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Baraboo
▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, seat (1847) of Sauk county, south-central Wisconsin, U.S. It lies in a hilly region on the Baraboo River, about 35 miles (55 km) ...
Baracaldo
/bah'rddah kahl"daw/, n. a city in N Spain. 108,757. * * * ▪ Spain also spelled  Barakaldo,         industrial municipality, northern Biscay (Vizcaya) provincia, in ...
Barack Obama: A More Perfect Union (2008)
▪ Primary Source       In March 2008, in the midst of his campaign for the U.S. presidency, Barack Obama (Obama, Barack) came under fire for his association with ...
Barack Obama: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       On January 20, 2009, a frigid morning in Washington, D.C. (Washington), and across much of the country, an African American man, Barack Obama ...
Barack Obama: Keynote Address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention
▪ Primary Source       By the time of the 2004 election campaign, political pundits routinely divided the United States into red and blue states, whose color not only ...
Barack Obama: Victory Speech (2008)
▪ Primary Source       On November 4, 2008, Democrat Barack Obama was elected the 44th president of the United States, becoming the first African American to win the ...
Baracoa
/bah'rddah kaw"ah/, n. a seaport in E Cuba: oldest town in Cuba; settled 1512. 20,926. * * * ▪ Cuba       port city, eastern Cuba. It is situated on the extreme ...
Barad, Jill E.
▪ 1999       On Jan. 1, 1998, Jill Barad celebrated her first anniversary as chairman and CEO of Mattel, the world's largest toy manufacturer. In January 1997, after 16 ...
Barada River
ancient Chrysorrhoas River, western Syria. It flows about 45 mi (72 km) from the Anti-Lebanon Mountains past Damascus. Throughout history, channels have been cut at different ...
baragnosis
/bar'ag noh"sis, ba rag"noh-/, n. Pathol. loss of the ability to estimate or perceive the weight of an object. Cf. barognosis. [BAR(O)- + A-6 + -GNOSIS] * * *
Baragwanathia
▪ fossil plant genus       genus of early lycopsid plants (plant) that had true leaves (leaf) bearing a single strand of vascular tissue (vascular system) and ...
Barahona
▪ Dominican Republic in full  Santa Cruz de Barahona        city, southwestern Dominican Republic. It lies along Neiba Bay, off the Caribbean Sea, at the ...
Barahona de Soto, Luis
▪ Spanish poet born 1548?, Lucena, Spain died 1595       Spanish poet who is remembered for his Primera parte de la Angélica (1586; “The First Part of the ...
Baraita
▪ Judaism also spelled  Baraitha (Hebrew: “Outside Teaching,” or “Exclusion”),  plural  Baraitot, Baraitoth, or Baraithoth,         any of the ancient oral ...
Barak
/bair"euhk, bay"rak/, n. a military commander who, with Deborah, destroyed the Canaanite army under Sisera. Judges 4. Also, Douay Bible, Barac. * * *
Barak, Ehud
▪ 2000       On May 17, 1999, Ehud Barak won a commanding victory in Israeli national elections to become the country's new prime minister. At the head of a ...
Barak,Ehud
Ba·rak (bə-räkʹ), Ehud. Born 1942. Israeli politician. He ended a 35-year military career to enter politics, joining the Labor Party in 1995 and serving that year as ...
baraka
/beuh rah"keuh/, n. Islam. a spiritual power believed to be possessed by certain persons, objects, tombs, etc. [ < Ar barakah; cf. Heb barakhah blessing] * * *
Baraka
/beuh rah"keuh/, n. Imamu Amiri /i mah"mooh euh mear"ee/, (Everett LeRoi Jones), born 1934, U.S. dramatist, poet, and political activist. * * *
Baraka, (Imamu) Amiri
orig. (Everett) LeRoi Jones born Oct. 7, 1934, Newark, N.J., U.S. U.S. playwright, poet, and activist. After graduating from Howard University and serving in the U.S. Air ...
Baraka, Amiri
▪ American writer also called  Imamu Amiri Baraka,  original name (until 1968)  (Everett) LeRoi Jones   born October 7, 1934, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.    writer who ...
Baraka,Imamu Amiri
Ba·ra·ka (bə-räʹkə), Imamu Amiri. Originally LeRoi Jones (jōnz) Born 1934. American writer whose poems and plays, such as Slave Ship (1967), focus on racial conflict. * * ...
Barakaldo
▪ Spain Spanish  Baracaldo         industrial suburb, northern Vizcaya provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Basque Country, ...
Barakat, Henri Antoine
▪ 1998       Egyptian filmmaker who made 112 motion pictures during his 55-year career and was known for the "poetic realism" of his works (b. June 11, 1914—d. May 27, ...
Bārakzay Dynasty
▪ Afghan ruling family       ruling family in Afghanistan in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Bārakzay brothers seized control of Afghanistan and in 1826 divided the ...
Baram River
▪ river, Borneo       river in northwestern Borneo. Rising in the Iran Mountains, it flows 250 miles (400 km) west and northwest, mostly through primary rain forest to ...
Baramula
▪ India       town in the northwestern part of Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. It is situated on the Jhelum River about 7 miles (11 km) beyond the river's ...
Baranagar
▪ India also spelled  Barahanagar        city, southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India, just east of the Hugli (Hooghly) River (Hugli River). It is part ...
Baranauskas, Antanas
▪ Lithuanian poet born Jan. 17, 1835, Anykščiai, Lithuania, Russian Empire died Nov. 26, 1902, Seinai       Roman Catholic bishop and poet who wrote one of the ...
