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Bartenders
➡ nightlife * * *
Bartenstein, Johann Christoph, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian statesman born October 23, 1689, Strasbourg, Alsace died August 6, 1767, Vienna       Austrian statesman and trusted counsellor of Emperor Charles VI. He ...
barter
—barterer, n. /bahr"teuhr/, v.i. 1. to trade by exchange of commodities rather than by the use of money. v.t. 2. to exchange in trade, as one commodity for another; trade. 3. ...
Bartered Bride, The
a comic opera (1866) by Bedrich Smetana. * * *
barterer
See barter. * * *
Barth
/bahrth/ for 1; /bahrt, bahrth/ for 2, n. 1. John (Simmons) /sim"euhnz/, born 1930, U.S. novelist. 2. Karl, 1886-1968, Swiss theologian. * * *
Barth, Heinrich
▪ German geographer and explorer born Feb. 16, 1821, Hamburg [Germany] died Nov. 25, 1865, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]  German geographer and one of the great explorers of ...
Barth, John
orig. John Simmons Barth, Jr. born May 27, 1930, Cambridge, Md., U.S. U.S. writer. Barth grew up on Maryland's eastern shore, the locale of much of his writing, and from 1953 ...
Barth, Karl
born May 10, 1886, Basel, Switz. died Dec. 9/10, 1968, Basel Swiss theologian. He studied at the Universities of Berlin, Tübingen, and Marburg, and in 1911–21 he was a ...
Barth, Paul
▪ German philosopher and sociologist born Aug. 1, 1858, Baruth, Silesia, Prussia died Sept. 30, 1922, Leipzig       German philosopher and sociologist who considered ...
Barth,John Simmons
Barth (bärth), John Simmons. Born 1930. American writer whose novels, including The Sot-Weed Factor (1960, revised 1967), often examine the relationship between language and ...
Barth,Karl
Barth (bärt, bärth), Karl. 1886-1968. Swiss Protestant theologian who advocated a return to the principles of the Reformation and the teachings of the Bible. His published ...
Barthé
/bahr tay"/, n. Richmond, born 1901, U.S. sculptor. * * *
Barthélemy, Jean-Jacques
▪ French archaeologist born Jan. 20, 1716, Cassis, France died April 30, 1795, Paris       French archaeologist and author whose novel about ancient Greece was one of ...
Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire, Jules
▪ French philosopher, statesman, and journalist born Aug. 19, 1805, Paris, France died Nov. 24, 1895, Paris       French politician, journalist, and ...
Barthelme
/bahr"theuhl may', -tl mee/, n. 1. Donald, 1931-89, U.S. short-story writer and novelist. 2. his brother, Frederick, born 1943, U.S. short-story writer and novelist. * * *
Barthelme, Donald
born April 7, 1931, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 23, 1989, Houston, Texas U.S. writer. Barthelme worked as a journalist, journal editor, and museum director before his ...
Barthelme, Frederick
▪ American writer born Oct. 10, 1943, Houston, Texas, U.S.       American writer of short stories and novels featuring characters who are shaped by the impersonal ...
Barthelme,Donald
Bar·thel·me (bärʹthəl-mē'), Donald. 1931-1989. American writer whose sometimes surrealistic stories of modern American life have been published in collections such as ...
Barthes
Barthes [bärt] Roland 1915-80; Fr. writer & critic * * *
Barthes, Roland
▪ French critic in full  Roland Gérard Barthes   born Nov. 12, 1915, Cherbourg, France died March 25, 1980, Paris       French essayist and social and literary ...
Barthes, Roland (Gérard)
born Nov. 12, 1915, Cherbourg, France died March 25, 1980, Paris French social and literary critic. His early books examined the arbitrariness of the constructs of language and ...
Barthes,Roland
Barthes (bärt), Roland. 1915-1980. French critic who applied semiology, the study of signs and symbols, to literary and social criticism. * * *
Barthian
/bahr"tee euhn, -thee-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Karl Barth or his theology. n. 2. a supporter or adherent of Karl Barth or his theology. [1925-30; BARTH + -IAN] * * *
Barthianism
/bahr"tee euh niz'euhm, -thee-/, n. the theological doctrines and principles of Karl Barth and his followers, esp. in reference to neoorthodoxy. [1930-35; BARTHIAN + -ISM] * * *
Bartholdi
/bahr thol"dee, -tol"-/; Fr. /bannrdd tawl dee"/, n. Frédéric Auguste /frdday day rddeek" oh gyuust"/, 1834-1904, French sculptor who designed the Statue of Liberty. * * *
Bartholdi, Frédéric-Auguste
born April 2, 1834, Colmar, Alsace, Fr. died Oct. 4, 1904, Paris French sculptor. He studied sculpture and painting in Paris. In 1865 he and several others conceived the idea ...
Bartholdi, FrédéricAuguste
Bar·thol·di (bär-thŏlʹdē, -tôl-dēʹ), Frédéric Auguste. 1834-1904. French sculptor best known for his monumental figure of Liberty Enlightening the World, the Statue ...
Bartholin's gland
/bahr toh"linz, bahr"tl inz/, Anat. either of two small, oval, mucus-secreting glands, one on each side of the base of the vagina. [1920-25; named after Caspar Bartholin ...
Bartholin'sgland
Bar·tho·lin's gland (bärʹtl-ĭnz, -thə-lĭnz) n. Anatomy Either of two small compound racemose glands located on either side of the vaginal orifice that secrete a ...
Bartholin, Caspar Berthelsen
▪ Danish physician and theologian Latin  Bartholinus   born Feb. 12, 1585, Malmö, Den. [now in Sweden] died July 13, 1629, Sorø, Zealand, Den.  Danish physician and ...
