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/bair"bel'ee/, n., pl. barebellies. New Zealand. a sheep with a defective growth of wool on its belly and legs. [1870-75; BARE1 + BELLY] * * *
—bareboating, n. /bair"boht'/, adj. providing a boat only, exclusive of crew, stores, fuel, and the like: a bareboat charter. [Amer.; BARE1 + BOAT] * * *
See bareboat. * * *
/bair"bohnd'/, adj. 1. lean or spare, as a person. 2. emaciated; gaunt: bareboned victims of a terrible famine. [1590-1600; BARE1 + BONED, from the earlier use bare-bones or ...
bare bones pl.n. Informal The basic elements or essentials: outlined the bare bones of the proposal.   bareʹ-bonesʹ (bârʹbōnzʹ) adj. * * *
Barebones Parliament
▪ English history also called  Little, or Nominated, Parliament        (July 4–Dec. 12, 1653), a hand-picked legislative group of “godly” men convened by Oliver ...
—barefacedly /bair"fay'sid lee, -fayst'lee/, adv. —barefacedness, n. /bair"fayst'/, adj. 1. with the face uncovered. 2. shameless; impudent; audacious: a barefaced lie. 3. ...
See barefaced. * * *
See barefacedly. * * *
/bair"fis"tid/, adj., adv. with the fists bare: a fierce, barefisted fight; to fight barefisted. [BARE1 + FISTED] * * *
/bair"foot'/, adj., adv. 1. Also, barefooted. with the feet bare: a barefoot boy; to walk barefoot. 2. Carpentry. (of a post or stud) secured to a sill or the like without ...
barefoot doctor
(in China) a layperson trained to provide a number of basic health-care services, esp. in rural areas. [1965-70] * * *
barefoot doctor n. A lay health care worker, especially in rural China, trained in such activities as first aid, childbirth assistance, the dispensing of drugs, and preventive ...
/beuh rezh"/, n. a sheer fabric constructed in a leno weave of silk warp and cotton or worsted filling, often used to make veils and dresses. Also, barège. [1805-15; after ...
/bair"han"did/, adj., adv. 1. with hands uncovered: He caught the baseball barehanded. 2. without tools, weapons, or other means: foolishly coming barehanded to the besieged ...
See barehanded. * * *
—bareheadedness, n. /bair"hed'id/, adj., adv. with the head uncovered. Also, barehead. [1520-30; BARE1 + HEADED; cf. ME bareheved, barehed] * * *
See bareheaded. * * *
/beuh ray"lee/, n. a city in N central Uttar Pradesh, in N India. 326,127. Also, Bareli. * * * ▪ India       city, central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, on the ...
bare infinitive n. In English, the infinitive without to, as used with modal auxiliary verbs. In the sentence I must go to the store now, the verb go is a bare infinitive. * * *
/bair"nuk"euhl/, adj. 1. (of a prizefight, prizefighter, etc.) without boxing gloves; using the bare fists. 2. without conventional niceties; rough-and-tumble. adv. 3. without ...
/bair"leg'id, -legd'/, adj., adv. with bare legs. [1325-75; ME barlegged. See BARE1, LEGGED] * * *
See barelegged. * * *
Ba·re·li (bə-rāʹlē) See Bareilly. * * *
/bair"lee/, adv. 1. only just; scarcely; no more than; almost not: He had barely enough money to pay for the car. 2. without disguise or concealment; openly: They gave the facts ...
▪ Chinese author and critic Wade-Giles romanization  Pa Jen , pseudonym of  Wang Renshu  born Oct. 19, 1901, Fenghua, Chekiang province, China died July 25, 1972, ...
Barenboim, Daniel
born Nov. 15, 1942, Buenos Aires, Arg. Argentine-born Israeli pianist and conductor. A prodigy, he made his debut at age eight. His family moved to Israel in 1952, and he first ...
Bar·en·boim (bărʹĭn-boim'), Daniel. Born 1942. Israeli-born pianist and conductor who performed widely with his wife, the cellist Jacqueline du Pré (1945-1987). * * *
See bare1. * * *
/bar"euhnts, bahr"-/; Du. /bah"rddeuhnts/, n. Willem /wil"euhm/, died 1597, Dutch navigator and explorer. * * *
Barents Sea
a part of the Arctic Ocean between NE Europe and the islands of Spitzbergen, Franz Josef Land, and Novaya Zemlya. * * * Outlying portion of the Arctic Ocean. Named for the ...
Barents, Willem
▪ Dutch navigator born c. 1550 died June 20, 1597, the Arctic       Dutch navigator who searched for a northeast passage from Europe to Asia and for whom the Barents ...
Bar·ents (bărʹənts, bärʹ-), Willem. 1550?-1597. Dutch Arctic explorer who led several expeditions (1594-1597) in search of the Northeast Passage. * * *
Barents Sea A shallow section of the Arctic Ocean north of Norway and northwest Russia. The North Atlantic Current keeps its southern ports ice-free all year. * * *
Barère, Bertrand
▪ French revolutionary in full  Bertrand Barère de Vieuzac  born September 10, 1755, Tarbes, France died January 13, 1841, Tarbes       a leading member of the ...