Baranavichy
Ba·ra·na·vi·chy or Ba·ra·no·vi·chi (bə-räʹnə-vĭch'ē) A city of southwest Belarus west of Babruysk. Founded in 1870, it passed from Russia to Poland in 1920 and ...
barangay
Type of early Filipino settlement. The term was derived from balangay, the sailboats that brought Malay settlers to the Philippines from Borneo. Each boat carried a family group ...
Baranī, Ẕiyāʾ al-Dīn
▪ Muslim historian Baranī also spelled  Barni  born 1285, India died after 1357       the first known Muslim to write a history of India. He resided for 17 years at ...
Baranof
Baranof [bar′ə nôf΄] 〚after A. A. Baranof, 1st gov. of the Russ colonies in America〛 island in Alexander Archipelago, Alas.: c. 1,600 sq mi (4,144 sq km): largest city, ...
BaranofIsland
Ba·ra·nof Island (bărʹə-nôf', -nŏf', bə-räʹnəf) An island off southeast Alaska in the Alexander Archipelago. It was named after Aleksandr Baranov, who founded the ...
Baranov
/bu rddah"neuhf/, n. Aleksandr Andreyevich /u lyi ksahn"drdd un drddye"yi vyich/, 1747-1819, Russian fur trader in Alaska. * * *
Baranov,Aleksandr Andreevich
Ba·ra·nov (bə-räʹnəf), Aleksandr Andreevich. 1746-1819. Russian fur trader and first governor of the Russian colony of Alaska. * * *
Baranovichi
/beuh rah"neuh vich'ee/; Russ. /bu rddah"neuh vyi chyi/, n. a city in central Byelorussia (Belarus), SW of Minsk. 131,000. * * * ▪ Belarus also spelled ...
Barante, Amable-Guillaume-Prosper Brugière, baron de
▪ French statesman, historian, and author born June 10, 1782, Riom, Fr. died Nov. 21, 1866, Le Dorat       French statesman, historian, and political writer, a liberal ...
Bárány
/bah"rddahn'yeu/, n. Robert /rddoh"berddt/, 1876-1936, Austrian physician: Nobel prize 1914. * * *
Bárány, Robert
▪ Swedish otologist born April 22, 1876, Vienna died April 8, 1936, Uppsala, Sweden  Austrian otologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1914 for his ...
Baranya
▪ county, Hungary       megye (county), southern Hungary, bounded by the counties of Tolna to the north and Bács-Kiskun to the east, by Croatia to the south, and by ...
Barari Ghat, Battle of
▪ Indian history       (Jan. 9, 1760), in Indian history, one of a series of Afghan (Pashtun) victories over the Marathas (Marāṭhā) in their war to gain control of ...
Barasat
▪ India       city, southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. Connected by road and rail with Kolkata (Calcutta) and Haora (Howrah), it is an important ...
barasingha
▪ mammal also called  Swamp Deer        (species Cervus duvauceli), graceful deer, belonging to the family Cervidae (order Artiodactyla), found in open forests and ...
Barat, Saint Madeleine-Sophie
▪ French nun born Dec. 12, 1779, Joigny, Burgundy, Fr. died May 25, 1865, Paris; canonized 1925; feast day May 25       nun and founder of the Society of the Sacred ...
Barataria Bay
Inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, southeastern Louisiana, U.S. The bay is about 15 mi (24 km) long and 12 mi (19 km) wide, and its entrance is a narrow channel, navigable through ...
barathea
/bar'euh thee"euh/, n. a closely woven fabric of silk, rayon, cotton, or wool, having a pebbled surface. [1860-65; orig. obscure] * * *
Baratieri, Oreste
▪ Italian governor of Eritrea born Nov. 13, 1841, Condino, Lombardy, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Aug. 7, 1901, Sterzing, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary [now Vipiteno, ...
Baratynsky, Yevgeny Abramovich
▪ Russian poet Baratynsky also spelled  Boratynsky   born Feb 19 [March 2, New Style], 1800, Mara, Russia died June 29 [June 11], 1844, Naples  foremost Russian ...
barb
barb1 /bahrb/, n. 1. a point or pointed part projecting backward from a main point, as of a fishhook or arrowhead. See illus. under fishhook. 2. an obviously or openly unpleasant ...
barb bolt
a bolt having barbs for resisting pull. Also called rag bolt. * * *
barba
/bahr"beuh/, n. Med. 1. the beard. 2. a hair of the head. [ < NL, L: BEARD] * * *
barba amarilla
/am'euh ril"euh, -ree"euh/, pl. barba amarillas. fer-de-lance. [ < MexSp: lit., yellow beard] * * *
barbacan
/bahr"beuh keuhn/, n. barbican. * * *
Barbacena
▪ Brazil       city, southeastern Minas Gerais estado (state), Brazil. It is situated in the Serra da Mantiquera, at 3,727 feet (1,136 metres) above sea level. The ...
Barbadian
See Barbados. * * * ➡ Barbados * * *
Barbados
—Barbadian /bahr bay"dee euhn/, adj., n. /bahr bay"dohz, -dohs, -deuhs/, n. an island in the E West Indies constituting an independent state in the Commonwealth of Nations: ...
Barbados aloe
a tropical aloe, Aloe barbadensis (or A. vera), of the lily family, having clusters of yellow flowers: its juice is used medicinally. * * *
Barbados cherry
▪ plant also called  West Indian Cherry, or Acerola,    common name for various tropical and subtropical trees and shrubs of the genera Bunchiosa and Malpighia (family ...
Barbados gooseberry
1. Also called lemon vine. a treelike cactus, Pereskia aculeata, of tropical America, characterized by broad, elliptical leaves and spiny stems bearing a yellow, edible fruit. 2. ...
