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/bash'ee beuh zoohk"/, n. (formerly) one of a class of irregular mounted troops in the Turkish military service. [1850-55; < Turk basi-bozuk civilian, irregular, orig., ...
/bash"ing/, n. 1. the act of beating, whipping, or thrashing: a series of unsolved bashings and robberies. 2. a decisive defeat: We gave the visiting team a good bashing. 3. ...
Bashīr Shihāb II
▪ ruler of Lebanon born 1767, Ghazīr, Lebanon died 1850, Istanbul, Tur.       Lebanese prince who established hegemony over Lebanon in the first half of the 19th ...
Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad al-
▪ 2009 born Jan. 7, 1944, Hosh, Bannaga, Sudan  Career soldier Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, who in 1989 led a military revolt that overthrew The Sudan's elected government, ...
/bahsh kear", bash-/; Russ. /bu shkyeerdd"/, n., pl. Bashkirs, (esp. collectively) Bashkir for 1. 1. a member of a people living in the Bashkir Autonomous Republic and adjacent ...
Bashkir Autonomous Republic
/bahsh kear", bash-/ an autonomous republic in the Russian Federation in Europe. 3,952,000; 55,430 sq. mi. (143,600 sq. km). Cap.: Ufa. * * *
Bashkirian Stage
▪ geology       first of four internationally defined stages of the Pennsylvanian Subsystem (Pennsylvanian Subperiod), Carboniferous System (Carboniferous Period), ...
Bashkirtseff, Marie
▪ Russian author original name  Mariya Konstantinovna Bashkirtseva  born Nov. 11 [Nov. 23, New Style], 1858, Gavrontsy, Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Oct. 19 [Oct. ...
▪ republic, Russia also called  Bashkiriya,        republic in Russia, extending from the western slopes of the southern Ural Mountains in the east to the rolling ...
/bah shaw"/, n. (Basho Matsuo) 1644?-94, Japanese poet. * * * or Matsuo Bashō orig. Matsuo Munefusa born 1644, Ueno, Iga province, Japan died Nov. 28, 1694, Ōsaka Japanese ...
Ba·sho (bäʹshō, bä-shôʹ), Matsuo. 1644-1694. Japanese poet known for his composition of haiku infused with the spirit of Zen Buddhism. * * *
basi- or baso- pref. 1. Base; lower part: basipetal. 2. Chemical base; chemically basic: basophil.   [From Latin basis, base. See basis.] * * *
—basiation, n. /bay"see ayt'/, v.t., v.i., basiated, basiating. Obs. to kiss. [1615-25; < L basiatus (ptp. of basiare), equiv. to basi(um) a kiss + -atus -ATE1] * * *
/bay"sik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or forming a base; fundamental: a basic principle; the basic ingredient. 2. Chem. a. pertaining to, of the nature of, or containing a ...
/bay"sik/, n. Computers. a widely adopted programming language that uses English words, punctuation marks, and algebraic notation to facilitate communication between the operator ...
basic anhydride
Chem. See under anhydride (def. 1). * * *
Basic Assembly Language
Computers. a specific assembly language. Abbr.: BAL * * *
basic Bessemer process
Modification of the Bessemer process for converting pig iron into steel. The original Bessemer converter was not effective in removing the phosphorus from iron made from the ...
Basic data for Pluto
▪ Table Basic data for Pluto mean distance from Sun 5,910,000,000 km (39.5 AU) eccentricity of orbit 0.251 inclination of orbit to ecliptic 17.1° Plutonian year (sidereal ...
basic dichromate
Chem. See bismuth chromate. * * *
basic dress
a simple, usually dark dress that may be worn with various accessories or in combination with other garments so that it is suitable for different occasions. * * *
basic dye
a dye soluble in acid and insoluble in basic solution, consisting mostly of amino or imino compounds of xanthene or triarylmethane: used mainly for inks, carbon paper, and ...
Basic English
a simplified form of English restricted to an 850-word vocabulary and a few rules of grammar, intended esp. as an international auxiliary language and for use in teaching English ...
basic fuchsin
fuchsin. * * *
basic lead carbonate
/led/, Chem. ceruse. * * *
basic magenta
fuchsin. * * *
basic oxygen process
a high-speed method of steelmaking in which oxygen of high purity is blown through an oxygen lance at high velocity onto the surface of a bath containing steel scrap and molten ...
basic plumage
Ornith. 1. the plumage assumed by an adult bird at its complete, usually annual, molt. 2. (in birds having more than one plumage in their cycle of molts) the plumage of the first ...
basic process.
Metall. See under basic (def. 3). [1900-05] * * *
basic proposition
protocol (def. 6). * * *
basic rate.
See base rate. * * *
basic salary.
See base pay. * * *
basic salt
Chem. a salt formed by the partial neutralization of a base. * * *
basic slag
Metall. slag formed by the basic process of steelmaking, used as a furnace or converter lining or as a fertilizer. [1885-90] * * *
basic statement
protocol (def. 6). [1955-60] * * *
basic steel
steel produced by the basic process. [1880-85] * * *
basic training
Mil. a period following a person's induction into the armed forces devoted to training in basic military comportment, duties, and combat skills. * * *
basic vocabulary
Ling. the set of lexical items in a language that are most resistant to replacement, referring to the most common and universal elements of human experience, such as parts of the ...
basic wage.