/bair"sahrk/, n. 1. Scand. Legend. a berserker. adv. 2. without armor. [1830-40; var. of BERSERK, as if BARE1 + SARK] * * *
/bar'euhs thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. the sense or perception of pressure. [BAR(O)- + ESTHESIA] * * *
/bahrf/, v., n. Slang. vomit. [1955-60; expressive word of uncert. orig.] * * *
barf bag
Slang. a disposable paper bag provided by airlines for each passenger in the event of air sickness and usually placed in the pocket behind every seat. * * *
barf bag n. Slang A disposable plastic or paper bag provided to a passenger for use in case of airsickness or seasickness. * * *
/bahr"fluy'/, n., pl. barflies. Slang. a person who frequents barrooms. [1905-10, Amer.; BAR1 + FLY2] * * *
—bargainable, adj. —bargainer, n. /bahr"geuhn/, n. 1. an advantageous purchase, esp. one acquired at less than the usual cost: The sale offered bargains galore. 2. an ...
bargain basement
a basement area in some stores where goods are sold at prices lower than usual. [1895-1900] * * *
bargain counter
a counter or area in a retail store where merchandise is sold at reduced prices. [1885-90] * * *
/bahr"geuhn bays'meuhnt/, adj. 1. very low-priced. 2. noticeably lacking in quality; inferior. [1955-60] * * *
bargain basement n. A basement floor or floors in a department store where goods and apparel are sold at reduced or discounted prices.   barʹgain-base'ment ...
See bargain. * * *
bargaining chip
something, as a concession or inducement, that can be used in negotiating. [1970-75] * * *
bargaining unit
a group of employees represented by a union in collective bargaining. * * *
bar·gain·ing chip (bärʹgə-nĭng) n. Something, especially an inducement or concession, used as leverage in negotiations: “A bargaining chip is ultimately worthless if ...
/bahrj/, n., v., barged, barging. n. 1. a capacious, flat-bottomed vessel, usually intended to be pushed or towed, for transporting freight or passengers; lighter. 2. a vessel of ...
barge couple
either of the pair of rafters carrying the part of a gable roof that projects beyond the gable wall. [1555-65; see BARGEBOARD] * * *
/bahr"ee/, n. a seaport in SE Italy, on the Adriatic. 384,722. Italian, Bari delle Puglie. * * * ancient Barium Seaport city (pop., 2001 prelim.: 332,143), capital of Puglia, ...
Bari delle Puglie
/bah"rddee del'le pooh"lye/ Italian name of Bari. * * *
Bari, Siege of
▪ Italian history       (1068–71), three-year blockade by Norman forces under Robert Guiscard that resulted (April 1071) in the surrender of the last important ...
See bariatrics. * * *
/bar'ee euh trish"euhn/, n. a physician who specializes in bariatrics. [1965-70; BARIATRIC(S) + -IAN, on the model of PEDIATRICIAN] * * *
—bariatric, adj. /bar'ee a"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a branch of medicine that deals with the control and treatment of obesity and allied diseases. [1965-70; < Gk ...
baric1 /bar"ik/, adj. Chem. of or containing barium. [1860-65; BAR(IUM) + -IC] baric2 /bar"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to weight, esp. that of the atmosphere. [1880-85; BAR(O)- + ...
Baric Languages, Table
▪ Table areas where spoken number of speakers* Bodo branch ...
Barīd Shāhī dynasty
▪ Muslim dynasty       the rulers of the small state of Bidar (now in Karnataka (Karnātaka) state in southwestern India) from about 1487 until 1619. The Barīd family ...
/beuh ree"euh, -reel"yee, -ril"euh/, n. 1. either of two European saltworts, Salsola kali or S. soda, whose ashes yield an impure carbonate of soda. 2. the alkali obtained from ...
/bah rddee"nahs/, n. a city in W Venezuela. 56,329. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Barinas estado (state), western Venezuela. The city lies along the Santo ...
▪ region, Asia also called  Barind Tract        geographic region in parts of northwestern Bangladesh and north-central West Bengal state, India. It lies northwest ...
/bair"ing/, n. 1. Alexander, 1st Baron Ashburton, 1774-1848, British statesman. 2. Evelyn, 1st Earl of Cromer, 1841-1917, British statesman and diplomat. * * *
Baring family
▪ British merchants       British family whose banking and commercial house played a principal role in British overseas lending for two centuries.       John ...
Baring, Maurice
▪ British author born April 27, 1874, London, Eng. died Dec. 14, 1945, Beauly, Inverness, Scot.       man of letters, scion of a family long prominent in the financial ...
Baring, Sir Francis, 1st Baronet
▪ British financier and merchant born April 18, 1740, near Exeter, Devonshire, Eng. died Sept. 11, 1810, Lee, Kent       British financier who established one of the ...
Bar·ing (bârʹĭng), Alexander. First Baron Ashburton. 1774-1848. British financier and public official who concluded the treaty between Great Britain and the United States ...
Baringo, Lake
▪ lake, Kenya       lake in west-central Kenya. It is situated 3,200 feet (975 m) above sea level in the Great Rift Valley, east of the Kamasia (Ilkamasya) Hills. The ...
Baring’s Bank
the oldest merchant bank (= bank that lends money to large companies) in London, England. It stopped trading in 1995 after an employee, Nick Leeson, lost over £250 million while ...
▪ India       town, northeastern Orissa state, eastern India, lying along the Burhabalang River. Founded about 1800, the town is a trade centre for rice, sugarcane, ...