Barbados nut.
See physic nut. * * *
Barbados pride
1. Also called bead tree. a tropical African and Asian tree, Adenanthera pavonina, of the legume family, having feathery foliage and bearing red seeds that are used in ...
Barbados Ridge
▪ submarine feature, Caribbean Sea       submarine ridge of the Caribbean Sea rising from the southern end of the axis of the Puerto Rico Trench. The Barbados Ridge is ...
Barbados, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped national flag of blue-yellow-blue with a central black trident head. It has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to 3.       The ...
Barbadoscherry
Barbados cherry n. 1. A tropical American evergreen shrub (Malpighia glabra) having red or rose flowers in umbels and red cherrylike edible fruits. 2. The fruit of this plant. * ...
Barbadosgooseberry
Barbados gooseberry n. In both senses also called blade apple. 1. A tropical American cactus (Pereskia aculeata) with climbing or trailing spiny stems, broad leaves, and clusters ...
Barbara
/bahr"breuh, -beuhr euh/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "foreign, exotic." * * * (as used in expressions) Barbara Millicent Roberts Barbara Saint Cartland ...
Barbara Cartland
➡ Cartland * * *
Barbara Castle
➡ Castle * * *
Barbara Hepworth
➡ Hepworth * * *
Barbara Stanwyck
➡ Stanwyck * * *
Barbara Taylor Bradford
➡ Bradford (II) * * *
Barbara Vine
➡ Vine * * *
Barbara Walters
➡ Walters (I) * * *
Barbara, Saint
died 200; feast day December 4 Early Christian martyr and patroness of artillerymen. She was the daughter of a pagan, Dioscorus, who kept her guarded to protect her beauty and ...
Barbari, Jacopo de'
▪ Italian painter Jacopo also spelled  Iacopo , also known in the north as  Jakob Walch (“Jakob the Foreigner”)   born 1440 died 1516       Venetian painter and ...
barbarian
—barbarianism, n. /bahr bair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a person in a savage, primitive state; uncivilized person. 2. a person without culture, refinement, or education; philistine. 3. ...
barbarianism
See barbarian. * * *
barbarianize
/bahr bair"ee euh nuyz'/, v.t., barbarianized, barbarianizing. to make barbarian. Also, esp. Brit., barbarianise. [1855-60; BARBARIAN + -IZE] * * *
Barbarians
(also infml the Baa-baas) a Rugby Union team formed from many of the best players from Britain, France and the Commonwealth. It has no ground of its own but plays against English ...
barbaric
—barbarically, adv. /bahr bar"ik/, adj. 1. without civilizing influences; uncivilized; primitive: barbaric invaders. 2. of, like, or befitting barbarians: a barbaric empire; ...
barbarically
See barbaric. * * *
barbarism
/bahr"beuh riz'euhm/, n. 1. a barbarous or uncivilized state or condition. 2. a barbarous act; something belonging to or befitting a barbarous condition. 3. the use in a language ...
barbarity
/bahr bar"i tee/, n., pl. barbarities. 1. brutal or inhuman conduct; cruelty. 2. an act or instance of cruelty or inhumanity. 3. crudity of style, taste, expression, ...
barbarization
See barbarize. * * *
barbarize
—barbarization, n. /bahr"beuh ruyz'/, v., barbarized, barbarizing. v.t. 1. to make barbarous; brutalize; corrupt: foreign influences barbarizing the Latin language. v.i. 2. to ...
Barbarossa
/bahr'beuh ros"euh/, n. 1. Frederick. See Frederick I (def. 1). 2. the planning and operational code name the Germans gave to their invasion of the Soviet Union (June 22, ...
Barbarossa I
Aruj died 1518, Barbary pirate, born in Greece. * * *
Barbarossa II
Khair ed-Din c1466-1546, Barbary pirate, born in Greece (brother of Barbarossa I). * * *
barbarous
—barbarously, adv. —barbarousness, n. /bahr"beuhr euhs/, adj. 1. uncivilized; wild; savage; crude. 2. savagely cruel or harsh: The prisoners of war were given barbarous ...
barbarously
See barbarous. * * *
barbarousness
See barbarously. * * *
Barbary
/bahr"beuh ree/, n. a region in N Africa, extending from W of Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean and including the former Barbary States. * * * ▪ historical region, Africa also ...
Barbary ape
a tailless macaque, Macaca sylvanus, of mountain ranges in northwestern Africa, now greatly reduced in number: a small, managed colony of unknown origin is maintained on the Rock ...
Barbary Coast
1. the Mediterranean coastline of the former Barbary States: former pirate refuge. 2. the waterfront district of San Francisco in the 19th century, notorious for its cheap bars ...
Barbary Coast Wars
U.S. Hist. wars fought along the coast of North Africa 1801-15 over the harassment of U.S. ships despite the payment of tribute money to the piratical Barbary States. Cf. ...
Barbary fig.
See prickly pear. * * *
Barbary macaque
Tailless, terrestrial monkey (Macaca sylvana) found in groups in Algeria and Morocco and on the Rock of Gibraltar. It is about 24 in. (60 cm) long and has yellowish brown fur ...
Barbary pirate
      any of the Muslim pirates operating from the coast of North Africa, at their most powerful during the 17th century but still active until the 19th century. Captains, ...
Barbary sheep
aoudad. [1895-1900] * * *
Barbary States
the name for Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli when they were centers of corsair activity, c1520-1830. * * *
Barbaryape
Barbary ape n. A tailless monkey (Macaca sylvana) of Gibraltar and northern Africa. Also called magot. * * *
BarbaryCoast
Barbary Coast 1. The Mediterranean coastal area of Barbary and the Barbary States. 2. A waterfront area of San Francisco, California, in the years after the 1849 gold rush. It ...
