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/bar"euh gram'/, n. Meteorol. a record traced by a barograph or similar instrument. [1880-85; BARO- + -GRAM1] * * *
—barographic /bar'euh graf"ik/, adj. /bar"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. any of several automatic recording barometers, of which the most common is the aneroid barograph. [1860-65; ...
See barograph. * * *
/bah rddaw"hah/, n. Pío /pee"aw/, 1872-1956, Spanish novelist. * * *
Baroja (y Nessi), Pío
born Dec. 28, 1872, San Sebastián, Spain died Oct. 30, 1956, Madrid Basque writer. He wrote 11 trilogies dealing with contemporary social problems, the best known of which is ...
Baroja y Nessi, Pío
Ba·ro·ja y Nes·si (bə-rōʹhə ēnĕsʹē, bä-rōʹhä), Pío. 1872-1956. Spanish writer whose novels largely concern the intellectual and political climate of his ...
Baroja, Pío
▪ Spanish writer born December 28, 1872, San Sebastián, Spain died October 30, 1956, Madrid       Basque writer who is considered to be the foremost Spanish novelist ...
/beuh roh"loh/; It. /bah rddaw"law/, n. a dry red wine from the Piedmont region of Italy. [1870-75; after Barolo, locality where it is produced] * * *
—barometric /bar'euh me"trik/, barometrical, adj. —barometrically, adv. /beuh rom"i teuhr/, n. 1. Meteorol. any instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. Cf. aneroid ...
See barometer. * * *
barometric error
Horol. error of a timepiece due to the fluctuations in density of the atmosphere through which the balance or pendulum moves. [1880-85] * * *
barometric gradient
Meteorol. See pressure gradient. * * *
barometric light
      luminous glow appearing in the vacuum above the mercury in a barometer tube when the tube is shaken, first noticed in 1675 by a French astronomer, Jean Picard. The ...
barometric pressure
barometric pressure n. the pressure of the atmosphere as indicated by a barometer: see ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE * * *
barometric pressure.
See atmospheric pressure. [1820-30] * * *
barometric switch
baroswitch. * * *
See barometric. * * *
See barometric. * * *
/bar'euh me"treuh graf', -grahf'/, n. barograph. [1840-50; BAROMET(E)R + -O- + -GRAPH] * * *
/beuh rom"i tree/, n. the process of measuring atmospheric pressure. [1705-15; BARO- + -METRY] * * *
/bar"euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of ...
/bann rddawonn"/, n. Michel /mee shel"/, (Michel Boyron), 1653-1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in ...
Baron Cohen, Sacha
▪ 2008 Sacha Noam Baron Cohen  born Oct. 13, 1971, London, Eng.  With his trio of outrageously ignorant alter egos—Ali G, Borat, and Bruno—British actor and comedian ...
baron of beef
Chiefly Brit. a joint of beef consisting of the two sirloins joined at the backbone; double sirloin. Cf. baron (def. 4). [1745-55] * * *
Baron, Michel
▪ French actor original name  Michel Boyron  born Oct. 8?, 1653, Paris died Dec. 22, 1729, Paris       French actor, from 1670 until his retirement in 1691 the ...
Baron, Salo Wittmayer
▪ American historian born May 26, 1895, Tarnow, Austria [now in Poland] died Nov. 25, 1989, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Austrian-born American historian who spent much ...
/bar"euh nij/, n. 1. the entire British peerage, including all dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts, and barons. 2. Also, barony. the dignity or rank of a baron. [1250-1300; ME ...
Barone, Enrico
▪ Italian economist born December 22, 1859, Naples, Italy died May 14, 1924, Rome       Italian mathematical economist who expanded on the concepts of general ...
/bar"euh nis/, n. 1. the wife of a baron. 2. a woman holding a baronial title in her own right. [1400-50; late ME baronnesse < AF, MF (see BARON, -ESS); r. ME barnesse < AF, ...
—baronetical, adj. /bar"euh nit, bar'euh net"/, n. a member of a British hereditary order of honor, ranking below the barons and made up of commoners, designated by Sir before ...
/bar"euh nit ij, -net'-/, n. 1. baronets collectively. 2. baronetcy. [1710-20; BARONET + -AGE] * * *
/bar"euh nit see, -net'/, n., pl. baronetcies. the rank or dignity of a baronet. [1805-15; BARONET + -CY] * * *
bar·on·et·ess (bărʹə-nĭ-tĭs, băr'ə-nĕtʹĭs) n. 1. A woman holding a British hereditary title of honor reserved for commoners, ranking immediately below the barons ...
/bar"euh ni tuyz'/, v.t., baronetized, baronetizing. to make (someone) a baronet; confer a baronetcy upon. Also, esp. Brit., baronetise. [1855-60; BARONET + -IZE] * * *
/bah rawng", -rong", beuh-/, n. a large, broad-bladed knife or cleaver used by the Moros. [1840-50; appar. Philippine var. of PARANG] * * *
barong tagalog
/teuh gah"leuhg, -lawg, tah-/ (in the Philippines) a man's long-sleeved formal overblouse, made of fine, sheer fabric, often embroidered. [ < Tagalog baro ng tagalog lit., ...