/bur'euh sahl", bar"euh sawl'/, n. a port city in S Bangladesh, on the Ganges River. 98,127. * * * ▪ Bangladesh       city, south-central Bangladesh. It lies in the ...
Music. baritone. * * *
/bair"uyt, bar"-/, n. a common mineral, barium sulfate, BaSO4, occurring in white, yellow, or colorless tabular crystals: the principal ore of barium. Also, barytes. Also called ...
—baritonal, adj. /bar"i tohn'/, Music. n. 1. a male voice or voice part intermediate between tenor and bass. 2. a singer with such a voice. 3. a large, valved brass instrument ...
baritone clef
Music. an F clef locating F below middle C on the third line of the staff. * * *
/bair"ee euhm, bar"-/, n. Chem. a whitish, malleable, active, divalent, metallic element, occurring in combination chiefly as barite or as witherite. Symbol: Ba; at. wt.: 137.34; ...
barium 140
Chem. the radioactive isotope of barium having a mass number of 140 and a half-life of 12.8 days, used chiefly as a tracer. * * *
barium bromate
Chem. colorless, slightly water-soluble, poisonous crystals, Ba(BrO3)2·H2O, used in the preparation of certain bromates. * * *
barium carbonate
Chem. a white, poisonous, water-insoluble powder, BaCO3, used chiefly in the manufacture of rodenticides, paints, and dyes. [1870-75] * * *
barium chloride
Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous solid, BaCl2·2H2O, used chiefly in the synthesis of pigments and in the manufacture of rodenticides and ...
barium chromate
Chem. a yellow, crystalline compound, BaCrO4, used as a pigment (barium yellow). * * *
barium enema
Med. See under GI series. [1925-30] * * *
barium hydroxide
Chem. baryta (def. 2). Also called barium hydrate. * * *
barium oxide
Chem. baryta (def. 1). Also called barium monoxide, barium protoxide. * * *
barium peroxide
Chem. a grayish-white, water-insoluble, poisonous powder, BaO2, used chiefly in the manufacture of hydrogen peroxide and as a bleaching agent for textiles. Also called barium ...
barium stearate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, Ba(C18H35O2)2, used chiefly as a waterproofing agent and as a lubricant. * * *
barium sulfate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, BaSO4, used chiefly in the synthesis of pigments, as in paints and printing inks, and, because of its radiopacity, for x-ray ...
barium sulfide
Chem. a gray or yellowish-green, water-soluble, poisonous powder, BaS, used chiefly as a depilatory and as an intermediate in the synthesis of pigments, esp. lithopone. * * *
barium thiosulfate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, poisonous solid, BaS2O3·H2O, used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives, matches, paints, and varnishes. * * *
barium titanate
Chem. a crystalline compound, BaTiO3, used to make ferroelectric ceramics for capacitors and also used in transducers. * * *
barium x-ray.
See GI series. * * *
barium yellow
Chem. See under barium chromate. * * *
barium sulfate n. A fine white powder, BaSO4, used as a pigment, as a filler for textiles, rubbers, and plastics, and as a contrast medium in x-ray photography of the digestive ...
bark1 —barkless, adj. /bahrk/, n. 1. the abrupt, harsh, explosive cry of a dog. 2. a similar sound made by another animal, as a fox. 3. a short, explosive sound, as of ...
bark beetle
any of numerous small, cylindrical beetles of the family Scolytidae that nest under the bark of hardwood trees, leaving intricate tracings on the wood. Also called ambrosia ...
bark cloth
1. any cloth, as tapa, made by soaking and pounding the inner bark of certain trees. 2. fabric woven to resemble such cloth, used for upholstery, bedcovers, etc. * * *
bark painting
Abstract and figurative designs applied to nonwoven fabric made from bark. Also called tapa, the pieces are made by scratching or painting the designs. The most popular material ...
bark-gnawing beetle
▪ insect       any of some 500 species of beetles (order Coleoptera) that are found under bark, in woody fungi, and in dry plant material, mostly in the tropics. ...
bark beetle n. Any of various small cylindrical beetles of the family Scolytidae that burrrow along the surface wood directly beneath the bark of trees, causing extensive ...
/bahr"kee'peuhr/, n. 1. a person who owns or manages a bar where alcoholic beverages are sold. 2. a bartender. Also, barkeep. [1705-15; BAR1 + KEEPER] * * *
/bahr"keuhn teen'/, n. Naut. a sailing vessel having three or more masts, square-rigged on the foremast and fore-and-aft-rigged on the other masts. Also, barkantine, barquentine, ...
barker1 /bahr"keuhr/, n. 1. an animal or person that barks. 2. a person who stands before a theater, carnival sideshow, or the like, calling out its attractions to ...
Barker, George
▪ English poet in full  George Granville Barker   born Feb. 26, 1913, Loughton, Essex, Eng. died Oct. 27, 1991, Itteringham, Norfolk       English poet mostly ...
Barker, Lady Mary Anne
▪ British author née  Stewart , also called  Lady Broome  born 1831, Spanish Town, Jam. died March 6, 1911, London, Eng.       writer best known for her book ...
Barker, Louisa Dupont
▪ 1999       American blues singer whose trademark style combined her innocent girlish voice with bawdy songs (b. Nov. 13, 1913, New Orleans, La.—d. May 7, 1998, New ...