See base pay. * * *
basic weight
Print. See basis weight. Also called basic substance weight. * * *
/bay"sik lee/, adv. fundamentally. [1900-05; BASIC + -ALLY] * * *
ba·si·chro·mat·ic (bā'sĭ-krō-mătʹĭk) adj. Easily stained with basic dye. * * *
/bay sis"i tee/, n. Chem. 1. the state of being a base. 2. the power of an acid to react with bases, dependent on the number of replaceable hydrogen atoms of the acid. [1840-50; ...
basic process n. A method of steel production that uses a furnace lined with a basic refractory material. * * *
basic training n. The initial period of training of a recruit in the armed forces. * * *
/beuh sid"ee euh/, n. pl. of basidium. * * *
See basidium. * * *
/beuh sid"ee oh kahrp'/, n. Mycol. the fruiting body of basidiomycetes that produces the basidia. [BASIDI(UM) + -O- + -CARP] * * * ▪ sporophore also called ...
/beuh sid'ee oh muy"seet, -muy seet"/, n. Mycol. any of a group of fungi constituting the phylum Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi (or, in older classification schemes, the ...
/beuh sid'ee oh muy see"teuhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the basidiomycetes. [BASIDIOMYCETE + -OUS] * * *
/beuh sid'ee oh muy koh"teuh/, n.pl. Mycol. the basidiomycetes considered as belonging to the phylum Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi. [ < NL; see BASIDIOMYCETE, -OTA] * * ...
—basidiosporous /beuh sid'ee os"peuhr euhs, -ee euh spawr"euhs, -spohr"-/, adj. /beuh sid"ee oh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Mycol. a spore that is borne by a basidium. [1855-60; ...
See basidiospore. * * *
—basidial, adj. /beuh sid"ee euhm/, n., pl. basidia /-sid"ee euh/. Mycol. a special form of sporophore, characteristic of basidiomycetous fungi, on which the sexual spores are ...
/bay"see/, n. William ("Count"), 1904-84, U.S. jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer. * * *
Basie, Count
orig. William Allen Basie born Aug. 21, 1904, Red Bank, N.J., U.S. died April 26, 1984, Hollywood, Fla. U.S. jazz pianist and bandleader. Basie was influenced by the Harlem ...
Ba·sie (bāʹsē), William. Known as “Count Basie.” 1904-1984. American musician. A pianist, band leader, and composer, he was a major force in jazz music and was ...
See basify. * * *
See basification. * * *
/bay"seuh fikst'/, adj. Bot. attached at or near the base, as a leaf to a stem. [1870-75; BASE1 + -I- + FIXED] * * *
—basification, n. /bay"seuh fuy'/, v.t., basified, basifying. to raise the pH of (a substance) above 7, thus making it alkaline. [1840-50; BASE1 + -IFY] * * *
/baz"euhl, bas"-, bay"zeuhl, -seuhl/, n. any of several aromatic herbs belonging to the genus Ocimum, of the mint family, as O. basilicum (sweet basil), having purplish-green ...
/baz"euhl, bas"-, bay"zeuhl, -seuhl/, n. 1. Saint. Also, Basilius. ("the Great"), A.D. 329?-379, bishop of Caesarea in Asia Minor (brother of Saint Gregory of Nyssa). 2. a male ...
Basil I
known as Basil the Macedonian born 826/835, Thrace died Aug. 29, 886 Byzantine emperor (867–86) and founder of the Macedonian dynasty. Born into a peasant family in ...
Basil II
known as Basil Bulgaroctonus ("Slayer of the Bulgars") born 957/958 died Dec. 15, 1025 Byzantine emperor (976–1025). Crowned coemperor with his brother in 960, he had to ...
Basil Of Ancyra
▪ Greek theologian and bishop died c. 364, , Illyria       Greek theologian and bishop of Ancyra (now Ankara, Tur.) whose attempt to mediate a controversy in the ...
Basil The Chamberlain
▪ Byzantine official died 985       eunuch minister of the Byzantine Macedonian dynasty.       After the death of the emperor John I, Basil the Chamberlain ...
Basil the Great, Saint
born AD 329, Caesarea Mazaca, Cappadocia died Jan. 1, 379, Caesarea; Western feast day January 2; Eastern feast day January 1 Early church father. Born into a Christian family ...
basil thyme
a plant, Acinos thymoides, of the mint family, having egg-shaped leaves and purplish flowers. [1630-40] * * *
Basil, Colonel W. de
▪ Soviet ballet director original name  Vasily Grigorievich Voskresensky  born 1888, Kaunas, Lithuania, Russian Empire died July 27, 1951, Paris       Russian ...
Basil, Liturgy of Saint
▪ Christianity       a eucharistic service used by Eastern (Eastern rite church) Orthodox and Eastern-rite Catholic churches 10 times during the year: January 1 (the ...
Bas·il (băzʹəl, băsʹ-, bāʹzəl, -səl), Saint Known as “the Great.” A.D. 330?-379?. Greek Christian leader who was bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia after A.D. 370 ...