/beuh roh"nee euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to a baron or barony or to the order of barons. 2. befitting a baron: living in baronial splendor. [1760-70; BARONY + -AL1] * * *
Baronius, Caesar
▪ Italian historian born Oct. 31, 1538, Sora, Kingdom of Naples [now in Italy] died June 30, 1607, Rome       ecclesiastical historian and apologist for the Roman ...
/bar"euh nuyz'/, v.t., baronized, baronizing. to make or create (someone) a baron; confer the rank of baron upon. Also, esp. Brit., baronise. [1605-15; BARON + -IZE] * * *
baronne [bȧ rō̂n′] n. 〚Fr〛 baroness * * *
Baronova, Irina
▪ 2009       Russian-born ballerina born March 13, 1919, Petrograd [now St. Petersburg], Russia died June 28, 2008, Byron Bay, N.S.W., Australia was the youngest and ...
➡ feudalism * * *
Barons' War
a rebellion of English nobles (1263-67) against King Henry III, undertaken in an effort to curtail royal prerogatives and extend the powers of the nobles. * * * ▪ English ...
/bar"euh nee/, n., pl. baronies. 1. the domain of a baron. 2. baronage (def. 2). [1250-1300; ME baronie < AF, OF. See BARON, -Y3] * * *
/beuh rohk"/; Fr. /bann rddawk"/, adj. 1. (often cap.) of or pertaining to a style of architecture and art originating in Italy in the early 17th century and variously prevalent ...
Baroque architecture
Architectural style originating in late 16th-century Italy and lasting in some regions, notably Germany and colonial South America, until the 18th century. It had its origins in ...
baroque organ
a pipe organ dating from or built to the specifications of the baroque period at the time of J. S. Bach. * * *
baroque pearl
      pearl that is irregularly or oddly shaped. Pearl formation does not always occur in soft-tissue areas, where the expanding pearl sac grows regularly because it ...
Baroque period
(17th–18th century) Era in the arts that originated in Italy in the 17th century and flourished elsewhere well into the 18th century. It embraced painting, sculpture, ...
See baroque. * * *
See baroquely. * * *
/bar'oh ri sep"teuhr/, n. a nerve ending, as one of those located in the blood vessels, that responds to changes in pressure. [1950-55; BARO- + RECEPTOR] * * *
bar·o·saur (bârʹə-sôr') or bar·o·sau·rus (bâr'ə-sôrʹəs) n. Any of various large sauropod dinosaurs of the genus Barosaurus of the late Jurassic Period, closely ...
—baroscopic /bar'euh skop"ik/, baroscopical, adj. /bar"euh skohp'/, n. an instrument showing roughly the variations in atmospheric pressure. [1655-65; BARO- + -SCOPE] * * *
/bar'euh suy'neuh suy"tis/, n. Med. aerosinusitis. [BARO- + SINUSITIS] * * *
Barossa Valley
▪ region, Australia  important wine-producing region of South Australia, located 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Adelaide in the Mount Lofty Ranges. The valley, drained by ...
/bar"euh swich'/, n. a switch actuated by barometric pressure. Also called barometric switch. [BARO- + SWITCH] * * *
/bar'euh therr"meuh graf', -grahf'/, n. Meteorol. an automatic instrument for recording pressure and temperature. [1895-1900; BARO- + THERMOGRAPH] * * *
/bar'euh therr'meuh huy"greuh graf', -grahf'/, n. Meteorol. an automatic instrument for recording pressure, temperature, and humidity. [BARO- + THERMO- + HYGROGRAPH] * * *
/bar'euh trow"meuh, -traw"-/, n., pl. barotraumata /-meuh teuh/, barotraumas. Pathol. injury of certain organs, esp. the ear, due to a change in the atmospheric pressure. Cf. ...
/bar'euh trop"ik/, adj. (of a fluid) having a density that is a function only of pressure. [BARO- + -TROPIC] * * *
/beuh ro"treuh pee/, n. Meteorol. a state of fluid stratification in which surfaces of constant pressure and others of constant density do not intersect but are parallel. Cf. ...
/beuh rot"seuh land'/, n. a region in W Zambia. 410,087; 44,920 sq. mi. (116,343 sq. km). * * *
/beuh roohsh"/, n. a four-wheeled carriage with a high front seat outside for the driver, facing seats inside for two couples, and a calash top over the back seat. [1795-1805; < ...
/bah rddawt"tsee/, n. Giacomo /jah"kaw maw/. See Vignola, Giacomo da. * * *
/bahrk/, n. bark3. * * *
/bahr"keuhn teen'/, n. barkentine. Also, barquantine. * * *
/bahr ket"/, n. a small, boat-shaped pastry shell filled with a savory or sweet mixture and served as an hors d'oeuvre or dessert. [ < F; see BARQUE, -ETTE] * * *
/bahrdd'kee see me"taw/, n. a city in N Venezuela. 421,617. * * * City (pop., 2000 est.: 875,790), northwestern Venezuela. The capital of Lara state, it is located at the ...
➡ Roseanne. * * *
Barr body
/bahr/ a condensed, inactivated X chromosome present in most female mammals in the nuclei of all cells except the germ cells: used, as in sports competitions, to verify that an ...
Barr, Bob
▪ American politician and attorney in full  Robert Laurence Barr, Jr.  born Nov. 5, 1948, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.    American politician and attorney who served as a ...
barrister. * * *
▪ island, Scotland, United Kingdom Gaelic  Barraigh        Atlantic island of the Outer Hebrides group, Western Isles council area, historic county of ...