Barker, Ma
▪ American criminal byname of  Arizona Donnie Barker , née  Clark  born 1872, near Springfield, Missouri, U.S. died January 16, 1935, near Oklawaha, ...
Barker, Ronnie
▪ 2006 Ronald William George Barker  British television comedian, writer, and actor (b. Sept. 25, 1929, Bedford, Bedfordshire, Eng.—d. Oct. 3, 2005, Adderbury, Oxfordshire, ...
▪ ghost town, British Columbia, Canada       restored ghost town, east-central British Columbia, Canada, in the western foothills of the Cariboo Mountains, just west of ...
Barkhausen effect
/bahrk"how'zeuhn, bahr"kow'-/, Physics. the phenomenon of short, sudden changes in the magnetism of a ferromagnetic substance occurring when the intensity of the magnetizing ...
Barkhausen, Heinrich Georg
▪ German physicist born Dec. 2, 1881, Bremen, Ger. died Feb. 20, 1956, Dresden, E.Ger. [Germany]       German physicist who discovered the Barkhausen effect, a ...
/bahr"king/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 154,200. * * *
Barking and Dagenham
▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the eastern perimeter of the metropolis. It is part of the historic county of Essex, on the north ...
barking deer
muntjac. [1875-80] * * *
barking frog
a robber frog, Hylactophryne augusti, of Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico, having a call like a dog's bark. * * *
bark·ing deer (bärʹkĭng) n. See muntjac.   [From the sound of its call.] * * *
/bahrk"leuh/, n. Charles Glover /gluv"euhr/, 1877-1944, English physicist: Nobel prize 1917. * * *
Barkla, Charles Glover
▪ British physicist born June 7, 1877, Widnes, Lancashire, Eng. died Oct. 23, 1944, Edinburgh, Scot.       British physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics ...
/bahrk"lee/, n. Alben William /al"beuhn/, 1877-1956, vice president of the U.S. 1949-53. * * *
Barkley, Alben W
▪ vice president of United States born Nov. 24, 1877, Graves County, Ky., U.S. died April 30, 1956, Lexington, Va.  35th vice president of the United States (1949–53) in ...
Barkley, Alben W(illiam)
born Nov. 24, 1877, Graves county, Ky., U.S. died April 30, 1956, Lexington, Va. U.S. politician. After graduating from college, he studied law and was admitted to the Kentucky ...
Barkley, Charles (Wade)
born Feb. 20, 1963, Leeds, Ala., U.S. U.S. basketball player. He spent his collegiate career as a forward at Auburn University. He played for the Philadelphia 76ers ...
/bahrk"lows'/, n., pl. barklice /-luys'/. any of numerous insects of the order Psocoptera that live on the bark of trees and other plants. Also, bark louse. Cf. psocid. [1835-45, ...
Barkly Tableland
▪ region, Australia       region of Australia, south of the Gulf of Carpentaria and extending southeastward about 350 miles (560 km) from Newcastle Creek, Northern ...
Barkly, Sir Henry
▪ British colonial administrator born 1815, Ross-shire, Scot. died Oct. 20, 1898, London       British colonial administrator who played a major role in the ...
/bahr"kee/, adj., barkier, barkiest. 1. consisting of, containing, or covered with bark. 2. resembling bark. [1580-90; BARK2 + -Y1] * * *
/bahr"lahk/; Ger. /bahrdd"lahkh/, n. Ernst Heinrich /errnst huyn"rik/; Ger. /erddnst huyn"rddikh/, 1870-1938, German sculptor and playwright. * * *
Barlach, Ernst
born Jan. 2, 1870, Wedel, Ger. died Oct. 24, 1938, Güstrow German sculptor, graphic artist, and writer. After studying in Hamburg, Dresden, and Paris, he became the ...
Bar·let·ta (bär-lĕtʹə) A city of southern Italy on the Adriatic Sea west-northwest of Bari. It passed to the Goths after the fall of the Roman Empire. Population: ...
barley1 /bahr"lee/, n. 1. a widely distributed cereal plant belonging to the genus Hordeum, of the grass family, having awned flowers that grow in tightly bunched spikes, with ...
barley coal
anthracite in sizes ranging from more than 3/64 in. (1.2 mm) to less than 3/16 in. (4.8 mm). * * *
barley sack
Southwestern U.S. (chiefly California). a burlap bag. Regional Variation. See gunnysack. * * *
barley stripe
Plant Pathol. a disease of barley, characterized by blighted heads and chlorotic, brown, or frayed stripes on the leaves, caused by a fungus, Helminthosporium gramineum. * * *
barley sugar
a brittle, amber-colored, transparent candy, formerly boiled in a decoction of barley, consisting of sugar, cream of tartar, and orange or lemon juice, usually twisted into ...
barley water
a decoction of barley, used esp. in the treatment of diarrhea in infants. [1275-1325] * * *
barley wine
n [U] (esp BrE) a type of strong beer. * * *
/bahr"lee bree'/, n. Chiefly Scot. liquor, malt liquor, or the like, esp. whiskey. [1780-90] * * *
/bahr"lee kawrn'/, n. 1. barley. 2. a grain of barley. 3. a measure equal to 1/3 in. (8.5 mm). 4. Also, barley corn. a type of basket weave that produces an allover geometric ...