Bartholin, Erasmus
▪ Danish physician and physicist Latin  Bartholinus   born Aug. 13, 1625, Roskilde, Den. died Nov. 4, 1698, Copenhagen       Danish physician, mathematician, and ...
Bartholin, Thomas
▪ Danish anatomist and mathematician Latin  Bartholinus   born Oct. 20, 1616, Copenhagen, Den. died Dec. 4, 1680, Copenhagen       Danish anatomist and mathematician ...
Bartholomaeus (Anglicus)
or Bartholomew the Englishman flourished с 1220–40 Franciscan encyclopedist. Though primarily interested in scripture and theology, in his 19-volume encyclopedia On the ...
Bartholomaeus Anglicus
▪ Franciscan encyclopaedist (Latin), English  Bartholomew the Englishman  flourished c. 1220–40       Franciscan encyclopaedist who was long famous for his ...
Bartholomé, Albert
▪ French sculptor in full  Paul-Albert Bartholomé   born Aug. 29, 1848, Thiverval, France died Oct. 31?, 1928, Paris  sculptor whose works, particularly his funerary art, ...
Bartholomew
/bahr thol"euh myooh'/, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles: sometimes called Nathanael. Mark 3:18. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "son of Talmai." * * * (as used in ...
Bartholomew I
(Dimitrios Archontonis), born 1940, Archbishop of Constantinople and Ecumenical Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church since 1991. * * * ▪ Eastern Orthodox ...
Bartholomew, Freddie
▪ American actor in full  Frederick Llewellyn Bartholomew   born March 28, 1924, Dublin, Ire. died Jan. 23, 1992, Sarasota, Fla., U.S.       child actor who ...
Bartholomew, John George
▪ Scottish cartographer and publisher [1860-1920] born March 22, 1860, Edinburgh, Scotland died April 13, 1920, Cintra, Portugal       cartographer and map and atlas ...
Bartholomew, Saint
flourished 1st century AD died traditionally Albanopolis, Armenia; Western feast day August 24; date varies in Eastern churches One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is ...
Bartholomew,Saint
Bar·thol·o·mew (bär-thŏlʹə-myo͞o'), Saint Sometimes called Na·than·ael (nə-thănʹyəl) One of the 12 Apostles. According to tradition, he visited India and Ethiopia ...
Barthou
/bannrdd tooh"/, n. (Jean) Louis /zhahonn lwee/, 1862-1934, French statesman and author. * * *
Barthou, (Jean-) Louis
born Aug. 25, 1862, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France died Oct. 9, 1934, Marseille French politician. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1889, he served in various conservative ...
Barthou, Louis
▪ French statesman born Aug. 25, 1862, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Fr. died Oct. 9, 1934, Marseille       French premier (1913), conservative statesman, and long-time ...
Bartica
/bahr tee"keuh/, n. a town in N Guyana, on the Essequibo River: river transportation center. 2352. * * * ▪ Guyana       town, north-central Guyana, in tropical ...
bartizan
—bartizaned /bahr"teuh zeuhnd, bahr'teuh zand"/, adj. /bahr"teuh zeuhn, bahr'teuh zan"/, n. Archit. a small overhanging turret on a wall or tower. [1325-75; ME alter. of ...
bartizaned
See bartizan. * * *
Bartle Frere, Mount
▪ mountain, Queensland, Australia       mountain in Bellenden-Ker Range, northeastern Queensland, Australia. It is the highest point in the state and rises to 5,287 ft ...
Bartlesville
/bahr"tlz vil'/, n. a city in NE Oklahoma. 34,568. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Washington county, northeastern Oklahoma, U.S., on the ...
Bartlett
/bahrt"lit/, n. Hort. a large, yellow, juicy variety of pear. Also called Bartlett pear. [1825-35, Amer.; so named by Enoch Bartlett of Dorchester, Mass.] /bahrt"lit/, n. 1. ...
Bartlett pear
☆ Bartlett pear n. 〚after Enoch Bartlett (1779-1860) of Roxbury, Mass., the distributor〛 a large, juicy variety of pear * * *
Bartlett, John
born June 14, 1820, Plymouth, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 3, 1905, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. bookseller and editor. Bartlett was an employee and then owner of the Harvard University ...
Bartlett, John Russell
▪ American bibliographer born Oct. 23, 1805, Providence, R.I., U.S. died May 28, 1886, Providence       bibliographer who made his greatest contribution to linguistics ...
Bartlett, Sir Frederic C
▪ British psychologist born Oct. 20, 1886, Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Sept. 30, 1969, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       British psychologist best known ...
Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles)
born Oct. 20, 1886, Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Sept. 30, 1969, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British psychologist best known for his studies of memory. The first ...
Bartlett,John
Bartlett, John. 1820-1905. American publisher and editor who compiled Familiar Quotations (1855) and a Shakespearean concordance (1894). * * *
Bartlett,Robert Abram
Bartlett, Robert Abram. Known as “Captain Bob.” 1875-1946. American explorer who accompanied Robert E. Peary's expedition to the North Pole (1909) and led numerous other ...
Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations
a popular US book of quotations (= passages from books, poems, plays, etc). It was first published in 1855 by John Bartlett (1820–1905) and now contains more than 22 000 ...
Bartley, Robert LeRoy
▪ 2004       American journalist (b. Oct. 12, 1937, Marshall, Minn.—d. Dec. 10, 2003, New York, N.Y.), served as the editor of The Wall Street Journal's editorial page ...
Bartmannkrug
▪ stoneware jug also called  Bearded-man Jug   type of 16th-century German (Germany) jug, characterized by a round belly and a mask of a bearded man applied in relief to ...
