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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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Bambara, Toni Cade
▪ 1996       (TONI CADE), U.S. writer, civil rights activist, and teacher who penned short stories and other works that were written in distinctive dialects, featured ...
Bamberg
/bam"berrg/; Ger. /bahm"berddk/, n. a city in N Bavaria in S Germany. 73,800. * * * ▪ Germany   city, Bavaria Land (state), south-central Germany. It lies along the ...
Bamberger, Ludwig
▪ German economist born July 22, 1823, Mainz, Hesse [Germany] died March 14, 1899, Berlin  economist and publicist, a leading authority on currency problems in Germany. ...
Bambi
/bam"bee/, n. 1. a familiar name for a baby deer. 2. a female given name. [from the deer in the children's book of the same name (1923) by Hungarian-born author Felix Salten, pen ...
bambino
/bam bee"noh, bahm-/; It. /bahm bee"naw/, n., pl. bambinos, It., bambini /-nee/. 1. a small child or baby. 2. an image of the infant Jesus. [1755-65; < It, equiv. to bamb(o) ...
Bamboccianti
▪ painting       group of painters working in Rome in the mid-17th century who were known for their relatively small, often anecdotal paintings of everyday life. The ...
bambocciata
It. /bahm'bawt chah"tah/, n., pl. bambocciate It. /-te/. a genre painting of usually small size produced in Rome in the 17th century. [ < It, equiv. to Bambocci(o) a nickname of ...
bambocciati
(Italian: "childishnesses") Small, anecdotal paintings of everyday life made in Rome in the mid-17th century. The genre's originator and most noteworthy exponent was the Dutch ...
bamboo
/bam booh"/, n., pl. bamboos. 1. any of the woody or treelike tropical and semitropical grasses of the genera Bambusa, Phyllostachys, Dendrocalamus, and allied genera, having ...
Bamboo Annals
▪ Chinese literature Chinese (Pinyin)  Zhushu Jinian  or  (Wade-Giles romanization) Chu-shu Chi-nien        set of Chinese court records written on bamboo slips, ...
bamboo curtain
a political and ideological barrier that impeded relations between Communist Asia, esp. China, and the West from 1949 to 1972. Cf. iron curtain. * * *
bamboo rat
▪ rodent       any of four Asiatic species of burrowing, slow-moving, nocturnal rodents (rodent). Bamboo rats have a robust, cylindrical body, small ears and eyes, and ...
bamboo shoots
the young shoots produced by the rhizome of a bamboo, used as a vegetable. [1885-90] * * *
bamboo turning
Furniture. turning of spindles and framing members to simulate the jointing of bamboo. * * *
bamboo ware
a cane-colored Wedgwood stoneware of c1770 imitating bamboo. [1900-05] * * *
BambooCurtain
Bam·boo Curtain (băm-bo͞oʹ) n. A political and ideological barrier between the West and the Communist countries of Asia after the Chinese revolution of 1949. * * *
bambooshoot
bamboo shoot n. The young shoot of certain species of the bamboo genera Dendrocalamus and Phyllostachys, sliced, cooked, and eaten as a vegetable, especially in East Asian ...
bamboozle
—bamboozlement, n. —bamboozler, n. /bam booh"zeuhl/, v., bamboozled, bamboozling. v.t. 1. to deceive or get the better of (someone) by trickery, flattery, or the like; ...
bamboozlement
See bamboozle. * * *
bamboozler
See bamboozlement. * * *
Bamburgh
▪ England, United Kingdom   coastal village, Berwick-upon-Tweed borough, administrative and historic county of Northumberland, England. The site is dominated by Bamburgh ...
Bambuti
or Mbuti A number of Pygmy peoples of the Ituri Forest of eastern Congo (Kinshasa). Bambuti is a collective name for four populations of Ituri Pygmies the Sua (Asua), Aka, Efe, ...
Bamenda
▪ Cameroon  town located in northwestern Cameroon. It is situated in the volcanic Bamenda highlands. Although communications are difficult because of heavy precipitation and ...
Bamford, Samuel
▪ English social reformer and author born Feb. 28, 1788, Middleton, Lancashire, Eng. died April 13, 1872, Harpurhey, Lancashire       English radical reformer who was ...
Bamileke
▪ people       any of about 90 West African peoples in the Bamileke region of Cameroon. They speak a language of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo family. They ...
Bamiyan
▪ Afghanistan also spelled  Bāmīān  or  Bāmyān   town located in central Afghanistan. It lies about 80 miles (130 km) northwest of Kabul, the country's capital, in ...
Bampton, John
▪ English clergyman born 1690? died June 2, 1751       English clergyman who gave his name to one of Protestant Christendom's most distinguished lectureships, the ...
Bamum
▪ people also spelled  Bamoun,  also called  Mum,         a West African people speaking a language that is often used as a lingua franca and belongs to the ...
ban
ban1 —bannable, adj. /ban/, v., banned, banning, n. v.t. 1. to prohibit, forbid, or bar; interdict: to ban nuclear weapons; The dictator banned all newspapers and books that ...
Ban Biao
▪ Chinese official Wade-Giles romanization  Pan Piao  born 3 CE, Anling, Fufeng [now Xianyang, Shaanxi province], China died 54, China       eminent Chinese official ...
Ban Chao
▪ Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Pan Ch'ao  born 32 CE, Anling, Fufeng [now Xianyang, Shaanxi province], China died 102, Luoyang, Henan province, ...
Ban Gu
▪ Chinese historian Wade-Giles romanization  Pan Ku  born AD 32?, Chang'an [now Xi'an], China died 92       Chinese scholar-official of the Dong (Eastern), or Hou ...
Ban Ki-moon
▪ 2007       On Oct. 13, 2006, just days after North Korea tested a nuclear weapon, Ban Ki-moon, the South Korean minister for foreign affairs, was named UN ...
