grien born с 1484, Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemberg died 1545, Imperial Free City of Strasbourg German painter and graphic artist. He was assistant to ...
Baldung-Grien, Hans
▪ German artist born c. 1484, Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemberg [Germany] died 1545, Imperial Free City of Strasbourg [now Strasbourg, Fr.]       painter and graphic ...
Baldur
Bal·dur (bôlʹdər) n. Variant of Balder. * * *
Baldur's Gate
▪ electronic game       computer and console role-playing fantasy electronic game, developed by the Canadian game developer BioWare Corp. and released in 1998 by the ...
Baldwin
/bawld"win/, n. 1. James, 1924-87, U.S. writer. 2. James Mark, 1861-1934, U.S. psychologist. 3. Loammi /loh am"uy/, 1740-1807, U.S. civil engineer and developer of the Baldwin ...
Baldwin (of Bewdley), Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl
born Aug. 3, 1867, Bewdley, Worcestershire, Eng. died Dec. 14, 1947, Astley Hall, near Stourport-on-Severn, Worcestershire British politician. After managing his family's large ...
Baldwin I
1058-1118, king of Jerusalem 1100-18: fought in the first crusade. * * * I born 1172, Valenciennes died 1205 First Latin emperor of Constantinople (1204–05). Count of ...
Baldwin II
known as Baldwin of Bourg died August 1131, Jerusalem King of Jerusalem (1118–31). A French nobleman, he joined the First Crusade and was made count of Edessa by his cousin ...
Baldwin II Porphyrogenitus
born 1217, Constantinople died Oct. 1273, Foggia, Kingdom of Sicily Fifth and last Latin emperor of Constantinople (1228–61). The son of the third Latin emperor ...
Baldwin III
▪ king of Jerusalem born 1129 died February 10, 1163, Beirut, kingdom of Jerusalem [now in Lebanon]       king of the Crusader state of Jerusalem (1143–63), military ...
Baldwin IV
known as Baldwin the Leper born 1161 died March 1185, Jerusalem King of Jerusalem (1174–85). He was crowned at age 13 on the death of his father, but the kingdom was ruled ...
Baldwin Park
a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 50,554. * * *
Baldwin V
▪ king of Jerusalem born 1177, Jerusalem died August 1186, Acre, kingdom of Jerusalem [now ʿAkko, Israel]       nominal king of Jerusalem who reigned from March 1185 ...
Baldwin, Faith
▪ American author born Oct. 1, 1893, New Rochelle, N.Y., U.S. died March 18, 1978, Norwalk, Conn.       American author, one of the most successful writers of light ...
Baldwin, Frank Stephen
▪ American inventor born April 10, 1838, New Hartford, Conn., U.S. died April 8, 1925, Denville, N.J.       inventor best-known for his development of the Monroe ...
Baldwin, Henry
▪ United States jurist born Jan. 14, 1780, New Haven, Conn., U.S. died April 21, 1844, Philadelphia       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Baldwin, James
▪ American author born Aug. 2, 1924, New York City died Dec. 1, 1987, Saint-Paul, Fr.  American essayist, novelist, and playwright whose eloquence and passion on the subject ...
Baldwin, James (Arthur)
born Aug. 2, 1924, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 1, 1987, Saint-Paul, France U.S. essayist, novelist, and playwright. He grew up in poverty in the New York City district of ...
Baldwin, James Mark
▪ American philosopher and psychologist born Jan. 12, 1861, Columbia, S.C., U.S. died Nov. 8, 1934, Paris       philosopher and theoretical psychologist who exerted ...
Baldwin, Matthias William
▪ American manufacturer born Dec. 10, 1795, Elizabethtown, N.J., U.S. died Sept. 7, 1866, Philadelphia, Pa.       manufacturer whose significant improvements of the ...
Baldwin, Robert
born May 12, 1804, York, Upper Canada died Dec. 9, 1858, Toronto Canadian politician. Called to the bar in 1825, Baldwin began his political career as a member of the ...