/beuh see"lahn/, n. 1. an island in the Philippines, SW of Mindanao. 495 sq. mi. (1282 sq. km). 2. Formerly, Isabela. a city on this island. 201,407. * * * ▪ island, ...
Ba·si·lan Islands (bä-sēʹlän') A group of islands in the southern Philippines separated from southwest Mindanao by the narrow Basilan Strait. Basilan Island is the ...
/bas"euh leuhr/, adj. 1. pertaining to or situated at the base, esp. the base of the skull. 2. basal. Also, basilary /bas"euh ler'ee/. [1535-45; < NL basilare, equiv. to ML ...
basilar membrane
Anat. a supporting membrane, esp. the membrane that supports the organ of Corti in the ear and aids in translating sound vibrations into electrical signals. [1865-70] * * *
/bas"euh leuhrd/, n. a medieval dagger having a tapering blade with straight transverse quillons and a T-shaped pommel. [1300-50; ME bas(e)lard, ML basalardus, bassilardus. See ...
basilar membrane n. A membranous portion of the cochlea in the mammalian inner ear that supports the organ of Corti. * * *
/bay"zeuhl deuhn, baz"euhl-/, n. a town in S Essex, in SE England: designated as a model residential community after World War II. 138,100. * * * ▪ England, United ...
Basile, Giambattista
▪ Italian author born c. 1575, , Naples died Feb. 23, 1632, Giugliano, Campania       Neapolitan soldier, public official, poet, and short-story writer whose Lo cunto ...
—basilectal, adj. /bay"zeuh lekt', baz"euh-/, n. Ling. the variety of language in a creole continuum that is most distinct from the acrolect. Cf. acrolect, mesolect. [1960-65; ...
/beuh zil"ee euhn, -zil"yeuhn, -sil"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Saint Basil or to his monastic rule. n. 2. a monk or nun following the rule of Saint Basil. [1770-80; BASIL + ...
/beuh sil"ik, -zil"-/, adj. 1. kingly; royal. 2. Also, basilican, basilical. of, pertaining to, or like a basilica. [1535-45; < L basilicus < Gk basilikós royal (basil(eús) ...
basilic vein
Anat. a large vein on the inner side of the arm. [1660-70; < L vena basilica royal vein] * * *
/beuh sil"i keuh, -zil"-/, n. 1. an early Christian or medieval church of the type built esp. in Italy, characterized by a plan including a nave, two or four side aisles, a ...
/beuh sil"i keuhn, -zil"-/, adj. basilic (def. 2). Also, basilical. * * *
/bah zee'lee kah"tah/, n. Italian name of Lucania. * * * Autonomous region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 595,727), southern Italy. Roughly divided into a western mountainous region and ...
flourished 2nd century AD, Alexandria Founder of the Basilidian school of Gnosticism. According to Clement of Alexandria, Basilides claimed to base his teaching on a secret ...
Basilio, Carmen
▪ American boxer byname  the Canastota Clouter  born April 2, 1927, Canastota, New York, U.S.       American professional boxer, world welterweight and middleweight ...
▪ Ethiopian religious leader also spelled  Basilos   born 1891? died Oct. 12, 1970, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia?       religious leader who, on Jan. 14, 1951, became the ...
▪ emperor of Rome died 477       usurping Eastern Roman emperor from 475 to 476. He was the brother of Verina, wife of the Eastern emperor Leo I (ruled ...
—basiliscine /bas'euh lis"in, -uyn, baz'-/, basiliscan, adj. /bas"euh lisk, baz"-/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a creature, variously described as a serpent, lizard, or dragon, said to ...
/beuh sil"ee euhs, -zil"-/, n. Saint. See Basil, Saint. * * *
▪ mammal genus also called  Zeuglodon,         extinct genus of primitive whales of the family Basilosauridae (suborder Archaeoceti) found in Middle and Late Eocene ...
—basinal, adj. —basined, adj. —basinlike, adj. /bay"seuhn/, n. 1. a circular container with a greater width than depth, becoming smaller toward the bottom, used chiefly to ...
Basin and Range Province
▪ region, United States       arid physiographic province occupying much of the western and southwestern part of the United States. The region comprises almost all of ...
basin range
Geol. a mountain range of the type found in the Great Basin region of the western U.S., typically long and narrow and characterized by faulted, tilted blocks of strata. * * *
Basin Street
a street in the US city of New Orleans which is especially associated with the playing of jazz music. There is a well-known song called The Basin Street Blues. * * *
Basin, Thomas
▪ French bishop and historian born 1412, Caudebec, France died Dec. 3, 1491, Utrecht [now in The Netherlands]       French bishop and historian.       After ...
See basin. * * *
See basinal. * * *
/bas"euh nit, -net', bas'euh net"/, n. Armor. 1. a globular or pointed helmet of the 14th century, often provided with a visor or aventail: evolved from the cervellière. Cf. ...
basing point
a geographical location from which freight charges are computed by the seller regardless of the point from which the goods are shipped. * * *
(1953– ) a US actor who was a sex symbol in the 1980s. She became famous for the film 9½ Weeks (1985). * * *
Ba·sing·stoke (bāʹzĭng-stōk') A municipal borough of south-central England on the North Downs west-southwest of London. Mentioned as a royal manor in the Domesday Book, ...