Bartók
/bahr"tok, -tawk/; Hung. /bordd"tohk/, n. Béla /bay"leuh/; Hung. /bay"lo/, 1881-1945, Hungarian composer. * * *
Bartók String Quartet
▪ Hungarian music group       Hungarian musical ensemble that is one of the world's most renowned string quartets. It was founded in 1957 as the Komlós Quartet by ...
Bartók, Béla
Bar·tók (bärʹtŏk', -tôk'), Béla. 1881-1945. Hungarian pianist and composer whose works, including the music for the opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle (1911) and Concerto for ...
Bartokian
/bahr tok"ee euhn, -taw"kee-/, adj. characteristic of the music of Béla Bartók: driving, percussive, Bartokian rhythm. [Béla BARTÓK + -IAN] * * *
Bartold, Vasily Vladimirovich
▪ Russian anthropologist also called  Wilhelm Barthold   born Nov. 15, [Nov. 3, Old Style] 1869, St. Petersburg, Russia died Aug. 19, 1930, Leningrad [St. ...
Bartoli, Cecilia
▪ 1994       When Cecilia Bartoli attempted a concert tour in the United States in 1991, she returned to Italy with less than $1,000 in her pocket, mostly because ...
Bartoli, Daniello
▪ Italian historian born Feb. 12, 1608, Ferrara, Papal States [Italy] died Jan. 12, 1685, Rome       Jesuit historian and humanist who ranked among classic Italian ...
Bartoli, Matteo Giulio
▪ Italian linguist born Nov. 22, 1873, Albona d'Istria, Austria-Hungary [now Labin, Croatia] died Jan. 23, 1946, Turin, Italy       linguist who emphasized the ...
Bartolomé
(as used in expressions) Bermejo Bartolomé Bartolomé de Cárdenas Las Casas Bartolomé de Mitre Bartolomé Murillo Bartolomé Esteban * * *
Bartolomeo
(as used in expressions) Bartolomeo Fra Cristofori Bartolomeo Bartolomeo Prignano * * *
Bartolomeo Vanzetti
➡ Sacco and Vanzetti * * *
Bartolomeo, Fra
orig. Baccio della Porta born March 28, 1472, Florence died Oct. 31, 1517, Florence Italian painter active in Florence. His early works, such as the Annunciation (1497) in ...
Bartolommeo
/bahr tol'euh may"oh/; It. /bahrdd'taw lawm me"aw/, n. Fra /frah/; It. /frddah/, (Baccio della Porta), 1475-1517, Italian painter. * * *
Bartolommeo, Fra
▪ Italian painter Bartolommeo also spelled  Bartolomeo , also called  Bartolomeo della Porta  or  Baccio della Porta  born March 28, 1472, Florence [Italy] died Oct. 31, ...
Bartolommeo,Fra
Bar·to·lom·me·o (bär-tŏl'ə-māʹō, -tō'lōm-māʹō), Fra. Originally Bartolommeo di Pagolo del Fattorino. 1475?-1517. Italian painter of the Florentine school whose ...
Bartolozzi
/bahrdd'taw lawt"tsee/, n. Francesco /frddahn ches"kaw/, 1725?-1815?, Italian engraver. * * *
Bartolozzi, Francesco
▪ Italian engraver born Sept. 21, 1727, Florence, Italy died March 7, 1815, Lisbon, Port.       Florentine engraver in the service of George III of ...
Bartolus of Saxoferrato
▪ Italian jurist Italian  Bartolo da Sassoferrato  born 1313/14, Sassoferrato, Papal States [Italy] died 1357, Perugia [Italy]       lawyer, law teacher at Perugia, ...
Barton
/bahr"tn/, n. 1. Clara, 1821-1912, U.S. philanthropist who organized the American Red Cross in 1881. 2. Derek H(arold) R(ichard), 1918-98, English chemist: Nobel prize 1969. 3. ...
Barton, Clara
orig. Clarissa Harlowe born Dec. 25, 1821, Oxford, Mass., U.S. died April 12, 1912, Glen Echo, Md. U.S. nurse, founder of the American Red Cross. She attended the Liberal ...
Barton, Elizabeth
▪ English ecstatic byname  Nun Of Kent, or Holy Maid Of Kent   born c. 1506, , Kent, Eng. died April 21, 1534, London       English ecstatic whose outspoken ...
Barton, Richard N.
▪ 2007       On Feb. 7, 2006, Richard Barton, creator of the do-it-yourself travel Web site Expedia.com, unveiled his newest brainchild, Zillow.com, a national ...
Barton, Sir Derek H(arold) R(ichard)
born Sept. 8, 1918, Gravesend, Kent, Eng. died March 16, 1998, College Station, Texas, U.S. British chemist. Unsatisfied in his father's carpentry business, he entered London's ...
Barton, Sir Derek H.R.
▪ British chemist Introduction in full  Sir Derek Harold Richard Barton   born September 8, 1918, Gravesend, Kent, England died March 16, 1998, College Station, Texas, ...
Barton, Sir Derek Harold Richard
▪ 1999       British chemist (b. Sept. 8, 1918, Gravesend, Kent, Eng.—d. March 16, 1998, College Station, Texas), altered the landscape of modern chemistry by ...
Barton, Sir Edmund
▪ Australian statesman born Jan. 18, 1849, Sydney, New South Wales [now in Australia] died Jan. 7, 1920, Medlow, N.S.W., Australia  statesman who guided the Australian ...