Ban Zhao
▪ Chinese scholar Wade-Giles romanization  Pan Chao   born 45 CE, Anling, Fufeng [now Xianyang, Shaanxi province], China died c. 115, China       renowned Chinese ...
Ban, Shigeru
▪ 1997       Before a catastrophic earthquake devastated the Kobe area in Japan on Jan. 17, 1995, Shigeru Ban was recognized as a rising Japanese architect. He therefore ...
Ban-Lon
/ban"lon'/, Trademark. a brand of multistranded, continuous-filament synthetic yarn modified by crimping to increase bulk. * * *
ban-the-bomber
/ban"dheuh bom"euhr/, n. Informal. a person who vigorously advocates banning the development or use of nuclear weapons. [Amer.; ban the bomb (a slogan) + -ER1] * * *
Bāṇa
▪ Indian writer also called  Bāṇabhaṭṭa   flourished 7th century       one of the greatest masters of Sanskrit prose, famed principally for his chronicle, ...
Banaba
Ba·na·ba (bə-näʹbə) or O·cean Island (ōʹshən) An island of Kiribati in the west-central Pacific Ocean. First visited by the British in 1804, the island was annexed in ...
Banach space
/bah"nahkh, ban"euhk/, Math. a vector space on which a norm is defined that is complete. [1945-50; after Stefan Banach (1892-1945), Polish mathematician] * * *
Banach, Stefan
▪ Polish mathematician born March 30, 1892, Kraków, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland] died August 31, 1945, Lvov, Ukrainian S.S.R. [now Lviv, Ukraine]       Polish ...
banal
—banality /beuh nal"i tee, bay-/, n. —banally, adv. /beuh nal", -nahl", bayn"l/, adj. devoid of freshness or originality; hackneyed; trite: a banal and sophomoric treatment ...
banality
ba·nal·i·ty (bə-nălʹĭ-tē, bā-) n. pl. ba·nal·i·ties 1. The condition or quality of being banal; triviality. 2. Something that is trite, obvious, or predictable; a ...
banalize
/beuh nal"uyz, -nah"luyz, bayn"l uyz'/, v.t., banalized, banalizing. to render or make banal; trivialize: Television has often been accused of banalizing even the most serious ...
banally
See banalize. * * *
banana
/beuh nan"euh/, n. 1. a tropical plant of the genus Musa, certain species of which are cultivated for their nutritious fruit. Cf. banana family. 2. the fruit, esp. that of M. ...
banana family
the plant family Musaceae, characterized by large treelike herbaceous plants of tropical regions, having a trunk formed by spiraling leaf sheaths, and bearing large leaves, ...
banana oil
1. a sweet-smelling liquid ester, C7H14O2, a mixture of isomers derived from amyl alcohol and having the characteristic odor of bananas: used chiefly as a paint solvent and in ...
banana republic
Usually Disparaging. any of the small countries in the tropics, esp. in the Western Hemisphere, whose economies are largely dependent on fruit exports, tourism, and foreign ...
banana seat
an elongated bicycle seat that is tapered toward the front and has a gentle upward curve at the back. [1960-65] * * *
banana shrub
a tall Chinese shrub, Michelia figo, of the magnolia family, having cream-yellow flowers with a reddish edge and a strong banana odor. * * *
banana spider
a large, brown and yellow nonvenomous crab spider, Heteropoda venatoria, seen on the walls of buildings in the tropics, sometimes transported to other regions in shipments of ...
banana split
an elaborate confection, typically consisting of a banana sliced lengthwise, on top of which are placed two or more scoops of ice cream, fruit or other syrup, and a topping of ...
Banana War
▪ 2000       In early 1999 it appeared possible that a long-standing dispute over bananas might turn into a full-blown international trade war. On Dec. 21, 1998, the ...
Banana, Canaan Sodindo
▪ 2004       Zimbabwean Methodist minister, theologian, and statesman (b. March 5, 1936, Esiphezini, Matabeleland, Southern Rhodesia—d. Nov. 10, 2003, Harare, Zimb.), ...
Bananal Island
▪ island, Brazil Portuguese  Ilha Do Bananal    island, Tocantins estado (state), central Brazil. The island is formed by the Araguaia River, which for 200 miles (320 km) ...
Bananaland
/beuh nan"euh land'/, n. Australian Archaic. Queensland. * * *
bananaoil
banana oil n. 1. A liquid mixture of amyl acetate and usually nitrocellulose, having a bananalike odor and used as a solvent or flavoring agent. 2. See amyl acetate. 3. Slang. ...
bananaquit
▪ bird       (Coereba flaveola), bird of the West Indies (except Cuba) and southern Mexico to Argentina. It is usually placed with honeycreepers in the family ...
bananarepublic
banana republic n. A small country that is economically dependent on a single export commodity, such as bananas, and is typically governed by a dictator or the armed forces. * * *
bananas
/beuh nan"euhz/, adj. Slang. 1. crazy; deranged: All that chatter is driving me bananas. 2. wildly enthusiastic: The crowd went bananas when the music began. [1965-70, Amer.; see ...
bananaseat
banana seat n. An elongated bicycle seat that usually curves upward in the back.   [From its shape.] * * *
bananaslug
banana slug n. A large slug (Ariolimax columbianus) of the northwestern forests of North America, ranging in color from black to white but often having a bright yellow body with ...
bananasplit
banana split n. A dessert consisting of several scoops of ice cream and usually flavored syrups, nuts, fruit, and whipped cream served on a banana that has been split ...
Banaras
/beuh nahr"euhs/, n. a former name of Varanasi. * * *
Banaras, Treaties of
▪ British-Indian history       (1773 and 1775), two agreements regulating relations between the British government of Bengal and the ruler of the Muslim state of Oudh ...
Banas River
▪ river, India       river in Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It rises near Kumbhalgarh and cuts its way tortuously through the Aravalli Range. It ...