Barra de São Francisco
/bahrdd"rddah di sowonn" frddahonn sees"koo/ a city in SE Brazil, on the São Francisco River. 114,945. * * *
Barra Mansa
▪ Brazil       city, western Rio de Janeiro estado (state), eastern Brazil. It lies along the Paraíba do Sul River, at an elevation of 1,234 feet (376 metres) above ...
Barracco Museum of Antique Sculpture
▪ museum, Rome, Italy Italian  Museo Barracco di Scultura Antica        in Rome, museum devoted to ancient sculpture and comprising the collection formed by Giovanni ...
barrack1 /bar"euhk/, n. Usually, barracks. 1. a building or group of buildings for lodging soldiers, esp. in garrison. 2. any large, plain building in which many people are ...
Barrack-Room Ballads
/bar"euhk roohm', -room'/ a volume of poems (1892) by Rudyard Kipling, including Gunga Din, Danny Deever, and Mandalay. * * *
See barrack2. * * *
▪ India also spelled  Barrackpur , also called  Chanak        city, southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. It lies just east of the Hugli (Hooghly) ...
Barrackpore Mutiny
▪ Anglo-Burmese War also spelled  Barrackpur Mutiny         (Nov. 2, 1824), incident during the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–26), generally regarded as a dress ...
barracks bag
a large bag of heavy cotton, closed with a drawstring, used by military personnel for carrying personal belongings. [1940-45] * * *
barracks lawyer
a member of the armed forces who speaks or acts like an authority on military law, regulations, and the rights of service personnel. * * *
bar·racks bag (bărʹəks) n. A cloth bag, usually with a drawstring, for the storage of clothing or laundry. * * *
/bar'euh koohn"/, n. (formerly) a place of temporary confinement for slaves or convicts. [1850-55, Amer.; < Sp barracón, equiv. to barrac(a) hut (see BARRACK1) + -on aug. ...
/bar'euh kooh"deuh/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) barracuda, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) barracudas for 1; barracudas for 2. 1. any of several elongated, ...
/bar'euh koohd"n euh/, n. any of several slender, large-mouthed, pelagic fishes of the family Paralepididae. [ < AmerSp, equiv. to barracud(a) BARRACUDA + -ina dim. suffix] * * ...
Barragán, Luis
▪ Mexican architect born March 9, 1902, Guadalajara, Mexico died November 22, 1988, Mexico City       Mexican engineer and architect, whose serene and evocative houses, ...
/beuh rahzh"/; esp. Brit. /bar"ahzh/ for 1, 2, 4, 5; /bahr"ij/ for 3, n., v., barraged, barraging. n. 1. Mil. a heavy barrier of artillery fire to protect one's own advancing or ...
barrage balloon
a balloon or blimp, usually one of several anchored around a military area, city, etc., from which wires or nets are hung as a protection against attacks from low-flying ...
bar·rage balloon (bə-räzhʹ) n. A balloon anchored singly or in a series over a military objective to support nets that hinder the passage of enemy aircraft. * * *
Bar·ra Man·sa (bäʹrä mäɴʹsä) A city of southeast Brazil west-northwest of Rio de Janeiro. It is a rail junction and an industrial center. Population: 171,671. * * *
/bar'euh mun"deuh/, n., pl. barramundas, (esp. collectively) barramunda. a lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, of the rivers of Australia. [1870-75; of uncert. orig.] * * *
/bar'euh mun"dee/, n., pl. barramundis, barramundies, (esp. collectively) barramundi. barramunda. * * *
/beuh rang"keuh/; Sp. /bahrdd rddahng"kah/, n., pl. barrancas /-keuhz/; Sp. /-kahs/. 1. a steep-walled ravine or gorge. 2. a gully with steep sides; arroyo. [1685-95; < Sp, var. ...
/bahrdd rddahng"kah verdd me"hah/, n. a city in N Colombia. 106,100. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, Santander departamento, north-central Colombia, on the Magdalena ...
▪ Peru       city in the southern portion of the Lima–Callao metropolitan area, Peru. It lies along the Pacific coast at an elevation of 213 feet (65 m) above sea ...
Barrande, Joachim
▪ French geologist born Aug. 11, 1799, Saugues, Fr. died Oct. 5, 1883, Frohsdorf, Austria       geologist and paleontologist whose studies of the fossil strata of ...
/bahrdd'rddahn kee"yah/, n. a seaport in N Colombia, on the Magdalena River. 661,920. * * * City (pop., 1999: 1,226,292), northern Colombia. Founded in 1629 about 10 mi (16 km) ...
Barraqué, Jean
born Jan. 17, 1928, Puteaux, France died Aug. 17, 1973, Paris French composer. He studied at the Paris Conservatoire with Jean Langlais (1907–91) and Olivier Messiaen. His ...
Barras, Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, vicomte de
▪ French revolutionary born June 30, 1755, Fox-Amphoux, France died January 29, 1829, Chaillot  one of the most powerful members of the Directory during the French ...
Barras, Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, viscount de
born June 30, 1755, Fox-Amphoux, France died Jan. 29, 1829, Chaillot French revolutionary. A Provençal nobleman, Barras became disenchanted with the royal regime and welcomed ...