/bahr"lee kawrn'/, n. John. See John Barleycorn. * * *
barley sugar n. A clear, hard candy made by boiling down sugar, formerly with an extract of barley added. * * *
/bahr"loh/, n. South Midland and Southern U.S. a large pocketknife with one blade. Also called barlow knife. [1770-80, Amer.; after a family of Sheffield cutlers named Barlow, ...
/bahr"loh/, n. Joel, 1754-1812, U.S. poet and diplomat. * * *
Barlow, Joel
born March 24, 1754, Redding, Connecticut Colony [U.S.] died Dec. 24, 1812, Żarnowiec, Pol. U.S. writer and poet. He was a member of the group of young writers known as the ...
Barlow, Peter
▪ English optician and mathematician born October 13, 1776, Norwich, Norfolk, England died March 1, 1862, Kent       optician (optics) and mathematician who invented ...
Bar·low (bärʹlō'), Joel. 1754-1812. American poet and diplomat in Algiers (1795-1797). Among his noted poetic works are “The Hasty Pudding” (1796) and the epic Columbiad ...
/bahrm/, n. yeast formed on malt liquors while fermenting. [bef. 1000; ME berme, OE beorma; c. Fris berme, G Bärme, Sw bärme; akin to FERMENT] * * *
/bahr"mayd'/, n. a woman who bartends; bartender. [1650-60; BAR1 + MAID] * * *
or Barmecide Any member of the priestly family of Persian origin that achieved prominence in the 8th century as scribes and viziers to the caliphs of the Abbāsid dynasty. They ...
▪ ʿAbbāsid viziers Introduction also called  Barmecides,  Arabic  Al-barāmika, or Al-barmak,         priestly family of Iranian origin, from the city of Balkh in ...
/bahr"meuhn/, n., pl. barmen. a man who bartends; bartender. [1650-60; BAR1 + -MAN] * * *
/bahr'meuh suyd"l/, adj. giving only the illusion of plenty; illusory: a Barmecidal banquet. Also, Barmecide. [1835-45; BARMECIDE + -AL1] * * *
/bahr"meuh suyd'/, n. 1. a member of a noble Persian family of Baghdad who, according to a tale in The Arabian Nights' Entertainments, gave a beggar a pretended feast with empty ...
Barmecide (feast)
Barmecide (feast) [bär′mə sīd΄] n. 〚after a prince in The Arabian Nights who served such a feast〛 1. a pretended feast with no food 2. any pretended or illusory ...
/bahr"meuhn/, n. a former city in W Germany, now incorporated into Wuppertal. * * *
Barmen, Synod of
Meeting of German Protestant leaders at Barmen in May 1934 to organize Protestant resistance to Nazism. Representatives came from Lutheran, Reformed, and United churches. Some ...
▪ India       town, western Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, extreme western India. Standing on a rocky hill crowned by a fort, the town is said to have been founded in ...
bar mitz·vah or bar miz·vah (bär mĭtsʹvə) n. 1. A 13-year-old Jewish boy, considered an adult and responsible for his moral and religious duties. 2. The ceremony that ...
/bahr"mee/, adj., barmier, barmiest. 1. containing or resembling barm; frothy. 2. Brit. Slang. balmy (def. 4). [1525-35; BARM + -Y1; def. 2 prob. resp. of BALMY by r-less ...
barn1 —barnlike, adj. /bahrn/, n. 1. a building for storing hay, grain, etc., and often for housing livestock. 2. a very large garage for buses, trucks, etc.; carbarn. v.t. 3. ...
barn dance
1. a social gathering, originally held in a barn, and including square dances, round dances, and hoedown music. 2. any party featuring country dances, dress, music, ...
barn dances
➡ folk dancing * * *
barn grass.
See barnyard grass. * * *
barn owl
a yellowish-brown and white owl, Tyto alba, often inhabiting barns and other buildings. [1665-75] * * * Any of several species of nocturnal birds of prey (genus Tyto), sometimes ...
barn raising
(in rural areas) a party, usually providing food, drink, etc., for the purpose of assisting a neighbor to put up a new barn. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
barn swallow
a common swallow, Hirundo rustica, of North America and Eurasia, that nests in barns and similar buildings. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
barn-door skate
/bahrn"dawr, -dohr"/ an Atlantic skate, Raja laevis, that grows to a length of 4 ft. (1.2 m) or more. * * *
/bahr"neuh beuhs/, n. the surname of the Cyprian Levite Joseph, a companion of Paul on his first missionary journey. Acts 4:36, 37. * * *
Barnabas, Letter of
▪ work by Saint Barnabas       an early Christian work written in Greek by one of the so-called Apostolic Fathers, Greek Christian writers of the late 1st and early 2nd ...
Barnabas, Saint
orig. Joseph the Levite flourished 1st century; feast day June 11 Apostolic Father and early Christian missionary. Born in Cyprus, he was a Hellenized Jew who joined the ...
Bar·na·bas (bärʹnə-bəs), Saint Originally Joses or Joseph the Levite.fl. first century A.D. Christian convert and missionary with Saint Paul to Cyprus and Asia Minor. * * *
/bahr"neuh bee/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "son of exhortation." * * *
Barnack, Oskar
▪ German photographer born Nov. 1, 1879, Lynow, Brandenburg [Germany] died Jan. 16, 1936, Bad Nauheim, Ger.       designer of the first precision miniature camera to ...
barnacle1 —barnacled, adj. /bahr"neuh keuhl/, n. 1. any marine crustacean of the subclass Cirripedia, usually having a calcareous shell, being either stalked (goose barnacle) ...
barnacle goose
a wild goose, Branta leucopsis, of northern Europe and Greenland. [1760-70; earlier barnacle, ME bernacle; cf. MF bernacle, NL bernacula, all deriv. of earlier ME bernak, ...