Banat
/ban"it, bah"nit/, n. a fertile low-lying region extending through Hungary, Rumania, and Yugoslavia. [ < Serbo-Croatian Bànat < ML Banatus (Temesiensis); see BAN3, -ATE3] * * ...
banausic
/beuh naw"sik, -zik/, adj. serving utilitarian purposes only; mechanical; practical: architecture that was more banausic than inspired. [1835-45; < Gk banausikós, equiv. to ...
Banbridge
District (pop., 2001: 41,392), Northern Ireland, established in 1973. The area includes the Legananny Hills, which reach an altitude of 1,745 ft (532 m) in eastern Banbridge ...
Banbury
/ban"ber'ee, -beuh ree, -bree, bam"-/, n. a town in N Oxfordshire, in S England. 29,216. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Cherwell district, administrative ...
Banbury cake
a small, oval pastry containing currants, candied peel, honey, spices, etc., usually with three parallel cuts across the top. Also called Banbury bun. [1605-15; named after ...
Banbury tart
a tart filled with a lemon-flavored mixture of currants, raisins, or the like. * * *
Banbury tarts
Banbury tarts [ban′ber΄ē, ban′bər ē] n. 〚after Banbury, town in England noted for its cakes〛 small baked pastries filled with raisins, currants, etc. * * *
banc
/bangk/, n. Law. 1. the seat on which judges sit in court. 2. in banc, with all the judges of a court present; as a full court: a hearing in banc. [1250-1300; ME < OF < Gmc: ...
Banchieri, Adriano
▪ Italian composer born Sept. 3, 1568, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died 1634, Bologna       one of the principal composers of madrigal comedies (madrigal comedy), ...
banco
/bang"koh, bahng"-/, n., pl. bancos, v. n. 1. a declaration made by a bettor in certain gambling games, as baccarat and chemin de fer, indicating a bet matching the full amount ...
Banco National Park
▪ park, Côte d’Ivoire French  Parc National du Banco        national park, southeastern Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast). It lies immediately north of Abidjan, the ...
Bancroft
/ban"krawft, -kroft, bang"-/, n. 1. George, 1800-91, U.S. historian and statesman. 2. Hubert Howe, 1832-1918, U.S. publisher and historian. * * * ▪ Ontario, ...
Bancroft Prize
one of a group of annual awards for literary achievement in American history and biography: administered by Columbia University. [named after G. BANCROFT] * * *
Bancroft, Ann
▪ American explorer born Sept. 29, 1955, St. Paul, Minn., U.S.       American explorer who was the first woman to participate in and successfully finish several arduous ...
Bancroft, Anne
▪ 2006 Anna Maria Louisa Italiano        American actress (b. Sept. 17, 1931, Bronx, N.Y.—d. June 6, 2005, New York, N.Y.), was a versatile performer whose ...
Bancroft, Edward
▪ British spy born January 9, 1744, Westfield, Massachusetts [U.S.] died September 8, 1821, Margate, Kent, England       secretary to the American commissioners in ...
Bancroft, George
born Oct. 3, 1800, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 17, 1891, Washington, D.C. U.S. historian. Bancroft was educated at Harvard and several German universities. He was minister ...
Bancroft, Hubert Howe
▪ American historian born May 5, 1832, Granville, Ohio, U.S. died March 2, 1918, Walnut Creek, Calif.       historian of the American West who collected and published ...
Bancroft, Sir Squire
▪ British actor and manager born May 14, 1841, London died April 19, 1926, London       English actor and manager whose espousal of careful craft in the writing and ...
Bancroft,George
Ban·croft (bănʹkrôft', -krŏft', băngʹ-), George. 1800-1891. American historian and diplomat whose published works include the ten-volume History of the United States ...
band
band1 /band/, n. 1. a company of persons or, sometimes, animals or things, joined, acting, or functioning together; aggregation; party; troop: a band of protesters. 2. Music. a. ...
Band Aid
a large group of pop stars brought together by Bob Geldof in 1984 to help people without food in Ethiopia. The song that they recorded, Do They Know It’s Christmas?, was bought ...
band brake
a brake using a brake band. [1885-90] * * *
band mill
a powered machine having two pulleys for a saw band or a file band; band saw. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
band razor
a safety razor with a replaceable head whose cutting edge is a narrow band of steel that can be wound forward, exposing a new, sharp section. * * *
band saw
Mach. a saw consisting of an endless toothed steel band passing over two wheels. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
band shell
a concave, acoustically resonant structure at the back of an outdoor bandstand. [1925-30] * * *
band spectrum
Physics. an optical spectrum consisting of groups of closely spaced spectral lines, characteristic of molecules. Cf. continuous spectrum, line spectrum. [1865-70] * * *
band theory
In chemistry and physics, a theoretical model describing the states of electrons in solid materials, which can have energy values only within certain specific ranges, called ...
Band, the
▪ American rock group Introduction       Canadian-American band that began as the backing group for both Ronnie Hawkins and Bob Dylan (Dylan, Bob), then branched out on ...
Band-Aid
/band"ayd'/ 1. Trademark. a brand of adhesive bandage with a gauze pad in the center, used to cover minor abrasions and cuts. n. 2. (often l.c.) Informal. a makeshift, limited, ...
Band-Aid{™}
n [C, U] a US make of sticking plaster (= a strip of fabric that can be stuck to the skin to protect a small wound or cut), made by Johnson & Johnson. They were first made in ...
band-pass filter
/band"pas', -pahs'/, Elect., Electronics. a filter that attenuates all frequencies except those of a specific band, which it amplifies. [1920-25] * * * ▪ ...
band-tailed pigeon
/band"tayld'/ a wild pigeon, Columba fasciata, of western North America, having a gray band on its tail. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
banda
/bahn"deuh/, n. a style of Mexican dance music featuring brass instruments and having a heavy beat. [1990-95; < MexSp: lit., BAND] * * * ▪ India       city, southern ...