Baldwin, Roger (Nash)
born Jan. 21, 1884, Wellesley, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1981, Ridgewood, N.J. U.S. civil-rights leader. Born into an aristocratic Massachusetts family, Baldwin attended ...
Baldwin, Roger Nash
▪ American activist born Jan. 21, 1884, Wellesley, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1981, Ridgewood, N.J.       American civil-rights activist, cofounder of the American ...
Baldwin, Stanley, 1st Earl Baldwin Of Bewdley, Viscount Corvedale Of Corvedale
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born Aug. 3, 1867, Bewdley, Worcestershire, Eng. died Dec. 14, 1947, Astley Hall, near Stourport-on-Severn, Worcestershire [now in Hereford ...
Baldwin,James Arthur
Baldwin, James Arthur. 1924-1987. American writer and outspoken critic of racism whose works include Go Tell It on the Mountain (1953), a novel, and Notes of a Native Son (1955), ...
Baldwin,Roger Nash
Baldwin, Roger Nash. 1884-1981. American civil rights activist. In 1918 he helped found the American Civil Liberties Union, which he directed from 1920 to 1950. * * *
Baldwin,Stanley
Baldwin, Stanley. First Earl Baldwin of Bewdley. 1867-1947. British prime minister (1923-1929 and 1935-1937) who responded to the General Strike of 1926 with the Trade Disputes ...
BaldwinI
Baldwin I, 1058-1118. King of Jerusalem (1100-1118) who was appointed to the throne after taking part in the First Crusade (1096-1099). * * *
BaldwinPark
Baldwin Park A city of southern California, a residential suburb of Los Angeles near the San Gabriel Mountains. Population: 69,330. * * *
baldy
/bawl"dee/, n., pl. baldies. Informal. baldie. * * *
Baldy Mountain
▪ mountain, Arizona, United States       summit (11,403 feet [3,476 metres]) in the White Mountains, Apache county, eastern Arizona, U.S. Springs on the mountain's ...
bale
bale1 —baleless, adj. —baler, n. /bayl/, n., v., baled, baling. n. 1. a large bundle or package prepared for shipping, storage, or sale, esp. one tightly compressed and ...
Bâle
/bahl/, n. French name of Basel. * * *
bale cubic
Naut. the space available in a ship's hold for the stowage of general cargo, measured in cubic feet. * * *
Bale, Christian
▪ 2009 Christian Charles Philip Bale  born Jan. 30, 1974, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales  Welsh film actor Christian Bale had a mixed year in 2008. He drew ...
Bale, John
▪ English bishop and author born Nov. 21, 1495, Cove, Suffolk, Eng. died November 1563, Canterbury, Kent       bishop, Protestant controversialist, and dramatist whose ...
Baleares
Baleares [bä΄le ä′res] region of Spain comprising the Balearic Islands: 1,936 sq mi (5,014 sq km); pop. 709,000; cap. Palma * * *
Balearic Islands
/bal'ee ar"ik/ a group of islands including Iviza, Majorca, and Minorca, and constituting a province of Spain in the W Mediterranean Sea. 558,287; 1936 sq. mi. (5015 sq. km). ...
BalearicIslands
Bal·e·ar·ic Islands (băl'ē-ărʹĭk) An archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea off the eastern coast of Spain. Noted for their scenery and mild climate, the islands ...
baleboste
/bah'leuh bus"teuh, -baws"-/, n. Informal. a capable, efficient housewife, esp. a traditional Jewish one, devoted to maintaining a well-run home. Also, balebuste /bah'leuh ...
baleen
/beuh leen"/, n. whalebone (def. 1). [1275-1325; ME balene ( < AF baleine, beleine) < L bal(l)ena, var. of bal(l)aena whale < an unidentified language, also the source of Gk ...
baleen whale
baleen whale n. any of an order (Mysticeta) of whales with toothless jaws, baleen in the mouth, and a symmetrical skull, consisting of the gray whale, the right whales, and ...
baleen whale.