Basingstoke and Deane
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough and district, administrative and historic county of Hampshire, England, west-southwest of London. The borough is ...
/bay"see on', -zee-/, n. Craniom. the midpoint of the anterior margin of the foramen magnum. [1875-80; < NL < Gk bás(is) (see BASIS) + -ion n. suffix] * * *
—basipetally, adv. /bay sip"i tl/, adj. Bot., Mycol. growing or moving toward the base of a structure or part. [1865-70; BASI(S) + -petal < L pet(ere) to seek + -AL1; cf. ...
See basipetal. * * *
▪ India       city, southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. Basirhat lies just south of the Ichamati (Upper Yamuna) River near the border with Bangladesh. ...
/bay"sis/, n., pl. bases /-seez/. 1. the bottom or base of anything; the part on which something stands or rests. 2. anything upon which something is based; fundamental ...
basis of articulation
Phonet. a configuration of the speech tract that represents the most neutral articulatory configuration for a given language. * * *
basis point
Finance. one hundredth of one percent, as of interest rates, or investment yields. [1965-70] * * *
basis weight
the weight in pounds of a ream of paper of a basic size, usually 25 × 38 in. (63 × 96 cm) for book stock, 17 × 22 in. (43 × 55 cm) for writing stock, and 20 × 26 in. (50 × ...
basis point n. Abbr. BP One one-hundredth of a percent, used in measuring yield differences among bonds. * * *
/bask, bahsk/, v.i. 1. to lie in or be exposed to a pleasant warmth: to bask in the sunshine. 2. to enjoy a pleasant situation: He basked in royal favor. v.t. 3. Obs. to expose ...
/bas"keuhr vil'/, n. 1. John, 1706-75, English typographer and manufacturer of lacquered ware. 2. a style of type. * * *
Baskerville, John
born Jan. 28, 1706, Wolverly, Worcestershire, Eng. died Jan. 8, 1775, Birmingham, Warwickshire British typographer. In 1757 he set up a printing house and published his first ...
Bas·ker·ville (băsʹkər-vĭl'), John. 1706-1775. British printer and typographer. He produced a notable edition of Virgil in 1757 and designed the typeface that bears his ...
—basketlike, adj. /bas"kit, bah"skit/, n. 1. a container made of twigs, rushes, thin strips of wood, or other flexible material woven together. 2. a container made of pieces of ...
basket case
Slang. 1. (offensive) a person who has had all four limbs amputated. 2. a person who is helpless or incapable of functioning normally, esp. due to overwhelming stress, anxiety, ...
basket chair
a wicker chair the arms of which are a forward continuation of the back. [1625-35] * * * ▪ furniture       chair made from plaited twigs, or osiers, shaped on a warp of ...
basket dinner
Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. a group social gathering, as of church members, to which participants contribute casseroles or other dishes to share. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
basket fern
a small, compact fern, Nephrolepis pectinata, of tropical America, often grown in hanging baskets. [1940-45] * * *
basket fish.
See basket star. [1745-55] * * *
basket flower
a composite plant, Centaurea americana, of central U.S. to Mexico, having raylike heads of tubular rose-colored flowers, each surrounded by a whorl of bracts making the flower ...
basket hilt
—basket-hilted, adj. the basketlike hilt of a sword, foil, etc., serving to cover and protect the hand. [1540-50] * * *
Basket Maker
1. an American Indian culture of the southwestern U.S. from 100 B.C. to A.D. 65 that developed in three phases, immediately preceded the Pueblo culture, and was noted for its ...
basket star
any echinoderm of the class Ophiuroidea, esp. of the genus Gorgonocephalus, having long, slender, branching arms. Also called basket fish. [1920-25] * * *
basket weave
a plain weave with two or more yarns woven together in a checkered pattern resembling that of a woven basket. [1920-25] * * *
▪ plant  (Centaurea americana), annual garden flower of the family Asteraceae, native to southwestern North America. The basket-flower has oblong leaves and rose-coloured, ...
basket-handle arch
/bas"kit han'dl, bah"skit-/, Archit. an arch having a symmetrical form drawn from an odd number of radii in excess of one, which increase in length from the springing toward the ...
See basket hilt. * * *
/bas"kit euhv gohld', -gohld", bah"skit-/, n. a widely cultivated alyssum, Aurinia saxatilis (or Alyssum saxatile), of the mustard family, growing in dense clumps and having ...
/bas"kit bawl', bah"skit-/, n. 1. a game played by two teams of usually five players each on a rectangular court having a raised basket or goal at each end, points being scored ...
basket case n. 1. Slang. One that is in a completely hopeless or useless condition: “He immediately becomes a psychological basket case, embittered to the point of craziness” ...
basket catch n. Baseball A catch made with the palm of the glove turned upward and the wrist kept close to the body. * * *
basket fish n. See basket star. * * *
/bas"kit fool', bah"skit-/, n., pl. basketfuls. 1. a sufficient quantity to fill a basket; the amount contained in a basket. 2. any considerable quantity: a basketful of ...
basket hilt n. A sword hilt with a basket-shaped guard serving to cover and protect the hand.   bas'ket-hiltʹed (băs'kĭt-hĭlʹtĭd) adj. * * *
Bas·ket Maker (băsʹkĭt) n. 1. Any of several early periods of Anasazi culture preceding the Pueblo periods and characterized by the use of wicker basketry, dry farming, and ...