Banda
/ban"deuh/, n. Hastings Kamuzu /kah mooh"zooh/, 1906-97, Malawi physician, political leader, and public official: 1st president of Malawi 1966-94. * * * ▪ ...
Banda Aceh
▪ municipality, Indonesia  kotamadya (municipality), capital of Aceh semiautonomous province, Indonesia. It is located on the Aceh River at the northwestern tip of the ...
Banda Islands
▪ islands, Indonesia       island group, Maluku propinsi (province), Indonesia. The islands lie in the Banda Sea, southeast of Ambon Island and south of Ceram. The ...
Banda Sea
/bahn"deuh, ban"-/ a sea between Sulawesi (Celebes) and New Guinea, S of the Moluccas and N of Timor. * * * ▪ sea, Pacific Ocean Bahasa Indonesia  Laut ...
Banda Singh Bahadur
▪ Sikh military leader also called  Lachman Das,  Lachman Dev , or  Madho Das  born 1670, Rajauri [India] died June 1716, Delhi       first Sikh (Sikhism) military ...
Banda, Hastings (Kamuzu)
born с 1898, near Kasungu [Malawi] died Nov. 25, 1997, Johannesburg, S.Af. First president of Malawi (1963–94). Educated as a physician in the U.S., Banda moved to Scotland ...
Banda, Hastings Kamuzu
▪ 1998       Malawian politician (b. c. 1902, near Kasungu, British Central Africa protectorate [now Malawi]—d. Nov. 25, 1997, Johannesburg, S.Af.), was the founder ...
bandage
—bandager, n. /ban"dij/, n., v., bandaged, bandaging. n. 1. a strip of cloth or other material used to bind up a wound, sore, sprain, etc. 2. anything used as a band or ...
bandager
See bandage. * * *
Bandama River
River, central Côte d'Ivoire. The longest and commercially most important river in Côte d'Ivoire, it and its tributaries drain half the country's surface area. It rises in the ...
bandanna
—bandannaed /ban dan"euhd/, adj. /ban dan"euh/, n. 1. a large, printed handkerchief, typically one with white spots or figures on a red or blue background. 2. any large scarf ...
Bandar Abbas
/bun"deuhr euh bahs"/ a seaport in S Iran. 605,387. * * *
Bandar Lampung
▪ Indonesia formerly  Tanjungkarang-Telukbetung        port city, kotamadya (municipality), and capital of Lampung propinsi (province), Indonesia. It lies at the ...
Bandar Seri Begawan
/bun"deuhr ser"ee beuh gah"weuhn/ a seaport in and the capital of the sultanate of Brunei, on the NW coast of Borneo, in the Malay Archipelago. 36,987. * * * formerly ...
Bandar-e Būshehr
▪ Iran also called  Būshehr,  Bushir,  Bushire , or  Būshahr        port city, southwestern Iran. It lies near the head of the Persian Gulf at the northern ...
Bandar-e ʿAbbās
▪ Iran       port city on the Strait of Hormuz (Hormuz, Strait of), the main maritime outlet for much of southern Iran. It lies on the northern shore of Hormuz Bay ...
Bandaranaike
/bahn'drddah nee"kee/, n. Sirimavo /see'rddee mah"vaw/ born 1916, Sri Lankan political leader: prime minister of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1960-65, 1970-77. * * *
Bandaranaike, S(olomon) W(est) R(idgeway) D(ias)
born Jan. 9, 1899, Colombo, Ceylon died Sept. 26, 1959, Colombo Statesman and prime minister (1956–59) of Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Educated at the University of Oxford, he became ...
Bandaranaike, S.W.R.D.
▪ prime minister of Sri Lanka in full  Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike   born Jan. 8, 1899, Colombo, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] died Sept. 26, 1959, ...
Bandaranaike, Sirimavo R.D.
▪ prime minister of Sri Lanka in full  Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike  born April 17, 1916, Ratnapura, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] died October 10, 2000, Colombo, Sri ...
Bandaranaike, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias
▪ 2001       Sri Lankan political leader (b. April 17, 1916, Ratnapura, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka]—d. Oct. 10, 2000, Gampaha, Sri Lanka), became in 1960 the first woman in ...
BandarSeri Begawan
Ban·dar Se·ri Be·ga·wan (bŭn'dər sĕr'ē bə-gäʹwən) The capital of Brunei, on the northern coast of Borneo. Population: 49,902. * * *
BandaSea
Ban·da Sea (bănʹdə, bänʹ-) An arm of the Pacific Ocean in eastern Indonesia southeast of Sulawesi and north of Timor. It includes the Banda Islands, a group of volcanic ...
bandbox
—bandboxical, adj. —bandboxy, adj. /band"boks'/, n. 1. a lightweight box of pasteboard, thin wood, etc., for holding a hat, clerical collars, or other articles of apparel. 2. ...
bandeau
/ban doh", ban"doh/, n., pl. bandeaux /-dohz", -dohz/. 1. a headband, esp. one worn about the forehead. 2. a narrow brassiere. [1700-10; < F; OF bandel, equiv. to bande BAND2 + ...
banded
/ban"did/, adj. 1. marked or fitted with a band or bands. 2. Archit. (of a column, door architrave, etc.) having the regular flutings, moldings, or the like interrupted at ...
banded anteater
an Australian marsupial, Myrmecobius fasciatus, feeding on termites and having the body marked with whitish transverse bars: nearly extinct. Also called numbat. * * *
banded Florida tree snail
a tree-dwelling snail, Liguus fasciatus, of Florida and nearby keys, having a long, conical shell in many color variations: now greatly reduced in numbers. Also called lig ...
banded purple.
See under purple (def. 7). * * *
banded rattlesnake.
See timber rattlesnake. [1815-25] * * *
banded-iron formation
▪ geology       chemically precipitated sediment, typically thin bedded or laminated, consisting of 15 percent or more iron of sedimentary origin and layers of chert, ...
bandeira
Series of 17th-century Portuguese slave-hunting expeditions into the interior of Brazil. Bandeiras consisted of anywhere from 50 to several thousand men (known as bandeirantes), ...