Barbarysheep
Barbary sheep n. See aoudad. * * *
BarbaryStates
Barbary States The North African states of Algeria, Tunisia, Tripoli, and Morocco, especially from the 16th to the 19th century. * * *
barbasco
/bahr bas"koh, -bah"skoh/, n., pl. barbascos. 1. a shrub or small tree, Jacquinia barbasco, of tropical America, the source of a substance used to stun fish so they can be caught ...
Barbasetti, Luigi
▪ Italian fencing master born February 1859, Cividale del Friuli, Italy died March 31, 1948, Verona  Italian fencing master, much respected in both Italy and Hungary. A ...
barbastelle
▪ mammal       either of two bats of the vesper bat family, Vespertilionidae, found in Europe and North Africa (B. barbastellus) and in the Middle East and Asia (B. ...
barbate
/bahr"bayt/, adj. Bot., Zool. tufted or furnished with hairs; bearded. [1850-55; < L barbatus, equiv. to barb(a) BEARD + -atus -ATE1] * * *
Barbauld, Anna Laetitia
▪ British author and editor original name  Anna Laetitia Aikin  born June 20, 1743, Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, Eng. died March 9, 1825, Stoke Newington, near ...
barbe
/bahrb/, n. 1. a band or small scarf of lace, worn around the head or neck by women. 2. barb1 (def. 8). [see BARB1] * * *
Barbé-Marbois, François, marquis de
▪ French statesman born January 31, 1745, Metz, France died January 14, 1837, Paris       French statesman who in 1803 negotiated the Louisiana Purchase by the United ...
barbecue
—barbecuer, n. /bahr"bi kyooh'/, n., v., barbecued, barbecuing. n. 1. pieces of beef, fowl, fish, or the like, roasted over an open hearth, esp. when basted in a barbecue ...
barbecue sauce
a piquant sauce often containing vinegar, tomatoes, sugar, and spices, used esp. for basting in barbecuing meat. * * *
barbecues
➡ parks * * *
barbed
/bahrbd/, adj. 1. having barbs. 2. calculated to wound; cutting: a professor noted for his barbed criticisms. [1520-30; BARB1 + -ED3] * * *
barbed tape.
See concertina wire. * * *
barbed tributary
a tributary that joins its mainstream in an upstream direction rather than in the more common downstream direction. * * *
barbed wire
a wire or strand of wires having small pieces of sharply pointed wire twisted around it at short intervals, used chiefly for fencing in livestock, keeping out trespassers, etc. ...
barbedness
See barbed. * * *
barbedwire
barbed wire n. Twisted strands of fence wire with barbs at regular intervals. * * *
Barbeitos, Arlindo
▪ Angolan poet in full  Arlindo do Carmo Pires Barbeitos  born Dec. 24, 1940, Angola       Angolan poet, many of whose works, written in Portuguese, portray in a ...
barbel
/bahr"beuhl/, n. 1. a slender, external process on the jaw or other part of the head of certain fishes. 2. any of various cyprinoid fishes of the genus Barbus, esp. B. barbus, of ...
barbell
/bahr"bel'/, n. an apparatus used in weight-lifting, consisting of a bar with replaceable, disk-shaped weights fastened to the ends. [1885-90; BAR1 + BELL1] * * *
barbellate
/bahr"beuh layt', bahr bel"it, -ayt/, adj. Bot., Zool. having short, stiff hairs. [1840-50; < NL barbell(a), dim. of L barbula little beard (see BARBULE, -ELLE) + -ATE1] * * *
barbeque
/bahr"bi kyooh'/, n., v.t., v.i., barbequed, barbequing. barbecue. * * *
barber
/bahr"beuhr/, n. 1. a person whose occupation it is to cut and dress the hair of customers, esp. men, and to shave or trim the beard. 2. See frost smoke (def. 1). v.t. 3. to trim ...
Barber
/bahr"beuhr/, n. Samuel, 1910-81, U.S. composer. * * * (as used in expressions) Barber Red Walter Lanier Barber Barber Samuel * * *       a person whose primary ...
barber chair
1. a chair used by barbers, adjustable in height and having an adjustable headrest, back, and footrest. 2. Eng. Furniture. a corner chair having a solid splat extending above the ...
barber college
a school that trains barbers. * * *
Barber Institute of Fine Arts
an institution for the study of art history at the University of Birmingham, England. Since it began in 1932 it has built up a fine collection of paintings from all periods. * * *
Barber of Seville, The
(Italian, Il barbiere di Siviglia), a comic opera (1816) by Gioacchino Rossini based on a comedy (1775) by Beaumarchais. * * *
barber pole
a pole with red and white spiral stripes symbolizing the barber's former sideline of surgery. Also, barber's pole. [1675-85] * * *
barber's itch
Pathol. ringworm of the bearded areas of the face and neck, characterized by reddish patches; tinea barbae. [1885-90] * * *
barber'sitch
bar·ber's itch (bärʹbərz) n. 1. Inflammation of the hair follicles of skin that has been shaved, usually caused by a staphylococcal infection. Also called sycosis barbae. 2. ...
Barber, Patricia
▪ 2002       She rose from Chicago cult performer to international jazz star, but Patricia Barber's rise was slow and far from steady. On one opening night in 1984 at a ...
Barber, Red
orig. Walter Lanier Barber born Feb. 17, 1908, Columbus, Miss., U.S. died Oct. 22, 1992, Tallahassee, Fla. U.S. sports broadcaster. He became the radio and television ...