/bas"ki tree, bah"ski-/, n. 1. baskets collectively; basketwork. 2. the art or process of making baskets. [1850-55; BASKET + -RY] * * * Art and craft of making containers and ...
basket star n. Any of various marine organisms of the class Ophiuroidea, related to the starfishes and having slender, branching, interlaced arms. Also called basket fish. * * *
basket weave n. A textile weave consisting of double threads interlaced to produce a checkered pattern similar to that of a woven basket. * * *
/bas"kit werrk', bah"skit-/, n. objects, textiles, etc., made or woven in the manner of a basket; basketry; wickerwork; interwoven work. [1760-70; BASKET + WORK] * * *
/bas"kin/, n. Leonard, born 1922, U.S. sculptor and artist. * * *
Baskin, Leonard
born Aug. 15, 1922, New Brunswick, N.J., U.S. died June 3, 2000, Northampton, Mass. U.S. sculptor and graphic artist. After studying in Europe and the U.S., in 1939 he had his ...
basking shark
/bas"king, bah"sking/ a large shark, Cetorhinus maximus, of cold and temperate seas, that often swims slowly or floats at the surface. [1760-70] * * * Huge, sluggish shark ...
bask·ing shark (băsʹkĭng) n. A very large shark (Cetorhinus maximus) that measures up to about 12 meters (40 feet) in length, feeds on plankton, and often floats near the ...
/bahl/, n. Basel. * * *
Basmachi Revolt
▪ Russian history Russian  Basmachestvo,         insurrection against Soviet rule in Central Asia, begun in 1917 and largely suppressed by 1926. An amalgam of Muslim ...
▪ Islamic prayer also called  Tasmiyah,         in Islām, the formula-prayer: biʾsm Allāh ar-raḥmān ar-raḥīm, “in the name of God, the Merciful, the ...
/bahs mah"tee/, n. a variety of cultivated long-grain rice that is notably fragrant. [1845-50; < Hindi basmati, lit., fragrant] * * *
basmati rice
basmati rice [bas mät′ē, bazmät′ē] n. a type of long-grained rice, grown mainly in India and Pakistan, that has a distinctive fragrance and a delicate flavor * * *
bas·ma·ti rice (bäs-mäʹtē) n. An aromatic long-grain rice from India.   [Hindi bāsmatī, fragrant, from bās, fragrance, perfume, from Sanskrit vāsaḥ.] * * *
bas mitz·vah or bas miz·vah (bäs mĭtsʹvə) n. & v. Variants of bat mitzvah. * * *
/bas"nit, -net/, n. Armor. basinet. * * *
baso- pref. Variant of basi-. * * *
Basohli painting
▪ Indian art       school of Pahari miniature painting that flourished in the Indian hill states during the late 17th and the 18th centuries, known for its bold vitality ...
/bay"seuhn/, n. Anglican Ch. a basin. * * *
/bay"seuh fil/, n. 1. Biol. a basophilic cell, tissue, organism, or substance. 2. Anat. a white blood cell having a two-lobed nucleus and basophilic granules in its ...
/bay'seuh fil"ee euh, -feel"yeuh/, n. Pathol. an abnormal increase in the number of basophils in the blood, occurring in some types of leukemia, severe anemia, and other ...
/bay'seuh fil"ik/, adj. Biol. having an affinity for basic stains. Also, basophilous /bay sof"euh leuhs/, basophil, basophile. [1890-95; BASOPHIL + -IC] * * *
Ba·so·tho (bə-sōʹtō, -so͞oʹto͞o) n. pl. Basotho or Ba·so·thos 1. A Sotho-speaking people of Lesotho and adjacent parts of South Africa. 2. A member of this ...
/bah"seuhf/, n. Nikolai Gennadiyevich /nyi ku luy" gyi nah"dyi yi vyich/, born 1922, Russian physicist: Nobel prize 1964. * * *
Basov, Nikolay Gennadiyevich
▪ 2002       Soviet physicist (b. Dec. 14, 1922, Usman, near Voronezh, Russia—d. July 1, 2001, Moscow, Russia), was corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1964 ...
Basov,Nikolai Gennadievich
Ba·sov (bäʹsôf', -səf), Nikolai Gennadievich. Born 1922. Russian physicist. He shared a 1964 Nobel Prize for developing the maser and laser principle of producing ...
/bask/, n. 1. one of a people of unknown origin inhabiting the western Pyrenees regions in France and Spain. 2. their language, not known to be related to any other language. 3. ...
Basque Country
Basque Country The region comprising three provinces in N Spain, on the Bay of Biscay, inhabited by Basques: 2,803 sq mi (7,260 sq km); pop. 2,104,000: also called Basque ...
Basque language
Language spoken by an estimated 1,000,000 Basque people living in the Basque Country of north-central Spain and southwestern France. About 200,000 Basques live in other parts of ...