Bandeira, Manuel
▪ Brazilian poet in full  Manuel Carneiro de Sousa Bandeira Filho   born April 19, 1886, Recife, Braz. died Oct. 13, 1968, Rio de Janeiro       poet who was one of ...
bandelet
/ban"dl et', -dl it, ban'dl et"/, n. Archit. 1. a flat molding, broader than a fillet and narrower than a fascia. 2. annulet (def. 1). Also, bandlet. [1640-50; < F bandelette, ...
Bandelier National Monument
Archaeological area, north-central New Mexico, U.S. Lying along the Rio Grande 20 mi (32 km) northwest of Santa Fe, it was established in 1916. It occupies an area of 51 sq mi ...
Bandelier, Adolph
▪ American anthropologist born August 6, 1840, Bern, Switzerland died March 18, 1914, Sevilla, Spain       Swiss-American anthropologist, historian, and archaeologist ...
Bandelier,Adolph Francis Alphonse
Ban·de·lier (băn'də-lîrʹ), Adolph Francis Alphonse. 1840-1914. Swiss-born American historian, explorer, archaeologist, and anthropologist particularly noted for his work ...
Bandello
/bahn del"law/, n. Matteo /maht te"aw/, 1485-1561, Italian ecclesiastic and author. * * *
Bandello, Matteo
▪ Italian author and bishop born 1485, Castelnuovo Scrivia, duchy of Milan [Italy] died 1561, Agen, France       Italian writer whose Novelle (stories) started a new ...
Banderas, Antonio
▪ 1996       With 43 movies under his belt, Antonio Banderas in 1995 was on his way to becoming America's next "Latin lover." His undeniable sexuality and European flair ...
banderilla
/ban'deuh ree"euh, -reel"yeuh/; Sp. /bahn'de rddee"lyah, -yah/, n., pl. banderillas /-ree"euhz, -reel"yeuhz/; Sp. /-rddee"lyahs, -yahs/. an ornamented dart with barbs used by ...
banderillero
/ban'deuh ree air"oh, -reel yair"-/; Sp. /bahn'de rddee lye"rddaw, -ye"-/, n., pl. banderilleros /-ree air"ohz, -reel yair"-/; Sp. /-rddee lye"rddaws, -ye"-/. a matador's ...
banderole
/ban"deuh rohl'/, n. 1. a small flag or streamer fastened to a lance, masthead, etc. 2. a narrow scroll, usually bearing an inscription. 3. (esp. in Renaissance architecture) a ...
bandersnatch
/ban"deuhr snach'/, n. 1. an imaginary wild animal of fierce disposition. 2. a person of uncouth or unconventional habits, attitudes, etc., esp. one considered a menace, ...
bandfile
/band"fuyl'/, v.t., bandfiled, bandfiling. to file with a file band on a band mill or band saw. [BAND2 + FILE2] * * *
bāndhanī work
▪ Indian fabric art  Indian tie dyeing, or knot dyeing, in which parts of a silk or cotton cloth are tied tightly with wax thread before the whole cloth is dipped in a dye ...
bandicoot
/ban"di kooht'/, n. 1. any of several large East Indian rats of the genus Nesokia. 2. any of several insectivorous and herbivorous marsupials of the family Peramelidae, of ...
bandicoot rat
▪ rodent  any of five Asiatic species of rodents (rodent) closely associated with human populations. The greater bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica) is the largest, weighing 0.5 ...
bandido
/ban dee"doh/, n., pl. bandidos. bandito. [Amer.; < Sp < It bandito. See BANDIT] * * *
Bandiera brothers
▪ Italian revolutionaries       Italian brothers who were followers of Giuseppe Mazzini (Mazzini, Giuseppe) and who led an abortive revolt against Austrian rule in ...
Bandinelli
/bahn'dee nel"lee/, n. Baccio /baht"chaw/ or Bartolommeo /bahrdd'taw lawm me"aw/, 1493-1560, Italian sculptor. * * *
Bandinelli, Baccio
born Nov. 12, 1493?, Florence died Feb. 7, 1560, Florence Italian sculptor and painter active in Florence. Though trained as a goldsmith by his father, he soon became one of ...
banding
/ban"ding/, n. Furniture. decorative inlay, as for bordering or paneling a piece, composed of strips of wood contrasting in grain or color with the principal wood of the ...
Bandırma
▪ Turkey formerly  Panderma , ancient  Panormos        port and town, northwestern Turkey, on the Sea of Marmara. It was used in the 13th century by the Latin ...
bandit
/ban"dit/, n., pl. bandits or (Rare) banditti /ban dit"ee/. 1. a robber, esp. a member of a gang or marauding band. 2. an outlaw or highwayman. 3. Informal. a. a person who takes ...
bandito
/ban dee"toh/, n., pl. banditos. (esp. in Mexico and Central America) an outlaw; bandit. Also, bandido. [1585-95; < It; see BANDIT (or as pseudo-Sp alter. of BANDIT)] * * *
banditry
/ban"di tree/, n. 1. the activities or practices of bandits. 2. bandits collectively; banditti. [1920-25; BANDIT + -RY] * * *
Bandjarmasin
Bandjarmasin [bän΄jər mä′sin] alt. sp. of BANJARMASIN * * * Ban·djar·ma·sin (băn'jər-mäʹsĭn, bän'-) See Banjarmasin. * * *
Bandjermasin
/bahn'jeuhr mah"sin/, n. Banjermasin. Also, Bandjarmasin. * * *
Bandkeramik
/bahnt'kay rah"mik/, n. the pottery of the early Neolithic Danubian culture of Europe, having characteristic parallel spiral lines over the body and neck of the gourdlike vessels ...