/bar"euh teuhr/, n. Law. a person who commits barratry. Also, barrater, barretor. [1350-1400; ME barettour brawler, fighter < AF barretor, barator, OF barateor, equiv. to ...
See barratry. * * *
See barratrous. * * *
—barratrous, adj. /bar"euh tree/, n. Law. 1. fraud by a master or crew at the expense of the owners of the ship or its cargo. 2. the offense of frequently exciting and stirring ...
/bann rddoh"/, n. Jean-Louis /zhahonn lwee"/, born 1910, French actor and director. * * *
Barrault, Jean-Louis
born Sept. 8, 1910, Le Vésinet, France died Jan. 22, 1994, Paris French actor and director. He made his acting debut in Paris (1931) and joined the Comédie-Française ...
Barr body (bär) n. The condensed, inactive X-chromosome found in the nuclei of somatic cells of most female mammals. Also called sex chromatin.   [After Murray LlewellynBarr ...
/bahr/, n. Ballet. a handrail placed at hip height, used by a dancer to maintain balance during practice. Also, bar. [1945-50] * * * ▪ Vermont, United ...
/bah ray"/, n. Textiles. 1. a pattern of stripes or bands of color extending across the warp in woven and knitted fabrics. 2. a streak in the filling direction when one or more ...
Barre, Raymond
▪ prime minister of France born April 12, 1924, Saint-Denis, Réunion died Aug. 25, 2007, Paris, France  economist and politician who served as prime minister of France ...
Barre, Raymond-Octave-Joseph
▪ 2008  French economist and politician born April 12, 1924, Saint-Denis, Réunion died Aug. 25, 2007, Paris, France as prime minister (1976–81) and minister of finance ...
Barré-Sinoussi, Franƈoise
▪ French virologist born July 30, 1947, Paris, France       French virologist who was a corecipient, with Luc Montagnier (Montagnier, Luc) and Harald zur Hausen (zur ...
barre chord also bar chord n. A chord fingered on a fretted stringed instrument using a barre. * * *
/bahrd/, adj. 1. provided with one or more bars: a barred prison window. 2. striped; streaked: barred fabrics. 3. Ornith. (of feathers) marked with transverse bands of ...
barred i
Phonet. 1. a high central vowel with phonetic quality approximating that of the vowels in pit, put, putt, or pet, and considered by most phonologists as a phonetic variant of one ...
barred owl
a large owl, Strix varia, of eastern North America, having its breast barred and abdomen streaked with dark brown. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
barred spiral galaxy
Astron. a spiral galaxy whose center has the form of an extended bar. * * *
barred owl n. A large North American owl (Strix varia) having barred, brownish plumage across the breast, a streaked belly, and a strident, hooting cry. * * *
/bar"euhl/, n., v., barreled, barreling or (esp. Brit.) barrelled, barrelling. n. 1. a cylindrical wooden container with slightly bulging sides made of staves hooped together, ...
barrel bolt
a rod-shaped bolt for fastening a door or the like, attached to one side of the door at the edge and sliding into a socket on the frame of the opening. Also called tower ...
barrel cactus
any of several large, cylindrical, ribbed, spiny cacti of the genera Echinocactus and Ferocactus. [1880-85, Amer.] * * * ▪ plant  name for a group of more or less ...
barrel chair
U.S. Furniture. an easy chair having a high, semicircular back forming a single upholstered piece with the wings or arms; tub chair. Also called barrel-back chair /bar"euhl ...
barrel cuff
a single cuff on a tailored sleeve, formed by a band of material and usually fastened by a button. * * *
barrel distortion
Optics. a distortion produced by a lens in which the magnification decreases toward the edge of the field. Cf. pincushion distortion. [1885-90] * * *
barrel engine
an engine having cylinders arranged around and parallel to a shaft, which they rotate by means of the contact of their piston rods with a swash plate or cam on the shaft. * * *
barrel knot
Angling. a knot for fastening together two strands of gut or nylon, as fishing lines or leaders. Also called blood knot. * * *
barrel organ
a musical instrument in which air from a bellows is admitted to a set of pipes by means of pins inserted into a revolving barrel; hand organ. [1765-75] * * * ▪ musical ...
barrel piano
▪ musical instrument also called  Street Piano,         stringed musical instrument (chordophone) in which a simple pianoforte action is worked by a pinned barrel ...
barrel race
—barrel racing. a rodeo event, usually for women, in which a horse and rider must race in a zigzag pattern around three barrels, competing for the fastest time. * * *
barrel roll
Aeron. a maneuver in which an airplane executes a complete roll by revolving once around its longitudinal axis. [1930-35] * * *
barrel roof
1. a roof or ceiling having a semicylindrical form. 2. See barrel vault. * * *
barrel vault
—barrel-vaulted, adj. Archit. a vault having the form of a very deep arch. Also called barrel roof, cradle vault, tunnel vault, wagon roof, wagon vault. See illus. under ...