Basque literature
Introduction       the body of work, both oral and written, in the Basque language (Euskara) produced in the Basque Country autonomous community in northern Spain and ...
Basque Nationalist Party
▪ political organization, Basque region Basque  Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea (EAJ),  Spanish  Partido Nacionalist Vasco (PNV)        Basque political party that supports ...
Basque Provinces
a region in N Spain, bordering on the Bay of Biscay. * * *
Basque shirt
a knitted pullover shirt having a crew neck, long or short sleeves, and a pattern of horizontal stripes. * * *
Basque Provinces A region comprising three provinces of northern Spain on the Bay of Biscay. It borders on France in the northeast along the western Pyrenees. * * *
Basquiat, Jean-Michel
▪ American artist born Dec. 22, 1960, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 12, 1988, New York City       American painter known for his raw gestural style of painting with ...
/bus"reuh, bahs"rah/, n. a port in SE Iraq, N of the Persian Gulf. 915,000. Also, Busra, Busrah. * * * ▪ Iraq Arabic  Al-Baṣrah        city, southeastern Iraq. It ...
Baṣrah, Al-
or Basra Port and city (pop., 1987: 406,296), southeastern Iraq. It lies at the head of the Shatt al-Arab, about 75 mi (120 km) upstream from the Persian Gulf. Founded in AD ...
Basri, Driss
▪ 2008  Moroccan politician born Nov. 8, 1938, Settat, Mor. died Aug. 27, 2007, Paris, France as Morocco's minister of the interior (1979–99), was the power behind the ...
Basrur, Sheela
▪ 2004       On April 23, 2003, the World Health Organization, fearing the spread of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), announced a travel advisory for Toronto. A ...
bass1 —bassly, adv. —bassness, n. —bassy, adj. /bays/, Music. adj. 1. low in pitch; of the lowest pitch or range: a bass voice; a bass instrument. 2. of or pertaining to ...
/bas/, n. Sam, 1851-78, U.S. outlaw: bank and train robber in the West. * * * I In zoology, any of numerous fish species, many valued for food or sport. Most are placed in ...
bass clef
/bays/, Music. a symbol placed on the fourth line of a staff to indicate that the fourth line of the staff corresponds to the F next below middle C; F clef. [1900-05] * * *
bass drum
/bays/ the largest and lowest toned of drums, having a cylindrical body and two membrane heads. [1795-1805] * * * ▪ musical instrument  percussion instrument, the largest ...
bass fiddle
/bays/. See double bass. [1950-55] * * *
bass horn
/bays/ 1. tuba. 2. an obsolete wind instrument related to the tuba but resembling a bassoon in shape. [1855-60] * * *
bass reflex
/bays/ a loudspeaker equipped with a baffle having openings designed to improve the reproduction of low-frequency sounds. * * *
bass response
/bays/ the response of a loudspeaker or other amplifying device to low-frequency sounds. * * *
bass saxophone
/bays/ a large saxophone of low range, usually supported on a stand while being played. * * *
bass staff
/bays/, Music. a staff marked with a bass clef. * * *
Bass Strait
/bas/ a strait between Australia and Tasmania. 80-150 mi. (130-240 km) wide. * * * Strait separating Australia from Tasmania. It is 150 mi (240 km) wide at its widest point and ...
bass viol
/bays/ 1. viola da gamba. 2. See double bass. [1580-90] * * *
Bass, Charlotta Spears
▪ American editor and activist née  Charlotta Spears  born October 1880, Sumter, S.C., U.S. died April 12, 1969, Los Angeles, Calif.       American editor and civil ...
Bass, George
▪ British explorer born Jan. 30, 1771, Aswarby, Lincolnshire, Eng. died 1803, at sea en route from Australia to South America       surgeon and sailor who was important ...
Bass, Sam
▪ American outlaw born July 21, 1851, near Mitchell, Ind., U.S. died July 21, 1878, Round Rock, Texas       American Western outlaw who was finally gunned down by the ...
Bass, Saul
▪ 1997       U.S. graphic designer who created a number of corporate logos and won an Academy Award for the documentary short subject Why Man Creates but was best known ...
/bays"bahr'/, n. a strip of wood glued lengthwise inside the belly of instruments of the violin family, used to spread vibrations over the surface. [1830-40] * * *
/bas"ak"weuhrdz/, adv., adj. Slang. assbackwards: used as a euphemism. [1955-60; euphemistic spoonerism as alter. of ASSBACKWARDS] * * *
Bassani, Giorgio
▪ 2001       Italian writer and editor (b. March 4, 1916, Bologna, Italy—d. April 13, 2000, Rome, Italy), skillfully presented the plight of Jews of the Ferrara ...
/beuh sah"noh/; It. /bahs sah"naw/, n. 1. Jacopo /yah"kaw paw/, (Giacomo da Ponte), 1510-92, Italian painter. 2. his sons, Francesco /frddahn ches"kaw/, 1549-92; Giambattista da ...
Bassano del Grappa
▪ Italy       town, Veneto regione, northern Italy, on the Brenta River at the foot of Monte Grappa, north of Padua. Between 1036 and 1259 the town became important ...