See whalebone whale. [1870-75] * * *
baleenwhale
baleen whale n. Any of several usually large whales of the suborder Mysticeti, such as the right whale and rorquals, having a symmetrical skull, two blowholes, and whalebone ...
balefire
/bayl"fuyeur'/, n. 1. a large fire in the open air; bonfire. 2. a signal fire; beacon. 3. the fire of a funeral pile. [1250-1300; ME bal(e)fir, equiv. to bale ( < ON bal funeral ...
baleful
—balefully, adv. —balefulness, n. /bayl"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of menacing or malign influences; pernicious. 2. Obs. wretched; miserable. [bef. 1000; ME; OE bealofull. See ...
balefully
See baleful. * * *
balefulness
See balefully. * * *
Balenciaga
/beuh len'see ah"geuh/; Sp. /bah'len thyah"gah/, n. Cristóbal /kri stoh"beuhl/; Sp. /krddee staw"vahl/, 1895-1972, French fashion designer, born in Spain. * * *
Balenciaga, Cristóbal
Ba·len·ci·a·ga (bə-lĕn'sē-äʹgə), Cristóbal. 1895-1972. Spanish fashion designer noted for his stark, elegant designs. * * * born Jan. 21, 1895, Guetaria, Spain died ...
baler
See bale1. * * *       largest living snail, a species of conch (q.v.). * * *
Bales, Peter
▪ English calligrapher also called  Peter Balesius  born 1547, London, Eng. died 1610?       English calligrapher who devised one of the earliest forms of shorthand, ...
balestra
/beuh les"treuh/, n. Fencing. a jump toward the opponent followed immediately by a lunge. [ < It: lit., crossbow < LL ballistra, var. of L ballista BALLISTA] * * *
Balewa
/bah'lay wah"/, n. Sir Abubakar Tafawa /ah'booh bah"kahr tah fah"wah, ah booh"bah kahr'/, 1912-66, Nigerian statesman: prime minister 1957-66. * * *
Balewa, Sir Abubakar Tafawa
▪ prime minister of Nigeria born 1912, Bauchi, Northern Nigeria died January 1966, near Ifo, Nigeria       Nigerian politician, leader in the Northern Peoples Congress ...
Balfe, Michael William
▪ Irish musician born May 15, 1808, Dublin, Ire. died Oct. 20, 1870, near Ware, Hertfordshire, Eng.  singer and composer, best known for the facile melody and simple ballad ...
Balfour
/bal"foor, -feuhr/, n. Arthur James (1st Earl of Balfour), 1848-1930, British statesman and writer: prime minister 1902-05. * * * (as used in expressions) Balfour ...
Balfour (of Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1st Earl
born July 25, 1848, Whittinghame, East Lothian, Scot. died March 19, 1930, Woking, Surrey, Eng. British statesman. The nephew of the marquess of Salisbury, Balfour served in ...
Balfour Declaration
a statement, issued by the British government on November 2, 1917, favoring the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jews but without prejudice to the civil and ...
Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st earl of, Viscount Traprain
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born July 25, 1848, Whittinghame, East Lothian, Scot. died March 19, 1930, Woking, Surrey, Eng.  British statesman who maintained a ...
Balfour, Francis Maitland
▪ British zoologist born Nov. 10, 1851, Edinburgh died July 19, 1882, near Martigny-Ville, Switz.  British zoologist, younger brother of the statesman Arthur James Balfour, ...
Balfour, Robert
▪ Scottish philosopher Latin  Robertus Balforeus  born 1550?, Forfarshire [now Angus], Scotland died after 1625       philosopher accomplished in Latin and Greek who ...
Balfour, Sir James
▪ Scottish judge in full  Sir James Balfour of Pittendreich  born c. 1525 died 1583       Scottish judge who, by frequently shifting his political allegiances, ...
Balfour,Arthur James
Bal·four (bălʹfo͝or', -fôr', -fōr'), Arthur James. First Earl of Balfour. 1848-1930. British prime minister (1902-1905) who later served as foreign secretary under David ...