See barnacle. * * *
barnacle goose n. A waterfowl (Branta leucopsis) of northern Europe and Greenland that breeds in the Arctic and has a white face with a black streak between the eyes and ...
barnacles [bär′nəkəlz] pl.n. 〚ME & OFr bernac, kind of bit〛 1. nose pincers for controlling an unruly horse 2. an instrument of torture like such pincers * * *
/bahr"nahrd, -neuhrd/ for 1; /bahr"neuhrd/ for 2-5, n. 1. Christiaan N(eethling) /kris"tyahn nit"ling/, born 1922, South African surgeon: performed first successful human-heart ...
Barnard Castle
▪ England, United Kingdom  town, Teesdale district, administrative and historic county of Durham, England, on the north bank of the River Tees (there crossed by a medieval ...
Barnard's star
/bahr"neuhrdz/ a red dwarf star of magnitude 9.5 in the constellation Ophiuchus, having the largest known proper motion and being the nearest star to earth (5.9 light-years) ...
Barnard, Chester Irving
▪ American sociologist born Nov. 7, 1886, Malden, Mass., U.S. died June 7, 1961, New York City       American business (business organization) executive, public ...
Barnard, Christiaan
▪ South African surgeon in full  Christiaan Neethling Barnard  born November 8, 1922, Beaufort West, South Africa died September 2, 2001, Paphos, Cyprus  South African ...
Barnard, Christiaan (Neethling)
born Nov. 8, 1922, Beaufort West, S.Af. died Sept. 2, 2001, Paphos, Cyprus South African surgeon. He showed that intestinal atresia is caused by deficient fetal blood supply, ...
Barnard, Christiaan Neethling
▪ 2002       South African surgeon (b. Nov. 8, 1922, Beaufort West, S.Af.—d. Sept. 2, 2001, Paphos, Cyprus), performed the first transplant of a heart from one human ...
Barnard, Edward Emerson
▪ American astronomer born Dec. 16, 1857, Nashville, Tenn., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1923, Williams Bay, Wis.       astronomer who pioneered in celestial photography and who ...
Barnard, Frederick
▪ American educator in full  Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard  born May 5, 1809, Sheffield, Mass., U.S. died April 27, 1889, New York City       scientist, educator, ...
Barnard, George Grey
▪ American sculptor born May 24, 1863, Bellefonte, Pa., U.S. died April 24, 1938, New York City  sculptor whose works were characterized by a vitality and individuality that ...
Barnard, Henry
born Jan. 24, 1811, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died July 5, 1900, Hartford U.S. educator. He studied law and entered the state legislature, where he helped create a state board of ...
Barnard, Kate
▪ American politician born May 23, 1875, Geneva, Neb., U.S. died Feb. 23, 1930, Oklahoma City, Okla.  Oklahoma welfare leader and the first woman to hold statewide elective ...
Barnard, Lady Anne
▪ Scottish author née  Lindsay  born December 8, 1750, Balcarres House, Fifeshire, Scotland died May 6, 1825, London       author of the popular ballad “Auld Robin ...
Barnard,Christiaan Neethling
Bar·nard (bärʹnərd, bär-närdʹ), Christiaan Neethling. Born 1923. South African surgeon who performed the first human heart transplant (1967). * * *
Barnard,Edward Emerson
Bar·nard (bärʹnərd), Edward Emerson. 1857-1923. American astronomer and pioneer in photography noted for the discovery of Jupiter's fifth satellite (1892) and Barnard's star ...
Barnard,Frederick Augustus Porter
Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter. 1809-1889. American educator and advocate of higher educational opportunities for women. He was the president of Columbia University from 1864 ...
Barnard,George Grey
Barnard, George Grey. 1863-1938. American sculptor whose early works, such as Struggle of Two Natures in Man (1894), were influenced by Rodin. A colossal statue of Abraham ...
/bahr nahr"doh, beuhr-/, n. John Thomas, 1845-1905, English physician, social reformer, and philanthropist, born in Ireland. * * *
Barnardo, Thomas John
▪ British social worker born July 4, 1845, Dublin, Ire. died Sept. 19, 1905, Surbiton, Surrey, Eng.  pioneer in social work who founded more than 90 homes for destitute ...
a British charity that helps children with social, physical or mental problems and their families. It began in 1870 when an Irish man, Dr Thomas Barnardo, started a home in ...
Barnato Walker, Diana
▪ 2009       British pilot born Jan. 15, 1918, London, Eng. died April 28, 2008, Surrey, Eng. as a prominent member of the Atagirls, the women's branch of the World ...
Barnato, Barney
▪ British financier original name  Barnett Isaacs   born 1852, London, Eng. died June 14, 1897, at sea       financier and diamond magnate who rivaled Cecil Rhodes in ...
/bahr'neuh oohl"/; Russ. /beuhrdd nu oohl"/, n. the capital of the Altai territory in the Russian Federation, on the Ob River, S of Novosibirsk. 602,000. * * * ▪ ...