Barton,Clara
Bar·ton (bärʹtn), Clara. Full name Clarissa Harlowe Barton. 1821-1912. Library of Congress American administrator who did battlefield relief work during the Civil War and ...
bartonellosis
▪ pathology also called  Carrión's Disease,    rickettsial (rickettsia) infection limited to South America, caused by the bacterium Bartonella bacilliformis of the order ...
Bartonian Stage
▪ geology       the third of four divisions (in ascending order) of Eocene (Eocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Bartonian Age ...
Bartow
/bahr"toh/, n. a city in central Florida. 14,780. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1861) of Polk county, central Florida, U.S. It lies near the Peace ...
Bartram
/bahr"treuhm/, n. 1. John, 1699-1777, U.S. botanist. 2. a male given name. * * *
Bartram, John
born March 23, 1699, Marple, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 22, 1777, Kingsessing, Pa. naturalist and explorer, considered the "father of American botany. " Largely self-educated, he was ...
Bartram, William
born April 9, 1739, Kingsessing, Pa., U.S. died July 22, 1823, Kingsessing U.S. naturalist, botanist, and artist. the son of John Bartram, he described the abundant river ...
Bartram,John
Bar·tram (bärʹtrəm), John. 1699-1777. American botanist who established the first botanical garden in the colonies (1728) and corresponded with European botanists, thus ...
Bartramian sandpiper
/bahr tray"mee euhn/. See upland sandpiper. [1805-15, Amer.; named after John BARTRAM; see -IAN] * * *
Bart’s
the popular name for St Bartholomew’s Hospital, a well-known teaching hospital in London, England. It has a long history going back to the 12th century. It is now a special ...
Baruch
/bair"euhk/ for 1; /beuh roohk"/ for 2, 3, n. 1. the amanuensis and friend of Jeremiah and nominal author of the book of Baruch in the Apocrypha. Jer. 32:12. 2. Bernard Mannes ...
Baruch, Apocalypse of
▪ pseudepigraphal work in full  The Book Of The Apocalypse Of Baruch The Son Of Neriah,         a pseudepigraphal work (not in any canon of scripture), whose primary ...
Baruch, Bernard
▪ United States government official in full  Bernard Mannes Baruch   born Aug. 19, 1870, Camden, S.C., U.S. died June 20, 1965, New York, N.Y.  American financier who was ...
Baruch, Bernard (Mannes)
born Aug. 19, 1870, Camden, S.C., U.S. died June 20, 1965, New York, N.Y. U.S. financier and adviser to presidents. After graduating from the College of the City of New York in ...
Baruch, Book of
▪ ancient text       ancient text purportedly written by Baruch, secretary and friend of Jeremiah, the Old Testament prophet. The text is still extant in Greek and in ...
Baruch,Bernard Mannes
Ba·ruch (bə-ro͞okʹ), Bernard Mannes. 1870-1965. American stock broker, public official, and political adviser for every President from Woodrow Wilson to John F. Kennedy. * * ...
Baruni
▪ India also spelled  Barauni  or  Beruni        town, north-central Bihar state, northeastern India. It lies north of the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River) and ...
Baruta
/bah rddooh"tah/, n. a city in N Venezuela: a suburb of Caracas. 121,066. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, northwestern Miranda estado (state), northern Venezuela, in the ...
Barwani
▪ India       town, southwestern Madhya Pradesh state, west-central India. It is situated just south of the Narmada River, about 70 miles (110 km) southwest of ...
barware
/bahr"wair'/, n. glassware and other items for preparing and serving alcoholic drinks. [1940-45; BAR1 + WARE1] * * *
Barwick, Sir Garfield Edward John
▪ 1998       Australian barrister who was highly regarded for his service to the Australian government as attorney general, foreign minister, and chief justice of the ...
barwise
/bahr"wuyz'/, adj. Heraldry. (of a charge or charges) transversely across an escutcheon, in the manner of a bar. Also, barways /bahr"wayz'/. [BAR1 + -WISE] * * *
Bary, Heinrich Anton de
▪ German botanist born Jan. 26, 1831, Frankfurt am Main [Germany] died Jan. 19, 1888, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, Fr.]       German botanist whose researches into ...
barycenter
bar·y·cen·ter (bărʹĭ-sĕn'tər) n. See center of mass.   [Greek barus, heavy; See gʷerə-1 in Indo-European Roots + center.] * * *
barycentric coordinate system
/bar'euh sen"trik/, Math. a coordinate system for an n-dimensional Euclidean space in which each point is represented by n constants whose sum is 1 and whose product with a given ...
barye
/bar"ee/, n. microbar. [ < F < Gk barýs heavy] * * *
Barye
/bann rddee"/, n. Antoine Louis /ahonn twannn" lwee/, 1795-1875, French sculptor and painter. * * *
Barye, Antoine-Louis
born Sept. 24, 1796, Paris, Fr. died June 29, 1875, Paris French sculptor. The son of a goldsmith, he was apprenticed at 13 to an engraver. He studied at the École des ...
Barylambda
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of unusual and aberrant mammals found as fossils in deposits in North America in the Late Paleocene Epoch (63.6 to 57.8 million years ...
baryon
—baryonic /bar'ee on"ik/, adj. /bar"ee on'/, n. Physics. a proton, neutron, or any elementary particle that decays into a set of particles that includes a proton. Cf. quark ...
baryon number
Physics. a quantum number assigned to elementary particles, baryons having baryon number 1, antibaryons -1, and all other observable particles 0; quarks have baryon number 1/3 ...
baryonic
See baryon. * * *
baryonnumber
baryon number n. Abbr. B A quantum number equal to the difference between the number of baryons and the number of antibaryons in a system of subatomic particles. It remains the ...