Bali
/bah"lee, bal"ee/, n. 1. an island in Indonesia, E of Java. 2,247,000; 2147 sq. mi. (5561 sq. km). Cap.: Singaraja. 2. one of a breed of domesticated banteng cattle, Bos banteng ...
Balikesir
Balikesir [bäl΄i ke sir′] city in NW Asiatic Turkey: pop. 173,000 * * * ▪ Turkey       city, northwestern Turkey, situated on rising ground above a fertile plain ...
Balikpapan
/bah"lik pah"pahn/, n. a seaport on E Borneo, in central Indonesia. 137,340. * * * ▪ Indonesia       bay and seaport, East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) propinsi ...
Balinese
/bah'leuh neez", -nees", bal'euh-/, adj., n., pl. Balinese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Bali, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Bali. 3. the language ...
Balinesecat
Balinese cat n. A domestic cat that is a hybrid between the Persian and Siamese and that closely resembles the Siamese in appearance but has long silky fur. * * *
Bálint, Endre
▪ Hungarian artist born Oct. 27, 1914, Budapest, Hung. died May 3, 1986, Budapest       Hungarian painter and printmaker.       From 1930 to 1934 Bálint studied ...
Baliol
/bayl"yeuhl, bay"lee euhl/, n. John de 1249-1315, king of Scotland 1292-96. * * *
balisage
/bal"euh sahzh'/, n. Mil. a method of marking a land route with dim lighting so that vehicles can travel at higher speeds in blackout conditions. [ < F, equiv. to balis(er) to ...
balistraria
/bal'euh strair"ee euh/, n., pl. balistrariae /-euh strair"ee ee'/. (in a medieval fortification) an opening, usually in the form of a cross, through which a crossbow could be ...
balk
—balker, n. —balkingly, adv. /bawk/, v.i. 1. to stop, as at an obstacle, and refuse to proceed or to do something specified (usually fol. by at): He balked at making the ...
Balkan
—Balkanite, n., adj. /bawl"keuhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to the Balkan States or their inhabitants. 2. pertaining to the Balkan Peninsula. 3. pertaining to the Balkan ...
Balkan Entente
▪ Europe [1934] also called  Balkan Pact        (Feb. 9, 1934), mutual-defense agreement between Greece, Turkey, Romania, and Yugoslavia, intended to guarantee the ...
Balkan frame
an overhead frame, fastened to a bed, from which a splinted, fractured leg or arm is suspended and held in traction. [1925-30; so called because first used in the BALKAN ...
Balkan League
(1912–13) Alliance of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro, which fought the first Balkan War against the Ottoman empire. Ostensibly created to limit Austrian power in the ...
Balkan Mountains
a mountain range extending from W Bulgaria to the Black Sea: highest peak, 7794 ft. (2370 m). * * * Bulgarian Stara Planina Mountain range, eastern Europe. It extends east to ...
Balkan Peninsula
a peninsula in S Europe, S of the Danube River and bordered by the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean, and Black seas. * * * Peninsula, southeastern Europe. Located between the Adriatic ...
Balkan States
the countries in the Balkan Peninsula: Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and the European part of Turkey. Also ...
Balkan War
1. Also called First Balkan War. a war (1912-13) in which Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed Turkey. 2. Also called Second Balkan War. a war (1913) in which Greece, Rumania, ...
Balkan Wars
(1912–13) Two military conflicts that deprived the Ottoman Empire of almost all its remaining territory in Europe. In the First Balkan War, the Balkan League defeated the ...
Balkanization
See Balkanize. * * *       division of a multinational state into smaller ethnically homogeneous entities. The term also is used to refer to ethnic conflict within ...
Balkanize
—Balkanization, n. —Balkanism, n. /bawl"keuh nuyz'/, v.t., Balkanized, Balkanizing. 1. to divide (a country, territory, etc.) into small, quarrelsome, ineffectual states. 2. ...