/bar"euhl as'/, v.i. Slang (vulgar). to charge headlong; move at high speed. [1955-60] * * *
/bar"euhl ches'tid/, adj. having a broad, prominent chest or thorax. [1960-65] * * *
—barrel-racer, n. /bar"euhl rays'/, v.i., barrel-raced, barrel-racing. to compete in a barrel race. * * *
/bar"euhl rohl'/, v.i. Aeron. to perform a barrel roll. [1925-30] * * *
/bar"euh lij/, n. the amount contained in barrels, used as a unit of measure: Brewery barrelage fell 37 percent in the last quarter. [1885-90; BARREL + -AGE] * * *
barrel cactus n. Any of several cacti, especially in the genera Ferocactus and Echinocactus, having unbranched, globular to columnar, ribbed spiny stems. * * *
barrel chair n. A large upholstered chair having a high, rounded back resembling a half barrel. * * *
/bar"euhl uy'/, n., pl. barreleyes. any of the bathypelagic fishes of the family Opisthoproctidae, esp. Macropinna microstoma, having telescoping eyes. [BARREL + EYE] * * *
/bar"euhl fish'/, n., pl. barrelfishes, (esp. collectively) barrelfish. a blackish stromateid fish, Hyperoglyphe perciformis, inhabiting New England coastal waters. Also called ...
/bar"euhl fool'/, n., pl. barrelfuls. 1. the amount that a barrel can hold. 2. any large quantity: a barrelful of jokes. [1350-1400; ME; see BARREL, -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
/bar"euhl hed'/, n. 1. either of the round, flat sections that form the top and bottom of a barrel. 2. on the barrelhead, in advance or on demand: They won't deliver the ...
/bar"euhl hows'/, n., pl. barrelhouses /-how'ziz/ for 1. 1. a cheap saloon, esp. one in New Orleans in the early part of the 20th century: so called from the racks of liquor ...
Barrell, Joseph
▪ American geologist born Dec. 15, 1869, New Providence, N.J., U.S. died May 4, 1919, New Haven, Conn.       geologist who proposed that sedimentary rocks (sedimentary ...
barrel organ n. A mechanical instrument on which a tune is played by the action of a revolving cylinder fitted with pegs or pins that open pipe valves supplied by a bellows. * * *
barrel roll n. A flight maneuver in which an airplane makes a complete rotation on its longitudinal axis while approximately maintaining its original direction. * * *
barrel vault n. A simple continuous vault, typically semicircular in cross section. Also called tunnel vault, wagon vault. * * *
Barremian Stage
▪ geology       fourth of six main divisions (in ascending order) in the Lower Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Barremian Age, which ...
—barrenly, adv. —barrenness, n. /bar"euhn/, adj. 1. not producing or incapable of producing offspring; sterile: a barren woman. 2. unproductive; unfruitful: barren land. 3. ...
barren ground caribou
a migrating caribou of the North American tundra and taiga, having many-branched slender antlers. Also, Barren Ground caribou. [1820-30] * * *
Barren Grounds
a sparsely inhabited region of tundra in N Canada, esp. in the area W of Hudson Bay. Also called Barren Lands. * * * ▪ region, Canada also called  Barren ...
barren strawberry
a low-growing plant, Waldsteinia fragarioides, of the rose family, native to north temperate regions, having long stalks with three toothed leaflets and yellow flowers. [1890-95, ...
Bar·ren Grounds (bărʹən) A treeless, sparsely inhabited region of northern Canada northwest of Hudson Bay and east of the Mackenzie River basin. * * *
See barren. * * *
See barrenly. * * *
barren strawberry n. A low-growing, eastern North American perennial herb (Waldsteinia fragarioides) having strawberrylike leaves, yellow flowers, and small, dry, inedible ...
/beuh rair"euh/; Sp. /bahrdd rdde"rddah/, n., pl. barreras /-rair"euhz/; Sp. /-rdde"rddahs/. 1. the wall, usually a red wooden fence, bordering a bullring. 2. the first row of ...
/bann rddes"/, n. Maurice /moh rddees"/, 1862-1923, French novelist, writer on politics, and politician. * * *
Barrès, (Auguste-) Maurice
born Aug. 19, 1862, Charmes-sur-Moselle, France died Dec. 5, 1923, Paris French writer and politician. He served in the Chamber of Deputies (1889–93) and became a strong ...
Barrès, Maurice
▪ French author and politician in full  Auguste-maurice Barrès   born Aug. 19, 1862, Charmes-sur-Moselle, France died Dec. 5, 1923, Paris       French writer and ...
/bar"it/, n. a small cap, akin to the biretta, worn in the Middle Ages by soldiers and ecclesiastics. [1820-30; < F barrette, MF < dial. It barretta (It berretta) BIRETTA] * * *
Barreto, Francisco
▪ Portuguese soldier born 1520, Faro, Port. died July 9, 1573, Sena [now in Mozambique]       Portuguese soldier and explorer.       Barreto served in the East ...
/bar"i teuhr/, n. Law. barrator. * * *
▪ Brazil       city, north-central São Paulo estado (state), Brazil. It lies near the Pardo River at 1,713 feet (522 m) above sea level. Known at various times as ...
/bar"i tree/, n. Law. barratry. * * *
/bar"it/, n. Elizabeth. See Browning, Elizabeth Barrett. * * * (as used in expressions) Browning Elizabeth Barrett Elizabeth Barrett Reston James Barrett * * *
Barrett Browning
(born Elizabeth Barrett 1806–61) an English poet and the wife of Robert Browning. Although her poetry was more popular than his during their life, she is now remembered more ...
Barrett, Janie Porter
▪ American welfare worker and educator née  Janie Porter   born Aug. 9, 1865, Athens, Ga., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1948, Hampton, Va.       American welfare worker and ...