bandleader
/band"lee'deuhr/, n. the leader of a musical band, esp. a dance band. [1890-95; BAND1 + LEADER] * * *
bandlet
/band"lit/, n. Archit. 1. annulet (def. 1). 2. bandelet. [1720-30; BAND2 + -LET] * * *
bandmaster
/band"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. the conductor of a military band, circus band, etc. [1855-60; BAND1 + MASTER] * * *
Bandoeng
Du. /bahn"doohng/, n. Bandung. * * *
bandog
/ban"dawg', -dog'/, n. any dog, as a mastiff or bloodhound, kept tied or chained. [1250-1300; ME band-dogge. See BAND3, DOG] * * *
bandoleer
—bandoleered, bandoliered, adj. /ban'dl ear"/, n. a broad belt worn over the shoulder by soldiers and having a number of small loops or pockets, for holding a cartridge or ...
bandoline
/ban"dl een', -dl in/, n. a mucilaginous preparation made from quince seeds and used for smoothing, glossing, or waving the hair. [1840-50; < F bandeau BANDEAU + -line < L linere ...
Bandon
▪ Ireland Irish  Droichead na Bandan        town, County Cork, Ireland, 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Cork. Founded in 1608 by Richard Boyle, later Earl of Cork, ...
Bandon, River
▪ river, Ireland       river in County Cork, Ireland, flowing in a valley cut in rocks of the Carboniferous period (360 to 286 million years ago) but covered with ...
bandoneon
ban·do·ne·on (băn-dōʹnē-ŏn') n. A small accordion especially popular in Latin America.   [American Spanish bandoneón, from German Bandonion, Bandoneon: HeinrichBand ...
bandoneonist
See bandoneon. * * *
bandore
/ban dawr", -dohr", ban"dawr, -dohr/, n. an obsolete musical instrument resembling the guitar. Also, bandora /ban dawr"euh, -dohr"euh/. Also called pandora, pandore, pandoura, ...
bandpassfilter
band·pass filter (băndʹpăs') n. A filter designed to transmit a particular band of electromagnetic frequencies while excluding those of higher or lower frequencies. * * *
bandsaw
/band"saw'/, v.t., bandsawed, bandsawed or bandsawn, bandsawing. to cut with a band saw. [v. use of BAND SAW] * * *
bandshell
band shell also band·shell (băndʹshĕl') n. A bandstand with a concave, almost hemispheric wall at the rear that serves as a sounding board. * * *
bandsman
/bandz"meuhn/, n., pl. bandsmen. a musician who plays in a band. [1835-45; BAND1 + 'S1 + -MAN] Usage. See -man. * * *
bandstand
/band"stand'/, n. 1. a platform, often roofed, for outdoor band performances. 2. a raised platform in a nightclub, restaurant, etc., used by the members of a band or orchestra ...
Bandula, Maha
▪ Myanmar general also spelled  Mahabandula   born 1780? died April 1, 1825, Danubyu, Myanmar [Burma]       Myanmar general who fought against the British in the ...
Bandundu
▪ Democratic Republic of the Congo formerly (until 1966)  Banningville,         city, southwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo), at the junction of the ...
Bandung
/bahn"doohng, -doong, ban"-/, n. a city in W Java, in Indonesia. 1,200,000. Dutch, Bandoeng. * * * City (pop., 1996 est.: 2,429,000), Indonesia. The capital of West Java ...
Bandung Conference
▪ Asia-Africa [1955]       a meeting of Asian and African states—organized by Indonesia, Myanmar (Burma), Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan—which took place ...
bandura
/ban door"euh/, n. a Ukrainian stringed instrument of the lute family. [ < Ukrainian bandúra, prob. < Pol < It < Gk pandoûra. See BANDORE] * * * ▪ musical instrument also ...
bandurria
/ban door"yeuh/, n. a Spanish musical instrument of the guitar family with six pairs of double strings. [1835-45; < Sp; see BANDORE] * * * ▪ musical instrument also called ...
bandwagon
/band"wag'euhn/, n. 1. a wagon, usually large and ornately decorated, for carrying a musical band while it is playing, as in a circus parade or to a political rally. 2. a party, ...
bandwagoning
See bandwagon. * * *
bandwidth
/band"width', -with'/, n. 1. Telecommunications. the smallest range of frequencies constituting a band, within which a particular signal can be transmitted without distortion. 2. ...
bandy
—bandiness, n. /ban"dee/, v., bandied, bandying, adj., n., pl. bandies. v.t. 1. to pass from one to another or back and forth; give and take; trade; exchange: to bandy blows; ...
bandy-bandy
/ban"dee ban'dee/, n., pl. bandy-bandies. a small venomous snake, Vermicella annulata, inhabiting New South Wales, marked with black and white bands. [1925-30; < Kattang ...
bandy-legged
/ban"dee leg'id, -legd'/, adj. having crooked legs; bowlegged. [1680-90] * * *
bandylegged
bandylegged [ban′dēleg΄id, ban′dēlegd΄] adj. having bandy legs; bowlegged * * *
bane
/bayn/, n. 1. a person or thing that ruins or spoils: Gambling was the bane of his existence. 2. a deadly poison (often used in combination, as in the names of poisonous plants): ...
baneberry
/bayn"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. baneberries. 1. any plant belonging to the genus Actaea, of the buttercup family, having large compound leaves, spikes of small white flowers, ...
baneful
—banefully, adv. —banefulness, n. /bayn"feuhl/, adj. 1. destructive; pernicious: a baneful superstition. 2. deadly; poisonous: baneful herbs. [1570-80; BANE + -FUL] Syn. ...
banefully
See baneful. * * *
Banér, Johan
▪ Swedish military officer born July 3 [June 23, Old Style], 1596, Djursholm Castle, Sweden died May 20 [May 10], 1641, Halberstadt, Magdeburg [Germany]       Swedish ...