Barber, Samuel
born March 9, 1910, West Chester, Pa., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1981, New York, N.Y. U.S. composer. He studied piano, voice, conducting, and composition at the Curtis Institute. ...
Barber,Samuel
Bar·ber (bärʹbər), Samuel. 1910-1981. American composer whose works include Adagio for Strings (1936) and the opera Vanessa (1958), for which he won a Pulitzer Prize. * * *
barber-surgeon
/bahr"beuhr serr"jeuhn/, n. (formerly) a barber practicing surgery and dentistry. [1675-85] * * *
Barbera
/bahr bair"euh/; It. /bahrdd be"rddah/, n. 1. a red wine grape grown primarily in the Piedmont region of Italy and the Central Valley of California. 2. a dry red wine produced ...
Barbera, Joseph Roland
▪ 2007       American motion-picture animator (b. March 24, 1911, New York, N.Y.—d. Dec. 18, 2006, Los Angeles, Calif.), collaborated for more than half a century with ...
Barberi, Domenico, Blessed
▪ Italian mystic also called  Dominic of the Mother of God   born June 22, 1792, Viterbo, Papal States [Italy] died Aug. 27, 1849, Reading, Berkshire, ...
Barberini Family
▪ Roman family       an aristocratic Roman family, originally of Barberino in the Else valley; they later settled first in Florence and then in Rome, where they became ...
barberite
/bahr"beuh ruyt'/, n. an alloy of about 88 percent copper, 5 percent nickel, 5 percent tin, and 2 percent silicon, resistant to sea water and sulfuric acid. * * *
barberry
/bahr"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. barberries. 1. a shrub of the genus Berberis, esp. B. vulgaris, having yellow flowers in elongated clusters. Cf. barberry family. 2. the red, ...
barberry family
the plant family Berberidaceae, characterized by shrubs and herbaceous plants having very varied leaves and flowers and fruit in the form of a berry or capsule, and including the ...
barbershop
/bahr"beuhr shop'/, n. 1. Also called, esp. Brit., barber's shop. the place of business of a barber. 2. the singing of four-part harmony in barbershop style or the music sung in ...
barbershop quartet
Popular vocal ensemble consisting of four unaccompanied male voices. The voice parts are tenor, lead, baritone, and bass, with the lead normally singing the melody and the tenor ...
barbershop quartet singing
▪ music barbershop also spelled  Barber Shop,         form of popular choral music consisting of unaccompanied male singing, with three voices harmonizing to the ...
barbershop quartets
➡ barbershop * * *
barbershopper
/bahr"beuhr shop'euhr/, n. a member of a barbershop singing group. [BARBERSHOP + -ER1] * * *
Barberton
/bahr"beuhr teuhn/, n. a city in NE Ohio. 29,751. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, Summit county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., just south of Akron, on the ...
barbet
/bahr"bit/, n. any of several stocky, tropical birds of the family Capitonidae, having a stout bill with bristles at the base. [1745-55; < F
barbette
/bahr bet"/, n. 1. (within a fortification) a platform or mound of earth from which guns may be fired over the parapet instead of through embrasures. 2. Navy. an armored cylinder ...
Barbette
/bahr bet"/, n. a female given name, form of Barbara. * * *
Barbey d'Aurevilly, Jules-Amédée
▪ French author and critic born Nov. 2, 1808, Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, France died April 23, 1889, Paris  French novelist and influential critic who in his day was ...
Barbeya
▪ plant genus       genus of dicotyledonous flowering tree, the sole species of which is B. oleoides. It grows in Ethiopia and Somalia and on the Arabian Peninsula. ...
barbican
/bahr"bi keuhn/, n. 1. an outwork of a fortified place, as a castle. 2. a defensive outpost of any sort. Also, barbacan. [1250-1300; ME barbecan, barbican < OF barbacane or ML ...
Barbican Centre
a large cultural centre in the Barbican, an area of modern buildings in the City of London, north of St Paul’s Cathedral. The Centre includes a concert hall which is the home ...
barbicel
/bahr"beuh sel'/, n. Ornith. one of the minute processes fringing the barbules of certain feathers. [1865-70; < NL barbicella, equiv. to L barbi- (comb. form of barba beard) + ...
Barbie
/bahr"bee/ 1. Trademark. a brand of doll representing a slim, shapely young woman, esp. one with blond hair, blue eyes, and fair skin. n. 2. Also called Barbie doll. a person, ...
Barbie doll
☆ Barbie doll n. 〚see BARBIE〛 Informal a young woman or girl thought of as being variously superficial, vacuous, blandly attractive, etc.: usually used with mild contempt ...
Barbie doll{™}
n a child’s toy doll in the form of an attractive young woman with a wide choice of fashionable clothes. In the US a woman who is attractive and well dressed but not ...
Barbie, Klaus
born Oct. 25, 1913, Bad Godesberg, Ger. died Sept. 25, 1991, Lyon, France Nazi leader. As head of the Gestapo in Lyon, France (1942–44), he pursued members of the French ...
Barbier, Antoine-Alexandre
▪ French librarian born Jan. 11, 1765, Coulommiers, Fr. died Dec. 5, 1825, Paris       French librarian and bibliographer who compiled a standard reference directory of ...