Bassano, Jacopo
orig. Jacopo da Ponte born с 1517, Bassano, republic of Venice died Feb. 13, 1592, Bassano Italian painter. He was the most celebrated member of a family of artists from the ...
▪ Togo formerly  Bassari,         town, north-central Togo. The town lies in a major cotton growing area about 30 miles (50 km) northwest of Sokodé, Togo's second ...
/bas"euh risk'/, n. any carnivorous mammal of the genus Bassariscus, comprising the cacomistles and ringtails. [ < NL Bassariscus name of genus, equiv. to Gk bassár(a) fox + NL ...
Bassas Da India
Bassas da India Introduction Bassas da India Background: This atoll is a volcanic rock surrounded by reefs and is awash at high tide. A ...
bass clef (bās) Tech-Graphics n. A symbol indicating that the fourth line from the bottom of a staff represents the pitch of F below middle C. Also called F clef. * * *
bass drum (bās) n. A large drum having a cylindrical body and two heads and producing a low, resonant sound. * * *
basse danse
▪ dance       (French: “low dance”), courtly dance for couples, originating in 14th-century Italy and fashionable in many varieties for two centuries. Its name is ...
Basse Santa Su
▪ The Gambia       town and port, eastern Gambia (Gambia, The), on the south bank of the Gambia River. The town is a branch banking centre; a market centre for peanuts ...
Basse-Normandie [bȧs nō̂r män dē′] metropolitan region of NW France, on the English Channel, including the historic region of Normandy: 6,791 sq mi (17,589 sq km); pop. ...
/bahs tah"yeu/, adj. of or pertaining to an enameling technique in which transparent enamels are fused over a background carved in low relief, or to a piece, as of jewelry, so ...
/bahs tair"/; Fr. /bahs terdd"/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of Guadeloupe, in the French West Indies. 15,690. 2. See under Guadeloupe. * * * Island (pop., 1999: 172,693) ...
/beuh sayn"/, n. a city in SW Burma, near the mouth of the Irrawaddy River. 175,000. * * * ▪ India also called  Vasai        town, western Maharashtra ...
Bassein, Treaty of
▪ United Kingdom-Bājī Rāo II [1802]       (Dec. 31, 1802), pact between Baji Rao II, the Maratha peshwa of Poona (now Pune) in India, and the British. It was a ...
Bassermann, Albert
▪ German actor born Sept. 7, 1867, Mannheim, Baden [Germany] died May 15, 1952, Zürich, Switz.       stage and screen actor known as one of the finest German ...
Bassermann, Ernst
▪ German politician born July 26, 1854, Wolfach, Baden [Germany] died July 24, 1917, Baden-Baden       German politician, leader of the National Liberal Party through ...
/bahs zannlp"/, n. former name of Alps-de-Hautes-Provence. * * *
/bahs pee rdday nay"/, n. former name of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. * * *
basset1 /bas"it/, n. one of a breed of hounds having short legs, long body and ears, and usually a black, tan, and white coat. Also called basset hound. [1610-20; < F: n. use of ...
basset horn
an alto horn with a soft tone. [1825-35; < G Bassetthorn < It corno di bassetto horn of a somewhat low range. See CORN2, BASSET1] * * * ▪ musical ...
basset hound
Centuries-old breed of dog developed in France and maintained, chiefly in France and Belgium, as a hunting dog of the aristocracy. Originally used to trail hares, rabbits, and ...
basset table
a card table of the early 18th century in England. * * *
/bahs tair"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of St. Kitts-Nevis, in the West Indies. 15,897. * * * Seaport (pop., 1994 est.: 12,605), Saint Kitts Island. Chief town of Saint ...
bas·set horn (băsʹĭt) n. A tenor clarinet, pitched in F, having a wider bell and greater range than a standard clarinet.   [Partial translation of German Bassetthorn: ...
basset hound n. A short-haired hunting dog of a breed originating in France and having a long body, short legs, and long drooping ears.   [French, short, basset hound, ...
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Nottinghamshire, England. The district occupies the northern quarter of the ...
Bassett, John Spencer
▪ American historian born Sept. 10, 1867, Tarboro, N.C., American died Jan. 27, 1928, Washington, D.C.  American historian and founder of the South Atlantic Quarterly, ...
Bassett, John White Hughes
▪ 1999       Canadian journalist and broadcasting executive who at various times owned the Toronto Telegram, was part owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs hockey team and ...
(1937– ) a British singer of popular music, born in Wales. She is famous for her strong voice and personality. Her most successful songs include Hey, Big Spender and the theme ...
Bassey, Dame Shirley
▪ Welsh pop singer in full  Shirley Veronica Bassey  born January 8, 1937, Tiger Bay, Cardiff, Wales       glamorous Welsh singer. Renowned for her strident, sultry ...
bass fiddle (bās) n. See double bass. * * *
bass horn (bās) n. 1. A large, valved, brass wind instrument with a bass pitch; a tuba or a sousaphone. 2. An instrument similar to the serpent but shaped like a bassoon, used ...
bas·si (bäʹsē) n. A plural of basso. * * *
Bassi, Agostino
born Sept. 25, 1773, near Lodi, Lombardy, Habsburg crown land died Feb. 8, 1856, Lodi Italian bacteriologist. He attended Pavia University. In 1807 he began an investigation of ...