Barrett, Kate Harwood Waller
▪ American physician née  Katherine Harwood Waller  born January 24, 1857, Falmouth, Virginia, U.S. died February 23, 1925, Alexandria, Va.       American physician ...
Barrett, Lawrence
▪ American actor born April 4, 1838, Paterson, N.J, U.S. died March 20, 1891, New York, N.Y.  one of the leading American actors of the 19th century, especially noted for his ...
Barrett, Syd
▪ 2007 Roger Keith Barrett        British singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. Jan. 6, 1946, Cambridge, Eng.—d. July 7, 2006, Cambridge), was the original creative ...
/beuh ret"/, n. a clasp for holding a woman's or girl's hair in place. [1900-05; < F; see BAR1, -ETTE] * * *
/bar"et euhr, beuh ret"-/, n. Electronics. a form of detector or control device employing a resistor that varies in proportion to its temperature. [1900-05; of uncert. orig.; ...
Barretto, Ray
▪ 2007 Raymond Barretto        American percussionist and bandleader (b. April 29, 1929, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 17, 2006, Hackensack, N.J.), played conga drums on jazz ...
/bahr'ee ah"deuh, bar'-/; Sp. /bahrdd rddyah"dhah/, n., pl. barriadas /-deuhz/; Sp. /-dhahs/. a shantytown section on the outskirts of a large city in Latin America. [ < AmerSp; ...
—barricader, n. /bar"i kayd', bar'i kayd"/, n., v., barricaded, barricading. n. 1. a defensive barrier hastily constructed, as in a street, to stop an enemy. 2. any barrier ...
See barricade. * * *
/bar'i kay"doh/, n., pl. barricadoes, barricados, v., barricadoed, barricadoing. Archaic. n. 1. a barricade. v.t. 2. to barricade. [1580-90; a pseudo-Sp form of BARRICADE] * * *
/bar"ee/, n. 1. Sir James M(atthew), 1860-1937, Scottish novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. 2. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada, NW of Toronto. 38,423. * * * ▪ ...
Barrie, J.M.
▪ British author in full  Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet  born May 9, 1860, Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland died June 19, 1937, London, England  Scottish dramatist and ...
Barrie, Sir J(ames) M(atthew)
Barrie, Sir J(ames) M(atthew). 1860-1937. British writer whose whimsical and fantastic works include the play Peter Pan (1904). * * *
Barrie, Sir James (Matthew)
born May 9, 1860, Kirriemuir, Angus, Scot. died June 19, 1937, London, Eng. Scottish playwright and novelist. After moving to London, he wrote Auld Licht Idylls (1888), a book ...
/bar"ee euhr/, n. 1. anything built or serving to bar passage, as a railing, fence, or the like: People may pass through the barrier only when their train is announced. 2. any ...
barrier beach
a sand ridge that rises slightly above the surface of the sea and runs roughly parallel to the shore, from which it is separated by a lagoon. * * *
barrier island
a broadened barrier beach, habitable in places, that provides a measure of protection for the mainland, as during hurricanes and tidal waves. * * *
barrier reef
a reef of coral running roughly parallel to the shore and separated from it by a wide, deep lagoon. [1795-1805] * * * ▪ geology       a coral reef (q.v.) roughly ...
Barrier Reef.
See Great Barrier Reef. * * *
barrier island n. A long, relatively narrow island running parallel to the mainland, built up by the action of waves and currents and serving to protect the coast from erosion by ...
barrier reef n. A long, narrow ridge of coral or rock parallel to and relatively near a coastline, separated from the coastline by a lagoon too deep for coral growth. * * *
/bahr"ing/, prep. excepting; except for: Barring accidents, I'll be there. [1475-85; BAR1 + -ING2] * * *
/bar"ing teuhn/, n. a town in E Rhode Island. 16,174. * * * ▪ Rhode Island, United States       town (township), Bristol county, eastern Rhode Island, U.S. The town ...
Barrington, George
▪ Irish adventurer born May 14, 1755, Maynooth, County Kildare, Ire. died Dec. 27, 1804, Parramatta, N.S.W., Austl.  Irish adventurer notorious for his activities as a ...
/bahr"ee oh', bar"-/; Sp. /bahrdd"rddyaw/, n., pl. barrios /bahr"ee ohz', bar"-/; Sp. /bahrdd"rddyaws/. 1. (in Spain and countries colonized by Spain) one of the divisions into ...
/bahrdd"rddyuuaws/, n. Justo Rufino /hooh"staw rddooh fee"naw/, 1835-85, Guatemalan statesman: president of Guatemala 1873-85. * * *
Barrios, Eduardo
▪ Chilean writer born October 25, 1884, Valparaíso, Chile died September 13, 1963, Santiago       Chilean writer best known for his psychological ...
Barrios, Justo Rufino
▪ president of Guatemala born 1835, San Lorenzo, Guatemala died April 2, 1885, Chalchuapa, El Salvador  president of Guatemala (1873–85), who carried out liberal domestic ...
—barristerial /bar'euh stear"ee euhl/, adj. /bar"euh steuhr/, n. Law. 1. (in England) a lawyer who is a member of one of the Inns of Court and who has the privilege of pleading ...
barristerand solicitor
barrister and solicitor n. Canadian pl. barrister and solicitors or barristers and solicitors An attorney in the common-law provinces of Canada who is licensed to prepare cases ...