Barbirolli
/bahr'beuh roh"lee, -rol"ee/, n. Sir John, 1899-1970, English conductor. * * *
Barbirolli, Sir John
▪ English musician original name  Giovanni Battista Barbirolli   born Dec. 2, 1899, London, Eng. died July 29, 1970, London  English conductor and ...
barbital
/bahr"bi tawl', -tal'/, n. Pharm. a barbiturate compound, C7O3N2H12, formerly used as a hypnotic. [1915-20; BARBIT(URIC ACID) + (VERON)AL] * * *
barbitalism
/bahr"bi taw'liz euhm, -tal'iz-/, n. Pathol. barbiturism. [BARBITAL + -ISM] * * *
barbitone
/bahr"bi tohn'/, n. Pharm. Chiefly Brit. barbital. [1910-15; BARBIT(URIC) + -ONE] * * *
barbiturate
/bahr bich"euhr it, -euh rayt'; bahr'bi toor"it, -ayt, -tyoor"-/, n. Pharm. any of a group of barbituric acid derivatives, used in medicine as sedatives and hypnotics. [1925-30; ...
barbiturates
➡ drugs * * *
barbituric
/bahr'bi toor"ik, -tyoor"-/, adj. Chem. of or derived from barbituric acid. [1865-70; < F barbiturique < G Barbitur(säure) barbituric acid (of obscure orig.) + -ique -IC] * * *
barbituric acid
a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C4H4N2O3, used chiefly in the synthesis of barbiturates. Also called malonylurea. [1865-70] * * * ▪ chemical ...
barbituricacid
bar·bi·tu·ric acid (bär'bĭ-to͝orʹĭk, -tyo͝orʹ-) n. An organic acid, C4H4O3N2, used in the manufacture of barbiturates and some plastics.   [Partial translation of ...
barbiturism
/bahr bich"euh riz'euhm/, n. Pathol. chronic poisoning caused by the excessive use of phenobarbital, secobarbital, or other derivative of barbituric acid. Also, barbitalism, ...
Barbizon
Bar·bi·zon (bärʹbĭ-zŏn') adj. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a 19th-century group of landscape painters in France that included Corot, Daubigny, Millet, and ...
Barbizon School
/bahr"beuh zon'/ a group of French painters of the mid-19th century whose landscapes and genre paintings depicted peasant life and the quality of natural light on objects. [named ...
barbless
/bahrb"lis/, adj. not equipped with a barb: barbless fishhooks. [1880-85; BARB1 + -LESS] * * *
Barbon, Nicholas
▪ English economist born c. 1640, London died 1698       English economist, widely considered the founder of fire insurance.       Barbon was probably the son ...
Barbon, Praise-God
▪ English preacher Barbon also spelled  Barebone, or Barebones, Praise-God  also spelled  Praisegod  born c. 1596 died 1679, London  English sectarian preacher from whom ...
barbooth
▪ game also called  barbotte , or  barbudi        dice game of Middle Eastern origin, used for gambling; in the United States it is played chiefly by persons of ...
Barbosa de Rosario, Pilar
▪ 1998       Puerto Rican historian and political adviser who in 1921 became the first woman to teach at the University of Puerto Rico; she was named the commonwealth's ...
Barbosa Lima Sobrinho, Alexandre Jose
▪ 2001       Brazilian journalist and politician (b. Jan. 22, 1897, Recife, Braz.—d. July 16, 2000, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.), was a longtime columnist for the daily ...
Barbosa, Jorge
▪ Cape Verdean poet born May 25, 1902, Praia, São Tiago, Cape Verde Islands died Jan. 6, 1971, Cova da Piedade       African poet who expressed in Portuguese the ...
Barbosa, Ruy
born Nov. 5, 1849, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil died March 1, 1923, Petrópolis Brazilian orator, statesman, and jurist. Barbosa, an eloquent liberal, wrote the constitution for ...
barbotine
/bahr"beuh teen'/, n. a thin clay paste for making ceramic decorations in low relief. [1860-65; < F, equiv. to barbot(er) to dabble, splash about (of a duck, etc.) + -ine ...
Barbotine ware
▪ pottery       pottery decorated with a clay slip applied by means of a technique first employed on Rhenish pottery prior to the 3rd century AD. The slip was applied by ...
Barbour, Ian
▪ 2000       On May 11, 1999, American theologian and physicist Ian Barbour was awarded the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion, the world's largest annual monetary ...
Barbour, John
▪ Scottish author Barbour also spelled  Barbere, or Barbier   born 1325? died March 13, 1395, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scot.       author of a Scottish national epic ...
Barbour, Philip P
▪ United States jurist born May 25, 1783, Barboursville, Va., U.S. died Feb. 25, 1841, Washington, D.C.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Barbourville
▪ Kentucky, United States       city, seat of Knox county, southeastern Kentucky, U.S. It lies on the Cumberland River, in the Cumberland Mountains, and is a gateway ...
Barbour{™}
n an English company that makes expensive coats of specially treated cotton that keeps out the rain and wind. Barbours are worn especially by people who live or spend time in the ...
Barbra Streisand
➡ Streisand * * *
barbs
➡ drugs * * *
barbu
/bahr booh"/, n. a threadfin, Polydactylus virginicus, inhabiting western Atlantic coastal waters. [ < F: lit., bearded, having barbels or wattles < LL *barbutus, for L barbatus. ...