Banerjea
/ban"euhr jee'/, n. Sir Surendranath /soo ren"dreuh naht'/, 1848-1925, Indian political leader. * * *
Banerjea, Sir Surendranath
born Nov. 10, 1848, Calcutta, India died Aug. 6, 1925, Barrackpore, near Calcutta Indian statesman, one of the founders of modern India. As a young man, he attempted ...
Banes
▪ Cuba       city, eastern Cuba. It serves as a commercial centre for the surrounding agricultural district, which mainly produces sugarcane, although bananas and other ...
Banff
/bamf/, n. 1. Also called Banffshire /bamf"shear, -sheuhr/. a historic county in NE Scotland. 2. a seaport in this district. 3723. 3. a resort town in Banff National Park. ...
Banff National Park
a national reserve, 2585 sq. mi. (6695 sq. km), in the Rocky Mountains, in SW Alberta, Canada. * * * Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Established in 1885 as Canada's first ...
Banffshire
▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Banff        historic county, northeastern Scotland, extending from the Grampian Mountains to the North Sea. ...
bang
bang1 /bang/, n. 1. a loud, sudden, explosive noise, as the discharge of a gun. 2. a resounding stroke or blow: a nasty bang on the head. 3. Informal. a sudden movement or show ...
Bang's disease
/bangz/, Vet. Pathol. an infectious disease of cattle caused by a bacterium, Brucella abortus, that infects the genital organs and frequently causes spontaneous ...
Bang'sdisease
Bang's disease (băngz) n. See brucellosis.   [After Bernhard Laurits FrederikBang (1848-1932), Danish veterinarian.] * * *
Bang, Bernhard Lauritz Frederik
▪ Danish veterinarian born June 7, 1848, Sorø, Den. died June 22, 1932, Copenhagen       Danish veterinarian who in 1897 discovered Brucella abortus (Bang's bacillus), ...
Bang, Herman
▪ Danish writer born , April 21, 1857, island of Als, Den. died Jan. 29, 1912, Ogden, Utah, U.S.       novelist who was a major Danish representative of literary ...
bang-up
/bang"up'/, adj. Informal. excellent; extraordinary. [1800-10; adj. use of v. phrase bang up] * * *
bangalay
/bang al"ee/, n. See bastard mahogany. [1880-85] * * *
Bangalore
/bang'geuh lawr", -lohr", bang"geuh lawr', -lohr'/, n. a city in and the capital of Karnataka, in SW India. 1,653,779. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: city, 4,292,223; metro. ...
Bangalore torpedo
a metal tube filled with explosives and equipped with a firing mechanism, esp. for destroying barbed-wire entanglements, mine fields, etc. [1910-15] * * *
bangaloretorpedo
ban·ga·lore torpedo (băngʹgə-lôr', -lōr') n. A piece of metal pipe filled with an explosive, used primarily to clear a path through barbed wire or to detonate land ...
banger
/bang"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that bangs. 2. Brit. a. Informal. a sausage. b. a firecracker. [1650-60; BANG1 + -ER1] * * *
bangers and mash
n [U] (BrE infml) sausages and mashed potatoes (= boiled potatoes that have been crushed into a soft mass). The phrase is often used as an example of a simple, solid and very ...
Banggai Islands
▪ archipelago, Indonesia Indonesian  Kepulauan Banggai        archipelago consisting of two major islands and approximately 100 islets in Sulawesi Tengah provinsi ...
Banghāzī
or Benghazi Coastal city (pop., 1995 est.: 650,000), northeastern Libya. Located on the Gulf of Sidra, it is Libya's second largest city and was once its capital. Founded by ...
Bangka
/bang"keuh/, n. an island in Indonesia, E of Sumatra: tin mines. 4611 sq. mi. (11,942 sq. km). Also, Banka. * * * or Banka Island, Indonesia. Located off the eastern coast of ...
Bangkok
/bang"kok, bang kok"/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of Thailand, in the S central part, on the Chao Phraya. 4,000,000. 2. (l.c.) a kind of Siamese straw. 3. (l.c.) a hat ...
Bangladesh
/bahng'gleuh desh", bang'-/, n. republic in S Asia, N of the Bay of Bengal: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations; a former province of Pakistan. 125,340,261; 54,501 sq. mi. ...
Bangladesh cyclone of 1991
▪ tropical cyclone       (April 22–30, 1991), one of the deadliest tropical cyclones (tropical cyclone) ever recorded. The storm hit near the Chittagong region, one ...
Bangladesh, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a dark bluish green field (background) incorporating a large, off-centre orange-red disk. The flag's width-to-length ...
Bangladeshi
/bahng'gleuh desh"ee, bang'-/, n., pl. Bangladeshis, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Bangladesh. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Bangladesh or its ...
bangle
—bangled, adj. /bang"geuhl/, n. a rigid, ring-shaped bracelet usually made without a clasp so as to slip over the hand, but sometimes having a hinged opening and a ...
Bangor
/bang"gawr, -geuhr/, n. a seaport in S Maine, on the Penobscot River. 31,643. * * * Town (pop., 1991: 52,437), seat of North Down district, Northern Ireland. It lies on the ...
Bangs
/bangz/, n. John Kendrick /ken"drik/, 1862-1922, U.S. humorist. * * *
bangtail
/bang"tayl'/, n. Horse Racing Slang. a racehorse. [1885-90; bang cut (nasal var. of bag cut < ?) + TAIL1. Cf. PIGTAIL] * * *
bangu
▪ Chinese musical instrument Wade-Giles romanization  pan-ku , also called  danpi        Chinese frame drum that, when struck by one or two small bamboo sticks, ...
Bangui
Fr. /bahonn gee"/, n. a city in and the capital of the Central African Republic, in the SW part. 350,000. * * * City (pop., 1995: 553,000), capital of the Central African ...
Bangweulu
/bang'wee ooh"looh/, n. a shallow lake and swamp in NE Zambia. ab. 150 mi. (240 km) long. * * * ▪ lake, Zambia (Bantu:“Large Water”),       shallow lake with ...