Baryshnikov
/beuh rish"ni kawf', -kof'/; Russ. /bu rddish"nyi keuhf/, n. Mikhail /mi kayl"/; Russ. /myi khu yeel"/, born 1948, Russian ballet dancer, born in Latvia, in the U.S. since ...
Baryshnikov, Mikhail
▪ Russian-American dancer in full  Mikhail Nikolayevich Baryshnikov  born Jan. 28, 1948, Riga, Latvia, U.S.S.R.    Soviet-born American ballet dancer who was the ...
Baryshnikov, Mikhail (Nikolayevich)
born Jan. 28, 1948, Riga, Latvia, U.S.S.R. Latvian-born U.S. dancer. After entering the Kirov Ballet's training school in St. Petersburg in 1963, he joined the company as a ...
Baryshnikov,Mikhail Nikolayevich
Ba·rysh·ni·kov (bə-rĭshʹnĭ-kôf'), Mikhail Nikolayevich. Born 1948. Soviet-born ballet dancer and choreographer who, after performing with the Kirov Ballet in Leningrad ...
barysphere
bar·y·sphere (bărʹĭ-sfîr) n. See centrosphere.   [Greek barus, heavy; See gʷerə-1 in Indo-European Roots + sphere.] * * *
baryta
—barytic /beuh rit"ik/, adj. /beuh ruy"teuh/, n. Chem. 1. Also called calcined baryta, barium oxide, barium monoxide, barium protoxide. a white or yellowish-white poisonous ...
baryta water
Chem. an aqueous solution of barium hydroxide, used chiefly as a reagent. [1875-80] * * *
barytes
/beuh ruy"teez/, n. Mineral. barite. [1780-90; see BARYTA] * * *
barytocalcite
/beuh ruy'teuh kal"suyt/, n. a mineral, double carbonate of calcium and barium, CaCO3·BaCO3, usually found in veins of lead minerals. [BARYT(A) + -O- + CALCITE] * * *
baryton
/bar"i ton'/; Fr. /bann rddee tawonn"/, n., pl. barytons /-tonz'/; Fr. /-tawonn"/. an 18th-century stringed instrument with six bowed strings and several additional strings that ...
barytone
barytone1 /bar"i tohn'/, n., adj. Music. baritone. barytone2 /bar"i tohn'/, Classical Gk. Gram. adj. 1. having the last syllable unaccented. n. 2. a barytone word. [1820-30; < Gk ...
barzakh, al-
(Arabic; "obstacle" or "barrier") Term that appears in the Qurān on three separate occasions and has been interpreted in various ways by Muslim commentators. In one sūrah ...
Barzānī, Muṣṭafa al-
▪ Kurdish military leader born March 14, 1903, Barzān, Iraq died March 1, 1979, Washington, D.C., U.S.       Kurdish military leader who for 50 years strove to create ...
Barzaz Breiz
▪ anthology by Hersart de La Villamarqué originally  Barzas-Breiz; Chants Populaires de la Bretagne (“Breton Bardic Poems: Popular Songs of ...
Barzizza, Gasparino da
▪ Italian educator original name  Gasparino Di Pietrobuono   born 1360, Barzizza, near Bergamo, Italy died 1431, Milan       early Italian humanist teacher noted for ...
Barzun
/bahr"zun/, n. Jacques (Martin), born 1907, U.S. historian, educator, and writer, born in France. * * *
Barzun, Jacques
▪ American writer and teacher born Nov. 30, 1907, Créteil, France       French-born American teacher, historian, and author who influenced higher education in the ...
Barzun,Jacques Martin
Bar·zun (bärʹzŭn), Jacques Martin. Born 1907. French-born American educator, author, and historian whose works include Darwin, Marx, Wagner (1941), The American University ...
BAS
BAS abbr. 1. Bachelor of Agricultural Science. 2. Bachelor of Applied Science. * * *
bas mitzvah
Ashk. Heb., Eng. /bahs mits"veuh/, (often caps.) Judaism. See bat mitzvah. * * *
bas-relief
/bah'ri leef", bas'-; bah"ri leef', bas"-/, n. relief sculpture in which the figures project slightly from the background. Also called low relief. See illus. under ...
Bas-Rhin
/bah rddaonn"/, n. a department in NE France. 827,367; 1848 sq. mi. (4785 sq. km). Cap.: Strasbourg. * * *
basad
/bay"sad/, adv. toward the base. [BASE1 + -AD3] * * *
basal
—basally, adv. /bay"seuhl, -zeuhl/, adj. 1. of, at, or forming the base. 2. forming a basis; fundamental; basic. 3. Physiol. a. indicating a standard low level of activity of ...
basal anesthesia
basal anesthesia n. Med. anesthesia induced as a preliminary to further and deeper anesthesia * * *
basal body
Cell Biol. a cylindrical organelle, within the cytoplasm of flagellated and ciliated cells, that contains microtubules and forms the base of a flagellum or cilium: identical in ...
basal cell
Cell Biol. any cell situated at the base of a multilayered tissue, as at the lowest layer of the epidermis. [1925-30] * * *
basal cell carcinoma
a common and usually curable skin cancer that arises from epithelial cells and rarely metastasizes: often associated with overexposure to sunlight. * * *
basal conglomerate
a conglomerate deposited on an erosion surface and constituting the bottom layer of a stratigraphic series. [1895-1900] * * *
basal disk
Anat. the flattened basal surface by which coelenterate polyps attach to the substrate. Also called pedal disk. * * *
basal ganglion
Anat. any of several masses of gray matter in each cerebral hemisphere. [1910-15] * * *
basal metabolic rate
Physiol. the rate at which energy is expended in a basal condition, calculated as calories per hour per square meter of body surface and compared with a normal standard expressed ...