Barbuda
/bahr booh"deuh/, n. one of the NE Leeward Islands, in the E West Indies: part of Antigua and Barbuda. 62 sq. mi. (161 sq. km). * * *
Barbudan
See Barbuda. * * * ➡ Antigua and Barbuda * * *
barbudo
/bahr booh"doh/, n., pl. barbudos. beardfish. [ < Caribbean Sp, Sp: bearded] * * *
barbule
/bahr"byoohl/, n. 1. a small barb. 2. any of the small processes fringing the barbs of a feather. [1825-35; < L barbula. See BARB1, -ULE] * * *
Barbusse
/bannrdd byuus"/, n. Henri /ahonn rddee"/, 1873?-1935, French journalist and author. * * *
Barbusse, Henri
▪ French author born May 17, 1873, Asnières, Fr. died Aug. 30, 1935, Moscow  novelist, author of Le Feu (1916; Under Fire, 1917), a firsthand witness of the life of French ...
barbut
/bahr"beuht/, n. a steel helmet of the 15th century completely enclosing the head and having a T-shaped face slit: similar in form to the ancient Corinthian bronze helmet. Also, ...
barbwire
/bahrb"wuyeur"/, n. See barbed wire. * * *
Barca
—Barcan, adj. /bahr"keuh/, n. 1. an ancient Carthaginian family to which Hamilcar, Hasdrubal, and Hannibal belonged. 2. Cyrenaica. * * *
barcarole
/bahr"keuh rohl'/, n. 1. a boating song of the Venetian gondoliers. 2. a piece of music composed in the style of such songs. Also, barcarolle. [1605-15; < Venetian barcarola ...
Barcelo, Gertrudis
▪ Mexican businesswoman in full  Maria Gertrudis Barcelo  born 1800, Sonora state, Mexico died 1852, Santa Fe, N.M., U.S.       Mexican-born businesswoman who built ...
Barcelona
/bar'seuh loh"neuh/; Sp. /bahrdd'the law"nah/, n. a seaport in NE Spain, on the Mediterranean. 2,000,000. * * * Seaport city (pop., 2001: city, 1,503,884; metro. area, ...
Barcelona chair
Trademark. a wide, armless chair designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe for the International Exposition in Barcelona, Spain, in 1929, having leather-covered cushions on a double ...
Barcelona, Archaeological Museum of
▪ museum, Barcelona, Spain in full  Archaeological Museum Of Barcelona And Institute Of Prehistory And Archaeology,  Spanish  Museo Arqueológica De Barcelona E Instituto ...
Barcelona, countess of
▪ 2001 Doña María de las Mercedes Cristina Gennara Isabella Luisa Carolina Victoria de Borbón y Orléans        Spanish royal (b. Dec. 23, 1910, Madrid, Spain—d. ...
Barcelonachair
Barcelona chair A trademark used for a wide armless chair with leather cushions on a double X-shaped frame formed of gently curving stainless steel bars. * * *
BArch
BArch or B.Arch. abbrev. Bachelor of Architecture * * * BArch abbr. Bachelor of Architecture. * * *
barchan
/bahr kahn"/, n. a crescent-shaped sand dune with the convex side in the direction of the wind. [1885-90; < Russ barkhán, said to be < Turkic] * * * ▪ sand dune also spelled ...
barchart
bar chart n. See bar graph. * * *
Barchester Towers
/bahr"ches teuhr, -chi steuhr/ a novel (1857) by Anthony Trollope. * * *
barchord
bar chord n. Variant of barre chord. * * *
Barclay
/bahrk"lee/, n. a male given name. Also, Berkeley. * * *
Barclay de Tolly
/beuhr kluy" deuh tohl"yee/; Russ. /burdd kluy" dyi taw"lyi/ Prince Mikhail Bogdanovich /mi kah eel" bog dah"neuh vich/; Russ. /myi khu yeel" bug dah"neuh vyich/, 1761-1818, ...
Barclay de Tolly, Mikhail (Bogdanovich), Prince
born Dec. 13, 1761, Pamuskis, Poland-Lithuania died May 14, 1818, Insterburg, East Prussia Russian field marshal prominent in the Napoleonic Wars. A member of a Scottish family ...
Barclay de Tolly, Mikhail Bogdanovich, Knyaz
▪ Russian military officer born December 13 [December 24, New Style], 1761, Pamuskis, Poland-Lithuania [now Zeimys, Lithuania] died May 14 [May 26], 1818, Insterburg, East ...
Barclay, Alexander
▪ English poet born c. 1476 died June 10, 1552, Croydon, Surrey, Eng.  poet who won contemporary fame chiefly for his adaptation of a popular German satire, Das Narrenschiff, ...
Barclay, John
▪ Scottish writer born Jan. 28, 1582, Pont-à-Mousson, near Nancy, Fr. died Aug. 15, 1621, Rome [Italy]  Scottish satirist and Latin poet whose Argenis (1621), a long poem of ...
Barclay, Robert
▪ Scottish Quaker leader born Dec. 23, 1648, Gordonstoun, Moray, Scot. died Oct. 3, 1690, Ury, Aberdeen       Quaker leader whose Apology for the True Christian ...
Barclaycard
the name of one of the most widely used British credit cards and of the organization, owned by Barclays Bank, from which these cards are available. * * *
Barclays
➡ Barclays Bank * * *
Barclays Bank
(also Barclays) one of the four main English banks. It was established in 1896 and has branches in most towns and cities in Britain. * * *
Barclays PLC
▪ British bank       British banking and trust firm registered July 20, 1896, under the name Barclay & Co. Ltd. and assuming the name Barclays Bank Ltd. in 1917. It was ...
Barco Vargas, Virgilio
▪ 1998       Colombian politician (b. Sept. 17, 1921, Cúcuta, Colom.—d. May 20, 1997, Bogotá, Colom.), served as president of Colombia from 1986 to 1990 after having ...
barcode
bar code n. A series of vertical bars of varying widths, in which each of the digits zero through nine are represented by a different pattern of bars that can be read by a laser ...
bard
bard1 —bardic, adj. —bardish, bardlike, adj. —bardship, n. /bahrd/, n. 1. (formerly) a person who composed and recited epic or heroic poems, often while playing the harp, ...