Bassi, Ugo
▪ Italian priest born Aug. 12, 1801, Cento, Cisalpine Republic [Italy] died Aug. 8, 1849, Bologna       Italian priest and patriot, who was a follower of Giuseppe ...
▪ plant genus  genus of annual plants with about 20 species, of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), native primarily to Eurasia. The commonly cultivated garden species is ...
(as used in expressions) Septimius Bassianus Varius Avitus Bassianus Gessius Bassianus Alexianus * * *
/bas'euh net", bas"euh net'/, n. 1. a basket with a hood over one end, for use as a baby's cradle. 2. a style of perambulator resembling this. 3. Armor. basinet. [1570-80; < F: ...
bas·si pro·fun·di (bä'sē prə-fo͝onʹdē) n. A plural of basso profundo. * * *
/bay"sist/, n. 1. a singer with a bass voice. 2. a player of a bass instrument, esp. of the bass viol. [1865-70; BASS1 + -IST] * * *
/bas"oh, bah"soh/; It. /bahs"saw/, n., pl. bassos, bassi /-see/. Music. a person who sings bass; a bass. [1810-20; < It < LL bassus. See BASE2] * * *
/bas"oh/, n. Hamilton, 1904-64, U.S. journalist and novelist. * * *
basso cantante
/bas"oh keuhn tahn"tee, -tay, bah"soh/; It. /bahs"saw kahn tahn"te/, pl. bassi cantanti /bas"ee keuhn tahn"tee, bah"see/; It. /bahs"see kahn tahn"tee/. Music. a bass voice with ...
basso continuo
Music. continuo. [1665-75] * * * ▪ music also called  continuo,  thoroughbass , or  figured bass        in music, a system of partially improvised accompaniment ...
basso profundo
/bas"oh proh fun"doh, -foon"-, preuh-, bah"soh/, pl. bassi profundi /bas"ee proh fun"dee, bah"see/. a singer with a bass voice of the lowest range. [1855-60; < It basso profondo ...
/bas"oh ri lee"voh/, n., pl. basso-relievos. bas-relief. [1660-70; < It basso rilievo low relief] * * *
basso-rilievo [bäs′sō̂ rē lye′vō̂] n. pl. bassi-rilievi [bäs′sē rē lye′vē] 〚It〛 BAS-RELIEF * * *
basso continuo n. See continuo.   [Italian, continuous bass.] * * *
Bassompierre, François de
▪ French soldier and diplomat born April 12, 1579, Castle of Harrouel, Lorraine [now in France] died Oct. 12, 1646, Castle of Tillières, Normandy, Fr.       French ...
—bassoonist, n. /ba soohn", beuh-/, n. a large woodwind instrument of low range, with a doubled tube and a curved metal crook to which a double reed is attached. [1720-30; < F ...
See bassoon. * * *
bas·so pro·fun·do (băs'ō prə-fŭnʹdō, bä'sō prə-fo͝onʹdō) n. pl. basso pro·fun·dos or bas·si pro·fun·di (bä'sē prə-fo͝onʹdē) 1. A deep bass singing ...
Bass Strait (băs) A channel between Tasmania and southeast Australia connecting the Indian Ocean with the Tasman Sea. Its discovery in 1798 by the British explorer George Bass ...
Bassville, Nicolas-Jean Hugou de
▪ French journalist and diplomat born February 7, 1753, Abbeville, France died January 14, 1793, Rome, Papal States [Italy]       French journalist and diplomat whose ...
bass viol (bās) n. 1. See double bass. 2. See viola da gamba. * * *
/bas"wood'/, n. 1. any tree of the genus Tilia, esp. T. americana, the American linden, having drooping branches and large, toothed, ovate leaves. 2. the wood of a ...
/bast/, n. 1. Bot. phloem. 2. Also called bast fiber. any of several strong, woody fibers, as flax, hemp, ramie, or jute, obtained from phloem tissue and used in the manufacture ...
bast fiber
bast (def. 2). * * *
bast fibre
      soft, woody fibre obtained from stems of dicotyledonous (dicotyledon) plants (flowering plants with net-veined leaves) and used for textiles and cordage. Such ...
/bah"stah/, interj. Italian. enough; stop. * * *
▪ Iran also spelled  Bustam,  Bistam,  Bestam,  or  Bostum        small historic town, northern Iran. It lies just south of the Elburz Mountains in a ...
/bas"teuhrd/, n. 1. a person born of unmarried parents; an illegitimate child. 2. Slang. a. a vicious, despicable, or thoroughly disliked person: Some bastard slashed the tires ...
bastard amber
a color of gelatin commonly used in stage lighting, similar to light amber but having a pinkish cast. * * *
bastard culverin
Mil. a 16th-century cannon, smaller than a culverin, firing a shot of between 5 and 8 lb. (11 and 17.6 kg). Also called bastard. [1540-50] * * *
bastard eigne
/ayn/, Old Eng. Law. the first-born illegitimate son of parents whose second son was legitimate. Cf. mulier puisne. [1580-90; eigne < AF: elder, OF ainsné (ainz before ( < VL ...

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