Barnave, Antoine
▪ French politician in full  Antoine-Pierre-Joseph-Marie Barnave  born October 22, 1761, Grenoble, France died November 29, 1793, Paris       prominent political ...
/bahrn"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. barnwood. [Amer.; BARN1 + BOARD] * * *
/bahrn"berr'neuhr/, n. 1. Informal. something that is highly exciting, impressive, etc.: The All Stars game was a real barnburner. 2. Chiefly Pennsylvania. a wooden friction ...
barn dance n. A social gathering, often held in a barn, with music and square dancing. * * *
/bahrnz/, n. Djuna (Chappell) /jooh"neuh chap"euhl/, 1892-1982, U.S. novelist, poet, and playwright. * * * (as used in expressions) Barnes Albert Coombs Barnes Djuna Taeuber ...
Barnes Foundation Galleries
▪ museum, Merion, Pennsylvania, United States       fine art museum and educational facility located in Merion, Pa., noted for its extensive collection of French ...
Barnes Wallis
➡ Wallis * * *
Barnes, Albert
▪ American clergyman and writer born Dec. 1, 1798, Rome, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 24, 1870, Philadelphia       U.S. Presbyterian (Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)) clergyman ...
Barnes, Albert C(oombs)
born Jan. 2, 1872, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 24, 1951, Chester county, Pa. Pharmaceutical manufacturer and art collector. He obtained a medical degree and later studied ...
Barnes, Albert C.
▪ American inventor and art collector in full  Albert Coombs Barnes  born Jan. 2, 1872, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 24, 1951, Chester county, Pa.       American ...
Barnes, Barnabe
▪ English poet born 1569?, Yorkshire, Eng. died 1609       Elizabethan poet, one of the Elizabethan sonneteers and the author of Parthenophil and ...
Barnes, Clive
▪ 2009       British-born American theatre and dance critic born May 13, 1927, London, Eng. died Nov. 19, 2008, New York, N.Y. championed critical dance coverage and ...
Barnes, Djuna
born June 12, 1892, Cornwall-on-Hudson, N.Y., U.S. died June 18?, 1982, New York, N.Y. U.S. writer. Barnes worked as an artist and journalist in her youth. She went to Paris in ...
Barnes, Ernest William
▪ British bishop born April 1, 1874, Birmingham, Warwickshire [now in West Midlands], Eng. died Nov. 29, 1953, Hurstpierpont, Sussex [now in West ...
Barnes, George Nicoll
▪ British labour leader born Jan. 2, 1859, Dundee, Scot. died April 21, 1940, London, Eng.  trade-union leader, socialist, a founder (1900) and chairman (1910) of the British ...
Barnes, Julian
▪ British author and critic in full  Julian Patrick Barnes , pseudonyms  Edward Pygge  and  Dan Kavanagh  born Jan. 19, 1946, Leicester, Eng.       British ...
Barnes, Pancho
▪ American aviator original name  Florence Lowe  born July 14, 1901, Pasadena, Calif., U.S. died March 1975, Boron, Calif.  aviator and movie stunt pilot, one of the first ...
Barnes, Peter
▪ 2005       British playwright and screenwriter (b. Jan. 10, 1931, London, Eng.—d. July 1, 2004, London), was an imaginative, thoroughly unorthodox—and often ...
Barnes, Robert
▪ English clergyman born 1495, Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died July 30, 1540, London       English Lutheran who was martyred after being used by King Henry VIII to gain ...
Barnes, Thomas
▪ British journalist born Sept. 16, 1785, London, Eng. died May 7, 1841, London       British journalist who as editor of The Times (Times, The) for many years ...
Barnes, William
▪ English poet born Feb. 22, 1801, Bagber, near Sturminster Newton, Dorsetshire, Eng. died Oct. 7, 1886, Winterbourne Came, Dorsetshire  English dialect poet whose work gives ...
Barnes,Albert Coombs
Barnes (bärnz), Albert Coombs. 1873-1951. American physician and art collector noted for his discovery of Argyrol and his collection of modern French paintings. * * *
/bahr"nit/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 302,600. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the northwestern perimeter of ...
Barnet, Battle of
▪ English history       (April 14, 1471), in the English Wars of the Roses (Roses, Wars of the), a momentous victory for the Yorkist king Edward IV over his Lancastrian ...
Barnet, Charlie
orig. Charles Daly Barnet born Oct. 26, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept., 4, 1991, San Diego, Calif. U.S. saxophonist and big-band leader of the swing era. Born to a ...
Barnet, Miguel
▪ Cuban writer born January 28, 1940, Havana, Cuba       novelist, poet, ethnographer, and expert on Afro-Cuban culture.       Barnet came from a prominent Cuban ...
/bahr net"/, n. a male given name. * * *
Barnett, Gary
▪ 1996       Gary Barnett in 1995 played the fairy godmother in the most compelling Cinderella story to come along in years. As head coach he guided the Northwestern ...
Barnett, Samuel A
▪ British clergyman born Feb. 8, 1844, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died June 17, 1913, London       Anglican priest and social reformer who founded building programs ...
/bahrdd"neuh velt'/, n. Jan van Olden /yahn vahn awl"deuhn/, 1547-1619, Dutch statesman and patriot. * * *
Barneveldt,Jan van Olden
Bar·ne·veldt or Bar·ne·veld (bärʹnə-vĕlt'), Jan van Olden. 1547-1619. Dutch public official who negotiated a treaty with Spain (1609) and opposed certain Calvinist ...