BalkanMountains
Balkan Mountains also Bal·kans (bôlʹkənz) A major mountain range of southeast Europe extending about 563 km (350 mi) from eastern Yugoslavia through central Bulgaria to the ...
BalkanPeninsula
Balkan Peninsula A peninsula of southeast Europe bounded by the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Adriatic seas. The Balkan States ...
Balkans
Balkans [bôl′kənz] countries of the Balkan Peninsula (Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, & the European ...
Balkar
/bahl"kahr/, n., pl. Balkars, (esp. collectively) Balkar for 1. n. 1. a member of a Sunni Muslim people living mainly in the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Republic in the Russian ...
balker
See balk. * * *
Balkh
/bahlkh/, n. a town in N Afghanistan: capital of ancient Bactria; center of Zoroastrianism. Ancient, Bactra. Also called Wazirabad. * * * ▪ Afghanistan also called ...
Balkhash
/bal kash", bahl kahsh"/; Russ. /bul khahsh"/, n. a salt lake in SE Kazakhstan. ab. 7115 sq. mi. (18,430 sq. km). * * *
Balkhash, Lake
or Lake Balqash Lake, eastern Kazakhstan. It is about 375 mi (600 km) long, with a maximum depth of roughly 85 ft (25 m). Its chief feeder is the Ili River, which enters at the ...
Balkhash,Lake
Bal·khash or Bal·qash (băl-kăshʹ, bäl-käshʹ, -KHäshʹ), Lake A shallow lake of southeast Kazakhstan. It has saline water in the east and fresh water in the west. * * *
balkiness
See balky. * * *
balkline
/bawk"luyn'/, n. 1. Sports. (in track events) the starting line. 2. Billiards. a. a straight line drawn across the table behind which the cue balls are placed in beginning a ...
balkline billiards
▪ game       group of billiard games played with three balls (red, white, and white with a spot) on a table without pockets, upon which lines are drawn parallel to all ...
balky
—balkily, adv. —balkiness, n. /baw"kee/, adj., balkier, balkiest. given to balking; stubborn; obstinate: a balky mule. [1840-50; BALK + -Y1] Syn. contrary, perverse, ...
ball
ball1 —baller, n. /bawl/, n. 1. a spherical or approximately spherical body or shape; sphere: He rolled the piece of paper into a ball. 2. a round or roundish body, of various ...
Ball
/bawl/, n. 1. George W(ildman) /wuyld"meuhn/, born 1909, U.S. lawyer, investment banker, and government official. 2. John, died 1381, English priest: one of the leaders of Wat ...
ball and chain
1. a heavy iron ball fastened by a chain to a prisoner's leg. 2. burdensome restraint: The steady accumulation of small debts was a ball and chain to his progress. 3. Slang ...
ball and ring
a simplified bead-and-reel turning, used esp. in English and American furniture of the 17th century. * * *
ball bearing
—ball-bearing, adj. Mach. 1. a bearing consisting of a number of hard balls running in grooves in the surfaces of two concentric rings, one of which is mounted on a rotating or ...
ball boy
1. Tennis. an attendant, usually a boy or young man, employed to retrieve balls and supply players with them. 2. Baseball. an attendant, usually a boy or young man, who retrieves ...
ball cactus
▪ plant       any of 25 species in the genus Parodia, family Cactaceae, native in grasslands of South America. Small, globose to cylindroid, they are commonly cultivated ...
ball cap.