basal metabolism
Physiol. the minimal amount of energy necessary to maintain respiration, circulation, and other vital body functions while fasting and at total rest. [1910-15] * * *
basal ridge
Dentistry. a U-shaped ridge at the base of the posterior surface of the crown of a tooth. Also called cingulum. * * *
basalbody
basal body n. A cellular organelle associated with the formation of cilia and flagella and similar to the centriole in structure. Also called basal granule, kinetosome. * * *
basalcell
basal cell n. A type of cell found in the deepest layer of the epithelium. * * *
basalganglion
basal ganglion n. Any of several masses of gray matter embedded in the cerebral hemispheres that are involved in the regulation of voluntary movement. Also called basal ...
basalgranule
basal granule n. See basal body. * * *
basally
See basal. * * *
basalmetabolic rate
basal metabolic rate n. Abbr. BMR The rate at which energy is used by an organism at complete rest, measured in humans by the heat given off per unit time, and expressed as the ...
basalmetabolism
basal metabolism n. Abbr. BM The minimum amount of energy required to maintain vital functions in an organism at complete rest, measured by the basal metabolic rate in a fasting ...
basalnucleus
basal nucleus n. See basal ganglion. * * *
basalreader
basal reader n. A textbook compiled to teach people, especially young children, to read. * * *
basalt
—basaltic, basaltine /beuh sawl"tin, -tuyn/, adj. /beuh sawlt", bas"awlt, bay"sawlt/, n. the dark, dense igneous rock of a lava flow or minor intrusion, composed essentially of ...
basaltes ware
▪ pottery also called  Black Basaltes, basaltes  also spelled  Basalt,    hard black vitreous stoneware, named after the volcanic rock basalt and manufactured by Josiah ...
basaltic
See basalt. * * *
basaltware
/beuh sawlt"wair', bas"awlt-, bay"sawlt-/, n. a type of unglazed stoneware, usually black with a dull gloss, developed by Josiah Wedgwood. Also called basaltes /beuh ...
Basanavičius, Jonas
▪ Lithuanian physician Basanavičius also spelled  Bassanowicz   born Nov. 23, 1851, Ožkabaliai, Lithuania, Russian Empire died Feb. 16, 1927, Vilnius, ...
basanite
/bas"euh nuyt', baz"-/, n. Petrog. a basaltic rock composed chiefly of plagioclase, olivine, and augite. [1745-55; < L basanites; see BASALT] * * * ▪ ...
Basarab, Matthew
▪ prince of Walachia Romanian  Matei Basarab   died April 1654       enlightened prince of Walachia (in present Romania) whose reign (1632–54) was marked by ...
Basāsīrī, Arslān al-Muẓaffar al-
▪ Islamic military leader died Jan. 15, 1060, Saqy al-Furāt, near Kūfah, Iraq       Islāmic military leader.       Al-Basāsīrī was born a Turkish slave, ...
Basava
▪ Hindu religious leader flourished 12th century, South India       Hindu religious reformer, teacher, theologian, and administrator of the royal treasury of the ...
Basavan
▪ Mughal painter flourished 16th century, India       an outstanding Mughal (Mughal painting) painter, renowned as a superb colourist and as a sensitive observer of ...
Basayev, Shamil
▪ 2007       Chechen separatist, guerrilla leader, and terrorist (b. Jan. 14, 1965, near Vedeno, Chechen-Ingush A.S.S.R., U.S.S.R. [now in Chechnya, Russia]—d. July ...
BASc
BASc abbr. 1. Bachelor of Agricultural Science. 2. Bachelor of Applied Science. * * *
Bascom, Florence
▪ American educator and scientist born July 14, 1862, Williamstown, Mass., U.S. died June 18, 1945, Northhampton, Mass.       educator and geological survey scientist ...
Bascom, William R.
▪ American anthropologist in full  William Russell Bascom   born May 23, 1912, Princeton, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 11, 1981, San Francisco, Calif.       American ...
bascule
/bas"kyoohl/, n. Civ. Engin. a device operating like a balance or seesaw, esp. an arrangement of a movable bridge (bascule bridge) by which the rising floor or section is ...
bascule bridge
bascule bridge n. a kind of drawbridge counterweighted so that it can be raised and lowered easily * * *
base
base1 /bays/, n., adj., v., based, basing. n. 1. the bottom support of anything; that on which a thing stands or rests: a metal base for the table. 2. a fundamental principle or ...
base box
a unit used in the sale of tin plate, equal to the total area of 112 sheets each measuring 14 by 20 in. (35 by 50 cm), or 31,360 sq. in. (196,000 sq. cm). [1920-25] * * *
base bullion
Metall. smelted lead containing impurities, as gold, silver, or zinc, that are later removed. * * *
base camp
a main encampment providing supplies, shelter, and communications for persons engaged in wide-ranging activities, as exploring, reconnaissance, hunting, or mountain ...
base estate
Old Eng. Law. an estate held from a lord on the condition of performing some service, esp. service of a demeaning nature. * * *
base exchange
U.S. Air Force. a department store operated under government supervision at an air base. Abbr.: BX [1955-60] * * *
base hit
Baseball. a fair ball enabling the batter to reach base without the commission of an error in the field or the making of a force-out or fielder's choice on another base ...