Bangweulu, Lake
Lake, northern Zambia. Located southeast of Lake Mweru and southwest of Lake Tanganyika at an elevation of 3,740 ft (1,140 m), it is about 45 mi (72 km) long and, with its ...
Bangweulu,Lake
Bang·we·u·lu (băng'wē-o͞oʹlo͞o), Lake A shallow lake bordered by swamps on a plateau of northeast Zambia. It was discovered by David Livingstone in 1868. * * *
Banhā
▪ Egypt also spelled  Benha,         town, capital of Al-Qalyūbīyah (Qalyūbīyah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Lower Egypt. The town lies on the right (east) ...
banhu
▪ musical instrument Wade-Giles romanization  pan-hu    bowed Chinese fiddle, a type of huqin (Chinese: “foreign stringed instrument”). The instrument traditionally ...
bani
/bah"nee/, n. pl. of ban4. * * * ▪ Dominican Republic       city, southern Dominican Republic, situated in coastal lowlands 3 miles (5 km) from the Caribbean Sea. The ...
Bani River
▪ river, West Africa       principal affluent of the Niger River on its right bank in Mali, West Africa, formed by the confluence of the Baoulé and Bagoé headstreams ...
Banī Suwayf
▪ Egypt also spelled  Beni Suef         city, capital of Banī Suwayf muḥāfaẓah (governorate), northern Upper Egypt. It is an important agricultural trade ...
Bani-Sadr, Abolhasan
▪ president of Iran also spelled  Abū al-Ḥasan Banī-Ṣadr  born March 22, 1933, Hamadān, Iran       Iranian economist and politician who in 1980 was elected the ...
bania
/ban"yeuh/, n. banyan (def. 2). Also, baniya /ban"yeuh, -ee euh/. [1590-1600] * * * ▪ Indian caste also spelled  Baniya        (from Sanskrit vāṇijya, ...
banian
/ban"yeuhn/, n. banyan. * * *
Banihāl Pass
▪ pass, India       pass in the Pīr Panjāl Range in the Indian-held sector of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. ...
Banim, John and Michael
▪ Irish authors Respectively,   born April 3, 1798, County Kilkenny, Ire. died Aug. 13, 1842, County Kilkenny born Aug. 5, 1796, County Kilkenny died Aug. 30, 1874, ...
banish
—banisher, n. —banishment, n. /ban"ish/, v.t. 1. to expel from or relegate to a country or place by authoritative decree; condemn to exile: He was banished to Devil's ...
banisher
See banish. * * *
banishment
See banisher. * * *
banister
/ban"euh steuhr/, n. 1. a baluster. 2. Sometimes, banisters. the balustrade of a staircase. Also, bannister. [1660-70; appar. by dissimilation from earlier barrister, alter. of ...
banister back
Furniture. a back of a chair or the like, usually having semicircular spindles between the top rail and the cross rail or seat. * * *
Banister, John
▪ English musician born c. 1625, London, Eng. died Oct. 3, 1679, London       violinist and composer, a prominent musician of his day and organizer of the first public ...
Banja Luka
/bah"nyeuh looh"keuh/ a city in N Bosnia and Herzegovina. 183,618. * * * City (pop., 1997 est.: 160,000), northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was an important military ...
BanjaLuka
Ban·ja Lu·ka (bän'yə lo͞oʹkə) A city of north-central Bosnia and Herzegovina northwest of Sarajevo. Ruled at various times by Turkey and Austria, Banja Luka became part ...
Banjarmasin
Banjarmasin [bän΄jər mä′sin] seaport in S Borneo, Indonesia, near the Java Sea: pop. 444,000 * * * Ban·jar·ma·sin also Ban·djar·ma·sin (băn'jər-mäʹsĭn, ...
Banjermasin
/bahn'jeuhr mah"sin/, n. a seaport on the S coast of Borneo, in Indonesia. 281,673. Also, Banjarmasin, Bandjermasin, Bandjarmasin. * * *
banjo
—banjoist, n. /ban"joh/, n., pl. banjos, banjoes. a musical instrument of the guitar family, having a circular body covered in front with tightly stretched parchment and played ...
banjo clock
a clock of the early 19th century in the U.S., having a drumlike case for the dial mounted on a narrow, tapering body, with a boxlike bottom containing the pendulum and its ...
banjoclock
banjo clock n. A pendulum clock having a round face, a relatively narrow elongated case, and a rectangular box at the bottom. * * *
banjoist
See banjo. * * *
Banjul
/bahn"joohl/, n. a port in and the capital of The Gambia. 42,689. * * * formerly (1816–1973) Bathurst Seaport ( pop., 1993: urban agglomeration, 270,540), capital of The ...
bank
bank1 /bangk/, n. 1. a long pile or heap; mass: a bank of earth; a bank of clouds. 2. a slope or acclivity. 3. Physical Geog. the slope immediately bordering a stream course ...
bank acceptance
a draft or bill of exchange that a bank has accepted. Abbr.: BA Also called banker's acceptance. Cf. acceptance (def. 6). * * *
bank account
1. an account with a bank. 2. balance standing to the credit of a depositor at a bank. Also called, Brit., banking account. [1790-1800] * * *
bank annuities
Sometimes, bank annuity. consols. * * *
bank balance
1. balance standing to the credit of a depositor at a bank. 2. Finance. the balance that a bank has in the clearinghouse at a given time. * * *
Bánk bán
▪ Hungarian noble flourished 13th century       one of the most powerful Hungarian nobles during the reign of Andrew (Endre) II (Andrew II) (1205–35) and for a time ...
bank barn
Chiefly Midland U.S. and Canadian (chiefly Ontario). a barn built into the side of a hill or with earth banked around it, often a two-story barn thus having a ground-level ...
bank bill
Chiefly U.S. a bank note. [1690-1700] * * *


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