See baseball cap. * * *
ball clay
Ceram. a fine dark kaolinic clay that turns white or nearly white when fired, used in the manufacture of a wide variety of ceramic wares in combination with other clays for its ...
ball club
1. a permanent team of professional or amateur players of a ball game, esp. baseball. 2. a club or similar organization that sponsors and promotes a baseball team. [1825-35] * * *
ball cock
a device for regulating the supply of water in a tank, cistern, or the like, consisting essentially of a valve connected to a hollow floating ball which by its rise or fall shuts ...
ball control
Sports. a team's ability to maintain possession of the ball on offense. [1925-30] * * *
ball fern
a feathery fern, Davallia trichomanoides, of Malaysia, having rhizomes covered with toothed scales. Also called squirrel's-foot fern. * * *
ball foot
Furniture. a ball-like turned foot, used esp. in the 16th and 17th centuries. Cf. bun foot. * * *
ball game
1. any game played with a ball, esp. baseball or softball. 2. Informal. a situation and all its attendant circumstances: Having a new administration in power changes the entire ...
ball girl
1. Tennis. an attendant, usually a girl or young woman, employed to retrieve balls and supply players with them. 2. Baseball. an attendant, usually a girl or young women, who ...
ball handling
the control of the ball, as in basketball or soccer, by skillful dribbling and accurate passing. * * *
ball hawk
1. Baseball. an outfielder with outstanding defensive skills, esp. at fielding fly balls. 2. Sports. a defensive player, as in basketball or football, who excels in gaining ...
ball ice
floating balls of slushy ice formed at sea. * * *
ball indicator.
See bank indicator. * * *
ball joint
ball joint n. a mechanical ball-and-socket joint, esp. one used in the steering linkage of certain automotive vehicles to connect the tie rod to either of the wheels that turn * ...
ball joint.
See ball-and-socket joint (def. 2). * * *
ball lightning
a rare form of lightning, consisting of a bright, luminous ball that moves rapidly along objects or floats in the air. Also called globe lightning. [1855-60] * * * ▪ ...
ball mill
a grinding mill in which the material to be ground is tumbled in a drum with heavy balls of iron, steel, or stone. [1900-05] * * *
ball of fire
a dynamic person capable of or displaying rapid and highly effective thought, action, etc.: The new manager turned out to be a ball of fire. [1815-25] * * *
ball of wax
Informal. everything, including all details, parts, etc., relating to a particular matter: He came back from Chicago with the contract for the whole ball of wax. [1950-55] * * *
Ball State University
▪ university, Muncie, Indiana, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning located in Muncie, Ind., U.S. The university comprises the ...
ball turning
Furniture. the turning of arms or legs on furniture to make them resemble a continuous row of balls. * * *
ball valve
Mach. 1. a valve controlling flow by means of a ball pierced with an opening in one direction and fixed to rotate on a spindle at right angles to the opening. 2. any valve that ...
Ball, Alan James
▪ 2008       British association football (soccer) player and manager born May 12, 1945 , Farnworth, Lancashire, Eng. died April 25, 2007 , Warsash, Hampshire, ...
Ball, Albert
▪ British pilot born Aug. 21, 1896, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died May 7, 1917, Annoeullin, near Lens, Fr.  British fighter ace during World War I who achieved 43 ...
Ball, George Wildman
▪ 1995       U.S. government official and lawyer (b. Dec. 21, 1909, Des Moines, Iowa—d. May 26, 1994, New York, N.Y.), as undersecretary of state (1961-66) in the ...
Ball, Hugo
▪ German author and social critic born Feb. 22, 1886, Pirmasens, Ger. died Sept. 14, 1927, St. Abbondio, Switz.       writer, actor, and dramatist, a harsh social ...
Ball, John
▪ English clergyman died July 15, 1381, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, Eng.       one of the leaders of the Peasants' Revolt in England.       A sometime priest at ...
Ball, Lucille
▪ American actress in full  Lucille Désirée Ball   born Aug. 6, 1911, Celoron, near Jamestown, N.Y., U.S. died April 26, 1989, Los Angeles, Calif.  radio and ...
Ball, Lucille (Désirée)
born Aug. 6, 1911, Celoron, near Jamestown, N.Y., U.S. died April 26, 1989, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. actress and television star. She performed in films from 1933 and starred ...
Ball, Sir Alexander John, 1st Baronet
▪ British admiral born 1757, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Oct. 25, 1809, Malta  rear admiral, a close friend of Admiral Lord Nelson, who directed the blockade of Malta ...