BASE jumper
See BASE-jump. * * *
base level
Geol. the lowest level to which running water can erode the land. [1870-75] * * *
base line
base line [bās′līn΄] 1. a) a line serving as a base b) any starting or reference point, figure, amount, level, etc. with which others can be measured or compared c) ...
base load
Chiefly Brit. the constant or permanent load on a power supply. [1925-30] * * *
base map
an outline map of an area to which specific information is added for any of various purposes. * * *
base metal
1. any metal other than a precious or noble metal, as copper, lead, zinc, or tin. Cf. noble metal, precious metal. 2. the principal metal of an alloy. 3. the principal metal of a ...
base on balls
pl. bases on balls. Baseball. the awarding of first base to a batter to whom four balls have been pitched. Also called walk, pass. [1890-95] * * *
base pair
Genetics. any of the pairs of the hydrogen-bonded purine and pyrimidine bases that form the links between the sugar-phosphate backbones of nucleic acid molecules: the pairs are ...
base path
Baseball. the prescribed course for a base runner on the field extending in designated areas between the bases. [1930-35] * * *
base pay
pay received for a given work period, as an hour or week, but not including additional pay, as for overtime work. Also called base salary, base wage. [1915-20] * * *
base period
a period of time used as a standard of comparison in measuring changes in prices, taxes, income, etc., at other periods of time. * * *
base price
1. a price quoted as a base without including additional charges. 2. a price used as a basis for computing freight charges at a basing point, as for steel. * * *
base rate
the rate of pay per unit of time, as by the hour, or per piece, or for work performed at an established standard rate. Also called basic rate. [1920-25] * * *
base runner
—base running. Baseball. a player of the team at bat who is on base or is trying to run from one base to another. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
base station
a unit functioning as a transmitter and receiver of broadcasting or other signals, as in connection with a CB radio or mobile phone. * * *
base tenant
Old Eng. Law. a tenant of a base estate. * * *
base unit
Physics. one of the units, as mass, length, time, or electric current, taken as a basis for a system of units in the sciences. Also called fundamental unit. * * *
BASE-jump
See BASE jump. * * *
base-pairing
/bays"pair'ing/, n. Biotech. the process of binding separate DNA sequences by base pairs. * * *
base-pairing rules
Genetics. constraints imposed by the molecular structure of DNA and RNA on the formation of hydrogen bonds among the four purine and pyrimidine bases such that adenine pairs with ...
baseball
/bays"bawl'/, n. 1. a game of ball between two nine-player teams played usually for nine innings on a field that has as a focal point a diamond-shaped infield with a home plate ...
baseball cap
a close-fitting cap with a deep visor and usually the name or emblem of a baseball team, worn by baseball players, or by others as casual attire. Also called ball cap. * * *
baseball glove
a padded, leather covering for the hand, having a pocket in the area over the palm, webbing between the sections for the thumb and forefinger, and either separate sections for ...
Baseball Hall of Fame
▪ museum, Cooperstown, New York, United States in full  National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum         museum and honorary society, Cooperstown, New York, U.S. ...
Baseball's World Classic
▪ 2007  On March 20, 2006, baseball history was made in San Diego when Japan scored four runs in the first inning and defeated Cuba 10–6 in the championship game to win ...
Baseball: Baseball Strikes Out
▪ 1995       On Sept. 14, 1994, acting commissioner Allan H. ("Bud") Selig announced that the remainder of the 1994 major league baseball season, including the World ...
baseballer
/bays"baw'leuhr/, n. a baseball player, esp. a member of a major-league team. [1885-90, Amer; BASEBALL + -ER1; neologism for baseball player] * * *
baseboard
/bays"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. Also called mopboard, skirt. a board forming the foot of an interior wall. 2. a board forming the base of anything. [1850-55, Amer.; BASE1 + ...
baseboard heating
baseboard heating n. 1. a heating system by pipes, through which steam or hot water circulates, near the base of the walls of rooms 2. the pipes used for this, or their metal ...
baseborn
/bays"bawrn"/, adj. 1. of humble parentage. 2. born out of wedlock; illegitimate. 3. having a base character or nature; mean. [1585-95; BASE2 + BORN] * * *
baseburner
/bays"berr'neuhr/, n. a stove or furnace with a self-acting fuel hopper over the fire chamber. Also, base burner, base-burner. [1870-75, Amer.; BASE1 + BURNER] * * *
basecoat
/bays"koht'/, n. 1. a first coat of a surfacing material, as paint. 2. any coat of plastering beneath the finish coat. [BASE1 + COAT] * * *
basecommunity
base community n. Roman Catholic Church A lay group, especially in South America, practicing nonliturgical religious devotions and striving for socioeconomic improvement in the ...
Basedow, Johann Bernhard
▪ German educator born Sept. 11, 1724, Hamburg [Germany] died July 25, 1790, Magdeburg, Brandenburg       influential German educational reformer who advocated the use ...
BaseExchange
Base Exchange (bās) Abbr. BX A service mark used for general merchandise store services for government employees on a naval or air force base. This service mark, often ...
basehearted
/bays"hahr"tid/, adj. having a low, mean, or contemptible nature or character; meanspirited. [BASE2 + HEARTED] * * *
basehit
base hit n. Baseball A hit by which the batter reaches base safely without incurring an error, fielder's choice, or force play. * * *
BASEjump
BASE jump (bās) n. A parachute jump from high structures and precipitous earth formations, typically from heights of 305 meters (1,000 feet) or less.   [building + a(ntenna ...
Basel
/bah"zeuhl/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of Basel-Stadt, in NW Switzerland, on the Rhine River. 192,800. 2. a canton in N Switzerland, divided into two independent ...
Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
      committee of the Bank for International Settlements (International Settlements, Bank for), an institution that promotes financial and monetary cooperation among the ...
Basel Zoological Garden
▪ zoo, Basel, Switzerland German  Zoologischer Garten Basel,  also called  Zolli,         privately owned zoological garden in Basel, Switz., noted for its ...