/bahr"nee/, n., pl. barneys. 1. Informal. a. an argument. b. a prizefight. c. a fight or brawl. d. a blunder or mistake. 2. a small locomotive used in mining and logging. 3. ...
/bahr"nee/, n. a male given name, form of Bernard. * * *
Barney, Matthew
▪ 2004       In 2003, after a year's delay, the exhibition “Matthew Barney: The Cremaster Cycle” opened at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Featured in its ...
Barney, Nora Stanton Blatch
▪ American civil engineer and architect née  Nora Stanton Blatch  born Sept. 30, 1883, Basingstoke, Hampshire, Eng. died Jan. 18, 1971, Greenwich, Conn., ...
Barnhart, Clarence Lewis
▪ 1994       U.S. lexicographer and editor (b. Dec. 30, 1900, near Plattsburg, Mo.—d. Oct. 24, 1993, Peekskill, N.Y.), devoted his life to the compilation and revision ...
/bahrn"lot'/, n. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. barnyard. [1735-45, Amer.; BARN1 + LOT] * * *
barn owl n. A predatory nocturnal bird (Tyto alba) having a white, heart-shaped face, buff-brown upper plumage, and pale underparts, often nesting in barns and other buildings. ...
barn raising n. A social event in which members of a community assist in the building of a new barn. * * *
/bahrnz"lee/, n. a city in South Yorkshire, in N England. 224,000. * * * Town and metropolitan borough (pop., 2001: 218,062), northern England. Located on the River Dearne ...
/bahrn"steuh beuhl/, n. a city in SE Massachusetts. 30,898. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       city, Barnstable county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It is ...
Barn·sta·ple (bärnʹstə-pəl) A municipal borough of southwest England on Barnstaple Bay, an inlet of the Bristol Channel. Barnstaple is a market town and tourist center. ...
—barnstormer, n. /bahrn"stawrm'/, v.i. 1. to conduct a campaign or speaking tour in rural areas by making brief stops in many small towns. 2. Theat. to tour small towns to ...
See barnstorm. * * *
barn swallow n. A widely distributed bird (Hirundo rustica) that nests in barns and caves and has a deeply forked tail, a dark-blue back, and tan underparts. * * *
/bahr"neuhm/, n. P(hineas) T(aylor), 1810-91, U.S. showman who established a circus in 1871. * * *
Barnum, P(hineas) T(aylor)
Bar·num (bärʹnəm), P(hineas) T(aylor). 1810-1891. American showman who established The Greatest Show on Earth (1871), which was merged with its major competition (1881) to ...
Barnum, P.T.
▪ American showman in full  Phineas Taylor Barnum  born July 5, 1810, Bethel, Connecticut, U.S. died April 7, 1891, Bridgeport, Connecticut  American showman who employed ...
▪ county, South Carolina, United States       county, southern South Carolina, U.S. It consists of a low-lying region on the Coastal Plain bordered to the northeast by ...
/bahrn"wood'/, n. aged and weathered boards, esp. those salvaged from dismantled barns: The den was paneled in barnwood. Also, barnboard. [Amer.; BARN1 + WOOD1] * * *
/bahrn"yahrd'/, n. 1. Also called barnlot. a yard next to or surrounding a barn. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or typical of a barnyard: barnyard noises; simple paintings of ...
barnyard golf
Informal (facetious). the game of horseshoes. [1925-30] * * *
barnyard grass
a weedy, coarse grass, Echinochloa crus-galli, having a spikelike cluster of flowers. Also called barn grass. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *  (Echinochloa crus-galli), coarse annual ...
barnyard grass n. Any of certain grasses in the genus Echinochloa, especially the Old World annual species E. crusgalli, used sometimes for forage and widespread as a weed. * * *
/bahrn"yahr diz'euhm/, n. a smutty or indecent word or expression. [Amer.; BARNYARD + -ISM] * * *
▪ Nigeria       town and river port, Niger State (Niger), west central Nigeria, on the Niger River, 400 miles (650 km) from the sea. Originally a small village of the ...
a combining form meaning "pressure," used in the formation of compound words: barograph. [comb. form of Gk báros weight; akin to Skt guru, L gravis, Goth kaurus heavy] * * *
/bah rddawk"kyaw/, n. Giacomo /jah"kaw maw/. See Vignola, Giacomo da. * * *
Barocci, Federico
born с1526, Urbino, Duchy of Urbino, Papal States died 1612, Urbino Italian painter. Except for two visits to Rome (mid 1550s, 1560–63), where he painted frescoes for Pope ...
/bar'euh klin"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or having the property of baroclinity. [BAROCLIN(ITY) + -IC] * * *
/bar'euh klin"i tee/, n. Meteorol. a common state of fluid stratification in which surfaces of constant pressure and others of constant density are not parallel but ...
/bar'euh koh"koh/, adj. excessively ornate or fussy in artistic or architectural style. [b. BAROQUE and ROCOCO] * * *
/beuh roh"deuh/, n. 1. a former state in W India. 2. a city in E Gujarat state, in W India: former capital of the state of Baroda. 467,422. * * *
/bar'og noh"sis, bar'euhg-/, n. the ability to estimate or perceive differences in the weight of an object. Cf. baragnosis. [BARO- + -GNOSIS] * * *

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