Ball, Thomas
▪ American sculptor born June 3, 1819, Charlestown, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 11, 1911, Montclair, N.J.       sculptor whose work had a marked influence on monumental art ...
Ball,John
Ball (bôl), John. Called “the Mad Priest.” Died 1381. English social agitator who was executed for his role in the Peasants' Revolt (1381). * * *
Ball,Lucille
Ball, Lucille. 1911-1989. American actress best known as the star of the popular situation comedy I Love Lucy (1951-1957). * * *
ball-and-claw foot
/bawl"euhn klaw"/, Furniture. a foot having the form of a bird's claw grasping a ball. Also called claw-and-ball foot. [1900-05] * * *
ball-and-socket joint
/bawl"euhn sok"it/ 1. Also called enarthrosis. Anat., Zool. a joint in which the rounded end of one bone fits into a cuplike end of the other bone, allowing for relatively free ...
ball-and-socketjoint
ball-and-sock·et joint (bôl'ən-sŏkʹĭt) n. 1. A synovial joint, such as the shoulder or hip joint, in which a spherical knob or knoblike part of one bone fits into a cavity ...
ball-buster
/bawl"bus'teuhr/, n. Slang (vulgar). 1. an arduous, often unpleasant task. 2. a person who makes great demands on others; taskmaster. Also called ball-breaker ...
ball-carrier
/bawl"kar'ee euhr/, n. Football. the offensive player having the ball and attempting to gain ground. [1930-35] * * *
ball-control
ball-control [bôl′kən trōl′] adj. Football designating a style of offensive play designed to gain yardage in small amounts, thereby consuming playing time and keeping the ...
ball-flower
ball-flower [bôl′flou΄ər] n. Archit. a decoration in a molding that looks like a ball held in the petals of a flower * * *
ball-peen hammer
/bawl"peen'/ a hammer having a hemispherical peen (ball peen) for beating metal. See illus. under hammer. * * *
ball-peenhammer
ball-peen hammer (bôlʹpēn') n. A hammer having one end of the head hemispherical and used in working metal. * * *
Balla
/bahl"lah/, n. Giacomo /jah"kaw maw/, 1871?-1958, Italian painter. * * *
Balla, Giacomo
▪ Italian artist born July 24, 1871, Turin, Italy died March 1, 1958, Rome       Italian artist and founding member of the Futurist (Futurism) movement in ...
ballad
—balladic /beuh lad"ik/, adj. —balladlike, adj. /bal"euhd/, n. 1. any light, simple song, esp. one of sentimental or romantic character, having two or more stanzas all sung ...
Ballad of Reading Gaol
a long poem by Oscar Wilde, written in 1898 after he had been in prison, about a fellow prisoner who is hanged and about the horror of prison life. * * *
Ballad of Reading Gaol, The
/red"ing/ a poem (1898) by Oscar Wilde. * * *
ballad opera
a theater entertainment of 18th-century England, consisting of popular tunes, folk songs, and dialogue. [1770-80] * * * English 18th-century comic opera in which songs and ...
ballad revival
▪ literary movement       the interest in folk poetry evinced within literary circles, especially in England and Germany, in the 18th century. Actually, it was not a ...
ballad stanza
Pros. a four-line stanza consisting of unrhymed first and third lines in iambic tetrameter and rhymed second and fourth lines in iambic trimeter, often used in ...
ballade
/beuh lahd", ba-/; Fr. /bann lannd"/, n., pl. ballades /-lahdz"/; Fr. /-lannd"/. 1. a poem consisting commonly of three stanzas having an identical rhyme scheme, followed by an ...
balladeer
/bal'euh dear"/, n. a person who sings ballads. Also, balladier. [1630-40; BALLAD + -EER] * * *
balladic
See ballad. * * *
balladist
/bal"euh dist/, n. a person who writes, composes, or sings ballads. [1855-60; BALLAD + -IST] * * *
balladize
/bal"euh duyz'/, v., balladized, balladizing. v.t. 1. to make (something) into a ballad; write a ballad about. v.i. 2. to write or compose ballads. Also, esp. Brit., ...