▪ ancient county, France       ancient county, then duchy, on the western frontier of Lorraine, a territory of the Holy Roman Empire, of which Barrois was long a fiefdom ...
/bar"euhn/, n. Clarence Walker, 1855-1928, U.S. financial publisher. * * *
Barron River
▪ river, Australia  river in northeastern Queensland, Australia, rising near Herberton in the Hugh Nelson Range of the Eastern Highlands and flowing north across the Atherton ...
Barron, Clarence W
▪ American publisher born July 2, 1855, Boston died Oct. 2, 1928, Battle Creek, Mich., U.S.  financial editor and publisher who founded Barron's Financial ...
/bahr"roohm', -room'/, n. an establishment or room with a bar for the serving of alcoholic beverages. [1790-1800, Amer.; BAR1 + ROOM] * * *
barroom plant
aspidistra. * * *
/bahrdd"rddoosh/ João de /zhwowonn deuh/, ("the Portuguese Livy"), 1496-1570, Portuguese historian. * * *
Barros Arana, Diego
▪ Chilean historian born Aug. 16, 1830, Santiago, Chile died Nov. 4, 1907, Santiago       Chilean historian, educator, and diplomat best known for his Historia general ...
Barros, João de
▪ Portuguese historian born c. 1496, , Viseu?, Port. died Oct. 20, 1570, Ribeira de Litém, near Pombal  Portuguese historian and civil servant who wrote Décadas da Ásia, 4 ...
Barrot, Odilon
▪ French politician in full  Camille-hyacinthe-odilon Barrot   born July 19, 1791, Villefort, France died Aug. 6, 1873, Bougival  prominent liberal monarchist under the ...
barrow1 /bar"oh/, n. 1. a flat, rectangular frame used for carrying a load, esp. such a frame with projecting shafts at each end for handles; handbarrow. 2. a wheelbarrow. 3. ...
/bar"oh/, n. 1. Also called Barrow-in-Furness /bar"oh in ferr"nis/. a seaport in Cumbria, in NW England. 73,900. 2. Point, the N tip of Alaska: the northernmost point of the ...
Barrow Island
▪ island, Western Australia, Australia       Australian island in the Indian Ocean, 30 miles (50 km) off the northwest coast of Western Australia and 10 miles (16 km) ...
barrow pit
Western U.S. a roadside borrow pit dug for drainage purposes. Also called bar pit, bar ditch. [appar. in reference to the mound of earth dug from the pit (see BARROW2); vars. ...
Barrow's goldeneye.
See under goldeneye (def. 1). [after Sir John Barrow (1764-1848), British traveler and secretary of the admiralty] * * *
Barrow, Dame Nita
▪ 1996       Barbadian public health official and diplomat (b. Nov. 15, 1916, St. Lucy, Barbados—d. Dec. 19, 1995, Bridgetown, Barbados), capped a long and ...
Barrow, Henry
▪ English religious leader born c. 1550, , Shipdam, Norfolk, Eng. died April 6, 1593, London       lawyer and early Congregationalist (Separatist) martyr who challenged ...
Barrow, Isaac
▪ English mathematician Introduction born October 1630, London, England died May 4, 1677, London  English classical scholar, theologian, and mathematician who was the teacher ...
Barrow, John D.
▪ 2007       Explorations of such subjects as the nature of the universe, nothingness, and infinity characterized the work of John D. Barrow, the winner of the 2006 ...
Barrow, River
▪ river, Ireland Irish  An Bhearu        river rising in the Slieve Bloom mountain range in the centre of Ireland and flowing for about 120 miles (190 km) to ...
Bar·row (bărʹō), Point The northernmost point of Alaska, in the northwest on the Arctic Ocean. The nearby city of Barrow has research and government facilities. Population: ...
/bar"oh boy'/, n. Brit. a man or boy who sells wares from a barrow; costermonger. [1935-40] * * *
Barrow-in-Furness [bar′ō in fʉr′nəs, ber′ō in fʉr′nos] seaport in SW Cumbria, England, on the Irish Sea: county district pop. 74,000 * * * ▪ England, United ...
barrow boy n. Chiefly British A costermonger. * * *
/bar"ee/, n. 1. Sir Charles, 1795-1860, English architect. 2. John, 1745-1803, American naval commander in the Revolution. 3. Leonora Marie Kearney ("Mother Lake"), 1849-1930, ...
Barry Humphries
➡ Humphries * * *
Barry Manilow
➡ Manilow * * *
Barry, (Marie-) Jeanne Bécu, countess du
known as Madame du Barry born Aug. 19, 1743, Vaucouleurs, France died Dec. 8, 1793, Paris French mistress of Louis XV. A Paris shop assistant, she became the mistress of Jean ...
Barry, James
▪ British painter born Oct. 11, 1741, Cork, County Cork, Ire. died Feb. 22, 1806, London, Eng.       Irish-born artist whose major work, “The Progress of Human ...
Barry, Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du
▪ mistress of Louis XV of France born August 19, 1743, Vaucouleurs, France died December 8, 1793, Paris       last of the mistresses of the French king Louis XV ...
Barry, John
born 1745, County Wexford, Ire. died Sept. 13, 1803, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. Irish-born American naval officer. He immigrated to America in 1760 and was a merchant shipmaster ...