Bard College
Private liberal arts college founded in 1860 in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, U.S. It was founded by John Bard and Episcopal church leaders as St. Stevens, an Episcopal college ...
Bard of Avon
William Shakespeare: so called from his birthplace, Stratford-on-Avon. [1880-1885] * * *
bardacious
bar·da·cious (bär'dāʹshəs) adj. & adv. Southern & South Midland U.S. Variant of bodacious. * * *
barde
/bahrd/, n., v., barded, barding. Armor. n. 1. bard2 (def. 1). v.t. 2. bard2 (def. 3). * * *
bardee
/bahr"dee/, n. bardy2. * * *
Bardeen
/bahr deen"/, n. John, 1908-91, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1956, 1972. * * *
Bardeen, John
born May 23, 1908, Madison, Wis., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1991, Boston, Mass. U.S. physicist. He earned a Ph.D. in mathematical physics from Princeton University. He worked for the ...
Bardeen,John
Bar·deen (bär-dēnʹ), John. 1908-1991. American physicist. He shared a Nobel Prize in 1956 for the development of the electronic transistor and in 1972 for a theory of ...
Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory
/bahr deen"koohp"euhr shruy"feuhr/, Physics. See BCS theory. * * *
Bardem, Javier
▪ 2009 Javier Ángel Encinas Bardem  born March 1, 1969, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain  In 2008 charismatic and versatile Spanish actor ...
Bardesanes
or Bardaisan born July 11, 154, Edessa, Syria died с 222, Edessa Syrian Gnostic Christian and speculative thinker. He converted to Christianity in 179 and became a ...
Bardi Family
▪ Italian family       an aristocratic Florentine family that successfully developed its financial and banking company to become one of the most influential European ...
Bardi, Giovanni, conte di Vernio
▪ Italian musician, writer, and scientist born Feb. 5, 1534, Florence died 1612, Florence       musician, writer, and scientist, influential in the evolution of opera. ...
bardic
See bard1. * * *
Bardiya
▪ king of Persia also called  Smerdis         (6th century BC), king of Persia in 522–521 BC.       Bardiya was the son of Cyrus the Great of Persia. ...
Bardo, Treaty of
▪ France-Tunisia [1881] also called  Treaty of Al-Qaṣr as-Saʿīd , or  Treaty of Kasser Said        (1881), agreement that established France's protectorate over ...
Bardolino
/bahr'dl ee"noh/; It. /bahrdd'daw lee"naw/, n. a dry red wine from the Veneto region of northern Italy. * * *
Bárdossy, László
▪ prime minister of Hungary born Dec. 10, 1890, Szombathely, Hung. died Jan. 10, 1946, Budapest       Hungarian politician who played a key role in bringing his country ...
Bardot, Brigitte
born Sept. 28, 1934, Paris, France French film actress. She was discovered by Roger Vadim when she appeared on a magazine cover at 15 and made her film debut in 1952. Vadim ...
Bardot,Brigitte
Bar·dot (bär-dōʹ), Brigitte. Born 1934. French actress whose best-known films are And God Created Woman (1956) and Shaloko (1968). * * *
Bardsey Island
▪ island, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Ynys Enlli        small island, with an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km), off the tip of the Lleyn Peninsula, Gwynedd ...
Bardstown
▪ Kentucky, United States       city, seat (1784) of Nelson county, in the outer Bluegrass region of central Kentucky, U.S., 39 miles (63 km) southeast of Louisville. ...
bardy
bardy1 —bardily, adv. —bardiness, n. /bahr"dee/, adj., bardier, bardiest. Scot. bold; audacious; defiant. [1780-90; BARD1 + -Y1] bardy2 /bahr"dee/, n., pl. bardies. a beetle ...
bare
bare1 —barish, adj. —bareness, n. /bair/, adj., barer, barest, v.t., bared, baring. adj. 1. without covering or clothing; naked; nude: bare legs. 2. without the usual ...
bare bones
—bare-bones, adj. the irreducible minimum; the most essential components: Reduce this report to its bare bones. There is nothing left of the town but the bare bones - a couple ...
bare-bones
bare-bones [barebōnz΄] adj. reduced to the essential; simple; basic * * * See bare bones. * * *
bare-knuckle
bare-knuckle [ber′nuk΄əl] adj., adv. 1. using bare fists rather than boxing gloves [a bare-knuckle prizefight, to fight bare-knuckle] 2. without refinement, compromise, etc.; ...
bare-naked
bare-na·ked (bârʹnāʹkĭd, -nĕkʹĭd) adv. & adj. Chiefly Northern U.S. With no clothes on.   Regional Note: The chiefly Northern U.S. expression bare-naked illustrates the ...
bare-root
/bair"rooht', -root'/, adj. Hort. of or pertaining to a tree or shrub prepared for transplanting by having all or most of the soil removed from about its roots. Cf. ...
Barea
/beuh ray"euh/; Sp. /bah rdde"ah/, n. Arturo /ahr toor"oh/; Sp. /ahrdd tooh"rddaw/, 1897-1957, Spanish author, critic, lecturer, and broadcaster: in England after 1939. * * *
bareass
/bair"as'/, adj., adv. Slang (vulgar). wearing no clothes; naked. Also, bareassed. [BARE1 + ASS2] * * *
bareback
/bair"bak'/, adv., adj. with the back of a horse, burro, etc., bare; without a saddle: to ride bareback; a bareback rider. Also, barebacked. [1555-65; BARE1 + BACK1] * * *
bareback bronc-riding
 rodeo event in which a cowboy attempts to ride a bucking horse (bronco) for a specified time (usually eight seconds). The horse is equipped only with a surcingle—a rope ...


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