Basel, Confession of
▪ Swiss history       moderate Protestant Reformation statement of Reformed doctrine composed of 12 articles. It was first drafted by John Oecolampadius (Oecolampadius, ...
Basel, Council of
(1431–49) Council of the Roman Catholic church held in Basel, Switz. It addressed the question of ultimate authority in the church and the problem of the Hussite heresy. Its ...
Basel-Land
/bah"zeuhl lahnt'/, n. a demicanton in N Switzerland. 220,500; 165 sq. mi. (425 sq. km). Cap.: Liestal. * * *
Basel-Landschaft
▪ Halbkanton, Switzerland (German), French  Bâle-Campagne,         Halbkanton (demicanton), northern Switzerland, traversed by the Jura Mountains and drained by the ...
Basel-Stadt
/bah"zeuhl shtaht'/, n. a demicanton in N Switzerland: virtually coextensive with the city of Basel. 215,000; 14 sq. mi. (36 sq. km). Cap.: Basel. * * * ▪ Halbkanton, ...
baseless
/bays"lis/, adj. having no base; without foundation; groundless: a baseless claim. [1600-10; BASE1 + -LESS] * * *
baselevel
base level n. The lowest level to which a land surface can be reduced by the action of running water. * * * ▪ hydrology       in hydrology and geomorphology, limit ...
Baseley, Godfrey
▪ 1998       British radio executive and actor who created the country life radio show "The Archers," the world's longest-running daily serial, and for more than 20 ...
baseline
/bays"luyn'/, n. Also, base line. 1. Baseball. the area between bases within which a base runner must keep when running from one base to another. 2. Tennis. the line at each end ...
baseliner
/bays"luy'neuhr/, n. Tennis. a player who typically plays near the baseline using ground strokes, as distinguished from one who typically goes to the net. [1900-05; BASELINE + ...
Baselitz, Georg
▪ German artist original name  Hans-Georg Kern  born Jan. 23, 1938, Deutschbaselitz, Saxony, Ger.       German painter, printmaker, and sculptor who is considered to ...
Basellaceae
▪ plant family       the Madeira-vine family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with 4 genera and 15 to 25 species of herbaceous perennial vines, ...
basely
See base2. * * *
baseman
/bays"meuhn/, n., pl. basemen. Baseball. a first, second, or third baseman. [1855-60, Amer.; BASE1 + -MAN] * * *
basement
/bays"meuhnt/, n. 1. a story of a building, partly or wholly underground. 2. (in classical and Renaissance architecture) the portion of a building beneath the principal story, ...
basement complex
Geol. the undifferentiated assemblage of rock (basement rock) underlying the oldest stratified rocks in any region: usually crystalline, metamorphosed, and mostly, but not ...
basement membrane
Cell Biol. a thin, extracellular membrane underlying epithelial tissue. [1840-50] * * *
basementmembrane
basement membrane n. A thin, delicate layer of connective tissue underlying the epithelium of many organs. Also called basement lamina. * * *
baseness
See basely. * * *
Basenji
/beuh sen"jee/, n. one of an African breed of dogs having a chestnut coat with white points and a curled tail, characterized chiefly by their inability to bark. [1930-35; said to ...
baseon balls
base on balls n. Baseball pl. bases on balls Abbr. BB An advance to first base that is awarded to a batter who takes four pitches that are balls. * * *
basepair
base pair n. The pair of nitrogenous bases, consisting of a purine linked by hydrogen bonds to a pyrimidine, that connects the complementary strands of DNA or of hybrid molecules ...
basepath
base path n. Baseball The area within which a base runner must stay when running between bases. * * *
basepay
base pay n. An amount or a rate of compensation for a specified position of employment or activity excluding any other payments or allowances. * * *
baseplate
/bays"playt'/, n. 1. bedplate. 2. Dentistry. a. a sheet of plastic material for making trial denture plates. b. the portion of a denture in contact with the jaw. 3. Metall. a ...
baserunner
base runner n. Baseball A member of the team at bat who has safely reached or is trying to reach a base.   baseʹrun'ning (bāsʹrŭn'ĭng) n. * * *
baserunning
See base runner. * * *
bases
bases1 /bay"seez/, n. pl. of basis. bases2 /bay"siz/, n. pl. of base1. * * *
BASF AG
German chemical and plastics manufacturing company. Founded in 1865, BASF (the full German name means "Baden Aniline and Soda Factory") was part of the chemical cartel IG Farben ...
BASF Aktiengesellschaft
▪ German company       (German: BASF Limited-liability Company), German chemical and plastics manufacturing company originally founded in 1865 and today operating in ...
bash
—basher, n. /bash/, v.t. 1. to strike with a crushing or smashing blow. 2. Chiefly Brit., Canadian. to hurl harsh verbal abuse at. n. 3. a crushing blow. 4. Informal. a ...
Bash Street Kids
a group of children in the Beano, a British comic published every week. They are always playing tricks on their teacher and getting into trouble. * * *
Bashan
/bay"sheuhn/, n. a region in ancient Palestine, E of the Jordan River. * * * Ancient polity, eastern Palestine. Frequently cited in the Old Testament and later important in the ...
bashaw
/beuh shaw"/, n. 1. pasha. 2. a person who is important, imperious, or self-important. [1525-35; < Ar basha < Turk pasha PASHA] * * *
basher
See bash. * * *
bashful
—bashfully, adv. —bashfulness, n. /bash"feuhl/, adj. 1. uncomfortably diffident and easily embarrassed; shy; timid. 2. indicative of, accompanied by, or proceeding from ...
bashfully
See bashful. * * *
bashfulness
See bashfully. * * *


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