Barry, Marion
▪ mayor of Washington, District of Columbia in full  Marion Shepilov Barry, Jr.  born March 6, 1936, Itta Bena, Mississippi, U.S.       American civil rights activist ...
Barry, Philip
▪ American dramatist born June 18, 1896, Rochester, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 3, 1949, New York City       American dramatist best known for his comedies of life and manners ...
Barry, Sir Charles
▪ British architect born May 23, 1795, London, Eng. died May 12, 1860, London  one of the architects of the Gothic Revival in England and chief architect of the British ...
Barry, Philip. 1896-1949. American playwright whose works, mostly comedies about the wealthy, include The Philadelphia Story (1939). * * *
Barry,Sir Charles
Bar·ry (bărʹē), Sir Charles. 1795-1860. British architect who designed the Houses of Parliament in London (1839). * * *
/bar"euh mawr', -mohr'/, n. 1. Maurice (Herbert Blythe), 1847-1905, U.S. and English actor, born in India. 2. his children: Ethel, 1879-1959, John, 1882-1942, and Lionel, ...
Barrymore family
U.S. theatrical family. Maurice Barrymore (orig. Herbert Blythe; 1847–1905) made his stage debut in London before moving to New York City (1875), where he adopted Barrymore as ...
Barrymore, Ethel
▪ American actress original name  Ethel Blythe  born Aug. 15, 1879, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died June 18, 1959, Hollywood, Calif.  American stage and film actress whose ...
Barrymore, Georgiana
▪ American actress née  Georgiana Emma Drew   born July 11, 1854, Philadelphia, Pa. U.S. died July 2, 1893, Santa Barbara, Calif.       actress and, with Maurice ...
Barrymore, John
▪ American actor original name  John Blyth   born Feb. 15, 1882, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died May 29, 1942, Hollywood, Calif.   American actor, called “The Great ...
Barrymore, John Drew
▪ 2005       American actor (b. June 4, 1932, Beverly Hills, Calif.—d. Nov. 29, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a fourth-generation member of one of the most famous ...
Barrymore, Lionel
▪ American actor original name  Lionel Blythe  born April 28, 1878, Philadelphia died November 15, 1954, Van Nuys, Calif., U.S.  one of the most important character actors ...
Barrymore, Maurice
▪ British actor original name  Herbert Blythe   born 1846, Fort Agra, India died March 26, 1905, Amityville, N.Y., U.S.       actor and sometime playwright, founder, ...
➡ nightlife * * *
/bahr"sak/; Fr. /bannrdd sannk"/, n. 1. a village and winegrowing district in Gironde, in SW France. 2. a sweet, white Sauterne from here. * * *
an imaginary English county in a series of six novels by Anthony Trollope set in and around the cathedral city of Barchester. * * *
bar sinister n. 1. A heraldic bend or baton sinister, held to signify bastardy. Not in technical use. 2. A hint or proof of illegitimate birth. * * *
▪ legendary Islamic ascetic       in Islāmic legend, an ascetic who succumbed to the devil's temptations and denied God.       Barṣīṣā, a saintly recluse, ...
/bahr"spoohn'/, n. a long-handled spoon, usually having the capacity of a teaspoon, used for mixing or measuring ingredients for alcoholic drinks. [BAR1 + SPOON] * * *
/bahr"stoohl'/, n. a stool or seat, usually high and having a round, cushioned top, of a type often used for seating customers at a bar. [BAR1 + STOOL] * * *
Barstovian stage
▪ geology       uppermost major division of the Miocene epoch (23.7 million to 5.3 million years ago) in North America. The Barstovian stage follows the Hemingfordian ...
/bahr"stoh/, n. a city in S California. 17,690. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Bernardino county, south-central California, U.S. Located in the ...
Barstow, Stan
▪ British novelist byname of  Stanley Barstow   born June 28, 1928, Horbury, Yorkshire, Eng.       English novelist who achieved success with his first book, A Kind ...
/bahrt/, n. a male given name, form of Bartholomew, Bartlett, or Bartram. * * *
Bart, Jean
▪ French military officer Bart also spelled  Barth   born Oct. 21, 1650, Dunkirk, Fr. died April 27, 1702, Dunkirk  French privateer and naval officer, renowned for his ...
Bart, Lionel
▪ 2000 Lionel Begleiter        British composer, lyricist, and playwright who helped revive the British stage musical with such shows as Lock Up Your Daughters (1959), ...
Baronet. * * *
Bartali, Gino
▪ 2001       Italian cyclist (b. July 18, 1914, Ponte a Ema, near Florence, Italy—d. May 5, 2000, Ponte a Ema), became a national hero and helped unite Italy during a ...
Bartas, Guillaume de Salluste, seigneur du
▪ French poet born 1544, Montfort, near Auch, France died July 1590, Coudons       author of La Semaine (1578), an influential poem about the creation of the ...
Bartel, Paul
▪ 2001       American director, screenwriter, and actor (b. Aug. 6, 1938, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. May 13, 2000, New York, N.Y.), was perhaps best remembered for creating and ...
/bahr"tend'/, v.i. to serve or work as a bartender. [back formation from BARTENDER] * * *
/bahr"ten'deuhr/, n. a person who mixes and serves alcoholic drinks at a bar. [1830-40, Amer.; BAR1 + TENDER3] * * *

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