balladmonger
—balladmongering, n. /bal"euhd mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. 1. a seller of ballads. 2. an inferior poet. [1590-1600; BALLAD + MONGER] * * *
balladry
/bal"euh dree/, n. 1. ballad poetry. 2. the composing, playing, or singing of ballads. [1590-1600; BALLAD + -RY] * * *
ballads
➡ folk music and songs * * *
balladstanza
ballad stanza n. A four-line stanza often used in ballads, rhyming in the second and fourth lines and having four metrical feet in the first and third lines and three in the ...
Balladur, Edouard
▪ 1994       Socialist Pres. François Mitterrand named Édouard Balladur of the Gaullist Rally for the Republic (RPR) prime minister of France on March 29, 1993. ...
Ballance
/bal"euhns/, n. John, 1839-93, New Zealand statesman, born in Ireland: prime minister 1891-93. * * *
Ballance, John
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born March 27, 1839, Glenavy, County Antrim, N.Ire. died April 27, 1893, Wellington, N.Z.       prime minister of New Zealand ...
Ballanche, Pierre-Simon
▪ French philosopher born Aug. 4, 1776, Lyon, France died June 12, 1847, Paris  religious and social philosopher who influenced the Romantic writers and played an important ...
Ballangrud, Ivar
▪ Norwegian speed skater original name  Ivar Eriksen  born March 7, 1904, Lunner, Norway died June 1, 1969, Trondheim       Norwegian speed skater who, with Clas ...
Ballantine, Ian Keith
▪ 1996       U.S. pioneer paperback book publisher (b. Feb. 15, 1916—d. March 9, 1995). * * *
Ballantyne, R.M.
▪ Scottish author in full  Robert Michael Ballantyne  born April 24, 1825, Edinburgh, Scot. died Feb. 8, 1894, Rome, Italy       Scottish author chiefly famous for ...
Ballarat
/bal"euh rat', bal'euh rat"/, n. a city in S Victoria, in SE Australia. 62,641. * * * ▪ Victoria, Australia also spelled  Ballaarat,         city, central Victoria, ...
Ballard
(James Graham Ballard 1930– ) a British author born in China who is best known for his science fiction novels and short stories, and for Empire of the Sun (1984), about a ...
Ballard Family
▪ French printers flourished 18th century, , France    printers who from 1560 to 1750 virtually monopolized music printing in France.       The founder of the ...
Ballard, Hank
▪ 2004 John H. Kendricks        American singer and songwriter (b. Nov. 18, 1927, Detroit, Mich.—d. March 2, 2003, Los Angeles, Calif.), lit up the rhythm-and-blues ...
Ballard, J(ames) G(raham)
born Nov. 15, 1930, Shanghai, China British writer. Ballard spent four years of his childhood in a Japanese prison camp, an experience he described in Empire of the Sun (1984; ...
Ballard, J.G.
▪ British author in full  James Graham Ballard   born Nov. 15, 1930, Shanghai, China       British author of science fiction set in ecologically unbalanced landscapes ...
Ballard, Robert
▪ American oceanographer in full  Robert Duane Ballard  born June 30, 1942, Wichita, Kansas, U.S.       American oceanographer and marine geologist whose pioneering ...
Ballard, Robert D(uane)
born 1942, Wichita, Kan., U.S. U.S. oceanographer and marine geologist. He grew up near San Diego, Calif. As a marine scientist at the Woods Hole (Mass.) Oceanographic Research ...
Ballard, Robert Duane
▪ 1998       In 1997 American oceanographer Robert Ballard inaugurated a new era in archaeology with the discovery of eight ancient ships, including one that dated to ...
ballas
/bal"euhs/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Mineral. a spherical aggregate of small diamond crystals used for drilling and for various industrial purposes. [appar. var. of BALAS in ...


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